Page 1

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

conway school of landscape design 332 deerfield road conway, ma

kristin Thomas fall 2009


Context

Analysis

Alternatives & Design

Introduction

1

Views

5

Alternative 1

11

Regional Context

2

Sun & Shadows

6

Alternatives 2 & 3

12

Historical Context

3

Drainage & Soils

7

Final Design

13

Existing Conditions

4

Legal and Utilities

8

Design Details

14

Access & Circulation

9

Planting Plan

15

10

Plant Palette 1

16

Plant Palette 2

17

Materials

18

Summary Analysis

Kristin Thomas Fall 2009

Conway School of Landscape Design 332 S. Deerfield Road Conway • MA 01341 www.csld.edu

Not for construction. This drawing is part of a student project and is not based on a legal survey.

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

Index

Sheet

2

of 18


Hank and Sue Samoriski’s historic property has quite a story to tell. Originally built in 1850, the Shelburne Falls home and adjoining property have been in Sue’s family since the early 1920s and Sue herself grew up here.

Clients and Desired Outcomes

Fingerprints of her family history can be found throughout the property, from the rear mudroom that used to house her uncle’s art studio to the three large Norway spruces planted by her grandfather nearly ninety years ago. History plays a large role in the Samoriskis’ lives right now. Sue is the founder of the Mary Lyons Historical Society and is currently living in the historic Mary Lyons home in Buckland, Massachusetts. She also is the unofficial town historian for the village of Shelburne Falls. The Samoriskis are presently renting out this Shelburne Falls home as two apartments but plan on moving back here and returning it to a single family home upon Sue’s retirement, within the next ten years. While the property is rich in historical context and charm, the Samoriskis would like to make some improvements in time for their return to Shelburne Falls.

1. 2. 3.

Increase Privacy

Desired Outcomes

Create an environment of peace, tranquility and privacy through strong visual and sound buffers to surrounding neighbors, specifically in the backyard.

Preserve, Improve and Increase Vegetation

Explore ways to restore and highlight the historical aspects of the site, as well as increase vegetation around the home

Consider Alternatives Increasing Outdoor Living Spaces

• •

Determine a location for an addition of a three-season living space Create a defined zone outdoors for dining, parties, and family gatherings in the backyard

• • • •

Resolve drainage issues occurring along the driveway Create clear links from the driveway into the home and consider ways to link the garage to the home. Create a welcoming and clear transition from the public front yard to the private back yard Establish links between the indoor and outdoor spaces

4.

Improve Access and Circulation, and Drainage

Samoriski property viewed from Main Street, fall 2009

South face of home along side yard

Kristin Thomas Fall 2009

Conway School of Landscape Design 332 S. Deerfield Road Conway • MA 01341 www.csld.edu

Not for construction. This drawing is part of a student project and is not based on a legal survey.

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

Introduction

Sheet

1

of 18


The Samoriski property is located in western Massachusetts in the town of Shelburne Falls, located in the northern Pioneer Valley. The Connecticut River runs north to south through the valley with many tributaries running into it, creating fertile ground for agriculture and mill industries. Small in Size, Rich in Culture

photo courtesy of www.oxbowresort.

Shelburne Falls is a small but bustling village nestled in the foothills of the Berkshire mountains and along the Deerfield River. Settled in 1775, the town has a rich past of agriculture, fishing, mills, and manufacturing industries due to its location along the river. In the 20th century as manufacturing industries declined, tourist-related businesses were established in Shelburne Falls. Bed and breakfast lodging, retail shops, restaurants, and a rich arts community have developed to create a vibrant New England town.

Aerial view of Shelburne Falls, located along the Deerfield River, with the Samoriski property in yellow

www.city-data.com

Nearby Glacial Attractions

Glacial potholes, left after glacial Lake Hitchcock receded, provide a unique and interesting tourist attraction, just steps from the center of town and the Samoriski porperty.

Kristin Thomas Fall 2009

Conway School of Landscape Design 332 S. Deerfield Road Conway • MA 01341 www.csld.edu

Not for construction. This drawing is part of a student project and is not based on a legal survey.

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

The proximity of the Samoriski home to Bridge Street offers easy access to numerous town amenities. Outdoor recreation opportunities, cafes, the library, and various retail shops are all within a five-minute walk.

Google Earth

www.panoramio.com

Close to It All

On the Edge

The Samoriski property, shown here in red and yellow, is roughly one block north of the commercial shops of Shelburne Falls, depicted in blue, with more residences to the north.

regional Context

Sheet

2

of 18


The Samoriski property has a rich history, with many architectural details throughout the property indicating the home’s age. Originally built as the town doctor’s home, a street formerly ran along the south of the home, which is why there is a front entry on what is now the south side of the house. Eventually that side street was eliminated and the house became oriented toward Main Street. Sue’s family has owned the property for nearly ninety years and she has many fond memories of spending much time inside the home and in the yard as well as the surrounding neighborhood. The Samoriskis would like to preserve and highlight the historical aspects of the property in any future development .

Sun-deprived lilacs planted by Sue’s grandfather

A large Norway maple shades the driveway

c. 1920 View of home from Main Street with street trees

c. 1850 Samoriski home with a smaller front entry porch on the right and no upper porch on the left

Large stone slab in front of garage could be integrated into the landscape

2009 View of home from Main Street with no street trees

2009 with a wraparound porch to meet the new orientation towards Main Street

Large, stone rear entry steps could be re-purposed

Kristin Thomas Fall 2009

Conway School of Landscape Design 332 S. Deerfield Road Conway • MA 01341 www.csld.edu

Not for construction. This drawing is part of a student project and is not based on a legal survey.

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

Front entry with distinct fanlight window and Annabelle hydrangeas

Three large Norway spruces

Historical context

Sheet

3

of 18


The Samoriskis’ 1/4-acre property features an 1850s brick and clapboard home, numerous historical plants, and many open views into and out of the property. Problem drainage along the driveway and a lack a privacy in the backyard are existing conditions that are of concern.

Neighbor

uDriveway and Parking •

A gravel drive, shaded by a large Norway maple, begins at Main Street and leads to a two-car garage, currently used for storage. Although the site is relatively flat, there is a gentle slope towards the north foundation, which may be contributing to problems of a wet basement.

ventry area Norway Maple

Sidewalk

u

Rear Entry

Kitchen

Main Street

Funeral Door

Climbing Rose

Main Entry

v

Garage

Driveway

Empty Concrete Pad

y

• Neighbor’s Shed

w

Porch

Norway Spruces

x

Common Purple Lilac Red Maple

Annabelle Hydrangeas

Front Entrance to Senior Center

20’

Rear Entrance to Senior Center

Bank Parking Lot

Conway School of Landscape Design 332 S. Deerfield Road Conway • MA 01341 www.csld.edu

Not for construction. This drawing is part of a student project and is not based on a legal survey.

Lilacs, hydrangeas, and spruces planted by Sue’s grandfather are the highlights of the side yard. The frequently used Senior Center lies to the south of the property and has entrances on both the east and west sides. A busy bank parking lot also lies to the south, with open views into and out of the yard.

yexposed back yard

N

Kristin Thomas Fall 2009

Senior Center

A bulkhead provides the only direct exterior access to the basement. A climbing red rose planted by Sue’s grandfather carries nostalgic meaning but is struggling to survive in its current location. Two doors along the south of the home provide access from the kitchen to the side yard, which is predominately turf.

xopen side yard •

Maple

10’

Bulkhead to Basement

A concrete path leads from the sidewalk to the front porch; this is the only established path on the property. Once on the porch, guests may be confused about finding the front entrance. On the west is a seldom-used historical funeral door which guests see first; the main entry is on the south side of the porch.

wSoutheast corner of Home

Turf

e Conctrhet Pa

0’

Neighbor’s Garage

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

The backyard looks directly into the eastern neighbor’s yard, where a garage, shed, and an empty concrete pad are all visible. Three large Norway spruces provide shade and some screening. Neighbor’s brush piles are visible underneath the spruces. A rear entry into the home has large historical stone steps that are difficult to navigate.

Existing Conditions

Sheet

4

of 18


Neighbor

x

Norway Maple

Neighbor’s Garage

Garage

Driveway

uPositive Views out to Main Street •

Neighbor’s Cement Pad

Main Street

Many views into and out of the property create challenges in establishing privacy, particularly in the side and back yards, where existing vegetation is very limited.

• •

w u

Neighbor’s Shed

House

vviews into and out of side and back yards

• •

Porch

v

Norway Spruces

Broad views out to the street and into the porch maintain a positive connection to the neighborhood. To the southwest is the commerical zone of Shelburne Falls with a busy parking lot visible from the front yard. Due west and northwest are neighboring residences, many of whom the homeowners enjoy visiting with.

Broad views into and out of the side yard leave it feeling open and exposed. Privacy is particularly lacking in the backyard where views look south into a bank parking lot and into the yard from the parking lot.

wNegative Views of East Neighbor

An empty cement pad on the eastern neighbor’s property is visible from the back yard, as well as brush and garbage piles under the Norway spruces.

xviews of north neighbor

Senior Center

Looking out from the north side of the home, there is a broad view of the neighboring home and Norway maple, with nothing indicating the transition from the Samoriskis’ property to the neighbors’.

Bank Parking Lot

Commercial Zone

Views In

Views Out 0’

10’

20’

N

Kristin Thomas Fall 2009

View from Main Street to front porch

Commercial zone to the south

Conway School of Landscape Design 332 S. Deerfield Road Conway • MA 01341 www.csld.edu

Not for construction. This drawing is part of a student project and is not based on a legal survey.

Eastern neighbor’s cement pad

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

Side yard view to Main Street

views

Bank parking lot to the south

Sheet

5

of 18


The Samoriski property has a uWestern Front Yard sunny south yard and a shady • This is a particularly hot dry area, calling for north drive. A large Norway maple increased shade and heat-tolerant vegetation. on the driveway and the looming • Previously, there were street trees along Main Senior Center to the south create Street, casting deep shade on the front porch. pockets of deep shade. After being removed during recent sidewalk

Neighbor

renovations, the trees were not replaced, leaving the area exposed to full afternoon sun.

Norway Maple

w

Neighbor’s Garage

Garage

Driveway

All-Day Winter Shade

vSouth Yard •

• Main Street

Neighbor’s Cement Pad

u

Neighbor’s Shed

An envelope of nearly full summer sun along the southern portion of the yard creates a prime area for increased gardens and entertaining. Some shade may be needed to create comfortable outdoor spaces. The southern property boundary along the Senior Center experiences nearly full shade all year and heavy snow falling from the Senior Center’s roof. Any plants here must be shade tolerant, herbaceous species that can be cut to the ground each fall so as not to be crushed by snow.

House

wNorthern Driveway •

6+ Hours of Summer Sun

x Norway Spruces

v

PM Winter Sun

xShady Spruces

Full Shade

• AM Winter Sun

Senior Center

0’

10’

20’

Kristin Thomas Fall 2009

N

Bank Parking Lot

Conway School of Landscape Design 332 S. Deerfield Road Conway • MA 01341 www.csld.edu

Not for construction. This drawing is part of a student project and is not based on a legal survey.

This area experiences nearly full shade in winter and partial shade in summer, which creates a potentially icy driveway and a cold, wet microclimate. Choosing a permeable driveway material to quickly drain away melting snow may help alleviate the icy conditions.

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

• •

Deep shade is cast in winter from both the Senior Center and the three Norway spruces. This greatly reduces the amount of solar gain available, particularly in the winter. Replacing the spruces with a deciduous tree would provide summer shade and allow for greater winter solar gain into the property.

Sun & Shadows

Sheet

6

of 18


The Samoriski property is relatively flat with a gentle slope towards the southeast corner of backyard. There is a problematic slope along the driveway that currently funnels water towards the northern foundation. Some of the property’s soil has high lead levels.

Gutter Neighbowr’nssp out & Do

Neighbor

uProblem drainage Neighboer’s Garag Driveway

u

• •

Garage

Gutters & Downspouts

u

• •

v House

Main Street

Neighbor’s Shed

w

vgutters and drains •

v

Gutters & Downspouts

• Bank Parking Lot

Senior Center

• 10’

20’

N Problem Drainage

Kristin Thomas Fall 2009

Drainage Direction

Conway School of Landscape Design 332 S. Deerfield Road Conway • MA 01341 www.csld.edu

Not for construction. This drawing is part of a student project and is not based on a legal survey.

Gutters wrap around the roof of the front porch and effectively drain into a recently constructed 12” wide French drain.

wsoils high in lead

12” wide French Drain

0’

The gentle slope along the driveway causes water to run directly towards the northern foundation. Some of that water is coming from the northern neighbors’ gutter which drains out directly north of the driveway. The Samoriskis are also experiencing wet basement issues which may be partially caused by this drainage pattern. Water also collects around the rear steps where the soil along the foundation has been eroded. Positive slopes will have to be established along the foundation to effectively deal with drainage and the northern neighbors’ gutter run-off will need to be mitigated.

Lead Soil

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

The soil was discovered to be a sandy, well-drained loam that drains quickly but allows water to move off site very quickly, particularly due to the lack of vegetation to mitigate that runoff. Soil samples taken around the entire perimeter of the home were found to have high lead levels. This is a common characteristic for buildings constructed prior to 1980 due to lead-based paints used up until that time. Specific amendments or removal of the soil will be necessary to create healthy soil and any edible plants should be containerized or planted in raised beds established with clean soil.

Drainage & Soils

Sheet

7

of 18


Establishing the lot setbacks creates a clear central envelope where any new building construction can occur. Utilities are concentrated to the northwest corner of the property.

Neighbor

oh Electrical Wires Main Street

Garage

uZoning Setbacks •

Driveway

v

Electrical meter

Water line

Neighbor’s Garage

Oil fill pipes

House

u

Neighbor’s Shed

According to Shelburne Falls zoning by-laws, the Samoriski property lies just inside the edge of the village commercial zone. Lot setbacks for the village commercial district are 20’ for front and back yards and 10’ for side yards. The front porch and the garage, which lie within those setback zones, create non-conforming areas but have been grandfathered in due to their 1850s construction. Any changes to these structures would require a variance. If the Samoriskis want to construct a new outdoor living space, such as a porch or pergola, it would need to be constructed outside of the setback areas.

vaccess to utilities • • •

u

• •

Senior Center

0’

10’

20’

Kristin Thomas Fall 2009

N

Bank Parking Lot

Most of the utilities enter the house along the northern portion of the driveway. Overhead wires run from the street to the northwest corner of the home. The oil fill pipes along the northern drive are easily accessible because there are no foundation plantings. The property hooks up to city sewer and water along the front of the home and out to Main Street. Any future site development in this area should maintain easy access to utilities and the location of existing underground lines should be noted before beginning construction.

Zoning Setback

Conway School of Landscape Design 332 S. Deerfield Road Conway • MA 01341 www.csld.edu

Not for construction. This drawing is part of a student project and is not based on a legal survey.

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

Legal & Utilities

Sheet

8

of 18


Neighbor

Neighboer’s Garag

Garage

Driveway

Circulation routes throughout the property are confusing for guests. Access to the home and outdoor spaces is complicated by an unclear front entry and narrow steps leading to the yard.

udisconnected driveway

u

Main Street

• Rear Entry

Kitchen

x

vConfusing Front Entry •

Funeral Door Main Entry

Curb

v

Neighbor’s Shed

w

Sidewalk

Once parked in the driveway, there is no visible path leading to an entrance for guests. There are no pathways to offer secure footing for the Samoriskis in inclement weather.

The property currently has only one clear concrete path linking the sidewalk to the front porch, where a guest is confronted with two options for entrances. A historical, seldom-used funeral door is found on the west and the main entry, not immediately visible, is found on the south side of the home.

Bulkhead to Basement

wlimited access to outdoors •

Concrete Path

Access from indoors to the sideyard is through two doors on the south side of the home. Narrow landings off these two doors make accessing the kitchen difficult, particularly when entertaining outdoors with larger groups and carrying items up and down the small steps.

xdifficult rear entry Bank Parking Lot

Senior Center

0’

10’

20’

N

Kristin Thomas Fall 2009

Frequent Vehicle Traffic Frequent Foot Traffic of Homeowners and Guests

Conway School of Landscape Design 332 S. Deerfield Road Conway • MA 01341 www.csld.edu

Not for construction. This drawing is part of a student project and is not based on a legal survey.

Less Frequent Vehicle Traffic

• •

Large stone steps to the rear entry are difficult to navigate. There is no clear pathway from the driveway and garage to the rear entry and the homeowners are exposed to the elements when they transition from the garage to the rear entry.

Less Frequent Foot Traffic of Homeowners

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

Access & Circulation

Sheet

9

of 18


uFront Yard: The Samoriski property is • Summer sun and a lack of shade create a hot characterized by a sunny side yard and shady driveway, unclear microclimate. entrances, many open views and • Views from the front porch out to the street maintain a positive connection to the numerous historical elements.

neighborhood. • A concrete walk links the sidewalk to the front porch, leaving the driveway and side yards feeling disconnected. • The main entry on the south side and the funeral door of the west side of the house confuse guests Neighbor’s Garage as they arrive at the home. Design Directives: Increase shade, maintain open views, improve access to driveway and yards, and establish a clear main entry.

Neighbor Norway Maple

Stone slab

w

Garage

Driveway

Main Street

vSide and Back Yards

Kitchen

Funeral Door

Rear entry

Main Entry

u Walk

Historic Plants

Norway Spruces

v

Nearly full summer creates a prime space for entertaining and increased vegetation. • Many open views in and out make privacy difficult. r’s bo • Historical plants are spread throughout the side Neigh Shed yard, some of which may need to be transplanted for better sun exposure. • A small set of stairs from the kitchen out to the side yard makes access challenging. Design Directives: Increase privacy buffers, create a dedicated entertaining zone, increase gardens and create a smooth transition from the kitchen to outdoors.

wNorthern Driveway • • PM Winter Sun

Senior Center

0’

10’

20’

N

Kristin Thomas Fall 2009

Historical Elements Unclear Entry

Conway School of Landscape Design 332 S. Deerfield Road Conway • MA 01341 www.csld.edu

Not for construction. This drawing is part of a student project and is not based on a legal survey.

Problem Drainage Views In & Out

6+ Hrs Summer Sun Full Winter Shade

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

Bank Parking Lot PM Summer Sun

Full winter shade covers the driveway. Puddling of water is occurring along the northern foundation, which may be contributing to a wet basement. • Open views to the northern neighbor and little vegetation make privacy difficult. • A large stone slab in front of the garage and the older Norway maple are historical elements that could be integrated into a final design. • A lack of clear pathways between the driveway and the home leave this area feeling disconnected from the rest of the property and the large rear entry steps are difficult to navigate. Design Directives: Resolve drainage issues, establish circulation paths and improve the rear entry.

Summary analysis

Sheet

10

of 18


Neighbor

Design Concepts Common to All Three Alternatives

Shed

Fence Buffer

A 6’ fence surrounds the backyard in all three design alternatives, providing a strong visual and sound buffer for the most private parts of the property.

Key Transitions

Relocated Garage

Driveway

Main Street

In each design alternative there is a key transition from the public front yard to the more private backyard. Each transition is announced via a gateway or arbor and occurs near the main entry of the house.

Kitchen Funeral Door

Emtpy Concrete Pad

Rear Entry Covered Porch

Main Entry

Neighbor’s Garage

Neighbor’s Shed

Turf

New Patio Entertaining space

Arbored gate

A dedicated entertaining space is in each design alternative, including a patio and a covered or trellised porch for regular gatherings of family and friends.

DRiveway Drainage swale and vegetation

• •

To address drainage issues, the driveway, the northern foundation, garage, and northern property boundary have all been regraded to create positive drainage away from the home. A drainage swale has also been installed along the northern property boundary to intercept runoff coming from the northern neighbor’s gutter. This area is planted with moisture-tolerant species that can withstand occasional flooding.

Senior Center

Bank Parking Lot

Alternative 1: Secret Garden

0’

10’

20’

N

Notable Features Improved Access to front entrance

• •

Porch steps along the driveway have been constructed to create an improved transition from the driveway to the main entry. Porch steps have also been added directly in front of the main entry to meet the pathway through the public sideyard.

• • • • •

Layers of formal plantings and a clearly defined path lead guests through a public side yard. An arbored gateway leads into the private backyard. A fully covered porch links the patio to the kitchen. The garage has been relocated to the north side of the home and reduced to accommodate one car. A secret garden has replaced the former garage, surrounded with walls of lush vegetation and seating.

Pros

• • •

Large increases in vegetation and entertaining space The relocated garage now provides a completely covered transition to inside home The bulkhead has remained in place, reducing renovation costs

Cons

• •

Kristin Thomas Fall 2009

Conway School of Landscape Design 332 S. Deerfield Road Conway • MA 01341 www.csld.edu

Not for construction. This drawing is part of a student project and is not based on a legal survey.

High construction costs due to relocating and reconstructing the garage Pedestrians may be able to see directly through the trellised gateway to the back yard, reducing privacy

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

Alternative 1

Sheet

11

of 18


Neighbor

Neighbor

Rear Entry

Bench

New Pergola Porch

Main Entry

p

New Entry Ram

Emtpy Concrete Pad Neighbor’s Shed

Turf

Main Street

Funeral Door

Garage

Neighbor’s Garage

Driveway New Entry Porch

Main Street

Driveway

Kitchen

Neighbor’s Garage

Garage

New Patio

Kitchen

Bench

Emtpy Concrete Pad

Funeral Door

Neighbor’s Shed

Main Entry

Turf

New Pergola Porch

Gate

Rear Entry

New Patio

Gate Senior Center

Bank Parking Lot

Alternative 2: Meandering paths Notable Features

• • • • •

Senior Center

0’

Large increases in vegetation Spruces removed for greater solar gain Trellised porch links the kitchen to the outdoors

Fall 2009

Conway School of Landscape Design 332 S. Deerfield Road Conway • MA 01341 www.csld.edu

Not for construction. This drawing is part of a student project and is not based on a legal survey.

Alternative 3: Pergola Privacy Notable Features

• •

0’

10’

20’

N

A pergola-covered porch extends off the entry porch and provides the private back yard with a strong buffer from the public front yard. A stone patio is enveloped by ornamental plantings.

pros

Provides maximum privacy due to the placement of the new pergola porch A rear-entry porch and ramp provides a fully covered transition from the garage to the home Multiple entertaining areas are throughout the back yard for small or large gatherings

Cons

There is not a full covered transition zone between the garage and the home. Snowfall from the roof may collect on the trellis-covered porch and block doorways. Plants along the southern property boundary are subject to snowfall off of Senior Center roof.

Kristin Thomas

N

• • •

Cons

• • •

20’

Guests are greeted with a stone wall and layers of vegetation as they move from the sidewalk to the front porch. Meandering paths lead through the public side yard where vegetation provides buffering from the senior center. A stone patio steps up to a pergola-covered porch and links to the kitchen. The three Norway spruces have been replaced by deciduous trees and increased vegetation in the back yard. A new small porch off the rear of the home improves the entry experience.

pros

• • •

10’

Bank Parking Lot

• •

Spruces remain and decrease winter solar gain The narrow steps remain as the only link between the kitchen to outdoors.

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

alternatives 2 & 3

Sheet

12

of 18


uA Welcoming Front Garden

With the proposed final design, the property now has clearly defined public and private zones. A large increase in vegetation and dedicated entertaining areas create functional and aesthetically pleasing spaces.

• •

Neighbor

• Neighboer’s Garag

Garage

Pavers on Perviousve Dri way 8

vWalk of flowers • •

h&

y Porc New Entrm Ra p

Main Street

Neighbor’s Shed

d

re New Cove Porch

Main Entry

z

x

Turf

6’Fence

Mowed Path

w Senior Center 0’

10’

20’

y

• •

Bank Parking Lot

Fall 2009

Conway School of Landscape Design 332 S. Deerfield Road Conway • MA 01341 www.csld.edu

Not for construction. This drawing is part of a student project and is not based on a legal survey.

A stone patio is enveloped by low stone sitting walls and a cutting garden. The patio steps up to a covered porch where deep shade creates a comfortable space to relax and the kitchen is easily accessible. The bulkhead has been moved to the south face of the home to provide ample room for the porch addition.

yA shady Retreat •

To maintain summer shade and increase winter solar gain, the three Norway spruces have been replaced with a red maple that was transplanted from the front yard. Smaller flowering trees and ornamental shrubs surround a private sitting area under the red maple canopy, accessible by a short stepping stone path.

za place to play •

N

The driveway has been regraded to create positive drainage away from the house (see Design Details Sheet 14). A vegetative groundcover has been introduced to the driveway with two tracks of permeable pavers providing a route for cars. The permeable pavers continue into an open area in front of the garage with ample parking space. A new vegetated drainage swale along the northern property boundary catches runoff from the neighbor’s gutter. New steps have been added off the north side of the front porch to provide a direct connection between the driveway and the main entry.

Kristin Thomas

Gate

8 Improved Driveway Drainage

Since the first ten feet out from the north side of the senior center is a zone of heavy snow fall off the roof and deep shade vegetation must be tolerant of shade and heavy snow piles. Tall, shade-tolerant ornamental grasses and flowering perennials provide buffering from the adjacent senior center and can be cut back each fall to tolerate heavy snow piles. Flowering vines climb up panels of lattice that are placed between the senior center windows.

xtiers of entertaining space

Gate

v

New Patio

u

Layers of flowering perennials and shrubs border a turf path that leads through the semi public side yard. A trellised gateway indicates the transition from public to private space and panels of trellis extend on either side of the arbor to maintain privacy for the backyard. A stone walk aligns with the arbor gateway to provide access to the main entry.

wPerennials that buffer 7

Funeral Door

Bulk head Picket fence

Emtpy Concrete Pad

Rear Entry

Kitchen

A picket fence and boxwood hedges wrap around the public front yard. Serviceberry trees provide spring flowering interest, summer shade and bright red fall foliage, as well as strategic buffering of views into the backyard. Flowering shrubs line the front porch and a stone walk leads to the front porch, where ornamental potted plants on either side of the front door clearly indicate the main entry for guests.

7 the secret garden •

The only turf on the property— a small lawn provides a space for outdoor games and activities. It is bordered to the west by a 6 foot wooden privacy fence and layers of vegetation that surround the entire back yard.

A new private garden is surrounded with large shrubs and flowering perennials. Continuity is achieved by repeating the trellised-gateway at the entrance to the garden room and two benches and a water fountain create a space for small gatherings. Large flowering shrubs buffer the garden room from a new entry porch and ramp joining the rear of the home to the garage and improving the entry experience.

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

Final Design

Sheet

13

of 18


Grading and Drainage Neighbor

uThe driveway has been regraded to create positive drainage away from the

Swale

98.5

vSwale

98.5

northern foundation to alleviate the water issues occuring in the basement.

w

98.0

vA new drainage swale along the northern edge of the driveway receives

Garage

runoff from the northern neighbor’s gutter and is planted with species tolerant of occasional flooding.

97.

5

u

y

x

wHigh points in the driveway direct water toward the vegetated swale along the northern edge of the driveway.

y

Rear Entry

xWindow wells have been added along all basement windows along the driveway

Indicates direction of water flow

98.0

to accommodate the increase in grade and additional soil to create positive drainage away from the home.

House

.5

96.5

96

97

.0

97

.5

ySoil has also been added along the foundation near the rear entry and a small berm 2’ wide by 4” high has been added directly in front of the garage to create positive drainage away from the buildings.

97.5

0’

10’

N

20’

Section through entertaining area

• • • • •

Buffering shrubs

Senior Center

0’

10’

20’

Kristin Thomas Fall 2009

New porch

New patio with low stone walls

Path Perennials

Stairs

The private side yard has is now buffered by a 6’-high wooden fence and layers of ornamental shrubs, perennials and groundcovers. A perennial and annual cutting garden borders the low stone walls which envelope the stone patio providing ample entertaining space. The patio then steps up to a covered porch that offers deep, cooling shade from summer sun and further space for entertaining family and friends. The kitchen can now be easily accessed from the porch, creating an improved connection between inside the home and a joining outdoor spaces. The driveway has been regraded to create positive drainage away from the house and a vegetated drainage swale has been added along the northern property boundary to catch runoff from the northern neighbors’ gutter.

Driveway

House New window wells &vegetation

Drainage swale

Section through side and backyard showing the vegetation, porch and patio

Conway School of Landscape Design 332 S. Deerfield Road Conway • MA 01341 www.csld.edu

Not for construction. This drawing is part of a student project and is not based on a legal survey.

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

Design Details

Sheet

14

of 18


Neighbor

AP IV

ES

ES

VM

ES

IV

IVJ

Neighboer’s Garag

Garage

Pavers on Perviousve Dri way

IV

To create a cohesive space, certain plants and materials are carried throughout the design. Broadleaf evergreens are used to mark transition points while trellised-gateways announce the arrival to a semi private or private area. Stone is used in the patio and walkways near entrances and panels of lattice as well as fence work with vegetation to create privacy. See the Plant Palette page for the plant key descriptions.

VM

y Porch & New Entram R p

VM

VM

KA

IGC

VB

IGC

Emtpy Concrete Pad CA

NF

HQ

CA

CA BMV

House VC

RD

RS

BMV

VC NF

IG

SV

BMV HMR

HM DG

HMR

NF

AC

BM

HM HQ

NF

DG

PF

HM HA

PF

PF AS

AS

AD

MS AG

HM

AA

MS

DS

ES

PC

CL AG

AG

ES

BM

HQ

HH

Conway School of Landscape Design 332 S. Deerfield Road Conway • MA 01341 www.csld.edu

Not for construction. This drawing is part of a student project and is not based on a legal survey.

PF

AR

HA

BM ES

MS

ASS

TM AG

Bank Parking Lot

Senior Center

Kristin Thomas

ES

PF

RP

R

DS

HQ

NF

M

BM

BM

HM

H

HMR

DG

HAP

SV DG

HM

TM

IG

HMR FG

AC

RP

DG

JC

DG

BMV

TM

IG

IG

BM

New Patio

HM

BMV

NF

VC

CA

BM

RS

BM

CAR FG

DG

Fall 2009

Neighbor’s Shed

JC

red New Cove Porch

AC CAR

VB

RB

TM

Main Street

DG

BM

KA

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

Planting plan

Sheet

15

of 18


Plant Key

Botanical

Common Name Height x Spread

Exposure

Notes

Plant Key

AA

Annual Cutting Garden

Annual cutting garden

12”- 36” x spreading

full sun

Mix of annual cutting flowers

HAP

AC

Amelanchier canadensis ‘Rainbow Pillar’

Rainbow Pillar Serviceberry

15-20’ x 8-10’

full sun-part shade

White spring flowers, red fall color

AD

Aruncus diocius

Goatsbeard

3’-5’ x 3’-5’

part shade to shade

AG

Aristolochia gigantea

Dutchmans’s Pipe

8’-10’ x 6’-8’

shade

AM

Alchemilla mollis

Lady’s Mantle

18” - 24” x 18”

full sun to part shade

AP AR AS

Acer platanoides Norway Maple 30’-50’ x 25’-30’ full sun Yellow fall color Acer rubrum Red Maple 50’-60’ x 40’-60’ full sun Bright red fall color Actaea simplex Hillside Black Beauty 5’-6’ x 3’ part shade to shade Burgundy foliage ‘Hillside Black Bugbane with spikes of white Beauty’ flowers

Green foliage feathery white flowers Large heart shaped leaves Chartruse foliage with yellow flowers

Botanical

Common Name Height x Spread

Exposure

Notes

Hydrangea Climbing Hydrangea anomala subsp. Petiolaris

50’ x 30’-40’

part shade to shade

White lacecap flowers, prune to maintain size

HG

Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Snow Queen’

5’-6’ x 5’-6’

part shade

Oak like leaves that turn bright red in fall with large showy flowers

HH

Hosta ‘Halcyon’ Halcyon Plantain Lily

16” x 40”

shade

Narrow, grey green leaves

HM

Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Blushing Bride

3’-5’ x 3’-5’

full sun to part shade

Large white pom pom flowers in summer

10” x 12”

sun to shade

Burgundy foliage with white spikes of flowers Broadleaf evergreen

HMR

Oakleaf Hydrangea

Blushing Bride Hydrangea

Heuchera Midnight Rose Coral ‘Midnight Rose’ Bells

IG

Ilex glabra ‘Shamrock’

Shamrock Inkberry

3-5’ x 3-5’

full sun to part shade

ASS

Astilbe spp.

False Spirea

15”-24” x 18” - 30”

sun to shade

Plume like flowers with serrated foliage

IGC

Ilex glabra ‘Compacta’

Compact Inkberry

4’-6’ x 4’-6’

full sun to part shade

Broadleaf evergreen

BM

Brunnera macrophylla ‘Jackfrost’

Jackfrost Bugloss

18” x 18”

part shade to shade

Silvery white variegated foliage, blue flowers

IV

Ilex verticillata ‘Winter Red’

Winter Red Winterberry

3’-5’ x 3’-5’

full sun to part shade

Bright red winter berries, moisture tolerant

BMV

Buxus microphylla ‘Green Velvet’

Green Velvet Boxwood

3’ x 3’

full sun to part shade

Broadleaf evergreen,rounded

IVJ

Ilex verticillata ‘Jim Dandy ‘

Jim Dandy Winterberry

3’-5’ x 3’-5’

full sun to part shade

4’ x 4’

full sun

Red twigs, variegated leaves

JC

Juniperus chinensis ‘Spartan’

Spartan Juniper

15’-20’ x 3’-5’

full sun

Male pollinator for winter red winterberry Fast growing columnar evergreen

Kolkwitzia amabilis ‘Pink Cloud’ Lamium maculatum ‘Beacon Silver’

Pink Cloud Beauty Bush

8’-10’ x 8’-10’

full sun

Veils of pink flowers in spring

Beacon Silver Dead Neattle

6”-12” x 9”-12”

shade

Delicate pink flowers over silver foliage

Malus ‘Prariefire’ Prariefire Crabapple

15’-20’ x 15’-20’

full sun

Pink-red spring flowers, burgundy bark, red fruits

CA

Cornus alba ‘Ivory Ivory Halo Dogwood Halo’

CAR

Clethra alnifolia ‘Ruby Spice’

Ruby Spice Clethra

4’ x 4’

full sun

Fragrant pink flowers

KA

CL

Chasmanthium

Northern Sea Oats

2’-3’ x 2’-3’

sun to shade

Bamboo like green

LM

DG

Deutzia gracilis ‘Nikko’

Nikko Deutzia

2’ x 4’

full sun

White flowers in early summer

DS

Dicentra spectabilis

Old Fashioned Bleeding Heart

3’ x 3’

part shade to shade Green folaige with delicate heart like flowers

MP

ES

Epimedium spp.

Barrenwort

12” x 15”

part shade to shade Low groundcover with delicate nodding flowers

MS

Matteuccia struthiopteris

Ostrich Fern

4’-6’ x 3’

NF

Nepeta x faassenii ‘Walker’s Low’

Walker’s Low Catmint

10-15” x 18”

PF

Polygonatum falcatum ‘Variegatum’

Fragrant Solomon’s Seal

2’-3’ x 2’-3’

FG HA

Kristin Thomas Fall 2009

Fothergilla gardenii ‘Blue Mist’ Hydrangea arborescens ‘Annabelle’

Blue Mist Fothergilla

2’-3’ x 2’-3’

Annabelle Hydrangea

3’-5’ x 3’-5’

full sun to part shade

White spring flowers, red fall color part shade to shade Transplant existing

Conway School of Landscape Design 332 S. Deerfield Road Conway • MA 01341 www.csld.edu

Not for construction. This drawing is part of a student project and is not based on a legal survey.

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

part shade to shade Deep green leaves full sun

Ever-blooming small purple flowers above grey-green foliage

part shade to shade White-edged leaves and bell like flowers in spring

Plant Palette 1

Sheet

16

of 18


Plant Key

Botanical

Common Name Height x Spread

PS

Polemonium caeruleum ‘Snow Saphires’

Jacob’s Ladder

RD

Rosa ‘Double Knockout’

Double Knockout Rose

RP

Rhododendron P.J.M. Rhododendron ‘P.J.M.’

Exposure

Notes

2’-4’ x 18”-24”

part shade

Purple spring flowers

4’-5’ x 2’-3’

full sun

Double pink flowers

3’-6’ x 4’-6’

part shade

Burgundy fall foliage with bright pink spring flowers

RP

Rosa ‘Blaze’

Blaze Climbing Rose

10’-12’

full sun

Red flowers, vigorous climber, long blooming

RS

Rosa ‘Sunny Knockout’

Sunny Knockout Rose

3’-4’ x 2’-3’

full sun

Yellow flowers, long blooming

SC

Sambucus canadensis

Common Elderberry

5’-8’ x 5’

full sun to part shade

Dark purple fruits in summer

SJ

Syringa ‘Josee’

Josee Lilac

4’-5’ x 4’-5’

full sun

Pink spring flowers that rebloom through summer

SV

Syringa vulgaris

8’-15’ x 5’-8’

Taxus media ‘Hicksi’

10’-12’ x 4’-5’

full sun to part shade full sun to part shade

Transplant existing

TM

Common Purple Lilac Hick’s Yew

VB

Viburnam burkwoodii

Burkwood Viburnam

6’-12’ x 4’-5’

full sun

Clusters of pinkwhite fragrant flowers in spring

Vaccinium Highbush Blueberry corymbosum var. var.

3’-6’ x 3’-6’

full sun to part shade

4”-6” x 24”

full shade to partshade

Plant mutiple varieties that fruit at same time Broadleaf evergreen, purple spring flowers

VC VM

Vinca minor

Kristin Thomas Fall 2009

Periwinkle

Fast growing evergreen

Conway School of Landscape Design 332 S. Deerfield Road Conway • MA 01341 www.csld.edu

Not for construction. This drawing is part of a student project and is not based on a legal survey.

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

Plant Palette 2

Sheet

17

of 18


A repetition of materials in key parts of the final design will create continuity throughout the Samoriski property, as well provide cues of the rich historical aspects of the property. Materials, such as the examples shown here, could play a large role in creating a unified landscape.

Patio, Stonewalls and Walkways

Using local stone for the patio and stonewalls reduces overall environmental impacts and supports local commerce. Both Goshen stone and Ashfield stone are locally quarried and produce beautiful patios, stonewalls and walkways. The existing large stone slab in front of the garage could also be incorporated into the patio and the large rear entry stone steps could potentially be repurposed into a stone bench for the shady retreat.

A trellised gateway can give privacy and support a flowering vine.

A picket fence can create a welcoming entrance.

Driveway with permeable pavers

Kristin Thomas Fall 2009

www.uni-groupusa.org

www.uni-groupusa.org

Permeable Pavers on Driveway

Panels of trellis can provide screening in shady or narrow spaces.

Uni Eco-Stone permeable pavers

Conway School of Landscape Design 332 S. Deerfield Road Conway • MA 01341 www.csld.edu

Not for construction. This drawing is part of a student project and is not based on a legal survey.

Permeable pavers are solid surface pavers that allow water through the gaps between the pavers. By allowing the water to infiltrate, they reduce storm water runoff and non-point source pollution. For the Samoriskis, permeable pavers would infiltrate some of the runoff coming from their north neighbor’s gutter. Sources for permeable pavers include Uni Eco-Stone, whose patented interlocking pavers can withstand freezing and thawing and snow plowing. For every square foot of these pavers installed, 12.18% of the area is permeable, with an infiltration rate of 1,872 inches of water per hour.

http://2bnmaine.com/

www.originalgoshenstone.com

Goshen stone walkway

www.google.com

Goshen stone

www.sanoma.net

Ashfield stone

White picket fencing and trellis fencing will help establish different levels of privacy throughout the property. Vinyl fencing or painted cedar are options for fencing, with vinyl being most maintenance-free option. The arbored gateway could support flowering vines or the climbing red rose planted by Sue’s grandfather. The panels of trellis would be placed inbetween the windows of the senior center and planted with shade tolerant vines. A low picket fence would contribute to a welcoming front entry.

www.originalgoshenstone.com

http://sarah-shepard-landscape-design.com

Fencing, arbors and trellis

Samoriski Property 9 Main Street Shelburne Falls, MA

Materials

Sheet

18

of 18

Shelburne Falls Residential Master Plan  

A residential master plan exploring issues such as solar access, parking and circulation, edible and historical plantings, private and publi...

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you