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Taja BenÄ?ina | Faculty of Architecture | University in Ljubljana

portfolio portfolio


CV 2

Personal info Education Work experiance Language

3 4 5

Personal skils and competents

6

Projects 11

Home for the elderly Shelter- a passive design Primary school in Lavrica Ravnikars’s pavilion

28

Modular social housing

76

45 59

Drawings Drawings

95

1


Personal information First name(s) / Surname(s) Address(es) Mobile E-mail Nationality Date of birth Gender Occupational field

Taja BenÄ?ina Slovenija +386 51 341 916 taja.bencina@gmail.com Slovene 24 June 1987 Female Architect 2


Education

Dates Title of qualification awarded Principal subjects/occupational skills covered Name and type of organisation providing education and training Level in national or international classification Dates Title of qualification awarded Principal subjects/occupational skills covered Name and type of organisation providing education and training Level in national or international classification

February 2010 – July 2010 Master of science (in Architecture, building and planning), TU Eindhoven Architectural theory, Aesthetic of sustainable design (Studio design), Architecture and philosophy, Urban concepts, studion of 3D modeling (Rhinoceros, Grasshopper, 3D Max) Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Den Dolech 2, P.O Box 513, 5600 MB, Eindhoven (The Netherlands) IS CED 5 September 2006 – University graduate engineer of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, University in Ljubljana Architectural desining, theory, history, basic of a planning, statics, mehanic Faculty of Architecture, University in Ljubljana, Zoisova cesta12, SI-1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia) IS CED 5

Dates Title of qualification awarded Principal subjects/occupational skills covered Name and type of organisation providing education and training Level in national or international classification 3

2002 – 2006 Gimnazijski maturant (Lyceum graduate) General education I.gimnazija v Celju (Lyceum) Kajuhova ul. 2, SI-3000 Celje (Slovenia) IS CED 3


Education

Dates Title of qualification awarded Principal subjects/occupational skills covered Name and type of organisation providing education and training Level in national or international classification

1993 - 2002 Completed primary education General education I.Osnovna šola Žalec (Primary school) Šilihova ul. 1, SI-3310 Žalec (Slovenia) IS CED 1

Work experience Dates

October 2010

Occupation or position held

Architect, design engineer (as a student)

Main activities and responsibilities

Participating in the project (for national competition) for the public building (Eles, Beričevo), participating in the process of designing the project, participating in the process of drawing the project, designing the presentation of the project Ark Arhitektura Krušec, architectural planning, designing, urbanism d.o.o Vrtača 8, SI-1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia) Architectural planning, designing, urbanism

Name and address of employer Type of bussines or sector Dates

October 2009 -

Occupation or position held

Teacher in advance hand drawing

Main activities and responsibilities

Teaching advanced hand drawing to students in highschool, preparing the students for exams when applying to Faculty of Architecture (in University in Ljubljana) Umetniško izobraževalno društvo Koncept (Artistic and educational association Koncept) Ločica ob Savinji 55G, SI-3313 Polzela (Slovenia) Teaching advanced hand drawing

Name and address of employer Type of bussines or sector

4


Work experience Dates

July 2009

Occupation or position held

Architect, design engineer (as a student)

Main activities and responsibilities

Participating in the process of drawing the project (for housing), modeling the project (by Archicad), making physical models of the project Reichenberg Arhitektura d.o.o., Dupleška ul. 21, SI-2000 Maribor (Slovenia) Architectural planning, designing

Name and address of employer Type of bussines or sector Dates

October 2008 – Januar 2009

Occupation or position held

Architect, design engineer (as a student)

Main activities and responsibilities

Co-author of the project for the national competition (Primary school, Lavrica), participating in the process of designing the project, participating in the process of drawing the project, participating in the process of designing the presentation of the project

Name and address of employer

Reichenberg Arhitektura d.o.o., Dupleška ul. 21, SI-2000 Maribor (Slovenia) Architectural planning, designing

Type of bussines or sector

Language

Slovenian

Mother tongue(s)

Understanding Listening

English Croatian German

5

Reading

Speaking

Writing

Spoken interaction

Spoken production

C1

Proficient user

C1

Proficient user

C1

Proficient user

C1

Proficient user

C1

Proficient user

C1

Proficient user

C1

Proficient user

C1

Proficient user

B2

Independent user

B1

Independent user

B2

Independent user

B2

Independent user

B1

Independent user

B1

Independent user

B1

Independent user


Personal skils and competences Social skills and competences

- Function well in a diverse environment and can easily adapt to dynamic changes; - ease of communication and qualification in rhetoric gained through my experience as a lecturer (teacher of a hand drawing).

Organisational skills and competences

- Good leadership skils and team co-ordination and co-operation (a member of Artistic and educational association (Koncept); - sense for organization and time-management gained trough professional and personal challenges.

Technical skills and competences

- Basic knowledge and abilities in engineering (such as knowing how to use engineering computer program SAP), good knowledge in mathematics and physics.

Computer skills and competences

-Very good knowledge of multimedia software (Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Ilustrator, Adobe Indesign, Corel Draw, AutoCAD, ArchiCAD, Rhinoceros, Grasshopper, basic knowledge of 3ds Max, Sketch up and Microsoft office programs).

Artistic skills and competences

-Very good skills in hand drawing (participating in different courses); painting skills (participating in a painting course); skills in graphic design; experiences with scenography.

Other skills and competences

- Holder of the scholarship for exceptional students awarded by the Zois Fund (since 2002); - an averrage of 6.5 on IELTS certificat; - experiences gained on different international Architectural workshops (Lodi a green city, Lody, Italy, August 2008 and Indesem, Delft, The Netherlands, April 2009); - experiances gained on different National and International Architectural conferences (such as ORIS conference, Ljubljana, Zagreb, etc.)

6


7


projectss projects 8


Home for the elderly location: kind: role and contribution: year: date: mentor: grade:

Shelter- a passive design location: kind: role and contribution:

year: date: mentor:

grade:

Primary school in Lavrica location: kind: role and contribution:

9

11 RoĹžna dolina area, Ljubljana individual, academic project designing and presenting the project, making the physical model of wooden panel (1:1) fifth year, first semester, Faculty of Ljubljana 20.3.20011 doc.dr. TomaĹž KruĹĄec univ.dipl.ing.arh. (tomaz.krusec@arhitekturakrusec.si) 10

28 not defined group (three students), academic project participating in the process of designing the project (designing the concept, designing the structure and the process of the project, also part of designing the details with physical models), drawing the project, modeling the project (making all the 3D computer models all 3D images) and presentation of the project (participating in making the presentation, poster) forth year, second semester, Technical University Eindhoven 20.6.2010 Prof.. Sang Lee, M. Arch. (s.lee@tudelft.nl)

8

45 Lavrica group (three students, three architects with a degree), professional project co-author of the project for the national competition (Primary school, Lavrica), participating in the process of designing the project (designing the concept, designing the project), participating in the process of drawing the project (part of the plan drawings-ground floor, all of the facade drawings) participating in the process of designing the presentation of the project (posters)


year: date: Supervisor:

Ravnikar’s pavilion location: kind: role and contribution: year: date: mentor: grade:

Modular social housing location: kind: role and contribution: year: date: mentor: grade:

third year, first semester 30.1.2009 doc.Bogdan Reichenberg, univ.dipl.ing.arh. (b.reichenberg@arhitekturni-atelje.si)

59 park Tivoli, Ljubljana individual, academic project designing and presenting the project third year, second semester, Faculty of Ljubljana 0.9.2009 Prof..dr. Aleš Vodopivec univ.dipl.ing.arh. (ales.vodopivec@fa.uni-lj.si) 10

76 not defined individual, academic project designing and presenting the project third year, first semester, Faculty of Ljubljana 28.2.2009 Prof..dr. Aleš Vodopivec univ.dipl.ing.arh. (ales.vodopivec@fa.uni-lj.si) 10

author: Taja Benčina Faculty for Architecture, University in Ljubljana address: Slovenija contact: 00386 51 341 916 taja.bencina@gmail.com

10


11


Home for the elderly (fifth year, first semester)

12


13

1: ambiances


Home for the elderly (fifth year, first semester) nature

Presented project was made in my final year. It is a luxury home for the elderly.

city mediator

2: duality

3: building as a mediator

Before I started putting together a project I’ve been thinking a lot about contemporary social values (mainly related to residence of individuals.) I have been asking myself what a luxurious means today. So I came to realization that if material values were more relevant in the past (especially during and after the time of world wars), space as a value replaced that values (known architects Lacaton & Vassal emphasize that the space and in particular the spaciousness are of the utmost importance for the modern person). Now, in my opinion, modern man, in the time of fluidity and fast flow of life, sees especially peace and tranquillity as a value (especially prominent for the elderly). In this manner I design a structure which enables different more and less intimate ambiences.

This project is located on the edge of urban tissue of Ljubljana. The duality of location dictates that the facility fits in the urban tissue on one hand and corresponds with the natural environment and terrene on the other.

4: building corresponding to natural environment as well as urban tissue

14


15

5: context


Concept The public program of the home for elderly, as a transparent base, is placed to the foot of the hill and over it wood lamellas of residential units are positioned. The structure is designed in a way that space uninterruptedly flows true and above it.

nature, terrain

transparent base

lamellas grown from the terrain

6: concept

16


7: structure of wooden panels

wooden roof

knitted wooden skin

glass

prefabricated wooden construction

concrete plates

glass

concrete construction, non-carrying wooden walls concerete plates

17

8: materials and construction


Function and materialization flows

flows

flows

In the transparent part of the building, which is oriented towards the city side, different facilities of the home for the elderly are found and arranged around the public atrium. Above it, near the main road the room are placed on the other side of the building, across the park, apartments for elderly are set.

park

atrium

flows

9: scheme

appartements for the elderly rooms of the home for the elderly sport center health center commercial facilities library vertical comunicatons services

Volumes are different by the materials. Transparent base is made with mainly concrete construction, wrapped in white transparent fabric. The construction of the lamellas is made from prefabricated wooden walls (the system of the enterprise Jelovica is adopted). The skin around it is a texture made from wooden panels (in which knitted rods are inserted.) The density of the panel is correlated to the function set behind the skin. For this project also physical model of the detail 1:1 has been required (of wooden panel in my case), which is (as our ‘Studio design’ is not yet finished) still under construction.

11: structure of wooden panels

10: functions

18


Situation

19

N

12: situation


Plans

library sauna

kitchen deposite

physiotherapy kitchen

sport center psychiatrist

dining room reception lobby

general practice grocery store bar administartion pharmacy

reception

common place apartment area

deposite park area

public atrium

deposite common place room area

5m

13-14: plans

20


10,66 9,56

6,36

3,36

0,00

-3,00

21

5m


Sections

10,66 9,56

6,36

3,36

0,00

-3,00

5,00

15-16: sections

22


Perception

23

17 :enterance


Perception

18: park

24 27


Perception

25

19: atrium


Perception

28 20: interior

27 26


Perception

27 22

dinning 21: interior room


Perception

22-23: west and south fasade

28


Model

24: model

29

25: situation


Model

26: atrium

27: park

27 30


Model

31

28: enterance side


Custom made panel

29: panel

32


33


Shelter- a passive design (fourth year, second semester)

34


sun

wind

rain

30: sensations

31: a shelter

32: perception

35


Sheltera passive design (fourth year, second semester) 33: filtration

This project aims to heighten people’s awareness of the natural elements in barren city settings. This skin absorbs and filters the natural elements of wind, rain and sun into the space. The shelter creates a sensual experience. The project returns one’s thinking to the fundamental requirements of Architecture. In a sense, juxtaposed to current high-tech building design, the project may be viewed more as an art installation. It is a hands on experience of passive design.

34: absorption

The shelter will be located in a busy square, neglected side alley or sidewalk. The main goal is to introduce new calm zones within the fast paced city environment.

35: installation as shelter and mediator

36


models

36-44: index models

45: abstraction of the skin layers

37


Influence It is interesting to discuss here, the process and research that was undertaken to reach this final design. Animal skins were investigated initially. The underlying mechanical and structural principles of the barnacle and crab were looked at more specifically for this project. The different components were separated and categorised producing various models for interpretation. These principles were then reintegrated and translated into an architecture.

46: translation into an architecture

38


47-48: scheme of plan and section

49: plan

39


Structure The design has triangulated aluminium framed structure. The supportive columns are extensions of this frame.

module

The protective layer of the skin (the roof) is made up of a series of diamond plates. The overall structure is made up of alternating ventilation and water models.

unit component

Beneath the diamonds a membrane is placed, which also forms the water collection sacks. These are attached at three corners to the structure by ropes. The ropes follow the seams of the sack and cause it to twist/unravel. This idea was derived from the formation of a flower.

53: sketch of an idea for the structure

water wind 50-51: module

52: Membrane

40


54: stages of the process

41

55: sack


Process empty Water is transferred via the diamond plates. The diamonds are fixed to aluminium rods with pin joints. As the amount of the water increases, the diamond will rotate and the water will be transferred. The wind enters every second unit between the diamond formations. It is predicted that in strong winds the diamonds will produce an interesting spectacle. Beneath each ventilation opening there is a suspended waterproof membrane that transfers excess water to the sacks. Under water modules sacks are placed. The sacks are made up of small components. In the centre of each component there is a hole in the waterproof material. The inner layer of a polymer material, is revealed. As water builds up in the sack the polymer material stretches. The fibres become more separated and water is released. The water is released into the space after longer period.

ful

56: stages

42


UV protective plastic 57: rods

recycled Aluminum

tautly wrapped in a translucent white elastic membrane

absorption polymer material

recycled Aluminum

43

58: materials


Details

60: panel

59: mambrane

61: rotation of diamonts

62: 85: sack 44


Perception

45

63: exterior


Perception

64: sensation

46


Perception

47

65: interior


Perception

66: top view

48


49


Primary school in Lavrica (third year, first semester)

50


51


67: surroundings

Primary school in Lavrica

kindergarten

(third year, first semester) blocks of flats

This project was made for the national public competition. Our aim was to design primary school, which includes nine different classes. In my opinion, that educational institutions should express certain amount of repression. In this manner buildings for educational institutions should be conceived as very clear and regular structures often functionally arranged. However, on the other hand this buildings are often pupils’ other home that is why they should also be pleasant. Buildings of this kind could be especially playful in their informal functional divisions, like in halls, lobbies, dining rooms, etc.

privat housing

68: spatial concept

Location for this educational complex was determinate in advance in a small town called Lavrica. Peripheral character of the surrounding dictates specific structuring of architecture.

70: responding to the surrounding space

69: transformation of rigid form into functional entities

52


N 71: situation

gym centre dining room kitchen lockers library older clases

pritl

icje

younger clases

53

5m

72: plan


Architectural concept

73: material opposition rigid volumes

Also required function contributed to the composition of this building. A division of the primary volume is a result of formatting the necessary function assemblies and their prominent connections within the school complex. A play of sequences is perceived when we are marching through the main communication; the rhythm of masses and voids is established.

public functions

Along the main road public functions are located and on the other side of the soft communication more privateprogram is positioned. On the south near the playground lays the lowest volume in which first three grades are located (they needs to be functionally divided from other pupils).

more privat functions

soft in-between area

lower grades

library

higher grades

dining room

Material dialogue is established with a contraposition of more rigid building volumes and their connections. Rigid masses of envelope of the school programme are clasping more soft and playful forms of in-between space.

75: volumes as a result of formatting the necessary function assemblies sport

classes (younger)

public

administration

gym centre 74: functions

classes

54


55

5m


Envelope An envelope of this building is a contrast between two different materials and two main design components.

osnovna šola lavrica

76: east facade

56


prerezi

prerezi

57

5m


Sections

77: section

78: section

58


Perception

59

79: entrance


Perception

80: hall

60


61


Perception

81: exterior

62


63


Ravnikar’s pavilion (third year, second semester)

64


railway

moder gallery

underpass avenue main road

65

82: urben elements


Ravnikar’s pavilion (third year, second semester) A few years ago there was a reunion of the birth one of the most prominent Slovenian architect Edvard Ravnikar. For this occasion our aim was to design a pavilion which would hold an exhibition of his work. Our aim was not just to design a pavilion on its own, but to make a connection between Ravnikar’s existing works, his exhibition and the context of the place. This building is located on the edge of the main park of Ljubljana called Tivoli (the location of the pavilion was determinate in advance). The geometry of the pavilion drives from the existing urban elements.

84: spatial concept pointed view protected avenue

N

83: situation

66


overg

round

part underground part

85: path

exhibition

underpass

86: shape

67

87: plan

1m


Body The shape of the pavilion works as a funnel, it redirects people from the transit underpass and leads them to more calm, solitary area. 88: pointed view

The pavilion is functionally divided into two parts. In the first underground there is held an exhibition of an old plans and documents. In the second, brighter part there are positioned obstacles that are not sensitive to daylight. The whole exhibition is conceived as a path that leads the observer true the life of the famous architect. It starts with his oldest work and finished it with his youngest one. At the end the observer is heldin front of the non passable glass barrier and his view is directed towards the factual exhibit - Ravnikar’s first creation.

park

89: funnel

ss

rpa

e nd

u

68


90: decreasing sequences

69


Bones The shell of pavilion is made from concrete, also large concrete roof platforms are carried by steel beams. It is not the only function of those beams to span the great expanse, they are also skylights inserted in the beams. As we travel true layers of exhibition, the beams are getting thinner, the platforms are becoming smaller and our expectation is increasing. Expectation is emphasised also with the element of light, which leads us until the end.

1m

91: section

70


92: skylights

71


Bones

1m

93: section

72 9


73


Skin The pavilion is camouflaged among the trees, not to expose too much the envelope of the pavilion is made from prefabricated reflective metal panels.

94: north facade

74


75


Skin

95-96: south and west facade

76


forward

back

97: perception

77


Perception As the observer approaches the end of the exhibition there meets the glass barrier, which directs him at the beginning. Because of the formulation of the sequences the path back psychologically seems to be shorter (as already crossed).

98: interior

78


Perception

79

99: exterior


Perception

100: interior

80


81


Modular social housing (third year, first semester)

82


fix base flexible modul

83

102: situation

N

101: flexible dweling structure


Modular social housing (third year, first semester) A great problem in nowadays society is a bad quality of living circumstances and increased prices that one needs to pay in order to achieve an adequate dwelling. This problem is particularly prominent among the people with a lower income, as well as among young couples and young families. 103: privat exterior space as a value

104: detached houses vrs. terraced houses

The private exterior space largelycontributes to the quality of residence; therefore the horizontal building structure of terraced houses is more desirable then classic vertical block of flats. Terraced houses are also beneficial from urbanistic strand of view. Contemporary society is very flexible structure, therefore it is hard to satisfy individual’s desire, which are changing true his life period. Deriving from these principles a design for modular social housing was conceived.

106: vertocal vrs. horizontal structure

individual needs

dweling structure

105: addition

eqaul area equal price more exterior space

84


phase 3

phase 4

85


Phases phase 1 In this project there was an association with a well known Slovenian company Jelovica, which is producing prefabricated wooden houses. This system enables rapidly generation of flexible structure. In an association with the company a new patent was developed. This social housing works as a modular growing formation. While the base of the structure remains unmodified the additional modules are adopted to the individual’s needs. The example represents one scenario of possible growing house. At first a basic loft for a couple is established. As the family is growing also the house is enlarging. The lofts, in which more public functions are adopted, comprise a row along the main road. Perpendicular to the base along the main communication different private rooms are added.

phase 2

111: public, privat

publlic

107-110: phases of adition

86


public base along the main road adition 112: phases of adition

phase 1

phase 3

phase 2

phase 4

87


Phases

public privat the hall as an axe of the house 117: connection

113-116: phases of adition

1m

118: section

88


89


Perception The house is wrapped in a horizontal wooden texture. The envelope allows the wooden construction to accomplish its natural function and to breathe through time.

119: interior

90


91


Perception

120: exterior

92


93


drawingss drawings 94


95 71

121: transformation


Drawings

122: metamorphosis 114: exterior

72 96

Portfolio Taja Benčina  

architecture, portfolio, design

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