Page 1

Civil Support Teams & Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear and Explosive Source Book

In This Issue Immediate Response Commander’s Corner/ General Victor E. Renuart Jr. Commander, North American Aerospace Defense Command and U.S. Northern Command

CST Units Listing Key CERFP Conference Attendees Rapid Responders American Samoa

National Guard CST/CERFP Programs NGB-J3 Domestic Operations Office

CST & CBRNE Source Book

January 2010 | Volume 1 Issue 1

Page 2

Page 14

Editor’s Perspective & Emerging Milestones

Conference Exhibitors’ List and Floor Plan

Page 3

Page 15

National Guard CST/CERFP Programs

Conference Agenda

An in-depth question and answer exchange regarding current and future, programs and plans. Provided by NGB-J3 Domestic Operations

Page 18

CERFP Attendees Page 20

CST & CBRNE Source Book Tel:301-974-9792 Fax: 443-637-3714

Leisure World Plaza P.O. Box 12115 Silver Spring, MD 20908

CST Unit Leaders Page 24

Page 6

An Immediate Response Capability National Guard Bureau CSTs and CERFPs are a turn-to response force for WMD and other incidents. By Paul Broussard

Rapid Responders Hawaii CST & CERFP responded DoD’s rescue and relief mission in American Samoa – while NGB continues to support other operations. By Paul Broussard Page 28

Page 10

Commander’s Corner General Victor E. Renuart Jr. Commander, North American

Ad Index & Leaders

Aerospace Defense Command and U.S. Northern Command

CST & CBRNE 1.1 | 1

Editor’s Perspective Tactical Defense Media is pleased to distribute issue 1 of the CST & CBRNE Source Book at the 2010 CST/CERFP Commander’s Conference. This publication is the only magazine devoted exclusively to DoD-supported CBRNE programs. Our editorial plan for this issue was twofold: convey important information about the conference; and provide a high-level overview of the CST and CERFP programs. To meet our second objective, the National Guard Bureau and commander, NORAD and USNORTHCOM provide informative insights from a force provider and supported CINC’s perspectives. The Source Book also contains overviews of the two programs and discusses recent supported operations.

With the January conference in our rearview mirror, we will expand our editorial content during a very dynamic time in the nation’s history. As the threat of homegrown terrorism and weapons of mass destruction increases, so, to, will the challenges to maintain personnel, equipment and other readiness criteria for CST and CBRNE units. One of many topics the CST & CBRNE Source Book will examine is the current generation of CBRNE equipment, systems and devices, and new technology developments and product offerings. But fielding new equipment will meet with some obstacles. While there is a strong advocacy on Capitol Hill for the CST and CERFP programs, both will face fierce competition for resources in the Fiscal Year 2011 DoD budget. The two leading

congressional priorities are expected to be increased funding for the Afghanistan troop surge, and the recapitalization of equipment which is simply tired and worn from war-time employment. We look forward to having the CST & CBNE Source Book continue to educate and inform its government and industry readers about the National Guard Bureau and other DoD units which remain the forces of choice for WMD and other mission responses. Please feel free to contact me with your comments and ideas. Best regards, Paul Broussard Editor 301-974-9792

Emerging Milestones ICX Tapped to Provide Mass Spectrometers for Pentagon Last fall, ICx Technologies, Inc. was awarded a

New Mobile Incident Command Post Unveiled DHS Systems LLC displayed its new mobile incident command post at an industry defense conference last month.

contract for the Pentagon Force Protection Agency (PFPA). As part of the contract, ICx will provide both Griffin and ChemSense instruments for installation in the Pentagon.

The Reeves Incident Command Post (ICP) Trailer is a unique trailer and shelter combination that can be fully outfitted as an incident command post complete with interoperable communications equipment for Guardsmen to deploy following a natural or manmade disaster.

The Griffin family of GC/MS instruments offers high performance detection, identification and confirmation for compounds of interest. These systems have a ruggedized design for rapid onsite analysis. The ChemSense multi-dimensional analysis (MS/MS) systems provide the same high performance in a specialized design for continuous indoor air monitoring and detection. ChemSense instruments provide detection results in less than one minute along with bi-directional network control and reporting.

Last August, Joint Task Force Civil Support (JTF-CS) purchased the incident command post to be used as part of their command efforts.

Melisa Woods:

Naeran Rubio:

A company statement noted, “With a starting weight of less than 3,000 pounds and 18 inches of ground clearance, the ICP’s lightweight, aerodynamic design can easily be towed behind most vehicles, allowing for travel off road. The ICP also features better gas mileage than larger command trailers and buses and requires little storage space.” The statement continued, “The Reeves ICP shelter design, which has been tested to withstand gusts of wind up to 65 mph, as well as free falling and blowing rain without intrusion of water, uses the same materials as DHS Systems’ deployable rapid assembly shelter (DRASH).”

Patent Award for Gamma Radiation Detector In November, RAE Systems Inc. was granted U.S. Patent 7,592,603 B2 for a gamma radiation detector that can perform both rate and dose measurements simultaneously. Already deployed as an enhancement to RAE Systems’ compact, handheld GammaRAE II R, this new radiation detector has applications for homeland security, first responders and hazardous material response. Bob Durstenfeld,

2 | CST & CBRNE 1.1

National Guard CST/CERFP Programs An in-depth question and answer exchange regarding current and future, programs and plans. Provided by NGB-J3 CST/CERFP Branch

Our personnel need greater agility while downrange, increased time on site, and an ability to conduct extended range operations with their equipment set. Focus areas for improvement include radiological monitoring, digital imaging, shielded detection, and low-level, nonintrusive source identification. (Photo by Capt. Caitlin Brown)

Q: How will the WMD-CSTs and CERFPs continue to evolve in 2010?

interoperability. The National Guard is developing written doctrine for CERFPs, including Fatality Search and Recovery Teams (FSRTS) search and recovery of fatalities from a CBRNE contaminated environment. Additional WMD-CST’s in New York and Florida will be certified and fully operational in FY10. And as a result of a Limited Objective Experiment which identified shortfalls to meet the 72-hour continuous operation requirement, six (6) additional personnel for each team and an additional set of critical equipment will be requested.

A: National Guard Civil Support Teams (CST) and Chemical, Biological, Radiological/Nuclear, and Explosive (CBRNE)- Enhanced Response Force Packages (CERFP) add value to America by providing immediate response capability to governors and civil authorities in case of intentional or unintentional manmade and natural disasters. The National Guard is committed to building relationships with local, tribal and state responders and federal agencies to ensure a unified, seamless, integrated, and cohesive response to any catastrophic event. To meet the National Guard’s expanded mission set in America’s Homeland Defense today and tomorrow, the National Guard is institutionalizing CST and CERFP programs within standard DoD processes. This will ensure program oversight and compliance with laws, policies and allocation of resources. The Field Manual for WMD-CST Operations (FM-311.22) is being revised to include maritime operations, response to natural disasters, and confined space operations. Change 1 to NGR 500-3/ANGI 10-2503 (WMD-CST Management) is being reviewed to reflect the expanded mission set and standardization and evaluation, reporting criteria, and table of distribution and allowances (TDA) changes. Several special texts will be published to promote standardization and

Q: Near-term WMD-CST and CERFP equipment requirements (through FY 2011) which industry can deliver. A: Industry continues to provide the most advanced level of hazardous material detectors, personal protective equipment (PPE) and search and extraction equipment and techniques. Cutting edge technology: To enhance monitoring, detection, characterization, and identification, cutting edge technology and equipment are continually being researched and developed to ensure equipment readiness and capabilities meet the evolving threat and are able to support civil authorities at a CBRNE incident site by identifying CBRNE agents/substances. Comfort and durability: Enhanced capability to conduct “Dry Decontamination” provides overall improvement in CST and CERFP operations. Comfort CST & CBRNE 1.1 | 3

National Guard Bureau Insights Consequence Management Integration System Capability Development Document. With the signing of Resource Decision Memorandum No. 700, the UCS program will receive additional $9 million in funding in FY11.

Given scientific and technological advances, industry is challenged to enhance monitoring, detection, characterization, and identification equipment to be sustainable, portable, more accurate, faster assessment processing, greater standoff distance, and non-invasive. (Photo by SPC Chris Gardner, Utah National Guard)

and durability will be major assets to improve the operational capability in CBRNE contaminated environments. Decontamination Capability: Each team will be issued a standard decontamination set to support procedural and equipment standardization, interoperability, and ease of resupply. Analytical Capability: The Analytical Laboratory System (ALS) Increment 1 fielding was recently completed. National Guard and Reserve Equipment Account (NGREA) funding is being requested to purchase additional component instruments for the mobile lab. The Initial Capabilities Document has been approved by the Joint Requirements Oversight Council for Field Analytics, the cornerstone for the development of the next generation ALS for the WMD-CSTs. Interoperability Capability: Upgrades to the Unified Command Suite (UCS) and Advanced Echelon Vehicle will be initiated using the pre-planned product improvement strategy. This was designed to provide a short term fix through replacement of individual components as needed. Long term upgrades will be based on capabilities outlined in the draft 4 | CST & CBRNE 1.1

Assessment Capability: Our personnel need greater agility while downrange, increased time on site, and an ability to conduct extended range operations with their equipment set. Focus areas for improvement include radiological monitoring, digital imaging, shielded detection, and low-level, non-intrusive source identification.

Q: WMD-CST and CERFP equipment readiness challenges and industry can help solve. A: Increased reliance on National Guard WMDCST and CERFP capability in Homeland Defense requires enhanced communication capabilities and decision support systems that is fully interoperable with first responders and situational awareness at the local, state, and federal levels. These systems must integrate information fusion between with DoD, government agencies, non-government agencies, and the private sector. Decision support systems must be able to integrate data from all major WMD-CST and CERFP equipment systems to interface with non-WMD-CST and CERFP equipment systems. Communication and data systems will need to more portable, transmit over greater distances, operate in an intuitive manner, transmit greater quantities of data, operate in harsher, more restrictive environments, be system security compliant, and be operated autonomously. Given scientific and technological advances, industry is challenged to enhance monitoring, detection, characterization, and identification equipment to be sustainable, portable, more accurate, faster assessment processing, greater standoff distance,

and non-invasive. Another challenge for industry will be intelligent analysis of this larger assembled data to produce more accurate, reliable, and quicker results to further minimize suffering and damage. Improvements in the ability to track personnel and personal effects that passes through a CERFP decontamination site would greatly enhance the CERFPs mission performance.

Q: Efforts to increase WMD-CST and CERFP interoperability with local, state, and federal entities in homeland defense and civil support missions. A: National Guard WMD-CSTs and CERFPs conduct realistic joint and integrated training exercises with local, state and regional agencies to hone skills, increase interoperable capability and conduct continuous operations for 72 hours. CERFPs participate in at least two collective exercises in which the vast majority includes participation with local, state and federal entities. National Guard Bureau is engaging with federal interagency partners to increased interoperability with those agencies, and to enable better preparedness and faster emergency response. Our teams coordinate and execute training with the national Laboratory Response Network and other units within their regional response sector. Commanders plan at least one exercise which integrates with state or regional laboratory network to confirm results of standard ALS analysis. Upon publication of the Memorandum of Understanding for WMD-CST Operations in U.S. Coastal Zones, and development of policy guidance, maritime operations with local Coast Guard assets will be formalized. The training and joint exercises with both entities will demonstrate how WMD-CSTs will augment and complement the USCG’s WMD/ CBRN response missions.

Q: Forecast Highlights of WMD-CST and CERFP future programs. A: * Increased WMD-CST and CERFP capability in new spectrum of responses. * Modernization/life cycle management programs for National Guard WMD-CST/CERFP equipment. * Complete ISO 17025 accreditation, and protocol interoperability with public health decision makers. Becoming the first mobile lab network to do so. * CBRN modeling and assessment capabilities to improve common operational picture integration and interoperability for use in the homeland. * Process and procedures for the future use of WMDCSTs to conduct cross-border operations (Mexico and Canada). * Collective training centers that will evolve to meet the ever changing demands of the WMD-CST and CERFP operational requirements. * Reliance on National Guard WMD-CST and CERFPs as the primary initial link between civilian emergency preparedness and response and the DoD. * National Guard WMD-CST and CERFP programs continue to lead the DoD in Homeland Defense preparedness and response * National Guard WMD-CST and CERFP programs are recognized by as DoD core competencies regarding CBRNE preparedness and response. * National Guard CERFP program will continue to be the lead in providing a life saving capability for DoD’s response to a CBRNE incident.

For more information, contact Paul Broussard at CST & CBRNE 1.1 | 5


Immediate Response Capability By Paul Broussard, editor

National Guard Bureau CSTs and CERFPs are a turn-to response force for WMD and other incidents. The early congressional and other proponents of National Guard Bureau Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) – Civil Support Teams (CSTs) and chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and high yield explosives (CBRNE) Enhanced Response Force Packages (CERFPs) should smile at their foresight or sheer luck in establishing these programs. 6 | CST & CBRNE 1.1

America in 2010 is a much different nation than in 1999, when the first 10 CSTs were authorized in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999. Planers and strategists from inside the depths of the Pentagon to state NGB offices are increasingly focused on the reality of homegrown terrorists using WMDs within the country’s borders and other scenarios within the two programs’ mission profiles. While there has been an increase in the programs’ numbers of units and personnel, there has also been a marked improvement in training and equipment readiness, and other capabilities.

Two Initial Resources to Meet the Citizens Needs A review of the two programs’ missions helps establish their position inside a local, state and national response framework. The 57 (effective 2010), 22-person CSTs support civil authorities at a domestic CBRNE incident site by identifying CBRNE agents and substances, assessing current and projected consequences, advising on response measures, and assisting with appropriate requests for additional state support. Similarly, the 17, 186-person CERFPs provide immediate response capability to the governor including incident site search capability of damaged buildings, rescuing trapped casualties, providing decontamination, and performing medical triage and initial treatment to stabilize patients for transport to medical facilities. Both CSTs and CERFPs are fully capable resources that states are increasingly using within the construct of their missions. In FY 2008 alone, the Guard’s CSTs responded to at least 99 response missions and 218 standby response missions – its highest rate in more than four years. Among the teams’ many real-world missions during that fiscal year were the Democratic National Convention, flood recovery in Iowa, the presidential inauguration, the G-20 Summit and multiple “white powder” incidents.

Despite the increase in responses, the nation’s defense and civilian leaders know the CST units and their CERFP counterparts are a 9-1-1-force that does not provide an end-all response. Indeed, if these forces are overwhelmed by conditions at a response venue, DoD will rely on other active and reserve component augmentation forces – most likely from the CBRNE Consequence Management Response Force. And if this augmentation force is also overwhelmed by events, a combination of resources from state National Guard units, DoD, and local and state first responders will provide a national response capability during a catastrophic CBRNE event. The CERFPs support four tasks under their guiding mission: command and control, search and extraction, decontamination and medical. Similar to the CSTs, Air and Army National Guard members are assigned to CERFP billets, but with a twist – in addition to a cadre of five full-time Guard members, traditional Guard citizen-soldiers and their units fill billets. “We provide them with equipment and training. In the event of a disaster, such as the American Samoa tsunami [see accompanying article] we have a no-notice recall and meet a designated logistics package,” Captain Aaron Blanchard, Hawaii ARNG, and operations officer of the Hawaii NG CERFP, told the Source Book. CERFPs are not a traditional DoD unit – with an identification code, title and other indicators. Rather, the CERFPs consist of individual Guard units (engineers, medical and others) assigned to the force package. An interesting dynamic in the CERFP program is the need to integrate state Guard units as they deploy to and return from assignment in Iraq and Afghanistan. In one case, the Hawaii CERFP has recently transitioned its search and extraction team, and decontamination team to accommodate wartime Guard rotations.

CST and CERFP Training Despite a wartime operational tempo, training remains essential to unit and personnel readiness. CSTs and assigned CERFP forces annually complete CST & CBRNE 1.1 | 7

CSTs including South Carolina National Guard’s 43rd CST (above) are trained and equipped to identify CBRNE agents, assess the current and projected consequences, advise on response measures, and assist with appropriate requests for additional support. (SCANG Photo by: SMSgt Edward E. Snyder on 4 August 2009)

collective training events, as well as quarterly and

Equipment Snapshots

more frequent exercises. One collective training scenario completed within the

The CSTs and CERFPs have a wide array of equipment in their table of distribution and allowances.

last two years was the Tennessee National Guardhosted “Vigilant Guard 08”. The event simulated a response to a 7.6 Richter magnitude scale earthquake near Memphis. Of note, the exercise brought together CSTs from Tennessee, Illinois, Kentucky and Missouri,

The equipment used by the teams includes a mix of low and high-tech devices. And while some of the equipment is military issued, other materiel is commercial off-the-shelf technology.

the Illinois NG CERFP, and other state and local

Selective CST equipment includes:

entities. And there is a requirement for element-specific

- OSHA Level A, B and C personal protective equipment

training within the CERFPs. The search and extraction

- Tactical decontamination equipment

team completes confined space training and other instruction, for example. Individual training for both programs’ members is on a continuum that takes place throughout the year. As an example, every CERFP task force member is trained at the operational level in HAZMAT response in addition to assignment-specific competencies. 8 | CST & CBRNE 1.1

- military and commercial agent detectors - computer-based hazard modeling and response database systems - military and commercial satellite and other communications systems - mobile analytical laboratory system

While CERFPs also support a WMD-type mission and tasking list, the organization’s equipment allowance has a wider array of enabling systems and devices. One small part of the unit equipment list similarly includes Level C ensembles, and devices to detect and measure alpha, beta and gamma radiation – with all equipment serving as enablers. “So the mission areas that we do – the thing that makes us unique in a lot of ways is that we train to operate in a CBRNE environment,” Blanchard emphasized. At another level, the CERFP search and extraction team has an array of small hand tools, as the teams stay light to allow rapid deployment and will be operating in support of a larger operation.

CST and CERFP equipment allowence list includes ensembles, and devices to detect and measure alpha, beta and gamma radiation (Source US DoD)

Another important equipping strategy is for the programs to use common equipment, ensuring interoperability with each other and across the department. One common item of note is the Joint Service Lightweight Integration Suit Technology (JSLIST) suit which has found favor across DoD. The JLIST is a lighter and less bulky suit than its predecessors, imposing less heat stress and reducing psychological and physiological burdens faced during extended wear. The “joint” designation indicates the suit may be found not only in a CST storage room, but in the repair locker of a U.S. Navy ship. The National Guard Bureau equips the CSTs and their CERFP counterparts in response to changing and unmet requirements. The evolving requirements for the CSTs can, in part, be gleaned from the FY2009 DoD Position on Guard Equipment Shortages document. There were three CST line items in the Army National Guard Essential 10 Equipment Requirements: NBC reconnaissance vehicles, portable chemical decontamination systems, and portable riot control dispensers.

For more information, contact Paul Broussard at

Supporting DHS & DoD NG CERFP Missions & Conops Validation & Readiness The Domestic Preparedness Equipment Training Assistance Program offers 53 All-Hazard Courses & 8 Exercises  CBRNE Training & Exercises for DHS & DoD  Mass Casualty Decontamination  Personal Protective Equipment  CBRNE Operations  Courseware Validated  DHS & DoD Certified Instructors  More Than 90,000 Trained

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CST & CBRNE 1.1 | 9

Commander’s Corner Total Force Response to a CBRNE incident

General Victor E. Renuart Jr. Commander, North American Aerospace Defense Command and U.S. Northern Command

General Victor E. Renuart Jr. is the commander, North American Aerospace Defense Command and U.S. Northern Command, Peterson Air Force Base, Colo. The general entered the Air Force in 1971 following graduation from Indiana University. He was commissioned through the Officer Training School in 1972. He has commanded a NATO support group and two fighter wings. He served as commander, 76th Fighter Squadron during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, and supported Operation Deny Flight as director of plans, NATO Combined Air Operations Center at Headquarters 5th Allied Tactical Air Force. In addition, he commanded Joint Task Force-Southwest Asia and 9th Air and Space Expeditionary Task ForceSouthwest Asia, responsible for control of Operation Southern Watch. The general has served as the U.S. Central Command Director of Operations, wherein he oversaw the planning and execution of all joint and allied combat, humanitarian assistance and reconstruction operations for Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. He also served as vice commander, Pacific Air Forces, where he was responsible for Air Force and Air Component Command activities for the commander, U.S. Pacific Command.  The general has flown combat missions in Operations Desert Storm, Deny Flight, Northern Watch and Southern Watch. Prior to assuming his current position, General Renuart was the senior military assistant to the Secretary of Defense, Washington, D.C. He served as the principal immediate office adviser to the secretary in all matters pertaining to the department. 10 | CST & CBRNE 1.1

Defense Support of Civil Authorities in a Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear or High-Explosive (CBRNE) incident in the U.S. homeland is a Total Force Mission. The Active, National Guard, and Reserve Components all have people assigned to this high priority mission. When an incident is severe, governors can call on the additional capabilities they need from neighboring community’s and states, or request additional capability from the federal government or Department of Defense (DoD) through the National Response Framework. When directed by the Secretary of Defense, United States Northern Command will execute this Defense Support of Civil Authorities. Our goals are the same as those of the governors - to save lives, reduce suffering and mitigate damage to key assets and critical infrastructure.   The first unit in the U.S. designed and stood-up especially for this demanding mission was the Marine Corps Chemical, Biological Incident Response Force (CBIRF) in 1996. These Marines continue to set the standard for CBRNE incident response by providing agent detection and identification, casualty search and rescue, personnel decontamination, and emergency medical care and stabilization of contaminated personnel. They are trained to the highest internationally accepted urban search standards.   Recognizing the value of this capability, in 1999 Congress authorized the National Guard to stand-up the first 10 Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Teams (WMD CST). Their mission is to support civil authorities at a domestic incident site where there are suspected hazardous materials (HAZMAT) by identifying those materials (including CBRNE agents/substances), rapidly assessing current and projected consequences, advising the incident commander on response measures, and assisting with appropriate requests for state or federal support to bring in additional resources.     The CST is commanded by a lieutenant colonel, is federally resourced, trained, equipped, and sustained. By statute, each WMD CST operates in a Title 32 status under gubernatorial control and is normally employed as a state asset. Over the last 10 years, congress has steadily increased the number of teams to provide one team in every state and territory with two teams in California. In

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Commander’s Corner continued 2010, two additional teams in Florida and New York will stand up bringing the total number to 57.     These teams of 22 highly-trained, full-time, Army and Air National Guard specialists are evaluated by U.S. Army North and certified by the Secretary of Defense.  Currently, 55 teams have been certified to Congress. CST’s rapidly respond within minutes to hours to turn an incident with hazardous materials of unknown severity into a known situation.  For instance, quickly determining if a detonation is a conventional or dirty bomb is crucial to tailoring an effective civil and military response. The 1,254 AGR personnel of the WMD-CST’s are the initial military response element of DoD’s CBRNE response enterprise and are an integral element of our overall strategy to support civil authorities with followon forces if needed. These teams also routinely support state and federal special security events and respond to emergencies, disasters, and HAZMAT incidents. On average, two teams are called out every week of the year.    The CST program is on a continuous assessment cycle to evaluate and upgrade equipment, personnel, training, tactics, techniques, and doctrine. The mandate from Congress is that these units sustain leading edge technology and skill sets in order to maintain superiority over potential enemy threats.  NORTHCOM advocates for the sustainment, training and equipping of the WMDCST’s in its annual priorities list.   In the case of a large-scale incident, the next military organization to arrive at the scene to support the incident commander would likely be the National Guard’s Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and High Yield Explosive Enhanced Response Force Package (CERFP). These packages consist of about 186 traditional Guardsman, assembled from selected units, and are modeled after the Marine CBIRF. They can respond within six hours in State Active Duty, Title-32 or Title-10 status.  Congress has increased the number of CERFP’s from the initial 12 in 2004 to the 17 now positioned around the country to be within 250 miles of 79 percent of the nation’s population, 76 percent of critical homeland security project cities, and 73 percent of the defense industrial base. There is at least one CERFP in each FEMA Region.   The CERFP is trained and equipped to operate in a contaminated environment in order to provide casualty extraction from collapsed structures, mass decontamination, emergency medical services, fatality 12 | CST & CBRNE 1.1

search and recovery, as well as command and control and force protection. The 3,162 National Guardsmen of the CERFP’s provide the commander of a large incident with significant capabilities during the first 24-48 hours of the response. The CERFP’s are certified by their State National Guard leadership. NORTHCOM strongly advocates for their required resources during DoD program and budget reviews.   Both the WMD-CST’s and the CERFP’s provide monthly operational status reports. They exercise regularly at the local, regional, and national level and are a critical element in supporting special security events alongside NORTHCOM and its component commands.   For even larger incidents, or those requiring a longer duration response, DoD has fielded and certified the Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and High Yield Explosive (CBRNE) Consequence Management Response Forces (CCMRFs). This force of nearly 4,600 Active, Guard and Reserve service members provides complementary capabilities to the CERFP -- but with greater capacity, plus organic aviation, support, and logistics functions. There are currently two CCMRF’s. One composed primarily of Active Component units, the other primarily of Reserve Component units, and they can begin arriving at the scene within 48 hours. CCMRF’s are allocated to NORTHCOM and are designed to be employed under Title-10 authorities.   This three-tiered CBRNE response construct provides for a rapid, scalable and sustained response to incidents of foreseeable sizes and types. Being a total force partnership makes use of the NG community-based presence and capabilities as well as the resources and capacities of other services and specialized skill sets within the DoD.  Almost 14,000 military personnel stand ready to support civil authorities who may require assistance during a large-scale domestic CBRNE incident.   Yet we must continue to improve our plans, capabilities, structure and teamwork as our CBRNE forces rotate. Our enemies continue to show they are persistent, innovative and opportunistic, and we must stay ahead of them.  Sustaining and enhancing our readiness in the homeland through training, exercises and sufficient quantities of modern equipment, while meeting and beating the threat overseas, is our every day challenge and responsibility.


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2010 CST/CERFP/1SG Commanders Conference Registration & Exhibitors Tables service

1. Center for National Response (CNR) // JITEC 2. Smiths Detection 3. RSDL (RSDecon) 4. ARGON Electronics 5. Environics USA 6. ICX Technologies 7. Scott Health & Safety 8. Response International Group (RIG) 9. IIF Data Solutions 10. McCrone Microscopes 11. Regional Emergency All Climate Training Center (REACTC) 12. Haulmark & Featherlite Trailers 13. Tactical & Specialists, Inc 14. Tactical & Survival Specialists, Inc 15. Proengin Inc 16. RAE Systems 17. Code 3, Inc 18. Mobile Medical International Corp 19. Tex-Shield 20. Communications – Applied Technology 21. XPECT Software LLC 22. Idaho Technology closet

Registration A - I

23. Morpho Detection 24. Creative Communications 25. ThermoFisher 26. ION Science Americas LLC 27. Kappler 28. Ahura Safety Corp 29. Tactical Defense Media 30. U  .S. Army – Edgewood Chem/Bio Center (ECBC) 31. Threat Preparedness Inc 32. TEEX 33. NCI 34. ORTEC 35. DRASH Shelters 36. First Line Technology 37. Morphix 38 Qinetiq North America (formally Foster & Miller) 39. Draeger 40. W.L. Gore & Associates Inc 41. DTRA Operations Center 42. NAWCAD


13 12

15 16











11 10 9 1

8 7 6















1 27


Registration J - R


Palm F



Registration S - Z






14 | CST & CBRNE 1.1

Agenda Monday, January 25, 2010 0700-1630

Registration- BALLROOM FOYER


Opening Ceremonies: Posting Colors, Chaplain, Welcome: MG Hugo Salazar, TAG Arizona


CST/CERFP Overviews MG Michael H. Sumrall (Palm A,B,D,E)




Department of Energy Mr. John Smith and Mr. AJ Gipson (Palm A,B,D,E)


Fire Chief Alan Brunacini- Special Guest Speaker (Palm A,B,D,E)


Lunch Break


Afternoon Breakouts - See page 16 for Monday’s schedule


Evening Social-Sponsored by Draeger

Tuesday, January 26, 2010 0730-1630

Registration- BALLROOM FOYER


Special Topic: FBI WMD Operations Unit: Supervisory Special Agent Carrie Albright (Palm A,B,D,E)


NGB-J7 Joint CBRNE COL Timothy Cathcart (Palm A,B,D,E)




Special Topic: BG Lee or COL Jerry Rees (Palm A,B,D,E)


Lunch Break


Special Topic: General Gene Renuart, NORTHCOM Commander


Afternoon Breakouts - See page 16 for Tuesday’s schedule

Wednesday, January 27, 2010 0730-1130

Registration- BALLROOM FOYER


Special Topic: Admiral TBD: Office of Secretary Napolitano


Special Topic: Ms. Whelan: Speaker for Secretary of Defense




NGB J4-MG Darren Owens


CST/CERFP Response Mission American Samoa: 93rd CST and Hawaii CERFP


Lunch Break


Afternoon Breakouts - See page 16 for Wednesday’s schedule

CST & CBRNE 1.1 | 15

Afternoon Breakout schedule (as of January 18, 2010) 2010 CST/CERFP/1SG Commanders Conference Monday, January 25, 2010 - Afternoon Breakout schedule 1300 1400 1500 1600 1615 1630 1645

Equipment Update LTC Bauder (Palm B, E)

MANCEN Doctrine Update (Palm A,D)

Personnel Update Mr. Hudoba (Palm B,E)

Camp Gruber/RIG (Palm A,D)

Budget update Mr. Updegraff (Palm B, E)

CERF P Breakouts:

NAWCAD Brief Hammer Brief Dugway Brief General Physics Brief

Colannade: FST Cavetto: Search and Extraction Canpanile: Decontamination Ironstone: Medical-ETAS will be set up at back of Medical Breakout room for duration of conference Capistrano: Command and Control Jokake: Logistics Augustine: Training and Doctrine

Tuesday, January 26, 2010 - Afternoon Breakout schedule 1345 1400 1500 1600 1615 1630

Employ the CST LTC Strawbridge

J4 (Palm A,B,D,E)

(ABBEY South)

MANCEN Update Lisa Merrill

J6 (Palm A,B,D,E)

(ABBEY South)

Regional Commanders Breakouts

J6 (Palm A,B,D,E)

(ABBEY South)


JFCOM J7/JWFC Emily Balke (Palm A,D)

Wednesday, January 27, 2010 - Afternoon Breakout schedule 1300


CST Working Groups Brief Ms. Duong DHS, FEMA S&E Sam (ABBEY South) Stover (Palm A,D) 1430- Regional Commanders (Palm B,E)

Nebraska Hazmat Operations Capt Amy Johnson (Palm A,D)

1530 1545 1600 1615


16 | CST & CBRNE 1.1

Program Directors (Palm A,D)

1SG Specific Breakouts 1300 CSM Lopez-Regimental CSM (DOLORES)

1400 MSG Vasquez-Training and Doctrine Reserve Component

1500Mr. Ippolito Enlisted Issues and Training

Key CERFP Conference Attendees COL Scott A Gronewold,

LTC Martin Dinan,

LTC Scott Smith,

MAJ Mark Thomas,

J3 Domestic Operations NE ARNG,

CERFP Commander (10-24), NY ARNG,



MAJ Corey Minc,


LT Sean Gill,

1LT Amy Johnson,


Med OPS Officer (Dep OIC), NE ARNG


(717) 861-6862

CPT Patrick Dixon,

(330) 819-2769

CERF Ops Officer, NY ARNG

(402) 309-7028

NE 09

Maj Julie Carpenter,

(518) 786-6104

NY 09

OH 08

PA 09

TX 09 Maj Pike Word,

Maj Trevor Petrou,

LTC William Martin,

COL Edward Muth,


OIC/ Med Plans Officer, VA ANG, SFC

CERFP Commander, WA ARNG,


Ronald A. Cruz,

MAJ Chris Buroker,


Operations NCO, VA ARNG


(304) 473-5201

Capt Harold Hill, Med Tm Planner, TX ANG

(512) 782-5677

LTC Robert Martin,

(804) 516-0911 (253) 512-8261

TX 09

VA 09

WA 09

WV 09

MAJ Michael Ladd,

CPT Joseph Bright,

CPT Dale Wait,

LTC Tim Kojetin,





CPT Robert Frierson,



(815) 978-3645

SSG Michael Markham,

FL 08

IL 09

COL Mark Logan,

LTC Mike Willis,




FT-Med Ops, 139th MDG, MO ARNG

(573) 596-1666 ext 4713

(904) 823-0438

CPT Aaron Blanchard,

Capt Kimberly Smith,

MAJ Robert Davis, OIC, CO ARNG,

(720) 250-1242

(808) 733-4263

LTC Anthony Couture, Chief, Military Supt Branch, MA ARNG


CPT Brian Winter, CERFP Operations Officer, JFHQ-MN

(651) 268-8720

MN 09

MO 09 LTC Jeff Allen,

LTC Steve Martinelli,


579th BN Cdr/CERFP Cdr, CA ARNG,

ARNG, MAJ Erik Andersen,

CPT Christopher Angle,


CERFP Operations

Officer, CA ARNG

(815) 978-3645 (404) 660-8914

HI 09 18 | CST & CBRNE 1.1

CO 09

MA 09

(209) 983-5499

GA 09

CA 08

CST & CBRNE Source Book Civil Support Team Units Listing 46th CST ALABAMA UNIT (334) 954-3400

14th CST CONNECTICUT UNIT (860) 627-6095

Commander LTC Richard W. Pelham Ops Officer 1LT William Currey

Commander MAJ Tom Dering Ops Officer CPT David Lord

103rd CST ALASKA UNIT (907) 980-9766

31st CST DELAWARE UNIT (302) 326-7588

Commander LTC Kevin Peterman Ops Officer 1LT William Yeo

Commander LTC Bradford Knight Ops Officer CPT Sean McCleary

91st CST ARIZONA UNIT (602) 267-2953


Commander LTC Russell Payne Ops Officer CPT Michael Spencer

Commander MAJ Robert Weir Ops Officer CPT John Ebbert

61st CST ARKANSAS UNIT (501) 212-4261

48th CST FLORIDA UNIT (727) 437-5908

Commander LTC Stanley Evans Ops Officer CPT Shay Matyja

Commander LTC Joe DeFee Ops Officer 1LT Robert Frierson

9th CST CALIFORNIA UNIT (562) 413-1516 DSN: 972

44th CST FLORIDA UNIT (904) 682-2400 DSN: 822

Commander LTC Andrew R. Flynn Ops Officer CPT Keith Haviland

Commander MAJ Michael Ladd Ops Officer 2LT Brian Thomas

95th CST CALIFORNIA UNIT (510) 780-0683

4th CST GEORGIA UNIT (678) 569-3700/ 3733

Commander LTC Greg Potter Ops Officer MAJ Kathy Fallis

Commander MAJ Darrin Smith Ops Officer 1LT Nick Agle

8th CST COLORADO UNIT (720) 847-6874

94th CST GUAM UNIT (671) 735-0445

Commander LTC Kevin Kick Ops Officer CPT Adam E. Rogge

20 | CST & CBRNE 1.1

(202) 685-9955

Commander MAJ Michael A. Tougher III Ops Officer CPT Rickey Flores

93rd CST HAWAII UNIT (808) 844-6500

11th CST MAINE UNIT (207) 877-9623/873-9591

Commander MAJ (P) Joseph C. Laurel Ops Officer CPT Michael Rosner

Commander MAJ Jay Brock Ops Officer CPT H. Michael Gary

101st CST IDAHO UNIT (208) 422-4287

32nd CST MARYLAND UNIT (301) 677-7089

Commander LTC Fred Long Ops Officer CPT Christina Taylor

Commander LTC Paul Kastner Ops Officer CPT David Plowman

5th CST ILLINOIS UNIT (309) 697-3635

1st CST MASSACHUSETTS UNIT (508) 233-7576 DSN: 256

Commander LTC Loren LeGrand Ops Officer 2LT Adam Geerts

Commander MAJ Martin F Spellacy Ops Officer MAJ Matthew Woolums

53rd CST INDIANA UNIT (317) 247-3300 x5063

51st CST MICHIGAN UNIT (269) 731-6522

Commander LTC Bill Stroup Ops Officer CPT Carl Roberts

Commander LTC Jason Awadi Ops Officer CPT Robert Botsford

71st CST IOWA UNIT (515) 334-2803/4/5/6/7/8 DSN: 431

55th CST MINNESOTA UNIT (612) 713-2835/36/38

Commander LTC Timothy Glynn Ops Officer CPT Derrick Moore

Commander LTC Jody Gunlock Ops Officer CPT Jeremy Haag

73rd CST KANSAS UNIT (785) 861-4124

47th CST MISSISSIPPI UNIT (601) 313-1575

Commander LTC Daniel P. Ruiz Ops Officer 1LT Ian Hiscock

Commander LTC Stephen McCraney Ops Officer CPT Chris Davis


7th CST MISSOURI UNIT (573) 329-9024

Commander LTC Eric Hallstrom Ops Officer CPT Darin Bussabarger

62nd CST LOUISIANA UNIT (225) 319-4779 DSN: 435 Commander MAJ Cameron Magee Ops Officer CPT Jake Witte

Commander LTC Raymond White Ops Officer CPT Theresa Wagner

83rd CST MONTANA UNIT (406) 324-3099 DSN: 324 Commander MAJ Dean Roberts Ops Officer CPT Trevor Ibsen

CST & CBRNE 1.1 | 21

CST & CBRNE Source Book Civil Support Team Units Listing 72nd CST NEBRASKA UNIT (402) 309-7559

81st CST NORTH DAKOTA UNIT (701) 333-6900

Commander LTC Donald E. Kneifl Ops Officer CPT Brent Wiese

Commander LTC Larry Shireley Ops Officer CPT David Jablonsky

92nd CST NEVADA UNIT (702) 643-4286

52ND CST OHIO UNIT (614) 336-6597

Commander MAJ David Sellen Ops Officer CPT Todd Hine

Commander LTC Mike Dykes Ops Officer CPT Bill Logan

12th CST NEW HAMPSHIRE UNIT (603) 225-1374

63RrdCST OKLAHOMA UNIT (405) 228-5880

Commander MAJ Erik Fessenden Ops Officer CPT Brian Fernandes

Commander LTC Robert Finigan Ops Officer 1LT Mark Caudillo

21st CST NEW JERSEY UNIT (609) 562-3036


Commander LTC Jesse Arnstein Ops Officer CPT Scott Hofstetter

Commander LTC Lance Englet Ops Officer CPT Julia Appt

64th CST NEW MEXICO UNIT (505) 771-7802

3rd CST PENNSYLVANIA UNIT (717) 861-2623 / 2628 DSN: 491

Commander MAJ Dominic D. Dennis Ops Officer CPT Robert Aguilar

Commander LTC Timothy Gwinn Ops Officer CPT Russell Flick

2nd CST NEW YORK UNIT (518) 786-3427

22nd CST PUERTO RICO UNIT (787) 722-2179

Commander MAJ Richard Nunziato Ops Officer 1LT Lance Woodard

Commander MAJ Carlos J. Rivera Ops Officer CPT Colon Rodolfo

24th CST NEW YORK UNIT (718) 630-4139

13th CST RHODE ISLAND UNIT (401) 275-1136 DSN: 476-3XX

Commander LTC Kaarlo Hietala Ops Officer CPT Benjamin Genthner

Commander LTC Richard Stewart Ops Officer CPT Alan Dufresne

42nd CST NORTH CAROLINA UNIT (252) 752-0841 ext 10

43rd CST SOUTH CAROLINA UNIT (803) 806-3772/4336

Commander LTC Danny Mills Ops Officer CPT Bradley Merritt

Commander LTC Raymond Strawbridge Ops Officer CPT Marion Yarborough

22 | CST & CBRNE 1.1

82nd CST UNIT SOUTH DAKOTA (312) 747-8971

35th CST WEST VIRGINIA UNIT (304) 201-3150

Commander LTC James Selchert Ops Officer MAJ Dale Gadbois

Commander MAJ Darin Willard Ops Officer CPT Brian Ellis

45th CST TENNESSEE UNIT (615) 355-3618 DSN: 683

54th CST WISCONSIN UNIT (608) 245-8430

Commander LTC David R. Smith Ops Officer CPT Matthew C. Hayes

Commander MAJ Tim Covington Ops Officer CPT Charles Crowley

6th CST TEXAS UNIT (512) 782-1900 DSN: 954


Commander LTC Jet Hays Ops Officer CPT Michael Torres

Commander LTC Paul Phillips Ops Officer 1LT Jonathan Seelye

85th CST UTAH UNIT (801) 763-6387 DSN: 766 Commander LTC Tyler Smith Ops Officer CPT Kevin Larsen

15th CST VERMONT UNIT (802) 338-3534 Commander LTC Malcolm Snell Ops Officer CPT Teresa Hupka

23rd CST VIRGIN ISLANDS UNIT (340) 719-7333 Commander MAJ Kenneth Alleyne Ops Officer 2LT Seanna Hughes

34th CST VIRGINIA UNIT (434) 292-8321/8323 Commander LTC Bill Mahoney Ops Officer Vacant


Supporting US Army PMCD and CST Activities Since 1982

Intra-Team Wireless Intercom

Full Duplex, Hands-Free, Level A/B PPE Intercom CSDP: CAMDS, JACADS, TOCDF, NECDF, UMCDF, RED HAT NSCMP: Dugway PG, TEU, CSEEP Non-Stockpile: Pine Bluff, Spring Valley, RAMT, HHS-NMRT, 52nd ORD Group CST ADVON, CBIRF, FBI, FAMS, C&BP, FEMA USAR, CERFP MADE IN AMERICA



Tactical Radio Interoperability

In-Building/Below-Grade Repeater

10th CST WASHINGTON UNIT (253) 512-8063 DSN: 323 Commander LTC Leslee A. Bechtel Ops Officer MAJ Matthew James


CST & CBRNE 1.1 | 23

Rapid Responders Hawaii CST & CERFP responded to DoD’s rescue and relief mission in American Samoa – while NGB continues to support other operations. By Paul Broussard, editor

On September 26, 2009 the island of American Samoa was struck by an 8.3 magnitude earthquake generating 15-foot waves and destroying whole villages. The U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency officials asked the Hawaii National Guard to provide personnel from their CST and CERFP programs. The state Guard’s support package was requested, put together and enroute 22 hours from disaster declaration.

24 | CST & CBRNE 1.1

CST & CBRNE 1.1 | 25

The task force’s equipment included three SUVs, three 4x4 crew cabs and other vehicles and materiel. One successful aspect of the operation was the medical assistance provided to the Samoans. “After doing the initial assessment we realized there was a need for an aid station to be set up at Pago Pago [capitol of American Samoa]. On one day alone the medical providers saw 163 people for health assessments – ranging from upper respiratory issues to wellness checks. Those records were transferred to the LBJ Tropical Hospital for continuity of care,” Blanchard said. The task force medical team also treated 175 people with various levels of injuries. American Samoa was struck Sept. 29 by an 8.3 magnitude earthquake generating 15-foot waves and destroying whole villages. Hawaii National Guard CST and CERFP personnel provided initial support. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Cohen A. Young)

This mission is representative of the diverse natural disasters and man-made events to which NGB CSTs and CERFPs have responded during the recent past.

American Samoan Mission The U.S. military has supported humanitarian and disaster relief operations since the early days of the nation. U.S. Navy ships and aircraft, U.S. Air Force C-17s and traditional National Guard units are among current DoD forces and equipment requested by federal and state authorities for an operation. The nation’s civilian leadership is keenly aware of the unique capabilities, skill sets and other resources the department can provide. In response to a Federal Emergency Management Agency disaster declaration, personnel and equipment from the Hawaii National Guard’s 93rd CST and CERFP, and other elements provided tailored, domestic support operations for the September 2009 American Samoan mission. “They issued the request for search and rescue, medical triage, hazardous material modeling, communications and mortuary affairs support capabilities,” recalled Captain Aaron Blanchard, Hawaii ARNG, and operations officer of the Hawaii NG CERFP. Blanchard was part of the U.S. DoD task force supporting the initial rescue and relief operations. Of 61 personnel assigned to Joint Task Force American Samoa, nine were from the Hawaii NG 93rd CST, with the remainder from the Hawaii NG CERFP and other elements. 26 | CST & CBRNE 1.1

Blanchard placed in perspective the hazards of the Samoan operating environment, noting that in some areas the mud and silt was over three and one-half feet deep. “One task force member sunk to his waist in mud and silt and we had to send two of our team members to pull him out – those were the types of conditions we tried to operate in to do the search.” While the majority of the initial response force departed Samoa within several days, a cadre of the 93rd CST remained on the island to assist the Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Coast Guard continue the HAZMAT assessment in an environmental, nightmarelike scenario. Thousands of gallons of fuel oil and other hazardous materials were compromised along harbor storage areas on Pago Pago, which presented a serious health hazard to residents. And much of the debris on the island was soaked with diesel and other hazardous chemicals, which slowed the debris-clearing operations. Captain Blanchard paused to thank two groups of people who supported the American Samoa mission. His insights provide a glimpse into the character and outlooks of Blanchard and other full- and part-time citizen soldiers. At the top of his list were the Samoan people. “From the moment we landed we were greeted as friends and family. It is a humbling experience to be shown so much generosity from so many people who lost so much. I wish all the villages and communities a speedy recovery and hope life returns to normal soon,” he said. Blanchard also thanked Hawaii’s traditional National Guard airmen and soldiers. “In true minute man fashion they all left their jobs and their families to help support

in certain areas should shelter in place, stay inside and close their windows, or take other actions.”

U.S. Air National Guard Tech. Sgt. Carissa Maxson looks at the damage to Pago Pago, American Samoa during a patrol to assess damage caused by the tsunami.(Source: U.S. Air Force photo by Tech Sgt. Cohen A. Young)

the people and government of America Samoa. No one knew when they were coming home, or when they’d be able to call back and let their family know they were alright. We asked them to drop everything and grab their bags and they did,” he concluded.

Other diverse CST missions are routinely supported across the CSTs areas of responsibility. As the final countdown to 2004 began in New York City’s Times Square, in a nondescript North Jersey park, members of the 3rd and 21st CSTs played a critical in role in protecting against a New Year’s Eve catastrophe. A 28-member National Guard (WMD anti-terrorism force) monitored the environment at strategic locations and was poised to respond to any emergency. And across the nation, a partial list of the 92nd (Nevada) CST’s recent operations included employment in a 2008 Las Vegas ricin incident. A cadre of the team was on site within one hour after Las Vegas authorities sought help in identifying a suspicious substance – later determined to be ricin – found at a local hotel.

Other Missions The American Samoa response is one of many diverse missions the National Guard’s CSTs and CRFPs have supported since the programs’ inception. The programs have evolved to become a force of choice to assist authorities during man-made events and select natural disasters. One attribute of their responsiveness is the CSTs’ deployment timeline. Lieutenant Colonel Joe Laurel, commander, 93rd CST pointed out, “Ninety minutes is the time we use as marker to get our advance party to link up with the incident commander at the scene, whether that be a fire chief, police chief or civil defense. Within three hours we roll our main body.” The 93rd CST supported a more intriguing request for assistance when it monitored a sulfur dioxide cloud and other emissions during a Kilauea volcano eruption. The team was activated following a request from county and state officials, Laurel recalled, and noted, “The cloud was floating toward a population area. What we did is take our monitoring devices that are able to measure the sulfur dioxide levels in the atmosphere and were then able to hazard model the sulfur dioxide. Based on that hazard modeling we were able to give the information to the county civil defense members on whether people

For more information, contact Paul Broussard at CST & CBRNE 1.1 | 27

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Leader June 2010

CST & CBRNE Source Book Features:

Navy Vice Admiral James A. Winnefeld Jr. was nominated for appointment to the rank of admiral and assignment as commander, Northern Command/Commander, North American Aerospace Defense Command. Winnefeld is currently serving as director, strategic plans and policy, J-5, and as senior member, United States Delegation to the United Nations Military Staff Committee. Winnefield will replace Air Force General Victor E. Renuart, Jr.

28 | CST & CBRNE 1.1

• Industry forum on state-of-the art technology for hand-held chemical and biological detection systems • Developments in portable communications equipment

Leadership Corner: We’ll receive an update on DoD policy issues impacting the CST and CRFP programs from the Office of the Secretary of Defense staff

Capitol Hill Insight: Senate Armed Service Committee members will share their concerns and interests in CST and CERFP programs.

Homeland Security Infrastructure Protection

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CST/CBRNE Sourcebook, January 2010  

CBRNE Sourcebook, January 2010 issue

CST/CBRNE Sourcebook, January 2010  

CBRNE Sourcebook, January 2010 issue