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coding volumetric melbourne_URBAN HYBRIDISATION fernanda suarez

han zhang

otto chen

yi lu


process

01__introduction 6

02__an observation of the dynamics of__ PUBLIC + PRIVATE

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03__an exploration of__ INTENSITY through 3 dimensional space

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04__an exploration of activities + programs__PROGRAM GENERATOR

48

05__an exploration of prt ograms in MATERIALS SYSTEM

64

06__final design proposal__URBAN HYBRIDISATION

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01__introduction

6


The Melbourne studio will start by examining the question how do we read something that is not composed of letters, words, sentences, but images, streets, voids, buildings, and volumes. Is our view skewed by our preconceptions, cultural background, traditions, predigests, and assumptions? Can we read functions, aesthetics and semiotics of spaces discretely or as interwoven whole? In short, what can we do in order not to come up with false conclusions? The task in the studio is therefore to script a Generative Code to transform existing conditions and avoid introduction of preconceived or conventional template-based designs. You should expect to be editing and revising your generative code to encompass new understanding as the studio progresses. The code will be tested by applying it to several sites across Melbourne to explore how it responds to different contexts. A code is a rule sequence for converting a piece of data into another form or representation, not necessarily of the same type in an explicit manner that be reversed. Thus, a code is “a way of transforming one object sequence (taken to be familiar) into another (taken not to be familiar) such that the first object sequence can be recovered by those with the (encryption) key�.

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form opens up opportunity forms follows function___forms follows aj metric___forms follows preception abstraction + repesentation = diagrams

Zaha Hadid Architects One-North Masterplan Singapore, 2003 This masterplan for a new mixed-used urban business district in Singapore was the first of a series of radical masterplans that led to the concept of parametric urbanism and then to the general concept of parametricism.

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Affordable Living = Affordable Housing High density does not equal small space (one possible model is to pay for the space and rent or share the amenities such as cars, gathering spaces, garden etc) SOCIETY, South Yarra


coding___for complex adaptive systems interacting and interrelated parts

system existance in an interactive environment

Comtemporay cities behaves more like a holistic complex system, where the whole is more than the sum of its parts The micro-level of a complex system is characterized by dense network of individual entities The marco-level of the system develop e merging patterns as the result of micro-interactions Complex system, like corporations behave in combination with other entities, in a systematic environment, a CODE is a systematic interpretation of this. CODING MELBOURNE__is a systematic interpretation of the city’s complex systems into an adaptive entity__VOLUMETRIC DENSITY

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parametric design?

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1__parametric interarticulation of subsystems the goal is to move from single system differentiation (for example, a swarm of facade components) to the scripted association of multiple subsystems –envelope, structure, internal subdivision, navigation void. 2__parametric accentuation here the goal is to enhance the overall sense of organic integration by means of correlations that favour deviation amplification rather than compensatory adaptation. 3__parametric figuration complex configurations in which multiple readings are latent can be constructed as a parametric model with extremely figurationsensitive variables. 4__parametric responsiveness urban and architectural environments possess an inbuilt kinetic capacity that allows those environments to reconfigure and adapt in response to prevalent occupation patterns. 5__parametric urbanism – deep relationality the assumption is that the urban massing describes a swarm formation of many buildings whereby the urban variables of mass, spacing and directionality are choreographed by scripted functions.

“Parametricist urbanism aims to construct new field logics that operate via the mutually accentuating correlation of multiple urban systems: fabric modulation, street systems, a system of open spaces.”

Patrik Schumacher

Reference: Schumacher, P 2009, ‘Parametricism’, in Leach, N 2009 (ed), Digital Cities, Architectural Design, Wiley.

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modernism 1920-1975

renaissance1450-1600 medieval

12

baroque 600-1800


parametric 1995

post modernism 1975-1985

deconstructivism 1985-1995

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02__an observation of the dynamics of__PUBLIC + PRIVATE

Workshop 1 invloves coding a specific place to illustrate space appropriation by function, or to put it in other words, a space that can be appropriated for private function. What we will be looking for is either fluid use of space, or space which changes its nature from public to private, depending on function that take place.

14


observation__BUSKING 15


1

16

2


3

4

17


Area of public space

Traffic

Interaction

Anticipation

Permeability for the site

Surrounding Noise

Visual catchment

Visual contact

Sticky surface

Time dependent mood

Participation

Level of Engagement

Surrounding

Environmental Comfort

Sound

Pace of performance

Private 80%

Public

Exposure

Variety of props.

Occupied area

o

360

80% Private

Occupied

Public

parameters__ELEMENTS 18

Activeness


value__ALLOCATION 19


Area of public space Premeability for the site Sticky surface Surroundings Exposure Traffic Surrounding noise Time dependent mood Environmental condition Interaction Participation Visual catchment Occupied area Sound Anticipation Visual contacact Level of engagement Pace of performance

busking__PERFOMER 1 20

Varity of props Activities


busking__PERFOMER 2 21


Area of public space Premeability for the site Sticky surface Surroundings Exposure Traffic Surrounding noise Time dependent mood Environmental condition Interaction Participation Visual catchment Occupied area Sound Anticipation Visual contacact Level of engagement Pace of performance

Busking__PERFOMER 3 22

Varity of props Activities


busking__PERFOMER 4 23


performer 1

performer 2

performer 3

performer 4

rule__PRIVATISATION 24


fn = 190 x {2 x (half category) + 11.5 x (maximum category) + 73 x (minimum category)} where fn: crowd size

conculsion_code 25


03__an exploration of__ INTENSITY through 3 dimensional space

The task is to develop a set of diagrammatic rules that define the existing conditions of your sites. The task is to start transferring your site analysis and diagrams into rule-based systems. Rule systems can be geometric, spatial, expressions, colour-field and temporal.

26


location__SITE ANALYSIS 27


micro environment

meso environment

macro environment

site__CONTEXT 28


federation square

uni of melb architecture building

city bath

site__SCALE COMPARISON 29


site__IMAGES 30


site__IMAGES 31


C A R S

B I R D S

P E D E S T R I A N S

10:30

mapping__MOVEMENT PATTERN 32

14:30

18:30


Vehicles

Pedestrians

Birds mapping__MOVEMENT PATTERN 33


EAST

WEST

C A R S

1

2

3

P E D E S T R I A N S

1-5

1-4

5-8

>9

movement pattern__10:30 (5 seconds interval) 34

B I R D S

6-10

>10


EAST

WEST

C A R S

1

2

3

P E D E S T R I A N S

B I R D S

1-5

1-4

5-8

6-10

>10

>9 movement pattern__14:30 (5 seconds interval) 35


EAST

WEST

C A R S

1

2

3

P E D E S T R I A N S

1-5

1-4

5-8

>9

movement pattern__18:30 (5 seconds interval) 36

B I R D S

6-10

>10


10:30 (5 seconds interval)

Vehicles

Pedestrians

Birds

14:30 (5 seconds interval)

Vehicles

Pedestrians

Birds

18:30 (5 seconds interval)

Vehicles

Pedestrians

Birds 37


overall__MOVEMENT PATTERN 38


stage 1: 2 charged points described as spheres

stage 2: spheres forming bridge

stage 3: final stage forming 1 large charged cloud

methodology__METABALLS 39


0 - 5min

identified points__INTERSECTION 40

6 - 10min

7 - 15min


16 - 20min

21 - 25min

26 - 30min

identified points__INTERSECTION 41


experiment__GRASSHOPPER 42


1

2

4

3

5 experiment__GRASSHOPPER 43


threshold is determined by the intensity of intersecting paths. intensity is measured between 1 to 0, lower threshold larger the force field thus higher the intensity.

growth__METABALLS 44


application__METABALLS 45


form__POSSIBILITIES 46


vertical section

conceptual plan

spatial__POSSIBILITIES 47


04_an exploration of_SITE ANALYSIS through diagrammatic rules Workshop 3: the task is to develop a set of diagrammatic rules that define the existing conditions of your sites, to start transferring your site analysis and diagrams into rule-based systems. Rule systems can be geometric, spatial, expressions, colour-field and temporal. 48


activities + ELEMENTS + time CYCLES = PROGRAM__GENERATOR 49


ROUTINE

activity__CATEGORIES 50

LEISURE

EDUCATION

COMMERCIAL


ROUTINE

LEISURE

EDUCATION

COMMERCIAL

activity__CATEGORIES 51


ROUTINE

activity__CATEGORIES 52

LEISURE

EDUCATION

COMMERCIAL


intensity - NORMAL intensity - HIGH

activity__TIME CYCLE 53


attractors__ELEMENTS 54


activities__WEB 55


scale: 0 = not relevant 3 = semi-relevant 5 = most relevant

activities__ELEMENT COMBINATIONS 56


step_1

step_ 2

step_3

57


step_4

step_5

step_6

58


activities__COMBO GENERATOR__1 59


activities-PRIMARY

activities-ANCILLARY

intensity - NORMAL intensity - HIGH

activities__TIME CYCLES__combo 1 60


activities__HYBRID PROGRAMS__example1 61


site__PROGRAM ALLOCATION__possibilities 62


site__PROGRAM ALLOCATION__possibilities 63


05_an exploration of_HYBRID KINETICS through material systems Workshop 3b: the task is to develop a responsive (kinetic) physical model that communicates with and responds to the Hybrid Programme Generator 64


activities__COMBO GENERATOR__2 65


activities-PRIMARY

activities-ANCILLARY

intensity - NORMAL intensity - HIGH

activities__TIME CYCLES__combo 2 66


activities__HYBRID PROGRAMS__example1 67


activities__COMBO GENERATOR__3 68


activities-PRIMARY

activities-ANCILLARY

intensity - NORMAL intensity - HIGH

activities__TIME CYCLES__combo 3 69


activities__HYBRID PROGRAMS__example1 70


activities__COMBO GENERATOR__4 71


activities-PRIMARY

activities-ANCILLARY

intensity - NORMAL intensity - HIGH

activities__TIME CYCLES__combo 3 72


concept__HYBRID BUILDINGS 73


concept__TIME CYCLES__programs 74


concept__MODEL 75


concept__MODEL__process 76


concept__MODEL__process 77


concept__MODEL__final 78


concept__MODEL__hybrid programs__INTERACTION 79


Final Design

80


We’ve chosen to expand the initial boundary of the site, in order to make more direct physical connections to its surroundings. The original site characteristics are not changed or made anew, but rather, explored to capitalise their potential. We want to work to maximise multiple use of spaces throughout the day by allocating programmes into hybrid configurations based on complimentary time cycles. It is important that activity is constant and not controlled by private or public rhythms. Trying to challenge the verticality that has dominated the typology of high-rise residential, by exploring how this typology could be altered into a horizontally integrated volumetric density. We aim to design the site as the beginning node of a network of connected volumetric densities for the city, where each subsequent node to be configured by the program generator. Programs aim to be hybrids of multiple functions in the categories of: ‘Living’, ‘Educational’, ‘Commercial’, and ‘Leisure’, with consideration of existing activities which are already present in the site, and of time cycles and surrounding attractors such as, Flagstaff Gardens and the Victoria Market. Hybrid programs seek to enhance the experience of high density living, by simultaneously providing new public spaces accessible to the wider community. We understand that hybrids feed on the meeting point between the intimacy of the private sphere and the sociability of the public sphere, which is why we aim to offer a high degree of spatial affordance and appropriation possibilities through non-prescribed spatial design. We aim to develop, via Grasshopper, a fluid structural/material system to facilitate the exchange between private and public space through time cycles.

81


By exploring how high density living can occur within an envelope of hybrid programmes, will open possibilities for high density living to be more about spaces for public use with multiple functions.

hypothesis__THE PRECONCEPTION 82


redefined__SITE 83


capitalising__SURROUNDINGS 84

commercial

living

education

leisure


our project will act as a catalyst by injecting new programs to complement and capitalise on the existing programs the site has to offer, while extending more connections to bring continued vitality into the site.

capitalising__SURROUNDINGS 85


private

public

activities

seperation of existing PUBLIC PRIVATE PROGRAMS 86


private

public

activities

private/public blurring of PUBLIC/PRIVATE programs 87


private

public

private/public

introduced programs

activities blurring of PUBLIC/PRIVATE PROGRAMS introducing NEW PROGRAMS 88


private activities

public

private/public

introduced programs

new hybrid programs blurring of PUBLIC/PRIVATE into HYBRID PROGRAMS 89


leisure living education

commercial

stacked

rethinking__VERTICALITY 90

packed


stacked + packed

rule rethinking__VERTICALITY 91


programme__RULE & STRUCTURE 92


program__COMBINATIONS 93


connection 3

continued connection to ‘left over’ space

continued green connection

connection 2

to Flagsta Gar-

connection 1

activated ground levels

hybrid programs

private residential

horizontal hybridisation__CONNECTIONS 94

hybrid residential


hybrid programs

private residential

hybrid residential

vertical hybridisation__CONNECTIONS 95


exploring__envelope 96


exploring__envelope 97


rhino__SCRIPTING ENVELOPE FRAMEWORK 98


design framework__PUBLIC/PRIVATE INTERFACE 99


form__PUBLIC/PRIVATE MESH 100


gradient__PROJECTION 101


hybrid program timeframes__OPTIMIZED COMBINATION 102


conceptual plans__SPATIAL RELATIONSHIPS 103


Site circulation__PROPOSED 104


site map__INTERVENTIONS 105


106


107


108


109


110


111


Physical Model

112


113


114


115


116


117


118


119


120


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URBAN HYBRIDISATION