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Stress among Society


Stress is a feeling that's created when we react to particular events. It's the body's way of rising to a challenge and preparing to meet a tough situation with focus, strength, stamina, and heightened alertness.

The stress response is critical during emergency situations, such as when a driver has to slam on the brakes to avoid an accident. It can also be activated in a milder form at a time when the pressure's on but there's no actual danger — like stepping up to take the foul shot that could win the game, getting ready to go to a big dance, or sitting down for a final exam. A little of this stress can help keep you on your toes, ready to rise to a challenge. And the nervous system quickly returns to its normal state, standing by to respond again when needed.

Long-term stressful situations can produce a lasting, low-level stress that's hard on people. The nervous system senses continued pressure and may remain slightly activated and continue to pump out extra stress hormones over an extended period. This can wear out the body's reserves, leave a person feeling depleted or overwhelmed, weaken the body's immune system, and cause other problems.

Objectives In the bibliography assignment, our assignment objectives are : 

To provide the information reference to other society about the stress

To provide more detail information about the stress

To provide information about the causes of stress

In the bibliography, our group provide 10 entries citation which the total citation is……….For creating a citation for each entries, we use APA documentation style. In our assignment, our target audience involve all age generation which from kids to adults.

Organization Chart















Alamonlinenet (2011, October 18). Cara Menangani Stress - InspirasiPagi - TV2 [Video File]. Retrieved from

Auranature (2009, June 16). menanganitekanansecara natural [Video File]. Retrieved from

Bbc (2010, July 14). Managing Stress - Brainsmart - BBC [Video File]. Retrieved from

Evilhamsterz (2009, February 8). What Happens When You Get Stressed [Video File]. Retrieved from

Google tech talks (2008, April 23). Managing Stress and Psychosomatic Disorders Through Meditation [Video File]. Retrieved from

Google tech talks (2008, May 2). Stress Relief for the Creative and Constantly Connected [Video File]. Retrieved from

Ltptensidr (2011, October 16). Stress, Portrait of a Killer - Full Documentary (2008) [Video File]. Retrieved from

MB Muslima (2011, May 17). Reduce Stress! 5 Tips Islamic Style [Video File]. Retrieved from

MyIslamMedia (2012, May 24). TanyalahUstaz 2012 E56 - PengurusanStres (Bahagian 2) [Video File]. Retrieved from

NorshamAbidin (2011, October 13).MotivasiDiri: Pengurusan Stress [Video File]. Retrieved from

Promozionesitiweb (2012, May 12). Office stress COMPILATION - Stress at work [Video File]. Retrieved from

Psychetruth (2008, May 22). What Causes Your Stress? Understanding Stress Management [Video File]. Retrieved from




















ThePenguinProf (2010, July 19). How to Manage Time, Reduce Stress and Increase Happiness [Video File]. Retrieved from

THIS EMOTIONAL LIFE | Stress / Mental Well-being | PBS (n.d.).[Video File]. Retrieved from

UCtelevision (2008, February 7). Stress Management - Health Matters [Video File]. Retrieved from

Understanding Stress : Videos : Discovery Health (2008, April 8). [Video File]. Retrieved from

Video: Positive and negative stress | Watch This Emotional Life Online | PBS Video (n.d.). [Video File]. Retrieved from

Wiwanrs (2011, February 24). renungan agar tidak stress [Video File]. Retrieved from

Naturegirllisa (2010, April 27). Stress - The Animation [Video File]. Retrieved from

BOOKS Abdul,





Untukmeningkatkanproduktivitidanpotensidiri. Kuala Lumpur: Utusan Publications & Distributors. Ahmad, F. M. Y. (2010). Berubahsebelumrebah.In mengatasimasalah stress dalamdiri. Shah Alam: GrupBukuKarangkraf.

Alatas, A. (2011). Senyumlah.Petaling Jaya: GaleriIlmu.Giles, T. R. (1993). Inpatient Case Management. In Managed mental health care: A guide for practitioners, employers, and hospital administrators (pp. 52-69). Boston, Massachusetts: Allyn and Bacon.

Andrews, L. W. (2005). How to Stress Less.In Stress control for peace of mind (pp. 28-33). New York, London: Main Street.

Atkinson, W. W. (2006). The mastery of mental control in business and everyday life.Batu Caves, Selangor: Masterpiece. Azizi, H. Y., & Tan, S. Y. (2007).Kesihatan mental.Skudai, Johor: UniversitiTeknologi Malaysia. Bharwaney, G. (2006). Emotionally intelligent living: Strategies for increasing your EQ (3rd ed.). Carmarthen, Wales: Crown House Pub.

Ekman, P. (2008). Emotional awareness: Overcoming the obstacles to psychological balance and compassion : a conversation between the Dalai Lama and Paul Ekman. New York: Times Books.

Edmund Jacobson, M. D. (1976). You must relax (5th ed.). Great Russell Street, London: Suvenir Press Ltd.

Farah, E. A. (2008). Mengatasitekanan: Bagaimanauntukmenanganisegalatugasananda. Kuala Lumpur, Selangor: Utusan Publications & Distributors. Gibson, J. (1987). Look for rainbows: For the sad, the depressed and the despairing. Bath: Gateway. Gediman, C. (2005). Brainfit: 10 minutes a day for a sharper mind and memory. Nashville, Tenn: Rutledge Hill Press.

Hilton, J. (2008). Stress relief to go. London, New York: Gaia.

Khan, K. (2003). One verse a day keeps Satan away. In Islam : The source of universal peace (pp. 67-85). Delhi, India: goodword books.

KuaEeHeok,&AngPengChye (1987). Sanity : Myths and realities of Mental illness. Petaling Jaya, Selangor: Times Books International.

Kuipers, L., &Bebbington, P. (1997).Living with mental illness: A book for relatives and friends (3rd ed.). London: A Condor Book, Souvenir Press.

Madders, J. (1987).Relax and be happy. London: Unwin Paperbacks.

Md, I. A. (2011).Andacintadanbencikeranaapa? In Renung-renungkan&selamatberamal. Kuala Lumpur: TelagaBiru.

Melgosa, J. (1996). Less stress. Madrid: Editorial Safeliz. Muhammad Khalaf Yusuf (2007). As-Syifaa (UbatPenyejukJiwa).Puchong, Selangor: Jasmin Enterprise. Pinang: PenerbitUniversitiSains Malaysia. Mohd, R. S. (2010). Pengendalianstresdankebimbangan: Penilaiankognitifdantingkahlaku. Pulau

Mohammad ZainiYahaya,&MohdSukki Othman (2010). mengurusstres : Islam adacaranya. Kajang, Selangor: Soul Excellent Training & Consultancy.

Mohd, F. K., Muhammad, Z., &Zizi, A. Y. (2005).Petuauntuksentiasa ceria. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: TelagaBiru.










Panduanmeningkatkankecerdasanemosi. Pahang: PTS Professional.

Muhammad, Z. (n.d.). Susahnyamemulakanharianda. In Keluarkansingadaridirianda! Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: TelagaBiruSdn Bhd.

Nafis, M. W. (2007). Yakin diri: 9 jalancerdasemosi&cerdas spiritual. Kuala Lumpur: PTS Millennia.

Nik Abdul Aziz NikMat ,& Annual BakriHaron (2009). Tundukkanhati :Rahsiakeikhlasanhidup di duniafana (2nd ed.). Selangor, Malaysia: AnbakriPublika .

Nurulain, A. (2011). Give & take antarahamba&pencipta. Batu Caves, Selangor: PTS Islamika.

O'Connor, R. (2005). Undoing perpetual stress: The missing connection between depression, anxiety, and 21st century illness. New York: Berkley Books.

ParlindunganMarpaun (2012). HidupiniPilihan.Batu Cave, Selangor: PTS MilleniaSdn. Bhd.

Robins, M. P. (2010). The pressures of teaching: How teachers cope with classroom stress. New York: Kaplan Pub.

Sharpe, R. (1995). Thrive on stress: How to make it work to your advantage. London: Souvenir.

Singapore Association for Mental Health. (1988). A Practical approach to mental illness: Its causes and treatment. Singapore: Published for Singapore Association for Mental Health by Times Books International.

Stephenson, W. (1983).Roxene : Truth story. Calgary, Alberta: Detselig Enterprise.

Svebak, S., &Apter, M. J. (Eds.). (1997). Stress and health: A reversal theory perspective. Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis.

Turkington, C. (1998). Stress management for busy people. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Williamson, A. (2008). Still - in the storm: How to manage your stress and achieve balance in life. Bancyfelin: Crown House.


Andonian, L. (2010). Emotional intelligence, perceived clinical self-efficacy, and occupational therapy interns' clinical competence.Ph.D. Saybrook Graduate School and Research Center, United States -- California.

Ball, L. (2010). Understanding emotional intelligence in nursing.Ph.D. State University of New York at Buffalo, United States -- New York.

Bennett, D. (2011). Examining the Relationship Between Emotional Intelligence of Managers and Organizational Commitment of Subordinates. Ph.D. Northcentral University, United States -- Arizona.

Bethards, T. (2010).An analysis of the outcomes of an individual's investment decisions relative to their emotional intelligence. D.B.A. Anderson University, United States -- Indiana.

Cahill, A. (2011). Use of teams to accomplish radical organization change: Examining the influence of team cognitive style and leader emotional intelligence. Ph.D. Columbia University, United States -- New York.

Carrick, L. (2010). Understanding the impact of a half day learning intervention on emotional intelligence competencies An exploratory study. Ed.D. University of Pennsylvania, United States -- Pennsylvania.

Cobbs, R. (2012). Is the emotional intelligence of secondary school principals correlated with the job satisfaction or performance of their teachers? Ed.D. 3494831, University of Kansas, United States -- Kansas.

Ellis, A. (2010). Exploring the relationship of emotional intelligence and conflict management styles.Ph.D.The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, United States -- North Carolina.

Farnham, B. (2012). Exploring Impacts of Emotional Intelligence, Gender and Tenure on Sales Performance Among Hospice Sales Professionals. Ed.D. 3501884, Northcentral University, United States -- Arizona.

Farouk, S. (2010).Investigating the relationship between emotional intelligence and high managerial performance in selected corporations in Belgium and Malaysia. Ph.D. Indiana University, United States -- Indiana.

Field, M. (2010). An investigation of the moderating effect of emotional intelligence on attitudes towards work and family. Ph.D. Columbia University, United States -- New York.

Gahan, B. (2012). A Study of the Relationship Between Emotional Intelligence and Individual Performance in an Inbound North American Call Center. Ed.D. 3503013, Grand Canyon University, United States -- Arizona.

Hand, C. (2010). The effect of emotional intelligence as it relates to Army civilian leaders' use of consideration and initiating structure. Ph.D.The University of Oklahoma, United States -Oklahoma.

Kaur, J. (2010). A mixed method case study: Bar-On EQ-i framework of emotional intelligence and the school leadership experiences of principals who completed an urban leadership program in northern California. Ed.D. University of San Francisco, United States -California.

Kim, K. (2010). The influence of emotional intelligence on the negotiation outcomes and the mediation effects of rapport, negotiatiion strategy, and judgment accuracy. Ph.D. Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, United States -- Illinois.

Kirkland, K. (2011). The effect of emotional intelligence on emotional competence and transformational leadership. Ph.D. City University of New York, United States -- New York.

Labby, S. (2010).The relationship among principals' emotional intelligence skills with respect to school accountability ratings and selected demographic factors.Ed.D. Sam Houston State University, United States -- Texas.

Lee, H. (2010). The relationship between emotional intelligence and emotional labor and its effect on job burnout in Korean organizations. Ph.D. University of Minnesota, United States -- Minnesota.

Lewis, T. (2010).The influence of authenticity and emotional intelligence on the relationship between self-monitoring and leadership effectiveness.Ph.D. Alliant


University, Los Angeles, United States -- California.

McNevin, M. (2010). How executive coaches assess and develop emotional intelligence in the executive suite. Ed.D. University of Pennsylvania, United States -- Pennsylvania.

Mehrotra, S. (2011).Effect of emotional intelligence training on managerial effectiveness of middle line mangers.Ph.D. Panjab University. India -- Chandigarh.

Ohlson, S. (2010).Emotional Intelligence of Front-line Nurse Managers.Ph.D. University of Illinois at Chicago, Health Sciences Center, United States -- Illinois.

Rader, M. (2010).The relationship between emotional-social intelligence and social problem solving.Ph.D. Northern Arizona University, United States -- Arizona.

Radford, M. (2010).Emotional Intelligence as a Predictor of Nursing Student Success.Ed.D. Union University, United States -- Tennessee.

Radnitzer, K. (2010). Emotional intelligence and self-directed learning readiness among college students participating in a leadership development program.Ph.D. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, United States -- Illinois.

Ramos-Villarreal, J. (2010). Exploring university students' development of Emotional Intelligence skills for leadership.Ed.D. Texas A&M University - Kingsville, United States - Texas.

Roberson, E. (2010). What is the relationship between emotional intelligence and administrative advancement in an urban school division? Ph.D. Virginia Commonwealth University, United States -- Virginia.

Smallidge, T. (2011). Factors affecting the relationship between emotional intelligence and job performance: A study of potential moderating variables. Ph.D. Alliant International University, Los Angeles, United States -- California.

Sebastijanovic, M. (2010).Antecedents and outcomes of emotional labor. Ph.D. University of Houston, United States -- Texas.

Shipp, D. (2010). Examining the relationship between emotional intelligence competencies and student persistence factors for full-time, traditional-aged college undergraduate students.Ed.D. University of the Pacific, United States -- California.

Sobocinski, C. (2010). Influence of emotional intelligence on group insurance representatives with high and low gross income. Ed.D. Dowling College, United States -- New York.

Thor, S. (2012). Organizational Excellence: A Study of the Relationship Between Emotional Intelligence and Work Engagement in Process Improvement Experts. Doctor of Management, George Fox University, United States -- Oregon.

Turner, B. (2010). A study of the emotional quotient of nursing managers compared to the outcome of an employee opinion survey. Ed.D. Pepperdine University, United States -California.

Wanser, D. (2012). The emotional intelligence of general counsels in relation to lawyer leadership.Ed.D. 3499361, Pepperdine University, United States -- California.

Wilson, T. (2010). Self-awareness and school leadership development: The case for transformative practice. Ed.D. Teachers College, Columbia University, United States -New York

Wiswell, C. L. (2011). Superintendent Emotional Intelligence and Student Achievement: A Quantitative Study. Ed.D., Texas Tech University, United States -- Texas.

Wolf, T. (2010). Examination of emotional intelligence and transformational leadership profiles of Illinois superintendents. Ed.D. Northern Illinois University, United States -- Illinois.

Vargo Williams, L. (2011). A model of interpersonal trust from an individual differences perspective: The effects of cognition, affect, and self-monitoring. Ph.D. State University of New York at Buffalo, United States -- New York.

Yoon, J. (2008). Emotional intelligence and leadership effectiveness: The verbal and nonverbal communication behaviors of emotionally intelligent leaders. Ph.D. City University of New York, United States -- New York.

Zak-Abrantes, V. (2011).Enhancing student leaders' emotional intelligence through multidimensional executive coaching: A pragmatic case study approach.Psy.D. Rutgers The State University of New Jersey, Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology, United States -- New Jersey.

E-BOOK Gerry Larrson,&Bodil Wilde- Larsson (2012). Self-Managed and coach led stress management - a theory-based Practical guide for stressed people (1st ed.).

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Clancy, B. (2010). Stress and the Development of Self-Regulation in Context. Child Development






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Erica, S.S. &Torsten, N. (2000). The Effects of Tai Chi Chuan Relaxation and Exercise on Stress Responses and Well-Being: An Overview of Research. International Journal of Stress






Jha, Amishi P., et. al(2007). ―Mindfulness Training Modifies Subsystems of Attention.‖ Cognitive,



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Martha, D. B. (2010). Stress Management for Lawyers: An Ounce of Prevention. Michigan Bar Journal, 50-52. Retrieved from

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Muhammad Jamal (2011). Job Stress, Job Performance and Organizational Commitment in a Multinational Company: An Empirical Study in two Countries. International Journal of Business








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Tajularipin, S. Aminuddin, H. Vizata, S. and Saifuddin, A. (2009). The Level of Stress Among Students in Urban and Rural Secondary Schools in Malaysia. European Journal of Social Sciences, 10(2), 179-184. Retrieved from

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Walugembe, J. E. (2010). A pioneerâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;s look at psychotrauma in Uganda â&#x20AC;&#x2022;post-traumatic stress disorder as seen in Mulago Hospital Mental Health Clinic. African Journal of Traumatic Stress,





Yu-Chi Wu, &Keng-Yu Shih (2010).The Effects of Gender Role on Perceived Job Stress. The Journal












Alain Marchand, Ph.D (2007, November 20). Psychological Distress at Work : What are the causes? Mammoth Magazine, 4(4), 5.

Alexandra Sifferlin (2012, September 14). Work Stress Linked to More Heart Attacks. Time.

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Dr. Mai ThanhTu, Ph.D. (2010, April). Financial Strain, Stress & Health: The Contribution of Quebec &

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Isabelle Ouellet-Morin, Ph.D., (2011, January). Same, not the same! How twin studies can help us better understand stress in humans. Mammoth Magazine, (9), 4.

LyaneTrepanier (2009, October). So What Did Teens Think of the DeStress for Success Program? Mammoth Magazine, (7), 7.

Marci Wise (2011, April 1). A Moment of Clarity: Strategic Stress Relief. Positive Impact Mazagine. Marie-France Marin (2007, April 17). Stress in Daycare : What are the Parentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC; Thoughts on this Issue? Mammoth Magzine, 3, 3.

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MuhamadHanafi Bin MuhamadHashim (2010, May 17). SakitMental :AncamanMasyarakat Moden. MajalahSains.

Nathalie Wan (2011, March).The Stress and Stigma of Caregiving. Mammoth Magazine, (10), 3.

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Hirayama, T. and Shinozaki, K. (2010), Research on plant abiotic stress responses in the postgenome era: past, present and future. The Plant Journal, 61: 1041â&#x20AC;&#x201C;1052.

Huang, C.-C., Chen, J.-P., Yeh, C.-M.and Hsu, K.-S. (2012), Sex difference in stress-induced enhancement of hippocampal CA1 long-term depression during puberty. Hippocampus, 22(6): 1622–1634. J. ThormannM.D.,& M. Schlepper M.D (1979). Comparison of myocardial flow, hemodynamic changes, and lactate metabolism during isoproterenol stress in patients with coronary heart disease and severe aortic stenosis. Clinical Cardiology, 2(6), 437-445.

Kassahn, K. S., Crozier, R. H., Pörtner, H. O. and Caley, M. J. (2009), Animal performance and stress: responses and tolerance limits at different levels of biological organisation. Biological Reviews, 84(6): 277–292.

Kingston, D., Sword, W., Krueger, P., Hanna, S. and Markle-Reid, M. (2012), Life Course Pathways to Prenatal Maternal Stress. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 41(3): 609–626.

Kochhar, G. S., Bailey, A. and Mosey, N. J. (2010), Competition between Orbitals and Stress in Mechanochemistry.Angew. Chem., 122(4): 7614–7617.

Luria, G. and Torjman, A. (2009), Resources and coping with stressful events. J. Organiz. Behav., 30(5): 685–707.

Magdalena Uhart, & Gary S. Wand (2009). Stress, alcohol and drug interaction: an update of human research. Addiction Biology, 14(1), 43-64.

Maunder, R. G. (2005), Evidence that stress contributes to inflammatory bowel disease: Evaluation, synthesis, and future directions.Inflamm Bowel Dis, 11(1): 600–608.

M.K. W.Roger, A. Karen, B. Melissa, Min Deng, Martha Putallaz, & C. Martha (2011). Adult attachment style and stress as risk factors for early maternal sensitivity and negativity†. Infant Mental Health Journal, 32(3), 277–285.

MujdeSevimay*, AslihanUsumez, &GurcanEskitascıoglu (2005). The influence of various occlusal materials on stresses transferred to implant-supported prostheses and supporting bone: A three-dimensional finite-element study. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 73(1), 140-147.

M.V. Vettore, A.T.T. Leão, A.M. Monteiro da Silva, R.S. Quintanilha, G.A. Lamarca. (2003). The relationship of stress and anxiety with chronic periodontitis. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 30(5), 394-402.

Neff, L. A. and Karney, B. R. (2007), Stress Crossover in Newlywed Marriage: A Longitudinal and Dyadic Perspective. Journal of Marriage and Family, 69: 594–607.

Papathanassoglou, E. D., Giannakopoulou, M., Mpouzika, M., Bozas, E. and Karabinis, A. (2010), Potential effects of stress in critical illness through the role of stress neuropeptides.Nursing in Critical Care, 15: 204–216.

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Conclusion In conclusion, we hope our bibliography reference helps the society to understand more about stress. Besides, we hope that society more aware of the cause of stress and try to avoid it. Sometimes, we donâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;t realize it and thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;s why there are ways to overcome stress. The awareness about stress is incorporating the symptoms of stress. Society should take note on the symptoms of stress which can help them in determining the existence of stress in their lives.

Pressures that are too intense or last too long, or troubles that are shouldered alone, can cause people to feel stress overload. Here are some of the things that can overwhelm the body's ability to cope if they continue for a long time which are being bullied or exposed to violence or injury, relationship stress, family conflicts, or the heavy emotions that can accompany a broken heart or the death of a loved one, ongoing problems with schoolwork related to a learning disability or other problems, such as ADHD (usually once the problem is recognized and the person is given the right learning support the stress disappears),crammed schedules, not having enough time to rest and relax, and always being on the go.



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