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!Y!!!!"E!" A UNT College of Arts and Sciences Publication for Alumni and Friends . Spring 2010

WAR & PEACE

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KNTU

Photo courtesy of KNTU

CELEBRATES TO THE TUNE OF 40 YEARS ON AIR

Play some jazz. Add news programming. Play classic jazz. Fold in the Mean Green Sports Network. More jazz. A pinch of weather, a pinch of traffic. Straight-ahead jazz. Mix in some Indie, rock, hip-hop, Tejano on weekends. Denton emergency alerts. Add 100,000 watts of power. But always come back to the jazz, jazz, jazz. That’s the current recipe for success at UNT’s radio station, KNTU-FM “The One.” Forty years ago, KNTU student DJs, operating on a mere 250 watts from a corner of the Speech and Drama Department of what was then North Texas State University, carried boxes of their own records to play from 9:00 a.m. until 6:00 p.m. on the newly licensed radio station. Today, KNTU is on the air 24/7 at 88.1 FM – and at kntu.com – broadcasting from spacious studios in the Department of Radio, Television, and Film. Around 50-75 paid and volunteer students are mostly responsible for KNTU’s day-to-day programming. And although the station’s schedule includes segments devoted to other music, newscasts, and community programming, jazz rules on KNTU. On November 6th, KNTU’s founders, past and present station managers and student staff members, devoted listeners, and UNT administrators gathered to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the popular radio station. Over 100 people attended the festivities in the Gateway Center, sharing memories, eating good food, and enjoying the program. In addition to congratulatory remarks from President Bataille and RTVF department chair Melinda Levin, current station manager Russ Campbell, program/operations/news director Mark Lambert, and associate department chair and former station manager Sam Sauls supplied context. Alumna Carla Marion, currently with Dallas’ WBAP News and Talk Radio and a former anchor at KRLD, emceed. The highlight of the evening was a performance by UNT’s One O’Clock Lab Band, directed by Steve Weist. The band played a chronological set of music from Lab Band recordings made between 1969 and 2009.

President Bataille lauded KNTU’s success in her remarks at the party. Photo courtesy of KNTU

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Over the years, KNTU has received recognition for its excellence in what is now the fifth largest media market in the country. In 2001, the Dallas Observer declared it the “Best Public Music Radio Station” in their annual Best of Dallas issue.

“KNTU would not have achieved any of these accolades or stayed on the air as long as it has without its dedicated student volunteers,” President Bataille said during her opening remarks.

“Hundreds of students have cut their teeth at the station, choosing the music, manning the sound boards, and overseeing the programming. They have been – and continue to be – the station’s heart and soul.”

One O’Clock Lab Band saxophonists swing at the KNTU 40th anniversary celebration. Photo: Vanessa Mendoza, URCM

KNTU staff and students also hosted a Homecoming pre-game party on October 17 in the Mean Green Village outside Fouts Field. KNTU alumni sent anniversary congratulations, which became on-air announcements. Messages were sent by Nick Walker, on-air meteorologist at The Weather Channel; Mark Followill, TV play-by-play announcer for the Dallas Mavericks; Amy Bishop, host on WRR Classical 101.1; and George Dunham, play-by-play announcer for the Mean Green Radio Network and co-host of the “Dunham and Miller” show on KTCK. For more information about the founding and history of KNTU, please read “KNTU: A History” by Levi Thomson, former Honors College student, in “The Eagle Feather”: www.unt.edu/honors/eaglefeather/2004_Issue/ThomsonL.shtml For more information about KNTU, including program schedule, how to support the station, and to listen live, go to http://kntu.com

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Photo courtesy of John Ridings

UNT’s Center for Psychosocial Health Research (CPHR) is primarily a research unit, but engagement in the community is a priority, as it is for many university programs. Since 2006, CPHR has participated in LifeWalk, an annual Dallas event sponsored by AIDS Arms, Inc. Each year, UNT faculty, students, and friends get together and raise money for HIV/AIDS charities in the DFW area. Kyle Deaton, senior psychology major, has managed the team for the last two years with guidance from Mark Vosvick, associate professor in the

Department of Psychology. The CPHR LifeWalk team has raised over $2,000 and involved thousands of community members. Even Vosvick’s dog, a yellow lab with the moniker “Toby Dawg,” participates in the walk – wearing blue shoes and the team’s custom T-shirt, of course. “We got involved with LifeWalk because we do a lot of research in the area,” Vosvick said. “We do it as a way to give back to the community that we benefit so much from.” Among current CPHR research initiatives is Project Health, which inventories medical conditions and health behaviors that impact the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered communities. For more information about the CPHR Lifewalk: www.firstgiving.com/centerforpsychosocialhealth; AIDS Arms, Inc.: www.aidsarms.org; Center for Psychosocial Health Research: www.unt.edu/cph

APA AWARD WINNER Will Q. Hua, a UNT doctoral student in health psychology and behavioral medicine, was recently notified that he is the 2010 winner of the American Psychological Association (APA) award for Distinguished Graduate Student in Professional Psychology for his paper, “Perceptions of HIV-related Stigma: Locus of Control and Trait Anxiety.” Hua, who works with Mark Vosvick in the Department of Psychology, will travel in August to the 2010 APA convention in San Diego to receive his award. At this ceremony, he will be presented with a citation highlighting his outstanding career contributions and an honorarium of $10,000. D

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ESEARCH CLUSTER NEWS

UNT is making progress in its push to boost the productivity in the seven collaborative “research clusters” identified in 2009 for enhanced funding. (See “CAS Faculty Lead Research Collaborations” in the spring 2009 issue of Synergies.) Currently, five of the clusters are led by CAS faculty and recent additions to UNT’s faculty are contributing to their missions. UNT recently arranged to hire two nationally renowned plant biologists from other universities, Ron Mittler and Vladimir Shulaev, who will be joining the faculty in the Department of Biological Sciences to participate in the Signaling Mechanisms in Plants research cluster.

Mittler comes to UNT from the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and the Nevada Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Nevada, Reno. According to cluster leader Kent Chapman, Mittler’s research has helped encourage new ways of thinking about plants and their responses to environmental stress. “Mittler brings to UNT his technical expertise in genomics approaches to the study of plant responses to stress,” Chapman said. “These new technologies will expand the capabilities of other scientists at UNT to address their research questions with a broad, genetics-based understanding.”

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Acclaimed screenwriter and novelist Guillermo Arriaga has kept busy as UNT’s first artist-in-residence in the new Institute for the Advancement of the Arts. He has been especially visible in film classes such as Eugene Martin’s Intermediate Film Lab.

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Shulaev leaves a position in the Department of Horticulture at Virginia Tech, where he has also been affiliated with the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute. “Shulaev’s expertise in metabolic biochemistry applied to an overall biological systems approach allows for the unbiased identification and quantification of thousands of biological molecules in experimental tissue samples,” according to Chapman, who also says that his research expertise places him “at the cutting edge of all kinds of important scientific developments, including crop protection, cancer treatments, and nutritional research.”

Both scientists have a strong history of attracting outside funding for their research. Over the course of their careers, Shulaev and Mittler have been investigators on research projects with funding of around $9 million and $8 million, respectively. They also have done work together in the past, and these synergies will continue in their shared lab space in the new Life Sciences Complex.

Newly hired plant biologists Ron Mittler (right) and Vladimir Shulaev (center) discuss the configuration of their shared lab space with Sean Garman, architect for Perkin+Will. Their lab will be located in the new Life Science Complex, slated to open in June 2010.

In addition to Chapman, Mittman, and Shulaev, the core members of the cluster include UNT plant scientists Brian Ayre, Rebeccaa Dickstein, and Jyoti Shah. Beyond the Department of Biological Sciences, the core includes Guido Verbeck in the Department of Chemistry and, from the Noble Foundation in Oklahoma, Elison Blancaflor.

In other research cluster news, the recent hire of Qunfeng Dung, a bioinformaticist with a split appointment in the Departments of Biological Sciences (60%) and Computer Science and Engineering (40%) fills a gap in expertise critical to the success of the Developmental Physiology and Genetics cluster. Dong joined UNT in January 2010. For more about his background and activities, see the recent article in UNT Research at www. unt.edu/untresearch/2009-2010/faculty-researchers.htm According to the Office of the Provost, there are currently eight searches being conducted for new faculty positions related to currently recognized research clusters. For information related to all of the clusters, visit the website at http://research.unt.edu/clusters

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WAR AND PEACE AND WAR AN MILITARY HISTORY CENTER EXPANDING ITS ROLE AT UNT

Military history as a focus of the UNT Department of History stems from two fortuitous circumstances bookending the 1980s: the arrival of Alfred F. Hurley as vice president for administrative affairs in 1980 and the 1989 move to UNT of the journal Military History of Texas and the Southwest. Hurley, who had recently retired from the U.S. Air Force as a brigadier general, is a military historian and had taught in and chaired the Department of History at the U.S. Air Force Academy. At UNT, he soon became president of the Denton campus and the first chancellor of the UNT System. He was also a professor in UNT’s Department of History, where he taught occasional classes and encouraged the establishment of the annual Military History Seminar, an event modeled on a symposium series he had coordinated at the USAFA.

Another catalyst, arguably, was Richard Lowe, who, along with department colleagues, brought the journal Military History of Texas and the Southwest to UNT in 1989. They established the Center for the Study of Military History at that time, primarily to give an administrative home to the journal, which Lowe assumed editorial responsibility for. The Military History Seminar also moved under the auspices of the center, now called simply the Military History Center. Lowe still edits the journal, now titled Military History of the West.

Twenty-seven years after its inception in 1983, the UNT’s Military History Seminar is thriving. It now bears the name of Dr. Hurley and his wife, Johanna, and consistently attracts highprofile speakers, thanks to financial support from numerous individuals and foundations. In October 2009, the featured speakers were Rajiv Chandrasekaran of the Washington Post and David Kilcullen, former Australian infantry officer and more recently Special Advisor for Counterinsurgency to the U.S. Secretary of State.

The triad of the seminar series, the journal, and the center helped put UNT on the map in military history circles. Then in 2005, the initiative made a quantum leap. Through a generous grant by the family and friends of the late Maj. Gen. Olinto Mark Barsanti, an endowment at UNT was created and funded to support the Barsanti Endowed Chair in Military History. Geoffrey Wawro, a military historian at the U.S. Naval War College and host of several programs on the History Channel, was recruited to fill the chair and direct the Center. A specialist in 19th and 20th century European military history, Wawro will soon publish Quicksand: America’s Pursuit of Power in the Middle East, an analysis of U.S. strategy and policy in that pivotal region since World War I.

According to Regents Professor Richard Lowe, who joined the Department of History in 1968, “the catalyst for making military history a major focus of the Department of History was Al Hurley.” k

Capt. William Nance, one of UNT’s current West Point Fellows, points out the next combat outpost to the Corps Commander during a 2008 deployment in Mosul, Iraq. Photo by SSG Jason R. Krawczyk, courtesy of U.S. Army

New Faculty

strength of military history at UNT as the major reason for the move.

More recently, the department has hired two additional military history specialists. In 2008, Michael Leggiere, a leading American expert on Napoleonic warfare, joined the faculty. In addition to his scholarship and teaching, he serves as deputy director of the center. He came to UNT from LSU-Shreveport. One year later, in fall 2009, Robert Citino came to UNT from a visiting professor stint at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. He is a specialist in 20th century (and early 21st century) warfare. Both Leggiere and Citino cited the emerging

MHC Fellows In addition to Wawro, Leggiere, and Citino, the center lists five current history faculty members plus emeritus professor Hurley as “Fellows” of the center: Guy Chet, Christopher Fuhrmann, Richard Lowe, Richard B. McCaslin, and Harold M. Tanner. According to the center’s website, all Fellows are either military historians or historians with a keen interest in the impact of war on society, politics, and peace.

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D PEACE AND WAR AND PEACE PEACE STUDIES AT UNT

Air Power Symposium In addition to the fall seminar series, the center now sponsors an annual Air Power Symposium in the spring. The second annual symposium was held at the newly expanded Fort Worth Museum of Science and History. The featured speaker was P.W. Singer, author of Wired for War: The Robotics Revolution and Conflict in the 21st Century. Funding to establish the series comes from a grant from the Aviation Heritage Foundation of Fort Worth and this year’s event was also supported by funding from the Amon Carter Foundation.

Another exciting development for the Military History Center is a partnership with the U.S. Military Academy at West Point.

While the study of military history has a tradition dating back millennia, many scholars are involved in a less-wellknown discipline labeled “peace studies” or “peace and conflict studies” or “peace science.” UNT Chancellor/President Emeritus Al Hurley addresses the attendees at the annual Military History Seminar in 2009. The seminar series is named for him and his wife, Johanna. Photo courtesy of Military History Center

The West Point Fellows program brings two U.S. Army captains to UNT for two years of intensive military history study at the master’s and doctoral levels. Upon completion of the coursework phase of the program, the officers will be assigned to West Point to teach general and specialized military history courses to the cadets. Simultaneously, they will write their doctoral dissertations under the supervision of UNT faculty members. The current Fellows, both of whom served tours of duty in Iraq, are David Musick and William Nance. They began their studies at UNT in July 2009. For more detailed information about the Military History Center, visit: http://military.hist.unt.edu/

Capt. David Musick is also a West Point Fellow at UNT. He is shown on patrol in downtown Mosul during Iraqi national elections in 2005. Photo courtesy of David Musick

Studying issues related to the avoidance and resolution of conflict, rather the waging of war, occupies scholars in this field, who tend to use statistical methods to analyze historical data about human conflicts and lack thereof. At UNT, some 16 faculty members in the Department of Political Science – roughly half of the tenure-system faculty in the department – are involved in research in this area. Peace Science Research David Mason, Regents Professor in the Department of Political Science, directs the Peace Studies Program at UNT. He came to UNT in 2002 from the University of Memphis, where he had chaired the Department of Political Science. He holds the Johnie Christian Family Professorship of Peace Studies at UNT, an endowed position made possible by a major donation from the late Johnie Christian, a long-time Denton resident and former TWU faculty member. UNT researchers are working on a broad span of important peace studies topics. Mason, for instance, is currently involved in research on sustaining the peace after civil wars, and land tenure and democracy in Nepal. Research topics of other peace science faculty include the work of international tribunals, how climate change and environmental degradation are likely to

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WAR AND PEACE AND WAR AN PEACE STUDIES AT UNT

affect political stability in Africa, democratic political culture in Latin America, the effectiveness of international peacekeeping and mediation efforts, and territorial and international river disputes between nations. The most recent additions to the peace studies faculty are John Ishiyama and Marijke Breuning (fall 2008) and Jacqueline DeMeritt (fall 2009). Ishiyama conducts research in democratization and political parties in postCommunist politics, with emphasis on Russia, East Central Europe, and Africa; ethnic politics and conflict; and the scholarship of teaching and learning. Breuning specializes in international relations, with core research interests in comparative foreign policy analysis, as well as in development cooperation and foreign aid. Additional interests include ethnic politics, women/gender and politics, and the politics of international adoption. DeMeritt focuses on human rights issues: why low-level perpetrators participate in government “killing events,” as well as the efficacy of intervention by international actors to protect threatened and vulnerable individuals.

The Academic Program Building on the tradition of scholarly research, UNT established the Peace Studies Program in 2000, offering a certificate, a minor, and the equivalent of a major in peace studies as a concentration within the international studies major. It is the only peace studies program at a four-year educational institution in the south and southwest regions of the United States. According to the Peace Studies website, the undergraduate program “focuses on the questions of why violence occurs and how conflict may be resolved or settled under nonviolent structural mechanisms.” Approved courses for the program come from a variety of departments inside and outside the college.

U.S. Department of Education Grant Another recent accomplishment by Mason and colleagues resulted from a $164,000 U.S. Department of Education grant to fund the Program on Peace, Democracy, and Global Development. Developed in the post-9/11 context, the program “enhanced the university’s capacity to contribute to heightened public awareness of, and interest in, policy issues surrounding the establishment and preservation of peace through democratization and global development,” according to the final project report. Prime among the outcomes of this project was the addition of a six-course minor in Arabic language in the Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures, making UNT the only public university in the DFW metroplex offering such extensive study of this globally important language.

Community Collaboration Recently, Mason and his colleagues have been exploring collaborative opportunities with Peacemakers, Inc., an organization founded in 1987 by Vivian Castleberry of Dallas. Recently retired as the longtime women’s editor of the Dallas Times Herald, Castleberry envisioned sponsoring international women’s peace conferences, supporting international exchanges, and offering community programs related to peace. Mason has been working with Peacemakers to explore synergies between UNT’s academic programs and their outreach efforts. At the first annual Peacemakers Luncheon in Dallas in September 2009, UNT Provost Wendy K. Wilkins expressed her encouragement of these collaborative efforts to establish a joint peace institute at UNT. She characterized the initiative as a perfect way to capitalize on the complementary strengths of Peacemakers, Inc. and UNT’s Peace Studies Program. As this issue of Synergies goes to press, the plan is awaiting final administrative approval.

Study Abroad in The Hague One excellent example of the intersection between the Peace Studies academic program and research initiatives is the award-winning International Law, Peace, and Justice study abroad program in The Hague, organized by political scientists James Meernik and Kimi King. Students on this summer program spend three weeks observing the International Criminal Tribunal, established by the U.N. Security Council to try people accused of war crimes in the former Yugoslavia. In 2007 the program was recognized for the unique opportunities it provides students: it received the Rowman and Littlefield Award for Innovative Teaching in Political Science from the American Political Science Association. G

For more about the Peace Studies Program, go to www.peace.unt.edu/ Information about Peacemakers, Inc. is at www.peacemakersincorporated.org/ The fall 2009 “Synergies” featured an op-ed piece about the Afghanistan War by UNT peace studies scholars Andrew Enterline and Joseph Magagnoli at www.cas. unt.edu/synergies/fall2009/afghanwar_oped.html. Also read “No Good Choices,” about the Afghanistan War, by Enterline and Michael Greig, in “Foreign Policy”: www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2009/11/11/no_good_choices

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D PEACE AND WAR AND PEACE TAKING ON THE WORLD

UNT’s athletic teams may want to watch out – there’s a Mean Green team outside of the stadium that’s drawing attention: competitive peacemaking. In fall 2009, UNT’s Mediation Team received the first-place team trophy in the mediation division at the Tenth National Intercollegiate Mediation Tournament. The tournament was held in early November at the John Marshall Law School in

UNT’s Model International Organization (MIO) is an official student organization which fosters engagement in international affairs by participating in simulated international conferences, presenting lectures and discussions, and hosting cultural events. The conferences are actually competitive academic debate events, at which the UNT team vies against teams from other schools for recognition.

Photo: Barbara Kirby

MEDIATION TEAM AT THE TOP

April Brown, a UNT junior, was named the 2009 tournament’s top mediator.

Chicago. Thirty teams participated in the event, each consisting of threeto-five undergraduate students. UNT took six students to the tournament, all of whom are political science majors. (The team is open to all majors.) Department of Political Science lecturer and team advisor Barbara Kirby explained how the competition works: “The teams are split into groups, with one member advocating for their client. The groups represent issues that real mediators might be involved in, like family disputes or car accidents.” While the idea of competitive peacemaking teams may seem paradoxical,

the teams have to work together to win – even if they are from different colleges. “The tournament, and the idea of a mediation team, is all about learning how to work cooperatively with people,” said Kirby. Judges award mediation and advocate-client points to each student based on performance. Students who are too aggressive in their attempts to solve their clients’ problems may score lower than other participants. There is even a section on the team’s evaluation ballot that rates the teamwork between advocate and client. The team members take turns performing as mediators, clients, and the clients’ advocates during the tournament’s rounds, with students from four different colleges or universities represented in each round. “I think mediation skills are important for every student, not just prelaw or political science majors,” said Kirby. “Every one of us will run into conflicts in our lives and mediation skills help us handle them.” “Meteoric” might not be too strong an adjective to describe the progress UNT’s Mediation Team has made; now in its second year, the team is already one of the best in the nation. While UNT’s athletic teams might envy this position, the Mediation Team’s success is of a different kind – through cooperation with participants from other schools as well as with each other, these students show that you don’t have to be “mean” to be Mean Green.

“We go to Model United Nations, Model Organization of American States, and Model Arab League conferences. And we win!” Tomka Ivovic, international studies and economics major, and MIO president.

As their names imply, these “model” organizations simulate the structure and function of the real United Nations, OAS, etc. School teams represent different countries with students serving on established committees. After extensive research on their country and its policies on specific issues, students work within their respective committees to develop resolutions on assigned international topics. Students also learn about the organization’s procedures and the delicate balancing act of maintaining their country’s policies and interests while working productively with other countries’ delegations. The highlight of the spring semester was the National University Model Arab League conference in Washington, D.C. MIO chose Syria as the country to represent this year “because it’s a very controversial country in the Middle East and will give us an opportunity to really stand out in the conference.” Tomka explained. “We’re also very excited to visit the Syrian embassy in D.C.” Individuals, as well as teams, can win awards at model organization conferences, Ivovic explained, but “all awards are based on knowledge of parliamentary procedure, the country, and how well they represent it.” UNT’s MIO has been quite successful, winning several awards at regional and national conferences – including Outstanding Delegation at the 2009 Model OAS conference. In addition to competing in college-level conferences, MIO hosts the fall North Texas Invitational Model United Nations for high school teams and often hosts the spring Southwest Model Arab League for participating universities. More about UNT’s MIO: www.orgs.unt. edu/mio/index.html MIO team photo courtesy of Tomka Ivovic

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WAR AND PEACE AND WAR AN ROTC OFFERS CHANCE TO JUMPSTART A CAREER IN THE MILITARY

Photo: April Murphy

It was a late afternoon in January, early in the spring 2010 semester. The Texas sun was setting, casting a bright glow upon students assembled outside Wooten Hall. The students split into two smaller groups and stood rigidly and attentively in several rows of single file. Though the students were dressed in a digital camouflage uniform, their dress was not the only indication of their membership in Army ROTC, one of the two Reserve Officer Training Corps programs on campus: the students’ discipline was remarkable.

For Air Force ROTC members, continuing in the program means being commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Air Force upon graduation from UNT. For Army ROTC members, ROTC provides cadets with the training necessary to prepare them for leadership training courses, leadership development and assessment courses, Army schools, and their future success as Army officers. “The ROTC is challenging and it’s meant to be that way,” said Major Herman Troy, director of the Army ROTC, during spring orientation. “If cadets don’t become officers because of this program, it will help them become better citizens.” Students in both programs experience a variety of exciting opportunities and training events across the Dallas - Fort Worth area, culminating with training sessions at Fort Hood. “Army ROTC has provided me with opportunities and challenges I couldn’t get anywhere else,” Cadet Leutwyler said. “I’ve accomplished more during my time in ROTC than at any other time in my life. Looking back at the obstacles I’ve overcome and the camaraderie I’ve gained, I consider myself lucky to have been a part of it.”

The ROTC programs operated by the U.S. Air Force and the U.S. Army welcome new cadets into their programs each semester. The new cadets are assigned to new detachments, forming cohorts that they will remain a part of until they graduate or leave the program. “The spring semester is always an exciting time within ROTC. We’re able to take the foundation built in the fall, when we trained the last semester’s recruits, and take our tactical training and physical fitness to the next level,” said 2010 detachment commander and senior political science major Robert Leutwyler.

The Army and Air Force ROTC programs at UNT had 126 students combined in enrollment during the fall 2009 semester representing a wide variety of disciplines and universities. Fifty UNT students were enrolled in Army ROTC, along with three students from TWU and others from SMU and Baylor. In AFROTC, 55 of the 76 students were from UNT, with others from across North Texas. For more about ROTC at UNT go to afrotc.unt.edu and www.armyrotc.unt.edu

The second semester expands upon both ROTC programs’ goals to “recruit, train, develop and commission” leaders for their branches of the military. “We’re here to help students figure out whether or not they want to be involved with the U.S. military,” said Captain Steve Drotos, director of communications for the Department of Aerospace Studies. “We welcome students to try out what it’s like to be in the Air Force and see if it’s the lifestyle for them – it’s a completely voluntary program.” Both programs allow students to participate in the “general military course” (GMC) during the first few stages of the program. Students taking this program earn one credit per semester while they explore the military. After this experience, they have the opportunity to continue with ROTC and be commissioned into the military or to leave the program.

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ROTC cadets from both contingents get together twice yearly to compete in the Joint Force Olympics. Air Force hosted – and won – the fall 2009 games, which included a Humvee push, flag football, an obstacle course, and tug-of-war. Photo: Rosa Angulo, NT Daily

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D PEACE AND WAR AND PEACE CHIVALRY IS NOT DEAD

Walking into Brian Price’s office in Wooten Hall is like walking into the storage room of a museum. A shiny armored glove glitters on his desk. Near the bookshelves, two large and brassy chest pieces stand on pedestals, looking like vests on invisible men. While such contraptions might not seem out-of-place in the Department of History, one cannot but be impressed on discovering that they are the creations of the mild-mannered man sitting behind the desk.

Photos courtesy of Brian Price

“After high school, I read extensively on chivalry, knighthood, and forms of the medieval tournament, probably a consequence of reading Lord of the Rings in sixth grade,” Price chuckled. “Being a stickler for historical accuracy, I began to make reproductions of surviving medieval armor while working on my undergrad degree at UCLA, putting myself through school by making film props and armor for films such as James Cameron’s Abyss.” After he graduated, Price settled in California building armor and teaching medieval combat classes. With friends, he set up a non-profit school, the Schola Saint George, designed to teach chivalric martial arts. They

STUDY OF CIVIL WAR OFFERS STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE ON CURRENT EVENTS The turbulent world of Civil War America in the 1860s and the complicated contemporary America may seem to only share a superficial fact in common: both are an America which is at war. However, as students of Ian Finseth know, both Americas deal with a society that’s caught between tradition and change. “War is unpredictable; it opens doors that cannot close,” explained Finseth, who is an assistant professor in the

Price came to UNT in 2007 for the Department of History and the Military History Center. “Thinking about war and the large impact that it’s had on society has been very rich for my work. The department and center have really provided the freedom and resources to finish my work.”

When Price began his doctorate in medieval studies in the Department of History, he was already an accomplished armor maker, specializing in the 14th and 15th century.

Department of English. “War leads to innovation in all aspects of life: political, technological, and the social.” In his work on the Civil War, Finseth focuses primarily upon the literary history of the rise and fall of the slavery system, on both legal and social levels. At one point in his research, he realized that students of the period could benefit from a collection of Civil War literature that would more thoroughly expose them to the real-

So what’s next for Brian Price?

now have chapters in DFW, Atlanta, Little Rock, Boston, and San Francisco, as well as London, Riga in Latvia, and Malmo in Sweden. In 2000, Price started a small publishing company, The Chivalry Bookshelf, specializing in historical fighting and fencing treatises, publishing leatherbound, high-quality facsimiles of manuscripts, practical “how-to” books on swordsmanship, and more. ity of living through the Civil War. His comprehensive anthology of oftenoverlooked Civil War literature, The American Civil War: An Anthology of Essential Writings, was published in 2006 by Routledge Press. In his classes, as in his anthology, Finseth’s unique approach to Civil War scholarship incorporates materials that are not traditionally considered “literature.” His students read a wide range of texts, ranging from fiction and poetry to speeches, essays, and song lyrics. They even include photographs and paintings in their study. Most of these materials were written during the Reconstruction period af-

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“I’m a long-time believer in the power of education, and I’d like to keep teaching bright young men and women, teaching and researching.” He smiled and leaned back so his eyes rested upon the suits of armor in his office. “At least until I can no longer focus on the page or handle a sword.” To learn Chivalric Martial Arts at Schola Saint George, go to www. scholasaintgeorge.org/joomla/ The Chivalry Bookshelf can be found at www.chivalrybookshelf.com ter the war, allowing the students a glimpse at how a fervent desire for peace can affect memories of war. “I want students to leave my class with an understanding of the complex political currents that affected life during the Civil War and after,” Finseth said. “A lot of the debates from that time are still going on – debates about the federal versus the state government, debates about the use of military power, and others.” Though his research focuses on the Civil War, Finseth also has a forthcoming essay on Herman Melville’s war poetry which will be published in the journal Leviathan in October 2010. HH


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Kevin Cagle, wildlife biologist for the Fort Hood Directorate of Public Works, documented the “deer netting.”

ALEOZOOLOGIST STUDIES WHITE-TAILED DEER IN TEXAS

Calf roping, bull riding, and steer wrestling are well-known activities in Texas, but “deer netting” has yet to be declared an official rodeo event. The activity requires a similar sort of energy, though, according to Steve Wolverton, a UNT paleozoologist affiliated with the Institute of Applied Science and the Department of Geography. He has been working with a number of colleagues and grad students from UNT and elsewhere to safely capture, collar, and release white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) back into the wilds of Fort Hood in a study of two deer populations on the Army base. Wolverton, an assistant professor, has been building on his doctoral dissertation research in this project, informally titled “Land Use Ecology and the Deer Problem in Central Texas.” The goal of the research is to provide data-driven evidence for discussions of appropriate deer health and population control policy. Wolverton’s collaborators in the project include fellow UNT wildlife conservation biologists Jeff Johnson and James Kennedy (Department of Biological Sciences); wildlife biologist Kevin Cagle from the Natural Resources Branch, Directorate of Public Works at Fort Hood; and ecologist Michael Huston from Texas State University. “Fort Hood is diverse in terms of vegetation, military and civilian development, and thus availability of suitable habitat for deer. In addition, some areas of Fort Hood are more crowded with deer than others,” Wolverton said. “This project is assessing differences in deer size and condition within the fort to better understand the impacts of development and habitat.”

Photo: Jay Rodman

When, where, and how deer use parts of the fort are important. “We’ve been tracking deer using GPS collars for a year to assess their use of space,” Wolverton said. There are essentially two deer populations the team is interested in, one north of U.S. Highway 190 on Fort Hood, where the forage is relatively abundant, and one south of the highway, where the forage is more sparse.

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Steve Wolverton, a paleozoologist in the Department of Geography and the Institute of Applied Science, explains the function of GPS collars that he and colleagues use to track the migration of Fort Hood white-tailed deer populations.

Deer to be collared are identified from a helicopter where a wildlife biologist with a net gun shoots a net to restrain the deer, which is then subdued manually for collaring. After the collar is affixed to its neck, the deer is released back into the wild. The collars are eventually recovered, and tissue and bone samples are collected from a rear leg, when the animals are shot by sport hunters. The collars provide six bits of location information daily, which, along with DNA from the tissue, size and health information from bone and marrow, and habitat information from the Fort Hood database, all provide data for the study. It is not only life sciences faculty and students involved in this project: analysis of the data is being accomplished, in part, using a GIS (geographic information system) wildlife tracking computer application developed by Cai Chen, who graduated from UNT in May 2009 with a master’s degree in applied geography. Faculty advisors for his thesis, “Developing a wildlife tracking extension for ArcGIS,” were Pinliang Dong in geography and Yan Huang in computer science. This research fits into a much broader geographic and evolutionary context that is highly relevant socially, politically, and economically in central Texas.

White-tails so overcrowd areas of the region today that their body size is smaller than at any time during the last several thousand years. Wolverton explains that management of the central Texas population is difficult because the annual sport harvest is not high enough. This is partly due to the fact that many deer inhabit urban and suburban areas in the region where sport harvest and other forms of management are not an option. “Our efforts to understand deer ecology across the urban-to-rural interface at Fort Hood may help provide some pieces of the management puzzle.” In mid-February 2010, seven collars arrived at Wolverton’s office, all with GPS units intact. Five additional collars are yet to be recovered. The data collected will be integrated into the larger data set and will contribute to the understanding of the movements of individual deer. While the project is essentially openended, Wolverton and his colleagues have already co-authored a few papers based on this project, and anticipate more within the next year or two. “Our hope is to produce a study that integrates data on deer body size, condition, and home-range use and their relationship to human use of landscapes in central Texas,” said Wolverton. “At a broader scale, there is much to be learned about the ecological and evolutionary mechanisms that connect animals to landscapes, particularly in the wake of global environmental impacts.”

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OP-ED: The Cult of Domesticity– LIFE LESSONS IN TIMES OF WAR

I recently discussed first wave feminism with my students. Although many of them once received Susan B. Anthony coins, few knew of her contributions to women’s rights. Most of them are avid watchers of Jersey Shore, but none knew that New Jersey was the first to allow women to vote as early as 1776. To be sure, while my students’ knowledge of feminist history did not run deep, they argued ardently against one concept: the Cult of Domesticity. This concept that once guided arguments for women’s suffrage and temperance is rooted in normative expectations of women’s piety, purity, submissiveness, and domesticity. While we ought to resist any efforts to police gendered identities, an immediate dismissal of the Cult’s four pillars might be shortsighted in times of too much war and too little peace. To begin, the notion of piety is rooted generally in various faiths’ investments in humility. In Attitudes Toward History, Kenneth Burke underscores this concept by reminding us that the “progress of humane enlightenment

can go no further than in picturing people not as vicious, but as mistaken.” Adding that our perspectivalism renders us always at least partially mistaken, we are encouraged to maximize personal and collective humility. In this way, piety need not be located in gendered religious doctrine, but in a spirit of mutual respect and humanizing discourses.

of submission out of the context of gender? To lawyers, a submission is an agreement between disputants to yield to an arbiter. With the aims of living in a more deliberative democracy, perhaps more reliance on arbitration rather than force, indeed more submission, could bring us closer to peaceful coexistence.

The second of the Cult’s tenets, purity, certainly raised the indignation of my students. Why are there such double standards between men and women? Instead of rooting this notion in sexual purity, per se, the BhagavadGita advocates releasing our personal cravings into the universe and practicing philanthropy to bring about individual and communal purity. In times of economic paucity, could not a spirit of philanthropic purity offer some headway toward living more peacefully as a people?

Finally, the Cult claimed women’s rightful place was the domestic sphere of the home. Bust magazine touts third wave feminists as enjoying a return to domestic tasks such as “knitting, cooking, and caring for children.” Recognizing that men and women alike are part of the third wave, perhaps we might think of knitting, cooking, and childcare as metaphors for a broader ethic of care. If it takes the proverbial village to raise a feminist, then an emphasis on providing warmth, sustenance, and support globally seems like a worthy goal.

The Cult’s insistence on women’s submission to men is rightly troubling to most modern individuals. Again, though, what if we take this concept

To be sure, I am not what my mother would call a “domestic diva.” I can’t cook, I live amongst piles of clutter and cats, and I am childless by choice.

Until recently, I saw the tenets of piety, purity, submissiveness, and domesticity as complete anathema to contemporary progressive politics.

In times of more war than peace, however, we might just have a few lessons to learn from our first wave sisters. —Suzanne Enck-Wanzer Enck-Wanzer, assistant professor, Department of Communication Studies and Women’s Studies Program, holds a PhD in communication and culture from Indiana University. She studies representations of violence against women in U.S. public culture.

Feedback:

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University of North Texas College of Arts and Sciences 1155 Union Circle #305189 Denton, TX 76203-5017 USA

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Synergies is a publication of the College of Arts and Sciences at the University of North Texas. Created with alumni and other affiliates and supporters of the college in mind, Synergies exists as this print publication and as a web-based “magazine” at www.cas.unt.edu/synergies. Editor Jay Rodman Writers April Murphy, Jay Rodman Designer Karen SG Milnes Cover photos: www.freemilitaryphotos.com and UNT Aerospace Studies

Hello, again! We are glad you are reading the spring 2010 edition of Synergies, our college newsmagazine that describes some of the society-changing, provocative, and sometimes offbeat activities of our students, faculty, staff, and alumni. Lest you think I’ve adopted “construction chic” as a new wardrobe theme, I should clarify that I’m pictured here on a recent tour of our new Life Sciences Building, now in the late phases of construction and due to open in early June. Together with the existing Biology Building, the $32 million, 87,000-sq.-ft. addition of laboratory space will comprise UNT’s Life Science Complex, a vital part of Arts and Sciences’ contribution to UNT’s determined push to become a national research

university. But that’s not all that’s “under construction” in the college! We have received funding (approximately $3 million) for renovation of the Science Research Building, built in 1980 and in need of some refurbishing to meet modern standards. Researchers from the Departments of Chemistry and Physics will occupy this renovated space sometime in 2011. While national research university status is relatively easily measured by the level of externally generated research funds (which is highly dependent on our scientists occupying stateof-the-art facilities), we also measure our status by the creative activities of faculty and students in the social sciences and humanities. Which brings us to the “War and Peace” theme of this issue of Synergies, inspired by the

stellar accomplishments of our military historians in the Department of History and the peace studies faculty in Political Science. The limited space allotted to me by our ever-vigilant editor, Jay Rodman, prevents me from elaborating on our award-winning dance faculty, our nationally recognized poets, our “not-your-father’s” philosophers, or any other of the many accomplished faculty and students in CAS. To find out more about all that, you’ll need to go beyond the contents of this issue to the regularly updated news on the CAS website (www.cas.unt. edu) and the Synergies site (www.cas. unt.edu/synergies).

As always, if you liked (or disliked) something you read, please let us know! Best, Warren Burggren, Dean UNT College of Arts and Sciences CASDean@unt.edu


Synergies - Spring 2009 Issue