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Tributes to Sir Marcus Loane 1911-2009
What we owe our first Aussie Archbishop PAGE 8 &19
That's the spirit
Good living #1: Fighting for the poor Andrew Cameron: God loves social action
You’ve remembered the essentials PLUS Fighting the Taliban: MICHAEL KELLAHAN argues that mission means Christians must behave like 'counter-insurgents' PAGES 11-12
Good living #2: 0ur green teens
Youth want action on climate. Do we listen?
A SPIRITUAL BATTLE
God's guide to defeating demons PAGES 26-27
sydney news •G-G AT CATHEDRAL SERVICE
Quentin Bryce prays for troops
Mission makes Muslim contact
and chaplains who serve them. In his sermon on the day, Dean Phillip Jensen said prayer is “action that makes a difference” and “the great antidote to anxiety”. Mosque vision: Moore students at Auburn’s Gallipoli mosque.
•CARR’s PARLIAMENT warning
PHOTO: Ramon Williams
Speak up on rights Christians!
ormer Premier Bob Carr (above) says both New South Wales and Australia risk having a charter of rights that will curb religious freedom unless churches and other groups stand up and express their views. Mr Carr was introduced by the Dean of Sydney, Phillip Jensen, at a lecture
at Parliament House in Sydney, organised by Family Voice Australia. The Australian Human Rights Commission is finalising a report on religious freedom and is tipped to recommend laws on religious vilification. There is also a nationwide inquiry, headed by Jesuit priest Father Frank Brennan, on the possibility of a charter of rights. “Why on earth do we want to involve courts and government in determining arguments and contentions between different religious faiths?” said the former premier. Dean Jensen said he believed christians should take Mr Carr’s advice to contact their MPs.
oore College’s first ever mission team dedicated to engaging with Muslims visited a mosque and ran a halal barbeque in the Guildford and Berala neighbourhoods. During the mission week, which ran from March 29 to April 5, the team was also invited to a weekly gathering of the Sydney University Cumberland campus’ Muslim Student Association. Moore College’s head of missions, the Rev Greg Anderson, says doorknocking during the opt-in mission – part of Moore’s increased profile on Muslim engagement – revealed many Muslims were open to talking about Christianity. “What we
found was that there are many Muslims who have moved to Sydney who are eager for friendship, incredibly hospitable and welcoming, and if Christians can be the ones who befriend them, that’s fantastic.” Fourth-year student Ben Bathgate says it was thoughts of working overseas in a Muslim country that led him to join this team. “I didn’t know much about Islam beforehand, and hadn’t had any experience with Muslims either,” he says. Mr Bathgate found people of non-AngloSaxon background were more open to ‘cold-contacts’. “It was so different to the
doorknocking I’ve done before, because in the end I was just walking up and asking if people wanted to talk about Jesus – they did. It’s ruined me for Aussie evangelism!” he says. While Mr Anderson says doorknocking has always been a focus of Moore College missions, All Saints’, Waitara rector, the Rev Bruce Stanley says over 30 church members participated in doorknocking for mission this year, a significant increase from the one member last time. At Centennial Park, Moore faculty team leader the Rev Archie Poulos says doorknocking was “almost universally well received”, especially as St Matthias’
members had doorknocked the parish twice beforehand. “That just highlights the significance of doorknocking – people have this idea that doorknocking will be horrible, but it’s not,” Mr Anderson says. “Doorknocking means we care about everybody in this geographical neighbourhood, not just the people that we have a social network with.” During mission week, the 16 mission teams handed out thousands of Colin Buchanan DVDs, copies of The Essential Jesus and gospels in other languages at Easter assemblies, railway stations bus stops and shopping centres.
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SOUTHERN CROSS MAY 2009
PHOTO: Tim Iles
overnorGeneral Quentin Bryce (right) and Chief of Defence Force Allan Grant (Angus) Houston joined over 400 people in St Andrew’s Cathedral on April 19 to lay wreaths of remembrance and pray for Australian defence and police personnel deployed in some of the world’s worst trouble spots. At the ANZAC prayer service, Deputy chief of the Royal Australian Navy, Davyd Thomas spoke of his Christian faith and urged prayer for the safety, wisdom and alertness of servicemen and women and the doctors, nurses
PHOTO: Ramon Williams
•MOORE VISITS MOSQUE
sydney news •IMPACT OF GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS
Cutbacks to preserve Diocesan capital russell powell
t its March meeting, Standing Committee was given an outline of the process for determining distributions from the Diocesan Endowment, which has been significantly impacted by the Global Financial Crisis. As reported in the April Southern Cross, events in the world financial markets have greatly reduced the amount of money available for diocesan funding, which will hit distributions from
2010 onwards. Although the immediate effects are cushioned, the Diocese has begun a process of determining distributions for the next three-year period, which involves a sub-committee meeting with leaders of diocesan organisations, hearing reports on their work and the effect of cutbacks. The March Standing Committee meeting heard a report from Sydney Diocesan Secretariat/ Glebe Administration
Board CEO Steve McKerihan on the steps taken to protect the capital of the Diocesan Endowment from further losses. Mr McKerihan stressed that GIA (Glebe Income Accounts) depositors’ funds were not affected. He said, however, that the process to prune diocesan expenditure in line with forecast income must continue and that progress on the review committee process would be reported in May. Mr McKerihan told the meeting that losses
had been magnified because the amount of investments had been increased through the use of borrowed money. He stated that, while use of borrowed funds for this purpose is appropriate in some circumstances, in hindsight, the extent of losses had demonstrated that the level of gearing was too high. Standing Committee also heard debate over the level of current distributions versus preservation of existing capital. There was strong
argument that despite the effect on ministry disbursements in the short term, capital should be preserved and allowed to rebuild. The Bishop of South Sydney, Robert Forsyth, argued that since the Diocese had prospered in good economic circumstances, it had to live within its means during a downturn. “We have to live with what God has given us,” Bishop Forsyth told the meeting. He argued against using capital to cushion
the effects of the Global Financial Crisis, saying to do so would be a disservice to future generations. A final report is expected to go to Standing Committee mid-year for debate, and then to Synod in October for a final decision. All Synod members will receive detailed reporting on the investment losses and flow-on impacts on distributions in the Synod papers that are mailed to them ahead of the session. •Details of the cutbacks will be featured in a future issue of Southern Cross.
•Community garden pLANtED
Petersham ready to dig deep for locals
PHOTO: Scott Webster
Fertile soil: All Saints’ Petersham’s garden is bringing locals and church members together.
ll Saints’ Petersham’s community garden is about to yield its first harvest, but the prize goes beyond vegetables. Aided by a grant from Marrickville Council which covered costs for soil, seeds and tools, All Saints’ has joined forces with the Seaberth Lodging boarding house next door and the local Baptist Community Services op-shop to run the garden. “The intention is to mix church people with the local community,” says rector, the Rev Antony Barraclough. “The boarding house residents won’t walk in our church doors so this is a different
way to witness – it gives them a reason to be on site and for us to get to know them.” Seaberth’s manager Brett Phillips says the garden will help residents, many of whom struggle with drug and alcohol addiction. “It’s a way to address the isolation of the boarders within the premises, to be able to get them outdoors to interact with other people… to supplement diet, because they generally have a poor diet… and to give them a different view on life, to be able to nurture something from start to finish.” There have already been scarecrow building
and garden naming competitions, and a chicken coop was added. Every Thursday, All Saints’ invites residents to a free barbeque in the hope they will stay and do some gardening with members from All Saints’ and Petersham Baptist Church. The plan is to use the vegetables from the garden in informal cooking demonstrations, making salads and stirfries. Mr Barraclough says the garden is “our effort to reach the non-middle class on our doorstep”. Already one resident doorknocked in Moore mission week, is doing Simply Christianity with a member of All Saints’.
ChurCh Planting ConferenCe 25-26 June 2009 Join with a dozen of Australia’s proven church planters for two days in June as they share their struggles, their joys and their wisdom through decades of ministry. Hear each of them reflect on a profound theological question they have wrestled with. Discuss the challenges of church planting in the fellowship of fellow reapers in God’s harvest. Location Moore College, 15 King Street, Newtown When 10am-8:30pm Thurs 25th, 9am-4:30pm Friday 26th June Cost Workers $140 Students $90 (includes two lunches, and one evening meal) Speakers Include Steve Cree, Phil Campbell, Justin Moffatt, Phillip Jensen, Andrew Heard, Paul Dale, Martin Morgan, David Sheath, Nigel Fortescue, Richard Hibbert To register go to www.moore.edu.au/register
Australian Church History Festival May 23rd 2009 At Moore College, 9:30am – 4pm Contact Julie 9577 9897 Topics include The Life and Influence of Rev. William Cowper (1778 – 1858) Pioneering work of Women’s Ministry in Australia | Christianity in World War I Hymnody, Ecumenism and National Identity
connect09 news •MINISTRY TACKLES GHOSTLY FEARS
Indonesian students meet God in a graveyard A graveyard at dusk seemed a fitting location for students from Unichurch’s Gereja Kristen Pelita (GKP) Indonesian ministry to invite their friends, as the culmination of a ‘Ghosts, Ghouls and God’ series. A free moonlight tour around a Newtown cemetery, was followed by a talk among the headstones from secondyear ministry apprentice Rusmin Kesuma, an Indonesian who first understood Christianity through GKP. “When we first mentioned the idea, we received mixed responses
– some were excited, but several thought the idea too spooky,” says pastor, the Rev Charles Gajus. Nonetheless, he says one in four people to attend the outing – held in the grounds of St Stephen’s, Newtown – were friends of GKP students. “Many who call themselves Christians in Indonesia continue to fear spirits, ghosts, and things associated with death,” he continues. “We want to show both Christians and their friends that those who hold on to Jesus have no fear of death.” >>More on Ghosts, Ghouls and the Underworld on pages 26-27.
Dead calm: apprentice Rusmin Kesuma has a captive audience at GKP’s graveyard event.
Join us to hear of the state of the Anglican church in Canada, and the unfolding story of the Anglican Network in Canada. What will happen for David Short and St John’s Shaughnessy when the court case to settle the property dispute between St John’s and the Diocese of New Westminster begins on 25th May? What is the future for parishes wanting to remain faithful to the Bible?
Littlies from Wentworth Falls thought Easter outside was a sweet idea.
•RAIN HOLDS OFF FOR SERVICES IN THE PARK
Churches take Easter outdoors
everal Sydney Anglican churches braved the predicted showers to take Easter services to local parks and reserves this year, in a bid to increase their community profile and invite passers by to join in. One of these was Holy Trinity Wentworth Falls, whose Easter in the Park attracted 200 people. “A number of passers-by stopped and came to join
The Canada Briefing With LESLEY BENTLEY
SPOKESPERSON ANGLICAN NETWORK IN CANADA
At St Andrew’s Roseville Tuesday 12th May, 8-9.30pm. Will include time for prayer for the Network, its Churches and the Anglican Church in Canada.
SOUTHERN CROSS MAY 2009
in or watched from afar. And our aim of trying share Jesus in a nonthreatening environment seemed to have worked for some of these people,” says organiser Sophie Partington. A kids puppet show and balloons which were held high to the cheer of “Jesus is Risen” were some of the highlights. Putney Anglican Church also held their Sunday service in nearby
Kissing Point Park. For a church of only 50, minister the Rev Matthew Snelson said Easter is a “must-grab opportunity”. “We’re not interested in doing a big ‘out there’ community thing at Christmas time because we can’t compete with Ryde Council, Rotary, primary schools – we get crowded out,” he explains. “I’m the only full-time minister here in Putney,
and it has a village feel, so putting on a communitywide Easter event is a great opportunity and a hole we can fill best.” The church handed out showbags on the day with balloons, lollies, Essential Jesus and Bible Society tracts and invitations to Introducing God. Other churches to try the idea were Quakers Hill Anglican Church and St Thomas’, Cranebook.
•Miracle poll backs C09 gospel strategy
Most Aussies think Jesus is divine P
re-Easter polling backs Connect09’s strategy, showing most Australians are very positive about Jesus, and think he is God, rose from the dead and had miraculous healing powers. These findings suggest that distributing gospel accounts of Jesus’ life should be easier than many Sydney Anglicans fear, with only a small minority seriously opposed to the veracity of gospel accounts. Only 1 in 10 Australians are hardcore sceptics who think Jesus is a myth. The poll of 2500 Australians was conducted by McCrindle Research and commissioned by the Centre for Public Christianity (CPX) in the lead-up to their Life of Jesus historical documentary, screened on Channel Seven on Good Friday. The researchers found that 15 percent of Australians see themselves as devout Christian believers who identify with
the term ‘born again’. This finding mirrors previous qualitative surveys. However the real surprise is that out of the 85 percent of Australians who do not identify as ‘born again Christians’, nearly half believe Jesus rose from the dead. These findings were a great shock to the CPX team. “We expected to see an increased scepticism toward all things Christian,” says Dr John Dickson. “But we were really surprised by the enduring belief that’s out there – 42 percent of Australians who aren’t born-agains think that Jesus had divine powers. I mean, I was floored by that.” CPX co-director, Dr Greg Clarke agrees the average Aussie’s image of Jesus is not the one that Christian leaders have often assumed, with a widespread acceptance of a supernatural reality. So apart from his
CPX men on ‘holy ground’: Dr John Dickson and Dr Greg Clarke in Israel.
miraculous healings, what else do most Australians know about Jesus? Over 80 percent of Australians correctly identified sayings of Jesus listed by the researchers. The most well-known was: “I have come that you may have life”, which was correctly identified by nearly 9 in 10 Australians. “People are still familiar with the sayings of Jesus – at least the vibe of them,” says Dr Clarke. Meanwhile, Life Of Jesus was a TV ratings success with 158,000 people watching in Sydney, Melbourne Brisbane, Adelaide and Perth.
world news •GAFCON PRIMATES MEETING
New Nth American province embraced
•BISHOP OF ROCHESTER RESIGNS
Nazir-Ali to help persecuted church O
GAFCON bishops including Archbishop Peter Akinola (centre) welcome aboard Bishop Bob Duncan of the new North American province
e came to ask a blessing and we got a blessing” is the way Bishop Bob Duncan describes the visit by a delegation from the new North American province to the GAFCON Primates Council in London. Duncan, the Archbishop designate of the new province, led a delegation
including Bishop Iker of Fort Worth, Bishop Murphy of the Anglican Mission in the Americas, Bishops Minns and Anderson of the Convocation of Anglicans in North America, Bishop Guernsey, the Church of Uganda’s bishop for its US congregations, Kenya’s US-based bishop
Bill Atwood, and Bishop Harvey who leads the Anglican Network in Canada. They presented a report on the formation of the new Anglican Church of North America (ACNA), including its structure, canons and attendance figures – numbers which already are greater than the church in Wales. In response, the council
issued a communiqué that recognises the Anglican Church in North America as “genuinely Anglican and recommends that Anglican Provinces affirm full communion with the ACNA”. “What impressed the GAFCON primates is that we’re united and we’re focused,” Bishop Duncan said. The meeting also
reviewed progress on the establishment of the Fellowship of Confessing Anglicans, which now has over one million members. The Archbishop of Sydney, Peter Jensen, is honorary secretary of the council. The council, consisting of seven primates and chaired by Nigeria’s Archbishop Peter Akinola, repeated their commitment to the
Live life to the full
PHOTO: Joy Gwaltney
ne of the most senior bishops in the Church of England, Michael NazirAli (right) is retiring early to help church leaders in areas where Christians are “under pressure, particularly in minority situations”. The 59-year-old Bishop of Rochester has given no other details of his plans, except to say he has been asked to help churches in persecuted areas with education and training for their particular situations. Originally from Pakistan, Michael Nazir-Ali was the first non-white to hold the post of diocesan bishop in the Church of England. He was one of the leaders at the GAFCON conference in Jerusalem last year.
Anglican Communion and “to being a faithful and creative voice for renewal within it to recapture a focus on biblical teaching and mission.” “Though conscious of our inadequacies... [we] seek only to serve the Lord, the people of the Anglican Communion and those who have yet to hear the life-changing message of the Gospel.”
Life was always meant to be fun – so why stop now? At Anglican Retirement Villages, we take care of your day to day concerns and those little mundane tasks, while you focus on living life to the full. When you choose to live in one of the Village neighbourhoods, you’ll meet up with like minded people who share your passion for life and sense of adventure. So whether you’re keen to head out and explore the local bushland, enjoy a round of golf, view the latest art exhibition, join a congregation, shop, dine or dance the night away, you’ll always be in great company. Anglican Retirement Villages, Communities of Christian Care. Water aerobics. W obics. Aquatic Centre, Cent ARV Castle Hill.
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news from north sydney •BOOMERANG MISSIONARIES TO LEAD LOCAL JAPANESE
Cammeray’s new face
BISHOP WRITES with Glenn Davies
Your neighbours were made for God
t the heart of Connect09 is a desire for Sydney Anglicans to connect with the various communities of people who live among us – in our neighbourhoods, our places of work and recreation – in order that they might connect with God. At the end of Ecclesiastes (12:13) when the preacher has completed his discussion of wisdom and where it can be found, he concludes: “The end of the matter after all that has been heard is this: Fear God and keep his commandments, for this is the wholeness of mankind”. One could paraphrase this as saying that true wisdom is found in trusting God and obeying him, for this is what makes humans whole. Most translations read: “this is the whole duty of mankind”; but the word “duty” is not in the Hebrew text. While it is not wrong to speak of faith and obedience as a duty, it is preferable to understand this response to God as the one for which we were made. It is true of all people, as they have all been made in God’s image for this very purpose. It makes them truly whole. The French philosopher Blaise Pascal expressed it this way: “there is a God-shaped vacuum in every person which cannot be filled by any created thing, but only by God, the Creator, made known through Jesus”. In comparable terms, Augustine of Hippo said: “our hearts are restless until they find their rest in thee.” When we connect with people, we need to be reminded of these truths. They may not realise that they have been made by God and made for God, but God’s Spirit can access deaf ears and open blind eyes through his word. It is with this powerful incentive that we are distributing more than a million copies of Luke’s Gospel and hundreds of thousands of other resources to the people of Sydney and Wollongong. For in the gospel is found true wisdom, summed up by the apostle Paul as “the obedience that springs from faith” (Rom 1:5). We have a rich treasure within our hands, and a significant responsibility to our fellow citizens to give them an opportunity to put their faith in Jesus and to turn from their sins. In so doing, not only will they glorify God but they will find the deepest satisfaction of their soul in becoming “whole” as human beings – to trust and obey for there’s no other way.
PHOTO: Scott Webster
Japanese joy: Mariko Aoki in church with pastors Grahame and Cathy Smith.
ormer CMS missionaries Grahame and Cathy Smith have returned from 18 years in Japan to pastor the Sydney Japanese Evangelical Church (SJEC), which has met on the Cammeray premises of NaremburnCammeray Anglican Church (NCAC) for the past two years. NCAC’s senior minister, the Rev Rick Smith says employing the Smiths strengthens the churches’ partnership, and helps NCAC reach locals. “For the last 10 years we have recognised that one of the biggest opportunities in this region is outreach into the Japanese community. “There are around 10,000 long-term Japanese-speaking residents in Sydney, the vast majority living in our region.” While the Smiths will have some responsibilities at NCAC, their focus will be nurturing the SJEC congregation, boosting
outreach to Japanese and training NCAC members in cross-cultural ministry. “We are very excited to work with Grahame and Cathy, who we’ve known for a long time along with their gospel and Bible-centred ministries in Japan,” says Dr Hajime Suzuki, a leading member of SJEC, which meets on Sundays at 2pm. Each month, SJEC runs a Narnia Café for parents of children who attend Japanese school on Saturdays at Cammeray Public School. The café allows parents to explore Bible themes in CS Lewis’ stories in simple English. Grahame Smith says Japanese in Australia are often freed up from society and family pressures. “There is a general ignorance of the idea of a personal creator God,” he says. “With most Japanese religion, the aim is to keep God out of your life. We hope to tell Japanese that God loves them and wants a relationship.”
TWINNED CHURCHES LED ME TO CHRIST by Mariko Aoki
started tagging along with my mum to church in 2001, after a friend invited her. Six months earlier, my dad had been in a car accident and was seriously injured. It was a period of darkness. Later my dad and sister started coming to church as well. I saw changes in my parents but didn’t make an effort to know why. I went to Sydney Japanese Evangelical Church (SJEC) when it was founded in 2003. But as the sermons were in Japanese, I tuned out completely. Church was a chore. At a Christmas Service in 2007, I met Mark and his wife Grace from Naremburn-Cammeray Anglican who invited me to their Bible study. At first I tried to avoid it at all costs. I thought Christians were weird. When I did go, I realised that: 1. Christians can be normal people, and 2. I had no idea what the Bible was talking about. After going to a few studies, I felt obliged to go their evening service. When I was invited to do Christianity Explained, I said ‘Yes’. There I learnt for the first time that Christianity was a relationship with God, and Jesus was the one who had given us this opportunity. But I spent the next eight months ‘fence-sitting’. A significant step was the church house party last year, on heaven and hell – the concept of these two different places really amplified what Jesus had done for me. After that I started getting emotional responses when I heard sermons about God, and sang songs at church that had finally made sense to me. It was December last year that I realised that Jesus had died for my sins. Mark asked me if I wanted to make a commitment. I said ‘Yes’ and prayed to God properly for probably the first time. I thank God that even in my years of ignorance, rebellion and uncertainty, he worked through both of my churches to lead me to him.
THE NSW/ACT REGIONAL OFFICE INVITES YOU TO JOIN WITH US IN CELEBRATING 90 YEARS AS THE BUSH CHURCH AID SOCIETY OF AUSTRALIA.
THANKSGIVING SERVICE AND PICNIC LUNCH
The CMS Conference Centre occupies over a hectare of shady, grassed grounds. It is located on the top of the escarpment overlooking the Jamieson Valley with beautiful views of the Three Sisters and Echo Point. Just two hours drive west of Sydney, facilities include meals and accommodation for up to 156 people, a large separate dining room and meeting room. The centre is fully catered, with delicious meals at a high standard. Extra care taken with special dietary needs. Catering facilities for up to 160 people.
SOUTHERN CROSS MAY 2009
Date: Saturday 23rd May 2009 Venue: Ryde Anglican Centre 42 Church St Ryde Time: 11am—2pm CMS Conference Centre 2 Violet Street KATOOMBA NSW 2780
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• ‘FULL’ MOWBRAY MERGES WITH LANE COVE
Youth catch ‘Mowcove’ vibe ‘Mowcove’ youth bond during a fishing trip. They have designed their own logo, which they showed off on hoodies at KYCK.
eens and youth leaders from Lane Cove and Mowbray have teamed up for fishing days as just one sign of excitement at the merger of the two parishes, which they have affectionately called ‘Mowcove’, as of April 29. The journey began a year ago, when Mowbray rector, the Rev Darren Waters approached the Rev Roger Kay after realising Lane Cove Plaza was the “natural meeting point” for locals. Another factor was Mowbray’s stone church building, which seats only 100, even though services attract up to 120. “Last year we had three families come and leave basically because there was
no room for them,” Mr Waters explains. “We’re connecting at a basic level but we’re so full that we have no room for people to stay connected.” The congregation was too small to plant a church, land was too expensive and the building too hard to extend. As the two rectors chatted, Mr Waters says “we saw a lot of synergy and potential”. While Mr Kay’s move to CMS earlier this year seemed a hitch initially, having one vacant parish meant a merger was legally possible. Mr Waters, who will be rector of the new parish of Lane Cove with Mowbray, is looking forward to doing regular events such as
Toys’n’Tucker on a bigger scale, and freeing up some leaders for local mission. The new parish will run four Sunday services. Church planting is also on the cards. The Rev Lloyd Bennett, locum at Lane Cove, says the merger is “unique” as “it’s two strong parishes amalgamating”. Despite some concerns, Mr Bennett says he has been encouraged by the congregation. “They were a very godly bunch who raised issues, asked good questions, and when they got satisfactory answers, they moved on… so in the end Lane Cove’s vote on the matter happened to be a unanimous vote and that was quite moving.”
•NORTH SYDNEY HIRES WEDDING EVANGELIST
This man wants to marry non-Christians
ill you marry me?” is a question the Rev Richard James (right) hopes to hear many times as St Thomas’, North Sydney’s first ever wedding evangelist. The June appointment is part of St Thomas’ plan to connect with couples wanting to get married in their 1884 stone building. “Richard’s proven gifts of evangelism, preaching and nurturing… will more effectively enable St Thomas’ to connect partners to each other and to the Lord Jesus,” says asssistant minister, the Rev Peter Frith. Mr James, former rector of St David’s, Forestville,
says on average, two couples a week contact St Thomas’ about weddings. He seeks to give them a central point of contact and “the best possible preparation and wedding they can hope for”, especially as one in two marriages end in divorce. This preparation will include couples coming to
church each Sunday until their wedding, face-to-face meetings, and several marriage preparation courses including Prepare, Alpha’s pre-marriage course, and Christianity Explained. Mr James also hopes to promote St Thomas’ through wedding fairs, magazines and advertisements, and build relationships with other popular ‘wedding churches’ in Sydney. “I want couples to have their stereotype of Christianity and Christians changed,” he says, adding he believes a good experience of church will achieve this.
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sir marcus loane •SIR MARCUS LOANE: 1911-2009
Sydney remembers ‘a great man’ PHOTO: Ramon Williams
Sir Marcus Loane, hailed a “rock” of the church in Australia, passed away on April 14, aged 97. • 1st Australian-born Archbishop of Sydney 1966-82 • Primate of Australia 1978-82. • Assistant Bishop, Sydney Diocese 1958-66 • Principal of Moore College 1954-59 • Vice-Principal of Moore College 1939-53 • AIF chaplain, Papua New Guinea 1942-44.
BISHOP JOHN REID pays tribute to a scholar, preacher, leader and fellow servant of Christ.
PHOTO: Ramon Williams
uch has been written about Marcus Loane’s remarkable impact on the Church and about the strength of his convictions. It is helpful to see that underlying these convictions was an understanding of history. Probably this went back to his lectures on Jesus in the gospels and the impact of Paul on the early church. He loved to see lines or trails of faith and conviction which were passed down from one generation to another. Apart from his biblical studies he explored the
Sir Marcus with Dr Billy Graham at the 1968 Crusade.
impact that the English Reformers had in the 16th century in England. This understanding of the faith again came to prominence in Wesley, Wilberforce, Simeon and others in a later day. This noble succession was at the heart of his writing and he saw how it gripped men and women to embark on stirring missionary enterprises, and there was no one so devoted to the great missionary Henry Martyn as Loane was. As archbishop he explored the places in India where Martyn had preached and ended up in Turkey, finding the grave site of Martyn, which lay hidden under some modern building. I was in the USA when I heard him give
Sir Marcus escorts Queen Elizabeth II into St Andrew’s Cathedral during her 1973 visit.
an account of his visits to many places associated with the preaching of George Wilberforce. The American audience was riveted as they learnt of great events in their spiritual history. Loane saw himself in the succession of Cranmer, Latimer, Ridley, Wilberforce and Wesley. It was this view of history which narrowed Loane’s interests. He said once, “I have no interest in the Church of England before the 16th century”. Yet at the same time this gave him a special strength of belief. As archbishop he never wavered in encouraging evangelism and parishioners’ practice of prayer and Bible reading. This was part of the
inheritance which he had received. Marcus Loane was a very able preacher. His style was his own. There were few illustrations and all that he had to say rarely exceeded 18 minutes. He took a verse or a passage of Scripture and very carefully explored its meaning. I sometimes thought it was like watching a person turning a diamond to catch all the light which was reflected. You often needed to adapt mentally to his careful explanation of the verse. It was reverent and serious and always related to Christ and his salvation for us. All this arose out his clear understanding of the Bible as the final authority in matters of faith. He
preached from tiny notes which he was able to hold in his hand and he did not falter for a word. In the days before he became archbishop, he could be one of the most able debaters in Synod, especially when Moore College was attacked. Marcus Loane was a bookish man. He wrote many books and was always reading. It was therefore a surprise to many when they entered his study to see so few books on the shelves. Most books he read he gave away. The reason why he could dispense with
PHOTO: Ramon Williams
Four archbishops: (from left) Sir Marcus Loane, Donald Robinson, Harry Goodhew and Peter Jensen.
so many was because he had a phenomenal memory. He could recall what he had read. This applied not only to his reading but to his work as archbishop. He could recall events, conversations and agreements with remarkable clarity. Those of us who worked with him were privileged to stand in his shadow. We were better people for the experience.
Diocesan Thanksgiving for the Life and Ministry of
sir Marcus Loane kbe All welcome St Andrew’s Cathedral 10am Wednesday 13th May 2009
Clergy are requested to robe out of deference to Sir Marcus’ concern for tradition.
SOUTHERN CROSS MAY 2009
sir marcus loane •Impact of his life
•SYDNEY ANGLICAN TRIBUTES
Why Australians should remember him
Loane legacy spans generations
An interview with ARCHBISHOP PETER JENSEN.
Bishop Paul Barnett
Watch the full video at sydneyanglicans.net
Impact on Australia: “Sir Marcus was perfectly at home amongst Australians... our first Australian archbishop. “He took an interest in the affairs of the community in which he lived… In regard to the famous Henderson report, I believe he sparked that off by speaking up for the poor in the community and forced Government action as a result. [ED: The 1975 Henderson Report is considered the most wide-ranging inquiry into poverty in Australia’s history, and resulted in the development of the Henderson Poverty Line.] “However, he was not comfortable with the media in my opinion. But that was true of his generation who saw the media as something to be steered right away from. There is wisdom in that attitude. But it does
mean he didn’t take the opportunity to project himself, and therefore the gospel he preached, into the community via the media...”
“He fulfilled the role of Primate of Australia with immense dignity and with the loyalty of all sorts of people who disagreed with him on theological grounds. They saw in Sir Marcus someone who transcended churchmanship barriers and a worthy leader of Australian Anglicanism as a whole. That is a worthy tribute to him.”
“Until fairly recently his works on the Reformation were on university book lists. It wasn’t just the quality of his work, but that you could gain great courage in your faith as you read about what
God had done through individuals in history... Many of us were shaped in our determination to stay true to the ideals of the English Reformation through Sir Marcus Loane’s two very fine [Reformation] studies.”
His legacy for today: “He was a leader whose walk with God we can emulate. For all his long years he lived for Christ and for making his word known. He did it in his own way... the things he did would now seem out of date. But he was right for his generation. So what he has to teach us now is not innovative ideas, but his sheer life of faith. That is his enduring legacy.”
Marcus Loane had an incredibly powerful influence on my life. His lectures to my class at Moore College (in the early 60s) on the life of St Paul and the life of Christ showed me the importance of the historical basis of our faith. Loane was an excellent historian with encyclopaedic knowledge and truly remarkable recall – right up to the end of his life. There is much else that one could say about Marcus – his love for the lost expressed in commitment to world mission, his own power as a conference speaker and preacher, his leadership for the Graham Crusade in 1959, his fearless defence of the Reformation (in declining to attend Mass conducted in Sydney by the then Pope) – yet whilst always remaining on cordial terms with Anglo-Catholics (who greatly respected him). But for me personally, above all it was his love of biblical history and for his biographies of great Christian leaders.
The Rev Dr Mark Thompson
The Diocese that we inherit and that we rejoice in is in large measure under God due to him and that’s a great reason to give thanks. His courageous stand at point after point for the gospel, his willingness to speak for the truth even when it was unpopular, his sense of what was right according to the gospel, all of those are rich contributions that he made. The last time I met him was at the launch of Donald Howard’s book on preaching last year. Still, at the age of 97, he held everyone in the palm of his hand as he spoke about the importance of preaching, the power of the gospel to change people. Here was an elder statesman who had been such a faithful man all throughout his life calling us back to the power of the gospel. It was wonderful.
Canon Sandy Grant
I am too young to have remembered Sir Marcus’ ministry as archbishop. My main exposure has been through reading his biographical books. His Masters of the English Reformation introduced me to Bilney, Tyndale, Latimer, Ridley and Cranmer – real heroes of the faith – in a very accessible way. Grab it, if you ever see it in a second-hand bookshop!
Please meet with me to pray for our neighbours ARCHBISHOP PETER JENSEN says its great to be busy distributing gospels for Connect09. But equally important is praying for the people who receive them. He is hosting a prayer meeting to help, and invites you to attend.
came across a man today I had been waiting three months to meet. I did not know who he would be, but I felt sure that I would meet him. I asked this man whether I could give him a copy of the Connect09 Essential Jesus. He said yes, but when he saw it he said, ‘This is a book which my grandson received recently’. I smiled because I had been waiting to meet someone who had already received our Connect09 gospel. A man whose grandson had received it was so close that I instantly thanked God that someone, somewhere had made the effort to connect with him in this way. You see, I felt sure that if I gave out enough copies, I would meet such a person, because we are all trying to distribute well over a million gospels. So I was not surprised. I am still waiting to meet a person who has received one for themselves! I will keep giving my copies away and recommending the website as a follow-up. Please do the same. Mind you, there is something just as important for us to do. If we are busy
handing out over a million gospels, we need to be equally busy in praying that the Lord will use these books with the message of Jesus in them, to bring people to himself. I believe that the Lord prepares the way for his word by raising heart questions
The plan for the meeting is that we pray through the regions of the Diocese concentrating on the impact that we hope that God’s word will have as it goes out. I think that a focused prayer meeting now at this stage of the campaign is essential. I urge as many of you to come
I don’t know why we should think that God will bless our people if we will not pray for them. in the minds of people. I have been astonished at the readiness of people to talk about faith and I am sure that this is a result of the Lord going before me into situations. I know several instances in which people have been prepared by God to hear his word – are they going to receive it this year, I wonder, from their local Anglican church? We need to meet for prayer more than we do. I am strongly endorsing a central prayer meeting on Friday, May 22 in the Chapter House next to St Andrew’s Cathedral from 10am to 2.30pm.
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as is possible. It may mean taking a day off work or making a special effort to get to the Cathedral. But I don’t know why we should think that God will bless our people if we will not pray for them. Will you join me there? Does God do miracles today? He certainly does the great miracle of bringing people to know him by the power of his Spirit and his word. When this happens, the grip of evil on a person’s heart is broken and new life begins. It is a gracequake. Here is spiritual warfare on a grand scale.
Almighty God, We call upon you for such an outpouring of your Holy Spirit upon us, that we as your people may be assured of your love through your word, seek to please the Saviour in all things, manifest the godly life and be filled with prayerful and sacrificial compassion for the lost in all the world. In the name of our Saviour Jesus Christ,
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If we are hoping that somehow there is to be a great movement to God in our generation it is hardly likely to be in response to tepid and half-hearted prayer. But I sometimes fear that this is all we have time for. By agreeing to meet together like this we encourage each other and are more fervent in our prayers. This is the sort of assault which Satan dreads. I am hoping that by the end of this year, whenever I offer a gospel to someone here in Sydney they will smile and say ‘Thanks but I already have one, and I have read it and believed it’. Now that would be something!
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Love Thy Neighbour
cover feature Research points to ‘home visitation’ not ‘Bible drop’ The Connect09 leadership commissioned a professional research company to conduct focus groups amongst nonbelievers. They found that most Aussies are open to the ‘right’ form of home visits from their local Anglican church.
JEREMY HALCROW discovers the perceived negatives of Connect09’s doorknocking strategy can be turned around into a neighbourhood visitation plan, seen as a winner by all involved.
sking ordinary parishioners to go ‘doorknocking’ has been a very tough sell, admits Geoff Bates, rector of Quakers Hill Anglican. “I think the biggest issue is fear and lack of priority of time,” he says. “It’s not easy to change the culture of the church to look outwards.” A real turning point, says Geoff, was inviting Connect09’s lay ambassadors Vince Williamson and Paula Vouris to come and speak to the congregation. “If the Big Day In put Connect09 on the agenda then the visits from Vince and later, Paula made Connect09 achievable,” he said. “They showed everyone that it was possible for people just like them to be involved.” One of Geoff’s parishioners, who asked not to be identified, said they had been very reluctant after a negative experience doorknocking 20 years ago. However after being convinced to visit 80 houses in their own tight-knit circuitstyle street, they were blown away by the response. That very afternoon, one of the women they had visited earlier dropped
by asking to borrow their wheelbarrow to move some dirt in her garden. “I guess she thought I was a Christian so I’d say ‘yes’. I lent it to her of course, and she ended up telling me her whole life story.” There were other surprises, like the street’s resident ‘scary-looking bloke’ with body-piercings, who took The Essential Jesus because he felt it was something his ‘missus would love to read’. What was the difference this time compared to 20 years ago? “Having a male and female couple helped,” they said. “But the big difference was that these really were our neighbours. We started by saying we live in the house with the grey fence. Most knew our house and some knew about us already.” When interviewed by SC, the couple were planning to revisit their neighbours to drop in an Easter egg and a short note remembering the reason for the holiday. “In my experience doorknocking to invite people to church is a waste of time. You are just another person trying to sell something. You have to go there to give
NEW C09 STRATEGY: The HALLWAY Challenge full details next page >>
them something they actually want. That could be as simple as an invite to a Colin Buchanan concert.” Sharing these stories has helped convince many other parishioners to come on board with their Connect09 strategy, says Geoff Bates. To help address the turn-off factor, Quakers Hill don’t talk about ‘doorknocking’ but ‘connecting with neighbours’. “We have tried to make people responsible for people in their local vicinity,” he said. “It is hard to give someone a New Testament cold turkey. But if you have a context for giving it to them it becomes a lot easier... we’ve learnt this by the school of hard knocks.” The focus on loving your neighbourhood has turned things round at Quakers Hill. “We have been given 18,000 Bibles to hand out, and about 80 people have agreed to help,” he says. “We certainly haven’t got 100 percent of people on board. But this time last year we had zero people involved in doorknocking.”
• Be Local. Much negative doorknocking experience results from people bussed in to sell something. Your church is local. Be loud and proud about that. Our research showed that people mourn the breakdown of community – so being local will be a positive. • Be open about Anglican affiliation. Australians are suspicious and negative towards many religious groups, but especially positive towards the ‘Anglican’ church. Wear something that clearly shows you are part of the church group. People are rightly suspicious of those who cover up their purpose or affiliation. Wear church t-shirts or badges or something similar. You’ll be much more acceptable as part of a group. • It’s not a ‘phone book drop’. People don’t want a book shoved in their face as the first point of contact. Trust will often be built up over several visits. Australians are open to receiving a Bible. But people like to have options presented and to be able to proceed at their own pace. • Be ready to help. In the focus groups we heard phrases like ‘helping others’, ‘unconditional giving’, ‘holidays [kids] care’, ‘provide cultural activities’ again and again. You should be there ready to care for your neighbours’ needs. The focus groups showed that a small minority of people may ask you to point to trained counselling options. • Listen respectfully and take a ‘no’ on the chin. The research indicates that people are really turned off by those who kept pushing once the person had said no. Don’t question, don’t try to have the last word – just leave. • Respect mealtimes. When you arrive is important. If it’s a time that is inconvenient you will annoy more than you attract. • Respect fears of elderly. Young people are more open to doorknocking or even being approached in the street. Older people are more cautious. The elderly will be worried about safety and we should be sensitive to that.
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cover feature ON THE NET Fighting the Taliban: lessons for mission By Michael Kellahan Lesson 1: Know your turf There is a massive disconnect between many churches and their parish. How do we change that?
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SOUTHERN CROSS MAY 2009
There are lessons to learn from the military’s counterinsurgency operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. Company commanders are told their first task is to know their turf (or in our context – parish). Military expert David Kilcullen has written 28 Articles: Fundamentals of Company Level Counterinsurgency. His first article says: Know the people, the topography, economy, history, religion, and culture. Know every village, road, field, population group, tribal leader, and ancient grievance. Your task is to become the world expert on your district. If you don’t know precisely where you will be operating, study the general area. Read the map like a book: study it every night before sleep and redraw it from memory every morning until you understand its patterns intuitively. Develop a mental model of your area, a framework in which to fit every new piece of knowledge you acquire… Neglect this knowledge, and it will kill you.
Putting aside the politics of counterterrorism, we can apply some lessons about tactical leadership to the mission field. Newly deployed rectors could aim for the following: 1. Be the world expert on your parish - what do the people there love and hate? Where do they shop? Are the local schools growing or contracting? What minority groups are there? Talk to lots of people – how has the area changed? Where do people travel to work? 2. Recognise the local church as the front line of mission. Churches face complex, rapidly changing situations that need tactical leadership. You need to work out what will work in your mission field – answers will not come from lifting templates from what others have done or by waiting for someone to tell you how to reach the people entrusted to your care. 3. Don’t hide in your Baghdad-style Green Zone! You need to get out and mix with people. It is easy to build church like a fortress without any connection to the local area – you can even grow churches like that. But that is not the same as winning the hearts and minds of locals – and that must be your mission. They will not come to you unless you first go to them.
The Rev Michael Kellahan writes a blog on mission every Wednesday. To read and comment visit sydneyanglicans.net
Beyond neighbourhood: new strategy targets networks
his month sees the launch of the next phase of Connect09 dubbed ‘the hallway challenge’. The campaign’s slogan – Remember the Essentials – focuses attention on the backbone gospel resource for Connect09: The Essential Jesus. Much of the focus so far has been on a corporate level – encouraging church leaders to organise doorknocking campaigns and neighbourhood events. The new strategy helps church members find new contacts who would otherwise have no connection with churches by tapping into their existing networks. “The idea is to encourage ordinary people to do extraordinary things,” explains the Rev Andrew Nixon, executive director of Connect09. By this, Mr Nixon means that he hopes all Sydney Anglicans will seek every opportunity to put a copy of Connect09’s gospel of Mark ‘magazine’, The Essential Jesus gospel of Luke or the Colin Buchanan-presented Good News Parcel Company DVD into someone’s hands. “Every one of us should have a pile of gospels ready on our landing pad where we keep our wallet, keys and mobile phone,” he says. The aim of the Hallway Challenge is to encourage church members to stop, pray for an opportunity and be prepared to
share a gospel resource with friends and other contacts. The campaign was developed after internal focus-group research found that ordinary Sydney Anglicans believe in evangelism but don’t actually do it. “We worry we don’t know what to say – that we will mess it up,” explains Mr Nixon. “Yet our greatest mistake is not that we say too much, but that we are not taking opportunities. This campaign takes out the fear factor, and makes it easy.” The strategy is set to be a real boost to specialist churches who were left confused by the neighbourhood-based campaign. For example, school-based congregations find doorknocking their parent network impossible due to privacy laws. “I think this idea will be a real winner for all network ministries,” says Mr Nixon. “Connect09 is not about either neighbour or network – it is very much ‘both/and’. Members of school-based churches can doorknock their streets; and people in parish churches have valuable personal networks.”
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feature Roadblock: We feel cold towards the poor There is a frailty to being human that emerges in many ways. We may have so many other responsibilities that it seems impossibly burdensome to think about the world’s poor. A Western epidemic of depression touches many of us with an experience of ‘the pit’ (Psalm 88), driving us away from others and particularly from those far away. An absence of knowledge about the world’s poor may stunt our affection towards them. Or worse, too much shallow knowledge of the world’s poor may have overwhelmed us with feelings of despair and hopelessness about taking action. No engagement can occur when our affections are cold: this is the first roadblock to be addressed. However, we are surrounded by many others whose affections are cold. That they are like this becomes a second roadblock: it seems impossible to believe that we can ever shift the apathy, the cold-heartedness, or the self-interested obsessions of those who surround us.
Roadblock: Individualism and apathy This hang-up is often voiced in a despairing and self-defeating mantra: ‘how can we impose our values upon others?’. Nowadays I find myself breathless with frustration when Christians fall into this intellectual hole. For our story is simply better. It is grounded in the person of Christ. It makes more sense of what it is to be a human. It brings joy, peace and hope because it is true. It is what possessive individualists need, despite their bravado. As I write, we have just lived through one of the most far-reaching and momentous demonstrations of this truth. A decades-long Western commitment to unregulated economic growth has resulted in an ideology of market forces. These have become beloved and treasured as benevolent physical laws – impersonal, yet guiding us to everything good. Of course recent events have revealed that ‘market forces’ are simply a summation of human culture, both at its best when we engage in the organised sharing called ‘the market’, and at its worst when we give ourselves to mythical beasts such as the ‘securitisation’ of immorally constituted sub-prime loans. As a common object of love, ‘market forces’ have unravelled before our eyes. We took something basically good, loved it falsely, and sent it bad. Christian advocacy offers the true story of society. We have a better story.
Roadblock: I don’t know enough This concern should not be lightly dismissed. My glib phrase ‘the world’s poor’ implies that these people are easily identified as one simple class, and perhaps that the solutions are straightforward. In reality there are many and various people, each of whom for various different reasons finds themselves excluded from the social and economic participation that others enjoy. Some people, such as aid workers and experts in development, have the skill to lead the rest of us in this knowledge. Aid and development workers do need to be gentle toward us punters who haven’t seen what they have seen. When they mediate to us stories about others – as Paul did to the Macedonians and Corinthians – our affection for these others begins to grow, and we also grow in discernment about what needs to happen for these people. To this end, each of us could also use our holiday travels differently. A detour to observe a development project might encourage those involved, and grow surprising new bonds of affection between ourselves and others. (Paul’s concern for others seemed to grow the more he travelled.) We can also avoid being psychologically duped by modern media. Day after day, news and current affairs inject a distillate of suffering into our minds. Because we cannot solve everything, we conclude we can do nothing. Plainly, the antidote to this false conclusion is to act on a human scale as we are able. To pick a few development projects, to follow their successes and setbacks, to get to know their leaders and workers, and to support them with money, prayer and promotion might be ‘all’ that we can do. Most certainly, that ‘all’ is not nothing.
Roadblock: It’s all too big Early Christians did not take on big abstract categories such as the ‘social structure’. They followed Jesus in human scale: church collections, testimonies to Christ, facing down the odd Roman official. Particularly in my conservative camp, some therefore conclude that there is no biblical warrant for Christian social reform or advocacy. However, this odd conclusion is not applied in so many other areas of life. In performing surgery or studying an economy, we share something with our neighbour for their good. No early Christians had the opportunity to act in these ways, yet we do not conclude that we lack ‘biblical warrant’ to do so. Similarly, modern political forms of life open opportunities to tell the truth to those who lead us, even if they have been given authority by God (Romans 13:1–7). The truth we tell may be very basic, as when we remind politicians that justice matters and that ‘possessive individualism’ is false. The truth we tell may be far more detailed, as when we become expert in policy development. However, there is no compelling reason not to tell it. What leaders then do is between them and the God who will judge how they led. In fact, through the early Christians and their human-scale engagements, God effectively set off irresistible social changes. Arguable examples include the valuing of female infants, social care for the sick and dying, and the eventual demise of slavery in the British Empire. There is no permanently impermeable state power. One way or another, it is all subject to Christ.
SOUTHERN CROSS MAY 2009
No deeper Many evangelicals are suspicious about political engagement, seeing it as a distraction from the main game of evangelism. Yet the Bible says much about loving the poor. ANDREW CAMERON argues this ‘tension’ is really caused by the way we feel...
ocial reform, advocacy and political engagement are valid Christian expressions of love for our neighbour, and are important and necessary for the good of our neighbours. However, not all Christians feel willing to engage in such activity. I come from a conservative evangelical perspective, a view characterised by an emphasis upon biblical preaching and evangelism, and – in my part of the world – a reticence to say much about social reform. Over the years, I’ve noticed a mutual irritation, a ‘scratchiness’, between those interested in social justice and those in my own ‘camp’. The tension has 19th-century roots, when theological liberalism laid claim to moral action as authentic spirituality while theological conservatism differentiated itself through an emphasis upon biblically shaped theology. Over time, these camps borrowed from Marxist and capitalist ideologies for their respective accounts of society. However, neither ideology offers an authentically Christian account of humanity. Endless conservative discussions of the relationship between social justice and evangelism seem clumsy, even weird, alongside the easygoing seamlessness of the biblical authors’ love of Jesus’ saving work and their love for the poor. On the other hand, facile calls for wealth redistribution may ignore the Bible’s deep analysis of the human spiritual condition – an alienation from God and from each other, which requires Christ’s atonement, the Father’s forgiveness, and Holy Spiritdriven change. Can we leave this tension behind us? Christians from both ‘camps’ need each other, because each knows a thing or two from the Bible.
It is the way we feel
What, then, prevents those Christians who do not engage in social reform, advocacy, and political engagement? My answer will begin in an unexpected place: it has a lot to do with the way we feel. (see box) In contrast the Christians of ancient Macedonia who Paul wrote about in his letters to the Corinthians feel things that we often do not. Yet if we do not feel the
way the Macedonians did, we will not engage with the needs of our neighbours, because we cannot. That claim may initially sound disempowering because in the modern West we have come to believe that we have no control over our feelings. But that is only half true, and the Bible paints a different story. When we direct our gaze differently and when God helps us in our helplessness, an inexorable upheaval follows in our feeling-world. By the time of the apostle Paul’s letter to the Corinthians, news of Jesus has spread like a grassfire around the Mediterranean coast, and dozens of Christian groups are springing up. Paul visits many of these groups, and he becomes aware of major wealth differences between them. He develops an ongoing collection to help some of those who are struggling.
CASE STUDY: ETHIOPIA
Paul plans to invite the Corinthians to contribute, as they have in the past. However, in his letter he also talks about how the Macedonians, city dwellers in the neighbouring region of Achaia, have reacted to the collection. Frankly, they were absurd. “During a severe ordeal of affliction, their abundant joy and their extreme poverty have overflowed in a wealth of generosity” (2 Corinthians 8:2). How can severe affliction leave them any joy, let alone an ‘abundance’ of it? How can ‘extreme poverty’ add together with ‘abundant joy’ to give an overflowing ‘wealth of generosity’? I will not enact a typical guilt-trip at this point, where I point to those poor Macedonians, marvel at their generosity, then moan about our comparative wealth and stinginess. This kind of a kick is easy but pointless, for it doesn’t unlock the secret of Macedonian joy. Why don’t the Macedonians feel hopeless and useless, as we so often do? Can the basis of their hope and joy be transmitted to Australians? As Jesus once said, “one’s life does not consist in the abundance of possessions” (Luke 12:15). His word has almost become a worn-out cliché, but only because we participate in a society that refuses to agree with Jesus and whose polity acts as if individual possessions are the highest expression of human existence. Jesus’ powerful insight into the purpose of human being shows that if we think we are primarily an individual existing to consume and possess, we will never find ourselves. We can only understand who we are and what we are for when we see ourselves as part of the world’s community-sustaining abundance. Consumption and possession are not evils in themselves. But in our acts of possession and consumption, we are each a waypoint, not an endpoint, designed to renew what we receive in order to pass something on to others. We consume and possess in order, finally, to share.
In other words, you can’t have joy if you have that faulty view of being human called ‘possessive individualism’. Sharing in community is not an optional extra; it is embedded in who you are, and you will find joy when you grow into who you are meant to be. Paul also uses a statement of wisdom that pops up elsewhere in ancient literature. ‘The one who sows sparingly will also reap sparingly, and the one who sows bountifully will also reap bountifully’ (2 Corinthians 9:6). Parsimony generates parsimony, but abundance-thinking – and the feelings and actions that go with it – generates abundance and community. I know an old woman who sums up this truth. Over the years, she has learnt to resist the bitter, grasping tone that typifies our city. Even when she was poor, she practised hospitality. Even when she is in pain, she reaches out to others. She is like a flower, and people come to her like bees. They want to be with her and to help her. This old woman is my mother. And I sure want to be like her. An edited extract of the Rev Dr Andrew Cameron’s chapter from the book Another Way to Love: Christian Social Reform and Global Poverty, Acorn Press, 2009
s the Global Financial Crisis hits the developing world, many people, especially children, will be left with life-long disabilities as a result of malnutrition. For example, the Ethiopian Government estimates that 75,000 of their children currently have acute malnutrition. CBM Australia – formerly Christian Blind Mission – is an international development organisation serving people with disabilities in the world’s poorest countries. It is currently raising funds to provide both urgent water and crop production assistance to save lives, as well as fighting poverty over the longterm with food, water and healthcare. CBM Australia national director John Jeffries said he was personally moved by a young woman named Martane whom he met in Ethiopia. Martane came from a rural village in Ethiopia called Damot. She walked for one day to the health care centre with her two children. Martane’s crops had failed, and she was eating leaves and grass to try to survive. “The story of Martane and her children is an example of the importance of fighting malnutrition, and breaking the cycle of poverty and disability,” says Mr Jeffries. “Her children were not growing. CBM is working to help people like this.” Jeremy Halcrow
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how green is your teen?
It’s easy to be cynical about teens’ superficial green politics. But Jon Thorpe argues that God wants Christian adults to do better at modelling an appropriate response to consumerism.
reen has moved from fringe, tree-hugging, save-the-whales activism, into mainstream popular culture. We now have enviro-bags, recycling bins and low-energy light bulbs. When you book an airline ticket you can pay extra to offset your carbon footprint by planting a tree in Madagascar. And the best news for last, Apple’s latest laptop is now environmentally friendly! It looks like we are finally getting it – this planet is finite and we need to look after it. Ask any young adult and they
will tell you they care deeply about the environment... unfortunately though, not enough to actually do anything about it. In 2007 Live Earth epitomised the modern response to the environment. Endorsed by Al Gore, it was 9 concerts played over 24 hours across 7 continents to an audience of two billion people. Imagine how much waste is produced from an event that size. Imagine the electricity consumed and all the cars, buses, trains and planes it took to get everyone there. Fortunately Madonna
captures the zeitgeist disturbingly well.
used the concert to ‘speak to the planet’, hopefully to say sorry for her private jet. But young people felt good and they felt they had contributed to raising awareness of the issues. There are innumerable examples of our complacency. For starters, six million bottles are added to landfill every year just from bottled water alone. As a complete product it has an environmental impact one hundred times that of tap water! Our cupboards are full of clothes we don’t wear, we have created this myth that recycling has the same impact as not consuming and you may as well start pouring chemicals into your local creek if you drink Coke. Lily Allen is a Top 40 pop singer who
I am a weapon of massive consumption, And it’s not my fault, it’s how I’m programmed to function. I’ll look at the sun and I’ll look in the mirror, I’m on the right track, yeah I’m onto a winner. I don’t know what’s right and what’s real anymore, I don’t know how I’m meant to feel anymore. When do you think it will all become clear? Cuz I’m being taken over by fear.
Our youth have been sold a vision for life that is all about me and my happiness; they are ambivalent about the message but not enough to risk missing out on the bright shiny world just over the horizon. And in keeping with the rest of the message, popular environmentalism has become a no cost, no sacrifice, cute little rubber bracelet, no change revolution.
Who’s raising your child? PreP to Year 12 At Tyndale we believe that in deciding where your children go to school you are also deciding who will assist you in raising your children. inFormation morning PReP To YeAR 12 - Wednesday 10 June 9:30am inFormation evening YeARS 7, 9 AnD 11 - Monday 22 June 7.30pm
established for over 40 years, Tyndale Christian School has been blessed with extensive resources enabling us to offer a student focused, culturally engaging and academically rigorous education, undergirded by a Christian worldview.
Parents and students are welcome to attend. if you are unable to attend these sessions, please phone 9621 2111.
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SOUTHERN CROSS MAY 2009
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feature Unfortunately this is the world we have encouraged. As adults we have embraced a disposable, consumerist lifestyle and we have modelled it to our young people. Perhaps they have taken it further than we ever imagined (how often do you really need to update a phone?). Fundamentally, though, we started it. To compound the problem, our apathy towards environmental issues is affirmed by our theological priorities. If I have to choose between the salvation of a person or saving a tree then pass me the chainsaw and let’s get on with it. And we know this world is not our future, or the future of our children. Our future is heaven, where all of creation will be perfectly restored, so why spend time buffing your Datsun 120Y when there is a brand new <insert car of choice> just around the corner? If this is our adult response to the environment, then we can’t be surprised if our youth follow in our footsteps. Even when we get it right, it has more to do with economics and pleasure than ecology. Personally, I like to cycle when I have a meeting in town – it’s environmentally friendly and produces very little CO2 . But to be honest, I don’t do it for the environment, I do it for me and for the $18 dollars I save in tolls. My small carbon footprint is just a fortunate by-product. The biblical perspective on the environment starts with it being God’s; it is his creation (Gen 1:1), it is good (Gen 1:31) and he continues to sustain it (Ps 104). Creation is a testament to his nature and his power (Rom 1:20) and everything was created for his glory (Rev 4:11). When we look at the majesty of creation, when we see its size and the beauty of the detail, we should be left in awe of its creator. And God has bestowed on us the honour of ruling his creation: the land, the fish of the sea, the birds of the air and everything that moves on the ground (Gen 1:28, Ps 8). We can build on it, mine it, eat it and enjoy it, but that is not a blank cheque to exploit it; the way we rule will be a reflection of how we honour God. Throughout the Old Testament we see God’s concern for creation: in Exodus 20 animals are included in the Sabbath day, in Leviticus 25 every seventh year and every year of Jubilee is to be a Sabbath year for the land. The Sabbath was both an acknowledgment of God as the
creator and a time of rest and recovery for humanity and for all of creation. In Proverbs 12:10 the righteous man cares for the needs of his animal. If this is how God shows concern for the created things, then our rule over creation should be a reflection of that concern, no more and no less. It is tempting to say “Surely you can’t compare saving people with saving trees” but I don’t think we are forced into that corner. When the disciples had to choose between ministry of the word and ministries of mercy to the widows, they chose both. One was certainly more important than the other, but both were still important. Matthew 6:26 is a very clear reminder that we are infinitely more valuable than the rest of creation, but that does not leave the rest of creation valueless nor does it mitigate our responsibility to rule wisely. The challenge for us is to rule creation in a way that honours God and points people to him, while at the same time recognising where care for the environment fits in the bigger scheme of his priorities. In a similar way we need to work out the tension between enjoying what we have been given by God without getting sucked into the swamp of consumerism. If we want our teens to take their Christian responsibility for the environment seriously then we need to understand our responsibility and start modelling and teaching an appropriate response; one that is motivated by our love of God, takes his word seriously, and steps up to our place as rulers over creation. Start by deciding as a family to do the little things together: turn off the lights, turn off your computer, buy one water bottle and refill it. After a while the little things add up to a lot. Perhaps most of all, decide to do less; buy less processed food, less soft drink, less stuff. Think about your clothes, the shoes, the accessories. How much do we really need? Is it going to last? Do we really need 15 tops, all a different shade of green? At the end of the day it’s not about saving the planet as if this is our only hope. It’s about honouring God who created everything we enjoy, and it’s about taking our job seriously as his stewards, looking after the planet on his behalf.
Even hot air can help us connect By Jodie McNeill
I’m afraid I’m a bit sceptical about the intrinsic value of Earth Hour. As a tool for raising awareness of the threat of climate change, I agree that it has some use. As a vehicle for actually reducing the level of greenhouse gas emissions, it is really just a load of hot air. However, its popularity tells us plenty about the Gen Ys that drive the pointy end of public opinion. These are the same people that embraced the white plastic ‘Make Poverty History’ wristband in prolific numbers. Like the Earth Hour exercise, this raised awareness but was unlikely to have cut through to making concrete changes in behaviour. The same people who have sported white plastic jewellery have now turned off their giant plasma screens for one hour on a Saturday. The coal power stations kept burning, and poverty is far from history. But even this jaded Gen Xer is excited about the opportunities these ‘causes’ present to us as we try and connect with our community. We need to realise that supporting a ‘cause’ is something that Gen Ys find attractive. Instead of organising a hedonistic youth group social, the culturally savvy youth minister will consider ways in which the group can unite for a cause. I’ve heard stories of groups that ‘love bomb’ neighbourhoods, offering to provide practical help to households that are in most need. It may seem counterintuitive to get a group of young people together to mow the lawns of complete strangers, but this is strangely attractive to this cause-hungry generation. This kind of connecting has enormous potential. What if a bunch of geeks approached the local primary school and offered to provide some help with their IT needs? What if some uni students with some spare time offered to join the canteen roster? These activities would raise the profile of the church, provide opportunities to connect with a new group of people, and strengthen the relationships between the church and the school administration as we seek to grow SRE. Schools can also come on board with these kinds of initiatives as part of their curriculum. As reported by Anglican Media last year, Youthworks ran an outdoor education camp for a school which provided a three-day ‘City Mission Experience’. It aimed to help students think more about the issues of poverty, as well as helping them learn skills in urban independence. Like to comment? Jodie McNeill blogs on youth ministry every Tuesday at sydneyanglicans.net
Department of External Studies Growing together through God’s word
Jon Thorpe is head of the Youth Training Team for Anglican Youthworks and lectures in Ministry Skills at Youthworks College.
We offer two courses: Certificate in Theology by correspondence Diploma of Biblical Studies by evening lectures Anyone can enrol as there are no prior educational requirements! We look forward to hearing from you. Moore College Department of external Studies 1 King Street, Newtown, NSW 2042 For more information or to receive a brochure: Phone: 9577 9911 Freecall: 1800 806 612 outside Sydney area Fax: (02) 9577 9922 website: external.moore.edu.au
Department of external Studies
Criticism of pet-free ARV “quite wrong” The Rev John Emery is quite wrong in criticising Anglican Retirement Villages (ARV) for not allowing pets in its villages (SC April). For most Australians “pets” mean dogs and cats. Many elderly people have sleep problems. ARV makes sure its residents’ nights are not disturbed by barking dogs (nor see the piles of feathers of one of our many birds caught and killed by a cat). There are three dams on ARV’s Castle Hill site. Around them are many water birds and ground-nesting birds. These ground-nesting birds and their young each spring give much pleasure to residents. They would depart forever if they were subject to dog harassment. We may not be allowed to have pets but have enough wildlife to attract and hold interest as we walk along graded paths and sit in the shady wooded areas. I
would much prefer to have to dodge duck droppings than clean dog dung off shoes. The Rev Canon Stanley Kurrle ARV Warrina Village Castle Hill, NSW
As a current ARV resident and longterm vistor to other retirement villages, I cannot agree with John Emery’s harsh criticism of ARV’s no-pet policy (SC,April). The kinds of difficulties I have seen with the keeping of dogs and cats in such contexts have been decreasing control and increasing neglect of the welfare of the animals, associated with increasing age and potential senility or dementia, causing discomfort or annoyance to neighbouring residents.
Max McKay Dapto, NSW
Christians should fund better Easter TV I wish to congratulate Anglican Media Sydney and the Centre for Public Christianity (CPX) as the producers and writers of John Dickson’s Life of Jesus program screened on Channel Seven on Good Friday. What an outstanding documentary of our Lord and Saviour! However, I was extremely disappointed with the Sydney Morning Herald’s description of the program in ‘The Guide’ on April 6: “ The fictional story of Jesus Christ’s life as told in the bible”. Oh my goodness! Is Jesus’ life fiction? Ironically, on the page adjacent, the Herald’s TV reviewer Melissa Gaudron gave the program a “thumbs up” but still had a dig just the same! She says “…though couched as a historical biography, bits of theological statement and dogma can’t help but creep in. But, hey – it’s Easter. Suck it up.”
Yet, it was the only religious Easter program on TV for Good Friday appropriate for my family. I don’t count the ABC’s screening of the Stations of the Cross filmed at Roman Catholic World Youth Day screened as Compass at 7:30pm. Indeed, Gaudron gave it a “thumbs down”. There was also a 6am Easter Sunday service on Channel 7. But who is actually up that early on Sunday morning? Channel 7 also screened The Passion of the Christ on Easter Saturday night, which finished at 2:40am! (Just a little bit too late for my family to view, not to mention a tad gory.) Whatever happened to an Easter message for families on free-to-air TV? As the most significant event on the Christian calendar, Easter hardly gets a mention on TV. Has Australia truly forgotten the real reason we all get four days off at Easter? How on earth will the ‘lost’ ever be able to hear the good news of Jesus if the Easter message is screened at unwatchable timeslots? Surely as a Christian community we can come together, fight for Christ, and help fund good quality Christian documentaries to be screened on free-to-air TV at Easter just like Life of Jesus. Praise God for this good quality Christian program! By the way, I am still waiting for a response from the SMH for their error. I’ll probably still be waiting next Easter. Paula Vouris Randwick, NSW EDITOR’S DISCLAIMER: Anglican Media Sydney are publishers of SC.
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SOUTHERN CROSS MAY 2009
Repentance needed for Diocese’s GFC losses The Global Financial Crisis (GFC) reveals to all Christians how far we have strayed from the true biblical principles of stewardship and prayerful dependence upon the Lord for our every need. To read in April’s SC that the Diocesan Endowment had its losses magnified by the Glebe Administration Board utilising borrowed funds to invest in unsecured equity markets is disturbing. The first tip for beating (GFC) is prayer; searching our hearts and asking God’s forgiveness for trusting in riches (equity markets) and relying on the princes of this world to provide for our needs instead of on God who gave us his Son and who taught his disciples to pray …. ‘give us this day our daily bread’. Nan Howard Camden, NSW
New Barney’s no Crystal Cathedral Mr Broadley and Mr Whitney (SC April) imply St Barnabas’, Broadway has not thought through properly all aspects of the rebuilding. As a parishioner of Barneys, I am aware the cost is less than 12 houses in this area and yet will cater for church services of 600 people in a multi-purpose building designed to have an all-week use. The plan is no ‘Crystal Cathedral’. Apart from a striking roof design, it is entirely functional as Mr Whitney suggests it should be. To be more modest, as Mr Broadley suggests, ignores the gospel opportunities afforded by its proximity to Sydney Uni, UTS, Notre Dame and Sydney TAFE. We see many overseas students responding to the gospel. Where are these people going to meet for fellowship and teaching?
Geoff Miles Wentworth Falls, NSW
I am saddened and surprised by the letters of the two brothers in the last SC. They assume the Barney’s community have not consulted widely and deeply about the fairly obvious concerns they raise. Our teams involved in years of prayer and planning are full of passionate Christ-loving, soul-seeking wise folk, with decades of experience in all relevant areas including architecture, finance, engineering, and evangelism. So the letters feel a little patronising. I encourage people with concerns to ring me. Barney’s is seeking only to do our duty for Christ and construct an excellent base for ministry. Ours is a surprisingly complex parish with huge opportunities. The building must meet many needs. Once our DA is approved we will put the plans on the web at www. barneys.org.au. The Rev Ian Powell St Barnabas’, Broadway
Joyful sorrow H
ow strange is the death of one of God’s people. The Psalmist says: “Precious in the sight of the lord is the death of his saints” (Ps 116:15). The Psalmist is rejoicing in thanksgiving for being spared by God from death when he says how precious is our death in God’s sight. We matter to God. Death matters to God. Our death never goes unnoticed by him and our “passing” is never a matter of indifference to him. The cemeteries may be full but yet God still values the death of his people. It is why he sent his Son into the world – to pay the price for sin. He died our death and rose to give us new life – but we still die. Even though we die, death has not defeated us. For “neither death nor life… can separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord” (Rom 8:38-39). So Christians do “not grieve as others who have no hope” (1 Thess 4:13). We do grieve, for death is horrible, but we grieve in the certainty of the resurrection.
PHILLIP JENSEN gives thanks for the life of Sir Marcus Loane and reveals the personal support he received from the then Archbishop of Sydney. That is why we greet the recent news of the death of Sir Marcus Loane with the mixed emotions of joyful sorrow. Sorrow because we have lost one of Australia’s greatest sons, and one of Sydney’s greatest leaders. Joy, because our brother in Christ has finally come to rest from his labours and to enjoy the presence of his beloved Lord and Saviour.
Sir Marcus the leader He was, for most of his working life, quite simply the leader of Sydney Anglicans. A Christian of deep Protestant and evangelical convictions, he stood for all that Sydney Anglicans hold dear. He was a man in Christ. Reverently, carefully and faithfully committed to the exposition of the Scriptures. He loved the sovereign ways of God’s action in the salvation of people – especially in the Reformation of the 16th century, the Evangelical Awakening of the 18th century and in the history of Australia. In his own tumultuous times, he stood firmly for the evangelisation of the city and nation, while being deeply involved in the promotion of world mission. Consistent with the tradition of evangelicals, he carried a deep social conscience for the poor, the addicted and the marginalised of our society, the “widows and orphans” of our day. He was a humble man of great personal
“He had a reputation for being conservative and resistent to change. I only found him personally encouraging as I tried to adapt church life to the changing culture...” Sir Marcus’ 97 crowded years can be summarised: as child of God, husband, father of four, grandfather of 17, great grandfather of 23, minister of the gospel, pastor, army chaplain, scholar, lecturer, college principal, archbishop, primate, historian, theologian, author and preacher.
I admit it. I am scared.
oming out of the Caringbah railway station one day I suddenly realised I was scared. Everyone was white. It did not feel safe. I looked for an Asian face, and could not find one. That day I realised I was used to my part of Sydney, and this bit was very different. I remembered that day as I sat down to write this column because I was thinking about the kids I teach Scripture to. At first I could not remember if there were any Anglo kids, and finally remembered one. Just one. I teach Scripture at a school that I can’t remember anyone from my church sending their kids to. It’s the school with the disabled kids and the kids from whichever community has most recently arrived in Australia. The other schools in the district are bulging at the seams, but this one isn’t.
He preached in every parish of our diocese and every diocese of our nation. He was a great ambassador for Christ, often representing our diocese around the world. But apart from telling of a full and active life in the service of other people, such a summary does not really remind us of the man.
integrity, strength and resolve – physically powerful but quiet and gentle. There was a meekness about him that came from strength of mind, body and most of all spirit. He was a man of great gravitas who enjoyed a lively sense of humour. He was a public figure who disliked publicity –
after one interview a journalist described him as the only man she had met who was able to smile and look pained simultaneously. His use of words was very precise and poetic. Celebrating 71 years of marriage he said: “The greatest prize I ever won was the heart of the noblest girl I ever knew”. His careful crafting of words gave great power to both his preaching and his writing. There was an emotional intensity carried in the content of his communication, without any use of emotionalism. It was a matter of passionately held truth clearly expressed. The clergy of my generation had an unreserved admiration of him. His very distinctive manner of speech was often impersonated. His memory for details was legendary. But it was his willingness to stand for the truth, without fear or favour, which won our deep veneration. Archbishop Loane had a reputation for being conservative and resistant to change. I only ever found him personally encouraging as I tried to adapt church life to the changing culture of the day. Every time I met with him, his concern was for saving souls and encouraging people into ministry, especially to the overseas mission field. This concern for the personal and pastoral work of the gospel overwhelmed any concern about change or conservation. It is not surprising that he spent his final 27 years faithfully engaged in pastoral and personal ministry amongst the people of his local parish. It says a lot about him as the humble man of God. But now is the time of his death. It is time to thank God for the gift of this great leader who faithfully fulfilled his ministry. “Remember your leaders, those who spoke to you the word of God... and imitate their faith”. (Heb 13:7) His death will not pass unnoticed by us. But as the Psalmist reminds us, it will not pass unnoticed by God either, for “Precious in the sight of the lord is the death of his saints”.
Phillip Jensen is the Dean of Sydney.
Scripture teacher JOHN SANDEMAN needs your prayers.
It’s outside the parish (but so is my house), and seems to be off the radar of the Anglican churches closest to it. So they get the pewsitter. There are better Scripture teachers (I sincerely hope) and teaching Scripture is way outside my comfort zone. I was deeply relieved when they moved the lesson day away from my day off 18 months ago, and I gave Scripture teaching away. But one redundancy later here I am again. Perhaps I am crazy. Driven to despair by lesson material that assumes that all kids are biddable and middle-class. And verbal. (The best lesson stuff strangely is a series from St Helen’s in London, a very up-market church, that just says tell the Bible story. It is good advice. And I am also grateful to those crazy hippies from
Calvary Chapel who have wordfinders and puzzles for most of the Bible. For free.) I’m driven to prayer in the knowledge that only the Holy Spirit will get the message through, but I can rely on him. And on my wife, who always has a creative idea. I could be wrong but the current plan is to just turn up every week. Tell a Bible story. Make it as much fun as I can,
consistent with having the same number of kids at the end of the lesson as at the start. Bung on some memory verses. Love them and pray for them. Learn the tricks of keeping order, which means good preparation. Then, hand them on to the capable Presbyterian lady who takes the older class. In writing this column for a few years, I don’t think I have asked readers to pray for me. And it strikes me there is a strange absence of prayer points in Southern Cross. But let me take shameless advantage of this column and ask for your prayers. I really need them. Wednesday afternoons. Please. And pray for the Scripture teachers from your church too. If you don’t know who they are, get your minister to list them next Sunday.
chinesenews news chinese 访问中国2009 Visit China 2009 With the invitation from the National Committee of Three-self Patriotic (TSPM) and the Movement of the Protestant Churches(CCM) in China, Bishop Yong leads a team of 17 delegates comprising the Chinese Clergy and their spouses. They are Rev. Ken Coleman and Maureen, also the Dr. Garry Nelson who heads the Moore College External Studies. The visit takes them China’s Shanghai, Nanjing, Xian and Beijing.
同心为别人祷告 今天我遇上一位从未谋面的朋友，我不知 他是谁，可是我已等待了三个月，不过，我总觉 得会遇上他。 我问他是否可以送他一本“连结09”的 路加福音。他答应了。但当他看见那书时，他 说：「我的孙子最近也收到一本。」我高兴地 微笑因为我正等待遇见一位已经收到“连结 09”路加福音的人。这位仁兄的孙子收到已是 很接近，我感谢主遇上他使我知道在某地已 有人尽力把福音送出助人与上帝连结。
假如我们忙於送出圣 经，我们也要同时花时间 祈祷。。。 今年我们正准备送出一百万本路加福音， 我相信假如我不断地送出福音，我绝不诧异 会遇上一位已经收过福音的人。我正期待这 样的人出现请。我会继续送出福音和推介以 我们的网页作跟进。请大家都这样做。 此外，我想提醒大家我们要做另外一件 重要的事。假如我们忙於送出福音，我们也要 同时花时间祈祷求主使用书中有关耶稣的讯 息，领人归主。我相信主会在人心中作工使他 们因他的话语而提出心中的问题。我诧异的 发现主已经预备人开放的心去讨论信仰，这 证实主已在我前头作工。我已有碰过几次的 上主预备人心聆听圣言的情况，我猜想他们 是否会在今年透过在他们附近的圣公会而信 耶稣呢？。 我们真需要聚在一起更多的祷告。我郑 重推荐在5月22日上午10时至下午2:30在圣安 德烈座堂副堂举行的祈祷会。我们将会为各 区祈祷，尤其灌注在上帝的话语在人心里的 震荡。我想在连结09现时的阶段有这样一个 有重心的祈祷会是必需的。我鼓励大家尽可 能来参加。你可能需要请一天假，也可能需要 作特别安排来到座堂。但我们若不为别人祈 祷，上帝又如何要祝福他们呢？
This visit is a broader, direct, as well as proactive response to the effort of Connect09 which has been launched on 8th February. In order to enhance and broaden our ministers’ CONNECT with the Mandarin and Cantonese speakers, this trip has been planned and subsequently made possible through contact initiated with the Mainland Chinese Churches. This will help to strengthen our future CONNECT to the many Mainland Chinese students and immigrants here in Sydney. The Bible Society invited us to participate in their fund raising effort in amongst the many Chinese Churches, in support of the printing of Bibles at Amity Printing Press in Nanjing. It is for the Christians in the poor rural Churches. Through this initiative, we visited some Churches in these villages to encourage them to continue the good work of spreading of the Word of God. This is nonetheless an important dimension and spirit of the CONNECT09. We met the national leaders of TSPM and CCM in Shanghai, and also the provincial leadersl in Nanjing, Xian and Beijing. Also, we enjoyed the opportunity to visit the Nanjing Union Theological Seminary which is in Nanjing; the Bible Schools that provide training for pastors and evangelists for the ever fast growing Gospel work through the nation. This has indeed encouraged us, which we believe will certainly enhance the further CONNECT with many people.
在中国三自爱国运动委员会TSPM及中 国基督教协会CCM邀请下，杨振华主教 带领一行17位牧师、师母，包括了Ken Coleman牧师夫妇及 摩亚神学院圣经 延伸课程主任Garry Nelson牧师对中 国的上海、南京、西安和北京进行正 式访问。 这也是响应今年二月八日所展开的连 结09的事工，借此我们在讲粤语和普 通话的牧者们能更深入的开展工作， 我们走访了国内的教会，以利于我们 继续有效的向那些从国内前来的学子 并已经移民到这儿的中国人事工。 新南威尔州的圣经公会也鼓励我们多 个华人教会参与捐献，以支持在南京 爱德圣经印刷提供给乡下贫困的教会 拥有圣经。通过这些工作，我们有机 会下乡参观了当地的教会，鼓励当地 教会继续传扬神的道—以此显示出我 们连结09的意愿。 在上海，我们与中国三自爱国运动委 员会及三自教会的领袖、官员见面、 认识。我们也参观了南京金陵协和神 学院的旧址并刚迁入的新院址。在江 苏的南京、西安探望了教会领袖并圣 经专科学校，也有机会同正在学习中 的神学生们交流。亲自听到他们中间 在这些年内福音事工快速的增长，牧 者严重的缺乏等，还有他们对福音事 工的热忱，真叫我们感受到极大的激 励。深信这将进一步的肯定我们继续 连结09的推展。 Garry牧师则趁此机会与圣经专科学校 的校长、教会的长执们分享延伸课程 的内容。 对于当今中国教会迅速的增长，我们 确实体会到每个福音使者对福音事工 的坚定心志以及他们清楚的异象。从 他们身上我们看到、学习到许多宝贵 的功课，深信将大大的鼓励我们在祷 告上和与学子们及新连结移民者之间 的连结，特别是那些从中国大陆来 的。
We were greatly amazed to see their zeal and vision for the Gospel work. It does not fail to impress upon us that the Gospel work is fast growing in the country. We learnt a great deal from the Christians in China, and we believe that this will certainly encourage us to continue praying and CONNECT with the students and migrants particularly those who are from the Mainland China.
浩浩荡荡的一行人，兵分两路分别乘 搭新加坡航空及中国航空，来到了珠光宝 气的东方明珠，上海。这一趟，主要的目 的乃在于访问中国基督教协会，以及中国 基督教三自爱国运动委员会。盼望能够借 此交流，增进澳洲悉尼圣公会华人教会与 中国两会彼此间的相互了解，发掘相互间 可能的配搭以及同工的机会。盼望因此能 够更加有效的服侍跟随主的信徒，不论是 在中国，或是在澳洲，皆是如此。 访华队伍来到了上海之后，立刻就为 东方明珠的美丽和魅力所摄迷了。上海独 特的历史，文化，财经，给予当地信徒非 笔墨所能形容的挑战。四月十七日在杨振 华主教的带领下，成员们首先在上海沐恩 堂会见了中国基督教三自运动委员会主席 沈学彬牧师，随后在两会的办公大楼会见 了中国基督教协会主席，傅长老。在融洽 的交谈里双方进行了非常尽兴的交流。非 常感谢主。 在紧凑的访程中，访员们深深刻刻的 领受了上海风光。豫园的高雅，城隍庙的 实际，还有夜游黄浦江都不含糊的告诉访 员们，中国实在是中国。 行程匆匆，访员们于四月十八日离开 上海到南京了。一路车程更见证了中国的 广袤，有人有烟，无远弗届。古都南京， 热情洋溢，教会肢体毫无掩饰的体现主里 一家的精神。十九日主日，一行人参加了 横梁基督教会的崇拜，当天证道的安信义 牧师成长基督世家，熟悉圣经，热情洋溢 ，讲台上如此，晚宴上也如此。三言两语 ，难以言尽。在安牧师的安排下，访员们 都认识了江苏省基督教协会会长，也同时 是江苏基督教圣经专科学校校长的张克运 牧师，及。。。， 三日后，访员们道别了南京，飞进了 更加古老的古都西安。在浓郁的历史文化 情雾中，访员们访问了陕西圣经专科学校 。同学们认真学习，也为访客们献唱美丽 的诗歌。一班献唱“最知心的朋友”，另 一班则献唱了“宣教的中国人”，既安慰 又振奋人的心。 行笔至此，访员们还在西安，想必仍 需努力。。。话虽如此，我们盼望有一天 也能在悉尼欢迎中国的肢体同胞来访，以 为报之以琼玉。。。是幸。 【陈纶峰牧师提供】
the host in Shanghai 上海两会沈学彬牧师及颜敏牧师留影
SOUTHERN SOUTHERN CROSSCROSS MAY 2009OCTOBER 2008
Dr Garry Nelson also seized every opportunity to represent our Moore College External Studies, the PTC to the leaders as well as the Bibles Schools.
classifieds Flying into China via Singapore Airlines and Air China respectively, we the Sydney Anglican Chinese Churches delegates arrived in the Pearl of the East, Shanghai on 15th April with the humble objective to better our understanding of the China Christian Council, and the Three Self Patriotic Movement Committee. It is hoped that as a result of such better co-operation may be fostered. Our prayer is that the Christians in both places will be better ministered and cared for. The beauty of the Pearl of the East, Shanghai, captures us as soon as their feet are set on its soil. The uniqueness of Shanghai’s history, culture, and finance defy our wildest imagination. On 17th April, under the leadership of Bishop Yong Chen Fah we met the Chairman of the CCC, the Rev. Shen Xue Bin, and later met the Chairman of the TSPM, Elder Fu. It was indeed an unforgettable interaction experience which all of us would enjoy to recall for a long time. While the heels were still hot, we visited places of interest. The noble Yu Garden, pragmatic Cheng Huang Temple, and Night Cruise on the River Huang Pu recorded our footprints… if the river was able to… It was indeed phenomenal – China is indeed China. We left Shanghai for Nanjing on 18th April. The journey served to testify the vastness of China. Wherever you can go in China, there will Chinese to meet you. The ancient capital Nanjing is a city with great warmth. The Lord’s day that we celebrated at Heng Liang Christian Church seals it with Christian testimony – we were first served with Rev. An Xin Yi’s biblical preaching, and later served with sumptuous lunch that fit for the Emperor only. On the banquet that specially prepared for us Rev. Zhang of Jiang Su CCC as well as Principal of the Jiang Su Bible School was introduced to all. Also… Three days later, we left for the more ancient capital Xi An. We visited the Shaanxi Bible School. We were greatly impressed by the diligent students, it was indeed encouraging. To top it up, they presented us a song respectively… My Best Friend Jesus, Be a Chinese Missionary. While this is being penned, we are still in the ancient Xi An continuing our journey. We do, however, pray that we may one day have them visit us in Sydney that their hospitality and love in Christ may be reciprocated. Amen.
TrueFaced Spiritual Leadership - Church Administration
CMA ConfeRenCe 1-3 June Melbourne TrueFaced Leadership is about trusting God, rather than trying to earn His favour; it’s about grace, not performance. When we are trying to please God by our performance, even in ministry, we miss the mark – subtly, but profoundly.
与西安圣经专科学校主席、校长留影 Xi’An Bible School
For three days in June, Bill Thrall, Bruce McNicol and John Lynch, from Leadership Catalyst in the USA, and authors of “TrueFaced”, will lead keynotes, intensives and electives on TrueFaced leadership.
Jiangsu Church with 600+ congregation 六合地方教会主日崇拜留影
Church Management and Administration Bible School welcome us in Xi’An 西安圣经专科学校上课情景
Jiangsu Church Official 江苏宗教局及两会留影
A full two-day stream on Church Admin will help administrators and executive pastors deal with issues such as: • • • • • •
Structures Leading from the second chair; Financial reporting HR management and legislation Personal effectiveness & organisation Risk Management
Managing Ministry in a Recession
O China -- here we come
Anglican Abuse Report Line
A full two-day stream on how the recession is impacting ministry, and how to respond to the challenges. Issues covered include: • Economic outlook • Reputation management • Fundraising in a recession • Innovation and financial strategies • Acting Christianly while dealing with the tough people issues in the workplace
ADS 1800 77 49 45
Managing Your Ministr y in a Recession
Rev David Zhang with the children 张宏牧师与六合福音堂少年朋友留影
CLASSIFIEDS SAFE MINISTRY.
Professional Standards Unit
Details and registration online
www.cmaconference.com.au or phone CMA on 07 5545 2004
PA to CEO ANGLICAN YOUTHWORKS exists to work with churches and schools in Word ministry to children, youth and families. This position is a dynamic full-time role, located in St Andrew’s House. Key responsibilities: • PA duties for CEO and Business Manager • Managing a busy office • Facilitating Executive & Council meetings
Required Skills, Qualifications & Experience: • Experience in office administration and organisation • Excellent interpersonal, problem solving and conflict management skills • Intermediate to advanced skills in MS Office, Word and Excel
It is expected that the successful applicant will be a committed Christian actively involved in their local church. All enquiries or applications (together with a reference from a minister) should be directed to: Email: email@example.com Phone: 8268 3301
Associate Pastor - St Mark’s Pennant Hills Excited by ministry that is about quantum change, real responsibility and the chance to set direction? St Mark’s is looking for an Associate Pastor to join the staff team in 2010 (or earlier) to lead development of Night Church and Youth Ministry to further reach the teens and young adults who are a large demographic in our local area.
The successful applicant will be able to work in a team and also lead teams, place a high priority on discipleship, evangelism and training and be unashamedly ‘conservative evangelical’ in their theology.
Anglican Parish of the Camden Haven (located just south of Port Macquarie, NSW)
Assistant Minister Full TiMe FroM Mid yeAr 2009
For The Anglican Parish of the Camden Haven “A Christ centred community where our family and friends can come to know Jesus and make him known.” Our parish seeks a committed, Bible based Christian to minister with adults and youth, wanting to grow the kingdom of our Lord - preferably ordained. Primary duties Pastor an evening service with responsibility for oversight of youth program. Opportunities to participate in all aspects of church life, with a view to co-leading our multi-gen family service. Secondary duties Assist in pastoral duties as necessary. essential qualities include • Desire to see people brought to Christian maturity • Ability to relate well to all ages. • Experience in leadership and the ability to work independently. • A good understanding of the Anglican Church in Australia and presently a permanent resident. Pay & Conditions as for Assistant minister in the Diocese of Newcastle. Applications close 15th May 5pm. To obtain a detailed job description and application form, please contact the rector Geoff Piggott: 02 6559 9107 or write to: firstname.lastname@example.org 4 Mission Terrace, Laurieton, NSW, 2443 for more details.
Minister - Part tiMe
Southern Cross May 2009 Issue
St James Turramurra is seeking to appoint a suitably gifted minister to a part-time position at “Church in the Chapel”, a traditional Anglican church display plant located in Positions Vacant advert North Turramurra. The position would be ideally suited to a retired clergyman in priest’s orders who would be willing to minister around two days per week (including Sunday). Church in the Chapel consists of two weekly services: 8:00am BCP Holy Communion, and 4:30pm BCP Evensong. The role would involve leading, preaching and helping to pastor both congregations, as well as empowering lay people for ministry. The successful candidate will be passionate about ministering using a traditional service style, and will be enthusiastic about growing Christ’s church in an area with much potential for outreach. Remuneration will be in accordance with Diocesan recommendations. Further information on the position can be obtained from: Rev Stephen Calder 02 9440 2928 email@example.com Written applications should be received by 5pm on Friday 22nd May, 2009. They can be emailed to the above email address or posted to: Stephen Calder 41 Somerset Ave North Turramurra NSW 2074
Enquiries and applications to Rev. Craig Schafer on (02)th9484 or firstname.lastname@example.org 1/16 page1889 @ $195 (plus inclusion on web site) Notice to all intended job applicants
It is an offence under the NSW Child Protection (prohibited Employment) Act 1998 for a person convicted of a serious sexual offence to apply for a position which involves contact with children or young adult people. Relevant checks of criminal history, apprehended violence orders and previous disciplinary proceedings will be conducted on recommended applicants to such positions.
Parish of Sutton Forest Child, Youth & Family Worker The successful applicant will assist the rector develop a ministry to children, youth and families in our active village parish in the Southern Highlands. Position is permanent part time 21 hours per week to start. Applicants should have teaching or youth/children’s work training and/or experience. Bible College or other Theological training would be an advantage. Own vehicle and driver’s license will be essential. Contact Jeremy Tonks 02 4883 6019 or email email@example.com for details. Closing date 29.5.09
SOLICITOR RequIRed for Sydney CBd firm • 1-2 days per week • Civil Litigation Experience Essential Contact by email: Linda Charleston firstname.lastname@example.org
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SOUTHERN CROSS MAY 2009
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KING ISLAND HOLIDAY: cosy cottages on the beach. Enjoy the tranquility of Naracoopa, wander along miles of unspoilt beaches. 03 6461 1326 www.naracoopa holidayunits.com.au lake tabourie accomm: Sleeps 10. Perfect for small group retreats. Ph 0431 576 089 or visit www.stayz.com.au/53423 for more information. LONDON B & B. City access; dble room,ensuite, self-catering. email@example.com Ph/Fax: 001144 2086946538
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confronting the turbulent future Its a time of turbulence. In this light JOHN WOODHOUSE recently asked* how Moore Theological College can maintain its vision.
t is a privilege greater than I can put into words to share in what the Lord our God is doing at Moore College. The Lord continues to send to the college the finest body of Christian men and women it has ever been my privilege to meet, to study and prepare for a life of Christian ministry. What is happening at Moore College is extraordinary. There is a foolishness in this kind of talk. But there is a time for us to recognise the goodness of God’s work among us, its importance for the cause of Christ, for the cause of evangelical Christianity around the world, for the cause of growing and planting churches, for the cause of sinners being saved. The heart of Moore College is evangelical faithfulness, joined to theological seriousness, expressed in mission-mindedness. With this in mind I want to talk to you all about a complex of challenges facing the College. Challenges are nothing new. And the God who is working among us, I have no doubt, is not daunted by them. But from where I stand, I feel very deeply the need for wisdom, strength and even courage from above.
CHALLENGES Global Financial Crisis
There has been a decline in first-year enrolments for 2009 after many years of steady growth. It was only a few years ago (2006) that we had our largest enrolment ever: our present fourth year. When they leave us next year, there will be a further substantial drop in student numbers. This trend might continue for some years. Hindsight is a marvellous thing, but the drop in first-year enrolments was a surprise. If it does continue, I am concerned because the need for gospel ministers is not dropping. We are analysing, as best we can, the reasons for this drop and whether the drop in numbers will continue, or turn out to be a temporary blip. There are consequences (including financial).
Generational culture change
The whole world seems to be talking about the generational changes that our society is experiencing as Gen Y make their mark. The fact that so many of our students are those they label Gen Y means that these changes are acutely relevant to us. Gen Y sees the world and life very differently from the generations before them. There are weaknesses and strengths in this. But there is no dispute that many of our potential students have changing expectations of the Christian life and visions for Christian ministry. I cannot analyse this further here, but these changes have brought pressure for change to the College that is, in my experience, unprecedented.
In 2010 we expect the college to begin to feel the serious effects of the global financial crisis. The most obvious expression of this may be a cut in the Synod grant to the college, on which we depend for much that we do. Should this happen, there will need to be painful From North America changes. For a time, we will not be able to With all of these things in the air (and do everything we currently do. adding energy to some of them) a new In this, of course, we are sharing the and powerful Christian movement from difficulties of very many in our country, America is sweeping the evangelical and the world. We should not 1 5/2/09 scene in 10:11 this country – or so HH around advt SCross 01/09_A 3:Layout AM Page 1 it seems. imagine that somehow we can remain Like many similar movements before unaffected by this crisis. it, it promises a great deal, is backed by
massive enthusiasm and led by attractive and hugely gifted leaders. This time, however, it involves definite views about theological education.
I can only indicate, in quite general terms, the kind of action needed.
Plan now for major cuts
There will need to be substantial changes in the operations of the college in the wake of the financial crisis and the drop in student numbers – even if this is (as I hope) temporary.
It is reasonably said that Moore College is unusually inflexible in the way in which we offer our main theological education program. “Full-time, four-year, residential theological education is what we do at Moore College.” In the past this has been because we have considered that the model of theological education provided is in fact the ‘best’ model. This model has served the cause very well. However, while the content of the Moore College theological education is still highly desired, many are now telling us that the College’s inflexibility does not meet the range of needs of potential students. Good as it may be, it may be accessed by a diminishing number. It is important to understand that the desire for ‘flexibility’ arises from a view of the role and nature of theological education for ministry and mission today, which itself needs evaluation. However the college is here to serve, and we want to listen and work through whether and how we should introduce greater flexibility.
Review the academic workload
The reputation of the college among some is that it is “crushingly academic”. The reputation is exaggerated, but arises in part from the commitment to intellectual integrity I mentioned earlier. However, there are matters to be addressed, and we will be carefully looking again at the
matter of student workload and related concerns in a review of the whole BD program.
Raise the standards of preaching
It is being put about by some that to learn to preach, you do not go to Moore College. This is one of a number of points where, in the things that are being said, there is a frustrating mixture of something true (namely, we do want our students and graduates to be better preachers) and alarming misunderstanding. Whether Moore College prepares people well to be Christian preachers depends a lot on what you think preaching is (or ought to be). Here is not the place to develop this, but the making of a preacher involves at least four elements: a. handle the Bible well (Biblical studies) b. know what you are talking about (Doctrine/Ethics) c. Christian character (Pastoral care) d. preparation and communication skills (Homiletics). In my view Moore College is second to none in developing a, b and c. This has, rightly, been our priority. However the focus of the current discussion is almost entirely on homiletics. It is, I think, assumed that training that does d best will be the best preparation for a preacher. I simply do not believe that is true. Be that as it may, it is time that the college put more effort and energy into homiletics training. This is a matter that we will be addressing. Having said all this, it is important to pause again and recognise that, although the challenges are substantial, Moore College has a vital role in serving God’s people in these turbulent times. Please pray that the God on whom we depend for all things will provide the wisdom we seek for the challenges before us. *This article has been adapted from an address given by Moore College principal, the Rev Dr John Woodhouse, to students at the college on March 20, 2009. The full speech can be read at Sydneyanglicans.net/ministry/
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changes Canon fired up for Tamworth
fter 15 years as rector of St Peter’s, Campbelltown, the Rev Canon Peter Stavert will leave on May 9 to take up the post of rector of St John’s, Tamworth, starting officially on July 1. Canon Stavert says he has made the move as a response to God’s clear calling. As he looks back on his time at Campbelltown, he says there have been a number of highlights: the development of unity in a church with so many different nationalities and 10 congregations, the growth in numbers, an ‘even-ing out’ of the age distribution to include more young families, and the flourishing music ministry. The growth of St Peter’s Anglican Primary School and Broughton Anglican College – which are both managed by the church – has also been a “very significant work”. “We’ll miss the colour and vibrancy of the church community – we are a church for the nations,” he says. “We will also miss having our own children because we came with seven small children and we leave with the nest empty – many of them we leave behind in the church in Campbelltown.” Mr Stavert says he and his wife Maree, who will continue her Know Your Bible ministry, are looking forward to seeing God at work in Tamworth. “Wherever we’ve been, we see the church grow, become more biblically literate, and we’ve seen Bible study groups grow, so we’ll really be looking for that [in Tamworth],” he says.
North West waits for Goscombes
than what they can contribute, and one thing I’m looking forward to at ARV is working with Christians… helping them to minister to each other and to their neighbours and friends.”
Copland’s next stop: Newcastle.
ector of St Thomas’, Cranebrook, the Rev Richard Goscombe is venturing to the Diocese of North West Australia to become the rector of Wickham. “We love the west – and you can’t go any further west than this,” he chuckles. Mr Goscombe says his whole family has a heart for Wickham, a town with strong mining ties and no church building. “Our aim is going to be to create a chaplaincy ministry to the whole town and from that context to be able to reach not just those with a nominal faith, but everybody,” he says. “We really believe that in sending us now rather than when our kids have left home, the Lord wants us to go on mission as a whole family, and believe that our kids especially have a lot to offer to people who don’t know anything about God’s saving love.” Mr Goscombe’s last Sunday at Cranebrook will be April 26, and the family will fly to Karrutha the following day.
Heron’s a happy chaplain
he Rev Andrew Heron, rector of West Ryde Anglican Church since 2005, will become Anglican Retirement Villages Castle Hill’s newest chaplain this month. Mr Heron says “seeing people come to know Jesus as their Lord and Saviour has been an absolutely wonderful thing” at West Ryde. However when he starts at ARV on May 25, he will begin a ministry he has been passionate about for some time. “I think as a society we greatly undervalue elderly people and we tend to think in terms of what they need rather
SOUTHERN CROSS MAY 2009
fter six years as rector of Holy Trinity Kingsford, the Rev Dr Ian Copland will move from Sydney on May 31. His new role will be home missioner of the Presbyterian Church in Wallsend, Newcastle, starting June 1. Dr Copland is no stranger to ministry in Newcastle – he was rector at Bulahdelah and then Wingham, and both his daughters live in the area. “The local presbytery are very keen to have more evangelical ministers to try and continue the work that they’ve started – they’ve got some good and vibrant churches there already,” he says. Dr Copland is hoping to plant a church in the new housing area of Maryland/Fletcher and may take up some chaplaincy work with the Newcastle Knights, but leaves strong ties in Sydney. “I’m really sad to leave Sydney now because I’m really keen on Connect09 and we’ve got a good team of enthusiastic people,” he says. “Sydney Anglicans mean so much to us as far as our spiritual life is concerned. It’s where we were converted.”
Future editions of Southern Cross may feature more details on the following:
he Rev Max Boys, rector of St Philip’s, Turramurra South will retire from parish ministry on June 21.
he Rev Colin Watts, rector of The Oaks, will become chaplain with the Australian Racing Christian Chaplaincy in June. He will also be honorary assistant minister at St Martin’s, Kensington.
he Rev John Kohler has moved from St Paul’s, Burwood to St John’s, Camden. He will serve there part-time, running the branch churches at Mt Hunter and Werombi. Mr Kohler will then retire from parish ministry on July 31.
May 22: Connect09 Prayer Meeting
he Archbishop of Sydney, Peter Jensen is strongly encouraging all church members to attend a central prayer meeting on Friday May 22. Location: Chapter House, St Andrew’s Cathedral, 10am-2.30pm.
May 25-28: ‘V12 Brain’ returns
roadway and Pymble churches have teamed up to bring the worldrenowned theologian Professor Graham Cole back from Trinity International University, Chicago, to his hometown of Sydney for a fortnight of teaching. The Rev Ian Powell from St Barnabas’, Broadway says, “Many of us who had Graham as a lecturer at Moore College feel that we have never felt that genius so exemplified as in this servant of God. Graham has a V12 brain, extensive broad reading, fierce loyalty to God’s Scriptures, coupled with extraordinary clarity and humour in communication, always applied to the realities of life and all done with great humility”. Dr Cole will speak on two crucial areas of Christian living and thinking: the far-reaching achievements of the cross and the powerful work of the Spirit in the life of the Christian. Lecture program: Hear Dr Cole speak either at St Swithun’s Anglican Church Pymble or the Broughton Knox lecture theatre at Moore Theological College, King St, Newtown: At Pymble: Monday May 25, 7.30pm: “The Grandeur of God’s Atoning Project – How Atonement Brings Shalom”. Thursday May 28, 7.30pm: “The Magnificence of the Holy Spirit – Some personal reflections”. At Moore College, Newtown: Wednesday May 27: Dr Cole will speak on both above topics at 7pm.
VACANT PARISHES List of parishes & provisional parishes, vacant or becoming vacant as at 8 April 2009.
GEORGES RIVER •Christ Church St George •Oatley •South Carlton
WESTERN REGION •Cranebrook with Castlereagh •Granville •Mulgoa •Lower Mountains
SOUTH SYDNEY •Broadway
•Burwood •Glebe •Kingsford •Leichhardt •Waverley
•Forestville •Hornsby Heights •Lane Cove •Manly Vale with Allambie Heights •Turramurra South •St Paul’s Wahroonga •West Ryde
WOLLONGONG •Cronulla •Gymea •Jamberoo* •Keiraville •Nowra •The Oaks *provisional parishes or Archbishop’s appointments
June 25-26: Action on church plants
s Sydney gets serious about ‘missional’ church planting, join a dozen of Australia’s proven church planters – including Phillip Jensen, Justin Moffatt, Martin Morgan, Paul Dale, and Andrew Heard – for a two day Moore College conference in June called Smart Action. Right Planting. Hear each church planter reflect on a significant theological issue they had to work through in their ministry. Sprinkled through the conference will be reflection sessions. A goal of the conference is to promote networking for those who desire to continue the practical dialogue. Location: Moore College, 15 King St Newtown. Times: June 25, 10am-8.30pm June 26, 9am-4.30pm. Cost: Workers: $140, Students: $90 (Incl. two lunches, and one dinner)
June 30: Beat church budget blues
hese tough financial times don’t have to negatively impact the resources your church has for ministry. “The financial crisis need not stifle ministry... [our] conference is aimed to equip ministers with financial responses,” says Bishop Al Stewart who is organising this conference on church fundraising. “It may seem blunt but, we need to realise that our treasurer may count the money – but the rector must raise the money! We’d like to help you with this vital job.” Keynote speaker will be Rod Irvine (above), former rector of Figtree Anglican, who has been teaching Christian leaders about fundraising since the 1990s. His advice has a proven trackrecord, says Bishop Stewart. “Many ministries have seen huge increases in giving, with more ministry able to happen,” he says. “It’s not just asking for money, it’s making your vision clear.” Location: Wesley Conference Centre, Pitt St, Sydney 10am-5pm. Cost: 1st parish registration: $120. Subsequent parish registrations: $90
LIBRARY Australian Church History Festival May 23rd, 2009 at Moore College 9.30am-4pm Speakers: Dr Peter Bolt, Dr Ruth Frappell, Mr Kim Robinson, Dr Colin Bale, Em Prof Brian Fletcher We hope you can come along to feast with us on aspects of Australia’s religious history and to enjoy the company of other history buffs. Organized by Moore Theological College Library. Cost: $10 (includes morning tea). BYO Lunch. To register: telephone Julie on 9577 9897 or visit the link at www.library.moore.edu.au Further information: email email@example.com
archbishop’s bible study learn from him. Jesus turned their old job into their new job. They became ‘fishers of men’, seeking to find others who would also enter the kingdom of God by submitting to Jesus.
essential jesus Bible Studies 9-12
1 Why did Jesus do miracles? What relationship did they have to his teaching? 2 If Jesus is the Son of God, why did he pray?
Archbishop Peter Jensen
3 What do we learn about repentance
Dr Jensen’s weekly Bible study series from this passage? on The Essential Jesus (the gospel of Luke), designed for use with the friend or neighbour you have given the WEEK 10 – Luke 5:17-39 (pages 21-22) Jesus’ miracles show us the future glory of book to. Here are the studies for May. the kingdom of God, but they are not the Follow-up questions can be addressed to the Archbishop at his sydneyanglicans.net Bible study blog site.
WEEK 9 – Luke 5:1-16 (page 20) Jesus was so crowded that he taught from a fishing boat. The fishermen were fishless after fishing all night. Jesus, the Lord of nature, led them to a huge catch of fish. They are stunned. Simon Peter sees more here than a miracle. He glimpses God at work. Suddenly, he is aware of his own unworthiness, and he comes to Jesus not as a fishless fisherman, but as a failed man, a sinner. He wants Jesus to leave, out of shame; he wants Jesus to stay, out of need. Jesus takes him (with his friends) and changes the course of his whole life. He creates disciples, those who would leave everything to follow him and
essence of his ministry. He came to teach and heal; but he came pre-eminently to call sinners to repentance and to provide forgiveness. The unforgettable story of the paralysed man being let down from the roof culminates in his healing. But at its heart is Jesus’ power to forgive sins, which he sees as the greatest need that the man has. And it is a story which contrasts faith with unbelief, for the friends put their trust in Jesus, while the Pharisees rightly but wrongly ask how he can dare to forgive, as only God can do that. No wonder the sinners flocked to Jesus, their lives made new through peace with God. Jesus introduced a revolution – and he likened it to the power of new wine in old wineskins. 1 What can you discover about ‘the scribes and Pharisees’? And ‘tax collectors’?
2 Why were they right but wrong to question Jesus’ power to forgive?
2 How do you go about interpreting the Sabbath law though Christ?
4 What is the difference between the disciples of John and of Jesus, and what is the threat of suffering in that contrast?
WEEK 12 – Luke 6:20-49 (pages 23-25)
3 What is the significance of the fact that Jesus ate and drank with tax collectors and sinners? What does sharing a meal signify?
WEEK 11 – Luke 6:1-19 (pages 22-23) Jesus perfectly kept the Law of God. He insisted on the true meaning of the Law, its inner heart rather than its mere outward observance. Humans often think that meticulous law-keeping will ingratiate us with God. In these two controversies about the Sabbath day, Jesus showed how the Law is interpreted and fulfilled, by observing the inner law of love. How can it be wrong to heal on the Sabbath day? But the really significant thing is the phrase ‘Lord of the Sabbath.’ He uses the majestic Son of Man title (Daniel 7), and he makes a stupendous claim to be the true interpreter of the Law. More than that. He introduced a new era in God’s dealings with Israel and the world. We see him choosing 12 Apostles, like the 12 patriarchs of Israel. Now the Law itself has to be interpreted in and through Christ himself. 1 What elements of God’s Old Testament Law are no longer directly applicable in the new era? What does still apply?
3 What is ‘the law of love’ and how do you use it to understand the will of God?
Jesus said to his disciples: if you want to follow me, understand three things. First, what is God doing? He is introducing his kingdom, and human perceptions and values are going to be overturned. We discount the poor, the hungry, the sad, the persecuted. God is doing his greatest work among such persons. When they understand that they have nothing to offer God, they are truly blessed. Woe comes to those whom we admire for their wealth and success. Second, what is God like? Your heavenly Father is kind, merciful and generous to the unjust, the outcast, the sinner. As his child, you must love them too, even when he calls upon you to forgive rather than judge. Third, what does God ask of you? To build your entire life on his words. You call him ‘Lord’ – well do as he says, or you will fall under God’s judgement. 1 What is the relation between this teaching of Jesus and the Old Testament Law of God? 2 What is Jesus saying about himself in the parable of the two houses at the end of this chapter? 3 How practical is the teaching of Jesus about love?
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Battling the spirit world JEREMY HALCROW asks PETER BOLT about the reality of ghosts and how we should respond to the ‘other side’. JEREMY HALCROW: Peter, your new
book, Christ’s Victory over Evil*, originally came out of a pastoral concern about deliverance ministries. Can you explain those concerns?
PETER BOLT: In some segments in the Christian church there has been a concern to speak more about the devil and build in strategies to deal with the devil in ordinary pastoral ministry. This is a very recent phenomenon, and in my opinion it causes havoc in churches as people start thinking they are possessed by the devil. JH: And this has grown up in the last generation?
PB: Yes. If you want to
put a number on it – back to the 1960s.
JH: So what should ministers do if they are asked to do an exorcism?
PB: I don’t think there is anything in the NT that encourages anyone to do exorcisms. I would even question whether it is right to call Jesus an exorcist. He certainly dealt with demons. But that is not enough to make him an exorcist. I would want to be asking the person in the pastoral situation why they thought they needed an exorcism. Basically the minister of the gospel has the same task whatever the situation: claim the great victory of Christ on the cross, Christ has won the victory over any evil they are afraid of. JH: Are we then downplaying the supernatural?
PB: We certainly shouldn’t be people who downplay the supernatural because the gospel we preach is a supernatural Word. Our task is to proclaim the great victory of Christ. To turn to the devil and talk about him more would be a real mistake. We are not proclaimers of the devil. We are proclaimers of Jesus who came to defeat the devil. The Scriptures downplay the devil because he is defeated. JH: Is it wrong for us to believe in ghosts?
PB: No it’s not wrong. In
fact, I do. I see no need to dismiss ghosts from the perspective of spiritual reality. The Bible doesn’t say ghosts don’t exist. The Bible says just don’t deal with them. That’s the issue. There were people called
necromancers who were able to speak to the ‘other side’ and get wisdom about life. The Bible is very clear that the way you get wisdom about life is from God’s Word. So you don’t deal with ghosts, although the Bible doesn’t say they don’t exist.
JH: In popular culture ghosts are dead people who are almost in a form of purgatory. Does the Bible give us any clue as to the nature of ghosts?
PB: Certainly the notion of a ghost being ‘caught between’ this life and a ‘restful’ afterlife is pretty standard. The Bible doesn’t seem to say enough for us to know one way or the other, but seems to ‘tap into’ such beliefs rather than deny or overturn them. My research has convinced me that linguistically the New Testament writers would have heard ‘demon’ as ghost. The association with magic just confirms this connection, because magicians utilised the spirits of the departed to work their magic. Certainly the view is ancient, crosscultural, and ‘common sense’ that you can’t trust ghosts. And the Bible says the devil is a liar. They can certainly make us feel uneasy, and worse, afraid. Especially where they can also be utilised by ‘magicians’ to inflict real harm. Yet, they have been dealt with by Jesus’ victory, because he has taken away the sting of death, by dealing with sin, and so there is nothing that can separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus. JH: You think these ‘weird experiences’
are on the rise in the West. So how should we respond?
PB: The gospel has such a great impact
on the Western society, it’s almost as if the gospel created secularism. Christ has defeated evil beings, and people so firmly
believed it, that it pushed [spiritual] things out of people’s perspectives. As the gospel’s influence has been declining, we have seen more ‘weird experiences’ coming back in the Western world as well. The big question is what do we do with them? The task is the same whether in animist society or a secular setting where people don’t believe in the devil at all or any sort of the supernatural. The gospel needs to be proclaimed in both those settings. It might be proclaimed slightly differently in each of those settings, but the task doesn’t change.
JH: As a parent, how concerned should I be if my child is getting involved in ‘demonic’ music or other occult-related material?
PB: We should always be concerned about our children, that they are heading in the right spiritual direction. But we should be positive because Christ is in charge and the gospel of God’s grace is transformative. The first thing we need to do is keep loving our kids and pointing them to the love of God. We should pray that they hear that message right down into their inner being. If they are dabbling with stuff that is dangerous, then we should be using the same wisdom as if they are dabbling in drugs or drinking too much. The occult is a serious issue – so say ‘don’t get involved in this’ – but not out of the context of proclaiming the good news of Jesus Christ.’
* Christ’s Victory over Evil (Apollos/IVP, 2009) has nine essays written by nine authors, edited by Dr Peter Bolt.
BOLT ON WEB AND DVD A different edit of this interview can be watched as a video at sydneyanglicans. net or on the upcoming SX Digital DVD.
Time to speak out on demons Michael Kellahan
o you believe in demons? Lots of Christians don’t. Talk of demons and exorcisms just sets off the ‘weird’ alert. If you wanted to explain the Christian faith today how many people are going to turn to Jesus exorcising demons. When talk of exorcisms does hit the news, it’s usually a scandal – remember the Mercy Ministries front page of the Herald: ‘These girls needed help – instead they got exorcisms!’ So culturally there’s a lot of pressure to hush any talk of demons or evil powers. There is also a bit of a backlash against weird Christian groups that see demons everywhere. The super spiritual commando warfare theology of Frank Peretti’s This Present Darkness is the classic of this genre. All of which adds up to silence from the Sunday pulpit and
SOUTHERN CROSS MAY 2009
the Monday water cooler on demons. Turn to the gospels though and you keep seeing Jesus showing his authority over demons. Turn to Ephesians 6 and you get this challenge: “Our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the powers of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms.” So I think we need to repent of our silence on spiritual warfare. We are involved in a war. We mustn’t be like the Hawaiians waving friendly waves to the Japanese air force headed to Pearl Harbour. It’s time to take a stand. If you don’t believe in demons and evil powers, you really can’t understand who Jesus is or the significance of his cross. The Rev Michael Kellahan blogs every Wednesday for sydneyanglicans.net on mission and outreach. Visit the site to read the discussion sparked by this article.
‘weird experiences’ PETER BOLT and DON WEST say the Bible shows us how to live without fear in a world alive with spiritual realities.
n a more animistic culture, people will already have their stories of encounters with evil powers, as well as their stories of how the local diviners and ‘witch doctors’ have been able to help those in distress in fairly dramatic ways. As Western culture retreats further from its Christian roots, it is becoming increasingly common to encounter those in Western society who have had all kinds of ‘weird experiences’, which they attribute to unseen spiritual forces. As the impact of the ‘deliverance ministries’ of the expansive charismatics is felt more within congregations of Christ’s people, similar accounts of dramatic encounters with evil and equally dramatic ‘rescues’ from it are increasingly being spoken about. Such accounts become part of the repertoire of ‘ministry experience’ from which demonological information is then derived, so that further deliverance ministries can be encouraged. Dramatic experiences are always gripping, and, certainly in the postEnlightenment world of the West, there is a drive to domesticate such experiences by asking for an explanation. Those who have been involved themselves might well ask, ‘How do you explain what happened to me?’. For those who promote ‘deliverance ministries’ this becomes an endorsement of their approach. ‘It is obviously from God, because look what happened
here. How do you explain that?’ This endorsement of certain practices by their dramatic results is, of course, the same kind of endorsement that a village witch doctor uses to give credibility to his own practices. In other words, this sounds very much like fighting the devil on his own terms, whereas, according to the apostle Paul, our weapons ought to be different – even though they appear ‘weak’ by comparison (2 Cor 10:1–12; cf. 1 Co. 1:18–25)! Paul himself had a ‘weird experience’ in which he “was caught up to the third heaven” (2 Cor 12:2), but rather than using this experience to endorse his ministry by a recourse to ‘power’, he preferred to boast about nothing “except of my weaknesses” (v5), for it
the post-Enlightenment rationalistic drive to have intellectual satisfaction (or the empirical-pragmatic drive towards this being some kind of endorsement of certain practices), how are we going to explain this, or what are we going to do with it? There is really no reason to deny weird experiences, nor is there reason to affirm them, or to explain them, or to give them any value as endorsements of anything. This is not the blasé attitude
“Ministers... may not be able to explain the experience, but they do know the answer... Jesus is in charge.” is there that the grace of God is truly displayed. The only reason he mentioned his experience at all was because he was forced to enter such a foolish discussion by the foolishness of the ‘super apostles’ troubling the Corinthians! His preference, therefore, would have been to keep it to himself. So, what do we do with the ‘dramatic experiences’ that have happened to us, by us or around us? And, if we remember
of a sceptic; it is the proper attitude of a believer. The Scriptures have no problems acknowledging that ‘weird things’ happen, and, as said above, they do not take the approach of denying the existence of unseen forces and beings. Instead, the biblical portrayal shows us how to live in a world with this kind of reality. The Scriptures are also clear that miracles, signs and other kinds of ‘weird things’ (e.g. the chirping and muttering
of a medium in contact with the dead; see Isa 8) are not to be taken as evidence or endorsement for anything, because these things can actually lead people astray (Deut 13). The key questions at all times for the believer (whether in the face of secularism, animism or any variant along the spectrum) are, ‘What does the Word of God say? What is it that I need to believe? What comfort do I find there? How can I live it out?’. The experience itself establishes nothing. What is important is how people respond to it. Does it fill them with fear? Does the mystery of being unable to explain it give them anxiety? Ministers of the gospel may not be able to explain the experience, but they do know the answer to the real pastoral issue: there is no need to fear. Jesus is in charge. He already has the victory. In Christ nothing can ever separate us from the love of God – nothing in this world, nothing in the next, and no evil power. We are secure. We need to take our eyes off this weird experience, and keep turning our eyes to Jesus. This is an edited extract from Christ’s Victory over Evil (Apollos/IVP, 2009) edited by Dr Peter Bolt.
The Devil, and his details Screwtape Letters CS Lewis (Harper Collins)
“My Dear Wormwood, I wonder you should ask me whether it is essential to keep the patient in ignorance of your own existence… Our policy, for the moment, is to conceal ourselves…” – Letter VII
here are few books that can truly be described as a Christian classic. If there were 10 in the world, CS Lewis’ Screwtape Letters would definitely number among them. Screwtape Letters is a collection of letters written by Screwtape, the under-secretary of a demonic department, to his nephew Wormwood, a junior tempter. They take the form of fictional advice offered on the best way to befuddle and mislead human beings so that they confidently or quietly tread the broad road to Hell. In actuality, CS Lewis has written an astute observation of the common
techniques the Devil and his minions use to attack Christians and the ways in which they are foiled. As such, it makes for an excellent ‘Defense Against the Dark Arts’ guide. CS Lewis considered himself a simple layman rather than a theologian, but this humorous account is jam-packed with biblical insights. From it, you can discover the many ways Satan applies his primary tool of deception. You can also recognise how he encourages us to enflame disagreements and neglect spiritual virtues. Or how he sets about to honeycomb our commitment to Christ with well-meaning exceptions that leave it brittle and ultimately worthless. If there is a negative to such books that deal with the dark spiritual forces, then it is one which Lewis identifies for us: “There are two equal and opposite errors into which our race can fall about the devils. One is to disbelieve in their existence. The
other is to believe, and to feel an excessive and unhealthy interest in them.” – Preface
However Screwtape Letters neither rationalises the spiritual world away, nor magnifies it to the point that there are demons lurking in every careless phrase or pagan building. Rather, Lewis pictures them as the ravenous, embittered, and ultimately defeated creatures that they are, prowling around “… like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour” (1 Peter 5:8). Screwtape Letters stands in opposition to the demonic goal of convincing Christians as well as non-Christians that they either do not exist, or don’t exert any real influence day to day. Remembering we are in a battle encourages us to ensure that our primary weapon, Scripture – that ‘sword of the spirit’ – is not left sheathed on the shelf. Mark Hadley
It’s Spock, Jim, but not as we know him It’s the Enterprise alright, and that’s definitely Kirk in the big chair. But MARK HADLEY wants to know who is the pointy-eared guy having the hissy-fit?
n one level there is nothing unusual about Paramount’s new Star Trek. During “…a young crew’s maiden voyage onboard the most advanced starship ever created…” a testosteronepowered Captain Kirk and a logic-bound Mr Spock “…must find a way to stop an evil being whose mission of vengeance threatens all of mankind”. Well, no surprises in the studio’s pitch at least. However the film currently beaming into our cinemas is more at home in our 21st-century universe than you might imagine. It has been seven years since the last film, Nemesis. How could Paramount ensure it didn’t look tired in the face of fresher action offerings? Step one was to recruit wunderkind director/producer JJ Abrams of Alias, Mission Impossible 3 and Lost fame. Step two was to pile on truly amazing computer-generated imagery – thank you Industrial Light & Magic Ltd! Most significantly, step three was to jettison any philosophy that made more sense in the 1960s than it does in the new millennium. JJ Abrams and the other principals have been very clear on their aim to preserve all that was best in Gene Roddenberry’s original creation. Fans will find plenty of acknowledgements and subtle inclusions worthy of endless discussions between Foxtel re-runs. However even the most casual Star Trek observer will notice that the crew of the Enterprise are New Age characters in more ways than one. The Spock played by Leonard Nimoy
was a paragon of rational thinking. In many respects he reflected the modernity of a previous generation. His most admirable quality was the ability to transcend the emotions that clouded human judgments and make the calm, correct call in the middle of a crisis. However the new, admittedly much younger Spock played by Zachary Quinto wears his heart right out there with his Starfleet insignia. He is competitive, even annoyed by the young Kirk (well, you
Even the most casual Star Trek observer will notice that the crew of the Enterprise are New Age characters in more ways than one. say, we always knew he had a superiority complex). He flies into a murderous rage twice, trying to kill someone with his bare hands (but Vulcan emotions can be hard to handle). He has a girlfriend (OK, that’s a new one…), and they make out in elevators (…riiiight). The script writers were so committed to the idea of an in-touch Spock that they even arranged for a Spock from the future to turn up to tell his younger self to lighten up on all the rational thinking: “Do yourself a favour. Put aside logic and do what is right”.
Boldly going where many have gone before 1966 Star Trek
That is this present generation’s key contribution to the Star Trek universe. There has always been a balance in Roddenberry’s vision of the future – Spock was matched with a speak-fromthe-heart, go-with-your-gut Kirk. But the gap between what is ‘rational’ and what is ‘right’ is widening. In the new Star Trek, all emotions are to be valued, even the negative ones like rage and revenge. Vulcan wisdom is paradoxically marshalled to support this truth. As one pointy-eared sage puts it, “What is necessary is never unwise”. You might know the phrase better as “If it feels good, do it”. Accordingly the best response is the passionate one, even if it flies in the face of every rational argument. And there can be no judgment for choosing your emotions over your mind. Faced with this very dilemma, Spock’s mum assures him, “Whatever you choose to be, you will have a proud mother”. I’m the sort of science fiction fan who hates spoilers but, just to assure the faithful, there is a Vulcan death-grip, Bones is outraged by space travel and Scotty does say, “I’m given yeh a’l she’s got!”. JJ Abrams has also delivered on his primary mission, leaving the universe wide open for subsequent crews to explore. However it seems to me fairly likely that as they continue “to explore strange new worlds, to seek out new life and new civilizations, to boldly go where no man has gone before”, Spock is likely to end up slapping someone.
1973 Star Trek animation
1979 Star Trek the motion picture 1982 The Wrath of Khan 1984 The Search for Spock 1986 The Voyage Home 1987 The Next Generation
1989 The Final Frontier 1991 The Undiscovered Country 1993 Deep Space Nine 1994 Generations 1995 Voyager
1996 First Contact 1998 Insurrection 2001 Enterprise 2002 Nemesis 2009 Star Trek