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European Research, Innovation and Education

May 2013 – 2013/05

Contents SEEN FROM BRUSSELS Moving Europe beyond the crisis

2

RESEARCH Last Competitiveness Council under Irish Presidency

3

European brain research in spotlight

4

> Publications

5

Consultation on state of SSH in Europe

5

Science Europe’s position on data protection regulation

5

Call for ideas on potential GNSS R&D activities

5

INNOVATION EIT prepares for Horizon 2020

6

New electronics strategy for Europe

7

> Publications

8

Communication on energy technologies in future European Energy Policy

8

Regulations for Single European Sky and SESAR

8

EDUCATION Education Council does not tackle Erasmus for All

9

European and global objectives for education

10

> Publications

11

Spotlight on Comenius centralised actions

11

Benefits of structured mobility

11

VET statistics

11

INTRA MUROS… IGLO Core Away Day to Geneva

This edition of the SwissCore Synopsis as well as previous editions are available on our website. SwissCore - Contact Office for European Research, Innovation and Education 98, rue du Trône in 1050 Brussels • Tel. +32 2 549 09 80 • Fax +32 2 549 09 89 infodesk@swisscore.org • www.swisscore.org

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SEEN FROM BRUSSELS Moving Europe beyond the crisis The European Commission (EC) on 29 May 2013 adopted a communication ‘2013 European Semester: countryspecific recommendations - Moving Europe beyond the crisis’ designed to improve competitiveness and to move Europe beyond the crisis. These Country-Specific Recommendations (CSR) to the member states of the European Union (EU) provide guidance on how to boost their economic growth and to create jobs in 2013 and 2014 based on analyses of each country's situation. The communication makes part of the so-called European Semester. This concerns the yearly cycle of European economic policy coordination directed towards assessing the achievements on the Europe 2020 targets and the national targets and growthenhancing policies. The member states therefore must submit national reform programmes in April and the EC in May/June undertakes a detailed analysis of member states' programmes of economic and structural reforms and provides them with CSR for the next 12 to 18 months. The Council discusses and endorses the CSR. Policy advice is thus given to the member states before they start to finalise their draft budgets for the following year. End of June or early July, the Council formally adopts the CSR. The 2013 CSR show that although most member states are making progress on fiscal consolidation and are implementing reforms to increase competitiveness, some need to accelerate reforms or to implement them with greater urgency. The increasing (youth) unemployment is a major challenge and all

member states should further reform their education and training systems in order to equip jobseekers with the right skills for the labour market. The EC thus urges the member states to give priority to public investment in research, innovation, education, training and human capital. The EC expresses concern about some member states’ decreasing levels of investment in education and training and identifies a need for improving the performance of the national education systems. That is why priority should be given to implementing the Youth Employment Package, including the European Alliance for Apprenticeships, tackling the lack of information and communications technologies skills, developing early childhood education and preventing early school leaving. Moreover, an assessment is needed of how to make the provision of education and training more transparent and efficient, how to achieve a better match between skills and available jobs and how to reinforce synergies between the different training providers. The EC also points out that the weak productivity within the EU partly results from poor performance in research and the inability to transfer scientific results into goods and services. Finally, the EC suggests alternative ways of supporting innovation, such as tax incentives to boost private funding into research and technological development and a more strategic use of public procurement to stimulate innovation.

EC communication (pdf) Europe 2020 strategy

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RESEARCH Last Competitiveness Council under Irish Presidency The Competitiveness Council (Council) met from 29 to 30 May 2013 and discussed the next Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (Horizon 2020), the European strategy for International Cooperation in Science and Technology (INCO S&T), the state of the Joint Programming Initiatives (JPI) and the communication from the European Commission (EC) on High Performing Computing (HPC). As no final agreement has been reached yet between the European Parliament (EP), the EC and the Council, the Council took note of the state of the negotiations on Horizon 2020. Remaining issues concern - among others - the funding rules, the widening of participation and the ‘fast-track to innovation’ measure proposed by the EP. The Council repeated its commitment on reaching an agreement on the ‘general package’ of Horizon 2020 with EP by the end of June. Such an agreement is of course depending on the outcome of the budgetary discussions conducted in parallel. The debate on INCO S&T responded to the communication of the EC released in September 2012. In this document, the EC laid out a set of principles for global collaboration that have broadly been endorsed by the Council, namely the creation of multiannual roadmaps laying down the principal research collaboration priorities of the EC with third countries, a focus on regional partner-

ships and a classification of countries in three groups based on their economic output. Still, the Council insisted for a more targeted approach of the INCO S&T collaboration and called for more links with Horizon 2020. The Council also discussed the progress made in the implementation of JPI, based on the biannual report of the High Level Group of Joint Programming published in February. Many delegations underlined the importance of JPI in order to successfully tackle the societal challenges. However, it was also noted that the JPI must now quickly enter into the implementation phase. Moreover, the implementation of JPI must be accompanied by a cultural change at national level resulting in stronger financial and organisational commitments in order to be successful. Finally, the Council discussed the EC’s communication on HPC and issues related to the new mandate of the European Research Area Committee (ERAC). On the latter, the Council confirmed the stress put on innovation at European level by renaming the body European Research and Innovation Area Committee (ERIAC). This was the last meeting of the Competitiveness Council under the Irish Presidency. The following informal meeting of the Ministers for Research will take place from 23 to 24 July in Vilnius under the Lithuanian Presidency starting on 1 July 2013.

Council press release (pdf)

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RESEARCH

European brain research in spotlight The European Commission (EC) declared May 2013 as the European month of the brain. It is worth recalling that, according to the EC, brain-related disorders will affect one third of the population in Europe and cost around €800 billion a year to the European society. Moreover, the ageing population will make these figures likely to increase. A successful response to these challenges needs to be found, especially considering the fact that the number of new drugs for brain diseases developed yearly is continuously dropping. Under the Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7), 1’288 projects have be funded so far for a total of €1.92 billion. Highlighting the strong interdisciplinarity of brain research, projects have been funded not only in the ‘Health’ theme under the ‘Cooperation’ programme of FP7 (€692 million), but also in the ‘Information and Communication Technology’ theme (ICT, €128 million), through individual European Research Council (ERC) grants (€488 million) and Marie Curie Actions (€251 million), without considering the latest 2013 calls for proposals. Most of the funding so far has been awarded in the area of brain functions and processes and neurodegenerative, neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders. Additional brain research has also been carried out through the NEURON ERA-Nets and the Joint Programming Initiative on Neurodegenerative Disease (JPND), the latter of which Switzerland is associated to. In the framework of the European month of the brain and to highlight the

importance of brain research, the EC held a series of events and two conferences in order to discuss, outline and identify future and emerging topics in brain research and bring more visibility for this research area to the general public. The conferences pointed out the need to integrate existing knowledge in the neurosciences across all scales and disciplines, to improve the training of the next generation of researchers and to foster global cooperation and coordination in order to deliver tangible health and educational benefits to society. Recent developments in the area of Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) show that this is already happening, with the EC, the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke in the United States and the Canadian National Institute for Health Research joining forces. It has been announced that funding for brain research under the next Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (Horizon 2020) will increase. Most of the research will be addressed by the ‘Health, wellbeing and demographic change’ societal challenge and a significant amount of grants from the ERC are expected. An important contribution to brain research will come from the Human Brain Project, the recently selected Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) flagship, JPND, which will see the development of more and more initiatives and the second Innovative Medicine Initiative (IMI), which will bring academia and the industry into a partnership in order to bring research results to the market.

Brain research supported at European level (pdf)

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RESEARCH

> Publications Consultation on state of SSH in Europe On 1 May 2013, the Mykolas Romeris University

dissemination of information, collaboration, Hori-

(MRU) of Vilnius opened an online `Consultation

zon 2020 and the obstacles facing researchers –

on the state of the Socio-Economic Sciences and

will be collected by MRU until 15 June 2013. The

Humanities (SSH) in Europe’. The objective is to

results of the consultation will then be made pub-

learn more about the current situation and the

licly accessible online. They aim to provide valua-

ambitions of the research community, but also to

ble input for the planned `Vilnius Declaration on

identify the needs and structural problems of spe-

Horizons for Social Sciences and Humanities’. With

cific fields, with an emphasis on their potential to

a view to this unprecedented role that has been

contribute to the success of Europe 2020, the EU's

assigned to SSH research in Europe, the Lithuani-

growth strategy to become a `smart, sustainable

an Presidency of the EU (starting on 1 July 2013),

and inclusive economy’. Answers and statements

which has mandated the consultation, decided to

from the wider SSH research community on a set

dedicate a specific conference to this discussion on

of five questions – covering the research field,

23 and 24 September 2013.

MRU consultation

Science Europe’s position on data protection regulation On 8 May 2013, Science Europe released a posi-

safeguarding legitimate personal privacy and data

tion statement and an opinion paper of its Medical

protection concerns. Those efforts must, however,

Committee on the currently discussed Data Protec-

not undermine research activities in Europe. Sci-

tion Regulation (DPR). Both documents feed into

ence Europe puts forward examples from the med-

the debate at the Civil Liberties, Justice and Home

ical and life science fields, the humanities and the

Affairs Committee (LIBE) of the European Parlia-

social sciences. The papers also provide targeted

ment, expected to give its opinion in the coming

recommendations with regard to the implementa-

month. The papers underline the importance of

tion of a DPR that does not hinder research.

Science Europe position statement (pdf) Science Europe Medical Committee Opinion paper (pdf)

Call for ideas on potential GNSS R&D activities On 29 April 2013, the Directorate-General for

Horizon 2020 satellite navigation R&D activity

Enterprise and Industry of the European Commis-

areas of interest and to develop as well a multian-

sion launched a call for expression of ideas with

nual strategic R&D programme concept, with spe-

the objective of gathering recommendations in

cial attention paid to the Mission evolution, ser-

potential Research and Development (R&D) activi-

vices, infrastructure and user technology. The

ties relating to Global Navigation Satellite System

consultation takes the form of a questionnaire,

(GNSS) that should be funded by Horizon 2020,

which will be open in particular to industries, re-

the next R&D framework programme of the Euro-

search institutes and Small and Medium Enterpris-

pean Union. This call aims to identify already by

es until 31 July 2013.

mid-2013 and irrespective of the final set up of EC call for ideas

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INNOVATION EIT prepares for Horizon 2020 The Irish Presidency of the Council of the European Union (EU) recently organised a conference on the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) in Dublin with the title ‘Fostering Innovation and strengthening synergies within the EU’. Unlike the last EIT stakeholder conference organised by the Cypriot presidency last November, the focus was less on convincing the public of the concept of the EIT, but much more on lessons learnt from the experience with the current three Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KIC) and advice for setting up new ones. The EIT was founded as a pilot in 2008 with a budget of €300 million and three thematic KICs, looking at Information and Communication Technology (EIT ICT Labs), Climate Change (Climate KIC) and Energy (InnoEnergy) integrating the entire knowledge triangle, i.e. education, research and innovation. As was pointed out repeatedly at the conference, the main strength of the KICs lies in their principle of local knowledge clusters, called Co-Location Centres (CLC), bringing together industry, small businesses, universities and in the case of ClimateKIC also public authorities. Particularly small businesses, but also larger industry seem to be partial to the idea of investing in cooperation with schools to recruit the best talents as well as develop new product ideas for the market. The positive effect of EIT KICs on regions cannot be denied and therefore Lambert van Nistelrooij, Member of the European Parliament (MEP), also pointed towards the opportunities for smart specialisation and combined funding with structural and cohesion funds. Jana Kolar, member of the EIT Governing Board (GB), underlined the local and regional element of innovation. She observed that SME would rather

undertake research with a local partner university than addressing the likes of Fraunhofer or TNO and that even in the absence of overall excellence in every region, there are pockets of excellence, that should be tapped into. The managers of the existing KICs gave a lot of advice to parties interested in proposing new KICs, the topics of which are not yet decided, but most likely will be chosen among ‘healthy and active ageing’, ‘raw materials’, ‘urban mobility’, ‘added value manufacturing’ and ‘food for future’. Apart from the obvious, like involving the business community at an early stage, implementing synergies (across disciplines, KICs, regions, but also EU and national programmes), and to exercise patience as real results could only be expected in a 10-15 year timeframe, Karl-Friedrich Ziegahn, Chair of InnoEnergy KIC GB, strongly advised a professional setup as well as legal and management support for every KIC. He was not alone in admitting the difficulties in streamlining different interests and cultures to achieve common goals and work together efficiently. Finally José Manuel Leceta, Director of the EIT, gave a timeline for future activities. He stressed that in the view of the still undecided budget for Horizon 2020, the first call for future KICs could be expected at the earliest in January 2014 with a six-month-period for consortia to answer. Financial rules, eligibility criteria and procedures would be published before the call and information days organised by the EIT shortly after. He promised that the winning bids (one per thematic field) would be selected based on simplified criteria, which would be more specific and less numerous than in the previous round.

EIT conference material

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INNOVATION

New electronics strategy for Europe On 23 May 2013 the European Commission (EC) proposed a new European industrial strategy to face the increasing competition in electronics from the United States of America and particularly Asia. Apart from being essential to digital products and services, micro- and nanoectronic systems and components are today also at the heart of many diverse areas such as transport, energy, entertainment, health and home appliances. They are part of the Key Enabling Technologies (KET) defined by the EC and therefore given priority to for future investments in Research, Development and Innovation (R&D&I). The recently published communication even stresses that “today no societal challenge can be successfully met without electronics” and its global market has been growing by 5% per year since 2000 to a turnover of €230 billion in 2012. The total impact of micro- and nanoelectronics is around 10% of the worldwide Gross Domestic Product (GDP) with 200’000 directly and 1 million indirectly dependent jobs in Europe alone. The EC therefore suggests to coordinate public investments in microand nanoelectronics (such as semiconductors and computer chips) in order to expand Europe's advanced manufacturing base and with the aim to also mobilise €100 billion in new private investments, which the industry estimated to be necessary to safeguard the sustainability of the sector in Europe. It will support R&D&I through funding using grants, develop a manufacturing and piloting infrastructure particularly for smaller and new companies to bridge the gap between research and market and facilitate access finance for innovation through different schemes. The proposed industrial strategy includes higher and more coordinated in-

vestments in R&D&I with better crossborder collaboration, 2/3 of the public investments carried by the member states and 1/3 by the EC. Europe's three major electronics clusters in Dresden, Eindhoven/Leuven and Grenoble are to be reinforced and better connected with their counterparts e.g. in Cambridge, Carinthia, Dublin and Milan. The focus of the strategy will be on making chips cheaper, (by transitioning to 450mm-sized silicon wafers, the raw material for the chips), faster (‘More Moore’) and smarter (‘More than Moore’). The latter two targets refer to Moore’s law, first stated in 1960, according to which processing speed doubles around every 18 months. Finally, the strategy aims at securing €10 billion of private, regional, national and EU funds behind a common set of research and innovation goals, including €5 billion through a new joint Public-Private Partnership (PPP) following the merger of the two Joint Undertakings for embedded systems (ARTEMIS) and nano- and microelectronic components (ENIAC). This new seven-year partnership is designed to cover the whole value and innovation chain in the electronics sector, including funding large-scale innovation projects, under Horizon 2020. With this new strategy the EC hopes to achieve a greater availability of microand nanoelectronics to key industries in Europe, boost opportunities for small and medium-sized enterprise by expanding supply chain and eco-system, leverage higher investment in advanced manufacturing and to stimulate innovation across the supply chain. It is expected that the strategy will be approved by the Council of the EU and the European Parliament towards the end of the year.

EC communication (pdf)

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INNOVATION

> Publications Communication on energy technologies in future European Energy Policy On 2 May 2013, the European Commission (EC)

innovation in international energy markets as well

published a communication on ‘Energy Technolo-

as address the challenges posed by the current

gies and Innovation’. The achievements of the last

economic situation. An important instrument to

years in the field of energy technologies, such as

meet these challenges is seen in the SET Plan.

the European Union’s (EU)’s Strategic Energy

Also an integrated roadmap incorporating the key

Technology (SET) Plan, the Intelligent Energy in

principles and measures mentioned in the commu-

Europe programme or the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen

nication is needed. Based on this roadmap, an

Joint Undertaking, are highlighted in the first part.

action plan can be developed by member states

The EC points out that so far, the work is going in

and EC. A reporting system would monitor the

a good direction, but further improvement is

implementation of integrated roadmap and action

needed, e.g. the achievement of a higher com-

plan. With this communication, the EC hopes, that

mitment of the EU member states. According to

the strategy to ensure a continuation of the EU’s

the text, the EU energy technology and innovation

world-class technology and innovation sector to

strategy, as an integral part of the EU energy

tackle the challenges for 2020 and beyond, has

policy, must complement the existing regulatory

been set out.

measures, ensure that the EU is at the forefront of EC communication (pdf)

Regulations for Single European Sky and SESAR On 3 May 2013, the European Commission (EC)

same day, the EC also adopted a new regulation

adopted revised implementing regulations on per-

establishing governance and incentive mechanisms

formance and charging, setting the framework for

to facilitate the effective and timely deployment of

the upcoming negotiations on targets for the sec-

the Single European Sky Air Traffic Management

ond reference period (2015-2019) of the Perfor-

(SESAR) research programme. SESAR is the EU’s

mance Scheme of the Single European Sky (SES).

flagship project, a public private joint undertaking,

This scheme requires EU member states to adopt

aiming at modernising Europe’s air traffic man-

performance plans for fixed reference periods. The

agement system and enhancing its performance.

regulation establishes binding targets on member

The successful deployment of SESAR is seen as a

states to deliver better air navigation services

crucial element for the progress of the SES. Four

leading to cheaper flights, less delays and the

main instruments were defined in the new regula-

saving of unnecessary costs for airlines and pas-

tion which should support the deployment of

sengers. The performance targets are set in all

SESAR: common projects, governance mecha-

four key performance areas: safety, environment,

nisms, deployment programme and targeted in-

capacity and cost-efficiency. In an upcoming public

centives. The adoption of the first common project

consultation, inputs for the definition of precise

is expected in early 2014.

goals for an EC decision are expected. On the EC press release on SES EC press release on launching deployment SESAR

31 May 2013 SwissCore

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EDUCATION Education Council does not tackle Erasmus for All From 16 to 17 May 2013, Ireland chaired the second and last Education, Youth, Culture and Sport (EYCS) Council during its Presidency of the Council of the European Union (Council), which will end on 30 June. In line with Ireland’s priority in the field of education and youth - i.e. quality and equity - the ministers adopted conclusions on the ‘social dimension of higher education’, on ‘maximising the potential of youth policy in addressing the goals of the Europe 2020 Strategy’ and on the ‘contribution of quality youth work to the development, well-being and social inclusion of young people’. Furthermore, two policy debates on the quality of teaching professions and youth work took place. The conclusions on the social dimension of higher education are a compilation of previous commitments, like for example the pledge made at the Bucharest summit of the Bologna Process in April last year to adopt national measures to widen overall access to quality higher education. People from all backgrounds should be able to start and finish their studies. The need to improve the funding’s effectiveness of higher education – an issue which will be addressed during a conference of the upcoming Lithuanian Presidency – is also highlighted in the conclusions. In this respect, the conclusions recall that targeted opportunities in higher education should be supported via the funding earmarked for the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI) proposed on 12 March 2013.

On the youth side, the high rate of youth unemployment underpinned the debates. Both conclusions in the field of youth also insist on the need to make good use of the funding available to fight youth unemployment, i.e. the YEI and more specifically the Youth Guarantee Scheme (see Synopsis 2013/03). Youth unemployment was also discussed during the European Council of 22 May, where France and Germany announced that they would organise a series of meetings during the next two months, with the objective to provide a European response to youth unemployment. At the beginning of its presidency, Ireland had announced the intention to adopt Erasmus for All during this EYCS Council. However, since the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) - i.e. the overall budget from 2014 to 2020 - has not been agreed upon yet, an adoption of the programme was anyway not possible. Moreover, a few points still remain open for the last trilogue between the Council, the European Parliament and the European Commission, which will take place in June: the budget allocation per sectors, the indicators, the adoption procedure of delegated acts and the name of the programme and sub-programmes, the latter two being the most sensitive ones. The last trilogue will be more of a final power struggle between the three institutions, which should, despite the sensitive issues, result into an agreement. The final adoption of the programme will then happen only after the adoption of the MFF, hopefully by summer.

Council conclusions and debates (pdf)

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EDUCATION

European and global objectives for education As 1 January 2015 gets closer – the deadline for achieving the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDG) – priorities for the development agenda post 2015 are being discussed. On 23 May 2013, the role and status of education in the future development agenda was debated in Brussels during a high level event on education and development organised by the European Commissioner for Development Andris Piebalgs. At this occasion, the European Commission (EC) confirmed its commitment to making education more equal and of better quality, not only in Europe, but in the whole world. ‘Improving the quality and efficiency of education and training’ and ‘promoting equity, social cohesion and active citizenship’ are two of the four objectives of the strategic framework Education and Training 2020. Besides, equity and quality are the priorities in the field of education of the current Irish Presidency of the Council of the European Union (EU). ‘Education for All’, the global education and development commitment coordinated by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), also strives for equity and quality in education through six objectives, which range from ensuring access to free and compulsory primary education of good quality to improving adult literacy. Europe also faces some of these challenges. The best example is the fight against

illiteracy, with one in five pupils and 73 millions adults in Europe having difficulties in reading and writing as highlighted in a report published in September last year. Unlike the European targets, which should be met by 2020, these six targets were established in 2000 and should, like the MDG, be reached by 2015. However, and not surprisingly, the last monitoring report of Education for All published in October 2012 clearly indicates that the objectives will not be met by then. New MDG for the next fifteen years are now being elaborated via national and intergovernmental consultation processes and discussions within UNESCO on the follow-up of Education for All will be launched in 2014. Whatever the exact targets for the next fifteen years will be, the EU, which is the world's biggest development aid donor (member states and EC together) will contribute to trying to reach them. During the event of 23 May, the EC has announced that at least 20% of the aid budget for the period from 2014 to 2020 should be spent on human development and social inclusion, of which education is a major component. Moreover, part of the Erasmus for All budget - presumably around €1.5 billion - will also fund activities with extraEuropean countries, e.g. capacity building in the field of higher education.

EC high-level event UNESCO Education for All

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EDUCATION

> Publications Spotlight on Comenius centralised actions On 7 May 2013, the Directorate-General Education

and management skills. Not surprisingly, the main

and Culture of the European Commission published

obstacles identified are linked to the administrative

a ‘Study of the Impact of Comenius Centralised

burden. Some of the highlighted enablers are the

Actions: Comenius Multilateral Projects and Come-

careful preparation and planning of projects as

nius Multilateral Networks’. The study focuses on

well as the opportunities for further cooperation

the impact on individuals, organisations and sys-

within the consortium after the end of project

tems, and identifies obstacles as well as enablers

funding. The study points out that there is a strong

to the successful implementation of projects. The

discrepancy in terms of country participation:

study finds out that the most positive impact is on

around ¾ of all 145 coordinators of the sampled

individuals, who gained access to best practices

projects come from eight countries, namely Ger-

and innovation and improved their Information

many,

and Communication Technologies (ICT), languages

Greece, France, Austria, and the Netherlands.

Italy,

Belgium,

the

United

Kingdom,

EC study and relevant links

Benefits of structured mobility On 25 April 2013, the League of European Re-

are presented as creating high benefits for stu-

search Universities (LERU) published an advice

dents, staff and institutions as a whole. Structured

paper on ‘international curricula and student mo-

mobility is also a good way to attract students

bility’. The paper presents three mobility schemes

from third countries to Europe and, in general, a

– exchange mobility, networked mobility and cur-

vector for the modernisation of higher education.

ricula, embedded mobility and curricula (e.g. joint

LERU sees a great potential in Erasmus for All to

degrees) – and details their objectives and impact

support structured mobility, e.g. via joint degrees

on the curriculum. The focus is on the latter two

and Knowledge Alliances. The advice paper will be

types of mobility, i.e. ‘structured mobility’, which

presented on 6 June 2013 in Brussels.

LERU advice paper (pdf)

VET statistics On 29 April 2013, the European Centre for the

in 34 European countries, among which is Switzer-

Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop)

land. On the 31 examined indicators, Switzerland

published a report ‘On the way to 2020: data for

overall performs well compared to the European

vocational education and training policies’. The

average, even if the share of adults participating in

report provides a statistical overview of Vocational

lifelong learning has slightly decreased between

Education and Training (VET) and lifelong learning

2010 and 2011.

Cedefop report (pdf)

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INTRA MUROS… IGLO Core Away Day to Geneva As SwissCore’s Secretariat 2012 – 2013 of the Informal Group of Brussels-based RTD Liaison Offices (IGLO) is coming to an end as of 30 June 2013, we organised an Away Day to Geneva for colleagues from our sister offices in Brussels. On 23 May, we visited the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN). Svet Stavrev, Head of the EU Projects Office, welcomed and accompanied us during our visit. Christoph Rembser, Senior Physicist, then gave a general introduction to CERN and Gijs de Rijk from the Technology Department showed us around in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) superconducting magnet test hall. Thereafter we went 100 meters underground to see the ATLAS underground experiment, one of the four camera’s of the LHC filming the collision of particles. This visit ended with a tour through the exhibition ‘Universe of Parti-

IGLO

- CERN

cles’ in the Globe of Science and Innovation. The next day, we continued our visit to the Brain Behaviour Laboratory (BBL) of the University of Geneva. Alex Waehry, Head of the Euresearch Regional Office Geneva, welcomed us and introduced the University of Geneva. The Director of BBL, Patrick Vuilleumier, presented BBL and the Interfacultary Centre for Neurosciences. David Sander, Director of the Swiss Centre for Affective Sciences (CISA), informed us then about the work of the Centre. The Away Day ended with a tour through BBL with different demonstrations where the visitors could also participate actively. As of 1 July, David Bohmert will hand over the post of the IGLO Secretary to his Italian colleagues Massimo Busuoli (Head of Unit ENEA – EU Liaison Office) and Angelo Volpi (Head of CNR Brussels Liaison Unit).

- BBL

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SwissCore Synopsis May 2013