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Oct/Nov 2017

Creator

Sun Berries Elders Baby Protector Brother

Body

Plants

Snow Water

Spirit

Stars

Mother

Hail Cedar

Medicine

Vol. 51 No. 8

Recovery Story Lornajo Dan | PG 20

Grandfather Grandmother Earth Wind

Uncle Youth Spiritual

Mental Moon

Mind

Child

Father

Grandson Family Leader Physical Healer Friend

Emotional

Cousin

Children

Health Air Trees Daughter Wellness Granddaughter Infant

Life

Rain


C

NTENTS INSIDE

Preschool kids decorate pumpkins they picked out at the pumpkin patch.

ON THE COVER

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Recovery Story Lornajo Dan

Health and Wellness

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Editor’s Note The Chairman’s Message Notice: Availability of Petitions for Nominations Community Happenings Obituary: Dr. Arnold Neal Troeh, Ph.D. Federal Violence Against Women Grant Award The Swinomish Blessing Box Peter John's Canoe Comes Home Swinomish Counseling Services Tide Table Protect What You Love: The Wild Rose Being Frank: Atlantic Salmon Must Go Social Media Anxiety I Am Stronger Than My Addiction Science Corner: OSU Members Attend Swinomish... Inslee Joins Washington Tribes For 28th Annual... My Journey to the New York Marathon Coffee: Good or Bad For Your Health? Science Corner: Diving For Inverts Happy Halloween! Youth Center Calendar Mrs. V's 2 Cents Elders Menu October Birthdays November Birthdays


Being observant is important especially when maintaining a balanced life may feel unreachable.

editor’s NOTE Are you observant of your health, can you sense when something is right or wrong physically, spiritually, mentally, and emotionally? This is not your typical every day sort of question and I’m no health expert, but it’s something I feel everyone should be aware of while maintaining a healthy life. We hear this all the time: being physical for 30 minutes to an hour a day is healthy; drink four glasses of water every day; eat five servings of fruits and vegetables and so on. While maintaining physical health and eating healthier is important, the emotional, spiritual, and mental well being will also help balance your overall health.

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What makes you happy? I personally love to create art and listen to music. That’s my happy place! When I am unable to bring myself to my happy place, I know that something is wrong or imbalanced. Picking myself back up and straightening myself out mentally can be frusterating. I get lost in my thoughts and lose sight of my creative vision. Who do you lean on? I surround myself with people I can trust - my family. I am very fortunate to have a huge family, which means I have a lot of people I can lean on. I do not often share my spirituality with the readers of qyuuqs. I was taught at a very young age that being spiritual is what makes me who I am. I pray when it is necessary for my family, for my people, and the creator of Mother Earth. I become unbalanced when I am not practicing my spirituality. “Creativity is an act of defiance.” Twila Thorp goliahlitza, Caroline Edwards (pud-HWEE-cheeb)

Moon of the Elk Mating Cry Late September/Early October is "the moon of elk mating cry," signaling autumn. This moon is a very busy time because all five salmon runs are fished and dried. The last of fall Chinook run are entering the river while dog salmon, also called chum, are starting their run. Dog salmon dry lean, making them ideal for storage. Hunting also begins for larger game such as deer and elk.

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(pud-HWEET-HWEE-teel)

Moon of the Falling Leaves Much of October is "the moon of the falling leaves." During this moon, the last stocks of sockey, and humpback go up-river, while silvers and dog salmon are reaching their peak. Fishing and drying salmon for the winter months continues. This is the height of the harvest, because the plants are maturing and starting to die. It is a good time to gather nettles, cattails, salal, and bracken fern roots. Hunting begins for ducks, geese and other birds as they return for the winter, and also for larger game such as deer and elk. Excerpt from ‘13 Moons: The 13 Lunar Phases, and How They Guide the Swinomish People’ By swelitub (Todd A. Mitchell) and Jamie L. Donatuto sw d bš qyuuqs News

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The official news publication

of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community

T R I B A L S E N AT E

spee pots Brian Cladoosby, Chairman (360) 708.7533 | bcladoosby@

ya qua leouse Brian Porter, Vice Chair (360) 840.4186 | bporter@

sapelia Sophie Bailey, Secretary (360) 853.6458 | sbailey@

taleq tale II Barbara James, Treasurer (360) 391.3958 | bjames@

pay a huxton Chester Cayou, Jr. (360) 770.3378 | ccayou@

The mission of qyuuqs News is to provide monthly communication to Swinomish Indian Tribal Community Members near and far. We are committed to serving as an apolitical forum for the Swinomish governing officials and all Community Members. qyuuqs News is not intended to reflect the official position of the governing body at Swinomish Indian Tribal Community but rather reflects the ideas, events, and thoughts of individual Community Members and Tribal staff. As such, the Swinomish Tribe makes no claim as to the accuracy or content of any of the articles contained therein. qyuuqs News 17337 Reservation Road, La Conner, WA 98257 Phone (360) 466.7258 Fax (360) 466.1632 *SUBMISSIONS Send your news tips, stories, and photos to qyuuqs@swinomish.nsn.us Submission deadline: 10th day of the month EDITORIAL Caroline Edwards, Editor | cedwards@swinomish.nsn.us

cha das cud II Glen Edwards (360) 708.3113 | gedwards@

yal le ka but Steve Edwards (360) 840.5768 | sedwards@

SM OK O LO Leon John (360) 421.0406 | ljohn@

wa lee hub

SWINOMISH COMMUNICATIONS Heather Mills, Communications Manager | hmills@swinomish.nsn.us Emma Fox, Communications Specialist | efox@swinomish.nsn.us ADVISORY COMMITTEE Allan Olson, John Stephens, Tracy James, Kevin Paul This issue is available online at swinomish-nsn.gov/qyuuqs Photos credits: qyuuqs News Staff or as credited. All rights reserved.

Kevin Paul (360) 540.3906 | tribalsenator@yahoo.com

sOladated

*qyuuqs News is made available for viewing on the Internet When submitting information, stories, and/or photos, please be aware everything published in the print version of qyuuqs News is also published on the Internet and is available to the world. Please consider carefully whether your submissions contain anything you feel may not be suitable or appropriate for the Internet. By submitting your information, stories, and/or photos to qyuuqs News, you agree to publishing your submission in both the print and online versions of qyuuqs News.

Brian Wilbur (360) 588.2812 | bwilbur@

squi-qui Joey Williams (360) 853.5629 | jwilliams@ All Swinomish staff emails: FirstInitialLastName@swinomish.nsn.us

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Facebook: Swinomish qyuuqs News Linkedin: Swinomish Indian Tribal Community

qyuuqs News is a publication of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community produced by Swinomish Communications.


the chairman’s MESSAGE

people. The evening was monumental for the Governor as it was historical for him to be in our Swinomish Smokehouse. The highlight of the evening was the youth who shared their teachings that have been passed down through generations. Thank you to Vice Chairman Brian Porter, Cultural Director Aurelia Bailey, and all of the community members who participated in this cultural event.

The second day of the Centennial Accord meeting was held at the Wa Walton Center. We hosted over 375 Fall season is upon us, and I am not sure who is Washington and tribal leaders and policy staff. The happier to see the cool water; the salmon, crab, or Accord dates back to August 4, 1989 and provides a clams. We’re going to have a cold winter: remember to framework for government-to-government relations winterize your homes and prepare for big storms. and implementation procedures to assure execution of that relationship. The state and tribal leadership The fishing season was not the greatest, but we were touched on a wide range of topics, including blessed to have a decent season for chum, crab, and education and early learning, health care, the opioid shellfish. My thanks goes out to the tribal fishermen epidemic, natural resources, broadband services, who helped fish the Atlantic salmon that spilled into social services, and the state’s new Department of the Salish Sea. Without Lummi, Nooksack, Upper Children, Youth, and Families. Skagit, and fishermen to the south of us, who knows what could have happened had no one stepped up to As Veterans Day approaches my family will be assist in the cleanup efforts of this invasive species. honoring the Veterans who have served our country. I am proud to have my nephew serving in the Navy and As I end my tenure as the 21st President of National hope more of our youth realize what an opportunity Congress of American Indians (NCAI), I will it is to join the military family. Our community will share that I am honored to be the first Swinomish be honor John K. Bob for his military service on tribal member to serve in this position. I could December 7. Please watch for announcements from not have done this service without my wonderful Aurelia Bailey and qyuuqs News. wife Nina, the best Senate in the country, and the most supportive community in the nation. The I also want to extend my love to the Swinomish Youth spotlight this position has brought to Swinomish Council and Greg Edwards for the success of the has increased our networking and relationships with 2nd Annual Intertribal Youth Suicide Prevention party administrations and Congress, allowing us to Summit. They shared with us the importance of step through doors for both parties. We have built addressing this growing issue in our own community relationships with fellow tribes and agencies that and across Indian Country. We hosted over 75 will provide support for our national partnerships. youth and brought in top trainers. The Summit We have a reputation as a progressive tribe who was a powerful place of teachings for our youth and will continue to influence and engage in policy and reminded them to “CHOOSE LIFE”, and to love regulatory development and implementation, as well and cherish each other. I raise my hands to you who as national budget and programs. dedicate your time to our children. Governor Jay Inslee along with chairs and council members from Washington tribes came together for the 28th Annual Centennial Accord, a policy meeting held each year between 25 state agencies and over two dozen tribal governments. It was an honor for Swinomish to host this historic event.

It is a true honor to be part of the Swinomish Tribe. Each and every one of you is a blessing, a humble reminder of what we work and strive for every day. Our homes. Our families. Our Children. Our rights. Our very being of being Swinomish. May the Creator bless you all!

The Governor and his entire cabinet were brought into the Smokehouse to share songs of our Swinomish

speepots Brian Cladoosby

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NOTICE: AVAILABILITY OF PETITIONS FOR NOMINATIONS TERMS EXPIRING SENATE SEAT 8, BARBARA JAMES SENATE SEAT 9, GLEN EDWARDS

Petitions for nominations are available as of Tuesday, November 1, 2017 in the Swinomish Administration building during normal business hours. Please contact Wendy Otto, Election Officer, for more information at (360) 466.1134.

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Will Drafting & Estate Planning Available Office of Tribal Attorney

Kate Jones, attorney for the Center for Indian Law and Policy from the Seattle University School of Law, will be available to Swinomish tribal members to handle their estate planning needs. This is a wonderful opportunity for tribal members to ensure their estates are in order and that their wishes will be met. Best of all – IT’S FREE! Who is eligible? All currently enrolled Swinomish tribal members living either on the Swinomish Reservation or in the Puget Sound area. This program will be administered on a first-come, first-served basis, however preference will be given to elders age 55 or over, the infirm, and those suffering from a life threatening condition. Services include the drafting and execution of the following estate planning documents: • • • •

Last Will and Testament Durable Power of Attorney Health Care Directive (living will) Disposition of Remains

COMMUNITY HAPPENINGS NOVEMBER 8 NB3 Day at Swinomish See Details on PAGE 37 NOVEMBER 15 *Community Dinner | 6PM Youth Center didGáliV Grand Opening | Facility Tours 1-4 PM DECEMBER 13 Swinomish Gift Card Day | 10AM-6PM Youth Center DECEMBER 20 *Community Dinner | 6PM Youth Center DECEMBER 24 Christmas Eve Brunch *Community Dinners are subject to change Swinomish events are listed in bold

HOLIDAYS

NOVEMBER 11 Veterans Day

Ms. Jones can be reached at (206) 398.4133 or by email at jonesk@seattle.edu. Interested individuals should call now to schedule an appointment and assess your individual needs.

NOVEMBER 23 Happy Thanksgiving!

DON’T LET THIS OPPORTUNITY PASS YOU BY. YOU OWE IT TO YOUR LOVED ONES.

DECEMBER 25 Merry Christmas!

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Obituary Dr. Arnold Neal Troeh, Ph.D. SEATTLE — Arnold Toeh passed away in Seattle on July 19, 2017. He was born in Seattle on October 11, 1943 to Neal and Catherine Herrold Troeh. Arnold attended elementary school in llwaco before the family moved to Seattle. While attending the University of Washington he was a member of Lambda Chi Alpha and was the captain of the tennis team. He was such an accomplished tennis player that he even played against tennis great Arthur Ashe. After graduation he went into active duty with the U.S. Air Force. He had a tour of duty in Vietnam and upon returning to the states, he completed hi Masters degree. Discharged as a Captain, he then returned to the UofW for a doctorate in Indian Education. He worked throughout the norwest within many Tribal schools. His tenor voice was his calling card. Whether singing in traditional Native tongue or in many international languages, he would sing at any occasion with gusto. His optimism and exuberance showed through his voice. Proud of his Chinook Indian ancestry and the family ties to the Peninsula, he became and expert in artifact identification. He assisted his mother with a huge family collection of artifacts from a variety of tribes. He was a steward of many baskets and relics. He was articulate and would recite the following family tree: "My mother (Deceased) was Catherine Herold Troeh, her mother was Elfreda Colbert Herrold. Her

mother was Catherine Petit Colbert, and her mother was Amelia Aubichon Petit. Amelia Petit's mother was Alvamox Marianne Aubichon, who was baptized by Bishop Blanchet in Champoeg, Oregon, in early 1800s. Her mother and father were Oschwillicks and Arkensee from the Satsop and they lived in the house of One Eyed Flattened Head Tyee Comcamally, who was also related to Tyee Tmai Tami, who were the aboriginal leadership of the Tsinook People, and who met Captain Robert Gray in 1792 when he maneuvered his ship into the 'Yakaitl Wamak', the Tsinook name meaning Great River, which Captain Gray changed to the name of his ship, 'Columbia Redivivia.' They also assisted the Lewis and Clark Expedition through the winter of 1805. Alvamox Marianne's husband was Alexis Aubichon, who traveled cross country by canoe and portage, from Troi Riviere, Montreal in Quebec as a French Voyageur to Astoria, where he met and married Marianne in the early 1800, and became a factor at Fort Vancouver under Dr. George McLaughlin, and they lived with the Hudson Bay People in the Community of Champoeg, Oregon. He is survived by his parter of many years, Jeannie Wedin of La Conner; his sister, Charlotte Killien of Ocean Park; and many cousins, Anna Ackley, Ed Davis, Don Davis, Joanna Bush, Roy Herrold, John Herrold, Jane Herrold, Emily Owen, Fred Colbert, Michelle Colbert, Mary Commanday, Anne Stevens, Tom Stevens, Dorothy Clark, Rebecca Hemphill, Joe Brown, Ed Brown, Marie Brown, Leslie Brown, Catherine Brown and Renee Goodwin.

HonoringAll AllWho WhoServed Served Honoring

Happy Happy sw d bĹĄ qyuuqs News

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SWINOMISH RECEIVES FEDERAL VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN GRANT By Elizabeth Miller, Paralegal, Office of Prosecuting Attorney

The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community has been awarded a three-year, $495,000 grant from the United States Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women. Swinomish is one of just seven tribes nationwide to receive this funding. The funding is awarded to support tribes carrying out the 2013 reauthorization of the Federal Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). The 2013 VAWA law broke important legal ground by recognizing and acknowledging that participating tribes’ inherent powers include Special Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction over crimes of domestic violence, dating violence, and criminal violations of protection orders when the victim is a Native person and the crime occurs in the tribe’s Indian country. These VAWA provisions partially overturned an earlier Supreme Court ruling that tribes generally do not have inherent power to prosecute and punish non-Indians. Special Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction allows Swinomish and other participating tribes to enact and enforce laws that more fully protect tribal member survivors of domestic violence, regardless of who perpetrated the crime against them. Through this jurisdiction tribes are able to exercise their sovereign power to investigate, prosecute, convict, and sentence both Indians and non-Indians who assault Indian spouses or dating partners, or who violate a protection order in Indian country. The 2013 VAWA law also clarifies tribes’ sovereign power to issue and enforce civil protection orders against both Indians and non-Indians. Tribal Special Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction applies to a perpetrator, whether Indian or not, who resides or is employed in the Indian country of the tribe, or who is a spouse, intimate partner or dating partner of either a member of the tribe or of a Native who resides in the tribe’s Indian country. The Department of Justice grant will support Swinomish’s participation in Special Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction under VAWA. This grant will assist the Tribe in continuing and building upon strong programs that already exist within the Tribe, bringing all services together for a comprehensive approach to combatting domestic violence on Reservation lands. sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

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“Congress took two important steps when it reauthorized VAWA in 2013,” said Chairman Brian Cladoosby. “First, Congress recognized tribes’ inherent power to protect victims of domestic violence in Indian country, whoever the perpetrator may be. This is absolutely essential to keeping our tribal communities and members safe.” “And second, Congress took a first step in reversing the Supreme Court’s wrongful decision limiting tribal criminal jurisdiction. It is a welcome step toward restoring our authority to protect the safety of our community, as we have done since time immemorial.” “I am thankful for these steps by Congress, and I am pleased and thankful that the Department of Justice has now provided Swinomish with resources to exercise the authority recognized in VAWA.” Swinomish will use the grant funding to plan, implement, and exercise the Special Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction that VAWA recognizes. The grant requires close collaboration by Swinomish with Federal partners and other tribes that are also implementing Special Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction. These working relationships allow partner tribes to explore challenges in the planning and implementation process and to troubleshoot solutions to these issues. It also creates strong working relationships among tribal courts, which increases our ability to think outside of the box and allows us to draw on other tribal experience that we may not have considered, while moving forward with our own implementation. Many things will be accomplished through this grant. In the first year, many of these things may not be apparent to you in the community. Swinomish Tribal Code will be revised to fit the requirements of VAWA. Court security will be increased. All defendants must be provided with law-trained counsel. A jury system that reflects the entire population (Native and non-Native) of the Reservation community needs to be put in place. Staff will receive in-depth training on addressing domestic violence and the implementation of VAWA. The Swinomish Police Department will also receive updated domestic violence specific training. Software systems utilized by the Swinomish Tribal Court will be expanded to allow both the prosecutor and tribal advocate instant access to Continues on PAGE 11


Tribal Court records. This ensures that the most up to date information is always available for the prosecutor and advocate. “This grant will help Swinomish continue our work of breaking the cycle of historic trauma through education, outreach, and culturally appropriate services to survivors of domestic violence in the Swinomish Community,” says Senator Barb James. Toward this end, other aspects of the grant include the ability to provide transitional housing to survivors of domestic violence when needed. The goal of this is to help survivors move forward and away from their victimization. Many survivors of domestic violence have a difficult time finding and setting themselves up in a new housing situation. We plan to bridge this gap by providing both immediate temporary housing (i.e., a hotel room for a short duration of time) and longer term transitional

housing to help survivors find the means to get back to a stable housing environment. We will also provide Survivor Assistance Kits to help meet the basic needs of a safe and secure transition to alternative housing. The implementation of Special Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction at Swinomish requires the participation of many current Swinomish services, as well as outside partnerships with organizations like Skagit Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Services. The strengthening of these partnerships, both internal and external, is key to our success in implementing Special Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction. All parties involved are committed to working together to plan, implement, and exercise Special Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction at Swinomish that will promote the safety and well-being of our community.

Take What You Need and Leave What You Can

THE SWINOMISH BLESSING BOX We see the issue of world hunger in the news but rarely hear about the issue of hunger happening in our own neighborhood. Brenda Williams thought about her neighbors, the people of Swinomish, and decided to round up a team to do a service project — The SWINOMISH BLESSING BOX. The concept is simple: 1. Take ANYTHING you need for your family! 2. Leave what you can...bless your neighbors. Brenda's small but very impactful team included, Becky Becky Larsen, Brenda Williams, Sina Fallahi stand Larsen, (Quinalt tribal member and local volunteer who next to the newly built Swinomish Blessing Box. resides at Swinomish), Sina Fallahi, (local carpenter who built the 'box'), Steve Edwards, (provided his yard for the 'box'), and Tracy James, (organized the The SWINOMISH BLESSING BOX is located at the ceremonial blessing done by the Cultural department). corner of Swinomish Avenue and First Street, Swinomish Tribal Community. After the ceremonial blessing of the 'box', Brenda shared that this is just the beginning and that she has other service project ideas in mind! sw d bš qyuuqs News

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PETER JOHN’S CANOE COMES HOME Theresa Trebon, Tribal Archivist

AUGUST — The Tribal Archive received the delivery of a historic cedar dugout canoe for the Tribe’s permanent collection. Housed for years in the cavernous Swanson Barn across the Swinomish channel, the canoe, carved by tribal member Peter John, has an interesting story. Peter John, circa 1858-1943, was born in Oak Harbor and lived out his life on the Swinomish Reservation where he was “highly honored by both the Indians and the people of La Conner and vicinity.” He was renowned for his strength as a hunter, and as a young man in 1889 “took a number of blankets and some money for being the strongest man in this section” at a potlatch held on Guemes Island. In 1894, he married Ellen Jim and while they were together almost fifty years no record has been found indicating they had any children. Ellen Jim John also hailed from Whidbey Island and newspaper accounts in the 1930s and 40s regularly mentioned Ellen and Peter’s trips to Coupeville to visit old friends.

Vernon and Kermit Swanson paddling in the Peter John canoe on Swinomish Channel – c. 1938 Photo Courtesy of the Swanson Family Swinomish Tribal Archive

in the tribal and local farming communities. One of the important roles he took on was protecting tribal burial sites. Not only did he and his horses take care of “the upkeep of the tribal cemetery,” but he also played a major role in documenting burial sites of the Lower Skagit in central Whidbey.

Sometime in the 1930s, during the years of the Great Depression, Peter needed a source of hay to Ellen was the caretaker of the epic keep his team of horses running. Swinomish creation story “The Short of cash, he utilized his Earth was Flooded.” She passed traditional carving skills to it on to her niece, Dora Solomon, craft an unusual bartering deal who then shared it with Vi Hilbert. with Anton and Anna Swanson, Today that story is immortalized Swedish immigrants whose farm on one of the interpretive panels in was located on the flats north of La the pavilions of Swadab Park. Conner. Peter John had a team of horses and did multiple jobs for hire sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

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The Swansons arrived in La Conner in 1903 where Anton ran

the local butcher shop. One of their sons, Austin, later leased flatlands on the Reservation’s north end where he farmed from the 1930s through the 1970s. As a result, Austin became well acquainted with Peter John and his reliable team of horses; both assisted Austin in his farming operation until Peter was well into his seventies. As he neared the age of 100, Austin looked back and recalled “Peter John was a fine guy. He had a pretty good car and a team of horses,” both reliable estimates of character. Peter John’s solution for obtaining hay for his beloved horses? He carved a cedar canoe for Anton and Anna’s two younger sons in trade for hay bales. Austin said that his brothers, Kermit (1920-2014) and Vernon (1918-1992), always


The Peter John Canoe securely strapped in with a distant cousin for the ride back to Swinomish – August 2017 Photo by Theresa Trebon Swinomish Tribal Archive

felt that they got the better end of the deal. “The boys had a lotta fun paddling that canoe around in the channel!” Austin Swanson passed away at the age of 101 in 2013 but prior to his death, he worked with the Tribal Archive to preserve his memories of his ties to Swinomish. He often voiced his hope that the Peter John canoe, with the big bold “S” painted on the bow for “Swinomish,” would come back to the place where it was carved. Lawrence Edwards and General Cayou maneuver the canoe out of the rafters of the Swanson Barn – August 2017 Photo by Theresa Trebon Swinomish Tribal Archive

Special thanks is extended to the Jeff and Dean Swanson families, Swinomish Development Authority Committee, Elissa Kalla, General Cayou, Lawrence Edwards and Candace Tsoodle. sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

Thanks to the efforts of many it did. Just a month ago, on a warm summer’s afternoon, General Cayou and Lawrence Edwards extricated the canoe from its storage place in the Swanson Barn and brought it home to Swinomish. While plans are underway to repaint the canoe to its original color, one thing’s for certain: the bold “S” will still grace the front of the craft.

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SWINOMISH COUNSELING SERVICES Laura Lindberg, Swinomish Couseling Services Chairman Brian Cladoosby has expressed that “we are all a product of our environment.” Our family, our community, our government, and our history affect us. When that environment includes years of oppression, racism, and abuse, it frequently results in mental health challenges that can be passed down from generation to generation. Swinomish counselors understand the impact of this historical trauma, and are here to help. As we are all products of our environment, we must recognize that mental health problems are not our fault, and facing such challenges does not mean we are weak. When people do all they can to improve their lives but feel nothing works, they can seek outside help from a counselor. There are many reasons to see a counselor: • If you feel sad all the time and don’t enjoy anything; • If you are often worried; • If you feel you are not good enough, and think everyone is better than you; • If you have a hard time getting out of bed in the morning or feel you have no energy; • If you struggle to concentrate at work or in school; • If you are always fighting with your family and friends; • If you feel stuck in an unhappy relationship; • If you have trouble sleeping or eating; • If you ever wish you weren’t here, or have thoughts about suicide. Counselors have the tools to help you understand and manage your emotions. They can be a listening ear for you to unload your problems, and they can help you understand what you feel and why you feel it. They can help you understand how situations in the past affect how you feel today. They can teach you how to change your negative feelings, and can refer you to get medication if you need it. Swinomish Counseling Services offers individual counseling at the La Conner schools, Social Services Building, and Medical Clinic. They have therapy groups that enable you to benefit from the wisdom and support of your peers. They also offer couples and family counseling to help you create stronger, more positive relationships with family members, and enable you become the best parent you can be. 14 sw d bš qyuuqs News

Swinomish Counseling Staff

Swinomish has a staff of five licensed mental health counselors for children, teenagers, adults, and families.

Shirley Swanson Counselor and Director of Counseling After 36 years of teaching in Australia and Mount Vernon, I was fortunate to begin working with Swinomish youth as a Licensed Counselor. I attended graduate school while teaching and earned a master’s degree in Child Psychology. I held a private practice for several years but found my true calling here at Swinomish; I feel blessed to be part of this progressive program and community. My younger clients named me "MamaShirleybird", which is an honor I cherish. Last year I became the Director of Counseling Services and am located in the Medical Clinical.

Darlene Peters, Si-sai-sath, MA, LMFTA Adult Counselor I am an enrolled member of the Swinomish Tribal Community. I earned a master’s degree in Couples and Family Therapy from Seattle University in 2016. I begin my career in counseling three years ago with Tulalip Tribes Behavioral Health. In January 2017 I received the opportunity to return home and serve the Swinomish community as a counselor. In this role, I have provided counseling services to youth, adults, families, couples, and groups. My approach is holistic, meaning I address the entire being: spiritual, mental, emotional, social, and physical. “Honor and respect is of utmost importance in a counseling relationship. We are all on a healing journey.”

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I am a member of the Coquille Tribe of Coos Bay, Oregon. I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor, Child Mental Health Specialist, and Minority Mental Health Specialist, and I have provided counseling and psychotherapy in Skagit County for over seven years. I approach healing through connections to each other, along with attention to emotional, spiritual, and physical health. Being so far away from my tribal community, I feel grateful for the opportunity to serve the Swinomish Tribe. Along with my three-legged sidekick therapy dog Samantha (Sammy), I provide counseling and support for children, parents, and individuals.

Connie Bonner-Britt, MA, LMHC Family Counselor I have provided counseling services in Skagit County since 1999, when my husband and I began working together in our family practice, Skagit Family Study Center. My credentials are Licensed Mental Health Counselor, Minority Mental Health Specialist, and Children’s Mental Health Specialist, with an Infant Mental Health endorsement. In 2015, I was honored to begin serving the Swinomish community as a Marriage and Family Counselor. I provide counseling for individuals, couples, and families. My training is in several different modalities of healing, including Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), and Reiki. My belief is that there are many forms of healing medicines used to support the impact and complications of trauma that can be learned and practiced by the individual to support the spiritual, emotional, mental, and physical health and well-being, and work to support the counseling process with this understanding.

Laura Lindberg, MA, LMHC Teen Counselor and Youth Spirit Director I spent years as an artist and art teacher, but was drawn to the counseling field because I have a passion for helping people. Seven years ago I returned to school to become an Art Therapist. By combining art and therapy, I help people access parts of themselves that are hard to put into words. I am grateful for the opportunity to work with Swinomish, providing counseling to teens at the La Conner schools and to teens and adults at my office in Social Services. This past year I had the opportunity to apply for a grant for a youth program for Swinomish Tribal Community teens. The proceeds from this grant enabled us to create the five-year Youth Spirit Program, addressing health and wellness, and supporting Native culture. Watch for Youth Spirit activities in coming months!

During a presentation at Western Washington University, Chairman Cladoosby asked, “How do you destroy historical trauma?" "One generation at a time.” Perhaps this is your time to call a counselor, to help yourself and your generation move one step closer to recovering from historical trauma. Call the Medical Clinic today to make an appointment with one of the Swinomish Counseling staff. CALL: (360) 466.1104!

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Denise Miller, MA, LMHC Child and Family Counselor

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TIDE TABLE: December 2017 Lone Tree, Snee-Oosh, North Skagit Bay

Swinomish Department of Environmental Protection Day

High

Low

Low

High

Phase

Sunrise

Sunset

Moonrise

Moonset

Fri 01

03:43 9.81 ft

09:09 4.85 ft

14:45 11.71 ft 21:47 −0.89 ft

7:40

16:17

15:33

4:48

Sat 02

04:35 10.73 ft 10:02 5.28 ft

15:23 11.83 ft 22:27 −1.93 ft

7:42

16:17

16:12

6:06

Sun 03

05:25 11.50 ft 10:54 5.64 ft

16:03 11.83 ft 23:10 −2.65 ft

7:43

16:16

16:58

7:24

Full

Mon 04

06:14 12.06 ft 11:47 5.90 ft

16:47 11.65 ft 23:55 −2.96 ft

7:44

16:16

17:53

8:37

Tue 05

07:04 12.39 ft 12:41 6.02 ft

17:35 11.27 ft

7:45

16:15

18:57

9:43

7:46

16:15

20:07

10:38

00:42 −2.84 ft

Wed 06

07:55 12.51 ft 13:39 6.00 ft

18:27 10.68 ft

Thu 07

01:31 −2.30 ft

08:46 12.48 ft 14:42 5.79 ft

19:26 9.89 ft

7:47

16:15

21:20

11:24

Fri 08

02:22 −1.38 ft

09:38 12.35 ft 15:51 5.37 ft

20:34 9.01 ft

7:49

16:15

22:32

12:01

Sat 09

03:15 −0.17 ft

10:31 12.15 ft 17:06 4.69 ft

21:52 8.22 ft

7:50

16:15

23:43

12:32

Sun 10

04:13 1.21 ft

11:23 11.95 ft 18:19 3.76 ft

23:25 7.78 ft

7:51

16:15

Mon 11

Last Qtr

13:00

05:17 2.59 ft

12:13 11.74 ft 19:21 2.71 ft

7:51

16:15

0:51

13:26

Tue 12

01:06 7.93 ft

06:28 3.82 ft

13:00 11.54 ft 20:12 1.68 ft

7:52

16:15

1:58

13:50

Wed 13

02:37 8.60 ft

07:41 4.77 ft

13:41 11.32 ft 20:55 0.80 ft

7:53

16:15

3:03

14:15

Thu 14

03:46 9.45 ft

08:49 5.45 ft

14:19 11.08 ft 21:31 0.11 ft

7:54

16:15

4:07

14:42

Fri 15

04:41 10.22 ft 09:48 5.93 ft

14:53 10.82 ft 22:03 −0.39 ft

7:55

16:15

5:09

15:11

Sat 16

05:25 10.80 ft 10:38 6.26 ft

15:26 10.57 ft 22:34 −0.73 ft

7:56

16:15

6:09

15:44

Sun 17

06:01 11.20 ft 11:22 6.48 ft

15:59 10.31 ft 23:05 −0.94 ft

7:56

16:16

7:07

16:22

Mon 18

06:33 11.45 ft 12:02 6.59 ft

16:33 10.05 ft 23:37 −1.03 ft

7:57

16:16

8:01

17:05

Tue 19

07:01 11.61 ft 12:40 6.60 ft

17:08 9.78 ft

7:58

16:16

8:50

17:54

New

Wed 20

00:11 −0.99 ft

07:30 11.72 ft 13:18 6.51 ft

17:46 9.47 ft

7:58

16:17

9:34

18:48

Thu 21

00:46 −0.81 ft

08:01 11.80 ft 13:58 6.33 ft

18:26 9.12 ft

7:59

16:17

10:12

19:46

Fri 22

01:24 −0.47 ft

08:35 11.83 ft 14:41 6.06 ft

19:10 8.70 ft

7:59

16:18

10:45

20:47

Sat 23

02:03 0.06 ft

09:12 11.82 ft 15:28 5.68 ft

20:02 8.24 ft

8:00

16:19

11:15

21:50 22:55

Sun 24

02:44 0.80 ft

09:50 11.77 ft 16:20 5.14 ft

21:04 7.78 ft

8:00

16:19

11:42

Mon 25

03:29 1.73 ft

10:30 11.70 ft 17:15 4.39 ft

22:19 7.48 ft

8:00

16:20

12:08

Tue 26

04:19 2.81 ft

11:12 11.63 ft 18:10 3.42 ft

23:45 7.54 ft

8:01

16:21

12:33

Wed 27

First Qtr

0:01

05:18 3.93 ft

11:54 11.60 ft 19:01 2.24 ft

8:01

16:21

13:00

1:10

Thu 28

01:13 8.06 ft

06:26 4.94 ft

12:37 11.63 ft 19:50 0.96 ft

8:01

16:22

13:29

2:22

Fri 29

02:34 8.97 ft

07:37 5.70 ft

13:21 11.71 ft 20:36 −0.32 ft

8:01

16:23

14:03

3:37

Sat 30

03:40 10.02 ft 08:45 6.17 ft

14:07 11.82 ft 21:21 −1.46 ft

8:01

16:24

14:43

4:53

Sun 31

04:34 10.98 ft 09:46 6.39 ft

14:53 11.90 ft 22:07 −2.41 ft

8:01

16:25

15:33

6:09

DID YOU KNOW? Source: webmd.com

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High

It can be difficult to navigate the many vitamins and minerals available for sale. However, did you know that the best way to "take" your vitamins is actually through a balanced diet? • Vitamin A promotes good eyesight and a normal functioning immune system. Find it in milk, eggs, sweet potatoes, carrots, and leafy vegetables. • Vitamin B6 supports your nervous system and helps the body break down protein. Find it in bananas, light meat chicken or turkey, and spinach. • Iron carries oxygen to all parts of the body through red blood cells. Find it in red meat, eggs, beans, shellfish, and leafy green vegetables. • Magnesium supports your muscles and nerves, and maintains bone strength. Find it in whole grains, almonds, avocados, and bananas.


Protect What You Love THE WILD ROSE Community Environmental Health

As fall leaves change color and begin to fall, our bodies adjust to the plentiful rainy days ahead of us. It is important for us to take care of our health, especially during cold and flu season. There are many ways to prepare for the upcoming season such as drinking healthy fluids including water, tea, and a lot of vitamin C. It is amazing how much medicine we have in our backyard in the form of plants.

Dehydrated rose hips can be used for tea or put into your Salish Snack Mix! There are many other plants in the area you can harvest such as cattail, nettle stalks, and willow bark.

How to Harvest Rose Hips

To harvest rose hips, wait until you see a red shiny bulb the size of a large cherry or small plum where the flower once grew. To prepare them, pick the rose hip and scoop out the seeds with a spoon (you don’t want to eat the seeds as they are very itchy). Place the rose hip skins on a pan sheet to dehydrate in the oven. If you visited our booth at Swinomish Days, we offered dehydrated rose hip samples to build your own Salish Snack Mix.

As always, be careful where you harvest plants: you don’t want to harvest near big roads, farms, ditches, or other places that may be polluted because the plants hold onto that pollution. If you are in doubt about plant identification, please ask a member of the Community Environmental Health team! When harvesting it is important to take only what you need and ensure enough remains for the plant to continue to grow the next harvest. sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

Wild Rose helps us remember what is precious and to keep it safe from harm. The sweet smelling flowers of this plant soothe irritation, heal wounds, and add delicious flavor to food and drinks during spring and summer. In fall these flowers begin to wilt, revealing the rose’s “hip” at the base of the blossom. Rose hips strengthen our heart and contain vitamin C, which helps our body adapt to the changing seasons by shielding us from illness.

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BEING FRANK ATLANTIC SALMON MUST GO Lorraine Loomis, NWIFC Chair

The backlash against Atlantic salmon farms in Western Washington continues to grow as more than 100,000 of the nonnative fish remain unaccounted for following the collapse of a Cooke Aquaculture facility in northern Puget Sound last month. Treaty tribes in Western Washington have adopted a policy rejecting Atlantic salmon aquaculture in our region because we believe the state’s permitting requirements, oversight, and response planning for Atlantic salmon net pen farming are seriously inadequate. First Nations in Canada share our concerns about possible impacts from Atlantic salmon to our native Pacific stocks. Bands from Vancouver Island have stepped up their opposition by occupying and calling for removal of some facilities. While Washington has just a handful of farms – California, Oregon, and Alaska have banned them – there are more than 70 in British Columbia. More than 300,000 adult Atlantic salmon being raised by Cooke Aquaculture at its floating farm on Cypress Island escaped when the facility collapsed August 19. Cooke was able to recover about half of the escaped fish. Treaty tribal fishermen sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

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and sport anglers removed about 55,000 more. The remainder have since spread throughout Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca, the Washington coast and British Columbia. Since the spill, Washington State government has imposed a moratorium on permits for any new Atlantic salmon farm operations, but we think that’s too little, too late. We want those fish gone as soon as possible. We also want to make it clear that we will continue to support net pens used for short-term marine rearing of Pacific salmon or culturing of other species when exercising our tribal treaty right. Though scientists say it is unlikely Atlantic salmon could establish themselves in our waters, it’s not impossible. In 1998 juvenile Atlantic salmon found in the Tsitika River on Vancouver Island were found to be the offspring of natural spawning by escaped Atlantic salmon. We have good reason to be concerned. There’s a long history of fish escaping from fish farms throughout Western Washington. Between 1996 and 1999, more than 500,000 got loose in Puget Sound.

In 2003, several hundred were found swimming in Scatter Creek, a tributary to the Chehalis River, after escaping from a private fish farm. In 2006, the Alaska Department of Fish and Game confirmed that Atlantic salmon caught in Cook Inlet came from the same facility. Some scientists say that one out of every 100 Atlantic salmon escape from fish farms in Washington and British Columbia. We believe Atlantic salmon should be treated like all invasive species. We must remove those that we can, monitor our waters for new infestations, and act quickly to wipe them out. We are failing to recover Pacific salmon in Western Washington because their habitat is being lost faster than it can be restored. We don’t need the additional problems that Atlantic salmon bring to our waters. Being Frank is a monthly column written by the chair of the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission. As a statement from the NWIFC chair, the column represents the interests and concerns of treaty Indian tribes throughout western Washington.


SWINOMISH WHEREABOUTS UNKNOWN LIST

Social Media Anxiety Caroline Edwards, qyuuqs News Editor

Office of the Special Trustee for American Indians (OST) is seeking current addresses for Individual Indian Money (IIM) account holders. All Whereabouts Unknown (WAU) accounts have either interests in lands and/or funds to be disbursed to rightful owners. Names listed with an asterisk ( * ) indicate accounts that received and are still holding Cobell settlement funds. IF YOUR NAME IS LISTED BELOW CONTACT: OFFICE OF SPECIAL TRUSTEE-PUGET SOUND AGENCY (425) 252.4382

Canida, Sandra* Cayou, Randy HL Dahlquist, Tim* Dimond, Lori A Dimond, Marsha Eaton, Charlene C* Fernandes, Mary Fornsby, Randy P Lapointe, Richard M* McCoy, Sacheen A Mcleod, Alexander Mcleod, Dean R* Meachem, George Murchinson, Joseph* Quintasket, Lori A Sampson, James Jr* Siddle, Augustus W Villaluz, Michael* Wilbur, Tandy Wolf Williams, Jeremiah J*

Swinomish Indians of WA Swinomish Indians of WA Swinomish Indians of WA Swinomish Indians of WA Swinomish Indians of WA Swinomish Indians of WA Swinomish Indians of WA Swinomish Indians of WA Swinomish Indians of WA Swinomish Indians of WA Swinomish Indians of WA Swinomish Indians of WA Swinomish Indians of WA Swinomish Indians of WA Swinomish Indians of WA Swinomish Indians of WA Swinomish Indians of WA Swinomish Indians of WA Swinomish Indians of WA Swinomish Indians of WA

Resources

Form OST 01-004 IIM Instructions for Disbursement of Funds and Change of Address Link: www.doi.gov/ost/wau Information needed to request OST Forms: Name of account holder(First, M.I., Last Name) Current Address Telephone Number

Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health disorder in the U.S., affecting more than 18% of the population. They are even more common among children, affecting an estimated 25% of children between the ages of 13 and 18. (anxiety.org) Social media is becoming a larger and larger presence in today's world, and as it does, questions are emerging on how social media is really affecting us. What is the first thing people tend to do when they sit down during their spare time? Most people will pull out their phone and open up that social media app and begin scrolling. It's obvious that social media is great for connecting with people at great distances, but let's face it, our society has created a hole that we can't get out of and can't seem to walk around (sort of like addiction). A never ending need to see how many 'likes' and reaction emojis were clicked on. All of which can lead to feeling worried and uncomfortable. For some people it creates social media anxiety. Whatever happened to using a cell phone to actually call a friend instead of checking out their latest social media post? Some people take breaks from social media. How about trying it yourself to find out how attached you are or uncomfortable you may feel? You'll never know until you try! sw d bĹĄ qyuuqs News e e

Whereabouts Unknown People Tribe Name

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I AM STRONGER THAN MY ADDICTION Lornajo Dan, Qual-so-leetza #2

My sobriety date is May 18, 2017. I am over four months clean and sober. I used off and on for years since the young age of 14, which is when I started smoking marijuana. I was drinking with adults at age 15, which is when I began partying on weekends. This went on while I was also dealing with the tragic death of my favorite cousin John Dan Jr. in December 2003. When we lost John, I lost a piece of my heart. He was my cousin and classmate, and I looked up to him.

My name is Lornajo Dan and my Indian name is Qual-so-leetza #2. I was born in Anacortes in April 1986. I live on the Swinomish Reservation and have lived here all my life. My father is the late Dean Dan Sr., Swinomish tribal member. My mother is the late Beatrice Myers-Reeves from Pennsylvania. She resided on the Swinomish Reservation for many years, and also on the Tulalip Reservation where she passed away in September 2015. Losing them at such a young age was heartbreaking. I grew up in a household with my parents drinking and a lot of domestic violence. My parents separated when I was four years old. My father raised me along with my older brother Dean Dan Jr. I still struggle at times. Even though I have come such a long way, I still have bad days. I am sharing my experience with addiction with you today, my strength to overcome it, my hope for anyone who may need it, and my gratitude for all the good things happening in my life now. Addiction to drugs and alcohol can feel so powerful; it is a very serious, deadly, and progressive disease when left untreated. I want my community and anybody else affected by drugs and alcohol to know my story and how I am recovering now. 20 sw d bĹĄ qyuuqs News

I slowed down on marijuana use and drinking at age 17, and barely pulled off graduating from La Conner High School in June 2004. I believed my life was turning around because I was not using as much, but little had I known, this was just the calm before the storm and my battle with drugs and alcohol was only beginning. I was introduced to prescription pills and cocaine when I turned 18. I used pain pills for the next eight years. The only time I truly stopped was when I became pregnant in 2005 until I gave birth to my beautiful daughter in July 2006. I was right back to using opiates after being home only a few months. I do not recall the first time things went from bad to worse with my addiction, but I believe it was when I lost my father in August 2008. I tried to get clean in 2009. I went to inpatient treatment for 28 days that year but was using within two weeks of my return home. I did not have the tools I needed to ask for help. I did not know how to deal with my grief and loss issues. I was not willing to see a mental health counselor. My addiction was bad. I would get jobs and quickly lose them due to my behaviors, as I was not being accountable or honest with others or myself at work. I started taking stronger opiates in 2009, turning to heroine and crystal meth by 2011. I have lost cars, jobs, relationships, friendships, and loved ones. I lost respect for myself and others. Living life addicted to drugs is not a happy one. I am 31 years old today and I know I wasted a lot of time using substances and not living life. My main focus was getting drugs and using drugs. Everything else was put on the back burner. It became normal to hang out with criminals and put myself and others in dangerous situations. After all this, I was accepted into a program called Swinomish Wellness Court. I struggled to get clean

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in the beginning of May 2017 and was therefore sentenced to jail for seven days. This was my first time ever going to jail. This was not fun nor did I want to be clean, but I was 31 years old and going to jail for the first time so I knew something had to be done and soon. I was released from jail May 17th and I used again the same day, but I somehow knew this was the last time as I was court ordered to attend inpatient treatment far from home. Even though this decision started off with a judge telling me what to do, this became the best choice I ever made in my life. I finally realized I was not in control anymore. It wasn’t the judge or my counselor in control either, it was the drugs — they were in full control of my life! I stayed at a wonderful treatment center called Free by the Sea in Ocean Park, Washington from May 18 to July 7. I would like to share with anybody battling addiction today to reach out without shame; get help because we cannot do it alone. I am able to stay clean today. I have changed and grown so much in the past four months. I moved into a sober living home with my daughter and am still in Wellness Court. I am successful and accountable. I am working for our tribe again thanks to people that believe in second chances. I am grateful for 12-step meetings and attend them as much as possible. I have a sponsor and I am working on each step. I am able to do whatever it takes to stay alcohol and drug free. I want my community and anyone battling a drug or alcohol addiction to know that you can get help. There are people who care and I am one of those people. If I can win the fight and stay clean, anyone can.

I know I am stronger than my addiction. I get to make healthy choices for myself and my daughter. I have learned to love. Someone told me I am God’s favorite and I believe it now. When I am in trouble or having a bad day, I ask for help. If you need help, please don’t wait. The time is now. The Swinomish Wellness Program staff do a wonderful job helping our people. I am very grateful for the services and treatments they have helped me with. If I could change anything in my life today, I wouldn’t. I wouldn’t because I believe everything happens for a reason. Everything I have been through in my life has made me a better and stronger person. Today, I am living a pleasant lifestyle thanks to God and a lot of hard work, support, and willingness to change. I am clean and sober because I want to be. I am a wonderful mother to my daughter. I get to reach out and help others. I keep what I have by giving it all back. I can grow into who I want to be now. Thank you to my family and friends for all your continued support. Also, everyone involved in my life and my recovery. I appreciate the Swinomish Wellness Program staff and Swinomish Wellness Court team for all the time and effort they have put into helping me and my daughter. It takes a huge heart to do this type of work every day. If you need help, please don’t hesitate to ask for it. I promise it will be the best choice you can ever make for yourself. You can better your life; one day at a time. If you read this article, thank you for taking the time to do so. Thank you for allowing me to share my story.

Each coin represents a phase that Lornajo completed in the Swinomish Wellness Program, each coin signifies 30-days clean and sober.

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Science Corner

OSU Members Attend Swinomish Cultural Orientation with Larry Campbell Phoebe Keryte, Community Environmental Health Program Intern

AUGUST 2 — Students and professors from Oregon State University (OSU) School of Public Health visited the Swinomish Reservation to learn about the Tribe’s history, culture, and community as part of their research regarding the health of the Swinomish Community. There is a bridge of trust between Swinomish and OSU known as a Community Engagement Core. The goal of this program is to address tribal environmental health concerns and develop risk reduction strategies that will improve health without adversely affecting cultural practices. The team from OSU presented their research efforts from this program, which include air quality, shellfish toxicology, and the wrist band study. While visiting they enjoyed a cultural tour with Larry Campbell. Such tours are made available to new employees of the Swinomish Tribe and to visitors. These cultural tours start in Social Services and continue on outside amongst the waters and trees, offering participants a chance to learn about a variety of topics, including the history of the Point Elliot Treaty of 1855, identifying the islands in the bay, and the importance of preserving tradition. Some tour participants commented that each time they participate in the cultural tour it is different from their last experience. For myself personally, going to visit the smokehouse felt very spiritual. Larry corrected me from walking clockwise as I entered and indicated I should walk counter-clockwise. In my mind, I was not of this factor since we share a tribal background, but in the traditional homes on my Diné side, known as Hogans, we walk clockwise. As the tour continued to Snee-oosh Beach, Larry identified the islands within Skagit Bay and told us the stories behind their names; he also shared how historically the land was not owned but was shared amongst the community. It is valuable for people from outside the Swinomish community to learn about the Tribe when beginning any partnerships. Figure 1 shows that OSU university researchers did not feel comfortable discussing American Indian/Alaska Native terms and concepts before they took Larry’s tour. Figure 2 shows that OSU university researchers felt an increase in their cultural 22 sw d bš qyuuqs News

Figure 1 shows most university researchers are not comfortable explaining American Indian/Alaska Native terms and concepts. Data from Dr. Molly Kile, OSU School of Public Health.

Figure 2 shows OSU university researchers felt that their cultural awareness increased after going on a cultural tour with Larry Campbell. Data from Dr. Molly Kile, OSU School of Public Health.

awareness after their participation in Larry’s tour. Larry’s tour offers a good overview. Cultural awareness is a delicate topic to explain, to endure such sentiments is common throughout Indian Country. Larry’s cultural tour may not be the same each time, but each tour makes the participants more aware through his unique way of sharing. The OSU team expressed gratitude for the opportunity to become more informed about the Swinomish Tribe how their research is used to support the community. The tour concluded with a walk to Kiket Island and taking in the calm waters.

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Inslee Joins Washington Tribes For 28th Annual Centennial Accord Gathering re-affirms partnership between state government and tribal governments

This year's attendees of the 28th Annual Centennial Accord held at Swinomish.

The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community hosted this year’s Centennial Accord at the Swinomish Casino & Lodge in Anacortes. Inslee delivered opening remarks at the gathering. “It is an honor to attend the annual Centennial Accord this year to re-affirm Washington’s commitment to this sovereign-to-sovereign relationship,” Inslee said. “Our state is grateful for its partnership with tribal governments on the challenges we all face. Washington state has a deep respect for tribal culture and heritage — it is an important part of who we are as a state.” Today’s discussions, as well as work sessions that took place on Monday, touched on a wide range of topics, including education and early learning, health care, the opioid epidemic, natural resources, broadband services, social services, and the state’s new Department of Children, Youth & Families. “We are honored to gather for the past 28 years for the Nation’s most progressive government-to-government commitment between a State and federally recognized tribes. We have made a difference,” said Swinomish Chairman Brian Cladoosby, noting the profound

impact of the Accord. “We continue to strive to accomplish our shared goals, and the commitment to be unified has resulted in a solid foundation for us all to make balanced decisions that impact all who call this great state home.” On Monday evening, Inslee also attended a ceremony in the Swinomish Smokehouse with youth from the tribal community. “Our governments share a commitment to ensuring a healthy and prosperous future for all Washington children,” Inslee said. “Being able to witness the restoration and the preservation of language, songs and culture of the Swinomish Tribe was an incredibly uplifting experience.”

Attendees of the 1st Centennial Accord; 28 years later. Source: www.Medium.com/wagovernor/inslee-joins-washingtontribes-for-28th-annual-centennial-accord- 91fec3ca217b

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OCTOBER 10 — Gov. Jay Inslee and chairs and councilmembers from Washington tribes came together today for the 28th- Annual Centennial Accord, a policy and discussion meeting held each year between 25 state agencies and more than two dozen tribal governments.


My Journey to the New York Marathon Autumn Gobert-Rios

I felt like a broken vase on the ground, not knowing which piece to pick up first. I was starting to get my emotions back and was becoming restless — I needed something to do. One day I was walking out in the rain and wind, and I felt miserable. I cried and yelled at God, asking why I had to suffer such sadness and guilt if I was doing my best to be sober. I was sick of walking, and I was tired of feeling sick in my mind, body, and soul. I began to cry out to the Lord, asking him for direction because I felt like I was not okay, when I heard a voice come from out of nowhere telling me to “RUN!” Autumn Gobert-Rios hugs Dr. Monica Carrillo after they both finished the 'Almost Marathon' held at Swinomish on October 15.

My journey to the New York Marathon started when I chose the path of sobriety following a long ten-year battle with alcohol addiction that resulted in liver failure. In the beginning of my recovery I was roughly 30 pounds over my normal weight as my liver and spleen were 3-4 times their normal size and my body was filled with fluid. The first months of my recovery were very painful. Organ failure is no joke! It was difficult to walk or climb stairs – it was painful to even move. A couple months into my recovery my van broke down. I saw it as a tremendous strain on my family at the time, especially as a single parent. However, it was truly a blessing in disguise as it got me out walking and upright, which helped my body shed the excess fluid. I walked every day for eight months and found the fresh air and nature to be healing to my soul. Although I was walking to and fro, I was sitting idle in my recovery with no passion for life or going on, aside from my children. I felt lost. My body was healing, but I still felt sick with fluid continuing to linger in my body. 24 sw d bš qyuuqs News

I know that hearing the voice of the Lord is unbelievable to some, but I know what I heard through the wind and rain. Within days of this event my cousin offered me her extra car to use. This provided me the opportunity to go to Washington Park, which has a two-mile loop trail through the woods. I went there to run every day, sometimes twice a day. I was losing weight in no time, and most importantly, it felt like the excess fluid was completely gone from my body. My eyes were no longer yellow; they were back to being bright and full of life. My skin was no longer tinted yellow with visible liver spots; it was tan from the sun, healthy, and vibrant. My outlook on life went from living day-by-day to having an athletic spirit with a go-getter attitude. Not long after I started running, I decided to challenge myself by signing up for two 10k races. I was also due for my checkup with Dr. Monica Carrillo at the Swinomish Medical Clinic at this time. I shared with her that I was running and interested in participating in marathons during our appointment. She shared that she was also a runner and used the activity as a form of discipline that helped her during medical school. Towards the end of my appointment, she casually turned to me and asked, “Would you like to run with me in the New York Marathon?”

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“Yes, I am serious," she said. "I have always wanted to run in the New York Marathon and I would love for you to join me!” My heart was full of joy that someone with such professional stature would offer me the chance of a lifetime. I eagerly accepted the challenge of running the 2017 New York World Marathon, the biggest marathon in the entire world. I left the appointment on cloud nine. Monica gave me a huge goal to accomplish. How could I ever give up on anything now? The 2017 New York Marathon was over a year away at the time — I started training immediately! My cousin needed her car back and so I started running from my house to a trail called the Tommy Thompson. My monthly running goal was a 100 miles and I was driven to accomplish this distance on a regular basis. Being overweight most of my life, becoming an athlete was so far away from what my self-perception was. I would have never in my wildest dreams thought that I could run so far and with such endurance. I have run over 1,700 miles and competed in six short races and two Ragnar Relay Races since I started training over a year ago. I have become known as a Native American marathon runner – no longer am I seen as a dying alcoholic. I am finally proud to be me! The best part is my family is proud of me and my kids are happy and healing. Preparing for the New York Marathon has not been without aches and pains, heartbreak, and soulsearching. In mid-August, less than three months before the marathon, Dr. Carrillo was in a bike accident and I suffered a big fall during the Ragnar Mount Rainier relay. We consoled each other and coaxed each other back to our training program. There were times I wasn’t sure the suffering was worth the goal. I learned to be patient with myself, not to fear failure, and to have faith that the times of feeling lousy would not last forever. I have also learned that reaching one goal helps me to reach the next.

"Running has changed my life, it was an answer to my prayers to find such a beautiful, healthy, and active passion. I feel like I am not just living, but I'm alive." My journey to the 2017 New York Marathon has been the best experience of my life. I am so honored to be running for recovery in the biggest marathon in the world. I have worked very, very hard to get where I am today! I have over two years of recovery behind me and am working towards my bachelor’s degree at Northwest Indian College. Running has played a huge part in why I am here today. When I run, I am running for all the people who are struggling with addiction. My thoughts and prayers are with those people when I am in the midst of a run, which is why I can’t give up. When Monica asked me to run with her she gave me so much – she gave me a dream that is now a reality and for that I am thankful! I want to give a big shout out for to the Swinomish Tribe for their support in paying my registration fee for the New York Marathon and providing the shorts I will be running in; to Fairhaven Runners for my running shoes; to Scratch Labs for the hydration mix and energy chews I use in my training; to BBay Running for my compression socks; to Bellingham Bay Marathon for providing me with free registration for their half-marathon; to all those who helped out on our 22-mile “Almost Marathon” training run; and to all those who have donated to our marathon campaign for Doctors Without Borders.

The New York Marathon is November 5. We wish you luck, Autumn and Monica! -qyuuqs News Staff

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I about fell off my chair. I looked at her in surprise, “Are you serious?”


Coffee: Good or Bad For Your Health? Caroline Edwards, qyuuqs News Editor

Do you have a cup of coffee every morning? If so, you’re part of the 65% of Americans that drink at least one cup a day during the breakfast hours. Do you ever wonder if coffee is good or bad for your health? Health concerns of the effects of coffee is quite controversial. Whether coffee is good or bad for the human body, people still remain devoted to drinking it. According to the Statistics Brain website, "the total number of U.S. daily coffee drinkers is 100 million." (statisticbrain.com/coffee-drinkingstatistics/) Coffee May Lower the Risk of Diabetes Alex Sifferlin from the Time Health explains: In the latest study, published in the American Chemical Society's Journal of Natural Products, researchers identified two compounds in coffee that are thought to help lower the risk of type 2 diabetes. The link 26 sw d bš qyuuqs News

between drinking coffee and a lower risk of type 2 diabetes onset has been previously discovered, though scientists were unsure why the connection was there. (Time. com/4133038/coffee-protect-type-2diabetes/) Coffee May Help You Live Longer

Alice Parker from Time Health elaborates: A recent study involving more than 208,000 men and women found that people who drank coffee regularly were less likely to die prematurely than those who didn’t drink coffee. Researchers believe that some of the chemicals in coffee may help reduce inflammation, which has been found to play a role in a number of aging-related health problems, including dementia and Alzheimer’s. Some evidence also suggests that coffee may slow down some of the metabolic processes that drive aging. (time.com/4768860/is-coffee-goodfor-you/)

Coffee is Loaded with Nutrients and Antioxidants A cup of coffee contains: • 6% of RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance) for Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5) • 11% of the RDA for Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) • 2% of the RDA for Niacin (B3) and Thiamine (B1) • 3% of the RDA for Potassium and Maganese Coffee contains very large amount of antioxidants, including polyphenols and hydrocinnamic acids. These antioxidants may improve health and help reduce the risk of several diseases. The Bottom Line

Do not add anything unhealthy (sugar or creamer) to your morning cup of coffee. Brew coffee with a paper filter to get rid of the cholesterolraising compound-Cafestol. Drink coffee in moderation because those sips of coffee may improve your health.

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Emergency Kit Planning

The graphic below shows examples of supplies you will need to gather to build an emergency kit. Make sure you have at least two weeks of supplies in your home.

Office of Emergency Managment

BUILD KITS

With the fall and winter seasons upon us, we can expect to see an increase in winds and storm activity.

Food (nonperishable)

Comfort/ entertainment

Medical equipment

Glasses/ eye care

Can opener

First aid kit

Sturdy shoes

mil.wa.gov/preparedness

NOAA alert radio

Extra batteries

Flashlight

Warm clothes

Fire extinguisher

Personal hygiene items

$ Tools !

Pet supplies

Cash

Toilet paper

Medications

Keep at least 2 weeks of supplies in your home. Have smaller kits for work, for every family member, and pets. Have a vehicle safety kit too.

Identification & important documents

Power outages are more common during this time of year. If a power outage lasts longer than 24 hours, the Youth Center will open and will provide meals for community members. The Youth Center is the Tribe’s designated shelter. In the event of a large-scale emergency, such as a major earthquake, you may need to survive on your own with support from family and the community. This means having your own food, water, and other supplies in sufficient quantity to last for two weeks. Emergency workers will be on the scene after a disaster but they cannot reach everyone immediately. You could get help in hours or it might take days.

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Plan to be on your own for at least 2 weeks

Water (1 gallon per person, per day)

The Youth Center is the Tribe's Designated Shelter for Major Emergencies


Science Corner

Swinomish Fisheries Department DIVING IN FOR INVERTS Linda Hunter

A great show of a geoduck siphon.

Vomiting your guts into the face of a potential predator is probably not the wisest form of self-defense. Unless, of course, you are a sea cucumber with the ability to regenerate this internal ammunition. In this scenario, sacrificing your guts for your life seems like quite the bargain! This summer, your Swinomish shellfish team spent a few weeks in the San Juan Islands surveying the local population of these fascinating critters. In partnership with Lummi biologists, our team surveyed 60 sites for this interesting, and some say tasty, invertebrate. The density data from these surveys will be used to set the total allowable catch for sea cucumber harvest in the years to come. One of the main goals for the shellfish Team is to secure the maximum sustainable harvest for the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community and provide harvest opportunities to tribal members. We achieve this by using a scientific method to design and conduct surveys throughout the area on species that Swinomish Community members harvest. These surveys provide snapshots of the size and distribution of a fishery resource and are an early warning system that can help us minimize population overharvest. 28 sw d bš qyuuqs News

Lindy Hunter, Fisheries Technician, shows off one of our important fisheries species, the California sea cucumber.

In addition to the sea cucumber survey, we completed a geoduck survey on a tract known as Double Bluff off Whidbey Island. Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) the entire area to be surveyed was split into lines called “transects”. Each transect has a unique compass bearing and spans depths from 15-70 feet. In most cases, two divers descend to the deepest depth and swim side by side, counting geoduck found within a two meter wide area until the end depth is reached. Survey results contribute to determining how many pounds can be harvested from a particular tract and management region. Scouting for new harvest locations above and below water has always been a priority for our shellfish team. We use a combination of GIS, suggestions from fishers, and other local knowledge to search for additional harvest locations for geoduck, sea cucumber, and bait clam fisheries. Recently, we have brought two geoduck tracts online (one still needs several more years of water quality tests before it can open) and three new bait clam beaches. We are also excited to hold bait clam digs at our newest accessible bait clam beach, the extremely clammy Crandall Spit. We are always open to new suggestions of places to survey for you and your future fisheries.

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James Mcardle, Shellfish Technician, digs for clams in a survey at the new bait clam beach, Crandall Spit. Look at all those butter clams!

The Swinomish Shellfish Team conducting dive surveys for sea cucumbers in the San Juan Islands.

King crab, cool creature of the deep sea.

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HAPPY HALLOWEEN! OCTOBER 31 — It was a beautiful evening for all of the kids to go trick or treating! Once the porch lights were lit up the community was thriving with all sorts of characters. As the trick or treating came to an end, it seemed like the whole community ended their holiday at the Annual Halloween Bash! Our youth are so fortunate to have a community gathering with all sorts of bouncy houses, games, and contests for all age groups. After a long night of playing, they must have been all very tired that next day.

River John playing the bean bag game!

Musical Chairs!

Eeek! It’s Chucky and his bride!

Halloween Congo Line!

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Even the adults dressed up too!

Dance off!

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NOVEMBER 2017

YOUTH CENTER 1 WED

2 THURS

3 FRI

Hours 1-9PM Youth Group Meetings

Hours 1-9PM

Hours 10-6PM Youth Group Outings

6 MON

7 TUES

8 WED

9 THURS

10 FRI

Hours 10-6PM Bus Run Starts

Hours 1-9PM

Hours 1-9PM

Hours 12-6PM

CLOSED

13 MON

14 TUES

15 WED

16 THURS

17 FRI

Hours 10-6PM

Hours 1-9PM

Hours 1-9PM Youth Group Meetings

Hours 1-9PM

Hours 10-6PM Youth Group Outings

20 MON

21 TUES

22 WED

23 THURS

24 FRI

Hours 10-6PM

Hours 1-9PM

CLOSED

CLOSED

CLOSED

27 MON

28 TUES

29 WED

30 THURS

Hours 10-6PM

Hours 1-9PM

Hours 1-9PM Youth Group Meetings

Hours 1-9PM

SWINOMISH YOUTH CENTER (360) 466.7337 sw d bš qyuuqs News

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Mrs. V’s 2 Cents Diane Vendiola

If a person in prehistoric times were slow and weak that person would surely die. Being strong and agile was not something you accomplished by working out in a gym or jogging. Our ancestors lived as they did because they knew that all systems surrounding them were interconnected, and a strong and agile body was required to meet the needs of day-to-day living. They were consistently active doing what they had to do in order to make their contribution. There was no such theory that you had to exercise in order to stay well thousands of years ago, because people had enough physical activity required of them in their pursuit to carry out each day’s responsibilities to Mother Earth. Our forbearers recognized that they lived on this land just for a time, and when their time was up, there had to be enough resources for future generations. Today, whether we are young or old, we still need the same resources to be well: • Good health (not ailing or injured) • Good relationship with those around us • Capability to learn, grow, change • Hope • Resources 32 sw d bš qyuuqs News

In the past, as is true today, our most important food resource was salmon. Our rivers and oceans were full of them at one point in time. Clams and shellfish were plentiful too. The forests gave our people cedar trees to make our houses, canoes, blankets, baskets, boxes, masks, ceremonial objects, and clothing. Our ancestors hunted in the mountains and forests for deer and elk. Before our ancestors signed the treaties 262 years ago, they considered us — the future generation. The long-ago leaders of our community refused to sign the treaty unless our rights to hunt and fish in our usual and accustomed places were protected. They recognized that we exist as human beings together in a given place alongside other species, and that we are in a relationship with everything around us. My grandfather used to tell my brother and me that we need to pay attention to everything around us. He told us that we must not be careless about leaving items on the ground that did not belong on the land. If he saw my brother or me toss anything on the ground he made us go back and pick it up. He always said, “How would you like it if somebody just tossed anything on you?”

My brother and I would hang our heads and go back to pick up whatever we had tossed on the ground. My grandfather would say, “Atta boy, atta girl.” Then he would tell us that we must learn to pay attention and be aware of where we walked. I guess I never took time until now to remember what my grandfather used to say to my brother, Junior, and me about taking care of the source of our resources, of treating the land we lived on with respect and gratitude. My dad used to say that if the ground we walked around on was healthy then we would be healthy too. Ray Paul, one of our summer school teachers, used to tell us that our people were not fishers for economics, that we fished because that is who we are.

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*Lunch served Mon-Thurs. No take away meals until 11AM. Call (360) 466.3980 to cancel home delivery. Milk served with all meals.

NOVEMBER 2017

ELDERS’ LUNCH

1 WED

2 THURS

Fish Scalloped Potatoes Whole Wheat Roll Green Beans, Peaches

Eggs, Bacon, Potatoes Whole Wheat Toast Mixed Berries Tomato Juice

6 MON

7 TUES

8 WED

9 THURS

Ham & Cheese Sandwich Tomato Soup Vegetable Tray and Dip Fresh Fruit Bowl

Roasted Chicken, Gravy Brown Rice, Roll Brussels Sprouts Pears

Fish Parsley Potatoes Whole Wheat Roll Carrots, Mixed Fruit Salad

Pancake Eggs, Sausage Berries Vegetable Juice

13 MON

14 TUES

15 WED

16 THURS

Hamburgers Lettuce, Tomato, Onion Chips Fresh Fruit Bowl

Split Pea and Ham Soup Whole Wheat Rolls Mixed Green Salad Fresh Fruit Bowl

Thanksgiving Celebration!

Egg & Potato Casserole Whole Wheat Toast Fruit Salad Vegetable Juice

20 MON

21 TUES

22 WED

23 THURS

Macaroni and Cheese Whole Wheat Roll Steamed Broccoli Mixed Fruit Salad

Pork Roast and Gravy Brown Rice, Roll Spinach Applesauce

Tuna Sandwich on Whole Wheat Vegetable Soup Fruit Cups

THANKSGIVING - NO SERVICE

27 MON

28 TUES

29 WED

30 THURS

Clam Chowder BLT Sandwich on Whole Wheat Fresh Fruit Bowl

Meat Chili Corn Bread, Crackers Veggie Tray and Dip Fresh Fruit Bowl

Fish, Baked Potato Whole Wheat Roll Steamed Vegetables Fruit Salad

Eggs and Ham English Muffin Hashbrown Patty Pears, Vegetable Juice

Community Dinner NOVEMBER 15, 2017 6PM Youth Center sw d bš qyuuqs News 33 e e


NB3FIT WEEK AT SWINOMISH Wednesday, November 8

Group Walk to School Meet at the Fitness Center parking lot - 7:15AM *Chaperones will walk with youth to school Aernoon Fitness Fun Swinomish Youth Center - 3:30PM

Questions? Contact the Fitness Center at (360) 466.3151

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Learn how to use it. Call the Wellness Program at (360) 466-1024 to pick up a kit.

Housing for Adults in Recovery

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CURRENT OPEN POSITIONS - As of October 25, 2017 As a full-time employee, you will be eligible for a comprehensive benefit package including medical, dental, vision, life insurance, retirement planning, and more. Other perks include generous paid time off and discounted meals.

HUMAN RESOURCES & TRIBAL EMPLOYMENT RIGHTS OFFICE (TERO)

To view details about open positions and download our General Employment Application, visit swinomishcasinoandlodge.com/careers. All positions are “Open until filled” unless specified.

• • • •

Email applications to: jobs@swinomishcasino.com Fax applications to: (360) 299.1677 Mail or hand deliver to: Swinomish Casino & Lodge 12885 Casino Drive, Anacortes, WA 98221 Questions? Call Human Resources at (360) 299.1642 BANQUET BARTENDER (OC) SERVER (OC) CAFE BUSSER (PT/OC) FOOD & BEVERAGE SUPERVISOR (FT) HOST/ HOSTESS (FT) LEAD SERVER (FT) SERVER (PT/ FT) FACILITIES ENGINEER I (FT) HEAVY DUTY CLEANER I (FT) HEAVY DUTY CLEANER II (FT) FOOD & BEVERAGE TEAM MEMBER SUPPORT (OC) FOOD COURT BUSSER (FT) CASHIER (FT) LINE COOK (FT) GAMING SLOT TECH (FT) TABLE GAMES DEALER (FT/PT/OC) GUEST SERVICES PLAYERS CLUB ASSOCIATE (FT)

KITCHEN COOK (FT) DISHWASHER (FT) PREP COOK (FT) LODGE GUEST SATISFACTION ASSOC. (FT) ROOM ATTENDANT (FT) MARKETING BRAND AMBASSADOR (OC) PROMOTIONS ASSISTANT (PT) SECURITY SECURITY OFFICER/ EMT (FT) SPORTS BAR BARBACK (FT) BARTENDER (OC) BUSSER (PT) COCKTAIL SERVER (PT/FT) TABLE SERVER (FT/PT/OC) VALET VALET ATTENDANT (FT) 13 MOONS HOST/HOSTESS (PT) PANTRY COOK 2 (PT)

JOB OPENINGS

• • • •

Wellness Program Director GIS Property Specialist Planning Director Tribal Home Ownership and Rehabilitation Coordinator Youth Spirit Assistant Program Manager Environmental Policy Analyst Staff Attorney Police Officer - Entry Level or Lateral

Full descriptions of the job announcements listed above are available on the Swinomish website: swinomish-nsn.gov/resources/human-resources HOW TO APPLY: Return completed application, cover letter, and resume to: Personnel Office Swinomish Indian Tribal Community 11404 Moorage Way La Conner, WA 98257 Fax applications to: (360) 466.1348 Or email to: aiedwards@swinomish.nsn.us Applications must be received in the Personnel Office by 5PM on or before the job closing date. Questions? Call the Personnel Office at (360) 466.1216 or (360) 466.7353

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AV/IT INTERN (PT)

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qyuuqs News

PRSRT STD US Postage Paid Permit #35 ANACORTES, WA

17337 Reservation Road La Conner, WA 98257 qyuuqs@swinomish.nsn.us

Recyclable Paper

OR CURRENT RESIDENT

I AM SWINOMISH,

I WILL GRADUATE.

Annual high school fall backpack trip; Corey Baker, Brandy James, Elijah Porter (Mazama, WA) 40 sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

qyuuqs News October/November  

qyuuqs News is a publication of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community.