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May 2019 Vol. 53 No. 4

Connection to Air

The Weather Makes People Feel a Little Gray | PAGE 20


C

NTENTS INSIDE

Easter Egg Hunt Colleen Johns, Joslin James, Dakota Lee, Lana James, Haley James.

ON THE COVER

20

The Weather Makes People Feel A Little Gray

Connection to Air

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03 05 07 08 10 12 14 15 16 17 18 20 22 24 26 27 28 29 30 32 33 34 35 36

Editor's Note Chairman's Message Community Happenings Obituary Blessing of the New and Improved Swinomish Dental... Illabot Creek Restoration Earns State APWA Project... Youth Spirit Program: Teaching Life and Coping Skills Meet Swinomish's Newest Medical Assistant! June 2019 Tide Table Being Frank: More Hatchery Fish Needed Earth Day and Cleanup Day The Weather Makes People Feel a Little Gray Swinomish Included in Skagit County Historical... Got Mold? Easter Brunch and Egg Hunt Wild Spring Greens and Feeling Good! Science Corner: Camas, Camas, Camas! Science Corner: Owl Pellets Swinomish Utility Authority: Drinking Water Quality... An Updated From Your Air Quality Team Did You Know? Facts About Air Quality Mrs. V's 2 Cents Elder's Lunch Menu Birthdays and Announcements


editor’s NOTE Connection to Air As a descendant of the Salish people, being on a river or the ocean is where my heart feels the purest and most alive. It’s in my blood to forge a deep connection to the cool and salty air that flows throughout the mouth of a river, the islands, rocky shores, inlets, eddies, and coves. The phases of the moon guided my ancestors who hunted and gathered traditional foods, clothes, and tools from the land and water. Breathing is inherent to living; the cultural connection to air is deeper than most teachings I’ve come to understand. The amount of breathing it takes to sing, drum, and let the spirit guide the ritual of a song is practiced until the song performs itself. With each breath that is spoken in the native language dxluSucid (Lushootseed), I was taught that each word is heard and understood by the ancestors on the other side. Before ‘rez’ boats, traveling by canoe was the quickest way to travel during the pre-contact

pedVá?ed

era; understanding how the current and the wind effect the ebb and flow of the waterways is traditional knowledge that connects us to the water and air. I was taught that the hunters and gatherers among our ancestors understood the teaching of the intricacies of the last breathe of an animal; and what it meant when the last leaf fell with the wind. The connection to air is part of the great circle of life. Listening to the inner traditional senses is not easy in today’s loud society but the traditional knowledge still hums. It’s in songs that are still sung today on the land and water during canoe journey; it's in songs and traditional dances still being passed down in the longhouse; and it's in the Lushootseed language being taught to the current and future generations. The hum of knowledge seems to always find a way into our lives because it comes when our ancestors are near. Being a descendant of the Salish people is special. I have a connection to each bird that sings, waterway that flows, and the wet and cold air that blows on my face. A teaching that was taught to me when I began to listen to the spirit of the swatixted (Earth). goliahlitza Caroline Edwards

(pud-CHA-ud)

Moon of the Digging Time Much of May is the "moon of the digging time," because the roots and bulbs of many plants are dug during this moon. Blue camas flowers cover the tended camas fields, whose bulbs provide an important source of starch. Camas bulbs are dug up and steamed between layers of dry grass over hot rocks covered by soil. Some bulbs are eaten and some are made into flour for storage. Camas continues to be harvested into the late fall. At the end of this moon, other plants are ready to harvest--salmonberries, currants, gooseberries, wild onions, elderberries, and thimbleberries. Shellfish harvest and curing continues. The spring Chinook run is strong during this moon. Excerpt from ‘13 Moons: The 13 Lunar Phases, and How They Guide the Swinomish People’ By swelitub (Todd A. Mitchell) and Jamie L. Donatuto sw d bš qyuuqs News

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The official news publication

of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community

T R I B A L S E N AT E

spee pots Brian Cladoosby, Chairman (360) 708.7533 | bcladoosby@

ya qua leouse Brian Porter, Vice Chair (360) 840.4186 | bporter@

sapelia Sophie Bailey, Secretary (360) 853.6458 | sbailey@

sOladated Brian Wilbur, Treasurer (360) 588.2812 | bwilbur@

stoolsta Eric Day (360) 770.7024 | eday@

The mission of qyuuqs News is to provide monthly communication to Swinomish Indian Tribal Community Members near and far. We are committed to serving as an apolitical forum for the Swinomish governing officials and all Community Members. qyuuqs News is not intended to reflect the official position of the governing body at Swinomish Indian Tribal Community but rather reflects the ideas, events, and thoughts of individual Community Members and Tribal staff. As such, the Swinomish Tribe makes no claim as to the accuracy or content of any of the articles contained therein. qyuuqs News 17337 Reservation Road, La Conner, WA 98257 Phone (360) 466.7258 Fax (360) 466.1632 *SUBMISSIONS Send your news tips, stories, and photos to qyuuqs@swinomish.nsn.us Submission deadline: 10th day of the month EDITORIAL Caroline Edwards, Editor | cedwards@swinomish.nsn.us

yal le ka but Steve Edwards (360) 840.5768 | sedwards@

taleq tale II Barbara James (360) 391.3958 | bjames@

SM OK O LO Leon John (360) 421.0406 | ljohn@

wa lee hub Kevin Paul (360) 540.3906 | tribalsenator@yahoo.com

kats-but-soot Jeremy Wilbur 360-770-7447 | jjwilbur@

squi-qui Joseph Williams (360) 853.5629 | jwilliams@ All Swinomish staff emails: FirstInitialLastName@swinomish.nsn.us

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SWINOMISH COMMUNICATIONS Heather Mills, Communications Manager | hmills@swinomish.nsn.us Emma Fox, Communications Specialist | efox@swinomish.nsn.us ADVISORY COMMITTEE Allan Olson, Tracy James, Kevin Paul This issue is available online at swinomish-nsn.gov/qyuuqs Photos credits: qyuuqs News Staff or as credited. All rights reserved.

Facebook: Swinomish qyuuqs News Linkedin: Swinomish Indian Tribal Community *qyuuqs News is made available for viewing on the Internet When submitting information, stories, and/or photos, please be aware everything published in the print version of qyuuqs News is also published on the Internet and is available to the world. Please consider carefully whether your submissions contain anything you feel may not be suitable or appropriate for the Internet. By submitting your information, stories, and/or photos to qyuuqs News, you agree to publishing your submission in both the print and online versions of qyuuqs News. qyuuqs News is a publication of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community produced by Swinomish Communications.


the chairman’s MESSAGE

The Swinomish air quality program was started over 20 years ago with the guidance of Tony Basabe, PhD. Do you remember Tony? I use to say, “I have two PhDs, and they both work at Swinomish!” We are now one of the only tribes in the Northwest with a tribal regulatory program that is applicable to all persons within the exterior boundaries of the Swinomish Reservation.

The plan has two parts; the first is the Tribe’s open burning program and the second is the Swinomish Clean Air Act. Both are included in Chapter 2 of Title 19 of the Swinomish Tribal Code, which was approved by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 2014 and are federally enforceable under the federal Clean Air Act. We take the protection of our community and Skagit Valley seriously, and this national action of regulation is an accomplishment of There is one thing we cannot live without though — air. good leadership and staff, and our strong tribe. It is said you can only survive three minutes without air, three days without water, and three weeks without Many of us grew up with our refinery neighbors food. Air is one thing we cannot live without for any at the north end, watching the flares coming from real length of time! the smoke stacks and smelling the pollution as it We can live without so many things! We can definitely live without drugs, alcohol, and cigarettes. We can even live without meat, and I know many vegetarians and vegans. Did you know “vegetarian” is an Indian word for a person who didn’t learn how to hunt? — ha ha, just kidding! I even know people who live without cars, boats, planes, or helicopters.

drifts over. Our air quality program provides us the monitoring capacity to ensure that emissions meet national standards. We started monitoring for toxic air pollutants from unpermitted releases from the refineries as a response to the February 2015 release that caused severe respiratory issues for tribal members in the Village, including my own father. Our tribal teams in the Legal Department, Governmental Affairs, and Environmental Policy coordinated with the Swinomish Department of Environmental Air pollution can cause a variety of health problems Protection to issue violations to the company at fault. including asthma, infections, behavioral changes, cancer, organ failure, and even premature death. We continue to utilize the Diesel Emissions Reduction According to one report, around "sixty percent of Act grant program offered by the EPA to help us reduce Americans live in areas where air pollution has reached our fishing fleet’s mobile emissions. Funding from this unhealthy levels that can make people sick." Most program enables eligible vessel owners to upgrade their surveys show that cities in California have the most boat engines to cleaner and more efficient ones. So far polluted air in the United States. The moral of this we have switched out 16 engines for our fleet and are statement is you may not want live in California, and re-applying to add eight more next year. you may want to consider the day-to-day choices you make that factor into our air quality here. Air quality program staff collaborated with the This makes the subject of air pollution an extremely important one. There are four main types of air pollution: mobile sources include cars, buses, planes, trucks, and trains; stationary sources include power plants, oil refineries, industrial facilities, and factories; area sources include agricultural lands, cities, and wood burning fireplaces; natural sources include windblown dust, wildfires, and volcanoes.

Swinomish Housing Authority to evaluate the indoor air quality of many tribal homes. Staff inspected for mold in viaducts as well as leaks in wood burning fireplaces, and grant funds are being put towards acknowledging mold and air quality issues further. Continued on Page 6 sw d bš qyuuqs News 5 e e

According to new research published in the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, the number of air-pollution related deaths in the United States shrank by 47 percent between 1990 and 2010, dropping from 135,000 per year to 71,000. This decline is attributable to stricter regulations and air quality improvements.


Chairman's Message continued The program also received funds to replace old wood stoves for pellet stoves, which has less impact on indoor and outdoor air quality. Swinomish also works to improve air quality by regulating open burning through permits and burn bans on the reservation. We are exploring new ways to respond to air quality challenges, including methods for monitoring and alerting the community of air quality issues due to the wildfire smoke that has significantly increased over the past few years. Many of us suffered from the outdoor air quality decline from the wildfires that swept through British Columbia and Eastern Washington last summer. Western Washington had the worst air quality in the world at one point! Not only did we suffer from decreased visibility with all the smoky haze, many people wore face masks and some of our members had a hard time breathing outside. Our tribe works closely with Washington Department of Natural Resources, Department of Ecology, and U.S. Forest Service to track and advise on wildfires prevention and emergency response in our state. The harsh reality is that the increase in wildfires has many causes, from forest management to the impacts of climate change. It is through this collaboration that we are able to build and streamline preventive measures to protect the human health, economies, and resources of our shared communities. In closing, I want to share my appreciation for Swinomish Department of Environmental Protection Director Todd Mitchell. He has dedicated his entire career to building a program that protects our community members. Our air quality program is nationally recognized as a pioneer program and I am thankful to him and our “airheadsâ€? (ha ha!) for their love of science and our community. spee pots Brian Cladoosby sw d bĹĄ qyuuqs News e e

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COMMUNITY HAPPENINGS MAY 25-26 Memorial Day Softball Tournament John K. Bobb Baseball Field

qyuuqs News staff wants to hear your story, and help you share it with your community! qyuuqs News is a great place to share announcements, including birthdays, graduations, weddings, and new babies, just to name a few! A picture is worth a thousand words! Share your photos with your community.

qyuuqs Submission Deadline 10th of Every Month Please submit to: qyuuqs@swinomish.nsn.us

MAY 27 Memorial Day Services 10AM @ Swinomish Cemetery 11:30AM Lunch at the Youth Center MAY 30 SWEEC Toddler Moving Up Ceremony 4:30PM | Cedar Hat Pavilions JUNE 3 Swinomish Intertribal Elder Luncheon 11AM-3PM | @ Swinomish Casino & Lodge Please RSVP to Ivan W. JUNE 19 Community Dinner | 6PM | Youth Center *Community Dinners are subject to change

HOLIDAYS MAY 1 May Day MAY 5 Cinco de Mayo MAY 8 V-E Day MAY 12 Happy Mother's Day! MAY 27 Memorial Day sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

TELL US YOUR STORY!

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Obituary

Walter Ernest Damien Walter Ernest Damien passed away in the early morning of March 24, 2019. Walter was born on August 25, 1967 to Alva Damien Sr. and Ernestine Bobb, in Anacortes, WA. When he was younger he lived in Nooksack, then Seattle and Swinomish. He attended Indian Heritage Schools and the La Conner School District. Walter enjoyed playing basketball and football when he was younger. Walter was also a big Huskies and Seahawks fan. Walter was always a very hard worker; he worked for the Swinomish Bingo, the Swinomish Casino and he was a commercial fisherman. Walter was a member of the Swinomish Smokehouse since 1993 and he was also baptized in the 1910 Shaker Church. Walter was a very compassionate, loving and caring man. He was always willing to help anyone in need. Along with his bro Roddy Billy, Walter was one of the last original “Crew” members. You could always count on Walt and Roddy to take your garbage cans to the curb side every Friday morning. These two were always busy helping the fisherman get ready for whatever seasonal harvest was in season. Every firework season they would be out the north end helping Michelle and Grace by either putting up or taking down “Loui’s Dog House.” And a lot of times, if you passed Jr. Wilbur’s truck they would be crammed in the cab or riding in the back.

Walter is preceded in death by his son Christopher Damien, Father Alva “Doc” Damien Sr., siblings Alva Jr., Betty Jean, Deanna and Dana, paternal grandparents Walter and Daisy Damien, maternal grandparents Ernest and Winona Bobb, and god mother Virginia Mc Kenzie. The “Crew” Frank Johns, Leona Stone, Bonita Quintasket, Rick Williams, Dean Dan, Rhonda Dan, Jack Day, Manny Day, Debbie Joe, Bobbin Cladoosby, and Micky Smith Sr. Walter is survived by his mom Ernestine Bobb Helbick, step dad Larry Roberts, sons Kyle, Corey and Mathew, siblings Alma Olebar, Bobbie Rogers, Jack and Jill Hardin, Roberta, Shawn and Pauline Damien and Larry Robers Jr. Grand-aunt Alfreda Bailey. His adopted parents Ron and Patsy Solomon. Special bro’s Roddy Billy and Brian Solomon. Numerous other families, friends and honorary “Crew” members.

Walter also enjoyed deer and elk hunting with his bro David Williams. More recently Walter would be riding around the village with Jina Bob passing out Senior lunches. Walter was a very humble guy, he was never backwards about helping out anyone. We are going to miss seeing the “Crew” walk across the bridge every day, we are going to miss that big smile he always greeted you with and we are especially going to miss that “I love you.” He is now hanging out with the rest of the “Crew” and we all know that they are having a grand reunion.

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Opening Day of Halibut Fishing Photo: Hawk Wilbur


The Swinomish Reservation Photo: Swinomish Land Management

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Blessing of the New and Improved Swinomish Dental Clinic APRIL 11 — Anticipation buzzed amongst the visitors who arrived early to mingle prior to the start of the blessing ceremony for the newly-renovated and expanded Swinomish Dental Clinic. There was standing room only in the clinic waiting room as an excited audience packed in to hear opening remarks by Chairman Brian Cladoosby who elaborated about how the facility will function as both a service clinic and a training environment for the Dental Therapy Education Program.

The newly renovated and expanded Swinomish Dental Clinic.

Three framed photos of the last Swinomish Dental Clinic blessing, which occurred 22 years ago, were presented to Dental Clinic staff to mark this historically significant occasion. Four traditional witnesses were called upon to witness the event and given the opportunity to share their reflections of this truly important blessing.

Dental Clinic staff accepting framed photos of the last Swinomish Dental Clinic Blessing, which occurred 22 years ago.

Tours were offered to community members and employees interested in seeing the building and all the new equipment! Light refreshments were shared after the tours.

The four traditional witnesses: Andrea Johnston, Swinomish Tribal member & Dental Clinic employee; Austin Miles, HKP Architect; Mark Pottle, Pottle & Sons Construction; Dr. David Branch, former ARCORA Board Member and longtime WA Dentist

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Congratulations on the completion of the Dental Clinic expansion! -qyuuqs News Staff Photo courtesy of Jessica Ortez

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Illabot Creek Restoration Earns State APWA Project of the Year Award Illabot Creek Photo: Land Management

Chairman Brian Cladoosby stands with Pauline Ryan Photo: Kari Neumeyer

APRIL 25 — Looking at Illabot Creek today, you’d never know the creek channel was once in a totally different location: straightened out, armored with levees, and flowing beneath a single bridge on Rockport-Cascade Road.

award for structures less than $5 million. The project cost $4.2 million and was funded by grants and contributions from the Salmon Recovery Funding Board, NOAA Fisheries, Seattle City Light, the US Forest Service and others.

Many agencies worked to make this The Illabot creek project took staff from the project a success. Skagit River System Cooperative over a decade Landowner Pauline to complete, but it will benefit salmon for Ryan generously generations to come. The accomplishment would allowed restoration to not have been possible without the commitment occur on her private of the Tribes and Skagit County working together, property. In addition the generosity of private landowner Pauline to Skagit County and Ryan, and the contributions of many other people local tribes, Seattle and organizations. -Devin Smith, SRSC Senior City Light and Sierra Restoration Ecologist Pacific provided project access and storage areas; R2 Resources, Inc. provided restoration design consultation services; and KPFF Consulting Skagit County and the Skagit River System Engineers provided transportation and structural Cooperative were recognized by the Washington design. Interwest Construction, Inc. was the bridge chapter of the American Public Works Association construction contractor and Tiger Construction, Ltd. for this engineering and habitat restoration work. The was the restoration construction contractor. project received the chapter’s 2019 Project of the Year Now, the creek flows as nature intended—connected to its historic floodplain and complete with side channels, improved riparian growth, and a variety of logjams to slow water flow and provide salmon a place to spawn and grow for generations to come. Two new bridges along Rockport-Cascade Road span the new channels.

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Education Dinner Come celebrate our Swinomish students as we acknowledge their academic achievements!

Join us @ the swinomish youth center

wednesday may 29 @ 5:30 PM QUESTIONS - MICHAEL VENDIOLA - (360) 466.7317

Haley James, Madeline Jack, Andrea Sampson

Gift bags, food, and raffle items!

Thursday, May 30 • 9AM - 4PM Swinomish Medical Clinic

tec Early de

tion

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lives!

®

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Physical exams Mobile mammogram Blood pressure checks Diabetes and cholesterol screenings Hepatitis C tests Traditional foods and medicines prepared by Swinomish Community members For more information, contact the Medical Clinic (360) 466.3167

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Teaching Life and Coping Skills Youth Spirit Program

In an effort to raise the confidence of tribal youth and lead them on the path to success as young adults and future leaders, the Youth Spirit program offers activities and workshops focused on building important life skills such as establishing good communication, developing routines, and decisionmaking. Here are some upcoming events:

and personal experiences. Participants learned how to write their initials in cursive using calligraphy; the definitions of abstract, realistic, and surrealistic art; how to paint their ideas onto canvas; and were encouraged by the message that becoming an artist is within their reach.

Healthy Cooking at Home

Youth Spirit is offering a series of cooking workshops in collaboration with Michelle Skidmore, the Swinomish nutritionist, at the Youth Spirit Center every Wednesday in May. Youth will learn how to cook in healthy ways while utilizing the ingredients they have at home or are easily accessible. PNW Rockhounding

As the weather gets nicer, Youth Spirit participants will take nature excursions to local beaches with the opportunity to find jade, agates, jasper, quartz, and other rocks and minerals with local expert Laura Kasayuli!

Moon Bracelets

Swinomish Tribal Prosecutor Melissa Simonsen joined the young ladies of Youth Spirit on March 29 to educate them about a woman's menstrual or “moon” cycle and its phases and showed them how to make moon bracelets to help keep track of theirs. WHAT WE'VE BEEN UP TO! Healing Through Expression

Swinomish qyuuqs News Editor, Caroline Edwards, engaged Youth Spirit participants with the idea of healing through expression during the second week of April. She explained how they could channel their thoughts and emotions into artwork as a way of self-expression and healthy mental health outlet. Caroline displayed several pieces of her artwork while discussing methods and techniques she uses; her art background; art exhibitions and community involvement; 14 sw d bš qyuuqs News

Completed bracelets have four sets of colored glass or stone beads to represent each phase: 4-5 red beads represent the menstrual phase; 7-10 green beads represent the follicular phase; 3-4 pink beads represent the ovulation phase; and 10-14 dark colored beads represent the luteal phase. The appearance of these bracelets is much like other everyday jewelry or accessory, but with an added layer of practicality! Wearing these bracelets will help our young ladies take charge of their bodies and reproductive health through knowledge and empowerment.

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High School and College Readiness

Preparing our youth for the path to success includes ensuring that their needs are met and education is a priority. Swinomish Education Department Scholarship Manager Lisa James spoke with students about high school and college readiness at the Youth Spirit Center right before the La Conner School District went on spring break.

Meet Swinomish's Newest Medical Assistant!

Alberta Campbell, Swinomish Medical Clinic

Lisa’s topics included the Swinomish scholarship program; college preparation and requirements for high school students; post-high school planning; the importance of good middle-school study habits for success in high school and beyond; and the significance of taking challenging courses in preparation for college.

YOUTHSPIRIT Hello! My name is Alberta.

Located behind the La Conner School District office in front of the Little Braves Club, the Youth Spirit Center is a safe after-school environment for youth. Hours: Wednesday–Friday, 2:35PM–4:30PM, Early-release days 11:35AM–2:30PM

Are you interested in being a guest speaker, volunteer, or a chaperone for future events? Contact us! Tanisha Gobert, Youth Spirit Program Manager Phone: (360) 499.9446, email: tgobert@swinomish.nsn.us Leah Gobert, Youth Spirit Assistant Manager Phone: (360) 399.5805, email: lgobert@swinomish.nsn.us For health tips and program updates text YOUTH SPIRIT to 97779 or follow us on Facebook @youthspiritprogram

I have 19 years of experience as a medical assistant. I most recently worked for the Puyallup Tribal Health Authority where I was employed for eight years. Now that I am at the Swinomish Medical Clinic, I hope to be here for a long time so I can get to know everyone. I already met some of you as I have been here since November. I love the feelings of being part of one big family, which I get when working in the Native community. Working in the Native community, and being Native myself, this is the dream job I’ve always wanted! On a personal note, my family has grown to include grandchildren — who are the best ever! They keep me busy when I am not at the clinic.  sw d bš qyuuqs News 15 e e

THE YOUTH SPIRIT CENTER

I am new to the Swinomish Medical Clinic and would like to share a little bit of my background story with all of you. My family lived in Skagit County years ago, but we moved away after the kids grew up. Now we are back, and it feels like coming home.


TIDE TABLE: June 2019

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Day Sat 01 Sun 02 Mon 03 Tue 04 Wed 05 Thu 06 Fri 07 Sat 08 Sun 09 Mon 10 Tue 11 Wed 12 Thu 13 Fri 14 Sat 15 Sun 16 Mon 17 Tue 18 Wed 19 Thu 20 Fri 21 Sat 22 Sun 23 Mon 24 Tue 25 Wed 26 Thu 27 Fri 28 Sat 29 Sun 30

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04:02 10.58 ft 11:06 −0.46 ft 04:33 10.58 ft 11:39 −1.34 ft 00:07 5.99 ft 00:54 6.29 ft 01:42 6.47 ft 02:34 6.49 ft 03:32 6.33 ft 04:36 5.94 ft 05:46 5.26 ft 00:17 11.64 ft 06:56 4.25 ft 01:05 11.62 ft 08:00 2.98 ft 01:50 11.60 ft 08:54 1.62 ft 02:32 11.54 ft 09:40 0.33 ft 03:12 11.41 ft 10:23 −0.75 ft 03:50 11.20 ft 11:02 −1.53 ft 04:27 10.89 ft 11:40 −1.99 ft 00:21 6.13 ft 01:12 6.32 ft 02:01 6.36 ft 02:49 6.26 ft 03:38 6.06 ft 04:29 5.73 ft 05:23 5.28 ft 06:19 4.67 ft 00:07 10.86 ft 07:12 3.90 ft 00:46 10.74 ft 07:58 2.99 ft 01:24 10.64 ft 08:39 1.98 ft 02:01 10.57 ft 09:17 0.91 ft 02:38 10.54 ft 09:53 −0.16 ft 03:14 10.56 ft 10:32 −1.16 ft

DID YOU KNOW?

CONNECTION TO AIR •

Air pollution is measured with the Air Quality Index (AQI). The lower the AQI, the cleaner the air is. If you are outside when the AQI is over 100, it’s about the same as breathing in exhaust from a car all day! The fastest gust of wind ever recorded on Earth was 253 miles per hour. Such gusts pick up seeds and other particles, carrying them miles away from their original home! Air may seem light, but there is a lot of it pushing down on the Earth’s surface, otherwise known as air pressure. You experience high air pressure at sea level because the whole atmosphere is pushing down on you. The air pressure is low on top of a mountain because there is less atmosphere pushing down on you. Source: climatekids.nasa.gov

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High 18:06 9.86 ft 18:48 10.51 ft 05:05 10.55 ft 05:41 10.46 ft 06:21 10.28 ft 07:06 9.96 ft 07:59 9.47 ft 09:03 8.83 ft 10:17 8.14 ft 11:44 7.63 ft 13:19 7.56 ft 14:53 8.02 ft 16:16 8.86 ft 17:23 9.76 ft 18:18 10.51 ft 19:06 11.04 ft 05:05 10.51 ft 05:43 10.06 ft 06:24 9.58 ft 07:07 9.08 ft 07:53 8.54 ft 08:45 7.98 ft 09:43 7.43 ft 10:51 6.96 ft 12:10 6.73 ft 13:37 6.90 ft 15:04 7.50 ft 16:16 8.38 ft 17:12 9.29 ft 17:58 10.12 ft

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23:21 5.58 ft 12:16 −2.06 ft 12:56 −2.55 ft 13:39 −2.74 ft 14:25 −2.61 ft 15:14 −2.13 ft 16:06 −1.31 ft 17:02 −0.22 ft 18:03 1.04 ft 19:09 2.34 ft 20:18 3.51 ft 21:25 4.49 ft 22:29 5.24 ft 23:27 5.78 ft

19:30 11.04 ft 20:14 11.41 ft 21:00 11.63 ft 21:48 11.71 ft 22:38 11.71 ft 23:28 11.68 ft

12:17 −2.17 ft 12:54 −2.09 ft 13:32 −1.82 ft 14:11 −1.37 ft 14:51 −0.78 ft 15:33 −0.02 ft 16:16 0.88 ft 17:03 1.91 ft 17:53 3.01 ft 18:52 4.09 ft 19:57 5.04 ft 21:03 5.76 ft 22:03 6.27 ft 22:58 6.57 ft

19:48 11.34 ft 20:26 11.45 ft 21:02 11.45 ft 21:37 11.37 ft 22:13 11.25 ft 22:50 11.12 ft 23:28 10.99 ft

Sunrise Sunset Moonrise Moonset 5:13 5:12 5:12 5:11 5:11 5:10 5:10 5:09 5:09 5:09 5:08 5:08 5:08 5:08 5:08 5:08 5:08 5:08 5:08 5:08 5:08 5:09 5:09 5:09 5:09 5:10 5:10 5:11 5:11 5:12

21:03 21:04 21:05 21:06 21:06 21:07 21:08 21:09 21:09 21:10 21:11 21:11 21:12 21:12 21:13 21:13 21:14 21:14 21:14 21:15 21:15 21:15 21:15 21:15 21:15 21:15 21:15 21:15 21:15 21:15

4:36 5:06 5:42 6:26 7:21 8:26 9:39 10:56 12:13 13:30 14:45 16:00 17:14 18:27 19:38 20:45 21:44 22:36 23:19 23:54 0:24 0:49 1:11 1:32 1:53 2:14 2:37 3:04 3:36

19:11 20:23 21:33 22:39 23:37 0:25 1:04 1:37 2:05 2:30 2:55 3:19 3:46 4:16 4:51 5:32 6:21 7:15 8:15 9:17 10:20 11:23 12:26 13:30 14:35 15:41 16:50 18:01 19:13


MORE HATCHERY FISH NEEDED Lorraine Loomis, NWIFC Chair

The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) plans to strategically release an additional 50 million Chinook from its hatcheries this year to benefit starving southern resident orcas. Opponents of the proposal argue that we must choose between having hatchery fish or having wild salmon, when the truth is, we need both. Without hatcheries, we would have no fisheries at all. More than half of the salmon harvested in Western Washington come from hatcheries. Things haven’t gotten better for Puget Sound Chinook. Since 1999 they have been listed as threatened under the federal Endangered Species Act but have shown no signs of improvement. For decades our calls to reverse habitat loss and degradation have been ignored, and now the most immediate step we can take is to produce more hatchery salmon. WDFW proposes to increase hatchery production in conjunction with increased habitat protection and restoration for the benefit of both hatchery and wild fish. As always, hatchery programs are managed using the best available science and abiding by hatchery genetic management plans.

The fish that are the preferred food for southern resident orcas would be strategically released from hatcheries in specific areas at certain times to provide direct benefit to southern resident orcas. Chinook from south Puget Sound’s Deschutes River and Hood Canal have been tagged as two of the most important sources of Chinook for orcas. The Billy Frank Jr. Salmon Coalition strongly supports the release of more hatchery Chinook to feed ailing southern resident orcas. We also support additional funding for hatchery production and updating aging facilities. The coalition includes tribal, state and local policy leaders, non-Indian fishermen, conservation groups, scientists and others. Washington’s hatcheries originally were built to replace the natural salmon production that was lost to dams, development and other factors. Hatcheries have evolved since then to become an important part of protecting and restoring salmon stocks. Some hatcheries provide fish for harvest while reducing harvest pressures on weak stocks. Others serve as nurseries to protect threatened salmon stocks.

Indian and non-Indian salmon harvest has been reduced 80-90 percent in the past four decades. Still, salmon have continued to decline in most places. That’s because all salmon, whether born in a hatchery or not, depend on the same habitat to survive. Unfortunately, that habitat is disappearing faster than it can be restored. Time and again, state resources managers have failed to take the necessary action to reverse the course of salmon habitat destruction and degradation. The tribes’ State of Our Watersheds report documents the continuing extensive salmon habitat loss in western Washington. After more than 100 years since our state’s first hatchery was built, neither hatchery nor naturally spawning salmon have enough habitat to sustain their populations. We need to embrace hatcheries and the salmon they produce. We also must remember that both hatchery and wild salmon depend on good habitat for their survival. Until we can restore our degraded watersheds, hatcheries will continue to be essential to salmon recovery. Being Frank is a monthly column written by the chair of the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission. As a statement from the NWIFC chair, the column represents the interests and concerns of treaty Indian tribes throughout western Washington. sw d bš qyuuqs News 17 e e

BEING FRANK

All are essential to salmon recovery and should be integrated into our efforts for every watershed.


EARTH DAY & CLEANUP DAY APRIL 25 — Earth Day/Cleanup Day participants signed up for service projects early in the morning at the Youth Center and then left the building to tend to this important day of Earth work.

There was also a crew tending to the cleanup of the Swadabs native plant trail located near the cedar hat pavilions and another making green grocery bags out of old donated t-shirts at the Youth Center.

Projects mostly catered to the gardens at Northwest Indian College (NWIC) and included a blessing of the new NWIC Elder Garden. Projects at the college included: cattails planting; hazelnut orchard planting; wild berry garden weeding; laying down oyster shell as groundcover in the Elder Garden; herb garden weeding; huckleberry planting; and redesigning the Medicine Wheel Garden.

A tasty potluck lunch was held for all who participated. It was a great day to beautify the Swinomish Reservation as everyone worked outside in the sunshine!

Earth Day & Cleanup Day participants at the Northwest Indian College.

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Service project participants surround Larry Campbell during the Elder Garden Blessing.

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THE WEATHER MAKES PEOPLE FEEL A LITTLE GRAY Caroline Edwards, qyuuqs News Editor

It’s spring, there’s a saying that goes – ‘April showers, bring May flowers!’ I saw a local sign in Mount Vernon that posted the same saying, but with a twist: 'April showers, bring May mud?' While the Skagit Valley actually decreases in cloud cover throughout April, there are still overcast and mostly cloudy conditions. Many locals and tourists brave the wet and cold by wearing sandals with a raincoat; while some are already wearing shorts! For others, the overcast conditions just makes them feel gray or a little off. Everyone’s biological clock should be waking up this time of year. Just like the small shoots of flowers, we’re all ready to stretch and grow in the uprising sun too. Seasonal changes can cause insomnia and weight loss in the spring or oversleeping and weight gain in the winter, as well as anxiety. (Mayoclinic.org) Certain people go through these patterns and it forces them to retreat and hibernate inside feeling ‘blue’ for

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reasons unknown. Most people take it with a grain of salt giving themselves the forced pep in their step. It forces people to be resilient and adapt to the weather. Neither one is right or wrong, people just respond differently to the limited sun exposure. As many as one in six people suffer from the seasonal affective disorder, or SAD – a form of depression that health experts suspect is due to the lack of sun exposure. Luckily SAD is treatable. One of the recommended treatments is exercise! Why exercise?

Exercise is beneficial for anyone suffering from depression. Exercise releases endorphins, which are hormones that reduce pain and increase feelings of well-being. Exercise also increases your metabolism, which helps improve your energy levels. Other benefits include increased self-esteem, improved sleep, and reduced anxiety.

What types of exercise are best?

Any form of exercise can help, some exercises are better suited to treating SAD. Any low-impact aerobic activities, including walking and dancing. Other activities include: gentle stretching, yoga, tai chi, swimming, running, and strength training. Although the weather makes people feel a little gray at times, would you change it for anything else? Well, we do have actual seasons that mean we live in a gray world for a season or two, but in my opinion, it makes most of us appreciate the sun that much more. If you feel a gray or blue at times, try and understand that you live in the green state of Washington that is known best for its water cycle, hence the gray rainy clouds! Go for a walk outside and soak in what little sun we do get during this time of year.

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Swinomish Included in Skagit County Historical Museum Time Capsule A letter written on behalf of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community (below) and select memorabilia (pictured) is now sealed in a time capsule behind a wall at the Skagit County Historical Museum. The original capsule was discovered as museum staff were preparing for an exhibit and discovered a photograph of someone placing it in the side of the building. This time instructions will be left for those in the future — the next capsule viewing is in 50 years! March 26, 2019 To the Skagit County Historical Museum, On behalf of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, I am writing this letter for inclusion in the new time capsule that will be installed in the museum in late March 2019. As the first occupants of this land for millennia, and neighbors of the La Conner community for almost 150 years, we are proud to participate in this commemoration of Skagit County history. Fifty years ago, when the museum’s time capsule was first installed, the Swinomish Reservation was a much different place. The Tribe was in the midst of a ten-year campaign to eliminate poverty on the reservation and “pull ourselves up by our bootstraps.” It was a daunting challenge for our elders, made even more so by the fact that the federal government never had a Marshall Plan for Indian Country. Their plan for us was welfare, not viable assistance in creating economic opportunity and a bright future for our tribal members. Fifty years ago we lacked basic social services on the reservation and environmental conditions had taken a very noticeable toll on our traditional livelihood, fishing. Fifty years ago our tribal leaders began turning that around. In January 1969 the Tribe leased what was formerly known as “Indian Bay” to a land development company and the Shelter Bay community was born on the reservation’s south shores. The following year we began construction on the Swinomish Fish Plant to process seafood. Development of our northern shore came next as the Swinomish Industrial Park became a reality in the late 1970s. The Tribe went on to open up the Longhouse Restaurant on the reservation and leased land on the west side to 1000 Trails for 22 sw d bš qyuuqs News

a campground. However, none of these economic ventures provided the economic base so sorely needed for tribal services. The vehicle for that base arrived in 1985 when Swinomish opened up its gaming operation on the north end. Over the next twenty years the revenue from gaming became the “means to an end” to open doors long closed to tribal members on the reservation. For the first time we were able to provide many of the services our parents and grandparents only dreamt about. We invested heavily in our number one priority: education of our members. We strengthened our government services and physical infrastructure. We built new housing for our members and clinics to provide reservation-based medical and dental care for our community. We restored our reservation land base by purchasing back property that had passed from tribal hands since the allotment period. And we created new businesses that are thriving today, so much so that the Swinomish Tribe is one of the five largest employers in Skagit County. A good economic base has also enabled us to support a visible and crucial revival of our cultural ways. From the creation of a Tribal Archive and Records Center in 2007 to hosting Canoe Journey at Swinomish in 2011, the preservation of our history actively supports who we are today and where we will be fifty years from now when this time capsule is opened. A revered symbol of that history has been visible from La Conner for over eighty years: the Swinomish Totem Pole. This past month, after a six-month restoration project, we hoisted the newly-painted pole back in its original location, once again defining our community to people on both sides of the Channel.

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Calling all youth ages 8-14: Sign up for Junior Police Camp at Swinomish to enjoy hands-on learning activities, demonstrations, special guests, and field trips with your favorite Swinomish Police officers! Applications are available at the Swinomish Police Department. Space is limited to 25 participants, submit your application today! Questions? Contact Officer Lord — dlord@swinomish.nsn.us Swinomish Police Department 17557 Front Street, La Conner

To commemorate that, we would like to include a copy of the Totem Pole’s history, and the story of how it came to be erected in 1938, in this capsule as well. Two photos inside the booklet show the newly restored pole as well as our newly expanded dental clinic built to accommodate the Swinomish Dental Health Aide Therapist program, the first of its kind in the Lower 48 states. In closing, self-government and self-sufficiency are powerful medicine for our people. They have enabled us to thrive and to be better stewards of the land we inhabit and the waters we fish, thus ensuring that we are protecting our world for the seventh generation. It is that vision that inspires our hope for the next fifty years when this letter comes to light again. Sincerely,

Swinomish Tribal Chairman Brian M. Cladoosby, spee pots sw d bš qyuuqs News 23 e e


GOT MOLD?

Caroline Edwards, qyuuqs News Editor

Mold reproduces by means of tiny spores. These spores are indivisible to the naked eye and float through outdoor and indoor air. Mold may begin growing indoors when mold spores land on surfaces that are wet. There are many types of mold—and none of them will grow without water or moisture! Molds have the potential to produce serious health problems. Molds produce allergens, irritants, and in some cases, potentially toxic substances produced by all fungus known as mycotoxins. How do I get rid of mold?

Discovering mold in your home is concerning, and the problem can be frustrating to get rid of. It is impossible to completely rid all indoor spaces of mold and mold spores because some spores simply float through the air or sit in house dust. However, these spores will not grow if moisture is not present. 24 sw d bš qyuuqs News

Indoor mold growth can and should • be prevented or controlled by controlling indoor moisture. Mold gradually destroys the things it grows on. You can prevent damage in your home and furnishings, save money, and avoid potential health problems by controlling moisture and • eliminating mold growth. If there is mold growth in your home, you must clean it up thoroughly and fix the water problem. If you clean up the mold but don’t fix the water problem, the mold problem will most likely come back. If you already have a mold problem —ACT QUICKLY. The longer it grows, the more damage it can cause to your house and health. • What to Wear When Cleaning Moldy Areas

It is important to take precautions to limit your exposure to mold and mold spores.

Avoid breathing in mold and mold spores. In order to limit your exposure to airborne mold, you want to wear an N-95 respirator, available at many hardware stores. They cost between $12-$25. Wear gloves. Long gloves that extend to the middle of the forearm are recommended. When working with water and a mild detergent, ordinary household rubber gloves may be used. If you are using a disinfectant, a biocide such as chlorine bleach, or a strong cleaning solution, you should select gloves made from natural rubber, neoprene, nitrile, polyurethane, or PVC. Avoid touching mold or moldy items with your bare hands. Wear goggles. Goggles that do not have ventilation holes are recommended. Avoid getting mold or mold spores in your eyes.

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You must completely fix the water or moisture problem before the cleanup or remediation can be considered finished. •

You should have completed mold removal. Visible mold and moldy odors should not be present. Please note that mold may cause staining or cosmetic damage. You should have revisited the site(s) shortly after cleanup and it should show no signs of water damage or mold growth. People should be able to occupy or re-occupy the area without health complaints or physical symptoms. Ultimately this is a judgment call; there is no easy answer.

Moisture and Mold Prevention and Control Tips

Moisture control is the key to mold control. • ACT QUICKLY when water leaks or spills occur indoors. If wet or damp materials or areas are cleaned and dry within 2448 hours after a leak or spill happens, mold will not grow in most cases. • Clean and repair roof gutters regularly. • Make sure the ground slopes away from your home or building so that water does not enter or collect around the foundation. • Keep air conditioning drip pans clean and the drain line unobstructed and flowing properly. • Keep indoor humidity low. If possible, keep it below 60 percent relative humidity.

If you see condensation or moisture collecting on windows, walls, or pipes — ACT QUICKLY to dry the wet surface and reduce the moisture/water source. Condensation can be a sign of high humidity.

Takeaways

• •

The key to mold control is moisture control. If mold is a problem in your home, clean up the mold promptly and fix the water problem. It is important to dry waterdamaged areas and items within 24-48 hours to prevent mold growth.

Source: A Brief Guide to Mold, Moisture, and Your Home (EPA)

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How do I know when the remediation or cleanup is finished?


EASTER BRUNCH AND EGG HUNT APRIL 20 — As community members enjoyed Easter brunch inside the Youth Center, staff busily hid treasure-filled eggs outside the Susan M. Wilbur lop che ahl Early Education Center and at the Swadabs playground for the annual Easter egg hunt. Egg hunts were organized by age and prizes included large Easter baskets and gift cards. Parents, friends, and family members delighted in watching youth as they excitedly gathered eggs. The expressions that filled the kiddos’ faces after the discovery of a winning silver or gold egg was the sweetest thing to witness.

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Wild Spring Greens and Feeling Good! Myk Heidt, Community Environmental Health Program Coordinator

After the passing of winter and the longer days of early spring arrive, we feel the need to get outside and enjoy the warmth of the sun on our face. This is a natural response to our internal need for vitamin D that the sun generously provides for free. We enjoy comfort foods because they warm our bodies and our spirit during the winter months. But after the long winter our bodies need to be revived by wild spring greens, just like our spirit needs to be revived by the sun! What are wild spring greens you may ask? They are the perfect food for waking up your body as they renew your insides with the fresh, light bounty of the nutrients found just outside your door. Get ready for a new taste sensation! The main flavors we seek today are salty or sweet, but wild spring greens are sour, tart, and even a little bitter. This is exactly what our bodies need to clean out and detoxify from all the heavy winter foods we indulged in. Foods that taste sour, bitter, or tart have strong medicine in them and they help our bodies wake up for the activities that spring and summer bring. So don’t crinkle up your nose after the first try! In fact, some elders tell me it can take tasting these wild foods seven times before your taste buds start to adjust to a flavor that is neither salty or sweet. Start out with just a taste and then really focus on what the flavor does to your sense of sight—what does it look like? How would you describe it? What does it smell like? Does it taste like it smells? Does it taste like something familiar?

• Miner’s lettuce (also known as Indian lettuce): very light and mild; fresh taste • Indian plum: Pick the youngest leaves; tastes like cucumber • Wood sorrel: Tastes like green apples • Sheep sorrel: Mildly sour tasting but refreshing • Chickweed: Add the very young plants to smoothies for a healthy boost • Cleavers: These clinging plants that grab your pants make a terrific blender tonic • Dandelion: Roots go deep into the ground; the minerals in the leaves and blossoms are very good for you • Douglas fir: Mildy tart taste and full of vitamin C—nature’s Gatorade and no sugar! • Horsetail: Early spring shoots are full of minerals; cook like asparagus; very mild • Indian carrot: The leaves taste like parsley and look like it too! • Nettle: Add to soups; make pesto; dry for tea; and for dry, brittle hair, rinse with warm nettle tea for shiny and healthier locks • Mugwort: Mildly bitter; good for liver and bile function and digestion; promotes circulation; add leaves to smoothies or make tea; not for pregnant or nursing mothers! • Salal: Chew the leaves and place on wounds or sores; make tea for coughs, colds, and digestive issues

Here are a few of the many healthful and tasty wild spring greens to try in a salad or as go on a walk—what I call “roaming the rez”—and nibble a leaf or two along the way. Or, sign up for a plant identification walk with Community Environmental Health—the program offers several each season along with a workshop on plant medicines or uses. Can’t sign up for a plant walk? Grab a field guide from the library and make sure to identify your plants before you eat them. Spring greens salad with raspberries Photo: Kyra Herzberger

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“If maidens would eat nettle in March and mugwort in May they would not turn to clay…” -Unknown


Science Corner

CAMAS, CAMAS, CAMAS! Heidi Bock, Environmental Protection

Coast Salish communities have cultivated camas as a food staple for centuries. Historically, it carried high value as a trade item in the region, second only to dried salmon. Two camas species were harvested by Coast Salish peoples: common camas (Camassia quamash) and great camas (Camassia leichtlini). While both species have light to deep blue flowers, a way to differentiate the two is noting that great camas has a distinguishable waxy powder on its leaves. Also, great camas is often taller and has a larger bulb. Camas garden harvests frequently happened during the spring. The plots were then covered with seaweed and burned off in fall. Camas plantings occurred in fall or early winter to maximize the moist, fertile soils and cooler temperatures, which help the camas bulbs become established. Harvested camas bulbs were traditionally prepared in large cooking pits for one to two days. This long cook time is necessary to break down the inulin carbohydrates into digestible, palatable, fructose molecules. Once cooked, camas is quite sweet and an integral source of energy in many traditional Coast Salish meals. Camas was often sun-dried if it was to be stored or traded. Camas stalks and leaves were used for making mattresses, and some tribes used the juice of boiled camas as cough medicine.

Camas And Sweet Onion Salsa Spiced with sweet onion and yellow mustard seed, this mild salsa is delicious alongside salmon, or served with fry bread. • ½ cup chopped sweet onion • ½ cup chopped prepared camas • 1 teaspoon rice vinegar or cider vinegar • 1 teaspoon whole yellow mustard seeds • ½ teaspoon salt • Ground black pepper to taste Mix all ingredients and adjust salt and vinegar to taste. Refrigerate for up to one week. 28 sw d bš qyuuqs News

A few other native plants that were commonly grown with or near camas garden plots were Columbia lilies, chocolate lilies, and Indian carrot. Columbia lily bulbs were steamed, boiled, or pit cooked, and then added as flavoring or condiment to soups with meat or fish, as they are bitter and peppery. Chocolate lily bulbs were steamed or boiled and have the consistency of rice, which was usually mashed into a paste. Indian carrot roots were pounded into a flour and then used in various native dishes. Here the Kwiaht Tribe of Lopez Island explains how to prepare harvested camas bulbs: Prepare camas bulbs by cleaning them. To avoid overcooking the bulbs, line the slow cooker well with washed thimbleberry leaves, soaked corn husks, or crumpled parchment paper. Add enough water until the leaves are covered. Make a large well in the middle and line with two sheets of parchment paper crossed over one another. Fill this well with cleaned bulbs. Fold the edges of the parchment paper over the bulbs and put on the lid. Set the cooker on low, and allow to cook for 48 hours, adding water as needed (check approximately every 12 hours). After 24 hours the bulbs will begin to take on an ivory color, and after 48 hours they will be dark brown and very soft. If you plan on gathering camas yourself, please be sure you know how to identify the plant and understand how to properly gather them.

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Science Corner

OWL PELLETS Heidi Bock, Environmental Protection

Have you ever come across something that looks like a turd, but maybe you notice some bones extruding from it? It could be an owl pellet!

Owl pellets are packed full of interesting information, such as what the owl is eating and what sort of small animals and bugs live in the area; this can help scientists better understand the environmental relationships of a particular region.

This broken apart owl pellet shows the bones of the owl's meal.

Dissecting owl pellets often reveal whole skulls and bones of prey, which is fascinating to examine up close! Take extra notice in a place where owls could be hunting for prey and look from some owl pellets. Tear them apart gently to see what has been on the owls’ menu!

Landy James gathers geoducks from the Salish Sea. Photo: Jeremy Wilbur

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Some of our field technicians frequently discover owl pellets while working in the aglands. Owls cannot chew their food, so prey is usually swallowed whole. Owls can only digest the meat of their prey, so all of the hair, feathers, bones, teeth, and insect shells must go! The owl’s digestive system compacts all of the indigestible components into a tight ball. The pellet is formed within a few hours after eating, and while the owl can hold the pellet for up the 20 hours, it must be ejected before eating again.


Swinomish Utility Authority: Drinking Water Quality Report Our goal at the Swinomish Utility Authority is to “always supply safe water to our customers”—and we are pleased to report favorably on our efforts to do so. This report details water quality and water testing completed between January 1, 2018 and December 31, 2018. In summary, the water we supplied met all federal quality standards. The Swinomish Utility Authority and the Swinomish tribal government remain committed to ensuring the highest quality of drinking water and continue to monitor monthly for bacteria as well as conduct special studies for lead and copper contamination. Our Water System

Swinomish purchases water sourced from the Skagit River from the City of Anacortes. Storage tanks, pumps, and miles of pipeline are used to distribute the water throughout the Swinomish Reservation, serving the Village and tribal neighborhoods as well as commercial customers and other neighborhood users. There are two backup emergency wells on Reservation Road. If you would like to learn more about the water system at Swinomish, please attend any of the regularly scheduled meetings of the Swinomish Utility Authority. Meeting announcements are posted regularly at most tribal buildings. About Water Quality

Drinking water sources include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells. As water travels over land or through the ground it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material. It can also pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity. Contaminants that may be present in source water before it is treated include: • Microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, and wildlife • Inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally-occurring or result from urban storm water runoff; industrial or domestic waste water discharges; oil and gas production; mining; or farming 30 sw d bš qyuuqs News

• Pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of agriculture and residential sources • Radioactive contaminants, which are naturally occurring • Organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are byproducts of industrial processes According to EPA

All drinking water, including bottled water, may contain small amounts of contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that the water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline at (800) 426.4791. 2018 Water Quality Testing Results

The table on the right shows the results of Swinomish Utility Authority water quality analyses. Every regulated contaminant detected in the water, even the minutest traces, is listed here. The table contains the name of each contaminant, the highest allowed level permitted by regulations (MCL), the ideal goals for public health (MCLG), the amount detected, and the usual sources of such contamination. What the Data Shows

The table data shows that while some contaminants were detected, the levels were well below the established standards for drinking water. Swinomish is in full compliance with the established regulatory standards for public water supply operation. Special Health Concerns

Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immunecompromised persons such as those undergoing chemotherapy, have undergone organ transplants, or have HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, and some elderly and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. Water quality reports are available for inspection at the Swinomish Utility Authority. Please contact the Swinomish Utility Authority at (360) 466.7223 if you would like to review this information or have questions.

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2018 City of Anacortes Water Quality Data: Anacortes Customers Compounds and Units

Average Level Detected

Range of Detections

Violations

0.36-1.47

NONE

RAW WATER

Total Organic Carbon

0.98 FINISHED WATER

Total Organic Carbon Nitrate (ppm) Total Coliform Bacteria Chlorine (ppm) Haloacetic Acids 5 (ppb) Total Trihalomethanes (ppb) Sodium (ppm) Barium (ppm) Flouride (ppm) Turbidity (NTU)

0.43 N/D: Not Detected 0% 1.24 13.81 14.29 2.34 2.34 0.7 0.019

0.33-0.65 N/D: Not Detected N/D: Not Detected v 8.10-26.90 7.70-26.60 N/A: Not Applicable N/A: Not Applicable 0.65-0.79 .016-0.023

NONE NONE NONE NONE NONE NONE NONE NONE NONE NONE

Compounds and Units

90th Percentile Level

Homes Exceeding Action Level

Date of Sample

Lead (ppm) Copper (ppm)

1 0.047

0 out of 32 0 out of 32

2016 2016

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An Update From Your Air Quality Team Kelsey Larsen, Swinomish Air Quality Program

Dear community members, My name is Kelsey Larson. I was hired as the Tribe’s air quality specialist in August 2018. A little bit about me, my father is a minister (as was my grandpa) and my mother is a math teacher in the Detroit area. They taught me to value service to one’s community, as well as how knowledge enhances one's ability to serve. I have a Bachelor of Science in chemistry and physics and a Master of Science in atmospheric science. I was a part of the Tropospheric Ozone Pollution Project that installed the first ozone and sulfur dioxide monitors in San Jose, Costa Rica. I worked on atmospheric chemistry modeling and identifying sources of pollutants in graduate school. As a new comer, I am impressed at the long record of air quality data collected here at Swinomish — going strong since 1999! Part of my vision for the program is to continue the constant monitoring at Northwest Indian College and Swinomish Lodge & Casino and analysis of weather data and air pollutants (ozone and nitrous oxides) that cause respiratory distress. In the near future I will install fine particulate matter monitors (the kind of particles that cause the most respiratory distress) at those sites as well as at Lone Tree and the Swinomish docks. I hope that by the end of the year I will have real time weather data access online so you can see 1) current weather on the reservation and 2) particulate matter concentrations. I welcome your thoughts, comments, and concerns. Recently, the program focused on the DERA grant which replaces diesel engines with a 75% discount to decrease emissions, and we are currently waiting on the results of that grant award. If you’re interested in replacing your marine diesel engine in the next couple years, let me know and I will keep you in mind the next time the grant comes around. Finally, I’ve heard that mold is a problem—a major problem! I know that getting resources for removal has been a struggle. I want to be clear that I am committed to running after funding for as long as it takes, but I need your help! Unfortunately, most grants require proof that there is a mold problem. 32 sw d bš qyuuqs News

Swinomish Air Quality Specialist Kelsey Larsen

Even if you previously had an assessment, we need to know the current state of your homes. We currently have funds available to preform mold assessments and are working with another institution to do them. If you have a mold problem in your home, please contact me to schedule an assessment. If you want to talk to me about the mold problem, I’m all ears! I hope to have a listening station at some of the summer community gatherings to hear more about mold and any other air quality concerns you have. Do you have questions about the weather, climate, or air quality? I’m likely to know the answer or will work to find it! Please check in with me anytime. Peace be with you, Kelsey Larson, Swinomish Air Quality Specialist Contact Kelsy Email: klarson@swinomish.nsn.us Phone: (360) 446.2515

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Did You Know? Facts About Air Quality Kelsey Larsen, Swinomish Air Quality Program

of fossil fuels in vehicles; agricultural burning; power plants; wet cooling towers in cooling systems; and various industrial processes. • Fun fact: Bellingham is ranked in the top 6 cleanest cities for air quality measures.

2018 Wild fire smoke lingering on the reservation

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• In just ONE MINUTE, you can breathe two gallons of air when sleeping, three gallons of air when doing light activity, up to 10 gallons of air during strenuous exercise. In one DAY, you can breathe roughly a school bus worth of air. • Around the world, 4.2 million people die prematurely from air pollution and poor air quality. In 2015, air pollution was the fifth leading cause of death in the United States. • If the Earth was the size of a small beach ball, the atmosphere we rely on to breathe would be the thickness of your finger nail. • Ninety-five percent of the atmosphere is within 10 miles of the surface, approximately the distance between La Conner and Anacortes. • It takes two WEEKS for a mass of air to circle the Earth. • It takes one YEAR for a mass of air to travel from one pole to another. • The air we breathe is 78 percent nitrogen gas and 20.9 percent oxygen gas. • The optimal range of oxygen in the air for humans runs between 19.5 and 23.5 percent. So while we need oxygen to live, pure oxygen could kill you. • Greenhouse gases are gases that change the amount of heat that can escape the Earth surface. These include carbon dioxide (CO2), water vapor (H2O), and ozone (O3) which make up less than 0.1 percent of the atmosphere. • Without an atmosphere, the Earth’s mean temperature would be -1.0 degree Fahrenheit. • Dangerous gases in the atmosphere are often the result of incomplete combustion (burning something). • The ozone layer is roughly 12.42 miles above our heads; this layer of ozone gas is created by the interaction of sunlight and oxygen gas. The ozone layer protects all land lifeforms from harmful radiation from the sun. • At the surface, ozone is dangerous and closely regulated by the EPA. • The air isn’t just a gas; it can include solid and liquid particles suspended in the air. These particles are called particulate matter. • Particulate matter can come from anything originating from volcanoes; dust storms; forest and grassland fires; living vegetation; sea spray; burning


Mrs. V’s 2 Cents Diane Vendiola

One night, I prepared halibut fried in coconut oil with garlic, onions and tomatoes for dinner. I served it with stir-fried spinach and ginger. Of course we always have steamed rice to accompany halibut and spinach. For as long as I can remember, steamed rice has been the central component of my family’s main meals. We eat food to keep ourselves alive. Just as our cars need gasoline to power their engines and generate energy, so we too need fuel – in the form of food – to power our continued existence. Coconut oil, garlic, onions, tomatoes, spinach, ginger root, and rice originate from the dirt, from the soil. Therefore, dirt is a vital part of our livelihood and environment, along with water and air. Did you know it takes more than 500 years to form one inch of topsoil? This is because most soil starts out as rock. The rock has to be broken into small pieces first by freezing and thawing in cold climates, and chemical weathering in warmer climates. Once cracks form in the rock and plants can take hold, the plants continue to break the rock into smaller pieces by root action and start to add organic matter. Chemical weathering also continues, turning the rock pieces into the sand, silt, and clay particles that make up our soil. Luckily, two things in our favor allow us to have a lot of topsoil in the United States. First, not all soil forms from solid rock. The glaciers of the north crushed the parent material and did much of the physical weathering for us. Many soils formed after the glaciers retreated are only about 10,000 to 20,000 years old, but have thick top soils. Other soils formed in materials that were already physically weathered and deposited by moving water or wind, allowing topsoil to form much faster. Around 12,000 years ago, our hunter-gatherer ancestors began attempting to grow food. First, they grew wild 34 sw d bš qyuuqs News

varieties of crops like peas, lentils, and barley, and they herded wild animals like goats and wild oxen. Centuries later, they switched to farming full time, breeding both animals and plants. Farming didn’t begin as a large scale operation, like many farms today. It was more about convenience, I believe. The first “farm” may have actually been a forest-garden. Forest-gardens are basically low-maintenance gardens that utilize several different vegetables, trees, shrubs and vines in a way that is sustainable. It’s believed they first developed on the banks of jungle rivers and the foothills of monsoon regions. The first farm families gradually improved their immediate environment by protecting useful species of plants and eliminated undesirables. This method of gardening is still used today in tropical regions of the world. People like to make their lives a bit easier and part of that goal is limiting exposure to the dangerous things that you happen to eat for dinner. It is said that necessity is the mother of invention. If necessity is the mother, then invention’s sister must be comfort and safety. Honestly, if you were given a choice of cutting rice plants -- with a scythe or sickle -- and then transporting them elsewhere to be laid out and dried for two or three days. Then threshing the rice plant by slamming sheaves against a table with slots in it. Slamming and banging to dislodge the grains, which fall through the cracks in the table to a collection area below. And lastly, take time to dry the rice grains again, and maybe mill them to get white rice. Would you do it, or would you choose to go to the grocery store and buy all the plants and plant derived ingredients you need to cook your dinner? “What one eats, digests, and assimilates provides the energy-producing nutrients that the blood stream carries to the brain.” Dr. George Watson (1972) What one eats, grows in dirt.

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MAY 2019

ELDERS’ LUNCH *Lunch served Mon-Thurs. No take away meals until 11AM. Call (360) 466.3980 to cancel home delivery. Milk served with all meals.

1 WED

2 THURS

Fish, scallop potatoes Green beans, bread Fresh fruit bowl Jell-O cake

Poached eggs, sausage Hash browns, toast Fresh fruit bowl Vegetable juice

6 MON

7 TUES

8 WED

9 THURS

Macaroni and cheese French bread Mixed vegetables Oranges

Corned beef Red potatoes, cabbage French bread Pears

Fish Corn chowder Mixed green salad Peaches

Ham and eggs English muffins Pineapple Vegetable juice

13 MON

14 TUES

15 WED

16 THURS

Chicken salad sandwich Potato chip Veggie tray with dip Banana

Pork ribs Rice, baked beans Coleslaw Jell-O with fruit

Fish Macaroni salad, roll Beets Fruit salad

Eggs and bacon Pancake Berries Vegetable juice

20 MON

21 TUES

22 WED

23 THURS

Meat lasagna Garlic bread Mixed green salad Grapes

Stuffed bell peppers French bread Corn Fruit cocktail

Fish Rice, roll Steamed squash Apples

Eggs French toast Berries Vegetable juice

27 MON

28 TUES

29 WED

30 THURS

MEMORIAL DAY NO SERVICE

BLT sandwich Clam chowder Oranges

Fish Potato salad, roll Green beans Melon

Breakfast casserole French bread Peaches Vegetable juice

Community Dinner May 15

6PM Youth Center sw d bš qyuuqs News 35 e e


Learn how to use it. Call the Wellness Program at (360) 466-1024 to pick up a kit.

SYRINGE DISPOSAL SITES

Kee-Ah Road

Reserv

Swinomish Medical Clinic

Avenue A

38 sw d bĹĄ qyuuqs News

Stre et

way

Fron t

Firs

Park eer Pion

ond Sec

Solahdwh Lane

Stre e

t

t Str

eet

Swinomish Avenue

ation R

Snee Oosh Road

oad

Protect the health of our community by safely disposing of used syringes in designated syringe disposal boxes, now located on Solahdwh Lane and behind the Swinomish Medical Clinic. Knock on the back door of the Medical Clinic for a quick, confidential supply of clean needles.

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CURRENT OPEN POSITIONS - As of April 24

To view details about open positions and download our General Employment Application, visit swinomishcasinoandlodge.com/careers. All positions are “Open until filled” unless specified. Email applications to: jobs@swinomishcasino.com Fax applications to: (360) 299.1677 Mail or hand deliver to: Swinomish Casino & Lodge 12885 Casino Drive, Anacortes, WA 98221 Questions? Call Human Resources at (360) 299.1642

FACILITIES FACILITIES MANAGER (FT) HEAVY DUTY CLEANER (FT) MAINTENANCE ENGINEER I (FT) FOOD & BEVERAGE BANQUET BARTENDER (OC) BANQUET COOK (FT) BANQUET LEAD COOK (FT) BANQUET SERVER (OC) CARVER'S CAFE BUSSER (FT) CARVER'S CAFE COOK (FT) CARVER'S CAFE SERVER (FT) CENTER BAR BARBACK (FT) FOOD COURT SUPERVISOR (FT) FOOD COURT LINE COOK (PT) SPORTS BAR HOST/HOSTESS (FT) SPORTS BAR SERVER (FT) SPORTS BAR SUPERVISOR (FT) TEAM MEMBER SUPPORT (FT) GAMING SLOT ATTENDANT (FT) SLOT SHIFT SUPERVISOR (FT) SLOT TECHNICIAN (FT) GOLF LINKS GROUNDSKEEPER (SEASONAL)

HOUSEKEEPING ROOM ATTENDANT (FT) MARKETING DIGITAL CONTENT STRATEGIST (FT) GRAPHIC DESIGNER (FT) VALET VALET ATTENDANT (FT)

HUMAN RESOURCES & TRIBAL EMPLOYMENT RIGHTS OFFICE (TERO) JOB OPENINGS • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Tribal Engineer Wellness Center: LPN Dosing Nurse Tribal Advocate Wellness Program Director IT Director Applications Developer Tribal Mental Health Program Counselor/ Coordinator Certified Medical Assistant Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Grant Writer (on-call) Tribal Mental Health Counselor Staff Attorney Police Officer - Entry Level or Lateral

Full descriptions of the job announcements listed above are available on the Swinomish website: swinomish-nsn.gov/resources/human-resources HOW TO APPLY: Return completed application, cover letter, and resume to: Personnel Office Swinomish Indian Tribal Community 11404 Moorage Way La Conner, WA 98257 Fax applications to: (360) 466.1348 Or email to: hr@swinomish.nsn.us Applications must be received in the Personnel Office by 5PM on or before the job closing date. Questions? Call the Personnel Office at (360) 466.7347 sw d bš qyuuqs News 39 e e

As a full-time employee, you will be eligible for a comprehensive benefit package including medical, dental, vision, life insurance, retirement planning, and more. Other perks include generous paid time off and discounted meals.


qyuuqs News

PRSRT STD US Postage Paid Permit #35 ANACORTES, WA

17337 Reservation Road La Conner, WA 98257 qyuuqs@swinomish.nsn.us

Recyclable Paper

OR CURRENT RESIDENT

I AM SWINOMISH,

I WILL GRADUATE.

Brooklyn Bailey smiles because she is the first one to hunt for Easter eggs!

Profile for Swinomish qyuuqs News

qyuuqs News May 2019  

qyuuqs News is a publication of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community.

qyuuqs News May 2019  

qyuuqs News is a publication of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community.

Profile for swinomish