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June 2018 Vol. 52

No. 5

Teachings

The Blessing of the Fleet & First Salmon Ceremony | PG 15

1918: The Swinomish Day School Closes Its Doors | PG 19


C

NTENTS INSIDE

Miss Swinomish Tiny Tot Ellen Clark

ON THE COVER

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1918: The Swinomish Day School Closes Its Doors

Kahneesha Casey sits quietly as she begins the First Salmon Ceremony on the water.

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03 05 06 07 08 09 10 12 13 15 16 17 18 19 22 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 34 35 36

Editor's Note Chairman's Message Obituary: Ida Colleen Sylvester Community Happenings & Youth Center Calendar Notice of Back-to-School Gift Card Day Recent Tribal Code Amendments Annual Sobriety Dinner Cultural Orientation Junior Police Camp Application The Blessing of the Fleet and First Salmon Ceremony Tide Table Community Dinner: Our Honored Elders National Stroke Awareness Month 1918: The Swinomish Day School Closes Its Doors Being Frank Plastic Pollution: Choose One Thing - Please! The Seven Grandfather Teachings Science Corner: Camas Dig Are You in Control of Your Glucose? Science Corner: Waste Oil Recycling Facility Changes Science Corner: Keeping it Cool The ABC's of Addiction Youth Spirit is Taking Off Swinomish Hosts the Annual American Academy... Mrs. V's 2 Cents Elder's Menu June Birthday List and Announcements


editor’s NOTE Teachings I currently have nine nieces and nephews, and 75 immediate cousins from both sides of my family. That number continues to rise when I include my extended family members. There is no time like the present to cherish my large family! I not only have one clan but many clans to look up to and look after. Friends and family tell me I am just like my mother, or just like my father. I think a little bit of both suites me well. I hear the voices of both parents and all my aunts and uncles when I endeavor in my life’s work. My papa Russell Edwards and my grandmothers Alfreda Edwards and Gertrude Charles died before I was born. My sapa Norval Charles died when I was young girl. Discovering who I am, what my purpose is, and the role I play in my community is a life long lesson. Understanding my cultural identity comes with understanding my own cultural responsibility.

pedsteGad

I’m beginning to understand that I am at the age where I need to recognize the teachings I learned and pass them on to the younger generations. Our community is fortunate to have such large families. The oral tradition of passing down knowledge ensures the family is upholding their traditions. "Respect does not come from wealth or from personal or professional accomplishements. Tribal people earn respect through a life well lived within the cultural norms of serving the community, upholiding family traditions and demonstrating a willingness to share with others." (A Gathering of Wisdoms, 2002) Caroline Edwards goliahlitza

(puds-teh-GWAD)

Moon of the Salmonberry

Much of June is the "moon of the salmonberry." During this moon, fruits such as salmonberry and red huckleberry are ripening and ready to harvest. Ripe salmonberries signal the start of many salmon runs during this moon, including summer Chinook and sockeye salmon. Salmon are caught using weirs and reef nets made from willow and cedar barks. Sockeye salmon, also called reds, are valued for their fat and flavor. This moon also signals the time when the daytime tide is extremely low, allowing access to scallops, geoducks clams, and giant red sea urchins as well as many other shellfish. Shellfish harvest and curing continues.

Excerpt from ‘13 Moons: The 13 Lunar Phases, and How They Guide the Swinomish People’ By swelitub (Todd A. Mitchell) and Jamie L. Donatuto sw d bš qyuuqs News

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The official news publication

of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community

T R I B A L S E N AT E

spee pots Brian Cladoosby, Chairman (360) 708.7533 | bcladoosby@

ya qua leouse Brian Porter, Vice Chair (360) 840.4186 | bporter@

sapelia Sophie Bailey, Secretary (360) 853.6458 | sbailey@

taleq tale II Barbara James, Treasurer (360) 391.3958 | bjames@

pay a huxton Chester Cayou, Jr. (360) 770.3378 | ccayou@

The mission of qyuuqs News is to provide monthly communication to Swinomish Indian Tribal Community Members near and far. We are committed to serving as an apolitical forum for the Swinomish governing officials and all Community Members. qyuuqs News is not intended to reflect the official position of the governing body at Swinomish Indian Tribal Community but rather reflects the ideas, events, and thoughts of individual Community Members and Tribal staff. As such, the Swinomish Tribe makes no claim as to the accuracy or content of any of the articles contained therein. qyuuqs News 17337 Reservation Road, La Conner, WA 98257 Phone (360) 466.7258 Fax (360) 466.1632 *SUBMISSIONS Send your news tips, stories, and photos to qyuuqs@swinomish.nsn.us Submission deadline: 10th day of the month EDITORIAL Caroline Edwards, Editor | cedwards@swinomish.nsn.us

cha das cud II Glen Edwards (360) 708.3113 | gedwards@

yal le ka but Steve Edwards (360) 840.5768 | sedwards@

SM OK O LO Leon John (360) 421.0406 | ljohn@

wa lee hub Kevin Paul (360) 540.3906 | tribalsenator@yahoo.com

sOladated Brian Wilbur (360) 588.2812 | bwilbur@

squi-qui Joe Williams (360) 853.5629 | jwilliams@ All Swinomish staff emails: FirstInitialLastName@swinomish.nsn.us

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SWINOMISH COMMUNICATIONS Heather Mills, Communications Manager | hmills@swinomish.nsn.us Emma Fox, Communications Specialist | efox@swinomish.nsn.us ADVISORY COMMITTEE Allan Olson, Tracy James, Kevin Paul This issue is available online at swinomish-nsn.gov/qyuuqs Photos credits: qyuuqs News Staff or as credited. All rights reserved. Facebook: Swinomish qyuuqs News Linkedin: Swinomish Indian Tribal Community *qyuuqs News is made available for viewing on the Internet When submitting information, stories, and/or photos, please be aware everything published in the print version of qyuuqs News is also published on the Internet and is available to the world. Please consider carefully whether your submissions contain anything you feel may not be suitable or appropriate for the Internet. By submitting your information, stories, and/or photos to qyuuqs News, you agree to publishing your submission in both the print and online versions of qyuuqs News. qyuuqs News is a publication of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community produced by Swinomish Communications.


the chairman’s MESSAGE

Remember to be safe as summer rolls in and take care of one another while you are out on the water or in the forests. Take care of one another and share the bounties of our resources. Remember to take some salmon, crab, shrimp, berries, and cedar to our elders and those who are unable to get out and gather. We are a people of loving, sharing, and caring. Do you know what all these names have in common? Kiley Egbers, Kahneesha Casey, Corey Baker, Claudia Jack, Alexis Bobb, Charles McCoy, Austin Damien, Jalen Day-Rocha, Joreen McDonald, Kaleb Parker, Jeanette Quintasket, Alyxandria Billy, Tiffany Sampson, Lanita Williams, Alfonso Billy, and Robert Scott Miller Jr. They are students graduating from high school this year! We raise our hands to you and the parents, aunties, uncles, grandparents, brothers, sisters, and friends who supported you through your student journey. Our children are our future and we must give them all of the opportunities they deserve to succeed in life. It truly takes a village to raise a child.

Memorial Day Services were held in honor our Veterans recently. Our hands go up to all who served our country and protected our freedom. And also congratulations to Sally for her All-Star win at the annual Memorial Day Softball Tournament. She still brings it! Although Nina and I were in La Push for the weekend celebrating Nina’s birthday, we tracked all the fun on Facebook where all the “real news” is found. The smiles were priceless and the pictures shared told us the story of a great Swinomish weekend for all. Also, congratulations to Brian Wilbur on his Division 1 Championship and to both Brian and Trish Wilbur on their Doubles Championship at the Pacific Northwest Shuffleboard Tournament held at the Swinomish Casino! Brian is a second generation player in the Wilbur family, who are shuffleboard legends. Brian and Trish have participated in national competitions from Skagit Valley to Las Vegas. I want to end this message by sharing my love and honoring all military members who have given their lives for this great nation. My heart aches for the families who gave so much, but I know they gave with love and pride. As the First Americans of this great nation, we are proud to answer to our call of duty to protect the people, land, water, and resources. The Creator had a plan for me and I am thankful every day I am able to be here living and breathing every breath for my family and the Swinomish Tribe. Life is full of challenges, and it is the love of my wife Nina that helps me stand strong to rise above it all in an effort to protect what is best for us. May the Creator take care of you all and provide continued safety for our families. Brian Cladoosby spee pots sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

It’s fishing season! It’s great being on the river with my dad, Nina, and Uncle Kevin. Dad is in good spirits and is happy to be on the water, too. We are blessed to have him chasing the mighty Chinook on the river with us. It is always a good day when my brother Marty, Leon, Nina, and I can listen to Dad and Uncle Kevin tell us of times when we had salmon running through our slough year round. Do you all remember when we were kids asking, “What’s for dinner?” The answer was always “fish.” We would also ask about lunch and, again, the answer was “fish.” And for breakfast? "Fish." We lived off fish and shellfish in those days. We are grateful to have this inherent right to live our way of life as Swinomish people today.

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Ida Colleen Sylvester Khow Khe wui wui October 16, 1977-May 11, 2018

Ida was born October 16, 1977 to Bobby and Helen Joe in Anacortes, WA. Ida lived on the Swinomish Reservation her entire life and attended La Conner Schools until the 11th grade. Ida absolutely loved and cherished her five children and did all that she could to raise them and make sure they were taken care of and taught our cultural ways. You would always see her at cultural nights and community dinners, helping out in any way she could, and teaching her children all of the cultural ways whether it was at the Smokehouse, Big Drum pow-wow, cultural nights, and community dinners. You almost always see a post on Facebook or hear it directly from her something about her children; recently was her oldest daughter Kiley will be graduating from high school real soon, Ida couldn’t wait to go and see her graduate, all of her Facebook was counting down the days before going to Arizona to see her daughter graduate. She was so proud of Talon and Kiley on their accomplishments and couldn’t have been a prouder mother. Ida was an avid fisherwoman she would go out fishing and crabbing with her dad Bobby, and loved being out on the water earning a living and being with her dad. Ida was involved in the smokehouse and the year she went in she had 17 brothers and sisters. She also had some very close friends, too many to list, but you know who you are, that Ida claimed as her sisters and brothers. She was always willing to help in any way that she could. She worked very closely with her mom as she called Aurelia Bailey, in the Cultural Department where she learned cedar weaving which she enjoyed as much as she enjoyed watching and cheering her fav team Seattle Seahawks, “GO HAWKS”. Ida also enjoyed playing bingo, which she learned how to do at a very young age, her dad being a bingo caller and mom being a bingo floor worker. She was always teaching and keeping her children involved in culture nights and community dinners. She wanted them to sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

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know how important our cultural ways are important to know and learn. Even while she was working at the casino she would make sure and find someone to take the kids to culture night or the community dinners, even though she couldn’t be there she wanted her kids down there to be involved. Ida couldn’t have asked for better God parents Brian and Nina Cladoosby, who took this job very seriously, she could always count on them no matter what the issue was or just needed to talk. Brian and Nina were always there for her. She had many aunts, uncles, gran aunts and uncles, cousins, nieces, and nephews she loved dearly. And friends, if you were a friend you were a friend for life. She always had a big SMILE and HELLO for everyone that she passed. Ida is survived by her father Robert “Bobby” Joe Jr.; sons Talon Egbers, Scott Cayou, and Tyee Joe; and daughters Kiley Egbers and Kialah Seymor. Her siblings: Steven Joe (Cassie), Bettina Sylvester (Darryl), Brad Joe. Nieces and nephews: Zeb, Colin, Helen, Armena, Keshawna Joe, Paisley Sylvester, Gramma Alfreda Beetle Bailey, Aunt Colleen Williams. God Parents: Brian and Nina Cladoosby God Children: Zeb, Colin, Helen, Armena, Keshawna Joe, Aurelio Cruz, Ashlee Siddle, Jailee James, and Matthew Stone. She is preceded in death by her mother Helen Marie Joe; grandparents Robert “Wa-Walton” Joe Sr. and Rosemarie “Jeri” Williams; Clara Bobb and Frank Johns Sr.; Aunt Debra Johns Joe, Uncle Frank Johns Jr., and Sister Jaime Joe. A prayer service will be held on Sunday, May 13, 2018 6:00 PM, All Denomination, followed by her funeral service on Monday, May 14, 2018, 10.00 AM, with Father Pat Twohy officiating. Both services will be held at the Social Service Building. Arrangements are under the care of Kern Funeral Home.


YOUTH CENTER CALENDAR HOURS Monday - Friday, 10AM-6PM

COMMUNITY HAPPENINGS JUNE 20 Community Dinner* | 6pm | Youth Center JUNE 17 Happy Father's Day!

JUNE 13 Last day of school and Swinomish Play Day JUNE 14 Summer outings begin*

SUMMER OUTINGS *Summer outings are determined daily by Youth Center staff. It is recommended that youth come prepared with swim gear every day. All activities and outings are subject to change due to weather. CONTACT US Swinomish Youth Center (360) 466.7337

JULY 18 Community Dinner* | 6pm | Youth Center JULY 28-AUGUST 4 Power Paddle to Puyallup For more information visit http://paddletopuyallup.org AUGUST 10-12 Swinomish Days *Community Dinners are subject to change

Morning Sunrise Photo courtesy of Caroline Edwards

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JUNE 20 Youth Center closed at 5:30PM for Community Dinner

JULY 4 Happy 4th of July!

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NOTICE TO ALL PERSONS CLAIMING AN INTEREST IN THE PROPERTIES LISTED BELOW Office of Tribal Attorney

The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community is initiating Quiet Title actions on the buildings located in Swinomish Village at the following addresses: 1. 17500 Front Street, La Conner, WA 98257 2. 17516 Front Street, La Conner, WA 98257

Quiet Title actions are used to determine the ownership interests in homes and other buildings. The Quiet Title actions will be filed in the Swinomish Tribal Court. If you believe that you have any right, title or interest in any of the buildings at the addresses listed above, please contact Liz Miller in the Office of Tribal Attorney to obtain the necessary paperwork to file your claim. Please also do not hesitate to contact Liz Miller, or tribal attorneys Weston LeMay or Rebecca Hall, with any questions you may have. Office of Tribal Attorney contact information: Weston LeMay, Tribal Attorney Phone: (360) 466.5524 Email: wlemay@swinomish.nsn.us Rebecca Hall, Tribal Attorney Phone: (360) 588.2817 Email: rhall@swinomish.nsn.us Liz Miller, Paralegal Phone: (360) 466.7369 Email: emiller@swinomish.nsn.us Quiet Title Hearing location: Swinomish Tribal Court 17337 Reservation Road [Social Services building] La Conner, WA, 98257 Contact information for Quiet Title Hearing schedule: Blair Page, Swinomish Tribal Court Clerk Phone: (360) 466.7217 Email: bpage@swinomish.nsn.us

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NOTICE OF BACK-TO-SCHOOL GIFT CARD DAY AUGUST 4 | 10AM-6PM SWINOMISH YOUTH CENTER All Swinomish enrolled members in grades 6-12 who are not attending La Conner Schools are eligible to receive a Back-To-School Gift Card, so long as they have their final 2017 report card/ grades or other proof of academic enrollment. All Swinomish students in grades 6-12 who have earned less than a 1.00 GPA during the last semester will need to contact Michael Vendiola to find out their options for receiving their gift card on time in August. Evidence of enrollment can be submitted via fax, mail, or in-person. Fax: (360) 466.1632 Mail: 17337 Reservation Road, La Conner, WA 98257 | ATTN: Michael Vendiola In-person: Michael Vendiola at the Education Department, 2nd floor of Social Services *Age-eligible preschool students (3 years old before August 31st through 5 years old) will need to be enrolled in school with paperwork completed for preschool before their gift cards can be picked up. The Preschool packets for enrollment can be picked up on top of Monica Chamnesses’ desk at Childcare at any time. Preschool does not start until late September and if this process is not completed before August 9th then the family can complete the enrollment process and pick up the card at a later date with Michael.


RECENT TRIBAL CODE AMENDMENTS Office of Tribal Attorney

The Swinomish Senate, the governing body of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, recently enacted the following code amendments: Title 2, Chapter 9 – Tribal Government, Swinomish Fish Company At the April Senate Meeting, the Senate made revisions to the Tribal Government Code. The Swinomish Development Authority recommended the repeal of the Charter of the Swinomish Fish Company, and the Senate enacted the repeal on April 3, 2018. The repeal completed the winding down of the Swinomish Fish Company, which transferred its remaining assets to the Tribe. Title 2, Chapter 9 of the Swinomish Tribal Code is entirely repealed and the Charter dissolved. Title 12, Chapters 1, 2, 3 and 4 – Building and Construction: Swinomish Building Code, Swinomish Plumbing Code, Swinomish Mechanical Code, Swinomish Fire Code At the May Senate meeting, the Senate made revisions to the Tribe’s Building and Construction Code. The Planning Commission recommended the amendments, which the Senate enacted on May 8, 2018. Chapters 1, 2, 3 and 4 incorporate by reference the International Building Code, International Residential Code, International Plumbing Code, International Mechanical Code, and International Fire Code. The amendments incorporate the 2015 International Codes into the Swinomish Tribal Code. The updated International Codes will enhance public health and safety, and ensure that Swinomish building, plumbing, mechanical, and fire standards reflect current knowledge and technology. Title 13, Chapter 6 – Real Property and Housing, Addressing and Road Naming Standards At the May Senate meeting, the Senate added a new Chapter to the Tribe’s Real Property and Housing Code. The Planning Commission recommended the new Chapter, which the Senate enacted on May 8, 2018. The new Chapter provides a framework under which the Tribe will assume and implement addressing authority for designated Reservation lands. The Code will be implemented through more detailed standards issued by the Swinomish Planning Commission. Title 15, Chapter 11 – Business Regulations, Dental Health Provider Licensing At the March Senate meeting, the Senate made revisions to the Tribe’s Dental Health Provider Licensing Code. The Swinomish Dental Health Provider Licensing Board recommended the amendments, which the Senate enacted on March 14, 2018. The amendments clarify that licenses expire on December 31, provide for expiration of licenses of Swinomish and non-Swinomish tribal providers in alternate years, and provide for an 80-hour preceptorship for CHAPCB certified DHATs. Title 18, Chapter 3 – Natural Resources, Fishing At the May Special Senate meeting on May 10, 2018, the Senate enacted amendments to the Tribe’s Natural Resources Code. The amendments allow interested individuals that are ineligible to exercise or assist in the exercise of treaty fishing to observe the practice of treaty fishing. The amendments also consistently require marking of crab pots and buoys in accordance with the regulation opening the fishery. The amended code and Constitution are available for review on our website at Swinomish-nsn.gov. Paper copies are available for review at the Social Services or Planning departments, and through the Tribal Court Clerk, the Office of the Tribal Attorney, and the Senate’s Executive Assistant. sw d bš qyuuqs News

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ANNUAL SOBRIETY DINNER MAY 10 — The tables filled up quickly with guests soon as the dinner began. Everything seemed to be going normal... that is until Jake Anderson from the Deadliest Catch showed up as the guest speaker! Jake lives a sober life today, but that was not always the case. He was invited to the annual Sobriety Dinner to share his story of addiction and his journey of discovering sobriety. Attendees made nominations for the evening's honor awards, including the Joe Dunn Inspirational Sobriety Recognition and Elder Inspirational Sobriety Recognition awards.

Guest speaker Jake Anderson from the Deadliest Catch

Honor award recipients Stephanie Edwards and Janet Wilbur-Charles

The winner of the Elder award was Janet Wilber-Charles. The winner of the Joe Dunn award was Stephanie Edwards.

The Sobriety Dinner not only honored Janet and Stephanie but celebrated the sobriety of all in attendance.

Janet Wilbur-Charles surrounded by her family.

Stephanie Edwards surrounded by her family.

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08-2018

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Cultural Orientation

Kyra Herzberger, Community Environmental Health Program

I recently had the pleasure of attending Larry Campbell’s Cultural Orientation along with employees from the Skagit River System Cooperative and the Planning Department here at Swinomish. As we trickled in, Larry looked out at us, his eyes twinkling, until he found a familiar face. He began chatting with them about their grandmother who he also knew. From what I’ve been told, this is how things go on the reservation. People take time to catch up with one another, ask how they are doing, and share a few laughs before they dive in. This was extremely refreshing to me, having come from previous jobs where business came first and personal connection came fifth. This is also what I have come to expect from Larry, as I have been sharing an office with him since I started here in March. Huddled around on the steps in the Social Services building, we spent the first few minutes introducing ourselves, again, emphasizing the importance of personal connection. Larry then began to tell us about the strict marrying patterns of the tribes, how they would intermarry in order to build relationships, and how he himself is a descendent of various tribes because of this practice. Despite this intermingling, the tribes still have differences that are generally defined by their environment. Swinomish, Larry said, differs from migratory natives because their resources were abundant and they didn’t have to travel far for food like the plains and desert tribes did. Where the reservation is today was the aboriginal land of the Swinomish Tribe, though it’s current members descend from several tribes that were all lumped together in one area. Larry recalled how these tribes stayed separate from one another until the children grew up and began looking for significant others, bringing back the tradition of intermarrying. Soon, everyone began to identify as Swinomish and favored the word “community” over “tribe” or “nation” in hopes that community values would be upheld for years to come. These values include honoring tradition with the long house and ceremonies such as the Blessing of the Fleet. In the event of a death or crisis, everyone drops what they’re doing to lend a helping hand. sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

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When it came time for questions, one of the attendees asked “are there sovereignty issues that the tribe faces today?” Though great efforts are made to preserve their ways, it can be a challenge: “the struggle is staying Swinomish while fitting in to a western society” especially for the youth, Larry explained, who “go to nonIndian schools then come home to Indian homes.” Defending land and rights is a battle that is fought on a regular basis, something Larry has experienced firsthand when he worked with archaeologists on sacred land, a job that he accomplished through relationship building. The dysfunctions of society are magnified in this community because, as Larry puts it, “they are not our dysfunctions.” Things like drug and alcohol abuse and diabetes have been wreaking havoc, not just here, but around the nation. Larry’s advice? Keep busy and establish a good spiritual education, talk to your elders, as this is an oral culture and they serve as the library. Larry displayed this himself as he talked the entire time without a single note or power point slide. Another question asked was “how would you recommend we engage with the community?” to which Larry said “it takes time.” The motivation for these orientations was to inform staff, many of whom are non-native, of the culture and ways of this community. Often people come in with arrogance, thinking they can solve all the problems in a couple months. Something I have heard Larry say many times is “it takes 2 years to think like a Swinomish, even longer for PhD’s”, a statement that is always followed by a hearty chuckle. Of all the bits of insight Larry offered to us, this one resonated with me the most: “if we talk long enough we can figure out how we are all related.” To me, this means more than just the literal sense of ancestry, but how we as humans can almost always find a common ground, a message that we should value both on and off the reservation. The first Swinomish Community Health Assessment is almost here! Please voice your thoughts about Swinomish community strengths, and what can be done better. Everyone who shares their opinions will receive a $25 gift card to the Swinomish Chevron! Call Jamie or Myk at 360-466-1532 to schedule a time to talk!


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The Blessing of the Fleet and First Salmon Ceremony MAY 16 — All morning the aroma of BBQ salmon filled the Youth Center. Guests trickled in and it didn’t take long before the building was full. The event began with a warm welcome from the Chairman. As he looked around at all the guests, he acknowledged the La Conner 4th grade students and thanked their teachers for teaching them about the Blessing of the Fleet and for bringing the students to witness the event. The Swinomish Canoe Family sang a song and prayers were given to open the table so people could begin eating the abundance of BBQ salmon, clams, mussels and frybread. After everyone ate, the guests were told the blessing was about to begin. The four high school fisherman holding the ceremonial salmon baskets (Scottie Miller, Kalona Casey, Kaleb Parker, Kahneesha Casey), the Swinomish Canoe Family, St. Paul’s Church, and the Edwards family lined up to begin the walk down to where the blessing was held by the water. Traditional witnessess were asked to witness and reflect. After the witnesses spoke the fisherman holding the baskets were led to the docks where the First Salmon Ceremony was held on the water. sw d bš qyuuqs News

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TIDE TABLE: July 2018 Day

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oon: July

Sun 01 Mon 02 Tue 03 Wed 04 Thu 05 Fri 06 Sat 07 Sun 08 Mon 09 Tue 10 Wed 11 Thu 12 Fri 13 Sat 14 Sun 15 Mon 16 Tue 17 Wed 18 Thu 19 Fri 20 Sat 21 Sun 22 Mon 23 Tue 24 Wed 25 Thu 26 Fri 27 Sat 28 Sun 29 Mon 30 Tue 31

High

00:32 10.98 ft 01:13 10.93 ft 01:55 10.95 ft 02:39 11.04 ft 03:25 11.14 ft 04:13 11.21 ft

00:41 10.99 ft 01:29 10.58 ft 02:16 10.22 ft 03:03 9.93 ft 03:46 9.72 ft

Low

High

02:48 5.99 ft 03:29 5.68 ft 04:13 5.28 ft 05:00 4.76 ft 05:51 4.08 ft 06:44 3.21 ft 07:35 2.17 ft 08:24 1.00 ft 09:11 −0.22 ft 09:57 −1.36 ft 10:43 −2.31 ft 11:30 −2.98 ft 00:11 6.15 ft 01:05 5.83 ft 01:58 5.36 ft 02:54 4.78 ft 03:52 4.11 ft 04:52 3.39 ft 05:55 2.63 ft 06:58 1.85 ft 07:57 1.10 ft 08:51 0.43 ft 09:37 −0.10 ft 10:18 −0.50 ft 10:56 −0.76 ft 00:01 6.14 ft 00:37 6.01 ft 01:09 5.81 ft 01:39 5.53 ft 02:11 5.16 ft 02:47 4.70 ft

07:16 8.81 ft 08:00 8.43 ft 08:50 8.00 ft 09:48 7.57 ft 10:55 7.22 ft 12:13 7.12 ft 13:39 7.42 ft 15:04 8.14 ft 16:17 9.09 ft 17:15 10.03 ft 18:05 10.82 ft 18:50 11.41 ft 05:04 11.18 ft 05:57 10.98 ft 06:53 10.58 ft 07:53 9.99 ft 08:57 9.26 ft 10:07 8.51 ft 11:29 7.94 ft 13:05 7.79 ft 14:50 8.24 ft 16:14 9.04 ft 17:14 9.81 ft 18:00 10.36 ft 18:37 10.67 ft 04:27 9.58 ft 05:06 9.47 ft 05:45 9.38 ft 06:25 9.26 ft 07:05 9.09 ft 07:49 8.86 ft

DID YOU KNOW? Language • • • • • • •

There are approximately 7,000 languages in the world. There are 50,000 characters in the Chinese language. You would need to know about 2,000 to read a newspaper. South Africa has 11 official languages – the most for a single country. There are 2,400 languages in the world that are classified as ‘endangered.’ There are 231 world languages that are now completely extinct. There is a language in Botswana that consists of mainly 5 types of clicks. The largest alphabet in the world, Khmer from Cambodia, has 74 letters. Source: edudemic.com sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

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Lone Tree, Snee-Oosh, North Skagit Bay Department of Environmental Protection

Low

High

14:14 −0.91 ft 14:52 −0.41 ft 15:32 0.27 ft 16:14 1.16 ft 17:00 2.22 ft 17:53 3.37 ft 18:54 4.47 ft 20:04 5.37 ft 21:14 5.96 ft 22:18 6.26 ft 23:16 6.31 ft

21:27 11.25 ft 22:01 11.26 ft 22:37 11.23 ft 23:14 11.16 ft 23:53 11.06 ft

12:17 −3.28 ft 13:05 −3.17 ft 13:53 −2.64 ft 14:42 −1.71 ft 15:31 −0.45 ft 16:22 1.04 ft 17:18 2.63 ft 18:23 4.11 ft 19:42 5.27 ft 21:07 5.93 ft 22:20 6.18 ft 23:16 6.21 ft

19:35 11.81 ft 20:18 12.04 ft 21:01 12.14 ft 21:43 12.11 ft 22:27 11.98 ft 23:10 11.73 ft 23:55 11.39 ft

11:31 −0.92 ft 12:06 −0.98 ft 12:40 −0.94 ft 13:15 −0.77 ft 13:51 −0.44 ft 14:27 0.11 ft

19:06 10.82 ft 19:31 10.88 ft 19:53 10.95 ft 20:18 11.03 ft 20:45 11.12 ft 21:16 11.16 ft

Sunrise Sunset Moonrise Moonset 5:13 5:13 5:14 5:15 5:15 5:16 5:17 5:18 5:19 5:20 5:21 5:22 5:23 5:24 5:24 5:25 5:27 5:28 5:29 5:30 5:31 5:32 5:33 5:35 5:36 5:37 5:38 5:40 5:41 5:42 5:43

21:14 21:14 21:14 21:13 21:13 21:13 21:12 21:11 21:11 21:10 21:10 21:09 21:08 21:07 21:06 21:05 21:05 21:04 21:03 21:02 21:00 20:59 20:58 20:57 20:56 20:55 20:53 20:52 20:51 20:49 20:48

23:29 23:56 0:21 0:45 1:09 1:33 2:01 2:33 3:11 3:59 4:57 6:06 7:21 8:40 9:58 11:13 12:26 13:35 14:43 15:49 16:52 17:52 18:47 19:37 20:21 20:59 21:32 22:00 22:26 22:50

8:32 9:33 10:35 11:39 12:45 13:52 15:02 16:14 17:29 18:43 19:53 20:55 21:48 22:31 23:06 23:36 0:03 0:29 0:54 1:21 1:50 2:23 3:00 3:44 4:32 5:27 6:25 7:25 8:28 9:31

When Applying For a Swinomish Enhanced Tribal Identification Card When applying for a Swinomish enhanced tribal identification card (ETC) call either Janie Beasley or Leon John in the Enrollment Office to request an ETC application. Pick up your application and take it home to fill out and gather your required documentation. Return the application to the Enrollment Office and schedule a day and time to be interviewed. Your ETC will be prepared and issued at the end of the interview. Janie Beasley (360) 588.3449 Leon John (360) 466.7211


Community Dinner Our Honored Elders

Kathy Douglas Donna Dan

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SKAGIT COUNTY FIRE DISTRICT 13

National Stroke Awareness Month Time is crucial in the treatment of a stroke. In the United States someone has a stroke on average every 40 seconds, and someone dies from a stroke roughly every four minutes. The earlier a stroke is recognized and the patient receives medical attention, the greater their chances of recovery are. Strokes occur when a blood vessel carrying oxygen and vital nutrients to the brain is blocked by a clot or is ruptured. When this occurs, part of the brain is deprived of blood and oxygen, destroying millions of valuable nerve cells within minutes. If you suspect a stroke, remember the word FAST: F-A-S-T. F is for face – is your face dropping? A is for arm – can you lift both arms? S is for speech – are you slurring your words? T is for time – call 911 immediately because with a stroke time is crucial. Primary stroke symptoms include: • Sudden numbness or weakness on one side of the face or facial dropping. • Sudden numbness or weakness in an arm or leg, especially on one side of the body. • Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding speech. • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes. • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination. • Sudden severe headache with no known cause. Strokes are a leading cause of death and serious, longterm disability in the United States. According to the American Stroke Association, approximately 795,000 people experience a new or recurrent stroke each year, and 87 percent of these are ischemic strokes. An acute ischemic stroke occurs when an obstruction, such as a blood clot, blocks blood flow to the brain. The obstruction deprives the brain of blood and oxygen, destroying valuable nerve cells in the affected area within minutes. The resulting damage can lead to disability including paralysis, speech problems and emotional difficulties. Treatment may be available if you get to the emergency room immediately upon recognition of stroke symptoms. Leading a healthy lifestyle, including lowering risk factors like high blood pressure and weight, can also help reduce your stroke risk. 18 sw d bš qyuuqs News e e


FROM THE TRIBAL ARCHIVE

1918: The Swinomish Day School Closes Its Doors Theresa L. Trebon

The Swinomish Tribe’s first school facility closed its doors forever one hundred years ago this June. There is no person now living who attended classes at the Swinomish Day School, or even remembers the small white one-room schoolhouse that once stood just south of St. Paul’s Church. However, the impact of the school reverberates in the community today as it shaped the education and lives of the grandparents, parents, aunts, and uncles of current tribal members. Swinomish parents played a direct role in the creation of the Swinomish Day School in the late 1890s. (For more information about the school, see “A History of Education in the Swinomish Tribal Community,” on Page 17 of the October 2012 qyuuqs). As the Office of Indian Affairs began to aggressively push tribal children into the Tulalip Boarding School that decade, Swinomish parents objected. Not only did they want their young children to remain an integral part of family life at home, they had grave concerns about contagion at the boarding school, particularly tuberculosis which was widespread among the Native communities of Puget Sound. The Office of Indian Affairs acquiesced to the parents’ petition and in 1898 tribal members, together with Farmer-in-charge Edward Bristow, built the school. Children attended the school through the third grade at which point many left for the Tulalip Boarding School. For the next twenty years the Swinomish Day School played an integral role in community life. However, attendance over the years was sporadic depending on the quality of the teachers, a trait that ebbed and flowed. By 1916 some Swinomish students including Garfield Day, Clarence Billy, John Wilbur, Maria Edge, Edna Preston, Tandy Wilbur, Emaline Willup, and William Cagey were enrolled in the La Conner School District. After Swinomish Day School attendance declined over the next

two years, the Swinomish Farmer-in-charge, Joe Shell, recommended it be closed permanently. In 1919 he noted that “nearly 50% of the eligible (Swinomish) scholastic population” was enrolled in the La Conner School District, a reality made easier by the construction of the Morris Street Bridge across the Swinomish Channel. By 1922 the old school was listed as “abandoned” and by the early 1930s the building had been torn down. One of the most important legacies of the Swinomish Day School lives on: three historic pictures of Swinomish schoolchildren in front of the school. These photos made their way into museum collections in La Conner and Washington D. C. over the years but never with the identification of the children pictured in them. Now, just in time for the 100th anniversary of the school’s closure, those names have been uncovered thanks to a recent discovery at the Seattle Public Library. This is the only identified image of Swinomish children in a group photo prior to the 1950s and will hopefully link many families here today to their ancestors of a century ago. Petition of Swinomish Parents to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs – Washington D. C. October 1, 1896 “Whereas we the heads of families of Swinomish Reservation . . . realizing the need of an education for our children and having been compelled to send them to the Tulalip School, a long distance from their home, thus depriving them of the advantages of school until they were old enough to leave home. Therefore we respectfully pray that you establish a day school on this reservation. That our younger children may have equal advantages with those enjoyed by the children of other reservations, and we earnestly promise if such school is established to send our children with all possible regularity.”

Letter from Swinomish Farmer-in-charge Joseph Shell to Supervisor W. Humphries, Nespelem, Washington, September 4, 1919

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Historic photo on PAGE 20

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FROM THE TRIBAL ARCHIVE

1918: THE SWINOMISH DAY SCHOOL CLOSES ITS DOORS

Swinomish Day School – 1907 Photo By O. J. Wingren Left row, left to right: Amelia Billy, Louisa Cassimere, Elizabeth Dan, Nellie Bob, Katherine (Scott) Edwards, Elizabeth Willup, Clara (Wilbur) James, Louise John, Martha Day, Myra Edge, Nellie Charles Center row, left to right: George (?) Dan, Alfred “Buddy” Edwards, Leo Edwards, Garfield Day, Victor Lewis, Fred Williams, Gus Stone, John Wilbur, Richard Peters, Franklin Williams, Clarence Billy Right row, right to left: “Big Joe” Billy, Henry (?) Cassimere, Johnny Williams, Gasper Dan, August Day, Andrew “Span” Joe, Clement Bob, Eddie Williams, Francis George, Michael Charles, William (?) Charles, Walter George; final two students unknown 20 sw d bš qyuuqs News e e


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BEING FRANK

COOPERATION SPAWNS HOPE Lorraine Loomis, NWIFC Chair

“The spirit of cooperation must guide us. It is how we will be able to bring back the salmon.” These words from our late leader Billy Frank Jr. become more important every day. Even though we’ve all done a lot to recover salmon, we need to work harder – together – and do more. We need a common agenda based on what we know is necessary to recover salmon. We must challenge the status quo and bring together leaders in policy, science, and politics to re-create a cooperative environment. Those were the themes of the inaugural Billy Frank Jr. Pacific Salmon Summit held in late March. Hundreds gathered for a day of talks to inspire, enlighten, and ignite cooperative efforts to restore salmon and their ecosystems. The summit was one of two recent events that urged greater cooperation by tribal, state, federal, and local governments, resource users, environmental groups, and others to achieve salmon recovery. Together they have given me renewed hope for the future of salmon. Bill Wilkerson, former director of the Washington Department of Fisheries reminded us that we have been here before. He recalled a time in the early 1980s, not long after the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the Boldt decision that re-affirmed tribal treaty rights, when state and tribal officials were having trouble working together to manage the resource. There was much distrust, Wilkerson said, and the salmon resource was suffering. He credited Billy with helping to overcome that distrust, and fostering cooperation. Over time, that spirit of cooperation has faded. Today, our salmon resource is at a critical juncture. Our collapsing fisheries are mirroring a collapsing ecosystem. 22 sw d bš qyuuqs News

To that end, a call to action was made at the summit to convene work sessions to explore what’s working and what’s not, determine pathways forward, and generate new approaches to longstanding problems. Meanwhile, we must continue our focus on what salmon need, by: Protecting and restoring the functions of floodplains and deltas that help support important streamside habitat. That includes repairing, replacing, or removing structures such as dams, levees, and failing culverts. Protecting and restoring important nearshore habitat from 200 feet above the high tide line to 100 feet below the low tide. Providing cool, clean, and plentiful water to support productive salmon runs. This includes reducing toxics in polluted stormwater runoff and maintaining protective water quality standards. Increasing hatchery production until naturally spawning stocks can again become self-sustaining. The other event that boosted my hopes for salmon recovery was a public information session for sport fishermen held during the recent North of Falcon salmon season negotiations. The relationship between treaty tribal and non-Indian fishermen has been tense in recent years. The ongoing decline of the salmon resource has frustrated all of us with steadily decreasing harvest opportunities. But instead of pointing fingers, sport anglers and tribal and state fisheries managers focused their discussion on areas of common ground and shared pain. We agreed that the real culprits are not fishermen or their harvest methods, but the ongoing loss of salmon habitat, an overpopulation of seals and sea lions, and the declining availability of food for southern resident killer whales.

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Mount Baker Photo courtesy of Caroline Edwards

“The time for fighting over allocation is over,” said Tom Nelson, co-host of the Seattle radio show The Outdoor Line, told Northwest Sportsman magazine. “It’s time to focus on habitat. It’s time to fight the people and the animals that are killing more fish than we are.” We couldn’t agree more and we want to continue the conversation. We know what we need to do – we just need to organize our commitment to do it. Just like state and tribal officials did in the early 1980s, we need to set aside our differences and work toward collaborative solutions. There has been talk of creating a coalition to address our shared challenges. Billy would like that idea.

Being Frank is a monthly column written by the chair of the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission. As a statement from the NWIFC chair, the column represents the interests and concerns of treaty Indian tribes throughout western Washington. sw d bš qyuuqs News 23 e e


PLASTIC POLLUTION: CHOOSE ONE THING – PLEASE! PART 2 OF 12

Community Environmental Health Program

Before the invention of plastic by Leo Baekeland in 1907 we used natural materials such as shellac, which was made from the shells of beetles. As a synthetic alternative plastic was cheaper and quicker to make, and it was very strong. So strong in fact, that every single piece of plastic ever made still exists today. This is due in part to the fact that plastic only breaks down at extremely high temperatures. Only 9 percent of the plastic made since the 1950s has been recycled and some types of plastic are only partly recyclable, while some aren’t at all. Where is all this plastic going if not into recycling centers? It is ending up in our oceans at a rate of eight million tons per year according to the United Nations Environmental Program. Experts warn that if we continue at this rate there will be more plastic than fish in our waters by 2050. Plastic pollution was first observed in plankton in the late 1960s and has become more and more problematic as time goes on. This issue feels so big that it’s hard to know what to do, but there’s good news – you as an individual can do so much! About half of all plastic made is known as single-use plastic: plastic that you literally use once then throw away. This includes plastic utensils, coffee cups and lids, plastic bags, and arguably the worst culprit, plastic drink bottles. These 24 sw d bš qyuuqs News

types of plastics are almost impossible to recycle and make up the majority of plastics found in our oceans. Luckily they are easy to live without! Here are a few simple ways to cut back on your consumption of single-use plastics: • • • • •

Use a BPA-free reusable water bottle and thermos Bring your own mug when you buy a cup of coffee. Some coffee shops offer you a discount when you do this! Instead of buying expensive sodas and juices, make your own at home. This will save you money, plastic, and allow you to customize your drinks. When you go to the store bring reusable totes or, at the very least, use paper instead of plastic bags. When you go out to eat, bring your own containers to put your leftovers in and say no thank you to the Styrofoam.

In the history of the human race plastic is fairly new invention, having only been around for a little over 100 years. In this short amount of time it has done terrible damage that will take generations to fix. We got along fine without it in the past and can do so again – do your part and pick one of the tips listed above to cut back on this ever-growing problem.

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THE SEVEN GRANDFATHER TEACHINGS Suggested teachings from Ojibwe Tribe of Canada

The Seven Grandfather Teachings believe that these are excellent tools for guiding our children and youth toward a better future. The elements of the teachings are as follows: respect, courage, truth, honesty, humility, love, and wisdom. We encourage our children to learn these elements for the benefit of our future. Respect: respect other people’s property and return it the condition it was borrowed; respect your school, keep a positive attitude for all classes and teachers; and respect yourself, try your hardest. Most important of all: to receive and earn respect, you must give it. The buffalo brings us the teachings and gift of respect. Courage: be courageous with yourself, try something new or learn something new; be courageous at school, don’t be afraid to talk in front of the class; and be proud of your work, be courageous with others, do what you know is right and do not follow others into what is wrong. The bear brings us the teachings of courage. Truth: be truthful to others, don’t spread rumors or lies; be truthful to yourself, know your limits; be truthful at school, do all of your own work; do not look to your friends for answers. It is always easiest to speak the truth. The turtle brings us the gift of truth.

Honesty: be honest with yourself, set realistic goals for short and long term; be honest at school with teachers and classmates; be honest with others, if you say you will do something, do it. It is better to fail with honesty than succeed by fraud. The raven or sabe brings us the teachings of honesty. Humility: be humble at school, don’t brag or boast to others who are struggling when you are not; be humble to yourself and use your best judgment; and be humble to others, don’t be mean to any family members or neighbors. To be humble about your accomplishment is to be strong. The wolf brings the gift of humility. Love: love yourself, keep a healthy diet to love your body; love your school and teachers, they are trying to help you; and love others, including your parents, classmates, and elders, show kindness to receive kindness. The eagle brings us the teachings of love. Wisdom: show wisdom at school, help your classmates and those who are struggling with understanding; be wise with yourself, gain wisdom with perseverance and time, nothing comes without effort; and be wise with others, share your knowledge to the younger children, be a good role model. With hard work and dedication comes knowledge. The beaver brings the gift of wisdom.

Of all the North American Indigenous teachings, the Seven Grandfather Teachings are the most commonly shared from coast to coast. Many aboriginal organizations and communities have adopted the seven guiding principals, in one form or another, as a moral stepping-stone and cultural foundation. There are stories of the origins of the Seven Grandfather Teachings in all communities. Each community has adapted the teachings to suit their community values. (Ojibweresources.weebly.com)

ATTENTION: AFTER-HOURS HOUSING & UTILITY EMERGENCIES

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Science Corner

Camas Dig

Myk Heidt, Community Environmental Health Program

Our Trip to Nisqually

Camas continues to be a traditional food for many Native peoples. The Nisqually, Klickitat, and tribes east of the mountains continue to harvest and cultivate the camas prairies from long ago to the present time. On behalf of the Swinomish Community Environmental Health program, a group of participants just returned from Nisqually where they visited the camas prairies on Joint Base Lewis-McChord (JBLM) owned land; these prairies are part of the usual and accustomed harvest areas of the Nisqually Tribe. People from many Coast Salish tribes joined and all felt honored to be in such a special place of the Nisqually people to see where they harvest camas bulbs. Many brought their handmade iron wood, antler-handled digging sticks.

story is featured in the Swinomish Totem Pole booklet and posted in the Social Services Building under the sun, moon, and stars totem carvings. One part of this story teaches that when you dig, you always cover the hole so no one knows there was ever a hole. Joyce LeCompte, an expert camas digger and plant person, joined us and shared that good diggers always dig bulbs or roots that are clumped together, to only take the smaller ones and replant the biggest one, and if the seed pods have matured it is important to shake the seeds into the disturbed soil and pat it down and cover with the grasses that grow with the camas. This ensures there will be more and better camas in the future. Dried seedpods sound like a rattlesnake tail when you shake it. camas digging helps it to thrive and produce more bulbs.

Digging Camas on the Swinomish Reservation

The Swinomish Community Environmental Health program partnered with the Youth Spirit program to provide an opportunity to dig camas on a rocky bluff on the Swinomish Reservation in May.. Dean Dan spoke to the youth about families who long ago harvested on the rocky bluffs of the Reservation. He indicated that some of the youth present had grandparents who likely dug bulbs to feed their families from the area where they were standing. He recounted the story of the sun, moon, and stars, a traditional Upper Skagit story of camas from the Clear Lake area; this 26 sw d bĹĄ qyuuqs News

Tanisha taught the group that in past times camas fields were so important to her people in Montana that families claimed certain fields and mothers passed them down to their daughters as an inheritance. Everyone tried the raw camas and plans were made to make Spring Salish Soup. camas bulbs were shared with the elders at lunch in the Senior Center. Some said they remembered this from their youth and enjoyed hearing about the youth digging it again. Follow us: 13 Moons at Work Facebook page. We have many posts about other wild and traditional plants that are available to harvest on the Reservation right now.

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Spring Salish Soup

Are You in Control of Your Glucose? Michelle Skidmore, Nutritionist

This delicious soup is packed with spring vitality. Nettles are mineral rich and salmon provides essential fatty acids and a good source of protein. White beans can be used to substitute for camas and leafy greens like chard or kale can used in place of nettles.

For those with diabetes, knowing your blood glucose numbers is important and will help you manage and stay in control. Controlling diabetes right away will make you feel better and lower your risk of heart, kidney, and eye diseases in the future. Those with prediabetes and diabetes are at risk for these diseases.

Ingredients 3 tablespoons olive oil 1 large onion, chopped 3 cloves garlic, minced 6 cups of water or broth 3 cups fresh or frozen camas bulbs 1 grocery bag full of fresh spring nettles (if you keep cutting them they come back young and fresh) 2 cups smoked or canned salmon Salt and pepper to taste

People with diabetes are encouraged to test their blood glucose daily. Testing will let you know your diabetes control at that very moment. You will gain knowledge how medications, different foods, stress, illness, and activity affect your glucose. You can make immediate decisions to lower your glucose with medications or physical activity, or to increase your glucose with food.

Wash nettle leaves and cut them up with scissors (wear gloves and long sleeves!). Once the bulbs are tender, add the nettles. Cook 5 more minutes and toss in the salmon and stir it up breaking the salmon into small pieces. Add salt and pepper. Serves 4-6. Only takes 40 minutes from beginning to end!

Glucose will be lower in the morning when fasting and higher one hour after eating. Between meals it should be in the lower 100’s. Glucose is sticky. It will stick to a blood cell called hemoglobin. Doctors can measure the amount of glucose on everyone’s hemoglobin with a special lab test that shows how much glucose has been in your blood over the last 8-12 weeks. It detects normal blood glucose and high blood glucose. Its value changes as blood glucose becomes lower or higher with lifestyle choices, medications, illness, and stress. The lab test is called hemoglobin A1c. Results are given as a percent. Doctors then estimate what your average glucose is with the A1c percentage: Lab Result A1c Value Estimated glucose Normal 4.5% 82 Prediabetes 5.7% 117 Diabetes 6.5% 140 Uncontrolled Diabetes 8.0-14.0% 183-355 Do you have concerns about your risk for diabetes or your diabetes control? Make an appointment with your doctor. The Swinomish Medical Clinic conducts quick and effective diabetes screenings. Call (360) 466.3167 today to schedule you appointment! sw d bš qyuuqs News 27 e e

Preparation In a soup pot on medium heat, cook the onions in olive oil until they are clear and soft, add garlic, cook for just a few minutes and add water or broth and camas bulbs, bring to a boil. Turn down heat and cover to simmer for 20 minutes.

Controlled Glucose for Diabetes is 80-180


Science Corner

Waste Oil Recycling Facility Changes Kevin Anderson, Department of Environmental Protection

You may have noticed activities in the Swinomish Village Waste Oil Recycling Facility (WORF) recently. The WORF is an important collection point for used motor oils, fluids, and other engine maintenance byproducts. Hazardous materials collected at the WORF are diverted from the waste stream for recycling, thereby reducing the pollution on the environment. We recently changed vendors for hauling used oil and potentially hazardous materials; there are several important changes to the materials accepted at the WORF. We can no longer accept batteries, solvents, fluorescent lights, or paints at the facility. Another exciting change coming to the WORF is a cleanup of contaminated soils at the facility. Over the years, improperly stored and disposed materials leaked into the soils in front of the facility (see photos). A Phase I environmental site assessment (Phase I ESA) identified this issue during the summer of 2017. Phase I ESAs are initial investigations that give managers insight into a site’s environmental background. Soils at the WORF likely contain polyaromatic hydrocarbons from used motor oils. With the WORF so close to the Swinomish Channel, it is important to cleanup soils so contaminants do not migrate into the waters of the channel. This summer we will sample soils to define the scope of contamination at the facility. Once we know how much contamination is at the site, we will draft a plan to excavate and dispose of the oil-contaminated soils. The goal is to manage the WORF so that it provides a service to the community while protecting the environment. If you have questions about how and/or where to dispose of materials, or have questions about plans at the Waste Oil Recycling Facility, please contact Kevin Anderson at the Swinomish Department of Environmental Protection (360) 466.2631 or kanderson@swinomish.nsn.us. 28 sw d bš qyuuqs News

Accepted at WORF Not Accepted Used motor oils Paints Spoiled fuels; mixed fuels and oil; fuel Fluorescent and CFL and water bulbs Used absorbent material Solvents Used oil and fuel filters Batteries Antifreeze Appliances

Before and After: Clean Up of Waste Oil Recycling Facility

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Science Corner

Keeping it Cool

Nicole Casper, Department of Environmental Protection

In particular, water temperature affects salmon at all life stages and influences their behavior throughout their lifecycle. Swinomish DEP is developing water quality standards with the highest daily maximum temperature

set at 16°C (60.8°F), which is also the Washington state temperature standard for marine and freshwater. Looking back over the past year, temperature at all four Reservation creeks remained below the maximum temperature of 16°C (60.8°F), attaining Swinomish draft water quality standards! Lone Tree Creek runs dry in the summers, indicated by a break in data in the graph. DEP will continue to monitor temperature and other water quality parameters at marine, freshwater, estuarine, and wetland areas around the Reservation. sw d bš qyuuqs News 29 e e

One of the water quality components that the Swinomish Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) monitors is temperature – an important indicator of aquatic health.


The ABC's of Addiction Wellness Program

The word “addiction” is often tossed around casually, like when people casually comment they are addicted to chocolate, a new TV show, or their morning coffee. So what exactly is addiction? Addiction is defined as a primary disease that affects someone physically, mentally, spiritually, and socially. It is long-lasting and gets progressively worse. Addiction involves and affects the parts of the brain related to reward, motivation, and memory. As with any other disease, addiction is marked by certain symptoms. The American Society of Addiction Medicine organizes the symptoms in an easy to understand way: A-Ability to abstain from a substance consistently is lost B-Behavior can no longer be controlled C-Cravings D-Decreased ability to recognize the significant behavior and relationship problems that are being caused Just as addiction affects the social, mental, physical, and spiritual health of the person addicted, it also affects each family member in those areas to different degrees.

The disease of addiction affects the family on several levels, which is why addiction is referred to as a family disease. Living with addiction causes significant stress on family members through experiences that disrupt normal routines. The entire family begins to spin out of control around the problem. In her book, “It Will Never Happen to Me,” Dr. Claudia Black outlines the three unspoken rules that families living with addiction often follow in order to cope: Don’t Talk: It starts out with making excuses, but eventually family members stop talking about what’s 30 sw d bš qyuuqs News

really going on as it becomes too painful to face the truth and they hope it would just go away. Sometimes referred to as the “elephant in the living room,” addiction becomes something big that everyone sees but nobody talks about. In children, this can lead to them fearing they won’t be believed if they talk and an inability to know how to talk to others about a parent’s addiction. Don’t Trust: The mixed messages between what they see and what they hear can lead to children becoming confused and distrustful. They may lack trust in the adults in the home, in themselves, and in the people around them. Sometimes the “don’t trust” rules are said outright, with family members being told not to talk about what happens in the family, which can make it difficult for them to receive help. Don’t Feel: When combined, the “don’t talk” and “don’t trust” rules can lead to people in the family, especially children, becoming unable to share or express their feelings. Or the feelings they have are so painful they try to deal with it by ignoring or hiding their feelings or, eventually, not feeling anything at all. Other rules family members may follow include: • Don’t think – just don’t think about what is going on • Don’t question – don’t question what is happening • Don’t ask – don’t ask for anything or expect anything • Don’t play – be mature • Don’t make a mistake – mistakes are not tolerated These rules can work for family members as they try to cope with what addiction is doing to their family. However, as the children from these families grow up and continue to live by these rules, they run into problems in their lives. Partners become upset because they don’t talk about their feelings or are distrustful. Even their health can be affected when they live with their feelings shut down. Also, the “family disease” doesn’t just affect relatives; everyone who interacts with the person who is addicted can be affected.

Join the Swinomish Wellness Program June 6 from 5:306:30PM to learn more about “The ABC’s of Addiction” and the impact they have on families. Dinner will be served. Call (360) 466.7233 with questions.

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YOUTH SPIRIT IS TAKING OFF Youth Spirit Program

Participants of the Swinomish Youth Spirit program are enjoying a variety of opportunities to interact and learn with their peers during the program’s first year. From learning how to make Indian tacos and traditional medicines, to playing basketball, crafting beadwork, and planting a garden, youth are involved and active. This five-year grant-funded youth program is designed to address the effects of historical trauma, prevent substance abuse, and improve school performance among Native American and Alaska Native youth. To accomplish these goals the Swinomish Youth Spirit program combines after school activities, a class curriculum taught in La Conner schools adapted specifically for the Swinomish Tribe, and a variety of therapy services and cultural activities offered year round to program participants. Cultural connection is at the heart of health and wellness for Native youth, and the Swinomish Youth Spirit program incorporates cultural traditions, teachings, and activities involving tribal elders and community members to ensure that healing takes place in the best way possible.

Stay tuned for exciting summer activities which will include an animal-assisted therapy camp, field trips, and media production projects. Frequently Asked Questions > WHO CAN PARTICIPATE? Youth Spirit is open to Native youth ages 12-16. > HOW DO I SIGN UP? Contact Tanisha or Leah. > IS THERE A DEADLINE TO JOIN? Yes! The deadline to sign up for Youth Spirit is June 31.

Youth Spirit Program Staff

Tanisha Gobert

Leah Gobert

Laura Lindberg

Do you have questions about the Youth Spirit Program? Contact one of our staff today! Tanisha Gobert Email - tgobert@swinomish.nsn.us Phone - (360) 499.9446 Leah Gobert Email - lgobert@swinomish.nsn.us Phone - (360) 399.5805 sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

Program Manager Tanisha Gobert has a passion for passing on Native traditions to the youth. Tanisha earned her master’s degree in environmental education and holds a Washington state teaching certificate, making her well qualified to nurture program participants. Assistant Manager Leah Gobert earned her bachelor’s degree in native environmental science and is passionate about the goals of the Swinomish Youth Spirit program. Together with Program Director Laura Lindberg, they are building a program that will ensure that Swinomish youth are supported well beyond the five years of the grant.

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Swinomish Hosts the Annual American Academy of Dental Therapy Conference Emma Fox

Tribal Chairman Brian Cladoosby commends attendees for their support of DHAT programs.

Swinomish dental hygienist and veteran Laura Kasayuli posts the colors at the conference.

May 15-18 — The Swinomish Dental Clinic proudly hosted this year’s annual American Academy of Dental Therapy conference, bringing dental health care providers from across the nation together at the Swinomish Casino & Lodge Wa Walton Event Center.

Referencing the “genuine phobia” of many tribal elders to seek dental care based on years of historical trauma, Chairman Cladoosby celebrated the Tribe’s extensive efforts toward elevating dental care provisions, sharing “it is a great day knowing my grandchildren are not afraid to go to the dentist.”

and community outreach; minimally invasive dentistry; and oral health epidemiology.

During a special welcoming ceremony on Wednesday morning, attendees learned about the history of Swinomish dental care from Tribal Archivist Theresa Trebon, followed by a compelling speech from Tribal Chairman Brian Cladoosby in which he detailed the many challenges Swinomish faced in bringing trained and licensed Dental Health Aide Therapists (DHATs) to the Swinomish community.

He commended the audience for their efforts towards ensuring DHAT opportunities go far and wide to bring care where it is most needed.

While the event has taken place in Alaska or Minnesota since its beginnings in 2006, Swinomish’s own DHAT, Daniel Kennedy, shared that 2018 “is the (conference’s) first time on any Indian reservation…

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Attendees participated in a variety of lectures and hands-on trainings to learn about today’s most relevant oral health topics, including the effects of historical trauma on dental patients; utilizing the P.O.A.R.E. model (problem, objectives, actions, resources, evaluation) for prevention

It was an honor for Swinomish to host this year’s AADT conference; this event is a reality of the Tribe’s years of advocacy for DHATs and accessible dental care.

This is the best AADT meeting ever.” As the Tribe looks to the future with hopes of forming a DHAT school within the Swinomish Dental Clinic, Kennedy hopes that more AADT events will occur at Swinomish.

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POLICE

Child Care Visits the Police Station

Lou D’Amelio, Chief of Police Swinomish Police Department

MAY 8 — Kiddos from the Swinomish Child Care program visited the Swinomish Police Station. They crawled in an out of patrol SUVs and learned how to communicate on the radio!

SHOULD I CALL 911? When you dial 911 in Skagit County you are connected to the Skagit 911 Communications Center in Mount Vernon. This center is the clearinghouse for all communications in the county involving police, fire, and medical personnel. Every officer, firefighter, and paramedic in the county is dispatched through the helpful and dedicated employees at the center, who are there 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.

IN AN EMERGENCY, YOU SHOULD IMMEDIATELY DIAL 911. Calling from a cell phone? Consider that dialing 911 from a cell phone may result in you being connected to one of several 911 centers in the region. If you want to make sure to reach the 911 center in Mount Vernon that serves all of Skagit County, call their direct line at (360) 336.3131, which is the ten-digit phone number for the 911 center. Many people program this number in to the speed dial on their cell phones so that it is handy in case of an emergency.

Officer Gray demonstrates how to communicate on the mobile radio.

Ryan and Russell climb in and out of a patrol SUV.

Officer D. Schwahn shows Russell the binoculars.

Not an emergency? No problem. The Center has a non-emergency number that handles everything that does not require an emergency response. Simply dial (360) 428.3211, and the helpful folks at the Communications Center will route your call appropriately.

SO, SHOULD I CALL 911? THE SHORT ANSWER IS YES!

The child care class with Officer Gray and Officer D. Schwahn.

sw d bš qyuuqs News 33 e e

You should call the 911 centers whenever you require the services of fire, medical or police personnel. Whether you are experiencing a major emergency or minor issue – CALL! The professionals at your local 911 center are there to help you.


Mrs. V’s 2 Cents Diane Vendiola

People use a variety of words when it comes to teaching and learning. I believe you are not able to have one without the other. What do you think? You can teach all by yourself. Yes No You can teach when someone wants to learn something you know. Yes No Sometimes the same word will mean different things to different people while different words may carry the same meaning. For me, one of the first things I remember learning was not explained in just words alone; it was demonstrated through the behaviors, gestures, tones of voice, and expressions of two very important people in my life: my parents. The lessons I learned from them then are still important today, even at this late stage of my life. All of us process information in the light of our past experiences. This is true of learning too – we develop our ideas of what learning means from what happened to us in the past. I attended third grade in 1948 and recall coming home on a Friday with my penmanship papers in hand. In those days we took a daily class called “penmanship” all the way through the sixth grade. We were learning how to write in cursive as opposed to printing, which included writing the letters of the alphabet over and over in the proper way. On that particular day my penmanship paper had a great big red A+ on it. My mother was overjoyed at seeing that red A+. She gave me a great big smile and carefully put my penmanship paper on the kitchen table. She gently smoothed it out and said, “I will show this to your father when he comes home.” 34 sw d bš qyuuqs News

When my father arrived home from work my mother proudly said, “Look what your daughter did!” My father picked up my paper and examined it carefully, and then he too gave me a great big smile with a very satisfied look on his face. He nodded his head and stroked my hair. Psychologists tell us that activity leading to a change in our mindset or behavior is learning. That day my parents taught me that earning an A+ was important and valuable. Their example, in the manner that they reacted to my penmanship paper was a teaching. Linguists and psychologists say learning is easier for most people when they’re younger, generally before puberty, so at eight years old I quickly learned a lesson without seeking it (lucky me). Nowadays, I have to study, study, study to learn about the subjects I am curious about. I learn from reading a lot of books, Google Scholar, and from conversing with the intelligent people I know (again, lucky me). Sometimes I have to study again because I forgot what I learned, but I am patient with myself and eventually get it. My mother, father, grandfather, and grandmother used to always tell me that as the oldest of my siblings I had to “watch out for them” and take responsibility for their welfare. They were not always motivated to learn what I was trying to teach them, but I was bigger than them— at least I was bigger until my brother Junior turned 12 and he and I had to reach conciliation after the fight of a lifetime! Motivation is important for learning. Finding the right teacher for what you want to learn is important too. You are fortunate if you have people in your life who are willing to share their wisdom and knowledge with you. And, of course, we keep on learning throughout our lifetime – knowledge is power.

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JUNE 2018

ELDERS’ LUNCH 4 MON

5 TUES

6 WED

7 THURS

Elders Dinner, check-in at 10:00AM

Ham Macaroni and cheese Peas and carrots Melon

Fish and roll Red potatoes Asparagus Grapes

Eggs and bacon Pancakes Fruit salad Vegetable juice

11 MON

12 TUES

13 WED

14 THURS

Tomato soup Grilled cheese Vegetable tray with dip Fresh fruit bowl

Indian tacos Beef, beans, cheese Lettuce, tomato, onions Jell-O with fruit

Fish Rice Steamed vegetables

Poached egg and cheese English muffin Melon Vegetable juice

18 MON

19 TUES

20 WED

21 THURS

Lasagna French bread Green salad Strawberries

BBQ chicken Rolls Corn, green beans Watermelon

Fish Potatoes au gratin Spinach Pears

Eggs and sausage gravy Biscuits Cantaloupe Vegetable juice

25 MON

26 TUES

27 WED

28 THURS

Split pea and ham soup Crackers Vegetable tray with dip Strawberries

Tatar tot casserole French bread Tomatoes Grapes

Fish Pasta salad Green salad Melon

Eggs and bacon Pancakes Fruit salad Vegetable juice

*Lunch served Mon-Thurs. No take away meals until 11AM. Call (360) 466.3980 to cancel home delivery. Milk served with all meals.

Community Dinner JUNE 20, 2018 6PM Youth Center sw d bš qyuuqs News 35 e e


Registered  Sex Offenders

 Per the Swinomish Law & Order Committee, this content has been requested to be included in this edition of the   qyuuqs News  because the following people reside within the Swinomish Community.

   

    







ALECK, DAVID JOSEPH 

 CAYOU, RICHARD JIMMY JR.

BAILEY, ALFRED SAM

 

DAMIEN 

ROGER,

        Male/140 lbs/ 5'4"/ brown eyes/black hair Male/180 Male/140  lbs/ 5'4"/ brown eyes/  Male/155 lbs/ 5'7"/ brown eyes/ lbs/ 5'10"/ brown eyes/black                     Amerian Indian/Alaska Native  brown hair brown hair hair                                Maple Street Apt., La Conner  Amerian Indian/Alaska Native Amerian Indian/Alaska Native  Amerian Indian/Alaska Native                                                 Currently transient 17552 Front St., Swinomish 11244 Squi Qui Court        Date of Birth 03/23/1983                                                      Date of Birth 11/24/1989 Date of Birth 01/09/1969 Date of Birth 11/15/1984           Registration Information:                                              OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 1 Registration Information: Registration Information: Registration Information:                                                     OFFENSES: STC 4-03.010 Abusive Sexual OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 1 OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 2 OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 2                                                            Touching Intercourse w/person under 16 OFFENSES: STC 4-03.090 Rape of OFFENSES: STC 4-03.020 Abusive OFFENSES:18 USC 2243 Sexual abuse                                           a Child sexual touching (Class A) of a minor (2 counts)                                                                                                        

 

                                                                                               Male/ 170 lbs/ 5'9"/ blue eyes/blondish    Male/ 280 lbs/ 5'11"/ brown eyes/ Male/ 175 lbs/ 5'10"/ brown eyes/grey hair Male/ 170 lbs/ 5'10"/ brown eyes/                                              hair    grey hair Amerian Indian/Alaska Native brown hair                                       White/non-hispanic      Amerian Indian/Alaska Native 11086 Tallawhalt Way, Swinomish White/non-hispanic                                                        804 Shoshone Drive, Shelter Bay     15263 Reservation Rd., Swinomish 931 Maple Street, Apt. #8         Date of Birth 05/06/1947                                                     Date of Birth 00/01/1944               Date of Birth 07/10/1970 Date of Birth 08/27/1987                                                              OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 1                                         OFFENDER TYPE: Tier  1     OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 3 OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 1  OFFENSES: RCW 9A.44.100 Solicitation                               OFFENSES: RCW 9A.44.083 Child Moles      OFFENSES: RCW 9A.44.040 Rape 1st OFFENSES: RCW 9A.36.041 Assault to commit indecent liberties (Class "C"                   

GEORGE, JOHNNIE JAY IV

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JAMES, EARL CHARLES SR.

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 Degree Felony)     

HUGHES, JUSTIN DANIEL

PEDERSON, JOHN LOUIS

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tation 1st Degree (2 counts) King County  4th with sexual motivation                  







                                                                                                                                                     Male/ 180 lbs/ 5'7"/ brown eyes/blk hair               Male/       Male/ 180 lbs/ 5'9"/ brown eyes/ Male/ 160 lbs/ 5'7"/ brown eyes/ 200 lbs/ 5'8"/ brown eyes/grey hair                        African American                   brown hair black hair American Indian/Alaska Native                         17355 Squi Qui Lane, Swinomish                    White/non-hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native  15213 Reservation Rd., Swinomish                       of Birth 11/02/1991          Date             931 Maple St. #13 La Conner 11215 Solahdwh Lane, Swinomish       of Birth 04/19/1948   Date                                    Date of Birth 01/28/1981 Date of Birth 08/17/1981                       OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 1    

RUSSELL, ALLEN RAY

SMITH, MICHAEL JR.

SAMPSON, JOSEPH HOWARD

WILLIAMS, KENNETH JAMES

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Registration Information:

     Registration Information: Registration Information:  OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 2             OFFENSES: RCW 9A.RR.079 Rape of child           OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 2 OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 2 OFFENSES: 18 U.S.C 2241 (A), 2246(2),        3rd          OFFENSES: RCW 9A.44.050 Rape 2nd  OFFENSES: SITC 4-03.020 Abusive 1153 Aggravated Sexual Abuse; 18 U.S.C       

Degree

        

 sexual touching 

(Class A)

   Male/ 150 lbs/ 5'6"/ brown eyes/blk   American Indian/Alaska Native  Transient   Date of Birth 10/01/82   

CHARLES, ALVIN BUTCH

hair

      OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 1    OFFENSES: RCW 9A.44.079 Rape of a   child 3rd       

Registration Information:

38 sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

Tier 1 =    (2244(A)(2) Abusive Sexual  Contact     Tier 2 =   

Low Risk of Re-Offense   Risk of ReModerate

KURTZ, JOHN PAUL  Offense

Male/  160 lbs/ 5'6"/ brown eyes/brown hair Tier 3 = High Risk of Re-Offense     Indian/Alaska      American Native      17587 First St.  APT C, Swinomish       Public Website:       Date of Birth 02/12/81       Swinomish.nsopw.gov          Registration Information:   Updated on 03/06/17            by the Swinomish Police OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 1  Provided      OFFENSES: LUMMI CT, child molestation           Department    3, Communication w/minor for immoral                   purposes          


As a full-time employee, you will be eligible for a comprehensive benefit package including medical, dental, vision, life insurance, retirement planning, and more. Other perks include generous paid time off and discounted meals. To view details about open positions and download our General Employment Application, visit swinomishcasinoandlodge.com/careers. All positions are “Open until filled” unless specified. Email applications to: jobs@swinomishcasino.com Fax applications to: (360) 299.1677 Mail or hand deliver to: Swinomish Casino & Lodge 12885 Casino Drive, Anacortes, WA 98221 Questions? Call Human Resources at (360) 299.1642

FACILITIES MAINTENANCE TECH I (FT) CUSTODIAN (FT/OC) FINANCE CAGE CASHIER (FT) SOFT COUNT CLERK (PT) FOOD & BEVERAGE BANQUET SERVER (OC) BAR BACK (PT) BARTENDER (FT/OC) BUSSER (FT/PT) COCKTAIL SERVER (PT) COOK (FT) DISHWASHER (FT) FOOD COURT CASHIER (PT) FOOD COURT LINE COOK (FT/PT) HOST/HOSTESS (FT/PT) KITCHEN COOK (FT) KITCHEN PREP COOK (FT) LEAD TABLE SERVER (PT) RESTAURANT SERVER (FT/PT) GAMING ELECTRONIC GAME CLERK (FT)

SLOT TECHNICIAN (FT) TABLE GAMES DEALER (FT/PT/OC) GOLF GROUNDSKEEPER (SEASONAL) SNACK BAR HOST (SEASONAL) GUEST SERVICES PLAYERS CLUB ASSOCIATE (FT) LODGE ROOM ATTENDANT (FT) MARKETING BRAND AMBASSADOR (OC) GRAPHIC DESIGN INTERN (PT) INTERACTIVE MEDIA INTERN (PT) PROMOTIONS ASSISTANT (PT) SECURITY SECURITY OFFICER (FT) SECURITY OFFICER/ EMT (FT)

HUMAN RESOURCES & TRIBAL EMPLOYMENT RIGHTS OFFICE (TERO) JOB OPENINGS • • • • • • •

Tribal Advocate Staff Attorney Forester Chief Financial Officer Graphic Designer Air Quality Specialist Police Officer - Entry Level or Lateral

Full descriptions of the job announcements listed above are available on the Swinomish website: swinomish-nsn.gov/resources/human-resources

HOW TO APPLY: Return completed application, cover letter, and resume to: Personnel Office Swinomish Indian Tribal Community 11404 Moorage Way La Conner, WA 98257 Fax applications to: (360) 466.1348 Or email to: aiedwards@swinomish.nsn.us Applications must be received in the Personnel Office by 5PM on or before the job closing date. Questions? Call the Personnel Office at (360) 466.1216 or (360) 466.7353

VALET VALET ATTENDANT (FT)

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CURRENT OPEN POSITIONS - As of May 23


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Kahneesha Casey, Kaleb Parker, Kalona Casey, Scottie Miller holding the ceremonial baskets.

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qyuuqs News is a publication of the Swinomish Indian Tribe.

qyuuqs News June  

qyuuqs News is a publication of the Swinomish Indian Tribe.