March 2018 Vol. 52 No. 3
SWINOMISH BASEBALL PLAYERS C. 1926 Growth of Swinomish Tribal Services | PAGE 20
Growth of Recreation and Fitness at Swinomish PAGE 22
Provisional membership adoptees with their family at the General Council.
ON THE COVER
Growth of Swinomish Tribal Services Growth of Recreation and Fitness at...
Swinomish Baseball Players c. 1926 From the Swinomish Tribal Archive Collection Caption on PAGE 23 SWINOMISH BASEBALL PLAYERS C.1926
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03 05 06 07 08 10 12 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 22 24 26 27 28 31 32 33 34 36 37
Editor's Note Chairman's Message Senatorial Election Results Community Happenings Obituaries Swinomish Hosts the Longest Walk 5.3 Swinomish Tribe Seventh in US to Provide... Life Phases Swinomish Casino Renovation Update Tide Table: April 2018 Science Corner: Traditional Plant Use and Wetland... Being Frank: Hirst "Fix" Wrong Move The Polar Bear Trip Growth of Swinomish Tribal Services Growth of Recreation and Fitness at Swinomish Police: Swinomish Drug Take Back Day Mindful Money Matters Wellness: Inhalants 13 Moons at Work: Medicine of the Trees... Youth Center Calendar Mrs. V's 2 Cents Elders' Menu March Birthday List & Announcements Recognizing Scottie Miller LC Soroptimist Student Volunteer of the Month
editor’s NOTE During certain times of the year my mind gains clarity. It's as if my mind emerges from dark clouds that left my thoughts and emotions feeling open-ended. Who knows, maybe it's because spring is coming! New beginnings to new chapters have me thinking within. What will this year be like? How am I going to make this year different? The beginning of this year has moved quite swiftly. We're already moving into a new season and each day rises and sets very quickly. I was noticing how unhappy I was with my weight and decided to join the Swinomish Biggest Loser program. The fitness program ended on March 13, and I am proud to say that I lost 10 pounds while participating! I am happy to be making different
choices that are affecting my life in a good way. Making positive changes has never felt so good, and knowing I can put my mind to something and stick with it is so rewarding. The focus of this month's qyuuqs is growth. The articles I chose to write about pertain to growing up on the Reservation, how our tribal services continue to grow, and a brief history of the Recreation and Fitness Center. Make sure you read my articles titled, Life Phases, Growth of Tribal Services, and the Growth of Recreation and Fitness at Swinomish. Caroline Edwards goliahlitza
Moon When Frog Talks
Late February/March is the "moon when frog talks," signaling the coming of spring. This is the time for harvesting herring and smelt. Herring are prepared in many ways — whole herring and threaded onto green twigs and dried, herring oil is collected and used to season food, and the roe is also eaten. Herring roe in the tidelands attracts flocks of ducks and snow geese. Ducks are valued as a source of grease, which is collected when the duck is cooked over an open-spit fire, the duck oil dripping into an open clamshell. During this moon and through the next two moons halibut fishing starts, but the seas are still rough so activities are more focused on hunting elk and deer. The roots of Sitka spruce, red-cedar, and Oregon grape are collected for the inner bark, which is split and bundled for later use in making and dyeing baskets. Edible plants are also collected — the bark of serviceberry, giant horsetail shoots, and tiger lily bulbs are dug up to eat raw or boiled. In freshwater marshlands, the cattail roots are dug and boiled or dried, then pulverized into flour. Stinging nettles are also collected, and the leaves cooked for tea. Excerpt from ‘13 Moons: The 13 Lunar Phases, and How They Guide the Swinomish People’ By swelitub (Todd A. Mitchell) and Jamie L. Donatuto sw d bš qyuuqs News
The official news publication
of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community
T R I B A L S E N AT E
spee pots Brian Cladoosby, Chairman (360) 708.7533 | bcladoosby@
ya qua leouse Brian Porter, Vice Chair (360) 840.4186 | bporter@
sapelia Sophie Bailey, Secretary (360) 853.6458 | sbailey@
taleq tale II Barbara James, Treasurer (360) 391.3958 | bjames@
pay a huxton Chester Cayou, Jr. (360) 770.3378 | ccayou@
The mission of qyuuqs News is to provide monthly communication to Swinomish Indian Tribal Community Members near and far. We are committed to serving as an apolitical forum for the Swinomish governing oﬃcials and all Community Members. qyuuqs News is not intended to reflect the oﬃcial position of the governing body at Swinomish Indian Tribal Community but rather reflects the ideas, events, and thoughts of individual Community Members and Tribal staﬀ. As such, the Swinomish Tribe makes no claim as to the accuracy or content of any of the articles contained therein. qyuuqs News 17337 Reservation Road, La Conner, WA 98257 Phone (360) 466.7258 Fax (360) 466.1632 *SUBMISSIONS Send your news tips, stories, and photos to email@example.com Submission deadline: 10th day of the month EDITORIAL Caroline Edwards, Editor | firstname.lastname@example.org
cha das cud II Glen Edwards (360) 708.3113 | gedwards@
yal le ka but Steve Edwards (360) 840.5768 | sedwards@
SM OK O LO Leon John (360) 421.0406 | ljohn@
wa lee hub Kevin Paul (360) 540.3906 | email@example.com
sOladated Brian Wilbur (360) 588.2812 | bwilbur@
squi-qui Joe Williams (360) 853.5629 | jwilliams@ All Swinomish staff emails: FirstInitialLastName@swinomish.nsn.us
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SWINOMISH COMMUNICATIONS Heather Mills, Communications Manager | firstname.lastname@example.org Emma Fox, Communications Specialist | email@example.com ADVISORY COMMITTEE Allan Olson, John Stephens, Tracy James, Kevin Paul This issue is available online at swinomish-nsn.gov/qyuuqs Photos credits: qyuuqs News Staff or as credited. All rights reserved. Facebook: Swinomish qyuuqs News Linkedin: Swinomish Indian Tribal Community *qyuuqs News is made available for viewing on the Internet When submitting information, stories, and/or photos, please be aware everything published in the print version of qyuuqs News is also published on the Internet and is available to the world. Please consider carefully whether your submissions contain anything you feel may not be suitable or appropriate for the Internet. By submitting your information, stories, and/or photos to qyuuqs News, you agree to publishing your submission in both the print and online versions of qyuuqs News. qyuuqs News is a publication of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community produced by Swinomish Communications.
GROWTH AT SWINOMISH
Not only does it amaze me to ponder the course of Swinomish history during my 59 short years here, it amazes me to consider how much we remain the same in our tradition of being rooted in community. From culture nights and community dinners to memorials and funerals, we are a community that comes together in celebration and support of one another. There were only 20 or so homes along Front Street and Reservation Road, the only roads here, when I was growing up in the ‘60s. We certainly didn’t have the resources available then that we do now, but we were true to our tradition of being there for each other. When there was a funeral for example, the members of the ladies’ club went door-to-door seeking donations for the table and we came together and shook hands, like we do today. As we look to the present day, we are both blessed to have our culture alive and well and also the ability to provide our families with funeral and food expenses. I remember the late ‘60s when Housing started to build the second phase of houses in Swinomish Village. It was the first expansion to happen in 30 years, and knowing tribal members were going to own their own homes for the first time was exciting to say the least. We referred to the area as the “top road” and I spent much of my childhood playing in and around these new homes with friends who lived there. The Tribe’s housing expansion efforts continued up Swinomish Avenue in the ‘80s. Now, so many years later, we have Tallawhalt, which was 100% funded with tribal dollars, allowing Swinomish to give tribal members a zero down payment option and 3.5% interest rate over a 30-year loan period. It is a true blessing we arrived at a place in our tribal government history where we could cultivate a housing program that provides such a benefit to our
The Swinomish gym was built when I was about 5 or 6 years old. It was a very exciting time for us and it quickly became the centerpiece for our community. We were able to build the facility because of our leaders’ successful work attaining the first U.S. tribal bond available. I remember all the fun we had there—basketball was a big deal and main attraction, of course. We hosted many Indian ball tournaments where teams traveled from all over the Salish Sea and beyond to participate. Perhaps you remember American Hall? The structure outlived its usefulness by the ‘60s and was replaced with what we now know as the Social Services Building, which supports our community in so many useful capacities. Some of you may remember the 800 square-foot medical center that used to be located there. Over 20 years ago the Tribe started plans for a larger medical facility that could accommodate the growing needs of our growing community, which is the 8000 square-foot medical center that serves us so well today. Swinomish did not have a full-time dentist in the ‘60s. After school let out for summer each year, a mobile dental clinic, or at least this is what I called it, came to Swinomish. The traveling dentist’s main function was to drill, fi ll, and pull teeth in that mobile unit. It wasn’t until the ‘80s that the Tribe brought in a double-wide trailer to operate as a clinic. It was placed on the site of the late Louise Joe’s home to serve our community’s dental needs. The Tribe didn’t have plans for the dental clinic we utilize today until about 20 years ago. We have come a long way and are now in the planning stages of expanding our dental clinic capacity from five chairs to 15. Growth may sometimes feel slow in the moment, but it is proving monumental over time here at Swinomish! May the Creator bless you all and continue to watch over us during times of growth and change. Brian Cladoosby spee pots
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the chairman’s MESSAGE
people. The Housing Authority leased eight of the 40 remaining lots at Tallawhalt about five years ago in order to build 16 more homes. This win-win situation for our community will provide much needed housing options for tribal members.
Senatorial Election Results Held February 25, 2018 Pursuant to STC 2-01.230(A)(2), THE ELECTION BOARD DOES HEREBY CERTIFY THAT ON FEBRUARY 25, 2018 THE ELIGIBLE VOTERS OF THE SWINOMISH INDIAN TRIBAL COMMUNITY VOTED IN THE GENERAL SENATORIAL ELECTION FOR POSITIONS 8 AND 9, AND THE RESULTS ARE AS FOLLOWS:
SENATE SEAT 8 Barbara James No Vote Ballots
Total Number: 375 Unused Ballots 3 Mismarked/Mutilated Ballots 3 Replacement Ballots 275 Official Ballots Cast
SENATE SEAT 9 Glen Edwards Jeremy Wilbur No Vote Ballots
87 186 2
Results for Provisional Membership By Adoption Held February 25, 2018 THE ELECTION BOARD DOES HEREBY CERTIFY THAT ON FEBRUARY 25, 2018 THE ELIGIBLE VOTERS OF THE SWINOMISH INDIAN TRIBAL COMMUNITY VOTED ON WHETHER THE APPLICANTS LISTED BELOW BE GRANTED PROVISIONAL MEMBERSHIP BY ADOPTION. THE RESULTS ARE AS FOLLOWS:
Total Ballots Cast 275 Mismarked Ballots 3 APPLICANT Ivan Willup Macomber Kayleb J. Bill Hayden E. Bill Socorro A. Orozca Wynette Golliver Layliannia A. Julius Kamen Willis sw d bÅ¡ qyuuqs News e e
Replacement Ballots 3 Unused Ballots 375
89% Approve 86% Approve 86% Approve 78% Approve 89% Approve 89% Approve 70% Approve
Washington State Legislature Pays Tribute to Adeline "Hattie" Black FRIDAY, JANUARY 26 — The Senate Resolution 8690 was passed by the Washington state legislature and was read on the senate floor. This resolution recognizes Swinomish tribal member, Adeline "Hattie" Black for all of her contributions.
COMMUNITY HAPPENINGS MARCH 21 Community dinner | 6PM at Youth Center
MARCH 24 Skagit County Democratic Convention 9AM at the Youth Center MARCH 27 This Has To Stop-March Against Addiction Leave Youth Center at 3:45PM Dinner at 5:30PM MARCH 31 Easter program | Breakfast at 9AM APRIL 18 Community dinner | 6PM at Youth Center
WA State Resolution 8690
APRIL 19 Swinomish Earth Day and Cleanup Day *Community Dinners are subject to change
The qyuuqs News Submission Deadline 10th of each month
HOLIDAYS MARCH 17 Happy St. Patrick's Day APRIL 1 Happy Easter! + April Fool's Day
ATTENTION: AFTER-HOURS HOUSING & UTILITY EMERGENCIES
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Rosemary S. Cayou "Kloo-dyeâ€? April 8, 1970 - February 1, 2018 Rosemary is a true example of strength and courage. No matter what she had to deal with, she fought her battles with humor, humbleness and gentle kindness. Everyone she came into contact with was greeted with a smile and a kind word. She worried about others more than she worried about herself. She was our inspiration, our strength and our guiding light. Rosemary is eternally free from cancer! No more burdens and no more struggles! On April 8, 1970 Rosemary was born in Fort Campbell, Kentucky to Fred Cayou, Sr., and Mary Ellen (Porter) Cayou, when her dad was stationed there in the United States Army. She grew up on the Swinomish Reservation with her brother, sister and all her cousins. She attended La Conner Schools and always excelled in her academics. She worked for La Conner Family Video, and then for the Swinomish Housing Authority for 22 years as a bookkeeper. She made friends everywhere she went, but had a special sisterhood with the girls she worked with at Housing. Jessica Beasley and Jamie Joe became two of her best friends, and she missed them dearly after they both passed on. If you became friends with Rosemary, it was a friendship you could count on for life. Rosemary never allowed her disabilities to interfere with her successes. She was always a strong person and always strived to maintain her independence. She never wanted anyone to feel sorry for her, and she always wanted to take care of everyone else. Her love for her family was unmeasurable. She said that she felt so blessed to have such a big Loving, Caring and Sharing family. Twenty-eight years ago, she met the love of her life Wilfred Guy Johnston. She said that this was something she never thought was possible for her. She loved and appreciated Willy for always accepting her just the way she was. He gave her a stable and comfortable life. He showed her that she was worthy of being happy and enjoying life every day. Her only fear of leaving this earth was leaving Willy and their cat Blue, Mom and Fred. She had many hobbies and fun time activities. She really enjoyed hunting, quilting, laser engraving, watching movies, reading, sw d bĹĄ qyuuqs News e e
baking lots of holiday cookies and spending time with her family. Rosemary continued to smile and share her love with all of us until her very last breath. Rosemary is preceded in death by her father Frederick R. Cayou, Sr., paternal grandparents Chester and Velma Cayou, maternal grandparents Gene and Mary Porter, godparents Melvin and Eileen Charles, nephews Baby Boy Edwards-Cayou and Tyler Ross Edwards, uncle Donnie Cayou, and cousins Beth Montoya, Jr. Bob, Cassandra Cayou and Curtis Bailey. Rosemary is survived by her husband Willy Johnston, her cat Blue, stepdaughter Andrea Johnston, granddaughter Hailey, mother Mary Ellen, brother Fred (Lori Ann), sister Anna, godson/nephew General Scott, nieces Ayla, Zanetta, Aurelia, Marissah and Marriah, grandnephews Jaydin and Duron, grandniece Ellen, and many aunties, uncles, cousins, and good friends. The family would like to thank everyone for the love, support and donations. A special thank you is extended to Island Hospital nursing staff and Dr. Rookstool, Merle Cancer Care Center staff, and Dr. Backman and nurse Jane.
JEAN CAROL JIMMY
Jean was born October 3, 1949 on Johns Island, San Juan County; she was delivered in a cabin by her grand aunts and it took her many years to get a birth certificate. She attended school at Burlington Edison, Sedro Woolley and Mt. Baker High School. Her main job was stay at home mom, but she did work for a bit at the Swinomish Bingo Hall Deli and the Swinomish Chevron Deli. She loved to play bingo, and to go to Walmart, she also had favorite game shows she had to watch on the T.V. Jean also spent a lot of time fishing with her dad and her brothers. Jean was a member of the Swinomish Smokehouse Organization and she also followed the Shaker faith. Her health was an ongoing battle but she never gave up. Her body was tiny but her spirit was larger, she never let her sickness or pain stop her from doing the things she loved to do. Her ultimate love for stick game is what she is known for the most. Jeanie and Muff loved to travel and spend time with their people. Whether it was a weekend of Stick Games or going to Pow wows; Melvin, Jeanie, and their kids were always there. Many of us watched her raise her family, she was always happy... it didn’t matter if it was playing a big game with her family or playing in a tournament with her grandchildren, she just loved to play. She was never afraid to guess a game or not have enough to cover it. She earned so much respect and love, people would come from everywhere to bet on her. Once in a while she would get mad; but that would only be at Muff, because he didn’t listen to her and he would guessed his own way (opposite of what she said)!! She would always recover for him and then laugh it off! She never made it about the money, it was always “for the Love of the Game”! Win or lose you always remained friends and family to Jeanie and Muff. They are both big role models and positive influences to many people in the Stick Game community.
In the winter months Jeanie was always known for her hard at work and dedication, she loved to cook, and she could make gear or she was working. She never sat idle or let anyone feel sorry for her condition. Her commitment to seyown was passed down from her dad and she passed the same expectations on to her daughter. Helping others is all we know! These past couple years, this is how she got her healing, she just wanted to go to listen to the songs, be among her family and witness the different works at the different homes. This was her medicine, this was how she managed her grief, and even though it was so hard for her to get around she still made Trish and Andy take her. This life that she was blessed with was so precious to her that she wanted to make sure that it will be carried on. Believe in it and Keep it Alive! She was lonesome for her “Mate”, she longed to be with Melvin again. However she said it was so hard to leave her daughter and her grandchildren. They all had to give her their blessings, every one of them got to sit by her side and tell her how much they loved her. This is the truest act of love a family could give their mom, grandma and sister. Jean Carol Jimmy is now free of all her sickness and pain. Fly High, Rest in peace Jeanie! Jean is preceded in death by her mate Melvin, her son Henry Cayou Sr., her grandson Joseph Cayou, Great grandson Chase Jimmy. Her parents John and Madeline Cayou, Her Grandparents Gus and Aurelia Stone, General and Sarah Cayou, Brother Edward Cayou, sisters Elsie and Roberta Brown, and Renee Cayou. Jean is survived by her daughter Patricia Jean and Andy John Sr., daughter Josephine Jimmy, Grandchildren Andy Jr., Carol, Chad and Shannon John. David and Kayla Aleck, Theresa, Tonya, Terry, Emily and Gilbert Jimmy. Tanesha, Olivia and Henry Jr. Cayou. Great grandchildren Stormy Aleck, Jean and Andrea Jimmy and Angelina Jimmy. Two aunts Susan Billy and Bernie Stone. Brothers: John, Jr., Richard, Sr., Jerry, Wally, Frankie, and Randy Cayou. Sister: Josephine Cayou. Numerous cousins, nieces, nephews and good friends. sw d bš qyuuqs News e e
Jean Carol Jimmy, “Jeanie” was called home on February 27, 2018. Jeanie was a very loving, kind hearted and compassionate lady. She always had a big smile and a big hug for everyone she knew.
SWINOMISH HOSTS THE LONGEST WALK 5.3
What is the Longest Walk 5.3? The Longest Walk 5.3 is the final phase of a threeyear historic walk across America. Participants in the walk seek solutions to end drug abuse and domestic violence. The opening ceremony took place on February 16 at the Peace Arch Historical State Park in Blaine, Washington. Participants will walk at each destination along their route, traveling across the northern United States collecting information. Their journey will end on July 14 when they arrive in Washington D.C. where they will hold a walking rally and progress report.
Longest Walk 5.3 Mission
A Dennis Banks Movement for the Seventh Generation
"We need to stand united on all the issues Native Americans and America faces today. To do so we must have a strong society. Standing Rock proved we can come together to aid to each other. We must continue in that same spirit and halt the flow of drugs and violence in our communities to remain strong. This has become a major epidemic! Victory shall dwell in the house of unity, to those that follow that spirit." (Longestwalk.us) 10 sw d bĹĄ qyuuqs News
Walkers Arrive at Swinomish
Swinomish hosted the Longest Walk 5.3 on February 20. The Tribe supported their journey by hosting a dinner to break bread and meet the participants. During dinner the walkers talked about what their journey is all about and shared songs. The Tribe let them stay the night in the gymnasium before they traveled on to their next destination. The Tribe gifted all of them with 13 Moons books and the Swinomish Totem Pole books to read; Chevron gas cards; three boxes of salmon, and Swinomish logo blankets.
The Longest Walk 5.3 National Fundraising Coordinator, Bobby Wallace said, "I must keep the good energy going." Participants in the Longest Walk 5.3 have many destinations to arrive at before their longest walk ends in Washington D.C. in July.
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Swinomish Tribe Seventh in US to Provide Enhanced Tribal Enrollment Cards
FEBRUARY 21 — The Swinomish Tribe is now accepting enrollment applications for the enhanced tribal cards (ETCs) to Swinomish tribal members who can prove identity and tribal membership. ETCs are modeled after the functionality of US passports and enhanced drivers licenses. They are machine readable, contain security features to prevent counterfeiting, and allow data sharing between the Tribe and Customs and Border Protection (CBP). These features facilitate easier passage across the border between Canada and the United States. Swinomish Chairman Brian Cladoosby said, “This is another great day for Swinomish and for sovereignty. Coast Salish families have traveled to visit each other from long before European contact. This ETC system will allow tribal families to see relatives and friends more easily, while enhancing the security at the border.” On February 13, Swinomish Senator and Enrollment Committee Chair Barb James, Senator and 12 sw d bš qyuuqs News
Enrollment Vice-Chair Sophie Bailey, Enrollment Oﬃce assistant Janie Beasley, Joe Bailey, Lona Wilbur, and Lenora Cook participated in a test with CBP of the new ETCs at the border crossing in Blaine, Washington. All of the cards performed exactly as designed.
Swinomish Senator and Enrollment Vice-Chair Sophie Bailey said, “This is an exciting time for Swinomish. We are opening up another door for our youth. They are the ones who will benefit from this. This really enlightens my heart.” Swinomish is the seventh tribe in the United States who have completed the lengthy and rigorous process to offer ETCs to its members.
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LIFE PHASES Caroline Edwards, qyuuqs News Editor
Life is a journey. When you are young, you are guided by the people who raise you to follow a path, but as you get older, it’s the choices you make in life that tell the story of who you are and where you are going. The path a person chooses in their life unfolds as life phases, or chapters as some call it. What I’ve come to learn is this journey called “life” is all about growth. I can remember what it was like to live in my neighborhood as a child. My neighbors were my uncles, aunts, cousins, extended family, and fellow tribal people. I attended school with my cousins of the same age all the way from preschool through high school. It was such a close-knit community, and as I grew older and moved off the reservation, I realized how fortunate I am to have been raised at Swinomish. Native children grew up in a different world 50 years ago. I grew up riding the bus to school, whereas my mom walked from her house and across the old Morris Street Bridge to get to school. I ate lunch in the school cafeteria with all the other students, whereas my mom walked back over the bridge to the reservation with other Native students to eat lunch and then back over again to get back to school. Times were different for my parents when they were growing up. I remember them telling me they wanted to raise me “the way they were never raised.” It wasn’t until I was older and heard their stories that I learned I actually am living a life they never had. This understanding made me step back and look at all the 14 sw d bš qyuuqs News
things I not only received from my parents but also from the Tribe. Most Swinomish members qualify for Contract Health Services and other U.S. health insurances and have no need to worry about the cost of medical and dental services. Education has long been a priority for the Tribe; nowadays youth receive school supplies and gift cards for clothes right before school starts every year all the way through high school. And those seeking higher education should never have any student debt once they understand the processes and guidelines of the Tribe’s Scholarship Program! You initially grow up learning how to utilize all the services the Tribe provides. Learning how it all works is part of being a tribal member. You are raised as a generation when you are raised on the reservation, and an important understanding about this is our ancestors thought about the generations of today and beyond, and they gave all that they could for us. Part of growing up is acknowledging that we’re living the life our ancestors dreamed of and worked hard to make happen for us. The sacrifices our ancestors gave are now our opportunities and benefits. We live our modern lives because they sacrificed their way of living for us to have a better one. An important phase of life is acknowledging and being thankful for all that we have as a community.
SWINOMISH CASINO RENOVATION UPDATE The renovation began in fall of 2016 with the conversion of the bingo hall into offices and workspace and continued throughout 2017, with final completion projected for spring 2018. Renovations include expanding the gaming floor; new heating and cooling systems; new slot machines, cash cage, players’ club area, and host office; a surveillance room relocation and surveillance system installation; upgrading player and slot management systems; increasing storage and work areas; opening a 24-hour café and food court; bar and kitchen transformations; as well as several upgrades to enhance the guest experience and efficiency of operations.
TIMELINE OF CASINO RENOVATIONS 2016 2017
• • • • • • •
• • • •
October: Bingo hall closed March: New surveillance room and system complete Late March: SDS (slot system) installed and operational, with associated machine conversions projected for completion March 2018 May: 2 Salmon Café closed June: 10 Sports Bar kitchen complete July: Cave Bar closed July: Phase 1 gaming floor renovation complete December: Phase 2 gaming floor renovation open December: Fat Burger, Carvers, and Manchu Wok restaurants open December: Center Bar open January: Phase 2 gaming floor renovation complete January: Non-smoking section in the Aurora Room closed February: CMU Warehouse Building projected completion April: Phases 3 and 4 of the gaming floor renovation projected completion
*Swinomish Indian Tribal Community 2017 Annual Report Photos provided by Swinomish Casino & Lodge
Renovation to the Swinomish Casino
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TIDE TABLE: April 2018 Lone Tree, Snee-Oosh, North Skagit Bay
Swinomish Department of Environmental Protection Day
Phase Sunrise Sunset Moonrise Moonset
00:38 1.57 ft 06:44 11.39 ft 13:12 0.91 ft 19:19 10.56 ft
01:21 2.45 ft 07:14 11.16 ft 13:49 0.43 ft 20:09 10.52 ft
02:04 3.40 ft 07:46 10.80 ft 14:27 0.18 ft 20:58 10.40 ft
02:49 4.32 ft 08:20 10.31 ft 15:07 0.15 ft 21:50 10.21 ft
03:38 5.16 ft 08:57 9.72 ft 15:48 0.33 ft 22:46 9.98 ft
04:35 5.84 ft 09:38 9.05 ft 16:35 0.68 ft 23:51 9.77 ft
05:51 6.27 ft 10:29 8.39 ft 17:27 1.10 ft
01:05 9.68 ft
07:39 6.26 ft 11:34 7.85 ft 18:28 1.47 ft
02:17 9.76 ft
09:03 5.82 ft 12:51 7.58 ft 19:32 1.69 ft
03:12 9.94 ft
09:51 5.24 ft 14:06 7.68 ft 20:34 1.75 ft
03:51 10.14 ft 10:22 4.59 ft 15:10 8.05 ft 21:28 1.74 ft
04:20 10.34 ft 10:47 3.88 ft 16:03 8.55 ft 22:15 1.78 ft
04:47 10.53 ft 11:12 3.06 ft 16:50 9.10 ft 22:57 1.95 ft
05:12 10.71 ft 11:38 2.14 ft 17:34 9.64 ft 23:37 2.28 ft
05:39 10.87 ft 12:09 1.17 ft 18:18 10.14 ft
00:17 2.76 ft 06:07 10.98 ft 12:43 0.23 ft 19:04 10.55 ft
00:59 3.38 ft 06:38 11.01 ft 13:21 −0.58 ft 19:52 10.84 ft
01:43 4.08 ft 07:12 10.91 ft 14:02 −1.16 ft 20:43 10.98 ft
02:30 4.79 ft 07:49 10.67 ft 14:47 −1.43 ft 21:39 10.95 ft
03:23 5.44 ft 08:32 10.25 ft 15:37 −1.37 ft 22:41 10.82 ft
04:26 5.94 ft 09:22 9.67 ft 16:31 −1.01 ft 23:51 10.68 ft
05:44 6.11 ft 10:26 9.01 ft 17:33 −0.46 ft
01:04 10.66 ft 07:15 5.78 ft 11:47 8.45 ft 18:40 0.15 ft
02:12 10.79 ft 08:35 4.94 ft 13:15 8.24 ft 19:50 0.70 ft
03:06 10.98 ft 09:34 3.84 ft 14:40 8.45 ft 20:57 1.18 ft
03:49 11.14 ft 10:20 2.69 ft 15:54 8.93 ft 21:56 1.68 ft
04:25 11.22 ft 11:00 1.61 ft 16:56 9.48 ft 22:49 2.27 ft
04:56 11.20 ft 11:36 0.69 ft 17:50 9.96 ft 23:36 2.95 ft
05:26 11.07 ft 12:10 −0.04 ft 18:40 10.34 ft
00:22 3.67 ft 05:56 10.84 ft 12:44 −0.56 ft 19:25 10.61 ft
DID YOU KNOW? GROWTH
Source: ourworldindata.org •
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The world population has grown dramatically in the last 200 years. In the early 1800s, there were less than 1 billion humans living on earth. According to UN calculations, today there are over 7 billion. Around 108 billion people have ever lived on our planet. This means that today's population size makes up 6.5 percent of the total number of people ever born. The fastest doubling of the world population happened between 1950 and 1987: a doubling from 2.5 to 5 billion people in just 37 years — the population doubled within a little more than one generation.
Traditional Plant Use and Wetland Protection Todd Mitchell, Director of Department of Environmental Protection
When you think of wetlands, what comes to mind? Muddy puddles, soggy ponds, swimming tadpoles, or the stinky smell of decay? As for scientists, we think about rich habitat for birds, fish, amphibians, plants, beavers, and insects, as well as water filtering and storage, and groundwater recharge values. Tribal elders thought of wetlands and forests as their pharmacy because they are home to a diverse array of native plants, many of which were and still are used for traditional medicines, food, construction, and ceremonial uses. My staff and I continue to work on a long-term project determining how to best protect the traditional plants that grow in the wetlands located on the Swinomish Reservation. The goal is to combine the traditional plant knowledge of our elders with modern day wetland science to develop a robust wetland scoring system that can be utilized to protect these wetlands and the traditional plants growing in them. The traditional plant uses information we put together from elder interviews and archival research has taken nearly 15 years to collect. Researched and developed by Washington State Department of Ecology, the wetland science scoring system measures the physical values (water quality,
hydrology, and habitat) of a wetland to assess how well it provides functions and habitat. The cultural scoring system we developed uses scores based on the number of plants in each category of use (medicines, food, construction, ceremonial uses) in each wetland and adds that score to the science scoring system to give us a total combined score. If a wetland has a high score, it receives a higher level of protection because it contains more traditional plants and has high wetland functions. Department staff will have all Swinomish wetlands rescored by next year. The department will be making a detailed Swinomish traditional plant uses book, complete with Lushootseed plant names, with all of the information collected over the years. We feel it is important to return the collected information back the community as many of the traditional uses and names have passed out of practice and common knowledge. It would be a shame for this wealth of information to be lost in dusty old books, especially after all the work it took to find this information in other old books! Department staff will host a workshop later this year and will invite knowledgeable Lushootseed speakers help us refine the native plant names list. We plan to finish the first draft of the book following this workshop. In the meantime, if you have questions or plant information to share with us, please let us know! sw d bš qyuuqs News 17 e e
BEING FRANK Hirst "Fix" Wrong Move Lorraine Loomis, NWIFC Chair
In a hasty move to “fix” the Hirst ruling, the State Legislature and Gov. Jay Inslee are writing a bad check on our limited water supply at the cost of salmon, future generations and holders of senior water rights. They’ve passed legislation that will continue to allow new wells almost everywhere without having to first mitigate for their impacts.
of water each day with no permit, no metering and no review of the potential impact on stream flows, senior water rights and other landowners. Because ground water and surface waters are connected, wells withdrawing ground water affect stream flows needed by salmon.
The new law will allow domestic wells to pump water from already over-allocated watersheds in hopes The state supreme court’s Whatcom that a planning process in select County v. Hirst ruling in 2016 clarified basins will identify mitigation and restoration to one day make up the that the Growth Management Act deficit. The department of ecology and more than 100 years of state is then supposed to follow up the water law required counties to ensure that adequate water is legally planning process with rulemaking, but no one knows whether those and physically available before final rules will protect, let alone allowing development to occur. But enhance, stream flows and fishery apparently, it’s too much to ask development interests to look at their resources. impacts before they drill. In most basins there will be no planning process at all, so the only Developers lobbied hard for the change will be that we’ve lost the ruling to be overturned, claiming protection the Hirst ruling provided. that it stifled rural development. Republican legislators even held the This scattershot approach to water state’s capital budget hostage for management creates a patchwork of more than a year to force a repeal. regulations. While some landowners will continue to take up to 5,000 The Hirst ruling should have ended gallons per day, others will be the state’s decades-long pattern allowed 950 or 3,000 gallons, of allowing thousands of rural depending on their location. The one property owners to sink wells that thing they have in common is that can withdraw up to 5,000 gallons sw d bš qyuuqs News e e
the wells will not be metered, so we still won’t know how much water is being taken. The legislation intends to appropriate $300 million over the next 15 years to implement the plan. We hope this money will help restore water to streams, but most of it will be used to mitigate for new development. There are no guarantees that the legislature will follow through on future funding, and what happens when the money runs out? We are struggling to restore declining salmon populations that depend on cold, clean water. None of us can afford this uncertainty that puts those natural resources at risk.
Being Frank is a monthly column written by the chair of the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission. As a statement from the NWIFC chair, the column represents the interests and concerns of treaty Indian tribes throughout western Washington.
THE POLAR BEAR TRIP Bill Schaarschmidt
We just returned from another winter wilderness trip. Departing on February 26 and returning March 2, we cross-country skied and camped in the snow in the Okanogan National Forest near Winthrop, Washington. The nine high school students who joined the polar bear trip were Cory Baker, Jace Kinsman, Arjuna Adams, Kaleb Parker, Dylan Stone, Trey Casey, Michael Page, Harley Hulbert, and Lark Lewis. I was really proud of these guys! In spite of cold temperatures and heavy snowfall they braved the wilds of the winter wilderness and learned some new things about themselves and how to work together as a group! Goal setting, leadership, stewardship of the environment, and character building were just a few of the topics covered. The students are already looking forward to next year's trip!
Thanks to the Swinomish Tribal Senate for supporting this trip and the Wilderness Program!
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Michael Page, Arjuna Adams
Growth of Swinomish Tribal Services Caroline Edwards, qyuuqs News Editor
The amount of tribal services available to Swinomish tribal members has grown substantially in the past 35 years. The following excerpt from the 1985 Swinomish Indian Tribal Community annual report captures the Tribe's long-standing commitment to "creating a firm foundation for a strong and viable economic base," which has, over the years, fueled the steady growth of available services. A YEAR OF ACCOMPLISHMENT 1985 has been a year of accomplishment. Following many years of planning for attaining selfdetermination, many important developments have been completed — creating a firm foundation for a strong and viable economic base. Our primary goal has been to develop a reservation economy which is self-sustaining and provides for growing opportunities for all tribal members. The most visible of the accomplishments have been the improvements made to our community infrastructure: 36 new homes, a new water system, and a new tribal business enterprise — Swinomish Bingo — which provides over 100 new jobs. Your Tribal government has the responsibility to promote the health, safety and welfare of the community. 1985 represents great stride in meeting many of the needs of our community. Our services programs have been well maintained and expanded during this period. A Tribal Employment Rights Commission was created and staffed to insure that tribal members have full opportunity for on-reservation jobs. Business ventures have been entered into with private firms, reducing financial risk to the Tribe, and improving Tribal revenue. And we have made significant progress this year with development of the marina project. In 1985 we have provided many of the key elements necessary to guarantee a strong and stable future for the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community. 20 sw d bš qyuuqs News e e
Northwest Indian College
TRIBAL SERVICES TODAY
Back then the amount of services available to tribal members were very similar to those that are still available today. SOME SERVICES FROM 1985 INCLUDE:
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Head Start Program After School Tutoring Program Adult Education through BIA Tribal Employment Rights Oﬃce (TERO) Commodity Distribution Program Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program Swinomish Alcoholism Prevention and Control Program Family Services Swinomish Senior Program Tribal Recreation Health Clinic Community Health Representative (CHR) Environmental Health WIC Dental Clinic
All of the 1985 services listed are still part of the Tribe today. The names may have changed but the concept has maintained as a service to the people of Swinomish. Each service has continued to develop over time. The tribe's services has grown through its capacity to serve more tribal members and beyond. As each service grows it is becoming necessary for the community's infrastructure to grow as well. For example, the Head Start Program used to be located in what is now the staff break room of Social Services. Over time early education grew and required a larger infrastructure. The Susan Wilbur lop che ahl Early Education Center was the outcome; allowing this department to serve an increasing number of both tribal and non-tribal children. Each department, program and service has its own history of growth and change. The success of the Tribe's enterprises has allowed the Tribe to provide necessary facilities and services to its tribal community. Today, not only can the Tribe serve its people as a population, but its neighboring communities and staff. sw d bš qyuuqs News e e
lop che ahl Early Education Center
Growth of Recreation and Fitness at Swinomish Caroline Edwards, qyuuqs News Editor
With the anticipation of the new Fitness Center being built it seemed very fitting to write a piece about the history of recreation and fitness at Swinomish. Being physically fit today means being active by moving the body. Doing activities outside like canoe pulling, walking, running, doing yoga, bicycling, and hiking; or working out at a gym. Physical activity during the pre-contact era meant a hard day's work: traveling by canoe, fishing, traveling by foot while hunting, gathering necessary resources, and much more. The earliest organized physical exercise activities at Swinomish were canoe racing (1880s) and baseball. The formation of the LaConner Athletic Club in 1931 promoted physical fitness through athletics in the tribal community (the club's name utilized the old spelling of La Conner and was abbreviated "LAC").
November 21 — LAC La Conner Athletic Club was organized in the American Hall. Contrary to the name, it was formed exclusively for Swinomish “It was organized for the purpose of promoting and supporting athlete [athletics] among young men of Indian blood.” Martin Sampson
April 24 — “Recreation” first mentioned in Senate Minutes. Ray Charles suggested a janitor and caretaker under the Recreation Fund.
Senate Committee List: “Recreation” Listed for the first time.
August 03 — “Swinomish now building courts.” STC started work this week on a long-planned youth recreational project, that of constructing outdoor basketball, tennis, volleyball, and horseshoe courts near the totem pole corner on the reservation.” Puget Sound Mail
“The Tribe operates a recreation program to provide activities for all ages, especially youth. The Gymnasium and John K. Bob Ball Park are examples of investment for the Community. Basketball and baseball have been the major areas of emphasis. Tournaments are sponsored and entry fees paid on behalf of Tribal teams of all ages.” 1982 SITC Annual Report
May 22 — Swinomish Fitness Center dedicated in the basement of the Medical Clinic.
Thane Clay is the new Fitness Center Director.
Colleen Mavar is hired as Fitness Center Director.
Recreation was first mentioned in the Swinomish Senate minutes in 1939. Ray Charles suggested a janitor and caretaker under the Recreation Fund. Recreation is later listed as a committee for the first time in 1949. Continues on next PAGE
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Contruction to begin on new Fitness Center. Location is the former site of the old dental trailer west of the entrance to Swadabs Park. Archeological surverys locate culturally sensitive areas at the proposed building site. A new location is chosen west of the Medical Clinic on the former site of the RCO Park Shelter erected in the 1970s. The new Fitness Center is anticipated to open in the summer. Timeline source: Swinomish Tribal Archive
In 1982, the Tribe's Recreation program provided activities for all ages, especially youth. That same sentiment can still be seen today, 36 years later. Today, the Recreation and Prevention department is located in the Youth Center. The Youth Center is a social hub for the Swinomish Community. The Youth Center staff provide youth with a place for positive experiences and healthy relationships. Staff also support each other and the greater Swinomish Community, working to keep Swinomish families strong through community engagement, prevention, and recreation.
Swinomish baseball players C. 1926 Swinomish Tribal Archive
Back row, left to right: Andrew Joe, Dewey Mitchell, Joseph Joe, Allen “Lollie” Frank, Alfred Edwards, Morris Dan, Henry Cladoosby Front row, left to right: Shorty Fryberg, Alexander Willup, David Joe, Al Sampson
Swinomish Fitness Center 2001 Located in the basement of the Medical Clinic.
Site evaluation for new Swinomish Fitness Center 2017 Swinomish Tribal Archive
In 2001 the Swinomish Fitness Center was dedicated in the basement of the Medical Clinic. The first staff was hired in 2002. In 2016, planning was underway and the official development of the new Fitness Center was implemented in 2017. The Fitness Center is coming together and its completion is anticipated for this summer. The Tribe's recreation and fitness programs are new ways of incorporating health and fitness into the Swinomish way of life. Staying physically fit by utilizing modern exercise facilities may be new, but being physically fit enough to pull as one is our timeless tradition.
Work on the new Fitness Center initially began on the site of the old dental trailer near Swadabs Park. Due to unforeseen circumstances the building site had to be relocated.
Final site of Swinomish Fitness Center - 2018 Swinomish Tribal Archive
The site will now be located across the street, west of the Medical Center on the former site of the RCO Park Shelter.
Swinomish Fitness Center architectural rendering Arbour North Architecture
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Police SWINOMISH DRUG TAKE BACK DAY The Swinomish Police Department has designated March 10 as Swinomish Drug Take Back Day. The department was set up at the intersection of First Street and Avenue A from 10 a.m.-2:00 p.m. encouraging medicine cabinet “spring cleaning” while accepting and disposing of legal prescription drugs received by community members. While the designated day happens once per year, the community is welcome to bring in legal prescription drugs to the police department during business hours for disposal. Every day 2,500 youth ages 12 to 17 in the United States abuse a prescription pain reliever for the first time in their lives, and overdose deaths in the state of Washington continue to rise. Heroin deaths more than doubled between 2010 and 2015, and more than six out of ten of all drug overdose deaths involved an opioid. Prescription opioids can become available for illicit use when they are left over after legitimate medical use. Patients prescribed a one-month supply of opioids following surgery, for example, may find that they only need to take the medication for a few days. The remaining pills are often kept in the house available for other household members, guests, or criminals to misuse. In fact, most misused medication comes from family or friends. More than half of teens say it is easy to get prescription drugs from their parents’ medicine cabinets.
Wellness KRATOM Wellness Program
Kratom is a tropical tree native to Southeast Asia and is most commonly seen in the United States as an “herbal remedy.” It has recently been detected in urinalysis tests conducted at the Swinomish Wellness Program. Kratom users have claimed they take the substance for its mind and mood altering effects; to help alleviate chronic pain symptoms; and/or to ease opiate withdrawals and cravings. In reality, users may be trading one problematic dependency for another. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released a statement in February regarding kratom and is urging consumers not to use the substance, concluding through data evaluation and scientific evidence that “compounds contained in kratom are opioids and are expected to have similar addictive effects as well as risks of abuse, overdose and, in some cases, death”. Even though kratom is not considered illegal at this time, the Wellness Program tests for its use in order to intervene. There is no reliable evidence to support the use of kratom as a treatment for opioid use disorder and there are also significant safety concerns including reactions with other substances and medications. The below articles provide more information: fda.gov/NewsEvents/PublicHealthFocus/ucm584952.htm drugabuse.com/trading-dependencies-theres-nothingmild-about-a-kratom-addiction
Learn how to use it. Call the Wellness Program at (360) 466-1024 to pick up a kit. 24 sw d bš qyuuqs News e e
Housing for Adults in Recovery
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Mindful Money Matters Big Risk
Dear Isaac Insured: Last month, after 30 long years, my husband and I made the final mortgage payment on our home. We’re thrilled to no longer have a monthly payment and look forward to saving the extra money for a much-needed vacation. However, my husband now thinks that because we are no longer required to have homeowners insurance, we can save even more money by dropping the coverage. Is this a smart move? ~ Signed, Proud Homeowner Dear Proud Homeowner: That’s great news about paying off your mortgage! So happy to hear you and your husband finally own your home free and clear. It is terrific that you will be able to save more money now that the burden of a mortgage payment is gone, though dropping your homeowners insurance is not, I repeat not, a smart move. Here’s why: Regardless of who owns your home, you or the bank, the risk of losing your home due to fire, vandalism, or certain acts of nature is always present. In the unfortunate event that your house burns down, a good homeowners policy will pay out the value of your home so you can rebuild or purchase a new home. A mortgage company will always require a borrower to have homeowners insurance because it has a vested interest in the property; the motivation is to protect its interest, not yours. When a homeowner finally pays the mortgage off, the company could care less whether or not the home is insured because it no longer has a financial interest in the property – but you and your husband sure do! It would be a shame to lose the home you’ve worked so hard for and not have it insured. Sadly, I’ve seen uninsured homes on the reservation destroyed by fire, especially some of the older tribal homes that have long since been paid off, or even homes that people built themselves without ever having a mortgage. It’s not a pretty sight. I think sometimes people just don’t understand how important insurance is because it’s not something we think about every day. Whether we’re talking 26 sw d bš qyuuqs News
auto, homeowners, life, or health insurance – you name it – it often gets forgotten. It’s another financial product just like a credit card or a bank account, and it protects individuals and families against risks they face throughout their lives. Moreover, homeowners insurance is inexpensive compared to other types of insurance, such as auto. It’s easy to purchase regardless of whether you live in the city or on tribal land, and is readily available from a wide range of insurance companies. So do yourself and your family a big favor and keep your homeowners insurance policy. This article was provided by First Nations Development Institute with assistance from the FINRA Investor Education Foundation. For more information, visit www. firstnations.org. To send a question to Dr. Per Cap, email firstname.lastname@example.org.
More common for use by teens and young adults than adults, one of the most dangerous types of drugs available today are inhalants. Inhalants include solvents, aerosols, gases, and nitrates. A frequently abused inhalant is known as a “whippet,” which is when a user inhales or “huffs” the nitrous oxide commonly found in whip cream canisters and chargers purchased at grocery stores. Other household items such as compressed gasses for cleaning, aerosol air fresheners, and gasoline are abused by inhaling the gases or fumes they produce. Parents and guardians, please be aware of common inhalants that you may have in your home. They are incredibly dangerous and can cause significant physical health problems, including death. How are inhalants abused? Inhalants are inhaled either through the nose or mouth in several ways; some items are inhaled directly out of the containers they come in whereas others are concentrated into another container or object for dispersion. How do inhalants affect in the brain? Inhalants commonly depress the central nervous system and can cause similar effects to alcohol including slurred speech, dizziness, and lack of coordination. More severe effects include delusions and hallucinations. How do they affect the body? Many chemicals in common inhalants have been linked to liver and kidney damage; hearing loss; and spasms of the arms and legs. They can cause irreversible brain damage in a short period of time as the result of a lack of oxygen to the brain during use. Chronic inhalant use can cause serious liver and kidney damage. Hearing loss, certain types of cancer, and coordination problems are possible as well. Help is available if you or someone you know is abusing inhalants. Contact the Swinomish Wellness Program at (360) 466.1024
INHALANTS CAN BE DEADLY, EVEN THE FIRST TIME! • They can cause “sudden sniffing death” or rather heart failure in a matter of minutes. • A user can die of asphyxiation when toxic fumes replace oxygen in the lungs.
KNOW THE WARNING SIGNS Inhalant use can be easy to conceal. Look for these warning signs: • Hidden rags, clothes, bags, gauze, or empty containers of products that could be abused • Chemical odors on breath or clothing • Paint or other stains on face, hands, or clothing • Slurred or incoherent speech • Appearing drunk or dazed • Nausea or loss of appetite • A rash around the mouth that extends to the middle of the face • Lack of coordination and attentiveness • Irritability, depression
More than 1,000 products are used as inhalants, many of them are ordinary household goods. • Nail polish remover • Household cleaners • Spray-on deodorants • Cooking spray • Typewriter correction fluid • Glue • Rubber cement • Paint thinner • Butane lighter fluid • Shoe polish • Spray paint • Markers • Gasoline
Openly discuss the risks of inhalant abuse, honest discussion can prevent a tragedy. mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/tween-and-teenhealth/in-depth/inhalant-abuse/art-20044510?pg=1 sw d bš qyuuqs News 27 e e
13 Moons at Work
MEDICINE OF THE TREES WORKSHOP SERIES Myk Heidt
During the Moon of the Windy Time the Community Environmental Health program hosted several Medicine of the Trees workshops at the Swinomish campus of Northwest Indian College (NWIC). NWIC students and community members joined together to harvest Douglas and Silver fir needles and cedar leaves. Upon returning to the classroom participants chopped needles and broke up cedar leaves to dry them in preparation for making medicine. Olive oils were infused with these ingredients and left to sit for a week. Everyone came back together to turn the infused oils into cedar lotion bars, Douglas fir lip balm, cottonwood bud infused healing salve, silver fir healing salve, as well as a cedar and oat bath. These medicines increase immunity, fight infections, and reduce inflammation. The classroom smelled deliciously fragrant!
The tree people are among the oldest on our planet. In solidarity, they stand together, creating a beautiful sea of green throughout our landscape. With careful inspection and observation one may count hundreds of shades of green. Among these tall standing giants grows a plethora of different nations of tree people – standing side by side for centuries, they collectively create changes in weather patterns, decorate the seasons, and call in the birds with their own beautiful songs.
They are our teachers, and they teach by example. In silence, they ask us to pay attention. When we settle ourselves, taking time to observe their great knowledge we are gifted with lessons of how to live in the world. The evergreens in particular teach us perseverance as they face storms with great courage, holding vitality in their needles and leaves, forever green and thriving. The meaning ‘evergreen’ after all is to have ‘enduring success.’
- Valerie Segrest, Food Sovereignty Coordinator, Muckleshoot Indian Tribe Trees must be self-sufficient and produce their own food and medicine. When a tree is injured, it makes pitch or resin to cover its wound to ward off disease and repels attacking insects. Workshop participants collected tree resins from spruce and Douglas firs and gently warmed them with castor oil for multiple hours before adding beeswax to the mixture for a creamy texture; these salves were poured into containers for individual use. Each student took their homemade tree medicine home for their families along with one to give away, respecting the tradition to give away the first time something new is 28 sw d bš qyuuqs News
harvested. Students also made enough to pass out at the March community dinner. There were positive comments made by several community members who used the healing salve, including that it made their colds better and provided relief for inflamed tissues and joints. Clara Rose Seward shared the animated story of Grandmother Cedar Tree with the class, which is a Coast Salish story about the connection trees have with each other. Scientists have proven the truth in this age-old story. Evergreen trees in a forest can communicate with each other by dispersing scents to be carried through
the air. They can warn each other of invading insects or diseases. They can even call on the predators of the insects attacking them. Trees also connect through underground root networks and share food and medicine with trees that need help. Working together they make the community of trees stronger and more resilient. The story of Grandmother Cedar Tree is a very interesting way to learn about the connections trees have with each other and the animal world. Cedar has long been revered among coastal peoples. It is said that cedar provides for people from birth to death by providing valuable materials. Cedar bark is prized for its durability, flexibility, and water resistance. Soft fibers have been used for clothing, mats, napkins, and towels. Outer cedar roots are dug and used in basket making. Branches are traditionally made into rope, fish traps, binding materials, and baskets. Protocols for gathering during the correct season, harvesting, and honoring the tree are actively practiced. If used correctly, the tree continues to thrive.
OILS are made by infusing cedar leaves and are used as ointment to heal wounds and fight bacteria, viruses, and fungus. BATHS are made by mixing dried cedar leaves with bath salts or ground oats. This also makes a great foot soak. INCENSE can be made by bundling cedar and drying the bundles to make a purifying incense that smells like the heart of the forest. It can be mixed with other aromatic herbs and burned on hot coals. TEA is made to relieve a cough, lower a fever, and provide immune support. Prepare tea by steeping one tablespoon of finely chopped fresh or dried cedar leaf per cup of cold water. Let steep overnight. Drink a quarter to a half cup twice per day. CAUTION! CEDAR IS STRONG MEDICINE! Cedar contains strong volatile oils including thujone, a ketone that is known to be toxic in large quantities. The dosage is usually low. Use with caution. Do not use during pregnancy or with kidney weakness. Revised from Tend, Gather, Grow curriculum
Medicine of the Trees Reflections
“For a very long time, I have been looking for a creative and intuitive way to connect with our ancestors. Medicine of the Trees has allowed me to gain connection to the earth, and more importantly, our ancestors. It is through our way of life, that we must dedicate a delicate understanding and balance to the medicinal plants that we are gifted from the Creator. These plants represent life, they represent us in our rawest and most naked form, nature. Working with cedar, lavender, black spruce, Douglas fir, and silver pine brings upon a time to reflect and learn. I hope we can see more of our elders at the next Medicine of the Trees workshop. My hands go up to all involved!!” - Dean Dan Jr., Swinomish Tribal Member, NWIC Student “This was so fun. And educational....and relieved alotta stress... peaceful....can’t wait to join in again...thanks to Tanisha Gobert (NWIC Native Environmental Science Faculty Advisor) for inviting us!” - Talia M. Bill Community Member Are you interested in attending a Medicine of the Trees workshop? Follow 13 Moons at Work on Facebook for upcoming events! sw d bš qyuuqs News 29 e e
Cedar leaf has a long history of being used in various forms as an internal and external medicine to treat infections of the lungs, colds, cough, and tuberculosis.
NEW RESEARCH STUDY
Knowledge of and Attitudes About Medication-Assisted Treatment Sandra Radin, University of Washington Alcohol & Drug Abuse Institute
A new research study is starting in the Swinomish Community. WHAT IS THIS STUDY ABOUT?
Medication-assisted treatment has been shown to help people who are struggling with opiate drug use. This study will look into knowledge and attitudes about medication-assisted treatment in tribal communities. We hope to identify challenges and strengths around implementation of medication-assisted treatment. Study results will help efforts to make medication-assisted treatment more helpful and effective for Native people and communities. WHO IS CONDUCTING THIS RESEARCH?
The study is being conducted by a small team of researchers from the Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute at the University of Washington, in partnership with two Pacific Northwest tribes. Each tribe has a community advisory board of tribal community leaders, elders, service providers, and other key community members who guide the research study team. The Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board IRB will review and oversee this study. WHAT DOES THE STUDY INCLUDE?
As part of the study we will: • Interview 5-10 key stakeholders in the community
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• • •
(tribal council members, elders, clinic directors) who have been nominated by the community advisory board and study team. Hold separate focus groups with clinicians, community members and clinic patients. Conduct a short in-person survey at community events and door-to-door. Give you a gift card to a local, tribal business as a thank you for your time.
WHO CAN PARTICIPATE IN THE STUDY?
You must be at least 18 years old to participate in the study.
QUESTIONS? INTERESTED IN PARTICIPATING?
Contact our study team at the University of Washington Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute with any questions you may have about this study. Sandra Radin, PhD Email: email@example.com Lisette Austin, MA Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: (206) 543.8084
YOUTH CENTER CALENDAR We’re going to miss you! From Swinomish Housing staff
TUESDAYS Hours 1-9PM, open gym WEDNESDAYS Hours 1-9PM, open gym * 3/14 Youth group meetings * 3/21 Youth Center closing at 5:30PM THURSDAYS Hours 1-9PM, open gym *3/29 Hours 10AM-6PM, no open gym FRIDAYS Hours 10AM-6PM, Youth group outings * 3/30 Youth Center closed to kids MARCH 31 Easter program, breakfast at 9AM Swinomish Youth Center (360) 466.7337
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Happy retirement, John Petrich!
MONDAYS Hours 10AM-6PM
Mrs. V’s 2 Cents Diane Vendiola
Miracle-Gro is a plant food made by Scotts Miracle-Gro Company. I use “Bloom Booster” in my garden and also on my houseplants to help them grow bigger, better, and faster. It’s too bad there isn’t a “miracle grow for humans” to help us grow our life in bigger, better, and faster ways. If there were such an elixir safe for consumption, I would not be so slow to get myself taking care of what I need to take care of, such as writing this article in a timely fashion. Instead, I put off writing Mrs. V’s 2 Cents until I get stressed with deadline pressure, which is when I finally edit all my thoughts and condense my worldly wisdom into a mere 500 words! If there were such a “miracle grow for humans”, I suppose it might just contain a good dose of selfdiscipline, motivation, an antidote for self-delusion, great circumstances that make life easier, some hustle, and good habits. We grow and learn as the years go by and important life lessons come with age and experience. It all takes time, but just because time passes does not necessarily mean we grow or learn. I personally crashed into three different cars while backing mine up before I learned
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to check my right rear-view mirror, my left rear-view mirror, and my main rear-view mirror followed by turning my head around to look both ways before proceeding slowly. Of course, now that I gained the wisdom to back my up car safely, technology provided automobile backup cameras that help do the job for us. Oh, the joys of convenience and making things easy! Most of us experience what I call “get up and grow pains”, which are alerts that let us know it is necessary to grow. You may have felt these kinds of pains through different life experiences that challenged your belief system or simply made you uncomfortable, caused you to question the morals of the world (or yourself), or graciously inspired you in before unimaginable ways. The calling in our heart tells us when it is time to grow. For the most part, the life steps that I have needed to move forward and keep real personal growth going have not necessarily been convenient and have required that I move way out of my comfort zone. To follow my intuition, to humble myself and seek help if needed, to take action; this is what it means to me to grow. Onward and upward – it really isn’t that impossible!
ELDERS’ LUNCH *Lunch served Mon-Thurs. No take away meals until 11AM. Call (360) 466.3980 to cancel home delivery.
Bacon, sausage Eggs Pancakes, hashbrown Berries
Milk served with all meals.
Submarine sandwich Coleslaw Chips Fresh fruit bowl
Beef tacos Beans, cheese, lettuce Tomatoes, onions Jell-O with fruit
Fish Rice Peas, carrots Oranges
Cheese and ham quiche French bread Mixed fruit salad Vegetable juice
Tuna sandwich Split pea soup Fresh fruit bowl
Corn beef, potatoes Cabbage, carrots Dinner rolls Pears
Fish Macaroni salad Green beans Mixed fruit salad
Ham, eggs, cheese English muffin Pineapple Vegetable juice
Meat lasagna French bread Mixed green salad Fresh fruit bowl
Chicken and dumplings Celery, carrots Oranges
Fish Potatoes au gratin, bread Cooked spinach Pears
Eggs, bacon French toast Berries Vegetable Juice
Clam chowder BLT sandwich Fresh fruit bowl
Roast beef, gravy Mashed potatoes, roll Green beans Peaches
Fish Rice Glazed carrots Berries
Poached egg, sausage Banana bread Mixed fruit salad Vegetable juice
Community Dinner MARCH 21, 2018 6PM Youth Center sw d bš qyuuqs News 33 e e
Recognizing Scottie Miller Scottie Miller's young leadership role in his community, the accomplishments he's made in his education, and the effort he's achieved as an athlete is being noticed. The qyuuqs News staff would like to recognize him for all of the hard work he puts into all aspects of his life. Last November, he was featured in a Wellness Warrior poster for the United National Indian Tribal Youth (UNITY). "UNITYâ€™s Wellness Warriors program has been featuring Native American youth to be a part of a poster series. The posters feature various Native youth from communities throughout the country, representing the lifestyles they live, as they express their culture, daily habits, and hobbies." (Unityinc. org)
United National Indian Tribal Youth (UNITY) Well Warrior poster that features Scottie Miller.
He is currently Swinomish's UNITY co-president with Kahneesha Casey, and is also the representative for the Northwest Region of UNITY. Miller's athletic ability playing basketball lead him to being chosen as Athlete of the Week during week 22 for the Washington Interscholastic Activities Association (WIAA). The La Conner Kiwanis Club recently chose Scottie as the La Conner high school student of the month for February. As you can see, Scottie Miller is building himself up to being a remarkable young leader.
Congratulations on all of your achievements and hard work Scottie! 36 sw d bĹĄ qyuuqs News
Scottie is holding up his Washington Interscholastic Activities Association (WIAA)-Athlete of the Week award and a hat that he received from the WIAA.
La Conner Soroptimist Student Volunteer for the Month For February: Joreen McDonald Linda Talman
The La Conner Soroptimist student volunteer for the month for February is Joreen McDonald, a senior at La Conner High School! Joreen is a gem of a volunteer in the community and a hardworking young woman with ambitious plans for her future. Joreen is unafraid of hard work. While she chose to commit more to her job this past year, Joreen has pulled in every Canoe Journey and has danced in the round drum traditional dance style every year since 2011. These commitments require plenty of practice along with the ability to juggle a busy schedule to fit all that training in. Joreen is also the current Swinomish Princess.
Joreen also volunteers for Swinomish Days. This event follows the end of the yearly Canoe Journey, so mark your calendars! Helping elders is another of her favorite ways to contribute. A story Joreen tells about participating in the Hugh O’Brian Youth Leadership camp held at Washington State University for select Washington state sophomores is a good example of how she is able to articulate her developing self-knowledge. During the camp, Joreen thought she signed up for a session about homelessness but learned shortly thereafter she had actually been assigned to work on gardening. She learned she does not like gardening! She prefers working with people. Joreen volunteers for many school opportunities including the blood drive, the annual turkey trot, and managing club volleyball. Mrs. Buher shares that “Joreen is known for her willingness to help others. Whether it’s staff members or students, everyone knows they can count on her. Joreen always has a smile on her face!
Joreen McDonald (upper left) stands with Swinomish royalty. Photo: Holle Edwards
Joreen is very organized, she would make a great party planner because she also knows how to enjoy life.” “I am a hard worker,” Joreen said about herself. “I am gaining confidence and have learned how to struggle, which is good. I love school. And I believe you should use your skills where they are needed.” She had to get part way through high school to learn this lesson but feels confident about her path forward. Joreen would like to study pre-med with a neonatal specialty. She likes babies and considers the process of pregnancy magical, such as how “the mother’s temperature will change when the baby is warm or cool inside.” She would like to be part of the team that brings the baby to term. She has chosen the University of Washington as her top choice for higher education but is also considering University of Oregon and University of Arizona for her studies. She is waiting to hear from them. Joreen’s proud parents are Abe and Leslie McDonald of Swinomish. She has two older siblings in college. As student of the month Joreen received a gift certificate to Vintage La Conner Thrift and Consignment, the local volunteer-run Soroptimist shop. sw d bš qyuuqs News 37 e e
Leadership is one of Joreen’s many strengths. As treasurer of the Swinomish Youth Council, she worked with the council to plan and execute the Embrace Your Sacredness Youth Suicide Summit on behalf of Swinomish. This event brought young people from many tribes together to listen to speakers on the topic. It took months to prepare for the event, but the feedback Joreen received from attendees was very positive, particularly about the variety of speakers.
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Your Flu Vaccine Protects Me My Flu Vaccine Protects You The flu vaccine is safe. You can’t get the flu from a flu vaccine. Pneumonia and flu are a leading cause of death among Native elders. Please get a flu vaccine each year to protect you and your family. Learn more at www.cdc.gov/flu or call 1-800-CDC-INFO 38 sw d bš qyuuqs News e e
CURRENT OPEN POSITIONS - As of February 28 As a full-time employee, you will be eligible for a comprehensive benefit package including medical, dental, vision, life insurance, retirement planning, and more. Other perks include generous paid time off and discounted meals.
HUMAN RESOURCES & TRIBAL EMPLOYMENT RIGHTS OFFICE (TERO)
To view details about open positions and download our General Employment Application, visit swinomishcasinoandlodge.com/careers. All positions are “Open until filled” unless specified.
• • • • •
Email applications to: email@example.com Fax applications to: (360) 299.1677 Mail or hand deliver to: Swinomish Casino & Lodge 12885 Casino Drive, Anacortes, WA 98221
Utility Operator in Training Graphic Designer Air Quality Specialist Certified Medical Assistant Tribal Home Ownership and Rehabilitation Coordinator Police Officer - Entry Level or Lateral
Full descriptions of the job announcements listed above are available on the Swinomish website: swinomish-nsn.gov/resources/human-resources
Questions? Call Human Resources at (360) 299.1642 CASINO HOST HOST (FT) FACILITIES ENGINEER I (FT) CUSTODIAN (FT) FOOD & BEVERAGE BANQUET-SERVER (OC) FOOD COURT-MANAGER (FT) FOOD COURT-BUSSER (PT) FOOD COURT-CASHIER (FT/PT) FOOD COURT-LINE COOK (FT/PT) FINANCE CAGE CASHIER (FT) REVENUE AUDITOR/SOFT COUNT CLERK (FT) GAMING SLOT TECHNICIAN (FT) TABLE GAMES DEALER (FT/PT/OC) GOLF CART ATTENDANT (PT/SEASONAL)
KITCHEN COOK (FT) DISHWASHER (FT) PREP COOK (FT) LODGE LEAD ROOM ATTENDANT (FT) ROOM ATTENDANT (FT) MARKETING BRAND AMBASSADOR (OC) PROMOTIONS ASSISTANT (PT) SECURITY SECURITY OFFICER/ EMT (FT) VALET VALET ATTENDANT (FT)
HOW TO APPLY: Return completed application, cover letter, and resume to: Personnel Office Swinomish Indian Tribal Community 11404 Moorage Way La Conner, WA 98257 Fax applications to: (360) 466.1348 Or email to: firstname.lastname@example.org Applications must be received in the Personnel Office by 5PM on or before the job closing date. Questions? Call the Personnel Office at (360) 466.1216 or (360) 466.7353
GUEST SERVICES PLAYERS CLUB ASSOCIATE (FT) INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AV/IT INTERN (PT)
sw d bš qyuuqs News 39 e e
PRSRT STD US Postage Paid Permit #35 ANACORTES, WA
17337 Reservation Road La Conner, WA 98257 email@example.com
OR CURRENT RESIDENT
I AM SWINOMISH,
I WILL GRADUATE. Fun times on a Friday night at Skagit Skate. Photo by Katie Bassford
qyuuqs News is a publication of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community.