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Feb 2018 Vol. 52 No. 2

John K. Bob Memorial

Home Organization | PAGE 20



Darlene Peters was honored at the January Community Dinner.



Home Organization

John K. Bob Memorial Photo Credit: Theresa Trebon, Tribal Archive

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03 05 06 08 10 12 14 16 17 18 19 20 22 23 24 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 36

Editor's Note Chairman's Message Primary Election Results + General Election & General... Recent Tribal Code Amendments Obituary: Adeline "Hattie" Black ATNI: Tribes and First Nations Climate Change Summit John K. Bob Memorial Tide Table: February Science Corner: Building Strength with Nettles Being Frank: Ecosystem Out of Balance Aqiimuk's Kitchen: Elderberry Syrup Home Organization Youth Spirit Program Mindful Money Matters Sabrina Joe Graduates from University of Hawaii... Be Ready: Community Emergency Response Team... 13 Moons at Work: Traditional Foods Sampling... Science Corner: Environmental Stewardship & How... Science Corner: Rose Hip Jam Education Dinner Youth Center Calendar Mrs. V's 2 Cents Elders' Menu February Birthday List & Announcements 4 Questions to Ask Yourself As You Plan For...

editor’s NOTE Being organized as a college student was a must! Not only was I balancing all of my classes, I worked part-time and somehow managed to have a social life. What kept me on track when I was a student was my planner.


Being organized is not something that is always at the top of my list of things to be. For me, life happens. I work 40 hours a week, come home just in time to cook dinner, then I rest for about an hour (if I can make it that long) and then prepare myself for bed. I designate my Friday to tidy up my home, run errands, and if I’m lucky, sleep in.

Growing up on the reservation, I learned that everyone has a role. When I think about organization, I think about what tribal life was like back when work wasn't based on hours, it was about completion. My ancestors were very hard workers. Life didn't just happen for them.

Although being organized is not always at the top of my radar, I am a very good at writing lists. I’m very much like my mother in that way. I would watch her write lists for everything: weekly and holiday groceries; Christmas shopping, traveling, camping, cultural gatherings and so on. Learning this trait from her has helped me to be more prepared. When I am organized my life feels more on track and I feel good about going about my day. I do like to be organized, I just can't always keep it up.


When life is getting the best of me, I remind myself not to worry about my personal organizational chaos. Everything around me can be a complete mess, but the real point to see is that I was fortunate enough to wake up to see another day and that now is as good as any time to start getting organized. goliahlitza Caroline Edwards


Moon of the Windy Time

The moon around late January/February is "moon of the windy time." In the bay, Chinook salmon, also called black-mouth or kings, are fished year round. Sea-run cutthroat trout and steelhead are fished during the winter moons: ducks, geese, elk and deer are hunted; and tools, and baskets are constructed. Ironwood, as strong as its name, is usually harvested from the shrub oceanspray and used for making many of these tools: fish spears, fish sticks for cooking, and long knitting needles for sewing cattail sleeping mats. Ironwood is harvested before and after the height of the fishing season.

Excerpt from ‘13 Moons: The 13 Lunar Phases, and How They Guide the Swinomish People’ By swelitub (Todd A. Mitchell) and Jamie L. Donatuto sw d bš qyuuqs News


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The official news publication

of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community


spee pots Brian Cladoosby, Chairman (360) 708.7533 | bcladoosby@

ya qua leouse Brian Porter, Vice Chair (360) 840.4186 | bporter@

sapelia Sophie Bailey, Secretary (360) 853.6458 | sbailey@

taleq tale II Barbara James, Treasurer (360) 391.3958 | bjames@

pay a huxton Chester Cayou, Jr. (360) 770.3378 | ccayou@

The mission of qyuuqs News is to provide monthly communication to Swinomish Indian Tribal Community Members near and far. We are committed to serving as an apolitical forum for the Swinomish governing officials and all Community Members. qyuuqs News is not intended to reflect the official position of the governing body at Swinomish Indian Tribal Community but rather reflects the ideas, events, and thoughts of individual Community Members and Tribal staff. As such, the Swinomish Tribe makes no claim as to the accuracy or content of any of the articles contained therein. qyuuqs News 17337 Reservation Road, La Conner, WA 98257 Phone (360) 466.7258 Fax (360) 466.1632 *SUBMISSIONS Send your news tips, stories, and photos to Submission deadline: 10th day of the month EDITORIAL Caroline Edwards, Editor |

cha das cud II Glen Edwards (360) 708.3113 | gedwards@

yal le ka but Steve Edwards (360) 840.5768 | sedwards@

SM OK O LO Leon John (360) 421.0406 | ljohn@

wa lee hub Kevin Paul (360) 540.3906 |

sOladated Brian Wilbur (360) 588.2812 | bwilbur@

squi-qui Joe Williams (360) 853.5629 | jwilliams@ All Swinomish staff emails:

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SWINOMISH COMMUNICATIONS Heather Mills, Communications Manager | Emma Fox, Communications Specialist | ADVISORY COMMITTEE Allan Olson, John Stephens, Tracy James, Kevin Paul This issue is available online at Photos credits: qyuuqs News Staff or as credited. All rights reserved. Facebook: Swinomish qyuuqs News Linkedin: Swinomish Indian Tribal Community *qyuuqs News is made available for viewing on the Internet When submitting information, stories, and/or photos, please be aware everything published in the print version of qyuuqs News is also published on the Internet and is available to the world. Please consider carefully whether your submissions contain anything you feel may not be suitable or appropriate for the Internet. By submitting your information, stories, and/or photos to qyuuqs News, you agree to publishing your submission in both the print and online versions of qyuuqs News. qyuuqs News is a publication of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community produced by Swinomish Communications.

the chairman’s MESSAGE

RAIN, RAIN, RAIN! It is definitely the middle of the rainy winter season here in Washington, where the wet stuff is so common and it always feels as if the last storm was the worst one ever. Not only is it the rainy season, it is the flu season. Please take precautions by contacting your medical provider to see about receiving a flu shot. This month our community laid Adeline “Hattie” Daniels (Black) to rest. She passed away in Shuksan Healthcare Center in Bellingham on January 19. For those of you who didn’t get the opportunity to know Hattie, she was the eldest surviving member of the Tribe and our last surviving World War II Veteran. Our community was very fortunate to celebrate Hattie’s 100th birthday at our Clam Bake last summer. It was such a highlight for everyone to celebrate the life of our eldest elder. After the party calmed down Hattie walked from the long house at Thousand Trails, the location of her grandfather's home where she was born, out to Lone Tree - the tree she called her own. I find myself thinking about the natural environment a lot as we celebrate the 163rd anniversary of the Point Elliott Treaty. I wonder what it was like in 1955? What did our community look like? I can only imagine the salmon runs, the pristine water and air, and our tribal way of life.

Daniel for becoming the first DHAT in the Lower 48. I am also proud of the Port Gamble Sklallam Tribe for becoming the second tribe in the Lower 48 to offer DHAT services. I’m proud of our Dental Clinic and the preventative measures they put in place to reduce the cavities in our children. Don’t forget Sealant Days February 12-15! I want to thank those who came out for our primary elections. Please don’t forget to come out on the February 25 to vote in the general election. We will once again provide a wonderful meal and start our meeting at 1pm. Finally, I want to thank everyone who came out for our education dinner. I’m so proud of the relationship we have built with our schools. Education will always be our top priority and continuing a strong relationship with our schools is so important. May God continue to bless the Swinomish Tribe. spee pots Brian Cladoosby

I am saddened to read about all the air, water, and soil pollution affecting our world today. Statistics tell us that almost 40 percent of deaths around the world are the result of the mess mankind created. As we take a deeper look into community environmental health, we need to understand there is no going back, we need to begin right where we are at to make a better future for our next seven generations.

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We just celebrated our second anniversary with Dental Health Aid Therapist Daniel Kennedy on board at the Dental Clinic. I just want to thank


2018 Primary Election Results Swinomish Election Board

Winners of the 2018 primary election, Glen Edwards Sr. and Jeremy Wilbur, will move onto the General Election held on Sunday, February 25, 2018.

Glen Edwards Sr. Eric Day Jeremy Wilbur Josephine Jefferson

59 19 133 14


General Election & General Council

Tell Us Your Story! qyuuqs News staff wants to hear your story, and help you share it with your community! qyuuqs News is a great place to share announcements, including birthdays, graduations, weddings, and new babies, just to name a few! A picture is worth a thousand words! Share your photos with your community.

qyuuqs Submission Deadline 10th of Every Month Please submit to:

Sunday, February 25, 2018 General Election 8AM-1PM Social Services Building General Council to Follow

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COMMUNITY HAPPENINGS FEBRUARY 12-15 K-12th Grade Sealant Days | @ Dental Clinic FEBRUARY 21 Community Dinner | 6PM @ Youth Center

Join the crowd!

FEBRUARY 25 General Election | 8AM-1PM General Council to Follow *Community Dinners are subject to change

Cast your vote! Attend the General Election and General Council this month!

HOLIDAYS FEBRUARY 2 Groundhogs Day FEBRUARY 14 Valentine's Day FEBRUARY 19 Presidents' Day

We'll see you there!

Welcome To Our Police Department Anna Young Anna Young has joined the Swinomish Police Department! She started on January 22 as the department’s newest records clerk. She has worked the last 2½ years for Swinomish childcare and preschool. While she immensely enjoyed working with our community’s children, she was ready for a new direction in life. She continues to serve the Swinomish Community, of which she has been a member for 15 years, through supporting our tribal police. In this new position she will learn all aspects of working the front office and managing police records. Anna grew up in the La Conner area, and is originally from Arlington. She resides with Jesse Edwards on the Swinomish Reservation with their 3½ year old daughter, Lailoni Hope Edwards. Anna looks forward to many years of serving the Swinomish Community as a member of your Police Department!

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RECENT TRIBAL CODE AMENDMENTS Office of the Tribal Attorney

The Swinomish Senate, the governing body of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, recently passed the following code amendments: Title 5, Chapter 2 – Traffic Code, Criminal Traffic Code

At the September Senate meeting, the Senate made revisions to the Tribe’s Criminal Traffic Code. The Law and Order Committee recommended the amendments, which were approved by the Senate on September 11, 2017. The amendments addressed individuals being under the influence of cannabis for certain violations, i.e. driving under the influence (“DUI”), underage consumption, and physical control of a vehicle while under the influence. The amendments also corrected typographical errors pertaining to alcohol concentrations found in blood or breath samples. Title 13, Chapter 5 – Real Property and Housing, Leasing of Tribal Lands

At its September 11, 2017 meeting, the Senate approved amendments to the Tribe’s Leasing of Tribal Lands Code. The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community held a Secretarial Election on May 23, 2017, during which amendments to the Constitution were approved by Swinomish Tribal members. The Constitutional amendments removed any requirement for approval of leases of Swinomish Tribal Lands by the Secretary of the Interior. Certain provisions of STC Title 13, Chapter 5 Leasing of Tribal Lands are no longer necessary as a result of these amendments to the Constitution. The amendments to the Leasing of Tribal Lands Code removed provisions STC 13-05.080(C) and (D) which provided the process for the Secretary of the Interior approval of leases. The amendments also clarified that the Code applies to all Tribal trust lands, wherever located. Title 15, Chapter 8 – Business Regulations, Cannabis

At its October 25, 2017 meeting, the Senate amended the Tribe’s Cannabis Code as recommended by the Swinomish Development Authority (“SDA”). The Cannabis Code established a strict regulatory system for the production, possession, delivery, distribution, and sale of cannabis. The Code restricts the production, sale, and processing of cannabis to the Tribe and Tribal Enterprises. The SDA and Senate identified several practical matters that required clarification or amendment in the Code. The amendments to Chapter 8 clarified how sales, production, and processing are defined, and it included amendments to ensure consistency with a compact between the Tribe and the State of Washington. Title 15, Chapter 11 – Business Regulations, Dental Health Provider Licensing

At the September 11 and November 7, 2017 Senate meetings, the Senate adopted amendments to the Tribe’s Code for licensing of Dental Health Providers. The amendments reflect the Swinomish Senate’s understanding of the importance and necessity of exercising sovereignty in tribal communities in order to provide the highest quality dental services in the most efficient and culturally competent manner. The amendments implement the Senate’s desire that the Tribe serve as a regional licensing entity to help increase the number of Native health care providers and to address oral health care disparities attributable to the lack of consistently available, culturally competent, long-term dental health professionals in the Indian health system throughout Washington and Oregon. In particular, a new Sub chapter was added to the Code authorizing the Swinomish Division of Licensing and Dental Health Provider Licensing Board to license, oversee and discipline tribal dental health providers employed by federally recognized tribes in Washington and Oregon who apply for a Tribal Dental Health Provider license, and to suspend or revoke the Swinomish-issued licenses. The Code amendments provide the licensure qualifications, standards, and enforcement procedures, and the requirements for an implementing agreement between Swinomish and the requesting tribe. The membership requirements for the Dental Health Provider Licensing Board were also amended to provide for expansion of membership, and the Board was authorized to establish its own Advisory Boards. In addition, clarifications as to scope of practice were made throughout the Chapter. Continues on PAGE 9 sw d bš qyuuqs News e e


Title 20, Chapter 3 – Land Use and Zoning, Zoning

At the September Senate meeting, the Senate adopted amendments to the Tribe’s Code for Land Use and Zoning. The Planning Department recommended that a revision be made to the Land Use and Zoning Code to reflect the recent amendments to the Constitution of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, which were made following the May 23, 2017 Secretarial Election. The amendments voted and approved by the Swinomish community corrected the Constitution to fully describe the Tribe’s territory. STC Title 20, Chapter 3 Land Use and Zoning has been amended to incorporate that description. The amendments were approved by the Senate on September 11, 2017. The amended code and Constitution are available for review on our website at Paper copies are available for review at the Social Services or Planning departments, and through the Tribal Court Clerk, the Office of the Tribal Attorney, and the Senate’s Executive Assistant.

NOTICE TO MEMBERS Attention: All Persons Claiming Interest In the Property Listed Below Office of the Tribal Attorney

The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community intends to file Quiet Title actions to determine ownership of the houses located at these addresses: 1. 17500 Front Street, La Conner WA 98257 2. 17466 Pioneer Parkway, La Conner WA 98257 3. 17516 Front Street, La Conner, WA 98257 A Quiet Title action allows people who believe they have some ownership of a piece of property to submit evidence of ownership to the Tribal court. If you believe you own either of the houses listed above—in whole or part—please contact Liz Miller or Daniel Watts in the Office of Tribal Attorney for a claim form and instructions for submission to the court. Daniel Watts, Tribal Attorney: (360) 588.2818, Liz Miller, Paralegal: (360) 466.7369,

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Adeline "Hattie" Black Beloved Swinomish elder Adeline “Hattie” Black, 100, passed away at the Shuksan Healthcare Center in Bellingham on January 19, 2018. Hattie was the eldest member of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community and the only centenarian known in recent tribal memory. Adeline was born on September 8, 1917 in her greatgrandfather’s home at Lone Tree on the Swinomish Reservation. Hattie, as she came to be known, was the second child of William and Maggie (Joshua) Daniels and joined an older sister Margaret.
Shortly after Hattie’s birth, Willie Daniels passed away in the Great Influenza Epidemic then sweeping the country. Thereafter Hattie was raised by her mother and grandmother, Cecelia “Se-dul-tia” Joshua on the family property at Lone Tree. That place, and her grandmother, played formidable roles in shaping Hattie’s identity. Her emotional ties to Lone Tree remained strong and firm until the very end of her life. Hattie Black was a singular person at Swinomish and her long life reflected many stories integral to the history of this community. One of the most important was the transition that Natives experienced during that period when their homeland passed into the hands of incoming settlers and their traditional ways were increasingly forbidden.

moved to the Swinomish Reservation: soon after, Jim Quabahud was allotted Lone Tree Point. The family’s story reflects the migration of many Native people from their traditional homelands to the Puget Sound reservations established after Treaty Time. Se-dul-tia married Joshua Obida at Swinomish and although they had many children together, only one grew to adulthood due to the Native lack of immunity to newly-arrived diseases. After her husband’s death in 1897, Sedul-tia became known as “Mrs. Cecelia Joshua.” In 1909 their daughter, Maggie, married Willie Daniels, a Native of Samish descent who had moved to Swinomish, and they settled on her mother’s land at Lone Tree. Hattie grew up in a magical world, one profoundly tied to place: the water, open sky and lush landscape of the western Swinomish shoreline all inspired her. She delighted in picking wild lilies at Kukutali, watching fishermen work the fish traps near her home, and visiting her favorite spot: the tall fir at Lone Tree. Hattie was raised in a household run by women who managed their own small truck farm, a place where Lushootseed was spoken and she was educated first and foremost by her grandmother: Se-dul-tia’s stories about people, place, and custom informed Hattie’s earliest years.

Hattie was the sole living elder whose memories directly connected Swinomish from Treaty Time (1855) to the twenty-first century. Her greatgrandparents were Lower Skagit Indians who lived on Penn Cove where Hattie’s grandmother, Se-dul-tia, was born about 1852.

As a young child, Hattie clearly recalled going to Coupeville with her grandmother. Together they walked to the waterfront where the wharf stands today and Se-dul-tia pointed out where her family’s massive longhouse once stood on the waterfront, the place where she had been born three years before the Point Elliott Treaty was signed. Hattie recalled, “The families all lived there. They were at sea level. With their big canoes they would come and they’d go.”

Se-dul-tia’s father, Jim Quabahud, was renowned for his skills as a canoeman, an important occupation in the years before roads connected settlements and Native canoes were the transit system of the Salish Sea. Coupeville’s pioneer merchants hired Quabahud, his large ocean-going vessel, and his three-man crew to transport goods from that town to Olympia, Port Townsend, Victoria and beyond.

Educated in the La Conner School District from 1928 to 1940, Hattie entered a world that could not have been easy for her. In those years, as the Tulalip Boarding School closed, local resistance to Indian students attending public schools was marked and vocal. Nevertheless Hattie persevered and she came to greatly enjoy her school years. She helped ease the transition of other Native children into the classroom.

Sometime in the 1870s Quabahud and his wife Sta-da-wah (along with other Lower Skagits)

She participated in many extra-curricular activities such as musicals and plays; she delighted when her

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classmates made the long hike out to Lone Tree from town. Hattie recalled “Mother would just round them up, set them at the table, and give them something to eat.” Shortly before she graduated from high school in 1940, her grandmother passed away and Hattie made the decision to strike out on her own. She answered an advertisement from a Bellevue family seeking a nanny and soon moved from the reservation to the city, a profound change. Suddenly she found herself cooking and cleaning for a family of five, something she had never done before. She recalled it as “very hard work.” In 1943, just one year after Congress authorized the creation of the Women’s Army Corps, Hattie enlisted. After basic training at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, Hattie was assigned to Brooks Air Force Base in Texas where she served as an Air Operations Specialist. She did everything from “preparing individual fl ight missions to dispatching aircraft from the control tower to packing and inspecting parachutes.” She served until 1946 when she was honorably discharged. Her period of service was one of the happiest times of her life and she was proud to be part of that epic effort during WWII. After briefly living in Seattle, Hattie relocated to the Redding, California area where she married Roy Black. Her later years were spent traveling around the world, touring places from Jerusalem and Egypt to Utah and Alaska. In 1977 she sold her family property at Lone Tree to the Swinomish Tribe: today the Thousand Trails resort leases some of that land. In 2004 Hattie moved back to the Swinomish Reservation once again. There she made friends with Julie Just and Joe Cilberto. In 2010, when Hattie could no longer live alone, Julie and Joe took her into their Bellingham home. Julie cared for Hattie through her move to Rosewood Villa in 2012 and subsequent transfer to the Shuksan Healthcare Center one month ago. She was with her when she passed away.

uniform will help tell her story to future generations. In August 2017, Swinomish honored Hattie on her 100th birthday at the Tribe’s annual Clambake at Lone Tree. There, just feet where she had been born a century ago, the Tribal Community paid great tribute to this beloved tribal elder and World War II veteran. Chairman Cladoosby recounted her life history for all those present; songs of honor and tribute were sung. At the end of a warm summer afternoon, Hattie ended the day by insisting she walk up to Lone Tree itself to see “her tree” called da-chook-hay in her native Lushootseed, one last time. While there she reflected on the changes to her childhood home, remarked on the decline of the rich fishery that once thrived in the waters off Lone Tree, and expressed her hope that people would take better care of their world. The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, and Julie Just, would like to extend special thanks to the staff of Rosewood Villa (and resident Robert A. Smith), and Shuksan Healthcare for their tender and professional care of Hattie. Services were held at the Swinomish Tribal Community Center on Friday, January 26.

In her later years, Hattie and Julie often visited Swinomish for cultural events such as Canoe Journey and the annual Blessing of the Fleet each May. Hattie worked with the Swinomish Tribal Archive to document her life story and she donated her personal effects there as well. Her historic photos, grandmother’s baskets, and Hattie’s World War II sw d bš qyuuqs News


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Affiliated Tribes of the Northwest Indians

Tribes and First Nations Climate Change Summit Caroline Edwards, qyuuqs News Editor

TULALIP, WA. — Last December, various tribes attended the two-day conference hosted by ATNI, the Tribes and First Nations Climate Change Summit.

About the Summit

Each day there were two panels with time designated for discussions afterwards, and a breakout session for smaller group discussions. Panel Topics • Traditional Knowledge • Cultural and Subsistence Resources • Plans and Actions To Support Resiliency • Policy There were also plenary presentations from people who work in the field of climate change for tribal communities. Swinomish employee, Jamie Donatuto (Environmental Analyst) was a plenary presenter, she presented "Evaluating Health as a Basis for Climate Change Planning and Resiliency".

What I Learned

This is my second year attending the summit. I walked away with a deeper sense of acknowledgment that I am right where I should be in my career. Eight years ago, I participated in the community group-Climate Change Education and Awareness Group for the Swinomish Climate Change Initiative. Swinomish is on the forefront of climate change adaption planning, and many tribes are now implementing plans of actions for their tribe. As one summit attendee stated, "Climate change is nothing new to us." As my career keeps developing in the environmental and communications field I'm very aware of how I can continue to incorporate climate change into all aspects of tribal life. It was very clear and evident that the attendees were emphasizing that tribal people and their associates will continue to collaborate and dialog about climate change and its impact to tribal communities, despite the current administration’s position on climate change. sw d bš qyuuqs News e e


David Hanuse, hereditary Chief of Quatsino First Nation, Vancouver BC.

SEALANT DAYS K-12th Grade February 12-15, 2018 We are seeing all Native American/Alaska Native children during our Sealant Week! If you have an eligible child/children (attending La Conner Schools) or know someone that does, permission slips may be picked up at the Medical & Dental Clinics!

NCTA Criminal Justice Justin Smith is holding a poster that he presented to the Swinomish Police Department on behalf of the NCTA Criminal Justice, the class of 2017-2018.

Left to Right: Anna Young, Justin Smith, Community Service Officer, Brian Geer, and Sergeant, Steve Roukie

The poster says, "Thank you for your service."

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John K. Bob Memorial Theresa L. Trebon, Tribal Archivist

DECEMBER 7 — The Swinomish Community hosted a significant and very special memorial service for John K. Bob. The namesake of the Swinomish Tribe’s ballpark, John was born in 1922 to Tommy and Angeline (Scott) Bob. Many in the community know his story: As a senior in high school in December 1942 John enlisted in the U. S. Army and trained as a medic. Two years later in the waning months of WWII John was in the thick of battle as the Allies advanced into western Germany. When two forward scouts in his division were wounded, John went out on

the field under fire. After pulling the first wounded man to safety, he went back for the second and came under attack. In an attempt to protect the injured soldier, John covered him with his own body. Neither man survived. John was initially buried at the Henri Chapelle Cemetery in Belgium. In the fall of 1945 John’s parents formally requested that his body be returned home for burial in the Swinomish Tribal Cemetery. Late in 1947 John’s body arrived in Mount Vernon by train. He was laid to rest at Swinomish with full military honors on December 3 with the community gathered around his family.

Seventy years later John’s sole surviving sibling Helen Bob Lewis spearheaded John’s formal memorial. She and her extended family, as well as guests from Lummi, joined John’s childhood community at Swinomish where this special event was hosted. A bright, clear December day greeted a large crowd that morning. After witnessing a 21 Gun Salute outside, participants gathered in the Social Services Building to do the important work of memorializing John. The Swinomish Color Guard opened the event organized by Swinomish Cultural Director Aurelia Bailey and overseen by Swinomish Chairman Brian Cladoosby and

Helen Bob Lewis and her grandson, Nick. They are listening to the Swinomish Canoe Family sing a song from Helen’s father, Tommy Bob. The first time a historic song has been revived and brought out on the floor. Swinomish Tribal Archive

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John K. Bob’s flag is officially retired. Swinomish Tribal Archive

One of the most solemn moments of the memorial centered on the flag that covered John’s coffin in December 1947. After being carried around the room, the flag

was formally retired and presented to the Swinomish Community. Another moving moment was the parade of veterans who proceeded to John’s portrait to formally salute their fellow soldier. Equally profound moment was when it was the announcement and then that the Swinomish Canoe Family learned and practiced drumming to bring a historic song to the floor for the first time ever. Under the tutelage of Helen Lewis, they sang a Tommy Bob song that had not been performed for over fifty years. The memorial ended with a giveaway of items, many handmade made by Helen Lewis, to those in attendance. Afterwards all retired to the Swinomish Youth Center where a delicious meal was served. Nearby the luncheon tables a display of John’s personal effects including his World War II medals and historic photographs of him in uniform were displayed. Helen Lewis cared for these materials

for many years and donated them to the Swinomish Tribal Archive so that John’s story would be preserved. After the memorial Helen expressed her gratitude by stating, “I can never thank Swinomish enough.” The John K. Bob memorial introduced new generations to a brave soldier’s story. It also revitalized John’s immense significance to the Swinomish Tribal Community and ensured that he will be remembered and his sacrifice and heroism will take on new meaning in the years to come. The Swinomish Tribal Archive would like to express its gratitude to Helen Bob Lewis for her generosity. For additional information on John K. Bob, see these back issues of the qyuuqs: November 2010, May 2011, May 2016, December 2017. sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

Lawrence Solomon of Lummi. Witnesses were called. Military veterans from a wide range of communities were honored including PFC Antonio Rivera of Lummi, who was given the honor of carrying John’s portrait to a place of honor for its formal unveiling. Rivera, who is scheduled for deployment overseas this January, received a financial donation from the crowd when a drum was passed collecting donations in his honor. The widow and son of WWII veteran Addison Austin who knew John during the war period were acknowledged. Chairman Cladoosby then recounted John’s story for the audience, ending it by presenting that story in book form to John’s sister Helen.


TIDE TABLE: March 2018 Lone Tree, Snee-Oosh, North Skagit Bay

Swinomish Department of Environmental Protection Day










Thu 01

05:25 11.86 ft 11:15 4.33 ft 16:29 10.89 ft 23:11 −1.05 ft





Fri 02

05:59 12.00 ft 11:58 3.52 ft 17:23 10.85 ft 23:56 −0.42 ft





Sat 03

06:31 12.02 ft 12:41 2.78 ft 18:16 10.65 ft






Sun 04

00:39 0.50 ft 07:04 11.91 ft 13:23 2.16 ft

19:10 10.33 ft





Mon 05

01:22 1.63 ft 07:37 11.65 ft 14:07 1.72 ft

20:05 9.93 ft





Tue 06

02:07 2.87 ft 08:12 11.24 ft 14:51 1.45 ft

21:05 9.52 ft





Wed 07

02:53 4.13 ft 08:49 10.69 ft 15:38 1.37 ft

22:12 9.18 ft



Thu 08

03:48 5.29 ft 09:31 10.05 ft 16:30 1.42 ft

23:35 9.02 ft





Fri 09

05:00 6.20 ft 10:19 9.40 ft

17:27 1.50 ft





Last Qtr


Sat 10

01:15 9.20 ft

06:49 6.61 ft 11:19 8.86 ft

18:29 1.50 ft





Sun 11

03:35 9.62 ft

09:25 6.43 ft 13:27 8.57 ft

20:31 1.37 ft





Mon 12

04:26 10.04 ft 10:22 6.02 ft 14:33 8.58 ft

21:25 1.13 ft





Tue 13

05:02 10.34 ft 11:00 5.57 ft 15:29 8.80 ft

22:12 0.88 ft





Wed 14

05:29 10.55 ft 11:28 5.09 ft 16:17 9.12 ft

22:53 0.71 ft





Thu 15

05:51 10.71 ft 11:51 4.55 ft 17:00 9.44 ft

23:30 0.66 ft





Fri 16

06:12 10.88 ft 12:16 3.91 ft 17:41 9.74 ft





Sat 17

00:06 0.80 ft 06:35 11.04 ft 12:44 3.18 ft

18:22 10.00 ft New





Sun 18

00:43 1.15 ft 07:01 11.18 ft 13:16 2.38 ft

19:05 10.18 ft





Mon 19

01:20 1.71 ft 07:29 11.26 ft 13:52 1.59 ft

19:51 10.28 ft





Tue 20

01:59 2.47 ft 07:59 11.24 ft 14:31 0.88 ft

20:42 10.26 ft





Wed 21

02:41 3.39 ft 08:32 11.10 ft 15:15 0.35 ft

21:37 10.12 ft




Thu 22

03:27 4.39 ft 09:08 10.82 ft 16:03 0.03 ft

22:41 9.91 ft





Fri 23

04:21 5.36 ft 09:52 10.40 ft 16:58 −0.08 ft

23:57 9.76 ft





05:30 6.14 ft 10:45 9.89 ft

18:00 −0.05 ft





Sun 25

01:25 9.84 ft

07:00 6.47 ft 11:54 9.44 ft

19:07 −0.01 ft





Mon 26

02:49 10.21 ft 08:34 6.15 ft 13:13 9.22 ft

20:17 −0.03 ft





Sat 24

First Qtr

Tue 27

03:50 10.67 ft 09:43 5.37 ft 14:31 9.33 ft

21:21 −0.07 ft





Wed 28

04:35 11.06 ft 10:35 4.40 ft 15:41 9.66 ft

22:17 0.01 ft





Thu 29

05:11 11.32 ft 11:18 3.39 ft 16:42 10.03 ft 23:07 0.30 ft





Fri 30

05:44 11.46 ft 11:57 2.43 ft 17:38 10.32 ft 23:54 0.83 ft

Sat 31

06:14 11.48 ft 12:35 1.59 ft 18:29 10.50 ft

DID YOU KNOW? Source: National Association of

Productivity and Organizing Professionals:

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• • • • • •










80% of the things we keep, we never use. Getting rid of clutter eliminates 40% of housework in the average home. 50% of homeowners rate the garage as the most disorganized room in their home. We wear 20% of the clothes we own 80% of the time. The rest just hang in the closet, just in case. 80% of the clutter in most homes is a result of disorganization, not from a lack of space. The average American spends one year of their life looking for lost or misplaced items at home and in the office.

Science Corner

Building Strength with Nettles Moon When Frog Talks/Late February & March Phoebe Keryte, Community Environmental Health Intern

Nettle Shoot


Nettles are nature’s early springtime super food. They purify and nourish our body so we can feel clear, strong, and energized. The tender shoots are cooked in a variety of ways and dried leaves make a tasty tea or seasoning. The strength of nettles reminds us to be fully aware and protected.

Licorice Fern

and vitamin C which help with arthritis or detox. Behind each plant there is a story and use. The strength plants provide food to our families and muscles, and use during prayer helps us get through the day.

Harvest nettle shoots in the early spring when they have the most abundant energy and vitality for renewing our health after When building strength our bodies the dark winter months. The nettles During the transitions need nutrients and vitamins to do sting, so wear gloves and long keep us going, but how do we of the moon, the 'Moon sleeves. Gently cut the new shoots manage that while we provide When Frog Talks' at ground level (this will allow the for our families? We need to plant to grow more shoots in the signals this is the monitor and balance our daily future) and place them in a paper time to harvest nettle life with stressful times. There bag. When you get home you can are many things to be aware shoots, giant horsetail dry the leaves on newspaper in of when we talk about building shoots, cattail roots, a dry place and use for loose tea. strength. Strength does not One or two cups per day will give and licorice fern. only come from the food we eat you the boost you need. You can also but through our families, physical use the fresh nettles to make pesto, or strength, and spirituality. add them to pasta or soups. Nettle soup has been a longtime early spring soup for native people It is important to balance our wellbeing as part of in Coast Salish territory. our daily routine. Times of reflection brings to my mind the question “How did our ancestors do this?” It is their Traditionally, the use of nettle stalks are used to make strength they carried to survive but making sure they had reef nets as they possess great strength! taken only what they needed from the ecosystem and to always listen before they speak. Ask the elders in your family how they use nettles and listen to their story.

Benefits of Nettles

There are many uses for nettles to reap the benefits of their nutritional value. The nutrients of nettles are Iron sw d bš qyuuqs News


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All natural resources are connected and we are all connected to them, but most of those resources are not being managed as part of a larger whole, and that can lead to huge imbalances in this ecosystem we call home. Nowhere is that more evident than in the alarming decline of Puget Sound Chinook and southern resident killer whales, and the population explosion of harbor seals and California sea lions. Puget Sound Chinook were listed under the ESA in 1999 and their numbers have only declined since then. They show no signs of recovery because their habitat is being lost faster than it can be restored. Southern resident killer whale populations in Puget Sound are also ESA listed. Their numbers are now at a 30-year low. The main reason? Loss of their favorite food: Chinook salmon. Meanwhile, populations of harbor seals and California sea lions are at an all-time high. They’re being increasingly blamed for contributing to the ongoing decline of both Puget Sound Chinook and southern resident killer whales. In fact, seals and sea lions today are believed to be taking more Chinook than sport, sw d bš qyuuqs News e e


commercial and treaty tribal fisheries combined. You would think that the answer to the problem would be to fix the habitat that Chinook rely on to increase their numbers, providing more food for the orcas and making up for the huge appetites of seals and sea lions. Instead, fishermen will once again carry the largest share of the burden of conservation. The latest example comes from the updated harvest management plan for Puget Sound Chinook that was delivered to NOAA Fisheries Dec. 1. The 10-year plan was developed by the treaty tribal and state comanagers through a federal courtmediated process that began in early 2017. The plan now being reviewed lays out conservation and management goals for all fisheries that affect protected Puget Sound Chinook and includes impacts from fisheries in Alaska and British Columbia. The take-home message: Treaty tribal and non-Indian fisheries will be further restricted, especially in years of low abundance. In Puget Sound, increased restrictions will be needed to protect weak stocks of naturally spawning Chinook from the Snohomish and Stillaguamish rivers because those fish are caught

throughout the region. Producing more salmon from our hatcheries provides no solution unless habitat is also addressed. Once a salmon is released from a hatchery it has the same habitat needs as naturally spawning salmon. That includes access to and from the sea, good spawning habitat and plenty of cool, clean water. We aren’t going to restore salmon habitat overnight. It’s taken many years for things to get as bad as they are now. But there are some things we can start to do right now that could lead to real improvement: Develop uniform standards for critical stream side lands that protect water quality; establish and enforce water quality and quantity standards that protect, conserve and restore water for salmon; prioritize funding for fishblocking culvert removal; Gather data on the populations, diets and ecological impacts of seals and sea lions in Puget Sound and along the coast to ensure that their management is compatible with recovery efforts for salmon and southern resident killer whales. We won’t make a difference for Puget Sound Chinook or killer whales until we stop relying on easy answers – like reducing harvest – to fix a complex problem. Salmon need habitat. Everything else needs salmon. Being Frank is a monthly column written by the chair of the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission. As a statement from the NWIFC chair, the column represents the interests and concerns of treaty Indian tribes throughout western Washington.

Aqiimuk's Kitchen ELDERBERRY SYRUP Patricia Aqiimuk Paul, Esq., Food Editor

Elderberry Syrup, batch two, is now in our refrigerator for daily use. We take one tablespoon a day of this delicious concoction. Believed to help during the flu and cold season.

Dried elderberries.

A few years back, during a particularly virulent season, we bought some. A few years after that, we bought our second bottle. This winter season, I decided to make our own. I purchased dried elderberries on Amazon. I froze the extra for two more batches. The other ingredients I keep on hand, so it wasn’t too expensive of a venture. This recipe makes two cups and keeps for a month in the refrigerator. Ingredients Dried elderberries, 1 ½ cups Cloves, whole, 1 tablespoon Ginger, fresh, chopped/grated, 1 tablespoon Cinnamon, 1 stick Lemon zest, 1 tablespoon Orange zest, 1 tablespoon Distilled or filtered water, 4 cups Mint leaves, fresh, 6, optional Raw honey, 1 cup Preparation Instant Pot: Combine all ingredients, except the honey. Set the manual button for 7 minutes, high pressure. When complete, do a quick release. Remove lid, turn off the Instant Pot. Turn back on in the sauté for 15 minutes, until the liquid is reduced by about half. Cool, strain before slowly mixing in the honey. Store in the refrigerator.

Fresh ginger.

Orange and lemon zest.

Stove top: Combine all ingredients, except honey. Bring to a slow boil and then simmer for 45 minutes. The liquid will be reduced by about half. Cool, strain, before slowing mixing in the honey. Store in the refrigerator. Written 1/28/2018 Elderberry syrup.

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Home Organization Caroline Edwards, qyuuqs News Editor

Let’s face it, we all need a reminder every once and while to get more organized. Well here it is, get organized! Spring is around the corner, so that means spring cleaning is too! You may as well get a jump start by getting yourself prepared!

The first thing you must do is let the reality settle in that you will be tackling tasks and habits that can be overwhelming at first. That feeling will go away once you begin to notice how happy you are you did it! Also begin with the end in mind, think about it, you will have conquered organizing your home, that’s something to be proud of!

Organize Your Home If your whole house is a complete mess, cleaning it all at once is very time consuming. Adding positive habits into your daily schedule will benefit you and your household in the long run. Start by creating tangible tasks that are easy to accomplish. Mentally analyze each room and jot down the problem areas that you would like to organize. A good place to start is right inside your front door. Make sure your coats, keys, wallets and important papers are easily accessible. If you have a ‘no shoes’ rule, create a space for guests to put there shoes and tidy it up as needed. Clear all walk ways of things that do not belong there. Everything should have a place in your house, make sure that they get there on a daily basis. Creating a stress-free clean bedroom will help you sleep better at night. (Speaking from experience) If you have piles of clothes both clean and dirty everywhere, you’ll go crazy if you don’t start getting all of “that” in order. Try to designate at least 15 minutes of cleaning time each day. Organizing your home will be so rewarding, you may actually know where everything is. The next page is a list for you to use when you decide to do some spring cleaning.

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Spring Cleaning Check List Kitchen Clean and organize pantry Clean and organize fridge Vacuum fridge coils Clean and organize freezer Clean and organize freezer Dust off the top of fridge and cabinets Clean light fixtures Wipe down baseboards and light switches Clean counter and backsplashes Deep clean sink

Deep clean dishwasher Clean out microwave Clean stove top Clean oven Sweep and wash floor Wipe down kitchen table and chairs Wash windows Wash window coverings

Bathroom Change shower curtain liner Clean bathtub tiles Clean counter Clean shower-head Wipe down baseboards and light switches Clean toilet Clean sink Scrub bathtub Organize cabinet & dispose of expired products

Clean light fixtures Clean mirror Wash bath mat Sweep and wash floor Wash toothbrush holder Replace towels with fresh ones Wash bath toys Wash windows


Living Room/Family Room Wipe baseboards Wash windows Wash window coverings Vacuum couch and chairs Dust furniture Wash throws and pillows Steam clean carpet Vacuum/sweep Clean light fixtures Replace batteries in remotes, if needed

Clean out under the bed Wash bedding and pillows Wash the floor Pack away winter clothes Clean and organize closet Change batteries in smoke alarms

Entrance Ways Wipe baseboards Wash wall, light fixtures, light switches Clean furniture/decor Wash windows Wipe down door Clean window coverings Shake out/vacuum mat Wash floors Resource:

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Flip the mattress Clean light fixtures and switches Wipe baseboards Wash windows Vacuum or clean window coverings Dust furniture and clear clutter Add warmer weather clothes to drawers & closet


Youth Spirit Program

Tanisha Gobert, Youth Spirit Program Manager

Historical trauma has been defined as the “cumulative exposure of traumatic events that affect an individual and continue to affect subsequent generations,” and has demonstrated to affect communities for generations in numerous biological and behavioral ways. The Swinomish Tribe has experienced its own unique history of trauma. In order to address the historical and generational trauma experienced by the community, the Youth Spirit project will expand and adapt an existing evidence-based intervention (Healing of the Canoe Curriculum) to incorporate culturally-specific, community-supported activities to strengthen resilience, connection, and coping skills for Swinomish youth and the wider community.

Healing of the Canoe Curriculum

The intent is to provide students with the opportunity to apply health knowledge to daily life to help them make choices that motivate positive actions while avoiding alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. These skills are taught using Swinomish traditions, practices, beliefs, values, stories, and teachings. We will also be utilizing the tribe’s most valuable resources: elders, youth, leaders, and other Swinomish Indian Tribal Community members.

What Does the Youth Spirit Program Offer Youth Ages 12-16?

The Youth Spirit Program offers: • Healing of the Canoe curriculum during elective classes at La Conner Schools • Summer Camps including two weeks on the water at Lone Tree Point and a six week Healing of the Canoe curriculum camp • Culturally relevant enhancement activities at the Youth Cultural Center including: skill building, tutoring, art therapy, language, cooking, gardening, and media production workshops. How Will We Measure Our Work?

To measure what impacts the program might have on participant grades, attendance, and behaviors, we will use: • Confidential online surveys • Pre-survey in January/February 2018 • Annual surveys for five years • Academic records • Comparison study involving 100+ youth from another Pacific Northwest tribe not receive Healing of the Canoe curriculum. We will compare survey data and academic records to carry out a robust evaluation of the program’s efficacy. Laura Lindberg, M.A., LMHC – Program Director – (360) 466.7375 S. Tanisha Gobert, M.Ed. – Program Manager tgobert@ (360) 499.9446 Leah Gobert, B.S. – Assistant Program Manager

Learn how to use it. Call the Wellness Program at (360) 466-1024 to pick up a kit. 22 sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

Mindful Money Matters No Money, No Wedding Bells Dear Sally Savings: I was crushed when I proposed to my girlfriend who I’ve been dating for two years. – would you believe she won’t marry me because I have no retirement savings? I’d never heard anything so crazy in my life. We’re young and we get along great – what’s the big deal? Retirement is a long ways off and I have bills to pay now. Help! ~ Signed, Jilted Native Brother Dear Jilted: Hmmm… Actually I can believe it. Sorry to hear you got rejected, but saving for retirement is a big deal and your girlfriend has every right to be hesitant with someone who isn’t planning for his future financial security. Take heart because you are not alone. In fact, according to the Employee Benefit Research Institute, 46% of all American workers have less than $10,000 saved for retirement and 29% of all American workers have less than $1,000 in retirement savings. That’s a lot of people whose golden years will look more like rusted tin. Statistics can be a bore though, so let me just say that I think in many Native communities retirement planning is not something that families talk about often enough. It’s also especially hard when, as you mention, there are bills making it tough enough just to get by, much less worry about saving money for the distant future. But the reality for most folks is that there will come a day when, either by choice or necessity, we’ll need retirement savings. And the good news is that you’re young and time is on your side. So don’t wait, start saving today because retirement will be here before you can say “Should have put a ring on it”! Saving for retirement is easier than ever. Do you have an employer sponsored retirement program, like a 401(k), where you work? If so, you can direct a portion of your earnings each pay period into a special tax-friendly investment account. Some employers might even match your savings up to a certain amount, which is basically free money in your pocket!

A good rule of thumb is that a person should have roughly five times his salary in retirement savings by age 55 and eight times his salary when ready to retire. Totally do-able if you get started now and try to contribute between ten and twenty percent of your earnings each year. So what are you waiting for? Fire up that retirement plan and show your future wife that you’ve got your priorities in order! This article was provided by First Nations Development Institute with assistance from the FINRA Investor Education Foundation. For more information, visit www. To send a question to Dr. Per Cap, email

For people who are self-employed or work somewhere that doesn’t offer a retirement program, there are a number of options such as an Individual Retirement Account (IRA) that you can use to invest either pre-tax or post-tax earnings, depending on what your needs are. IRAs are available through most banks and investment firms and can be opened with as little as a couple hundred dollars. sw d bš qyuuqs News 23 e e


I earned my Master of Human Resource Management (MHRM) degree in December 2017. Many have helped make this day possible. My family’s love and support, parents ( shown in the photoMargy and Vernon Joe), friends, professors. A huge thank you to the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community for their support. Thank you for caring and taking care for our people. Sabrina Joe

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Preschool Visits The Police Department

Housing for Adults in Recovery

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Be Ready: Community Emergency Response Team Training Robin Carneen

Left to right: Ron Shringly (CERT Project Coordinator); Ken Hunting (CERT assistant /HAM operator); Dean Becker (HAM Radio operator & instructor); Rick Wallace (CERT instructor).

As a member of the Swinomish Tribe, a member of the Swinomish Tribal Emergency Planning Committee, and as the Life Skills counselor for the Swinomish Housing Authority, I took it upon myself to participate in a Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) training.

other participants, I was impressed with the wealth of experience each person possessed. I was glad to know these were folks I could depend on during a major disaster, especially after they became CERT responders.

CERT is a six-week course designed to prepare and certify community members as CERT responders in the event of a major catastrophe. Swinomish Tribal member and fisherman Jeffery Edwards joined me for this training, as we both think it is important to know what to do in a major emergency not only for ourselves, but for the many members of our community.

During this first class instructor Rick Wallace shared various emergency kits he has assembled. He showed us a “72-hour kit” composed of a flashlight, a can opener, nonperishable food, a first aid kit, a sleeping bag, a whistle, and prescription medications you may need. He emphasized that this kit should contain one gallon of water for every individual in your household per day. Rick recommended “72-hour kits” for households, individuals, and even pets.

This round of CERT training was offered both in Burlington and at the Shelter Bay Community Center in La Conner. We attended our first class on January 9 in La Conner, and while we were able to get front row seats we noticed the room was nearly filled to capacity. When we went around the room to hear introductions from our neighbors and

Rick also shared a kit designed to protect your home in case of a toxic spill or some kind of chemical release. This kit was filled with plastic sheets and rolls of tape in order to seal your windows and doors of a home. He also recommended wet towels be placed at the bottom of doorways that lead to the outside.

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Rick had some other great tips that I had never heard of before. I wanted to share one I used right away. He suggested if you use a cell phone to create a contact that is named “I.C.E,” which stands for “in case of emergency.” After you create it, add a name and relationship of this person, such as sister, brother, husband, wife, etc. This is a standard recommendation and if you do that, emergency/ first responders will be able to find that “I.C.E” person(s) on your cellphone. I have added the word “I.C.E” to several of my existing family contacts. We just want everyone to go into the new year being more prepared, if you aren’t. In light of false alarms which caused panic in both the United States and Japan, it demonstrated that we all need to have a plan and a “72 hour kit” in the ready. Rick said you don’t have to put your whole kit together right away, but if you start putting a kit together every month, many more of us will be even closer to being ready. Rick “Better to put one together a little at a time, then not at all. “

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13 Moons At Work:

Traditional Foods Sampling at the Elder's Feast Myk Heidt, Community Environmental Health

Larry Campbell welcomed guests at the feast, explaining the sample table of traditional first foods was part of the Tribe’s efforts to improve health and nutrition at Swinomish. He shared that historically; elders did not suffer from diabetes or obesity, as their diets were much different and far healthier than typical diets of today. He also expressed that while salmon, crabs, and shellfish continue to be staples in a Swinomish diet, other traditional foods have become difficult to access, robbing tribal members of the ability to include them in regular meals. So at first you might not like it but it takes trying it several times maybe

even more before your tastes start to enjoy the flavors of healthful foods. Staff had a wonderful time preparing and sharing samples of traditional first foods. The sample table featured camas bulbs grown and donated by Todd Mitchell, duck soup made from a duck shot and dressed by Tino Villauz, bladderwack seaweed, fresh cranberry pear relish, dried smoked oysters on fish sticks, smoked salmon from Chester Cayou, hazelnuts, dried currants, blueberries, cranberries, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, dandelion root lattes, and bite-size crust less cranberry pies.

crowd, letting elders know that if they want duck meat, he is a hunter and can provide it to them. Each elder received a glass water bottle infuser, a jar of rose hip jelly, a copy of the Feeding 7 Generations recipe book, and Medicine of the Trees healing balms. Look for more traditional first foods at upcoming Swinomish events and workshops! Follow the 13 Moons at Work Facebook page for announcements.

One elder exclaimed, “I could eat that whole bowl of seaweed it’s so good!” Others commented they had not eaten duck soup in many years. Community member, Jeremy Wilbur shared some good words with the sw d bš qyuuqs News 27 e e

Ivan Willup Sr. kindly allowed staff from the Community Environmental Health Program to set up a table of traditional first foods during the Swinomish Elder’s Feast hosted at the Senior Center in December.

Science Corner

Environmental Stewardship & How You Can Help Lindsay T. Logan, Department of Environmental Protection

We belong to the earth, and we are the stewards of the land. This idea is a value that is rooted deep in Swinomish culture. It is also found in the Swinomish Tribal Code. The Tribal Environmental Policy Act states its main goal is “to promote the general welfare of tribal members and others living on Reservation lands, by creating and maintaining conditions under which humanity and nature can exist in productive and enjoyable harmony.” How does Swinomish act as a steward of our land? Everything that our Department of Environmental Protection does is done with this value in mind. We can’t do it without you! If you see environmental hazards or violations let us know. What is a hazard or violation and why do they matter? If you’re not sure, call us! • Burning anything other than wood or natural vegetation at any time, or burning anything during a burn ban – fires can spread quickly! • Land clearing and felling trees • Illegal dumping, and pouring liquid waste, such as fuels, oils, sewage, or chemicals into any body of water – safe seafood harvest depends on clean water! • Building structures along the shore, which can affect the habitat of salmon prey

Michael Willup with the Swinomish Police is our code enforcement officer; he is another great contact if you suspect a Tribal Code violation. The Police nonemergency number is (360) 466-7237. As stewards of mother earth it is our responsibility to work together as a community to protect our resources. The Department of Environmental Protection exists to help ensure our resources are protected for present and future generations. If you see something that concerns you, give us a call at (360) 466.7280.

The sooner the department is notified, the sooner we can minimize negative impacts for the community’s welfare and the land’s. If you see something questionable take lots of photos, and take note of the exact time and place. The more documentation you make the better.

“Teach your children what we have taught our children – that the earth is our mother. Whatever befalls the earth befalls the sons and daughters of the earth… This we know. The earth does not belong to us; we belong to the earth. This we know. All things are connected like the blood which unites one family. All things are connected.” – Chief Seattle 28 sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

Rose Hip Jam

Tanisha Gobert, Beth Willup and Phoebe Keryte

What are rose hips?

Rose hips originate from various types of wild roses including Rosa rugosa and Rosa nutkana (also known as nootka rose). These are the two most common wild roses found in the Pacific Northwest. After the rose petals bloom and fall away, seed pods develop and create a reddish-orange “rose hip,” packed with seeds and nutrients for people and animals.

What are the health benefits?

Including rose hips in your diet provides many health benefits. They are rich in vitamin C which helps build your immune system. They are great for your digestive track, blood circulation, kidney health, and skin. Always remember – food is medicine!


This fall and winter rose hips are all around us, but throughout their life cycle rose hips can be used in so many different ways! During the Moon of the Elk Mating Cry is the perfect time to harvest the brightly colored rose hips, or after the first frost. All you need are scissors, gardening gloves, and a bucket. When collecting the rose hips I personally like to cut the stem longer; this helps when preparing the hips dry by making it easier to remove the sepals (the dried green foliage at the bottom of the hip). You can continue to harvest rose hips throughout the winter months – choose plump not dried out hips for your use. Note: When preparing to dry rose hips, you must not ingest the seeds because they will irritate your digestive tract!


Next, remove the stem and sepals from the rose hips. Depending on your recipe or intended use, you may wish to dry the rose hips; if so, lay them out in open air for a couple days. Some people like to add dried rose hips to their trail mix or put a few in a cup of tea and let steep for a few minutes. Over the last two weeks, Northwest Indian College has harvested and dried rose hips to make jams and jellies,

courses which have been taught by Tanisha Gobert and Beth Willup. The students collected rose hips near Swinomish Reservation beaches. The process of making rose hip jam takes many people and the following materials: Ingredients 4 quarts fresh rose hips 2 quarts water ½ cup lemon juice 1 package pectin crystals 5 cups sugar Instructions Simmer rose hips* in water, until they are soft. Mash rose hips in the pan and strain through a jelly bag which will give you about 4 cups of rose hips juice. Add the rose hip juice to the pan along with the pectin crystals and lemon juice, stir constantly until liquid boils. Remove jelly from the stove and skim foam off with a stainless steel spoon. Pour jelly into mason jars and process in a boiling water bath, or the jars can be stored in the freezer. Once a fresh jar is opened they can be used up for two weeks. *If you use dried rose hips in your recipe, soak 1 cup then add to 2 quarts of water for a few minutes then proceed to step number 2. We made cedar roses and wrapped the jars as gifts for the Swinomish Elder’s Feast in December. The process of harvesting rose hips to make jam was a busy process filled with laughs, talks, and bonding for the Community Environmental Health Program! If you have questions or would like to attend future workshops, follow the 13 Moons at Work on Facebook for event details. CAUTION: Harvest wild foods from a pesticide and chemical free area. Have written permission from property owner – or contact Tino Villaluz for harvest permit requirements on the Swinomish Reservation. sw d bš qyuuqs News 29 e e

Science Corner

Education Dinner JANUARY 31 –– The Youth Center was full of students, families, teachers and community members at this year's annual Education Dinner. Tracy James announced that Michael Vendiola is the new Education Director, and Loran James is the Preschool-Kindergarten/12th grade Supervisor. Tracy is the new Social Services Director. Para pros gifted Tracy with some beautiful flowers for her years of service to the Education Department.

Michael Vendiola and Tracy James

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Loran James

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Hours 1-9PM Open Gym

Hours 10AM-6PM Youth Group Outing






Hours 10AM-6PM

Hours 1-9PM Open Gym

Hours 1-9PM Open Gym Youth Group Meetings

Hours 1-9PM Open Gym

Hours 10AM-6PM Youth Group Outings

12 MON


14 WED


16 FRI

Hours 10AM-6PM

Hours 1-9PM Open Gym

Hours 1-9PM Open Gym Youth Group Meetings

Hours 1-9PM Open Gym

Hours 10AM-6PM Youth Group Outings

19 MON


21 WED


23 FRI


Hours 1-9PM Open Gym

YOUTH CENTER CLOSED AT 5:30 Community Dinner

Hours 1-9PM Open Gym

Hours 10AM-6PM Early Release From School

26 MON


28 WED

Hours 10AM-6PM Early Release From School

Hours 10AM-6PM Early Release From School

Hours 10AM-6PM Early Release From School

SWINOMISH YOUTH CENTER (360) 466.7337 sw d bš qyuuqs News


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Mrs. V’s 2 Cents Getting Organized Diane Vendiola

My late husband used to say, “make ready.” This phrase is Pidgin English (Hawaiian Pidgin English) for “get organized.” I think the word ‘organization’ means the forming of conditions that facilitate productive efficiency; in other words, performing the work or task accurately and diligently with skill and efficiency. When I think of this definition, what comes to my mind is the eagle. Some say that the eagle is sacred because he/she is the messenger to the Creator. We have a lot of eagles where we live, and I believe that eagles are organized when they build their nest. What is truly amazing is that the male and female eagle work together as a team to build their nest. Even more astonishing is that they work together for one to three months without arguing or dramatically flying away from each other or from their nest! Without addressing how the male and female communicate and work together as a team; there are at least eight organizational steps in the building of an eagle’s nest. Have you ever watched the eagles for one to three months while they build their nest? No? Well, neither have I. I Google searched the steps that it takes for the eagles to perform this task. First, the two must find and agree on a tree, typically a tree located in a forested area close to water. Although eagles usually avoid human activity, in states like ours with large eagle populations the eagles will nest in developed areas. Second, the eagles must choose the tallest living tree, with branches that are accessible. Third, they must decide upon the specific location on the tree where to build their nest; typically high up in the tree

below the crown and supported by large forked branches near the trunk is best. Fourth, both eagles will bring sticks to begin the nest structure. They interweave the sticks to construct the exterior of the nest. This is a dedicated process that will take one to three months. Fifth, they will line the interior with grass, corn stalks, and other material. Sixth, in the bowl formed within the interior of the nest, they add some very soft materials like moss and the down from their own feathers. Seventh, the eagles will vigorously defend the territories of their nest from intrusion by other eagles, particularly during nesting season. There it is! The organizational steps taken by the eagles to build their nest! Unlike me this morning as I readied myself for a meeting, the eagles did not have to rummage through their sewing materials to find a safety pin. No, all they had to do was know what phase of the nest building they were in the process of doing and use their beaks to pick up the twigs and sticks that would be the foundation of their nest! What more can I say? It is complicated and it is a gift to have the skill and ability to organize oneself. Eagles and ants do it. I do it sometimes. You can do it too! Just do it! Get organized! For me, getting organized always involves getting rid of stuff. Getting rid of stuff and knowing what it is I want to get done as efficiently, diligently, and accurately as possible. Good luck in continuing to sharpen and polish your organizational skills.

"Like I always say, life is a lifetime learning experience." Diane Vendiola 32 sw d bš qyuuqs News e e


ELDERS’ LUNCH *Lunch served Mon-Thurs. No take away meals until 11AM. Call (360) 466.3980 to cancel home delivery.


Egg and Potato Casserole French Bread Mixed Fruit Salad Vegetable Juice

Milk served with all meals.





Macaroni and Cheese Ham Peas and Carrots Fresh Fruit Bowl

Meat Chili Cornbread Coleslaw Fresh Fruit Bowl

Fish Red Potatoes/ Roll Steamed Vegetables Mixed Fruit Salad

Eggs and Sausage French Toast Berries Vegetable Juice

12 MON


14 WED


Split Pea Soup Cheese Sandwich Vegetable Tray and Dip Fresh Fruit Bowl

Chicken Alfredo Egg Noodles Steamed Vegetables Peaches

Fish Brown Rice Glazed Carrots Mixed Fruit Salad

Boiled Eggs Oatmeal Berries Vegetable Juice

19 MON


21 WED


NO SERVICE Presidents Day

Spaghetti with Meat Sauce French Bread Mixed Green Salad Fresh Fruit Bowl

Fish Potatoes au Gratin, Roll Cooked Spinach Mandarin Oranges

Eggs, Ham, Cheese English Muffin Mixed Fruit Salad Vegetable Juice

26 MON


28 WED

Meat Lasagna French Bread Mixed Green Salad Fresh Fruit Bowl

Shake N' Bake Chicken Brown Rice Steamed Vegetables Pears

Fish Potato Salad/ Roll Green Beans Jell-O with Fruit

Community Dinner FEBRUARY 21, 2018 6PM Youth Center sw d bš qyuuqs News 33 e e

4 Questions To Ask Yourself As You Plan for Retirement Kirk Larson, Social Security Washington Public Affairs Specialist

Deciding when to start receiving your retirement benefits from Social Security is a decision that only you can make, and you should make that decision with as much information as possible. There are a lot of important questions to answer. Should you claim benefits earlier and get a smaller monthly payment for more years? Or should you wait and get a bigger monthly amount over a shorter period? There are no right or wrong answers, but we encourage you to consider these four important questions as you plan for your financially secure retirement: How much money will I need to live comfortably in retirement? Anticipate what your expenses will be in retirement, including things like mortgage payments or rent; utilities; healthcare insurance and related costs; food; personal care; car payments and maintenance; entertainment; hobbies; travel; and credit card or other debt. Also, consider whether you’ll need to provide for your spouse, children, or grandchildren. What will my monthly Social Security retirement benefit be? The average monthly Social Security benefit for a retired worker in 2018 is $1,404 (up from $1,377 in 2017). The average monthly Social Security benefit for a disabled worker in 2018 is $1,197 (up from $1,173 in 2017). As a reminder, eligibility for retirement benefits still requires 40 credits (usually about 10 years of work). The Social Security Act details how the annual Cost of Living Adjustment (COLA) is calculated. You can read more about the COLA at The best way to get an estimate of your retirement benefit is with a my Social Security account. Get yours today at Will I have other income to supplement my Social Security benefits? Secure your financial future with a retirement portfolio that includes savings, investments, and possibly a pension plan. If you’re willing and able, you may choose to increase your income by working past retirement age. Social Security replaces a percentage of a worker’s pre retirement income based on your lifetime 36 sw d bš qyuuqs News

earnings. The amount of your average wages that Social Security retirement benefits replaces varies depending on your earnings and when you choose to start benefits. If you start benefits at age 67, this percentage ranges from as much as 75 percent for very low earners, to about 40 percent for medium earners, to about 27 percent for high earners. If you start benefits after age 67, these percentages would be higher. If you start benefits earlier, these percentages would be lower. Most financial advisors say you will need about 70 percent of pre-retirement income to live comfortably in retirement, including your Social Security benefits, investments, and other savings. How long do I expect my retirement to last? Anticipate the length of your retirement, keeping in mind that many American workers will live much longer than the “average” retiree. Consider your health, family longevity, and lifestyle. Your Social Security retirement benefits will provide continuous income for as long as you live, protecting you even if your other sources of income run out. Discover your life expectancy with our online calculator at No one can predict the future perfectly, but careful planning and preparation will help you to make a well-informed decision about when to start receiving your Social Security benefits. If you’ve contributed enough to the Social Security system through FICA payroll taxes, you can receive your full retirement benefit at age 66 or 67 depending on when you were born. You may also claim it sooner, starting at age 62, at a permanently reduced rate. Or you may wait until after your full retirement age, increasing your benefit amount by up to 8 percent per full year to age 70. Social Security is with you through life’s journey, and we’re here to help you prepare for a financially secure future for you and your family. We invite you to use our online retirement planners at retire/. To learn more about all of our programs, please join us at social

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sw d bš qyuuqs News 37 e e


Pr o


e Circle h t of t c te

Your Flu Vaccine Protects Me My Flu Vaccine Protects You  The flu vaccine is safe. You can’t get the flu from a flu vaccine.  Pneumonia and flu are a leading cause of death among Native elders.  Please get a flu vaccine each year to protect you and your family. Learn more at or call 1-800-CDC-INFO 38 sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

CURRENT OPEN POSITIONS - As of February 7 As a full-time employee, you will be eligible for a comprehensive benefit package including medical, dental, vision, life insurance, retirement planning, and more. Other perks include generous paid time off and discounted meals.


Fax applications to: (360) 299.1677

• • • • • • • •

Mail or hand deliver to: Swinomish Casino & Lodge 12885 Casino Drive, Anacortes, WA 98221

• •

Questions? Call Human Resources at (360) 299.1642

Full descriptions of the job announcements listed above are available on the Swinomish website:

To view details about open positions and download our General Employment Application, visit All positions are “Open until filled” unless specified. Email applications to:



HOW TO APPLY: Return completed application, cover letter, and resume to: Personnel Office Swinomish Indian Tribal Community 11404 Moorage Way La Conner, WA 98257 Fax applications to: (360) 466.1348 Or email to: Applications must be received in the Personnel Office by 5PM on or before the job closing date. Questions? Call the Personnel Office at (360) 466.1216 or (360) 466.7353


sw d bš qyuuqs News 39 e e


Community Environmental Health Intern Air Quality Specialist Instructional Assistant-High School Planning Receptionist Certified Medical Assistant Conservation Technician Intern Planning Director Tribal Home Ownership and Rehabilitation Coordinator Environmental Policy Analyst Police Officer - Entry Level or Lateral

qyuuqs News

PRSRT STD US Postage Paid Permit #35 ANACORTES, WA

17337 Reservation Road La Conner, WA 98257

Recyclable Paper




Swinomish youth holding up their EAGLE award at the Education Dinner.

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qyuuqs News February  

qyuuqs News is a publication of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community.