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Sept 2017 Vol. 51 No. 7

Technology

Nearly 40 Years in Accounting: How Technology Has Changed | PG 20


C

NTENTS INSIDE

2018 Swinomish Royalty (Not pictured: Chas James)

ON THE COVER

20

Nearly 40 Years in Accounting: How Technology Has Changed

Technology

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03 05 06 07 08 10 12 15 16 17 18 19 20 22 23 24 26 29 30 31 32 33 34

Editor’s Note The Chairman’s Message Recent Tribal Code Amendments Community Happenings Thousands of Atlantic Salmon Escaped From a... Swinomish Basketball Clinic Featuring Derek Willis Solar Eclipse at Swinomish An Elder's Guide to LOL Tide Table Native Roots: Round-Leaved Sundew Being Frank: No Place Here For Atlantic Salmon Photography Corner 'Standing Together' Canoe... Nearly 40 Years in Accounting: How Technology Has... Science Corner: Monitoring Pollution in Shellfish Science Corner: Protect Your Groundwater! E-Waste in Landfills Science Corner: Water is Life Finding Yourself by Eric Day Youth Spirit Program Youth Center Calendar Mrs. V's 2 Cents Elders Menu September Birthdays


I looked at the clothes I wear, the car I drive, and the smart phone I use every day. I looked at my community in a different way; I began to see how far our community has strayed away from our traditional way. What led us down this path?

editor’s NOTE My Thoughts About Technology Has technology led tribal communities further away from their traditional teachings? Have we missed the window that guides everyone back towards the traditional path? The Treaty of Point Elliot was signed 162 years ago, in 1855. Day in and day out, I am reminded of how much of a modern Native American I am, and how attached I am to technology. My first language is English, the name I was given is Caroline, a feminine form of the Latin word Carolus-Charles. The traditional name I was given is goliahlitza; this name is the feminine version of my father’s Indian name goliah. Goliah was Chief of the Skagits, who was also a treaty signer who signed his ‘X’ on the Treaty of Point Elliot. When I received my Indian name, I was taught about my family history. Once I learned about the origin of my namesake I began to look at myself differently.

pediIexic

As history unfolds, Western science has played a huge role in forcing change. Today, you cannot go far (especially in Skagit County) without some sort of vehicle-car, motorcycle, or bike. On any given day you will see at least one to two people swiping away on their phone. What's becoming more common is parents giving their children a form of technology (i.e. phone or tablet) to keep them entertained. My ancestors gathered in the longhouse, lived off of the land, traveled by canoe, and spoke to each other in dxleSucid (Lushootseed), all of which with their children on their back or by their side. 162 years is not that long ago. Time moves at a rapid in today's age. I live a modern life, but that does not stop my spirit from reminding me of the responsibilities I have to the land and my ancestors. The traditional teachings can still be seen in our community. It can be seen in the way that our people hunt and gather food; sing and dance; care for one another. It's the look on our children's faces that remind us all that the Coast Salish people are still thriving, even in a world led by technology. Caroline Edwards, goliahlitza

(pud-kwuh-HWEETS)

Moon of the Silver Salmon Much of September is "moon of the silver salmon." During this moon, silver salmon, also called Coho salmon, are fished by trolling with V-shaped hooks made of bent hemlock attached to a line. The other salmon runs continue in the bays and rivers. Seal hunting , and plant gathering continues. During this moon and the one before, seeds used for trading are collected. Excerpt from ‘13 Moons: The 13 Lunar Phases, and How They Guide the Swinomish People’ By swelitub (Todd A. Mitchell) and Jamie L. Donatuto sw d bš qyuuqs News

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The official news publication

of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community

T R I B A L S E N AT E

spee pots Brian Cladoosby, Chairman (360) 708.7533 | bcladoosby@

ya qua leouse Brian Porter, Vice Chair (360) 840.4186 | bporter@

sapelia Sophie Bailey, Secretary (360) 853.6458 | sbailey@

taleq tale II Barbara James, Treasurer (360) 391.3958 | bjames@

pay a huxton Chester Cayou, Jr. (360) 770.3378 | ccayou@

The mission of qyuuqs News is to provide monthly communication to Swinomish Indian Tribal Community Members near and far. We are committed to serving as an apolitical forum for the Swinomish governing officials and all Community Members. qyuuqs News is not intended to reflect the official position of the governing body at Swinomish Indian Tribal Community but rather reflects the ideas, events, and thoughts of individual Community Members and Tribal staff. As such, the Swinomish Tribe makes no claim as to the accuracy or content of any of the articles contained therein. qyuuqs News 17337 Reservation Road, La Conner, WA 98257 Phone (360) 466.7258 Fax (360) 466.1632 *SUBMISSIONS Send your news tips, stories, and photos to qyuuqs@swinomish.nsn.us Submission deadline: 10th day of the month EDITORIAL Caroline Edwards, Editor | cedwards@swinomish.nsn.us

cha das cud II Glen Edwards (360) 708.3113 | gedwards@

yal le ka but Steve Edwards (360) 840.5768 | sedwards@

SM OK O LO Leon John (360) 421.0406 | ljohn@

wa lee hub Kevin Paul (360) 540.3906 | tribalsenator@yahoo.com

sOladated Brian Wilbur (360) 588.2812 | bwilbur@

squi-qui Joey Williams (360) 853.5629 | jwilliams@ All Swinomish staff emails: FirstInitialLastName@swinomish.nsn.us

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SWINOMISH COMMUNICATIONS Heather Mills, Communications Manager | hmills@swinomish.nsn.us Emma Fox, Communications Specialist | efox@swinomish.nsn.us ADVISORY COMMITTEE Allan Olson, John Stephens, Tracy James, Kevin Paul This issue is available online at swinomish-nsn.gov/qyuuqs Photos credits: qyuuqs News Staff or as credited. All rights reserved. Facebook: Swinomish qyuuqs News Linkedin: Swinomish Indian Tribal Community *qyuuqs News is made available for viewing on the Internet When submitting information, stories, and/or photos, please be aware everything published in the print version of qyuuqs News is also published on the Internet and is available to the world. Please consider carefully whether your submissions contain anything you feel may not be suitable or appropriate for the Internet. By submitting your information, stories, and/or photos to qyuuqs News, you agree to publishing your submission in both the print and online versions of qyuuqs News. qyuuqs News is a publication of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community produced by Swinomish Communications.


the chairman’s MESSAGE The most recent incident occurring in the Salish Sea leaves me with a heavy heart and spirit. A net pen holding 305,000 Atlantic salmon at a Cypress Island fish farm owned by Cooke Aquaculture collapsed August 19, releasing an enormous amount of these non-native fish into our ancestral waters. We are working with fellow tribal, commercial, and sports fishermen on clean-up efforts. The reported number of catches has slowed near the pen since the company has completed their own salvage efforts.

The first day of school has come all too soon for our youth. It was also the first day of school for at least 18 new faculty and staff members at the La Conner Schools. Community members, if you get a chance, stop by and introduce yourself to these new staff ! It’s proving to be a summer of extreme weather that affects so many. For us, it’s been a very hot summer with a record-setting number of days without rain, making for some extreme fire conditions. Our air quality has been comprised as a result of so many large fires burning across nine western states, not to mention the fires wreaking havoc on our Canadian neighbors. All the while hurricanes are ravaging other coastline states in devastating ways. I'm feeling blessed that we've been spared such tragedy during our unusually dry summer and look forward to fall. May the Creator bless you all and bring you bountiful fall harvests and a successful hunting season!

We have yet to understand the consequences this incident will have on the health and habitat of the precious Pacific salmon that are native to our homeland. From a fishermen’s perspective, it seems to me these farmed fish are looking for fresh water, as they are being caught in the Skagit, Nooksack, Elwha, and Nisqually rivers, and as far north as Brentwood Bay and Cowichan, and as far west as Makah. I share the sentiment of my dad, fellow fishermen, and state agencies alike-the Atlantic salmon are a pollutant to the Salish Sea.

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Our tribe strives to protect all that is important to us, from the protection of our treaty resources and rights, to a prosperous and diverse economy, to the health, wellbeing, and education of our people. With that said, I ask you to join me in extending a warm welcome to La Conner’s new superintendent, Dr. Whitney Meissner, who has family ties here in the Skagit Valley. She met with our Tribal Senate last month and is engaging us with assistance in building the Tribal Sovereignty Curriculum for the school year upon us. I look forward to working with her in continued partnership towards building the future leaders of our community.

Brian is holding two Atlantic salmon that he caught at the mouth of the Skagit River.

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RECENT TRIBAL CODE AMENDMENT Office of Tribal Attorney

The Swinomish Senate, the governing body of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, recently passed the following code amendments: Title 4, Chapter 6 – Criminal Code, Offenses Involving Public Peace and Health Title 4, Chapter 7 – Criminal Code, Offenses Involving Children Title 4, Chapter 10 – Criminal Code, Offenses Involving Controlled Substances At the August Senate meeting, the Senate amended three Chapters of the Tribe’s Criminal Code. The Law and Order Committee, Health, Education and Social Services (“HESS”) Committee, and Swinomish Development Authority (“SDA”) recommended the amendments, which were approved by the Senate on August 9, 2017. The amendments expand violations of underage consumption, disorderly conduct and public consumption to include the consumption or possession of cannabis. The amendments also decriminalize the possession of cannabis, and specify that the possession, growing, production, processing, packaging, manufacture, delivery, sale, or distribution of cannabis by the Swinomish Tribe or a Tribal Enterprise is not a violation of Tribal law. At the same time, the Senate adopted civil regulation of cannabis, discussed below. Title 15, Chapter 8 – Business Regulations, Cannabis At the August Senate meeting, the Senate enacted Chapter 8 of the Tribe’s Business Regulations Code. The Law and Order Committee; Health, Education, and Social Services (“HESS”) Committee; and Swinomish Development Authority (“SDA”) approved and recommended the amendments, which were approved by the Senate on August 9, 2017. Chapter 8 – Cannabis establishes a strict regulatory system for the production, possession, delivery, distribution, and sale of cannabis that reduces the risk of harm to the health and welfare of the Tribe and Tribal members, while providing revenues for essential government services by levying a tax on the sale of cannabis products. The Chapter restricts the production, sale and processing of cannabis to the Tribe and Tribal Enterprises. Title 15, Chapter 11 – Business Regulations, Dental Health Provider Licensing At the May Senate meeting, the Senate adopted amendments to the Tribe’s Code for licensing of Dental Health Providers. The Swinomish Division of Licensing and Dental Health Provider Licensing Board requested that the Licensing Code specify information required as part of the licensure process, and the Licensing Board recommended the amendments, which were approved by the Senate on May 2, 2017. The amendments require Dental Health Provider license applicants to submit materials regarding their education and training, involvement in civil legal proceedings, criminal convictions and licensure history, in addition to the other application materials previously established in STC 15-11. The amendments specify that the Division must consider the applicant’s moral character and fitness to practice. Title 14, Chapter 1 – Employment, Tribal Employment Rights At the April Senate meeting, the Senate made revisions to the Tribal Employment Rights Ordinance (“TERO”) Code. Under STC 14-01, the TERO Commission has the authority to administer the TERO, and recommended the amendment. The amendment provides the TERO Commission with more explicit authority regarding recommendation of TERO fee waivers. Previously, the TERO fee could only be waived with prior approval of the Senate. The amendment provides that the TERO fee can only be waived on the recommendation of the TERO Commission to the Senate. The amended code and Constitution is available for review on our website at http://www.swinomish-nsn.gov. Paper copies are available for review at the Tribal Court Clerk’s office, the Office of the Tribal Attorney, the Senate’s Executive Assistant, Social Services and Planning. sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

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OBITUARY

Charlene B. John "Honey #1" (SLA-MA-CAL)

COMMUNITY HAPPENINGS SEPTEMBER 14 Clean Up Day

Charlene B. John, 67, lived in La Conner all her life. She was involved in the Ladies Club, foster care, and the Swinomish Smokehouse organization. She went on trips with Swinomish Seniors. She babysat numerous children on the Swinomish Reservation.

SEPTEMBER 20 Swinomish Community Health Fair 11:30AM Youth Center

She attended La Conner Schools to the 10th grade and she later got her GED.

*Community Dinner 6PM Youth Center

She adopted John Stephens as her cousin because he went to be an Indian. That was when he had a full head of hair.

SEPTEMBER 24-NOVEMBER 4 Fall into Fitness Challenge OCTOBER 18 *Community Dinner 6PM Youth Center

She was the first foster child to Rev. Gerald and Selma Dutton, who had taken care of her. Charlene was preceded in death by her husband, Marvin "Dubber" Cladoosby; her parents, David and Irene; one son, Michael Bobb; sisters, Rosemarie Williams, Edith Bobb, Bernita John, Laurinda Washington, and brothers, Ernie John Sr., and Rodney John. She is survived by her daughters, Della and George Manibusan and Christina Rice, both of La Conner WA; grandchildren, Lakiesha Bird-Rice and Cordell Manibusan; great-granddaughter, Kylie Irene Bobby Jenkins; sister Vernitta and Dick Lewis of Addy WA; and numerous nieces and nephews.

*Community Dinners are subject to change Swinomish events are listed in bold

HOLIDAYS SEPTEMBER 25 Native American Day (Observed) SITC Offices-Closed OCTOBER 31 Happy Halloween!

A prayer service was held Monday, August 28, 2017 at the Swinomish Social Services Building. A funeral service was held on Tuesday, August 29, 2017 at the Swinomish Social Services Building. A Burial was taken place at the Swinomish Cemetery.

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Thousands of Atlantic Salmon Escaped from a Collapsed Pen into the Salish Sea Caroline Edwards

News spread fast. Thousands of nearly matured farmed Atlantic salmon escaped from a collapsed pen near Cypress Island into the Salish Sea last month. The State Responds On August 27, the Skagit Valley Herald published: Washington Governor Jay Inslee has directed the Department of Ecology to put a hold any new permits for net pens after thousands of Atlantic salmon escaped into Puget Sound earlier this month from a damaged salmon farm. It's not clear how many non-native Atlantic salmon escaped into Puget Sounds from Canada-based Cooke Aquaculture's salmon farm off Cypress Island. Officials say the pens held about 305,000 fish. (Goskagit.com) Wild Fish Conservancy Intends to Sue Cooke Aquaculture On August 25, the The Wild Fish Conservancy released a statement that they have filed a sixty-day notice of intent to file a citizen suit under section 505 of the Clean Water Act, Water Act, 33 U.S.C. § 1365. To illustrate: The Conservancy is deeply disheartened by Cooke Aquaculture’s glaring negligence, negligence which has led to an environmental disaster of epic proportion. The needless escape of up to 305,000 Atlantic salmon into Puget Sound represents a dire threat to already imperiled wild fish populations, beloved marine mammal species, and the fragile Puget Sound ecosystem at large, and Wild Fish Conservancy fears impacts to these critical aspects of our region will be felt for years to come. (Wildfishconservancy.org)

Brian Cladoosby holds an Atlantic salmon that he caught at the mouth of the Skagit River.

Swinomish Chairman, Brian Cladoosby said in a press release, "The Cooke Aquaculture fish farm failure has contaminated our waterways with invasive species. We will not know the full impact from this incident from some time, but the potential implications for native salmon are quite severe." In the same release, Swinomish Fisheries Manger, Lorraine Loomis said, "I am very concerned about how these non-native fish might affect our native species that are under the protection of the Endangered Species Act." (Swinomish-nsn.gov) Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife considers Atlantic salmon an aquatic invasive species, but states that, "There is no evidence to date that Atlantic salmon pose a threat to native fish stocks in Washington through crossbreeding or disease." (Wdfw.wa.gov) "This is not the first time a large number of Atlantic salmon have spilled into Washington waters. Large escapes also occurred in 1996, 1997, and 1999." (Wdfw.wa.gov)

Cooke Aquaculture's Response The Seattle Times reporter, Lynda V. Mapes published a statement from Cooke's spokesperson, Chuck Brown, The Lummi Nation & Swinomish Tribe Respond The Lummi Nation declared a state of emergency following "We are deeply sorry about the incident at our Cypress Island farm and we are focused on properly and safely the structural collapse of the open net-pen facility. In removing the fish and equipment from the farm and the Lummi Nation's press release, Chairman Timothy working with tribes, experts and agencies to meet our Ballew states, "Our fishermen are doing all they can to address the issue, but to ensure our native fish stocks are obligation," (Seattletimes.com) protected, the state and other parties involved need to The outcome of this incident is unknown. The people of ramp up their efforts." It was estimated that the Lummi the Pacific northwest share a deep connection with the Nation caught 20,000 fish since they declared a state of Salish Sea. The expression is clear; we're all concerned. emergency. (Lummi-nsn.org) 8 sw d bš qyuuqs News e e


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Swinomish Basketball Clinic Featuring Derek Willis

Derek Willis and his fiancée Keely Potts pictured with participating basketball clinic players: Kindergarten-6th grade.

AUGUST 7-8 — In the heat of the moment, Derek Willis was flown from Los Angeles to Seattle and was brought to Swinomish to be featured at the Tribe's very first two-day Basketball Clinic for Youth. Derek has family here; his cousin is Chris Gould who is the significant other of Swinomish Tribal member, Holle Edwards. Having family ties here in Washington gave Derek the opportunity to give back to not only our community, but other tribal communities such as the Lummi Nation. Derek is from the Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Indian Reservation in Wyoming, and the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma. Derek previously played for the University of Kentucky before signing a one year contract with the Detroit Pistons and was designated as their affi liate player. Derek took his grandmother Sue's advice to give back to tribal communities. Derek's way of giving back is by being one-on-one with native youth, teaching sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

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them basketball techniques while also being a motivational speaker, mentoring them by saying, "You can do whatever you put your mind to!" There were two separate basketball clinics split up by age groups: kindergarten-6th grade and 7th grade and older. An estimated 80 students participated. This event was open to the La Conner community. Chris Gould, the Swinomish Tribe, the Prevention and Recreation staff, and players from the La Conner boys varsity team were an integral part in making the basketball clinic a huge success. Derek became part of the Swinomish Community for two days. He gave our youth advice about how to work hard, setting an example for them, motivating them with the wisdom that they can do anything they put their mind to. His journey didn't end here, the Lummi Nation was his next destination before he flew back home to Lexington, Kentucky.


Derek Willis and basketball clinic helpers pictured with participating basketball clinic players: 7th grade and older age group.

Derek Willis' Career •

While playing basketball at University of Kentucky: "Willis averaged 7.0 points and 5.4 rebounds in 21.8 minutes per game as a senior at University of Kentucky. After his senior season, he averaged 7.3 rebounds, 4.7 rebounds and 3.0 assists at the Portsmouth Invitational Tournament, a pre-draft camp."

"Willis was named MVP for the West Team at the Reese's College All-Star Game after posting 13 points, a team-high eight rebounds, a block and a steal in 21 minutes."

JULY 27, 2017-Derek Willis signed a contract with the Detroit Pistons as their affiliate player.

AUGUST 17-24, 2017- Derek Willis was one of 16 players invited to Team USA's training camp for the FIBA AmeriCup tournament.

6' 9" 228lbs

Source: Kentucky.com/sports

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SOLAR ECLIPSE AT SWINOMISH Emma Fox

AUGUST 21 — Curiosity and excitement abounded at Swinomish as community members and tribal employees headed outdoors to witness a truly remarkable event. Beginning at 9:10 AM a solar eclipse blanketed the area with cooler temperatures and a real-life photo filter haze as the moon began covering the sun; peak coverage for the area occurred at 10:21 AM, when the Earth's moon blocked 89% of the sun's light (the closest location for total coverage took place 219 miles southwest of the Reservation). Viewers were able to safely catch a glimpse of the event through solar glasses and pinhole projection cameras.

Safety first! Spectators view the eclipse through pinhole projection cameras.

A big shout out to Youth Center staff for sharing their viewing devices!

Photo courtesy of Katie Bassford A viewing party takes place on the John K. Bobb Ball Field.

Solar lenses allow only 0.00032% of the sun's light through.

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Photo courtesy of Katie Bassford


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An Elder's Guide to LOL Caroline Edwards

It is difficult for me as a writer to use slang in any form, especially when it comes to crafting text messages. I enjoy full sentences, applying grammar rules, and using punctuation. And I do not like all those acronyms! If you are anything like me, you must wonder about the meaning behind all those nonsensical capital letters being used these days — LOL : ) Special note: This publication promotes positive education. I will not include any of the profane acronyms out there for the sake of the children, but believe me, I’ve seen them and have since looked them all up — JSYK!

The Guide HBU How about you

BRB Be right back

HIFW How I felt when. HIFW is typically paired with an image or video when words aren’t enough.

DAE Does anyone else? DAE is a prefix for a question, where the person asking wants to know if they are not alone in whatever they are experiencing.

ICYMI In case you missed it. ICYMI is a precaution when you aren’t sure if other people already know about something.

DIY Do it yourself

IDK I don’t know

DM, PM Direct message, personal message. To send a DM or PM is to send a private message.

IKR I know right

IMO & IMHO In my opinion, in my humble opinion. Facepalm IMO is the safe way to express your Short for “ugh,” an act of opinions without making it sound like disappointment. When someone does you are proclaiming a universal truth. something stupid, instinctively, your palm hits your own face or forehead. JSYK Just so you know. If you still use FYI FBF to be sassy, you’re old. JSYK is the Flashback Friday. FBF is useful new FYI! for people who forget to post on Thursday (see TBT). LIG Life is good FTFY Fixed that for you. FTFY can be used LOL in a sarcastic or literal manner. Laugh out loud, lots of love

LULZ Kicks (as in “for kicks”). LULZ is used in the form of “for the LULZ”, which would be just like saying “for the kicks” or “for the laughs.” MFW, MRW My face when, my reaction when NGL Not gonna lie OB Oh boy ROFL Rolling on floor laughing SMH Shaking my head TBH To be honest TBT Throwback Thursday. When you want to post an old photo, hold off till Thursday and tag it with #ThrowbackThursday or #TBT. WUD What you doing YOLO You only live once sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

AMA Ask me anything. Ask me anything is widely used on the Internet, with a public Q&A being termed as AMA.

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TIDE TABLE: September 2017 Lone Tree, Snee-Oosh, North Skagit Bay

Swinomish Department of Environmental Protection Day Fri 01

High 01:51 8.61 ft

Low 08:51 0.97 ft

High 16:33 9.70 ft

High

Phase

22:21 5.74 ft

Sunrise 6:28

Sunset 19:51

Moonrise

Moonset

17:21

1:45

Sat 02

02:48 8.71 ft

09:40 0.61 ft

17:07 10.03 ft 22:57 5.37 ft

6:29

19:48

18:02

2:37

Sun 03

03:39 8.96 ft

10:24 0.29 ft

17:33 10.29 ft 23:25 4.93 ft

6:30

19:46

18:39

3:36

Mon 04

04:23 9.27 ft

11:03 0.07 ft

17:57 10.51 ft 23:51 4.41 ft

6:32

19:44

19:13

4:38

Tue 05

05:05 9.57 ft

11:41 0.01 ft

18:21 10.72 ft

Wed 06

00:20 3.77 ft

05:47 9.83 ft

Thu 07

00:53 3.05 ft

06:30 10.02 ft 12:56 0.53 ft 19:16 11.07 ft

12:18 0.15 ft 18:48 10.92 ft Full

6:33

19:42

19:43

5:44

6:35

19:40

20:11

6:52

6:36

19:38

20:39

8:03

Fri 08

01:30 2.28 ft

07:16 10.11 ft 13:36 1.16 ft 19:48 11.15 ft

6:37

19:36

21:07

9:14

Sat 09

02:10 1.54 ft

08:06 10.07 ft 14:18 2.00 ft 20:22 11.11 ft

6:39

19:34

21:37

10:27

Sun 10

02:54 0.90 ft

09:01 9.92 ft

15:03 3.01 ft 20:59 10.94 ft

6:40

19:32

22:10

11:39

Mon 11

03:42 0.44 ft

10:02 9.67 ft

15:54 4.08 ft 21:42 10.62 ft

6:41

19:30

22:49

12:52

23:34

Tue 12

04:35 0.16 ft

11:14 9.44 ft

16:55 5.07 ft 22:32 10.20 ft Last Qtr

6:43

19:28

Wed 13

05:35 0.05 ft

12:39 9.40 ft

18:13 5.76 ft 23:33 9.76 ft

6:44

19:26

Thu 14

06:41 −0.01 ft

14:10 9.67 ft

19:45 5.90 ft

6:46

19:24

0:27

16:08

14:03 15:09

Fri 15

00:45 9.46 ft

07:50 −0.11 ft

15:24 10.15 ft 21:07 5.46 ft

6:47

19:21

1:27

16:59

Sat 16

02:00 9.43 ft

08:55 −0.24 ft

16:17 10.61 ft 22:07 4.73 ft

6:48

19:19

2:33

17:42

Sun 17

03:09 9.63 ft

09:53 −0.30 ft

16:58 10.93 ft 22:55 3.91 ft

6:50

19:17

3:44

18:19

Mon 18

04:11 9.92 ft

10:44 −0.18 ft

17:33 11.10 ft 23:37 3.10 ft

6:51

19:15

4:55

18:51

Tue 19

05:05 10.16 ft 11:31 0.17 ft

6:53

19:13

6:06

19:20

Wed 20

00:15 2.37 ft

05:56 10.29 ft 12:14 0.74 ft 18:33 11.09 ft

6:54

19:11

7:16

19:47

Thu 21

00:52 1.75 ft

06:44 10.31 ft 12:56 1.50 ft 19:02 10.93 ft

6:56

19:09

8:24

20:13

18:03 11.14 ft

New

Fri 22

01:28 1.27 ft

07:31 10.24 ft 13:37 2.37 ft 19:32 10.68 ft

6:57

19:07

9:31

20:39

Sat 23

02:04 0.93 ft

08:18 10.10 ft 14:18 3.28 ft 20:04 10.33 ft

6:58

19:05

10:35

21:07

Sun 24

02:42 0.75 ft

09:07 9.91 ft

15:02 4.19 ft 20:39 9.87 ft

7:00

19:03

11:37

21:38

Mon 25

03:22 0.74 ft

10:00 9.69 ft

15:51 5.01 ft 21:17 9.32 ft

7:01

19:01

12:37

22:13

Tue 26

04:06 0.89 ft

11:00 9.47 ft

16:50 5.69 ft 22:02 8.73 ft

Wed 27

04:55 1.15 ft

12:09 9.33 ft

18:11 6.10 ft 22:57 8.19 ft

Thu 28

05:52 1.41 ft

13:27 9.36 ft

7:03

18:58

13:34

22:52

7:04

18:56

14:27

23:36

19:58 6.05 ft

7:06

18:54

15:15

First Qtr

Fri 29

00:06 7.82 ft

06:55 1.57 ft

14:36 9.58 ft

21:11 5.64 ft

7:07

18:52

15:58

0:26

Sat 30

01:19 7.77 ft

07:58 1.56 ft

15:26 9.86 ft

21:53 5.10 ft

7:08

18:50

16:36

1:21

DID YOU KNOW?

The majority of computer users blink 7 times per minute at most, compared to the normal blink rate of 20 blinks per minute.

The original Macintosh case which was created during the year 1982 contains 47 signatures of the division of Apple Macintosh members.

Youtube.com was registered in February of 2005.

Apple, Microsoft, HP, and Google are all IT applications that started development in a garage.

Source: realwebgeeks.com

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NATIVE ROOTS

ROUND-LEAVED SUNDEW Emma Fox

Photo by Barry Rice (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

Photo by Barry Rice (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

Photo by Barry Rice (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

Species adapt over time in response to their environment as a means of survival. For animals this often means relocating to a different geographical area in pursuit of new food sources, but what does it mean for a plant who is "rooted" in one habitat? Plants are ingenious when it comes to collecting food, and in the case of the round-leaved sundew, they can also be aggressive. Round-leaved sundew are found in sphagnum moss bogs and wet meadows throughout the Pacific Northwest. The plant suffers in extreme heat or dry conditions, and thus it must collect its food through other means. A unique beauty, the round-leaved sundew grows between 2-10 inches tall and sports a variety of interesting features. Blossoms occur in small clusters at the tip of a coiled stem; these flowers are small with white petals and open only in strong sunlight. The flowering stem grows in a tightly curled formation that unrolls as the buds mature. The plant's leaves are red and green and radiate long, reddish, glandular hairs. The tips of these hairs exude a sticky, sugary fluid which is arguably the most unique feature of the round-leaved sundew plant. You see, this small perennial is an insect eater! This fluid resembles dew drops, enticing insects to land and take a drink. Once in contact with the fluid, there is no escape: the leaf's hairs will secrete enzymes to digest the insect and absorb nutrients through its leaves. This carnivorous behavior is the plant's dietary response to its environment, which typically lacks nutrients due to being highly acidic. Photo by Steve Matson (CC BY-NC 3.0)

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Photos: calphotos.berkeley.edu

17


BEING FRANK NO PLACE HERE FOR ATLANTIC SALMON Lorraine Loomis, NWIFC Chair

AUGUST 30 — All Atlantic salmon fish farms in Puget Sound should be closed and future expansion plans scrapped following the Aug. 19 escape of thousands of the non-native fish from a facility on Cypress Island in northern Puget Sound. Treaty tribes in western Washington are shouldering most of the cleanup burden after the escape of about 200,000 fish when a section of Cooke Aquaculture’s floating farm structure collapsed. These were not small fry. They were fully grown fish weighing an average of 8 – 10 pounds and were ready to be harvested for market. Structural flaws, little state government oversight, lack of coordination and a rapid response plan, along with poor communication by Cooke Aquaculture delayed quick action to contain the fish, allowing them to spread throughout Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca, the Washington coast and southern British Columbia. We don’t know what the full impact might be to our natural salmon stocks. We can only hope that this invasive species doesn’t establish a foothold in our region. sw d bš qyuuqs News e e

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Cleaning up these fish increases impacts to returning stocks of hatchery and naturally spawning Pacific salmon such as Chinook, pink and coho. Our salmon already face uncertain survival because of ongoing loss and damage to their habitat. Washington is the only U.S. state on the West Coast that allows Atlantic salmon farms. In British Columbia, dozens of Atlantic salmon farms dot the coastline and are a focus of increasing public protest because of pollution and disease concerns. Atlantic salmon fish farm net pens should not be confused with Pacific salmon enhancement net pens in which young hatchery fish are held for a short time to acclimate before being released. Neither should they be confused with other pens for rearing native species such as sablefish. These fish are screened regularly for fish diseases and do not endanger our precious Northwest natural stocks. It wasn’t a question of if but when Atlantic salmon would escape from the four fish farm operations that Cooke operates in Western Washington. We can only hope that these fish aren’t any more successful than those that have previously escaped.

Between 1996 and 1999, more than 500,000 got loose in Puget Sound. Ironically, Cooke was mounting an effort to expand its operations to a site near Port Angeles even as fish were escaping from its Cypress Island facility. We think that proposal – now in the permitting stage – should be thrown out and the rest of the company’s Atlantic salmon farms should be permanently closed. The risks of their continued operation are just too great. These Atlantic salmon fish farms don’t belong here. We don’t want them in our waters. There is no place for them.

Being Frank is a monthly column written by the chair of the Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission. As a statement from the NWIFC chair, the column represents the interests and concerns of treaty Indian tribes throughout western Washington.


Photography Corner

'Standing Together' Canoe Journey

Swinomish canoes at Campbell River Photo Courtesy of Jennifer Peters

Spirit of Salmon Lady leaving Tsawout Photo Courtesy of Joe Quintasket

Little Salmon youth canoe pullers Photo Courtesy of Marlys Baker

Campbell River Photo Courtesy of Jennifer Peters

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Campbell River Photo Courtesy of Marlys Baker

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NEARLY 40 YEARS IN ACCOUNTING:

HOW TECHNOLOGY HAS CHANGED Caroline Edwards

Dianne Edwards from Swinomish's Accounting department is concentrating at her desk that is piled high with paperwork, 1994.

In the 1970s, the Swinomish Tribe's Accounting Department was beginning to be structurally developed as the Tribe grew economically. The growth began when a new grant was approved from the Office of Economic Opportunity, which provided funds for a new Fish Market; some of that money was allocated to the Community Action Program. In 1978, the Tribe hired its fifth accounting employee, Dianne Edwards. At 30-years-old Dianne began working for the Tribe as an Accounts Payable Clerk. The other four employees during that time were: Lydia Charles (Ledgers), Sophie Bailey (Payroll), Dorothy Taylor (Supervisor), and Terry Brenneman (CFO). Between 1977-1978, Lydia Charles worked in Accounting; took a break, came back in 1979 and worked through until 1985 when she moved to Nisqually, and later came back in 1993. Dianne and her sister Lydia have continued to work for Accounting since they both began in the late 1970s. The two have witnessed technology's evolution within the workforce and our society; that's nearly 40 years of advancement! During an interview with Lydia and Dianne, the sisters shared what it was like to work for the Tribe when they first started in Accounting. Interview with Lydia & Dianne:

Can you think back to what it was like to work for the Tribe when you began? 20 sw d bš qyuuqs News

Lydia: Back then, we didn’t have computers we had to type checks up. It might have been 59 employees, when I left it was 79 (employees), that we had to type checks for. Everything was-we had to do it all ourselves, no sitting down at the computer and letting the computer do it for us like it is now. Dianne: May 15, 1978, when I started working I did the accounts payable. That was manually done on ledgers, long ledgers! When I got a bill I’d have to write it in and put the account number and the amount. From there I’d have to transfer it onto some cards that had monthly names on it, and would later have to reconcile those cards. Reconciliation always did come out. When did the Tribe start to purchase computers? Dianne: It was mid 1980s, when we got computers. It was hard; we didn’t have anyone to train us, we were always calling this company that would answer questions, we had to learn on our own and it was a mess. Lydia: It was during that time right after I left in 1985, right after that is when they had computers. I came back in the workforce in 1993 and they had computers and it (the software) was Fundware. What was time consuming? Dianne: It was time consuming to do all of the paperwork that kept coming, but we had to do it! The bigger the Tribe got the more paperwork we received. Back then accounts payable did a lot of paperwork, I mean we had a lot of paperwork! Lydia: I can remember, I’m not sure what happened,

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but we were scrambling around typing all of these checks! We had a typewriter in the back, receptionist had a typewriter so were typing checks out. I don’t remember what it was for, but we were busy typing those checks out. It seemed liked a lot of work, it was a lot of work, but we always (reconciled). Other comments Lydia: Seemed like way back then, the workload, because there wasn’t very many people back then. There was a number of things we had to do, not just payroll, cash receipts, there was permitting, other stuff that we had to do. Now, a lot of the staff that we have, they’ve assigned what I used to do back then to these employees. The workload is a lot lighter than what it used to be. I tell you, it was hard to keep up with everything. There were only 4 of us doing all of this compared to what we have now, 9 employees. Dianne: Like Lydia said, a lot of my responsibility was more than accounts payable. I did all of the insurances, the tribal insurance that we get monthly, I did all of that and that had to be broken down by departments. Each employee had to be broken down by where they were charged to, that was all manually done and that was hard! I also did the break down of our phones, that had to be done all manually. I did all of that. Now its all separated by each one of these people (in Accounting) we’ve hired on board, they all do that now. After the interview, it was clear that 40 years ago the workload for the Tribe's Accounting department was a lot different than it is now. These ladies and others who worked for the Tribe years ago successfully pushed through the obstacles, barriers, and tribulations of technology and its growing evolution. It makes you wonder, how much of technology will change in the coming 40 years, in 2057?

THE HISTORY OF TECHNOLOGY AT SWINOMISH 2017 All departments have access to computers and/or laptops

2015

Senate Meeting content are submitted electronically; Timesheets are electronic as the Tribe uses a new Employee Web Service- EWS

1991

Accounting switches to the softwareAmerican Fundware

1998

Swinomish hires its first IT department

Mid 1980s

Tribe purchases its first computers (Apple)

Older Computer 1966

1 Memeograph Machine (allowed the Kee Yoks to be "printed" in house)

c. 1955

1998 1 Adding Machine, 1 stamp roll hires its holder, and 1 type Swinomish writer first IT department

A type writer

A National Adding Machine brochure. Vintage check writer-Paymaster S-8000.

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Science Corner

Monitoring Pollution in Shellfish Jamie Donatuto, Community Environmental Health Analyst

Harvesting clams is a timehonored tradition for the Swinomish Tribe, providing a trusted source of protein for many. Sadly, clams inherently take up and hold onto pollution from their environment. In 2006, the Tribe tested steamer and butter clams for chemical pollutants at several local beaches. The study found that the level of toxic chemicals in the clams was different depending on the area they were collected from. Clams collected around Skagit Bay had lower levels of pollutants compared to clams collected from Padilla and Fidalgo Bay. Based on these results the Tribe made recommendations regarding consumption of clams from these areas (Figure 1). Butter clams can live for a very long time, which means pollutants can build up in their meat. One of the pollutants found in butter clams during this study was polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). These chemicals come from oil, diesel, gasoline, creosote, and burning materials. Some PAHs are known to be harmful to human health.

The Tribe worked with Oregon State Superfund scientists in 2014 to re-test butter clams for PAHs at three beaches. This second study found similar trends to the study conducted in 2006. Butter clams in Skagit Bay had lower levels of pollution, while butter clams collected at March Point had the highest. Both of these studies showed that shellfish at March Point should not be eaten. Protect yourself, and your family members and reduce your exposure to toxic chemicals in clams by: 1. Harvesting from less polluted locations like Skagit Bay. 2. Avoid harvesting around marinas, ferry docks, creosote piers, and industrial areas. 3. Soak your clams in clean water for 1-2 days. 4. Remove the black tip of the clam siphon. 5. Pay attention to seasonal recommendations regarding bacterial water quality (for example, red tide).

Figure 1: 2006 Shellfish Toxicity Testing

For more information on this and other Swinomish seafood projects, please contact Jamie Donatuto with the Swinomish Community Environmental Health Program at jdontauto@swinomish.nsn.us or by phone at (360)466.1532. Figure 2: 2014 Shellfish Toxicity Testing

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Science Corner

Protect Your Groundwater! Karen Mitchell, Hydrogeologist

September 5 is Protect Your Groundwater Day! If you are a private water well owner, the two most important methods you can employ to protect your water quality include: 1) making sure your well is properly capped, and 2) properly plugging any abandoned wells on your property. This is why the theme for Protect Your Groundwater Day 2017 is “Cap It, Plug It!”

Why is this so important? A water well provides a direct connection between what’s above the ground and the groundwater hidden below in the subsurface. Think of your well like a straw in a glass: you use it to suck up water, but you can also blow things back down into the “glass” through it. Water systems are designed to prevent backflow from your fixtures, but if an active water well is not properly capped, or if an abandoned well is not properly plugged, it can create a direct pathway for contamination in the same groundwater you and others use for drinking water. If you own a household well, you are responsible for making sure that it is properly capped and any abandoned wells on your property are properly plugged.

Is my well cap safe? A proper well cap should: • Be secured by a bolt or lock that cannot be easily removed • Have a rubber seal to prevent anything from infiltrating the well where the cap joins to the well casing • Be in good condition A well cap that lacks a rubber seal or is cracked can allow bugs, vermin, bacteria, and other types of contaminants from above the ground surface into the well. Well caps can be replaced or maintained by a licensed well contractor.

What about abandoned wells? Abandoned wells are wells that are not maintained or are in such disrepair that they are unusable. Some abandoned wells are obvious while others are not. If you find an abandoned well on your property, a licensed well contractor should plug it using proper techniques, equipment, and materials.

For more information on well system maintenance, check out WellOwner.org or contact Karen Mitchell with the Swinomish Groundwater Program at kmitchell@swinomish.nsn.us or by phone at (360) 588.2728. sw d bš qyuuqs News 23 e e


E-WASTE IN LANDFILLS Caroline Edwards

Electronic waste or “e-waste” ends up in our landfills and is rarely recycled. On the bright side, recycling numbers continue to rise, but it is unfortunate that a lot of data determinations regarding e-waste have yet to become more solid in the United States. According to the EPA, “It is unclear whether the large increase in the electronics recycling rate from 2012 to 2013 is due to an actual increase in recycling or the result of improved and expanded data.” (electronicstakeback.com) The EPA estimates that the most recent data from 2013 shows that we generated 3,140,000 tons of e-waste during the year and recycled 40%, which is up from 30% in 2012. Out of the 3.14 tons of e-waste generated in the U.S. in 2013, 1.87 million tons went into landfills and incinerators (60%) and only 1.27 million tons (40%) was recovered for recycling. The types of electronics that the EPA reported are called “Select Consumer Electronics” and include: TVs, VCRs, DVD players, video cameras, stereo systems, telephones, and computer equipment, but not all categories of electronics.

DID YOU KNOW?

• E-waste represents 2% of America’s trash in landfills, but it equals 70% of overall toxic waste. • 20 to 50 tons of e-waste is disposed worldwide every year. • Cell phones and other electronic items contain high amounts of precious metals like gold or silver. Americans dump phones containing over $60 million in gold and silver every year. • For every 1 million cell phones that are recycled: 35,274 pounds of copper, 772 pounds of silver, 75 pounds of gold, and 33 pounds of palladium can be recovered. • Only 12.5% of e-waste is currently recycled. • Recycling 1 million laptops saves the energy equivalent to the electricity used by 3,657 U.S. homes in a year. • It takes 530 pounds of fossil fuel, 48 pounds of chemicals, and 1.5 tons of water to manufacture one computer and monitor. • Electronics that are considered to be hazardous include but are not limited to: televisions, computer monitors that contain cathode ray tubes, LCD desktop monitors, LCD televisions, plasma televisions, and portable DVD players with LCD screens. If you think about how often our society changes gadgets every time a new upgrade comes out, we most often throw our old gadgets away and buy new ones. We have become a culture of use and throwaway. Be part of the solution and reduce your electronic waste! Give your old gadgets or phones to a friend in need before you decide to throw them away. Source: http://www.electronicstakeback.com/designed-for-the-dump/e-waste-in-landfills/ https://www.dosomething.org/us/facts/11-facts-about-e-waste

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Join Soroptimist International of La Conner for our annual:

Textile ille Sta h Sale ale

Monday, Sept. 25, 5:00 to 7:30 p.m. Fabric, Yarn, Fibers. Supplies, Equipment, Wearable art, books, roving, patterns, etc.

LAWN CARE + GARDENING + HAULING SERVICES Cell (360) 612-7607 Home (360) 630-5498 PO Box 1551 La Conner WA, 98257

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Jeff Edwards

A non-profit thrift & consignment shop Corner of 3rd and Morris. 360-466-4017 Shop and/or donate your stash items to help provide needed services for our community. Donations welcome by Sept. 10. (Label as “Textile Stash Sale.”)


Science Corner

WATER IS LIFE

Phoebe Keryti, Community Environmental Health Program

Water is our most important drink. Our bodies are made of 65-85% water. Water offers us protection, delivers nutrients, regulates temperature, and removes waste. When we are fully hydrated, we feel less pain and have more energy. Coast Salish nutrition educators and authors of Feeding 7 Generations, A Salish Cookbook, Elise Krohn and Valerie Segrest emphasized the benefits and importance of using traditional foods regularly in meals at a healthy beverage workshop held recently. The workshop opened with an activity that emphasized an appreciation of water.

Just by hydrating, we provide ourselves with a natural and pure energy that cleanses our bodies by hydrating. Water was the key ingredient in our beverages during the workshop, and various combinations of water flavorings were presented. We learned how to prepare these waters as well as proper times of year to harvest the right ingredients.

Water is sacred throughout Indian Country, and specifically for the Coast Salish peoples who live alongside and rely on large bodies of water to the sustain lives of their people. From the time of our ancestors to today, water carries nutrients, removes toxins, is a source of cooling down, and gives us energy.

The cookbook features many of the fi ltered water, tea, and smoothie recipes we learned to create. If you are interested in a copy of Feeding 7 Generations, A Salish Cookbook, the Environmental Community Health Program has copies available for community members.

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The most interesting lesson I learned during the workshop was

how to properly understand the sugar content located on food and beverage nutrition labels. When reading a nutrition label you will find an amount of sugar listed in grams, but for a more accurate reading of sugar content it is important to read the amount of total carbohydrates. Why? The measurement you find next to sugars represents the amount of added or processed sugar – that is, sugar that is not naturally occurring in the food or beverage. With naturally occurring sugars our body receives vitamins, minerals, and nutrients in a form that is relatively easy for our body to break down. Processed sugar takes more time for our body to break it down, and there are no health benefits from it.

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TOTAL CARBOHYDRATE

TEASPOONS OF SUGAR (tsp)

Water

0g

0 tsp

Red Bull (8.4 oz)

28g

7 tsp

Coke (12 fl oz) 1 can

39g

9.75 tsp

Pepsi

69g

17.25 tsp

Starbucks Bottle Frappuccino Coffee (13.7 oz)

55g

13.75 tsp

Vitamin Water Essential Flavor (20 fl oz)

32.5g

8.13 tsp

Snapple Ice Tea (240mL bottle)

37g

9.25 tsp

Mountain Dew

77.5g

19.4 tsp

Orange Juice, Simply Orange (8 fl oz)

26g

6.5 tsp

Let’s look at a 8.3 ounce can of Red Bull as an example. To understand the true amount of sugar in this beverage divide the total carbohydrates, 28 grams, by four, and you’ll see this popular drink contains 7 teaspoons of sugar! According to the American Heart Association the average intake of added sugar for women should be no more than 6 teaspoons day! In drinking this Red Bull, I exceed my daily recommended amount of added sugar. This chart provides recommendations for daily intake of added sugar for men, women, and children.

When I first learned how to read labels at the workshop I realized some of my favorite drinks contained large amounts of sugar! I took time to “rethink my drink,” which included many found in the local gas station. I’ve included some of my favorite drinks and their total sugar content to share with you. While rethinking my drink, I used the cookbook to take time to understand the importance of

healthy beverages. My favorite beverage from the cookbook is the Nettle Tea. Nettles are harvested to make this drink between March and June, and it is used to treat arthritis. Many of the fi ltered waters, tea, and smoothies have health benefits and contain natural sugars, not processed sugars. If you have any more questions or would like a copy of Feeding 7 Generations, a Salish Cookbook, come visit the Community Environmental Health program on the second floor of Social Services.

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DRINK


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FINDING YOURSELF stulCe? Eric Day

This year’s Paddle to Campbell River was no different than other journeys in that Swinomish was host to canoe families and our paddlers left the sanctuary of our shores in route to our destination. It also had qualities of the 2002 Paddle to Quinault in that there were situations that tested our will to continue; there were many days we questioned our resolve during that particular journey, ones we still talk of these days. Paddle to Campbell River didn't have as many trying situations, but they were there, and day two was one of them. We were on Guemes Channel bucking the tide when we got caught in a riptide that pulled our canoe under. Thanks to the experienced pullers we had onboard, no one was injured. Fortunately, we also had a strong support boat there to help us, and my hands go up to our police boat for being there. It was the first big test we faced, but we had no question about continuing.

WE CIRCLED UP AND STATED WE MUST GO ON, WE MUST HONOR OUR COMMITMENT. We were traveling from Shell Beach B.C. to Nanoose B.C. when we faced our next trial — 5-6 foot swells. Muckleshoot journeyed into the rough waters with us. We all had to search within our very cores, our souls, to find the courage to press on. Faith in our canoe and ourselves is what got Swinomish through to calmer waters and to our destination. I thank our Creator for protecting us that day! Tribal Journey is a lifestyle for me. It is who I am as a Native in this society. There are all sorts of trials and tribulations that happen along the way that make us question our resolve. Through all those trials, we find ourselves, and we find the courage to face any obstacle that is placed in front of us. No matter how big or small the trials we face, we all have to continue moving forward through life — one paddle, or step, at a time. Enjoy every day we have on this earth, embrace our time with friends and family.

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Every Canoe Journey is different — each has its own spirit and a different way of making you search inside yourself. Finding your guiding spirit is what gives you the power to continue on.


Youth Spirit Program Laura Lindberg, Tribal Counselor

Ariana Siddle, Jamie DamienSams, Krista Bailey, Haley James

The Swinomish Tribe is the recipient of a five-year grant that will be utilized to address the health and wellness of Swinomish youth. The Swinomish Youth Spirit program uses education, creativity, cultural activities, and therapy to improve the health and wellbeing of Swinomish youth. The Healing of the Canoe Curriculum

A core component of the Youth Spirit program is the Healing of the Canoe curriculum that will be taught by Swinomish tribal members at the La Conner middle and high schools throughout the school year. The curriculum uses the Canoe Journey as a metaphor, teaching youth the necessary skills for navigating their journeys through life, with tribal culture, traditions, and values as compasses to guide them from being pulled off course by alcohol or drugs and anchors to ground them, without being. The curriculum was developed in partnership between the Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe, Suquamish Tribe, and University of Washington’s Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute and will be available to all La Conner students ages 12-16. You can visit healingofthecanoe.org for more information. The Youth Spirit Cultural Center

The designation of a school building specifically for Swinomish youth named the Youth Spirit Cultural Center will foster a sense of pride and belonging at school. In this space, the Healing of the Canoe curriculum will be enhanced with cultural activities, skill-building workshops, treatment and therapy sessions, art, and media production. Cultural Enrichment

It has been determined that the leading protective factor for Native youth is involvement in traditional activities 30 sw d bš qyuuqs News

and the transmission of cultural expectations and values. Cultural activities led by Swinomish community members will take place weekly at the Youth Spirit Cultural Center. To ensure the cultural integrity of these activities, program organizers have formed an advisory board of Swinomish elders and community members and will also provide training to Swinomish staff, paraprofessionals, and school personnel in the delivery of culturallycompetent services. Art Therapy

The Youth Spirit program will include art making, with materials offered for after-school activities and within the Healing of the Canoe curriculum. In addition, confidential art therapy groups will take place, using art activities as a method to address the effects of trauma, depression, and anxiety. Animal-Assisted Therapy

Youth Spirit participants will travel to a nearby farm to participate in animal-assisted therapy with horses and staff trained in equine therapy. Media Production

To nurture self-expression and encourage youth to share a healthy message, the Youth Spirit Cultural Center will offer equipment and instruction for youth to create their own media projects. Quarterly contests with a healthy theme will be used to encourage youth to participate. The North Portland Area Indian Health Board will conduct yearly workshops and assist youth in producing their own videos for the We-R-Native website (wernative.org) Youth Spirit Text Messaging Service

The Youth Spirit Text Messaging Service will deliver culturally-appropriate messages designed to improve the physical, social, emotional, and cultural wellbeing of Swinomish youth enrolled in the Youth Spirit program. Messages will be culturally tailored to reflect the unique needs, interests, and life experiences of Swinomish youth. These messages will build off of and align with the Healing of the Canoe curriculum, highlight cultural and educational services available through the Youth Spirit program, and encourage traditional Coast Salish practices, such as canoing and fishing. The Youth Spirit program was developed by Swinomish counselor Laura Lindberg who will serve as program director. Employment interviews for program manager and assistant manager are in process.

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SEPTEMBER 2017

YOUTH CENTER

1 FRI

Hours 3-6PM

4 MON

5 TUES

6 WED

7 THURS

8 FRI

CLOSED, LABOR DAY

Hours 3-6PM

Hours 3-6PM

Hours 3-6PM

Hours 3-6PM

11 MON

12 TUES

13 WED

14 THURS

15 FRI

Hours 3-6PM

Hours 3-6PM

Hours 3-6PM

Hours 3-6PM

Hours 3-6PM

18 MON

19 TUES

20 WED

21 THURS

22 FRI

Hours 3-6PM

Hours 3-6PM

Hours 3-6PM

Hours 3-6PM

Hours 3-6PM

25 MON

26 TUES

27 WED

28 THURS

29 FRI

CLOSED, NATIVE AMERICAN DAY

Hours 3-6PM

Hours 3-6PM

Hours 3-6PM

Hours 3-6PM

Youth Group Meetings

Youth Group Outings

SWINOMISH YOUTH CENTER (360) 466.7337 sw d bš qyuuqs News

31

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Mrs. V’s 2 Cents Technology Diane Vendiola

There are three definitions of the word technology in the dictionary. I’m writing about the first definition. Generally, about how two technologies have evolved since the time of my youth in 1945, and since our ancestor’s time thousands of years ago. Technology, noun: tech·nol·o·gies: The body of knowledge available to a society that is of use in fashioning implements, practicing manual arts and skills, and extracting or collecting materials. The Saturdays of my childhood in my grandparent’s little cabin here at Swinomish meant one thing: bath day. For my brother and me, this meant we had to help pump water into a pail and carry it inside—without letting the water slop over and spill on the floor.

washtub down from where it hung outside and placed it by the stove. We would pour one pail of cool water into the washtub. When the kettles of water on the stove were hot enough, Grandma Christine would add the water into the washtub to warm the cooler water, and then I got to go first with taking a bath. I was always happy to go first because the water became cooler by the time it was my brother’s turn. My favorite part was when Grandma Christine would take the dipper and pour water on my head to wash my hair. These efforts were necessary for us to bathe, as there was no indoor plumbing in the 1940’s at Ganga’s cabin. Needless to say, bathing technology has come a long way. And now everybody on the Reservation has electric technology, too!

Grandma Christine would pour the water into two big kettles to heat on the stove to a temperature hot enough for my brother and me to take our weekly bath.

A sociologist by the name of Read Bain wrote that "technology includes all tools, machines, utensils, weapons, instruments, housing, clothing, communicating, and transporting devices and the skills by which we produce and use them."

After that part of the routine got going, my brother and I would retrieve two more pails of water from outside. Ganga would take the big tin

The technology our ancestors used to fell cedar trees necessary for building houses or canoes was ingenious: After a cedar was

32 sw d bš qyuuqs News

selected, a hole was bored into the tree above its base. In this way the inside of the tree could be examined. If the tree was found to be sound and free of rot, the hole was chiseled with an adze to create a cavity. Burning hot stones were set inside the cavity. As the tree burned, the hot stones were removed along with the ash. More hot stones were added as the tree faller chipped away at the ever increasing cavity created by the controlled fire. Wet hemlock branches and wet clay were used to keep the fire under control. This process continued until the cavity was large enough to cause the tree to fall. Our Swinomish ancestors certainly had their wits about them. They were skilled at inventing ways to do the work that needed doing and solving problems that life presented them with. Plus, they understood the power of working together with one another and with the nature of things.

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*Lunch served Mon-Thurs. No take away meals until 11AM. Call (360) 466.3980 to cancel home delivery.

SEPTEMBER 2017

ELDERS’ LUNCH Milk Served with all meals

Milk served with all meals.

4 MON

5 TUES

6 WED

7 THURS

LABOR DAY No Service

Tomato Soup Turkey/Cheese Sandwich Lettuce/Tomato Slices Fresh Fruit Bowl

Fish Red Potatoes/Roll Steamed Vegetables Mixed Fruit Salad

Eggs and Ham English Muffins Cut Tomatoes Cantaloupe

11 MON

12 TUES

13 WED

14 THURS

Macaroni & Cheese Tomato & Cucumber Salad Fresh Fruit Bowl

Sloppy Joe Sandwich Tatar Tots Coleslaw Apples

Fish Rice Corn & Bean Salad Cut Melon

Banana Bread Boiled Eggs Yogurt Mixed Berries Vegetable Juice

18 MON

19 TUES

20 WED

21 THURS

Creamed Chicken Egg Noodles/Rolls Steamed Mixed Vegetables

Fish Corn/Oven Rolls Seasoned Green Beans Apple Salad

Bacon & Eggs Pancake Mixed Berries Vegetable Juice

25 MON

26 TUES

27 WED

28 THURS

NATIVE AMERICAN DAY No Service

Hamburgers Lettuce/Tomato/Onions Chips Fresh Fruit Bowl

Fish Red Potatoes/Roll Steamed Carrots Cut Melon

Egg and Potato Casserole French Bread Cut Tomatoes Mixed Fruit Salad

Community Dinner SEPTEMBER 20, 2017 6PM Youth Center sw d bš qyuuqs News 33 e e

Submarine Sandwich Chips Mixed Green Salad Fresh Fruit Bowl


9/15 9/1 Terrence Bobb, James Grossglass Sr. Lola Flores, Darryl Hillaire 9/2 Jack Harden, Vanessa Bill, Jill Harden, Douglas Gunter

9/16 Cillastina Edge, Christina Adams, Zamara Bill

9/3 Shirley Wilbur, Carene Fornsby

9/17 Thomas Wilbur, Kahneesha Casey, Tashina John, Henry Nguyen, Lashan Merian, Larry Bill Jr.

9/4 Barbara James 9/5 Joanna Spencer, Lavonne Trask, Josephine Jimmy, Jerome Toby, Ivie Egbers, Greg Stewart, Ramona Campbell 9/6 Colby James, River John 9/7 Marilyn Murtagh, Lauren Edwards, Genevieve Munar 9/8 Aurelia Hatch, Jahfee Cladoosby, Michelle Teo, Vaden Smith, Adeline Black 9/9 Carlee Edwards, Steven Joe, James Bobb Jr., Devin Merian Perry 9/10 Malachi Barnett, Julian Leal, Keanu Cruz, Bradley Joe, Chase Wilbur

September BIRTHDAYS

9/11 Andrea Topaum, Arjuna Adams, Johnny Wilbur Jr., Brandon Cayou, Raymond Lapointe, Starina Jones 9/12 Jordan Wilbur, Benjamin Cayou, Raymond Bailey, Vernon Joe 9/13 Jessiah Paul 9/14 Jonah Cook, Deanna Fornsby, Dan Cayou Sr., Crystal Day, Kenneth Cayou

34 sw d bš qyuuqs News

9/18 Michelle Perry, Travis Tom 9/19 Katie Cayou-Lockrem, Martin Sampson Jr., Randolph Vendiola, Mary Grant 9/20 John Bill, Bentley Hockenberry, Lakiesha Bird-Rice, Hamyley DayJack, Mayleah Day Jack, Jacob Cruz 9/21 Blossom Topaum 9/22 Jeannie John, Mila Jones 9/23 Diana Minks 9/24 Mary Lou Cladoosby-Page, Raven Edwards 9/25 Christine Kinley, Scott Walker 9/26 Michael Wilbur Jr., Beyunka Peacher 9/27 Rebecca Nutter 9/28 Baileigh Gebhardt 9/29 Marie Charles, Alva Damien IV 9/30 Marlo Quintasket, Carneen Allen, Julie Bobb

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SEPTEMBER'S SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENTS HAPPY BELATED BIRTHDAY NEAH MARTIN! 83 years old on August 27 Love Francis & Merla

PAISLEY SYLVESTER Parents: Bettina and Darrell Sylvester Brother: Scott

FN: Amy Sommer Applewhite 2576 Hartnell Ave Redding, CA 96002 ISS: 3/8/2016 DOB: 11/26/1999 SEX:

M

HGT: 5' 4"

WGT: 999

EYES: Dichromatic

ENR: MS5455 EXP: 03/08/2020

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An Enhanced Tribal Identification Card (ETC) serves as an official identification document, facilitating entry into the United States at land or sea borders from within the western hemishpere, while protecting our tribe’s sovereign rights. Contact the Swinomish Enrollment Office at (360) 466-7211 or (360) 588-3449 for more information about how to get yours!

sw d bš qyuuqs News 35 e e


PHONE LIST Administration (360) 466.3163

Preschool (360) 466.7345

Childcare (360) 466.7329

qyuuqs News

(360) 466.7258

Counseling Services

(360) 466.7265

Senior Center

(360) 466.1821

Dental Clinic

(360) 466.3900

SRSC (360) 466.7228

Education (360) 466.7320

Social Services

(360) 466.7307

Enrollment (360) 466.7211

Northern Lights Chevron

(360) 299.2394

Environ. Community Health

(360) 466.3001

(360) 466.1532

Village Chevron

Fisheries (360) 466.7313

Swinomish Casino & Lodge (360) 293.2691

Healthy Community Tip Line (360) 588.2770

Swinomish Police

Dial 911 for emergencies

Housing & Utility Authority

(360) 466.4081

Tribal Archive

(360) 466.7351

Human Resources

(360) 466.1216

Tribal Court

(360) 466.2097

Family Services

(360) 466.7222

Wellness Program

(360) 466.1024

Medical Clinic

(360) 466.3167

(360) 499.4765

NWIC-Swinomish Site

(360) 255.4435

Youth Center

Planning

(360) 466.7280

Recovery House

(360) 466.7337

Note: This is a general list and does not include all tribal phone numbers.

WHO'S ON FACEBOOK? • qyuuqs News

• Swinomish Golf Links

• Swinomish Casino & Lodge

• Swinomish Police Department

• Swinomish Department of Environmental

• Swinomish Youth Center

Protection • Swinomish Fish and Game 36 sw d bš qyuuqs News e e


CURRENT OPEN POSITIONS - As of August 16, 2017 As a full-time employee, you will be eligible for a comprehensive benefit package including medical, dental, vision, life insurance, retirement planning, and more. Other perks include generous paid time off and discounted meals. To view details about open positions and download our General Employment Application, visit swinomishcasinoandlodge.com/careers. All positions are “Open until filled” unless specified. Email applications to: jobs@swinomishcasino.com Fax applications to: (360) 299.1677 Mail or hand deliver to: Swinomish Casino & Lodge 12885 Casino Drive, Anacortes, WA 98221 Questions? Call Human Resources at (360) 299.1642 BANQUET BARTENDER (OC) SERVER (OC) FACILITIES ENGINEER I (FT) HEAVY DUTY CLEANER I (FT) HEAVY DUTY CLEANER II (FT) FINANCE SOFT COUNT CLERK (PT) FOOD & BEVERAGE BUSSER (PT/OC) FOOD & BEVERAGE SUP. (FT) FOOD COURT UNIT MANAGER (FT) LEAD SERVER (FT) SERVER (PT) TEAM MEMBER SUPPORT (PT) GAMING SLOT ATTENDANT (FT) TABLE GAMES DEALER (FT/PT/OC) BLACKJACK CLASS (CLOSES 9-22) HOUSEKEEPING HOUSEMAN (FT)

MARKETING BRAND AMBASSADOR (OC) DIGITAL MARKETING ASST. (PT) `PROMOTIONS ASSISTANT (PT) SECURITY SECURITY OFFICER (FT/PT) SPORTS BAR BARBACK (FT) BARTENDER (OC) BUSSER (PT) LEAD COCKTAIL SERVER (FT) COCKTAIL SERVER (PT) TABLE SERVER (FT/PT/OC) SURVEILLANCE SURVEILLANCE OBSERVER (FT) VALET VALET ATTENDANT (FT) 13 MOONS BUSSER (PT) HOST/HOSTESS (PT) SERVER (PT)

HUMAN RESOURCES & TRIBAL EMPLOYMENT RIGHTS OFFICE (TERO) JOB OPENINGS • • • • • • • •

Compliance Officer - TERO Department Tribal Home Ownership & Rehabilitation Coord. Youth Spirit Project Manager Youth Spirit Assistant Project Manager Chemical Dependency Professional Environmental Policy Analyst Staff Attorney Police Officer - Entry Level or Lateral

Full descriptions of the job announcements listed above are available on the Swinomish website: swinomish-nsn.gov/resources/human-resources HOW TO APPLY: Return completed application, cover letter, and resume to: Personnel Office Swinomish Indian Tribal Community 11404 Moorage Way La Conner, WA 98257 Fax applications to: (360) 466.1348 Or email to: aiedwards@swinomish.nsn.us Applications must be received in the Personnel Office by 5PM on or before the job closing date. Questions? Call the Personnel Office at (360) 466.1216 or (360) 466.7353

KITCHEN COOK (FT) DISHWASHER (FT) PREP COOK (FT)

sw d bš qyuuqs News 37 e e


Learn how to use it. Call the Wellness Program at (360) 466-1024 to pick up a kit.

Housing for Adults in Recovery

38 sw d bĹĄ qyuuqs News e e


Registered Sex Offenders

 Per the Swinomish Law & Order Committee, this content has been requested to be included in this edition of the       qyuuqs News because the following people reside within the Swinomish Community.    

ALECK, DAVID JOSEPH

            BAILEY, ALFRED SAM

 

 CAYOU, RICHARD JIMMY JR.

 DAMIEN ROGER,

                 Male/140 lbs/ 5'4"/ brown eyes/ Male/140 lbs/ 5'4"/ brown eyes/black  hair  Male/180 lbs/ 5'10"/ brown eyes/black Male/155 lbs/ 5'7"/ brown eyes/brown                                       brown hair Amerian Indian/Alaska Native hair hair                                                      Amerian Indian/Alaska Native  Maple Street Apt., La Conner Amerian Indian/Alaska Native Amerian Indian/Alaska Native                                                    Currently transient 11244 Squi Qui Court 17552 Front St., Swinomish           Date of Birth 03/23/1983                                                        Date of Birth 11/24/1989 Date of Birth 11/15/1984 Date of Birth 01/09/1969         Registration Information:                                                       Registration Information: OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 1 Registration Information: Registration Information:                                            OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 1 OFFENSES: STC 4-03.010 Abusive Sexual  OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 2 OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 2                               Touching Intercourse w/person under 16  OFFENSES: STC 4-03.090 Rape of OFFENSES:18 USC 2243 Sexual abuse OFFENSES: STC 4-03.020 Abusive 

   a Child sexual touching (Class A)

      of a minor (2 counts)  

                                             GEORGE, JOHNNIE JAY IV JAMES, EARL CHARLES SR. HUGHES, JUSTIN DANIEL PEDERSON, JOHN LOUIS                                       hair      Male/ 280 lbs/ 5'11"/ brown eyes/ Male/ 175 lbs/ 5'10"/ browneyes/grey Male/ 170 lbs/ 5'10"/ brown eyes/ Male/ 170 lbs/ 5'9"/ blue eyes/blondish                                                       grey hair Amerian Indian/Alaska Native brown hair hair                                                  Amerian Indian/Alaska Native  11086 Tallawhalt Way, Swinomish  White/non-hispanic White/non-hispanic                                                   15263 Reservation Rd., Swinomish 931 Maple Street, Apt. #8 804 Shoshone Drive, Shelter Bay            Date of Birth 05/06/1947                                                Date of Birth 07/10/1970 Date of Birth 08/27/1987 Date of Birth 00/01/1944          Registration Information:                          Registration         Registration Information: OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 1 Information:  Registration Information:                               OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 3 OFFENSES: RCW 9A.44.100 Solicitation OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 1 OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 1               OFFENSES:      to commit indecent liberties (Class "C" OFFENSES: RCW 9A.44.040 Rape 1st  RCW 9A.36.041 Assault OFFENSES: RCW 9A.44.083 Child   

Degree

 

Felony)



 4th  with sexual motivation

Molestation 1st Degree (2 counts) King County

 

                                                               SAMPSON, JOSEPH HOWARD   SMITH, MICHAEL JR.           RUSSELL, ALLEN RAY                   Male/ 200 lbs/ 5'8"/ brown eyes/grey hair       Male/ 160 lbs/ 5'7"/ brown eyes/            Male/ 180 lbs/ 5'9"/ brown eyes/   Tier 1 = Low Risk of Re-Offense                      American Indian/Alaska Native      black hair         brown hair    Tier 2 = Moderate Risk of Re-Offense                    15213 Reservation Rd., Swinomish     American Indian/Alaska Native            White/non-hispanic       Tier 3 = High Risk of Re-Offense               11215 Solahdwh Lane, Swinomish   Date  of Birth 04/19/1948          931 Maple St. #13 La Conner                          Date of Birth 08/17/1981 Registration Information:       Date of Birth 01/28/1981 Public Website:       

         OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 2  Registration Information:        Swinomish.nsopw.gov  Registration Information:        OFFENSES: 18 U.S.C 2241 (A), 2246(2),     OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 2   Updated on 03/06/17    OFFENDER TYPE: Tier 2      1153 Aggravated Sexual Abuse; 18 U.S.C  SITC 4-03.020 Abusive   Provided by the Swinomish OFFENSES: RCW 9A.44.050 Rape 2nd OFFENSES:    

sexual touching (Class A)

(2244(A)(2) Abusive Sexual Contact  

Department

Police

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Degree

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I AM SWINOMISH, I WILL GRADUATE.

The Swinomish Junior Warrior-Russell Gould wears his crown at the August Commnity Dinner.

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