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F R E DE R IC K S BUR G

★ Gordonsville – Longstreet’s camp. Home to Exchange

A N N O C K A H P P R A

★ 1864 CAMPAIGN SITES★

Chatham (National Park Headquarters)

Union supply wagons crossed the Rapidan River as Federal troops fought in The Wilderness.

Hotel Civil War Museum.

★ Montpelier – Site of Confederate winter camps, 1863–1864. ★ Orange – Confederates moved from this area to meet Grant in The Wilderness.

★ Town of Culpeper – Union camps dotted area prior to 1864 Overland Campaign.

★ Germanna Ford – Union soldiers crossed here May 4, 1864,

BURNSIDE

starting the Overland Campaign.

(Remington, 11 miles)

T AYE LA F

★ Harris Farm – Site of last engagement of Spotsylvania

(Union)

15 29

fighting, May 19, 1864..

Federal high command planning campaign.

3

(Union)

S T A F F O R D

dri

15

522

Germanna Ford

EWELL (Confederate)

ra (O

15

HILL-EWELL DR.

20 Parker’s Store

Other Civil War Trails Site Other Civil War Site

C re e k

c

National, State or County Park Information or Welcome Center

608

Restrooms

E R

607

Montpelier (Winter Camps)

to protect by defending the North Anna line.

★ Mangohick Church – Elements of the Union army

218

F RE D ERICK SBUR G 3 1 17

Salem Church

Todd’s Tavern

Verdiersville

OR ANG E

HILL

marched past here after the North Anna battle.

608

One of a series of photographs by Timothy O’Sullivan of a Union High command meeting at Massaponax Church. U.S. Grant is leaning over a church pew conferring with his commanders.

Slaughter Pen Farm

608

651

★ Nelson’s Crossing – Union army II and VI Corps crossed

SPOTSYLVANIA

the Pamunkey River here.

★ Haw’s Shop/Enon Church – Fierce cavalry battle fought

15

231

here May 28, 1864.

AR TH CA

608

Zion Methodist Church Plantations on Guinea Station Road

612

LONGSTREET

33

Gen. J.E.B. Stuart, May 11, 1864.

★ Meadow Bridge – Union cavalry were nearly trapped after

R I V

651

Guinea Station/ Stonewall Jackson Shrine

607

E

626 620

632 669

15

★ Trevilian Station – Cavalry fought here June 11-12, 1864, as Grant began infantry move.(Multiple Trails sites.) ★ Long Bridge – Union troops crossed Chickahominy River

638

33

301

613

★ Wilcox’s Landing – Site of main Union army James River

605

Bethel Church

Trevilian Station (Multiple Sites)

here after disengaging at Cold Harbor.

BOW L ING GR E EN 207

669

(No modern bridge.)

1

722

L OUIS A

★ North Bend – Union cavalry headquarters, June 1864.

• Flowerdew Hundred – Parts of Union army crossed to

L O U I S A

(Waynesboro, 38 miles)

Court House Complex and Old Star Hotel

95

22

crossing, this one via boat. Now a Charles City County park.

676

RT

208

C A R O L I N E

207

M

H

33

camp located here.

A

A

To Charlottesville (see inset below)

250

A P T T

N

NA R IVER

★ Port Walthall Junction – Two actions here in May 1864 Confederate soldiers beg Lee to return to the rear as fighting grows intense in The Wilderness.

522

disrupt Confederate supply lines, May 9, 1864.

20

★ Ellerslie – Plantation was a key Confederate site during

(Vir

656

gin

ia

Ce

ntral RR)

Rio Hill 250

684

on Petersburg defenses, June 15, 1864.

★ Cavalry Assault – Site of Union cavalry assault against

64

Petersburg, June 9, 1864.

2

652 250

C HAR LOT T E S V ILL E

Ox Ford Battlefield

★ RELATED CIVIL WAR SITES★

Hanover Junction

602

64

• Kelly’s Ford – Confederate Maj. John Pelham killed during

30

H A N O V E R

64

cavalry battle here March 17, 1863.

• Brandy Station Battlefield – Largest cavalry battle

651

29

• Graffiti House – Union and Confederate soldiers covered

638

plaster walls with still-visible graffiti, 1863–1864.

Mangohick Church

522

• Cedar Mountain Battlefield – Stonewall Jackson led

54

Confederates in battle here August 9, 1862.

A L B E M A R L E

• James City Battlefield – Day-long cavalry battle here Oct. 10, 1863.

20

33

615

54

605

mac

• Aquia Landing – Important Union supply base for

Hanover Tavern

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cornered but escaped during this Sept. 22, 1863 battle.

604

A SH LAN D

• Rochelle (Jack’s Shop) – J.E.B. Stuart was almost campaigns in 1862-1864. here daily on a “cornstalk and beanpole” bridge.

g & Poto

• Potomac Creek Bridge – Union supply trains crossed Lieutenant Colonel Charles L. Chandler rallying the 57th Massachusetts Infantry at Ox Ford, May 24, 1864.

• White Oak Church/Museum – Site of Union camp in winter of 1862. Museum with related artifacts.

6

• Slaughter Pen Farm – Civil War Trust walking trail, site E S J A M

250

295

R I V E R

64

20

(Richmo

trail with markers to tell the story of the first day’s actions.

nd & anville D

the Chancellorsville Campaign.

Beaver Dam Creek

1 301

360

J

1 301

A

M

32ND ST.

22ND ST.

S

E

10

C H E S T E R F I E L D

95

360

• Confederate Memorial Chapel – One of two surviving

(now in city park) built to defend city.

HIN WAS 1 460

GT

T. ON S

T. HE S WYT

Wallace House

• Blandford Church – Situated just behind the Confederate lines and used as a temporary field hospital after the Battle of the Crater. Confederate cemetery adjacent. • Fort Davis – Built as result of Union capture of Jerusalem

Blandford Church CR AT E

First Battle of Petersburg AM RD. G RAH

460

Tavern battle.

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RR

DR

.

Fort Mahone S. BOU

LEVARD

Fort Davis Park R D. eld NK FLA Battlefi al n o ati To N

36

Fort Hayes

630

Petersburg National Battlefield 634

156

Flowerdew Hundred

(N

10 156

95

No modern crossing. Site of 1864 pontoon bridge, and ferry crossing. Modern roads connecting historic route.

Beefsteak Raid 609

10

Prince George Court House

P R I N C E

PETERSB URG

623

5

North Bend

639

106

85 301

Sherwood Forest

Wilcox’s Landing

Evelynton Harrison’s Landing J A M E S R I V E R

106

156

295

35

Baylor’s Farm Hopewell Visitor Center

Baylor’s Farm Hopewell Visitor Center

or

G E O R G E

460

fo

156

85

Petersburg Defenses

36

Piney Grove

10 156

156

460

295

95

156

H O PEWE L L Fort Clifton Po i n

South Side Station

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N

ILL

. RD

the president’s visits, April 3 and 7, 1865.

W

O ST IN

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• Fort Hays – Constructed Aug.– Sept. 1864 after Globe

• Lincoln in Petersburg – Three markers tell the story of

D.

618

36

Violet Bank

C I T Y 615

City Point Unit/PNB

36

301

Plank Road and is one of the largest forts surrounding Petersburg.

• South Side Station – Oldest remaining railroad station in Virginia. Union artillery bombarded the building during siege. Lee’s Retreat tour begins here.

RR

Fort

614

Shirley

Point of Rocks

th S

DWAY WEST BROA

15TH AVE.

• Petersburg Batteries – Three Confederate batteries

Petersburg Visitor Center

T. Union XS TO AT M Y PO A P W A AD RO i TB S AS o u RA E( ND OL PH RD

LIN AR

protecting Petersburg-Richmond front.

supplies and evacuation, 1864–1865.

WESTON

Campbell’s Bridge

Depot Field Hospital

Petersburg National Battlefield

A P P O M A T T O X RLANE IVER

Centre Hill

E

“curl” and avoid Confederate river defenses.

• Point of Rocks – Union field hospital site, 1864–1865. • Parker’s Battery – Part of Confederate Howlett Line

• Dunlop Station – Vital rail junction for Confederate

ST.

LAN

to attack Richmond defenses in 1864.

• Dutch Gap – Union canal dug to cut off a James River

during siege.

NK BA

36

LOR’S BAY

• Deep Bottom – James River crossing used by Union forces

• Violet Bank – Lee’s headquarters June–October 1864

10

1 301

R I V E R

Charles City Court House

10

95

60

C H A R L E S

Bermuda Hundred Landing

Fort Wead

Ellerslie

Dunlop Station

(Weldon RR)

back Federal gunboats, May 15, 1862.

• Fort Stevens – Scene of fighting May 14–16, 1864, during Bermuda Hundred campaign.

during siege lasting 91⁄2 months.

ST.

Seven Days’ Battles, July 1, 1862.

• Drewry’s Bluff – Confederate guns above the James turned

• Petersburg National Battlefield – Site of opposing lines

. RIVER ST

South Side Station

E MOR

• Malvern Hill – Union defense here held in last of the

36

SYCA

the war.

• Beef Steak Raid – Confederate cavalry captured 2,486 steers meant to feed Union troops, September 1864.

City Point Unit/PNB

Weston Plantation – Weston Manor

.

• Piney Grove – Farmstead depicting domestic life during

95 1 301

protected perimeter of City Point supply base.

AV E.

defense line, October 9, 1864.

HOP E W E L L

N. 6TH AVE.

• Seven Pines – Scene of heavy fighting, May 31, 1862. • Darbytown Road – Confederate offensive to reclaim

• Union Fort – Union fortification in Hopewell city park

P E TE RS BUR G

21ST AVE.

• Savage’s Station – Union rear guard fought here while Gen. George McClellan withdrew his army to the James River, June 29, 1862.

for interpretation of Civil War civilian life.

BL VD

• Libby Prison (site) – Waterfront warehouse became a prison for Union officers.

Ware Bottom Church Battlefield Park Howlett Line Park

K E N T

5 156

Battery Dantzler Parker’s Battery

• Weston Manor – Antebellum structure provides setting

AW N

Site of busy deepwater port and ironclad ship-building facility on the James River.

THE FINAL CAMPAIGNS

AW N

• Confederate Navy Yard and Rocketts Landing –

patients treated in largest City Point hospital.

KL

Union enlisted men. Now a city park.

• Depot Field Hospital (site) – Up to 10,000 Union

155

Dutch Gap at Citie of Henricus Park

Chester Station

Battle of Swift Creek

headquarters during 1864-1865 siege of Petersburg.

W OO DL

• Belle Isle – Site of notorious Civil War prison camp holding

• City Point Unit – Union supply depot and U.S. Grant’s

609

295

Port Walthall Junction

60

Belle Isle

OA

Explore Richmond’s battlefields with exhibits, film, and ranger assistance.

Gen. Benjamin Butler landed here May 5, 1864.

HAL IFAX RD.

• Richmond National Battlefield Park Visitor Center –

• Bermuda Hundred Landing – Union troops under

DEFENSE RD.

buildings of R.E. Lee Camp No. 1, Confederate Soldiers’ Home, a refuge for indigent veterans.

A H O M I N Y

106

Malvern Hill

5

K

Halfway House

)

of the Confederacy” murals and world’s largest collection of Confederate-made weapons.

Chesterfield Courthouse

Deep Bottom (Landing)

Drewry’s Bluff Fort Stevens

R

Hollywood Cemetery

Confederate Navy Yard and Rocketts Landing

R

IC

H E N R I C O

R

R

E. OD AV ELLWO

I V

E

156

)

195

Tredegar Iron Works Richmond National Battlefield Park

895

106

N E W

RR

288

64

665 640

Darbytown Road

t

12TH ST.

9TH ST.

7TH ST.

5TH ST.

2ND ST.

25TH ST.

360

60

Long Bridge

ity

VE.

ST. MAIN ST. CARY

5

Libby Prison (site)

156

Seven Pines (Sandston Library)

H

Confederate Memorial Chapel

Chimborazo

T.

A GROVE

MAIN ST.

S RE DE

Virginia Historical Society

I LV BE

• Virginia Historical Society – Houses the “Four Seasons

Capitol

FRANKLIN ST.

(Fort Monroe, 60 miles)

C

RD

• Gaines’ Mill – National Park commemorating fighting

federate artifacts housed in a modern museum. Confederate White House is restored and open for tours.

GRACE ST.

PARK AVE. AVE. GTON T AVE. KENSIN STUAR

1 301

BROAD ST.

60

249

Savage’s Station

RD.

RD .

10

Museum of the Confederacy and the Confederate Executive Mansion

MARSHALL ST.

250

MONUMENT AVE.

161

(Richmond & Petersburg

A BOULEV

CLAY ST.

33 250

• Museum of the Confederacy – Largest collection of Con-

.

Richmond Visitor Center

start of Seven Days’ Battles, June 26, 1862.

as commander of the Army of Northern Virginia.

95

EA VE

LEIGH ST.

• Beaver Dam Creek – National Park commemorating

• Dabbs House Museum – Lee’s first headquarters (June 1862)

LA YN

3RD ST.

64

• Hanover Tavern – J.E.B. Stuart passed through here on

BE R

Richmond International Airport

(C

LOMBARDY ST.

through here in early March 1865.

150

33

rk Yo & ond Tunstall m Station ch

N

• Scottsville – Union soldiers burned buildings as they moved

1 301

CH AM

60

RI CH M O N D

60

Dispatch i Station (R

613

156

ver RR)

640

76

360

R

Ri

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Confederate winter camp here February 29, 1864.

here June 27, 1862.

Old Cold 628 Harbor Crossroads

MEADO W

YT RB DA

• Rio Hill – Union cavalry under Gen. George Custer attacked

agrarian life during the Civil War.

64

30

K E Y

632

Cold Harbor Hanover Park Gaines‘ 156 630 Mill

Dabbs House Museum

161

R IC HM OND

U N

Cold Harbor

33

• Mine Run – Civil War Trust walking trail with markers to

M

628

615

147

interior woodwork for firewood.

A

606

Bethesda Church

• Hartwood Presbyterian Church – Union troops burned

famous ride around McClellan in 1862.

627

Meadow Bridge

)

JAMES RIVER

P

627

195

RR

• Salem Church – Scene of May 3-4, 1863, fighting during

• Meadow Farm Museum – Antebellum farm interpreting

y

156

• First Day at Chancellorsville – Civil War Trust walking

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e Cr

615

Polegreen Church

Park visitor center on site of Stonewall Jackson’s wounding during May 1863 battle.

tell the story of only battle in this aborted Union campaign, Nov. 1863.

To t o po t om o

643

(

• Chancellorsville Battlefield Visitor Center – National

Haw’s Shop

606

Yellow Tavern Totopotomoy (J.E.B. Stuart Creek Monument)

mo

6

Meadow Farm Museum

K I N G W I L L I A M

605

615

Enon Church

2

nd,

S C OT T S V ILLE

Information here about the battles at Fredericksburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania and Chancellorsville.

301

h Ric

• Fredericksburg Battlefield Visitor Center –

The first Union attacks on thinly held Confederate lines at Petersburg were successful; but resistance stiffened resulting in a siege.

Confederate Cemetery and Canal Basin Square

360

Nelson’s Crossing

I V E R

bridge before assaulting Lee’s army, Dec. 1862.

95

1

Fredericksbur

• Fredericksburg Visitor Center – Information here about

of failed Union attack on Jackson’s position, Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 1862.

R I V E R

654

North Anna Battlefield Park

Confederate Statues

I

301

Carmel Church

Swift Creek fighting.

★ Petersburg National Battlefield – Initial Union assaults

655

N

29

O

to control railroad.

★ Swift Creek – Union Gen. Butler repulsed an effort to

Confederate cavalry commander J.E.B. Stuart (inset) was mortally wounded during the Battle of Yellow Tavern, May 11, 1864.

Milford Station

NO

★ Prince George Court House – Large Federal cavalry

• City Dock – Union infantry crossed here on a pontoon

R

606

★ Battlefield at Cold Harbor – A National Park visitor center and Hanover County park commemorates and interprets the battles fought May 31-June 12, 1864.

P A HAN OCK R N IV E

609

R

Exchange Hotel

Battle of Yellow Tavern, May 1864.

RAP 2

669

GOR DONS V ILLE

June 1, 1864, prior to Cold Harbor.

P O

208

(Confederate)

★ Polegreen Church – Church destroyed by artillery

Spotsylvania Visitor Center

Massaponax Church

Spotsylvania Court House Historic District

20

★ Totopotomoy Creek – Site of fighting May 28-June 1, 1864. ★ Yellow Tavern – Site of the mortal wounding of Confederate

17

208

PI

N

704

20

to Cold Harbor.

RD.

522

Visitor Center

Pelham Monument

Fredericksburg Battlefield

Harris Farm

Spotsylvania Battlefield

613

(Confederate)

★ Ashland – Lee marched his troops through here on the way

the city’s Civil War history.

Handicap Accessible

White Oak Church/Museum

612

• Hanover Junction – Critical railroad junction Lee hoped

on the North American continent, June 9, 1863.

1864 Overland Campaign Site

Aquia Landing

Po t o m a

626

3

621

Union Troop Movements from Camps

608

1

First Day at Chancellorville

Widow Tapp Farm

617

turned back Union attacks May 24-25, 1864. Hanover County park. Tour information for North Anna Battlefield available.

O C K

621

Locust Grove

Rochelle (Jack’s Shop)

N

IV

Chancellorsville Battlefield

O R A N G E

231

N

Potomac Creek Bridge

Hartwood Church

17

610

Wilderness Battlefield Exhibit Shelter

★ Carmel Church – Union army reunited here in preparation

in fighting here June 15, 1864.

R V E R I

N

3

Mine Run

ng

611

A

R

M A D I S O N

★ Milford Station – Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac

★ Baylor’s Farm – African American Union troops involved

I D

ex Al e &

headquarters here, May 22-23, 1864.

★ Bowling Green – Union soldiers broke into stores, freed

this site on pontoon bridge over James River.64 Historical park.

P

629

A

M ADIS ON

prisoners, and looted the town May 21, 1864, during march to the North Anna River.

R A

an

James City Battlefield

in 1863 is on Union march route a year later.

C U L P E P E R

H P A

★ Guinea Station – Site of Stonewall Jackson’s death

630 95

P R A

a R R)

29

homes line route of Union march in May 1864.

1864 Overland Campaign Historic Route Confederate Troop Movements from Camps

WARREN

★ Plantations on Guinea Station Road – Antebellum

(No modern bridge.)

ek

1

E R R I V

Cedar Mountain Battlefield

Union army turned to Massaponax here in May 1864.

★ Massaponax Church – Site of photographs showing

for attacks at the North Anna River.

City Dock – Pontoon Bridge Crossing

612

★ Zion Methodist Church – Spotsylvania landmark.

★ Ox Ford Battlefield (North Anna River) – Confederates 29

Fredericksburg Battlefield Visitor Center

Kelly’s Ford

HANCOCK

. LVD TE B

re uia C

(Multiple Sites)

Battle shattered the village in 1864. Walking tours available.

674

Aq

C ULP E P E R

★ Spotsylvania Court House Historic District –

Graffiti House

663

P O T O M A C

the fighting of May 8-21, 1864.

E ST. SS ANN PRINCE

★ Spotsylvania Battlefield – National Park tour reviews

ST. SOPHIA

522

R I V E R

Brandy Station Battlefield

NE ST. CAROLI

here May 6-7, 1864.

To Washington D.C., 34 miles

Fredericksburg Visitor Center

(Union)

site at the scene of heavy fighting May 5-6, 1864.

★ Todd’s Tavern – Union and Confederate cavalry clashed

Railroad station. Site of skirmish prior to North Anna, May 20, 1864.

3

(Union)

SEDGWICK

★ Wilderness Battlefield Exhibit Shelter – National Park

★ Bethel Church – Gens. Grant, Meade, and Burnside had

3

M ST. WILLIA

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