F R E DE R IC K S BUR G
★ Gordonsville – Longstreet’s camp. Home to Exchange
A N N O C K A H P P R A
★ 1864 CAMPAIGN SITES★
Chatham (National Park Headquarters)
Union supply wagons crossed the Rapidan River as Federal troops fought in The Wilderness.
Hotel Civil War Museum.
★ Montpelier – Site of Confederate winter camps, 1863–1864. ★ Orange – Confederates moved from this area to meet Grant in The Wilderness.
★ Town of Culpeper – Union camps dotted area prior to 1864 Overland Campaign.
★ Germanna Ford – Union soldiers crossed here May 4, 1864,
starting the Overland Campaign.
(Remington, 11 miles)
T AYE LA F
★ Harris Farm – Site of last engagement of Spotsylvania
fighting, May 19, 1864..
Federal high command planning campaign.
S T A F F O R D
20 Parker’s Store
Other Civil War Trails Site Other Civil War Site
C re e k
National, State or County Park Information or Welcome Center
Montpelier (Winter Camps)
to protect by defending the North Anna line.
★ Mangohick Church – Elements of the Union army
F RE D ERICK SBUR G 3 1 17
OR ANG E
marched past here after the North Anna battle.
One of a series of photographs by Timothy O’Sullivan of a Union High command meeting at Massaponax Church. U.S. Grant is leaning over a church pew conferring with his commanders.
Slaughter Pen Farm
★ Nelson’s Crossing – Union army II and VI Corps crossed
the Pamunkey River here.
★ Haw’s Shop/Enon Church – Fierce cavalry battle fought
here May 28, 1864.
AR TH CA
Zion Methodist Church Plantations on Guinea Station Road
Gen. J.E.B. Stuart, May 11, 1864.
★ Meadow Bridge – Union cavalry were nearly trapped after
R I V
Guinea Station/ Stonewall Jackson Shrine
★ Trevilian Station – Cavalry fought here June 11-12, 1864, as Grant began infantry move.(Multiple Trails sites.) ★ Long Bridge – Union troops crossed Chickahominy River
★ Wilcox’s Landing – Site of main Union army James River
Trevilian Station (Multiple Sites)
here after disengaging at Cold Harbor.
BOW L ING GR E EN 207
(No modern bridge.)
L OUIS A
★ North Bend – Union cavalry headquarters, June 1864.
• Flowerdew Hundred – Parts of Union army crossed to
L O U I S A
(Waynesboro, 38 miles)
Court House Complex and Old Star Hotel
crossing, this one via boat. Now a Charles City County park.
C A R O L I N E
camp located here.
To Charlottesville (see inset below)
A P T T
NA R IVER
★ Port Walthall Junction – Two actions here in May 1864 Confederate soldiers beg Lee to return to the rear as fighting grows intense in The Wilderness.
disrupt Confederate supply lines, May 9, 1864.
★ Ellerslie – Plantation was a key Confederate site during
Rio Hill 250
on Petersburg defenses, June 15, 1864.
★ Cavalry Assault – Site of Union cavalry assault against
Petersburg, June 9, 1864.
C HAR LOT T E S V ILL E
Ox Ford Battlefield
★ RELATED CIVIL WAR SITES★
• Kelly’s Ford – Confederate Maj. John Pelham killed during
H A N O V E R
cavalry battle here March 17, 1863.
• Brandy Station Battlefield – Largest cavalry battle
• Graffiti House – Union and Confederate soldiers covered
plaster walls with still-visible graffiti, 1863–1864.
• Cedar Mountain Battlefield – Stonewall Jackson led
Confederates in battle here August 9, 1862.
A L B E M A R L E
• James City Battlefield – Day-long cavalry battle here Oct. 10, 1863.
• Aquia Landing – Important Union supply base for
cornered but escaped during this Sept. 22, 1863 battle.
A SH LAN D
• Rochelle (Jack’s Shop) – J.E.B. Stuart was almost campaigns in 1862-1864. here daily on a “cornstalk and beanpole” bridge.
g & Poto
• Potomac Creek Bridge – Union supply trains crossed Lieutenant Colonel Charles L. Chandler rallying the 57th Massachusetts Infantry at Ox Ford, May 24, 1864.
• White Oak Church/Museum – Site of Union camp in winter of 1862. Museum with related artifacts.
• Slaughter Pen Farm – Civil War Trust walking trail, site E S J A M
R I V E R
trail with markers to tell the story of the first day’s actions.
nd & anville D
the Chancellorsville Campaign.
Beaver Dam Creek
C H E S T E R F I E L D
• Confederate Memorial Chapel – One of two surviving
(now in city park) built to defend city.
HIN WAS 1 460
T. ON S
T. HE S WYT
• Blandford Church – Situated just behind the Confederate lines and used as a temporary field hospital after the Battle of the Crater. Confederate cemetery adjacent. • Fort Davis – Built as result of Union capture of Jerusalem
Blandford Church CR AT E
First Battle of Petersburg AM RD. G RAH
Fort Mahone S. BOU
Fort Davis Park R D. eld NK FLA Battlefi al n o ati To N
Petersburg National Battlefield 634
No modern crossing. Site of 1864 pontoon bridge, and ferry crossing. Modern roads connecting historic route.
Beefsteak Raid 609
Prince George Court House
P R I N C E
Evelynton Harrison’s Landing J A M E S R I V E R
Baylor’s Farm Hopewell Visitor Center
Baylor’s Farm Hopewell Visitor Center
G E O R G E
H O PEWE L L Fort Clifton Po i n
South Side Station
the president’s visits, April 3 and 7, 1865.
O ST IN
• Fort Hays – Constructed Aug.– Sept. 1864 after Globe
• Lincoln in Petersburg – Three markers tell the story of
C I T Y 615
City Point Unit/PNB
Plank Road and is one of the largest forts surrounding Petersburg.
• South Side Station – Oldest remaining railroad station in Virginia. Union artillery bombarded the building during siege. Lee’s Retreat tour begins here.
Point of Rocks
DWAY WEST BROA
• Petersburg Batteries – Three Confederate batteries
Petersburg Visitor Center
T. Union XS TO AT M Y PO A P W A AD RO i TB S AS o u RA E( ND OL PH RD
protecting Petersburg-Richmond front.
supplies and evacuation, 1864–1865.
Depot Field Hospital
Petersburg National Battlefield
A P P O M A T T O X RLANE IVER
“curl” and avoid Confederate river defenses.
• Point of Rocks – Union field hospital site, 1864–1865. • Parker’s Battery – Part of Confederate Howlett Line
• Dunlop Station – Vital rail junction for Confederate
to attack Richmond defenses in 1864.
• Dutch Gap – Union canal dug to cut off a James River
• Deep Bottom – James River crossing used by Union forces
• Violet Bank – Lee’s headquarters June–October 1864
R I V E R
Charles City Court House
C H A R L E S
Bermuda Hundred Landing
back Federal gunboats, May 15, 1862.
• Fort Stevens – Scene of fighting May 14–16, 1864, during Bermuda Hundred campaign.
during siege lasting 91⁄2 months.
Seven Days’ Battles, July 1, 1862.
• Drewry’s Bluff – Confederate guns above the James turned
• Petersburg National Battlefield – Site of opposing lines
. RIVER ST
South Side Station
• Malvern Hill – Union defense here held in last of the
• Beef Steak Raid – Confederate cavalry captured 2,486 steers meant to feed Union troops, September 1864.
City Point Unit/PNB
Weston Plantation – Weston Manor
• Piney Grove – Farmstead depicting domestic life during
95 1 301
protected perimeter of City Point supply base.
defense line, October 9, 1864.
HOP E W E L L
N. 6TH AVE.
• Seven Pines – Scene of heavy fighting, May 31, 1862. • Darbytown Road – Confederate offensive to reclaim
• Union Fort – Union fortification in Hopewell city park
P E TE RS BUR G
• Savage’s Station – Union rear guard fought here while Gen. George McClellan withdrew his army to the James River, June 29, 1862.
for interpretation of Civil War civilian life.
• Libby Prison (site) – Waterfront warehouse became a prison for Union officers.
Ware Bottom Church Battlefield Park Howlett Line Park
K E N T
Battery Dantzler Parker’s Battery
• Weston Manor – Antebellum structure provides setting
Site of busy deepwater port and ironclad ship-building facility on the James River.
THE FINAL CAMPAIGNS
• Confederate Navy Yard and Rocketts Landing –
patients treated in largest City Point hospital.
Union enlisted men. Now a city park.
• Depot Field Hospital (site) – Up to 10,000 Union
Dutch Gap at Citie of Henricus Park
Battle of Swift Creek
headquarters during 1864-1865 siege of Petersburg.
W OO DL
• Belle Isle – Site of notorious Civil War prison camp holding
• City Point Unit – Union supply depot and U.S. Grant’s
Port Walthall Junction
Explore Richmond’s battlefields with exhibits, film, and ranger assistance.
Gen. Benjamin Butler landed here May 5, 1864.
HAL IFAX RD.
• Richmond National Battlefield Park Visitor Center –
• Bermuda Hundred Landing – Union troops under
buildings of R.E. Lee Camp No. 1, Confederate Soldiers’ Home, a refuge for indigent veterans.
A H O M I N Y
of the Confederacy” murals and world’s largest collection of Confederate-made weapons.
Deep Bottom (Landing)
Drewry’s Bluff Fort Stevens
Confederate Navy Yard and Rocketts Landing
H E N R I C O
E. OD AV ELLWO
Tredegar Iron Works Richmond National Battlefield Park
N E W
ST. MAIN ST. CARY
Libby Prison (site)
Seven Pines (Sandston Library)
Confederate Memorial Chapel
S RE DE
Virginia Historical Society
I LV BE
• Virginia Historical Society – Houses the “Four Seasons
(Fort Monroe, 60 miles)
• Gaines’ Mill – National Park commemorating fighting
federate artifacts housed in a modern museum. Confederate White House is restored and open for tours.
PARK AVE. AVE. GTON T AVE. KENSIN STUAR
Museum of the Confederacy and the Confederate Executive Mansion
(Richmond & Petersburg
• Museum of the Confederacy – Largest collection of Con-
Richmond Visitor Center
start of Seven Days’ Battles, June 26, 1862.
as commander of the Army of Northern Virginia.
• Beaver Dam Creek – National Park commemorating
• Dabbs House Museum – Lee’s first headquarters (June 1862)
• Hanover Tavern – J.E.B. Stuart passed through here on
Richmond International Airport
through here in early March 1865.
rk Yo & ond Tunstall m Station ch
• Scottsville – Union soldiers burned buildings as they moved
RI CH M O N D
Dispatch i Station (R
Confederate winter camp here February 29, 1864.
here June 27, 1862.
Old Cold 628 Harbor Crossroads
YT RB DA
• Rio Hill – Union cavalry under Gen. George Custer attacked
agrarian life during the Civil War.
K E Y
Cold Harbor Hanover Park Gaines‘ 156 630 Mill
Dabbs House Museum
R IC HM OND
• Mine Run – Civil War Trust walking trail with markers to
interior woodwork for firewood.
• Hartwood Presbyterian Church – Union troops burned
famous ride around McClellan in 1862.
• Salem Church – Scene of May 3-4, 1863, fighting during
• Meadow Farm Museum – Antebellum farm interpreting
• First Day at Chancellorsville – Civil War Trust walking
Park visitor center on site of Stonewall Jackson’s wounding during May 1863 battle.
tell the story of only battle in this aborted Union campaign, Nov. 1863.
To t o po t om o
• Chancellorsville Battlefield Visitor Center – National
Yellow Tavern Totopotomoy (J.E.B. Stuart Creek Monument)
Meadow Farm Museum
K I N G W I L L I A M
S C OT T S V ILLE
Information here about the battles at Fredericksburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania and Chancellorsville.
• Fredericksburg Battlefield Visitor Center –
The first Union attacks on thinly held Confederate lines at Petersburg were successful; but resistance stiffened resulting in a siege.
Confederate Cemetery and Canal Basin Square
I V E R
bridge before assaulting Lee’s army, Dec. 1862.
• Fredericksburg Visitor Center – Information here about
of failed Union attack on Jackson’s position, Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 1862.
R I V E R
North Anna Battlefield Park
Swift Creek fighting.
★ Petersburg National Battlefield – Initial Union assaults
to control railroad.
★ Swift Creek – Union Gen. Butler repulsed an effort to
Confederate cavalry commander J.E.B. Stuart (inset) was mortally wounded during the Battle of Yellow Tavern, May 11, 1864.
★ Prince George Court House – Large Federal cavalry
• City Dock – Union infantry crossed here on a pontoon
★ Battlefield at Cold Harbor – A National Park visitor center and Hanover County park commemorates and interprets the battles fought May 31-June 12, 1864.
P A HAN OCK R N IV E
Battle of Yellow Tavern, May 1864.
GOR DONS V ILLE
June 1, 1864, prior to Cold Harbor.
★ Polegreen Church – Church destroyed by artillery
Spotsylvania Visitor Center
Spotsylvania Court House Historic District
★ Totopotomoy Creek – Site of fighting May 28-June 1, 1864. ★ Yellow Tavern – Site of the mortal wounding of Confederate
to Cold Harbor.
★ Ashland – Lee marched his troops through here on the way
the city’s Civil War history.
White Oak Church/Museum
• Hanover Junction – Critical railroad junction Lee hoped
on the North American continent, June 9, 1863.
1864 Overland Campaign Site
Po t o m a
Union Troop Movements from Camps
First Day at Chancellorville
Widow Tapp Farm
turned back Union attacks May 24-25, 1864. Hanover County park. Tour information for North Anna Battlefield available.
O C K
Rochelle (Jack’s Shop)
O R A N G E
Potomac Creek Bridge
Wilderness Battlefield Exhibit Shelter
★ Carmel Church – Union army reunited here in preparation
in fighting here June 15, 1864.
R V E R I
M A D I S O N
★ Milford Station – Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac
★ Baylor’s Farm – African American Union troops involved
ex Al e &
headquarters here, May 22-23, 1864.
★ Bowling Green – Union soldiers broke into stores, freed
this site on pontoon bridge over James River.64 Historical park.
M ADIS ON
prisoners, and looted the town May 21, 1864, during march to the North Anna River.
James City Battlefield
in 1863 is on Union march route a year later.
C U L P E P E R
H P A
★ Guinea Station – Site of Stonewall Jackson’s death
P R A
a R R)
homes line route of Union march in May 1864.
1864 Overland Campaign Historic Route Confederate Troop Movements from Camps
★ Plantations on Guinea Station Road – Antebellum
(No modern bridge.)
E R R I V
Cedar Mountain Battlefield
Union army turned to Massaponax here in May 1864.
★ Massaponax Church – Site of photographs showing
for attacks at the North Anna River.
City Dock – Pontoon Bridge Crossing
★ Zion Methodist Church – Spotsylvania landmark.
★ Ox Ford Battlefield (North Anna River) – Confederates 29
Fredericksburg Battlefield Visitor Center
. LVD TE B
re uia C
Battle shattered the village in 1864. Walking tours available.
C ULP E P E R
★ Spotsylvania Court House Historic District –
P O T O M A C
the fighting of May 8-21, 1864.
E ST. SS ANN PRINCE
★ Spotsylvania Battlefield – National Park tour reviews
R I V E R
Brandy Station Battlefield
NE ST. CAROLI
here May 6-7, 1864.
To Washington D.C., 34 miles
Fredericksburg Visitor Center
site at the scene of heavy fighting May 5-6, 1864.
★ Todd’s Tavern – Union and Confederate cavalry clashed
Railroad station. Site of skirmish prior to North Anna, May 20, 1864.
★ Wilderness Battlefield Exhibit Shelter – National Park
★ Bethel Church – Gens. Grant, Meade, and Burnside had
M ST. WILLIA
Mileage Scale rg