Visitors Guide 2017
Nestled in the Center of Texas BROWNWOOD Brown County Seat Population: 19,288
• Located on the Pecan Bayou at the intersection of U.S. Highways 67, 84, 183 and 377, Farm Road 2524, and the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in south central Brown County. •The city and the county are named for Henry Stevenson Brown. • Residents enjoy a low cost of living that is 21.8 percent below the U.S. Average. • In the fall of 1940, as part of the military buildup associated with the peacetime draft, a military-training installation, Camp Bowie, was built to the south and southwest of town. The camp eventually became the largest military training center in Texas, and had a major impact on the city of Brownwood. By December 1940 the 13,500 workers at the camp exceeded the 1940 population of the city; by March 1941 Brownwood’s population was counted at 22,479, and by some estimates the wartime population eventually reached considerably more than 50,000. With the closing of Camp Bowie in 1946, Brownwood’s wartime gains began to slip away. Attempts to sustain the growth rate of the war years were blocked by the seven-year drought of the late 1940s and early 1950s and its deleterious impact on the agribusiness of the region. In spite of the postwar depression, the city numbered 20,140 inhabitants, 71 percent of the county population, in 1950. Brownwood’s population declined during the 1950s by more than 15 percent to 16,974 in 1960, and has remained relatively static over the next 40 years, with 17,368 inhabitants in 1970, 19,203 in 1980, 18,387 in 1990, and 19,288 in 2010.