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Fish Identification Project By: Maddie Butler


Saltwater Fish


Title: Saltwater Fish Common Name: Sword Fish Scientific Name: Xiphias gladius

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii Order:Perciformes Family: Xiphiidae Geography/Habitat: Usually found in tropical and temperate waters in the Indian, Atlantic, and Pacific oceans Life Strategy: Its sharp “sword: on the end of its head Food/Feed Strategy: Uses its “sword” to injure its prey and make an easier catch Body Form: Fusiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swordfish


Title:Saltwater Fish Common Name:Barracuda Scientific Name:Sphyraena

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum:Chordata Class:Actinopterygii Order:Perciformes Family:Sphyraenidae Geography/Habitat:Found in tropical and subtropical oceans worldwide Life Strategy:Aggressive predators that relies mostly on speed Food/Feed Strategy:Uses short bursts of speed and surprise to ambush their prey Body Form:Sagittiform Swim/Locomotion Style:Thunniform Mouth Position:Hit and Run Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barracuda


Title: Saltwater Fish Common Name: Parrot Fish Scientific Name: Scaridae

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii Order: Perciformes Family: Scaridae Geography/Habitat: Found in tropical oceans on coral reefs, seagrass beds, and rocky coasts Life Strategy: They can change sex Food/Feed Strategy: They use their beaks to eat coral Body Form: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Beak Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parrotfish


Title:Saltwater Fish Common Name:Yellowfin Tuna Scientific Name:Thunnus albacares

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum:Chordata Class:Actinopterygii Order:Perciformes Family:Scombridae Geography/Habitat:Found in tropical and subtropical oceans worldwide Life Strategy:Large Fish that swim in schools and highly sought after by fishermen Food/Feed Strategy:Extremely fast fish that prey on other smaller fish Body Form:Fusiform Swim/Locomotion Style:Thunniform Mouth Position:Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellowfin_tuna


Title:Saltwater Fish Common Name:Lionfish Scientific Name:Pterois

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum:Chordata Class:Actinopterygii Order:Scorpaeniformes Family:Scorpaenidae Geography/Habitat:Found in the Indo-Pacific Life Strategy:Used mainly for aquarium purposes but in the open ocean they are a hazard to humans because of the poisonous spines on their body Food/Feed Strategy:Skilled hunters that use their swim bladder muscles to alter the water to gain advantage over its prey(smaller fish and mollusks) Body Form:Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style:Carangiform Mouth Position:Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pterois


Title:Saltwater Fish Common Name:Shortfin Mako Shark Scientific Name:Isurus oxyrinchus

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum:Chordata Class:Chondrichthyes Order:Lamniformes Family:Lamnidae Geography/Habitat: Life Strategy:Dangerous predator and is the fastest shark Food/Feed Strategy:Can swim extremely fast to catch prey in its jaws Body Form:Fusiform Swim/Locomotion Style:Thunniform Mouth Position:Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shortfin_mako_shark


Title:Saltwater Fish Common Name:Red Snapper Scientific Name:Lutjanus campechanus

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum:Chordata Class:Actinopterygii Order:Perciformes Family:Lutjanidae Geography/Habitat:Found in the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Coast of the US Life Strategy:Prized food fish and lives longer than most fish Food/Feed Strategy: They eat smaller fish Body Form:Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style:Carangiform Mouth Position:Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_snapper_(fish)


Title:Saltwater Fish Common Name:Atlantic Blue Marlin Scientific Name:Makaira nigricans

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum:Chordata Class:Actinopterygii Order:Perciformes Family:Istiophoridae Geography/Habitat:Found in the Atlantic Ocean Life Strategy:Spends most of its life in the open sea and are endanger from overfishing Food/Feed Strategy:uses its bill to injure fish and eat them Body Form:Fusiform Swim/Locomotion Style:Thunniform Mouth Position:Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_blue_marlin


Title:Saltwater Fish Common Name:Ocean Sunfish Scientific Name:Mola mola

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum:Chordata Class:Actinopterygii Order:Tetraodontiformes Family:Molidae Geography/Habitat:Found in tropical and temperate oceans around the world Life Strategy:Largest bony fish in the world and eat a lot to maintain their huge bodies Food/Feed Strategy:Eats mostly jellyfish Body Form:Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style:Carangiform Mouth Position:Gape and Suck Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_sunfish


Title:Saltwater Fish Common Name:Pufferfish Scientific Name:Tetraodontidae

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum:Chordata Class:Actinopterygii Order:Tetraodontiformes Family:Tetraodontidae Geography/Habitat:Found mostly in tropical waters Life Strategy:Considered one of the most poisonous fishes in the world Food/Feed Strategy:Eats mostly hard shelled animals Body Form:Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style:Ostraciiform Mouth Position:Subterminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetraodontidae


Title: Common Name: Scientific Name: Kingdom: Phylum: Class: Order: Family: Geography/Habitat: Life Strategy: Food/Feed Strategy: Body Form: Swim/Locomotion Style: Mouth Position: Citation:


Fish ID Project  

This is for Aquascience class

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