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Breast Cancer

mps. u B r u o y e v a S . s p Feel for Lum Volume 1, Issue 1

February 18, 2013

What is Breast cancer? Breast Cancer Symbol established by Susan G. Komen in 1991.

Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that starts in the cells of the breast. A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that can grow into (invade) surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to distant areas of the body. The disease occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get it, too. All people, whether male or female, are born with some breast cells and tissue that have the possibility to develop into cancer.

from ducts are known as ductal carcinomas, while those originating from lobules are known as lobular carcinomas. Breast cancer occurs in humans and other mammals. While the overwhelming majority of human cases occur

in women, male breast cancer can also occur.

Cancers originating

Special points of interest: 

There are many symptoms of breast cancer such as lumps in the breast or underarm area

There’re many ways to prevent breast cancer but if its in the genes, there is nothing you can do.

Breast cancer is serious and life threatening especially to African -American women.

Causes/ Risk Factors There are many things that contribute to the cause of breast cancer. Being a woman is the main risk factor of breast cancer. Also being 55 or over, over-

weight or obese, early menstrual periods (before age 12), being a white woman, having close blood relatives with breast cancer, having radiation treat-

ment to the breast or chest area, alcohol, lack of exercise, alcohol, not breastfeeding, recent use of birth control pills, and the list goes on.


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Breast Cancer

Diagnosis Breast cancer is sometimes found after symptoms appear, but many women with early breast cancer have no symptoms. That is why it important to get an screening at least by age 30. Screening tests (mammograms) are the most common tests used to diagnose cancer, but a biopsy has been said to be the most accurate way. A biopsy is done when mammograms, other imaging tests, or the physi-

cal exam finds a breast change (or abnormality) that is possibly cancer. A biopsy is the only way to tell if cancer is really present. During a biopsy, a sample of the suspicious area is removed to be looked at under a microscope by a pathologist. There are several types of biopsies, such as fine needle aspiration biopsy, core (large needle) biopsy, and surgical biopsy. The fine needle aspiration (FNA) would

be known as the most important biopsy treatment used for breast cancer In FNA biopsy, the doctor

hormone therapy, targeted therapy. The most commonly treatment used for breast cancer is surgery.

There is two types of breast cancer surgery: breast-conserving surgery

uses a very thin, hollow needle attached to a syringe to withdraw a small amount of tissue from a suspicious area, which is then looked at under a microscope.

Treatment Different types of treatment are available for patients with breast cancer. Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment), and some are being tested in clinical trials. The six types of standard treatment used are surgery, sentinel lymph node

biopsy followed by surgery Radiation therapy, chemotherapy,

I am a 2 surviv 1/2 breast or —b cance r ecaus mothe e of ch rapy. eI am v blesse er d. -Nanc y y

Relevant Statistics 

About 232,340 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed in women. About 64,640 new cases of carcinoma in situ (CIS) will be diagnosed (CIS is non-invasive and is the earliest form of breast cancer). About 39,620 women will die from breast cancer

The probability developing Breast Cancer within the next 10 years by age 20 is 1 out of 1,681.

According to the American Cancer Society, 95% of new cases and 97% of breast cancer deaths occurred in women 40 years of age and older.

(lumpectomy) and mastectomy. Breast-conserving surgery is removing anything less than the breast. Mastectomy is removing the whole breast.


Volume 1, Issue 1

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Symptoms There are different forms of breast cancer but they all are the same just in different places, caused by different things, and have different symptoms. That is why it is important to know the symptoms. Some of the symptoms are lumps in the breast or underarm after menstrual cycle, swelling in the armpit, pain or tenderness in the

breast, a noticeable flattening or indentation on the breast, a change in size, contour, texture, or temperature of the breast., a change in the nipple, such as dimpling, retraction, itching, and burning., unusual discharge from the nipple that may be clear, bloody, or another color, a marble-like area under the skin, and an area that is dis-

tinctly different from any other area on the breast. Breast cancer is difficult to avoid but it is possible. You can avoid breast cancer by eating right, exercising, take vitamins, avoid alcohol, minimize exposure to pharmacologic estrogen and xenoestrogens and maintain a healthy BMI and a positive mental outlook.

Did You Know? This is a just little knowledge to the brain that you probably did not know.

Did you know that the youngest cancer patience was a three year old Canadian. The left breast is statically more prone to developing breast can-

cer than the right breast.

In the U.S., 112 people die of breast cancer everyday and one every 15 minutes.

White women have a higher risk of getting breast cancer but African-American women are more

likely to die from it.

Breast cancer was described by ancient physicians in Egypt 3500 years ago.

Breast cancer in men is rare, accounting for approximately 1% of breast cancer rates in

Testimonials On October 17, 2011 during an interview on Today, Giuliana Rancic announced she had been diagnosed with an early stage breast cancer, for which she would be treated with a lumpectomy, followed by radiation. She underwent surgery in midOctober 2011 and returned to work at E! News about a week later. On December 5, 2011, Rancic disclosed she had decided to undergo a double mastectomy. As the cancer was

cleared away, what took its place was a pressing belief that talking

about it was an important part of her life’s purpose. “Maybe in some way I’m a little bit of a messenger,” she says. “Maybe God knew that I have a big mouth, that I’m a loud Italian chick, that I wouldn’t hide anything. It now starts to make some sense to me why I think I got the cool job, because I think He knew I would do some cool stuff with it.”

secsingle y r e “Ev ay I the d f o d on n g, I hinki was t . It ancer c e v ha med onsu c y l l tota one d no n a , me


s Supportive website

www.cancer.gov/ cancertopics/types/breast

www.cancer.org › Learn About Cancer › Breast Cancer www.mainehealthcancer.org/ BreastCancer

For more questions call : National Breast Cancer Foundation Telephone: (972) 248-9200

Save the ta-tas is a found ation to help cure breast cancer by collecting funds. This foundation was started in 2004 by Julie Fikse to help fight breast cancer using humor fun as a way to fight a serious disease.

Fax: (972) 248-6770

Dr. Shields’ health Class Breast Cancer TyKeidra Young 6th Period


Breast Cancer_TyKeidra Young