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A Deadly Cough February 18, 2013

Special points of interest:

Tuberculosis

 Scientific name for Tuberculosis is Mycobacterium tuberculosis.  Sputum: Mucous material from the lungs that is produced by coughing.  Many years ago, this disease was referred to as "consumption ".

Tuberculosis, also known as TB, is one of the most deadly diseases on the face of the earth. According to TB Statistics, in 2010, there were 8.8 million incidents of TB (TB Statistics). Of those millions of people, 1.45 million people died at the hands of this disease. A couple of years ago there were nearly 10 million children who became orphans because their parents were infected and killed by this deadly diseases (TB Statistics).

Inside this issue:

What is Tuberculosis?

2

Causes

2

Symptoms

2

Treatments

3

Diagnosis

4

Different Forms 5 Additional Info. 6


Page 2

A Deadly Cough

What Is Tuberculosis?

Caption describing picture or graphic.

“To catch the reader's attention, place an interesting sentence or quote from the story here.�

Tuberculosis (TB) is an

bacteria get into the air

just having physical con-

infectious disease caused

when someone who has a

tact of a person who is

by bacteria whose scien-

tuberculosis lung infection

infected. Tuberculosis is

tific name

coughs, sneezes, shouts,

spread primarily from

is Mycobacterium tubercu-

or spits. People who are

person to person

losis.

nearby can then possibly

by breathing infected air

come infected with Tuber-

breathe the bacteria into

during close contact.

culosis bacteria when he

their lungs and become

or she inhales particles of

infected with the disease.

sputum in the air. The

You don't get TB by

A person can be-

Causes Tuberculosis is ultimately caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis that is spread from person to person through airborne particles.

Symptoms

Caption describing picture or graphic.

The usual symptoms

material from the

that occur with an ac-

lungs, also known as

tive TB infection are a

sputum, and/or blood,

or weakness, constant

and shortness of

weight loss, fever,

breath.

and night sweats. If the infection worsens, then symptoms can include coughing, pain in the chest, coughing up of


Page 3

Treatments

Active TB is treated with a combination of medications along with isoniazid. “Once the infection is acquired, it usually remains dormant in the lungs for up to many years. Later, the infection may become active in the lungs and sometimes spreads throughout the body. The mechanism of action of Isoniazid is not known, but it is thought to work through its effects on lipids (fats) and DNA within the tuberculosis bacterium (Medicinenet.com).

Diagnosis

TB can be diagnosed in several different ways . Such ways include, skin tests, analysis of sputum, or even chest X-rays. the TB skin test cannot determine whether the disease is active or not. This determination requires the chest X-rays and/or sputum analysis (smear and culture) in the laboratory. This means that a chest X-ray and sputum analysis in addition to the skin test.

Prevalence

Over 8 million new cases of TB occur each year worldwide. In the United States, it is estimated that 10-15 million people are infected with the TB bacteria, and 22,000 new cases of TB occur each year.


For Additional Information please log on to these websites: 

http://www.tbfacts.org/tb-statistics.html

MedicineNet.com


Tuberculosis_Jhamal Mathis