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TREND:

Climate Resilience Exploring new ways to protect communities from the impacts of climate change in both the short and long term Countries, cities, and communities are looking for new ways to resist and recover quickly from the

THE POTENTIAL

impacts of climate change. These include responses to sudden natural hazards and taking measures to adapt to changes in living conditions caused by changes in the climate. Twenty of this year’s 1

Sustainia100 solutions are pioneering ways to strengthen climate resilience. This large proportion refl ects the increasing general concern, on the part of businesses, governments, and civil society, about the existing and future risks associated with climate change. Several solutions within this trend aim to equip entire communities with the technology or infrastructure they need to better withstand the long-term impacts of climate change. For example, a total of four solutions are reshaping the way buildings are constructed in developing countries, either through education or improved architectural techniques, in order to make them more resilient (pg. 37, pg. 106, pg. 32, pg. 26). Others are working to safeguard food and water security in the long term. These include water-saving software that has already prevented almost 25,000 tons of CO2 emissions and saved around 1.3 billion gallons of water in drought-prone California (pg. 83). Another clear component of this trend is made up of solutions contributing to climate resilience by means of their disaster relief eff orts. These solutions address the growing threat of natural disasters, especially in areas with weak infrastructure. For example, one solution uses mobile barriers to protect communities and infrastructure from fl oods, which is the most frequent natural disaster

With more than 4.4 billion people having been affected by disasters such as droughts, fl oods, and storms between 1992 and 2012 alone, 2 there is an obvious need for scaling up climate resilience efforts globally. In developing countries, the UNFCCC estimates that the additional investment and fi nancial fl ows needed for adaptation amounts to between $28 and $67 billion. 3 Because, according to the IPCC, adaptive actions generally come with a high benefit-cost ratio, these investments have the potential to substantially better the lives of those affected by the consequences of climate change. 4 The solutions within this trend are a testimony to how companies are tapping into the growing market for technologies and innovations helping communities to recover from and adapt to new challenges caused by climate change.

(pg. 148). These easy-to-deploy barriers are actually tubes that can be filled with available water on site to provide a cost-effi cient alternative to sandbags for fl ood protection. Another example of INSIGHTS FROM THE SUSTAINIA100

disaster relief consists of mass produced temporary shelters for housing those displaced by disaster (pg. 35). These homes, which come with solar power capabilities, can be built on site in only four

The solutions within this trend are helping people in 30 diff erent developing countries across the world to adapt to climate change.

hours without tools.

BILLIONS OF PEOPLE ARE IMPACTED BY EXTREME WEATHER

Three quarters of this year’s climate resilience solutions are being deployed in developing countries.

Extreme weather events, notably floods, droughts, and storms, take a heavy toll on societies and affect the lives of billions of people. Having impacted more than 2.4 billion people since 1992, floods are especially destructive.5 People aff ected by extreme weather, 1992-2012

STORMS 628,000,000

FLOODS 2,437,000,000

DROUGHTS 1,141,000,000

International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. “2009 UNISDR Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction”. 2009

1

UNISIDR. "Impacts of disasters since the 1992 Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit". 2012.

2,5

EXTREME TEMPERATURES 96,000,000

3 UNFCCC. “Financing climate change action: Investment and financial flows for a strengthened response to climate change.” Online: www. unfccc.int 4 Ian Noble, World Bank. "Funding Architectures for Adaptation”. Presentation.

MASS MOVEMENTS 5,000,000

Want to explore this trend? Have a look at these five solutions.

Keeping Schools Afloat in Lagos

Durable Temporary Homes for Refugees

Pg. 32

Pg. 35

Engaging Customers to Save Water using Data Analytics

Climate-Resilient Health Care Facility

Fighting Floods with Mobile Water Barriers

Pg. 134

Pg. 148

Pg. 83

SUSTAINIA100

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Sustainia100 2015