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Contemporary Issues in Health and Exercise HPP301 Week Eight


Mini-Presentation • 5 minutes to present – Outline your topic – Outline of your population – Possible outline of your proposed intervention

• 5 minutes to ask relevant questions


Presentation Assignment • Summative presentations will be delivered in Week 10 – Tutorials available – Happy to review a presentation if emailed to me


Introjected Motivation Recap • Refers to taking in a regulation or reasoning but not accepting it as one’s own • The medicine has been taken but not digested • Typified by language such as – “You should…” – “One ought…” – “I must…”


Identified Regulation • “You should…” becomes “I want to because…” • The medicine has been digested • Accepting the value of the behaviour as personally important • Perceived as being chosen by the individual • It typically takes the form of “I want…”


Continuum of Motivation


Group Task • What types if integrated motivation have you experienced? • What are some examples of desirable goals or classifications? • How can we facilitate this regulation in people?


Identified Regulation • Behaviour is internally regulated in a self-determined manner • In this respect it is classified as intrinsic motivation • BUT… • Theoretically conceptualised as extrinsic motivation because the behaviour that occurs as a result of the identified reason is not performed for itself but as a means to an end – – – –

Training to improve sporting performance Exercising to improve health Joining a gym to lose weight Studying to get a degree


Integrated Regulation • Integrating the identified reason with other aspects of one’s self • Occurs through self-examination and bringing new regulations into congruence with one’s other values and needs • External and introjected regulation are considered relatively controlled forms of extrinsic motivation • Identified and integrated regulation are considered relatively autonomous • As internalisation of these reasons for behaviour progresses… – …the more extrinsically motivated actions become selfdetermined actions


Integrated Regulation • Doing an activity because it is seen as part of the self – Helps define the self as ‘an exerciser’

• Shares many qualities with intrinsic motivation – Being both autonomous and unconflicted

• BUT… • The behaviour is still not yet performed for the sake of doing it • It is done in order to classify oneself according to a desirable goal • Behaviour is done for its presume value with respect to a separate outcome


Group Task • Can you think of any examples of this process occurring in you? • Where did you start? • Where are you now? • Can it work backwards? • How can we facilitate/maintain this regulation in people?


Tools for Change • Review of the tools we can use to facilitate Motivational change • Amotivated to external – Rewards (appropriate)

• External to introjected – Consequences to self and others

• Introjected to identified – Provision of information/goal setting or re-setting

• Identified to integrated – More information/personification


Scale of Internalisation • Weak internalisation of extrinsic control – Introjected • Someone I love/respect says I should, have to, must (coercion) – Pressure – guilt, anxiety, embarrassment, conscience

– Identified • Someone I love/respect says it is important because… – Acceptance – norms, obligations

– Integrated • Many identifications integrated together as values – Internalisation – I am an exerciser

• Strong internalisation of extrinsic control


Next Week • We are there

• Intrinsic motivation • Further refinement of your presentations


HPP301 Wee Eight Slides