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IJERS/ BIMONTHLY/PROF SALVE V.S. (408-412)

ãäÍãàã‡ãŠ ãäÍãàã¥ãã¦ããèÊã ¶ãÌã¹ãÆÌããÖ ¹ãÆã.ÔããßÌãñ ÌÖãè.†Ôã. ãäÍãàã¥ãÍããԨ㠽ãÖããäÌ㪾ããÊã¾ã,Ôããñ¶ãƒÃ. ½ãã¶ãÌããÞ¾ãã ƒãä¦ãÖãÔãã½ã£¾ãñ ‡ãŠ£ããèÖãè ¶ããÖãè ƒ¦ã‡ã‹¾ãã ½ããñŸ¾ãã ¹ãƽãã¥ãã¦ã ¶ã̾ãã ãä¹ã¤ãèÊãã ¹ãÆÞãâ¡ ¹ãƽãã¥ãã¦ã ºãªÊã¥ãã-¾ãã ¹ããäÀÔ©ããèÊãã Ôãã½ããñÀñ •ããÌãñ ÊããØã¦ã ‚ããÖñ.‚ãÍãã ¾ãã ºãªÊããâÞãã •ãØãã¦ããèÊã ÔãÌãÃÞã Êããñ‡ãŠãâÞ¾ãã •ããèÌã¶ããÌãÀ ¹ããäÀ¥ãã½ã Üã¡î¶ã ¾ãñ¦ã ‚ããÖñ.Ô㣾ãã ‚ããäÔ¦ãÌãã¦ã ‚ãÔãÊãñÊããè ãäÍãàã¥ã ¹ãª£ã¦ããèÖãè ‚ããõª¾ããñãäØã‡ãŠ ‰ãŠãâ¦ããèÞãñ ‚ã¹ã¦¾ã ‚ããÖñ.¹ãÀâ¦ãî ¹ãÆâÞã¡ ¹ãƽãã¥ãã¦ã Öãñ¦ã ‚ãÔãÊãñʾãã ºãªÊãã½ãìßñ ãäÍãàã¥ã ¹ãª£ã¦ããè Öãè ºãªÊã¦ã ÞããÊãÊãñÊããè ‚ããÖñ.ºãªÊ㦾ãã ãäÍãàã¥ã ¹ãª£ã¦ããè½ãìßñ ‚ãâ¦ãÀ ,Ìãñß ¾ããâÞããè ½ã¾ããê㠪ìÀ ¢ããÊããè ÀãÓ›Èñ •ãÌãß ‚ããÊããè.¦¾ãã½ã£ãî¶ã ãäÌããäÌã£ã Ô¦ãÀãÌãÀ ãäÌ㪾ãã©ããê ãäÍãàã‡ãŠ ÔãâÔ©ãã ãäÌ㪾ãã¹ããèŸñ ¾ããâÞ¾ãã¦ã Ôããâ½ã•ãԾ㠇ãŠÀãÀ ÖãñÌãî¶ã —ãã¶ããÞããè ‚ããªã¶ã ¹ãƪã¶ã Ìãã¤Êããè,ÔãÖ‡ãŠã¾ããÃÞããè ¼ãìãä½ã‡ãŠã Ìãã¤Êããè.¾ãã Ô¹ã£ãó½ãìßñ ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããÄÞ¾ãã ãäÍãàã¥ããÞ¾ãã ª•ããà ½ã£¾ãñ Ôãì£ããÀ¥ãã Öãñ¥¾ããÔã ÞããÊã¶ãã ãä½ãßãÊããè. ãäÍãàã¥ãã¦ã ¦ãâ¨ã—ãã¶ã Ìã ̾ãÌãÔ©ãã¹ã¶ãã¦ã ‚ãã½ãìÊããØãÆ ºãªÊã Öãñ¥¾ããÔ㠽㪦㠢ããÊããè.¾ãã½ãìßñ Ô©ãß ‡ãŠãßãÞ¾ãã ‚ã¡Þã¥ããè ÌãÀ ¦ãâ¨ã—ãã¶ã „¹ã¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ŸÂ ÊããØãÊãñ.ãäÌããäÌã£ã ÔãâÍããñ£ã¶ãã¦ãì¶ã ‚㣾ã¾ã¶ã ‚㣾ãã¹ã¶ãã½ã£¾ãñ Ôãâãä½ãÑ㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ã,ãä¹Ê㹡 ÌãØãÃ,ãäÌã½ãÍããê ‚ã£¾ãã¹ã¶ã,•ã‡ãÊ ¦ãâ¨ã—ãã¶ã ,‚ããù¶ã ÊããƒÃ¶ã ‚㣾ã¾ã¶ã,ªìÀãäÍãàã¥ã ƒ.¶ãÌããè¶ã ¹ãÆÌããÖ ‚ããÊãñÊãñ ‚ããÖñ. ¹ãÆÔ¦ãì¦ã Íããñ£ããä¶ãâºã£ãã½ã£¾ãñ ÔãâÍããñ£ã‡ãŠã¶ãñ †‡ãŠã ¶ãÌã¹ãÆÌããÖãâÌãÀ ¹ãƇãŠãÍã ›ã‡ãŠ¥¾ããÞãã ¹ãƾ㦶㠇ãñŠÊãñÊãã ‚ããÖñ. ãäÍãàã¥ãã¦ããèÊã ¶ãÌã¹ãÆÌããÖ

Ôãâãä½ãÑ㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ã

ãä¹Ê㹡 ÌãØãÃ

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ãäÌã½ãÍããê ‚ã£¾ãã¹ã¶ã •ã‡ãÊ ¦ãâ¨ã—ãã¶ã ‚ããù¶ã ÊããƒÃ¶ã ‚㣾ã¾ã¶ã ªìÀãäÍãàã¥ã

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 Ôãâ½ããèÑ㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ã [Blended learning / mix learning] ‚ãã•ãÞ¾ãã ãäÍãàã¥ã ¹ãª£ã¦ããè½ã£¾ãñ •ãÔãã•ãÔãã ãäÍãàã¶ããÞãã Ô¦ãÀ ‚ãããä¥ã ª•ããà „âÞããÌã¦ã ‚ããÖñ ¦ãÔã¦ãÔãñ ãäÍãàã¥ãÖãè ½ãÖãØã Öãñ¦ã ‚ããÖñ.¦¾ãã½ãìßñ ÔãÌããĶããÞã ÞããâØãʾãã ª•ããÃÞ¾ãã ãäÍãàã¶ããÞãã Êãã¼ã Üãñ¦ãã ¾ãñ¦ã ¶ããÖãè. Ôãâ½ããèÑ㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ã ÔãÌãÃÞã Ô¦ãÀãÌãÀãèÊã ¶ããØãÀãè‡ãŠãâ¶ãã ¾ãã ãäÍãàã¥ããÞãã Êãã¼ã ãä½ãßñÊã ½Ö¥ãî¶ã Ôãâ½ããèÑ㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ã Öãè ‡ãŠãßãÞããè ØãÀ•ã ŸÀÊããè ‚ããÖñ.‚㣾ã¾ã¶ã ‚㣾ãã¹ã¶ãã¦ã ÔãâØã¥ã‡ãŠãÞãã Ìã ƒâ›À¶ãñ›Þãã ½ããñŸ¾ãã ¹ãƽãã¥ããÌãÀ Ìãã¹ãÀ Öãñ¦ãã¶ãã ãäªÔã¦ããñ¾ã.ÔãâØã¥ã‡ãŠãÞãã Ìã ƒâ›À¶ãñ›Þãã †‡ãŠ¨ããè‡ãŠÀ¥ã ‡ãñŠÊ¾ããÔã ½ããñŸ¾ãã ¹ãƽãã¥ããÌãÀ ¹ãŠã¾ãªã ãä½ãßãäÌã¦ãã ¾ãñ¥ãñ Íã‡ã‹¾ã ‚ããÖñ.¾ãã ãäÌãÞããÀã¦ãì¶ã Ôãâ½ããèÑ㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ã Öãè Ôãâ‡ãŠÊ¹ã¶ãã ¹ãì¤ñ ‚ããÊãñÊããè ‚ããÖñ.  ̾ã㌾ãã :1.Blended learning is defined as a integraion of online learning with traditional face to face class activities in a planed pedagogically valuable manner. 2. ‚ããù¶ãÊããƒÃ¶ã ‚㣾ã¾ã¶ããÞãñ ¹ããâÀ¹ãããäÀ‡ãŠ ‚㣾ã¾ã¶ã ‚㣾ãã¹ã¶ã ¹ãÆãä‰ãŠ¾ãñÞ¾ãã ÌãØããæããèÊã ‡ãðŠ¦ããèÔããŸãè ãä¶ã¾ããñ•ã¶ã ºã£ª Ì㠂㣾ãã¹ã¶ãÍããÔ¨ããÞ¾ãã ÒÓ›ãè¶ãñ ½ãÖ¦Ìã¹ãì¥ãà ‚ãÔãñ ‡ãñŠÊãñÊãñ †‡ãŠã¦½ããè‡ãŠÀ¥ã ½Ö¥ã•ãñ Ôãâ½ããèÑ㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ã Öãñ¾ã. 3. Blended larning is a centred approach that integrater learning experiences of online and face to face environment thoughtfully. 4.‚ããù¶ãÊããƒÃ¶ã ‚ãããä¥ã Ôã½ããñÀãÔã½ããñÀÞ¾ã㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ã ¹ããäÀãäÔ©ã¦ããèÔããŸãèÞ¾ã㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ã ‚ã¶ãì¼ãÌããâÞãñ ãäÌãÞããÀ¹ãîÌãÇ㊠†‡ãŠã¦½ããè‡ãŠÀ¥ã ‡ãŠÀ¥ããÀã ãäÌ㪾ãã©ããê ‡ãòŠ³ãè ÒÓ›ãè‡ãŠãñ¶ã ½Ö¥ã•ãñ Ôãâ½ããèÑ㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ã Öãñ¾ã. ÌãÀãèÊã ÔãÌãà ̾ã㌾ããâÞãã ãäÌãÞããÀ ‡ãŠÀ¦ãã Ôãâ½ããèÑ㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ããÔããŸãè ¹ããâÀ¹ãããäÀ‡ãŠ ‚㣾ã¾ã¶ã ¹ã£ª¦ããè Ìã Ôãâ½ããèÑ㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ã ¹ã£ª¦ããèÞãñ ̾ãÌããäÔ©ã¦ã ‚ã©ãùãì¥ãà †‡ãŠãã䦽ã‡ãŠãè‡ãŠÀ¥ã ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ ‚ããÌã;ã‡ãŠ ‚ããÖñ. Ôãâ½ããèÑ㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ã ¹ãª£ã¦ããè Öãè ¹ããâÀ¹ãããäÀ‡ãŠ ‚㣾ã¾ã¶ãã½ã£¾ãñ †‡ãŠ•ããèÌã Öãñ¥ãñ ‚ããÌã;ã‡ãŠ ‚ããÖñ.¾ã㠂㣾ãã¹ã¶ãã½ã£¾ãñ ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããÄÞ¾ãã ‡ãðŠ¦ããèÊãã ÌããÌã ªñÌãî¶ã ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããĶãã Ôã¦ã¦ã ‡ãðŠ¦ããèÍããèÊã ŸñÌã¥ãñ ‚ã¹ãñãäàã¦ã ‚ããÖñ.

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¾ãã¹ãìŸñ ãäÍãàã‡ãŠãâ¶ããè ÌãØããæã ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããÄÞãñ ‚㣾ã¾ã¶ã ‚ã¶ãì¼ãÌã Ìãã¤ãäÌ㥾ããÔããŸãè ¶ãÌã¶ãÌããè¶ã ÔããñÍãÊã ¶ãñ›Ìããä‡ãÄŠØãÞãñ ‚ãù¹Êããè‡ãñŠÍã¶ã Ôã½ããÌãñÍã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÌãÀ Ôãâ½ããèÑ㠂㣾ãã¾ã¶ãã¦ã ¼ãÀ ãäªÊãñÊãã ‚ããÖñ. ¾ãã¦ã ãäÌÖ¡ãè‚ããñ ‡ãŠãù¶¹ãŠÔããäÀâØã ,Þãù› Á½ã,¶¾ãì•ã ¹ãŠãñÀ½ã,ƒ ½ãñÊã,ÌÖãù›Ô‚ãù¹ã, ¹ãñŠÔãºãì‡ãŠ,½ããñ¡¾ãìÊã.ƒ ãäÌãÞããÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ ‚ããÌã;ã‡ãŠ ‚ããÖñ.  Ôãâ½ããèÑ㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ããÔããŸãè ‚ããÌã;ã‡ãŠ¦ãã. 1. ‚ããÍã¾ããÊãã ‚ã¶ãìÔãÁ¶ã ‚ããù¶ãÊããƒÃ¶ã ‚㣾ã¾ã¶ããÞããè ãä¶ãÌã¡ ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ. 2. ¾ããñؾã ÔãâÔãã£ã¶ããÞãã Ìãã¹ãÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ . 3. ÍããßñÊãã ‚ããÌãÍã¾ã‡ãŠ ‚ãÔã¥ãã-¾ãã Ôãã£ã¶ããâÞããè •ã½ãÌãã•ã½ãÌã ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ Ìã ¹ãÆãäÍãàã‡ãŠãÞããè ¶ãñ½ã¥ãì‡ãŠ ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ. 4. Íããßñ½ã£¾ãñ Ìãã¦ããÌãÀ¥ã ãä¶ããä½ãæããè ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ. 5. ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããĶãã Ìã ãäÍãàã‡ãŠãâ¶ãã ¾ããñؾ㠹ãÆãäÍãàã¥ã ªñ¥ãñ.  Ôãâ½ããèÑ㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ããÔããŸãè Ôãì¾ããñؾã ãä¶ã¾ããñ•ã¶ã :Ôãâ½ããèÑ㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ããÞ¾ãã Ôãì¾ããñؾã Ìãã¹ãÀãÔããŸãè ãäÌãÞããÀ¹ãìÌãÇ㊠ãä¶ã¾ããñ•ã¶ã,ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããÄÞ¾ãã ØãÀ•ãã Ìã ̾ãã¹ã‡ãŠ ÒÓ›ãè‡ãŠãñ¶ããÞããè ‚ããÌã;ã‡ãŠ¦ãã ‚ãÔã¦ãñ. 1. ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããĶãã ‡ãŠãñ¥ã¦ãñ ‡ãŠãõÍãʾãñ ãä‡ãâŠÌãã —ãã¶ããÞããè ‚ããÌãÍã¾ã‡ãŠ¦ãã ‚ããÖñ ¾ããÞãã ãäÌãÞããÀ ‡ãŠÀãÌãã ÊããØãñÊã. 2. ¾ããñؾã Ü㛇㊠Ìã „¹ãÜ㛇ãŠãâÞãã ãäÌãÞããÀ 3. ¾ããñؾ㠂ããÍã¾ããÞããè ãä¶ãÌã¡ ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ Ìã ¦¾ãã¶ãìÔããÀ Ôãã£ã¶ããÞããè „¹ãÊ㺣ã¦ãñÞããè ÍããÍÌã¦ããè ªñ¥ãñ. 4. ¾ããñؾ㠽ããØããÃÞããè ãä¶ãÌ㤠‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ. 5. ¾ããñؾã Ìãã¦ããÌãÀ¥ã ãä¶ããä½ãæããè ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ. 6. ãäÍãàã‡ãŠã‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ‡ãŠãñ¥ã¦¾ãã ¹ãƇãŠãÀÞãñ ÔãÖã¾¾ã ÖÌãñ ‚ããÖñ ¾ããÞãñ ¾ããñؾã ãä¶ã¾ããñ•ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ. 7. Ôãã¦ã¦¾ã¹ãì¥ãà ÔãÌãćãŠÓã ½ãîʾã½ãã¹ã¶ããÞããè Ôããñ¾ã ¾ããñؾ㠦¾ãã ã䟇ãŠã¥ããè ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ.  Ôãâ½ããèÑ㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ããÞãñ ¹ãŠã¾ãªñ :‚ãã•ãÞ¾ãã ½ãããäÖ¦ããè ¦ãâ¨ã—ãã¶ããÞ¾ãã Ô¹ã£ããæ½ã‡ãŠ Ìã Øããä¦ã½ãã¶ã ¾ãìØãã½ã£¾ãñ ÔÌã¦ã:Þãñ ‚ããäÔ¦ã¦Ìã ã䛇ãŠãäÌ㥾ããÔããŸãè Ôãâ½ããèÑ㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ã Öãè †‡ãŠ ½ãìÊã¼ãî¦ã ØãÀ•ã ‚ããÖñ.

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1. ‚ã¼¾ãã‰ãŠ½ããÞãñ £¾ãñ¾ã Ìã „ã䪪ӛñ ¹ããäÀ¥ãã½ã‡ãŠãÀ‡ãŠ Ôã㣾㠇ãŠÀ¦ãã ¾ãñ¦ãã¦ã.Ìãõ¾ããä‡ã‹¦ã‡ãŠ ‚㣾ã¾ã¶ã ‡ãðŠ¦ããéÞãã Ôã½ããÌãñÍã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞããè Ôãâ£ããè ãä½ãߦãñ. 2. ãäÍãàã‡ãŠ Ìã ãäÌ㪾ãã©ããê ‚ããâ¦ãÀãä‰ãŠ¾ãã Ìã㤦ãñ ¦ãÔãñÞã ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã½ã£ããèÊã ¹ãÀÔ¹ãÀ Ôãâºã£ã ªðŸ Öãñ¥¾ããÔ㠽㪦ã Öãñ¦ãñ. 3. ãäÌ㪾ãã©ããèà ÔãÖ¼ããØã Ìãã¤î¶ã ¦ããñ Ôã¦ã¦ã ̾ãÔ¦ã ÀãÖ¥¾ããÔ㠽㪦ã Öãñ¦ãñ. 4. ãäÌ㪾ãã©ããèà ÔÌã¦ã:Þãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãà ¾ããñؾ㠹㣪¦ããè¶ãñ ¹ãì¥ãà ‡ãŠÀ¦ããñ. 5. ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããÃâÞ¾ã㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ãã¦ã ¹ãÆØã¦ããè Öãñ¦ãñ.ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããÃâÞ¾ãã ãäÞããä‡ãŠ¦Ôã‡ãŠ ãäÌãÞããÀ ,Ôã½ãÔ¾ãã ãäÌã½ããñÞã¶ã ‚ãããä¥ã Ôãõ£ªããä¦ã‡ãŠ ¼ããØããÞãñ ÌããÔ¦ãÌã ƒ.‡ãŠãõÍãʾããâÞãã ãäÌã‡ãŠãÔã Öãñ¦ããñ. 6.ãäÍãàã‡ãŠãâÞãã ªðÓ›ãè‡ãŠãñ¶ã ºãªÊ㥾ããÔã ¾ãã Ôãâ½ããèÑ㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ãã½ãìßñ ¹ãŠãÀ ½ããñŸãè ½ãª¦ã Öãñ¦ãñ. 7.ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããÃâ¶ãã Ôã¦ã¦ã ãäÍãàã‡ãŠãâÞ¾ãã Ìã ƒ¦ãÀ ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããÃâÞ¾ãã Ôãâ¹ã‡ãŠãæã ÀãÖãÌãñ ÊããØã¦ãñ. 8.½ãããäÖ¦ããèÞãñ ‚ããªã¶ã ¹ãƪã¶ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã½ãìßñ ¦ãÔãñÞã Ôã¦ã¦ã Ôãâ¹ã‡ãŠãæã ÀãÖãÌãñ ÊããØã¦ã ‚ãÔãʾãã½ãìßñ ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããÃâÞ¾ãã ¦ãâ¨ã—ãã¶ã Ìãã¹ãÀ¥¾ããÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠãõÍãʾãã¦ã Ìã㤠Öãñ¦ãñ. 9.‡ãŠãÖãè ãäÌ㪾ãã©ããèà Ôã½ããñÀãÔã½ããñÀ ÔÌã¦ã:Þãñ ½ã¦ã ½ããâ¡¥¾ããÔã ‚ãÔã½ã©ãà ‚ãÔãʾãã½ãìßñ ‚ããù¶ãÊããƒÃ¶ã ¹ãª£ã¦ããè½ãìßñ ¦ãñ ãäÌ㪾ãã©ããèà ¶ã ÜããºãÀ¦ãã ‚ãã¹ãÊãñ ½ã¦ã ½ããâ¡î Íã‡ãŠ¦ãã¦ã.¦¾ãã½ãìßñ ‚ãÔãñ ãäÌ㪾ãã©ããèà ãäÍãàã¥ããÞ¾ãã ½ãìß ¹ãÆÌããÖã¦ã ¾ãñ¦ãã¦ã.¦¾ããâÞããè ãä¼ã¦ããè ¶ãÓ› ÖãñÌãî¶ã ¦¾ããâÞ¾ã㠽㣾ãñ ‚ã㦽ããäÌãÍÌããÔã ãä¶ã½ããÃ¥ã Öãñ¦ããñ.  Ôãâ½ããèÑ㠂㣾ã¾ã¶ããÞ¾ãã ½ã¾ããêã :1. ãä¶ãÍÞããè¦ã ‚ãÍãã ÌãØããã¾ãã¹ã¶ããÞããè Ìã ‚ããù¶ãÊããƒÃ¶ã ‚㣾ã¾ã¶ããÞããè ÔãâÀÞã¶ãã ¶ããÖãè. 2. „ÞÞã¹ãƦããèÞããè ÔÌã¾ãâãäÍãÔ¦ã Ìã ÔÌããä¶ãªñÃÍã¶ããÞããè ‚ããÌãÍã¾ã‡ãŠ¦ãã ‚ãÔã¦ãñ.•¾ãã ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããÇ㊡ñ ¦ããè ¶ãÔã¦ãñ ¦ãñ ‚㣾ã¾ã¶ãã¦ã ½ããØãñ ¹ã¡¦ãã¦ã. 3. ¹ããñÓã‡ãŠ Ìãã¦ããÌãÀ¥ã ¹ãƦ¾ãññ‡ãŠã‡ãŠ¡ñ „¹ãÊ㺣㠂ãÔãñÊãÞã ‚ãÔãñ ¶ããÖãè. 4. ¦ãâ¨ã—ãã¶ã Ìãã¹ãÀã¦ã ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ ‚ã¡Þã¥ããè ¾ãñ¦ã ‚ãÔã¦ãã¦ã. 5. ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããÃâÞãã ›ãƒÃ½ã¹ããÔã Öãñ¥¾ããÞããè Íã‡ã‹¾ã¦ã ‚ãÔã¦ãñ. 6. ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããÃâ¶ãã Þãì‡ãŠãèÞãñ ½ããØãêÍãöã ãä½ãßãÊãñ ¦ãÀ ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããÃâÞãã ½ããØãà ¼ãÀ‡ãŠ›¥¾ããÞããè Íã‡ã‹¾ã¦ãã ¶ãã‡ãŠÀ¦ãã ¾ãñ¦ã ¶ããÖãè.

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 Ôã½ããÀãñ¹ã :¦ãâ¨ã—ãã¶ããÞããè ¹ãÆØã¦ããè ¢ããÊããè ¦ãÔã¦ãÍããè ‚ã£¾ã¾ã¶ã ‚㣾ãã¹ã¶ã ¹ãÆãä‰ãŠ¾ãã ¦¾ãã¶ãñ ¹ãƼãããäÌã¦ã ‡ãñŠÊããè ‚ããÖñ. ¼ããÀ¦ãã½ã£¾ãñ ãäÍãàã¥ã ¹ãÆãä‰ãŠ¾ãñÊãã ½ããñŸ¾ãã ¹ãƽãã¥ãã¦ã Ôãã½ããÀñ •ããÌãñ ÊããØã¦ã ‚ããÖñ ¦¾ããÌãÀãèÊã †‡ãŠ ŸãñÔã „¹ãã¾ã ½Ö¥ã•ãñ ¾ãã ¶ãÌã¹ãÆÌããÖãâÞãã Ìãã¹ãÀ ½ããñŸ¾ãã ¹ãƽãã¥ãã¦ã ‡ãŠÀãÌãã ÊããØã¥ããÀ ‚ããÖñ.Ôãâ½ããèÑ㠂㣾ãã¹ã¶ã †‡ãŠ ½ãÖ¦ÌããÞãã „¹ãã¾ã ‚ããÖñ.

JAN-FEB, 2016, VOL-I, ISSUE-V

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18 prof salave v s teacher education