Athletics is a traditional olympic sport. It is also called “Track and field athletics” and it has many different events. They are divided in: a) Running and racewalking events:These include all races from sprints to the Marathon. (Steeplechase and hurdle races too). b) Throwing Events:Javelin, Shotput, Hammer and Discus are the four throwing events. c) Jumping Events:Long Jump. Triple Jump, High Jump and Pole Vault are the four types of jumps. d) Multiple Event Competitions:These include the heptatlon for women and the decathlon for men.
The long jump is a track and field event in which athletes combine speed, strength, and agility in an attempt to leap as far as possible from a take off point. There are four main components of the long jump: - The approach run up. - The last two strides. - Takeoff and flight through the air. - Landing.
Approach run up The objective of the approach is to gradually accelerate to a maximum controlled speed at takeoff. The length of the approach is usually consistent distance for an athlete. Approaches can vary between 12 and 19 strides on the novice and intermediate levels, while at the elite level they are closer to between 20 and 22 strides. The. last two strides The objective of the last two strides is to prepare the body for takeoff while conserving as much speed as possible. The penultimate (second to last) stride is longer than the last stride. The final stride is shorter.Â
oTakeoff . and flight through the air. oAfter a take off the athlete tends to have forward rotation that, if not corrected, will result in the feet hitting the sand early and a loss of distance in the jump. oLanding. During the landing, the athlete is aiming to get the heels as far away from the take off board as is possible.
The high jump is a track and field athletics event in which competitors must jump over a horizontal bar placed at measured heights without the aid of certain devices. High jump is a very technical event. Like long jump, it requires a lot of practice to gain the consistency that is needed in the approach to the crossbar as well as in the jump itself.
The J type approach, favored by Fosbury Floppers is the most common high jump technique. It comprises four phases: approach, take off, flight and landing. Approach
1.What is athletics and how can you call it? 2. What events are in this sport? 3. What jump events are we going to do this year? 4. How are the two last strides or steps in long jump? 5. What is the athleteÂ´s aim during the long jump landing? 6. What is the most common high jump technique? 7. What phases does it has?