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photo: Giannis Patronis

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www.mysamos.gr

Get to know Samos in one minute!

mySamos® 2016 - The free complete guide Editor: Stamatis Logothetis

Writers: Stamatis Logothetis, Andreas Sevastakis Designer: Angeliki Anagnostopoulou

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Photographs by: Nikos Anastasiou, Nikos Chatziiakovou, Makis Galathris, Eleni Gerali, Angeliki Govari, Alexandra Logotheti, Marisa Diniou, Giannis Patronis (patronisgiannis@gmail.com), Nikolaos Petalas, Natasa Peskar, Andreas Sevastakis, Nikos Tsoulos, Stelios Chatziioannou, Emy Ghilardi, Melanie Cooper (www.mellowdesign.co.uk), Ines Leifert, Nicola Micheli, Sandy Nieuwenhof, Pascal (jtkfr@wanadoo.fr), Naralna ,SamosBeThere (www. samos.be/there), SamosTour (www.samostour.dk), zitronenkojote.wordpress.com Cover- Maps - City maps : George Margaronis, Angeliki Anagnostopoulou Contact: +30 6944 188 770, info@mysamos.gr

Publisher - Production: © Stamatis Logothetis, superguides.gr, 2010 - 2016

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Many thanks to: Angeliki, Karin, George, Margarita, Manolis and the photographers for their valuable contribution and to Antonis, Alexandra, Maria and Andreas for their overall contribution.

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All the advertised companies were selected as the best ones in order to offer you great service and accompany your holiday experience. With their support we offer you mySamos guide for the seventh consecutive year, totally free! Trust them and enjoy your summer time in Samos!

Any republication, reproduction, total or partial or summarized or paraphrased or adaptation by any means (in print, electronic, photocopy, sound or video recording) of the guide mySamos® 2016, for any reason (commercial or not), of the whole or any part of the guide, is prohibited if there is no prior written approval by the editor and producer. mySamos® 2016 guide copyrights‘ are reserved and protected by the Greek legislation and the European and International Laws. mySamos® is a registered trademark.

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Samos or Vathi: Τhe capital. Discover alleys full of shops, historical buildings and important museums. Swim at Kerveli and Livadaki beaches and at the closest points of the Greek islands with Turkey: Posidonio and Klima. Kokkari. Lose yourselves in the graphic alleys and the adorable small port. The most impressive beaches here are: Tsamadou, Tsabou and Lemonakia. Around the area you will find a few only of the villages that will convince you that Samos is greener than you could ever imagine: Vourliotes, Manolates, Agios Konstantinos, Ambelos. Pythagorion. A cosmopolitan and lively place! Well-known for its restaurants and ideal for an evening drink. You will find most archaeological and historical attractions in this area. The most famous are Ireon and the Efpalineon tunnel . You can also find beaches for all tastes : Psili Ammos, Mikali, Glikoriza, Potokaki and Ireon. Κarlovassi. A town with many neighborhoods, public squares and old mansions, preserved from prosperous times in the past. In the villages of this area, a considerable amount of good wine is produced. For swimming, you will visit Potami and Seitania and of course the Waterfalls. Marathokampos. An endless coastal area that has everything you may ask for. For swimming choose among Balos, Votsalakia, Limnionas, Psili Ammos. If you enjoy hiking, try mountain Kerkis or the Cave of Pythagoras. Do not miss the sunset from the village of Drakaioi or Kallithea. Villages. Houses made of stone, graphic squares, neat yards, small traditional cafes and taverns to taste the authentic Samian cuisine. Here, you can buy handmade goodies and most importantly, get to know the Samian people. In the pages of mySamos guide, you will find many more things to discover and reasons to love Samos. We wish you a wonderful stay and hope to see you again. Stamatis A. Logothetis Publisher @mySamos

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Traditional Fests Festivals & Events Trips around Samos

10 12 14

HISTORY

Ancient Samos & History

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TOWNS & VILLAGES

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Note: Any suggestions provided do not set this guide responsible for injury, accidents or disorientation. The opinions presented are personal points of view of the writers while none of them is binding.

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Samos town - Vathy Architecture Kokkari Karlovassi Marathokampos Pythagorion Hereon

The guide and how to guide you! The guide you are holding at your hands intends to present to you in the most thorough way the island and answer all the questions you have. Also, you will find suggestions that will make your stay more pleasant. Following and anti-clock wise description, together with the use of our map, you can find any place you want. At the table of contents you will see all the topics analyzed.

BEACHES

45 beaches around the island

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Activities, Environment, Nature Landscape, Geography & Nature Δραστηριότητες

107 110

CULTURE, SEESIGHTS & MUSEUMS

GASTRONOMY & LOCAL PRODUCTS

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MAP

CODE: First aid (ΕΚΑΒ) General Hospital of Samos Karlovassi Health Center Kokkari Pythagorio Police Samos Police Station Tourist Police Fire Department Samos Karlovassi

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Vineyards, Wine and Ouzo Olive trees & Olive Oil Samos Cuisine

TELEPHONE NUMBERS

0030 22730166 83100 52000, 32222 92203 61111 100 87329, 22255 87344, 81100 199 23062, 23063 35199

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Ancient sites Museums Monasteries

ATTENTION: Do not light fire or cigarettes in forests or farmland.Respect the environment and do not through waste.

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INTRODUCTORY

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CONTENTS


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Traditionals Fests

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tivals had many differences, because they normally were outside the settlement and During the past, life in Samos, as well as many times very far away. During such in all of the Greek territory, had as its point celebrations, some inhabitants departed of reference the church of each area. Eve- from the previous day, either by animals rything was circling around functional life or on foot, and they arrived equipped. They - the biological cycle of man started and started with looking after the area, they ended there - the christening, the wedding attended the Holy Mass and they continand, finally, death. A special day for each ued with the treats, the foods and the celsettlement was the day the parish church ebrations around the church, divided into celebrated, which was a day of celebra- groups, but they were altogether until the tion for everyone. A continuation of such time of the return. Nowadays, the easicelebration, was the festivals, in which, ness of transportation changes slightly the contrary to today’s glut, people had fun way they did things at that time. Moreoand rested. The festivals of the celebration ver, electric power lights changed the undays that concerned the church of the vil- derighted and cozy points in the plains and lage or the city, were different than those of the mountains, where the small churches the chapels. The yards and the houses were are located. cleaned up, the roads were whitened, and the church was cleaned up and decorated, with the participation of the entire village. 6th of August In the houses, they prepared the breads and Νext to Logothetis castle the altar-breads and those responsible for there is the church of the preparation of the “celebration” were Metamorfosi. At the 6th going from house to house collecting maof August locals celebrate terials or money. During the afternoon on the eve of the celebration, there was the Logothetis’ effort to win the Turks, in 1824. celebrating vespers and crowds of people Tradition says that Jesus Christ helped them came to the church from the surrounding therefore they consider this as the greatest villages. After the end of the mass, on their celebration of Pythagorio. Every year way out they took bread, treats and donuts thousands of people, among them famous and they went home. The dinner during that time was also an occasion for a razzle, personalities from the politics and art, visit since the relatives and those invited had the the church and the city participating to the chance to meet altogether. In the morning, events organized. there was the celebrating Mass, after which the men went to the coffee-houses and then home, where the women had preparations Wine festivals to do. After the lunch, there was the circumambulation of the icon in the village, For as long as you will stay on the island, the so-called “ipsoma” (elevation), while an experience like this will offer you a in the end everybody was gathered in the unique and diachronic image of the life in square and they started singing and danc- Samos. You will taste all the local cookings ing and the celebration lasted until the and you will enjoy Samian Wine. More, in nightfall. In the small churches, the fes- the chapter of the gastronomy.


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Cultural Events & Festivals

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JULY – ΙΟΥΛΙΟΣ

Συναυλια: Διονυσης Σαββοπουλος, Ελενη Βιταλη Concert: D. Savvopoulos, H. Vitali

Music concert

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Samos Festival 2016 [Αγ. Κωνσταντίνος - St. Konstantinos]

Festivals

Η απολογiα του Σωκρaτους [Αρχαίο Θέατρο, Πυθαγόρειο] The Apology of Socrates [Ancient Theater, Pythagorion]

Theater

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AUGUST – ΑΥΓΟΥΣΤΟΣ

Fests & Celebrations

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IREON MUSIC FESTIVAL [Ηραίον - Hereon] www.ireon-music-festival-samos.gr

Music Festival

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Κοiμηση Θεοτoκου [Μητρόπολη Καρλοβάσου], Πανηγyρι [Πλάτανος] Virgin Mary [Karlovassi Metropolis], Local Fest [Platanos]

Fests & Celebrations

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ΗΡΑΙΑ - ΠΥΘΑΓΟΡΕΙΑ [Ηραίον, Πυθαγόρειο] HEREA FESTIVAL [Hereon, Pythagorion]

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Ι.Μ. Μεγaλης Παναγiας [Κουμαραδαίοι] Megali Panagia Monastery [Koumaradei]

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SEPTEMBER – ΣΕΠΤΕΜΒΡΙΟΣ

Ι.Μ. Τιμiου Σταυροy [Μαυρατζαίοι] Holly Cross Monastery [Mavratzei]

Fests & Celebrations Fests & Celebrations

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Μάθετε περισσότερα για τις εκδηλώσεις και για τις γιορτές κρασιού στο www.mysamos.gr More about the events and the wine festivals at www.mysamos.gr

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photo: Nicos Anastasiou

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Παναγiα Βροντιανh [Μοναστήρι, Βουρλιώτες], Πανηγyρι [Κοντέικα] Virgin Mary’s birthday [Vourliotes monastery] Local fest [Konteika]

Fests & Celebrations

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Μεταμoρφωση του Σωτhρος [Πυθαγόρειο] Metamorphosis [Pythagorion]

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Around Samos • Γύρω από τη Σάμο

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Samos can be your base for many trips to many close destinations around the Aegean.

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Port of Vathy and Karlovassi The ships are connecting the island with Piraeus, Thessaloniki, Kavala and the eastern/northern Aegean Sea islands and Kusadasi - Turkey.

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Port of Pythagorio On a daily basis you can travel to Kousadasi (Turkey) and Patmos. The catamarans are available to Patmos, Kos, Rhodes, Leros, Lipsi, Arkoi and Agathonisi. Here you can find yachts to charter and also the small boats for daily trips to Samiopoula.

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From Pythagorio you can take a small boat for a tour around the island and a day in Samiopoula. This port also has flying dolphins to Patmos, the island where St John wrote the Revelation. Besides the orthodox attraction though, Patmos is a characteristic traditional island worthy to visit. Other destinations are Kos, Leros, Agathonisi, Arkoi, Lipsi. For those who love eating fresh fish Fournoi are ideal. Fournoi are a cluster of small quiet islands that are connected with Samos and Karlovasi ports. These ports also have routes to Ikaria and Chios. As Samos is so close to Turkey, those interested in ancient sites as Ephesus or Aidinio, Kusadasi is just an hour far from Vathy - Samos. Small boats depart daily in the morning and return in the afternoon.

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From Samos you can easily and quickly find yourself on the beautiful island of Patmos. From there you can explore the market and the beach or continue the excursion to the monastery and visit the Cave of the Apocalypse. You can also visit the famous Monastery of St. John and the Museum. More information on www.samosbooking.gr or via Telephone +30 22730 88800 or at the offices of Rhenia Tours, Them.Sofouli, Samos, Pythagorio +30 22730 62280 or Karlovassi +30 22730 34192.


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7+1 REASONS TO “TRAVEL” IN SAMOS MARINA

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• From Samos Marina you visit with day or two-day trips many small and scenic islands like Ikaria, Fournoi, Agathonisi, Arki, Patmos, Lipsi, Pharmakonisi, Leros, Kalolimnos, Kalymnos, Pserimos, Kos, Rhodes, Lesvos, Chios, Mykonos etc. • It is just 500 meters from the picturesque and touristic “Pythagorion”. Located within 2 km from the international airport of Samos. • It is built according to the latest technological standards and provides high quality of integrated services to a wide range, for boats and yachts.

• It provides modern and safe anchorage for boats, yachts and megayachts. • The marina facilities are well guarded and protected to ensure privacy and safety. • Is able for 250 boats mooring, up to 25 meters LOA and up to 6 meters draft and megayacht dock for up to 55 meters. It has an organized and modern repair zone with a lift which is capable of lifting vessels up to 80 tons. • All operations are processes with respect to the marine environment, the ecosystem and human, meeting all modern requirements for protecting from pollution. • The Marina operates for 10 consecutive years adding value to the infrastructure of the island.

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PYTHAGORION MARINA www.samosmarina.gr T: +30 22730 61600

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Ephesus was the largest business and cultural center of the region in ancient Greece. So important was the city where the temple of Artemis was considered the largest in the world; one of the seven wonders of antiquity. Today, ancient Ephesus is just 30 km from Kusadasi, a modern tourist destination visited by hundreds of thousands of tourists from around the world. Known for the bazaar and the markets you can visit it with daily trips from the town of Samos and Pythagorio. More information on www.samosbooking.gr or via Telephone +30 22730 88800 or at the offices of Rhenia Tours, Them.Sofouli, Samos, Pythagorio +30 22730 62280 or Karlovassi +30 22730 34192.


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Ancient Samos & History

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Over its long history, Samos has been given various names, while for the origin of the name Samos itself, there are many possible versions. The most basic one argues that the term comes from the Ionian dialect and the word “sama”, meaning height, probably due to the bulges of the island. In similar fashion, Stravon mentions the Phoenician dialect as a potential origin, giving a definition bound to the height of the mountains. A different point of view supports that the fist colonist, Angaeos, coming from Sami in Kefallinia, gave to the island the name of his daughter, “Sami”. Finally, the geographer Meletios, mentions that the name originates from the son of the God Mercury and of Rinis, “Saos”. Pelasgians, who first brought the worship of the virgin Hera onto the island, named it Parthenia, meaning virgin land. However, the name Samos is quoted for the first time by Homer, in an ode towards the god Apollo“… and Samos, full of water, the humble daughter of Mykales”. Owing to its dense vegetation and its natural beauty, Samos has been dubbed by many names and poetic adjectives, such as: Anthemis, Dryoussa, Doryssa, Kypparissia,

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History • Ιστορία

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photo: Nicos Anastasiou

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Melamfylos, Fyllas and Melanthemos! The first inhabitants of Samos are considered to be from the Saei tribe, who were replaced by the Pelasgians. A settlement dating back to the Neolithic era (60002800b.C.), bears great resemblance to the first civilizations in Thrace, Macedonia and Sterea Ellada. The thematic content of the earliest jordans that have been unearthed, the Samian Civilization seems to date before the Cycladic one. According to Thucydides, Cares and Leleges, tribes that used to dwell on the island, actually instrumented the flourishing of the Cycladic Civilization. After the fall of the Cycladic Civilization follows the Minoan one, while the Mycenaean Civilization prevails later on. The first Mycenaean settlers appear in 1360bC. The first king was Angaeos, son of Apollo (and of the Nymph Astypalaea), who received the order to go to Samos “Angaeos, I command you to inhabit the island of Samos, instead of Samis. Its name is now Fillis”. He is succeeded by his son, Samos. Up to that point, historical resources contain mythological elements, and as a consequence we have no way of knowing the precision of the dates or of the kings themselves. In 900bC, we have the advent of the Ionians, and in the 6th century B.C the tyrant Polykratis becomes sovereign, an era during which Samos blooms. Herodotus characteristically mentions Samos as “…the first amongst all cities, be it Greek or barbaric”. Polykratis organizes a powerful navy, conquers part of Asia Minor and dominates throughout the Aegean Sea, having formed an alliance with the tyrants of Athens (Pisistratus), and of Naxos Island, Lygdamis, as well as with the king of Egypt, Amasis. During this era we have the construction of Samaina, a new type of vessel, bearing 50 oars, which thrives in the Aegean Sea. The various technical con-


of its founder, St Paul Latrinos, much useful information is mentioned. Also, Christian churches are constructed on top of ancient temples, but the island remains in decay, as it is being ravaged by pirates and conquerors like the Syrians, the Franks (after 1207A.D) and the Venetians, who establish a commercial station. After the fall of the Byzantine Empire, the island is taken by the Turks, and its population is radically diminished. After 1550A.D the Turks decide the re-colonization of the island, under the initiative of the Ottoman admiral Kilitz Ali. He is given permission by the Sultan, Suleiman the Magnificent, and aided by Sarakinis, of Patmos, who becomes the first settler. The existence of certain privileges by the Ottoman ruler, as well as the prohibition of Muslim settlers on the island, creates attractive conditions for the return of a great part of the population (Samians who had migrated, along with Greeks from various regions of Greece). The Church takes up spiritual and educational work and supports the citizens’ unity. As commerce starts to develop and living conditions are improved,

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structions built – the Efpalinion Tunnel, the Temple of Hera, the walls and the ancient harbor of Pythagorion, which Herodotus refers to as “the very greatest crafted by any Greek”, all betray the great prime of the island. There is also an equally noteworthy cultural prime, represented by the mathematician Pythagoras, his sister Theoclaea, and the architects and sculptors Rikus, Theodorus and Teleclis. The acme of that era ends after the assassination of Polykratis by the Persian tyrant Orsitis, when sovereignty passes on to the Persians. During that period, Darius crosses to Europe, by constructing a bridge made of battleships, designed by the architect Mandroclis from Samos. In 479bC, the people of Samos, aided by the Athenian fleet, defeat the Persians in the naval battle of Mykalis, and thereon become a member of the Athenian Alliance. People of Samos make great efforts to gain their independence from Athens that is why Pericles decides to intervene. In 439bC, after a siege that lasted nine and a half months, the Athenians manage to take hold of the island, which starts to decay. During the Roman years, the entire Hellenistic spirit that had proceeded disappears, Samos being an insignificant island in the vast Roman Empire. However, there remains some activity, as some Roman buildings are crafted as additions to the temple of Hera, as well as in the entire area where Pythagorion lies today. Later on, the Byzantine Empire drastically combines the island with the intensely Christian element, whose rich inheritance lingers on to today. Already in the 4th cent. a.D. we have Bishops, while in the 7th century, Samos is included into a Byzantine “Prefecture”, based in Smyrna. Monasticism blooms in the island during that period, in the region of Kerkis, and in the Mass Book

eng.travelogues.gr - A. Laskarides Foundation Library - CAMOCIO Giovanni Francesco - 1574

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boom of development, with commerce, industry and shipping playing key roles. This period sports a great number of pieces of architecture, mostly in the city of Vathi. The waterfront of the harbor is constructed, as well as the Hegemonic Manor, the Pythagoras Square, the Hospital, the Public Market, the Court-house Hall, the Pythagoras High school, the Prison Buildings- which host the Historical Archives today, the Houses of Parliament- which today is the Town-hall, the Paschalis Archive House - today an archaeological museum, the Mavrogenios Schools, along with numerous more buildings preserved and used until today. The Balkan Wars that follow cause great concern to the island and in 1912 the Samians seek the unification with the rest of Greece. Aided by the mediation and the persistence of Themistocles Sofoulis the incorporation into the Greek State is carried out with a symbolic occupation of the island by the Greek Fleet, which raises the Greek Flag. This will determine the course of the island in the 20th cent. Besides, tannery remains active at that time, and the Vinicultural Union is formed. During the rough years of WWII the Samians are ravaged by the looting of the Italians (1941-1943) and German bombardments (1943-1944). After the War the Samians find themselves in opposing sides and are driven to the bloody Civil War of 1947-1949. This fierce decade, which had paralyzed the island, leads to an intense migration flux, especially towards foreign countries. The resurgence of the island starts in the 70ies, when Tourism development gradually begins, thrusting the island into a new developmental course which is being strengthened ever since and being a major enterprise. At the same time, the very existence of military personnel, as well as the Aegean University over the past few years has brought about great vivacity.

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the notions of the French Revolution come in, to influence an up-coming social class, which, in the early 19th cent., seeks to overthrow the Potentates, supplant the Ottomans and to normalize taxes. Reactions against the Turkish oppressor gradually intensify, while Lykourgos Logothetis becomes the leader. On his side is Captain Stamatis Georgiadis. In the city of Samos, Revolution starts on April 18, 1821, and in Karlovasi on May, 8, 1821. The fights of the people (18211826) earn them freedom and independence! New social structures are formed, with a General Congress of Representatives having lawmaking, executive and judicatory authorities. In 1830, the foreign Forces decide, through the London Protocol, that Samos should remain outside of the fledgling Hellenic State. In 1834 a new Hegemonic (or Magisterial) Government is established, and all Samian rebels are exiled. However, in 1849, the Samians revolt against the Hegemonic Government, banish the Ruler, Stefanos Vogoridis and fully restructure all social institutions. The Samian Hegemony (or Magistracy) is reconstructed and it the new reality, bringing the island once again in a time of political and spiritual progress, while establishing full independence. The capital is transferred from Hora to Vathi, in order to boost commerce. Values for a new regime are being formed, with a General Assembly annually, unified budget, while many public works are undertaken. Printing offices are created, newspapers and books, as well as many important scientific (mathematical, historical studies) and spiritual (literary, philosophical) works are being written and published. After 1850 the island reaches a more drastic


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Samos Town - Vathi • Σάμος - Βαθύ

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The capital of Samos, called Samos or Vathi, constitutes the largest town of the island and of the entire Prefecture.

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Things worth seeing in the city: √ The archaeological Museum with the “Kouros” statue and rare findings dating from the Ionian era √ The Library, on the coastal avenue √ Τhe Ecclesiastical Museum and the Ecclesiastical Library, within the premises of the Metropolitan Church √ Τhe Town Hall and the Municipal Library. Here is where the Parliament of Samians used to gather during the years of the Hegemony (1834-1912). Right across the street is the Agios Spyridon Cathedral, where the congress, under Themistocles Sofoulis, declared the unification of the island with the Greek State (Nov.1912) √ Τhe Historical Archive of Samos √ Τhe Pythagorion High School (1855)

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Themistocles Sofoules: Born in Vathi, Samos, in 1860, he studied Philosophy and Archaeology in Athens and Germany. He served as an Archaeology Professor in the University of Athens. He led the unsuccessful movement to overturn the Ruler Kopasis in 1908, and returned with a movement against the Turkish army on the island, which met with success. He was declared the governor of the island and he declared the unification of the army with the Greek State. He served four time as Prime Minister of Greece, before dying in 1949.

photo: Nikolaos Petalas

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The city acquired its current form after the unification of Samos with the rest of Greece (1913), whereas earlier it was divided in Upper and Lower Vathi. It is built amphitheatrically, beginning up the hills and reaching all the way down to the sea, around the gulf. In antiquity, there used to be a city in the same area, while during the Roman and Byzantine times it was a settlement which, in the years of the Hegemony, expanded and turned into the capital (1854).


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photo: Melanie Cooper

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In Vathi you can find tourist agencies, hotels and rooms to let, either in the center, or at the suburbs, you can rent a car or a bicycle, eat in one of the numerous restaurants, do your shopping, and enjoy your nights out. There are several summer bars, mostly along the way from the harbor to the Hospital, right next to the sea.. After visiting all the above, you can take the road up the more densely-built part of the city, Pano (Upper) Vathi.

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The modern city of Samos is the administrative center of the island, while it maintains its picturesque figure, with its neo-classical buildings and its traditional neighborhoods. Walking down the picturesque Themistocles Sofoulis coastal avenue is followed by a stroll down Lykourgos Logothetis Street, where the main market of the city lies. It is the complete package, down a road with various shops and buildings, in a course through the Municipal Garden (park) and the Square of Pythagoras and its Lion.

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Things worth seeing in Upper Vathi: √ Αgios Ioannis, one of the oldest and most significant churches on the island √ The neo-classical building of the Primary School and the Municipality (1901) √ Agia Cara, a temple dating in the late 17th century, boasting unique murals of the Second Advent and a carven wooden chancel √ Agia Paraskevi, a temple in the area where the oldest buildings of the city are situated √ An open theatre, a modern structure hosting cultural happenings, which has a breathtaking view over the gulf and the city of Samos √ Αgia Kioura and the church of Agia Matrona


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City Index

Paradise Hotel T.+30 22730 23911 www.samos-paradise.gr

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Scorpios Hotel & Suites E. info@e-scorpios.com www.e-scorpios.com

AUTOUNION Car rental T.+30 22730 27444 www.samosrent.com

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INO Village Hotel T.+30 22730 23241 www.inovillagehotel.com

Manos Car rental T.+30 22730 24137 www.manos-rentals.gr

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SAMOS BOOKING Rhenia Tours T. +30 22730 88800 www.samosbooking.gr

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Chionati Παιδικά Τ. +30 22730 27622 www.chionati.com

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Opticon Gryllou Οπτικά Τ. +30 22730 22188 vickygrillou@yahoo.gr Rob’s ink Tattoo studio Τ. +30 22730 28154 FB: Robsinktattoos


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Paleokastro & surrounding settlements and beaches

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Southeast from the city of Samos, we come across the village Paleokastro. Invisible from the sea, built among hills, while it tries to preserve its picturesque scent. This village usually serves as a passage to the famous beaches Poseidonio, Kerveli, Mykali, and Psili Ammos, as well as to the Alykes (salterns).


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hair dryer, music and direct dial telephone. With a spacious lounge, veranda, bar, snack bar and a swimming pool, hotel Paradise can promise you a warm friendly atmosphere, making an unforgettable holiday.

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Hotel Paradise is a family run hotel, situated in the center of Samos Town, close to the sea, surrounded by olive trees and it’s own beautiful garden. 48 air-conditioned rooms all with bath, balcony, TV, mini bar,


photo: Nikolaos Petalas

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City Index MY HOUSE Cafe T.+30 694 521 9578 E. myhousebar@yahoo.gr STEPS Restaurant T.+30 22730 28649

Architecture

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Ever since the Roman years, settlements are found in mountains and hillsides, The traditional architecture of the houses for protection against pirates, with is characterized by a rectangular, twomerely docks being maintained near the storey stone structure, built with plain sea, for transport and commerce. In the local mud and stone, with walls 50-60cm years following the Liberation mountain thick, with an external staircase and a flat settlements retain a great population, but roof. The flat roof is called “doma” and is made of wooden boards or reeds placed on coastal areas develop at the same time. the roof beams and covered with sea-weed, The Hegemonic Government, growing straw and soil. needs and financial development affect the form of the buildings, blending it with In the last 150-200 years a new, sloping elements from the rest of Greece and from ceiling is introduced, supported by a Asia Minor, which also maintains some wooden frame called “travaka”, covered Byzantine features. As far as zoning is by byzantine tiles, most frequently concerned, building is dense and uneven, placed without any form of cement. with villages built amphitheatrically Houses typically have a ground floor, between mountain slopes, and most “katoy”, used as storage or working space, cannot be detected from the sea. On the or for keeping domestic animals. This is other hand, near the coasts, building where large oil-jars, wine barrels, food is less dense, and the streets are either and tools are kept. Its floor is plain soil, and it usually has no windows. parallel or vertical to the shore.

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photo: Sandy Nieuwenhof

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Lykourgos Logothetis: He was born in 1772 at Karlovasi by the name George Paplomatas. He studied at Porphyries’ School and went on with his studies in Istanbul, and also studied medicine in Bucharest. In Moldovlachia he served as secretary to Ypsilantis, received the honorary title of “Logothetis”, was initiated in “Philiki Eteria” and took up leading authorities in the Revolution. He formed a political system which was maintained for many years. Between 1822 and 1826 he fought back the Turks numerous times.


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of the building, which is supported by wooden beams and takes various forms, saving space and serving as an extra room. We observe such structures in villages like Vourliotes, Mytilinii, and Pano (Upper) Vathi etc. Its origins take us back to buildings in Macedonia and Asia Minor. In larger villages, we will find many neoclassical mansions, dating back to the years of the Hegemony. Merchants and industrialists, as well as many public buildings of that period follow European patterns and norms (something that happens with the whole of Greece after 1821) to build these wonderful buildings which show the wealth and power of Samos at the time.

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Where the family lives, upstairs, is either a single room, or divided in two by a “bagdandi”, a wooden-frame wall beplastered with mud and straw or goat hair. The floor and the ceiling are made of wooden boards, nailed on cypress beams. Rooms are rather plain, with few pieces of furniture, a fireplace in one corner, called “parastia” and few windows, usually one in each side. In the area surrounding the detached houses, we find small bartons, wells, flower gardens or tiny farmyards, covering domestic needs. We also usually come across stone ovens, used by the entire neighborhood, or by relatives dwelling nearby. Another characteristic architectural element is the “sachnisi”, a kind of a closed balcony at the front side


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Kokkari • Κοκκάρι

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are lots of hotels most of which overlooking the village and mostly the sea. The neighboring beaches are also an attraction of the island, while on the way to Karlovasi there is an organized wind-surfing facility, in an area famous to all lovers of water sports throughout the world. Nightlife revolves mainly around bars, ending with romantic strolls down the harbor. Heading from Kokkari to Karlovasi, you go by the exquisite beaches Lemonakia, Tsamadou and Tsambou and you ascend, on the left, towards Vourliotes village. At the crossroad on our right, you see a small

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Its imposing beaches, printed on millions of postcards, its picturesque alleys with flower beds full of blossoms and the hospitable villagers make it one the prettiest villages of the entire island. At the same time, tourist facilities with politeness and discreetness abound in the beach and the harbor, offering a unique experience. Visit the parish temple of Agios Nikolaos and the Agios Panteleimon chapel. In Kokkari you can find all sorts of restaurants, bars and shops. Furthermore, there are numerous rooms to let within the village, while in the surrounding area there

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Kokkari, built between small hills and the lowland where it lies today, used to be a tiny fishing dorp, which started to develop in the 19th century.


City Index

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Arion Hotel T.+30 22730 92020 www.arion.gr

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Tsamadou Hotel & Jasmin restaurant www.tsamadou.com

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GO Car Rentals www.samosgorentacar.com

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Lychnos Jewels www.art-jewels.com T. +30 22730 92773

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Kalimera Café FB: Kalimera-cafe T. +30 22730 92876

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Zakore BBQ Restaurant T.+30 22730 92175 FB. ZakoreBBQ

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Wave café Cocktail Bar T.+30 22730 92742 FB. wavecafekokkari

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Reef Beach Café T. +30 2273092145 FB. ReefKokkari

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Face Café Café T. +30 22730 92575 FB: Face Cafe Bar


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photo: Nicos Anastasiou

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poseidon Restaurant www.poseidonkokkari.gr

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City Index

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piccolo porto Ristorante Italiano Tripadvisor: Piccolo Porto

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mezedaki Tavern T. 30 22730 92561

tarsanas Restaurant T. +30 22730 92337 Ε: tarsanas@yahoo.gr


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hill over the sea. On top of it, there is the Prophet Elias’ church, but on a closer inspection you can see part of a wall surrounding the hill. This castle overlooks the entire Kampos (valley) of Vourliotes. In Kampos there is the old dorp Palaiohori, Svala Beach and a series of important chapels you can admire amongst the vineyards, among which are the remains of the old Christian chapel to St Nikolas (Agios Nikolaos).

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photo: Nicos Anastasiou

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MALAYSIAN MEZZES

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This is where most hiking trails begin, heading mainly to Mytilinii, Vourliotes and the Peak of Karvounis Mountain. You can also walk towards Lemonakia and Tsamadou beaches.

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ALLIOS Handmade Jewellery & crafts T.+ 22730 94586

MARY Handmade Τ: +30 2730 94672

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Despina Restaurant T.+ 30 22730 94043 + 30 6944214506

POPI Mini market T: +30 6984 502 624

ERGANI Local handcrafts T.+ 30 22730 94178 M: +30 6972 835591

TO MOUSEIO

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Τ: +30 2730 94025 kiparissisn@gmail.com

photo: Nikos Chatziiakovou

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KERANNYMI Handmade T: +30 6944 282 526 FB: kerannymi jewelry

PIGI Snack bar T: +30 22730 94902 M: +30 6974 984364

THE SHOP Handcrafted T: +30 22730 94338 E: branka104@gmail.com

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KALLISTI Tavern - Cafe T.+ 30 22730 94661

LOUKAS Tavern T: +30 22730 94541

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AAA Tavern T.+30 22730 94472 www.aaasamos.com

ΠΗΛΟΠΟΙΕΙΟΝ Pottery workshop Τ: +30 2730 34133


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Manolates

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Village map

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In 1828 there were 188 residents, the most recorded were in 1928 at 485 and the census of 2001 showed 137. The people of Manolates are farmers, specialising in vineyards. They also cultivate olives, apples, walnuts, chestnuts, cherries and more. Despite the height and steepness of the village and its surroundings, the terraces that have been built make it very fruitful. The routes to the village are easy and varied, giving a choice to the visitor what suits them the best.

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Once upon a time, long ago, from the gradual cultivation and spread of the people of Vourliotes (a village that began about 1600) new villages were created. Manolates got its name from someone called ‘Manolis’, who moved to the area in 1794. Manolates is located on the north side of the island, 20 km from Samos town. It is a traditional village built on the side of Karvounis mountain at a height of 340m and is situated in luscious vegetation with a panoramic view of the beaches of Asia Minor. Close to Manolates there used to be the hamlets of Georgates, Angelides, Skopelites, Karamanolides and Margarites which took their names from the residents or families that inhabited them. In some of these, Margarites for example, there are still some derelict buildings and the chapel of Agios Georgios (St. George), with its traditional murals and beautiful icons and where people from surrounding villages come to celebrate his name day. From its inception to the last census of Manolates its population has been variable, as has happened in other villages, but it is in good condition and despite its highlocation is a favourite of hikers and tourists.


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lunch and a cool carafe of local wine before continuing on their paths. In Manolates it is interesting to explore the traditional architecture, with the abundance of flowers outside every door, the cobbled streets, the village fountain, with its constant running water and the church of Zoodocho Pigi which celebrates its saints day the first friday after easter. This is the biggest social event in the village. There are also through the summer other celebrations in outlying chapels in the area. During your visit to Manolates, apart from the beauty of the village, you will find small cafes, traditional tavernas with home cooked food, craft shops with their studios (art, ceramic, silversmith, jewellery, textiles and woodwork). Including a museum shop with a traditional cellar on display selling local products (oil, wine, jams, herbs). It is this connection of a traditional rural village community with a scene of innovative craftsmen and artists that provides Manolates with a special flair – a stimulating and at the same time relaxing atmosphere that you can enjoy also in the evenings of your holiday. We look forward to your visit and are sure you will leave with the best impressions.

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Sponsored by selected village shops.

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There is a 4 km tarmac road from Agios Konstantinos through the magical valley of the nightingales passing by Platanakia and Valoentades. It follows the course of a river and is for most of its way in the shade of magnificent Plain trees, coming out of the forest the last part offers breathtaking views to the sea. This route whether by car or on foot has so much to offer even before arriving in the village. At the end there is a sizeable car park where visitors can safely leave their cars and continue on foot to explore the village. A network of dirt roads, created for the farmers, from Vourliotes and Stavrinides, again through forests and terraces of vineyards and olive groves, with clear running water. These are ideal for off road vehicles and also for hikers. Then there are the old stone paved paths, some of the best kept on the island, these were the original routes between the villages and the plots of land. They connect the villages of Agios Konstantinos, Manolates, Vourliotes, Stavrinides, Ambelos and Kokkari. Today 30 of these paths are open, well marked and are really worth walking. The volunteer group ’nightingale walks’ maintain every year clearing from dense vegetation, collecting any rubbish and mark and map the paths. The maps are available free of charge. These paths are very popular with hikers, who either walk them alone or in groups with a guide, in the months of May, June and September, October. Often stopping in the village for some

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Αgios Κonstantinos - Platanakia

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hikinG & WALKING ROUTES From Agios Konstantinos many hiking trails begin heading to Manolates, Vourliotes and Ambelos.

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Twenty km away from Samos, we discover Ag. Konstantinos, a small village right on the beach, with a pretty little dock and a beach ideal for a wonderful stroll. “Agios”, as it called by the locals, actually consists of two settlements, one near the sea and the other further up in the woods. Enjoy the houses that are side by side on the beach, visit the church, as well as the older temple of the saint, with its remarkable chancel screen, walk by the Primary School and head to Platanakia. It’s a fantastic scenery that makes you forget you are actually on an Aegean island. Age-long platan trees in the bountiful waters of the glen, all cloaked in ivy, standing some 15m above ground, majestic bird chants and the enchanting serenity of the place will really leave you speechless. Descend, take a walk, admire the splendor of Nature with all your respect, and then proceed on the lovely road to Manolates. Agios Konstantinos started as a smaller village. It is just 5 minutes from the port and it worths a visit, to see the old church.


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Ag. Konstantinos Index

Εκδηλωσεις του Εκπολιτιστικου Συλλογου Αγ. Κωνσταντινου “Αρισταρχος ο Σαμιος” Local festivals & celebrations Πανηγύρι & Τοπική γιορτή με κεράσματα την παραμονή του Αγίου Κωνσταντίνου St. Constantine celebration

23 Ιουνιου June 23rd

Τοπική γιορτή με κεράσματα την παραμονή των γενεθλίων του Αγ. Ιωάννη Προδρόμου St. John Baptist celebration

22, 23, 24 Ιουλιου JULY 22, 23, 24

SAMOS FESTIVAL 2016

Κυριακη 7 Αυγουστου sunday, august 7TH

Γιορτη Κρασιού με χορό & άφθονο κρασί Wine festival

KΥΨΕΛΗ Sweets T. +30 22730 94254

Barba Giannakaki Meze tavern T. +30 22730 94540

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NORTH STAR Cafe-Bar T. +30 22730 94015

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20 Μαιου May 20th

AKROGIALI Restaurant T. +30 22730 94397

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AEOLOS Restaurant T. +30 22730 94021

ΔΑΦΝΗ Hotel T. +30 22730 94003 www.daphnehotel.gr

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PARADISOS Tavern T. +30 22730 94086 Ε. efolas@otenet.gr

TRAFFIC Cafe T. +30 22730 94670

VILLA AGIOS KONSTANTINOS T. +30 22730 94001

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ΤΟ ΚΥΜΑ Restaurant T. +30 +30 22730 94251

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Στο πουθενα Grill-bar T. +30 22730 94738

ZAFEIRIΑ Hotel T. +30 22730 94494 47


photo: Nicos Anastasiou

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On the way to Vourliotes, in the first kilometer, there is a sign towards the Pnaka water source .An earthly paradise awaits us there among the planes. There is a glen full of running water, the chapels of Agios Konstantinos and of Agios Ioannis, with their peculiar large side alcoves, and a humble, yet attractive tavern waiting to take you through local culinary specialties. The old path that used to connect Kampos (the valley) with the village comes this way, and many paved parts of it are preserved. Ascending towards Vourliotes you have the chance to admire the marvelous view of the sea, as well as of the green hillsides, where pines and olive trees and vines interchange. Vourliotes is at 300m above sea level and its one of the largest and most beautiful villages of the island. It is also one of the oldest villages of Samos, dating in the late 16th century, and was inhabited by colonists coming from

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Vourliotes

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Things worth seeing in Vourliotes Valley: √ The ruins of the castle at the hill of Profitis Elias √ Also discover the old trail to the Pnaka water source and Vourliotes, in which some parts are preserved, with their initial paving. √ Αgia Pelagia chapel with its tile floor and Agia Matrona chapel with its post-Byzantine murals


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hiking

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Ampelos - Stavrinides

Blue Chairs Tavern T.+30 22730 93311 www.bluechairs.gr Galazio Pigadi Tavern T.+ 30 22730 93313

Pnaka Tavern T.+30 22730 93297 Pnaka, Vourliotes

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At the opposite side of Agios Konstantinos, there is the road to Nenedes, the old name for the two villages that follow on our way. First we reach Ampelos village, which is literally a balcony to the sea. It’s a quiet dorp, where we will find the church of Agios Ioannis, built in 1672. The surrounding area is verdant and the soil is remarkably fertile, with many water sources. Apart from vineyards, we also have the cultivation of fruit-trees, as well as peach, apricot, cherry and walnut trees. Moving on, we reach Stavrinides, at an altitude of 400m, a lovely little village, with beautiful, picturesque houses, in perfect harmony with the landscape, gazing over the Aegean Sea.

Village Index

Cleo’s Art Creations T.+30 22730 93313

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Vourla in Asia Minor. Its magnificent houses, traditional alleys and innumerable shops show the village’s heyday over past decades. Stroll through its squares and neighborhoods; visit the wonderful churches of Agios Ioannis and of ‘Kimisis tis Theotokou’; enjoy your café or desserts; and, if you stay for lunch, don’t miss the chance to taste “revithokeftedes”, a kind of “meat” balls made of chick-peas. The villagers are particularly friendly. If we go up the mountain, we discover the Monastery of Panagia Vrontiani, an important pilgrimage for Samians, which was burnt down, along with the surrounding area, in 2000 and is currently being renovated. In the area, there is lots of cultivable land, many chestnut trees and various other trees of all sorts. Moving on to the mountain, we can head either towards the castles of Lazarus and of Louloudas, and Mytilinii village, or to the peak of mount Ampelos, the chapel of the Profitis (prophet) Elias, or even to Manolates village.

photo: Nicos Anastasiou

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From Vourliotes there is an earthen path to Manolates, and the peak of Karvounis Leave your car at the village and walk to the “Panagia Vrontiani Monastery.

ΑΜΠΕΛΟΣ Tavern T.+30 22730 94293 Ampelos village


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Karlovassi • Καρλόβασι

also wander at the western neighborhood, called Galatas. On our way down, we reach Limani (port), which was constructed in the late 18th century. In 2009, a new section was added to the port, so as to cover the growing needs of this part of the island, and also the lack of space for the docking of pleasure boats, yachts and merchant ships. The main street maintains the atmosphere of the beginnings of the previous century, with double-decked stone buildings in classical design. Here, along with gigantic Hotel facilities, you can also find anything you desire, from super-market stores, tourist agencies, cafeterias, to restaurants, an open-air cinema, and clubs, which make for a powerful attraction, all year long. Don’t forget to visit Limani in the morning, for breakfast and coffee, but at night as well, for a dinner by the sea, and for nightlife. What is more, Karlovassi hosts one of the two main Vinicultural Union’s facilities. After the celebration of the 15th of August, Dekapentavgoustos, when vine harvest commences, tractors line one behind the other in the coastal avenue, to deliver the fruit of a year’s efforts, to produce the exhilarating wine we drink. Leaving Limani, we head right towards Meseo Karlovassi. Here is where we find the great church of Eisodia tis Theotokou. The stone square, shrouded in houses of traditional architecture, hosts many restaurants, where we can taste local delicacies. At that

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photo: Nicos Anastasiou

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Historical evidence proves that it has been inhabited since antiquity, while there had been an obvious prime during the Byzantine era, specimens of which are mostly temples (Agios Nikolaos and Metamorphosis tou Kyriou, constructed in the 11th century, various Byzantine chapels and ruins at Keramidas area etc), as well as a marvelous castle which climbs up the rocks above Metamorphosis Church at Potami, dating from the Genoan occupation. In presenting Karlovassi villages from the west to the east, we begin from the oldest settlement, named Palaio (old) Karlovassi, located in verdant hills, within a glen with planes and kalmias. It is virtually invisible from the sea, and it constitutes one of the most traditional villages of the island. It has been inhabited ever since 1600aD, perhaps even earlier. Its trademark is Agia Triada, a lovely temple on top of the highest hill, which offers an enchanting view of all Karlovassi areas. To get there you must take an exquisite stroll in picturesque alleys. On our way, we come across the old parish church of Panagia (Madonna), which has remarkable paintings and parts of murals. You may

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Karlovassi is situated at the northwest of the island, in a plateau formed by two mountains, Kerkis and Karvounes. The city of Karlovassi consists of different settlements, which were established on different periods, some at the plains and some at the hills, according to the needs of that time.


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in Neo Karlovassi. It is amphitheatrically built, and is the urban center of all Varlovasi villages. You will find all local authorities here, the Town Hall, the University, a cinema-lovers club, lots of schools and a Health Center. There are plenty of free municipal parking spots, where you can leave your vehicle while wandering and feeling the serenity of the town’s streets and market. It is really worth visiting the building of Porphyriad School, across the Town Hall Square, and the neo-classical building of the legendary School of Commerce, which is now owned by the University. Also, don’t miss the chance to visit the Eparch Cathedral of Kimisis tis Theotokou (Dormition of Madonna), just beyond the Hegemonic

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The Aegean University in Karlovassi: The Aegean University founded in Karlovassi the School of Scientific Disciplines, with faculties of Mathematics, Communication System Engineering and Statistics, and Financial Mathematics. It is housed in exquisite, neo-classical buildings in the city, but it also possesses various old industrial buildings of tanneries and warehouses. Tel: 22730-82030, 82028, 82000.

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very square we find the Monument for the Revolution of May 8th, 1821. Crossing the bridge over the wide torrent that cleaves this area, we find ourselves

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photo: Nikos Chatziiakovou

City Index

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Aegeon Hotel & Spa T.+30 22730 33466 www.aegeonhotel.gr

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Merope Hotel & pool bar T. +30 22730 32510 www.hotelmerope.gr Dionysos Restaurant T.+30 22730 30120

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Soul Meze Restaurant T.+30 22730 78588

Del Mundo Café FB: Cafe Del Mundo Potami, Karlovassi

Milk & honey Cafe T.+30 22730 35291

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Quick hikes Ascend from Limani to Palaio, through a course full of planes, and climb up to Agia Triada to enjoy the view over all Karlovassi villages. From the square of Palaio, it is less than a 30 minute walk towards the caves and the places where the ascetic Agia Varvara and Agios Antonios once lived. 56

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Tranzistor Cafe T.+30 2273102145

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(magisterial) Manor, as well as the Folkloric Museum, the Matrona Temple with its carven wooden chancel and, finally, the Chatzigiannis Maiden School, where the University Library is housed today. Heading towards the sea, at the most easterly part of Karlovassi, we find Ormos (or Riva), a place that used to be a merchandising center ,which flourished during the years of the Hegemony, and up to the years between the two World Wars, when it started to decay. From the imposing church of Agios Nikolaos, you can head to area that used to house the old tobacco warehouses, the neo-classical mansions of the wealthy tanners and merchants, and the impressive tanneries. What is left portrays the extent of prime that this town lived, particularly in those districts.It is also worth seeing the mo-dern tannery museum in facilities exploited by the Aegean University; it is situated before the seaside road, when heading from central Karlovassi to Limani. To the East, after the bridge of the Fourni stream, in an area called ‘Louviarika’, the old Leper Hospital, an abandoned building of high aesthetic value, as well as a rugged beach with large pebbles.

Anema Hotel T.+30 22730 30500 www.anema.gr

Hippy’s Beach Bar T. +30 22730 33796 www.hippys.gr


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Dionysos and Tranzistor Right upon the square, in the shade of the trees, at Dionysos, you will enjoy unique flavors. The restaurant has been a reference point of Karlovassi for the last 25 years. Tranzistor. A contemporary café, where you can taste amazing handmade greek tappas (mezes) and of course, ouzo, souma or rakomelo, to choose whatever your appetite asks for. Noon, afternoon, evening, the choice is yours. What is certain is that the square of Meseo will offer you an experience you will never forget…

Things worth seeing in Potami: √ The Metamorphosis Church (which celebrates on August 6th) √ The Venetian Castle which is right above the Metamorphosis Church √ The impressive waterfalls

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To the west of Karlovassi, after Limani, we reach the famous Potami beach, the Temple of Metamorphosis (one of the oldest ones on the island), the ruins of the temple of Agios Nikolas, the waterfalls, and the wellpreserved path that takes us there.

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Things worth seeing in the city: √ The building of the Porfyriad School √ The building of the School of Commerce √ The Metamorphosis tou Sotiros eparch church √ The Hegemonic Manor √ The Folkloric Museum √ The Matronas Temple, which hosts the Hegemonic (magisterial) Throne √ The Chatzigiannis Maiden School

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The Metamorphosis Church in Potami and the Venetian Castle: The Church of Kimisis tis Theotokou, also called Panagia Tou Potamiou (Madonna of the River), which is now celebrated on the Day of Metamorphosis. It is speculated that the church belongs in the Laskarides Dynasty, in the early 13th century, but it may be even older (11th century). It is a cross-like type of temple, with four marble pillars that support the cupola with marvelous chapiters, which might have been taken from a palaeo-Christian monument of the area. Only part of the initial marble chancel is preserved. In the same region, there are some ruins from the same era, the Temple of Agios Nikolaos of Potami, as well as the Venetian Castle, of which parts of its aqueduct, of its walls and of the Agia Triada Temple are preserved.

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If we proceed past Potami, after half-an-hour’s walk, we get to Mikro (small) Seitani Beach and in another half hour we get to Megalo (big) Seitani, a refuge for the MonachusMonachus seal, protected under the NATURA 2000 project.


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During the last few decades, the square of Meseo is a favorite destination for a walk, coffee or food. The variety of options attracts Samians from all around the island as well as tourists. Walk around the graphic alleys, to see that Karlovassi has so many beautiful corners worth visiting again. And do not forget that the square is a 5 minute walk from the beach and the coastal pedestrian walkway that leads to the port.

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Celebrations and Fairs/Festivals

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Just before we reach the square of Meseo, across the parking lot, one can admire the magnificent church of Holy Mary, which is celebrated on the 21th of November. The day before the celebration of Agia Marina, 15th of July, a fair takes place at the square. The day before the celebration of Stavros, the 12th of September, a fair takes place at the square.

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Celebration of the 8th of May Today, a monument is placed in the square, in memory of archbishop Kyrillos, as well as a marble engraving with the name of the square, to which it is dedicated. Every year on this day, a humble celebration takes place. At the presence of the ecclesiastical and political leadership, a large crowd watches the raising of the flag of the Samian Revolution and the Holy Doxology at the monument, followed by a parade.

A kind initiative of the restaurant “Dionysos� and the coffee shop Tranzistor.

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History The official beginning of the Samian revolution takes place in this small but so important square, on the 8th of May, 1821. The battle begins with important personalities in charge, such as Leader Lycourgos Logotheths, bishop of Samos Kyrillos, poet Georgios Kleanthis, Ioannis Lekatis and a large crowd, who declare the Revolution here, at the square of the Meseo (Middle) Karlovassi.

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Meseo Karlovassi - The Square


Lekka - Kastania - Kosmadaei

Konteika - Platanos - Agioi Theodori

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Starting from the center of Neo Karlovassi, we head to Konteika village, which is 6kms away. At 300m above sea level, Konteika village is situated at a hillside, between hills, so it is invisible from the sea. The village square is ideal for a coffee at noon and all sorts of dainties on summer nights. In August local Unions organize wine festivities, which turn into quite a feast. The Church of the Genethlia Theotokou (Birthday of Virgin Mary), which celebrates on 8th of Septemhiking & walking routes: You can, rather effortlessly, walk from Lekka to Tsourlaei and enjoy the rich vegetation. From Tsourlaei there is a dirt road leading to Potami beach, a descending trail among pines, with a wonderful sea view.

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photo: Nikos Chatziiakovou

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or foggy weather, even during summer months. The view from the serene village to the north side of the island and the steep gorges that lead to Seitani village is really breathtaking. There are few villagers still living here, because the days of prosperity are long gone. Forest logging and coal production have ceased and agriculture has remained as the primary occupation. From here starts a dirt road to Kakoperato, a small monastery (Zoodochos Pigi) which is situated at a steep gorge with a cave.

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Starting from Mesaio Karlovassi, heading southwest, in just 5 kilometers,you reach Lekka village, which was established during the Turkish occupation. The village square is a real balcony with a view over all Karlovassi villages. It is worth making a stop for a delicious cup of coffee or a glass of ouzo. The church of Agios Ioannis (St. John) and its marble interior chancel are also worth your attention. From here you can descend (on foot or by car) towards the dorp Tsourlaei (or Agios Panteleimon) which is almost 1kilometer away. This heavenly dorp lies inside the course of a glen, amongst platan trees and running waters, and has kept its old “colors”. Following this path even further, leads to Potami beach. From Lekka we can slope up towards Kastania (chestnut tree) village. We are now at the roots of Mountain Kerkis, at 350m altitude. The countless chestnut trees have given their name to this beautiful village which maintains its patterns of old. Historical sources report that the first dwellers came from Epirus, during the 16th-17th century. It’s worth taking a walk around its alleys, and admiring the laundry houses, still in use by local housewives, the Kimisis tis Theotokou church and the beautiful double-decked houses. The area is verdant, with pines, chestnut and walnut trees, and with beautiful little chapels all around (Panagia Mavrikena, Agia Triada, Agios Georgios). From here the road continues to the ring road of Marathokampos, and from here you can head to Kosmadaei village. On your way you will come across a small dorp named Nikoloudes within dense vegetation, and proceed, through a unique verdant route, to get Kosmadaei, at 600m of altitude. Don’t be surprised if you encounter cloudy


a major attraction both for tourists and for the locals, particularly during the celebration of August 15th, and the feast that take place here. On summer nights it is worth admiring the full moon light showering the waters of Marathokampos beach. The water source with its clear and crystal cold water in the village square, shrouded in planes, will give you the strength for a stroll in its narrow streets

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ber, the Primary School and the newly renovated gristmill we can visit at the upper side of the square, are the feathers in the village’s cap. The main occupation of the villagers is the cultivation of olive trees and vines, whereas in the past we also had the growing of tobacco. Leaving Konteika we can head either to Agioi Theodoroi village (to the right) or to Platanos village (to the left). Going to Agioi Theodoroi is a unique route. The dense pine vegetation is a real household treasure and a refuge for this small village, which is invisible from almost every angle. The houses preserve the traditional atmosphere, with the Agioi Theodoroi church imposing itself in the center. At the glens of the village there are two watermills. Platanos is one of the islands’ destinations you really shouldn’t miss. It lies at 500m altitude, and it is one of the oldest villages (early 1600). Well-celebrated and sung for, due to its water, with a breathtaking view of the Aegean Islands, it is

Kontakeika - Ydroussa

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Leaving Karlovassi and heading east, we turn left to the village Ydroussa. The route is a continuous interchange of vineyards, gardens and glens with planes. You will also come across many chapels. The village was once called “Fourni” (meaning ovens), owing to the numerous ovens (furnaces) that were used for pottery. The entire area has been inhabited since ancient times, while during Byzantine period, the existence of settlements is proven by the ruins of chapels that are all around. The small traditional cafes of the square and the sports field are worth taking a stroll, for a rest and a wonderful view to Konteika and Platanos village and to Mountain Karvounis (or Ampelos). Leaving Karlovassi, passing by the bridge to Ydroussa, in just 3 kms we reach St. Demetrios Church (constructed on top of a 1605 AD temple). On our right lies the lovely KontakeiTO KENTRON ka. In Kontakeika we marvel on the KimiTraditional cafe & tavern sis Theotokou and Agios Georgios church. In the small beautifull square of Konteika village, Leaving the village, we can descend to the taste Andrea’s souvlaki and authentic recipies. All ingredients are produced by the family, pure and Karlovassi suburb which is also the Kontakeika village little port, Ag. Nikolaos, or fresh from Konteika farms. This place is a must. “Limanaki”, as locals call it. 61


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Marathokampos • Μαραθόκαμπος

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lages’ help to the Greek shipping industry, as many residents left the island to become seamen. Taking a walk in this large village will reward the visitor, since its architecture presents a great variety of buildings, due to the different construction workers who came from various parts of continental Greece. As it was built in a place full of water sources, the visitors can still find many public water taps, such as Lougga

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Its history begins in the Byzantine years, when it plays a significant role in naval and commercial activities of the Empire. Monks from Agion Oros in particular, used to come here to trade their goods, and purchase goods of the Samian land (mostly olive oil and wine). In the bay there are ship building facilities, as well as the headquarters of the fleet that controls the South Aegean Sea. In the Hegemonic period, Marathokampos was an urban centre, with links to Dodecanese’s islands, as well as with the rest of Greece. Its shipbuilding yards are still famous for the legendary sailing ships they construct, while other occupations includ fishing, the production of olive oil and soap of high quality, coal production, and the mining of the famous Marathokampos’ stones, which are used to this day in many buildings of the island. Equally important is the vil-

photo: Nikos Chatziiakovou

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It is built amphitheatrically at the south roots of Mountain Kerkis. It has a unique view over the gulf, the islands of Patmos and Agathonisi, while its coastal areas are one of the developing tourist attractions of the island.

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Easter in Marathokambos In Marathokambos of Samos, a predominantly marine village, with coastal settlements that in summer attract thousands of European visitors, Easter is celebrated in the most solemn manner. On Saturday morning the churches are decorated with His Resurrectional and covered with flowering branches. The housewives are engaged in the preparation of the Easter table while men with the final details of the custom of celebrating the burst, whose roots traced to the era of Ottoman rule at times of insurgency. This is a tradition that after the war of 1940 has evolved at its present form for the gathering crowd of Marathokambos. United the village, at night, in the church gather to watch the Resurrection. The Risen Christ announced amid solemn shootings and throwing of firecrackers at which almost all male population is involved. From that moment begins the climax of the celebrations, focusing on the custom of the burst, which like several other events accompany the procession of Rise of Anastasis on Sunday afternoon in Antilampro. The communion is universal and the emotions are intense. The burning of Judas and the custom of the swing revive on the Easter Monday and attract many visitors.

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head to Pythagoras’ Cave, which is three kilometers away and also to the routes to Mt Kerkis. Carrying on, in the crude, barren landscape of the Samian south, we go past to Psili Ammos and Limionas beaches, to get to Agia Kyriaki. Moving on amongst olive groves, under the watchful eye of the imposing Mt Kerkis, we head to most western part of the island. Palaiohori is on our left, on a small hill, and it is a strong temptation to any visitor, remaining unaltered through the course of time. Picturesque and solitary, it takes us to the past. The view to south Aegean and

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Descending from Marathokampos village, we arrive at Ormos (cove) of Marathokampos, the village’s port. Formerly a harbor to the entire island, called Gialos, today it serves as a docking place for fishing boats and many sorts of vessels. It maintains the atmosphere of a typical fishing village, with many taverns around the port, and lots of rooms to let. There is also a pebbled beach at the east of the dorp, which is serene and solitary. In this region, where nowadays the cultivation of olive is the predominant occupation, there once was a great production and export of onions. Moving further to the west, we get to Kampos of Marathokampos (or Votsalakia). This is where a vast pebbled beach with crystal clear waters begins. The sun is very hot here in the summer, and the full moon nights are enchanting. Throughout the beach there are restaurants, rooms to let, tourist agencies and quiet bars. The beach is so vast that you can chose to be crowded, or almost on your own! From here we can

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Ormos - Kampos or Votsalakia Agia Kyriaki - Kallithea - Drakei

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square, Sgouron water tap and the laundry house in Agios Athanasios. Some further historical places we can visit are Agios Antonios, the temple where the Revolution was declared in April 17, 1821, the High School, which hosts a vast collection of old books, and the museum, with historical documents and heirlooms. Before reaching Marathokampos, we come across the little, abandoned village called Sevasteika, with a church of St. Georgios.


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Authentic home made greek cuisine, children’s menu & home made pizza!

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Open for breakfast, lunch & dinner


City Index BILL & SALOME Restaurant T. +30 22730 31628 www.billandsalome.com NICK THE GREEK Fish tavern T.+30 22730 37261

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SOMETHING DIFFERENT Souvenirs T: +30 22730 37949

SO NICE Hotel T. +30 22730 37300 www.sonicesamoshotel.gr

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PIZZA CAVE Restaurant T.+30 22730 37443 Ormos

HERMES Car rentals T.+30 22730 37410 T. +30 6938 322 357

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FAIDRA Ηandmade E. emmanouilpsarris @gmail.com

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the marvelous sea will probably lure you to the nearby beaches. From here we can get to Agios Ioannis Panteleimon, a small monastery by the sea, on the verdant bed of a small glen. This haven, created banana trees, many other fruit trees and planes, will certainly fascinate you. Admire the wonderful church, the gardens and the quiet water basin. On the celebration of St John, locals gather with all sorts of delicacies and spend the night here, just as they have been doing for many decades. You will also discover two pebble beaches here. Returning to the main road, the landscape starts to change. We are entering Kalambaktasia (or Kalambachtasi) village. Vegetation is dense, and oaks, pine trees and cedars escort you in your passage to Kallithea. Once known as Prinias, Kallithea is a quiet village built on a hillside, at the roots of Mt Kerkis, with a view over Ikaria and Chios. The secret of this village is the majestic sunsets the visitor can enjoy. From here we can also follow the coastal road to Agios Isidoros cove about 5 km away, an old shipbuilding yard which is still operating. All around there are little beaches (Varsamo), and the area is ideal for fishing. A dirt road also takes you to places where ascets lived. Many hermits dwelled here in the past, and constructed numerous chapels inside caves, and their remnants exist until today. Proceeding on the main road, we reach the end of the line, in Drakei village. In this dorp you will marvel on the church of St George, with Byzantine murals dating in the 13th century, and enjoy your coffee at the single café of the area. There is also a path to Seitania, and then to Potami.

hikING & WALKING ROUTES Close to Pythagoras’ Cave there is also the small chapel of Panagia Sarantaskaliotissa. From Kampos of Marathokampos, you may also take a hiking route to Evangelistria Monastery, on Mt Kerkis.


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At the east of Marathokampos, we meet Koumeika, a beautiful central village built among olive groves. The village square with the cafes, the huge plane, the old taps

with the crystal running water of the nearby (water) sources, along with the traditional houses, are all decorated with colorful flowers, in one of the best-groomed villages of Samos. The festival that takes place in August 6 is equally famous.

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Koumeika - Neohori - Skoureika


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Moreover maintaining our source to the east, we reach Skoureika, a beautiful, quiet and picturesque dorp, ideal for a stroll. A little bit to the North is Neohori (or Nihori), which used to be called Zoureika.

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From here you can descend to the tiny coastal dorp named Balos, where you will discover taverns by the sea, and a peaceful pebble beach with cold waters.


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Pythagorio • Πυθαγόρειο

Lykourgos Logothetis’ Tower. At the port and the commercial street we find countless shops, touristic or not, as well as restaurants and taverns for any taste, various cafeterias and bars. A romantic night stroll down the picturesque port, with the fishing boats, right next to sailing ships and yachts. The wandering in its well-groomed alleys (embel-

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photo: Nicos Anastasiou photo: Nicos Anastasiou

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Logothetis’ Tower (Byzantine Museum): The tower of Lykourgos Logothetis, next to the Temple of The Transformation of The Savior in Pythagorion, was constructed in 1824 on top of buildings dating from the antiquity. It served as the defensive fortress of the revolutionists and the headquarters of Logothetis. It has got thick walls, and its windows are of a different motif, compared to the aforementioned, earlier towers.

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Things worth seeing in the city: √ Τhe archaeological sites (Efpalinion Tunnel, Ancient Theater, Thermes, the Walls) √ Τhe folkloric museum √ Τhe archaeological museum √ Τhe Lykourgos Logothetis’ Tower (Byzantine Museum) and the Metamorphosis Church

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Pythagorion has been inhabited for over 5000 years. It is built above the ruins of an ancient settlement that had a harbor constructed by Polykratis. Pythagorio during summer is transformed into the ultimate tourist attraction. It combines the most important monuments of antiquity, which were admired by Herodotus, the Efpalinion Tunnel, the Port, the Ancient Walls, along with the ancient theater, the Roman bath museums, and

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It is a picturesque little fishing village, which flourished after the Revolution of 1821 and nowadays it constitutes the most famous destination of the island. It used to be called Tigani (frying pan). Its current name was given about 50 years ago, in honor of Pythagoras.


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City Index Doryssa Seaside Resort Τ. +30 22730 88300 www.doryssa.gr Glicorisa Hotel Beach hotel Glicorisa, Samos www.glicorisa.gr

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Remezzo Hotel www.remezzo-hotel pythagorion.com

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SamainA Hotel www.samaina-samos -hotel.com santa catarina Hotel Τ: 22730 80845 E: gplast55@otenet.gr

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Kiklos Car Rentals T.+30 22730 61519 www.kiklos-rentals.com

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YES Rent a car T.+30 6974 840 060 www.iDrive.gr

Yacht Services Yacht services T. +30 22730 61555 www.samos-yacht -services.com

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photo: Nicos Anastasiou

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Pythagoras: Born in Samos circa 580bC and the founder of mathematics, Pythagoras was also a great geometrician, astronomer, and philosopher. He also had a unique theoretical approach to music, which he combined with numbers. He created an integral system of studying celestial bodies, with mathematical and geometrical evidence. His most famous accomplishment is the “Pythagorean theorem”, his geometrical axiom about the right triangle, according to which the square of the hypotenuse side equals the sum of the addition of the square of the two vertical sides. In his theories, philosophical and religious goals have unbreakable bonds and walk side by side. What is more, everything is based on numbers, measure and harmony. From a very early age he was well-respected within the Samian society, since his parents (Mnisarchus and Pythais) were considered descendants of Angaeos. He was so handsome and such a good speech maker, that he used to captivate his audience. He was educated by Thales from Milissos (in Mathematics and Geometry) , Anaximander, Ferekides from Lesvos, and the Samian philosopher Ermodamas. He was married to Theano and had a son and two daughters. He created a School in which he trained lots of young people. Due to political contrast with Polykratis, he was banished, took refuge in the homonymous cave and abandoned the island. He traveled and lived in Egypt, Babylon, Delos, at the Oracle of Delphi and finally in South Italy and Sicily, where he founded his renowned School and many of its branches. He died a very elderly man, in Metapontum of South Italy (at about 490bC).

KALLISTI Art objects T. +30 22730 62155


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E: dhmasel@hotmail.gr


Aphrodite Restaurant T. +30 22730 61672 www.afrodite-restaurant.gr

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Casa di roma Restaurant www.casadiroma. manifo.com

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City Index

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Elia Restaurant T. +30 22730 61436 FB. elia restaurant

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Irodion Garden Restaurant T. +30 22730 61642 FB. IrodionRestaurant

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Plaisir Coffees T. +30 22730 61006 FB. plaisir coffees

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Dimas Super Market T. +30 22730 61273

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2thelittlestore Greek Fashion T. +30 22730 62111 FB. 2 the Little Store

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Tempo CafĂŠ E. tempo_cafe _bar @yahoo.gr

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Tarsanas Tavern T. +30 22730 61774


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photo: Nicos Anastasiou

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at the top of the central column. As long as the level of the liquid does not rise beyond the level of the chamber, everything is all right. When though the level rises further, the liquid spills through the chamber into the first pipe and out through the bottom. Hydrostatic pressure creates a siphon through the central column causing the entire contents of the cup to be emptied through the hole at the bottom. The point is to punish anyone who does not show respect and wants to drink more than the others. Today, it is still produced in local ceramic art workshops while it is the most popular souvenir bought from Samos.

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Pythagoras, according to local tradition, designed the “Pythagorian cup”, as it is called today. The ‘cup of justice’, as it is called in Greece, functions under the laws of Physics. The one who drinks can fill the cup with wine up to a certain level. If this level of the wine gets over the line then the wine is spilt out of the cup through the bottom. The central column of the cup is positioned directly over the stem of the cup and over the hole at the bottom of the stem. A small pipe runs from this hole almost to the top of the central column, where there is an open chamber. The chamber is connected by a second pipe to the bottom of the central column, where a hole in the column exposes the pipe to the content (wine). When the cup is filled, liquid rises through the second pipe up to the chamber

a seaside tourist area with huge hotel facilities and an endless beach. There you can enjoy a bath and sporting activities.

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lished by jasmines and various flowers), particularly from the port to Logothetis’ Tower, during daytime, will definitely steal your heart. At the pier you should not forget to see the sculpture in honor of Pythagoras. There are plenty of hotels and guest houses so that you will definitely find precisely what you are looking for, but it is recommended to have made your reservations in advance. In the valley around Pythagorion, you will discover Potokaki,

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Aristarchus - The father of Astronomy Born in Samos on 310bC and studied at the Alexandrian School. He introduced the notion of a heliocentric solar system, namely that the Earth and the planets revolve around the sun. However, his theories were considered inferior to the one of Aristotle and Ptolemy. Cleanthes even argued that Aristarchus ought to be convicted, since his theory breaks the calmness of the Gods, “altering the people’s focus and unsettling the tranquility of the Olympians”! Nevertheless he was vindicated for his significant observation in 1543A.D, when Copernicus proved the heliocentric model. Aristarchus invented the ‘skafion’ an artifact measuring the hour of a day, geographic latitude, the daily deviation in the Sun’s orbit, as well as equinoxes, and all that in 281bC. Furthermore, he accounted for the succession of the four seasons, as being due to the inclination of the sun’s axis to its elliptical orbit. He died circa 230bC.


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Roasted and freshly ground coffee and a wide selection of teas!


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Ireon • Ηραίον Right here, in the most sacred part of Samos, the Godess Hera was born, inside the roots of an osier.

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Hereon is a modern village, with tourist facilities of very high quality, many hotels, guest houses, and rooms to let. The coastal road, as well as its parallel inner road, is the commercial center for your shopping needs, and Things worth seeing in the city: √ Hereon ancient site for restaurants, taverns, • Godess Hera’s temple cafeterias and bars where you can spend your entire day. • Geneleo’s statues What is more, the beaches at both sides of the village •“Column” called Colona are well-equipped, to make sure you enjoy your bath, √ Nautical museum (under construction) to the west, there is a road leading to the beach, and √ Sarakini’s Tower from there, there is a trail to another, rather solitary beach, under steep limestone rocks .


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Ireon Index

Hora - Mytilinii - Mavratzaei

Angeliki Hotel T. +30 22730 95335

Friendly Car rentals T.+30 22730 95344 Ε: levissianos@yahoo.gr

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Eptastadio Restaurant T. +30 22730 95477

Nektarios Restaurant T. +30 22730 95824

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Pappa Beach Beach bar T. +3069 45 45 0498

Vouros Restaurant T. +30 22730 95464

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Hora, as its name suggests, was the capital of the island from the medieval times, until 1854. It is situated 3kms outside Pythagorion, and is built on a plain named “Kampos”, or “Tigani”. Today it is one of the biggest villages of the island, and it maintains a rich architectural heritage, comprised of neo-classical doubledecked buildings for the construction of which some of the materials were taken from ancient buildings (such as pillars, chapiters etc.). The wonderful Panagia church with its impressive bell towers, the local community center, the stone public laundry houses, and the Primary School (1930), are all buildings you can marvel on. Three km further north, we reach Mytilinii village. This central village, seems to have been alive for many centuries, due to the Cyclopean Walls. Its name was given during the colonization by people from Lesvos (or Mytilene) during the Turkish occupation. It is also legendary wellknown because of the great production of tobacco. The main visitor attraction to this village is the Paleontological Museum, which hosts important and extremely rare findings of fossilized animals. Built between hills, this village preserves an intensely picturesque atmosphere, while you will find lots of shops. Outside the village you will see the monastery of Agia Triada .

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Samiopoula: The islet called Samiopoula, and the southern end of Samos, 925m away from its coasts, it’s a 825 strech of land with only 2,5 km of coastline. Despite its size, it has got two verdant hills, overgrown with pine trees, cypresses, olive trees and carob trees. It is also a home to many goats and kindling that graze carefree. Every day, from the port of Pythagorion, during the summer season, small boats will take you to Samiopoula in the morning (thebay where you dock is called Katsaka) and take you backing the evening. The exotic beach (Psalida) with its thin sand and the clear blue-green waters will enchant you, but it is also worth taking a small walk to the two small chapels, Agia Pelagia (1789, 1913) and Analipsis.


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From Hora, after reaching and marveling on the Timios Stavros Monastery, we discover the Mavrantzaei village, hidden among gorges, at 300 m hillside. Even though it was burnt down in the great 2000 fire, many pines remain in the surrounding hillsides. It used to have a large tradition in ceramics and pottery.

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Petrokaravo: This tiny and unimportant reef, off the shore of Hereon, has managed to create various fables about it. In antiquity, God Apollo fell in love with the daughter of the river god Imvrassos, the enchanting Okirroy, who did not respond to his love, she fled the island and went to Miletus, by ship. When, later, she wanted to return to her father, Apollo kept following her and asked her father to marry her. Imvrassos, not being able to deny it to god Apollo, but at the same time not wanting to make her unhappy, decided to turn her return ship into stone. Another, fable has it that at the times that pirates looted and navigated the island incessantly, the Samians with tears in their eyes begged Panagia Spiliani to save them, and she turned a pirate ship into stone, at the place now valled ‘Petrocaravo’ (meaning ship of stone).

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Sarakinis’ Tower One of the four towers of the island, this tower was built around 1570 by Nikolas Sarakinis, an officer under the Turkish Admiral Kilitz Ali, who decided the re-colonization of the island in 1562. Sarakinis took up the supervision of the surrounding area and constructed this exquisite building, which is 13m long, 6,5m wide and more than 11m high. It is a purely fortifying three-storey building, built entirely of chiseled rock. It has got battlements, which is typical of buildings of the kind.


Μyloi - Pagondas - Spatharei

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Village Index

Balconi Tavern T. +30 22730 41144 E. rpot71@otenet.gr

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Panorama Tavern T. +30 22730 41284 T. 6981 886 759

Popi’s art Ceramics workshop T.+30 22730 41301

Webstuhl Hamdmade souvenirs T. +30 T. 22730 41277

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Klironomou Pottery T. +30 22730 41284 E. nklironomos@gmail.com

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Myloi, two kilometers north of Hereon, is one of the most beautiful villages of the island, dating back to the years when the island was abandoned, while excavation have brought Mycenaean tombs to light, evidence that the area has been inhabited from antiquity. The ancient river Imvrassos crosses the village, and there is bountiful running water, therefore there are many watermills, and this is how the village got the name Myloi (mills). Few of them are saved today, hidden among orange and lemon trees. Despite it is just a small village, it is very lovely and its beautiful square, its alleys and its stone houses are surely worth visiting. The area is rather special, since we have the cultivation of predominantly citrus fruits, giving this valley their special colors and scents, during the blossoming of orange, tangerine and lemon trees. Also outside the village you will find the historical Sarakinis Tower. Northwestern of Hereon, on the slopes of Mountain Bournias, we discover Pagondas’ village. It is used to be called Kirmizi-koy (from the Turkish words “kirmizi” meaning ‘red’, and “koy” meaning ‘village’) because of the red-color roof tops used to have, owing to the use of red soil. It was later named ‘Pagondas’, from the homonymous village in Euboea, from where, apparently, colonists came to inhabit this place. Pagondas has got an overwhelming view, and its large square is our starting point on our way, through the many alleys, to get to the highest point of the village. No silkproducing workshops remain (just like in Hora), and the hillsides, which are overgrown with olive trees, portray the main occupation of the locals. From here we can reach Tsopela beach by following a dirt road. Moving around Mountain Bournias, we arrive at the village Spatharaei, at an altitude of about 600m. The dense building of houses, combined with th inclination of the ground, will make you stroll in its narrow alleys, chat with the hospital locals and marvel on the unique view to Patmos and to Dodecanese’s islands.

Maria- ALEKOS Tavern T. +30 22730 71450


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The family owned tavern MARIA-ALEKOS, for more than 100 years, offers traditional Samian cuisine and delicious tapas (mezes). Mrs Maro says that her village (horiatiki) salad is the best on the island while the ‘zorbena’ (recipie with aubergine) is a reason to come here. Before you leave, you will taste fresh orange juice from her local farm. Open everyday, from 8.00 untill 00.00! Just 85 5km from Pyhtagorion and very close to the airport.


photo: samostour.dk

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photo: Nikos Chatziiakovou

Jeep tours From Pandrosso we can take dirt roads to get to the peaks of Mt Karvounes, (chapel of Profitis Elias) and cross to the Northern side of the island (Vourliotes and Manolates).

Pyrgos - Arvanites - Koumaradei

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North of Pyrgos, we reach the Arvanites villages. The people who colonized this Koumaradei village acquired its name region, in the 16th century, had migrated from the countless bearberry bushes that from north Epirus. The little village called grow in the region (koumaro= bearberry). Mesogeios, with the church of Zoodochos Besides the growing olive trees, villagers Pigi, and the new folklore museum, is our also work as potters and beekeepers. first stop. Ascending higher, at 630m From here, you can also head to the Meg- above sea level, we meet Pandrosso. ali Panagia monastery, which constitutes a Pottery significant pilgrimage of Samos. Furthermore, on route to Pyrgos village, we will Ceramics was an important activity on the discover open-air kiosks selling honey and island, ever since the ancient times, which local herbs (tea, oregano, thyme etc.) can be proven by the findings in the various Pyrgos, the beautiful village we meet on the areas. The geographical development main road, is one of the most remarkable is directly related to appropriate raw villages of Samos. At 400 m of altitude, material, which was offered in each it spreads over two hills. Its main paved area. During the most recent centuries, alley, starting from Agios Georgios church Karlovassi, Mavratzei and Koumaradei (1904), is full of little shops, and it takes are more famous for their pottery. Either you to evry neighborhood. Discover its tav- as works of art, or as useful materials, erns, and the old Primary School, and let pottery is contantly in production on the yourself free in the magic of its alleys. island until today. An important pottery product is the Cup of Pythagoras.

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Μέλι (Μeli): The unique biodiversity of the island gives generously excellent food for bees to produce the honey of Samos. Herbs, shrubs and trees, some of them rare in the Aegean impart, give specific characteristics to this pure product. Pine, cherry, rosemary, strawberry, mint, thyme, sage, mountain tea are just some of them. Honey is an integral component of the Mediterranean diet. The honey of Samos is a special part of the island’s tradition as it is used on all feasts and accompanies many dishes to festive celebrations, weddings, christenings and of course in the daily diet.


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Pebbles

2. Κοkkari The wide beach at the western entrance of Kokkari is one of the most popular. Umbrellas and sunbeds are available. Here you will enjoy the windsurfers. You may have breakfast or coffee at the bars and cafes.

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1. Κοkkari The small two beaches on the right of the village are the basic topic o the card postals printed for Samos. Enjoy swimming and afterwards have a lunch to the restaurants.

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Παραλίες • Βeaches

Cold

Umbrellas

Restaurant

Βeach bar

Super market

Bus Station


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3. Lemonakia An ideal destination for families to spend all the day under the sun and the trees, having also lunch at the taverna. You can park your car at the central road and walk to the beach.

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4. Tsamadou Spend all day at the popular beach of northern Samos. Sunbathing or enjoying its refreshing crystal waters, Tsamadou will compensate you to the fullest. Navagos beach bar is the ideal place to make your mood. Cocktails, snacks, beers, non-stop lounge music and various activities, at different spots, to meet your expectations. Try Navagos’ hospitality and enjoy the wide range of services offered.

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photo: Nikos Chatziiakovou

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6. Tsambou The impressive beach under the rocky setting. In the middle of Northern Samos, very close to Kokkari, Manolates and Vourliotes. You can park your car next to the beach., enjoy the restaurant’s local cuisine, snacks and coctails and of course the crystal waters. In case the north wind makes the sea very wild, you can still enjoy the sun and the beach bar’s services.

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5. Avlakia A bay with pebbles, under the impressive mountains, at the front of the small village. Quite place ideal for the lovers of snorkeling.

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8. Agios Konstantinos Two small beaches with deep bottom. The tavernas at the little marina are 7. Svala ideal to drink ouzo and taste Samian deliA very quiet beach with deep bottom. cacies.


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12,13. Karlovassi & Karlovassi Port

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11. Leprokomio A deep and wild northern beach.

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10. Ag. Nikolaos A small beach that remains very quiet.

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A series of small bays next to way that leads you to the port. You choose your favorite one. The sandy beach next to marina is clean and fully equipped. Enjoy swimming here with your kids.

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9. Petalides A deep and wild northern beach.


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14, 15 Potami & Ag. Nikolaos

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The famous beach, symbol of Karlovasi and Samos. Here is the ending of the waterfalls of a river coming from Kerkis mountain. The sand comes together with the pebbles while the water is cool, ideal for the hot summer days. There is enough parking space, tavernas and cafes.

16. Small Seitani This small paradise is the ending of a beautiful gorge. You have to walk 30 minutes after Potami beach to reach it. You will love the setting and stay for many hours.Take with you anything you might need (water, snacks, etc.).

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17. Big Seitani You are going to love this amazing and


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21. Limnionas Very attractive beach under the trees, with thick sand and calm sea that is protected from the wind. Next to this beach is POUNTA bay.

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18. Agios Isidoros & Varsamo At the traditional shipyards there are two small quiet beaches with pebbles, ideal for fishing and snorkeling. Go only with a jeep. 19. Plaka, 20. Agios Ioannis Eleimonas Two isolated beaches with pebble

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exotic beach! It is the ending of the gorge starting from Kakoperato monastery. The sandy beach will compensate you for the long walk (1h distance from Potami). An alternative way to come is by using the small taxi-yacht from Karlovasi port. This place is protected by the NATURA program as is hosts many monachus monachus seals.

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23. Kampos (Votsalakia)

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A long beach at the Kampos of Marathokampos. You will find anything you need here. Small pebbles and sand. 3 kilometers are enough to select your place, crowded or quiet. Mini markets, taverns, bars and of course sunbeds and water sports.

24. Ormos Marathokampos -Velanidia

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One of the most famous beaches of Samos. Always calm and warm, not very far from Marathokampos, under a green setting, is ideal to spend here a day enjoying the sun and playing at the sea. Fine sand and small white pebbles lead to the shallow sandy bottom.

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22. Psili Ammos (Marathokampos)

A long beach at the left side of Ormos. Quiet, with sand and pebbles. 97


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25. Βalos Α nice beach with pebbles and cool waters. The taverns are ideal for fresh fish (AKROGIALI) and ouzo by the sea. Heading on the left side enjoy Esperos Light beach bar.

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26. Pefkos, 27. Perri A beach with clystal clear waters and a fantastic view to Balos has big pebbles and at some points is sandy. 28. Limnionaki 29. Samiopoula An exotic beach Sand, with a few trees and impressive colors of the sea.

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30. Vergi & Avanti

31. Τsopela, Κakorema, Kiriakos

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32. Ireon & Pappa beach

At the front side of Hereon is this very popular beach. Combine swimming with lunch or refreshments at the beach bars and cafes. Leaving Hereon there is Pappa beach, fully equipped with sunbeds and umbrellas, parking space and a bar.


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34. Pythagorio Beach

Starting from Logothetis Castle and continuing to Doryssa Resort, this is the most popular beach for young people and the ideal place to enjoy water sports. Bars and hotels provide all you might need while the sea is adorable.

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The famous long beach next to the airport. Combining ideally pebbles and sand, it has many water sport facilities as well as beach volley, beach soccer, etc, at its western part. In Beach Volley Potokaki you will find one of the best beach bars of southern Samos.

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33. Potokaki

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36. Mykali The long quiet beach, always having calm water. Pebbles and sand combined. Very nice place to visit with your children and enjoy your lunch at the tavern that is on the beach.

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Glicorisa Mobile Application

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35. Glicorissa The new trend in Samos is Glycorisa. Next to Hotel Glycorisa, the bar with the restaurant and the pool provides the experience you really want to enjoy spending all day(s) at this beach! Sand, sunbeds and umbrellas, music and massages, drinks and snacks; the ideal setting for families with children but also young people.

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Every Friday live music

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Just 2,5 km close to Pythagorio, Glicorisa beach bar - restaurant will offer you excellent services. Enjoy our pool, the bar and the restaurant at the awarded with a Blue Flag Glicorisa beach. For a special experience, come to Glicorisa beach bar - restaurant Restaurant hours: 12.00 - 22.00


37. Psili Ammos (Pythagorio)

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38. Klima A small bay with pebbles and sand. Sunbeds and umbrellas are available as well as the taverna for your lunch or dinner.

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This popular beach is on the way that goes throught the Alyki area. Has shallow sea bottom, sand, warm waters, sunbeds, umbrellas or trees to hide from the sun, tavernas and beach bars. Ideal for families wth children and of course the place to come for lunch and fresh fish. Watch the luxury yachts and cruise ships passing by from Patmos to Kusadasi.

39. Posidonio

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At the smallest distance between Greece and Turkey, Posidonio is a friendly bay that all visitors prefer at their vacation in Samos. Sand and warm water, it is ideal to spend all day to swim, have lunch and why not stay for a couple of days at the rooms that are built so close to the beach.

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40. Kerveli The green bay of Kerveli is a very nice beach to visit. First enjoy the sea, second enjoy Haravgi tavern and Irene‘s recipies. Third, continue subbathing...


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42. Agia Paraskevi The family-beach with the chapel fo Agia Paraskevi is very quiet. Drinks and lunch at the local taverna. Not very far from Vathi to visit again and again. 43. Livadaki The small bay hides a surprise. A sandy beach organized with a bar and beach volley/soccer to enjoy your day with friends.

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41. ÎœÎżurtia The exotic beach that is printed in many card postals is easily accessible by car.

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44. Gagou and Roditses This polular beach is at the capital city of the island. Attracting mostly

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young people, it has everything you need to enjoy your day here.

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45. Kedros A quiet beach at the western part of Vathi. Kedros Beach offers you a variety of services on the beach.


Nature &und Landscape Περιβάλλον Umvelt Environment Natur • Φύση & Tοπίο

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Samos is principally alpine, with two main Mountains, which contribute to the climatological conditions and the vegetation.

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Τhe island of Samos is situated in the eastern Aegean Sea, off the west coasts of Asia Minor, from which it is separated by the Channel of Mykalis. At its west, lies the island of Ikaria and at its southwest are the islands called Fourni (or Korsei). Together, they constitute the Prefecture of Samos. Samos spans over 476 square kilometers, while its coastline (perimeter) is 86 knots, or sea miles. Samos is principally alpine, with two main Mountains, which contribute to the climatological conditions and the vegetation. One is Mt Kerketefs (or Kerkis).With an altitude of 1434meters, at its peak called Vigla, it figures among the very highest mountains of the country. Kerkis belongs to the Western part of the island and is rather poor in vegetation. The other one is Mt Karvounis (or Ampelos) with an altitude of 1160 meters, its top is named Profitis Ilias, it lies at the central and eastern part of the island, and it’s overgrown with vegetation. The only natural harbor of the island is that of Vathi, whereas the ones in Pythagorion, dating from the age of Polykratis, and of Karlovassi, are man-made. The primary kinds of flora are a kind of pine, pinus brutia, as well as cypresses. Moreover, further up the mountains and hills, grow chestnut trees, aspens, walnut trees

and black pines, while in the plains a great variety of citrus fruits is cultivated. Olive trees and vines abound in farmable areas, which are largely comprised of terraces that are constructed since antiquity. Furthermore, there are platan trees, various groundling plants such as myrtle, many locust trees, apple, cherry, fig and pear trees, cedars, and a great array of bushes. Generally speaking, these types of flora have many similarities with those at the coastal areas of Asia Minor. The fauna is just as rich, with mammals (local monikers are quoted respectively) such as wild boars, jackals, hares, reptiles such as a species dubbed kourkoudiali, chameleons, snakes (astritis- a name for the young viper), turtles, birds such as various species of owl, hawks, carrions. Moreover, there exist various sea animals, like monachus-monachus seals, dolphins between Samos, Ikaria and Fournoi, as well as a great number of insects and bugs. The climate on the island is mild Mediterranean, and in the changing of the seasons, the transformation of the scenery is overwhelming. During autumn, yellow fallen leaves color every hillside, in winter many mountain regions are covered in snow, in the springtime the colors of the flowers are breathtaking , and during the summer, vines and grains mingle with

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Landscape - Geography - Nature

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different shades of blue in the sea and the sky, under the bright, life-giving light of the Greek sun. Around Samos we find many islets and skerries, the most famous of which is Samiopoula, located at the south, off the shore of Spatharaei village. Approximately 33000 citizens are recorded on the island.

Salterns and lagoons

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tion of their operation was considered as unbeneficial. Since then, reeds and rushes germinated in the area, which then started to be transformed to an ideal place for the development of a water-reserve, which is very significant for the immigrating, as well as the local birds. Its importance, nowadays, is crucial, whereas the area has been bordered and protected by the NATURA 2000 program.

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The water-reserves of Aliki on the beach of Mykali, the Glyfades lakes at the airport and the marsh in Hora constitute significant breeding and immigrating stations for the birds that are situated or spend the spring in Samos, on their course from Africa to the hot summer Europe. Mountains In Aliki more than 120 species of birds Kerkis, according to the tradition, have been spotted, amongst which herns constitutes an extinct volcano. Its name (white, raloid, metaxoid), flamingos means rumble. Its peak is Vigla, with an (pink and black), silver-pelicans, swans, altitude of 1434 meters, whereas lower sparrow hawks, wild-ducks, brown-ducks, ones are Menegaki and Fterias. It hosts tufted ducks, glossy ibises, wild-fowls rare species of plants, even though after and wild-geese, white storks, woodcocks, the 1000 meters it is naked in the most seagulls and swallows. Besides, apart spots. During the winter it is covered by from the local birds, mammals (rabbits, snow, contrary to the other areas of the jackals) and amphibians also live here, such as turtles, chameleons, eels etc. island, where snow falls rarely. Ampelos, which, according to Stravon “makes all of the island mountainous�, is a wide massif, which takes a big part of the island. It has dense vegetation (mainly Aliki (the saltern): On the road for the Psili pines, firs, cypresses), as well as many Ammos of Pythagorio, the Aliki of Samos olive trees and vines, which have given is situated. An area where one can find it the name Ampelos (Vine). The locals ruins of building premises and destroyed still call it Karvounis. Apart from Profitis machines, which, for approximately 100 Ilias (1155 m.), it has other peaks, whose years, constituted the driving force in the altitude is approximately 1000 meters, island. By means of the resolutions of the e.g. Ginei and Lazaros. Both mountains Parliament of the Reign in 1859 and 1863 include zones, which are protected by the the salterns supplied Samos with firstEuropean program NATURA 2000. class salt until 1965, when the continua-


photo: Marissa Ntinou

photo: Nikos Chatziiakovou

Waterfalls The famous waterfalls in the River of Karlovassi constitute a main destination for the visitors of the island for many years. By starting from an easy route, which crosses Metamorfosi in the River (where there is a sign), we walk in parallel with the river and we reach the small waterfall. We keep on walking, we climb and swim a bit, before we reach the big waterfall. Apart from the beautiful sight, we also enjoy a swim in the small lakes, that are formed in front of each waterfall.

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Respective populations of birds make their appearance in Glyfades, with the subsaline waters, where there are also fishes. As for the lovers of birdwatching there are no specific infrastructures of observation posts, but the scenery will reward you, while your equipment is necessary for your observations. The aforementioned areas are ideal during April and May. Moreover, in the island, in Aliki, as well as in the highest places of the mountains one can admire the hawks (ntougania in the local dialect), the eagles (imperial, king eagle, osprey), as well as the eagle-hawk, which have been spotted in the island.

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Caves and Speleology

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of Kerki, in a spot with magnificent view. It has a wide hall of a diameter of approximately five meters and then smaller halls. This is where Pythagoras fled when hunted by Polykratis. You can visit it and you will find it easily by following the relevant signs.

Sarantadaskaliotissa Cave: Very close to

photo: Sandy Nieuwenhof

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the Cave of Pythagoras. In the entrance of the cave there is a small church of Panagia of the 11th century with post-Byzantine frescos. It was built by St. Paul the Latrinos. Afterwards, there are dangerous pits and halls with a variety of decors.

The “Efpalinos” Speleology Association of Samos has made a significant inventory of the caves and has promoted this rare and less known beauty of the island. We will nominally present to you the caves you can visit, as well as the rest, for which the Association will advise you. Besides, you can find all the information you need on its rich website (www.samos-caves. com).

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Pythagoras’ Cave: it is located in the foothill

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Αctivities • Δραστηριότητες

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Samos offers a wide variety of choices for mountain and sea activities. Enjoy its nature!

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Hiking

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Hellenic P

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EPHONE NCY TEL TANCE EMERGE NY ASSIS S FOR A R E B M U N : 166 ) of Samos tre (ΕΚΑΒ en C p el H Immediate Samos: 0 ospital of 30 8310 General H +30 227 lovasι: 2 tre of Kar 30 3222 Health Cen +30 227

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Hiking & Walking Routes At the Cities & Villages chapter you will find suggestions in little boxes for walking routes starting from the respective villages.

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Samos is famous for its numerous hik- as stamina, especially during the summer, ing routes. From April until late October due to the heat. While one must not forget you will meet many hikers “scouring” the that Samos is sensitive, but also wild… slopes and the peaks with light equipment, a lot of courage and pleasure for the beauties they are coming across with. In order for one to hike in the mountainous Samos, one needs experience, as well


etation and the great variety of fauna, it hides dangers, such as snakes, bugs, scorpions and other insects. Normally, they will not bother you, unless you distract them – besides, we are passing by the places they live. Lastly, you should carry a mobile phone and you should inform somebody on the place you will be (hotel, friends, etc.) and you should be aware of the emergency telephone numbers for any assistance. Visit www.samosoutdoors.com

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SOS! In order for one to start a route,

Mountaineering

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For the lovers of mountaineering, the Hellenic Hiking Mountaineering Association of Samos has marked many climbing fields, as well as the charting of some paths. www.eops-samos.gr

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As for the protection of the clean forestal areas and the gulches do not leave any garbage. As for the protection of the luxuriant vegetation, especially during the dry period of summer, you should avoid lighting a cigarette or other fires. As for your own safety, you should be aware of the fact that Samos, due to its luxuriant veg-

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the following are necessary: √ Good equipment (clothes, shoes, climbing staff) √ Resources (water, food, pharmacy) √ Information (map of hiking guide, advice from locals or connoisseurs of the routes) √ Scheduling (knowledge of distances, altitude differences, morphology of route and available time)

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ΒΕΑCH VOLLEY pOTOKAKI T.+30 22730 61889 www.bvpotokaki.gr

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Cycling is not popular on the island, due to its morphology. Mountain bike, though, is a sport that seems to be developing, since the mountainous routes and the dirt roads can be combined, for adventurous strolls in nature. Especially be starting from Kokkari, where you can find a sea sports centre, bicycles for rent and useful information.

Aegean scuba DIVING T:+30 693 6565 707 www.aegeanscuba.com

KERVELI DIVING CENTER T:+30 22730 23006 www.kerveli.gr

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Sports Index

SAMOS OUTDOORS samosoutdoors.com


Jeep or motorbike

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Î’y using our map and your transportation means you can visit every corner of the island, following the aforementioned descriptions of the cities and the villages, in conjunction with nature and the points of interest, swimming, shopping and dining.

Water sports

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Samos, your new diving destination! Diving Safari through the Aegean Kerveli Village Hotel & Dive Center in cooperation with the German diving tour operator Beluga Reisen have exclusively and for the very first time in Greece organized a diving safari through the Aegean Sea. The tailor made trip combines island hopping between 5 unspoiled Greek islands with first class diving: Samos - Patmos - Lipsi - Kalymnos- Leros

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Participants start their journey on Samos Island, and dive on 5 days (2 boat dives per day) with the inhouse dive center. They then sail to Patmos Island and have 2 dives as well as a guided stay on the island and its top attractions. Next destination is Lipsi Island, a little known small island with about 300 inhabitants that has some of the most spectacular beaches in Greece. 2 dives during the trips include - weather permitting - wreck dives! The next day the ship sails to Kalymnos Island, the island with the 2.000 year sponge diving tradition, which you are going to experience! Final destination is Leros Island, famous for its numerous wrecks from WW 2, when the Italian fleet based at Leros was sunk. 2 wreck dives during the trip.

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A big island like Samos offers the opportunity for sea sports. Sailing, windsurfing, diving, jet ski or simple canoe, they can all be tried at the appropriate spots. Kokkari is a known destination for Greeks and foreigners, who like windsurfing. In the end of the big beach, there are premises for rent, whereas many athletes come here with their own equipment and are independent, but always in this spot of the island, where the wind is appropriate. You can enjoy a jet ski in the beach of Pythagorio. As for you, yachtsmen, the whole of the island is at your disposal, whereas you can get information and guidance from the yacht clubs of the island. As regards scuba diving, you can find certified dive centers at the port of Pythagorio (Samos Dive Centre), Aegeanscuba.com at Mourtia beach (Vlamari) and at Kerveli Beach (Kerveli Village hotel), which offer guided dives, PADI dive courses and a variety of services. The island has beautiful beaches and sea bottom, for those who wish to dive. For your safety, it is advised to dive under the dive centres guidance.

Trips are planned on selected dates in September & October 2016. For more information, contact Kerveli Village Hotel at: info@kerveli.gr or Beluga Reisen at: info@belugareisen.de

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Ancient Sites • Αρχαιολογικοί Xώροι Seesights Αξιοθέατα Αntike Stätten & Μuseums Μουσεία

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The rich cultural and historical heritage of Samos had been shaped during the ancient, byzantine & modern centuries, offering many interesting seesights.

of columns, in the 7th century we have an expansion, the Ekatompedos Β’ and in approximately 570 B.C. we have the temple of the architect Rikos. With the commercial and naval development, especially during the years of the tyrant Polykratis, the archaeological site changes form and is enrichened. In 530 B.C. the construction of the two-winged temple (two sets of columns) begins, which is the biggest temple ever built out of tufa and marble chapiters. It preserves the “sikos” (main temple) unaltered and the antetemple of the temple of Rikos, but now it has bigger dimensions (108.6m x 55.6m & 20m height), a total of 155 columns of various sizes and orders, whereas nowadays only one column is preserved (the area was also used to be called “kolona” (column), which of a height half of its original one. In the interior there was the hand-made wooden statue of the goddess, whereas the surrounding area looked like a small state, with buildings and many dedicative items. In the area in front of the entrance there was the grandiose altar of 550 B.C.,

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Αt the river mouth of Imvrassos, near the homonymous seaside village, the archaeological site of Hereon is situated, where the temple of the goddess Hera was built. It is said that this is the place where the goddess was born and the holy marriage with Zeus took place. Her worship was carried here by the Ionians, but in this areas remnants of premises from the mid-3rd millennium B.C. were found. At the time it was built, it was the biggest temple of Greece and one of the biggest temples of ancient times, whereas the remnants of the archaeological site suggest life and worshiping of the goddess in the area from much earlier. The actual climax, though, seems to begin in the 8th century B.C. The buildings belong to the Ionic order and for more than two centuries they are increased in number and quantity, at the same time as Samos, which follows a climax course. A proof of the climax, though, is the remnants, which suggest the commercial and transactional relations with the countries of the east, Persia, Egypt, western Mediterranean and the wider Hellenic area. Therefore, we have in the 8th century the Ekatompedos Α’, a temple dedicated to the goddess, with a relatively small size and a single set

The Hereon of Samos constitutes one of the most important places of interest of the island. Do not forget to visit it and admire whatever has been left from these remarkable ancient times.

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Hereon


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of a height of three meters, during the golden era of the buildings on the north and tyrant Polykratis, had insouth side, tanks and a bacreased needs of water supsis, where the ship of Koply, which was not availleos was situated, with a able in the area. Therefore, big copper boiler. The Iera Polykratis appointed the Odos (Sacred Road), of a study and the drawing of a length of approximately system for the transporta5 km, joined the sacred tion of water to the then area with the city and it known architect-engineer, was covered with plaques. Efpalinos from Megara. The On the left and right of project begun with the perphoto: Natasa Pescar the street, there were outspective that water would standing pieces of art, dedicative items, be carried from a nearby spring which was statues, male statues (kouros) and female located behind the today’s hill that is lostatus (kori), temples of other gods, such cated above the city of Pythagorio. Hence, as of the goddess Rome and Isis, whereas in an underground system for the transportathis route some of the most important find- tion of water was designed, which would ings were found, which are located in the cross the hill and end up to the tanks of museums of Samos, such as the oversized the city. Efpalinos studied that the opening Kouros and the Constitution of Geneleo. of a double-edged tunnel in the hill would Twice per year the Herea and the Tonea save time. Thus, two groups started from ceremonies take place, with various cer- the respective entrances, which met with emonies, circumambulation of the statue a minimum deviation! This achievement of the goddess, sacrifices, gymnastics and is considered important, because the scimusic. After the falling course of the Sa- entific methods of measuring and drawing mian state, the temple is abandoned. The achieved something, which, for that time, excavations begun in 1902. The monument was considered extremely difficult. is recognized by UNESCO since 1992, it is The tunnel, of a length of 1036 meters, protected by the NATURA 2000 program took more than 10 years to complete, but and approximately 30,000 visitors come it constituted a work, which was used unhere every year. Significant findings of the til the first centuries A.D. The remaining wider area are located in museums abroad network constituted from underground clay (Louvre, Berlin etc.). pipes and had a total length of approximately 2.5 kilometers. Today, part of the Efpalinio tunnel tunnel of Eupalinos can be visited and conΤhe tunnel of Eupalinos is one of the most stitutes a different type of an ancient place pioneering and important technical works of interest. You can reach it from the road of ancient times. The capital of Samos, of Pythagorio towards Vathi, by following the signs (on the same road for the ancient


the Thermes of Pythagorio were built, i.e. Roman Baths. The south halls were occupied by the hot baths, the north ones by the cold baths and the octagonal pool. During the times of Polykratis, the important works, which are referred by Herodotus, are, amongst others, the port of the city and the walls. The walls of the 6700 meters followed the perimeter of the city and today only a small part is preserved. The construction consists of big stone blocks, whereas in many spots there were towers, but only one is preserved today. The pier of the port (sea wall) was also a great and difficult project, which was admired by Herodotus, but today we have no trace of it. However, we know historically that today’s port partially follows the line of the ancient one. It had a depth of 35 m. and a length of approximately 300 m.

Ancient theater - Thermes - Port

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Οn the same hill, above Pythagorio, on the road to the Ditch of Eupalinos, we meet the ancient theater. Many disasters have struck it and nowadays all that is left is some remnants. At the same place, on top of the ancient remnants, there is today a wooden construction, where performances are given, mainly during the festivals organized during the summer period. During ancient times, in the west of the city of Pythagorio, there were important sports premises, with a gymnasium, palestra (type of “ring”) and stadium. Later (second half of the 2nd century A.D.) this is where

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theater and Panagia Spiliani) or even from the center of the city on foot.(Tel: +30 22730 95277).

Μuseums • Moυσεία

09:00 - 14:00 (Monday closed)

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+ 30 22730 52055

The most famous exhibit is the “kaplani” (which was the reason for the homonymous novel of Alki Zei - 1966), which was a wild feline that looks like a leopard, which obviously came here from the coast of Minor Asia and was killed 150 years ago.

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A museum of great importance is the Natural History Museum (Paleontological) which is located in Mitilinii. It houses important findings of fossils of mammals of the prehistoric period, which lived in the area of Egiida, i.e. the area where today’s Aegean Sea is, when this was land that joined Greece with Minor Asia. During excavations in the area were found fossil bones, that belong to mammals, aged 8-10 million years. Ηere we can find fossils of small horses, rhinos, hyaenas, antelope, mammoth, the Samian-beast (Samothirio), as well as other animals that lived during that period. Lastly, the museum has animals and birds of the Greek territory, minerals and rocks, as well as flora samples from Samos. The museum belongs to the Konstantinos and Maria Zimali foundation, which was established in 1992.

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The Archaeological Museum of Pythagorio includes statues, sepulchral steles, sarcophagi, marble busts of the Roman period and ancient pottery. An important exhibit is the seated statue, dedicated by Eakis to Hera (540 B.C.) and the statue of the Emperor Traianus, of a height of 2.7 meters. + 30 22730 61400

09:00 - 16:00 (Monday closed)

4.00 € (2.00 € Reduced) 117


+ 30 22730 27469

photo: Angela Govari

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The Archaeological Museum of Samos is located at the centre of the city and consists of two buildings, the old “Paschalio Archeofilakion” (1912) and the newer one - with the expense of VOLKSWAGEN (1987). The collections include archaic sculpture, pottery, copper, ivory, wooden, ceroplastics and micro-craftsmanship, as well as many other archaeological findings of the pre-classical and classical ancient times and the Hellenistic era. Some important exhibits are the colossal “kouros” (male statue), of a height of five meters, which is a work of the archaic era (beginning of the 6th century B.C.), the constitution of Geneleo - presentation with a group of statues, amongst which Filippi and Ornithi - which was a dedication of the sculptor to the Hereon (560-540 B.C.) and the marble status of a dressed woman - dedicative item of Chiramiis to Hera. 09:00 - 16:00 (Monday closed)

3.00 € (2.00 € Reduced)

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+ 30 22730 80802

10:00 - 14:00 (Saturday-Sunday closed)

The Lykourgos Logothetis Tower, in Pythagorion, was the center of defence arms of the Samians against Ottomans in 1821. Nowadays, the Tower is renovated and is used as the Byzantine museum of Samos. + 30 22730 62408

08:30 - 14:30 (Monday closed)

Free

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The Ecclesiastical Museum was funded by the “Niarchos” foundation and was inaugurated in 2006 by the Sacrosanct Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew. It houses ecclesiastical items and relics, icons and manuscripts.

+ 30 22730 88383

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The Folkloric Museum of the N. Dimitriou Foundation at the hotel DORYSSA constitutes a sample of fine presentation of the traditional Samos, until the years of the second World War. Info at the reception desk

Free

+ 30 22730 87511

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The Museum of Wine of Samos of the Vinicultural Union of Samos is housed in the premises of the Union, in the area Malagari of the town of Samos. There you can learn the history of the Samian wine, you will learn the method if its production, you will admire the big tanks and the maturation barrels and, of course, you will taste the wines you wish. Besides, you will also watch reproductions of the cultivation. The celar offers you a big variety of Samos wines to buy. 10:00 - 17:30 (Sunday closed)

2,00 € (Wine teasting included)

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The Tannery Museum which was created by the Municipality of Karlovassi at the old tannery of Talampekos-Sinadinos, presents in detail the productive procedure. Archived material, photographs and tools will help you enter the world of that people at that time, and understand the way of its operation.


Monasteries • Μοναστήρια

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Τhe Christian heritage and tradition of Samos constitute important chapters in the life of the island throughout the years.

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Zoodochos Pigi of Kakoperato Τhe monastery of Zoodochos Pigi in Kakoperato, a little further from the village Kosmadei, is a small retreat at an altitude of 600 meters. It consists of a small church, dedicated to the Zoodochos Pigi and a 2floor building with cells. The gnarled path within the rocks leads to the known cave

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Panagia Vrontiani Monastery Τhe monastery of Panagia Vrontiani is located above the village Vourliotes. Built in 1566 by the monks Jacob and Makarios. It celebrates on the Birth of the Holy Mother (8th September). The name Vrontiani (Rambling) derives from the oral testimonies, according to which during the celebration of the monastery, the first rains fall and the thunders rumble loudly in the area. A part of the wings of the monastery had burnt during the great fire on the island in 2000, which is being restored.

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Agios Ioannis Theologos Monastery It is small in size and the cells are built on the south, west and north side of the complex.

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Profitis Ilias Monastery Τhe monastery, which is dedicated to Profitis Ilias (Prophet Elias) on the road from Karlovassi to Konteika, was established by the monks Theophilos and Gregory to which the church that existed there was donated. The Catholic (1739), which substituted the old one, is one-winged basilica with cupola. Works of fine art are also the wooden-carved chancel, the frescos that have been revealed and the marble floor with the fine vivid omphalic in the centre. The monastery celebrates on July 20th.

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Zoodochos Pigi Monastery It was established in 1756 at the place of an older chapel, dedicated to Zoodochos Pigi and it is a typical four-sided block with two-floor wings. At the entrance there is a marble inscription (1833) which depicts the church with obelisks. The Catholic (1782) is of a registered, crossed, complex, four-pillar, three-niche, athonian type, where the visitor, before entering it, will be amazed by the wooden doors with the 365 small wooden pieces, symbolizing the days of the year.

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The Praxes of the Apostles mention that Samos was greatly blessed by the visit of Apostle Paul, whereas the local tradition mentions that Apostle John the Theologist also passed from Samos. This heritage can be seen nowadays in the beautiful small churches, which are scattered in every corner of the island, in the churches that adorn the villages and in the fascinating monasteries. The most characteristic ones are presented below, according to the map and always counter-clockwise. Samos Metropolis (+30 22730-87640), www.imsamou.gr.

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Profitis Ilias Monastery

Evangelistriα Monastery

of Kakoperato, where ascetics used to live earlier, who had built a small church.

Zoodochos Pigi Monastery

tribution. It was established in 1887 and is located under Marathokampos.

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Agios Ioannis Eleimonas Monastery It was built on top of the ruins of an old monastery by the monk Isidoros Kiriakopoulos in 1867, below Palaiohori, at a small gulf across the Katergo skerry. Later on, it was granted to the Sacrosanct Grave. The complex consists of the church and the buildings of the cells. The surrounding area has rich vegetation and abundant waters, which fill the wells of the monastery. Megali Panagia Monastery Τhe monastery of Megali Panagia or of Kimisi of Theotokos Monastery the “Five spitia”, which is located between Kimisi of Theotokos is a small female the villages Koumaradei and Mili, was monastery with significant cultural con- established in 1586 by the monks Nilos

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Evangelistria Monastery Τhis is one of the oldest retreats of the island, glebe of the Sacrosanct Grave. Its establishment is placed during the 10th century. It is located at an altitude of 700 meters, on the south side of Kerkis and offers unique view to the Dodecanese and Fourni. In order to reach it, you need to follow the rural road from Votsalakia up to an altitude of approximately 400 meters, and continue by following the acclivitous path.

photo: Nikolaos Petalas

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Megali Panagia Monastery


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Dear visitors, we would like to show you something new but in fact something that we knew from the past.

In the 60s and 70s in Greece there was a different type of cuisine. This cuisine was a joy of life, where friends met at the tavern in the evening in a glass of wine or in a glass of ouzo. However, because only drink would simply lead them to get drunk, there were always at least some mezes (tapas) to eat.

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Typically, a series of small dishes, hot and cold appetizers, mezes or mezedes, as we call it in Greece. From these taverns we got the warm, friendly, traditional atmosphere and good taste and we will try as much as possible to offer it from our Balkoni! We wish you good appetite and a pleasant stay in Samos.(Open daily)

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Panagia Spiliani Monastery It is located above Pythagorio, at the entrance of the cave. The area of the cave is considered as sacred from the ancient times, whereas during the Byzantine period it hosted ascetics and in 1943 it was a hideout for the protection from the bombardments of the forces of the Axis. The miraculous clay icon of Panagia (Holy Mother) is located there inside the wall. According to tradition, the crack of the icon was caused when some people wanted to take it from the island, and it fell to the sea, it broke and it reached the shore, where the believers found it and returned it to its original place. Agia Zoni Monastery Τhe monastery of Agia Zoni at the plain of Vlamari, was established in 1695. The monastery follows the typical perimeter four-sided structure, consisting of 2-floored cells. The Catholic has the shape of a onewinged arched basilica with copula with arcs on the interior and has a small belfry (1751). On the interior there are many frescos of the 17th century and a fine wooden-carved chancel (1801). It celebrates on August 31st. Agia Triada Monastery It is located near Mytilinii. The Catholic follows the four-column, three-niche church of an athonian type and it has been placed diagonally at the interior of the yard.

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Timios Stavros Monastery Τhe monastery of Timios Stavros, which is located near the village Mavratzei, was established by the monk Nilos the Latrian, who was one of the two “ctetors” of the monastery of Megali Panagia in 1592, when Jeremiah B’ was Patriarch. The original Catholic had been built during the beginning of the 17th century, whereas it took its today’s form in 1838. It has representations from the Old and the New Testament and was made by artists from Chios in 1854. The vestry of the monastery hosts remarkable icons and other relics, such as a shard from the Holy Cross, which was a gift from the Partiarch of Jerusalem, Cyril B’. The Holy Monastery celebrates on September 14th.

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and Dionisios, who came from the mountain Latros of Minor Asia. Its architectural structure follows the usual traditional four-sided 2-floor and 3-floor building complex, with the Catholic being placed diagonally in the centre of the yard. The Catholic (1593) of the monastery, which is celebrated on the day of the Kimisis of Theotokos, belongs to the type of the crossed, registered, complex, 4-column, Athonian church with a narthex. The frescos of the Catholic, work of an unknown hagiographer of 1596, are remarkable and follow the pattern of the Catholics of the monasteries of Mount Athos.

Agia Zoni Monastery

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Timios Stavros Monastery


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Local Products & Gastronomy • Gastronomy Gastronomie &&Local Lokale products Produkte Τοπικά Προϊόντα & Γαστρονομία

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Olive trees & oil

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Τhe holy olive tree exists on the island since the ancient times. During the last years there is growth in the cultivation and renewal of many olive groves. The dominant varieties, apart from the old Samian trees, are the “koroneiki” variety and the “kalamon” variety. The olives are put is sacks and are carried to the oil-press or liotrivi. This building would traditionally have either a manual or an animal-powered mechanism with rocks, which would crush the fruit and the material is put in sacks, which go under a press with heated water, from where fresh and warm olive oil is finally extracted. Nowadays, there are super-modern means, which make this procedure much simpler and less tiring. The payment of the oil-press would traditionally be made by

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photo: Sandy Nieuwenhof

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Since ancient times, Samos was famous for its wine, whereas as years passed by, all the excursionists described it, they always stressed that it was full of vineyards. Nowadays, many varieties are cultivated in the island but especially the Moschato grape, with the small grapes, which constitutes the dominant variety and provides one of the best and awarded sweet wines of the world, as well as excellent dry white wines. The production and disposal of the wine by the Vinicultural Union of Samos was one of the first processing activities. The Union collects (up until today) the whole of the quantity of grapes from the local unions of each village and produces a big variety of wines, which they dispose to the market. Moreover, it exports large quantities of wine to many countries. The Catholic church of the Vatican uses exclusively sweet wine from Samos, in order to use it for the needs of the Holy Mass. Before the establishment of the Union, there were the wine presses and the taverns. The wine presses were buildings, where the grapes were gathered, in order to be stepped on. The must was coming out from a hole and ended up in the “polimi”, which was a tank

inside the building, from where the transfusion was taking place by means of a special container, the “metro”, to the barrel. The wine presses had space with barrels, from where each producer was then taking must, by means of the “dermatia”, and carried it to the warehouse of their own house in their own barrel. Taverns were trading the must and the wine and they had no relation to the term, as we know it today. At the same time the building might be hosting a wine press and a winery. From there wine and must were sold and, apart from private individuals, the tradesmen carried the wine with their small boats)and they exported them to other islands or Minor Asia.

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Vineyard, Wine & Ouzo

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When Dionysus gifted Samos with the vineyard, it was as if he was baptizing the island and identifying it with it.


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Ouzo and Souma The “souma” is an aromatic distillate, which comes from the strong essence of the “moschato” grape and to which no other aromatic substance is added. On the contrary, the “ouzo”, which constitutes a product of a second distillation and clearly has higher degrees, there is the addition of anise (which was cultivates on the island in the past), which gives it the fine aroma. The “ouzo” from Samos, although not very popular, has a great tradition. The many wineries that produce it today offer an “ouzo” of a high quality and taste, equivalent to the other popular “ouzos” of Greece, which we recommend you to taste. The Ouzo of Samos Frantzeskos is produced from the 4th generation of the grandpa who brought the recipe from the Minor Asia in 1917. With the same passion, this great ouzo is produced following its traditional recipe but under the use of modern technology that highlights its fine qualities. During the ouzo’s distillation process, anise is combined with many kinds of Samos’ herbs producing the Frantzeskos’ family fine quality Ouzo. Don’t miss the chance to taste it asking for the so called “Ouzo bottle with the small boat”.

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means of a percentage from the quantity of the oil. During the procedure, people would eat the “kapira”, which was bread seared in the fire, circumfused with fresh, warm olive oil and salt or even oregano, as well as sugar, when given to children. The oil was stored in the warehouses of the houses, inside “pytharia” (large clay barrels).

Samian Cuisine & Gastronomy

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which were always accompanied by wine from Samos. Although the “tiganites” are produced in all other Greece by porridge, in Samos they are made of dough, which is formed in small pitas of a diameter of approximately 10cm, which are then fried in oil and are offered with grated cheese or honey. “Revithokeftedes” (chickpea-balls): It is a popular dish in the Aegean, but always different in every island. In Samos it is a characteristic appetizer, and we suggest that you should taste it. The “Kolokithopittes” (marrow-pies) are particularly popular on the island. They can either be cooked as a pie, in a pastry filled with yellow pumpkin, cheese, egg and fennel in the pan, or in the form of a twisted pasty in the shape of a snail, filled with yellow pumpkin, rice and cinnamon. The Samian nature, though, also offers many fruits of a high gastronomic value. First of all, we have the “manites”. Mushrooms in Samos are an excellent dish.

Out of the herbs, the one distinguishing is the “flaskouni”. This famous herb, with the scientific name Menta Pulegium, is known from the ancient times, when Theophrastus from Eresos mentions that the Samian one is the best in quality. It is collected and dried, in order to become a boiled drink, just like tea.

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photo: Mackis Galathris

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Τhe typical Samian cuisine has as its main ingredients the olive oil and the local products,


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my Samos travel guide 2016 - International edition [ENG]  

mySamos travel guide 2016 - your free travel guide for Samos island! Find hotels in Samos, seesights, restaurants, local products, 45 beach...

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