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Welcome!

The secret of Samos is to explore every inch of the island...

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In its traditional villages, the stone paved streets, in its taste and in the magic of its sweet wine. In the smile of the people, in their authentic hospitality. In its waters and shores, in its pebbles and its sand. In the quiet monasteries and chapels, in all the ancient sites and the rich heritage of the Greek culture. In its nature and the beauty of its biodiversity.

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Say ‘kalimera’, say ‘stin hygia sou’ and you will realize all its secrets and original beauty.

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Samos, our passion, our love island.

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Stamatis A. Logothetis Publisher

www.mySamos.gr

mySamos® 2014 - The free complete guide Editor: Stamatis Logothetis Writers: Stamatis Logothetis, Andreas Sevastakis Designer: Angeliki Anagnostopoulou Photographs by: Nikos Anastasiou, Makis Galathris, Eleni Gerali, Angeliki Govari, Alexandra Logotheti, Marisa Diniou, Giannis Patronis, Nikolaos Petalas, Natasa Peskar, Andreas Sevastakis, Nikos Tsoulos, Stelios Chatziioannou, Emy Ghilardi, Melanie Cooper (www.mellowdesign.co.uk), Ines Leifert, Nicola Micheli, Sandy Nieuwenhof, Pascal (jtkfr@ wanadoo.fr), Naralna ,SamosBeThere (www.samos.be/ there), SamosTour (www.samostour.dk), zitronenkojote. wordpress.com City maps : George Margaronis Paintings : Antonis Logothetis, Amanta Hotel Many thanks to: Angeliki Anagnostopoulou, Karin Born, George Margaronis, Dimitris Gerasimou, the photographers for their valuable contribution and to Antonis, Alexandra, Maria and Andreas for their overall contribution. Publisher - Production: © Stamatis Logothetis, superguides.gr, Samos 2010-2014 Contact: info@mysamos.gr, +30 6944 188 770

The guide and how to guide you! The guide you are holding at your hands intends to present to you in the most thorough way the island and answer all the questions you have. Also, you will find suggestions that will make your stay more pleasant. Following and anticlock wise description, together with the use of our map, you can find any place you want. At the table of contents you will see all the topics analyzed. Note: Any suggestions provided do not set this guide responsible for injury, accidents or disorientation. The opinions presented are personal points of view of the writers while none of them is binding. ATTENTION: Do not light fire or cigarettes in forests or farmland.Respect the environment and do not through waste. All the advertised companies were selected as the best ones in order to offer you great service and accompany your holiday experience. With their support we offer you mySamos guide for the fifth consecutive year, totally free! Trust them and enjoy your summer time in Samos!

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Any republication, reproduction, total or partial or summarized or paraphrased or adaptation by any means (in print, electronic, photocopy, sound or video recording) of the guide mySamos® 2014, for any reason (commercial or not), of the whole or any part of the guide, is prohibited if there is no prior written approval by the editor and producer. mySamos® 2014 guide copyrights‘ are reserved and protected by the Greek legislation and the European and International Laws. mySamos® is a registered trademark.

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INTRODUCTORY Interview - Samos Outdoors ........................... 8 Architecture by Nikos Angelis ....................... 10 Interview - Alexandros Korakis .................... 12 Wedding & Baptism in Samos ...................... 14 Culture & Festivals .......................................... 16 History From the ancient years until today .............. 20 TOWNS and villages

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ΚΕΝΤΡΟ ΜΑΘΗΣΗΣ & ΠΟΛΙΤΙΣΜΟΥ ΑΙΓΑΙΟΥ

AEGEAN CENTER FOR CULTURE & EDUCATION

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Towns and the respective villages around them in the whole island

Samos - Vathy ................................................. 26 Architecture ...................................................... 34 Kokkari ............................................................. 40 Karlovassi ......................................................... 50 Marathokampos ............................................. 60 Pythagorio ........................................................ 68 Pottery................................................................ 82 BEACHES 45 beaches around the island ........................84 ACTIVITIES and NATURE Jeep or Motorbike ..........................................104 Hiking & Cycling ............................................ 104 Water Sports .................................................. 107 Nature & Landscape ..................................... 108 Lagoons & Salterns ...................................... 109 Waterfalls and Caves .................................... 110 sites and museums Ancient Sites .................................................. 112 Monasteries ................................................... 115 Museums ....................................................... 120 LOCAL PRODUCTS & CUISINE Vineyards, Wine & Ouzo ............................... 122 Olive trees & Oil ............................................. 124 Samos Cuisine .............................................. 126 Interview - Chef Andreas Lagos ................. 127 Around Samos Islands & sites around Samos .................... 130 Map

www.bioenersis.gr - info@bioenersis.gr ΑΓΙΑ ΖΩΝΗ ΒΛΑΜΑΡΗ - 83100 ΣΑΜΟΣ ΤΗΛ.: 22730 28852 - FAX.: 22730 80755

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Interview

Giorgos Mathaiou- Samos outdoors

George was born and raised in Lekka, in an environment full of the colors of nature. From a young age, he got involved in athletics, while his friends where the reason why he begun to explore caves, mountains and the sea! He is a graduate of the Department of Business Administration of the University of the Aegean .Due to the fact that his mind is always on the rich nature of Samos, he decided to work on the development of alternative types of tourism. Today, he is in charge of “Samos Outdoors”. Talk to us about the famous paths of Samos There are many paths on the island, with a unique beauty, most of which are unknown to visitors or even to locals. It is truly worth exploring them during a visit to Samos. What activities do you usually do and how are theses combined with the μορφολογια of the island and with nature? For us, Samos means mountain, sea, tradition. On the mountain we do several kinds of sports such as cycling, climbing, walking, while in the sea we enjoy kayaking and many others…All these are  an integral part of tradition: the cobblestones, the traditional villages, the utility rooms the churches, the herbs, our kitchens and they constitute an important part of our land, as we constantly come across them during our excursions. You probably have visited many secret parts of Samos and places that most people do not know they exist… We could talk about so many places of unique beauty in Samos. What impresses me the most is a particular spot on Mountain Kerkis, where we meet the wild and very deep canyon of Kakoperato. At this spot, one can see the highest part of the canyon become narrow and literally frame the beach of Seitani.

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Which is the most impressive activity that you enjoy the most in Samos? Each and every one activity we do has its own beauty. Mountain biking under the shade of the trees is very nice, the feeling of the climbing on the warm rocks is fantastic, the feelings created while watching the sunrise from the top of the mountain are indescribable, while the serenity that is brought by the sea during a kayak ride is magical. What kinds of services does Samos Outdoors have to offer? We encourage visitors to meet the entire greatness of Samos and this is why we offer packages of activities according to their desires and capabilities. We organize excursions with bicycles, walking, αναρρίχηση, as well as sea kayaking. We address everybody, regardless of one’s experience and this is why the levels of difficulty of our excursions vary. Each group consists of 1-8 people with 1-2 guides, depending on the type of excursion. Our daily excursions begin from 25 euros, a price which includes all necessary equipment, a traditional breakfast and of course, our guides. During our activities the usual matter of discussion is the nature of Samos, our cultural heritage and other similar subjects. What would you suggest to the visitors of our island? Which places are worth visiting, what should they see and admire in order to become familiar with Samos? It is worth walking through the alleys of Pano Vathy and the villages, enter the Efpalineon tunnel, visit the cave of Pythagoras and feel the awe of this area, swim at Seitani beach, watching the Kakoperato canyon in the background, clamber up the waterfalls, climb to the top of Mountain Kerkis and gaze the Aegean sea.

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Architecture Nikolaos Ε. Αngelis MSc EDE DipArch BSc Architect

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www.studioangelis.com

Rich but turbulent Samian historywith periods of creativity & development as well as destruction or confinement-is recorded in the local architecture with its highly diverse building styles. Architectural morphology draws inspiration from tradition, climate, local materials, cultural and economic influences, social upheavals (population movements, immigration), industry, trade and tourism.

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Samian architecture utilizes climatic conditions and a wealthy supply of local materials (stone, wood, clay) and building techniques thus creating buildings that offer comfortable and healthy living. Bioclimatic design features, such as elegant large openings for natural light and ventilation and enclosed balconies for insulation and shade are noteworthy even with today’s building standards. An incredible wealth of architectural design styles and details can be found owing their existence to the integration of traditional and cultural elements from mainland Greece, Anatolia and Europe. Many Greeks and foreigners as well recognize the importance of architecture and invest in Samos, protecting and restoring old buildings. Contemporary buildings - with mainly Modern movement influences - made their first appearance on Samos, in the late ‘ 60s. A handful of noteworthy apartment buildings, hotels and public buildings exist today from that period. However, most are in poor condition due to ignorance and localism, a result of cultural isolation and state negligence. Samos today is the result of an interesting architectural osmosis patiently awaiting, the distinctive eye of the discerned visitor to discover her behind the patina of time and modern interventions.

Despite important archaeological findings, classical influences in Samian architecture mainly stem from the neoclassical movements of western Europe since the period of hegemony. Fine neoclassical buildings, such as public buildings, institutions, schools, banks and private residences of wealthy owners, are encountered primarily in the two main urban centers of the island, Samos (Vathi) and Karlovassi. Schools, town halls, residences with noteworthy influences can also be seen in many other settlements. Churches, monasteries and chapels scattered around the island are excellent samples of Byzantine and post-Byzantine architecture on the island. Scarce and neglected the remains of medieval fortresses and castles.

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Interview

Alexandros Korakis Nature lover - Photographer

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Alexandros, what ignited your love for Samos’s nature and photography? I was lucky enough to grow up in nature and at a very early stage in my life I begun to observe all the creatures within it. Photography came naturally, when the digital era made it easier to access and to afford it. How often do you take pictures? Is there a particular plan in every excursion or is it in a form of a tour? I really enjoy walking in nature and climbing. I go as often as I can and as much as my daily routine allows me to. There are periods when I walk short routes around the area where I live. Most of my daily walks have a form of a tour, but 2-3 times a month I try to go on all-day excursions, during which I aim to fulfil certain targets and to spot rare findings. You probably have reached every 12 part of Samos and places that are difficult to reach. You have discovered a wealth of nature that most of us don’t even know it exists… Well, not every part of Samos, but I have been to many beautiful places. We are very lucky to have an island that is quite large, with two high mountains and great biodiversity. These make it difficult for anybody to get bored on this island, as there is always something new to discover. This island never seizes to amaze me, as it combines many species from Minor Asia, and species that can be found in the mainland, Crete or the Dodecanese. Which is the most impressive subject you have discovered and photographed? There are so many! The chameleon of Samos is always an impressive and rare discovery. The orchids are one of my favourite subjects, as well as butter-

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flies. And of course, raptors will always appear fascinating in my photographic depictions. Have you ever encountered any “adventures” during your photo shoots? 3 years ago, I was lying on the ground in order to photograph a flower, when I realized there was an adder, curled up about half meter next to me, almost invisible, very well hidden, in the bushes. I saw it the moment I put my hands on the ground to help myself up. It didn’t harm me, in fact it stayed and let me take 45 shots before it left to hide somewhere nearby! Do you have a webpage or a blog where you upload your photographs? We have created a group on Facebook, which is called Wild nature of Samos, where we upload photographs, have discussions, make announcements and deal with anything else related to the nature of Samos. Alexandros Korakis’s suggestions Must visit: • Aliki (the saltern) with the aquatic migratory birds, flamingos , herons and many other species. • Mountain Karvounis, with a vehicle 4x4, in order to discover the wealth the mountain has to offer, which will never be forgotten, no matter what season we explore it. • Mountain Kerkis, with its rare and endemic wild flowers and butterflies. According to Mr Korakis, “one would be right to refer to it as botanical garden. Even though the mountain may seem naked and full of rocks from a long distance, in reality it hides amazing findings, beautiful and impressive landscapes”.

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WEDDING & BAPTISM

Unforgettable moments in Samos

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Dreaming of your special day in Samos? Many ideas, many suggestions and solutions to make it easier, to make it real! So many spots to fall in love and decide to make the dream come true here, in Samos. Many people from numerous destinations decide to marry or baptize their little babies on Samos island. We give you some ideas and useful information to avoid complexities, reduce your anxiety on the preparations and spend your valuable time with your loved ones. Classic, romantic, modern, traditional, it’s all up to your taste to make this day as you really like it to be. After you do all the bureaucratic stuff, you will just decide for the place. Then comes the preparation phase which is the most 14 important. Flowers, dressing, jewelries, photographers, restaurant for the dinner, accommodation for your guests, preparation of the book of impressions and so many choices to make it unique and unforgettable. Ideal places for your Wedding: 1. Aghios Nicolaos, Potami, Karlovassi. • Ideal setting • Preferred hour afternoon (summer sunset view) • Small chapel with garden and yard 2. Aghios Spyridon, Samos town Metropolis • Classy • Central • Available parking place

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3. Aghia Triada, Paleo Karlovassi • Ideal setting with marvelous view to the sea and the city of Karlovassi Ideal places for Baptism: 1. Spiliani church (Monastery), Pythagorio a. Very special setting with view, inside the cave b. Peacefull environment c. Very close to the town (restaurants, hotels to host your dinner) 2. Aghia Marina, Doryssa Resort, Pythagorio a. Parking space b. Full packaged services provided by the top hotel-resort of the island c. Traditional setting

* For your convenience please contact Samos Metropolis or the City Hall to get permissions and special details and to check availability and limitations.

CHIONATI Children Clothes C. Stamatis 29, Samos Τ.+30 22730 27622 www.chionati.com

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STUDIO ANGELIS s t u d i o Photo studio Τ.+30 2273027090 a n g e l i s www.studioangelis.com

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PURE SAMOS Εvent planning www.puresamos.gr


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1 0 2 s o m Tradition & CulturE

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> Traditionals Fests

During the past, life in Samos, as well as in all of the Greek territory, had as its point of reference the church of each area. Everything was circling around functional life - the biological cycle of man started and ended there - the christening, the wedding and, finally, death. A special day for each settlement was the day the parish church celebrated, which was a day of celebration for everyone. A continuation of such celebration, was the festivals, in which, contrary to today’s glut, people had fun and rested. The festivals of the celebration days that concerned the church of the village or the city, were different than those of the chapels. When the church of the village was celebrating, then some days before there were the preparations. The yards and the houses were cleaned up, 16 the roads were whitened, and the church was cleaned up and decorated, with the participation of the entire village. In the houses, they prepared the breads and the altar-breads and those responsible for the preparation of the “celebration” were going from house to house collecting materials or money. During the afternoon on the eve of the celebration, there was the celebrating vespers and crowds of people came to the church from the surrounding villages. After the end of the mass, on their way out they took bread, treats and donuts and they went home. The dinner during that time was also an occasion for a razzle, since the relatives and those in-

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vited had the chance to meet altogether. In the morning, there was the celebrating Mass, after which the men went to the coffee-houses and then home, where the women had preparations to do. After the lunch, there was the circumambulation of the icon in the village, the so-called “ipsoma” (elevation), while in the end everybody was gathered in the square and they started singing and dancing and the celebration lasted until the nightfall. In modern times, the part associated with the church remains almost the same, whereas the festivals and the celebration are organized in the evening in the squares, which is something you can enjoy, especially during the summer months. In the small churches, the festivals had many differences, because they normally were outside the settlement and many times very far away. During such celebrations, some inhabitants departed from the previous day, either by animals or on foot, and they arrived equipped. They started with looking after the area, they attended the Holy Mass and they continued with the treats, the foods and the celebrations around the church, divided into groups, but they were altogether until the time of the return. Nowadays, the easiness of transportation changes slightly the way they did things at that time. Moreover, electric power lights changed the underlighted and cozy points in the plains and the mountains, where the small churches are located. For as long as you will stay on the island, an experience like this will offer you a unique and diachronic image of the life in Samos. We will find the special foods of the festivals below, more detail, in the chapter of the gastronomy of Samos.

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6th of August Νext to Logothetis castle there is the church of Metamorfosi. At the 6th of August locals celebrate Logothetis’ effort to win the Turks, in 1824. Tradition says that Jesus Christ helped them therefore they consider this as the greatest celebration of Pythagorio. Every year thousands of people, among them famous personalities from the politics and art, visit the church and the city participating to the events organized.

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4 1 0 2 s o m Cultural Events & Festivals

IREA FESTIVAL - PYTHAGORIO

THE FESTIVAL OF PYTHAGORIO Τ. 22730 61238

IREON MUSIC FESTIVAL

SAMOS YOUNG ARTISTS FESTIVAL www.schwarzfoundation.com/el

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SAINT MARINA

7,8,9 AUGUST IREON TOWN

METAMORFOSI CELEBRATION

5 & 6 AUGUST PYTHAGORIO

VIRGIN MARY

14 & 15 AUGUST KARLOVASSI, PLATANOS

MEGALI PANAGIA MONASTERY CELEBRATION

23 AUGUST KOUMARADEI

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Music Festival www.ireon-music-festival-samos.gr

PHOTO EXHIBITION

Chrysostomos Galathris

17 JULY Doryssa, PYTHAGORIO

AUGUST PYTHAGORIO

7 - 13 AUGUST PYTHAGORIO

3 - 13 AUGUST KARLOVASSI

DORYSSA SEASIDE RESORT VILLAGE

6th AUGUST

KARLOVASSI METROPOLIS & PLATANOS VILLAGE

BIRTH OF VIRGIN MARY

TRADITIONAL FEST IN THE SQUARE OF THE VILLAGE

HOLY CROSS MONASTERY

7 & 8 september Κοντεικα 13 september MAYRAtzei

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photo: Nicos Anastasiou


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photo: Nicos Anastasiou

History & CULTURE > Ancient Samos & History

Over its long history, Samos has been given various names, while for the origin of the name Samos itself, there are many possible versions. The most basic one argues that the term comes from the Ionian dialect and the word “sama”, meaning height, probably due to the 20 bulges of the island. In similar fashion, Stravon mentions the Phoenician dialect as a potential origin, giving a definition bound to the height of the mountains. A different point of view supports that the fist colonist, Angaeos, coming from Sami in Kefallinia, gave to the island the name of his daughter, “Sami”. Finally, the geographer Meletios, mentions that the name originates from the son of the God Mercury and of Rinis, “Saos”. Pelasgians, who first brought the worship of the virgin Hera onto the island, named it Parthenia, meaning virgin land. However, the name Samos is quoted for the first time by Homer, in an ode towards the god

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Apollo “… and Samos, full of water, the humble daughter of Mykales”. Owing to its dense vegetation and its natural beauty, Samos has been dubbed by many names and poetic adjectives, such as: Anthemis, Dryoussa, Doryssa, Kypparissia, Imvrassia, Melamfylos, Fyllas, Stefani, Melanthemos and Pityousa! The first inhabitants of Samos are considered to be from the Saei tribe, who were replaced by the Pelasgians. A settlement dating back to the Neolithic era (60002800b.C.), bears great resemblance to the first civilizations in Thrace, Macedonia and Sterea Ellada. The thematic content of the earliest jordans that have been unearthed, the Samian Civilization seems to date before the Cycladic one. According to Thucydides, Cares and Leleges, tribes that used to dwell on the island, actually instrumented the flourishing of the Cycladic Civilization. After the fall of the Cycladic Civilization follows the Minoan one, while the Mycenaean Civilization prevails later on. The first Mycenaean (Achaean?) settlers appear in 1360bC. The first king was Angaeos, son of Apollo (and of the Nymph Astypalaea), who received the order to go to Samos “Angaeos, I command you to inhabit the island of Samos, instead of Samis. Its name is now Fillis”. He is succeeded by his son, Samos. Then follows some information about Ippassos from Peloponnesus (1176bC) and Kydrolaos from Lesvos Island (1140bC), while some of the most known kings of old were Leogoras, Amficratis, Sylosontas, his son Aeakis and Dimotelis. Up to that point, historical resources contain mythological elements, and as a consequence we have no way of knowing the precision of the dates or of the kings themselves. In 900bC, we have the advent

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of the Ionians, and in the 6th century B.C the tyrant Polykratis becomes sovereign, an era during which Samos blooms. Herodotus characteristically mentions Samos as “…the first amongst all cities, be it Greek or barbaric”. Polykratis organizes a powerful navy, conquers part of Asia Minor and dominates throughout the Aegean Sea, having formed an alliance with the tyrants of Athens (Pisistratus), and of Naxos Island, Lygdamis, as well as with the king of Egypt, Amasis. During this era we have the construction of Samaina, a new type of vessel, bearing 50 oars, which thrives in the Aegean Sea. The various technical constructions built – the Efpalinion Tunnel, the Temple of Hera, the walls and the ancient harbor of Pythagorion, which Herodotus refers to as “the very greatest crafted by any Greek”, all betray the great prime of the island. There is also an equally noteworthy cultural prime, represented by the mathematician Pythagoras, his sister Theoclaea, and the architects and sculptors Rikus, Theodorus and Teleclis. The acme of that era ends after the assassination of Polykratis by the Persian tyrant Orsitis, when sovereignty passes on to the Persians. During that period, Darius crosses to Europe, by constructing a bridge made of battleships, designed by the architect Mandroclis from Samos. In 479bC, the people of Samos, aided by the Athenian fleet, defeat the Persians in the naval battle of Mykalis, and thereon become a member of the Athenian Alliance. People of Samos make great efforts to gain their independence from Athens that is why Pericles decides to intervene. In 439bC, after a siege that lasted nine and a half months, the Athenians manage to take hold of the island, which starts to decay.

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4 1 0 2 s o m During the Roman years, the entire Hellenistic spirit that had proceeded disappears, Samos being an insignificant island in the vast Roman Empire. However, there remains some activity, as some Roman buildings are crafted as additions to the temple of Hera, as well as in the entire area where Pythagorion lies today. The wanderer Lucius Apulius visits the island during the second half of the 2nd cent A.D., noting the existence of numerous vineyards, and the fact that the temple of Hera is almost intact, hosting treasures that indicate the wealth of the offerings to the goddess. Later on, the Byzantine Empire drastically combines the island with the intensely Christian element, whose rich inheritance lingers on to today. Already in the 4th 21 cent. a.D. we have Bishops, while in the 7th century, Samos is included into a Byzantine “Prefecture”, based in Smyrna. Monasticism blooms in the island during that period, in the region of Kerkis, and in the Mass Book of its founder, St Paul Latrinos, much useful information is mentioned. Also, Christian churches are constructed on top of ancient temples, but the island remains in decay, as it is being ravaged by pirates and conquerors like the Syrians, the Franks (after 1207A.D) and the Venetians, who establish a commercial station. After the fall of the Byzantine Empire, the island is taken by the Turks, and its population is radically diminished.

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After 1550A.D the Turks decide the re-colonization of the island, under the initiative of the Ottoman admiral Kilitz Ali. He is given permission by the Sultan, Suleiman the Magnificent, and aided by Sarakinis, of Patmos, who becomes the first settler. The existence of certain privileges by the Ottoman ruler, as well as the prohibition of Muslim settlers on the island, creates attractive conditions for the return of a great part of the population (Samians who had migrated, along with Greeks from various regions of Greece, such as Peloponnesus, Euboea, Pelion, Epirus etc). Hora City becomes the capital, and a new selfgovernment system is introduced, with the Potentates administering justice and being responsible for taxation. The Church takes up spiritual and educational work and supports the citizens’ unity. As commerce starts to develop and living conditions are improved, the notions of the French Revolution come in, to influence an up-coming social class, which, in the early 19th cent., seeks to overthrow the Potentates, supplant the Ottomans and 22 to normalize taxes. Reactions against the Turkish oppressor gradually intensify, while Lykourgos Logothetis becomes the leader. On his side is Captain Stamatis Georgiadis. In the city of Samos, Revolution starts on April 18, 1821, and in Karlovasi on May, 8, 1821. The fights of the people (1821-1826) earn them freedom and independence! New social structures are formed, with a General Congress of Representatives having lawmaking, executive and judicatory authorities. In 1830, the foreign Forces decide, through the London Protocol, that Samos should remain outside of the fledgling

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Hellenic State. In 1834 a new Hegemonic (or Magisterial) Government is established, and all Samian rebels are exiled. However, in 1849, the Samians revolt against the Hegemonic Government, banish the Ruler, Stefanos Vogoridis and fully restructure all social institutions. The Samian Hegemony (or Magistracy) is reconstructed and it the new reality, bringing the island once again in a time of political and spiritual progress, while establishing full independence. The capital is transferred from Hora to Vathi, in order to boost commerce. Values for a new regime are being formed, with a General Assembly annually, unified budget, while many public works are undertaken. Meanwhile an Educational system is developed, with schools in every village and the creation of Commercial Schools. Printing offices are created, newspapers and books, as well as many important scientific (mathematical, historical studies) and spiritual (literary, philosophical) works are being written and published. After 1850 the island reaches a more drastic boom of development, with commerce, industry and shipping playing key roles. This period sports a great number of pieces of architecture, mostly in the city of Vathi. The waterfront of the harbor is constructed, as well as the Hegemonic Manor, the Pythagoras Square, the Hospital, the Public Market, the Court-house Hall, the Pythagoras High school, the Prison Buildings- which host the Historical Archives today, the Houses of Parliamentwhich today is the Town-hall, the Paschalis Archive House - today an archaeological museum, the Mavrogenios Schools, along with numerous more buildings preserved and used until today.

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Lykourgos Logothetis: He was born in 1772 at Karlovasi by the name George Paplomatas. He studied at Porphyries’ School and went on with his studies in Istanbul, and also studied medicine in Bucharest. In Moldovlachia he served as secretary to Ypsilantis, received the honorary title of “Logothetis”, was initiated in “Philiki Eteria” and took up leading authorities in the Revolution. He formed a political system which was maintained for many years. Between 1822 and 1826 he fought back the Turks numerous times.

photo: Sandy Nieuwenhof

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The Balkan Wars that follow cause great concern to the island and in 1912 the Samians seek the unification with the rest of Greece. Aided by the mediation and the persistence of Themistocles Sofoulis the incorporation into the Greek State is carried out with a symbolic occupation of the island by the Greek Fleet, which raises the Greek Flag.

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This will determine the course of the island in the 20th cent.. Even though commerce, intimate relation with the peoples of Asia Minor, and prosperity dwindle, Greece offers safety and security for the future. During this period Samos accommodates innumerable immigrants (especially in 1922) who aid in the cultivation of tobacco, being cheap laborers. Besides, tannery remains active at that time, and the Vinicultural Union is formed. During the rough years of WWII the Samians are ravaged by the looting of the Italians (1941-1943) and German bombardments (1943-1944). After the War the Samians find themselves in opposing sides and are driven to the bloody Civil War of 1947-1949. This fierce decade, which had paralyzed the island, leads to an intense migration flux, especially towards foreign countries (Australia, USA, and Germany). The resurgence of the island starts in the 70ies, when Tourism development gradually begins, thrusting the island into a new developmental course which is being strengthened ever since and being a major enterprise. At the same time, the very existence of military personnel, as well as the Aegean University over the past 23 few years has brought about great vivacity.

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Towns & Villages > Samos and Vathi

The capital of Samos, called Samos or Vathi, constitutes the largest municipality of the island, and of the entire Prefecture. The city acquired its current form after the unification of Samos with the rest of Greece (1913), whereas earlier it was divided in Upper and Lower Vathi. It is built amphitheatrically, beginning up the hills and reaching all the way down to the sea, around the gulf. In antiquity, there used to be a city in the same area, while during the Roman and Byzantine times it was a settlement which, in the years of the Hegemony, expanded and turned into the capital (1854).

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Things worth seeing in the city: √ The archaeological Museum with the “Kouros” statue and rare findings dating from the Ionian era √ The Library, on the coastal avenue √ The Ecclesiastical Museum and the Ecclesiastical Library, within the premises of the Metropolitan Church √ Τhe Town Hall and the Municipal Library. Here is where the Parliament of Samians used to gather during the years of the Hegemony (1834-1912). Right across the street is the Agios Spyridon Cathedral, where the congress, under Themistocles Sofoulis, declared the unification of the island with the Greek State (Nov.1912). √ Τhe Historical Archive of Samos √ Τhe Pythagorion High School (1855)

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The modern city of Samos is the administrative center of the island, while it maintains its picturesque figure, with its neo-classical buildings and its traditional neighborhoods. Walking down the picturesque Themistocles Sofoulis coastal avenue is followed by a stroll down Lykourgos Logothetis Street, where the main market of the city lies. It is the complete package, down a road with various shops and buildings, in a course through the Municipal Garden (park) and the Square of Pythagoras and its Lion.

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INO VILLAGE HOTEL Samion Agoniston 69, Kalami, Samos T.+30 22730 23241 www.inovillagehotel.com PARADISE HOTEL 21 Kanari Street T.+30 22730 23911 www.samosparadise.gr

4 1 0 2 s o m Scorpios Hotel Greek Breakfast Kalami Samos www.e-scorpios.com

AUTOUNION Car rental T. Sofouli 17, Samos T.+30 22730 27444 www.samosrent.com

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photo: Melanie Cooper

Opticon Gryllou Sunglasses & Repairs G.Kateveni 1 str, Samos T+30 22730 22188 E. vickygrillou@yahoo.gr MANOS rentals L. Logotheti 45, Samos T.+30 22730 24137 www.manos-rentals.gr

ASIMI-BIZARRE Jewels Workshop & Accessories Lyk. Logotheti str, T.+30 22730 24155

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Fillio Accessories & clothing Lyk. Logotheti 53, Samos T.+30 22730 28096

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CHARISMA Quality perfumes Capt. Stamatis 35, charismaparfums@ gmail.com


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In Vathi you can find tourist agencies, hotels and rooms to let, either in the center, or at the suburbs, you can rent a car or a bicycle, eat in one of the numerous restaurants, do your shopping, and enjoy your nights out. There are several summer bars, mostly along the way from the harbor to the Hospital, right next to the sea.. After visiting all the above, you can take the road up the more densely-built part of the city, Pano (Upper) Vathi.

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SOCIAL HALL Cafe Samos town square T.+30 22730 81109 FB. SocialHallSamos GARDEN Restaurant M. Kalomiris, rd Samos T.+30 22730 24033 E. ninos48@ windowslive.com

4 1 0 2 s o m The Steps Roof garden restaurant Koudourioti str. 2, Samos T. 22730 28649 Verghina Beach Bar-Restaurant Gagkou Beach, Samos www.verghinasamos.com

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TA KOTOΠΟΥΛΑ The chicken tavern Mykalis & Vlamaris str T.+30 22730 28415

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photo: Nicos Anastasiou


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1 0 2 s o m > Architecture

Ever since the Roman years, settlements are found in mountains and hillsides, for protection against pirates, with merely docks being maintained near the sea, for transport and commerce. In the years following the Liberation mountain settlements retain a great population, but coastal areas develop at the same time.

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4 1 0 2 s o m Themistocles Sofoules: Born in Vathi, Samos, in 1860, he studied Philosophy and Archaeology in Athens and Germany. He served as an Archaeology Professor in the University of Athens. He led the unsuccessful movement to overturn the Ruler Kopasis in 1908, and returned with a movement against the Turkish army on the island, which met with success. He was declared the governor of the island and he declared the unification of the army with the Greek State. He served four time as Prime Minister of Greece, before dying in 1949.

The Hegemonic Government, growing needs and financial development affect the form of the buildings, blending it with elements from the rest of Greece and from Asia Minor, which also maintains some Byzantine features. As far as zoning is concerned, building is dense and uneven, with villages built amphitheatrically between mountain slopes, and most cannot be detected from the sea. On the other hand, near the coasts, building is less dense, and the streets are either parallel or vertical to the shore.

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The traditional architecture of the houses is characterized by a rectangular, twostorey stone structure, built with plain local mud and stone, with walls 50-60cm thick, with an external staircase and a flat roof. The flat roof is called “doma” and is made of wooden boards or reeds placed on the roof beams and covered with seaweed, straw and soil. In the last 150-200 years a new, sloping ceiling is introduced, supported by a wooden frame called “travaka”, covered by byzantine tiles, most frequently placed without any form of cement. Houses typically have a ground floor, “katoy”, used as storage or working space, or for keeping domestic animals. This is where large oiljars, wine barrels, food and tools are kept. Its floor is plain soil, and it usually has no windows. Where the family lives, upstairs, is either a single room, or divided in two by a “bagdandi”, a wooden-frame wall beplastered with mud and straw or goat hair. The floor and the ceiling are made of wooden boards, nailed on cypress beams.

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photo: Nikolaos Petalas

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Things worth seeing in Upper Vathi: √ Αgios Ioannis, one of the oldest and most significant churches on the island √ The neo-classical building of the Primary School and the Municipality (1901) √ Agia Cara, a temple dating in the late 17th century, boasting unique murals of the Second Advent and a carven wooden chancel √ Agia Paraskevi, a temple in the area where the oldest buildings of the city are situated √ An open theatre, a modern structure hosting cultural happenings, which has a breathtaking view over the gulf and the city of Samos √ Αgia Kioura and the church of Agia Matrona

We observe such structures in villages like Vourliotes, Mytilinii, and Pano (Upper) Vathi etc. Its origins take us back to buildings in Macedonia and Asia Minor. In larger villages, we will find many neoclassical mansions, dating back to the years of the Hegemony. Merchants and industrialists, as well as many public buildings of that period follow European patterns and norms (something that happens with the whole of Greece after 1821) to build these wonderful buildings which show the wealth and power of SaRooms are rather plain, with few pieces mos at the time. 36 of furniture, a fireplace in one corner, So, continuing to Pano Vathy, we will called “parastia” and few windows, usuenjoy the narrow alleys, the public water ally one in each side. In the area surtaps, and all artifacts in which the spirit rounding the detached houses, we find of former centuries lingers. small bartons, wells, flower gardens or tiny farmyards, covering domestic needs. We also usually come across stone ovens, used by the entire neighborhood, or by relatives dwelling nearby. Another characteristic architectural element is the “sachnisi”, a kind of a closed balcony at the front side of the building, which is supported by wooden beams and takes KTEΛ - KTEL various forms, saving space and serving Samos public busses as an extra room.

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T.+30 22730 27262 www.samospublicbusses.gr


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1 0 2 s o m KERVELI VILLAGE HOTEL & villa Kerveli Beach Samos www.kerveli.gr

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HARAYGI Tavern Kerveli Beach T.+30 22730 80757 www.tavernaharavgi.com

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Psili Ammos Tavern on the Beach T.+30 22730 28301 www.psili-ammos.gr

> Palaiokastro & surrounding settlements and beaches

Southeast from the city of Samos, we come across the village Palaiocastro. Invisible from the sea, built among hills, while it tries to preserve its picturesque scent. This village usually serves as a passage to the famous beaches Poseidonio, Kerveli, Mykali, and Psili Ammos, as well as to the Alykes (salterns).

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of restaurants, bars and shops. Furthermore, there are numerous rooms to let within the village, while in the surrounding area there are lots of hotels most of which overlooking the village and mostly the sea. The neighboring beaches are also an attraction of the island, while on the photo: Melanie Cooper way to Karlovasi there is an organized > Kokkari wind-surfing facility, in an area famous Kokkari, built between small hills and to all lovers of water sports throughout the lowland where it lies today, used to the world. be a tiny fishing dorp, which started to develop in the 19th century. Its imposing Nightlife revolves mainly around bars, beaches, printed on millions of postcards, ending with romantic strolls down the its picturesque alleys with flower beds harbor. full of blossoms and the hospitable villagers make it one the prettiest villages hikinG & WALKING ROUTES of the entire island. This is where most hiking trails begin, heading At the same time, tourist facilities with mainly to Mytilinii, Vourliotes and the Peak politeness and discreetness abound in the of Karvounis Mountain. beach and the harbor, offering a unique experience. Visit the parish temple of You can also walk towards Agios Nikolaos and the Agios Panteleimon Lemonakia and Tsamadou beaches. chapel. In Kokkari you can find all sorts

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TSAMADOU HOTEL & Jasmin Asian Cuisine www.tsamadou.com

DIONYSSOS Butcher & Grill tavern T.+30 22730 92631 www.dionysos restaurant.com

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GIRASOLE Italian restaurant Kokkari, Samos T.+30 22730 92037 www.ristorantegirasole.gr MARINA Greek TAVERN Kokkari, Samos T.+30 22730 92692 PICCOLO PORTO Ristorante Italiano Kokkari, Samos Tripadvisor: Piccolo Porto

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POseidon Greek restaurant Kokkari, Samos www.poseidonkokkari.gr

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Wave Cocktail Bar-cafe Kokkari, Samos T.+30 22730 92742 FB. wavecafekokkari Lychnos Hand made jewels Kokkari, Samos www.art-jewels.com go car rental Kokkari, Samos www.samosgorentacar.com

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Heading from Kokkari to Karlovasi, you go by the exquisite beaches Lemonakia, Tsamadou and Tsambou and you ascend, on the left, towards Vourliotes village. At the crossroad on our right, you see a small hill over the sea. On top of it, there is the Prophet Elias’ church, but on a closer inspection you can see part of a wall surrounding the hill. This castle overlooks the entire Kampos (valley) of Vourliotes. In Kampos there is the old dorp Palaiohori, Svala Beach and a series of important chapels you can admire amongst the vineyards, among which are the remains of the old Christian chapel to St Nikolas (Agios Nikolaos).

4 1 0 2 s o m ASIAN CUISINE tapas (meze) servings

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photo: Nicos Anastasiou

> Vourliotes

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4 1 0 2 s o m On the way to Vourliotes, in the first kilometer, there is a sign towards the Pnaka water source .An earthly paradise awaits us there among the planes. There is a glen full of running water, the chapels of Agios Konstantinos and of Agios Ioannis, with their peculiar large side alcoves, and a humble, yet attractive tavern waiting to take you through local culinary specialties. The old path that used to connect Kampos (the valley) with the village comes this way, and many paved parts of it are preserved. Ascending towards Vourliotes you have the chance to admire the marvelous view of the sea, as well as of the green hillsides, where pines and hiking From Vourliotes there is an earthen path to Manolates, and the peak of Karvounis Leave your car at the village and walk to the “Panagia Vrontiani” Monastery.

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pnaka Traditional tavern Pnaka, Vourliotes T.+30 22731 02703

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ΓΑΛΑΖΙΟ ΠΗΓΑΔΙ Galazio Pigadi Vourliotes T.+30 22730 93480


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olive trees and vines interchange. Vourliotes is at 300m above sea level and its one of the largest and most beautiful villages of the island. It is also one of the oldest villages of Samos, dating in the late 16th century, and was inhabited by colonists coming from

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Things worth seeing in Vourliotes Valley: √ The ruins of the castle at the hill of Profitis Elias √ Also discover the old trail to the Pnaka water source and Vourliotes, in which some parts are preserved, with their initial paving. √ Agia Pelagia chapel with its tile floor and Agia Matrona chapel with its post-Byzantine murals

photo: Nicos Anastasiou

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Vourla in Asia Minor. Its magnificent houses, some 15m above ground, majestic traditional alleys and innumerable shops bird chants and the enchanting serenshow the village’s heyday over past decades. ity of the place will really leave you Stroll through its squares and neighborhoods; speechless. Descend, take a walk, advisit the wonderful churches of Agios Ioannis mire the splendor of Nature with all and of ‘Kimisis tis Theotokou’; enjoy your café your respect, and then proceed on the or desserts; and, if you stay for lunch, don’t lovely road to Manolates. The sign to miss the chance to taste “revithokeftedes”, a “Margarites” points to a course – prefkind of “meat” balls made of chick-peas. The erably not to be taken by car – which villagers are particularly friendly. leads to a beautiful, yet abandoned If we go up the mountain, we discover the settlement, and an impressive vineMonastery of Panagia Vrontiani, an impor- yard, amphitheatrically placed on a tant pilgrimage for Samians, which was hillside, with terraces. burnt down, along with the surrounding area, Moving higher up, Manolates is a vilin 2000 and is currently being renovated. lage which has been changing form, In the area, there is lots of cultivable land, over the past few years, turning into many chestnut trees and various other trees a real tourist attraction. The little of all sorts. Moving on to the mountain, we shops selling handmade works of art, can head either towards the castles of Laza- paintings, jewels, sculptures and cerus and of Louloudas, and Mytilinii village, ramics are definitely worth our attenor to the peak of mount Ampelos, the chapel tion, as we wander in the picturesque of the Profitis (prophet) Elias, or even to village. Manolates village.

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> Agios Konstantinos - Manolates Stavrinides - Ampelos

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Twenty kilometres away from Samos, we discover Agios Konstantinos, a small village right on the beach, with a pretty little dock and a beach ideal for a wonderful stroll. “Agios”, as it called by the locals, actually consists of two settlements, one near the sea and the other further up in the woods. Enjoy the houses that are side by side on the beach, visit the church, as well as the older temple of the saint, with its remarkable chancel screen, walk by the Primary School and head to Platanakia. It’s a fantastic scenery, one that takes you to another reality, that makes you forget you are actually on an Aegean island. Age-long platan trees in the bountiful waters of the glen, numerous kinds of trees, all cloaked in ivy, standing

Daphne Hotel Platanakia, Ag. Konstantinos Τ. +30 22730 94003 www.daphnehotel.gr ΤΑΒΕΡΝΑ ΑΜΠΕΛΟΣ Τraditional tavern Αmpelos village T.+30 22730 94293

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AAA Manolates Samos, T.+30 22730 94472, www.aaasamos.com

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Aμβροσία - Αφθονία - Απόλαυση In Manolates, auf dem kleinen malerischen Dorfplatz, sind die Vielfalt der Vorspeisen, die traditionellen Rezepte, der Hauswein und die authentische Kueche der Grund, weshalb wir Ihnen die Taverna “AAA“ empfehlen.


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Taking a stop at the roofed public water tap and ascending at the highest point of the village, will certainly whet your appetite for a dainty, escorted by fine Samian wine, at the lovable little square. At the opposite side of Agios Konstantinos, there is the road to Nenedes, the old name for the two villages that follow on our way. First we reach Ampelos village, which is literally a balcony to the sea. It’s a quiet dorp, where we will find the church of Agios Ioannis, built in 1672. The surrounding area is verdant and the soil is remarkably fertile, with many water sources. Apart from vineyards, we also have the cultivation of fruit-trees, as well as peach, apricot, cherry and walnut trees.

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4 1 0 2 s o m Moving on, we reach Stavrinides, at an altitude of 400m, a lovely little village, with beautiful, picturesque houses, in perfect harmony with the landscape, gazing over the Aegean Sea.

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> Καrlovassi

Karlovassi is situated at the northwest of the island, in a plateau formed by two mountains, Kerkis and Karvounes. The city of Karlovassi consists of different settlements, which were established on different periods, some at the plains and some at the hills, according to the needs of that time. Historical evidence proves that it has been inhabited since antiquity, while there had been an obvious prime during the Byzantine era, specimens of which are mostly temples (Agios Nikolaos and Metamorphosis tou Kyriou, constructed in the 11th century, various Byzantine chapels and ruins at Keramidas area etc), as well as a marvelous castle which climbs up the rocks above Metamorphosis Church at Potami, dating from the Genoan occupation.

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In presenting Karlovassi villages from the west to the east, we begin from the oldest settlement, named Palaio (old) Karlovassi, located in verdant hills, within a glen with planes and kalmias.

It is virtually invisible from the sea, and it constitutes one of the most traditional villages of the island. It has been inhabited ever since 1600aD, perhaps even earlier. Its trademark is Agia Triada, a lovely temple on top of the highest hill, which offers an enchanting view of all Karlovassi areas. To get there you must take an exquisite stroll in picturesque alleys. On our way, we come across the old parish church of Panagia (Madonna), which has remarkable paintings and parts Things worth seeing in the city: √ The building of the Porfyriad School √ The building of the School of Commerce √ The Metamorphosis tou Sotiros eparch church √ The Hegemonic Manor √ The Folkloric Museum √ The Matronas Temple, which hosts the Hegemonic (magisterial) Throne √ The Chatzigiannis Maiden School

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of murals. You may also wander at the western neighborhood, called Galatas. On our way down, we reach Limani (port), which was constructed in the late 18th century. In 2009, a new section was add-


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ed to the port, so as to cover the growing needs of this part of the island, and also the lack of space for the docking of pleasure boats, yachts and merchant ships. The main street maintains the atmosphere of the beginnings of the previous century, with double-decked stone buildings in classical design. Here, along with gigantic Hotel facilities, you can also find anything you desire, from super-market stores, tourist agencies, cafeterias, to restaurants, an open-air cinema, and clubs, which make for a powerful attraction, all year long. Don’t forget to visit Limani in the morning, for breakfast and coffee, but at night as well, for a dinner by the sea, and for nightlife. What is more, Karlovassi hosts one of the two main Vinicultural Union’s facilities. After the celebration of the 15th of August, Dekapentavgoustos, when vine harvest commences, tractors line one behind the other in the coastal avenue, to deliver the fruit of a year’s efforts, to produce the exhilarating wine we drink. Leaving Limani, we head right towards Mesaio Karlovassi. Here is where we find the great church of Eisodia tis Theotokou. The stone square, shrouded in houses of traditional architecture, hosts many restaurants, where we can taste local delicacies. At that very square we find the Monument for the Revolution of May 8th, 1821. Crossing the bridge over the wide torrent that cleaves this area, we find ourselves in Neo Karlovassi. It is amphitheatrically built, and is the urban center of all Varlovasi villages. You will find all local authorities here, the Town Hall, the University, a cinema-lovers club, lots of schools and a Health Center.

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The Aegean University in Karlovassi: The Aegean University founded in Karlovassi the School of Scientific Disciplines, with faculties of Mathematics, Communication System Engineering and Statistics, and Financial Mathematics. It is housed in exquisite, neo-classical buildings in the city, but it also possesses various old industrial buildings of tanneries and warehouses. Tel: 22730-82030, 82028, 82000.

ANEMA HOTEL The beach hotel of Karlovassi T.+30 22730 30500 www.anema.gr

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There are plenty of free municipal parking spots, where you can leave your vehicle while wandering and feeling the serenity of the town’s streets and market. It is really worth visiting the building of Porphyriad School, across the Town Hall Square, and the neo-classical building of the legendary School of Commerce, which is now owned by the University. Also, don’t miss the chance to visit the Eparch Cathedral of Kimisis tis Theotokou (Dormition of Madonna), just beyond the Hegemonic (magisterial) Manor, as well as the Folkloric 54 Museum, the Matrona Temple with its carven wooden chancel and, finally, the Chatzigiannis Maiden School, where the University Library is housed today. Heading towards the sea, at the most easterly part of Karlovassi, we find Ormos (or

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AEGEON HOTEL & SPA Karlovassi, Samos City center www.aegeonhotel.gr

Quick hikes Ascend from Limani to Palaio, through a course full of planes, and climb up to Agia Triada to enjoy the view over all Karlovassi villages. From the square of Palaio, it is less than a 30 minute walk towards the caves and the places where the ascetic Agia Varvara and Agios Antonios once lived.

MEROPI HOTEL & POOL BAR Karlovassi, Samos City center hotel www.hotelmerope.gr INOPOLIO Wine & traditional products Karlovassi

HIPPY’S Beach bar restaurant Potami, Karlovassi www.hippys.gr

meltemia Greek Restaurant Karlovassi, Samos at ANEMA HOTEL

ΜΕΛΙ ΓΑΛΑ Milk & Honey cafe Ice cream, Juices Karlovassi square T.+30 22730 35291

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τranzistor Tradtitional Cafe Meseo, Karlovassi T.+30 22731 02145

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daemon Car rentals Karlovassi, New Port T.+30 22730 34192


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Riva), a place that used to be a merchandising center ,which flourished during the years of the Hegemony, and up to the years between the two World Wars, when it started to decay. From the imposing church of Agios Nikolaos, you can head to area that used to house the old tobacco warehouses, the neo-classi-

cal mansions of the wealthy tanners and merchants, and the impressive tanneries. What is left portrays the extent of prime that this town lived, particularly in those districts.It is also worth seeing the modern tannery museum in facilities exploited by the Aegean University; it is situated before the seaside road, when heading

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The Metamorphosis Church in Potami and the Venetian Castle: The Church of Kimisis tis Theotokou, also called Panagia Tou Potamiou (Madonna of the River), which is now celebrated on the Day of Metamorphosis. It is speculated that the church belongs in the Laskarides Dynasty, in the early 13th century, but it may be even older (11th century). It is a cross-like type of temple, with four marble pillars that support the cupola with photo: Angela Govari marvelous chapiters, which might have been taken from a palaeo-Christian monument of the area. Only part of the initial marble chancel is preserved. In the same region, there are some ruins from the same era, the Temple of Agios Nikolaos of Potami, as well as the Venetian Castle, of which parts of its aqueduct, of its walls and of the Agia Triada Temple are preserved.

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from central Karlovassi to Limani. road access from this part of the island. To the East, after the bridge of the Fourni All that remains, is some paved parts of stream, in an area called ‘Louviarika’, the the old route (path) once used for transold Leper Hospital, an abandoned build- port or transportation, either on foot or ing of high aesthetic value, as well as a mounted on an animal. The natural beauty along with the ecological significance of rugged beach with large pebbles. the northwestern side of Samos, haven’t To the west of Karlovassi, after Limani, allowed the opening of roads yet. Therewe reach the famous Potami beach, the fore to get to Drakei village, we must Temple of Metamorphosis (one of the oldest ones on the island), the ruins of the temple of Agios Nikolas, the waterfalls, and the well-preserved path that takes us there. 56 Here, we also find unique hot water springs than have yet to be exploited. If we proceed past Potami, after half-anhour’s walk, we get to Mikro (small) Seitani Beach and in another half hour we get to Megalo (big) Seitani, a refuge for the Monachus-Monachus seal, protected under Things worth seeing in Potami: the NATURA 2000 √ The Metamorphosis Church project. (which celebrates on Moving westward, on August 6th) foot, we meet Drakei √ The Venetian Castle which is right above the village which does beMetamorphosis Church long to the authority √ The impressive waterfalls of Karlovassi, despite the fact there is no

photo: Nicos Anastasiou

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follow the road from Marathokampos to Callithea village.

> Lekka - Tsourlaei - Kastania Nikoloudes - Kosmadaei

Starting from Mesaio Karlovassi, heading southwest, in just 5 kilometers,you reach Lekka village, which was established during the Turkish occupation. The village square is a real balcony with a view over all Karlovassi villages. It is worth making a stop for a delicious cup of coffee or a glass of ouzo. The church of Agios Ioannis (St. John) and its marble interior chancel are also worth your attention. From here you can descend (on foot or by car) towards the dorp Tsourlaei (or Agios

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Panteleimon) which is almost 1kilometer away. This heavenly dorp lies inside the course of a glen, amongst platan trees and running waters, and has kept its old “colors”. Following this path even further, leads to Potami beach. From Lekka we can slope up towards Kastania (chestnut tree) village. We are now at the roots of Mountain Kerkis, at 350m altitude. The countless chestnut trees have given their name to this beautiful village which maintains its patterns of old. Historical sources report that the first dwellers came from Epirus, during the 16th-17th century. It’s worth taking a walk around its alleys, and admiring the laundry houses, still in use by local 57

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at 600m of altitude. Don’t be surprised if you encounter cloudy or foggy weather, even during summer months. The view from the serene village to the north side of the island and the steep gorges that hiking & walking routes: lead to Seitani village is really breathYou can, rather effortlessly, walk from Lekka to taking. There are few villagers still livTsourlaei and enjoy the rich vegetation. ing here, because the days of prosperity From Tsourlaei there is a dirt road leading to are long gone. Forest logging and coal Potami beach, a descending trail among production have ceased and agriculture pines, with a wonderful sea view. has remained as the primary occupation. From here starts a dirt road to Kakoperato, a small monastery housewives, the Kimisis tis Theotokou (Zoodochos Pigi) which is situated at church and the beautiful double-decked a steep gorge with a cave. houses. The area is verdant, with pines, chestnut and walnut trees, and with beautiful little chapels all around (Panagia > Konteika - Platanos - Agioi Theodori Mavrikena, Agia Triada, Agios Georgios). Starting from the center of Neo Karlovassi, we head to Konteika village, which From here the road continues to the ring is 6kms away. At 300m above sea level, road of Marathokampos, and from here Konteika village is situated at a hillside, you can head to Kosmadaei village. On between hills, so it is invisible from the your way you will come across a small sea. The village square is ideal for a cofdorp named Nikoloudes within dense fee at noon and all sorts of dainties on vegetation, and proceed, through a summer nights. In August local Unions unique verdant route, to get Kosmadaei, organize wine festivities, which turn into 58 quite a feast. The Church of the Genethlia Theotokou (Birthday of Virgin Mary), which celebrates on 8th of September, the Primary School and the newly renovated gristmill we can visit at the upper side of the square, are the feathers in the village’s cap. The main occupation of the villagers is the cultivation of olive trees and vines, whereas in the past we also had the growing of tobacco. At Koukmos hill we discover the chapel of Agios Therapontas, and from this point, TO KENTRON Traditional cafe & tavern the view over the village, Karlovassi and In the small beautifull square of Konteika village, Mountain Karvounis is overwhelming. taste Andrea’s souvlaki and authentic recipies. All Some more chapels of the region are Agia ingredients are produced by the family, pure and Triada, and Panagitsa at Keramida, at the fresh from Konteika farms. This place is a must. roots of Mountain Karvounis.

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The Panagia church: Folkloric tradition has it, that this temple was built at daytime; all residents of the village would aid the builders by any means each found possible. At nighttime though, Madonna herself would help, and as a consequence the work would proceed very rapidly. Fact or fiction, the faith of people in the entire island always helped them live in harmony and tackle any difficulty. Every year, on September 8th, a large festivity takes place, with visitors all over Samos.

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Leaving Konteika we can head either to Agioi Theodoroi village (to the right) or to Platanos village (to the left). Going to Agioi Theodoroi is a unique route. The dense pine vegetation is a real household treasure and a refuge for this small village, which is invisible from almost every angle. It was once called Kavaseika. the houses preserve the traditional atmosphere, with the Agioi Theodoroi church imposing itself in the center. At the glens of the village there are two watermills, one of which is in relatively good condition. Platanos is one of the islands’ destinations you really shouldn’t miss. It lies at 500m altitude, and it is one of the oldest villages (early 1600). Well-celebrated and sung for, due to its water, with a breathtaking view of the Aegean Islands, it is a major attraction both for tourists and for the locals, particularly during the celebration of August 15th, and the feast that take place here. On summer nights it is worth admiring the full moon light showering the waters of Marathokampos beach. The water source with its clear and crystal cold water in the village square, shrouded in planes, will give you the strength for a stroll in its narrow streets.

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many chapels. The village was once called “Fourni” (meaning ovens), owing to the numerous ovens (furnaces) that were used for pottery (ceramics). According to sources, the entire area has been inhabited since ancient times, as there are ruins of walls, while, during Byzantine period, the existence of settlements is proven by the ruins of chapels that are all around. An important church is that of Agios Athanasios and Cyrillus, (1782) with wonderful murals. The small traditional cafes of the square and the sports field are worth taking a stroll, for a rest and a wonderful view to Konteika and Platanos village and to Mountain Karvounis (or Ampelos). Leaving Karlovassi and moving straight, passing by the bridge to Ydroussa on our left, in just 3 kms we reach Agios Demetrios Church (constructed on top of a 1605 AD temple). On our right lies the lovely Kontakeika village. In the entire there are remnants of older settlements. In Kontakeika we marvel on the Kimisis Theotokou and Agios Georgios church. 59 Leaving the village, we can descend to the Karlovassi suburb which is also the Kontakeika village little port, Agios Nikolaos, or “Limanaki”, as locals call it. Many luxurious country houses have been built in this area over the past few years. At the end of the road there is a small beach, the Agios Nikolaos chapel and one of the most famous taverns on the island with fresh fish and savory delicacies.

> Kontakeika - Ydroussa Leaving Karlovassi and heading east, we turn left to the village Ydroussa. The route is a continuous interchange of vineyards, gardens and glens with planes. You will also come across

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Fishermen Tavern ταβέρνα OI ΨΑΡΑΔΕΣ Limanaki, Kontakaeika T.+30 22730 32489


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Greece. As it was built in a place full of water sources, the visitors can still find many public water taps, such as Lougga square, Sgouron water tap and the laundry house in Agios Athanasios. Some further historical places we can visit are Agios Antonios, the temple where > Marathokampos the Revolution was declared in April 17, It is built amphitheatrically at the south 1821, the High School, which hosts a vast roots of Mountain Kerkis, in a relatively collection of old books, and the museum, barren hillside. It has a unique view over with historical documents and heirlooms. the gulf, the islands of Patmos and AgaBefore reaching Marathokampos, we thonisi, while its coastal areas are one of come across the little, abandoned village the developing tourist attractions of the called Sevasteika, with a church of Agios island. Its history begins in the Byzantine Georgios. years, when it plays a significant role in naval and commercial activities of the Empire. Monks from Agion Oros in par- > Ormos - Kampos or Votsalakia Agia Kyriaki - Kallithea - Drakei ticular, used to come here to trade their goods, and purchase goods of the Samian Descending from Marathokampos villand (mostly olive oil and wine). lage, we arrive at Ormos (cove) of MarIn the bay there are ship building facili- athokampos, the village’s port. Formerly ties, as well as the headquarters of the a harbor to the entire island, called Giafleet that controls the South Aegean Sea. los, today it serves as a docking place for In the Hegemonic period, Marathokam- fishing boats and many sorts of vessels. pos was an urban centre, with links to It maintains the atmosphere of a typical Dodecanese’s islands, as well as with fishing village, with many taverns around 61 the rest of Greece. Its shipbuilding yards the port, and lots of rooms to let. There are still famous for the legendary sailing is also a pebbled beach at the east of the ships they construct, while other occu- dorp, which is serene and solitary. In this pations includ fishing, the production of region, where nowadays the cultivation olive oil and soap of high quality, coal of olive is the predominant occupation, production, and the mining of the famous there once was a great production and Marathokampos’ stones, which are used export of onions. Moving further to the to this day in many buildings of the island. west, we get to Kampos of MarathokamEqually important is the villages’ help to pos (or Votsalakia). This is where a vast the Greek shipping industry, as many res- pebbled beach with crystal clear waters idents left the island to become seamen. photo: Nicos Anastasiou Taking a walk in this large village will reward the visitor, since its architecture presents a great variety of buildings, due to the different construction workers who came from various parts of continental

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begins. The sun is very hot here in the summer, and the full moon nights are enchanting. Throughout the beach there are restaurants, rooms to let, tourist agencies and quiet bars. The beach is so vast that you can chose to be crowded, or almost on your own! From here we can head to Pythagoras’ Cave, which is three kilometers away and also to the routes to Mt Kerkis. Carrying on, in the crude, barren landscape of the Samian south, we go past to Psili Ammos and Limionas beaches, to get to Agia Kyriaki. The ascetic and monastic past is evident in the area, as is the existence of buildings from the byzantine era (such as part of the temple of Agios Georgios). Moving on amongst olive groves, under the watchful eye of the imposing Mt Kerkis, we head to most western part of the island. Palaiohori is on our left, on a small hill, and it is a strong temptation to any visitor, remaining unaltered through the course of time. Picturesque 62 and solitary, it takes us to the past. The view to south Aegean and the marvelous sea will probably lure you to the nearby beaches. From here we can get to Agios Ioannis Panteleimon, a small monastery by the sea, on the verdant bed of a small glen. This haven, created banana trees, many other fruit trees and planes, will certainly fascinate you. Admire the wonderful church, the gardens and the quiet water basin. On the celebration of St John, locals gather with all sorts of delicacies and spend the night here, just as they have been doing for many decades. You will also discover two pebble beaches here, and toy shouldn’t be surprised to see kiddlings on the Katergo skerry, just

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off the cove, because shepherds often take them there for grazing. Returning to the main road, the landscape starts to change. We are entering Kalambaktasia (or Kalambachtasi) village. Vegetation is dense, and oaks, pine trees and cedars escort you in your passage to Kallithea.

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Easter in Marathokambos In Marathokambos of Samos, a predominantly marine village, with coastal settlements that in summer attract thousands of European visitors, Easter is celebrated in the most solemn manner. On Saturday morning the churches are decorated with His Resurrectional and covered with flowering branches. The housewives are engaged in the preparation of the Easter table while men with the final details of the custom of celebrating the burst, whose roots traced to the era of Ottoman rule at times of insurgency. This is a tradition that after the war of 1940 has evolved at its present form for the gathering crowd of Marathokambos. United the village, at night, in the church gather to watch the Resurrection. The Risen Christ announced amid solemn shootings and throwing of firecrackers at which almost all male population is involved. From that moment begins the climax of the celebrations, focusing on the custom of the burst, which like several other events accompany the procession of Rise of Anastasis on Sunday afternoon in Antilampro. The communion is universal and the emotions are intense. The burning of Judas and the custom of the swing revive on the Easter Monday and attract many visitors.

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hikING & WALKING ROUTES Close to Pythagoras’ Cave there is also the small chapel of Panagia Sarantaskaliotissa. From Kampos of Marathokampos, you may also take a hiking route to Evangelistria Monastery, on Mt Kerkis.

Once known as Prinias, Kallithea is a quiet village built on a hillside, at the roots of Mt Kerkis, with a view over Ikaria and Chios. The secret of this village is the majestic sunsets the visitor can enjoy. From here we can also follow the coastal road to Agios Isidoros cove about 5 km 64 away, an old shipbuilding yard which is still operating. All around there are little beaches (Varsamo), and the area is ideal for fishing. A dirt road also takes you to places where ascets lived. Many hermits dwelled here in the past, and constructed numerous chapels inside caves, and their remnants exist until today. Proceeding on the main road, we reach the end of the line, in Drakei village, 6 km past Kallithea. In this dorp you will marvel on the church of St George, with Byzantine murals dating in the 13th century, and enjoy your coffee at the single café of the

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area, which is always open. There is also a path to Seitania, and then to Potamiι.

> Koumeika-Mpalos-NeohoriPefkos-Skoureika

At the east of Marathokampos, we meet Koumeika, a beautiful central village built among olive groves. The village square with the cafes, the huge plane, the old taps with the crystal running water of the nearby (water) sources, along with the traditional houses, are all decorated with colorful flowers, in one of the bestgroomed villages of Samos. The festival that takes place in August 6 is equally famous. From here you can descend to the tiny coastal dorp named Mpalos, where you will discover taverns by the sea, and a peaceful pebble beach with cold waters. Moreover maintaining our source to the east, we reach Skoureika, a beautiful, quiet and picturesque dorp, ideal for a stroll. Also, from here there is a a road to a hidden beach called Psili Ammos (the third one on the island, having the same name), where you can enjoy a peaceful bath. Make sure you have all provision necessary, as there are no shops, umbrellas or sunbeds. A little bit to the North is Neohori (or Nihori), which used to be called Zoureika.

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BILL & SALOME Greek Restaurant Kampos, Marathokampos www.billandsalome.com

PIZZA CAVE Pizza Restaurant Ormos - Marathokampos T: +30 2273 037443

NICK THE GREEK Fish restaurant Kampos, Marathokampos T.+30 22730 37261

ΤΟ ΠΗΓΑΔΙ Beach tavern Kampos, Marathokampos T.+30 6985 704 055

SOMETHING DIFFERENT Souvenirs Kampos, Marathokampos T: +30 22730 37949

helen Gifts & souvenirs Kampos, Marathokampos T: +30 22730 37652 FB. Helen Souvenirs

FLAVOUR Beach bar - Cafe Kampos, Samos T: +30 22730 31868

KALLISTO hotel Birgit Assman Ormos Marathokampos www.samos-ormosholidays.com

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photo: Chrysostomos Galathris

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> Pythagorion

Pythagorion has been inhabited for over 5000 years. It is built above the ruins of an ancient settlement that had a harbor constructed by Polykratis, which was used to be called Tigani (frying pan). Its current name was given about 50 years ago, in honor of Pythagoras. It is a picturesque little fishing village, which flourished after the Revolution of 1821 and nowadays it constitutes the most famous destination of the island. Pythagorio during summer is transformed into the ultimate tourist attraction. It combines the most important monuments of antiquity, which were admired by Herodotus, the Efpalinion Tunnel, the Port, the Ancient 70 Walls, along with the ancient theater,

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the Roman bath museums, and Lykourgos Logothetis’ Tower. At the port and the commercial street we find countless shops, touristic or not, as well as restaurants and taverns for any taste, various cafeterias and bars. A romantic night stroll down the picturesque port, with the fishing boats, right next to sailing ships and yachts. The wandering in its well-groomed alleys (embellished by jasmines and various flowers), particularly from the port to Logothetis’ Tower, during daytime, will definitely steal your heart. At the pier you should not forget to see the sculpture in honor of Pythagoras. There are plenty of hotels and guest houses so that you will definitely find precisely what you are looking for, but

Logothetis’ Tower (Byzantine Museum): The tower of Lykourgos Logothetis, next to the Temple of The Transformation of The Savior in Pythagorion, was constructed in 1824 on top of buildings dating from the antiquity. It served as the defensive fortress of the revolutionists and the headquarters of Logothetis. It has got thick walls, and its windows are of a different motif, compared to the aforementioned, earlier towers.

Things worth seeing in the city: √ Τhe archaeological sites (Efpalinion Tunnel, Ancient Theater, Thermes, the Walls) √ Τhe museums (folkloric and archaeological museums) √ Τhe Lykourgos Logothetis’ Tower (Byzantine Museum) and the Metamorphosis Church

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photo: Nicos Anastasiou


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Pythagoras: Born in Samos circa 580bC and the founder of mathematics, Pythagoras was also a great geometrician, astronomer, and philosopher. He also had a unique theoretical approach to music, which he combined with numbers. He created an integral system of studying celestial bodies, with mathematical and geometrical evidence. His most famous accomplishment is the “Pythagorean theorem�, his geometrical axiom about the right triangle, according to which the square of the hypotenuse side equals the sum of the addition of the square of the two vertical sides. In his theories, philosophical and religious goals have unbreakable bonds and walk side by side. What is more, everything is based on numbers, measure and harmony. From a very early age he was well-respected within the Samian society, since his parents (Mnisarchus and Pythais) were considered descendants of Angaeos. He was so handsome and such a good speech maker, that he used to captivate his audience. He was educated by Thales from Milissos (in Mathematics and Geometry) , Anaximander, Ferekides from Lesvos, and the Samian philosopher Ermodamas. He was married to Theano and had a son and two daughters. He created a School in which he trained lots of young people. Due to political contrast with Polykratis, he was banished, took refuge in the homonymous cave and abandoned the island. He traveled and lived in Egypt, Babylon, Delos, at the Oracle of Delphi and finally in South Italy and Sicily, where he founded his renowned School and many of its branches. He died a very elderly man, in Metapontum of South Italy (at about 490bC).

DORYSSA SEASIDE Resort & Spa Pythagorion Beach, Samos www.doryssa.gr

4 1 0 2 s o m glicorisa Hotel Beach hotel in Glycorisa, Samos www.glicorisa.gr

remezzo hotel Pythagorio, Samos www.remezzo-hotel pythagorion.Com

yes Rent a car Pythagorion, Samos T.+30 6974 840 060 www.iDrive.gr

Kiklos rentals Pythagorion, Samos T.+30 22730 61519 www.kiklos-rentals. com

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ASTRA VILLAGE HOTEL Pythagorion, Samos www.astravillage.gr


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photo: Nicos Anastasiou

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it is recommended to have made your reservations in advance. In the valley around Pythagorion, you will discover Potokaki, a seaside tourist area with huge hotel facilities and an endless beach. There you can enjoy a bath and sporting activities.

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Aristarchus: He was born in Samos on 310bC and studied at the Alexandrian School. He is the father of Astronomy. He introduced the notion of a heliocentric solar system, namely that the Earth and the planets revolve around the sun, which is the center of the – known- universe. However, his theories were considered inferior to the one of Aristotle and Ptolemy. Cleanthes even argued that Aristarchus ought to be convicted, since his theory breaks the calmness of the Gods, “altering the people’s focus and unsettling the tranquility of the Olympians”! Nevertheless he was vindicated for his significant observation in 1543A.D, when Copernicus proved the heliocentric model. Aristarchus invented the ‘skafion’ an artifact measuring the hour of a day, geographic latitude, the daily deviation in the Sun’s orbit, as well as equinoxes, and all that in 281bC. Furthermore, he accounted for the succession of the four seasons, as being due to the inclination of the sun’s axis to its elliptical orbit. Finally, he succeeded Theophrastus and kept on with the ‘School of Walking Philosophers’. He died circa 230bC.

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casa di roma Mediterranean cuisine Pythagorio, Samos www.casadiroma. manifo.com

Elia Greek restaurant Pythagorio, Samos T.+30 22730 61436

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irodion garden Greek Restaurant Pythagorion Aristarhou 34

MARItsA Fish tavern Pythagorion T.+30 22730 61957 faros Fish restaurant Pythagorio T.+30 22730 62464

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ORANGE Coffee, Ice-cream, Juices, smoothies Main street Pythagorio

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summertime All day cafe & Bar Pythagorion Port T.+30 22730 62191

kallisti gallery Art creations & Jewelry Pythagorio, Samos T.+30 22730 62155 wonderful Concept store L. Logotheti, Pythagorion T.+30 22730 61295

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> Hora - Mytilinii - Mavratzaei

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Hora, as its name suggests, was the capital of the island from the medieval times, until 1854. It is situated 3kms outside Pythagorion, and is built on a plain named “Kampos”, or “Tigani”. Today it is one of the biggest villages of the island, and it maintains a rich architectural heritage, comprised of neo-classical double-decked buildings for the construction of which some of the materials were taken from ancient buildings (such as pillars, chapiters etc.). The wonderful Panagia church with its impressive bell towers, the local community center, the stone public laundry houses, and the Primary School (1930), are all buildings you can marvel on. Three km further north, we reach Mytilinii village. This central village, seems to have been alive for many centuries, due to the Cyclopean Walls. Its name was given during the colonization by people from Lesvos (or Mytilene) during the Turkish occupation. It is also legendary wellknown because of the great production of tobacco. The main visitor attraction to this village is the Paleontological Museum, which hosts important and extremely rare findings of fossilized animals. Built between hills, this village preserves an intensely picturesque atmosphere, while you will find lots of shops. Outside the village you will see the monastery of Agia Triada . From Hora, after reaching and marveling on the Timios Stavros Monastery, we discover the Mavrantzaei village, hidden among gorges, at 300 m hillside. Even though it was burnt down in the great 2000 fire, many pines remain in the surrounding hillsides. It used to have a large tradition in ceramics and pottery.

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Things worth seeing in the city: √ Hereon ancient site • Godess Hera’s temple • Geneleo’s statues •“Column” called Colona √ Nautical museum (under construction) √ Sarakini’s Tower

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> Hereon

Right here, in the most sacred part of Samos, according to Ancient Greeks, the Godess Hera was born, inside the roots of an osier , and here is where she married Zeus. Hereon is a modern village, with tourist facilities of very high quality, many hotels, guest houses, and rooms to let. The coastal road, as well as its parallel inner road, is the commercial center

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for your shopping needs, and for restaurants, taverns, cafeterias and bars where you can spend your entire day. What is more, the beaches at both sides of the village are well-equipped, to make sure you enjoy your bath, to the west, there is a road leading to the beach, and from there, there is a trail to another, rather solitary beach, under steep limestone rocks .

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Pension Galini Ireon Samos T.+30 22730 95238 www.galini-samosireon.com

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Sarakinis’ Tower: One of the four towers of the island, this tower was built around 1570 by Nikolas Sarakinis, an officer under the Turkish Admiral Kilitz Ali, who decided the re-colonization of the island in 1562. Sarakinis took up the supervision of the surrounding area and constructed this exquisite building, which is 13m long, 6,5m wide and more than 11m high. It is a purely fortifying three-storey building, built entirely of chiseled rock. It has got battlements, which is typical of buildings of the kind. Today, along with the chapel of St John and St George (1602), they are property of the Church of St John in Patmos.

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Myloi, two kilometers north of Hereon, is one of the most beautiful villages of the island, dating back to the years when the island was abandoned, while excavation have brought Mycenaean tombs to light, evidence that the area has been inhabited from antiquity. The ancient river Imvrassos crosses the village, and there is bountiful running water, therefore there are many watermills, and this is how the village got the name Myloi (mills). Few of them are saved today, hidden among orange and lemon trees. Despite it is just a small village, it is very lovely and its beautiful square, its alleys and its stone houses are surely worth visiting. The area is rather special, since we have the cultivation of predominantly citrus fruits, giving this valley their special colors and scents, during the blossoming of orange, tangerine and lemon trees. Also outside the village you will find the historical Sarakinis Tower. Northwestern of Hereon, on the slopes of Mountain Bournias, we discover Pagondas’ village. It is used to be called Kirmizi-koy (from the Turkish words “kirmizi” meaning ‘red’, and “koy” meaning ‘village’) because of the red-color roof tops used to have, owing to the use of red soil. It was later named ‘Pagondas’, from the homonymous village in Euboea, from where, apparently, colonists came to inhabit this place. Pagondas has got an overwhelming view, and its large square is our starting point on our way, through the many alleys, to get to the highest point of the village. No silk-producing workshops remain (just like in Hora), and the hillsides, which are overgrown with olive trees, portray the main occupation of the locals. From here we can reach Tsopela beach by following a dirt road. Moving around Mountain Bournias, we arrive at the village Spatharaei, at an altitude of

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VENETIA Hotel & Restaurant t.+30 22730 95295 E: venetia.samos@ yahoo.gr

Friendly souvenir -Rent a car-Studios Ireon Town, Samos T.+30 22730 95344 Ε: levissianos_k_ samos@yahoo.gr

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> Μyloi - Pagondas - Spatharei

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Petrokaravo: This tiny and unimportant reef, off the shore of Hereon, has managed to create various fables about it. In antiquity, God Apollo fell in love with the daughter of the river god Imvrassos, the enchanting Okirroy, who did not respond to his love, she fled the island and went to Miletus, by ship. When, later, she wanted to return to her father, Apollo kept following her and asked her father to marry her. Imvrassos, not being able to deny it to god Apollo, but at the same time not wanting to make his daughter unhappy, decided to turn her return ship into stone. Another, fresher fable has it that at the times that pirates looted and navigated the island incessantly, the Samians with tears in their eyes begged Panagia Spiliani to save them, and she turned one pirate ship into stone, at the place now valled ‘Petrocaravo’, or “Caravopetra” (both meaning ship of stone).

> Koumaradei - Pyrgos Mesogion-Pandrosso

From the main street Pythagorion to Karlovassi, after climbing over the mountain, on a 12 kilometer route with a marvelous view over the Hora valley (or Tigani), we discover Koumaradei village. This village acquired its name from the countless bearberry bushes that grow in the region (koumaro= bearberry). Besides the growing olive trees, villagers also work as potters and beekeepers. From here, you can also head to the Megali Panagia monastery, which constitutes a significant pilgrimage of Samos. Furthermore, on route to Pyrgos village, we will discover open-air kiosks selling honey and local herbs (tea, oregano, thyme etc.) Pyrgos, the beautiful village we meet on the main road, is one of the most remarkable villages of Samos. At 400 m of al80 titude, it spreads over two hills. Its main about 600m. The dense building of houspaved alley, starting from Agios Geores, combined with th inclination of the gios church (1904), is full of little shops, ground, will make you stroll in its narrow and it takes you to evry neighborhood. alleys, chat with the hospital locals and Discover its taverns, and the old Primary marvel on the unique view to Patmos and School, and let yourself free in the magic to Dodecanese’s islands. of its alleys. Travelling north of Pyrgos, we reach the Arvanites villages, as they were once called, because the people who colonized this region, in the 16th century, had migrated from north Epirus. The little village called Mesogeios, with the church of Zoodochos Pigi, and the new folklore museum, is our first stop. Ascending higher, at 630m above sea level, we meet Pandrosso, a wonderful village inside the forest.

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Jeep tours

From Pandrosso we can take dirt roads to get to the peaks of Mt Karvounes, (chapel of Profitis Elias) and cross to the Northern side of the island (Vourliotes and Manolates).

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> Pottery

Ceramics was an important activity on the island, ever since the ancient times, which can be proven by the findings in the various areas. The geographical development is directly related to appropriate raw material, which was offered in each area. During the most recent centuries, Karlovassi, Mavratzei and Koumaradei are more famous for their pottery. Either as works of art, or as useful materials, pottery is contantly in production on the island until today. An important pottery product is the Cup of Pythagoras.

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BALKONI TAVERN Greek tavern Koumaradei village T.+30 22730 41144

Pythagoras, according to local tradition, designed the “Pythagorian cup”, as it is called today. The ‘cup of justice’, as it is called in Greece, functions under the laws of Physics. The one who drinks can fill the cup with wine up to a certain level. If this level of the wine gets over the line then the wine is spilt out of the cup through the bottom. The central column of the cup is positioned directly over the stem of the cup and over the hole at the bottom of the stem. A small pipe runs from this hole almost to the top of the central column, where there is an open chamber. The chamber is connected by a second pipe to the bottom of the central column, where a hole in the column exposes the pipe to the content (wine). When the cup is filled, liquid rises through the second pipe up to the chamber at

ΠΑΝΟΡΑΜΑ Panorama tavern Koumaradei village Τ.+30 22730 41284 www.klironomou.gr

Meteoron Café Bistrot Koumaradei village T.+30 6973 922 397

Webstuhl Hand made souvenirs Koumaradei village T.+30 22730 41277

the top of the central column. As long as the level of the liquid does not rise beyond the level of the chamber, everything is all right. When though the level rises further, the liquid spills through the chamber into the first pipe and out through the bottom. Hydrostatic pressure creates a siphon through the central column causing the entire contents of the cup to be emptied through the hole at the bottom. The point is to punish anyone who does not show respect and wants to drink more than the others. Today, it is still produced in local ceramic art workshops while it is the most popular souvenir bought from Samos.

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BEACHES

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2. Kokkari

The wide beach at the western entrance of Kokkari is one of the most popular. Umbrellas and sunbeds are available. Here you will enjoy the windsurfers. You may have breakfast or coffee at the bars 84 and cafes.

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photo: Nicos Anastasiou

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3. Lemonakia

Ideal destination for families to spend all the day under the sun and the trees, having also lunch at the taverna. You can park your car at the central road and walk to the beach.

photo: Nicos Anastasiou

The small two beaches on the right of the village are the basic topic o the card postals printed for Samos. Enjoy swimming and afterwards have a lunch to the restaurants.

photo: Nicos Anastasiou

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1. Kokkari

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Spend all day at the popular beach of northern Samos. Sunbathing or enjoying its refreshing crystal waters, Tsamadou will compensate you to the fullest. Navagos beach bar is the ideal place to make your mood. Cocktails, snacks, beers, non-stop lounge music and various activities, at different spots, to meet your expectations. Try Navagos’ hospitality and enjoy the wide range of services offered.

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A bay with pebbles, under the impressive mountains, at the front of the small village. Quite place ideal for the lovers of snorkeling.

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6. Tsambou

The impressive beach under the rocky setting. In case the north wind makes the 86 deep sea very wild you can still enjoy the sun. You can park your car next to the beach.

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photo: Nicos Anastasiou

Deep bottom beach & very quiet

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8. Agios Konstantinos

Two small beaches with deep sea. The tavernas at the little marina are ideal to drink ouzo and taste Samian delicacies.

9. Kouroundere (Petalides) Here you can play with the waves when there are northern winds while if you like snorkeling this will become one of your favorite places.

10. Ag. Nikolaos (Limanaki) A small beach that remains very quiet.

11. Leprokomio

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A deep and wild northern beach.

12,13. Karlovassi & Karlovassi Port A series of small bays next to way that leads you to the port. You choose your favorite one. The sandy beach next to marina is clean and fully equipped. Enjoy swimming here with your kids.

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14, 15 Potami & Ag. Nikolaos The famous beach, symbol of Karlovasi and Samos. Here is the ending of the waterfalls of a river coming from Kerkis mountain.

The sand comes together with the pebbles while the water is cool, ideal for the hot summer days. There is enough parking space, tavernas and cafes.

photo: Nicos Anastasiou

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4 1 0 2 s o m 16. Small Seitani A small paradise. Here is the ending of a very beautiful gorge. You will love the setting and stay for many hours. To reach it you have to walk 30 minutes after Potami beach. Take with you anything you might need (water, snacks, etc.).

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17. Big Seitani

Amazing! The exotic beach is fantastic and you are going to love it. Here is the ending of the gorge starting from Kakoperato monastery. The sandy beach will compensate you for the long walk (1h distance from Potami).

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An alternative way to come here is using the small taxi-yacht from Karlovasi port. This place is protected by the NATURA program of the European Union as is hosts many monachus monachus seals.

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18. Agios Isidoros & Varsamo At the traditional shipyards there are two small and quiet beaches (left and right hand side). This place is ideal for fishing and snorkeling. Varsamo that is close is also very quiet, with pebbles. Here you should come only if you have a jeep.

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with thick sand and calm sea that is protected from the wind. Next to this beach is POUNTA bay.

22. Psili Ammos (Marathokampos)

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Psili ammos is one of the famous beaches of Samos. Not very far from Marathokampos, under a green setting, always calm and warm, ideal to spend here a day enjoying the sun and playing at the sea. Fine sand and small white pebbles lead to the shallow sandy bottom.

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19. Plaka

Small beach near Palaiohori. Far away from mini markets and kiosks, you should better have with you any supplies you might need.

A long beach at the Kampos of Marathokampos. You will find anything you need here. Small pebbles and sand. 3 kilometers

20. Agios Ioannis Eleimonas

Two isolated beaches with pebbles where you can enjoy quiet. There are signs to easily find it but be prepared carrying the supplies you might need.

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21. Limnionas

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Very attractive beach under the trees,

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are enough to select your place, crowded or quiet. Mini markets, taverns, bars and of course sunbeds and water sports.

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24. Ormos Marathokampos - Velanidia

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A long beach at the left side of Ormos. Quiet, with sand and pebbles.

25. Balos

Α nice beach with pebbles and cool waters. The taverns are ideal for fresh fish and ouzo by the sea. Heading on the left side enjoy Esperos Light beach bar.

26. Pefkos A peaceful bay with deep waters and big pebbles.

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Through the Pagondas-Spatharei way, you will find the six kilometer dirt road 27. Psili Ammos (Skouraeika) to reach the beach. Really nice but isolated. Around you will also find Kakorema & Perri Two very quiet bays away from the vil- beach and Kyriakos beach. lages. Psili ammos is ideal for those who prefer to be alone. If you go in the afternoon you will enjoy the sunset that 32. Ireon & Papa beach is impressive at the bacjground of Ker- The beach at the front side of Hereon is kis. Peri bay is preferred mostly by local a very popular one. Anything you need people. As there are no shops around, take is available in the small city. Combine with you water and snacks. swimming with lunch or refreshments at the beach bars and cafes. Leaving 28. Limnionaki Hereon there is Papa beach, Small village, mainly inhabited by local fully equipped with sunbeds and fishermen. Ideal for those who love fis- umbrellas, parking space and 92 hing and snorkeling.

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29. Samiopoula

The exotic beach of the islet will compensate the visitos that will take the trip with the small boats from Pythagorion. Sand, a few trees and impressive colors of the sea will make you love it.

30. Vergi & Avanti Following the way to Lomnionaki there are two beaches you can reach through a dirt road. Rocky setting with some small parts of sand. Isolated bays specially for those who love fishing or diving.

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a bar. Next to it there is a small rocky beach under the white rocks with a view to Karavopetra.


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33. Potokaki

The famous long beach next to the airport. Combining ideally pebbles and sand, it has many water sport facilities as well as beach volley, beach soccer, etc, at its western part. In Mare Deus beach bar you will find beach volley and free umbrellas.

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Starting from Logothetis Castle and continuing to Doryssa Resort, this is the most popular beach for young people and the ideal place to enjoy water sports. Bars and hotels provide all you might need while the sea is adorable.

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photo: Andreas Vardikos

34. Pythagorio Beach

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35. Glicorissa

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The new trend in Samos is Glycorisa. Next to Hotel Glycorisa, the bar with the restaurant and the pool provides the experience you really want to enjoy spending all day(s) at this beach! Sand, sunbeds and umbrellas, music and massages, drinks and snacks; the ideal setting for families with children but also young 96 people.

Mobile Application

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Glicorisa

The long quiet beach, always having calm water. Pebbles and sand combined. Very nice place to visit with your children and enjoy your lunch at the taverna that is on the beach.

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37. Psili Ammos (Pythagorio)

The popular beach on the way that goes throught the Alyki area. Shallow sea bottom, sand and warm waters. Sunbeds, umbrellas or trees to hide from the sun and of course Psili Ammos taverna and beach bars.Ideal for families wth children and of course the place to come for lunch and fresh fish. Watch the luxury yachts and cruise ships passing by from Patmos to Kusadasi.

38. Klima

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A small bay with pebbles and sand. Sunbeds and umbrellas are available as well as the taverna for your lunch or dinner.

39. Posidonio At the smallest distance between Greece and Turkey, Posidonio is a friendly bay that all visitors prefer at their vacation in Samos. Sand and warm water, it is ideal to spend all day to swim, have lunch and why not stay for a couple of days at the rooms that are built so close to the beach.

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40. Kerveli

The green bay of Kerveli is a very nice beach to visit. First enjoy the sea, second enjoy Haravgi tavern and Irene‘s recipies. Third, continue subbathing...

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41. Mourtia

The exotic beach that is printed in many card postals is easily accessible by car.

42. Agia Paraskevi

The family-beach with the chapel fo Agia Paraskevi is very quiet. Drinks and lunch at the local taverna. Not very far from Vathi to visit again and again.

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43. Livadaki

The small bay hides a surprise. A sandy beach organized with a bar and beach volley/soccer to enjoy your day with friends.

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44. Gagou

The polular beach at the capital city of the island. Attracting mostly young people, it has everything you need to enjoy your day here.

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45. Kedros

A quiet beach at the western part of Vathi. Kedros Beach offers you a variety of services on the beach.

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Experiences > Jeep or motorbike

Βυ using our map and your transportation means you can visit every corner of the island, following the aforementioned descriptions of the cities and the villages, in conjunction with nature and the points of interest, swimming, shopping and dining.

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photo: Emy Ghilardi

photo: Nicos Anastasiou

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PHONE NCY TELE SSISTANCE EMERGE A FOR ANY UMBE RS N 166 os Β) of Sam : Centre (ΕΚΑ p el H te ia ed Imm 0 2730 8310 l of Samos: 2 ta pi os H al Gener 0 730 5200 Karlovas: 22 0 32222 of e tr en C h 73 2 Healt 2 100 e : Hellenic Polic 0 87344 e : 2273 Tourist Polic 22730 81100 62, 22730 230 ent : 199 & 0 23063 tm ar ep D e ir F 2273

> Hiking (routes and paths)

Samos is famous for its numerous hiking routes. From April until late October you will meet many hikers “scouring” the slopes and the peaks with light equipment, a lot of courage and pleasure for Hiking & Walking Routes At the Cities & Villages chapter you will find suggestions in little boxes for walking routes starting from the respective villages.

the beauties they are coming across with. In order for one to hike in the mountainous Samos, one needs experience, as well as stamina, especially during the summer, due to the heat.

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In order for one to start a route, the following are necessary: √ Good equipment (clothes, shoes, climbing staff) √ Resources (water, food, pharmacy) √ Information (map of hiking guide, advice from locals or connoisseurs of the routes) √ Scheduling (knowledge of distances, altitude differences, morphology of route and available time)

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While one must not forget that Samos is sensitive, but also wild… As for the protection of the clean forestal areas and the gulches do not leave any garbage. As for the protection of the luxuriant vegetation, especially during the dry period of summer, you should avoid lighting a cigarette or other fires. As for your own safety, you should be aware of the fact that Samos, due to its luxuriant vegetation and the

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great variety of fauna, it hides dangers, such as snakes, bugs, scorpions and other insects. Normally, they will not bother you, unless you distract them – besides, we are passing by the places they live. Lastly, you should carry a mobile phone and you should inform somebody on the place you will be (hotel, friends, etc.) and you should be aware of the emergency telephone numbers for any assistance.

> Mountaineering

For the lovers of mountaineering, the Hellenic Hiking Mountaineering Association of Samos has marked many climbing fields, as well as the charting of some paths. www.eops-samos.gr

> Cycling

Cycling is not popular on the island, due to its morphology. Mountain bike, though, is a sport that seems to be developing,

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since the mountainous routes and the dirt roads can be combined, for adventurous strolls in nature. Especially be starting from Kokkari, where you can find a sea sports centre, bicycles for rent and useful information.

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> Water sports (wind surfing, sailing, diving)

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A big island like Samos offers the opportunity for sea sports. Sailing, windsurfing, diving, jet ski or simple canoe, they can all be tried at the appropriate spots. Kokkari is a known destination for Greeks and foreigners, who like windsurfing. In the end of the big beach, there are premises for rent, whereas many athletes come here with their own equipment and are independent, but always in this spot of the island, where the wind is appropriate. You can enjoy a jet ski in the beach of Pythagorio. As for you, yachtsmen, the whole of the island is at your disposal, whereas you can get information and guidance from the yacht clubs of the island. As regards scuba diving, you can find certified dive centers at the port of Pythagorio

AEGEANSCUBA KERVELI VILLAGE Kerveli Samos T:+30 22730 23006 www.kerveli.gr

DIVE CENTER Scuba diving, snorkelling, PADI Pythagorio, Samos T.+30 6972 997 645

WIND & WATER Watersports, Jet ski, Kayak, Boat rental T: +30 6974 457 442 www.windandwater.gr WIND SURFING Kokkari, Samos www.samos windsurfing.gr T.+30 22730 92102

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(Samos Dive Centre) and at Kerveli Beach (Aegean Scuba at Kerveli Village hotel), which offer guided dives, PADI dive courses and a variety of services. The island has beautiful beaches and sea bottom, for those who wish to dive. For your safety, it is advised to dive under the dive centres guidance.

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Environment

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> Landscape-Geography-Nature

The island of Samos is situated in the eastern Aegean Sea, off the west coasts of Asia Minor, from which it is separated by the Channel of Mykalis. At its west, lies the island of Ikaria and at its southwest are the islands called Fourni (or Korsei). Together, they constitute the Prefecture of Samos. Samos spans over 476 square kilometers, while its coastline (perimeter) is 86 knots, or sea miles. Samos is principally alpine, with two main Mountains, which contribute to the climatological conditions and the vegetation. One is Mt Kerketefs (or Kerkis). With an altitude of 1434meters, at its peak called Vigla, it figures among the very highest mountains of the country. Kerkis belongs to the Western part of the island and is rather poor in vegetation. The other one is Mt Karvounis (or Am108 pelos) with an altitude of 1160 meters, its top is named Profitis Ilias, it lies at the central and eastern part of the island, and it’s overgrown with vegetation. The only natural harbor of the island is that of Vathi, whereas the ones in Pythagorion, dating from the age of Polykratis, and of Karlovassi, are man-made. The primary kinds of flora are a kind of pine, pinus brutia, as well as cypresses. Moreover, further up the mountains and hills, grow chestnut trees, aspens, walnut trees and black pines, while in the plains a great variety of citrus fruits is cultivated. Olive trees and vines

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abound in farmable areas, which are largely comprised of terraces that are constructed since antiquity. Furthermore, there are platan trees, various groundling plants such as myrtle, many locust trees, apple, cherry, fig and pear trees, cedars, and a great array of bushes. Generally speaking, these types of flora have many similarities with those at the coastal areas of Asia Minor. The fauna is just as rich, with mammals (local monikers are quoted respectively) such as wild boars, jackals, hares, reptiles such as a species dubbed kourkoudiali, chameleons, snakes (astritis- a name for the young viper), turtles, birds such as various species of owl, hawks, carrions. Moreover, there exist various sea animals, like monachus-monachus seals, dolphins between Samos, Ikaria and Fournoi, as well as a great number of insects and bugs. The climate on the island is mild Mediterranean, and in the changing of the seasons, the transformation of the scenery is overwhelming. During autumn, yellow fallen leaves color every hillside, in winter many mountain regions are covered in snow, in the springtime the colors of the flowers are breathtaking , and during the summer, vines and grains mingle with different shades of blue in the sea and the sky, under the bright, life-giving light of the Greek sun. Around Samos we find many islets and skerries, the most famous of which is Samiopoula, located at the south, off the shore of Spatharaei village. Approximately 33000 citizens are recorded on the island.

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> Mountains

Kerkis, according to the tradition, constitutes an extinct volcano. Its name means rumble. Its peak is Vigla, with an altitude of 1434 meters, whereas lower ones are Menegaki and Fterias. It hosts rare species of plants, even though after the 1000 meters it is naked in the most spots. During the winter it is covered by snow, contrary to the other areas of the island, where snow falls rarely. Ampelos, which, according to Stravon “makes all of the island mountainous�, is a wide massif, which takes a big part of the island. It has dense vegetation (mainly pines, firs, cypresses), as well as many olive trees and vines, which have given it the name Ampelos (Vine). The locals still call it Karvounis. Apart from Profitis Ilias (1155 m.), it has other peaks, whose altitude is approximately 1000 meters, e.g. Ginei and Lazaros. Both mountains include zones, which are protected by the European program NATURA 2000.

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raloid, metaxoid), flamingos (pink and black), silver-pelicans, swans, sparrow hawks, wild-ducks, brown-ducks, tufted ducks, glossy ibises, wild-fowls and wildgeese, white storks, woodcocks, seagulls and swallows. Besides, apart from the local birds, mammals (rabbits, jackals) and amphibians also live here, such as turtles, chameleons, eels etc. Respective populations of birds make their appearance in Glyfades, with the subsaline waters, where there are also fishes. As for the lovers of birdwatching there are no specific infrastructures of observation posts, but the scenery will reward

> Salterns and lagoons

The water-reserves of Aliki on the beach of Mykali, the Glyfades lakes at the airport and the marsh in Hora constitute significant breeding and immigrating stations for the birds that are situated or spend the spring in Samos, on their course from Africa to the hot summer Europe. In Aliki more than 120 species of birds have been spotted, amongst which herns (white,

Aliki (the saltern): On the road for the Psili Ammos of Pythagorio, the Aliki of Samos is situated. An area where one can find ruins of building premises and destroyed machines, which, for approximately 100 years, constituted the driving force in the island. By means of the resolutions of the Parliament of the Reign in 1859 and 1863 the salterns supplied Samos with firstclass salt until 1965, when the continuation of their operation was considered as unbeneficial. Since then, reeds and rushes germinated in the area, which then started to be transformed to an ideal place for the development of a water-reserve, which is very significant for the immigrating, as well as the local birds. Its importance, nowadays, is crucial, whereas the area has been bordered and protected by the NATURA 2000 program.

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you, while your equipment is necessary for your observations. The aforementioned areas are ideal during April and May. Moreover, in the island, in Aliki, as well as in the highest places of the mountains one can admire the hawks (ntougania in the local dialect), the eagles (imperial, king eagle, osprey), as well as the eagle-hawk, which have been spotted in the island.

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The famous waterfalls in the River of Karlovassi constitute a main destination for the visitors of the island for many years. By starting from an easy route, which crosses Metamorfosi in the River (where there is a sign), we walk in parallel with the river and we reach the small waterfall. We keep on walking, we climb and swim a bit, before we reach the big waterfall. Apart from the beautiful sight, we also enjoy a swim in the small lakes, that are formed in front of each waterfall.

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> Caves and speleology

The “Efpalinos” Speleology Association of Samos has made a significant inventory of the caves and has promoted this rare and less known beauty of the island. We will nominally present to you the caves you can visit, as well as the rest, for which the Association will advise you. Besides, you can find all the information you need on its rich website (www.samos-caves. com).

photo: Marissa Ntinou

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> Waterfalls

Pythagoras’ Cave:

it is located in the foothill of Kerki, in a spot with magnificent view. It has a wide hall of a diameter of approximately five meters and then smaller halls. This is where Pythagoras fled when hunted by Polykratis. You can visit it and you will find it easily by following the relevant signs.

Sarantadaskaliotissa Cave:

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Very close to the Cave of Pythagoras. In the entrance of the cave there is a small church of Panagia of the 11th century with post-Byzantine frescos. It was built by Saint Paul the Latrinos. Afterwards, there are dangerous pits and halls with a variety of decors.

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Karlovasi

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MONDAY’S TOUR

Cost: 25 € / person // Stop at Archodissa tavern over the waterfalls for a snack

settlement Karlovasi

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FOR MORE INFORMATION OR OTHER TOURS, CONTACT US OR VISIT OUR WEBSITE

byzantine church

tavern

castle

INFOS

tel.: (+30) 698 0606 015 email: info@samosoutdoors.com www.samosoutdoors.com

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DISCOVER REMOTE BEACHES

Rƪ  upon this co

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true holiday memories

MEET SAMOS COASTLINE tel.: 6937045439 email: info@seakaykaksamos.com www.seakayaksamos.com

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day trips for all ages & level skills single & double kayaks


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SEESIGHTS AND MUSEUMS > Archaeological sites Hereon

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Αt the river mouth of Imvrassos, near the homonymous seaside village, the archaeological site of Hereon is situated, where the temple of the goddess Hera was built. It is said that this is the place where the goddess was born and the holy marriage with Zeus took place. Her worship was carried here by the Ionians, but in this areas remnants of premises from the mid-3rd millennium B.C. were found. At the time it was built, it was the biggest temple of Greece and one of the biggest temples of ancient times, whereas the remnants of the archaeological site suggest life and worshiping of the goddess in the area from much earlier. The actual climax, though, seems to begin in the 8th century B.C. The buildings belong to the Ionic order and for more than two centuries they are increased in number and quantity, at the same time as Samos, which follows a climax course. 112 A proof of the climax, though, is the remnants, which suggest the commercial and transactional relations with the countries of the east, Persia, Egypt, western Mediterranean and the wider Hellenic area. Therefore, we have in the 8th century the Ekatompedos Α’, a temple dedicated to the goddess, with a relatively small size and a single set of columns, in the 7th century we have the Ekatompedos Β’, which constitutes an expansion, where, at the same

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time, the regional buildings are increased, together with the dedicative items, and in approximately 570 B.C. we have the temple of the architect Rikos, as well as other temples, such as the ones of Hermes and Aphrodite. With the commercial and naval development, especially during the years of the tyrant Polykratis, the archaeological site changes form and is enrichened. In 530 B.C. the construction of the two-winged temple (two sets of columns) begins, which is the biggest temple ever built out of tufa and marble chapiters. It preserves the “sikos” (main temple) unaltered and the antetemple of the temple of Rikos, but now it has bigger dimensions (108.6m x 55.6m & 20m height), a total of 155 columns of various sizes and orders, whereas nowadays only one column is preserved (the area was also used to be called “kolona” (column), which of a height half of its original one. In the interior there was the hand-made wooden statue of the

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The Hereon of Samos constitutes one of the most important places of interest of the island. Do not forget to visit it and admire whatever has been left from these remarkable ancient times.

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photo: Natasa Pescar


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goddess, whereas the surrounding area looked like a small state, with buildings and many dedicative items. In the area in front of the entrance there was the grandiose altar of 550 B.C., of a height of three meters, buildings on the north and south side, tanks and a basis, where the ship of Koleos was situated, with a big copper boiler. The Iera Odos (Sacred Road), of a length of approximately 5 km, joined the sacred area with the city and it was covered with plaques. On the left and right of the street, there were outstanding pieces of art, dedicative items, statues, male statues (kouros) and female status (kori), temples of other gods, such as of the goddess Rome and Isis, whereas in this route some of the most important findings were found, which are located in the museums of Samos, such as the oversized Kouros and the Constitution of Geneleo. Twice per year the Herea and the Tonea ceremonies take place, with various ceremonies, circumambulation of the statue of the goddess, sacrifices, gymnastics and music. After the falling course of the Samian state, the temple is abandoned, although during the Roman times additions are made.The excavations begun in 1902. The monument is recognized by UNESCO since 1992, it is protected by the NATURA 2000 program and approximately 100,000 visitors come here every year. Significant findings of the wider area are located in museums abroad (Louvre, Berlin etc.)..

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Efpalinio tunnel Τhe tunnel of Eupalinos is one of the most pioneering and important technical works of ancient times. The capital of Samos, during the golden era of the tyrant Polykratis, had increased needs of water

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supply, which was not available in the area. Therefore, Polykratis appointed the study and the drawing of a system for the transportation of water to the then known architect-engineer, Efpalinos from Megara. The project begun with the perspective that water would be carried from a nearby spring which was located behind the today’s hill that is located above the city of Pythagorio. Hence, an underground system for the transportation of water was designed, which would cross the hill and end up to the tanks of the city. Efpalinos studied that the opening of a double-edged tunnel in the hill would save time. Thus, two groups started from the respective entrances, which met with a minimum deviation! This achievement is considered important, because the scientific methods of measuring and drawing achieved something, which, for that time, was considered extremely difficult. The tunnel, of a length of 1036 meters, took more than 10 years to complete, but it constituted a work, which was used until the first centuries A.D.


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Ancient theater

Οn the same hill, above Pythagorio, on the road to the Ditch of Eupalinos, we meet the ancient theater. Many disasters have struck it and nowadays all that is left is some remnants. At the same place, on top of the ancient remnants, there is today a wooden construction, where performances are given, mainly during the festivals organized during the summer period.

is where the Thermes of Pythagorio were built, i.e. Roman Baths. The south halls were occupied by the hot baths, the north ones by the cold baths and the octagonal pool.

Thermes - Roman baths

Walls of Pythagorio - Port

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photo: Ines Leifert

The remaining network constituted from underground clay pipes and had a total length of approximately 2.5 kilometers. Today, part of the tunnel of Eupalinos can be visited and constitutes a different type of an ancient place of interest. You can reach it from the road of Pythagorio towards Vathi, by following the signs (on the same road for the ancient theater and Panagia Spiliani) or even from the center of the city on foot.(Archaeological Site, Tel: +30 22730 95277).

During ancient times, in the west of the city of Pythagorio, there were important sports premises, with a gymnasium, palestra (type of “ring”) and stadium. Later (second half of the 2nd century A.D.) this photo: Natasa Pescar

During the times of Polykratis, the important works, which are referred by Herodotus, are, amongst others, the port of the city and the walls. The walls of the 6700 meters followed the perimeter of the city and today only a small part is preserved. The construction consists of big stone blocks, whereas in many spots there were towers, but only one is preserved today. The pier of the port (sea wall) was also a great and difficult project, which was admired by Herodotus, but today we have no trace of it. However, we know historically that today’s port partially follows the line of the ancient one. It had a depth of 35 meters and a length of approximately 300 meters.

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Τhe Christian heritage and tradition of Samos constitute important chapters in the life of the island throughout the years. The Praxes of the Apostles mention that Samos was greatly blessed by the visit of Apostle Paul, whereas the local tradition mentions that Apostle John the Theologist also passed from Samos. This heritage can be seen nowadays in the beautiful small churches, which are scattered in every corner of the island, in the churches that adorn the villages and in the fascinating monasteries. The most characteristic ones are presented below, according to the map and always counter-clockwise.

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Samos, Ikaria und Korsei Metropolis (+30 22730-87640), www.imsamou.gr.

> Orthodox Monasteries

Zoodochos Pigi Monastery Τhe monastery of Zoodochos Pigi is located east of the city of Samos and one can reach it either from Paleokastro, or from the area of Vlamari. It was established in 1756 at the place of an older chapel, dedicated to Zoodochos Pigi and it is a typical four-sided block with twofloor wings. At the entrance there is a marble inscription (1833) which depicts the church with obelisks. The Catholic (1782) is of a registered, crossed, complex, four-pillar, three-niche, athonian type, where the visitor, before entering it, will be amazed by the wooden doors with the 365 small wooden pieces, symbolizing the days of the year. The monastery celebrates on the Friday of Diakenisimou and is a female one.

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Panagia Vrontiani Monastery Τhe monastery of Panagia Vrontiani, which is located above the village Vourliotes, was built in 1566 over the ruins of an older monastery, by the monks Jacob and Makarios. It celebrates on the Birth of the Holy Mother (8th September). The name Vrontiani (Rambling) derives from the oral testimonies, according to which during the celebration of the monastery, the first rains fall and the thunders rumble loudly in the area. From an ar- 115 chitectural point of view, the Catholic of the Monastery belongs to the type of the one-winged basilica with cupola, while the other building complex, which surrounds it, is square with 2-floor and 3floor cells and arched apses and hayats (roofed balconies) towards the yard. At the entrance of the monastery there is a stone-carved decorated belfry from 1812. The wooden-carved chancel of the Catholic is decorated with representations from the Holy Bible, while its portable icons are works of the 18th and 19th centuries. A part of the wings of the monastery had burnt during the great fire on the island in 2000, which is being restored.

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Zoodochos Pigi of Kakoperato Monastery Τhe monastery of Zoodochos Pigi in Kakoperato, a little further from the village Kosmadei, is a small retreat in a deserted gorge of Kerkis at an altitude of 600 meters. It consists of a small church, dedicated to the Zoodochos Pigi and a 2-floor building with cells. The gnarled path within the rocks leads to the known cave of Kakoperato, where ascetics used to live earlier, who had built a small church. This is where the canyon starts, leading to the Megalo Seitani beach. In order to Profitis Ilias Monastery Τhe monastery, which is dedicated to reach it, one should either come from KoProfitis Ilias (Prophet Elias) on the road smadei, or from the Windmills, located a from Karlovassi to Konteika, was estab- little further from Marathokampos. lished by the monks Theophilos and Gre- Evangelistria Monastery gory of the New Monastery of Chios, to Τhis is one of the oldest retreats of the iswhich the church that existed there was land, glebe of the Sacrosanct Grave. Its donated. After that, a typical monas- establishment is placed during the 10th tery complex with cells was built on the century. It is located at an altitude of perimeter. The Catholic (1739), which substituted the old one, is one-winged basilica with cupola. Works of fine art are also the wooden-carved chancel, the 116 frescos that have been revealed and the marble floor with the fine vivid omphalic in the centre. The monastery celebrates on July 20th. photo: Nikolaos Petalas Agios Ioannis Theologos Monastery Τhe monastery of Agios Ioannis Theologos of Old Karlovassi, which is located 700 meters, on the south side of Kerkis exactly above the Old Karlovassi, was and offers unique view to the Dodecanese established in 1823. It is small in size and Fourni. From an architectural point and the cells are built on the south, west of view, it follows the type of the cells and north side of the complex. The church of Mount Athos, it is a 2-floor rectanguwas restored in 1823 by the chieftain lar building with an internal corridor on captain Manouil Aggelinas. Pay particu- the first floor and the cells of the monks, lar attention to the icon of the chancel, together with the auxiliary areas, are on where the Holy Mother, instead of young the right and left. The Church is located at the end of the corridor and has old icons, Christ, holds in her arms the Crucifix. amongst which the marble icon of Profitis

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Ilias, which belongs to the homonymous small church at the peak of Kerkis. In order to reach it, you need to follow the rural road from Votsalakia up to an altitude of approximately 400 meters, and continue by following the acclivitous path. Kimisi of Theotokos Monastery Kimisi of Theotokos is a small female monastery with significant cultural contribution. It was established in 1887 and is located under Marathokampos. Agios Ioannis Eleimonas Monastery Αccording to testimonies, it was built on top of the ruins of an old monastery by the monk Isidoros Kiriakopoulos in 1867, below Palaiohori, at a small gulf across the Katergo skerry. Later on, it was granted to the Sacrosanct Grave. The complex consists of the church and the buildings of the cells. The Church is a rectangular arched building with a rocky roof from slate, with the rocks being placed in a special way, which is a distinctive mark of the architecture of many churches of the island. The surrounding area has rich vegetation and abundant waters, which fill the wells of the monastery. In order to visit the monastery, one must definitely contact the groundskeeper in advance, since it is not always open. Megali Panagia Monastery Τhe monastery of Megali Panagia or of the “Five Ospitia”, which is located between the villages Koumaradei and Mili,

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photo: Nicos Anastasiou

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Timios Stavros Monastery Τhe monastery of Timios Stavros, which is located near the village Mavratzei, was established by the monk Nilos the Latrian, who was one of the two “ctetors” of the monastery of Megali Panagia in 1592, when Jeremiah B’ was Patriarch. The original Catholic had been built during the beginning of the 17th century, whereas it took its today’s form in 1838. The wooden-carved chancel is unique and of exceptional craftsmanship. It has representations from the Old and the New Testament and was made by artists from Chios in 1854. The vestry of the monastery hosts remarkable icons and other relics, such as a shard from the Holy Cross, which was a gift from the Partiarch of Jerusalem, Cyril 118 B’. The Holy Monastery celebrates on September 14th and the 3rd Sunday of the Fasts, as well as on the Great Wednesday, where the ceremony of the Holy Niptiras takes place. It is a pilgrimage for all the residents of Samos, whereas it used to attract pilgrims from Minor Asia as well. Panagia Spiliani Monastery Τhe monastery is located above the city of Pythagorio, at the entrance of the cave. This is where the miraculous icon of Panagia or Kaloarmenissa is saved. The area of the cave is considered as sacred from the ancient times, whereas during the Byzantine period it hosted ascetics and in 1943 it was a hideout for the protection from the bombardments of the forces of

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the Axis. When entering the area of the monastery, by walking towards the cave, we go down a few steps and we reach the small old church, on the left of which we will see the tank with the Holy Water. The miraculous clay icon of Panagia (Holy Mother) is located there inside the wall, but its colors are not preserved, due to moisture. According to folk tradition, the crack of the icon was caused when it broke, when some people wanted to take it from the island, and it fell to the sea, it broke and it reached the shore, where the believers found it and returned it to its original place. Agia Zoni Monastery Τhe monastery of Agia Zoni at the plain of Vlamari, was established in 1695 by the monk Meletios with the contribution of the residents of the area. The monastery follows the typical perimeter foursided structure, consisting of 2-floored cells. The Catholic has the shape of a onewinged arched basilica with copula with arcs on the interior and has a small belfry (1751). On the interior there are many frescos of the 17th century and a fine wooden-carved chancel (1801), which has three old despotic icons of the 19th century. The icon of Agia Zoni is silverplated with beautiful decorations from 1819. It celebrates on August 31st. Agia Triada Monastery The monastery of Agia Triada or New Zoodochos Pigi is located near Mytilinii. It is the youngest monastery on the island. The Catholic follows the four-column, three-niche church of an athonian type and it has been placed diagonally at the interior of the yard of the monastery complex. It has a marble chancel (1920) and marble predieus and a silver-plated icon of Zoodochos Pigi (1884).

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Dear visitors, we would like to show you something new but in fact something that we knew from the past.

In the 60s and 70s in Greece there was a different type of cuisine. This cuisine was a joy of life, where friends met at the tavern in the evening in a glass of wine or in a glass of ouzo. However, because only drink would simply lead them to get drunk, there were always at least some mezes (tapas) to eat.

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Typically, a series of small dishes, hot and cold appetizers, mezes or mezedes, as we call it in Greece. From these taverns we got the warm, friendly, traditional atmosphere and good taste and we will try as much as possible to offer it from our Balkoni! We wish you good appetite and a pleasant stay in Samos.(Open daily)

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photo: Angela Govari

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> Museums

Samos has many museums for you to visit and familiarize yourselves with pieces of the past, as well as its modern life: A museum of great importance is the Natural History Museum (Paleontological) which is located in Mitilinii (T: +30 22730-52055). It houses important findings of fossils of mammals of the prehistoric period, which lived in the area of 120 Egiida, i.e. the area where today’s Aegean Sea is, when this was land that joined Greece with Minor Asia. During excavations in the area were found fossil bones, that belong to mammals, aged 8-10 million years. Many of the findings are in col-

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lections of museums of Europe, America, as well as Athens, whereas here we can find fossils of small horses, rhinos, hyaenas, antelope, mammoth, the Samianbeast (Samothirio), as well as other animals that lived during that period. Lastly, the museum has animals and birds of the Greek territory, minerals and rocks, as well as flora samples from Samos and the Aegean. The museum belongs to the Konstantinos and Maria Zimali foundation, which was established in 1992, aiming at the housing and care of this significant treasure. The Archaeological Museum of Samos (tel. +30 22730-27469, 25304) is located at the centre of the city and consists of two buildings, the old “Paschalio Archeofilakion” (1912) and the newer one – with the expense of VOLKSWAGEN (1987). The collections include archaic sculpture, pottery, copper, ivory, wooden, ceroplastics and micro-craftsmanship, as well as many other archaeological findings of the pre-classical and classical ancient times and the Hellenistic era. Some important exhibits are the colossal “kouros” (male statue), of a height of five meters, which is a work of the archaic era (beginning of the 6th century B.C.), the constitution of Geneleo – presentation with a group of statues, amongst which Filippi and Ornithi - which was a dedication of the sculptor to the Hereon (560540 B.C.), the marble status of a dressed woman - dedicative item of Chiramiis to Hera, as well as other statues of “kouros” (male statue) and “kori” (female statue). The Archaeological Museum of Pythagorio (tel. +30 22730-61400) includes statues, sepulchral steles, sarcophagi, marble busts of the Roman period and an-

The most famous exhibit is the “kaplani” (which was the reason for the homonymous novel of Alki Zei 1966), which was a wild feline that looks like a leopard, which obviously came here from the coast of Minor Asia and was killed 150 years ago.

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cient pottery. An important exhibit is the seated statue, dedicated by Eakis to Hera (540 B.C.) and the statue of the Emperor Traianus, of a height of 2.7 meters. The Ecclesiastical Museum of the Metropolis of Samos (tel. +30 2273087640) was funded by the “Stavros Niarchos� foundation and was inaugurated in 2006 by the Sacrosanct Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew. It houses ecclesiastical items and relics, icons, canonicals, gospels and manuscripts, as well as books, which are all samples of the ecclesiastical heritage and art of Samos. The Folkloric Museum of the N. Dimitriou Foundation at the hotel DORYSSA (+30 22730-62286) constitutes a sample of fine presentation of the traditional Samos, until the years of the second World War. The Museum of Wine of Samos (+30 22730-87511) of the Vinicultural Union of Samos is housed in the premises of the

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Union, in the area Malagari of the town of Samos. There you can learn the history of the Samian wine, you will learn the method if its production, you will admire the big tanks and the maturation barrels and, of course, you will taste the wines you wish. Besides, you will also watch reproductions of the cultivation. The Tannery Museum (+30 22730-79137) which was created by the Municipality of Karlovassi at the old t annery of Talampekos-Sinadinos, presents in detail the productive procedure. Archived material, photographs and tools will help you enter the world of that people at that time, and understand the way of its operation.

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LOCAL PRODUCTION & CUISINE

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> Vineyard, wine & ouzo

When Dionysus gifted Samos with the vineyard, it was as if he was baptizing the island and identifying it with it. Since ancient times, Samos was famous for its wine, whereas as years passed by, all the excursionists described it, they always stressed that it was full of vineyards. Nowadays, many varieties are cultivated in the island, such as the Fokiano, the Kolokithato and the Sultana, but especially the Moschato grape, with the small grapes, which constitutes the dominant variety and provides one of the best and awarded sweet wines of the world, as well as excellent dry white 122 wines. The production and disposal of the wine by the Vinicultural Union of Samos was one of the first processing activities. The Union collects (up until today) the whole of the quantity of grapes from the local unions of each village and produces a big variety of wines, which they dispose to the market. Moreover, it exports large quantities of wine to many countries. The Catholic church of the Vatican uses exclusively sweet wine from Samos, in order to use it for the needs of the Holy Mass.. The cultivation of the vineyard is a particular process, which requires hard work and hobby-horse. From January until March there is the trimming for the preparation for the New Year. Following that, there

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is the digging and the fertilization. In May there is the “argologima”, which is the removal of selected leaves and spears, for the better air circulation and the healthy grow of the fruit of the vineyard. What follows is the spraying with sulphur and other biological or no means, in order to cope with diseases. During the period of August-September, there is the harvesting and the transportation of the grapes to the Association. The harvesting constitutes a special task, during which, as happened in the past, many families or friends gathered on the one day for harvesting at the vineyard of one family, and on the next day they altogether go to that of the other family. Such “interchanges” show the co-operation spirit between the residents of Samos. The procedure starts early in the morning and ends before the sun sets. The grapes are gathered in baskets or crates and, by means of the agricultural vehicles, they are transported directly to the premises of the Union. The grapes selected for the production of dry wines go directly inside the wine press, whereas those selected for the production of sweet wines, stay for some days in the sunshine, in order to take the sun, and then they end up inside the wine press. Apart from the wines, Samos also has a unit for the production of raisins (sunbathed grapes, which are baked in a bakery with wood, which are aromatized with laurel leaves) and moustalevria (dessert with

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must). Other derivatives are the petimezi, which is a sweetener used just like honey and comes from the sun-bathed boiled must, to which the ferment procedure has been interrupted. In the past, after the harvesting, the baskets were carried by means of a horse or a donkey to the stafilodochos (grape-tank) (located in central points of the vineyard) and then to the Union. Before the establishment of the Union, there were the wine presses and the taverns. The wine presses were buildings, where the grapes were gathered, in order to be stepped on. The must was coming out from a hole and ended up in the “polimi”, which was a tank inside the building, from where the transfusion was taking place by means of a special container, the “metro”, to the barrel. The wine presses had space with barrels, from where each producer was then taking must, by means of the “dermatia”, and carried it to the warehouse of their own house in their own barrel. Taverns were trading the must and the wine and they had no relation to the term, as we know 124 it today. At the same time the building might be hosting a wine press and a winery. From there wine and must were sold and, apart from private individuals, the tradesmen carried the wine with their small boats)and they exported them to other islands or Minor Asia.

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Τhe holy olive tree exists on the island since the ancient times. During the last years there is growth in the cultivation and renewal of many olive groves. The dominant varieties, apart from the old Samian trees, are the “koroneiki” variety and the “kalamon” variety. The olives are put is sacks and are carried to the oil-press or liotrivi. This building would traditionally have either a manual or an animal-powered mechanism with rocks, which would crush the fruit and the material is put in sacks, which go under a press with heated water, from where fresh and warm olive oil is finally extracted. Nowadays, there are super-modern means, which make this procedure much simpler and less tiring. The payment of the oil-press would traditionally be made by means of a percentage from the quantity of the oil. During the procedure, people would eat the “kapira”, which was bread seared in the fire, circumfused with fresh, warm olive oil and salt or even oregano, as well as sugar, when given to children. The oil was stored in the warehouses of the houses, inside “pytharia” (large clay barrels). In the past, there was important exporting activity, especially to the countries of the East. Today the market and the trade of the oil from Samos are limited, while Markou olive oil is the leading exported product in the European Union.

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> Olive trees & oil

Soap-making: The art of soap-making has been developed especially during the years of the Reign. There were factories in the Ormos of Marathokampos, in Karlovassi, as well as in other areas too. The green soap was produced also in houses, from olive oil and ash, and later on with the addition of the appropriate chemical substances.

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> Samian cuisine & gastronomy

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Τhe typical Samian cuisine is not much different than the others of the rest of the Aegean. The main ingredients are the olive oil and the local products, which were always accompanied by wine from Samos. The “loukoumades” (donuts) is a dessert that accompanies the Samian customs, as much as the wine. They are offered in the official celebrations, in the festivals, on the namedays, in weddings and christenings, on the New Year, on the day of Agios Andreas “in order for the pan not to get holes”, as the folk tradition says, as well as during the vigils (official big vespers) of the small churches. Although the “tiganites” are produced in all other Greece by porridge, in Samos 126 they are made of dough, which is formed in small pitas of a diameter of approximately ten centimeters, which are then

fried in oil and are offered with grated cheese or honey. “Revithokeftedes” (chickpea-balls): It is a popular dish in the Aegean, but always different in every island. In Samos it is a characteristic appetizer, and we suggest that you should taste it. The “Kolokithopittes” (marrow-pies) are particularly popular on the island. They can either be cooked as a pie, in a pastry filled with yellow pumpkin, cheese, egg and fennel in the pan, or in the form of a

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“Keskeki” or “Giorti”. The official festive dish, cooked in pots in big quantities and is distributed on the day of the celebration to the whole village or parish, which was usually sponsored by one family, which made all the preparations. In the eastern Samos, it is produced with wheat and meat, whereas during the fasts the meat is substituted by chickpeas. In the western Samos, instead of wheat, they use rice.

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twisted pasty in the shape of a snail, filled with yellow pumpkin, rice and cinnamon. The Samian nature, though, also offers many fruits of a high gastronomic value. First of all, we have the “manites”. Mushrooms in Samos are an excellent dish, as well as a popular prey of the people of Samos, especially during the autumn, af-

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INTERVIEW Andreas Lagos

wonderful climate of the island is the catalyst to the production of tasty vegetables and fruits, which become part of exceptional dishes, as well as products that are globally famous, such as the exceptional Samian wine. Which Samian products do you mostly use in your kitchen? I use excellent wines, for their special aromas, the honey, which brings memories back from my childhood, and the wonderful Samian olive oil.

Andreas Lagos was born in Samos, in an agricultural family and grew up in gardens and fields, which marked the way he appreciates and uses the excellent Greek raw materials, the vegetables, the fruits and the herbs. He studied cooking and confectionery in Athens« I use excellent wines, Greece, at “Le Monde” Institute. for their special aromas, He has also studied wine, for the honey and the two years, and he is a graduate wonderful olive oil» of the School of Meat.. How did your passion for cooking, begin? What else should we know about Andreas and his Cooking was always in my life. Ever since I rework? member myself, I was fascinated by the smells of His first book, which describes his personal exthe food that was being cooked at the kitchen of my home in Samos, the fresh ingredients that we periences from his childhood, in relation with the took every morning from our garden, the colours kitchen and his development within it, all enriched and the tastes. I always wanted to be close to the with pictures, recipies and tastes from Samos. pot that was boiling, and to the hot oven, so that I Currently it is published in Greek, however you could watch the spaghetti soften and observe how can check his website to learn more... www.andreaslagos.com the cake would expand and acquire a golden colour, in the heat of the oven. I already knew, then, that I was going to become a chef. 127 Andreas Lagos suggests: To what extend did your Samian origin influence That we should taste: your cooking? • Goat in the oven I was born in an agricultural family in Samos, and • Filled onions and squash I grew up in gardens and fields. I cannot describe • Revithokeftedes how much I have been influenced by my experi• Burekia stuffed with ences in my childhood. I realize it every day, from yellow pumpkin the way I appreciate and use the exceptional raw materials, the vegetables, the fruits and the herbs. That we take back home with us: My mother, an extraordinary traditional cook, used Samian raw materials, brimming with freshness, • Gruyere (Graviera), Olive aromas, vitamins and nutrients, in her kitchen, on oil, Herbs and honey, Souma and of course, a daily basis. Samian wine Is there a secret hidden in the cuisine of Samos? That we dine at places that Due to its special geographical position, Samos he prefers: dynamically developed trade with Asia Minor and • Vourliotes, Manolates, so, imported spices in its kitchen, which give an Pano Vathi, Avlakia exotic hue to many local dishes. Furthermore, the

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4 1 0 2 s o m m a photo: Chrysostomos Galathris

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1 0 2 s o m Ouzo & souma

The “souma” is an aromatic distillate, which comes from the strong essence

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of the “moschato” grape and to which no other aromatic substance is added. On the contrary, the “ouzo”, which constitutes a

4 1 0 2 s o m product of a second distillation and clearly has higher degrees, there is the addition

ter the first rains, when they sally forth to of anise (which was cultivates on the the “ntamaria”, which are areas with many island in the past), which gives it the fine mushrooms, and collect them maniacally. aroma. The “ouzo” from Samos, although They usually eat them baked, as well as cooked. Some species in the local dialect not very popular, has a great tradition. are the following: “koumarenies”, “mouskeThe many wineries that produce it today nies”, “piperenies”, “pordes” and others. offer an “ouzo” of a high quality and taste, The Samian figs are the following and equivalent to the other popular “ouzos” some of them can also be dried. The of Greece, which we recommend you to “stournelia” are small white figs, the “arkounes” or “mpouknes” are small rectangutaste. lar figs, which are yielded twice a year, which are big in size, and the “asprosika”. Out of the herbs, the one distinguishing is one is the best in quality. It is collected 128 the “flaskouni”. This famous herb, with the and dried, in order to become a boiled scientific name Menta Pulegium, is known drink, just like tea. from the ancient times, when Theophrastus from Eresos mentions that the Samian

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During the Easter, the residents of Samos do not skewer, but they prepare their food and they place it in the ovens of each house or neighborhood early in the morning. The over is sealed with a rock and mud and it opens after the end of the Vespers of Love (“antilampro”) on Easter Sunday. The kiddling (shoulder) is made stuffed and it is accompanied by potatoes or pasta.

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1 0 2 s o m Pythagorion Marina www.samosmarina.gr T: +30 22730 61600

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Dimas marina Yacht supplies T.+30 22730 62535

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AROUND SAMOS

Samos can be your base for many trips to the close destinations. From Pythagorio you can take a small boat for a tour around the island and a day in Samiopoula. This port also has flying dolphins to Patmos, the island where St John wrote the Revelation. Besides the orthodox attraction though, Patmos is a characteristic traditional island worthy to visit. Other destinations are Kos, Leros, Agathonisi, Arkoi, Lipsi. For those who love eating fresh fish Fournoi are ideal. Fournoi are a cluster of small quiet islands that are connected with Samos and Karlovasi ports. These ports also have routes to Ikaria and Chios. As Samos is so close to Turkey, those interested in ancient sites as Ephesus or Aidinio, Kusadasi is just 130 an hour far from Vathy - Samos. Small boats depart daily in the morning and return in the afternoon.

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Port of Vathy - Samos The ships are connecting the island with Piraeus, Thessaloniki, Kavala and the eastern/northern Aegean Sea islands and Kusadasi - Turkey. Port of Pythagorio On a daily basis you can travel to Kousadasi (Turkey) and Patmos. The flying dolphins are available to Kos, Leros, Lipsi, Arkoi and Agathonisi. Here you can find yachts to charter and also the small boats for daily trips to Samiopoula.

Samiopoula: The islet called Samiopoula, and the southern end of Samos, 925m away from its coasts, it’s a 825 strech of land with only 2,5 km of coastline. Despite its size, it has got two verdant hills, overgrown with pine trees, cypresses, olive trees and carob trees, along with a great variety of bushes. It is also a home to many goats and kindling that graze carefree. To get there, you definitely need a boat. Every day, from the port of Pythagorion, during the summer season, small boats will take you to Samiopoula in the morning (thebay where you dock is called Katsaka) and take you backing the evening. The exotic beach (Psalida) with its thin sand and the clear blue-green waters will enchant you, but it is also worth taking a small walk to the two small chapels, Agia Pelagia (1789, 1913) and Analipsis. The rest buildings on the island are a small house that belongs to the only family that dwells on the island, and a tavern, which is usually open in the summertime. It would be advisable to take some provisions with you, during your visit.

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Profile for my Samos

my Samos guide 2014 - international edition  

my Samos guide 2014 - your free complete travel guide to Samos island! Find hotels and seesights, restaurants and local products, 45 beaches...

my Samos guide 2014 - international edition  

my Samos guide 2014 - your free complete travel guide to Samos island! Find hotels and seesights, restaurants and local products, 45 beaches...

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