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Bringing you something from every corner of the world

MEXICAN CULTURE EDITION!


TABLE OF

BIOS & LFE BIOs Pg. 3-4 L.F.E Pg.4

ASF ANABEL J.- LABEL THE CITIES HOW MUCH DO YOU KNOW Quiz Answers ARROZ CON LECHE EDWIN S.- The border diffrences Top 10 CELEBRACIONES MARIO P.- Becoming Famous SPANISH MUSIC

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PG.21 PG.22 Pg.27-28 PG.23-25 PG. 17-18 31-34 PG, 19-20 Pg. 29-30


F CONTENTS S E R U T A E F ANABEL J- Motherhood

pg. 11-12

EDWIN S.- The Listener

Pg. 13-14

MARIO P.- Reaching The top Pg. 15-16

OPINIONS ANABEL J.- MEXICAN ENOUGH THE REVIEW

pg. 5-6

EDWiN S.- Where’s The Browns PG. 7-8 MARIO P.- MEXICAN FOOD VS. TEX-MEX

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PG.9-10


BIOS Born and raised in Mexico, Mario loves Mexico in general. He has been surrounded by Mexicans for most of his life. Ex-designer for The Mexican Times (more popular than the New York Times), he is a very respected designer. If you like music, and likes diffrent types of muic, read Mario’s “Spanish Music”.

“Hecho en Mexico” (made in mexico) but born here, Edwin has always had great pride in his heritage. He lives in a Mexican neighborhood and asks himself why the issue of immigration is still here. Although writing is not his strong point, he feels that he can still persuade others. Edwin feels great to finally have put his ideas into paper, which others will read. Look for “Where’s the Brown?” to read more on his ideas about immigration.

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Born in America, but proud to be Mexican, anabel was raised by Mexican parents. She does not have much experience with the journalism world, But she still strives to talk about her heritage. She owns a Little bracelet shop. Look for her culinary arts in “Arroz Con Leche.�

Letter From Editors

(L.F.E)

Our magazine is a culture magazine that gives the reader insight into cultures all around the world. This specific issue is the Mexican Culture Edition, so the reader can learn many different things about the Mexican culture. The issue includes stories of Mexican people and how they have moved forward to get a good life either for themselves or for their family. Each one of us has grown up surrounded by the Mexican culture because we were either born in Mexico or our parents are Mexican. We have all interacted with Mexico in some way so the Mexican culture is a very important thing in our lives. We all also enjoy the culture fully. There are also many pieces that give a lot of factual information about the culture and the country. Well hope that you enjoy the frist issue of Maeda. From, THe edithors of MAeda.

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S

Griest didn’t just give her story, she also gave the stories of many other people that she encountered on her trip. She also gives the reader a lot of insight into Mexican culture and many facts about Mexico.

Any textbook about Mexico could give you the facts that she mentions and textbooks could also touch on the different cultures of Mexico. But, what this book does that a textbook can never do is give you the emotions that only a true human experience can only give you. The book gives the reader the story of the author, her identity crisis and all the things that she does to figure out who she really is. The book also gives you other people’s stories so that the reader can feel like they are the ones listening to the problems and the happy times of all the people she meets on her travels. Mexican Enough, shows us how biracial people sometimes don’t care about who they are and what their roots are when they are young. Then, they go off as adults trying to figure out who they are, which is exactly what Griest does in her journey that is retold in her memoir.

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By

During her journey in Mexico, she meets many people with different ideas. She always ends up sharing people’s stories so that the reader can hear about many of the ideas and experiences that people have had. One of the many topics that she writes about in the book is immigration and how it affects the people in Mexico. She writes about how people are brought to having no other choice other than moving to the US so that they can make money for their family, but she also writes about how it affects the family of the people who leave. There was a point in her travels where she visited a village where most of the men end up leaving and cross-

Of course, like with any other book there has to be someone who says that the book was bad and people shouldn’t read it. A review by the San Fransisco Chronicle mentions that even though Griest has an eye for detail, she failed to make her story a memoir. They say she didn’t record reactions, share secrets, or probe ambivalence. They also mention that they felt that in the ending, since she didn’t find a good answer for who she was on her journey, it would take another one or two books to find the answer. In the ending of the book Griest feels that she has encountered and gone through a lot of experiences with the Mexican culture, but she doesn’t feel that she has fully understood if she if Mexican enough. What she does to find out if she should consider herself biracial is look it up on google and there she finds what she felt that she needed to know to figure out who she was. Other people might think that that wasn’t a good way to do it but Griest felt that that was what she needed to do to find the answer.

Anabel J.

As Griest tells her story she also gives the reader facts that make the story make sense and gives you background information for every event. When she was going off to help a bunch of Mexican teachers on a strike, she didn’t only write about what she did and what she experienced during the strike. She gave the reader some background information for the strikes so that the average person who knows nothing of Mexican government or issues could tell who the Zapatistas were and what they were fighting for (Zapatistas are pretty much rebels of the Mexican government who fight for people’s rights).She could have just told you about the specific experiences that she had with the rebels, but she decided to give the reader more background information so that they could understand who they were, how they started, and what they all about.

ing over the the US illegally. She gives the reader the stories of mothers and children who are left all alone in Mexico while the men stay in the US so that they can make money to keep the family alive. One story that the author gave was about how she met a man working for the Border Patrol. He talks about his experience with a coyote (a person who helps Mexicans cross the border illegally) and the people he was helping out. He explain that he had caught that group many times over the course of one week but in the end they made it across. To the surprise of the reader, the man working for Border Patrol wasn’t frustrated that they got away, but instead he was happy that they had finally made it.

The Review

tephanie Elizondo Griest is a 3rd generation Mexican-American and as many other 3rd generation Mexican-Americans, she struggled with her cultural identity. When she turned thirty, she traveled to Mexico to learn more about her roots and improve her Spanish. She meets many interesting characters on her travels through out Mexico. From living in a house of gay roommates to attending a luchalibre match to dancing to music in Mexico City’s thriving Zona Rosa district, she uses her journalist’s eye for detail to describe many bizarre, outrageous and touching experiences on her journey to self discovery. From the author of the memoir Around the Bloc, her latest book, Mexican Enough: My Life Between the Borderlines, features her adventures rumbling with luchadores, sneaking into prison to meet with resistance fighters, and rallying with rebels in Oaxaca.


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By Edwin S.

WhereĂ­s the Brown?

Immigrants find it hard to be here. Americans find it troublesome.

vivirlatino.com/2006/ 02/01/mexico-needs-pr.php This is a picture shwoning how immigration rates were raised. Now this trend is falling.

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Sw

eat runs down his face. He wants in line to get his pay. He hears the patter of the coins going into his hand. As he turns around he sees the owner keeping his big round of bills. He goes to his crummy apartment he can barely afford. Wipes the sweat off and lets the tears run down his face. Memories of what he left slowly return. The tomorrow is never certain. The pay slowly lowering. The law after them. Life is rough for us. Immigrants are the background of our society that makes it work. They make the backbone, the cheap labor, the dirty work, and everything else. Do they get credit for most of this? The law and the economy are after them. There’s nothing they can do except hide and work this all out. Why are we trying to get rid of them?

in America, or on the other side over there, those who come here want a better future for those. Those who have family members on the other side usually send money to them, to give them a better life for them. Those that have family here want them to grow up here to have a better future in a better place. Money being sent to the other side has been decreasing because of the economic crisis. We are also being affected by this. We are just looking for the same opportunities that other people have to give our closest ones a better life than one would have if they were on the other side.

We may have bad reputation, but ovcerall we are just here to make a living.

Many people say that we are just a burden and that we’re all just low life people that have to hide because we always do something wrong. We may have some bad reputation but overall we are just here to make a living. We don’t want to start anything but we have to because most people are all over us, they just think we are burden and should be taken back. Are we really that bad?

The net immigration rate is about 500,000 per year. The deportation rate is around 200,000 immigrants being deported yearly. We will always be here no matter how hard you try. The system always has a flaw and we’ll find it. Not because we want to mess around with you, but because we have to. The citizenship rate has increased in the last years to up to 10 million people per decade. This shows that we’re also doing our best to become legal and make it easier on other people. We are here because we have to. We want a better future for our family. Whether our family is with us

A recent story that has just come out is a deportation hearing for a Salvadorian. The only twist from other similar stories is that he’s dead. This case is now in court. His wife has a copy of his death certificate. They still don’t believe her. Seriously, how far are you going to go? There’s too much stress in trying to take us away. All we want is a piece of the American Dream. What’s the point of being here? We are here to help our family members thrive. All we ask is to work and live here. There’s nothing wrong with that. All the sweat and tears we have put into your land, will not be in vain. We are here. We will always be here. We are hiding because we have to. As long as the sun comes out, the shadows will always be here.

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By: Mario P.

I

Mexican Food Vs. Tex-Mex

s Tex-Mex food really the same as Mexican Food? The truth is NO due to making most Tex-Mex food that has been processed in factories and are serve in restaurants like Taco Bell, Taco Cabana. Mexican food is good because is actually made with fresh ingredients that are usually bought in “Mercados”. Between Tex-Mex and Mexican food there is a really big difference on how the food is and how the flavor is. What makes Tex-Mex really different is that the Texans prepare the food their way not using the original ingredients that go in the food. Restaurants like Taco Bell and Taco Cabana think that they are actually are making authentic food but as I said all of it is just processed in factories and just cook in the restaurants. Authentic Mexican Food goes back 3,000 years to the Mayans, who based their diet on corn, beans and vegetables.

Most Americans confuse Tex-Mex specialties such as chili, chimichangas, nachos and hard-shell tacos, often laden in processed cheese and sour cream, with real Mexican food. In the USA all Tex- Mex. is the same, but is different in Mexico because It’s the way the Mexicans adopted their dishes to the land and culture. Different parts of Mexico have different dishes or variation, Just like southern cooking. Tex-Mex cuisine is generally going to be filled with a lot of the same ingredients, but you will find a lot of fatty cheeses are used. In addition, a lot of the foods will be deep-fried and this really makes is unhealthy. Tex-Mex food are for example deep fat-fried chimichangas, fajitas, margaritas and fried ice cream. While Tex-Mex cuisine is delicious and preferred by most, authentic Mexican recipes are healthy

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by default due to as I said being made with fresh ingredients. Not only are these foods delicious, but they are also beautiful in color and presentation. With colors like greens, yellows, and reds, any meal is going to start feeding your senses as soon as it is prsented. That is the beautiful of authentic Mexican recipes they bring that vibrancy into your home for easy preparation. When you need healthy and delicious, the best foods in all of Mexico will surely be a crowd pleaser.

Chiles en Nogada


Over all am just giving my point of view about Tex-Mex food but what they should do so that they can be called Authentic is to make the food to be actually fresh and with the original recipes and maybe say away form the deep-fried stuff. Taco Bell’s vision of Mexico is something entirely alien south of the border. When the fast-food chain tried to establish a presence in Mexico City in the 1990s, consumers were so perplexed by the “burritos�, which in Mexico that is not really Mexican food. That making the fast food chain not that successful. What kind of makes it worse a lot of so called Mexican restaurants just decorate their walls with bright sombreros and ga hire a mariachi and think that makes them authentic. In TexMex food the kind of food that they serve are the nachos, hard shell tacos, chimichangas and fried ice cream and does kind of food are serve in the restaurants that are so called auauthentic. But in Mexico the food that they make is really different they make tamales, posole, chiles rellenos (stuffed peppers) And a lot of other foods.

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Fried chimichanwith rice and beans


By: Anabel J.

Motherhood

It’s five o’ clock and she’s up and working. Her husband is getting ready for work and she needs to cook him breakfast. When the clock strikes six o’ clock, she has to wake up her oldest daughter and make sure she gets ready for school. Once her daughter is ready, it’s time to drive her to the bus stop and wait for the bus to pick her up. Then she’s back home and it is time to get the other kids ready for school. Gonzales wakes up her two sons and her other daughter and she makes sure that everyone is getting dressed. (Of course, she and has to practically dress her autistic son and her six-year-old daughter who are too sleepy to do anything.) She brushes their hair and makes sure everyone has shoes on. The bus comes to take her autistic son to school, so now it’s time to drive the others to school. By the time she comes back home she’s exhausted, but she can’t rest yet, she still has to clean the house, cook everyone dinner, and often has to go out to run errands like buy groceries or do laundry. It’s just another day in the life of Norma Gonzales. Gonzales’ life is hectic; having to raise five kids, having trouble communicating with her kids who are starting to forget Spanish, and still managing to move her family forward to a bright future. Even though her life is hard, she finds happiness in her religion and the love of her children. “Having five kids is the best test that God loves me a lot,” Gonzales said, “because it’s the best inheritance that he has given me.” Raising five kids is not an easy job, and what makes it harder for Gonzales is time communicating with them. The younger kids are starting to forget Spanish, which is the only language she speaks. “It’s difficult,” she said. “Sometimes I feel like I can’t. Sometimes I feel frustrated that they don’t understand what I am saying, and that I don’t

“I always left my life behind for theirs.”

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understand what they are saying.” band was that he was an alcoholic. She tried She finds communicating with her 2nd born to get him to quit but he just wouldn’t. child, Rene, especially hard. He has difficul- “With him we had to struggle. It was many ty communicating in English and his comyears that he was ill with being an alcomunication skills are even worse in Spanish. holic,” she said, “It was about 16 years “Rene is the one that I have the hardest struggling with alcohol.” Her husband fitime with getting him to understand me and nally stopped drinking after becoming very communicating with him. He speaks more ill and ending up in the hospital with liver English and doesn’t understand Spanish that problems.Even with all these problems on well,” Gonzales said. her shoulders, Gonzales has still managed That isn’t the only problem that she faces. to bring her family forward. Her autistic Gonzales also has to deal with Rene’s son didn’t only have autism, he also had autism. She described how hard mental retardation. But, with a lot it was in the beginning, not of help, Gonzales has been able knowing what was wrong to bring him forward. She “Somewith her son. said, “He advanced a lot... “It was difficult, trauhe’s already behaving well, times I matic, not knowing what he progressed a lot and he is feel like I was wrong so that I could also progressing a lot with help him,” she said. “They his autism,” she said. “Now can’t. ” knew that something was he is able to communicate with wrong when he was three years people. Before, he also had someold and all that time I didn’t know thing that made it so that he couldn’t specifically what was wrong. I didn’t even stay calm...he had a lot of...energy and he know if they were going to help him becouldn’t even stay seated for ten minutes; it cause they hadn’t examined deep enough to was a lot of time for him, staying seated for know what was wrong with him.” ten minutes. Now he stays calm for two With all these problems on her shoulders, hours, even though he still has his she still has to deal with a husband that who hands working on something.” was an alcoholic and now refuses to accept Gonzales had never been able the family’s choice in religion. He is Catho- to finish school because she lic and the rest of the family is Jehovah’s lived in Mexico and had to Witnesses and he doesn’t approve of that. help her family with work, “He doesn’t like us going out to the meetso now she is less educated ings or not going to parties that he wants than most of her children. to go to but we still do what we do because Her children have proContinued on we are happy being Jehovah’s Witnesses,” gressed a lot in their studies pg. 26 Gonzales explained, “We also hope that he and are looking forward to a will join us one day.” bright future. Gonzales’ previous problem with her hus-

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The

By Edwin S.

Listener

Teacher’s struggle to help the unheard.

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Sh

e starts driving around searching for her school. She enters the classroom full of students, but no one is talking. No one can talk. Turning around, she smiles and signals hello. She tries saying hello knowing this was a waste of breath. This silence is only part of her job. Maria Diaz is an assistant teacher, who works with autistic kids. Her day begins and ends later than a usual student, their needs go far beyond that of a normal teacher that bonds them more. When she gets off work and the child goes home, she studies further to teach more to these kids, also to solve some math. Her wish is to become a full time teacher to help these students more and more. “I feel wonderful. I feel good. I’m doing something that I know is going to help other people.”

She stayed up all night playing in a mariachi band and sometimes she just fell started falling asleep driving. “Then I said, I need to stop doing it, I am getting older, so you know, for me music is going to stop.”

“I feel wonderful. I feel good. I’m doing something that I know is going to help”

“I do work with the student after school and I taken her to family or friends, so she can socialize” The biggest problem with autistic kids is that they are don’t socialize much because they can’t express themselves and can’t talk to show others how they feel. Maria helps these kids. She takes her student around with her family and friends. This helps the student by breaking the communication wall that she has. Most of the time she is usually very shy but this really helps her a lot. “I choose this job by kind of default, I kind of fell into it.” Maria says that she was a lucky person. She started out by being a bus driver for deaf people. Her hobby of music started getting in the way of her other job.

She thought about giving up her hobby. Then she went to talk to the school about resigning, there her luck changed. The school knew she had experience with sign language. The other school needed an extra assistant teacher for a new student that couldn’t talk. The job offer was too good to deny. This was how she became my great inspiration for the future.

“I can’t wait to become a teacher.” Maria Diaz continues to enjoy her job and hopefully she will get a chance to enjoy this full time as a teacher, instead of an assistant. Her enthusiasm for autistic kids is really a gift that not everyone gets. Her best day will come hopefully, of hearing her student talk. “And I wish I could see that day. I mean she’s learning how to type and use the computer, oh who knows she could write a book and remember all the people around her, and talk about us.”

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By: Mario P.

T

Reaching The Top

wo years before graduating she would of never thought that she would be so successful in such little time. Marcela Ramos started with no need of a job because she had her parents’ full support on whatever she did. But Ramos stared working as a history tutor at Texas A&M in Laredo Texas. Now Ramos is a Gallery Education Manager at the children’s museum. Her job is easy but it gets hard at times. She loves her job and the people she works with. As a young Latina she feels proud of where she stands (as the manager of the children’s museum). Ramos is a woman that never settles for less and is always doing the best that she can do. “The best part about my job is hearing people talk about how the galleries were really good.” Ramos said “I feel good about this because I know that all that hard work was done because of me.” Ramos grew up in Laredo Texas with an older brother and two loving parents. She said “they were the best, they let her participated in whatever she wanted is school. Tough my mom was the one that was more into my school business” “I had a wonderful childhood because I had amazing parents that supported me in everything “ Ramos said, and everything she said about her family was positive

” I decided to study Latin American Studies because it’s a very general in history. The best part was the culture, which I loved” Ramos said “But the worst part was economics I hated that part because all the work that need to be done” “As from right now I only had three jobs in total, the first one was as a history tutor my last two years of college, The second one was in breakthrough (Breakthrough provides a path to college, starting in middle school, for lowincome students who will be first-generation college graduates.)” Ramos said “An third job that I had was the one that I am right now in the Austin Children Museum.” This is what Ramos talked of her jobs. She also mentioned that she did not get a job because her parents never obligated her to work. “The reason that I decided to go to college is that I would never settle for less and I wanted to be some one important in life.” Ramos said “The biggest risk that I ever took was leave Laredo to come to Austin for the job in breakthrough. I decided to take this risk because I tough of my cousins so that they would see that they could do good coming from a Hispanic community by working really hard ”

Ramos Graduated from college few years ago with a major in Latin American Studies from the University Texas A&M In Laredo Texas. She talked about how much she loved languages and that she wanted to work abroad.

Marcela Ramos

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“Due to me knowing what student are going to go trough in the next few years on their road to college I could relate to them” Ramos said “ for me they are so luck because I did not have something like that.” As of four month ago Ramos is the gallery executive manager at the Austin Children Museum. “My job as a manager stared about four months ago, my job is to supervise the galleries staff. Sometimes the worst part of my job is that I have to actually work on the gallery; checking the restrooms, Greeting the people and sometimes doing the work on the galleries.”

Ramos gave a really good advice that every young person can think and use when deciding their path in the future. “Is easier to get notice with a college degree and to have an ultimate goal, and actually work to get to the goal my actual goal is to work in the United Nation.” She said, “For your goal start thinking how you want to get their and work from their, from small goals an plans it will be possible to clime up step by step easily. Is easier to harder to get around in life without goals. But the most important ting is not to feel like going to school is mandatory because education is the key in life and with out education you cant never be some one in life.”

Something else that Ramos did tell is that the best part of her job is hearing the people talk about how good the galleries was because she know that all of that was done because of her.

In the future Ramos want to be remembered as a role model for her cousins and to be know as some one that never gave up and that she was a really good person.

Ramos mentioned “I cant say I knew that I would ever be this and that, but my parents raced me to have a high self stem because I knew that I would not be a nobody, I would not be a nobody I would not settle for less.”

From her own words Ramos said. ‘”I really hope that what I do in life people would remember me as a role model and to my cousins that they can do what they want and to be a really happy person and that I don’t give up and do my best.”

Ramos feels positive about her self she said. “” I guess I am a very determine Latina women u am very proud to be a Latina women because I crossed barriers because I can do positive stuff. I feel like I am a very happy sociable and I love to be with people.” Ramos gave a really good advice that every young person can think and use when deciding their path in the future. Ramos feels positive about her self she said. “” I guess I am a very determine Latina women u am very proud to be a Latina women because I crossed barriers because I can do positive stuff. I feel like I am a very happy sociable and I love to be with people.”

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The Austin Children Museum


By Edwin S Cartoons by Edwin S Photos from Creative commons

The border differences The “why” we cross. The reason legalization is not very popular.

Poeple crossing the border are risking everything to cross, this includes their lives, their children, and their family members. This road is “the way filled with fear and danger”. This is because they have to go through the border, leave their families, be paid minimum wage, and still deal with hatred from others, and the fact that they could be deported. This is easier for most people because they can’t payto be legal. That’s the reason they are there. To make money

People on their way to becoming legalized have to face the same risk, except their lives are not on the line, although the risk eventually facing problems, with the law, because of the restrictions that are put on them. Usually they can’t take thier whole family because of the cost. They can’t become citizens quickly so they have to wait. These is where the trap is set, usually marriage problems are what cause most of them to be deported. If they do wait and don’t get deported, they have to pay even more to take citizenship tests, which are taken more than once for most people. After this people wonder if that was worth it.

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s

Follow their road over the fence on page 031

Follow their road to legalization on page 033

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BECOMING By: Mario P.

1. 3. 2. 1.

1.Gloria Trevi born February 15 of 1968 stared her carrier 1989 with her her Cd Titled “Que Hago Yo” (what do I do now). In 1995 she got in problems with the Mexican government because of her manager. She was arrested and given about ten years of prison. After her time in prison was over the first thing she did is hit the studios and recorder her CD “Como Nace El Mundo”. With that CD she won best female pop singer in 2005. Her song now are in the top charts in Mexico.

2. Alegandra Guzman is a pop, rock Mexican singer Born February 9,1968 To Two Artists already on TV. In 1988 when her fame started she recorded a CD named “Bye Mama” this song was for her mom and it talked about staring her fame. Alejandra has recorder 10 albums and 2 two live, the CDs has sold more than 8 million copies in Latin American and Spain. She has been all over the Americans and Europe. In 2008 she completed 20 years in her carrier, and for this she was given an award in “Premios Los Nuestros”(an award show that celebrates the fame of Latin America 3.Fernando Colugna is from Mexico born March 3,1996. He stared his carrier in the big screen. He has done a lot of Mexican Shows with the most popular right now “Mañana es para Siempre”. In 2006 he hit Hollywood and made a movie title “Ladron Que Roba Ladron” this movie was really popular in Mexico and most of Latin America.

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G FAMOUS

4. 5.

6.

4. Born august 29 1969 Lucero was boarn in Mexico City. Her carrier stared at age 10 in many diffrent tv shows. At age 13 she realsed her first albun. A few years later she made her first movies along some of the top artists in Mexio. With this she stared her carreir as a true young Mexican artists. Lucero is married and has two kids. In 2008 along with Fernado Colugna and some great artists they realsed a tv show in the USA “Mañana es para Siempre” in this she is plays the evil women that destroys everybodys life. 5. Belinda was born is Spain, when she turned 5 her family moved to Mexico City. Belinda started her carrier at the age of 10 like any other young singers, she stared her with making kids TV shows. She stared her carrier as the main role in a show called “Amigos Por Siempre” (Friends for ever.) And after that she kept her carrier going staring in more TV shows playing the main role. In 2003 she released her First CD titled “Belinda”. In 2006 her carrier in the USA got know better after starting in a Disney Channel Original Movie “The Cheetah Girls 2”. In 2007 she announced that she will be releasing one of her most popular CD “Utopia” in English for the USA, Europe and Asia 6.Born Feberuary 4 1967 Oscar de La Hoya AKA Golden Boy stared his carrier in 1992 in the Olimpic Games of Barcelona winning the Gold medal in boxing. He has been in a lot of boxing match wich he has won most of them. Oscar retired a few months ago. In his short carreir he has made a lot of money. Oscar also made a CD with EMI Latin.

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Info by misartistas.com photos By misartistas.com and google


Label The Cities by Anabel J.

1 2

7

10

4 9

8

3

6 5

A. Mexico City B. Guadalajara C. Matamoros D. Acapulco E. Veracruz F. Puerto Vallarta

G. Nuevo Laredo H. La Paz I. Moterrey J. Cancun

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by Anabel J.

How Much Do You Know?

1. What kind of government 6.What is the main food does Mexico have? crop in Mexico? A. Conservative B. Federal Republic C. Democratic

A. Beans B. Corn C. Chile

2.When is Mexican Independence Day?

7.Who were two legendary participants in the Mexican Revolution in the 20th Century?

A. September 16 B. May 5 C. August 27

3.What does the Green on the Mexican flag represent?

A. The Forests all over mexico B. Their agriculture C. Green represents hope and victory

4.Which of these was originally from Mexico? A. Chocolate B. Wine C. Lamb

A. Hernando Cortez and Fernando Cortez B. Francisco I. Madero and Porfirio Díaz C. Emiliano Zapata, and Francisco “Pancho” Villa

8.What was Mexico City built on? A. a Mountain B. a Lake C. a valley

9.Where does mexico rank on the list of largest cities of the Americas? The world?

5.Which famous sports event A. 1 for the Americas, and 2 for the did Mexico host in 1968? world A. FIFA World Cup 1968 B. The nineteenth Olympic Games C. Cinco De Mayo Celebration

B. 2 for the Americas, and 5 for the world C. 6 for the Americas, and 11 for the world

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Arroz con Leche

By: Anabel J.

This recipe is for about 13-14 servings so if you want less, sorry but you’ll have to do a bit of math.

Ingredients:

Sugar Milk Rice Cinnamon Sticks Water

1. Place 2 cinnamon sticks in 6 cups of water in a large pot on a stove and of course turn on the heat.

2. Clean 2 cups of rice in water and then pour out the water.

3. When the water and cinnamon has boiled, pour in the rice.

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4. Stir the ingridients and then cover for 5 min.

5. Uncover the pot and stir again. Then cover the pot for another 5 min.

6. Uncover and pour in 6 cups of milk. Stir every 3 min. for 15 min. (cover in between the stiring times).

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7. When the milk has boiled, add sugar to your liking. Stir for 5 min.

8. After the 5 min. of stiring turn off the heat and remove the cinnamon sticks.

9. Serve yourself a cup and ENJOY!

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photos by Anabel J,


Continued From pg. 12 by Anabel J.

“They are advancing well,” she said. “Tony is following in his older sister’s footsteps. He is very advanced, and teachers say that he is a good student. He is at a very high level for his grade. Lisbeth is also progressing well; she started at a low level but now she is also advancing.” But Gonzales has never said that she was bringing her family forward by herself; she also talked about the help that she received from others – including her oldest daughter, ”the example.” “The others are following her example,” she said. “They have never seen her not want to go to school so then none of them are saying that they don’t want to go to school. She is always there doing her homework, and they’re there following her example.” The oldest daughter, Anabel, has not only helped Gonzales by setting an example for the younger siblings, she has also given Gonzales the support that she needs. “She is the pillar that I lean on,” she said, “Anabel is my pride. She is the pillar of our home.” Anabel has helped Gonzales to keep moving on and has assisted Gonzales in communicating with her other children.

“She translates what I want to tell [Rene],” Gonzales said. Gonzales has gone through all this is hard work but has been able to pull through it all. She has found support in her family and also in God. And she said, her faith has helped her to keep moving, she often cites the text Psalms 55:22 that (in the New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures) says, “Throw your burden upon Jehovah himself, and he himself will sustain you. Never will he allow the righteous one to totter.” Norma Gonzales said feels that there are many things that have helped her along the way and with that help, she feels that she can get through raising her children and being able to get through the rest of her life happily. “Love for my family, and to my children is what has kept me going,” she said. “The first thing that was my strength was my love for my children. I always left my life behind for theirs.”

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Answers 1. G 2. C 3. E 4. J 5. D

Label T 6. A 7. I 8. B 9. F 10.H

he Citie

s

How Much Do You Know? 1. B

Mexico has a Federal Republic and this means that there are two types of government in Mexico. There are the state governments and the Federal government. Each state Legislative Branch creates the laws for its territory and inhabitants. There are some areas where both governments have to work together, for example, public security. The states are completely free and sovereign when it comes to their internal affairs.

2. A

Mexican independence day is actually on September 16. In the early hours of September 16, 1810, father Hidalgo, accompanied by several conspirators 窶的ganacio Allende, Doテアa Josefa Ortiz de Domテュnguezrang the bell of his little church, calling everyone to fight for liberty. This was the beginning of the Independence War, which lasted 10 years. And this is the moment that every 16th of September is re-enacted in every plaza or zテウcalo of Mexico, and commemorated by Mexicans all over the world.

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3. C

The green on the flag represents hope and victory. Then the white represents purity and union. The red represents the blood of the national heroes. The Mexican Coat of Arms is taken from an Aztec legend which recounts the way in which the Aztecs came to choose the site where they built their capital city of Tenochtitlan which is where Mexico City stands today. The Aztec leader was informed in a dream by the god of war, Huitzilopochtli, that they were to settle in the place where they would find an eagle on a prickly pear cactus holding a serpent.


4. A

Chocolate was first used by the Aztecs in Mexico. The Aztecs associated chocolate with Xochiquetzal, the goddess of fertility. In the New World, chocolate was consumed in a drink called xocoatl, often seasoned with vanilla, chilli pepper, achiote (which we know today as annatto) and pimento. Xocoatl was believed to fight fatigue, a belief that is probably attributable to the theobromine content. Chocolate was an important luxury good throughout Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, and cocoa beans were often used as currency.

5. B

In 1968, Mexico hosted the 19th Olympic games. Because of the Mexico City’s high altitude, 2,300m, which meant that the air contained 30% less oxygen than at sea level. The rarefied air proved disastrous to many athletes competing in endurance events. On the other hand, the high altitude led to world records in all of the men’s races that were 400m or shorter. Bob Beamon’s spectacular long jump of 8.90m would last as a world record for 22 years. Mexican hurdler Enriqueta Basilio became the first woman to light the caul-

dron at the Opening Ceremony. The 1968 Games also saw the first drug disqualification, as a Swedish entrant in the modern pentathlon, HansGunnar Liljenwall, tested positive for excessive alcohol.

6. B

8. B

Mexico City is built on a lake because that is, according to the Aztec legend, where the Aztec leader found the eagle holding the serpent. Mexico City and its suburbs, broadly known as the Valley of Mexico, extract water from their aquifers more than twice as fast as they replenish them.As a result, the spongy clay on which the city is built dries up and compresses, causing it to sink. It has fallen nearly 10 meters, or 33 feet, in the past century and dropped as much as about 40 centimeters, or 15 inches, a year in some areas.

The main food crop in Mexico is corn. It is grown on half of the cultivated land. The Indians living in what is now central or southern Mexico ate corn from wild plants about 10,000 years ago. About 5000 B. C. the Indians learned how to grow corn themselves. Corn is used to make flat pancakes called tortillas. They are sometimes folded and stuffed with 9. A different foods to make tacos. Mexico is the largest city in the Americas and the second larg7. C Emiliano Zapata, and Fran- est in the world. Mexico City cisco “Pancho” Villa were two has a population exceeding legendary participants in the 22 million people, making it the largest metropolitan area Mexican Revolution. They in the western hemisphere fought for the rights of the Mexican people and helped and the second largest in the them overthrow their dicta- world by population accordtor, Porfirio Diaz.(Foster,161) ing to the United Nations and other organizations. In 2005, They were an inspiration it ranked the eighth in terms to their countrymen, which of GDP among urban agglomproudly fought alongside erations in the world. them. Emiliano Zapata is the Mexican rebel leader who said “It is better to die on your feet than to live on your knees.”

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SPANISH MUSIC

NAME: Félix Danilo Gómez

DJ FLEX

POPULAR SONGS: TE Quiero TE QUIERO REMIX DIME SI TE VAS CON EL ESCAPATE

N U C

NAME: Llandel Veguilla Malavé Salazar & Juan Luis Morera Luna

P

POPULAR SONGS: SIGUELO SEXY MOVIMIENTO PAM PAM

WISIN Y YANDEL

NAME: Ángel Rivera Guzmán & Christian Colón

ANGEL Y KHRIZ

POPULAR SONGS: Na De Na Dance Ven Baílalo

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NAME: Ramón Ayala POPULAR SONGS:POSE IMPACTO (Ft. FERGIE) GASOILINA ROMPE

DADDY YANKEE

NAMES: Oscar Urbina Jr, Héctor Urbina, Rudy Avitia, René Urbina, Chris Urbina & Eric Urbina

POPULAR SONGS: POR AMARTE ASI Tu Inspiracion POR TU AMOR

ALACRANES MUSICALES

NAME: Mario Madrigal, Heraclio Cepeda, Alexis Soto, Roberto Villa, Emmanuel Ruacho, Oscar Navarro and Christian Pitones

CONJUNTO ATARDECER

POPULAR SONGS: Debajo de los Laureles Mi Eterno Amor Secreto

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The way filled with fear and danger.

As much as 10% of the Mexican Population risks its life to come here. Since most of the immigrants don’t have that much money in the first place, it is almost impossible for them to get their visa start on their long journey to get legalized. This is what they have to go through for most of the immigrants.

Illegal immigrants have to travel through dessert heat, around 2,000 miles, and harsh conditions, including dehydration. Most of the time kids and family members are left behind, due to the harsh conditions, or the cost of going to the other side.

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Roughly around 2000 people cross the border. 200 are found dead yearly, some are bodies left over.


In the border, there are 20,000 people and 2,000 dogs watching out for immigrants...daily

They find a job and get about or below minimum wage. This is still more At this point, some im- than they are used to. migratns find regret in crossing, but suck it up and do what they have to.

This is the immigration building. Most people fear this because this is the last place they will see in America. Illegal or legal, they both have chances of being dragged here. Ultimate fear. This also is very troublesome for those who have family here. This usually means deportation and the family is seperated and everyone is sad. There is very little chance of coming back.

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The long and perilous road to legalization Here is the long and perilous journey for the immigrant to become an American citizen. Most people don’t go for this method. One of the main issues is that most of them don’t know how to become a citizen. The way on becoming a citizen is not something comonly known by immigrants to this country. Follow this trail to learn more about other issues they face going the way most people want them to go to.

Legal residency begins with a resident card that costs 1,000 dollars. This is too much for one person, let alone a whole family. This is where the seperation begins. Most of the time kids and family members are left behind, due to the harsh conditions, or the cost of going to the other side.

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After buying the resident card, these immigrants have to wait 3-5 years. Depending if they are married.

If any legal problems occur, those with the temporary visa will be immediately deported. Most of these having to do with cases of a legal citizen divorcing an illegal immigrant.

Legalization tests cost more money. Usually people don’t pass their first time, this means they spend more and more. Possibly not even passing these test.

In the end, those that have gotten legalized usually don’t get that good of a job. This is mostly due to discrimination. In the end being legalized doesn’t gain you that much, unless your trying to get a higher education, but that’s mostly if you came here at a very young age. There is no real reason to wait just so that you can walk down the street and be looked at the same way as others who aren’t legal. They’d also have less money due to all they had to waste just so that they could wait and take the test.

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THETOP 10

CELEBRACIONES Dia De Los Reyes/ La Can- This celebrates the three king’s finding the star, and the apperdelaria ance “La Candelariaa” virgin. In Three King’s day/ Candle- the day of the three kings, a giant round cake is eaten. The cake has mas Day a little figure inside it. For the Candlemas day, the one who had Celebrated January 8th the figurine will host the party. Celebrated February 2nd Dia de los Innocentes Innocents day Celebrated the 28th of December

Dia de los Ninos Kid’s day Celebrated the 30th of april.

This commemorates the episode of catholic history. In the search of the son of god, the king gave order to kill all minors. Now we pull pranks and usually the most common prank is to “borrow” money and never pay back.

Dia de los Ninos is Kid’s day. This is usually a neighborhood celebration where kids eat, and have fun. They also receive presents.


Cinco De Mayo Celebrated the fifth of may.

Cinco de Mayo is a celebration of a battle between the spaniards and the french. This is usually celebrated with dancing, parties, and re-enactments in places.

Dia De Los Muertos Dia de los Muertos is a Celebration of memory for those who have passed Day of the dead away. This is celebrated with prayers, Celebrated the second ofskull designs everywhere, and traditional home made meals being made may. to please those who will return.

Navidad Christmas Celebrated from 17-24 of December

Christmas is usually celebrated with a “Novena” where there is a prayer once a day, for 9 days. Usually these prayers end with atole, tamales, chocolate, ponche, and more.

Cuaresma Lent Celebrated in the 40 days of Lent. Most importantly the last week.

Time of celebration changes yearly. On the last friday, there is a re=enactment of the crucifiction. On Sunday, there is a big celebration on his revival. During the 40 days people give something up, as a small sacrifice.

Dia de La Guadalupana Day of “La Guadalapuna” Celebrated the 12th of december.

This celebrates the appearance of the virgin of Guadalupe to Juan Diego. This is celebrated through re-enactments and prayers. Small parties, not that big. This celebrates the flag

Dia de la Bandera and the creation of our national anthem. The naMexican Flag Day tional anthem is recited. Celebrated 24th of February. Dia de La independencia Mexican Independence Day Celebrated September 16

This celebrates the independence of Mexico, when Miguel Hidalgo gave the independence “scream”. Celebrated by re-enactments and usually just rememberence.


EL

:} FIN... D. N.


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