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Southern & Coastal Maine




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TABLE OF CONTENTS PUBLISHED by The SunriseGuide, LLC DESIGN by Wendy Clark Design, LLC PRINTING by J.S. McCarthy Printers, Augusta, Maine SunriseGuide, LLC P.O. Box 163 Westbrook, ME 04098 (207) 221-3450


Food & Dining

Home & Garden



Health & Outdoor Living

Special Section: Energy & Efficiency page 59

© The SunriseGuide, LLC ISBN-13 978-0-9790120-6-8 Find us on:

All products and services advertised in the SunriseGuide meet our environmental criteria, specified on page 187.


Travel & Transportation

Style & Personal Care



Community & Culture

187 Advertising criteria


188 Alphabetical index 190 Regional index Enter to win (See insert)


COUPONS in each chapter!

» Printed in Maine on Rolland Enviro 50, (FSC-certified, 50% post-consumer recycled content, processed chlorine free) with soy-based inks. » Green America Business Member » Maine Businesses for Sustainability Member » Portland Buy Local Member

Liability, warranty and usage: The SunriseGuide, LLC, disclaims any and all warranties expressed, implied or imposed by law in any way related to advertisements and coupons, businesses, organizations or other information presented in the SunriseGuide. The SunriseGuide shall not be liable for any alleged or actual bodily injury or harm, or property damage, that may or actually does result from any event, occurrence, accident or incident on, in, at or resulting from the use of any premises or property of any business or organization mentioned in the SunriseGuide. The SunriseGuide is not liable for any omissions, advertiser’s claims, performance or negligence of any business or organization mentioned in the SunriseGuide. Coupons are intended for use by the owner of this book (and/or his/her friends and family). Coupons may not be sold, copied or otherwise duplicated electronically or in print.

A collaborative resource Drafting the editorial plan for the next edition of the SunriseGuide and then reading each of the finished articles as they come in are some of my favorite parts of my job. It starts in January each year when we send out our reader survey and request input on the topics that you’d like to see in the next edition. We then ask our advertisers to help us identify new trends in their respective industries. And finally, we survey the field of healthy and sustainable living as we know it to identify even more topics that we think will be of interest. The SunriseGuide team reviews the list and adds even more ideas. It’s exciting to see the plan take shape in this collaborative way. I hope you find some morsels in these pages that inspire you to try something new this year. It may be through an article — perhaps learning how to make pickled vegetables, trying acupuncture

or yoga, or learning how to repurpose an unused garment into throw pillows. Perhaps it’s through a business or community resource you find here that helps you and your family live in a healthier way. Whatever it is, we hope your life is expanded by what you find in these pages. We are thrilled with the collection of businesses in this edition. As always, they include a mix of new and old friends. We believe these businesses contribute in a significant way to the quality of life we enjoy here in Maine, and they are

The 2013 team (from left): Gwen Hall, Lora Winslow, Heather Chandler, David Young. Not pictured: Marc Meyers. 4

as much community resources as they are businesses. Please stop in to say hi or give them a call. We’re pretty sure you will like what you find. And be sure to tell them you learned about them in the SunriseGuide. Enjoy!

Gluten-free dining in Maine


By Erika Blauch Rusley

5 Gluten-free dining

Pillowy whoopie pies crammed with sweet cream frosting. Piping hot pizza with just the right balance of crisp and chew. Oversized loaves of fresh-baked bread still warm from the oven. Totally dreamy, or a gluten-free nightmare? Luckily, the vast array of gluten-free dining options in Maine now means that those with a gluten sensitivity or allergy can have their bread and eat it, too.

6 Quick pickles

Funky new eateries and elegant dining institutions alike have joined forces in offering special gluten-free menus or those that clearly mark which items are gluten-free. They are part of a growing nationwide trend of increasing awareness about gluten sensitivities and allergies, including celiac disease.

10 DIY: Microwave popcorn

As diagnoses for celiac disease and other gluten sensitivities become more commonplace, smart restaurants and grocers throughout Maine have responded to the growing demand for alternatives to gluten.

13 Maine Spirits

Visit and (select “Glutenfree friendly ”) to find restaurants with gluten-free options in Maine.

6 DIY: pickle recipes 7 Top organic produce 8 Farmers’ Markets all year

11 Eating Gulf of Maine seafood 12 Food waste

14 Agricultural fairs


Pickled onions

(1 pint) 1 large red onion — julienned 1 smashed garlic clove 1 tsp. black peppercorn 2 sprigs of fresh thyme 1/2 cup rice wine vinegar 1/2 cup water

DIY Quick pickles

Sweet cucumbers (1 pint) 1 medium cucumber sliced thin (1/8 inch) 3 smashed garlic cloves 11/2 Tbsp. pickling spice 1/3 cup white vinegar 1/3 cup water 1/3 cup simple syrup*

Pickled Cauliflower (1 quart)

1 small head of cauliflower broken into florets (larger florets need to chill twice as long before serving) 1/2 Tbsp. dry basil 1/2 Tbsp. dry marjoram 1/2 Tbsp. dry oregano 3 smashed garlic cloves 1 cup red wine vinegar 1/2 cup simple syrup* 1/2 cup water *simple syrup: heat and dissolve 1 cup of sugar in 1 cup of water. Chill before use.

By Andrew Lindberg, Fermentation enthusiast

Quick pickles are a fun and easy way to brighten up your favorite sandwiches, salads, sides, or main dishes. Quick pickles only take 10 minutes to make, and can be enjoyed for several days, with an ever evolving flavor. Try adding sweet cucumbers and pickled carrots to a cold-cut sandwich instead of lettuce and tomato.   Pickled onions  and pickled cauliflower with a little olive oil will brighten up any salad, and add a refreshing tanginess that can replace dressings. Almost any vegetable can be used, and with the numerous varieties of vinegars, natural sweeteners, herbs and spices, there is an infinite spectrum of flavors to be explored.           Quick pickles should not be confused with traditional or commercial pickles, as they are significantly different.   As the name implies, ‘quick pickles’ are made and used quickly.  Quick pickles are not a preserved food like traditional and commercial pickles.  Their shelf life is only about a week, and after that, they become mushy, and the flavor becomes diluted.    Traditional and commercial pickles can take several days or weeks to make. They are made with a salt brine or a mixture of vinegar and preservatives, and they are meant to last for several months, or sometimes over a year. 6

Quick pickles are made with a mixture of vinegar, water, sweeteners, herbs and spices. The concentration of vinegar is generally not strong enough to preserve food and should not be relied upon to do so.     Quick pickles are a great way to experiment with flavor combinations at home.   There are no rules for what you think tastes good. So, get creative and tweak the following recipes, or come up with your own.   Use the vegetables and herbs from your garden, make your own unique vinegars, and try various sweeteners.  Most important, have fun!   The recipes to the left are meant as rough outlines for quick pickles.  For all recipes:

ፚፚSlice your vegetables thinly and pack

into a container that will allow about ½ inch of space at the top.

ፚፚMix your liquids in a separate container,

in which the total amount of liquid should be about half the volume of the container you are making the pickles in; i.e. 16 ounce jar or (1 pint) needs about 8 ounces or (1 cup) of liquid.

ፚፚAdd herbs and spices to vegetables, then add liquid and stir well.

ፚፚCover and refrigerate for at least 2 hours.

Be sure to use them within 5 to 7 days.

Top organic produce Each year, the Environmental Working Group (EWG), a national non-profit dedicated to using public information and education efforts to protect public health and the environment, analyzes the test results of pesticide residue on the most commonly available fruits and vegetables to determine which are the most and least contaminated. Almost all of the studies are conducted after the produce has been


rinsed or peeled to best mimic common conditions for consumption. The following list summarizes the outcome of their analysis.


The Maine Organic Farmers and Gardeners Association (MOFGA) is building a local, organic food system.

Highest in Pesticides

Lowest in Pesticides



Bell peppers


Blueberries (domestic)



Cantaloupe (domestic)







Nectarines (imported)










Green beans*

Sweet Peas


Sweet Potatoes

*These vegetables have pesticide levels of particular concern


Help us expand our network of Maine farmers, processors and consumers who support each other throughout the year. From farms to farmers’ markets, from dairies to bakeries, and from natural food stores to large grocery chains, MOFGA is there. More than 400 MOFGA-certified farms, along with our members in more than 6,500 Maine households and businesses are making a big difference in the availability of local, organic foods! Dig in with us! And join us at the 2013 Common Ground Country Fair, September 20, 21 and 22 in Unity, Maine. MOFGA members get free admission to the Fair.

Maine Organic Farmers and Gardeners Assoc.


P.O. Box 170 Unity, Maine 04988-0170 207-568-4142


Farmers’ markets available all year Farmers’ markets available all year. Most farmers’ markets in Maine operate from May to October, although more and more communities are offering winter markets during the rest of the year. Markets provide an opportunity to meet the farmers, mingle with your neighbors, and select from the freshest, local foods available. This list is current as of summer 2012. Market times and locations do change. Check with your town (or your neighbors!) or try searching online for the most up-to-date information on farmers’ markets in your area. For a complete list of farmers’ markets in Maine, visit

Augusta Tue 2-6pm, Mill Park on Water St. & Northern Ave. Wed & Sat 10am-1pm, Sears lot at Turnpike Mall Bath Sat 8:30am–noon, Waterfront Park. Winter: first & third Sat 9am–noon, United Church of Christ

Brunswick Tue & Fri 8am-2pm, Maine St. on the Mall Sat 8:30am-12:30pm, Crystal Springs Farm Winter: Sat 9am-12:30pm, Fort Andross Mill Building Camden Sat 9am-noon & Wed 3:30pm-6pm, behind Knox Mill

Belfast Fri 9am–1pm, Front St. at the waterfront.

Casco Thu 8am-1pm, Casco Village Green

Boothbay Thu 9am-noon, town common

Cumberland Sat 9am-noon, Town Hall Complex

Bowdoinham Sat 8:30am-12:30pm, Merrymeeting Grange, Main St. Bridgton Sat 8am-1pm, Reny’s parking lot or Community Center, Depot St. 8

Damariscotta Fri 9am-noon, Damariscotta River Association Mon 3pm-6pm, Rising Tide Community Market Falmouth Wed noon-4pm, Wal-Mart Shopping Center Winter: Wed and Sat, 10-1, Allen, Sterling and Lothrop Freeport Fri 1-5pm, L.L. Bean Campus Discovery Park & Moose Lot Gardiner Wed 2-6pm, on the Common Winter: first and third Wed 2-6pm, Johnson Hall on Water Street Gorham Sat 8-noon, route 114/South Street, public park area

Food & Dining

Hallowell Sun 11am-3pm, on the riverbank, north end of Water St. Kennebunk Sat 8am-1pm, Grove St. parking lot, next to Village Pharmacy Lewiston Sun 10am-2pm, Bates Mill 5 Winter: third Thu, 5-7:30pm, St. Mary’s Nutrition Center Lincolnville Wed 2-5pm & Sat 9am-12pm, year round, Lincolnville Center WINTER FARMERS’ MARKETS There’s no need to give up on fresh, local produce when the warm months have passed. Check out one of our many winter farmers’ markets, and you’ll have access to Maine-grown produce all year long.

New Gloucester Tues 4-7pm, Connemara Farm, 37 Peacock Hill Rd. Sun 11am-3pm, Thompson’s Orchard  Poland Fri 2pm-6pm, Poland Crossing Shopping Plaza Portland Wed 7am–2pm, Monument Square Sat 7am–12pm, Deering Oaks Park Winter: Sat 9am–1pm, Irish Heritage Center, State and Gray Sts. Rockland Thu 9am-12:30pm, Harbor Park Rockport Sat 9am-noon, year round, State of Maine Cheese Company Saco Wed & Sat 7am-noon, Saco Valley Shopping Center Fri 4-7pm, Run of the Mill Pub Winter: Sat 9am-12:30pm, 110 Main St., Suite 1107

Topsham Winter: Sat 9am-12:30pm, Topsham Grange Hall Union Fri 3-6pm, on the Common Unity Sat 9am-1pm, at the Community Center Washington Sat 10am-1pm Winter: second Sat Jan– Mar, 31 Old Union Rd. Windham/Lakes Region Sat 8am-noon, The Little Meeting House, 709 Roosevelt Trail Winthrop Tue & Sat 9am-1pm, Main St. Yarmouth Thu 2:30pm-6:30pm, town hall green

Sanford Sat 8am-noon, Central Park Wed 1pm-5pm, Springvale Rite Aid Scarborough Sun 9am-1pm, Jun-Oct, behind the town hall & high school



DIY Make your own microwave popcorn By Gen Jean, Mom to James and Lily

Making your own microwave popcorn is easy, less expensive, more nutritious and you can even re-use or recycle the bags it’s made in. Plus, with numerous topping combinations, the potential to satisfy your inner gourmet is endless. Cost savings: Natural and organic microwave popcorn runs about $1 per bag. Buy your kernels in bulk, including brown paper lunch bags, and your cost per bag for healthy, organic, homemade microwave popcorn is about half the price!

ፚፚOpen the brown paper bag ፚፚAdd ½ cup of popcorn kernels to the bag

ፚፚFold the bag 2-3 times (don’t use

staples or anything metal as it will spark in your microwave)

ፚፚMicrowave until popping slows to one or two pops per second; microwave ovens do vary, so try 2 ½-3 minutes

ፚፚTop as desired and enjoy! Get creative

with seasonings or try one of the recipes below

Nutrition: Popcorn is 100% whole grain and contains antioxidants. Look for organic kernels (found in bulk or bagged) at natural food stores or in the natural foods section of your local grocery store. A ½ cup of popcorn—before adding toppings—is only 31 calories, 0 grams of fat and 0 grams of cholesterol.

Thai: 1 tbsp. dried Thai basil, 1 tbsp. curry powder, ½ tsp. Thai chili powder, ¼ cup coconut flakes, ¼ cup peanuts, zest from one lime, and sea salt to taste

Make your own microwave popcorn at home with a plain, brown paper lunch bag by following these easy steps:

BBQ Style: 1 tbsp. smoked paprika, ½ tsp. onion powder, ½ tsp. garlic powder, a pinch of brown sugar, and sea salt to taste


Mexican: 1 tbsp. cumin, 1 tbsp. chili powder, 1 tbsp. cocoa powder, ½ teaspoon cinnamon, and sea salt to taste

Food & Dining

Sustainability & Gulf of Maine seafood Seafood is about as mysterious to many people as the ocean itself. Some of the most environmentally conscious people I meet say they don’t eat seafood because of ecological concerns. Here’s the irony: Seafood is one of the most environmentally friendly proteins available. The key to supporting sustainable seafood is being aware of where it was harvested and under what regulations. We’re lucky here in the Northeast with ready access to the Gulf of Maine seafood. From the region’s major grocers to waterfront seafood shops, local seafood is always available. And, compared to other fisheries, we have one of the most researched, well-managed, and monitored fisheries in the world. The regulatory system for the Gulf of Maine fisheries carefully monitors the catch levels of cod, haddock, mackerel, pollock and other species of fish to ensure long-term sustainability. Fishermen harvest


JEN LEVIN Sustainable Seafood Program Manager

allocations of fish based on scientifically determined stock sizes. For example, recent news regarding decreased cod stocks in the Gulf of Maine has many seafood consumers avoiding the species at the store and on the menu. What news reports often fail to mention, though, is that fishery managers respond to changes in stock sizes by decreasing allowable catch levels. So if you see local cod on a menu or at the market, you can trust that it was harvested responsibly. The overall — and legally mandated — goal is to ensure long-term sustainability of each stock. In this scenario, it becomes even more important for consumers to support local fishermen working under lower, sustainable catch limits. The mystery of seafood becomes clear with our local product. Not only are we supporting our local industry, we can be assured that the product was harvested under strict, science-based regulations to sustain fish stocks long into the future. Jen Levin is the Sustainable Seafood Program Manager at the Gulf of Maine Research Institute. For more info, visit 11

Mexican Cantina 15 Cushing St • Brunswick • 207.725.8228

Local. Organic. Delicious.


Local Organic Pizza 111 Maine St • Brunswick • 207.373.9448



Food waste Did you know that close to 40% of all food produced globally is wasted, and in the U.S., the greatest share of loss happens in the hands of consumers? As we become increasingly concerned about how to healthily and sustainably feed a growing population, this issue of food waste becomes even more important. When food is wasted, so are all of the inputs that were used to grow that food, such as…

ፚፚWater: Estimates suggest that wasted

food accounts for more than one-quarter of all freshwater use;

ፚፚEnergy: In the U.S., it is estimated that

2% of our annual energy consumption is embedded in food that is wasted.

ፚፚKey nutrients: Phosphorous and nitro-

gen, key nutrients extracted and manufactured for fertilizer in agricultural use, are predicted to become more difficult and/or costly to acquire.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics 2010 Consumer Survey, American households spend an average of $6,129 each year on food — how much money could we save if we cut food waste in our own kitchens?


AMANDA BEAL Sustainable Food Systems Research and Policy Consultant

Here are just a few ways that, as consumers, we can begin to reduce food waste:

ፚፚRegularly inventory your fridge and

cupboards and make note of what is about to expire — prioritize cooking with these ingredients or freeze them.

ፚፚLearn about storage techniques to extend the shelf-life of your food.

ፚፚBuy less and shop more often, if possible.

ፚፚBuy local food in season, as close to the producer as possible.

ፚፚThink ahead — plan meals, paying close

attention to when social events or other commitments may mean eating outside the home, therefore reducing the need to stock the shelves as full.

ፚፚIf all else fails, then compost! Amanda Beal is a Sustainable Food Systems Research and Policy Consultant and is also enrolled in the Natural Resources & Earth Systems Science Ph.D. program at the University of New Hampshire.

Food & Dining

Maine Spirits

grown white, rose, and red wines. And Lebanon’s Prospect Hill Winery has long produced exclusively estate-grown wines.

By Erika Blauch Rusley

What better way to enjoy Maine’s diverse array of local foods than with a glass of locally sourced beer, wine, or spirits?

BEER Peak Organic Brewery is a leader in local sourcing from the New England region, and many of Peak’s ingredients are exclusively made in Maine. Aurora Mills, in Linneaus, supplies grains for many of Peak’s brews. For its Local Series beer, Elm Hill Farm, located in Monroe, provides the hops. Coffee amber and stout include coffee by Portland’s Coffee By Design, and oats from Brownfield’s Grandy Oats are used in Peak’s Maple Collaboration beer. Maine Beer Company, Oxbow, Rising Tide, and Sebago are among the growing number of breweries that also make beer from Maine-sourced ingredients.

WINE It isn’t easy to grow grapes in Maine, but a handful of vineyards have seen success. Among these is Dragonfly Farm and Winery in Stetson, which grows grapes including St. Pepin, similar to Riesling, and Frontenac, a cherry red. Another prolific vineyard, Savage Oakes, in Union, makes a variety of Maine-

The mead, or honey wine, at Portland’s Maine Mead Works is as local as it gets. Every batch is made from locally-gathered honey, and flavor varieties might incorporate Glendarragh Farms English lavender, Snell and Maxwell Farms strawberries or Heath Hill Farms elderberries. Blueberry mead made from wild coastal blueberries is a popular choice.

CIDER Another fruit-based beverage that is growing in popularity in Maine is cider and the three varieties from the Urban Farm Fermentory are made exclusively of Maine grown apples. Choose from dry, hopped and barrel-aged.

SPIRITS Maine Distilleries has turned one of the state’s biggest crops into three elegant beverages: Cold River Classic Vodka, Cold River Blueberry Vodka, and Cold River Gin. The distillery, which is located in Freeport, even plants its own potatoes to ensure the highest quality product. For a fruity twist, try the apple brandy at Union’s Sweetgrass Farm, made out of local apples and aged for months. Bottoms up! 13


Agricultural fairs There are all kinds of opportunities to learn about, connect with, and experience farming and gardening in Maine. Check out these fairs for inspiration. Find dates and details at or

2013 FAIRS ፚፚJune 1-2

Maine Fiber Frolic, Windsor

ፚፚJuly 11-14

Ossipee Valley Fair, South Hiram

ፚፚJuly 19-21

Waterford World’s Fair

MAINE MAPLE SUNDAY: MARCH 24, 2013 Join Maine’s maple producers this spring as they celebrate Maine Maple Sunday. Sugar makers around the state open their doors for the public to join them in their rites of spring — making maple syrup. Held on the fourth Sunday of March each year. More info at www.

OPEN FARM DAY: JULY 28, 2013 On the fourth Sunday of July each summer, farms across Maine are open to the public. Visit one of your local farms to learn about farm life and sustainable agriculture. For more info, visit


ፚፚJuly 25-28

Pittston Fair

ፚፚAug 4-11

Topsham Fair

ፚፚAug 17-24 Union Fair

ፚፚAug 22-25 Acton Fair

ፚፚAug 25-Sept 2 Windsor Fair

ፚፚAug 29-Sept 2 Blue Hill Fair

ፚፚAug 30-Sept 2

Springfield Fair

ፚፚSept 8-15

Oxford County Fair

ፚፚSept 20-22

Common Ground Country Fair, Unity

ፚፚSept 22-28

Cumberland Fair

ፚፚSept 29-Oct 7 Fryeburg Fair


10% OFF


10% OFF


$5 OFF


10% off your retail purchase

Sample—Not for Redemption Harbor Fish Market 9 Custom House Wharf • Portland Phone: (207) 775-0251 Top Quality Fish and Seafood

Your source for top-quality, sustainable, ecologically safe, unadulterated and allnatural fresh fish from Maine. It’s just that simple!

Limit one coupon per customer/transaction. Not valid in combination with any other offer. Parking available right outside our door!

10% off your retail purchase


Sample—Not for Redemption Harbor Fish Market 9 Custom House Wharf • Portland Phone: (207) 775-0251 Top Quality Fish and Seafood

Your source for top-quality, sustainable, ecologically safe, unadulterated and allnatural fresh fish from Maine. It’s just that simple!

Limit one coupon per customer/transaction. Not valid in combination with any other offer. Parking available right outside our door!

F3 $5 off your grocery purchase of $30 or more

Sample—Not for Redemption Portland: 580 Brighton Ave. Munjoy Hill: 88 Congress St. Yarmouth: 96 Main St. and Rosemont Produce Company 5 Commercial St. • Portland

(Excludes beer and wine)

Limit one coupon per customer. Not valid in combination with any other offer.


FREE 12oz coffee or tea F4 with your purchase of a Rosemont-made food item:

Portland: 580 Brighton Ave. Munjoy Hill: 88 Congress St. Yarmouth: 96 Main St.

Breads and Sweets from our bakery Prepared Foods from our kitchen

Limit one coupon per customer. Not valid in combination with any other offer.



Sample—Not for Redemption

When we see land as a community to which we belong, we may begin to use it with love and respect. —Aldo leopold


Coffee By Design Find your favorite Coffee By Design in Portland and Freeport, Maine. Coffeehouse 620 Congress St. • Portland, ME Phone: (207) 772-5533

Origins Bar & Micro Roastery 43 Washington Ave. • Portland, ME Phone: (207) 879-2233

Coffeehouse 67 India St. • Portland, ME Phone: (207) 780-6767

Coffeehouse in L.L.Bean Store 95 Main St. • Freeport, ME Phone: (207) 865-2235


Sample—Not for Redemption EXPIRATION DATE: 12/31/13


Coffee By Design Find your favorite Coffee By Design in Portland and Freeport, Maine.


Sample—Not for Redemption Coffeehouse 620 Congress St. • Portland, ME Phone: (207) 772-5533

Origins Bar & Micro Roastery 43 Washington Ave. • Portland, ME Phone: (207) 879-2233

Coffeehouse 67 India St. • Portland, ME Phone: (207) 780-6767

Coffeehouse in L.L.Bean Store 95 Main St. • Freeport, ME Phone: (207) 865-2235



20% OFF


20% OFF


50% OFF


20% off your dinner of $50 or more Sunday through Thursday from 5:30-9:30pm

Sample—Not for Redemption 685 Congress St. • Portland Phone: (207) 761-7909 Open 7 days

We support local farmers, foragers, and fishermen.

Limit one coupon per table and cannot be used for parties over six. Cannot be combined with any other offer.

F8 20% off lunch menu Monday through Friday from 11:30am-2pm

Sample—Not for Redemption 83 Exchange St. • Portland Phone: (207) 772-7774 Open 7 days

Serving Latin influenced gastro fayre.

Limit one coupon per table and cannot be used for parties over six. Cannot be combined with any other offer.

F9 Buy one loaf of bread and get one half price.

Sample—Not for Redemption 536 Deering Ave. • Portland Phone: (207) 761-5623 28 Monument Square • Portland Phone: (207) 228-2040

Our breads are crafted using organic whole wheat that we mill right here in Portland!

Limit one coupon per customer. Not valid in combination with any other offer.



Buy one slice of pizza, get one FREE


Sample—Not for Redemption Public Market House 28 Monument Square • 2nd floor Portland, ME 04101 Phone: (207) 699-3331

Tuscan style pizzas made from scratch using organic whole wheat that we mill right here in Portland!

Free item must be of equal or lesser value. Limit one coupon per customer. Not valid in combination with any other offer.



Belfast Co-op Store 123 High St. • Belfast, ME 04915 • Phone: (207) 338-2532 Hours: 7 days a week, 7:30am-8pm; winter (Jan-Mar), Sun 9am-6pm


Sample—Not for Redemption Maine’s Oldest Natural Foods Cooperative Member-owned • All are welcome Local • Raw • Supplements • Grass-Fed • Organic • Fair Trade EXPIRATION DATE: 12/31/13


Belfast Co-op Store 123 High St. • Belfast, ME 04915 • Phone: (207) 338-2532 Hours: 7 days a week, 7:30am-8pm; winter (Jan-Mar), Sun 9am-6pm


Sample—Not for Redemption Maine’s Oldest Natural Foods Cooperative Member-owned • All are welcome Local • Raw • Supplements • Grass-Fed • Organic • Fair Trade EXPIRATION DATE: 12/31/13


Treats 80 Main St. • Wiscasset ME, 04578 Phone: (207) 882-6192

2013 Like us on Facebook!

Want to learn how to can/freeze the summer harvest? The University of Maine Cooperative Extension offers low-cost classes for all levels.

Sample—Not for Redemption TREATS has been in business for over 15 years. As owners, we are committed to working with the local community and to providing the best in food, cheese, and wine. Sourcing from local farmers and producers, we create wonderful food made from scratch in a comfortable enjoyable atmosphere. Come sit and relax. EXPIRATION DATE: 12/31/13


Treats 80 Main St. • Wiscasset ME, 04578 Phone: (207) 882-6192

2013 Like us on Facebook!

Sample—Not for Redemption TREATS has been in business for over 15 years. As owners, we are committed to working with the local community and to providing the best in food, cheese, and wine. Sourcing from local farmers and producers, we create wonderful food made from scratch in a comfortable enjoyable atmosphere. Come sit and relax. EXPIRATION DATE: 12/31/13

Composting 101 Composting is a natural process that transforms discarded kitchen and yard waste into a nutrient rich soil additive for your garden. It’s easy to get started and you’ll be amazed at how much less waste you produce when you compost your kitchen and yard waste.

WHAT’S NEEDED FOR A HEALTHY COMPOST PILE? A healthy compost pile needs a mix of “browns” or carbon-rich ingredients, and “greens” or nitrogen-rich ingredients. In general, a ratio of four parts carbon to one part greens will ensure a healthy mix. Compost piles also need to be turned (or mixed) on a regular basis. Weekly is a good rule of thumb. Turning adds oxygen to the pile, distributes the moisture, and puts new material into contact with matter already composting, which improves the biological process. Use a garden fork or a specially designed compost turner.

IN THIS CHAPTER 51 Composting 101 53 Incredible edibles 54 A green and healthy lawn 55 Extend the gardening season 56 Hydroponic gardening 57 Local sustainable lumber 58 Recycling cell phones, computers and batteries





These ingredients add nitrogen and moisture ፚፚ Grass clippings

These ingredients add carbon ፚፚ Dried leaves

ፚፚ Houseplants

ፚፚ Cardboard

ፚፚ Tea bags

ፚፚ Newspaper (avoid glossy flyers)

These ingredients attract rodents and pests. They also can potentially harbor plant diseases and weed seeds. ፚፚ Meat

ፚፚ Coffee grounds and filter paper ፚፚ Fruit & vegetable scraps, peels and trimmings ፚፚ Trimmings from your garden

ፚፚ Shredded paper ፚፚ Paper bags ፚፚ Sawdust ፚፚ Egg cartons ፚፚ Twigs

COMPOST BINS Compost bins vary from wire corrals or wooden boxes to black plastic bins, with lids and ventilation holes, or rotating barrels. You can make your own using a variety of plans available on the internet or purchase a pre-made bin from an area garden or hardware store. When choosing your bin, one thing to keep in mind is ease of turning. Since one of the most important steps in the composting process is turning your pile regularly, you want to be sure that the bin you choose makes this easy for you. Tumblers can dramatically speed up the composting process 52

ፚፚ Dairy ፚፚ Pet waste ፚፚ Diseased plants ፚፚ Weeds with seed heads

because they provide a steady flow of oxygen which is needed to create the decomposition process.

BASIC TIPS FOR A HEALTHY COMPOST PILE ፚፚ Four parts carbon (or “browns”) to one part nitrogen ( or “greens”) ፚፚ Turn it weekly. ፚፚ Keep it damp (not wet).

Home & Garden

Incredible edibles Go beyond apples and pears in the fruited landscape By Lynn Ascrizzi

People go to great lengths to beautify the landscape around their homes. But why not introduce plants that look beautiful and provide healthy, nutritious food? This is the credo of Tom Vigue of Kiwi Hill Farm in Sidney, Maine, an edible landscaper who has given talks on the subject at the Common Ground Country Fair. “It is possible to go beyond apples and pears to create a low-maintenance, fruited landscape,” he said. “Instead of growing some kind of ivy or vine (like Virginia creeper, on a fence or stone wall) — grow kiwis! It’s a big vine, it‘s pretty easy to care for and it makes food, besides,” he said. There are many kiwi varieties, but Vigue likes a cultivar called Michigan State, which is rated hardy to Zone 4, so it does well in Maine. The lime-green fruit is high in vitamin C and ripens in mid-tolate September. “These kiwis are smoothskinned and free of fuzz. You don’t have to peel them, just eat them,” he said.

And, how about growing the Cornelian cherry (Cornus mas)? This ornamental tree blooms a striking, fuzzy yellow flower in the spring. “They’re basically indestructible. They don’t need pruning or fertilizer, and their edible fruit is fire-engine red and tastes like a cross between a cranberry and sweet cherry,” he said. “Get grafted varieties that produce 1 ½-inch long fruit,” he advised. The fruit also makes good preserves. A better-known landscape edible is the high-bush blueberry. Vigue grows 16 bushes on his land and recommends the following varieties: Patriot, Bluecrop, Blue Jay, Duke and Chandler. “But don’t underestimate the elderberry (Sambucus nigra)”, he said, “a shrub that produces creamy white blossom in springtime and shiny black berries in late summer. They’re beautiful, very valid as a landscape plant. Birds love them, too,” he said, of the Zone 4 shrub that grows six to eight feet tall. The nutritious fruit is especially good as juice, elderberry jelly and wine. Look for edible plants at your local greenhouse (see discount offers in the coupon section) or online at: 53


A Different ApproAch to heAlthy turf & Soil • Eliminate exposure of children and pets to toxic synthetic chemicals • Avoid fertilization run-off and water pollution • Eliminate toxins used to control weeds and insects

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Keeping your lawn green and healthy By Molly Gallagher Burk

Summer in Maine means lots of time spent playing and lounging on our lush, grassy lawns; but all of that green grass can come with a price. The products we use on our lawns and gardens can run off into our waterways and be absorbed into our air. Lawn chemicals such as weed and pest killers, fungicides and synthetic fertilizers have all been linked to serious health problems. Eco-friendly lawn care is an important part of a green home strategy. Make sure the products you’re using are good for you and for the environment. Organic lawn care methods are not only safer — they are also more effective in the long term. ፚፚ Mow high and let the clippings lie: Keeping your lawn at a minimum of 3” high makes for vigorous roots and helps shade out weeds. Grass clippings make great mulch and help keep moisture in. And try a push mower for a great workout and healthier air!

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ፚፚ Water only as needed: The average lawn can use over 20,000 gallons of water each summer. About one inch of water per week is plenty. Try using an el-

Call today for your FREE Estimate, PH Testing and Lawn Analysis



evated rain barrel to collect water and use as needed. ፚፚ Test your soil before applying nutrients: A routine soil test is a quick and inexpensive way to check the levels of essential soil nutrients. Simply take a sample of your soil and send it to a lab for analysis. The cooperative extension service in Maine will provide this test to you for a minimal fee. ፚፚ Apply organic fertilizers: Lawns that have been established for at least 10 years generally do not need fertilizers. Younger lawns often need nitrogen. When needed, apply on a dry day in September. ፚፚ Manage weeds: If weeds are taking over, liberally apply perennial ryegrass seed all season long. ፚፚ Replace grass with native, non-invasive plants: Plants, flowers and grasses that are native to Maine are the most attuned to our soil, water and climate. They will thrive with less care than other imported varieties. (Avoid annual ryegrass.) For more info, visit and

Home & Garden

Extend the garden season On a good year, the home garden can grow from April to October in Maine. But often crops are lost to early fall or late spring frosts. These days, the climate is even more unpredictable with early snows and heavy rains. A great option to consider adding to your garden beds is a hoop house, that can extend your growing season by a month or two on either end. Covered with a thin 6 millimeters of ultraviolet greenhouse film, a sturdy structure can fend off the chaos of climatic instability. Hoop houses can be fitted to existing raised beds or placed over areas of your garden. There are several key details to remember when planning a hoop house or deciding to extend the growing season: they are location, structure, and seeds. The location of your hoop house should be either south or southeast facing. This allows you to get the greatest amount of sunlight. In addition, the hoop house location should account for


D AV I D H O M A Permaculture designer

the reduced sun angle that comes with the onset of fall and winter. Remember that conifers will shade your growing area and deciduous trees lose their leaves, allowing for the sun’s rays to shine through during the foliage-less time of the year. Your hoop house should be structurally sound, not drafty or flimsy. The goal is to be able to weather whatever the winter throws at us. I like to use high-density polyethylene or HDPE piping reinforced with wood strapping to help the house hoops survive and shed snow. When deciding what to plant, think about hardy varieties. Great choices include: Asian greens, carrots, kale, and spinach. Great Maine seed purveyors like Johnny’s Selected Seeds and Fedco use the snowflake symbol in their catalogs to show winter hardiness.

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Hydroponic gardening By Lynn Ascrizzi

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In only a few decades, “hydroponic” has become a household word. Today, commercially grown hydroponic tomatoes, greens and herbs are sold regularly at farmers’ markets and grocery stores in Maine, and elsewhere. One of the beauties of hydroponics is that the system enables fresh, local crop production, year-round. Scott Howard, owner and operator of Olivia’s Garden in New Gloucester, ME, has been a hydroponic grower since 1997. His produce ranges from basil to lettuce, from pea shoots to tomatoes, grown in 18,000 square feet of greenhouse — less than a half-acre. “It’s the same as growing any crop. You are just delivering nutrients differently. “ An exciting benefit of hydroponics is higher, quicker yields that don’t decrease over time. “I get seven to eight times the amount of production I would from a soil-grown method,” Howard said. “It’s more scientific. I know exactly how much water and nutrients to use. I have more control with what’s going on with my plants. I change my nutritional formulation seasonally and at different plant stages.” 56

Hydroponics also reduces fertilizer use. There is no waste in its closed system; meaning, no fertilizers are washed into local groundwater. And, organic, hydroponic fertilizers, like Botanicare Pure Blend Pro, Advanced Nutrients and Mother Earth Tea are widely available, thus reducing chemical use. Nonetheless, the USDA and the Maine Organic Farmers and Gardeners Association (MOFGA), do not define hydroponics as an organic practice, even if organic nutrients are used; namely because the system does not use the biology of the soil to feed plants. Howard, however, “works hard to grow clean crops, advertises that his produce is pesticide free and uses some organic products,” he said. Home garden produce commonly grown hydroponically includes lettuce, spinach, Swiss chard, kale, arugula and culinary herbs, like basil, cilantro and parsley. Hydro grow tents that range in size from 2-by-4 to 4-by-8 feet, are available for garden enthusiasts. The kits come with a water reservoir, table, grow pots, timer and pump and a starter pack of fertilizer. Cost for a 4-by-4 grow tent is approximately $450.

Home & Garden

Local, sustainable lumber By Molly Gallagher Burk

Here in Maine, we are lucky to be surrounded by some of the most sustainable building materials around — trees. Wood is non-toxic, strong, and renewable when it’s well managed. And if it’s sourced locally from Maine lumber companies, it uses less fossil fuel and supports the state economy. For your next building project, look for lumber that is grown, harvested and milled right here in Maine. Forest certification can help you identify wood products from sustainably managed forests. More than 4 million acres of forestland in Maine have achieved Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification. Look for certified wood products including lumber, paneling, and decking materials through your local lumber retailer or manufacturer. National green building programs such as LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) recognize certified wood as an important component of an environmentally designed building. Locally sourced and reclaimed lumber are also eligible for LEED rating points. Some of the local Maine lumber options include Eastern white pine, Eastern white cedar, Eastern spruce, and balsam fir. For moisture prone areas, naturally rot-resistant

wood and locally sourced white cedar is a good alternative to treated wood. And using reclaimed wood is one of the most sustainable options around. It keeps salvageable wood from going to landfills and avoids the environmental costs of producing new materials. Composite materials made from lumber can also be long-lasting, greener options for building projects. Often made from blends of waste wood and recycled plastics or glass, these can last up to 20 years with little maintenance. Some options available locally include TimberSIL and Nexwood.

LUMBER CERTIFICATION ORGANIZATIONS ፚፚ FSC: The Forest Stewardship Council is a global non-profit dedicated to the promotion of responsible forest management worldwide. ፚፚ SFI: The Sustainable Forestry Initiative is an independent non-profit that maintains a sustainable forestry certification program focused on North America. 57


Recycling cell phones, computers and batteries Electronic waste (“e-waste”) is the fastest growing waste stream in the United States. Brought on by the production of cheaper electronics, rapidly advancing technology, and the emergence of popular electronic gadgets, the consumption of electronics is dramatically increasing, while the lifespan of electronics is becoming relatively short. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimates that the average lifespan of a desktop and/or laptop computer purchased today is two to four years. In addition to concerns that electronic waste is taking up an increasing amount of space in U.S. landfills, electronic equipment contains toxic substances that can have serious environmental and public health implications if they are not disposed of properly. Heavy metals and other environmentally sensitive substances can leach into the ground, causing water contamination and other public health and environmental risks. Though there is no federal e-waste legislation, several states, including Maine, mandate e-waste recycling. Maine’s “Shared Responsibility” program requires that all entities—the consumer, municipality and 58

manufacturer—work together to ensure the responsible recycling of computers and television monitors. Computer recycling is available at all Goodwill stores in Maine along with TV monitors at most municipalities.

RECYCLE RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES AND CELL PHONES Rechargeable batteries and cell phones contain toxic metals and should be kept out of the waste stream. Fortunately, most major cities and towns in Maine offer nearby sites for free recycling; including cell phone retailers, hardware, electronics and department stores. Find a drop-off site near you at

RECYCLE YOUR NONRECHARGEABLE BATTERIES Today’s typical household batteries are produced without the hazardous materials that previously made them unsafe for disposal, so some recycling experts advocate putting them in your household trash. However, there are a few locations in Maine that accept single-use batteries for recycling. Visit to find drop-off locations near you.


ENERGY & EFFICIENCY The first step—an assessment


How much time do you spend in your home on an average day? Is it eight hours? 10 hours? More? Would you like your home to be as comfortable and energy efficient as possible? Then it makes sense to assess just how much energy you use—or waste—each day in powering, heating, and cooling your home.

59 The first step–assessment

A home energy audit is the first step to assess how much energy your home consumes and evaluate the measures you can take to make your home more energy efficient. An audit can help you pinpoint where your house is losing energy. It also determines the efficiency of your home’s heating and cooling systems and may reveal ways you can conserve heating fuel and electricity.

64 Common ownership of wind

A professional auditor uses a variety of techniques and equipment, such as blower doors, which measure the leaks in the building, and infrared cameras, which reveal hard-to-detect areas of air infiltration and missing insulation. For a list of energy auditors in Maine, go to Click on “At home” and then “Home Energy Savings Program,” and then “Find an energy advisor.”

60 Financing upgrades 61 The pretty good house 62 Debunking energy myths power 65 Modular homes go greener 66 How can I afford solar?


Financing energy-efficient upgrades If you’re concerned about fluctuating energy prices and want to make your home more comfortable and energy efficient, here are some resources to help you finance the improvements.




Efficiency Maine offers low interest loans up to $25,000 for up to 20 years through its Maine PACE and Powersaver programs (with no closing costs). Use the loans to upgrade heating systems, weatherize your home, and make other improvements to cut your heating bills. For more info, visit

Federal tax credits are available to homeowners for wind, solar and geothermal systems through 2016. The credit incentive is 30% of the cost of the project with no upper limit and they can apply to primary and second homes (but not rental properties). Learn more

Efficiency Maine currently offers rebates for solar electric, solar thermal and wind power of up to $2000 (residential projects) and $4000 (commercial projects). These rebates can be used in tandem with the federal tax credits, greatly reducing project costs. Learn more at www.efficiencymaine. com/renewable-energy.


Low-income homeowners and renters can also look into grants toward weatherizing at

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SPECIAL SECTION: Weatherization




The “pretty good house”


For the past two years, Maine Green Building Supply in Portland has hosted a monthly Building Science discussion group. As the moderator of the group, I try to come up with questions and ideas that will spur a conversation on the topic of the month. One goal that underlies almost every discussion is finding the spot that maximizes energy efficiency, resource consumption, cost effectiveness and comfort.

windows, daylighting, and durable, lowmaintenance materials and finishes are clear winners.

This past year, a three-word phrase came up that crystallized what we’ve been talking about — the “Pretty Good House.” Participants in our group have been involved in many cutting-edge projects, where little expense was spared to achieve very aggressive energy efficient goals. These projects are enormously important as demonstrations of what is possible. However many projects don’t have the budget or the time to pursue that level of work.

It is a very exciting time to be involved in home building and renovation; traditional techniques are being re-examined for the design gems that have sometimes been discarded (like well-designed overhangs that allow winter sun in but block summer glare).

So what are the things that should be part of any project, no matter what the budget or scope? Some of the answers are easy — increasing insulation and air sealing are almost always cost effective. High efficiency heating equipment and appliances, good



Other areas are harder to pin down. How many inches of rigid foam insulation under the concrete slab do you need? What type of heating and ventilation makes sense? Where do you put windows if the best views are to the north?

The “Pretty Good House” provides a framework for us as a group and individuals to measure our projects against the sometimes competing goals we need to reconcile. It is a vital and on-going conversation. Dan Kolbert has lived in Portland since 1988 and owns Kolbert Building, a residential construction company with a focus on energy and resource efficiency.

61 SHOWROOM ADDRESS: 111 Fox Street, Portland ME 04101 HOURS: 8-5 Mon-Fri 207.780.1500


Debunking home energy myths Whether you’re a renter or homeowner, you can make eco-friendly changes to your living spaces without breaking the bank or waiting for a landlord to take action. Plus, there are lots of simple, effective ways to conserve energy that don’t involve years of saving up for state-of-the-art solar panel installation. These tips can get you started. MYTH: You need to be careful not to make a house too tight. Fact: “Build tight and ventilate right.” All occupied buildings need ventilation. The best investment is to build or renovate as tight as possible, and then control ventilation with highly efficient exhaust fans or an energy recovery ventilator. Energy tight buildings should be approached with a whole systems understanding that includes ventilation strategies. MYTH: Replacing windows is a good investment for saving energy. Fact: There are many good reasons to replace windows, but energy savings is rarely one of them. In most residential buildings, window replacement is a poor investment compared to other energy renovations that will provide a quicker return. It is not uncommon that a very drafty window in the middle of a leaky house turns out to be fine once the attic and basement are properly air sealed. MYTH: The “off” button turns it off. Fact: Many modern household products 62

still consume energy after being turned off. Home entertainment electronics are a major culprit, but this is also true for small appliances. Turning off power strips is a common solution, or look for smart strips (available at your local appliance or hardware store) that can sense when something is pulling power and turn it off. MYTH: Adding more insulation in the attic is the best way to stop heat loss. Fact: Loose insulation and fiberglass batts do not stop air movement, so adding more insulation may not stop convective heat loss. The best investment in most structures is to air seal underneath the existing insulation (in an attic) to stop air leakage and then consider adding additional insulation. MYTH: Closing off vents and registers will reduce your heating bill. Fact: The most energy efficient practice is to have heat evenly distributed throughout the house. Blocking vents in certain rooms will make those rooms colder. Because

heat moves from greater concentrations to lesser concentrations, these colder rooms will draw heat from other rooms in the house, making the whole house feel colder and causing you to raise the thermostat. MYTH: Leaving lights, computers and appliances on uses less energy than turning them off and on. Fact: This may have been true of computers 20 or more years ago when they were massive energy hogs and prone to energy surge damage and wear & tear. But today’s computers are more durable and use a lot less energy. Rule of thumb: any time you can turn a machine or light off, it will save energy. MYTH:    Leaving a ceiling fan on will cool a room…even when you’re not there. Fact: Fans cool your skin, not the air; they do not lower room temperature. A fan works by circulating the air in an area; when the air moves across the skin, we feel cooler even though the air temperature in the room remains the

SPECIAL SECTION: Weatherization

same. If a fan runs in a room when no one is there, no one is feeling its benefits—therefore it’s just wasting electricity. MYTH: The solution for ice dams is to call a roofer. Fact: Ice dams aren’t a roofing problem. Ice dams form when attics are unintentionally heated by air leaks and/or insufficient insulation. This causes snow on the roof to melt, and freeze on the eaves, creating ice dams. You can reduce the risk of ice dams by sealing attic air leaks and adding insulation.

weatherizing is the best way to avoid having them freeze in the first place. Myth #3 It’s easy to tell where my home is losing energy. Fact: Many homeowners think the biggest air leaks are around windows and doors. While these leaks can be significant, most air leaks are hidden from view, passing through floors and ceilings around chimneys, pipes, ductwork, etc. An Efficiency Maine Participating Energy Advisor, using specialized equipment and a computer model, can identify and quantify the extent of your energy loss.

MYTH: The solution for frozen pipes is to call a plumber. Fact: Though a plumber can repair a frozen pipe,

MYTH: The best way to deal with uncomfortably hot rooms is with an air conditioner. Fact: With professional

weatherization you can often address the source of the discomfort without using energy-draining air conditioners. Professional weatherization not only keeps rooms warmer in the winter, but also keeps them cooler in the summer. MYTH: Weatherizing your home is a great idea, but it’s not affordable. Fact: With a low-interest Home Energy Loan from Efficiency Maine, you can borrow up to $25,000 to finance your home weatherization and other energy improvements with great terms and no up-front loan costs. In many cases, energy savings offset the cost of monthly loan payments. Visit or call 866-376-2463 .

Alice and David Anderman used a Home Energy Loan to make their home more energy efficient.

NOW THEY ANTICIPATE SAVING UP TO 40% ON THEIR ENERGY COSTS. Call an Efficiency Maine Participating Energy Advisor to schedule an audit, and get up to six hours of FREE air sealing and/or insulation work* -- a $600 value! (For a limited time only) *Restrictions apply. Residences are limited up to 4 units. Visit for details.



Common ownership of wind power Over 100 Maine farmers and landowners are developing 120-plus mw of community wind – that’s enough power for 39,000 homes. Community wind and landowners especially in the farming and forestry communities have a natural connection. This showcases Maine farmers’ ingenuity and leadership in not only providing food for our tables, but also stably-priced, homegrown electricity.

wind projects can provide multiple benefits to their owners. Assuming reasonable wind speeds are available, small projects and medium-sized projects can provide the cheapest source of power for on-site generation needs. While there are upfront capital costs, these are paid off over time. Because wind turbines do not need any fuel, the only annual and long-term costs are maintenance and operational costs.

Making the investment to install a community wind project need not be cost-prohibitive. Thanks to mechanisms to promote smaller projects, Mainers can cost-effectively finance their projects by offsetting their electricity needs, and in some cases, offsetting excess generation. With net energy billing, for example, potential owners can get credit for (unused) power that is placed back onto the grid.

Large community wind projects can provide even broader benefits than just to the owners. Typically grid-tied, these commercial scale projects can provide long-term, fixed price contracts, which can benefit all of us in Maine. Examples from currently operating, corporateowned projects demonstrate that wind

Small, medium, or large community 64

“Community wind” means wind power generation that is owned by one or more local community members. That could be just about anyone or any entity – you, me, local farmers, woodlot owners, as well as towns, schools or small businesses. It can be any size or scale (single or multiple turbines), and on-land or offshore.

power is already having positive impacts for Mainers in reducing the price of electricity that we all pay. Learn more about community wind and net energy billing by contacting Windependence/Community Energy Partners at 207-751-0749. Community wind in the U.S. could offset the production of 34 million metric tons of CO2 per year– the equivalent of removing about 7 million cars from our roads, or taking eight large coal-fired power plants out of production–all while keeping the benefits, management and control to its local owners.

This material is based upon work supported by the NRCS, USDA, under #69-1218-22C. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the view of the USDA.


SPECIAL SECTION: Weatherization

Modular homes go greener About 5% of new homes built in this country are modular, according to the 2010 U.S. Census. However, the market share in Maine is much higher than the national average, as it is in other states with colder weather climates, according to the Modular Home Builders Association of Maine. Today, the modular home business may be poised to grow, as people discover the surprising, sustainable advantages that prefabricated, factory-built modular homes (not to be confused with mobile homes) offer. These advantages include: ፚፚ Speed of construction and delivery: Modular homes are section-built, in factory-controlled environments and very quickly erected. A house can be on-site in five or six months (with an additional fourto-eight weeks for finishing work). Saving time saves money and energy. ፚፚ Less construction waste: Modular home designs are standardized, so many manufacturers buy pre-cut lumber. Workers are trained to build specific sections, resulting in fewer mistakes and less waste.

ፚፚ Cleaner environment: Since modular homes are built in climate-controlled environments, materials are not exposed to the elements, which helps eliminate mold and mildew. ፚፚ Energy efficiency: Modular homes are incorporating energy-efficient construction and products. For example, Keiser Homes of Oxford, Maine offers a Modular Zero design, with R-40 wall and R-60 ceiling insulation, triple-glaze windows and an electric, split heat pump system. For each kilowatt of electricity used, the heat-pump system returns an equivalent of three kilowatts of heat or air-conditioning. Optional solar panels generate enough power, even in Maine, for hot water and cooking. Modular home buyers can also choose homes with green technologies that meet the standards of energy rating programs including LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) and Energy Star, developed by the EPA. These options include efficient heating and water systems, low VOC paints and formaldehyde-free building materials. Payoffs are often in the seven-to-ten year range, making these technologies very appealing.


Photo: Kaplan Thompson Architects

By Lynne Ascrizzi

Energy-Efficient Modular Homes Immediately reduce or eliminate energy bills Can be constructed quickly More comfortable and draft-free Super-insulated, airtight construction • Photovoltaic solar panels • High-efficiency heat & air conditioning • Triple-glazed windows • Efficient ventilation / fresh air exchange • Low VOC paints, adhesives & sealants • Formaldehyde-free insulation


How can I afford solar? How can I afford solar (or any other efficiency upgrade, for that matter)? The real question — can you afford not to? Prices for solar electric systems (PV) have dropped 50% in the past five years and the low prices, combined with the availability of state and federal incentives, make it a great time to consider investing in solar PV. Solar electric systems have virtually no maintenance costs and enjoy a life expectancy of 40+ years.

solar installer provided us with the following scenarios.

Call Jon today to schedule your free, no obligation consultation

Before we go into the details about how affordable solar electric can be, first a reminder that the best (and first) investment you should consider is to make sure your home is air sealed and vented properly. When you’ve done what you can in that arena, it may be time to look at solar.

Assuming you have a good site for solar, if your monthly electric bill is $50, you would likely need a twelve panel system to support your electricity needs (2.94 kW). At the time we went to press, the cost of this system fully installed is approximately $11,500. After incentives, your cost comes down to just $6600. Spread that out over a 10-15 year loan and your monthly loan payment could be about $50. If your monthly electric bill is $80, you would likely need a twenty panel system to support your electricity needs (4.9 kW). The cost of this system fully installed is approximately $18,000. After incentives, your cost comes down to just $10,800.


So back to the affordability of solar. Federal tax incentives currently offer a tax credit of 30% of the cost of the project. Add to that the available Maine state rebates of up to $2000 and you are looking at total incentives of about 40% of the project cost. Financed over ten or fifteen years, it’s reasonable to expect that your monthly loan payment will be equivalent or less than what your monthly electricity bill was before installing solar electric. One local

A final note, similar state and federal incentives are available for residential wind power (and geothermal). See page 64 to learn about community wind opportunities.


A Thoughtful, Holistic Approach to Solve Your Home Energy Issues Air Sealing • Insulation • Ventilation • Moisture Issues

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Seasonal fun on Maine’s farms Maine’s local farms have be­come go to destinations for families seeking a variety of recreational and educational activities throughout the year. Spring offers opportunities to learn how sap is collected and processed, or partake in a pancake breakfast topped with some of New England’s finest maple syrup. In summer, farms offer a variety of activities from summer camp programs to ice cream making workshops, lobster bakes and even musical events. Harvest marks the autumn season and Maine’s local farms celebrate the bounty with hay rides, laby­rinths and apple cider. After the snow falls, Maine’s farms are prime spots for cross-country skiing. Freshly groomed trails of all levels guarantee winter fun for the whole family! See page 14 for a list of Farm events and agricultural fairs in Maine.

IN THIS CHAPTER 93  Seasonal fun on Maine farms 94 Go for a hike 95 Importance of outside playtime 96 Acupuncture demystified 97 Yoga does a body good 98 Charity races & events


Go for a hike The scenic hills and mountains of southern and coastal Maine offer countless miles and hours of walking enjoyment on trails leading through quiet forests to spectacular vistas. These wonderful paths await your gentle footsteps, your eyes and ears, and the company of friends and family, so grab your daypack and go hit the trail.


C ARE Y K IS H Registered Maine Guide

Range to the Atlantic Ocean from the old stone observation tower. ፚፚ Hike the Bri-Mar Trail, maintained locally by the Huntress Family, to the ledges atop Rattlesnake Mtn. for fine views over Raymond to Crescent Lake, Panther Pond and Sebago Lake.

ፚፚ Fun trails named Ginny’s Way and Linny’s Way lead to the top of Bauneg Beg Mtn. in North Berwick, the only mountain in southern Maine without a communications tower.

ፚፚ The Mt. Pisgah Conservation Area in Winthrop features a terrific loop hike leading to an impressive 60-foot firetower that’s open to the public. Climb it to enjoy panoramic vistas!

ፚፚ Trek the Sawyer Mtn. Highlands in Limington and Limerick for a tour of one of the largest tracts of undeveloped land in York and Cumberland counties.

ፚፚ The Northern Headwaters Trail winds easily over Whitten Hill in Montville, and then ambles along the Sheepscot River on lands protected by the Sheepscot Wellspring Land Alliance.

ፚፚ Enjoy the work of volunteers from the Maine chapter of the Appalachian Mountain Club on newly constructed loop trails on Burnt Meadow Mtn. and nearby Stone Mtn. in Brownfield. ፚፚ Visit Bald Pate Mtn. in South Bridgton and sample the network of scenic trails maintained by Loon Echo Land Trust that lead to bald outcroppings and a unique pitch pine forest. ፚፚ Climb to the peak of Douglas Mtn. in Sebago for grand vistas ranging from Mt. Washington and the Presidential 94

ፚፚ Stroll through fields and forests to the summit of Beech Hill in Camden and see lovely views from Beech Nut, a historic sod-roofed, stone hut owned by the Coastal Mountains Land Trust. Carey Kish, avid hiker, outdoors writer, and Registered Maine Guide, has been exploring the trails of Maine for many years. He is editor of the new 10th edition of the AMC Maine Mountain Guide. Follow Carey’s hiking adventures at

Health & Outdoor Living

Importance of outside playtime One of the most important things we can do for environmental sustainability is make sure the next generation has a connection to nature. While we know children are spending more and more time indoors and connected to technology, the research on how this impacts them is only beginning to be recognized.   The amount of time children are allowed for play, let alone unstructured free play outside, has decreased by roughly 30% over the past 30 years.  And outdoor free play often happens in spaces devoid of natural features. Decreased time outdoors is considered a contributing factor to obesity, depression, ADD, shortened attention span, weaker problem-solving skills, and more.   When children play in less formal and more “messy” natural outdoor spaces, they play more creatively, resolve problems more democratically, and develop a sense of independence and self-reliance more readily.  When children play in “wilder”, more natural outdoor spaces they are more likely to develop an affinity for nature and a sense of wonder.  This most of


LAURA NEWMAN Coordinator, Greening Coalition

all is what will make children care for the environment as they grow. Many schools are acting upon this new research. Greener school grounds can provide outdoor classrooms and natural features for play and a resource for formal learning. Education connected to outdoor/hands-on experience is proven to be more effective.  School gardens provide a means for students to better understand their food sources and nutrition while they get their hands dirty and enjoy the results of their work. What can parents do outside of school to reverse the trend?   Provide unstructured play time outside as often as possible and let messy playing happen. ፚፚ Ask your child to help you plant a garden, tree, flowers, or get involved in your child’s school garden or playscape plantings. ፚፚ Reflect on your fondest outdoor play memories, and consider what made them so special. Laura Newman established the School Ground Greening Coalition ( at Portland Trails in 2003. She lives with her family in Portland. 95

Rippleffect is proud to be a leader in outdoor adventure education. Our year round programs include:

• Day and Overnight Camps • Sea Kayaking Expeditions • Leadership and Environmental Intensives • Winter & Spring School Break Adventures • School-based Leadership Programs.

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Acupuncture demystified

A B I M O R R I S O N L . A c.

There is good evidence that acupuncture’s ability to heal has been used worldwide for millennia. Historical texts show that it has been refined by continuous use in Asia for thousands of years. Some of the top reasons I recommend seeking a Licensed Acupuncturist for safe, professional care are: you want your health care addressed by a professional who will understand your unique needs, your problems have not been corrected by the “traditional” approach, you feel your difficulties are affecting many areas of your life, and you feel your own natural resilience can be enhanced. People are searching for practitioners that take into account their wellbeing as a whole, and understand the unique way that stress affects them as an individual. The acupuncture approach supports the immune and nervous systems, regulating our hormones and reducing inflammatory processes- the cause of so many chronic diseases. Acupuncture and ancient Chinese herbal formulas reduce pain in many situations, speeding the repair of musculoskeletal issues, as well as other conditions. 96

Licensed Acupunturist

Patients are often pleasantly surprised by how relaxing acupuncture can be. Careful choices of points, energy pathways, or meridians, are stimulated to assist the body’s self-regulation. Asian medicine also includes bodywork, exercise, and dietary components to assist achievement of optimal health with the least amount of pharmaceutical intervention. Consider acupuncture for ailments such as asthma, digestive disorders, depression, insomnia, migraines, sinus conditions, and gynecological problems. Licensed practitioners offer a wide range of services from Community Acupuncture, where people are treated in a group setting, to private, one to one treatments. Licensed Acupuncturists have extensive academic and clinical training with ongoing education as a license requirement. Be sure to seek out a “Licensed Acupuncturist” for fully qualified and careful attention. Abi Morrison is a licensed acupuncturist and president of the Maine Association of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine. She owns Red Bird Acupuncture in Rockland.

Health & Outdoor Living

Yoga does a body good By Erika Blauch Rusley

Yoga’s benefits extend beyond looking sensational. Sure, regular practice can give you long, lean muscles and runwayworthy posture, but yogis have also long remarked on their increased sense of overall well-being. They haven’t just found zen—scientific studies have proven that yoga works. Yoga improves posture, flexibility, and joint health. It builds strong muscles that burn calories, decrease body fat, and help prevent arthritis, back pain, and falls. Many postures (or asanas) require lifting a yogi’s own body weight, which helps to increase bone density and prevent osteoporosis. The cardiovascular system benefits from yoga as well. Vigorous styles such as ashtanga can increase heart fitness and burn calories, while more restful styles help to lower the resting heart rate. All styles help lower blood pressure. Perhaps the most important organ affected by yoga is the brain. Serotonin levels get a boost during regular practice, and moving through challenging poses helps improve body image. Taking the time to connect with the body also helps

lower stress, a prominent risk factor for depression, high blood pressure, insulin resistance, and osteoporosis. Pregnant women may find yoga especially healing. Gentle practice reduces low back pain and sciatica, aches and fatigue in the thoracic and cervical regions of the spine, and joint swelling and inflammation. Certain poses can also help prepare the body for labor. Just about every bodily function is better with yoga. It helps drain lymph nodes, a process that fights infections and cancerous cells. It also improves balance — just strike a “tree pose” to find out. All that concentration also helps to keep the mind sharp. Most asanas hit the same acupressure points that have been proven to work in acupuncture. And starting your day with yoga can aid bowel movements better than any cup of coffee. Perhaps the greatest benefit of all is that yoga is accessible to everyone: there’s no age or health minimum or limit, and the variety of styles guarantee that there is a yoga practice for absolutely everyone, even babies! 97


Fitness for a cause: Charity races & events There’s nothing like a goal and a purpose to motivate us to get moving. Whether your inspiration is to support a cause, lose weight, get healthy or just do something fun with friends, charity events are a great way to get motivated for fitness. Below we’ve listed some events that happen between March and October in Maine — runs, walks, bikes, triathlons and even a skiathon! There is something for everyone, regardless of your current fitness level. NAME





Mar 23, 2013

Sunday River Resort

Maine Adaptive Sports & Recreation

Urban Runoff 5k run/walk

Apr 20, 2013


Clean water education in schools

Habitat for Humanity’s 20th Annual Spring 5K Run/Walk

May 4 & 5, 2013


Habitat for Humanity 7 Rivers

12th Annual Women’s Ride (Bike: 5, 15, 25 or 50 miles)

Jun 2, 2013


Bicycle Coalition of Maine

Pirate Tri (1/3 mile lake swim, 14-mile bike, 3-mile run)

Jun, 2013


Benefits Camp Sunshine

Trek Across Maine (3 day, 180 mile bike ride)

Jun 14 – 16, 2013

Bethel to Belfast

American Lung Association

21th Annual Maine Lobster Ride & Roll (16, 30, 50 or 100 mile bike routes)

Jul 21, 2013


Bicycle Coalition of Maine

Tri for a Cure (women only: 1/3 mile lake swim, 15-mile bike, 3.1-mile run)

Jul 21, 2013

South Portland

Maine Cancer Foundation

Bike MS: Great Maine Getaway (25, 50, 75 or 100 miles)

Aug 10 -11, 2013


National MS Society, New England Chapter

Trail to Ale (10K race/walk)

Sep 22, 2013

Eastern Prom, Portland

Portland Trails

Loon Echo Trek (25, 50 or 100 mile bike or 6-mile hike)

Sep 15, 2013


Loon Echo Land Trust

The Dempsey Challenge (bike 10, 25, 50, 75 or 100 miles; or walk/run 5k or 10k)

Oct 13 & 14, 2013


Cancer center at Central Maine Medical Center







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Traditional Acupuncture Wellness Center


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$20 off any massage

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Traditional Acupuncture Wellness Center


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The body is like a piano, and happiness is like music. It-- back is-- back needful to have blank blank space side side of ad of ad the instrument in good order.

Sample—Not for Redemption —Henry Ward BeecHer Lifeworks Chiropractic Center


202 U. S. Route 1, Suite 100 • Falmouth, ME 04105 Phone: (207) 781-7911

Sample—Not for Redemption Relief and Wellness Care • Pediatric and Family Practice Insurance Accepted/Affordable Cash Plans EXPIRATION DATE: 12/31/13

Lifeworks Chiropractic Center


202 U. S. Route 1, Suite 100 • Falmouth, ME 04105 Phone: (207) 781-7911

Sample—Not for Redemption Relief and Wellness Care • Pediatric and Family Practice Insurance Accepted/Affordable Cash Plans EXPIRATION DATE: 12/31/13

Lifeworks Chiropractic Center 202 U. S. Route 1, Suite 100 • Falmouth, ME 04105 Phone: (207) 781-7911


Sample—Not for Redemption Relief and Wellness Care • Pediatric and Family Practice Insurance Accepted/Affordable Cash Plans EXPIRATION DATE: 12/31/13

A greener drive

IN THIS CHAPTER 131 A greener drive

Many of us have not yet found a way to live car-free. When you do drive, there are lots of ways to increase your fuel efficiency and reduce emissions. Servicing your car regularly can make a big difference. Even small things like keeping your tires inflated properly and paying attention to the check engine light can add up to big savings for you and for the planet. Ask your auto care shop if they offer greener parts and products, such as biodegradable engine additives, recycled motor oil, energy-efficient spark plugs, recyclable windshield wipers, low-VOC paint and non-toxic cleaners. Ask them where, and how they handle and dispose of hazardous materials. Make sure you feel good about their answer.

TIPS FOR A CLEANER COMMUTE ፚፚ Plan trips to combine errands

ፚፚ Accelerate and brake gradually

ፚፚ Avoid idling

ፚፚ Limit the use of air conditioning

ፚፚ Observe the speed limit

ፚፚ Remove excessive weight

132 Taking the bus with a child 133 Travel apps 134 Public transit 135 Exploring Maine’s islands 136 Family-friendly biking in Maine


Taking the bus with a child For the past three years, I have commuted by bus between my house in Westbrook, to my office and then over to my son’s daycare place in downtown Portland. My husband and I are a one-car family and using public transportation is the key to making this possible. We live within easy walking distance from the bus stop, and while I had taken the bus alone many times as backup, when the car was in the shop, navigating it with a toddler was at first a daunting proposition. My son Ezra was 18 months old at the time and just beginning his love affair with all modes of transportation. He seemed overwhelmed at first by boarding the bus, but soon began to love it and the view it afforded him of the other vehicles going by. After a year and a half of strapping Ezra tightly in his car seat, it felt strange and a bit scary to simply hold him on my lap on the bus, but it was also a very special way for us to be close and share that transition time at the beginning and end of each day. Once in downtown Portland, we disembarked and I carried or pushed Ezra to 132


R O B I N TA N N E N B A U M Architectural Designer

his daycare, less than two blocks from the bus stop. I got him settled there and then walked the half mile to my office in the Old Port. At the end of the day I did the same sequence of events in reverse. Door to door each one-way trip took almost an hour. While the time commitment could be frustrating at first, I also knew that we were saving the expense of owning, operating and parking a second car, lowering our family’s carbon footprint and getting to know Portland in a very different way than we otherwise would have. We made friends on the bus–both fellow riders and bus drivers— and I began to look forward to seeing my “bus friends” on each ride to share stories from the day. Our friends save seats for us on crowded days and we text each other about schedule delays. Many of the people we met on the bus were from different walks of life and we may not have met them if not for this shared experience.

Travel & Transportation

The first year we rode together, I carried Ezra or pushed him in a lightweight stroller, and he sat on my lap for the entire ride. These days Ezra, a strapping four year old, walks to the bus stop holding my hand, climbs on board by himself and sits in his own seat. He practices his numbers by learning the destinations of all of the bus lines by the route numbers. He delights in handing the driver our “ticket” and is concerned when our regular friends are not on the bus that day. We share snacks and play games, and count all of the different

colors of cars from the windows. I appreciate the fact that our time spent traveling to and from daycare is a special time for us to share. As Ezra makes sense of the world around him, he sees public transportation as a fun and natural option for getting to and from the places he loves.

Travel apps


Smart phones and apps make excellent travel companions — from finding your way to finding a good place to eat. Here are a few of our favorite apps to help you take your healthy lifestyle on the go.

AUDUBON GUIDES Identify birds, mammals, wildflowers and trees with these field guides to go. Great for birdwatching, hiking, and exploring the outdoors. Free to $14.99

Robin Tannenbaum is an Architectural Designer in Portland. She lives in Westbrook with her husband and two boys. She commutes by bus each week with Ezra and is gearing up to try it with the new baby as well.

Find routes or map your own. Record distance, duration, pace, speed and more. See also: MapMyRun. Free to $2.99

POSTAGRAM Snap a photo and send it as a postcard. App is free, pay 99 cents to print and mail. Free

HAPPYCOW Vegetarian, Vegan and Vegetarian-friendly restaurant guide. Great for healthoriented eaters of all kinds. $2.99 133


PORTLAND’S MAGIC SPACES We have been building and maintaining the trails you and your family love in greater Portland for over 20 years.

Join as a member and receive a FREE copy of the new 4th edition Portland Trails Map & Trail Guide ($4.95 value)– your guide to the trails, parks, and public open spaces of greater Portland.

To learn more: · 207-775-2411

Public transit Southern and Midcoast Maine offer a range of public transportation options. Check out our coupon section for valuable savings on several of the options listed below, and visit or for more info. NAME



Portland Transportation

Links to all of greater Portland’s public transportation resources


Greater Portland Transit District

(207) 774-0351


Bus service between Biddeford-Saco-OOBPortland-South Portland

(207) 282-5408

Casco Bay Lines

Ferry service to the islands of Casco Bay

(207) 774-7871

Maine State Ferry Service

Ferry service to island communities in Penobscot Bay

The Downeaster

Train service between Brunswick-Boston

(800) USA-RAIL

Concord Coach Lines

Bus service from Bangor-Augusta-MidcoastPortland to Boston

(800) 639-3317

Greyhound Bus Lines

Bus service between Bangor-MidcoastPortland-Boston

(800) 231-2222

South Portland Bus Service

Service within South Portland and between South Portland-Portland

Brunswick Explorer

Bus service within Brunswick

(207) 761-9600

Sanford Transit

Weekday service between Sanford-Springvale

(207) 324-5762


(800) 767-5556

Travel & Transportation

Exploring Maine’s Islands and Coasts by Boat, Bike, and Foot By Erika Blauch Rusley

Exploring the 5,500 miles of Maine’s coastline by boat, bike, or foot is not only sustainable, but also offers the closest views of the many nooks and crannies that give our ruggedly beautiful shore its renowned character.

BOATS Join the residents of the eight Casco Bay islands who regularly use the Casco Bay Line ferries ( to commute or escape to vacation homes. A trip to Peaks Island, just a 20 minute ride from Portland, is a great way to spend a Saturday afternoon; the four mile loop around the island is easily traversed by bike or foot. Sailors and kayakers will love the Maine Island Trail (, a 375-mile waterway that winds around the entire length of the coast and includes sites along the route for day visits or overnight camping.

BIKES The Bicycle Coalition of Maine (www. website provides excellent information about bicycling along the coast and beyond. Find a seaside route or a weekly ride group and join in on the fun. With designated bike paths and formal and informal routes up and down the coast, the East Coast Greenway network

( provides many opportunities for paved and unpaved rides for cyclists of all abilities. Or for a great weekend getaway in a classic Maine setting, head up to Acadia National Park ( and bike the historic Carriage Trails. More experienced cyclists can conquer the Down East Sunrise Trail (, an 85-mile off road path,which can be ridden in parts as a series of day trips, or as a whole (though it is best to allow at least one overnight).

FEET Every Mainer should climb Cadillac Mountain ( at dawn at least once, and be the very first in the United States to see the sun rise over Frenchman’s Bay. Camden Hills State Park (www. is an easy getaway for a day hike with breathtaking coastal views from many points around the state. Traversing the coast by foot is a four season affair and can be especially fun on a pair of snowshoes or cross country skis. 135


Family-friendly biking in Maine By David Young

As one of the most bike friendly states, Maine offers an abundance of scenic bicycle trails for the entire family. Ranging from urban to rural, there are plenty of routes to accommodate all ages and levels of experience. What a better way to pedal away the afternoon than on one of Vacationland’s many designated bicycle paths! Here is a list of five bike-friendly trails that are closed to vehicle traffic, providing a safer option for young cyclists. Portland is home to many urban routes suited for the family. As Portland’s activity center, Back Cove Trail offers an easy crushed stone loop with multiple points of access. This natural estuary is a fantastic place to bike or bird watch! South Portland’s Greenbelt Walkway also accommodates both pedestrian and bicycle traffic. A paved path provides excellent views of residential neighborhoods, Portland’s skyline and the Casco Bay. There are plenty of spots to stop for a family picnic along the 5.6 mile route. The South Portland Greenbelt Walkway forms the northern end of the newly christened Eastern Trail which runs an additional 136

65 miles south to Kittery. There are several off road portions of the trail completed including a stretch from Kennebunk to Biddeford and Old Orchard Beach to Scarborough. Slightly further northeast, The Mountain Division Trail in Standish is a family friendly, 5.7 mile path that runs north to Windham. This wide multi-use path follows the original Portland and Ogdensburg Railway and eventually will total 52 miles from Portland to the New Hampshire border in Fryeburg. An additional 4.2-mile paved section runs through Fryeburg, from the welcome center on Route 302 through the airport on Route 113. These trails have no motorized traffic and offer a smooth ride with plenty of benches for rest opportunities along the way. The Androscoggin River Bicycle & Pedestrian Path in Brunswick follows alongside its beautiful namesake for 2.6 miles. With plenty of room to accommodate runners and walkers and equipped with a designated bike lane, this trail is a great destination for a family friendly, recreational outing. Surrounded by a pet-friendly park, the family dog will love it too!


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$100 off any program (minimum rate of $200)

Sample—Not for Redemption Ferry Beach Park Association Retreat & Conference Center 5 Morris Ave. • Saco Phone: (207) 284-8612

Offering week-long retreats and workshops for children, adults and families on beautiful Ferry Beach. Yoga, art, music, writing & more!

Offer valid for 2013 programs only. Please mention this coupon when you call to register for your program. Coupon must be included with payment. Limit one coupon per person per program.


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Valid for one campsite for consecutive nights. Excludes: Fri/Sat evenings in July/ Aug and Labor Day Weekend. Not valid in combination with any other discount. Reservation must be made by phone for discount to apply.


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Stay two nights and get 20% off all farm products during your stay (Cook here or take home!)

Platform tents and yurts furnished with queen-sized beds, handmade quilts and braided rugs, propane fireplaces, and many amenities for a unique luxury camping experience. 137

METRO Greater Portland Transit District


Phone: (207) 774-0351 Full schedule online at

Sample—Not for Redemption 800+ stops in Portland, Westbrook, Falmouth, & the Maine Mall area make METRO a convenient, eco-friendly driving alternative. Thanks for riding METRO! EXPIRATION DATE: 12/31/13

METRO Greater Portland Transit District


Phone: (207) 774-0351 Full schedule online at

Sample—Not for Redemption 800+ stops in Portland, Westbrook, Falmouth, & the Maine Mall area make METRO a convenient, eco-friendly driving alternative. Thanks for riding METRO! EXPIRATION DATE: 12/31/13

South Portland Bus Service


Maine’s Environmental Leader certification program was created in 2006 and has since certified over 150 restaurants, grocery stores and lodging facilities.

Sample—Not for Redemption Info Line: (207) 767-5556 Download a Schedule at

We can help you get there. EXPIRATION DATE: 12/31/13

South Portland Bus Service


Sample—Not for Redemption Info Line: (207) 767-5556 Download a Schedule at

We can help you get there. EXPIRATION DATE: 12/31/13

Choosing Cloth


By Erika Blauch Rusley

145 Choosing cloth

If the thought of cloth diapers conjures thoughts of giant diaper pins and leaky leg openings, think again. Modern cloth diapers are just as convenient and leak-proof as their disposable counterparts, but much less expensive and far safer for babies — and for the planet.

147 The truth about the

CLOTH DIAPERS ARE ECO-FRIENDLY Given that the average baby will use over 6000 diapers in the first two years of life, disposables have become one of the largest sources of garbage in the U.S., amassing over 5 million tons of landfill space. Because disposables are made from a combination of synthetics and paper, they may take up to 500 years to decompose. Manufacturing disposables involves heavily treating paper pulp and combining it with plastics, glues, dyes, synthetic perfumes and sodium polyacrylate, the superabsorbent “gel” inside the diaper. This process uses far more energy and resources than the production of cloth diapers, which are usually made from organic and sustainable fabric choices such as cotton, hemp, bamboo, and wool.

cosmetics industry 148 DIY: turn bridesmaids dresses into throw pillows


CLOTH DIAPERS ARE BETTER FOR THE BABY’S HEALTH Whiteners used to give disposables a “clean” look contain dioxin, which has been linked to a number of chronic illnesses. The synthetic chemicals in disposables have been shown to contribute to asthma and other respiratory problems. Because dirty disposables can still feel “dry,” they are not changed as often as they should be, resulting in a higher incidence of diaper rash and infection than for babies who are diapered in cloth. In addition to less incidence of diaper rash, cloth diapers also make it easier to potty train, and many cloth wearers are out of diapers by 18 months.

CLOTH DIAPERS SAVE MONEY Laundering and reusing cloth diapers costs half as much per week as buying disposables for the same number of uses. Although there is the initial purchasing cost, the average cloth diaper is used between 100 and 150 times as a diaper, and then retired; after which it may be sold for reuse as a diaper for a different baby, or used wherever a soft, lint-free rag is needed.

CLOTH DIAPERING CAN BE EASY The easiest choice for new cloth diaper users might be the hybrid diaper, which offers parents the option of using a disposable bio-degradable insert or a cloth insert. “This is the perfect gateway product 146

to using cloth diapers full time,” says Kelly Wels, a Maine resident and the author of “Changing Diapers: The Hip Mom’s Guide To Modern Cloth Diapering.” Once the switch is made, parents can choose from a variety of systems. All-in-one cloth diapers fit exactly like disposables, incorporating a wicking fabric liner and a leak proof cover that fits around baby with a series of snaps or velcro attachments. Even diapers that require a cover are quite simple to assemble: a flexible three-pronged fastener has replaced diaper pins, and diapers, liners, and covers come in such a wide array of fittings and materials that parents are bound to find a system that is absorbent, leak-proof, and customized exactly for baby. One-size diapers adjust as baby grows, are trim fitting and easy to use. Diaper showers that affix to a toilet have made cleaning cloth diapers a snap, and the myriad accessories and laundry products that have been developed for cloth diapering make it a process quite different from the days before disposables. Cloth diaper service providers will also take care of the dirty work — a great option for exhausted parents — and one that makes cloth diapering a logical choice for any family.

Style & Personal Care

The truth about the cosmetics industry


LO R A W I N S LO W Environmental Consultant & Educator

While many consumers believe that all cosmetics on the market have been tested and deemed safe, this is unfortunately not true. While the FDA has legal authority over the cosmetics industry, a law that dates back to 1938, allows the cosmetic manufacturers to regulate themselves. This means that cosmetic companies are not required by law to register their products, and instead are given the option of doing so voluntarily. The 70,000+ cosmetic products sold today are tested and determined to be safe, but they are self-regulated by the companies that make the products.

serious health issues including cancer, developmental problems, neurotoxicity, and hormone disruption, to name a few. Also, since companies are protected by the Freedom of Information Act they are not required to list certain ingredients on their labels. As a result, it’s often impossible to know what’s really in the products you use.

There is a bill in Congress now called ‘The Safe Cosmetics Act’ that seeks to replace the 1938 law and change the current regulatory system. (For more info, check out But until then, the “self-policing” system in place presently has some flaws. Of the 8,000 individual ingredients found in cosmetics, only about 20% have been assessed by the industry’s safety panel and only 11 ingredients have been declared unsafe. Yet many of these commonly-used ingredients are linked to

ፚፚ Simplify your products. Make a list of all the cosmetics and body products you use on a daily basis and see if there are any you can either stop using or replace with a natural version. Reducing the number of products you use may reduce your total exposure to chemicals.

So what’s a consumer to do? Here are three basic tips for protecting yourself and your family from the many harmful chemicals we’re unknowingly exposed to daily:

ፚፚ Start reading product labels the same way you read food labels. Your skin is porous and provides a direct route into your body. So if you wouldn’t eat it; don’t put it on your skin. Choose cosmetics that list every

ingredient and its function on the label. Avoid ingredients that sound like they were made in a lab. Avoid products with the ingredient “fragrance,” as that one word is used for over 3,000 different chemicals, including some allergens, hormone disruptors and neurotoxins. ፚፚ Research your products. No matter how savvy a shopper you are, you may still have difficulties determining if a product is safe. Thankfully, the Environmental Working Group has made that easy for us by rating over 75,000 products. Visit to see how your products rank or to find safer options. While the truth about the cosmetics industry may be disconcerting, you can still paint your nails, wash your hair, soften your skin without putting your health at risk! Lora Winslow is an Environmental Consultant and Educator, focusing on the places where we live, work and play. She lives in Portland and is currently getting her Master’s of Environmental Law & Policy from Vermont Law School. 147


Turn those old bridesmaid DIY dresses into throw pillows! “You’ll definitely be able to wear it again,” are the famous last words of brides everywhere. If you have an old bridesmaid dress in your closet (or any type of dress you no longer wear), it’s time to free up space. Make room for the clothes you really will wear again and see that bridesmaid dress in a new light—as gorgeous fabric that’s perfect for making throw pillows. These simple steps will have you stitching in no time. ፚፚ Disassemble the dress: Use a seam ripper or small sewing scissors to carefully cut out the stitching along the seams of your dress, to release all of the large sections of fabric. Depending on the dress style, you’ll either cut from the armhole to the hem, or possibly just down the sides of the skirt. You can also carefully cut out any embellishments, sashes, bows or other decorative elements. Save these as they might make a perfect decoration on your new pillows. ፚፚ Press and cut the fabric: Carefully iron or steam the large pieces of fabric on low heat to remove all of the wrinkles (be sure to follow the fabric manufacturer’s directions). Take an old throw pillow (or buy one from a consignment store), lay it on the fabric, and cut the fabric two inches larger than the pillow on all sides. 148

Cut another piece of fabric the exact same size. ፚፚ Pin and sew the fabric: Pin the two pieces of fabric together (with the “wrong” side of the fabric facing out) one inch in from the cut. Sew three sides of the square along these pinned lines, either by hand or with a sewing machine. ፚፚ Stuff the pillow: Turn the sewn pillowcase “right-side out” and stuff the pillow into the opening. Tuck in the cut edges for a clean edge, and sew the pillowcase closed by hand. (More advance sewers can choose to sew in a zipper here instead, so the pillowcase is removable.) ፚፚ Add the final touches: Once you have your pillowcase sewn and stuffed, you can add on (by hand sewing) the decorative elements you saved from the dress. Then, depending on how much fabric your dress yielded, you can make one or two matching pillows!


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Crowdfunding It takes a village to raise a business Change is happening in our business sector and it has a lot to do with how we view business and the role it plays in society. We are seeing a blending of traditional for profit and non-profit enterprises as more and more businesses adopt social or environmental missions, in addition to a profit-based mission. Buy Local movements are growing, fueled by increased awareness of the benefits that locally- and independently-owned businesses provide, including vital downtowns, a larger portion of profits circulating in the local economy, and increased giving to charitable organizations. This change is also showing up in how we fund businesses. An approach called “crowdfunding� mobilizes ordinary citizens as investors in initiatives they support, with individual investments ranging from $10 to $10,000 or more. Numerous websites make crowdfunding easy, including the well-known Some crowdfunding websites focus on certain types of projects like, which specializes in businesses with a social mission. Others, such as let you raise money for absolutely anything, such as a friend with an illness or a dream trip around the world.

IN THIS CHAPTER 165 Crowdfunding 166 Art in living landscapes 167 Recommended reading 168 The co-op difference 169 Green MBAs and sustainable business programs

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Sculptors have been drawn to this region for its inspiration and its materials. Sculpture is best seen outdoors where it can interact with the light, wind, weather and people. Exhibitions can be found in nature centers, botanical gardens and on college campuses. I have been curating exhibitions in these venues for 20 years offering both collectors and visitors the opportunity to see sculpture outdoors, and in garden settings. The City of Portland is adding to its collection and offering sculpture symposiums; where artists gather and work side by side to create public art and bring sculpture to Downeast communities. Why sculpture? Sculpture has ancient beginnings. Granite, basalt and marble as well as steel and bronze are touchstones to Earth in this flattened, high tech world. And to view their work, invites contemplation. Appreciating art can be a part of a more contemplative, less consumptive life that celebrates the unique nature of Maine.

~ Mon-Fri 9-6 pm & Sat 9-4 pm Sundays noon-3:30 pm (April - December)


Art in living landscapes

In celebration of the 166

recent expansion of the Portland Jetport, William D. Hamill donated a series of wildlife sculptures by Wendy Klemperer to the City of Portland. These weathered steel pieces include a herd of deer, a porcupine and a wolf which are now all sited along the entry road (International Pkwy.) off of Congress Street. Another gift- a massive, granite, abstract sculpture by Jesse Salisbury entitled Tidal Moon, is located just outside of the baggage claim. Hamill believes great sculpture at the Jetport pays tribute to Maine’s art and heritage, and now all visitors can enjoy this work. These pieces are the latest additions in the Public Art Collection of the city, which contains twenty-four works of art that are permanently installed throughout Portland. This collection contains works of historical significance that date from the nineteenth century, as well as contemporary pieces that reflect the diversity and spirit of the city itself. For more info, check out www. For those venturing farther Downeast, Maine’s International Sculpture Symposium is held every other year. This event has brought artists from Turkey, Japan,

Community & Culture

Egypt, Germany, Poland, Sweden, and France to work with Maine artists. They have completed sculpture that has become public art throughout eastern Maine. See www.schoodicsculpture. org for an excellent map and sculpture trail throughout various coastal villages. Explore the sculpture that celebrates Maine and art in living landscapes.

June LaCombe oversees exhibitions, commissions and sales of sculpture working with sculptors from all over New England. Recent exhibitions of work for sale include Maine Audubon in Falmouth, Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens in Boothbay, Hawk Ridge Farm in Pownal and the College of the Atlantic in Bar Harbor. For additional information on her exhibits, visit her website at Porcupine by Wendy Klemperer and Dragonfly by Digby Veevers Carter.

Recommended reading We asked our Facebook friends to share some of their favorite recent reads. Here are some highlights of their responses: Fruitless Fall by Rowan Jacobsen “A well-written book that fo­ cuses on the difficulties facing honey­ bees…, the role of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in both the agricultural crisis and de­ cline of the honeybee.” Recommended by Courtney Ross

Forks Over Knives edited by Gene Stone “A sensible and enlightened approach to health, agriculture and an organic vi­ sion for our culture. Introduced to us by our son, Tom, this book has changed our lives…”


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Hope Beneath Our Feet: Restoring Our Place in the Natural World “A collection of essays by well known authors including Diane Ackerman, Derrick Jensen, Barbara King­ solver, Bill McKibben, Alice Walker, How­ard Zinn, and more.” Recommended by Amanda Painter

Before the Lights Go Out by Maggie Koerth-Baker “A calm, clear account of the past, present, and future of America’s energy system that paints our energy future as exciting rather than terrifying.” Recommended by Kathleen Miel

Recommended by Waite Maclin 167

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JANE LIVINGSTON Co-op Enthusiast

The co-op difference You’ve no doubt heard of cooperatives; maybe you buy groceries at Rising Tide in Damariscotta, Good Tern in Rockland or the Portland Food Coop. Maybe you know someone who lives in a housing co-op, or gets power from an electric co-op. If you belong to a credit union, you’re a member of a (financial services) co-op!

HOW CO-OPS ARE DIFFERENT Cooperatives are guided by a set of business principles and values that have little in common with investor-owned companies. Members govern the business democratically, usually by electing a board, which oversees management. Member benefits depend on: how much is purchased, if the co-op is owned by individual consumers, like food, energy and housing co-ops; how much is sold, if it’s a producers’ co-op like Port Clyde Fresh Catch, or the value of a member’s work, if it’s a worker-owned cooperative like Local Sprouts restaurant in Portland. Worldwide, co-ops serve millions of members, create hundreds of thousands of jobs, and together represent the world’s ninth largest economy. Their “triple bottom line”—financial, social and environmental 168

accountability—is why they have been leaders in fair trade, sustainable development, buy/eat local, and social justice movements. Being locally owned, co-ops recycle money longer in the local economy. Typically, they are run by paid managers, who report to volunteer boards elected by and answerable to the members. This is why co-ops in the US have been far less buffeted than other businesses by the economic downturn. More than 650,000 credit union accounts were opened in one day across the US last November, calling for “Main Street” rather than Wall Street economics!

COOPERATIVE MAINE Here in Maine, cooperatives are on the increase, with the support of allies like the Cooperative Development Institute and the Cooperative Fund of New England ( and Cooperative Maine, a voluntary association dedicated to promoting the coop economy, has compiled a directory, Stronger Together, that lists Maine co-ops ( Jane Livingston has been promoting the cooperative economy in the U.S. and Canada for 18 years. She lives in Veazie.

Community & Culture

Green MBAs and sustainable business programs Business schools around the country are responding to a growing public awareness that business success is directly related to social and environmental factors—in addition to the economic bottom line. Green MBAs, undergraduate degrees and certificate programs throughout New England prepare students to develop as leaders at the forefront of this movement. Students learn to balance an organization’s financial health, environmental sustainability, quality of work life and social responsibility. These are some of the New England business programs focused on sustainability, ethics and social entrepreneurship. SCHOOL




Antioch University New England

Keene, NH

MBA in Sustainability

Babson College

Wellesley, MA

BS in Business, concentration in Environmental Sustainability. Certificate in Sustainability.

Bentley University

Waltham, MA

BA in Sustainability Science plus options for minor/ concentrations.

Brandeis University

Waltham, MA

MBA in Socially Responsible Business

Clark University School of Management

Worcester, MA

MBA in Sustainability

College of the Atlantic

Bar Harbor, ME

BA in Human Ecology with Sustainable Business Focus

(Continued, next page) 169

SunriseGuide (Continued from previous page)

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Goddard College

Plainfield, VT

MA in Sustainable Business and Communities, BA in Sustainability

Poultney, VT

Sustainable MBA

Brattleboro, VT

MBA in Managing for Sustainability

Middlebury, VT

BA in Environmental Studies

Cambridge, MA

Graduate Certificate in Sustainability


MBA Sustainability Specialization

South Portland, ME

Certificate in Building Science and Sustainability

Manchester, NH

MBA in Sustainability and Environmental Compliance

Unity College

Unity, ME

University of Maine

Orono, ME

BS in Sustainable Energy Management MBA in Business and Sustainability, BS in Business Sustainability

U Mass Dartmouth

North Dartmouth, MA

Graduate Certificate in Sustainable Development

University of Southern Maine

Portland, ME

BS in Business with Sustainable Business Focus, MBA with Sustainability Concentration

Wellesley College

Wellesley, MA

Certificate in Sustainability Studies and Science

Western New England University

Springfield, MA

BA in Sustainability

Green Mountain College Marlboro College Middlebury College MIT Sloan School of Management Notheastern University Southern Maine Community College Southern New Hampshire University

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2013 SunriseGuide - A sample of pages  

Includes a selection of sample pages that you will find in the 2013 SunriseGuide. Now in its 7th year, the SunriseGuide is Maine’s guide to...

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