on sonata* form, usually in multiple movements* written for orchestra; 2) a largescale instrumental ensemble intended for public performance. syncopation displacement of the normal accent by transferring it from a strong to a weak beat. Used throughout all classical music periods, it has been employed more aggressively in the 20th century by musicians in the “classical” and jazz fields. tanto [It.] so much, too much. tardamente [It.] slow, slowly; slowing down. tempo (pl. tempi) speed at which a composition is performed; common tempo markings include (listed from slow to fast): largo, lento, adagio, andante, allegretto, allegro, vivace, presto, prestissimo. ternary form describes a movement with three sections. The first and third sections are identical or closely related, and the second is contrasting. ABA form. terrace dynamics a technique applied when performing a sequence wherein the dynamic or volume level is louder for each statement of a sequence that usually rises in volume when the pitch rises and decreases in volume if the sequence is going down. theme principal melody in a composition. theorbo a large bass lute, which was developed in the late 16th century especially for playing basso continuo. It will have six courses* and seven or eight contrabass courses in a second pegbox attached to the first. timbre tone color. time signature the sign placed at the beginning of a composition or during the course of it to indicate its meter.* It normally consists of two numbers: the top number indicates how many beats are in each measure*, and the bottom number indicates what type of note value is worth one beat. tiorba [It.] see theorbo. toccata [It., “touch”] An instrumental composition, often featuring several virtuosic sections, designed to show off the player’s technical capabilities. tonal in Western music, the organized relationship of tones with reference to a definite key center or tonic, and generally, a work written in a specific scale or key. tonic first degree, or pitch, of a major or minor diatonic scale.
tranquillo tranquil. transposition the rewriting or performance of music at a pitch other than the one in which it was originally written. transverse flute [It. traverso, Fr. traversière, Ger. Traversflöte] a term used until the middle of the 18th century to distinguish a side-blown flute from the end-blown recorder. tremolando or tremolo the fast, unmeasured repetition of a single note or alternation of two notes. triad a chord* consisting of three pitches, each pitch usually separated by the interval of a third or fourth (see chord). trill (1) a fluttering or tremulous sound; warble; (2) in music, the rapid alternation of two tones either a whole or half step apart. trio (1) composition for three performers; (2) The B section of an ABA form of a minuet or scherzo, usually in two parts, each of which is repeated. trio-sonata a sonata written for three instruments, usually two upper voices and one basso continuo*. triple meter any meter* in which there are three basic beats in a measure*, such as 3/4 or 3/8. triplet three notes of the same rhythmic value to be played/ sung in the time normally occupied by one or two note(s) of the same value, thus making them faster. tromba [It.] trumpet. troppo too much (as in non troppo, ‘not too much’). tutti literally, “all”; in orchestral works, particularly concertos, a passage where the entire orchestral force resumes playing after a passage in which only a soloist or small group of soloists (concertante*) are playing (see also concerto grosso* and ripieno*). twelve tone music music in which all twelve notes of the scale* have equal importance; i.e., music which is not in any key or mode*, and which is often described as atonal.* unison 1) the interval formed by two statements of the same pitch; 2) simultaneous performance at the same pitch, or sometimes at one or more octaves.* valse [Ger.] see waltz.* variation compositional technique in which musical ideas or themes are manipulated and repeated many times with various changes.
Sonata-Allegro Form Theme 2
Leaving home Home
Thoughts of home while traveling
Let’s go back Thoughts of a new place
116 The Friends of Chamber Music | The Intimate Voice of Classical Music
Away from home
Home! Should we leave?
No, let’s remember where we went but stay home.
Friends of Chamber Music 2010-2011