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Volume 36 Brought to you by

Sun Advocate

Emerry Count nty

Pro ogre ess

March 2012

“We’re serious about



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March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 3

A coal truck departs after depositing coal in a reserve coal pile across Huntington Canyon from the two unit 900 Megawatt Pacificorp Power Plant.

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ENERGY 2012 For 35 years years, the Sun Advocate and Emery County Progress have been bringing eastern Utah our energy guide each winter or spring. The publications have always been for those in our community who provide jobs in the most dynamic industry in the world, energy. It has been for the companies to bring information to the public, for the miners to spread the news about their profession and for the jobbers to show off their part in the coal and gas industry. Most of all, the special is about our readers, who want to know more about our energy industry, its technology, the issues facing it and what its future is. There are many challenges facing the energy industry today. Times are changing and the sure thing of coal being king seems to be waning as people start to look to alternative to power for homes and businesses. But coal still provides around 50 percent of the electricity used in the United States. In Utah, it provides nearly 90 percent. This publication contains articles about coal, its production and its importance to our way of life.

But there are also a lot about new technologies and different kinds of energy that are now and could be impacting the area in the future. While being rich in coal, this area also has huge amounts of coal bed methane natural gas and tar sands, which are just in their infancy when it comes to development. The area also has a lot of renewable energy capacity as well. In some parts of the area, the wind blows as much as it does in many other places where turbines churn out power for grids, suppling thousands of homes. The area also has nearly 300 sunny days a year, which could mean it is a good place to generate solar power as well. But for now, the coal-fired power plants are the backbone of our power generation and that will probably remain that way for many years. We make no pretension that this publication covers every aspect of energy or energy development that is going on in our area, but we have tried to give a snap shot of what is going on and what could go on in the future. We truly appreciate the individuals in our area that agreed to be interviewed for this special and those that contributed to it. Without their help we just couldn’t produce this one of a kind guide every year. This year our annual Carbon and Emery Energy Guide 2012 is housed in a slick cover publication with and interior in total color. It is the first time our papers have ever published a total color publication. This is due to the support we get from the energy industry in the area, that we are proud to serve. We are excited about the way this has turned out and look forward to your reaction to what we think is a wonderful special. Richard Shaw, publisher Sun Advocate/Emery County Progress Consistent, Reliable Ser vice since 1976

2012 Energy Edition Published by the Sun Advocate and Emery County Progress

Rick Shaw ............................................................. Publisher John Serfustini ..........................................Associate Editor Kevin Scannell ........................................................... Writer Jenni Fasselin ............................................................... Sales CJ McManus ................................................................ Sales Lynna Tweddell............................................................ Sales Christa Kaminski ......................................................... Sales

Sun Advocate

845 East Main, Price, Utah 435-637-0732 435-637-2716 Fax

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March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 5

About the cover The cover of this publication was painted by Thomas Williams of Helper. Williams and his partner, David Johnsen, have been creating period paintings about the coal industry for years. This painting, however, was the first one in which he depicted modern day coal mining with a long wall system. The model for the painting was Roman Vega, a Helper resident who worked most of his life in the local coal mines. The pair presently own the Boxcar Gallery in Helper, but have been featured at shows and galleries all over the United States. Williams was born in West Virginia to a coal mining family. He eventually migrated to the mines of eastern Utah where he worked as a miner for some years, until an injury ended that career. It was during his rehabilitation that Williams and others recognized his artistic ability. Soon he was painting from what was nearest and dearest to his heart, the coal mining industry, with its storied past, its challenges and its people. Three years ago, Williams was commissioned to produce art for the new public safety building in Park City, where the mining history along with the ski and tourism industry go hand-in-hand. He produced a series of paintings that currently hang in the foyer and in other places in the building, bringing that legacy to life for all who visit. Over the years both artists’ period and industrial paintings have brought the story of the blue collar worker to a public that knows little about where the energy used in their homes and businesses comes from. Williams and Johnsen have produced a number of paintings for companies connected to the coal and power generation industry. “We hope to continue to do that, and hope that along with more work for the gas and oil industry as well,” Williams said.

Tom Williams, once a coal

miner, now uses his experience to create works of art about the industry.



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6 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

Directory of Advertisers America West Services ............. 32 Bill Barrett Corp ...................... 58 Blue Tip Energy ....................... 40 Bookcliff Sales ......................... 30 Brady Mining .......................... 68 Bruno/Bodec ........................... 18 Canyon Fuel ............................ 20 Carbon County Commissioners . 22 Carbon County Econ Dev ........ 65 Carbon County Events Center . 59 Castle Country Hydraulics ...... 39 Castle Country Oil................... 60 Castle County Orthopaedics .... 36 Castleview Occupational Med .... 6 Caterpillar ............................... 16 Complete Supply ....................... 4 Covol....................................... 23 Dinosaur Tire .......................... 19 Dyno Nobel ............................. 42 East Carbon City ..................... 65 Eastern Utah Community CU . 62 ECDC....................................... 50



Echo Industries ........................ 53 ECI .......................................... 31 Emery County Commissioners .. 29 Fairmont Supply ..................... 11 Filter Service & Testing ............. 15 Gary Meeks Financial Network 33 Golden West ............................ 25 Granite Seed ............................ 37 Guymon’s Machining ............. 26 Horizon Mine .......................... 56 Hydraulic Repairs Inc .............. 30 Industrial Electric..................... 28 Jake Mellor Financial Service ..... 3 James Banasky Insurance........ 66 JBR .......................................... 29 Johansen & Tuttle.................... 56 Jones & DeMille....................... 37 Joy Mining.........................48-49 Kaman .................................... 56 Kee Engineering ....................... 10 Kelly Group ............................. 36 Landon’s Diesel.......................... 2



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March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 7

Reclaiming the land for all By JOHN SERFUSTINI After more than six decades of mining, the Independent Coal and Coke Company shut down operations in 1963. It was 20 years before the last vestiges of the stone buildings and metal structures were gone and a baseball park took their place. Gov. Scott Matheson threw the first pitch in a Little League game there in 1984 as a way to highlight the success of what was at the time the biggest - $750,000 – abandoned mine reclamation project in the state. Now there’s an effort under way to finish the job. The Utah Division of Oil, Gas & Mining’s Abandoned Mine Reclamation Program plans to install four mini-dams this summer along Kenilworth Wash

to mitigate the potential flow of tiny coal chips from reaching the Price River. The creek that flows through the wash is ephemeral – there’s water in it only after the snow melts or a big rainstorm hits. But the program is dedicated to restoration after mine closures across the state so the job will be done. At about the same time, the AMRP hopes to be in the final stages of planning for the reclamation of the old Knight-Ideal coal load in Wellington. That’s a 17-acre site that still has remnants of an abandoned coal operation. Both of these instances are examples of a much larger national push for eliminating hazards and mitigating environmental impacts of mining. According to J. Chris Rohrer, a senior reclama(Continued on page 8)

The Cyprus Plateau mine at Wattis was booming when this photo was taken about 20 years ago. Note all the infrastructure.


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Reclaiming the land for all (Continued from page 7) tion specialist with the AMRP, the federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 established the regulations and set the funding requirements for the environmental and safety protections. All mines operating in 1977 and thereafter have to pay into a trust fund to finance reclamation of abandoned mines and also have to post bonds guaranteeing their own reclamation. Utah’s program gets its operating money from this federal trust fund. The Sun Advocate has followed the course of the two most recent projects and has reported in both cases that the AMRP has worked with local governments and property owners to deter(Continued on page 8)

The Cyprus Plateau mine site as it looks today. Much of the infrastructure has been removed and covered with soil. The fines pile, the dark spot in the middle of the photos, is presently being extracted for use.

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March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 9

Reclaiming the land for all (Continued from page 7) mine the scope of activities and to design plans for land use after the reclamation. In Wellington’s case, the city decided it wanted the reclamation of the former Knight-Ideal property to become a multi-purpose community park, featuring baseball fields and an urban fishery. Although AMRP does not fund those improvements, the reclamation process will proceed with those uses in mind. Rohrer said the recent cutback in activity at the Dugout mine has added a minor complication about what to do with the coal-contaminated soil at the Wellington site. The mine had agreed to allow the disposal at its own storage site, but had to withdraw from the plan. The revised plan calls for burying

the waste coal at the current site, with three feet of clean cover soil. He will be meeting with city council to inform them of the changes in March. In Kenilworth, the project will be limited to the stream. Parts of the old mine surface facilities are now private property, explained senior reclamation engineer Anthony Gallegos. The work will not require removal of all the waste coal, but the drop structures will require some disturbance. The excavated material will be disposed of elsewhere and the disturbed area will be reseeded. The former Plateau Mine operation at Wattis and the Willow Creek load out facilities at Castle Gate have been recovered as required by the law.

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The site of the old Castle Gate loadout facility has been reclaimed. All structures have been removed and every rail and tie of the railroad siding (gray strip, center) are gone.

10 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

SGS serves electricity, coal producers in Castle Valley

A SGS employee analyzes coal samples. SGS also provides inspection, sampling, testing and analytical services to the the mining industry.

SGS Minerals Services has served the coal mining and electrical generation industries in Castle Valley for more than 30 years. SGS, a major international inspection, testing and consulting firm, acquired Commercial Testing & Engineering Company in 1984. CT&E started in the mid-western United States in 1908 and became a leader in formulating comprehensive testing services to the power industry for nearly 100 years. CT&E played a major role in setting the analytical pace in the coalfields east of the Mississippi River, then expanded to establish service concepts for the mines and power generating stations. SGS provides inspection, sampling, testing and analytical services to the mining, generation and energy companies in Carbon and Emery counties.

The company operates the only full-service environmental laboratory in Castle Valley. The Huntington lab has maintained state NELAC certification for water and A2LA accreditation for coal analysis for many years. Castle Valley’s coal and power companies maintain markets by reducing costs and producing dependable products. SGS Minerals joins the local industries’ efforts by offering technically advanced laboratory services and support. The Carbon-Emery area is home to a hard-working labor force and a business community supplying the state, the nation and countries across the globe with quality products, explained the testing company. SGS plans to continue to provide cost-effective services to local governments and industry. 1.435.613.1220 Price, Utah 84501

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March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 11

From the ground down Intricacies of operating undergound coal mines By RICHARD SHAW It all seems so simple. Find out where the coal is. Dig a hole and get it out. Haul it up and move it to where it is needed. Burn it. When man first discovered that coal could burn, creating light and heat, getting and using it was probably almost this simple. It wasn’t easy, but it was simple. Many of those that used coal in the early days only dug out what they could get from standing outside the seam. But as technology started to require more of coals power, the drive to get at it became greater and greater. The industry moved from man pow(Continued on page 15)

Materials for mining operations being transported to the mine portal at the Skyline Mine in Eccles Canyon.


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12 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012








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14 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

Performance. Production. Power. Longwall Associates conveyor systems integrate proven and emerging technology to give you reliable, rugged Proven Power, and Proven Performance top producing mines trust Longwall Associates to supply their longwall conveyor systems. VISIT US AT BOOTH 2753

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March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 15

From the ground down (Continued from page 11) er, to animal power, to motor power and to electrical power. It moved from picks and shovels to machine. It moved from indentured servant miners to miners with good pay and benefits. It moved from unsafe mines with high levels of gas and cave-ins always a threat, to much safer mines with safety as a primary goal, in some mines as much as production. No simplicity here. Today’s coal mining industry means a lot more to a local economy than it ever did, because of the changes to the industry. More equipment, more safety, more efficiency, means more support services are needed. That means more businesses involved, more people employed. Add to that environmental laws and deeper coal to mine. It’s now neither easy nor simple. So what does it take to first start up and then run a modern coal mine? First it takes a geological survey to

be sure there is enough coal to make sure putting a mine in is profitable. Today geologists already know where coal is, because of years of study and research. But if any one seam (or group of them) support an expensive and complicated operations becomes the big question. Potential mining operations must also do a two year study of the water table in the area before they can begin operating. The two years of data are used as a baseline so that testing can be done after operations start so that measurements can be taken to see if the mining is impacting that resource. Next comes permitting, whether on private or government land. The laws vary, but local, state and federal regulations apply to not only securing the coal, but how it can be removed. Questions need to be asked. Open pit or underground mine? If underground, long wall or continuous miner? Environnmentally, how sensitive (Continued on page 18)

The Lila Canyon mine in eastern Emery County just began commercial production of coal last year. It took nearly a decade of study, planning, engineering and permitting before it reached that point.

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16 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012



© 2012 Caterpillar All Rights Reserved. CAT, CATERPILLAR, their respective logos, “Caterpillar Yellow,” and the “Power Edge“ trade dress as well as corporate and product identity used herein, are trademarks of Caterpillar and may not be used without permission. Cat and Caterpillar are registered trademarks of Caterpillar Inc., 100 N.E. Adams, Peoria IL 61629.

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March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 17

Tavaputs project development By JIM FELTON This year will see the Bill Barrett Corporation continuing to drill wells targeting natural gas in the Wasatch and Mesaverde formations from atop the West Tavaputs Plateau. Natural gas prices, however, are at a 10 year low, prompting a slowdown from last year’s activities. Drilling $2.4 million wells can get tough in a $2-$3 per million cubic feet natural gas market. Unfortunately, short to mid-term trends aren’t that favorable for a strong price environment anytime soon. Consider this. 2012 is projected to be another record year for natural gas production nationally, which is saying something given the 8 percent production increase from 2010 to 2011 was the biggest one-year hike in history. The fourth warmest winter

• • • •

in recent history and continued weakness in the economy have combined to over-supply the market. Natural gas, which was getting $10-13 for a thousand Btu just a few years ago, could go below $2 before this summer. Amazingly, in just five years the U.S. has gone from building terminals to import compressed natural gas to becoming the world’s largest natural gas producer. Of course, that’s great news for our country’s energy security. For each of the 114 million households in the country, low natural gas prices mean money in each family’s pocket, and Utah families pay the least for natural gas heat than anywhere in the country. In Carbon County, it’s a mixed blessing. More than 60 percent of all property tax revenue comes from en(Continued on page 19)

Road construction workers are toiling through the winter to get the road through Nine Mile Canyon in better shape for the summer season. Barrett Corporation has spent a lot of money to improve the road and dust conditions.


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18 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

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From the ground down (Continued from page 15) is the area? What special provisions must be made for this? Reclamation bonds need to secured. Many, many more questions. Once the viability of the mine is established, and all regulations can be met, then comes financing. Financing of operations and equipment. Some companies can self finance, others can’t. Financiers need to know what their return will be. And with the initial development of the mine, it may take years before it starts producing. Think of Lila Canyon; in the planning and startup stage for years, it finally started producing in the last couple of years. Engineering needs to be done. Basic plans that were used to get financing now turn into real boots on the ground work. All this requires local, on the ground management personnel. Experienced and resourceful managers then need to start to hire employees. Human resource people need to be put in place do that to help managers comply with the law and proper hiring policies. Once the mine is a go and the plans in place, construction needs to take place. Construction of infrastructure such as roads, utilities, and buildings that will need to built or located. Then the mine portal gets started. The beginning seam may be close to the surface or deep inside a cliff or underground. With that, either contractors or employees need to be hired to get it going. Working miners means a lot of things need to be purchased. Equipment, belt lines, controls, communications equipment and vehicles. It also means safety and ventilating equipment. The list of general supplies and parts goes on and on. Electrical systems need to be installed in the mine to run equipment and provide light. Contracts need to be let on hauling coal from the site to a loadout or the customer. Rail contracts to transport it once it is loaded need to be negotiated and signed too. Contracts need to be signed with local vendors for everything from vehicle maintenance to buying cleaning supplies for the office and bath house. These are just the general steps. As with all things, the devil is in the details. Nothing is ever as simple as it looks.

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Equipment in mines get a lot of hard use and require a lot of maintenance. These controls on a continuous miner shows the signes of the wear and tear that takes place.

March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 19

Tavaputs project development (Continued from page 17) ergy companies involved in natural gas exploration and coal production. Higher prices mean more activity and more sales tax revenue and royalties paid to the county, and with several studies showing a single rig to generate, on average, about 130 good paying jobs, rig activity is worth watching. We realize there are few places in the entire country as familiar with commodity price fluctuations as the folks in Carbon County. On the other hand, we have always taken the long view to the business (Exhibit A being the five years it took to get approval to drill year-round on Tavaputs). That’s why, despite the low gas prices, we are nonetheless expanding our gas line takeaway capacity and are continuing with the road investment and funding obligations for wildlife and archeology. After all, we still believe there to

be upwards of another 1.5 trillion cubic feet of natural gas to develop from West Tavaputs, and we still believe we have some 600 potential locations yet to develop. Further, the more we drill, the more we learn. There remains potential for additional productive formations (e.g. Mancos and Niobrara) and we know there to be considerable deep gas resources (But to get at that we’ll need a vastly improved price for gas). Taking the long view makes us a healthier company, and a healthier company is a better partner in your area. It’s a partnership that’s been working pretty good these last ten years, working with the county on a number of issues. The challenges keep coming. Nine Mile Canyon Road, a state sage grouse plan, getting the facts out on fracking, and working to keep Ameri-

can dollars at home by employing American workers to develop America’s energy. Developing energy on public lands in the 21st century involves a lot of stakeholders, and BBC recognizes and appreciates the creativity and cooperation with Carbon

County’s Board of County Commssioners to help assure the benefits that come from sustained year-round enregy development in this special part of Utah continue to far outweigh the cost for years to come. We are thankful for the public’s support as well.

Workers at the Barrett compressor plant which is located at the junction of Dry Canyon and Nine Mile Canyon work on a valve earlier this winter.

20 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

Canyon Fuel Company Congratulations to Sufco for winning the 2010 Sentinel of Safety Award (Given to the safest large underground mine in the United States)

Sufco was injury free in 2010 and won the Arch Coal, Inc. President’s Safety Award in 2009 and 2010. Dugout Canyon was injury free in 2011 and won the Arch Coal, Inc. President’s Safety Award in 2011. Skyline won the Arch Coal, Inc. President’s Safety Award in 2008. Congratulations Sufco, Dugout and Skyline Mines for these remarkable accomplishments. You have set the standard for Arch Coal in safety and productivity across the nation.

Canyon Fuel Company, LLC 225 North 5th Street Suite 900 Grand Junction, CO 81501

Phone 970-263-5130 Fax 970-263-5161

March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 21

The Towers of Power explained By RICHARD SHAW They are something we generally pay little attention to unless they get in our way or one falls down. Power poles exist almost everywhere in our country, criss-crossing the countryside bring valuable electricity to places where it is needed. Some people see them as a sign of prosperity, other see them as an annoyance. Still at this point in history, no one knows how to get electricity from a power generation station to a home or a business without them carrying the current at least part of the way. They are ubiquitous. But while we mostly ignore them, if one studies their form, many are very different from others. In fact within one transmission line corridor, there may be dozens of different kinds of towers or poles, some

similar in appearance to others, while some may vary a great deal. “Sometimes when we put in transmission line corridors people have conflicting desires about the towers,” said Dave Eskelsen, spokesman for Pacificorp. “Some want the towers to stand out, others want them to blend in.” Transmission line corridors have been big news in recent years. At one time they were thought of as a sign of prosperity; now many say they don’t want them “in their backyard.” Yet when looks beyond the political posturing, the myths about power lines running near homes and the emotions of it all, putting up the poles that carry the lines is an engineering feat that is amazing and complicated. It would be easy to suppose why one might see many different kinds of poles. But the fact is that the poles

you see installed today, are engineered particularly for where they are put. “Each transmission project is unique,” said Eskelsen. “And each of the poles within those projects are basically built to order. There are often requirements for each structure depending on a lot of factors.” Hard to believe since often they all look so similar, that they are that special. It’s true that there is stock material used in them but they are placed where they are placed because

of planning. That’s why each pole, each tower has its own identifying number. “Engineers know exactly where every pole will go before they build a project,” stated Eskelsen. “They know the conditions the structure will face, what the soils are like where they will be placed, the kinds of loads they will have to carrry.” Conditions? What about high wind areas, or areas where the frost permeates the ground extremely (Continued on page 22)


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Steel lattice poles seem to be the most prevalent around the local area for high tension lines, while wood towers carry lower voltages of power.

22 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

The Towers of Power explained (Continued from page 21) deep. Soils? Soil samples are taken at every site before the structures are placed so the engineers know what needs to be done to anchor and support them properly. Depth of the poles support structure and the amount of concrete to anchor them needs to be determined. Loads? Power lines are not light. The larger the amount of power the lines must carry, the bigger they are. Cables stretched between just two poles a few hundred yards apart can weigh several tons. The fact is each structure must be designed for the loads imposed on it by the conductors. The weight of the conductor must be supported, as well as dynamic loads due to wind and ice accumulation, and effects of vibration. Where conductors are in a straight line, towers need only resist

the weight since the tension in the conductors approximately balances with no resultant force on the structure. Flexible conductors supported at their ends approximate the form of a catenary, and much of the analysis for construction of transmission lines relies on the properties of this form. A large transmission line project may have several types of towers, with “tangent” towers intended for most positions and more heavily constructed towers used for turning the line when a line has to angle, terminating a line, or for important river or road crossings. Depending on the design criteria for a particular line, semi-flexible type structures may rely on the weight of the conductors to be balanced on both sides of each tower. More rigid structures may be intended to remain standing even if one or more conductors is broken. Such structures may be installed at

intervals in power lines to limit the scale of cascading tower failures. Foundations for tower structures may be large and costly, particularly if the ground conditions are poor, such as in wetlands. Structure may also be stabilized considerably by the use of guy wires to counteract some of the forces applied by the conductors. “The depth of the structure is proportional to the length of the pole, and the weight they have to carry,” said Eskelsen. But why the difference in materials? From the layman’s point of view within the same transmission line one might see steel, aluminum, and concrete, made of lattice or tubular steel. “It’s all got to do with where the tower is located and how it is used,” said Eskelsen. “You might see tubular steel used more on angles, for example. As for concrete, we haven’t

used that in a new installation for a long time.” So the variance in towers and poles isn’t just about the fact the contractor who put them up happened to have some on hand and had to order some more but couldn’t get the same kind. High voltage lines seldom run on wood poles anymore. There was a time when they were more common in large transmission projects, but that time is long gone. “The higher voltage lines take strong poles or steel lattice or steel tubing,” said Eskelsen. “We also have to make our lines last a long time. We have been replacing some that are over 60 years old and we expect the newer ones to last at least that long.” Wood is still used for many neighborhood lines and even for some lower power transmission lines (Continued on page 23)

CARBON COUNTY Go with us into a bright future!

Carbon County Commissioners Mike Milovich, John Jones & Jae Potter

Carbon County Commissioners

working in partnership with the Energy Industry to provide access to economic and recreation opportunities for our citizens.

March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 23


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(Continued from page 22) across a certain area. But in main power transmission systems it is seldom seen anymore. While many people don’t like them to run nearby their house, power companies must find ways to run them to their customers cost-effectively. When planning routes they try to take the most unobtrusive way through an area, but they also have to consider cost of installation and safety. The terrain they run across means a lot. And of course they need to be dependable. Many overhead lines are routinely operated at voltages exceeding 765,000 volts between conductors, with even higher voltages possible in some cases. It is a big resonsibility, operating those lines. “We have to be meticulous about how they are put in and where they are put,” stated Eskelsen. “Reliability and keeping the lines operating is all important. We sometimes can shut down a corridor for maintenance, but more often we have to handle them hot and that brings in a whole new group of considerations.”

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24 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

Tram: A leader on Green Motors Initiative By CJ MCMANUS Due to their unparalleled efforts in the arena of power conservation and quality control, Tram Electric was honored by Rocky Mountain Power through their Outstanding Contributions Award during a February 2012 ceremony. While the award was given because of Tram’s achievement within the parameters of the new Green Motors Initiative, their success with conservation and quality can be traced back to the company’s founding and the attitude of their owner David Zaccaria. “When we first got into the project Dave came to me and said he wanted to be the number one company in this green motors initiative,” explained 27-year Tram veteran Robert McKendrick. “The great part about his request was that our standards already put us ahead in this type of pro-

gram.” According to the Tram administrator, the local company was able to save 53,547 Kilowatt hours of electricity through February of this year. Their next closest competitor in Utah was saved 3,572 Killowatt hours. Tram’s quality standards require that the company use the latest core loss equipment and the correct sand blasting media continually working to produce a more efficient re-wind and re-build. Through this process, Tram provides their customers with a re-built motor which is often times more efficient than even a brand new product. “Through the Green Motors Initiative, customer gets a $2 per horsepower savings rebate from Rocky Mountain Power,” explained McKendrick. “That rebate is then paid directly to us at the time of the re-build, providing us the ability to pass the (Continued on page 25)

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Tram: A leader on Green Motors Initiative (Continued from page 24) savings directly onto the customer’s invoice. Our customers are then saving both money and power.” According to McKendrick, the main goal of the Green Motors initiative is to reduce the carbon footprint generated by companies all over the world. To do this, Tram has worked to have their program become efficient on an incredible level when rebuilding a motor. Through quality control techniques, which include a pristine work environment, state-of-theart equipment, process testing and a company wide dedication to excellence Tram is able to save on a variety of levels. “We are recycling 98 percent of a motor by just putting in new windings and bearings,” said McKendrick. “Where if you have to go buy a new one, you have to purchase all new resources and the the carbon footprint is 20 to 250 percent higher in a new motor than it is in a rewind.” The Tram official reported that cus-

tomers used to scrap a motor if the cost to replace the device reached 60 percent of the cost of a new product, however with better and better efficiency standards and savings programs like the GMI, the percentage has gone up. “Our standards require that we upgrade our motors, at our facility the insulation used in a rebuild is one step above what the customer would get with even a brand new motor. We put in higher quality bearings, we put in higher quality vibration control,” said McKendrick. “This is something that many people have a hard time with, the fact that we can provide a better product than something new. Most of the time you are getting a better motor for a lesser price than new, the reliability is better and the motor retains the same efficiency as new. As an added benefit, this process also supports and grows local motor service businesses.” With sustainably planning becoming an essential part of any successful business,

cost saving related to energy consumption have become a holy grail of sorts, making programs like the Green Motors Initiative extremely popular. “For the last two years there was over 4 million kilowatt hours saved by all the green motors participants, that is a lot of power,” said the Tram Administrator. “Basically, what the program teaches us is that if we can make a 200 horsepower motor just one percent more efficient that will save enough power to sustain a normal family household for one year.” While the green motors program has garnered high praise from Rocky Mountain Power as well as state officials, Tram’s continuing success has more to due with their diversity and vision as a company than anything else. Tram Electric Inc. was founded in 1981, at that time their product line consisted of after-market re-manufacturing of OEM equipment in motors, pumps and power distribution equipment.

“We began in a small portion of the K & M Electric Building, southeast of Price and remained there until April of 1982,” explained Leslie Allred the company’s Office Administration Manager during a tour of their current facilities. “Due to continued growth, we relocated to the Anixter Building, four miles south of Price and even though we have moved several times since then, we continued to grow and prosper there.” By 1986, Tram had once again outgrown their present facilities and purchased the Buener Block Building. This provided the company’s growing team with sufficient office and production space to allow for even further growth. Between 1986 and 1995 business continued to grown and two building expansions were added to the company’s facilities. In addition to this, Tram Electric also expanded its product line to include transformer manufacturing, new motor (Continued on page 26)

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Tram: A leader on Green Motors Initiative (Continued from page 24) and new pump sales. In 2003, Tram Electric grasped the opportunity to expand to the Old Joy Building located on Airport Road a facility which provided over 44,650 square feet on 5.75 acres. From the beginning, there were many advantages obtained with this new building including two 30 ton cranes,

two 20 ton cranes, as well as several 10 ton cranes located throughout the shop,” continued Allred. With this historical growth and our ability to keep up with sales, David Zaccaria, the founder, felt well prepared technically and operationally, to meet the growth and service needs of our present and future clients for the year 2012 and beyond.

Above: A painter at Tram Electric works on a project in the shop. Left: A motor that has been rewound by the Tram team of technicians.

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March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 27

Reworking gas wells

A drilling rig reworks and existing gas well at the site of the old Cyprus Plateau mine in Wattis. Companies the run the wells often rework wells to restore production from an existing formation when it has fallen off substantially or ceased production altogether. There are a number of different kinds of reworking projects that can be done. Note to that the rig doing the rework is substantially different from those that drill original well bores.

The bright lights of a large rig boring thousands of feet into the ground for coal bed methane gas in Carbon and Emery counties has become a pretty common site over the years. Night time landscapes can be lit up a great deal by these 24/7 operations as they make their way down to the energy that warms homes and powers industry. But there is another kind of drilling that takes place sometimes shortly after the well goes into production and sometimes long after its horsehead pump starts the flow of gas down the line. This kind of drilling usually requires a smaller rig, and often the crews just work 10-12 hour shifts rather than around the clock. This kind of drilling is called a rework. In a rework any number of processes can be used for various reasons. The well production may have dropped off substantially or their may be some problem with the bore or the casing of the well. Regardless for the reason it is production that counts and these rigs pop up periodically at almost every well site at one time or another. The stimulation of the well (to make produce more gas) can happen a number of ways. The first way thought of to give more production was the concept of “shooting” a well. Oil and gas wells have been made to produce more with explosives since the late 1890 or so. The term may have originally come from people suing a rifle and shooting down a water well bore to get more water out of it. Well shooting today refers to any rapid release of energy from a chemical reaction in a wellbore for the purpose of upping production. The impact of the explosives used fracture the rock and cause more gas to come into the bore. Propellents include those that explode and those that deflagrate (which for many applications is more desirable). Problems of wellbore damage, safety hazards, and unpredictable results have reduced the relative number of wells stimulated by high-strength explosives. In recent years fracking, or hydraulic fracturing, has been favored over “shooting” wells. Sophisticated techniques, equipment, fracturing fluids, and proppant have been developed to optimize the hydraulic fracturing process. In fracturing, commonly called a “frac job,” sand and a fluid mix are forced into the formation to open cracks. When the fluid is removed, the sand particles remain in the cracks in order to keep them propped open so that the liquid hydrocarbons can flow into the wellbore. It is commonly called “hydraulic fracturing’ due to the use of hydraulic equipment to create the extremely high pressures needed to crack open or break the tight formations. Today, hydraulic fracturing is used to accomplish four basic jobs: overcoming wellbore damage, creating deep penetrating reservoir fractures in order to improve the productivity of a flowing well, and creating deep penetrating reservoir fractures in order to improve the productivity of a flowing well. Acidizing, the third method, consists of injecting an acid under pressure into a formation to enlarge the pore spaces and passages in order to increase productivity. It was first performed in 1932. By 1934 acidizing was commonly used in addition to shooting, and these were the only two known methods for well stimulation until fracturing was invented in 1948. Today it is known that certain kinds of formations respond better to acidizing than the other methods. Acidizing is still widely used to dissolve rocks in the productive formations, open new channels to the wellbore and reduce formation resistance to the wellbore.

28 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

BEAR opens up economic development By CJ MCMANUS As the local Business Expansion and Retention Project (BEAR) continues to grow and evolve, its mission becomes more and more complex as local entrepreneurs move into a global economy. The once fledgling enterprise of Castle Country BEAR is now funded by the Governor’s Office of Economic Development, is active in more than 20 counties throughout Utah and is pushing a statewide emphasis internal business retention, product export and facility expansion. Innovation and export have become vital to the local area as Carbon County Economic Development officials have long sought to diversify the area’s economy, setting up a levy to hold back the boom and bust cycle inherent to any area dependent on energy production. Local Economic Development Director Delynn Fielding recently discussed positive trends

as well as challenges facing the local economy. “On the bright side, Utah, Carbon County and even Price have all been so financially responsible, that this area is not seeing the widespread fiscal issues which are damaging the rest of the country,” explained Fielding who is also a executive member of the Castle Country Business Expansion and Retention Board. “This whole recent issue with the debt ceiling will not effect the local area quite as badly as some others because of local fiscal responsibility.” To capitalize on the Castle Valley responsible finance, Fielding and others at BEAR are pushing local business owners to expand both their products and their product’s reach by exploring the possibility of innovation within the global export market. Fielding reported that BEAR is currently looking for between three and four companies willing to examine their

current skills and machinery in order to determine what possible products and markets they could break into with new manufacturing practices. To facilitate this innovation training, BEAR is partnering with USU Eastern to ensure that the chosen businesses are provided the expertise needed to move forward. BEAR’s movement into this endeavor comes on the heels of the project’s success concerning statewide expansion. In March of 2012, Governor Gary Herbert addressed that state legislature saying that as a state, “we need to be laserlike in pursuing economic development in Utah.” The Governor went on to point out how the BEAR program has been helping counties all over the state. “We need to put more money into the BEAR program to help grown and expand businesses from within rather than recruit from without,” he said. Unlike many other state funding

programs, BEAR is giving back far more than it will ever take in. Over the past five years, direct Utah investment of $38,425 was matched with $354,278 in local match generating new sales tax and income tax revenue to the tune of $2,503,506. That revenue came by creating 284 direct jobs and 290 indirect and induced jobs which in turn produced $37,382,000 in new wages within the two county area. This type of success has caused rural areas all over Utah to take interest and while a portion of state funds will continue to fund Castle Country BEAR in this area, the local staff have been charged with providing training statewide. Karl Kraync, the Castle Country program’s first executive director, recently reported that more than 20 counties are now fully involved in their own expansion and retention endeavor. “We started going statewide introducing our data program from Executive (Continued on page 61)

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Five brothers make mining history By CJ MCMANUS Family histories can be as diverse as the stars in the sky, as one sibling suceeds while another fails and yet another walks the space in between, each finding their own path. Family histories can also find a common thread however, as sibling similarities are brought together by the forces of time and circumstance producing inspiring results. Such is the case with the Palacios family of Carbon County as five brothers would grow to influence underground mining both in Utah and across the country. Joe, Robert, Pete, Manuel and John have a combined 200 years of mining experience and were honored by the Southeastern Utah Energy Producer’s Association in 2007 for their life time achievements in the industry. Their history is the history of coal mining in Carbon County. “We all saw the mines as a way to make a good living,” said Pete Palacios the day before Thanksgiving in 2011.

“We were all hard working men. Our father taught us that and we knew that if we worked hard in the mines it would work out well for us and our families.” Joe, the oldest of the five brothers who were all raised in Sego, started his career in at the age of 19. According to his brothers he married his high school sweetheart with his first paycheck and loved coal mining because of that. “Joe was a great guy, he saw some action in the Battle of the Bulge and was always very proud of his service to our country,” said Robert Palacios during our November interview at the Sun Advocate’s offices. Four of the five brothers took time away from mining to serve their country in the armed services, amassing 12 years of time in the military between them. According to the brothers, they liked serving but not near as much as they liked mining. Robert began his career in the Uranium mines which were taking hold in (Continued on page 31)

Manuel and John in Sunnyside circa 1957 in front of the Kaiser bathhouse.

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30 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

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Quality work since 1981.

Five brothers make: (Continued from page 29) Moab at the time. “Me, Joe and Manuel went to Moab to go to work for Black Panther Uranium,” laughed Robert, detailing his first mining job. “That was an experience. They were still quite primitive at that time and everyday was kind of a role of the dice. They were still using fuses instead of electric caps to set off their dynamite.” Robert explained that many practices which took place in the early days of mining would be thought as highly dangerous to say the least by today’s standards. “We didn’t work at that Uranium mine for long and I never did figure out exactly how they timed that fuse, I just kept asking my brother Joe, can we go yet,” laughed Robert. “Even with the radiation, they never said anything to us about that.” Robert continued his coal career at Sunnyside’s Kaiser Steel in 1957. However, after going into the service in 1960 he moved away from his brothers working at the United States Mining Company and a potash operation in New Mexico. He eventually would come back to this area working in the old Diamanti Mine, finishing his career as the longwall foreman at Deer Creek where he retired in 1997. “I worked in a lot of different kinds of mines but I always enjoyed coal mining the best,” said Robert. “It seemed that the coal mines were always advancing and getting better. I was glad to be a part of that.” Three of the five brothers were able to interview with the Sun Advocate and while they all described the great times they had growing up, it was Pete Palacios who talked about the family’s life in Sego the most. “I started in Sego in 1941 and I can tell you the small coal mines are where I have my best memories,” he said. “The life there was easy. And after we moved, I started driving from Standardville to Sunnyside to go to work.” Pete would work for Kaiser four different times with a career which specialized in maintenance. “So much has changed. When I started working in the mine there was a brief introduction to electronics. Now electronics are such a huge part of the industry,” said Pete. “It’s a dangerous industry and a person has to accept that, however, technological improvements

seem to be making the mines safer as well.” Like his brother Pete, Manuel Palacios also enjoyed small mines, starting his career in Standardville. He went to work in 1952 and it was soon after that he was hired to work as a shuttle car operator for Kaiser Steel. While the brothers would work for mining operations all over the western United States, their largest impact would come at Kaiser. During his career, Manuel was a certified Fire Boss, Foreman and Mine Supervisor. He worked in their longwall operation for 22 years until Kaiser finally closed. Of all the brothers, the one who tends to be mentioned most when talking about longwall operations is John or “Johnny Smoke.” Known as one of the foremost pioneers concerning longwall coal mining in the United States, John began his career in 1947, transferring to Kaiser in 1952. His career in Sunnyside would revolutionize the way coal is mined. “We were the first people in the United States to run a longwall west of the Mississippi and only the second longwall in the whole US,” said John. “We started with a prototype machine and worked with it until it could do what we needed.” According to Smoke, the mine’s manger, John Pepperakis, went to England for Kaiser’s first longwall. At the time, mines in the United Kingdom were using the system while advancing into the mine, at Kaiser they planned to use the new equipment while retreating. “We called the National Coal Board in England and Royal Coal in Germany, they came to our mines and told us it would never work. They told us the bottom would heave. We did it anyway and it did heave,” laughed John. “But we didn’t give up. We installed wooden cribs every four feet for support, spend enough money on the tailgate to support the roof and it worked.” John reported that many in the industry felt Kaiser was spending too much on support to make the system viable, however as soon as the longwall began producing, Kaiser’s way became the mining standard. “It was a lot of trial and error,” said Smoke. “We just kept working with companies to get better conveyors, (Continued on page 33)

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Five brothers make:

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(Continued from page 31) “I loved mining, I had a great shears and support and the mining career,” he said. “I worked with kept getting better.” wonderful people. I worked with During his time at the mine, Kai- my brothers and I enjoyed every ser would set records second of it. I still as the first mine to have a lot of pride in produce 5,000 tons in the younger people I a day and the first to worked with and take produce 20,000 tons a lot of joy in their over the same period. achievements.” “ Yo u k n o w t h e Chairman and CEO production was great of CONSOL, Brett with longwall minHarvey, CONSOL ing once we figured COO and Vice Presiit out,” continued dent Bart Hyita, AmerSmoke. “But it also ica West Resources led to better safety. CEO Dan Baker, and In the days before the former General Manlongwall, there were ager of Andalex Rea lot of fatalities and sources Sam Quigley injuries with bounces. all worked for John With a longwall you early in their careers, get a clean cave, a showing that his reduction in pressure knowledge continues and a much safer ento shape mining today. vironment.” While the brother’s According to those enormous contribuwho worked with tion to an industry John, it was hard to which supports a large get him out of the portion of Eastern mine. He would reUtah is difficult to portedly stay in the surmise they are far section long after his from boastful, remainshift was over working humble in the face ing the latest problem of their achievements. through his mind. Un- Joe Palacios, Sunnyside 1951 “We stuck with minderground was a place ing because it providhe truly enjoyed being. John worked ed for us,” concluded Pete. “Because for nearly 40 years, serving as a of this industry we were all able to longwall manager, foreman and su- care for our families. Coal mining perintendent before retiring in 1987. did a great deal for all of us.”

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34 – Carbon / Emery Energy Guide – April 2011

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What Is The GMPG? The Green Motors Practices Group (GMPG) is a non-profit organization that identifies, promotes and verifies only excellent member motor service centers. These companies are committed to consistently producing repair/rewinds that retain or improve reliability and efficiency and provide on-site motor driven systems assistance.

Key Advantages to Green Rewinds • Ensures Quality Rewinding • Increases NEMA Premium Value • Saves up to 40% of the Cost of New • Contributes to Local Economy • Recycles 98.5% of Motor Materials • Uses Third Party Oversight Standards

Is it better to Repair or Replace? As a member of the GMPG, Tram Electric offers a “Green Rewind” helping your company maintain these “Green Standards” of Sustainability. • Ensures quality rewinding • Improve motor reliability • Sustain motor efficiency • Retains essentially the same efficiency as new • Recycles 98.5% of the motor • Reduces fossil fuel “greenhouse gas” emissions by as much as 250% of manufacturing new • Contributes to the local ecomony

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April 2011 – Carbon / Emery Energy Guide – 35

“Tram Electric feels an obligation to be a good corporate citizen, improving the quality of life and the economic climate in the area.”

Reliability Efficiency Sustainability Do All Green Rewinds Qualify for Incentives? Only NEMA rated motors from 15 hp to 5,000 hp (15 hp to 500 hp rated in Utah), without core damage, are included in this offer. Only motors physically located within and approved by a participating utility qualify for incentives. Each GREEN REWIND will be permanently identified with a GMPG nameplate and carries a unique identifying number which aids in the random verifications by GMPG.

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How Does the Financial Incentive Work? Our Customers will receive an instant rebate credit of at least $2.00 per horsepower on the rewind invoice.

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36 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

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60 locations are available to fulfill all of your analytical and technical requirements. Utah Operations

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2035 North Airport Rd., Huntington, UT 85428 4665 Paris St. B-200, Denver, CO 80239 Phone: 435-653-2311 • Fax 435-653-2436 Phone: 303-373-4772 • Fax 303-373-4884 Contact: T.C.V. Coco Van den Bergh Contact: Marc Rademacher

When you need to be sure - SGS “Your” Retirement Professional & Trusted Planner IRA & 401K Rollover Consultants Let me help you take the Guesswork out of what plan or Investment Product is most appropriate for YOU! If your current plan is terminating or needs to be redirected take charge of your future today by keeping your retirement savings hard at work and close to home. • Laid off? • In between jobs? • Will you outlive your money? • Do you have enough? • Are you prepared? Common questions Americans are looking for in Today’s Financial Retirement Planning.

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Or sign up for a Seminar workshop Coming Soon! Serving the Community Serving Many of your Friends & Neighbors Servicing Carbon and Emery County and surrounding Areas in Utah since 1973 KELLY J. WADE

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6914 S. 3000 E. Suite 204 Salt Lake City, UT 84121 (801) 942-6563 FAX (801) 942-7550 TOLL FREE (801) 736-6563 “Visit us on the WEB”

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for appointments call:

435-613-6600 Sunnyside Cogeneration Associates PO Box 159, Sunnyside, UT 84539 (435) 888-4476 (435)-888-2538

Sunnyside Cogeneration produces reliable and affordable electricity. We burn waste coal, which in time will closely return the site back to its natural state.

March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 37

38 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

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March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 39

Morgantown Machine/Hydraulics of Utah expands Morgantown Machine & Hydraulics of Utah, Inc., a Swanson Industry company, is fortunate to be able to provide our customers with the personal, detail oriented and hands-on customer service you would expect from a small business with the technical and engineering support you would notice in a larger company. We are one of ten Swanson Industries’ owned companies across North America. Morgantown contributes to our local Utah economy as a leading supplier to the fluid power, mining, construction and other industries. We specialize in hydraulic component repair, mining parts distribution and equipment renovation. Our cylinder repair facility is second to none with top mechanics, machinists and an innovative engineering and design team. We address any issues our customers have from

replacing seals to redesigning their cylinders. Our capabilities when it comes to pump, motor and valve repair is unsurpassed. Recently we expanded our facility to 44,500 total sq. ft. to increase our capacity for component rebuilds, major equipment overhauls and added additional warehousing space. Having an inventory of all the parts we need to completely teardown and rebuild longwall shields, panline and pump stations, bolters, scoops, monorail systems, axles, etc. increases our efficiency to better serve our customers. Morgantown Machine and Hydraulics of Utah, Inc., is a certified distributor for general mining supplies and most major manufactures in addition to designing and manufacturing our own products. More information can be found on our website at, or call us direct at 435-472-3452.

New longwall shields wait to be moved from Morgantown’s shop in Helper to a mine.

Outreach Mobile Clinic Castle Country Hydraulic & Supply 1755 South Highway 10, Price, Utah

HEALTH SCREENINGS FOR ALL MINERS *** FREE *** CONFIDENTIAL *** * Active * Retired * Former * This includes persons who “have worked” or are “currently working” at a Rock Crusher, Coal Mine, Power Plant, or Hauling Coal

NOWCAP/Black Lung Clinics and The Miners’ Outreach Mobile Unit will be conducting a clinic in YOUR area at the following location: LOCATION: DATES:

Wellington, UT Town Park May 7, 8 & 9th 2012 8:00 – 5:00 Monday & Tuesday 8:00 – Noon on Wednesday

Free to Breath

Wednesday at NOON will be a picnic for all miners and their families to celebrate NOWCAP’s 30th Anniversary.

For Appointment and Information Call: 1-435-613-8790 – Price, UT Office Sign Up Early!! Appointments are limited!! Walk-Ins Welcome on Availability!!


• Hydraulic Hoses • Hand Tools • Lifting Slings • Black Pipe Fittings • Impact Tools • Transfer Pumps & Tanks • TRUCK & AUTO ACCESSORIES • SPRAY-IN BEDLINERS • LIFT KITS • LEVELING KITS

• And much, much more!

40 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

Trucking is integral to the energy industry

FUELING OUR FUTURE Blue Tip Energy is an experienced energy investing and operating group with a proven track record of successful upstream energy investing and operations.

B lue Tip Energy M a n a g e m e n t w w w. b l u e t i p e n e r g y. c o m

Coal trucks line up at the entrance to the Huntington Power Plant. Trucks are an integral part of hauling coal and other materials for the mining and power generation industry.

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PO Box 220 5145 N Hwy 6 Helper, UT 84526 SE Utah – 435-472-2580 Uintah Basin – 435-725-2580 Moab – 435-259-2580

March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 41

Nielson Construction makes plans for Quitchupah By James L. Davis Safety manager Nielson Construction is preparing to tackle the largest road construction project in its history beginning in April. The 11 mile Quitchupah Creek Road construction project linking State Route 10 to Sufco Mine in Sevier County will be a huge undertaking and has the men and women of the Huntington-based construction company excited for the challenges that will come with blazing a trail through rugged terrain. The Sevier County Special Service District #1 project was conceived more than a decade ago as a shorter route for coal truck traffic from Sufco Mine to access the power plants in Emery County. Coal trucks currently travel along Acord Lakes Road, down Interstate 70 and then up SR-10 to the plants in a six-day a week train of trucks on the roadway. The Quitchupah Creek Road will

cut the distance traveled by nearly 50 miles each way for the coal trucks, as well as for many of the coal miners who live in the Emery and Carbon County areas. The road will be open to public access when completed. The $25.2 million project is scheduled to begin in April with a completion date set for August of 2013. To create the two-lane roadway construction crews will excavate 1,150,000 yards of earth and 400,000 tons of rock, roughly the equivalent of moving a mountain one-half mile squared. “That’s what we do,” said Mark Greenhalgh, vice president of operations for Nielson Construction, who will serve as Quitchupah Creek Road project manager. Hugh Christiansen will be the construction manager on the project. For the Quitchcupah Road, Nielson Construction plans to devote as many as 80 employees to the project for the next

(Continued on page 59)

Hugh Christiansen, project construction manager; John Nielson, company vice president; Mark Greenhalgh, project manager; and Wayne Nielson, company president, look down the canyon from Sufco Mine to where the new Quitchupah Creek Road will be built.

Hey Dad! Think Safety First!

Think Safe! Be Safe! Come Home Safe!

Safety...Let’s Live with It!

42 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

Morgantown Machine & Hydraulics, Inc. Utah Office - 610 Industrial Rd., Helper, UT 84526 435-472-3452 ph. 435-472-8779 fax Wyoming Office - 38 Purple Sage Rd., Rock Springs, WY 82901 307-382-9787 ph. 435-362-7451 fax


Supplier of Kamat – Tiefenbach – Seebach – Wagner – J.H. Fletcher Parts Distribution, Repair and Maintenance Cylinder Repair Hydraulic Replacements Repair of Scoops, Bolters, and Feeder Breakers Overhaul of Longwall Shields Pump, Motor, and Valve Repair Panline & Pump Stations Innovative Designing and Engineering * Exchange and Rental Units are readily available for your convenience *

March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 43


Commitment to safety that is second-to-none 300 local, high-paying direct jobs that support up to 3,300 secondary jobs One of the most productive mining operations in Utah Operator of the West Ridge Mine Proudly developing the Lila Canyon Mine with decades of recoverable coal reserves to provide jobs for hard-working Utah families Providing affordable and reliable energy for American families and businesses

UtahAmerican Energy, Inc. is an independent operating subsidiary of Murray Energy Corporation, America’s largest independent coal producer

44 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

New and rethought energy ideas FESS Systems

When most people who know much about the mechanics of a car hear the word flywheel, they think of a part of the engine that spins and has the clutch operate in conjunction with it. But one company recently took the propensity of a flywheel to spin for a very long time and has used it to provide backup and “smoothing” power to a power grid in New York. Last July a company called Beacon Power completed and started up the largest flywheel energy storage program in history when it opened its plant in the town of Stephenson. Unfortunately, the company that had been experimenting with various kinds of flywheel technology and with solar and wind power went into backruptcy last fall. However that doesn’t discount the idea that a flywheel could provide a backup

power to green sources of power such as solar and wind. The system is called FESS (Flywheel Energy Storage System) and when generator speeds are adjusted to meet power demand, the frequency changes as well. When generator speed is increased to generate more electricity, and frequency goes up. A flywheel is a wheel which an electric motor spins when it is supplied with electricity from any kind of generation. Then after the motor is shut off, the wheel can continues to spin for a certain amount of time, even up unto hours. The FESS system in New York stores 20 MW of power. The need for energy storage is becoming more important as peaking generators become more expensive to operate, and more wind and solar power is used in grids.

The traditional way of backing up the grid is by using standby power, often with natural gas fired generators, but they take some time to get up and going, while the flywheel concept provides immediate power. While flywheel energy storage is not a new concept (over 100 years old), having flywheels that spin consistently at 16,000 RPM is. In fact some experiments have brought the speed up to 60,000 RPMs, but the ones that Beacon used are more constant in speed. The plant has had some problems. In one case a flywheel came apart and damaged its entire casing. Neighbors to the project described it as sounding like a large explosion. Yet, even with damage, and the bankruptcy the concept holds promise. Now industry just needs to find

a way to make the concept pay without the investors going belly up. The plant continues to run and is for sale.

Osmotic Power beginning to rise

Who would have ever thought, other than movement by the tide or the fall of gravity, that salt water and fresh water mixing could create energy, in fact enough to power a small town. But the Norweigens have done it on a small scale and are now working on larger scale projects. In 2009 the initial project was opened with only 4 kilowatts of power generated or enough to heat a kettle. Osmotic power or salinity gradient power is the energy available from the difference in the salt concentration between seawater and freshwater. The processes (there are (Continued on page 52)

March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 45

Creative solutions. Done right every time.

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“Living and working in Energy Country since 1946”

46 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

Training is key from USU-Eastern USU Eastern is proud to continue to be Utah’s designated recipient of the federal grant awarded by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA). This funding is intended to supplement, not supplant, existing state mine health and safety programs. Along with the college’s support and the grant and tuition, it is possible to conduct the training and retraining of miners as required by MSHA regulations. Quality mandatory training is offered statewide in the coal, metal, nonmetal and other mining related industries. Several types of mining operations such as coal, gold, copper, uranium, gilsonite and sand/gravel are among the list of mining operations that utilize this program. Contractors and others involved in the mining industry continue to seek quality mine training as well. USU Eastern continues to sup-

port the mining program and recognizes its important role to the community, industry and the state of Utah. The College located in Price, Utah has been a beneficiary of the federally funded MSHA State grant for over three decades. The Utah State Grant Program along with MSHA recognizes that training programs are the “front line” source of mine safety and health training and education of individuals who work or will work at mines. Department of Labor and MSHA goals are to train at least 180,000 through the 50 State grant programs nationally. Over 1,100 were trained by Utah’s program last grant year. Training is conducted by MSHA approved instructors with extensive professional backgrounds in mine safety and health. Three dedicated full-time instructors, in conjunction (Continued on page 64)

Some basic mining training going on at the mining department.

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March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 47

Global innovations at Joy Mining By C.J. MCMANUS Any review of the last 100 years’ progress in Carbon County would be tragically remiss without a chronicle of the multiple industry-changing innovations which have taken place at Joy Mining Machinery. From the first all-electric, multi-motor underground shearer ever made to the ongoing strides in remote longwall production, Joy Mining Machinery continues to be both a local and global force in the mining industry, helping to push forward the lifeblood of Carbon County’s economy. Like many of the world’s greatest ideas, Joy’s first invention was born of hard labor and a man’s intuition to “find a better way.” That man was company founder Joseph Francis Joy. According to information provided by Joy Mining Machinery, Joy was

working underground with a pick and shovel at the age of 15 when he first came up with the idea for a “mechanical loader.” More than 15 years later following much development and after working in just about every capacity available in a coal mine, Joy was awarded a patent in his name for the Joy Loader. After successfully defending his patent in court, Joy went to work as a consultant for the Pittsburgh Coal Company. After several successes, the company terminated Joy’s attempt to place the loading machine on “crawlers,” a project he believed in. He then sought capital for the purpose of starting his own business. In 1920 the first crawler-mounted Joy loader was manufactured and just two years later, the first JOY 4B model loader sold for $2,800 to the D.J. Kennedy Company, (Continued on page 63)

Joy employees and officials stand in front of a continuous miner, a machine their company developed the early prototypes of, at their facility in Wellington.

48 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

Since 1919 Joseph Joy — who started as a slate picker at the age of 12 — labored his way through the ranks of the coal industry. This bright young man visualized a “better way” to do the work and went on to found what is now Joy Mining Machinery.

Lowest Cost Per Ton Zero Harm Mentality Most Productive Equipment

March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 49



MINING MACHINERY Lowest Cost Per Ton From room and pillar to longwall and entry development systems, Joy Mining Machinery’s reliable equipment — combined with state-of-the-art on-board machine monitoring — helps mining operations produce at an ever-increasing rate and at an ever-decreasing cost per ton. Zero Harm Mentality Joy’s innovations, like those that reduce noise and respirable dust levels, are driven by our focus on people and our commitment to zero harm. Most Productive Equipment For more than 90 years, Joy has provided the mining industry with the most dependable and technologically advanced equipment available, supported by the largest 24/7 service support network in the industry. Global Headquarters Warrendale, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Australia China India Poland Russia South Africa United Kingdom United States

50 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

Building For Carbon County’s Future! ECDC Environmental is proud to support the

Carbon County Community as we enter into the 22nd Century! Creating jobs, and supporting city, county, and school programs. Helping Utah Coal be more compettitive by sharing ECDC’s rail equiptment. These are all examples of how ECDC is working to help build an exciting future for our community

Waste transportation and disposal - coast to coast on America’s railroads! 1111 W Highway 123 East Carbon, UT 84520

March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 51

Lean thinking to face mine challenges By RUSS MEYERS Managing Director, Brady Mining “If it isn’t broken, don’t fix it” is a phrase that has lasted the test of time, but for the mining industry, as costs increase and the focus on productivity escalates, a new phrase is beginning to take its place, Continuous Improvement. The concept of continuous improvement in the manufacturing world got its start in the early 1900’s when Henry Ford developed the first production line at Ford Motor Company. It was later improved and redefined through the Toyota production system. The basic concept of Lean Manufacturing within each of these automobile companies was, and still is, to focus the operator and the station where he or she performs a specific set of tasks. Rather than working on a vehicle from start to finish, each operator station or set of tasks is combined with other operator stations working on their individual tasks to complete automobile production. At any point in the manufacturing process, these opera-

tors are empowered and encouraged defect or product that is unusable. to make improvements or even stop 2. Waiting – Coal that is cut and the process if the tasks are not being waiting to be transported or washed. completed correctly. 3. Overproduction – OverproducWhile mining may not be as tion can lead to wastes such as recentristic as focusing on the com- quiring personnel to maintain and pletion of a single automobile, each store excess coal. miner is working on a specific set of 4. Transportation – Transporting tasks to accomplish one main objec- coal does not add value. tive—keeping a steady flow of coal. 5. Motion – Does coal travel the In the manufacturing world, most direct route; is it piled on the productivity is the name of the game ground only to be picked up again and anything that does not directly and loaded onto a train? advance or 6. Inventory promote – Excess inIncreasing productivity may not be about the comworking harder but about training employees ventory reprepletion of sents capital or to identify and eliminate waste. a product work in progis referred ress. to as Waste. The process of elimi7. Over Processing or Complexity nating waste is often referred to as – Is the mining process as simple as Lean Thinking. While waste can possible; does it meet the needs of be discussed in various terms, Lean the customer with the least amount Thinking generally outlines it in of steps possible? seven categories. For coal production, a high- Other examples may include: level example of these wastes may A mechanic who does not have include: the correct tools or training to com1. Defects – Rock partings or low- plete a task. This can create Moquality coal could be considered a tion waste as he locates tools or it

can create Defect waste if the task is completed incorrectly. Inadequate equipment for a bolting crew could cause a Waiting waste as the miner and shuttle cars stand idle. Bringing a full pallet of rock dust underground when only a few bags are required can create an Overproducing waste as individuals work to locate the bags or a Transportation waste as the bags are moved repeatedly to clear cross-cuts. Miners are naturally inventive and often make small modifications to equipment to better fit their needs. This strength should be encouraged and individuals empowered to continually suggest improvements and make changes to their work environment. With limited oversight, each employee becomes part of a team that works to continually improve productivity. Continuous improvement is advanced by teaching employees about the seven productivity wastes and then enabling and encouraging them to make or recommend imment in their areas and on provements o tasks. their specific set of

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New and rethought energy ideas (Continued from page 44) actually two ways it works) rely on osmosis with ion specific membranes. As the freshwater moves through the membranes it produces a slight current. While it seems to be a great idea, the cost of the membranes at this point is prohibitive. They can be made of a number of things, but recently the company, Statkarft, has started using some developed from plastic. The start may be small but could be promising.

Submarine nuclear power plant

Nuclear submarines have been around nearly 60 years, but few people ever thought of them as being the possible answer to opposition that locals show to nuclear plants being built in their neighborhoods.

Osmosis power relies on the fact that fresh water will flow into salt water. The water molecules flow through a membrane which is designed to generate power. A French company called DNCS has introduced a submarine like power plant called Flexblue. It is a small subsea nuclear power plant with an output rating of 50 to 250 MWe.

STANDARD LABORATORIES, INC. Coal Analysis and Sampling Environmental Capabilities Soil, Overburden, & Rock Mechanics Contract Laboratory Operation Quality Assurance Programs Huntington Lab Skyline Facility 345 East 625 North, Huntington, UT 84528 Phone (435) 687-5104 Fax (435) 687-5124

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The power plant proper comprises a nuclear reactor, a steam turbine-alternator set and associated electrical equipment. Submarine power cables can carry electricity from the Flexblue plant a nearby coast. Flexblue plants are designed to be moored on an extremely stable sea floor at a depth of 60 to 100 meters only a couple of miles off shore. Ballast tanks will be used to raise or lower the plant during installation and for major maintenance, refueling or dismantling. A Flexblue plant should be able to meet the electricity requirements of regions with a population of 100,000 to 1,000,000, depending on the plant’s power rating and the needs of local industries and municipal users. The Flexblue concept calls for plant housed in a cylindrical hull measuring around 100 meters in

length by 12 to 15 meters in diameter for a total mass of around 12,000 tons. Each hull and power plant would be transportable using a purpose-built vessel. Unlike reactors built to propel submarines through the water, these units, while resembling a submarine, would be used for continuous power generation.

Wastewater wages

There was a time when waste water from a town was really worthless; in fact not one wanted it. But in these days of tight clean water, and now tight energy markets, municipalities might just take a clue from the North Head Sewage Treatment Plant in Sydney, Austrailia. Two years ago the plant began using treated wastewater falling down a 60-meter shaft to produce

Standard Laboratories, Inc. is an analytical services firm specializing in energy and the environment. We began over a half-century ago as a family business in Appalachian coal country, producing accurate high integrity data at a fair price. We’re still committed to those friendly, reliable, cost-effective solutions. Standard Laboratories, Inc. has been the contract laboratory for Arch Coal Inc. since 2000, servicing their 3 Utah coal mines with 2 labs in Utah. The labs are located in Salina, and Huntington. The need for more analysis and service in the Castle Valley and throughout the state has provided Standard Laboratories, Inc. the opportunity to open the lab in Huntington and provide coal analysis, sampling and sampler inspection services to coal producers as well as industrial plants in the western United States. Standard Laboratories, Inc. currently operates numerous laboratories throughout the United States, specializing in coal sampling and analysis, with additional analytical capability in soil, water, environmental and geochemical matrices for underground mines. Testing capabilities are comprehensive, ranging from routine mine control work and large washability studies to trace analysis for over one thousand analytes and complex research programs.

March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 53


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54 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

New and rethought energy ideas (Continued from page 52) power for its own use. The 4.5-MW hydroelectric plant was just the first that was being installed as a retrofit of plants in that city. The plant also uses methane from the sewage to help generate power as well. But they aren’t the only ones using municipal water systems to generate power. An American company, Aquarion Water, uses the force of water within water pipes to turn turbines to provide energy. The company is designing a system for Los Angeles, Calif., where 19 percent of the electricity produced in the state is put toward providing culinary water to customers. Another company, Hydrovolts, has put together a system that generates power from the stream of waste water flowing into a plant, even if the water isn’t cleaned already like it is in the Australian plant. They point out that the potential in the United States for such

systems is huge. According to them the U.S. has 16,583 wastewater treatment plants.

Water/wind make gas to power on no wind days

Time and time again the point has been raised that when the wind doesn’t blow, wind generators are basically useless and there must be some anchor power to back them up. Well what about the idea of while the wind is blowing that it produce some kind of energy that can be stored in some other way than batteries. A number of European energy companies have put together an idea that is has a test plant that is up and running in Germany. The program uses extra wind energy to convert water into its basic components of oxygen and hydrogen to create a process called hydrolysis. They then blend the hydrogen with biogas to

Mine West

An artists rendition of FlexBlue’s submarine nuclear power plants. generate power and heat when the wind is not blowing. The conglomerate of companies include Swedish, German and French firms. While the project has been successful in terms of energy production, as with all alternative energy systems, cost is a problem. The project cost over $27 mil-

lion, which adds up to $4.6 million per megawatt produced, which is about four times more expensive than a traditional coal powered plant. This is not the first project to use wind to produce hydrogen. One in Spain and another in Boulder, Colo. Which also splits hydrogen off from water and then it can be used in an engine.

Carroll West

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March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 55

Call Toll Free 1-800-230-8580


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56 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012



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Make saving energy and money your company’s policy. Making your business more energy efficient is one of the easiest ways to make it more profi table. With our wattsmart programs, you can make high-efficiency upgrades to everything from HVAC to the lights above your head. Plus, we offer cash incentives to help you offset

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the costs. We think you’ll agree that saving energy and money should be every company’s policy. To learn more, visit

58 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

NOWCAP helps miners

Working with Carbon County Toward a Long and Prosperous Future

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The NOWCAP/Black Lung & Respiratory Diseases Clinics are celebrating 30 years of service to our nation’s coal miners in Wyoming, Montana and Utah. The Black Lung Clinic in Wyoming was started by Homer F. Alley under the Northeast Wyoming Community Action Programs (NOWCAP) when Alley applied for and received a Federal Grant in 1982 to assist coal miners from Wyoming and Montana in obtaining screenings, and have their DOL exams to determine if they had Black Lung. Alley had worked in the coal mines in Wyoming and Montana from 1946 until he retired in 1986. He was an international Representative for LOCAL 2055 of the UMWA and was also elected to the UMWA international board in Washington D.C. He and his wife had been helping many miners out of his home prior to receiving the grant. Alley experienced himself how long and cumbersome the process is for the miners to receive their Black Lung Benefits. He filed for Black Lung benefits in 1976 and was finally received his final decision in 1990. Many of the claims take two to 10 years or longer before the miner may be awarded his benefits. Unfortunately, many miners die before the final decision is ever made, so it is then up to his widow to continue to try to get her husband’s benefits. In 1999 the Grant was approved to include Montana in NOWCAP/Black Lung Clinics service area, and in 2000 it was then approved for Utah to be their service area also. Alley received many honors and recognition for his work with Black Lung cases. Alley passed away Nov. 30, 2001. The Colstrip Medical Center in Colstrip, Mont. does NOWCAP /Black Lung screenings for the coal miners and power plant workers. The office in Utah is in Price and the main office is in Sheridan, Wyo. We have two doctors who do screenings in Sheridan. Wyoming is the largest coal producing state in the nation. There are 98 coal miners in the state of Wyoming receiving Black Lung benefits (Black Lung Program Statistics – DOL 2/28/2012) There were 2,667 claims filed in Wyoming. Some are still pending, some were miners denied benefits, and others were withdrawals. There are 173 coal miners in Uth receiving benefits, out of 4,256 claims filed, and 22 miners in Montana receiving benefits out of 861 filed. NOWCAP Black Lung Clinics will be celebrating 30 years by hosting miners’ picnics in Wyoming, Montana, and Utah. There will be a barbeque and picnic in Wellington at the Wellington City Park on May 9. The Raton, New Mexico Miners Hospital will be collaborating with NOWCAP, by bringing in their Mobile Medical Unit and we will be doing screenings on May 7, 8, and 9. Call Anita at the Price NOWCAP office 435-613-8790 to schedule an appointment. We will host a barbeque and picnic in Colstrip, Montana along with the Colstrip Medical Center to help kick off Colstrip Days on June 22. Then on Aug. 18, 2012 we will host Homer Alley Day with a barbeque and picnic in the Scott Bicentennial Park in Dayton, Wyo. NOWCAP/Black Lung Clinics staff participate in many Health Fairs, and Outreach Programs throughout the year. If you have an event coming up and would like NOWCAP to participate please call the Program Director at 307672-0046; or if you know of an event let us know. We travel to Washington, D.C. each year for our Annual Hill Visits to meet with the Congressional people from all three states to keep them updated and educated about Black Lung. NOWCAP/Black Lung Clinics are active members of the National Black Lung Coalition and attend their conferences every year. We belong to the Chamber of Commerce in our respective cities. We do a lot volunteer work, which in turn brings people to us to learn more regarding their respiratory health. If you have lights….thank a coal miner.

March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 59

Nielson Construction makes plans for Quitchupah (Continued from page 41) year and a half and as many as 35 pieces of heavy equipment will be blazing a trail for the road. It is a prospect that proves to be a unique challenge that puts smiles on the faces of heavy equipment operators. “This is 11 miles of new road across basically virgin country. This doesn’t happen much anymore,” Greenhalgh said. Access is the key to the entire project and to gain access the construction company must first deal with a major obstacle at Water Hollow, which will require a double 14 foot diameter pipe and 100 feet worth of fill to be able to span. Work crews will initially excavate the roadway from both the SR-10 side and the Sufco side, but Greenhalgh indicated that most of the road excavation will be accomplished from the mine site as they build the road toward SR-10. The project, in addition to an already large backlog of work on the books, will make for the busiest year in Nielson Construction’s history, according to Wayne Nielson, company president.

“With this project we will have double the workload we’ve ever had before. It will give a big boost to the local economy,” Nielson said. In addition to this project Nielson Construction will also be working on the Adobe Wash Dam project near Orangeville and the two-year M&S Dam Project in the Uintah Basin. The company’s asphalt division also has a large number of asphalt overlay projects on the books for the year, including a 16-mile overlay project on I-70 near Fremont Junction. Those projects are in addition to work provided for customers who rely on the company for coal hauling, concrete services, crane services and more. According to John Nielson, vice president of Nielson Construction, with the slowing of oil field work in the Castle Valley area, the company will shift much of its oil field workforce to other projects once the production season begins in April. Oil field work for the company in its Uintah Basin Division looks promising for the coming year. While most of the projects for the com-

pany are idled for the winter, when spring arrives those projects will be in high gear and employees will be back to work. With the workload the company faces, even after calling back its employees from winter lay-

off status, the company will have to hire additional employees. “This will be the biggest year we’ve ever faced. It will be a challenge,” said Wayne Nielson. “But we like a challenge.”

Equipment is being lined up and asphalt stored south of Emery for the Quitchupah Road project.

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60 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

Covol systems clean coal without water By CJ MCMANUS Finding a way to make difficult processes successful lies at the heart of the coal mining industry here in Southeastern Utah. For generations, local miners from every facet of the industry have been finding their way around challenges specific to Utah’s geology. Coal companies mine deep here, harvesting complex coal reserves which help to power the West. Because of the challenges and costs that are inherent in local mining, innovation is critical for those who support the processing of said coal. In the small mining community of Wellington, officials at Covol Engineered Fuels have applied new critical thinking to a centuries old process, producing a revolutionary coal cleaning system, tailor fit for their facility. “The plant that we have uses only air,” said Covol Plant Manager Kyle


Edwards. “There is no water used in the process, a technology that is hundreds of years old. But it is something that has never really worked before, something that still doesn’t work well, anywhere but at this plant. According to Edwards, the plant’s multiple air units, induce pressure and separate particulates from the coal based on gravity. “Not only do we remove do we remove ash to make a cleaner product, we reduce sulfur and mercury to make a better product for the environment,” explained Edwards, when asked about which products are actually being removed from the coal. “By removing the ash out of the coal you can reduce the NOx percentage.” According to Edwards, cleaner coal can go quite a long way to producing large cost savings concerning power plant maintenance and repair. (Continued on page 64)

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March 2012 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Carbon/Emery Energy Guide â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 61

BEAR opens up economic development (Continued from page 28) Pulse and the idea of using Americorps VISTA volunteers as early as five years ago,â&#x20AC;? he explained. â&#x20AC;&#x153;However, our representatives only officially to the program to rural counties including Grand and San Juan, about a year and half ago. The programâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s major legislative initiative would come in 2011 when a program was set in place to use Governorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Office of Economic Development (GOED) funds to support rural development specifically through BEAR. â&#x20AC;&#x153;In 2011 the project was given approximately $45,000 for Carbon and Emery counties and at that point we were able to send out the troops en masse to make BEAR a legitimate statewide effort,â&#x20AC;? said Kraync. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We believe in this program and it has proven that if you are willing go out and find out the needs of small business in your community, diversification and growth are possible anywhere.â&#x20AC;?

Some that have been and are influential in the BEAR program stand in front of the Carbon County booth at the Utah State Capitol on Rural Legislative Day. They include Ethan Migliori, Delynn Fielding, Delores Roberts, Victoria Marchello and Nick Tatton.

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62 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 63

Global innovations at Joy Mining (Continued from page 47) and soon after loaders were successfully operating in West Virginia, Illinois and even Canada. As the coal fields exploded with development in the mid-1920s, Joy moved his facility to Franklin, Penn., where 186 loading machines were produced. However, according to Joy records, financial difficulties plagued the operations and payroll was progressively difficult to meet. At the same time large strikes were taking place in the area and the effect on Joy’s market was disastrous. On April 2, 1925 Joe Joy resigned as president while a committee of creditors took steps to pay off a half a million dollars worth of debt. While resigning from his own company was very difficult for Joy, he continued to innovate, working for two years as the Director of Mine Mechanization in the Donetz Basin in Russia. After escaping to Poland following political unrest in Russia, Joy returned to the United States where he pursued his life as an inventor. In 1930, Joy founded the Joy Brothers Company where he developed a system of coal saws and eventually a “saw loader”, which was basically a primitive continuous miner. In 1946, Joy Manufacturing Company awarded Joe Joy a lifetime contract at $1,000 a month, plus material and expenses, to develop new equipment and methods for the mining industry. When Joy died in 1957 he had 190 patents to his name and is recognized repeatedly in the history of mine mechanization. He pioneered new concepts in hydraulics, modern control and power circuits, trackless mining equipment, efficient gearing and seal designs as well as dozens of other “firsts” in the industry. His contributions changed forever the way minerals are mined. While Joe Joy’s contributions to the company he founded are immense, they are rivaled by the innovations his company has continued to make in the mining industry. •In 1938 Joy shipped its first shuttle car (model 2ET-1D). •In 1948 Joy produced its first con-

tinuous miner (model 3JCM); also that year, Joy revealed the first high-seam shuttle car (model 10SC). •Moving forward to 1969, Joy introduces the low-seam shuttle car (model 21SC) and by 1971 had shipped its 10,000th shuttle car. •In 1972, Joy introduces the highseam (12CM) and low-seam (14CM) continuous miners and in 1975 Joy unveils its first longwall shearer (model 1LS), once again changing underground mining forever. Moving closer to home here in Carbon County, the Wellington Service Center works to provide support to mines all across western North America including parts of Canada. “In Wellington, we provide parts, components and machines for mines. Wellington is a full service manufacturing and re-manufacturing facility that services underground mining equipment needs for coal, potash, trona and in some cases other ore operations in mines all over the west,” explained Robert Richens, Sales Manager for Western Operations. If Richens is one-half of the leadership equation for Joy’s Western Operations, the other half would be Rod Mills, the Western Operation’s Site Manager. Together they work to continue and enhance Joy’s reputation for innovation and quality while instilling the company’s ongoing focus on safety and lean, costeffective production. “Joy’s philosophy continues to stress

a zero harm mentality while striving to provide equipment that allows customers to produce at the lowest cost per ton,” said Mills, who has been with Joy for 13 years, first starting with the company as a customer service representative. In the west today there are mines cutting upwards of approximately 1 million tons per month, a monumental leap forward from the innovations of Joe Joy’s day. To put the exponential growth in production in perspective, when the last conventional mining operation went to a continuous miner in 1998, its operation increased production four-fold. Adding another step to the equation, some of the most productive continuous miners produce approximately 200 tons per hour while similarly productive longwall operations come in at a staggering 5,000 tons in the same amount of time. This type of production growth is at the heart of Joy’s worldwide reputation. Also in the west, Joy is responsible for partnering with Energy West’s Deer Creek operation to put into use the most advanced shearer operation in the United States. At Deer Creek, the FACEBOSS Advanced Shearer Automation provides operators with the ability to make more consistent cuts based on observation of the coal seam. This remote technology improves both efficiency at the site and the safety of mine employees. Globally over the past year, Joy has also continued to increase its experience with hard rock continuous mining of the

platinum reef in South Africa. The year 2012 will mark another milestone in the global underground mining industry with Joy Mining Machinery shipping its 6,000th continuous miner. Having produced its first unit in 1948, Joy continues to pioneer innovations that increase productivity while delivering a lower cost per ton; and greatly improve operator safety with a mission of achieving zero harm. Standard across its continuous miner fleet is one of Joy’s latest production optimization features – the JOY FACEBOSS control platform, which automatically controls cutting rates and ensures maximum uptime by protecting motors from jams and thermal overloads. According to Joy officials, the system further works to automate sequences to maintain consistent operation, and delivers optimum flexibility by pre-defining different operating parameters. With the ability to stream data to the surface for real-time diagnostics, interpretation and production reporting, FACEBOSS becomes the backbone for expanded fleet management programs. While Joy’s history extends back to 1919 when the company received a patent for the first mechanical loader, their management team continues to look forward. To this day, officials maintain that their “focus is grounded on current and future commitments in setting the mining industry standard for total productivity and reliability.”

64 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

Training is key from USU-Eastern (Continued from page 46) with adjunct instructors and staff, deliver quality training to operators, miners, prospective miners, contractors, and others working on mine property. Instructors Dale Evans, Randy Mabbutt and Steve Radmall are seasoned miners with close to a century of combined experience they share enthusiastically with their students. Their knowledge, humor and stories from their mining experiences, along with well equipped classrooms and up-to-date teaching materials, captures students’ attention and provides a positive, enjoyable learning experience. Dedicated part-time staff contribute to the success that the mining program enjoys. Office coordinator, Trudy Sherman, provides support to the department’s program manager, instructors and students. Technical support specialist, Cody Hunt, keeps the computer lab, server and modern classroom and teaching aids running smoothly. He also maintains the program’s website. (http:// The staff and students have a state-of-the-art computer lab equipped with excellent interactive, competency-based training where students can learn at their own pace. Working with other groups helps keep training at the highest standards. An ongoing alliance with the Custom

Fit Training program helps Utah businesses with limited budgets. Custom Fit funding is available for qualifying businesses needing specialized or upgraded training such as 30 CFR Part 48 annual refresher (surface and underground), mine rescue, first aid and CPR, electrical re-certification, or special emphasis safety training as requested. Courses can be customized to fit specific needs, helping with the expansion and revitalization of the company. This partnership allows the Mining Department to continue to offer low-cost, quality training when, how, and where the businesses want it. The Mining Department is an active member of the Rocky Mountain Coal Mine Rescue Association and each year actively participates in the annual coal mine rescue contest held in Price, Utah. This will be the 36th year it has been held, showing their long-term commitment toward mine rescue training. The close association with MSHA’s educational field service specialists is critical to the program’s success. The Utah State Grant program operates strictly under MSHA’s guidelines to ensure the safety and health training is done to the highest standards. Besides offering mandatory miner training, they continue to host workshops and symposiums; they also encourage other mining related events

that involve other groups interested in educating Utah miners so they come home safely after every shift. The 5th Annual Coal and Energy Symposium will be hosted at USU Eastern in October. This event includes presenters from universities, mine operators, and government agencies. They educate the mining professionals about new developments, research and projects that effect Utah’s coal and energy indus-

try. USU Eastern’s mining program is part of the Division of Workforce Education which is under the direction of Miles Nelson, Associate Vice Chancellor for Workforce Education. Information is available by contacting the Mining Department at USU Eastern, West Instructional Building at 500 N. 160 E., Price, Utah or by calling (435) 613-5500 or (800) 230-8580.

Covol systems: (Continued from page 60) While the plant is not blending coal at the moment, they do have the capacity to do so. At the current time Covol is focusing on their revolutionary air cleaning technology helping local mines to develop an advantage over their competitors. “Because we live on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains, competition to have the best product is fierce,” explained Edwards. “If you can beat somebody in the market by having a better product that’s the advantage. The cleaner the coal is, the more marketable it is.” While providing the most marketable coal ensures that Covol will remain a profitable business venture, their impact on the environment is not lost on the company’s management. “By making sure only the cleanest of coal is sold, we can ensure that the industry we support is leaving the smallest mark possible on the environment,” said Edwards. “We are proud to do what we can to protect this planet.”

March 2012 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – 65

Contact Delynn Fielding Director Carbon CountyEconomic Development 375 S. Carbon Ave., Price • 435-636-3295

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66 – Carbon/Emery Energy Guide – March 2012

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