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Supplement to the Sun Advocate and Emery County Progress


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July 2011 – Coal Camps – 3

Stories and times of Carbon’s settlements While some may believe that history is an exact field of study, time and time again we as readers of history and the progression of human kind find that what we once thought was the truth about history is altered by some massive discovery, with compelling evidence behind it. Long after their time, we learn things about historical figures that no one ever really knew. But these discoveries not only take place about individuals, but also about communities. It would seem history is factual, as factual as any discipline can be, particularly in modern times. But as much as we can say that Carbon and Emery counties’ existence are a fact, a place populated presently by about 30,000 people of diverse backgrounds, how those individuals as they lead their lives see this place we call home varies greatly. In this special newspaper publication, we are publishing the third annual edition about the history of the area’s historical legacy, told by some who lived through it and others who have researched it. For those reading it, that may have lived through those times, they may have a different viewpoint on how things either transpired or concluded. It is common for those that observe a situation their viewpoint is different from others What we have attempted to do here is to tell only part of the history of our counties, one person at a time, one story at a time. General facts may be included with the stories as an introduction or in the way of explanation, but many of these stories are people’s individual tales, a little part of the history of Castle Country. History is the accumulation of many stories, not one more important than another, all adding to the richness and culture of the area.

A tumbled down building is one of the few structures that remain in Coal City, which was once also known as Dempseyville because of Jack Dempsey the well know prize fighter who came to train there and even, some say, invested in the operations there. Photo Sherill Shaw

Richard Shaw Publisher-July 2011

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4 – Coal Camps – July 2011

In Memory of mining industry people Those in who passed from July 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 from the pages of the Sun Advocate/Emery Progress obituaries

Bryce Anderson - Miner

Mark “Joe” Bedwell - Miner

Gary “Spook” Birch - Deer Creek

Richard “Rick” Boyle - Energy West

Elvin Byrge - Miner

Americo Catona Callor - Ind. Coke

Jerry Campbell - Hiawatha/US Steel

Bill Crocco - Ind. Coke and Coal

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July 2011 – Coal Camps – 5

Latuda: Safe mining with snow danger Nestled at the junction of several side canyons to Spring Canyon the old coal camp of Latuda was one of the more beautiful camps in Carbon County. Latuda was located about seven miles from the mouth of Spring Canyon and is shown on topographical maps as being about 6,700 feet above sea level. It was one of the new coal camps in the county, the coal company having been organized in 1917 by Frank Cameron and Frank Latuda. They followed earlier prospectors Frank Gentry, George Shultz, S.N. Marchetti, and Gus Goddart. Shultz was named as the mine superintendent by Latuda and Cameron and he held that position for many years. Marchetti was responsible for building and managing the first general mercantile store in the now rapidly growing community. Actual frame structures were slow to be built at first. Most of the miners preferred to live in tents until January of 1918 when twenty brand new homes were built. The camp was called Liberty Mine until the post office was established. The community then became serious about staying a community and the town was renamed for the then superintendent, Frank Latuda. The same time

The Cha home in Latuda covered with snow during one of the many snow slide events in the town. the new houses were built just a year after mining began marked the first time a shipment of coal was loaded onto railroad cars from a temporary tipple. It was two years later when the mine office was built from the native stone in the area and 35 more homes were erected. The mine out

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put increased steadily from that year, 1933, for several years. A new tipple in 1938 came just a little late, because the depression slowed coal production considerably until World War II when production went ahead at full speed. Based on a solid hard rock, the seem of the Liberty coal vein varied

form six to nine feet in thickness and was topped by a 70 foot stratum of rock which was so loose grained that it appeared to be concrete. For a “soft” coal the vein was among the hardest in the county and because of the natural rock roof, the mine was considered very safe. The safety inside was offset (Continued on page 6)

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6 – Coal Camps – July 2011

Latuda: Safe mining with snow danger: (Continued from page 5) by the constant winter danger outside. On Feb. 16, 1927 Latuda was the victim of a series of snow slides which took lives and caused many injuries. The first slide occurred at the check cabin near the mouth of the mine, catching mine foreman Gus Goddart just as he entered the cabin. He was buried under 20 feet Liberty Mine superintendent George Shultz. of snow. By the time rescuers could reach him he was dead. His death was a great loss to the company as he was considered the most capable mining man in the district. About the time Goddart was reached, a second slide occurred, just an hour after the first. The slide killed barn boss Moroni Mower. He was helping families move their personal effects, families who were considered to be in danger form the first slide, when that fatal second slide took his life.

Others were buried by this slide but managed to escape wit their lives. Many homes were damaged in the two slides. A long length of railroad track was also cover with snow and debris which knocked out rail traffic for several days. About the only disadvantage of living at Latuda was the insufficient water supply. For a long time water had to be hauled form Helper until a pipeline form the mine into the community was built. Even then many families preferred to haul drinking water from Helper. The population of the camp varied considerably during the years and even during a single year. Early in the history of the camp, many of the miners would work the mine in the winter and would return to farms in the summer. The town slowly died as coal production across the nation and automation changed the business. Finally the mines entrance was blasted shut and the town moved into history as many of the coal camps in the area did. This has been modified from the original article that was written by Chuck Zehnder, the Sun Advocate editor in the early 1970s.

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July 2011 – Coal Camps – 7

Foundington was based on Carbon gold Gold found in Carbon County? In the spring of 1928 the word spread rapidly. Gold had been found near Hiawatha. “Everyone was looking for a gold mine then,” said Mayme Jameson when she was interviewed in 1973, and who was serving as Carbon County’s recorder at the time of the “rush.” The excitement started for the general populace of Carbon County on April 12 of that year when Floyd Johnson, Riley Young and Jess Cox recorded claims for Sundown numbers one and two which had been located on April 2, two miles east of Blackhawk. Word of mouth rapidly spread the news until April 18 when the News-Advocate featured it as the news story of the week. The ore had been tested by the United States Assay office as having $18 to $25 worth of gold per ton. The intrusive dike of iron pirates

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A view of Hiawatha looking toward the northeast with the Foundington Valley in the distance. No know photos of the town of Foundington, its workings or its people in the context of the time are known to exist. But for a time it was a known place around the state. and crystalized quartz, apparently formed by intense volcanic heat was estimated by engineers to extend from the Porphory Bench area across the county to the face of the

Book Cliffs and to consist of at least a million tons of material. At the first claim sites the dike had broke n through a silicate ledge surrounded by a mountain of blue shale.

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8 – Coal Camps – July 2011

Foundington was based on Carbon gold (Continued from page 7) many times, but they had never been traced. The coal miners regarded the quartz only a as a nuisance that dulled their drills. Metallurgists stated that the quartz was rare in coal producing country. They also stated that quartz formations can be found without gold but that gold could not be found without quartz. People rushed to place claims. The names of the claims ran from fanciful to descriptive to humorous. The included Gold Bug Mine, Carbon Gold Mine, Blue Bird, Placer Head, Golden Doll Mining Claim, Hill Top Mining Claim, Cedar Hill Mining Claim, Orange Blossom, Desert Mine, Lucky-Fisher, Pinnacle Claim, Red Robin Mining Claim, Green Rock, Blue Bell, Nuggett, White Hope, Queen Ann and Mountain Sheep Goldmine. When Sundown Number three was recorded on April 23 the partners asked Jameson “Don’t you want to be in with us?” She answered “Yes,” and was duly listed as one of the claimants. Jameson was also involved in the Pinnacle Claim filed by herself, Stephen Bunnell, H.C. Smith, John Rose, Barbara Rowe, Ducilla Powell, Lucille Smith and Belle Hickman on April 25 and recorded on April 27.

“I was going to get rich,” she said wryly during the interview. By April 21 inquiries had been received from around the state about the strike and people from all over the west were rushing to the site. A further assay of the ore showed, in addition to the gold, trace metals-copper, silver, lead and zinc-worth $46 a ton were present. Mining experts from Provo, Bingham and Salt Lake had visited the claims. The News-Advocate claimed “several thousand curious” persons had also been there. Findington, a mushroom town near the strike site, had grown from zero population to one hundred in three weeks. Many in habitants were hard rock miners from other counties in Utah. The town consisted of shacks, tents and round lumber houses. Most were one large general purpose room and a kitchen. One family move the furniture out of their slant kitchen, stocked it with staple groceries and other simple every day items and opened the towns only store. Access to the town had been improved when a rough road through the cedars to the edge of the rim of Findington Valley had been smoothed so an auto could drive within a few hundred feet of

the operations. A shaft had been driven in at the foot of Discovery Hill and 12 employees of the claim holders were working on it by May 5. They believed that the shaft was close to reaching the main vein. On nearby claims tracer shafts were being dug in an attempt to hit the hidden dike and to find where it lay. “Scarcely a day goes by but that samples are displayed by miners in Price who insist that hey have discovered” the highest grade ore stated the News-Advocate in the May 5 issue. “Several engineers from outside the state have visited the scene” and while they were fairly non-committal about the riches that could have been found their “they have been favorably impressed, for in several cases the original engineer has returned bring with him other consulting metallurgists.” In addition to the claims being filed in Carbon County, claims were being located in the area between Mohrland and Mounds and recorded with Vern Petersen, the Emery County Recorder. The activity around the gold strike lasted approximately two months before the boom ended. Apparently the original claims were located on a good pocket, but

the general ore was basically low grade. It was apparently economically unfeasible to mine it. “The minerals are still there, but it was low grade ore,” stated Jameson. “There was quite a lot of excitement at the time, but no big company would buy it. I don’t know if anyone ever got anything out of it or not. I had a brass kettle full of ore for years.” In 1973 the tracer shafts were still as the miners left them. Bits and pieces of boards, a crib, bedsprings, an old icebox, one decrepit shack of corrugated tine and boards laying around the site of Findington. Today oil field roads have cut through the area and what remains lies on private property. No one achieved the prevailing dream of instant riches in Carbon County’s lone gold strike, which at the time was hailed as the greatest gold rush since 1848 or 1897 at the time. But everyone received a lot of excitement talking about it, looking for prospective claim sites and just generally enjoying the boom time atmosphere of “anything might happen.” The original article this information came from was printed in the Sun Advocate on June 16, 1973. It was researched and written by Joan Hunt.

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July 2011 – Coal Camps – 9

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10 – Coal Camps – July 2011

In Memory of mining industry people Those in who passed from July 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 from the pages of the Sun Advocate/Emery Progress obituaries

Carrol “Bunk” Cullem - Kaiser

Don “Jack” Curtis - Miner

Larry Joe Day - Uranium/Coal

Devon “Speck” Oldroyd - Miner

William “Willie” Gentry - Miner

Sonny Gonzales - Sunnyside Coal

Alton ““Bud” Goodin - Kaiser

Melvin Layne Gregersen - Crandal

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July 2011 – Coal Camps – 11

In Memory of mining industry people Those in who passed from July 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 from the pages of the Sun Advocate/Emery Progress obituaries

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12 – Coal Camps – July 2011

In Memory of mining industry people Those in who passed from July 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 from the pages of the Sun Advocate/Emery Progress obituaries

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July 2011 – Coal Camps – 13

Kenilworth: The way it was in the day By KEVIN SCANNELL Ron Jewkes and the town of Kenilworth share a special bond with one another. He has seen the good and bad times. He watched as the town changed over time and saw people come and go. But nevertheless, the two have a bond unlike many others living in Kenilworth today. And after 83 years of living in the small town, it’s no wonder the bond is so special. Living in the same place for eight decades, Richard Jewkes can remember each and every life event, even down to the smallest details. From his days as a child growing up to the current day, Jewkes looks back over his life with a sense of fondness and many good stories to tell. He was born in November of 1927 in Kenilworth delivered into the world by a doctor named Roy Robinson. Years later when Jewkes started having a family, Robinson was still working as a doctor and also helped deliver each of his four children. Because of the uniqueness of the town and the people of many nationalities who lived in the area, Kenilworth was a fun place to grow up in, Jewkes said. “It’s a great place to grow up and live in,” he stated. “Many people of different nationalities were living here and two of my best friends growing up were Austrians who lived just down the street from me.” Despite Kenilworth never being a big town by any measure, none of that bothered Jewkes. As a child growing up you had to be creative in finding things to do and with a good amount of children around his age, Jewkes had everything he needed to be happy. “Basically you had almost everything needed to be happy living here,” he said noting the town even had a movie theater. “This was a close-knit community that made for some interesting moments in life.” Growing up in Kenilworth, Jewkes along with the other children in the town went to school. While town may not have had every amenity out there, it did have a school with grades from kindergarten through eighth grade. The school in town allowed the students to stay in the local area instead of having to be bused to Helper or Price. But soon after finishing eighth grade, Jewkes saw changes with going to school over the next few years. Because the area did not teach any levels above the eighth grade,

Jewkes and his fellow students had to be bused over to Spring Glen where the school there had nine grades. After finishing one year in Spring Glen, Jewkes was then required to go to Price where he finished out his last three years of school. The children in town had no shortage of competitions going on with each other. Jewkes was a marble champion and also reigned as the town horseshoe champion for a time, he said. Because the children played lots of sports during their free time, Jewkes said they had to come up with some unique ways to make Ron Jewkes stands in front of his home in Kenilworth. He things work, especially has lived in the little town literally his whole life. Photo Kevin Scannell for basketball. With no portable basketball hoops available at the time, Jewkes and his friends had to get creative in order to have a chance to play. He and the others created a basket that looked like a toilet seat, he said. The crude method got the job done and on the days it would snow, Jewkes and his friends would play games after shoveling snow to make a little court. To clear away the mud left when it snowed, they put down used wood chips to help soak away the wet dirt. As he continued to get older, Jewkes got a job working at the local (Continued on page 14)

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The way it was in the day: REVOLUTIONARY Kenilworth: (Continued from page 5) company store with his father. He spent 17 years working there in some capacity ranging from his years CLEAN COAL as a child to many years after graduating from high school. His father worked at the company store for TECHNOLOGY 50 years, including 20 years as the manager.

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Jewkes attended Carbon Junior College and played on the basketball team for one year. He had aspirations of continuing to play basketball and possibly move into coaching full time but he ended up putting those aside to help out his family. He left the college to go work for his father at the store and continued working there up to its final days before it finally closed down. He was working at the store when it had one of its best years ever bringing in about $320,000 in 1947 thanks to a post World War II boom from soldiers coming home. While working at the store, Jewkes also did other jobs around the town as well. He worked as the town ice man, delivering ice to each house in town. He also worked as the town milk man. While Jewkes is quick to remember all of the good times in Kenilworth, he also remembers the tough moments the town dealt with over the years. One event in particular stands out above the rest. On March 14, 1945 an explosion in the local mine left seven miners dead. Jewkes said he remembers seeing the bodies of the miners lying on the lawn at the hospital. Many doctors and nurses spent a long time working on the men, he said. “The doctors thought they could save all of them,” Jewkes said. But unfortunately that wasn’t the case. While the men suffered burns on their bodies from the explosion, they were not considered life threatening. However because of the amount of smoke each man inhaled at the mine after the explosion, the men suffered lung damage. A few days later, all of the men were dead, he said. While many things in Kenilworth have changed over the years, there are many things that have remained the same in Jewke’s life. He and his wife, Norine, have been together for almost 60 years and have lived in the same house since they were first married. Together they have seen Kenilworth change from its heyday when it had a population of over 1,000 people to the now 300 people living there today. While he remembers the town being very close knit growing up, Jewkes said things are much different today. “Before I knew everybody who lived in the town,” he explained. “Now I know nobody.” There are only three people still currently living in Kenilworth that have lived in the area for 70 or more years, according to Jewkes. With all of the changes in the town over the years, Jewkes said he wouldn’t trade it all in for living in another town. It was in Kenilworth where he was born and raised as a child. It was the place where he started a family with his wife raising four children, Ron, Jeff, Stacey and Laurie. And it’s the town where he has everything he needs to be content in life. “If I had to move away from here, I probably would have,” Jewkes said. While moving away to another place has always been a possibility, it would have been hard to say goodbye to the nice weather year round, the quietness of the area and being able to spend time sitting on the porch at night looking up at the stars in the sky, he said. Over his 83 years of life, Jewkes has been around the blocks of Kenilworth many, many times. And if things continue going as they are, he will still continue to a proud resident of Kenilworth for many years to come.

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July 2011 – Coal Camps – 15

Pioneers came to area for many reasons By RICHARD SHAW When Annie Marie Hanson Fitt died in Price in 1949, she was the last of her kind. Born 90 years before her death, she was the last remaining Carbon resident who had come across the plains in an ox-drawn wagon train during the Mormon trek west in the mid to late 1800s. She was different from many who had settled in Carbon County; not of mining or railroad stock, but instead of agriculture. Of Northern European extraction (born in Denmark) she came to Utah, first arriving in Salt Lake City in 1868. The trip across the ocean had been tough; eight weeks long and both her sister and her brother became ill during the trip. The plains were also too much for them as they both passed away on the trail west. After only a short time in Salt Lake, the family moved to Logan where her father was employed as a mason. At the age of 18 she married William Fitt and they moved around the state finally settling in Orangeville and for a time in Price. Her story of Mormons who settled Castle Valley is typical in many ways. The came to Utah because of their religion, with many thinking Salt Lake would be their home. Many, many ended up in what would be to this day much more rural places than they had counted on. Here are a few stories of some of those who settled Carbon County 80 to 100 years ago. Ellen Winder Snow, when interviewed in 1949 said she had been born in Fillmore to parents Ellen Winder Snow lived in Desert Lake for 20 years. who had come across the plains in a wagon train. At the time of her interview she had lived long enough to see jet planes fly the skies and the atomic bomb perfected for its terrible use, while still having memories of a much less technological age. Silver Her father died when she was three and her mother married a man with five boys who lived in & Gift Kanosh. His last name was Marsing (the father of Martin Marsing who at the time of the interview ran a ranch in Miller Creek). After a childhood filled with hard work in fields around Millard County she married Charles H. Winder and they moved to Desert Lake ( a community that existed in Emery County east of 26 E. Main, Price present day Elmo). 613-2310 “The summer I was 14 mother and I went to Fillmore to dry fruit and while there I gathered Every Thurs., some seeds from a locust tree near my birthplace,” she said during the interview. “...several years Fri. & Sat. 12 to 6 later I planted these very seeds, which I had guarded all the time, by my home in Desert Lake. And to this day there are many big beautiful locust trees growing around my old home over there.” •Customize & Jewelry Repair But before that it was quite a trek to get to her new home in Emery County. They moved in • Stones & Amethyst Towers the winter over Salina Canyon to get there, traveling by covered wagon and driving cattle along the of all kinds way. Southwest Jewelry & Unusual Gifts “We crossed the Salina Mountains in very cold and miserable weather,” she said. “We had to Owner Jan Price (Continued on page 16)

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16 – Coal Camps – July 2011

Pioneers came to area for many reasons: (Continued from page 15) shovel snow away to make our beds on the ground.” For a time after they arrived there were 30 families living in Desert Lake. During her over 20 years in the town she worked at the school and church as a janitor, and also boarded 22 teachers over the years who worked at the school. “The men were always much easier to please than the women,” she said. In 1896 there was so much rain that the dam at Desert Lake broke and took out all the families crops and the water came right up to their doorstep. “I was afraid I would never get any more fish so I went down in front of my house where the fish from the lake were flopping everywhere in the grass and I picked them up and stacked them on my apron, as many as I could carry.” The dam broke again a few years later and by that time she had moved to a different place in the town. “The water took forty hives of my bees and came right into the house,” she said. “There was a terrible storm and it rained so much that everything in my house was wet. I even had to put my baby in

George Milner came from a family of lawyers and teachers. But his profession was that of a Blacksmith. a box under the table to keep him dry from that leaking roof.” Despite the amount of water in the area it was not fit for household use, even when controlled. She and her neighbors had to drive 12 miles to haul in what they needed. They would actually do their clothes washing in the Price River and then fill up every container they could find to haul water back. George B. Milner came from a very different background. While his parents came across the plains in an ox cart wagon train, they were very educated and moved

immediately to Provo, where both were school teachers and his father set up a law practice. When he was a young man, his father was sent to Arizona to defend members of the church who were polygamists and he went with his dad. There he learned to do something very different from what his fathers profession was; he became a blacksmith and eventually opened a shop in Provo. Later he moved to Carbon County where he practiced his trade with the Anderson Brothers who owned shops in Sunnyside, Farnham and Wellington. He also took a job hauling coal over the mountains from Scofield to Provo by wagon. In about 1883 he came to the Castle Valley permanently and worked for the railroad. Soon after that he took up a homestead in Farnum. He was “batching” it there but one day while in town he met Emma Thayn and soon they were married and living on his place. His first son was born there. In 1892 he moved to Wellington, and at the time of the interview in the late 1940s that is where he still lived. Milner was the first farmer in Wellington to bring in a herd of Jersey cows. He and his children drove them over the mountains

from Provo. The trip took a week. He was also the co-owner of the first steam engine and separator for threshing grain in Carbon County. Milner also developed a cistern system for Wellington residents. At the time the drinking water in Wellington was very bitter and people had to haul their water in. He made arrangements with the railroad to haul water to the cistern with rail cars where people could collect to get good water. Later he helped the town develop a charcoal filtering system that took the bitterness out of the local water. He was also involved in building the canal system in the Wellington and Farnum area. He not only put in work on it and the dams that were built, but also contributed cash to build the system. For that he took stock in the company. In the 30s and 40s Milner became known as “Uncle Sam” because he took on that persona during Fourth of July celebrations in the community. Harmon Curtis was another interesting character in the area. He was born in 1863 in Springville from parents that had worked for the LDS church in Nebraska before coming much later to Utah. (Continued on page 28)

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July 2011 – Coal Camps – 17

In Memory of mining industry people Those in who passed from July 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 from the pages of the Sun Advocate/Emery Progress obituaries

Pete Howard - Price River Coal

Ralph E. Hufford - Horse Canyon

Ken Hutchinson - Castle Gate

Isador Jacquez - Miner

Valden O. Jensen - Miner

E. Morris Jewkes - Miner

Don C. Johnson - Miner

Bill Jones - Miner

East Carbon City, Utah

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18 – Coal Camps – July 2011

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July 2011 – Coal Camps – 19

In Memory of mining industry people Those in who passed from July 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 from the pages of the Sun Advocate/Emery Progress obituaries

Jack Leamaster - Castle Gate

John Marasco -Castle Gate

Jim Marchello - Andalex

Ivan Donal McCourt - US Steel

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20 – Coal Camps – July 2011

In Memory of mining industry people Those in who passed from July 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 from the pages of the Sun Advocate/Emery Progress obituaries

Dick Potochnick - Miner

Elmo “Duke” Priano - Miner

Herman Dempsey Riffle Sr. - Kaiser

Robert “Bob” Pattison - Atlas Minerals

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July 2011 – Coal Camps – 21

Growing up then was easier than today By ELDON MILLER As I reflect upon my childhood days growing up in Carbon and Emery counties I remember a less complicated existence than is evidenced by the activities my children, and then, my grandchildren, have experienced. `Today, as it was when I had sons and daughters at home, the family car(s) never quite get a chance to cool down. Not so in my childhood. We had one car and that car was driven less than 5,000 miles each year. Perhaps, that is one reason cars lasted so much longer in those days than they do now. Trips to Price from the coal camps were seldom and only when necessary. When we lived in Clawson trips to Price were very seldom. However, my father had to drive to the coal camp he worked at and that added miles to the odometer. Of course that journey was a once a week round trip since he would batch during the week and come home on weekends. (Continued on page 22)

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Solemn faces on kids in celebration of some kind of patriotic holiday in the late 1800’s in Carbon County. But did they actually have an easier time growing up than kids today? Photo courtesy of Kitty Horsley

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22 – Coal Camps – July 2011

Growing up then was easier than today (Continued from page 21) Well, this story is not really about travel. It is, instead a story about a game that every boy during my era, and before, can remember with fondness. Winter time was not a good time to play such a game, but as soon as the school year began the tools for this game was always found among the things each boy took with him to school. In those days, we didn’t have school lunch at first and so, a lunch, usually in a sack, was in one hand, and if homework was required, then the other hand had control of the school book(s) and whatever else was necessary for the homework assignment. So where were the game pieces carried? Why in the pants (overalls) pockets for sure. Yes, most every boy heading for school had in his pocket several dakes, and at least one taw. Now, those were the names I remember best, but there were other names of the game pieces, migs, shooters, glassies, aggies, mibs, clays, popeyes, corkscrews, oxbloods, swirls, and, yes, even steelies, to name a few. But, we just called them MARBLES. In those days we boys were ever so anxious to get to school early so that we could get a game or two in before the bell rang. Incidently, the bell in those days

was not electric, but was sounded by hand and arm power. When I retired from teaching several years ago, I was given one of those bells. I don’t ring it often, especially in the house, since the tone and volume is rather hard on the ears. There were a few of the boys that didn’t play marbles and they could be distinguished by the fact that they had no holes in the knees of their pants or the toes of their tennis shoes. In Spring Canyon the girls used the cement area for their games and we boys had an area where we could play marbles without being the way of other students. I always considered myself a pretty fair player and rather wise when it came time to “dake up” in a game. I tried not to find myself playing in any games that had those boys who were exceptional shooters in the game. I don’t remember any girls playing marbles, at least I didn’t play in a game with a girl in it. It would have been awful to lose to a girl. Girls played hop scotch, jacks, and other games that didn’t interest the boys. However, I must admit that I did play jacks and hop scotch from time to time, but that was when there was no one to play marbles with. Those were the days when a

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boy had chapped knuckles, calloused knees, and a smile on his face, if he returned home at the end of the day with more marbles than what he started with. Kids today, do not know the joy of holding a marble in the knuckles, kneeling down on the

The photo of the school children on the previous page was taken either in 1896 or 1897, in front of the first school house built in Price. It consisted of two rooms. Here is a list of the childrens names. First row W.E. McIntire William John Jones George Nickerson Aubrey Roberts Joseph McIntire Arlie Charter Jinius L. Whitmore Albert E. Horsley Hugh Roberts Johny McKendrick Ione Vance

Third Row Elzina Smithson Ada Robb Sarah Ellen Horsley Ellen Smithson Dora Barlow Blanch Anderson Mish McIntire Florence Horsley Hazel Valentine Katie Taylor Perl Bryner Esther Kelsey (with doll)

Second row Frances Olsen Bertha Burgess Roy Peterson Ray Face Charles Empey Frank Smith Ray Roberts Harry Kelsey James Petersen

Fourth row Bell Branch

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ground and shooting (flipping) it at a bunch of marbles. Nor will they be able to, when grey haired, hold a marble in their knuckles, squeeze it a little, close their eyes, and go back in time to the school ground of their youth and relive once again the thrill of a game of MARBLES.

Fifth row Janie Johnston Emma Burgess Zoe Powell Hannah Anderson Olive Anderson Ella Wimmer Alice Wimmer

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July 2011 – Coal Camps – 23

Pioneers came to area for many reasons: (Continued from page 16) The reason? His father was a craftsman at building handcarts and he built many of the units that pioneers pulled across the plains. After an unusual childhood (his parents separated, which was rare at the time, and his mother took the kids to Fountain Green in Sanpete County) he came to Castle Valley in 1979. He settled in Emery County and taught

Harmon Curtis was a man of many talents serving as post master in the area twice, as the town clerk of Wellington, and on the railroad.

school in Wilsonville, which was east of Castle Dale at the time. (He did this after a couple of years away in Salt Lake doing surveying for the Los Angeles-Salt Lake Railroad). He then moved to Ferron where he was postmaster for 21 years. He married in 1886 and had six children. After his wifes death he moved to Lower Crossing (now Woodside) where he was foreman of the railroad crew and postmaster. In 1923 he got married again and moved to Wellington, to raise his new wifes five children. His wife Ester, was postmaster in Wellington. She was killed in a car-train collision in 1936, and he was then appointed postmaster of the town. Curtis was also town clerk for Wellington for a number of years. He was involved in running the first water line from the Price area to Wellington. James Robert Lindsey was another area resident, but one who was born in Alabama in 1868. His record of coming to Utah started when he visited his sister in Emery County in the 1880s. But while he worked around the state and then went back to both Alabama and Texas after his parents moved there he eventually ended

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up in Sunnyside in 1922. It was a time of labor strife and a strike was on. But Lindsey took a job in a coke over operation anyway. “There were some who called me a strike breaker,” he said in an interview 26 years later. “But I might say that I really came to brake a hunger strike, for my family and I were just about starved to death. I was only too James Lindsey, pictured here with his wife, was once called a happy to come strike breaker, but he said he was only a “hunger strike” breaker and to be able to for his family. bring my family out here to to live the next sumEmery County when he was 13 mer. Life has been better and not years old and lived there for the so hard since then.” next 40 years. He related that he had been “All the schooling I had came employed most of the time since from that county,” he said in a 1922 working with the coke op1949 interview with the Sun Aderations and actually for the town vocate. of Sunnyside for awhile. But he Allred has a good recollection never worked inside a mine. of his adventures when he lived Later in 1943, the family in Emery. moved to Wellington. “I used to freight throug the Martin Allred was born in shadscales and mud to Price when Sanpete County to a polygou(Continued on page 28) mous family in 1867. He came to

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24 – Coal Camps – July 2011

An early history of Price by one who lived it This year, as Price City revels in its 100 years of incorporation, one has to also think about the years before that event took place in the Spring of 1911. What was Price like after the turn of the 20th century? What was it like in the late 1800’s? While not a coal camp, and not really a railroad center (Helper really had the lock on that) it was the first town established in what was then northern Emery County. And it began auspiciously in the winter of 1879 when a few settlers put down roots in the area. There has been a lot written about that history, but not so much as it is common knowledge. And while Price was not a coal camp per say, it was the center of commerce in the area from the beginning, a place where coal camp people came and met up with those from the railroads, agriculture and merchantile. Probably one of the most complete histories written about those

early days came from someone who lived through some of it; Earnest S. Horsely. He was the brother of one of the first mayors (Arthur) of Price (before incorporation and they called them presidents) and helped to lay the groundwork for the city as it is today. Below is his historical account of Price up until the late 1920s. January 1, 1879 dawned somewhat bright and clear, as the winter so far had been mild and very little snow had fallen up to that time, and the spirit of the hardy and venturesome pioneers was not stilled, as the mountain passes and canyons were still accessible to travel. Along in the first week of this year Caleb Rhodes, Frederick Jr. Grames, Alfred Grames and Charles Grames left Salem, Utah county, to explore what was then known as Castle Valley. After some difficulties encountered in road making, removing (Continued on page 30)

Albert Horsley, a nephew of the author of the accompanying story is seen here in the middle of this school group in Price in 1904. The school it was taken in is not known.

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July 2011 – Coal Camps – 25

In Memory of mining industry people Those in who passed from July 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 from the pages of the Sun Advocate/Emery Progress obituaries

William “Bill” Turner - Miner

Robert Cecil Van Wagoner - Kaiser

John Vea - Miner

Harry Vogrinic - US Fuel

I wanted to be a forest ranger or a coal man. At a very early age, I knew I didn’t want to do what my dad did, which was work in an office ........ Harrison Ford


26 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Coal Camps â&#x20AC;&#x201C; July 2011

In Memory of mining industry people Those in who passed from July 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 from the pages of the Sun Advocate/Emery Progress obituaries

Domenic Mele - Kaiser

Anthony Melo - Coal truck driver

Michael Anthony Monfredi - Inspector

Bob M. Peck - Trail Mountain

Joe Wood-Columbia

Evan Richard Wood-Wilburg

Kent Oviatt-Deer Creek

Shane Parkin-Miner

Clinton Dale Damron-Kaiser

Ralph A. Schade-Joy Mining

Jerry Chavez-Miner

Joseph Alexander Harvey-US Steel


Hale Spring Canyon

Royal

Latuda

Mutual

VA

PU

Heiner

Scofield

TS

Helper

Rains Standardville

PL

Kenilworth Spring Glen

Coal City

Peerless

RO

Carbonville

BO

PRICE

Connellsville

Kiz

OK

East Carbon

Wattis

AU

AN

Sunnyside

Columbia

IF

Wellington

CL

Findington

AT E

AT I O N

Consumers National Sweet Clear Creek

TA

Castle Gate

C L IF F S

CA

Winter Quarters

L AN D

ON

Colton

BAD

ST

NY

WE

DESOL

A SAL

NATIONAL

ASHLEY

Soldier Summit

July 2011 – Coal Camps – 27

E

FS

Hiawatha

UIN

Huntington

A BL

Lawrence Orangeville

CK

BU

T

TE

PL

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T

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Cleveland

Gr

FS

Desert Lake

NATIONAL

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IF

VA

Elmo

CL

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Victor

AU

CAN

Mohrland

Woodside

D RE

CASTLE DALE

BUCKHORN F L AT

B E C K W I TH

Clawson

P L AT E A U

CA

T

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Wilsonville

EF

Molen

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Green River

SER

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SINBAD VALLEY

LEGEND

Coal Camp Ghost Town Town / City

F REE

MO

FS

LE

N

Emery

BLACK B OX

E AG L E CANYON

DE

Moore

G R AY

Ferron

NOTES– Coal camps, within the scope of this map, are defined as communities originally founded for the purpose of industrial coal mining which have since seen significant population losses, un-incorporation, or closure. Ghost towns differ in that they were originally founded for a reason other than coal mining. Today’s towns and cities are included as points of reference.

L


28 – Coal Camps – July 2011

Pioneers came to area:

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(Continued from page 23) it was just a railroad station,” he said. “I knew Mr. Price for whom the town is named. I also knew Mr. Ferron and Mr. Huntington, the men who gave their names to those towns. I knew Orange Seelely well. He was my uncle, married to my mothers sister, and Orangeville was named after him.” Allred and his wife Jenny with seven children moved from Emery in 1920 to the Indian Reservation in Duchene County. Allred used to haul freight over the mountains to Price, but he spent a great deal of his working life being a farmer. He moved to Wellington to be near a daughter in 1936.

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Finally we come to Catherine Alfina Palmer Grundvig who lived in the same house in Wellington for 49 years. Her stock went way back into American history. She was the grand daughter of Noah Palmer, a man who fought in the American Revolution. She was born in Ogden in 1863 and her parents were early Mormon pioneers. Her father had acted as a personal bodyguard for Joseph Smith for four years and was one of those driven out of Missouri and Illinois. From a polygoumous background, Grundvig had six siblings from her mother and 12 from her fathers other wife. When she was one her family moved to Juab County. During the move, a cattle sampede destroyed almost all their worldly possessions. “My father died when I was 11 years (Continued on page 29)


July 2011 – Coal Camps – 29

Pioneers came to area for many reasons: (Continued from page 28) look after six children,” she said in an interview in the late 1940s when she was well over 80 years old. “It was a hard life. I went barefoot for two winters. In fact, I can only remember five airs of shoes that were bought for me in my childhood. Mother used to make our shoes out of old jeans or soft leather form old boots. Many times I gleaned wheat in the autumn to get bread for winter, and my mother used to wash on the board all day long for twenty pounds of flour.” She never went to school after she was nine years old because the family couldn’t afford it. In 1883 she married Severin Hulgar Grundvig and they lived in Dover (Sanpete County), then went to Provo where Severin was offered a job. That lasted only a few months and they moved to Soldier Summit and then to Wellington, where they took up a homestead in the newly growing community. To get there though they came over the mountains in a covered wagon. “I walked all the way from Soldier Canyon (Summit) and we arrived (in Price) on July 24, 1888 at about noon,” she said. “It was raining that day and Price was a very small town at that time. I guess the nicest house there was

one made of boards with stood up on end covered with slabs and with a big rock chimney running up the outside of the wall. The rest (of the homes) were log homes. There wasn’t any Sunnyside town then, and Wellington still belong to the Price ward. There wasn’t much of a town here either (Wellington) but I remember that Alvin Thayn had a blacksmith shop here.” The first year in the area the two rented a farm from Walt Barney. She said they didn’t do much that year because all they had to work with was a “little old team with sore shoulders.” The next year they moved to a farm on Coal Creek. It looked like a good farm and a good year but in the middle of the summer the water dried up and they lost their entire crop. “We dug a well in the bottom of Coal Creek to get water to use in the house but then a big flood came, polluting the water for the better part of a week,” she said. “When the water in barrels ran out (their storage) I washed the dishes in whey (the by product of milk after it has been curdled and strained) for two days. We had plenty of milk.” With the failure of the crops Severin started making and haul-

ing cedar posts to sell and later he discovered the “Dead Man’s Coal Mine” and began taking coal out of it and selling that. He did that for eight years to support them. He later sold the mine for $2,300 and was able to also get employment at the mine for one year for $2.50 per day. During that time they took up an 80 acre homestead near where they had been living. It was then The Grundvigs had a hard scrabble life for many years but that they built the made the best of it and prospered. house in which she was living when interviewed. the youngsters of Wellington in “It was a nice house, but after the Grundvig home, singing and we got it built we had no furniture dancing to the merry playing of to put in it,” she said. “We always Severin on his old accordian. Also had trouble getting good drinking people remembered the wedges of water.” home made white cake and cups Severin had dug a cistern near of steaming hot chocolate which the house, but with the railroad Alfina served to all present before running by, the shaking from the seeing them off to their homes. trains would always crack it and Early settlers of the area had make it leak. interesting stories about what it Altogether the two had 13 was like in the days before suchildren. With that came being per highways, phones and even very active in the community. electricity. It was a tough, hard People remembered the Grundlife many of them lived, be they vig home being a happy home railroad family, coal mining family with delightful evenings spent by or farming/ranching families.

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30 – Coal Camps – July 2011

An early history of Price by one who lived it (Continued from page 24) timbers and crossing the Spanish Fork and Price canyons, they arrived at what is known as the Rhoades meadow, about three miles north west of Price City, on January 21, 1879. A dugout was made on the south side of the bank along the north side of the meadow fora place of shelter until a log cabin could be constructed fora better home. A few days later Fred E. Grames came further down the river and located at what is now known as the J. M. (Tobe) Whitmore farm due west of Price City. The same kind of a dwelling was constructed until logs could be gathered up for the building of the usual pioneer log cabin, which was followed up very shortly after wards, as the weather would permit. Rhoades had visited this section of the country a few years previous hunting and trapping, and undoubtedly saw a future development as settlers would come, which was soon to be realized, for on March 9, 1879, Levi Simmons, William Z. Warren, and Thomas Caldwell arrived on the scene from Spanish Fork, and on March 12, Robert A. Powell, William Davis and James Gay, of Salem, Utah, arrived, and on April 1, John A. Powell, Sarah J. Powell and Lyman Curtis of Salem arrived and commenced to spread up and down the river bottoms. As spring opened up came the

preparation for planting grain and vegetables. In March a water level had been constructed out of coal oil can, which consisted of a tube about three feet six inches long and about one and a half inches in diameter with a small lamp chimney placed at each end to enable the surveyor to look over the top of the water, this was placed on a tripod made of cotton wood sticks, and with this instrument the Rhoades ditch (Pioneer Ditch No. 1) was surveyed and constructed for about two and a half miles. Also the Fred Grames, ditch (Pioneer Ditch No. 2) for nearly the same distance. Food was not so plentiful and as was the custom of all early pioneers they had to resort to the hunting of wild game and many, many meals consisted of only venison. As horses were scarce those days, oxen had to be brought under yoke and the tedious plodding along had to be endured in the clearing and plowing of the soil. Some wheat, oats, corn and potatoes were planted and a fair harvest gathered in. The old cradle had to be used in the cutting of the grain and the flayed used in threshing it out, and the old time coffee mill to grind it in to make the corn mush and brown

Price’s Main Street in 1911. bread. McIntires, Empeys, Olsons, Robbs, In 1880 came Jense Peterson and wife, Bryners, Mathises, Horsleys, ElChris Peterson, Gilbert Peterson, dredges, Branches, Paces, Coxes, Charles P. Johnson, Green Allred, Whitmores, Ballingers and others too Geo. Downard, William Downard, numerous to mention in this sketch. Jake Kofford, William J. Warren and Many hardships were endured Mathew Simmons. during these early years, incidental to Castle Valley, as it was known, pioneer life. was under the territorial domain of In November, 1882, there being Utah, and was little known of, only quite a number of members of the as a rendezvous of Indians. However, dominant church here, a ward was in February, 1880, it was created into organized with George Frandsen Sr., a county and called Emery county, as bishop. Grading and track laying in honor of George W. Emery, then was now very well along towards governor of Utah. completion. Price townsite had January 2, 1881, Albert J. Grames been surveyed into city lots. Fred E. arrived and during March of the year, Grames built a frame building that grading for the Rio Grande Western stood close by the Whitmore farm railroad commenced. Then during gates until a year ago, and started in the next three years brought many the mercantile business from a stock settlers into the vicinity of Price, of goods purchased from a (Continued on page 31) including the Frandsen, Birches,

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An early history of Price by one who lived it (Continued from page 30) from the grading camp, consisting of bacon, tea, coffee, tobacco, sugar and a few minor articles such as overalls and a few stogie shoes and spools of thread. During April, 1883, track laying was completed from Deseret, just east of Green River, to Salt Lake City and Ogden, and trains were first run through Price between May 1 and 15, 1883. The regular train service between Grand Junction and Ogden on May 17, 1883, and shortly after this date Price was named as a station on the line. Just before the regular train service was established, the construction train gathered up all the settlers they could along the river and took them fora free excursion down to about Mounds and back, to the great delight of all. August 30, 1883, the first postoffice was established at Price with Frederick E. Grames as postmaster, Albert J. Grames the mail carrier and chief clerk, at a salary of twelve dollars per month. The train from the east arrived at 11 o’clock p.m., sometimes a little later, on account freshets and the one from the west was due at 5 p.m., so, Price was then on the map. Joseph Birch, established the R. R. Eating Place and served meals to the railroad workers and passengers as opportunity afforded. Erastus W. McIntire was appointed Justice of Peace. In January, 1884, the people commenced to occupy the townsite by building a

log meeting house twenty feet wide and forty feet long. A picture of same can be seen on the drop curtain in the basement of the tabernacle. This was used for Sunday service, school room and courthouse for many years. A number of log and adobe houses were soon erected. Price school district was organized with William H. Branch, George W. Eldredge and John D. Leigh trustees, William J. Tidwell, teacher. In 1884 the Price Water company organized and commenced the construction of the canal to bring water to the town Price began to grow. Early in the year of 1885 another store was started by Alma T. Angell in a little log room on the lot east of the city hall. There being not sufficient business for two stores, the latter closed down, and Mr. Angell went on a mission to the state for the L.D.S. church. He being the first missionary from these parts. In August, David Williams of Scofield came to Price and purchased the Fred Grames business and commenced on a large scale. Settlers began to move out of the dugouts and temporary shelters to build homes in the town site. The Gilsonite Asphaltum company established a mercantile store in 1886. S.S. Jones bought out Williams & Sons company. In February 1887, L. M. Olsen erected the Emery County Mercantile company building and commenced business. William H. Branch was elected county for Emery

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County. May, 1887, the Price Water company canal completed to the east side of town and water flowed through, relieving the inhabitants from hauling water in barrels for domestic purposes from the river which they so done for nearly four years. With the coming of water, the town began to grow, orchards and gardens spring up all around, trees were planted all along the sidewalks. In November 1890, the Price Trading company organized with C. H. Taylor, J. M. Whitmore, A. Ballinger and Carl Valentine as incorporators. In 1891 the first newspaper published in the county was the Eastern Utah Telegraph, by Isaac Paradise and Mr. Sarvis, S. K. King as editor. On July 14, 1892, a petition signed by three hundred and eight persons and presented to the country court of Emery county by A. Ballinger. Price town was organized on the eighth day of November 1892. A general election was held and J.M. Whitmore was elected president, Henry G. Mathis, John H. Pace, Seren Olsen, trustees, A. Ballinger, clerk and treasurer. On January 4, 1894, a petition was circulated to create Carbon county, out of a portion of Emery county and on January 7, was presented to the Utah state legislature and finally granted and the bill signed March 8, 1894, by Governor Caleb B. West. On May 1, 1894 an election was held to elect

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officials and designate the county seat. P.C. Lee, T. P. Gridley, P. Santachi, selectmen, H. A. Nelson, clerk and recorder. D. W. Holdaway, assessor and treasurer, L. M. Olsen, probate judge, Joseph W. Davis, school superintendent. Tax valuation of Carbon county in 1894 was $888,915.00, producing a revenue of $9,376.94. The city hall was built in 1895 by popular subscription. In 1901 and 1902 an eight room brick house was built. In 1902 the Price Cooperative Mercantile Institution was organized. In 1908 and 1909 Carbon county court house was built at a cost of $75,000. In 1910 the railroad depot west (Continued on page 32)

The Downard&Dooley Blacksmith shop circa 1915.

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An early history of Price by one who lived it (Continued from page 31) of Main street was burned. A new one was built on South 8th street in 1911. In April, 1911, Price was incorporated as a city of the third class with electric lights. The Savoy hotel was built in the fall of this year and also the county school district and high school buildings erected in January, 1916, the large brick building school house in the center of the two grounds burned down, making necessary the building of the two very splendid ones in the different parts of the city. I’ll say Price has certainly grown, with her water system, telephone, electric lights, paved streets and sidewalks, hotels, theaters, mercantile establishments, newspapers, and

splendid residences, not forgetting the beautiful church edifices, in which all the inhabitants can meet, give thanks and devotion to the Giver of all Good. Three and a half years later Horsley wrote another article about the history of the town that included some other interesting tidbits not really mentioned in his first article. On September 29 (1928) this writer had a talk with Charles W. Grames, who told me he came with Caleb B. Rhodes and Frederick E. Grames to Price in January, 1879, and settled on ground traded for with Green Allred. He made this his home. It is located close to where Gordon Creek empties into the Price River, just a short distance west of this city. This is now owned by the

Paces. Grames afterwards went up to the head of Gordon Creek. He made a home there and lived on it for several years. The population of Price town is 1892 was 308. Estimated in 1928 at 4700. Revenue of the city for its first year, $835.10. Price City valuation in (1928) was $2,720,657. Still living of the original pioneers are Charles W. Grames in the Nine Mile section of Carbon County; Sarah Jane Powell at Price and Rachael J. Powell at Salt Lake City. Price was named for William Price, the first bishop of Goshen who explored this section in 1865. The first child born here was Betsy Powell McKendrick on September 18, 1880. First school taught on the Price River was by Sally Ann

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Olsen and Mrs. Peter Isaac Olsen. The woman living the longest here is Rachel Davis Powell, who came on June 6, 1879. Living the longest number of years is Albert W. Grames. The first person to be buried in the Price cemetery, John J. Mathis, June 6, 1886. The oldest man in years now living here is John Dwyer, whose home is south of the Denver and Rio Grande Western tracks and Sarah Jane Powell. (He also noted in the article at the end that the first electric lights put in the city was put in by R.W. and J.A. Crockett, at that time owners of The Sun, but 18 years before in their office of the Eastern Utah Advocate. The wiring and lights were in, but there was no central power so they used a gasoline engine to turn a generator to power the electrical devices).

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July 2011 – Coal Camps – 33

In Memory of mining industry people Those in who passed from July 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 from the pages of the Sun Advocate/Emery Progress obituaries

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2011 Coal Camps  

Sun Advocate's 2011 Coal Camps

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