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o the Progress t t n e m e l supp County y r e m E & cate 2012 Sun Advo JANUARY


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January 2012 – Century in Coal Country – 3

Introduction to 100 years of progress The history of the Castle Valley began well before the white man came to the valley and settled it. Thousands of years ago this area was colonized by various native American tribes, but we have little to go on when it comes to their history with the exception of some remnants of where they lived and their rock writings on cliffs and stone walls. In this special issue, we wanted to consider the history of the last 100 years of this area, which is in exorbitantly tied to the mining of coal. But there is also a lot more about the area than just coal. That was our dilemma. How does one do honor to all that has gone on in a century, yet give both those who work in the energy industry and those that have pursued other endeavors their due. First of all, there are many ways to look at history. We could tell it chronologically and give every detail of every year through the eyes of the newspapers that have been printed here at that time. But there are two problems with

that: the time to ferret those details out and the volume of information which would be overwhelming. So, with this publication, we are beginning a new way to give the flavor of the different decades since 1911 to our readers, yet still allow some detail about what has transpired and what is transpiring now. We decided to use what we call “Keystone Issues” of the Sun Advocate (and its predecessors) and the Emery County Progress. That meant one issue per decade, for the last 10 decades. We chose to use the first issue of July for each paper in the years 19112001. What you will see in this issue then is a combination of pages that list years with stories coming from both papers that were included in those particular issues. Some of what we put on pages were big stories, others were just small. We even included pieces of gossip columns in various places. But newspapers are more than just

their stories. They also include photos, some of which we also included. You will also see ads from days gone by. We picked those for interest, because they tell the tale of commerce and everyday living in our communities. Compare the prices of food from one decade to another or look at the things that are being sold. Even a decade can make a huge difference in the price of a car or what one can purchase for a communications medium. We have also included a few classified ads, some cartoons and a few other tidbits. There are also have some articles about how some businesses today have grown and changed. There also are a number of pages that explore change in certain areas or highlight an era gone by. For instance there is a page on old school buildings that once (and some still do) existed in the area. There is also a section on World War II, probably the biggest event

in the history of man. That war changed the world in so many ways. We hope you enjoy this special edition. While it is a lot of work putting these types of publications together, they are also very enjoyable to produce. Doing it really bring us to earth about how much we owe those that have gone before us, not only in the newspaper business, but in our comminutes. I’d like to thank our staff, including Kelly Wilkinson, Terry Willis, CJ McManus, John Serfustini, and Jason and James Bailey for the work they put in producing this issue. And as always we couldn’t have put it out without the support of the sales staff, who start the ball rolling for any publication, the front desk staff and the back room/carriers who distribute it to peoples doors and to single copy sales dealers. Richard Shaw Publisher December, 2011


4 – Century in Coal Country – January 2012

July 1911 EMERY TOWNS VOTE TO GO “DRY” With Exception of Green River, Towns of County All Go Overwhelminly “Dry”...Only Twenty-three Cities and Towns in State Go... “Wet”

compelled to close in our town on account of high license and now with the support of the new law it ought to be diminished to ninety-nine hundredth Appeared July 6, 1911 in the Eastern Utah Advocate

There never was a more onesided election held in Emery county than the last one. It looks as though, from the results of the balloting, that the saloon men will have to look for a happier hunting ground. Out of 649 votes cast only a little over five percent were wets. It was firmly believed by people who had studied conditions here that the county would go dry, but not with such an overwhelming majority. Emery cast 204 votes and only 4 were wet. Ferron cast 132 and 15 were wet. Orangeville cast 132 and 3 were wet. Castledale cast 191 and 15 were wet. The smallest percent of wet were found in Emery which went 1.53 per cent wet. The officers can now see the will of the people and they need have no fear in performing their duties in maintaining the law. There is no doubt but the search and seizure act will be enforced and it will be very unsafe business for a man to be carrying something suspicious under his coat when he steps over our line. Those who cannot refrain from tipping into the bottle will have to take to the barns and stack yards. Now that the people have voted for prohibition they ought to exert every effort to stamp out the evils that will evidently creep in. The officers should be supported by the people and the people in turn should demand the full performance of their duty in maintaining order in this respect. Public drunkenness has decreased materially since the saloons have been

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January 2012 – Century in Coal Country – 5

July 1911 percent. The state, as a whole, seems to have been in line for prohibition if figures speak rightly. Though Salt Lake and Ogden and the mining towns went “wet” overwhelmingly, still totally “wet” vote was not much over 9000, while the “dry” vote totals a great many more than this. There were only twenty-three towns and cities in the state that went wet. Richfield, Mt. Pleasant and Murray were the sources of much surprise in their going “dry,” as it was hardly expected that such would be the case. One significant fact to be seen as an aftermath of the election just over is that the towns that had prohibition seemed to have kiked it if there wasn’t a town that voted from “dry” to “wet” The following cities are new “dry” towns and cities: Beaver, Brigham City, Corina, Garland, Tremonton,Wellington, Spring Glen, Kaysville, Castledale, Emery, Ferron, Huntington, Orangeville, Murray, Richfield, Salina,Elsinore, Coalville, Tooele, Santequin, Goshen, Salem. Towns and cities remaining “dry” are as follows: Bear River, Willard, Clarkstown, Hyde Park, Hyrum, Lewiston, Logan, Mendon, Millville, Newton, Paradise, Providence, Richmond, Smithfield, Wellsville, Bountiful, Nephi, Morgan City, Ephraim, Fairview, Manti, Mt. Pleasant, Alpine, American Fork, Lehi Payson, Pleasant Grove, Provo, Spanish Fork, Springville, Heber City. The following are the few that remain “wet” towns and cites in the state: Milford, Helper, Castlegate, Price, Scofield, Sunnyside, Clear Crreek, Kenilworth, Winter Quarters, Farmington, Green River, Eureka, Mammoth, Bingham, Midvale, Salt Lake City, Sandy, Park City, Ophir, Stockton, Ogden.

Appeared July 1, 1911 in the ECP

Homestead announcement NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION Department of the Interior, United States Land Office in Salt Lake City, Utah, June 17, 1911. Notice is hereby given that Zina Belinda Goold, of Wellington, Utah, who, on June 12, 1907, made desert land entry (Serial 01788), No 5387, for N½NW¼, Section 29, Township 15 South, Range 11 East, Salt Lake meridian, has filed notice to make intention of final proof, to establish claim to the land above described, before the clerk of the district court, at Price, Utah on the first day of August, 1911. Claimant names as witnesses Charles S. Hill, William S. Hill, B.M.V. Goold, and Henrietta Hill, all of Wellington, Utah. E D R THOMPSON Register First pub June 22, last July 27-11.

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6 – Century in Coal Country – January 2012

July 1921 July 7, 1921 from the News-Advocate

Price to get new Interstate route New relations between Price, Green River, Grand Junction and other towns about to be established as the result of a visit of J.D. Clarkson, general manager of the Pike’s Peak Ocean to Ocean highway which now leaves the Rio Grande railroad at Rifle and goes through Meeker, Vernal, Roosevelt and Heber to Salt Lake. Mr. Clarkson is making a study of the present route and proposed changes in order to decide on a permanent location. Heavy pressure was brought to bear upon him at Grand Junction to follow the rail lines as it would follow the Rio Grande from Rifle to Salt Lake and other towns joined the western slope metropolis in showing the advantages of the old Midland trail. Cities all along the route through Grand Junction, Green River and Price are joining the association by the score, pledging a small yearly payment for contingent expenses. Decision as to the proposed change will be made by Mr. Clarkson as soon as he Appeared July 7, 1921 reaches Salt Lake and has had a conference with his assistant who is checking up the old route through the basin. in the News-Advocate The Grand Junction men who are accompanying Mr. Clarkson deny the truth of the press stories that citizens of that city are planning to build a road into the basin and divert traffic that way but declare that Grand Junction realizes the only western outlet is to follow the railroad. The stories published by other papers are referred to in the editorial column of this issue of the News-Advocate which was printed before the visitors reached the city. Several who have talked with Mr. Clarkson this afternoon have expressed a willingness to get thoroughly back of the movement to bring the Pike’s Peak highway this way and a

A photo taken of “C” Street (Now Carbon Avenue) from the top of the old Carbon High School in the 1920s.

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January 2012 – Century in Coal Country – 7

July 1921 meeting will be held in the basement of the library tonight at which time the matter will be thoroughly explained and the membership books thrown open. Mr. Clarkson will visit Helper tomorrow morning and try to reach Provo tomorrow evening. Among those who accompanied him to Price were Reed Miller, well known garage man of Grand Junction, Rov Lilja of Grand Junction, Rev. Garrison of Fruita, Dr. P.A. Brieker and F.A. Daufford of Green River. Should the movement to change the Pike’s Peak highway be successful a huge sign and announcing the fact will be placed at Rifle and Salt Lake will be placed all along the road from Rifle to Salt Lake City. This will be ordered during the present month . It was by no means an unusual thing for a conversation to be held by phone over such a distance but it was novel and interesting nevertheless, and was greatly enjoyed. The cost was but $10 for a ten minute conversation and it was well worth the money.

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July 3, 1921 Emery County Progress

ORANGEVILLE Miss Delta Reid stepped on a rubber hose Tuesday and slipped and fell, breaking her foot. The limb swelled so fast, that although a doctor was summoned, he was unable to set it until Wednesday. Last Wednesday the Beehive girls left here at six o’clock for the Blue Ridge where breakfast was prepared by the swarms. Then all joined in outdoor sports. The program of activities for the excursion of the Beehive girls and Boy scouts is as follows: Leave July 12 at six o’clock in the morning. Every morning bugle calls at seven o’clock and taps at ten o’clock at night. July 13 will be devoted to choosing of camping ground, making swings, etc.; July 14 bird day {hiking}; July 13 scouts and fathers to hike and mothers and Beehive girls to hike for study periods. July 15 open day for visits and entertaining of Temple excursionists. July 6 out of doors in the west, kodaking and sight seeing, taking hikes to sawmill and Lust Lake; July 17 meeting under direction of temple excursionists; July 20 will return home. All the afternoons will be spent in sports of all kinds and the evenings in programs given by the boys and girls. Come one and all, your presence is needed to make things more lively. Albert Allen has been forced to take his small son Winn to Salt Lake City to be operated on for appendicitis. The appendix seems to have broken three weeks before the operation. Appeared July 1, 1921 in the ECP

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8 – Century in Coal Country – January 2012

Changing views over the years

A view of Price reportedly taken from Wood Hill between 1910 and 1915.

Price’s Main Street taken from the corner of 100 West and Main in the 1920s.

Price’s Main Street taken from 300 East and Main looking west in the late 1940s.

Price’s Main Street taken from the corner of 100 West and Main in the late 1960s.

Price’s Main Street taken from about 200 East and Main looking west in the late 1970s.

Price’s Main Street taken from the corner of 100 West and Main in December 2011.


January 2012 – Century in Coal Country – 9

Coal mining: Progress and disasters It would be hard to separate the histories of Emery and Carbon counties from the development of coal and the coal industry that has been in place in the area for what is literally recorded history. The state energy planning office has charted not only the successes of the local coal mining industry, but the tragedies that have plagued the area since the first coal was found. Here is that history.

1874-1878

In late 1874 or early 1875, coal was discovered around Scofield in the Wasatch Plateau field. In the ensuing years, numerous mines opened up and Pleasant Valley Coal was incorporated. Pleasant Valley Railroad Company started to build a line to Springville in 1877. The Rio Grand Western purchased the mine and railroad in 1882. When Winter Quarters closed in mid-1940, it had completed more than 65 years of successful operation. Utah Central Coal Company was started in 1876. On Jan. 1, 1884, the first Utah coal fatality in state occurred in the mine. In 1890, Union Pacific purchased the property and sold it to Scofield Coal Company in 1917. The mine did not produce after 1936.

The early days of coal mining were very different from today; even children worked in mines in the early 20th century. Some were also killed in them.

1879-1899

The pre-eminence of Carbon County’s coal production was inextricably tied to the competitive forces in transportation. Consequently the Denver & Rio Grande Western became a major force in the livelihood of residents. Utah Fuel, a subsidiary of D&RGW, acquired the Winter Quarters mine in 1882, Castle Gate in 1888 and Sunnyside properties in 1890. Pleasant Valley Company acquired Castle Gate in 1882 and started producing coal in 1888. In 1890, the company erected 80

eight-foot coking ovens; by 1900, an additional 124 ovens had been built. Pleasant Valley acquired the Sunnyside mines in 1890. After the mines became operational in 1898, it was determined that the coal was more suitable for coking than Castle Gate’s resource. For five years, coal was hauled to Castle Gate for coking. But after 1903, Pleasant Valley started building coking ovens at Sunnyside.

1900-1921

On May 1, 1900, the first major diaster in an area coal mine took

place when an explosion occurred in the number four mine at Winter Quarters, killing 200 miners. That same year, Utah coal production surpassed the one million ton mark. More than 900,000 tons were produced by Utah Fuel Company alone. The mine closed in mid-1940. During the expansion of D&RGW through Carbon County, a coal seam deemed adequate for steam locomotives was discovered north of Helper. The railroad built a mine at Castle Gate and the first underground workers were brought in from Winter Quarters. Then on March 8, 1924, a gas explosion at Castle Gate mine killed 172 miners. It was the second major disaster in the coal industry in Utah. By 1919, Sunnyside coke plant was the largest single beehive in operation in the country. Sunnyside mine started to produce coal before 1898 and celebrated its centennial prior to closing in 1994. Pleasant Valley company found coal in a little logging camp six miles south of Scofield just before the turn of the century. Production reached its peak in the second decade of the century. Clear Creek reached a maximum population of 600 before declining. (Continued on page 11)

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10 – Century in Coal Country – January 2012

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January 2012 – Century in Coal Country – 11

Coal mining: Progress and disasters (Continued from page 9) The coal became too deep to mine economically by the late 1800s and most of the workers moved. In 1904, there were 155 active producers and the industry required more miners. Most of Utah’s coal was produced by six local operations. In 1906, Independent Coal and Coke Company (IC&C) was formed and Kenilworth was built high on the hill. Utah Fuel’s Sunnyside, Clear Creek, Winter Quarters and Castle Gate mines produced more than one-quarter of a million tons per year. Independent Coal and UP Pleasant Valley mine at Scofield also produced about a quarter of a million tons. Spring Canyon Coal Company, located west of Helper in Sowbelly Gulch, had its beginning in 1895. Shortly after World War II, Spring Canyon had a population of 1,000 residents. However, by 1970, the mine closed and the town was abandoned. By 1975, Spring Canyon all but disappeared in terms of population. Panther Coal Company gave its name to a small town (Continued on page 12) Horses and mules were used up through the mid-20th century in some mines to move coal.

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Coal mining: Progress and disasters (Continued from page 11) that was settled in 1911 roughly two miles northeast of Helper. The name was later changed to Carbon. Just before the start of World War I, production of coal started. During the same year, the United States Fuel purchased the company and renamed the town Heiner. Before the Great Depression, the company town population grew to 600. The town was abandoned in the 1930s. In 1912, U.S. Fuel purchased the last company-built mining towns, including Hiawatha, Mohrland and Black Hawk. Utah Railway, another subsidiary of Sharon Steel, was organized to connect the mines to Helper.

1922-1940

Coal production peaked at slightly more than five million tons in 1929, pulling back to an average of 3.3 million through the next decade. The opening of Columbia Steel’s Ironton plant near Provo provided a boost to a contracting industry. The plant used Book Cliffs coal to make coke. Mechanization changed the labor intensive mining industry. Coal producers streamlined operations to become competitive in a declining market. By 1940, Consolidated Coal and Silver Engineering entered into

a contract to design equipment to replace machines used to undercut, drill, blast and load coal. The experimental machine was completed in 1943 and the first continuous miner entered commercial operation in 1946. During 1947, Joy Manufacturing bought the invention. Kaiser Coal purchased the first two continuous miners in Utah in 1951 for its Sunnyside operation. Kaiser also later purchased one of the first two longwall machines used in the country in 1961. In the mid-1920s, coal’s use as a residential heating source was beginning to be replaced first by fuel oil and later in the 1930s by natural gas. The Great Depression helped the consumption of coal by making the change over cost to other energy sources less affordable. In the mid 20th century coalfired steam locomotives were replaced with diesel engines. Consumers used less coal for transportation and freight. Industrial energy users turned away from coal and more mines closed than opened. However there were still mines being opened with coal going toward industrial use more than ever. In 1920, Amalgamated incorporated a subsidiary named Blue Seal Coal Company. The mine, located about a mile north of Scofield, was opened in spring 1921 and worked intermittently through the mid-

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Men dig graves for victims of the Castle Gate Mine explosion in 1924.

1940s. Gordon Creek and National coal companies started mining operations in the upper Gordon Creek area in 1921. The mines operated through the 1930s and then reopened during World War II. Mutual Coal Company, located at the west end of Spring Canyon, was incorporated and started working in 1920. The mine operated for about 18 years until it closed in 1938. During 1922, Columbia Steel opened a mine in the eastern Book Cliffs to provide coking coal for its Ironton plant. That mine operated until 1967.

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In 1926, Mike Francis incorporated Maple Creek mine southeast of Standardville and started the construction of the tipple and the excavation of the tunnel. The mine operated from 1928 until 1937, despite the set back of a fire in 1931.

1941-1957

The coal industry that had fallen prey to the Great Depression was saved by the steel industry and increased production needs created by World War II. In addition to the Columbia Ironton plant, which produced about (Continued on page 13)

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January 2012 – Century in Coal Country – 13

Coal mining: Progress and disasters (Continued from page 12) one million ton of coking coal per year, Kaiser developed the Sunnyside mine to supply its Fontana steel plant in California. From the mid-1940s to the mid1950s, there were two forces working in opposite directions that affected coal production. The steel industry was going full force, consuming 2.5 million tons per year or more than 40 percent of total production. From 1950 to 1957, three Utah Power & Light electric generation plants came on line, including Carbon one and two in 1954. The units used about 1.25 million tons or more than 20 percent of the annual production. However a lucrative sector of the coal industry all but vanished within a relatively short span when the majority of consumers changed to other residential heating fuels. In the transportation sector, the increase in the number of locomotives temporarily halted due to participation in World War II resumed again, but the fuel of choice was no longer coal.

1957-present

From 1957 to 1984, advancing technology dramatically impacted on the coal industry. For example, in May 1979, UP&L began installing longwall mining equipment, eventually operating four systems in 1981. American Coal Company operated

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the mines through April 1979. Then Emery Mining Corporation purchased the agreements from American Coal Company and guided operations through April 1986. In December 1984, the devastating Wilberg mine fire occurred, claiming 27 lives and suspending operations at the underground coal production facility for more than a year. It was the worst disaster in the area since the Castle Gate Mine explosion in 1924. With the huge power plants online in the area, more and more coal was going to their boilers. During the years foreign contracts also came and went, sending millions of tons of coal to foreign markets such as Japan. The days in most mines of hand work literally disappeared. Continuous miners, and in larger mines, long walls, have replaced the hundreds of workers going into a mine at once. Now the most is often dozens Safety advances moved the coal mining industry in a much safer operating mode too. MSHA came into being in the 1970s putting federal inspectors in mines looking for safety problems. However that has not eliminated the chances of injury or death, sometimes many. In August 2007, the collapse at Crandall Canyon during a pillar mining operation trapped six miners in the underground mining shafts.

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A long wall miner against a coal face. These machines produce huge amounts of coal.

The failed attempt to rescue the miners claimed the lives of three additional would-be rescuers.

Summation

In the early days of coal mining in the area the newspapers often reported a death a week in mines, sometimes two when there weren’t major disasters. Gas and bad air were not understood well. Neither were many of the other hazards. Death was ever present, making coal mining the most dangerous of professions. There also seemed to be an attitude that miners were expendable. Hand work in dangerous places created a lot of hazards. Often when the

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deaths were reported in the papers, the names of those killed were not even supplied. Often it would say something like “an Italian was killed” or “a jap was was crushed to death by rocks.” Safety, equipment, machinery and techniques have come a long way in the last 100 years. Still that danger, as in all industries, of injury or death is there. It has been said that the real heros in life are the people that go to work day after day, without hesitation and they make the world run. Based on the past and the dangers they face, then miners must be super-heros.


14 – Century in Coal Country – January 2012

July 2, 1931 The News Advocate

TWO ESCAPE IN EARLY MORNING PRISON BREAK Crude Key Used to Open Jail Door; Pair Still at Large

July 1931

sentence for breaking jail in January, and Arthur Scott, held for the district court to answer charges of attempted second degree manslaughter, fashioned a key from a pair of pliers, opened the door and escaped during the night. According to Deputy A. E. Gibson it is believed that the two hid above the cell block when the prisoners are locked in their cells for the night and escaped early

in the morning. Authorities first believed that Scott and Palmer fled in a car belonging to Dr. Frank Migliore which was reported stolen about three o’clock Sunday morning. However, this theory was blasted when the car and the thief were apprehended Wednesday. Authorities made a close search of Emery county for the fugitives, refuge

somewhere near Palmer’s believing that they may have taken home. Word has also been sent to all nearby towns to be on the lookout for them. Palmer is one of the four men who broke jail in January but was picked up in Helper about a week later while Scott was recently bound over to the district court charged with an attempt to burglarize the Helper State Bank in Helper.

The third successful break in less than six months was perpetrated at the Carbon County Jail early Sunday morning when Henry Palmer, 19, held in jail pending an appeal and also serving a Appeared July 3, 1931 in the Emery Progress

This photo was taken in the very early 1930s looking east from Wood Hill toward where Carbon College would eventually be built. At this point in time the college was only a dream, but in 1937 it became a reality. The building in the center of the photo was the Silver Moon Dance Hall which stood approximately where the parking lot for Bertenshaw Dorm is now.

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January 2012 – Century in Coal Country – 15

July 1931 July 3, 1931 Emery County Progress

July 2, 1931 The News Advocate

PITCHER FOR CASTLE DALE BREAKS ARM DELIVERING BALL TO BATTER

SPRING CANYON WINS OVER PRICE BY A 7-3 TALLY

Accident Loses game to Emery After Day of Bad Luck Leonard Judd,pitcher for the Castle Dale baseball team, broke his arm in a peculiar manner, in the game between Castle Dale and Emery last Sunday. Judd prepared to deliver the ball to the batter, and the ball left his hand, the bone broke entirely through, just above the elbow, with a snap, which could be heard on the sidelines, and the arm dropped limp at his side. Thinking the arm was only out of joint, he left the diamond and was met on the sidelines by Dr J. W. Nixon who pronounced the injury a break and took Judd immediately to his office, where it was set, before it commenced to swell. This is the first serious injury of the baseball season in Emery County and will probably seriously affect the playing of the Castle Dale team since, at the present time, pitchers are scarce at this place. The accident culminated a day of bad luck for the local team which resulted in the loss of the game to Emery. A. Lowry throwed his ankle out of place at 2nd base, while running. The injured limb was immediately thrown back into place so he could continue the game, but he appeared on the streets Monday morning walking on crutches.

Behind the airtight pitching of Ed Marchetti, the Spring Canyon baseball team defeated the Price nine 7 in an Eastern Utah league game played at Price Sunday. Marchetti held the Price team hitless until the sixth inning and allowed only four singles in the entire game. Ray Leavitt, Price pitcher, did a good job on the mound but had ragged support. He struck out ten men while Marchetti whiffed eight. Monroe for Spring Canyon starred in the field for the winners and got three hits in five times at the plate to lead in batting. Koelling for Spring Canyon and James for Price also hit well. The Price team was weakened by the absence of Faddis and Hanson. The score: PRICE Potts, lf Krisman, ss Bills, cf James, 1b Migliore, c Leonard, 2b Ruff, rf Ambrosio, 3b Leavitt, p Totals

3 4

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Both ads appeared July 3, 1931 in the NewsAdvocate

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16 – Century in Coal Country – January 2012

Pierce Oil, From local to global and back By C.J. McMANUS Sun Advocate reporter In 1972, Ellis Pierce acquired what would become Pierce Oil from Andy Anderson right here in Carbon County. Since that time, the family enterprise that is Pierce Oil and its sibling companies, have exploded into a global material supplier, serving more than 10 countries and a good portion of the United States. While the company’s growth and innovation have made Pierce Oil and Golden West an industry leader, it is the Pierce family’s dedication to the Castle Valley that has allowed them to achieve the rare status of a simultaneous global and local leader. To look upon the offices at Pierce Oil, a person would be hard pressed to suspect that Ellis’ daughter, and cur-

rent Pierce Oil President Kris Mele, runs the accounting for three very large companies from behind one humble desk. However, that humility as well as a knack for attention to detail and quality control seem to be at the heart of what has made Pierce’s companies so successful. “You know we started out with local freeze conditioning and dust control at Golden West in 1991. It really started very small but the company flourished almost immediately,� explained Mele, from Pierce Oil’s headquarters in Price. “The global sales, however, which have really made Golden grow, are due to the work of my father and brother Jason and their ability to make and maintain relationships.� According to Pierce, Golden West’s global beginnings can be traced to Nevada were the company was servicing Barrick, Newmont and Kinross Gold. “We were servicing the Round Mountain Mine in Nevada for dust control and some of the guys transferred from Round Mountain to the Maricunga Mine in Chile,� explained Pierce. “They had a terrible dust problem there with their ore crusher and they didn’t know what to do. They asked the guys that had transferred down there from Nevada what they should do. How can we solve this dust problem?

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C.J. McMANUS - SUN ADVOCATE

Ellis Pierce stands with outgoing product Golden West product headed for Chile.

These gentlemen provided my business card and that is how we got into Chile. And now we are very well established in most of the country.� Golden West continues to grow, as just last week the company arranged to continue testing their products at the largest open pit mine in the world owned by Broken Hill Properties of Australia. They already service the

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largest underground copper mine in the world, which also happens to reside in Chile. “My brother Jason who is the Global Marketing and Project Director for Golden West as well as two full time sales associates from Chili make up our sales workforce in that county,� said Mele. “And this all comes from a small (Continued on page 17)

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January 2012 – Century in Coal Country – 17

Pierce Oil, From local to global and back: (Continued from page 16)

company started in Price, Utah, it really is pretty amazing.” Golden West products are essentially comprised of freeze conditioning and dust suppression material sold in bulk all over the world. The freeze conditioner, is used by companies to keep various materials from freezing. “When the coal ships from our western states to the east in the winter it goes out in 100 ton cars, if you don’t treat that coal, it will freeze in the car so when you get back east you have a 100 ton cube of ice. Now you can take the train south or jackhammer out the ice but no body wants to do this. We have a side release agent that will let the product slip free,” explained Pierce. While the conditioner keep the coal from freezing, it also has no measurable effect on the coal’s British Thermal Unit and causes no additional emissions during burning. The dust suppressant is used for both mining and transportation dust issues in any one of dozens of applications. Golden West currently services Chile, Honduras, Mexico, West Africa, South America, Germany, China and Brazil. In the United States, their products are utilized in Alaska, Colorado, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, Montana, Wyoming,

California, New York and Texas. While the amount of product supplied by Golden West is impressive, one of the company’s most amazing numbers is small at 20, as in the corporation’s number of full time employees. “We are able to accomplish quite a lot of work with a small amount of people,” said Mele. “Our employees are great at wearing many hats and that has worked out very well for us.” To demonstrate this, the company’s local blend plant, which is currently being doubled in size, is ran by one individual. Terry Johnson is the blend plant’s manager and sole employee. If fact locally, Pierce Oil and Golden West are largely ran by Mele, Pierce, Garry Lee, Johnson, Jose Lucero, James Kulow and Paul Richens. Golden West’s new edition is being erected in much the same manner in which Pierce has grown his company, quietly and efficiently. In the last week a crew took the 6,000 square foot edition from a concrete slab to a fully fabricated metal building ready for drywall. “We feel the new edition will be mostly for storage but it could bring on a few more employees and that is something we are proud of, we like to be an active part of the Castle Valley’s economic development,” said Mele. “It is amazing, when I

was a kid this place was my mom and dad, three employees total. Now Pierce Oil has grown into Golden West and Petroleum Maintenance Services and Swift Stop and Shop. It makes me very proud.” Pierce Oil Company and Golden West have deemed it in there best interest to have an outside carrier, Energy Enterprises, handle their freight responsibilities. Pierce’s daughter Kim Martino heads up the trucking aspect at Energy bringing the family ties at Pierce Oil full circle. “As far as trucking goes, our coordinator Kevin Cotner handles all of the local and long haul issues, without him we would be lost,” said Mele. With these comments, it is easy to see just how important and vital skilled employees are to the local corporation. While Golden West does make a global impact with a very small number of people, make no mistake, the Pierce family makes a large contribution to Carbon County’s economy. Even aside from the property and sales tax they pay into the area, the group’s total local employment does reach over 40 individuals. Pierce Oil now sells over 20 million gallons of product to mining, construction, agriculture and retail facilities. They supply every coal

C.J. McMANUS - SUN ADVOCATE

Chris Mele, who was recently made President of Pierce Oil works to provide accounting for three very large companies from behind one humble desk.

mine in Carbon, Emery and Sevier County, working with local mines since 1972 and showing their commitment to the Castle Valley. “All of Pierce’s companies are know for quality products and service and I believe that is what has allowed us to keep a good name locally while growing all around the world,” concluded Mele. “At its heart, this will always be a local company.”

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18 – Century in Coal Country – January 2012

July 1941 July 4, 1941 Emery County Progress

Local Boys Hailed Before Juvenile Judge Judge Rowley held court Monday to hear two juvenile cases in which several young Castledale boys were implicated in theft charges. Three of the boys were charged with stealing sodapop from Ivan Huntsman at the Johnson service station in the east part of town. The technique used by the lads was to attract Mr Huntsman’s attention outside while another one of the boys would pass the pop through the side window. The other case somewhat more serious, charged three boys with breaking into the Castledale Co-op, on two occasions, in which small amount of candy, chewing gum, pocket knives, cash and scrip and other small items were taken. Three more boys were implicated in the charge of having assisted in dispensing the loot. However, considering the

ages of the youthful defendants, the judge placed them under probation upon an agreement to repay the value of the goods purloined.

Lawrence Dept.

Mr. and Mrs Cecil Day and family of Kenilworth were Sunday visitors at the home of Ferrel Day and family. Miss Edina Ramage has returned home from a two week visit with Mrs and Mrs E. H. Cullum and family of Pleasant Grove. Mr. and Mrs. Miles of Park City are visiting with Mrs. Miles mother, Mrs Christina Hansen here. Visitors at Sacrament meeting Sunday were Misses Olive Huntington and Evelyn Wickman and Mr Bott of Castledale. July 3, 1941 The Sun-Advocate

GRANGER ADVANCES PROPOSAL TO BUILD POWER PLANT IN CARBON

Carbon Will Be Considered For Generating Plant Utah’s representative, Walter K. Granger, extended a proposal to the Department of Interior this week suggesting that the government finance a steam power plant in this vicinity that would utilize coal in the production of electrical energy. The suggestion came as a result of a statement made by Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes to the affect that his engineers “are of the opinion that that will be somewhat cheaper than by water.” This statement takes into consideration the nearness of the fuel supply to the plant. Representative Granger told Secretary Ickes that there is an abundant supply of cheap coal available in the area and that he hoped that the Department would consider that method of generating electrical energy to meet at least some of the demands of the new people that are coming into the state. It was also learned during the week that Dr. Charles K. Morrison, vice chairman of the board will personally inspect some proposed power sites. Dr. Morrison was to have arrived in Salt Lake City in July. Appeared July 3, 1941 in the News-Advocate

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January 2012 – Century in Coal Country – 19

July 1941 PRICE AND NEARBY Mrs. Ruth Robertson left by bus last week for a lengthy visit in California. She plans to visit a sister, Mrs. Bert Weden, in Truckee, and a brother, Clifford and family, in Salinas. Continuing on down the coast, Mrs. Ruth will spend some time in Long Beach with another brother, Wesley and family, and with a niece, Mrs. Bud Jackson, at Chualar, California. A son was born the latter part of last week to the former Miss Carol Bement, one-time resident of Price who now lives in Provo. She is now Mrs. Lambert, having been married a year ago. Miss Helen Flanagan, supervising nurse for the State Board of Health in the district, returned to Price last week from New York City where she had been attending the New York University for the past three months.

UTAH MINERS RECEIVE VACATIONS WITH PAY

A photo of Helper’s railyards taken from a hill in the early 1940’s.

David L. Day, vice president of District No. 22, United Mine Workers of America, announced that arrangements have been signed with the coal operators of Utah and Southern Wyoming permitting a vacation with pay to employees who have been working for a company for a period of not less than one year. The vacation is to begin on July 3 and continue until July 7 with $20 pay for the period. He also announced that the district officers have agreed with the U. P. Coal company in Wyoming to also allow the employees’ ten day vacation to continue as scheduled with the $20 pay for each employee rather than to force them to have two vacation periods. Union President Alfred Cory and Secretary-Treasurer Virgil Wright are in Sheridan, Wyoming to attend a hearing of the unemployment compensation division for that area. Mr. Day also added that it is expected that the back pay will be paid to Ad to the right appeared each employee as called for in the agreement as soon as arrangeJuly 4, 1941 ments can be made with the operators. in the Emery County Progress

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20 – Century in Coal Country – January 2012

Sun Advocate, April 23, 1942

World War II

First in Peace, First in War Does the Sun-Advocate have a record? Consider for yourself after reading the names of service men appearing in this article. All these loyal Americans have seen service as employees of the Sun-Advocate, and now are widely separated in fields of duty wherein they will continue the steadfastness and loyalty they displayed Staff Sgt. Antone F. Angotti while working for this newspaper. Those Army 1942-45 remaining in the office now tender their Europe, Battle of the Bulge best wishes and wholehearted greetings to Purple Heart, Silver Star all of these, their former associates. Killed in action at the Battle of the Bulge Who knows? We may be seeing you “out there” sometime. Harold E. Holdaway, son of H. H. Holdaway of Helper, was employed in the mechanical department of The Sun-Advocate for eight years. Prior to that time he was a member of the old Sun and New-Advocate staffs. For a year he was employed with The Salt Lake Tribune, then was inducted from Price at Fort Douglas on February 19, 1942, leaving shortly after Sheppard Field, Texas, where he passed examinations for airplane mechanics school which will consist of four months of intensive training. Arthur P. Draper, son of Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Draper of Price, was a reporter for local papers for six years, then was a correspondent for the Tribune and Telegram. He volunteered for army service last October, and left for Fort Douglas on November 6. From there he went to Camp Oroberts, then to Fort Ord, and just recently was transferred to Lihue, Jauai, Hawaii. Robert C. Andrus came to Price from Aberdeen, South Dakota, in 1937 as a reporter. In January, 1941, he left for Washington, D.C., and an FBI training course, but returned to Price in late summer to volunteer for army services. He is now at Camp Haan, California, studying communications Orval Ray Baldwin came to Price from Madison, South Dakota, in 1938 as a printer. Last summer he joined the naval forces and is now at the NAS training school in Alameda, California. Alex Bene, Jr., left on April 9 for Fort Douglas for service with the United States army. He had been with the Sun-Advocate for the past 15 months, and is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Alex Bene, Sr., of Helper. Ray Griffiths was a “printer’s devil” here for about a year before decoming a soldier. He is the son of Evan and Agnes Griffiths, and has seen service at Fort MacDowell in San Francisco and in the Philippine Islands, where the most recent word was heard from him. David Avery, son of Mr. and Mrs. Vern Avery of Kenilworth, recently was promoted to third class seaman after preliminary training in the Sand Point naval school at Seattle and San Francisco. He is now at North Island, San Diego. David was a star Sun-Advocate salesman at Kenilworth for several years.

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January 2012 – Century in Coal Country – 21

World War II

Danny Stevenson, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Dan Stevenson of Columbia, was another top-notch paper salesman, and also delivered Shoppers’ Guides in Columbia for a few years. He has made himself a conspicuous sharpshooter in a California army camp. Cyril Thomas began as a “printer’s devil” before he had finished high school, and also carried a Shoppers’ Guide route in Price before moving to Hiawatha with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Levi Thomas. We haven’t had news in this office of Cyril’s army activities for some time. Ray Bigelow is another former “devil” who hasn’t let us know of his whereabouts for nearly a year. After going to Fort Douglas, he was on the permanent personnel there for a long period of time. Quentin Hunter, son of Mr. and Mrs. William Hunter of Spring Canyon, enlisted in the field artillery, and has been assistant gunner and truck driver at Camp Roberts, Camp San Luis Obispo and Fort Lewis, Washington. Quentin delivered the Shoppers’ Guide in Spring Canyon while attending Carbon High school. Lewe Martin, son of Mr. and Mrs. Ed Martin of Price, had a real job with the Guides several years ago when he distributed them to residents of Consumers, National and Sweets Mine. Whne the family moved to Price, Lewe took his share of the “devil’s” work in The Sun-Advocate mechanical department. Sun Advocate, January 20, 1944

Had Unusual Record The photos in this newspaper copy are too blurred to reproduce, but the feature showed a picture of Anna Draper Tidwell of Wellington surrounded by pictures of 20 grandsons, great-grandsons, a great-granddaughter, and grandsons-in-law who were all serving in various branches of the Armed Forces during World War II. Sun Advocate, December 11, 1941

Japanese-American citizens of Carbon denounce invasion The following resolution was drawn up by representatives of the Japanese-American citizens of Carbon county and has been distributed to all city, county and state officials. In this resolution these citizens have expressed their

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desire to cooperate with the United States and its possessions in defeating its aggressor-Japan. It is their ambition to carry on their lives here as American citizens and it is not the duty of American citizens to condemn them. The proper officials will do what it necessary in weeding out the undesirables and to those Japanese residents who prove or have proven their worth we should offer our cooperation just as they are offering theirs. “To the citizens of Carbon county: We, the undersigned, American citizens of Japanese ancestory, do vigorously condemn the unwarranted and unjustified aggression of Japan. Therefore, to abolish all doubts and suspicions regarding our position in this crisis, we submit this resolution: We pledge ourselves, without any mental or physical reservations, to fight all subversive activities and assist in the defense of America.” Japanese-American Citizens of Carbon County drawn up by an advisory committee of Japanese and signed by the following: Yosh Amano, Helper, Utah Mrs. Mary Kawakami, Spring Canyon, Utah Kayo Hayakama, Standardville, Utah Smiley Waki, Spring Canyon, Utah

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22 – Century in Coal Country – January 2012

July 1951

Ad below appeared July 5, 1951 in the Emery County Progress

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January 2012 – Century in Coal Country – 23

July 1951 Spokesmen for the Bureau of Mines and other regulatory bodies have praised the coal industry in the highest terms for its accident experience. New safety record after new safety record has been established. There is just no comparison of coal mining now with coal mining as it used to be 25 or 30 years ago. What has caused so remarkable an improvement? First of all coal management has concentrated on the safety problem, and labor has effectively cooperated. All miners are schooled in correct safety procedures. Prizes and other attractions are often offered to crews which achieve outstanding safety records over given periods of time. Every possible safety device is in use. Second, much of the credit

must go to improved mechanical techniques now applied to mining—something which, incidentally, has cost the owners of the mines hundreds of millions of dollars. Intricate, highly efficient machines have made the pick and shovel largely obsolete. The machines, not the miner, provide most of the muscle power. There are hazards in coal mining, as in other occupations. But they are far fewer than they once were, and they are getting fewer all the time. July 4, 1951 Emery County Progress

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24 – Century in Coal Country – January 2012

Western Mining and Railroad Museum to present ‘The Shady Side of Helper’ By C.J. McMANUS Sun Advocate reporter Since taking over the duties of director at the Western Mining and Railroad Museum in Helper five years ago, Stephanie Fitzsimons has worked through a treasure trove of history, meticulously cataloging and documenting all she comes across. Those who have toured the building’s four floors may have some idea of the sheer volume Fitzsimons must sift through as the museum’s limited staff works to comply with grant requirements while simultaneously renovating and expanding this historical site. However, for some time patrons have asked, why does the museum seems to ignore the “shady side” of Helper’s colorful past? As an answer, the museum staff will put the history of the bars, the brothels and the city’s interconnected tunnels on display with the coming of the new year. “This room used to be an entrance to the museum before we added the new building, so what we are putting in here is a display called the Shady Side of Helper,” explained Fitzsimons. “The project is grantdriven and the money we got for this was put together for us by the Utah

C.J. McMANUS - SUN ADVOCATE

A wine press and whiskey barrel which will be on display as part of the WM&RRM ‘Shady Side of Helper’ exhibit.

Humanities Council in conjunction with the Office of Museum Services. So what we are trying to do here is to present a little bit of the history that had not been presented before.” According to the director, the city’s reputation for gambling and

drinking can largely be attributed to the mines and railroads which the city grew up around, as well as the ethnic population which made up Helper’s citizenship. “People came here to get themselves into a little bit of trouble,” she

said. “There were a number of brothels here but the people who lived in town reported not really minding them very much. In fact, the last of the brothels closed in about 1976 next door at the Carbon Hotel. The (Continued on page 25)

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January 2012 – Century in Coal Country – 25

Western Mining and Railroad Museum to present ‘The Shady Side of Helper’: (Continued on page 25)

woman who was the madam there, her name was ‘Babe,’ and apparently she gave generously to the school system here in Helper. She gave to the baseball teams, to a lot of the kid’s programs. She was very well respected and I have never heard a negative thing spoken about her in all of the research we have conducted.” Fitzsimons was quick to point out that research on the project has not only been conducted by herself but in fact, through a grant in which the museum was able to hire a student researcher who spent 40 hours cataloging oral histories from older residents within Helper. “Babe was an African-American woman with bright red hair. She stood out in a crowd,” said Fitzsimons. “Her story and the town’s respect for her was just one of the surprising stories to come out of researching this display.” While the town’s history with gambling, drinking and prostitution come somewhat in line with the “Wild West” way of life, Helper’s underground tunnels give the city something in common histories which date back to biblical times. “The tunnels are something that we are still trying to process, we are still trying to track some of those down,” she explained. “There is a lot

of hearsay, a lot of people say, ‘oh yeah, there was a tunnel running over here.’ But what we’re trying to do is separate fact from what is family lore.” To separate the tunnels which have been located from those which are based on pure hearsay, Fitzsimons and the museum’s staff plan to create a map which will pinpoint the secret paths and mark with color those which have been established and those which may or may not have ever existed. “We plan to color code on this map every single bar, every single brothel and every single gambling joint that we have been able to track down here on Helper’s Main Street,” said Fitzsimons. “We are also going to explain the fact that information, such as the locations of these tunnels was never written down. This information was passed orally if at all.” According to the director, a portion of the confirmed tunnels were located when current property owners began retrofitting their buildings and found an entrance. Although Fitzsimons was not ready at the time of our interview to speculate about the number of tunnels found, she was candid about the fact that Helper did have quite an underground system of travel during its heyday. “They didn’t link all of the buildings together,” she explained. “We have

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gotten enough information that states that there were at least one or two tunnels underneath the Strand Theater and they linked up other portions of the building.” “The other thing that apparently was there, according to different folks like Walter Borla, was that if you went downstairs into basement where the town’s sweet shop was, there was a secret door and apparently through the secret door if you a well respected, understood member of this society you could get through into the secret bar.” Currently, the museum does have photographs of many of the doors which provide entrance to the town’s tunnels. However, the slow, steady hand of time has collapsed many of the tunnels making it unsafe to enter most of the passages. Funding provided by the grant has allowed the museum to take their time and research this project well and even though Fitzsimons had hoped to have the display open by now, she reported being happy with the way research had taken place concerning the room. As part of a new course of action for the museum, Fitzsimons is making sure that every object which will go into the display has been researched. “We are trying to associate the object with the person or the family who donated it,” she explained. “We are

trying to put everything into context.” To accomplish this for example, museum personnel will provide information about how a whiskey still worked around a photo of individuals working a still in Helper. Additionally, the museum will provide information through old newspaper clippings about how local law enforcement would perform raids on the still owners. Again the display, which includes both general and personal items will be open to the general public at the first of the year, however, the museum itself is open to the general public Tuesday through Friday from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. This display along with the rest of the facility are important for those in Carbon County for many reasons. From the colorful to the mundane, the history of this community, as well as the people who founded it, are on display at the Western Mining and Railroad Museum. “The people who were part of this whole drinking community are on display here. There were many people who came from the old country where it was and everyday part of life to drink, you know, you had a glass of wine,” she concluded. “So when they moved here and all of a sudden you are not allowed to because of prohibition, how does that impact your daily life?”

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26 – Century in Coal Country – January 2012

July 1961 July 6, 1961 Sun-Advocate

Have You Noticed? You Are Paying More Tax

Ad above appeared July 6, 1961 in the Sun-Advocate.

Utah housewives and everybody else spending money began last Saturday, July 1, to pay a little more to keep state government operating. The state’s sales tax on that date went up from two to two and one-half per cent by authority granted by the 1961 Legislature. The increase was voted to balance the state’s budget after the state’s public school program was raised. In the 13 counties buoying local treasuries with a half cent local option sales tax, the increase is from

A shopper peruses the aisles at Kellers Market in 1961.

two and one-half percent to three percent. The state and local taxes are collected together. Local shares are distributed to the cities and counties in proportion to the tax yield in each city and county. Wasatch county joined the roster of local options sales tax counties on July 1, resulting in a raise to three

per cent from the current two per cent in that county. Counties in which the sales tax increased from two and a half to three per cent are: Daggett, Davis, Duchesne, Emery, Garfield, Grand, Kane, Piute, Salt Lake, San Juan and Washington. The raise elsewhere advanced from two to two

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January 2012 – Century in Coal Country – 27

July 1961 half per cent. Utah patterned its three per cent rate card after one adopted by California. It’s intended to eliminate fractional cents and the need to figure the tax take on each sale. State tax Commission Chairman Orville Gunther says the system has one unavoidable deficit. Merchants with many penny-nickel-dime sales will not pick up sales tax from their customers but they will be obliged to make tax payments to its other merchants on their sales volume. .

Little League Baseball - National League- June 21, 1961 Carbon Emery Bank..100 014--6 VFW...........................201 010—3 Runs – Pollock, Crissman 2, Judd, Donalson, Tempfer; Jennings 2, R. Wheeler 2. HR Wheeler, 2BH C. Wheeler, M. Howa, WP – Judd, LP -R. Wheeler Carbon Emery-Pollock, Crissman, M. Howa, D. Howa, S. Hoa, Judd , Donalson, Tempfer, Mansanares. VFW- Pace, O’Brien, Jennings, C. Wheeler, R. Wheeler, Rudeman, Martin, Crissman, Lopez. Ad below July 6, 1961 in the Sun-Advocate

Power Line to Cane Creek Potash Mine-Mill Energized Utah Power and Light Company last week energized its new transmission line to the Texas Gulf Sulpher Company’s multimillion dollar potash mine and mill project at Cane Creek, Grand County. Texas Gulf will be taking between 1,300 and 3,000 kilowatts of energy during the construction phases now underway. When production of muriate of potash begins the sulpher firm will be consuming up to 30,000 kilowatts from the power company’s steamelectric generating plant at Castle Dale.

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28 – Century in Coal Country – January 2012

July 1971 July 1 1971 Emery County Progress-Leader NEW POSTAL SERVICE TO TAKE OVER The era of the United States Post Office Department will end June 30, an era that spanned transportation of mail from Pony Express to the jet age of today. On July 1 the new United States Postal Service will be born. Celebration will be held in all Post Offices on July 1 to commemorate the official inaguration of the new service. A new 8 cent stamp bearing the new emblem will be issued July 1 and all post offices will have them available.

A 1971 photo shows I-70 when only the north span crossed Eagle Canyon.

Rock-drilling project at Castle Valley mine Huntington- While miners are on a vacation at Castle Valley Mine, Harrison Western Corporation is getting in some good licks on their rock fest. Supervising as Charles Hoffman, general superintendent, New York native, who has done some rock drilling throughout the west and who terms the project not difficult “just trickery.” Master mechanic

Ad above appeared July 1, 1971 in the Sun-Advocate.

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January 2012 – Century in Coal Country – 29

July 1971 Grady Clevenger, Tennessee reared, is not too impressed with Utah scenery. “If you ever went to Tennessee, you wouldn’t even send back for your clothes.” A combination of hard and soft rock tunneling methods are being used in driving three entries. One vertical raise 83 feet high (exhaust airway) will be driven from trhe lower working up to the seam. The 65 degree raise will be the intake airway. Mr. Hoffman explained that shafts are driven in from the outside in, but raised, such as are being done as Castle Valley, are being driven from the inside of the mine. The 534-ft. Upward slope being build on a 30-degree angle will be the beltway in time. The Coal is faulted vertically 120-feet and lying on an 87 degree angel. Some rather unique machines are used in drilling the raises and the slope. One load-hauldump unit has tow buckets having a two cubic

yard capacity. It has a rubber-tired unit which loads itself, carries its load to the dump and dumps it off. Some old workings will be backfilled with rock removed. Seven jack-leg drills and some stoper drills are tools of the trade. The ingenious Allmark raise climber climbs a rail up and down while allowing men to stand on its platform. Mr. Hoffman says 28 of his men will be working 90 days to blast and chisel through rock.

Helper Legion nine stands at 7-4

Helper-The Local American Legion baseball team was involved in three shutout games last week, winning two of them and dropping the third to place the season record at 7-4. The youthful baseball players started off by blanking Emery

(6-0) in a well played game under the lights of the Helper field Friday night and then traveled to Granite High in Salt Lake City where they won an extra inning (1-0) contest in the opener of a twin-bill and then were shut-out victims in the nightcap (9-0). Emery proved to be a much more formidable opponent the second time around as Doug Swinborne held Helper bats to nine hits but the Spartans could only manage two hits off Jim Jensen and Nate Ellington. Helper posted four runs in the third inning on a grand slam by first basemen Lou Riche and two more in the fourth on a double my Micheal Tamllos and singles by Jim Borla and Lou Tonc. Borla was three for three in the game and Tamllos had a single to go with the double. Emery’s two hits came back to back. Kinder getting a long double in the fifth and Scott McArther followed with a single but Kinder was cut down at the plate on a throw from the outfield. Ed Grundy, the ace of the

Classified ad from July 1, 1971 Sun Advocate TWO BEDROOM HOME in Orangeville on one acre. New plumbing with refrig. And stove $75.00 per month. Call Rubin Albrechtsen, 748-2219 or D. I. The political cartoon to the left appeared July 1, 1971 in the Sun-Advocate.

Helper mound staff, and Robert Nicastro, Granite right-hander dueled through eight scoreless innings in the opener Saturday before Helper got a big break in the top of the ninth to score the game’s only run. With one out Nate Ellington drew a walk, stole second and came in to score on a Granite four. The Farmers had the potential tieing run at second base in the bottom of the ninth when Grundy struck out John Jones, Granite second basemen to end the tense struggle. Granite wasted little effort in the second game, jumping off to a three run lead in the first inning. The Farmers added two more in the third frame and three in the fourth to give Leonard Hallstrom, their curve-balling, right-hander, all the working margin he needed. Hallstrom allowed only three hits, singles by Borla and Tamllos and a double by Robert Martinez, to beat Helper for the second time this season. Tamllos and Nate Ellington, in sharing the mound duties for Helper, deserved a better fate in that they helped Granite hitter to five hits, but the defensive play behind them left much to be desired.

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30 – Century in Coal Country – January 2012

Educational facilities from the past

Historic schools in the area include the Methodist School in Price, the Central School in Price and the Columbia school in the East Carbon area.

Structures above include the Clear Creek School, the Scofield School and the Latuda School which was also a high school.

Photos above include Helper Elementary School (which burned down in 1964), the Spring Glen School and the Spring Canyon School.

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January 2012 – Century in Coal Country – 31

July 1981 July1, 1981 Sun Advocate

ment,” Hansen said, “What happens to the price is the old ripple effect. It cost more to build the equipment Favors severance tax and it costs more for the end prodHansen raps mining uct. If we could take the scrubbers rules off or substantially reduce them, and if we didn’t have to use MisCongressman Jim Hansen, souri or Kentucky coal, then Utah R-Utah, said Tuesday some fedPower and Light wouldn’t have to eral mining regulations should be charge us so much for our power.” revised to better fit Utah’s coal he said. industry. In addition, Hansen said he In an interview with the Sun believes Utah should follow the Advocate Hansen said laws that require mixing a percentage of high example of other western states and impose a severance tax on coal. He sulfur coal from eastern refineries with Utah’s low sulfur coal prompt said the tax is needed to help pay for the impact of exploitation of Utah’s waste. resources. Current regulations require “Coal is a non-renewable western refineries to ship coal the resource.” he said, “For every ton of the East and eastern refineries to coal that goes out, the Lord doesn’t ship to the West. The laws were passed in an attempt to preserve the put another ton back.” Hansen said he suggests a light coal industry all across the nation. severance tax , about two percent. At In order to comply, Utah refineries must install expensive refining its last session, the Utah Legislature put off a decision on the proposed equipment (scrubbers) to process tax. Meanwhile, one of the Legislathe east’s high-sulfur-coal. “Its a stupid and foolish require- ture’s interim committees is studying in impact of such a tax and how the resulting revenue should be spent. The Congressman, co-sponsor of the Santini-Mariott-Hansen Tar Sands bill, said the measure passed another hurdle last week when the House Interior Committee sent it to the full house. If the bill is made law it will revise a portion of the 1920 Federal Mineral Lease Act, which Hansen says has been an unnecessary roadblock to tar sands and energy development in Utah. “The bill eliminates consuming delays by uniting separate federal leases of tar sands, oil and gas into The biggest story of the 1980s in the one simple, combined lease,” he area was the Wilberg Mine disaster said. “In the past the government where 28 people lost their lives. Saftey in mining had come a long way by 1984, has been unable to decide whether but plainly, not far enough. a developer needed a mineral, oil,

or gas lease to extract oil from tar sands.” Hansen says the recent House vote on President Reagan’s proposed budget cuts is a decided victory for the administration. “Many Democrats are giving the impression that the president is going to cut all these social programs and hurt everyone.” he said. “The social programs aren’t going to be cut. Its the ineligible person, the person who abuses the program, that will be hurt.”

Under Reagan’s proposal, Hansen said, Utahns will receive a $348 million tax break. For the average Carbon County resident this means a tax break of $622, he added. “These $348 million will not go back to Washington D.C., but will stay in Utah where they will provide a welcome lift to the local economy,” he said, “More money in the people’s pockets means more money for things like savings, investments and mortgages.” The ad below appeared July 1, 1981 in the Emery County Progress.


32 – Century in Coal Country – January 2012

July 1991 July 2, 1991 Sun Advocate

Don’t expect water without asking for it

The value of a glass of water will go up in many of Utah’s restaurants. To conserve water, Ron Morgan, president of the Utah Restaurant Association, says many member restaurants and fast food establishments will serve water to patrons only if they ask. The association has almost 2,000 members and Morgan believes the new policy will save a significant amount of water. Morgan says about 400,000 people in Utah eat out each day. He says a lot of water served at restaurants is wasted by patrons. He also notes that washing a water glass uses four times as much water as the glass holds. Morgan doesn’t expect the new policy to inconvenience restaurant customers. “Water is a precious resource in our arid state, but it is taken too much for granted.” Morgan says, “By initiating this policy members of the Utah Restaurant Association will d their part to conserve that valuable and limited resource.” Restaurants and fast food outlets will post an explanation of the new water service policy on tables and counters, according to Virginia Jensen, water conservation coordinator at the Utah Division of Water Resources. The division is co-promoter of the restaurant water policy. “we need water to live, but its is a limited resource. Current and future demands make it imperative that Utahns learn to use water wisely and conservatively to avoid The tipple crashes at Horse Canyon as the reclamation process moves forward. water shortages.” Jensen says. Jensen hopes the conservation effort of the The ad to the Utah Restaurant Association members will stimulate Utahns to conserve right appeared July water in other ways. July 2 1991 Emery County Progress

San Rafael Swell yields significant dinosaur discovery

2, 1991 in the Sun Advocate

Castle Dale- What may be a find if immeasurable significance is now in the hands if the University of Utah Museum of Natural History in Salt Lake City. That find, a reptile presumably from the Triassic period occurring from 100,000 to 220,000 years ago, was uncovered recently on the San Rafael Swell about 40 miles east of Castle Dale. Last weekend, a team from the Utah Museum of Natural History, under the direction of Assistant Museum Director Frank DeCourten, joined Jon Judd of the Museum of the San Rafael in removing the bone from the site for transport to Salt Lake. Mr. DeCorten told a group of local officials and members if the museum board at a session Friday night at the Castle Dale City Park that the team is uncertain as to what exactly the find involves other than it is a reptile (dinosaur) and that more extensive research at the Utah Museum of Natural History will shed more light on the find. He said the bones appear to be from the Triassic period which include the early stages of dinosaur activity. Furthermore, Mr DeCorten said the preliminary plans call for casting of the dinosaur with the intent of getting a model into the Museum of the San Rafael. Mr. Judd said that the discovery was first made at the end of February when he and Steve Williams of Castle Dale were exploring the area. Mr. Judd said that Owen McClenahan had done research in the area before and discovered an abundance of teeth remains and etchings in the rock in the Calf Mesa area of the desert.


January 2012 – Century in Coal Country – 33

July 2001 ECP July 4, 2001

Redistricting public hearings planned

Utahns will have a chance to publicly comment and share their redistricting proposals during a redistricting public hearing at the Price Courthouse on July 12 at noon. Senate Chair Mike Waddoups, R-Taylorsville said, “We intentionally scheduled the meetings throughout Utah to increase participation in this process and allows as many Utahans as possible to comment publicly on redistricting activities..” Waddoups and House Chair Gerry Adair R-Roy direct the Redistricting Committee efforts. Every 10 years Utah legislature is charged with the responsibility to redraw political boundaries. This year’s bipartisan Redistricting Committee consists of 20 legislatorsfive senators and 15 representatives. Committee members rely on 2000 census data. Committee members first met April 26 at the Utah State Capitol. By September the committee will have met at least 16 times in eight different cities to receive public input on the process. So far meetings have been held in Brigham City, Salt Lake City and Tooele. Additional meetings are scheduled for Cedar City Park City, Provo, and Richfield. A List of committee members, meeting materials and redistricting principles are available at the state legislature’s website at www.state.ut.us

SA July 4, 2000

Explosion blows seals at Soldier Creek Mine, closes nine mile road

A crowd watches as someone on the rock climbing wall makes their mouths open during Pleasant Valley Days in 1991.

A lightning strike at Soldier Creek mine caused an explosion that blew out four of the nine earthen seals on Saturday at approximately 3:15 p.m. General manager Rick Olsen indicated that employee Dustin Huntington was running cows in the area and witnessed the lightning strike and ensuing explosion, calling in to report it. The mine was closed a year ago, almost to the day, and has been idle since, so no employees were present at the time of the incident. Olsen reported that apparently the lightning struck close to one of the seal, igniting methane gas and causing the explosion. MSHA officials and employees from the Dugout Mine were called out Saturday evening and worked through the night and Sunday morning to reseal the entries, from which a great deal of smoke was being emitted, reported Olsen. The Carbon County Sheriff ’s Office closed the Nine Mile Canyon road from about 3:30 p.m. on Saturday to 6 a.m. on Sunday to ensure motorists’ safety in the event of another lighting strike. The Soldier Creek Warehouse still in use and other mine company buildings were undamaged. The mine was resealed immediately because of the danger of fire with the exposure of the methane gas to oxygen. Olsen indicated that the mine must be either resealed or completely ventilated in order to prevent fire. Since the mining company does not plan to begin production in the Soldier Creek mine for another Ad appeared July 4, 2000 in the Sun Advocate 12-15 years, mine officials chose to reseal the coal facility.

Ad appeared July 4, 2001 in the Emery County Progress


34 – Century in Coal Country – January 2012

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