Issuu on Google+

Ecole Internationale de Genève International School of Geneva

Etcetera

Written by students, for students

In this edition: New sections: Technology and Entertainments

Languages

«It’s Not Sexist! Women’s Football is Just Inferior...» «L’hypnose: mythe ou réalité?»

Music

A découvrir: Phoenix, groupe novateur

Art

«Toy Cameras» «Why Should We Doodle?»

School Life

Green Committee Initiatives

Backpage

Fun Experiments in your Kitchen


Editorial

Editor in Chief/Directrice de la rédaction: Auriane Terki-Mignot French editor/Editeur francophone: Andrus Hatem According to recent estimates, world population Music editor/Editeur rubrique musique: James Francis could reach 9.6 billion by 2050. 9.6 billion humans, Sports editor/Editeur rubrique sport: Emma Johnson living in a world where technological progress is Arts and Photography editor/Editeur rubrique art: Esha outpacing our own evolutionary process. 9.6 billion humans living in a world where everything is becoming bigger, greater, faster. A world where everything is becoming global, where behaviours and expectations are changing. But what about us? What about the 9.6 billion humans that will live on Earth in forty years time? Have we really changed? We have invented computers with capacities that are close to that of the human brain, we work more, we live longer. At least, for most of us. Or is that really true? Have we really changed? And if not, how long can we keep up with the pace of change? How long before it all gets out of hand? Working as editor-in-chief for Etcetera for the past two years and a half has been an incredible experience on many different levels. On a quasi-professional level, but also on a personal level. Two years ago, everything about the newspaper was reworked, redesigned: the layout, the sections, the printing company, the editing team, the way the newspaper functioned. And if there is one thing I realized, is that change does not happen overnight. It all starts with an idea, a dream, a vision that will and should always be kept in mind when moving forward. But if you pay attention to your surroundings, you notice that, to become a reality, a dream has to be adjusted. Adjusted to the expectations of a community, such as the Ecolint student community, adjusted to reality. And, eventually, if you succeed in doing so, part of the dream comes true. I will never forget the first time I heard a student whisper, «look, they have a real newspaper now!» in the corridors, or when a student asked me if there were any extra copies left for her class. Change can be rewarding, change is necessary. But change takes time, and this should not be seen an obstacle. Rather, it is what allows the end products to conform with our needs and expectations. Change is not an event, change is a process. And today, more than ever, as I am about to hand over the newspaper to two extremely motivated students, I am confident, and hopeful, that this is only the beginning. Auriane Terki-Mignot From March onwards, Esha Indani and James Francis will take on the role of editors in chief of your newspaper. If you are interested in becoming part of the team, contact them at: etcetera.ecolint@gmail.com!

Indani / Sera Bülbül

Assistant Arts and Photography editor/Assistant rubrique art: Naomi Young Technology editor/Editeur rubrique technologie: Imad Dodin Entertainments editor/Editeur divertissements: Vincent Williamson

Cartoonist: Théïa Flynn

The editing team would like to thank Mrs Vicky Tuck for her trust in the newspaper and her support, as well as Mr John Deighan for his help in proof-reading the edition.

L’équipe de rédaction tient à remercier Madame Vicky Tuck pour son soutien et la confiance qu’elle accorde au journal, ainsi que Monsieur John Deighan pour son aide lors de la relecture de l’édition. Available places/Postes à pourvoir: Role

Editeur Francophone Music editor/ Editeur Musique

Campus La Châtaigneraie ET LGB

la Châtaigneraie AND Nations AND LGB

LGB Arts and Photography editor/ Editeur Art et Photographie Nations AND LGB Sports and Health editor / Editeur Sport et Santé

Requirements Francophone OU bilingue, aimant lire et écrire Enjoy music, writing album reviews, discovering new genres, contacts in music department... Enjoy art, be familiar with art techniques and styles, contacts in the art department

Enjoy sports, be aware of current sporting events, have knowledge of health issues relating to sports, contacts in sports department La Châtaigneraie AND English motherEnglish Editor Nations AND LGB tongue OR bilingual, enjoy reading and writing, knowledge of current events and global issues Nations AND LGB Good awareness of Technology recent technological Editor developments Good awareness of Entertainments Nations AND LGB entertainments-reEditor lated events around Geneva/Switzerland

Contact us at etcetera.ecolint@gmail.com for more information, and become part of the team!


Etcetera

Technology Featured YouTube Channel: FouseyTube by Imad Dodin - page 4

Technology Education at la Châtaigneraie by Imad Dodin - page 4 Video Game Ratings: Why Bother? Anonymous - page 6

Music

Student Art and Photography - page 15

Sports and Health Sochi Will Make History

2013 Billboard Hot 100 - page 5 Fela Kuti: un combat aux couleurs de l’Afrobeat Dylan Oman - page 5 Album Review: Esperanza Spalding, Radio Music Society by James Francis - page 6 Music of Gambia by James Francis - page 6

A découvrir: Phoenix

by Emma Johnson - page 16Entertainments

Top 11 Sports Movies you Should Watch page 16

School News The World Sends Us Garbage... We send Back Music

Alexandra Bourget - page 7

by la Châtaigneraie Green Committee - page 16

English/Français It’s Not Sexist! Women’s Football is Just Inferior...

Entertainments

by Marriam Khan - page 8

Ainsi s’achève le premier trimestre -

Pacific Rim: Film Review

by Vincent Williamson - page 17 The Joker by Vincent Williamson - page 17 Entertainment Facts - page 17

Andrus Hatem - page 8/9

Filmothèque - page 18

Poetry Corner - page 10

The Backpages Drawings and Cartoon featuring

Yasmina Gomez - page 11

Flynn - pages 1/7/19/20

Christian Dior: un parcours hors du commun - Ellie Senogles - page 9 L’hypnose: phénomène mystérieux The Picture of Dorian Gray Auriane Terki-Mignot - page 11

Arts and Photography Unusual Art Mediums by Esha Indani - page 12

Why Should We Doodle?

by Sera Bülbül - page 13 Art Explained by Esha Indani - page 13 Arts Around by Sera Bülbül - page 13

Toy Cameras by Naomi Young

- page 14

school mascots - Drawings and scenarii by Théïa Sources: Billboard logo: music-bazaar.com Fela Kuti: soundcolourvibration.com Radio Music Society album cover: amazon.fr Croquis Dior: avenuemontaigneguide.com Mannequin Dior: bocadolobo.com Flower Myth, Paul Klee: finearthub.blogspot.com Lips, Tom Deininger: saatchionline.com San-Francisco in Jell-O, Liz Hickok: ionmagazine.ca Notice Forest series, Yuken Teruya: biginjapan.com.au Polaroid Refurbished Sun 660 Instant Camera: gadgetsin.com Fujifilm Instax Mini 8: thephoglographer.com Lomography Diana F+: untitledmagazine.net Lomography Fisheye One: digicamreview.com Les Barbouzes, affiche: amazon.fr La sirène du Mississippi, affiche: cinemagia.ro Chungking Express, affiche: hkmovieposter.blogspot.com Sudoku: sudokuoftheday.com Making a bouncy ball using an egg: chemistry.about.com/od/madscientistlab


Technology

Featured YouTube E Channel: FouseyTube Y

ouTube has been a great way for people to share their thoughts on politics, social problems and really anything else they are interested in. This edition’s featured YouTube channel is one that aims to fight prejudice in the world.

FouseyTube is run by a young Arab-American man who looks to try and enlighten people in the world by trying to make them just a bit more understanding about other cultures. Although many of his videos may seem to be comic at a glance, they do, in fact, also spark thoughts in the minds of many others.

Examples of this are his videos “**** Middle Eastern Guys say” or “**** Middle Eastern Girls say” which, although rudely titled, are actually very innocent and amusing videos. While being amusing and causing this editor to roll on the floor of his bedroom laughing, on further thought, they show the common misconceptions people have about those of middle-eastern descent.

IG offers a great quality of education for all of their students, no matter what campus. This article serves to explain solely the technology section in only La Chataigneraie. Technology is definitely important in this day and age, and, whether its for school work now or for university / work for the future, the technology teachers at La Chataigneraie make sure that their students are well prepared. As a technology student myself, I can say with certainty that the technology teachers at La Chataigneraie are of the highest standards. They are always very patient and understand the difficulties students face when using technology. Apart from being an enjoyable class, it is also one of the many subjects at EIG that prepare us well for our future and even gives us something to show for it.

Technology Education at la Châtaigneraie In the ‘junior years’ of Secondary (Years 7-9), students are taught the basics of computing that are useful in a large majority of fields for their futures. The junior course starts off by familiarizing the students with the machines through fun exercises such as editing their own photos using photoshop. It goes on to prepare the students for the ECDL course which the students sit in Years 8 and 9. The European Computer Driving License or ECDL is recognised internationally and shows that the student is proficient in 7 modules ranging from word processing and presentation skills to database and spreadsheet skills to the basics of information and communication technology (ICT). If the student finishes the diploma early (in Year 8 or early Year 9) they can be given the chance to sit the advanced diploma exams. These exams ensure that the student’s comprehension and use of Microsoft Word, Powerpoint, Access and Excel is of high standard.

His most recent video, “The terrorist hijabi experiment” is very powerful and deals with verbal abuse against women wearing veils or ‘hijabs’. Essentially, in the video, Fousey prétends to be a prejudiced American and shouts at his friend Christine (who wears a hijab) in the middle of a university campus. Shockingly, after two hours, only two people came by to stop him. He states in his video description, “Yes, the women in hijab can defend themselves, but it doesn’t hurt to know that her brothers and sisters in this country and other countries are by her side.” Far from being comic, this video is very se- As these exams can be sat at any given point in time on one of the school rious and causes one to think hard about the society we live in today. computers, students can go at their own pace with the support of their teacher. Also, the diplomas are of great use when applying to university All in all, FouseyTube is a channel I would recommend everyone to check or for an internship. For example, when applying for my internship, the out, whether to have a laugh or watch one of his more serious videos. person reviewing my CV was very pleased to see that I had the ECDL. Find out more at: youtube.com/user/FouseyTube My thanks go out to the technology department for the Imad Dodin, Technology Editor many enjoyable and useful lessons they have given me!

Video Game Ratings: Why Bother?

Imad Dodin, Technology Editor

When my mum told me that I wasn’t allowed to get Call of Duty: Ghosts (a game I really wanted because all my friends have it) I was very upset. The next morning, I was complaining to my friends about it when one of my friends from the older years overheard us and spoke to me about it. He told me about how his mum was the same and how he researched into video game ratings, and was no longer upset after that he had done. I decided to google search these video game ratings at home to see if there was any way I could convince my mum to let me get the game. What I found was pretty cool. Apparently, there are two big organisations that test games and give them a rating. One is called the Entertainment Software Regulating Board (ESRB) and the other is called Pan European Game Information (PEGI). ESRB gives ratings from EC, which means Early Childhood to AO, which means Adults Only. PEGI gives ratings from 3 to 18 years old. Apparently, these ratings are given after a lot of research and it can be very dangerous for someone’s personality if they play a game that is not meant for their age. In the end, I am still a bit disappointed, but, I think that my mum has a point and, after reaching a compromise, we decided that my mum will let me get 16+ games when I’m 14 and if I get good grades. 4

Anonymous, Grade 8, la Châtaigneraie


Music

Etcetera

2013 Billboard Hot 100: the Year’s most Popular Songs

2013 has been a year full of interesting pulsating songs. Let’s take a look at the most popular on the Billboard Hot 100 (U.S.), based on yearlong sales and airplay. 1. Thrift Shop, Macklemore and Ryan Lewis featuring Wanz 2. Blurred Lines, Robin Thicke featuring T.I. + Pharrell

3. Radioactive, Imagine Dragons 4. Harlem Shake, Baauer

5. Can’t Hold Us, Macklemore and Ryan Lewis featuring Ray Dalton 6. Mirrors, Justin Timberlake

7. Just Give Me A Reason, P!nk featuring Nate Reuss

8. When I Was Your Man, Bruno Mars

F

9. Cruise, Florida Georgia Line featuring Nelly 10. Roar, Katy Perry

Fela Kuti: un combat aux couleurs de l’Afrobeat

ela Kuti était un politicien, musicien et militant des droits de l’homme. Né au Niger en 1938, il grandit dans un environnement influencé par les cultures Africaine, Américaine et Britannique. En 1958, il partit pour Londres, capitale musicale, pour y étudier la médecine.

Il

Rapidement, il s’aperçut qu’il avait un tempérament d’artiste et commença ses études en tant que musicien au « Trinity College of Music ». Kuti joua dans plusieurs groupes jusqu’en 1967, quand il partit au Ghana et créa un nouveau genre de musique : L’Afrobeat.

L’Afrobeat est une fusion de jazz et de musique Africaine (notamment le chant et les percussions mélodiques complexes). Kuti diffusa sa musique aux Etats-Unis avec son groupe en 1969, mais également en Afrique dès 1970, où elle connut le plus de succès.

la déclarerait plus tard indépendante du Niger. En 1977, Fela et son groupe sortirent l’album « Zombie » qui critiquait le corps militaire du Niger et sa nature violente. L’album connut énormément de succès en Afrique. Le Niger réagit en attaquant et en démolissant la République Kalakuta. Durant l’attaque, Fela faillit mourir, tandis sa mère mourrait après avoir été défenestrée.

En 1984, Fela fut emprisonné par le gouvernement du Niger pour «contrebande de devises » et ne fut libéré que vingt mois plus tard. Il fut par la suite à l’origine d’un mouvement politique nommé le «mouvement du peuple », et se présenta comme candidat à la présidence du Niger. Sa candidature fut refusée.

Grâce à une année passée aux Etats-Unis, Kuti découvrit le mouvement « Black Power » qui luttait pour les droits des Afro-Américains. Cette découverte le motiva pour lutter pour ces droits et, de retour en Afrique, il changea le sujet de ses chansons, qui parlaient maintenant du racisme.

Après ces incidents, Fela continua à composer et sortit plusieurs albums inspirés par des problématiques sociales, plutôt que par des histoires d’amour. Fela mourut en 1997. Il reste aujourd’hui une icône politique et musicale pour toute la communauté africaine, mais aussi pour tout le globe.

Avec l’argent qu’il gagna grâce à son succès en Afrique, Kuti bâti une propriété, la «République Kalakuta», où il vécut avec son groupe.

Dylan Oman, classe 11, la Châtaigneraie

5


Music Album Review: Esperanza Spalding

Help It», jazzier than the original and a relaxing song to listen to by the beach. «Hold On Me» starts with a movie-like/mysterious intro, and blossoms into a smooth and saucy tune. It is followed by a soft song with a hazy sound to it, that relaxes the mind, entitled «Vague Suspicions».

R

adio Music Society, the follow-up album to Esperanza Spalding’s «Chamber Music Society» is a wonderful jazz album that is a must-buy. The album was released on March 20th 2012 and has earned a Grammy Award for Best Jazz Vocal Album and Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s) for the song City of Roses. It debuted at number 10 on the Billboard Hot 100, receiving widespread positive reviews and selling over 25,000 copies in its first week.

The first track «Radio Song» is a catchy Jazz/ Bossa Nova song, which makes you want to sing-along and evokes good thoughts because of its upbeat sound. The album then slows down with the following track, «Cinnamon Tree», a spicy and delightful tune whose beat sways like the branches of the cinnamon tree. «Crowned and Kissed» starts out with a few harmonies by Spalding and a simple trumpet intro, which later unfolds into a beautiful ballad-like song that entails a story of love and passion. «Land of the Free» is a short and calm song (1:54 minutes) featuring a jazz organ, which acts as an intermission in the album after the first 3 songs.

The album’s first single «Black Gold» is next, featuring Algebra Basset. This song has a Jazz/Pop vibe to it, a crossover of both genres, but also tackles the subject of racism through lyrics that promote empowerment. Next we have a beautiful cover of Michael Jackson’s «I Can’t

«Endangered Species» featuring Lalah Hathaway is a funny and mischievous tune, with some intriguing synth patterns to complement the melodies. «Let Her» tells the tale of someone who’s partner has walked out on them, but with a cheerful sound. In the chorus, Spalding recites «She’s gone, bye bye so long, Let her, go!” «City Of Roses» is quite a bed of roses, soft, calm and beautiful. The song’s name and lyrics take from Spalding’s childhood, growing up in the city of Portland, Oregon.

Some songs are meant to make people happy and bring smiles upon their faces; this is one of those tunes, «Smile Like That». As a bonus on iTunes you can get another track «Jazz Ain’t Nothing But Soul», featuring Joe Lovano. This track is a very classic Jazz song that displays not only contemporary styles of jazz, but classical jazz rhythms that make you want to take it to the dance floor.

Overall, Radio Music Society is a wonderful Jazz album with consistent tracks that you would want to listen to in the car, at the beach, or even in your living room to relax. From tranquil and soft tunes, to a rapid, jazzy and soulful piece, Radio Music Society reflects many different aspects of the Jazz genre. Splading’s vocals are mesmerizing and meaningful with heartfelt emotion. It is by far one of the best albums of 2012, and one of the best Contemporary Jazz albums of the decade. James Francis, Music Editor

Music of Gambia

T

6

he Republic of Gambia is the smallest nation on mainland Africa with an area of 11,295 km2 and an estimated 1.7 million people. It is situated in West Africa and is completely surrounded by the Republic of Senegal, apart from a short strip of Atlantic coastline. Gambia gained its independence

from the United Kingdom on February 18th 1965. Its music is primarily influenced by its neighbour nation. Traditional music mostly incorporates the use of percussions. Many Gambian artists have gone on to pursue music careers in their home country and abroad, mainly in the UK and the United States.


Etcetera

Traditional Music:

tern Music, namely jazz, soul and rock comUnder the Mande Empire (an African bined with the Sabar, a style of music played Empire that stretched through part of Western with the drum of the same name. This instruAfrica) griots, hereditary praise-singers that ment was also used to communicate with other sang about current events, chance incidents villages: different rhythms and beats could be and passed down stories through songs were heard for over 15 kilometers. The Mbalax’s quite common. They often used a kora, a 21 origins are thought to date back to the early 1970s. stringed harp extensively used in West Africa, to accompany their songs. Foday Musa Suso was Popular Music: a very popular Gambian singer and griot. He Gambia’s popular music began in the 1960s learnt how to play the kora and the gravikord and has since grown and produced many artists (an electric double bridge harp). In 1977, Suso that have taken influence not only from their moved to Chicago in the United States and has country’s traditions, but also from Western since then performed with many acclaimed genres of music. The Super Eagles were a group Western artists like Paul Simon. He has helped that played merengue music and other popular compose the music for the 1984 and 2004 genres while using Wolof (an African language Olympic Games. Another type of traditional and ethnic group) lyrics and similar African music is the Mbalax, a popular dance music elements. Laba Sosseh, a Gambian singer and from Senegal and Gambia. It is a fusion of Wes- composer, spent his entire career outside of his

A découvrir: Phoenix

L

e Groupe de Musique « Phoenix », qui a dernièrement joué à Paléo, est originaire de Versailles. Phoenix est un groupe de rock alternatif/ synthpop/new wave dont les membres sont Thomas Mars (vocaliste), Deck d’Arcy (basse et clavier), Laurent Brancowitz (guitare et clavier), Christian Mazzalai (guitare) et Thomas Hedlund qui les a rejoint en 2013 (batterie). Thomas Mars, Deck d’Arcy et Chris Mazzalai ont commencé a jouer ensemble dans un «garage band » de la banlieue Parisienne en 1999. En 1995, Laurent Brancowitz, le frère de Chris, rejoint le groupe après avoir joué quelques temps avec le groupe Darlin’ (d’après la chanson du même titre interprétée par les Beach Boys). Darlin’ comptait, parmi ses membres, Thomas Bangalter et Guy-Manuel de HoremChristo qui ont plus tard formé Daft Punk. De 2000 à 2004, Phoenix a sorti deux singles « Too Young » et « If I Ever Feel Better » et a composé des morceaux pour le film « Translation » de Sophia Coppola, la future épouse de Mars. Le groupe a également composé des morceaux pour un défilé de mode Dior Homme.

De 2005 à 2009, les artistes ont sorti leur troisième album « It’s Never Been Like That », avant de faire leur première tournée aux Etats-Unis en 2006. Après leur tournée, le groupe Américain, Paramore, a repris une de leur chanson «Long Distance Call» pour une série télévisée Francaise.

En 2009, Phoenix a signé un album avec Kitsuné, sorti en mars, tout juste deux mois avant leur album « Wolfgang Amadeus ».

Wolfgang Amadeus est l’album qui a rendu Phoenix célèbre. Leur chanson « 1901 » a été reprise par beaucoup d’artistes, dont Birdy. Ils ont également eu beaucoup de succès avec leurs chansons « Lisztomania » et « Too Young ».

Après la sortie de l’album ils ont é t é invités sur SLN, Late Night W i t h Jimmy Fallon, T h e L a t e L a t e S h o w w i t h Craig Ferguson, Late Show with D a v i d Letterman, Jimmy Kimmel Live et The Tonight Show with Conan O’Brien pour des interviews et des présentations d’une de leurs chansons. « 1901 » fut le quatrième single de label indépendant à être numéro 1 au «U.S. Billboard Alternative Songs Chart». Après un tel succès, le groupe a joué dans de nombreux festivals de musique tels que 7

home country. He became connected to the New York salsa scene and has recorded a series of LPs, with the direction of Cuban vocalist Monguito ‘El único’ under the title «Salsa Africana». The hip-hop scene has also become increasingly popular. “Nancy Nanz” is a female artist who was able to make a breakthrough in the Gambian music industry and has now come to be known as the ‘Gambian Beyoncé’. Some of her popular songs include, Wanna Be Happy and High Heels On. Debbie Romeo is a female R&B/hip-hop artist who has been trying to follow in Nancy Nanz’s steps and also make her way to the top. James Francis, Music Editor

Coachella, Reading ou Leeds. Le groupe a également fait une apparition aux côtés de Daft Punk à Madison Square Garden.

En 2011, un documentaire sur l’album Wolfgang Amadeus est paru, intitulé « From The Mess To The Masses » (titre extrait des paroles de leur Chanson «Lisztomania»). Le documentaire a été diffusé sur Arte en France et en Allemagne, où le groupe a beaucoup de succès. Après avoir été rejoint par un nouveau membre à la batterie, Thomas Hedlund, Phoenix a sorti un dernier album très anticipé, « Bankrupt! ». L’album a produit un nouveau single, « Entertainment » avec lequel a débuté leur concert à Paléo l’été dernier. Phoenix a débuté en tant que «garage band» dans un grenier, et se produit maintenant partout dans le monde, avec des concerts prévus pour le Coachella Festival et partout aux EtatsUnis et en Europe. Les musiciens du groupe donnent énormément d’interviews lors de «talk shows» tels qu’Ellen et Jimmy Kimmel et ils vont même se produire en concert aux côté d’artistes tels que Nine Inch Nails et Beyoncé! Pour ceux qui adorent découvrir de nouveaux groupes : Bien que tout le monde puisse apprécier leur musique, si vous aimez Two Door Cinema Club, The Temper Trap, Matt and Kim, Vampire Weekend, The Vaccines, The Naked and Famous, ou peut-être même Passion Pit, Phoenix vous plaira certainement. Leur musique est très bien écrite et le groupe a obtenu beaucoup de prix, dont un Grammy Award pour Wolfgang Amadeus. D’ailleurs, je pense qu’il ne devrait pas tarder à être récompensé pour «Bankrupt!» Alexandra Bourget, classe 11, la Châtaigneraie


Français

English

It’s Not Sexist! Women’s Football is Just Inferior...

W

hy is it that in the 21st century, an era in which we as a species have made incredible advancements in technology and science, that we continue to enforce and believe in classical or traditional gender roles? Whether it be openly acknowledged, or occurs behind closed doors, we still live in a world where an entire gender is perceived as inferior. Is perceived inferiority self-fulfilling? After all, even the most intelligent amongst us look dim-witted once we set our minds to it.

The oldest definition of the word sports in English (which can be traced back to 1300AD,) is «anything humans find amusing or entertaining.» This definition is far from the one that may be associated to modern day male dominated sports. However, women’s participation in sports shows a different story. Football is one of the most widespread and well known sports in the world. Traditionally played by men, women’s participation didn’t arise until 1971 and even then, it was a «right» that was fought for. The slight anticlimax, (and it really is only a small one,) is that no one took (and no one takes) them seriously. For men, football has become a £676,000 business that gives them ample opportunities to live their dreams and make them a reality. Then, we have women’s football, which has become a side mark on a page that no one knows about, let alone gets passionate about.

Regardless of this, sports officials have oh so kindly organized for women to have their very own European Championships, for which we are incredibly grateful. Where else would we be able to watch women play at an international level? Except that no one really watches them…but that’s okay, because thankfully, big-time sports columnists like Andrew Quinn who write for the Derry Journal sacrifice some of their valuable time to review these games so that they can reach a larger audience. The only hitch, is that what people like Mr. Quinn, actually accomplish with their reviews is turning people away from the sport. It baffles me how a sports column writer can say things like «she flapped at the ball as if it was some sort creepy crawly she was attempting to evade,» and not expect it to appear as sexist! Why has it been drilled into our heads that thinking all Asians are smart, and that all Mexicans are illegal aliens is wrong, but when it comes to generalizations about women’s behavior everything and anything is fair game as long as you get a laugh out of it? Centuries of perceived specific gender roles seem to give hubris, arrogant men the right to have the opinion that women’s football is inferior to men’s and that this isn’t sexist- rather a matter of fact. Now, isn’t that the problem? Even with all the statistics and research in the world, if men choose to believe that women can’t play football, they will never be able to play football.

M

Apparently, if the fastest man in the world can run 100m in 9.58 seconds, but the fastest woman can run it in only 10.94 seconds, women are clearly nowhere near the physical capabilities of men. They aren’t even in the same league! And if this is true, then women in sports must be a joke. Such a joke, that women’s tennis, volleyball and gymnastics should be completely and utterly irrelevant. So irrelevant that if Rodger Federer, a tennis legend, can serve the ball at around 120mph to 130mph there’s no way that a mere woman could ever reach such intangible physical capabilities. Except that there are women like Serena Williams. The winner of all four Grand Slam titles for multiple years, she too can serve at a speed of 130mph. It’s clear that women are as strong as men, so that should stop being used as a pathetic excuse by uneducated sports column writers. We should be getting to the root of the problem, and instead be asking, why is women’s football such a side-splitting concept amongst male football lovers? Is it because they’re afraid that if a woman can do what they can do, it will somehow make them look like less of a man? I promise you that women have no intention of stealing your manhood and we will still stroke your ego when you desperately need it, but until then, could we please just withdraw the odium towards women footballers. We have lost our way by focusing on the wrong things. We should be focusing on skill and hard work. Women have to endure more to achieve the same results! Isn’t that what sportsmanship is about? Hard work and perseverance. What if we could move past this idea of male and female football players and just call them football players. Maybe then, they could be judged for what they are. Not a man or a woman, but instead, an athlete.

Marriam Khan, Year 12 , Nations

Ainsi s’achève le premier trimestre...

aintenant que l’année 2013 est derrière nous, il reste encore deux trimestres dans l’année scolaire. Très peu d’élèves sont ravis par cette perspective, mais tous arriveront, tant bien que mal, à terminer l’année avec de nouvelles connaissances. Nous voilà revenus des trois semaines de vacances d’hiver, qui auront permis à tous de récupérer après un premier trimestre difficile, voire pénible. Ce fut une expérience horrible, diront les pessimistes. Le pire est derrière nous, rétorqueront les optimistes. N’oublions pas les examens au mois de mai, ajouteront ceux qui font preuve de réalisme. Mais pourquoi cette opinion du premier trimestre ?

manqué au cours de l’année précédente doit se montrer enthousiaste lors d’un cours de maths ou d’histoire qui a lieu avant le lever du soleil, et pour les devoirs qu’il emporte en souvenir de cette classe. Comme si cela ne suffisait pas, certaines années présentent des défis supplémentaires, sous forme de critères de notation plus sévères, de projets à grande échelle, ou de professeurs tout sauf aimables. Il n’est pas facile de trouver un élève qui soit ravi de cette perspective…

Néanmoins, bien que ce premier trimestre puisse paraître comme une rude épreuve, ce n’est pas toujours le cas. Qui n’est pas content Le premier trimestre de l’année scolaire présente plusieurs défis, bien de faire la connaissance de nouveaux camarades de classe, et de nouveaux professeurs qui, chacun l’espère, seront intéressants, et plus sûr. Il faut s’habituer à un réveil matinal, et avoir la maîtrise de soi aimables que ceux dont on conserve de mauvais souvenirs ? On dénécessaire pour sortir d’un lit douillet, afin d’affronter le monde. 8 couvre toujours des nouveautés, faisant de l’année à venir une exEnsuite, l’élève qui a consacré l’été à la récupération du sommeil


Etcetera

clé, sont toujours agréables. Quand ce t r i m e s t r e s’achève, presque tous les élèves sont contents de leur année. Une fois cela passé, beaucoup d’entre eux rentreront pour se vautrer sur un lit et dormir autant qu’ils veulent. Les deux trimestres à venir peuvent être difficiles, mais tous arriveront à s’en sortir.

périence plus plaisante que celle de l’année précédente. Pendant les premières semaines du trimestre, malgré le fait qu’il est nécessaire de se lever plus tôt, travailler plus tard, et faire plus d’efforts que l’année précédente, il est possible de venir à l’école le cœur léger. Ce premier trimestre tant redouté peut être agréable, ne serait-ce qu’un instant.

Et qu’en est-il des autres trimestres ? En général, le deuxième trimestre n’est pas aussi difficile que le premier, et il est plus court. De plus, il est plus facile de se remettre au travail après trois semaines de vacances qu’après deux mois. Heureusement, le deuxième trimestre est moins chargé que le premier et le troisième. Le seul bémol, s’il y en a un, est le froid qui donne à tous une certaine léthargie. Cela nous mène à l’horreur qu’est le troisième trimestre. Examens, devoirs, manque de sommeil résultant de ces derniers, et soleil cuisant font de ce précédent trimestre une épreuve.

Le premier trimestre n’est surement pas relaxant, et très peu d’élèves attendent avec impatience la fin des vacances d’été. C’est une période difficile, et tous doivent travailler durement. Malgré cela, ce trimestre peut parfois être agréable. De plus, une fois passé, les deux trimestres à venir ne paraissent pas bien difficiles : maintenant, non seulement le pire est derrière nous, mais le meilleur reste à venir.

Pourtant, c’est aussi un trimestre au cours duquel beaucoup de projets s’achèvent, et que les élèves commencent à s’entendre au mieux avec leurs professeurs (du moins, on l’espère). Les dernières semaines du trimestre, quand les bulletins ont été terminés et le programme bou-

Andrus Hatem, éditeur Francophone

Christian Dior: un parcours hors du commun

C

hristian Dior était un grand couturier Français et le fondateur de la maison de couture qui porte son nom. La « Haute Couture » de Dior est très diversifiée et ne se limite pas au prêt-à-porter: cosmétiques et parfums, bijoux et maroquinerie (sacs à main et chaussures) complètent les créations de mode. Christian Dior est l’une des entreprises les plus importantes dans le monde de la mode. L’ e n t r e p r i s e , créateur avec la Marcel Boussac millions, ouvre décembre 1946. grand rôle dans marque, en acDior une maien son nom. Néanmoins, pas commenEn 1928, il d’art avec Paul Bonquelle oeuvres

années, Dior, ruiné, vit de la générosité de ses amis et de la quelques tableaux qu’il peint. Un Ozenne, remarque la beauté de ses et l’encourage à vendre des croquis. si qu’il vend ses premiers croquis de et de robes chez Claude Saint-Cyr ou chez Madame Agnès. Soutenu par amis, la plupart d’entre eux artistes, crée des costumes pour le théâtre. Il vend ensuite certains de ses croquis à Balenciaga et à Nina Ricci.

fondée par le participation de qui investit CHF 60 ses portes le 16 Boussac joue un l’inauguration de la cordant Christian son de couture Christian Dior n’a cé avec la mode. ouvre une galerie son ami Jacques jean dans lail expose des créées par Dali, Matisse et Picasso. Mais, six ans plus tard, la crise de 1929 met fin à son entreprise. Pendant d i x

vente de ami, Jean p i è c e s C’est ainchapeaux encore s e s i l

Sa carrière commence à se développer lorsqu’il est engagé par de grands couturiers comme Robert Piguet (surnommé «le prince de la mode »). Le succès arrive enfin avec son premier défilé de mode. Le premier défilé Dior a lieu en février 1947 : le créateur français enflamme la mode d’aprèspièces magnifiques, issues de avec son équipe talentueuse, est le premier tailleur. Ce défilé sance de sa conception avant-garféminine: taille cintrée, épaules découvertes et poitrine haute. « New Look ») deviendra exlaire après cette collection prin-

Aujourd’hui, le style et le «look» influencent encore la mode. Une influences classiques, il continue à avec des collections spectaculaires 9

Ellie Senogles, classe 11, la Châtaigneraie

guerre avec des sa collaboration dont Pierre Cardin représente la naisdiste de la mode étroites, jambes Le tailleur Bar (le trêmement poputemps- été 1947.

iconique de Dior des plus grande nous surprendre année après année.


English

Français Poetry Corner

All Things Beauty

Close To Home

I strode swiftly, step by step in the gushing rain, shivering with cold No inch of my body was remotely dry I kept walking, I wouldn’t stop Every step was a step to the place I wanted to be I was near, I was close to home I dreamt of the place where I would be safe my home is my security that is what drove me to continue Seeing my family again I didn’t need my bed, nor my kitchen, I needed my family The people who are my home Home isn’t a set house, or a single town on a map It is wherever the people who love you are, whenever you are together Not a place, but a moment, and then another, building on each other like bricks to create a solid shelter that you take with you for your entire life, wherever you may go

How can he tell?

Megan McFarlane, Year 12, Nations

He came home alone. Greeted with fewer cheers than when they left. He came home alone to a daughter he barely knew, and a wife he was now a stranger to. Both are proud, their man was the survivor. But now on quiet nights, his little girl wants to know, What did her father do in the war?

Victoria Paget, Year 13, La Châtaigneraie

When we experience art we travel Where there is no time; No worry; no unrest, We are mesmerized, captivated, Completely seduced By a mural of all things beauty

The paint seems to flow right off the canvas As if the page has no edge The colors run, mix and smear In my mural of all things beauty But mine is just one piece in a gallery, And yours are all the others.

The Light Returns From haunted dreams, the sleeper wakes With one small, quiet yawn. How wonderful, for one in dark To turn and face the dawn. From starless night, the sun rises To bring the world new life. How beautiful, as light extends Chasing out old fear and strife.

He cannot tell her, because she will never know, what horrors he faced, while watching unseen hands brake the minds of his friends, their screams keeping him awake. He cannot tell her because she will never have to learn, to live in a Godless land, where the wind freezes and the sky burns, and she will never be herded with her closest friends to die, for a meagre trace of land which shall be lost before the week has gone by.

The canvas begins plain and bare With paints waiting to be set free I create life and love and heart From mere color, curve and line Only I could change all the factors, Paint over it, and start anew

Sera Bülbül, Arts and Photography Editor

And how can he tell her? How can he tell her of the nights they spent cowering from the screaming of enemy shells? Hour by tortured hour, the ceaseless Pounding, forcing them underground, the heavens forever hidden, till one of them shook and stuttered and sobbed. He was soon sent away, he could no longer pick up a gun

How can he tell her? How can he tell anyone? Those who were with him are buried in a distant land, or locked away, to shudder, shake and sway. Whether it was by twisted luck or by sacred hand, he is alive today, and very much alone.

My simple image of dissatisfaction A silent film without captions Questions left unexplained A distant reality: So surreal, yet genuine Uncovering the undiscovered

From bitter snows, the spring comes forth; Life comes to a dying world. How radiant, as famine ends And new hope is unfurled.

From times of darkness, a Light now shines, Brought forth by one young boy. How glorious, as it fills the world With its song of truth and joy.

Alexa Bryan, Year 8, la Châtaigneraie

10


Ne vous êtes vous jamais demandé comment le serpent Kaa du Livre de transe, l’être de la jungle arrivait à hypnotiser Mowgli ? L’hypnose: mythe ou réalité? devient extrêmeLa nature de l’hypnose a longtemps été l’objet de controverses entre physiciens, magiciens et psychologues. En conséquence, ceux-ci ont multiplié les expériences pour prouver la véracité du phénomène et combler les doutes du grand public qui pourraient être gênants. Malgré les doutes existants, les scientifiques et psychologues sont sûrs de la véracité de ce phénomène et tentent depuis des siècles d’en résoudre le mystère.

Etcetera

ment influençable et peut être manipulé par l’hypnotiseur.

L’hypnose: phénomène mystérieux

L’incompréhension de ce phénomène amènera Mesmer, un médecin Allemand, à entamer des recherches et a élaborer la théorie du magnétisme animal. Le terme « hypnose » n’apparait qu’en 1843, quand le chirurgien James Braid entreprend d’établir de vraies bases scientifiques pour comprendre ce phénomène. Les résultats concluent que l’hypnose était une sorte d’état de sommeil. Le fruit de ses recherches l’amène à contredire, avec des preuves scientifiques, la théorie de Mesmer qui évoque les champs magnétiques passant entre l’hypnotiseur et le sujet, capables d’influence sur ce dernier. Non seulement James Braid arrive à contredire cette théorie mais il révolutionne également la science en proposant une pratique qu’il nomme « neuro-hypnotisme ». Cette pratique consiste à tenir un objet brillant ou un porte-lancette entre le pouce, l’index et le majeur de la main gauche, et à le tenir à une distance de 25 à 45 centimètres des yeux du sujet. Le sujet doit s’efforcer de regarder l’objet fixement. Le sujet entre alors dans une soit disant «transe». Evidemment, ceci peut paraître absurde. Néanmoins l’explication proposée par Braid est que l’hypnotisme est un état physiologique particulier du système nerveux amené par la concentration fixe de l’œil sur un objet. A la suite de propositions scientifiques concrètes, Braid reconnait que sa technique a beaucoup plus de chance de fonctionner chez les personnes psychologiquement sensibles, car les sujets doivent être susceptibles d’être influencés par leur imagination. Une fois dans cet état

L’ h y p notisme comporte de nombreuses autres facettes et se révèle encore aujourd’hui sous de nouvelles formes. Parmi toutes les formes d’hypnose différentes, il existe par exemple des séances thérapeutiques. En effet l’hypnose peut être utilisée pour résoudre ou améliorer de nombreux problèmes, psychologiques ou médicaux. Par exemple 80% de personnes ayant pratiqué l’hypnose ont eu plus de facilité pour arrêter de fumer. De plus l’hypnose peut aider dans le cadre d’un soutien psychologique auprès de patients en cure d’amaigrissement dans les cas de boulimie. Quant aux douleurs, l’hypnose peut les atténuer, et en conséquence peut diminuer les doses de médicaments prescrits au le patient. Cependant l’hypnose ne devrait jamais être vue comme un traitement en soi. Si l’hypnose a démontré des effets bénéfiques sur le plan médical, cela est dû au fait que l’utilisation de l’hypnose peut être catégorisée comme un traitement psychologique. Le cerveau est le maître de nos sentiments, ainsi que de nos sensations. La douleur se produit car notre cerveau nous signale un problème existant dans notre corps. L’hypnose, en entraînant notre corps et notre esprit dans un état de transe, trompe notre état conscient, et atténue les douleurs. Tout le monde peut être hypnotisé. Les personnes qui pratiquent l’hypnose n’ont pas de pouvoirs surnaturels: l’hypnose n’est qu’une simple manipulation de notre cerveau, organe qui a encore beaucoup de secrets à dévoiler. Yasmina Gomez, classe 11, la Châtaigneraie

The Picture of Dorian Gray, or the insufficiency of beauty «All art is quite useless». For Oscar Wilde, art serves no purpose but to represent and inspire beauty. Such a perception of art was often associated with the Aesthetic Movement of Victorian England: for certain proponents of the movement, pleasure and beauty embodied the noblest goals one could pursue during one’s lifetime. Yet, does the notion that art has no goal other than the representation of beauty truly apply to Oscar Wilde’s masterpiece, «The Picture of Dorian Grey»?

Published in 1890 and condemned as a vulgar and immoral novel, the book explores the themes of beauty, youth and art in a powerful and lyrical manner. Throughout the novel, Oscar Wilde torments and tempts the reader through the words of his characters. First, comes Lord Henry Wotton. Respected by his surroundings, Lord Wotton openly advocates a dissolute lifestyle. Manipulative, cunning, he enjoys shocking his surroundings, using and abusing his seductive powers. And his arguments are more than convincing: his subtle use of rhetorics persuade the reader before they even persuade the main character, Dorian Grey. The young, innocent and, more than anything else, beautiful Dorian Grey. With his soft features, not yet made harsh by the difficulty of life, with the pastel tones of his skin and the splendid pigmentation of his eyes and lips, not yet washed away by the storms of passion, envy or hate, Dorian Gray is fascinating. Fascinating and young, young and ingenuous.

At the beginning of the novel, Dorian Gray fails to understand the captivating power of his beauty, a power that Basil Hallward, a famous artist, falls prey to. And that is where it all begins. Three men, a painting, and Dorian Gray’s ineffable beauty. Basil Hallward paints like never before, reinvigorated by the power that 11 emanates from Dorian Gray’s features. Basil Hallward paints the

portrait of Dorian Gray. And, for the first time, Dorian understands what it means, what it could mean, to possess the beauty that is his. Encouraged by Lord Henry, he too begins to use and misuse his beauty in the pursuit of a self-indulgent lifestyle. Yet, will his beauty last? Lord Henry taunts Dorian, Lord Henry teases him... until Dorian makes a wish. A simple wish. What if the portrait were to age instead him?

The novel begins with Wilde’s assertion that art has no purpose, and indeed, true to the Aesthetic conception of art, his book evokes beauty, is beauty: Wilde’s unique and poetic style runs through the pages, knitting words and sentences together to form a flowing unit in which every word, every emotion finds its way directly to the reader’s mind and heart. If you choose to read it, read it slowly, read it calmly. Savor the subtle yet ardent passion that drips from the words, taste the plenitude that comes with each new sentence, do not fear surrendering to the writing, being submerged by the strength of the characters... Yet, the book goes much further: not content with the description or emulation of beauty, it plays with the reader, toys with his beliefs on art and youth, with his fear of old age and death. Lord Henry and Dorian Gray. Cynicism and naiveness at first, curiosity and vanity second, incomprehension and horror, at last. Lord Henry and Dorian Gray, two characters that become so similar, and yet, two characters that have a very different purpose in the book: for if Lord Henry embodies the success of the Aesthetic philosophy, Dorian Gray’s rise and fall is subject to interpretation... Poetic reflection on life and art, the book also acts as a demonstration of the limits of Aesthetic principles. Auriane Terki-Mignot, Editor in Chief


Arts

Unusual Art Mediums

A

crylic paint, watercolour, colour pencils: these conventional art mediums are being pushed aside by modern artists, as they begin to expand their creativity through a variety of unusual art mediums.

Trash, for example, has become the preferred medium of a celebrated American artist: Tom Deininger is famous for his creation of large portraits and landscapes using just “objects”principally rubbish. It is rumoured that he sends out a few of his assistants every week onto the streets to collect trash for his artwork. His style is derived from his desire to use an object for a purpose other than its conventional function. This inspiring attitude towards art has allowed its evolution into a subject that is inspired by the creation of beauty, as opposed to the simple love of beauty.

Hickok has stated that Jell-O is her preferred quirky art medium as: since her main subjects are urban landscapes and buildings, Jell-O permits her to create something “alive and changing, just as our real cities are”. Granted, this art medium does not last forever. Her works last at most for a week, and thereafter are kept alive through photography. Hickok embraces this perishable quality of Jell-O, comparing it to the “fragility and impermanence of our cities”.

Moving on from the massive structures of Deininger and Hickok, Yuken Teruya works in the miniature. His preferred art medium? Discarded shopping bags. In his most famous piece “Notice Forest”, Teruya converts commercial paper bags into delicately precise, miniature trees. He cleverly draws attention to the effects of globalism and consumerism, whilst simultaneously hinting at the destructive exhaustion of natural resources, the distribution of wealth, and fading cultural traditions and identities. In his “Notice Forest” project, Teruya used paper bags from fast food joints such as Krispy Kreme and McDonalds. He creates his miniatures, fragile trees from the cut–out of parts of disposable bags, and then positions each tree in the bag it came from. He works, not only with shopping bags, but also with toilet paper rolls, cartons, pizza boxes and other paper materials. In his other famous work, entitled the “Constellation” series, he worked with paper bags each containing a starry night observed from different locations around the world.

Lips by Tom Deininger Tom

Deininger’s peculiar art medium has given him the reputation of an artistic genius, who is praised for his ability to turn the detritus of daily life into a piece of artwork that stuns the viewer.

Another renowned American artist, Liz Hickok, also just began to explore other art mediums. Recently, her “San Francisco in Jell-O” became one of the most globally popular pieces of art, and has won her an award for the “Best Use of Food as Art Medium”.

Notice Forest by Yuken Teruya

San Francisco in Jell-O by Liz Hickok To create her unusual artwork, Hickok creates scale models of the structures she wishes to reproduce to make moulds. Each element of her work is cast in Jell-O. When displayed, her work tends to be lit dramatically from behind of below. Her use of this art medium allows her to highlight the geological reservations of the subject’s landscape or structure. In an interview,

12

Now you may think that creating work using materials from the kitchen or your trashcan is in no way “art”. However, have you ever asked yourself what art is? Art is a concept that one can define in several ways. The most accurate definition I have read is by Ralph Waldo Emerson. He said: “Love of beauty is taste. The creation of beauty is art”. The technique’s and styles of art’s greatest - Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Botticelli, Picasso – differ greatly from not only contemporary artists, but also from each other. Nevertheless, they all have one thing in common: they all create beauty, and therefore they each create art. The old masters have showed us that it is possible to work magic with a paintbrush and a small array of colours; however, modern artists such as Teruya, Hickok, and Deininger have showed us that non-conventional art mediums also hold the potential to create beauty. Modern art is shifting towards a style of unusual creativity, and that’s all the better for us, as we get to witness artistic genius at work yet again to revolutionise art. Esha Indani, Arts and Photography Editor


Why Should We Doodle?

W

the most common sketches:

Etcetera

e are creative people. Even before we could speak, we were drawing pictures. These images show how we view the world, and understand what’s around us. They act as a way of re- • Faces: The expression of your face presenting what’s on our minds and in our memories. Through is a good indication of the mood you are in. these doodles we can communicate those ideas to others. • Stick figure: These are commonly doodled by successful people. A simple stick figure reveals someone who is in Doodling helps our brains focus. It keeps our mind control of his or her emotions, and focused on their goals. from wandering away from whatever is happening, whether it’s a class, a homework assignment or a lecture. • Flowers: These suggest an amiable, family-centric person. In her TED Talk, author Sunni Brown said that people who doodle when • Stars: Often drawn by ambitious people. Lots of little stars indicate they’re exposed to verbal information are able to remember more of optimism. If you’ve drawn one big, bold star, you have a goal in sight. the facts given to them. It is also essentially the catalyst for some of • Patterns: if you draw a pattern or zigzag, it is proof of enthe key discoveries in technology. You name it, it started with a doodle. ergetic thinking and the desire to get on with things. Doodling is universally accessible, and is the easiest way press your individuality. We tend to doodle when we’re or stressed, so naturally, we’re only half-aware of what drawing. This means our inner preoccupations surface on

to ex- So what are you waiting for? Go ahead and doodle on and around this bored article! we’re paper. Sera Bülbül, Arts and Photography Editor

If you are a common doodler, you might be wondering what your drawings mean. Here is a brief explanation for some of

The Resist Technique

T

Art Techniques Explained

he resist technique makes use of the incompatibility of two artistic materials to create layered effects with texture and colour. A very common example of this technique is the use of watercolour paint and wax crayons. The crayons repel the paint when it is that is applied, allowing the paint to collect around the shapes created by the crayons. Artists most commonly use resist techniques with pastels and watercolours, scratching out the pastel once the watercolour has dried to reveal the blank paper beneath. A combination of many other mediums may be used to create similar effects. This technique is most common in the fabrication of several textile patterns. Tie-dye and batik make explicit use of this technique. The technique is often used to mask out areas of canvas or paper that the artist wants to keep white. Although masking fluid can also be used for this purpose, resist techniques are often used when the artist does not want a completely white area in his work. Paul Klee has used this technique in many of his works. The Flower Myth (1918) is basically watercolour on a pastel base, applied to cloth on newsprint and board. His use of this technique has allowed him to create the richness of the colours, as well as a variety of textures in his work.

Arts Around

Esha Indani, Arts and Photography Editor

This exhibition shows monumental tapestries, publications, medals and casts, as well several unseen ancient pieces complete the display.

Looking for an art exhibition or a museum? Art and History Museum Location: Rue Ch.-Galland 2; 022 418 2600 A selection of current exhibitions and Hours: 10:00 – 17:00. Closed Mondays. events around Geneva by your Arts and Web/email: mah.ville-ge.ch Photography Editor. Admission: Free. SFr. 5 for temporary exhibiMuseum of Modern and Contemporary Art (MAMCO) Location: Rue Des Vieux-Grenadiers 10; 022 320 6122 Hours: 12:00 – 18:00. Closed Mondays. Web/email: www.mamco.ch Admission: SFr.8

Antique Heroes

29/11/2013 – 2/3/2014 Musée Rath Place de Neuve 2, Genève

tions. The Art and History Museum shows western culture with over one million pieces in its collection. The Archeology wing contains relics from ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome. The Fine Arts section holds paintings artists such as Van Gogh and Renoir. Finally, there are also weapons and other articles of daily life on display in the Applied Arts wing. 13

Art Genève

Every Day From: Thursday 30 January To: Sunday 2 February A great event dedicated to art and art lovers will take place in Geneva city. Lots of artists will present their masterpieces for the visitors’ delight. From contemporary art and modern art to design, there are lots of innovative pieces to be seen. Event Location Palexpo , 30, Route François-Peyrot, Geneva GE, 1218 Sera Bülbül, Arts and Photography Editor


Arts

Toy Cameras I

s there another camera model we can use instead of the incredibly expensive Canon’s and Nikon’s? Haven’t you seen all those elegantly vignetted and light leaks of the ‘supposedly-vintage’ shots from Instagram and Flickr? Do people still make cameras like those? How did they do it?

mes in Black, White, Pink, Blue and Yellow. Choices like these allow the photographs to be developed automatically inside the camera itself, and it coming out of a slot in front or below the body, where once out of the camera itself, the photograph slowly develops. The only downside to that unlike modern camera’s, memory cards aren’t how these camera’s function and to take photos, you must buy some film suited for the camera’s structure, a pack of film costing up to CHF.20 from the same store you bought the camera.

As the times are changing, we’re using even more diverse genres of media to express our feelings, opinions and showing off our everyday lives and slowly losing our sense of how photography came to be. With our phones becoming more advanced to take better quality photos and applications such as Instagram and other photo-editing apps, the popu«As the times are larity of the classic Nikon and Canon SLR’s (Single-Lens Reflex; a camera that uses a mirror and prism to alchanging, we’re low the photographer to see through the lens, making it easier to view the subject before shooting the photo- using more diverse graph) are losing ratings and becoming less favoured.

genres to express

Toy cameras where the film has to be developed have more additional Lomography Diana F+ effects which comes with the camera you buy. The popular company, Lomography, produces a whole range of analogue camera’s which offer models supporting additional effects such as the Diana F+ (CHF.82), the original Lomography vintage effect model, and another popular Lomography classic, Fisheye One (CHF. 46) which allows photographs to be taken with a fisheye effect, a visual distortion which exaggerates the foreshadowing of the photo.

The oh-so-popular photos we’re seeing now on Ins- ourselves... slowly tagram with light leaks losing our sense of and bokeh (the way the how photography lens shows out-of-focus points of light hitting the came to be» lens in the background, often creating smooth circles or polygonal shapes), obviously added and produced on apps, look rather forged with the effects col- Like the insliding with the surrounding lights. Why usual 35mm use apps when you could potentially get allows phoFujifilm Instax Mini 8 a camera which could reproduce them as they have to they’re made to have naturally? Additional land, places with an even better fact; you actually get the shot itself printed when c o s t you develop the film! Cameras which produce fun and light-hearted effects such as vignetting (an effect whereas the photo fades off to black around the borders) and a grainy feature, giving off completely natural vintage effects on instant or developed film, are called Toy Cameras. Toy Cameras come in two different genres, though all with disposable film (yes the old, vintage film types where you have to manually put it in your camera and develop later), the ones where the photograph itself comes out seconds after the shot, instant, and the ones where they have to be taken to a shop to be developed. Instant camera’s tend to be more popular seeing as you get instantaneous results, with fun to share for moments afterwards, can be offered by both Polaroid and Fujifilm. Polaroid still produces their vintage models such as the Refurbished Sun 660 Instant Camera (CHF.110) whilst Fujifilm produces a more modern, and more popular model, the Fujifilm Instax Mini 8 (CHF.99, Refurbished available at Fnac around Switzerland) which co-

tant cameras, for photos to be taken, the film, manually inserted into the camera, tos to be printed on to them to which be taken to a store to develop. In Switzerto develop film are rare and up to CHF.50 depending on the amount of photos taken on the roll of film.

Although as much as the prospect as a little toy camera to flaunt sounds entertaining, it can prove to be too much money and possibly responsibility to some. It’s cost and the constant Lomography Fisheye One purchases of film rolls and taking the roll of film to the developer can be a hassle to overcome, especially for students who need to concentrate on working. For an alternative, the most naturally looking effects which you can do yourself on a simple iPhone app at the cost of CHF.2, «Mextures» by Merek Davis is the app to get. With over 80 customizable and movable square-format layers to add on to photos imported from your Pictures Library, it allows a full customization experience for vintage-looking photographs. Naomi Young, Assistant Arts and Photography Editor

Interested in Arts and Photography? Our Arts and Photography Editor holds regular Arts and Photography Contests. For more information, or to see the pictures from previous contests, visit our

Sun 660 Instant Camera

14

Facebook Page:

Etcetera - International School of Geneva


1

2

3

2 4

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 15

Hannah Higgins Alexandra Bourget Rayane Jema Anonymous Christopher Leighton 6. Anonymous

5

6


Entertai

nments

Pacific Rim: G Film Review

uillermo del Toro, famous for directing the Hellboy series and Pan’s Labyrinth, released Pacific Rim in July 2013. The action is set in the near future, when aliens known as Kaiju (which translates to ‘giant beast’ in Japanese) come out of the Pacific Ocean to take over the planet. In response, the human race builds giant robots call Jaegers (German spelling Jäger, meaning Hunter) to fight off the aliens. These robots need two people to pilot them. The pilots need to be mentally connected and it works better if they are related. The main character is Raleigh Becket played by Charlie Hunnam. He and his brother, Yancy Becket, piloted a Jaeger together but Yancy died while fighting a Kaiju. Raleigh then gives up on fighting the aliens but is called in when the threat gets bigger. He has to find another person to control his Jaeger ‘Gypsy Danger’. He partners up with the love interest of the film, Mako Mori, played by Rinko Kikuchi, and together they take on the alien threat…

Honestly, when I first heard about this film I expected it to just be another “shoot ‘em up” film with a bad scenario and a budget that would prove insufficient for the effects. When I saw it, it actually turned out to be a very good film with an excellent scenario, and a budget estimated at $190,000,00. The film even made about $37,285,325 on the opening weekend alone. This film is a great bind between the monster/alien genre and the giant robot genre. The effects are incredibly well done, with the designs of both the Jaegers and the Kaiju varying and intimidating. The computer generation is very modern; every effect was completely believable and it really felt like the actors were in giant robots. This film does have some issues, such as the same weapon taking a different time to power up, or the Kaiju using a very effective attack on some characters, but not using it on the main characters. However, these are only minor flaws, and they do not diminish the power of the film for the audience. The fight scenes are incredible with fantastic effects and end results. The angles used are varied and interesting, with some funny moments to take the edge off the darker moments. This film may not appeal to all audiences, but for those of you who think you might like it, I can assure you, you’ll love it!

T

he Joker is amongst the most famous villains in the world. Everyone has heard of him, and everyone has his or her favourite interpretation of the caped crusader’s archenemy. Here’s a look at the performance of three of the actors who have played the joker in a live-action movie.

The Joker

Batman (1966), by Leslie H. Martinson, was the first time the joker was brought to life in cinema. Cesar Romero was cast to play the part; theatrical and light-hearted, he played the joker not only criminally insane but also overly eccentric, and it came across well. This Joker had a breathy high-pitched laugh, almost warming in its psychotic way. He was obsessed with art and would create it as well as steal it. His preferred method of attempted murder the ‘Dynamic Duo’ was by arranging knives in some sort of intricate machine. In the film we are not aware of how he became the Joker or where he came from, making the audience fear him a little more. He does not have a specific goal: he just likes chaos. The TV show adaptation of the film in 1966, created by Bob Kane, also featured Cesar Romero playing in very much the same manner. Batman (1989), by Tim Burton, was a reboot made for adults rather than for children. Jack Nicholson played a darker version of the Joker, driven insane by chemicals. The Joker, who wanted to make the whole world as ‘happy’ as he was by selling the same chemicals. Fuelled by hate, the Joker loves every second he is angry, laughing hysterically in a high-pitched tone with a gruff throaty grumble throughout. In this version, the Joker, known as Jack Napier, killed Bruce Wayne’s parents when Wayne was a child. When he grew up, Wayne becomes Batman to avenge his parents’ death. One night Batman accidentally makes Jack Napier fall into chemicals that drive him insane and leave him with an ever-present smile, calling himself the Joker. This is not in any other Batman film, and results in a great paradox, for both Batman and the Joker would not be who they are without the other’s actions.

Batman – The Dark Knight (2008), by Christopher Nolan. In this second film of the ‘Dark Knight’ trilogy, Heath Ledger played his second to last role before he passed away in 2008. This interpretation was without a doubt the scariest version of the Joker when it comes to physical appearance. His smile is not just lipstick or caused by chemicals, but scars. No Vincent Williamson, Entertainments Editor one knows how or when the Joker got them, or even who he is. He likes to invent stories about how he got his scars, to tell them to people as he is about to murder them. Fully aware of his insanity, and enjoying it in its entirety, he causes chaos for the sake of chaos. His laughter is the The next Academy Awards ceremony (Oscars) will take place on most maniacal of all. Often, he continues to laugh sarcastically once the Sunday, March 2nd 2014. Nominees will be announced January 16th 2014. real laughter is over, just to entertain himself. He feels no guilt when murdering people, nor does he fear killing himself to make a point.

Entertainment Facts

Notable deaths in 2013:

Joan Fontaine – actress, Rebecca Born in Tokyo, Japan in October 1917 Joan de Beauvoir de Havilland died in California, USA in December 2013. Peter O’Toole – actor, Lawrence of Arabia Born in Connemara, County Galway, Ireland, in August 1932, Peter O’Toole was famous for playing T.E. Lawrence in the 1962 film Lawrence of Arabia, died in London, England in December 2013.

Paul Walker – actor, The Fast and the Furious Born in Glendale, California, in 1973, Paul Walker was the main character of the Fast and Furious film series, he died in Valencia, Santa Clarita, California, USA, in November 2013 Leading up to the recent 50th anniversary of the British TV show Doctor

Who, many shows from the BBC hid a few miniature TARDIS in their

sets.

Having been a DC Comics fan since the age of 3, my favourite Joker is the 1989 Jack Nicholson interpretation: so far the darkest version of the Joker, it brings a whole new back-story to the character. Which is your favourite?

Vincent Williamson, Entertainments Editor

The first video to ever be Radio Star, by The Buggles.

aired on MTV was Video Killed the

J.K Rowling, author of the Harry Potter series, is the first author to become a billionaire from book sales.

The Entertainments and Technology sections are new this year: Etcetera is looking for editors for both in Nations and LGB. If you are interested, 16 contact us at etcetera.ecolint@gmail.com for more information!


c t e tera E Filmothèque: Notre sélection

Homme d’une trentaine d’année, situation financière aisée, habitant à la Réunion, cherche femme. Jeune femme Française, belle, attentionnée, de situation modeste, cherche époux. Voilà comment commence l’histoire de Louis Mahé, riche patron d’une fabrique de cigarette. Un début quelconque, quelques lignes dans un journal, quelques lettres, puis une rencontre: décidé à se marier, Louis Mahé rencontre Julie Roussel, tout juste arrivée à la Réunion à bord du Mississippi pour l’épouser. Bien que la jeune femme soit assez différente de celle qu’il avait cru découvrir au travers de ses lettres, le couple s’apprécie, et très vite, trop vite peut-être, leur vie commune défile au rythme lent comme celui d’une mécanique déjà bien rodée. Jusqu’au jour où Julie s’enfuit, laissant Louis ruiné. Louis engage alors un détective privé pour la retrouver, finit par la croiser à Nice. Julie, de son vrai nom Marion, travaille comme serveuse dans une boîte de nuit. On apprend qu’après une enfance difficile et une vie faite de petits larsins, elle se retrouve à bord du Mississippi avec son amant, qui, voyant en Julie Roussel le moyen d’obtenir de l’argent, la tue, forçant Marion à prendre sa place. L’histoire aurait pu s’arrêter là, aurait dû. Mais Louis aime Marion. La vraie Marion, celle qui boude, celle qui crie, celle qui se montre charmante jusqu’au jour où l’argent vient à manquer. Celle qui, peu à peu, l’entraîne dans un tourbillon infernal. Meurtres, vols, tout est bon pour offrir à Marion la vie dont elle rêve. Mais la sirène, une fois sa proie hypnotisée, se lasse. Veut partir. Louis la retient, complice de sa propre chute. Un tourbillon sans échappatoire, pas même la mort. Rien que Marion et Louis, seuls, marchant dans la neige. Mystérieuse et envoûtante, Catherine Deneuve séduit à la fois Belmondo et le public dans le rôle de Marion. Jean-Paul Belmondo qui, lui, fait preuve d’une étonnante sobriété dans son jeu. Personnage enjoué et insouciant, il devient peu à peu sombre, amer. Une amertume tenace dont la cause est si proche, si évidente, et pourtant... Le scénario, tout en lenteur, révèle la puissance de la force qui entraîne Louis vers le fond: une force qui attire et qui effraie à la fois, une force qui isole le couple, comme une cage dans laquelle deux animaux sauvages s’aiment et se déchirent, une force qui a peut-être un nom, l’amour? A tous les amateurs de photographie, à tous les cinéastes en herbe, ce film est fait pour vous. L’un des films les plus connus de Wong Kar-Wai, «Chungking Express» offre au spectateur un condensé d’images à couper le souffle et de plans tous plus novateurs les uns que les autres. «Chungking Express», c’est tout d’abord deux hommes, deux femmes, deux histoires d’amour, et une ville, Hong-Kong. Des personnages dont la sobriété tranche avec la vivacité des couleurs dans le film, des acteurs qui, au travers de leur jeu tout en retenue, parviennent à exprimer ou à dévoiler toute une palette de sentiments humains dans toute leur complexité. «Chungking Express», c’est aussi une réflection sur l’amour, sur sa nature, sa durée, sur ces hommes et ces femmes qui s’imaginent, s’espèrent, se rêvent pour finir par se croiser, au coin d’une rue, sans toujours reconnaître en l’autre l’être tant espéré. «Chungking Express», c’est également un film à deux vitesses: d’un côté, la lenteur du scénario, qui révèle l’incapacité des personnages à dépasser leurs sentiments, qui accentue le côté poignant de leur mal-être. De l’autre, la rapidité des images. Des enchaînements osés, presque violents de par leur soudaineté, des techniques qui s’apparentent à celles utilisées par les photographes, de la lumière, des couleurs éblouissantes, et la ville. Hong-Kong. «Chungking Express», enfin, c’est l’histoire d’un renouveau, celui de son réalisateur. C’est l’histoire de son énergie perdue, le résultat d’une envie d’action, d’immédiat: occupé par le tournage des Cendres du Temps, Wong Kar-Wai se lance dans la réalisation de Chungking Express «comme un voleur», de nuit, avec très peu de moyens, au gré de sa fantaisie. Pourtant, tout dans le film est réfléchi, pensé, voulu, jusqu’aux formes que dessinent les rayons de lumière sur le visage des personnages. Tout est fait pour qu’acteurs et action, sons, et images, lenteur et vitesse se confondent, devenant un courant électrique à la fois statique et perpétuellement en mouvement, à la fois régénérateur et à vous couper le souffle. A tous les amateurs de photographie, à tous les cinéastes en herbe, à tous les autres aussi, ce film ne vous laissera pas indifférent, sans que vous ayez à fournir le moindre effort: laissez-vous tout simplement emporter par l’énergie de ce chef d’oeuvre, profitant ainsi de sa vitalité, de sa liberté sauvage, de sa fureur d’être et de vivre.

Des dialogues signés Michel Audiard, Lino Ventura comme on l’aime, en espion à la fois bourru et tendre, tout est réuni pour faire des Barbouzes un film hautement comique certes, mais surtout un chef-d’oeuvre du genre. Tout d’abord, une jeune veuve guillerette dont les moues enfantines cachent un secret bien gardé. Ensuite, son défunt mari, magnat de l’armement. Enfin, un château truffé d’espions: Français, Suisses, Soviétiques, et Chinois, tous se démènent afin d’obtenir de la veuve Amarante les brevets d’armes de son époux disparu. Tous se connaissent et se reconnaissent, et pourtant, tous choississent de mettre leur mission entre parenthèse le temps d’un charmant week-end campagnard. Très vite, néanmoins, les accidents commencent à pleuvoir sur le château: scorpions, silencieux, chasses d’eaux piégées, voire espions Chinois qui surgissent de tous les placards et recoins de la demeure par dizaines. Au milieu de tout cela, Francis Lagneau, alias Lino Ventura, espion Français dont le nom se révèle trompeur... On ne vous en dira pas plus sur le scénario, sinon que chaque scène, chaque minute du film ne manquera pas de provoquer rire ou sourire. Le comique, bien que toujours présent, ne devient jamais ridicule: plutôt qu’un but atteint de manière directe et linéaire, le comique devient indissociable des autres éléments du film, devient moteur. Que ce soient les plans, les mimiques, la vitesse de l’action ou son absence temporaire, la musique, qui accompagne les personnages, telle la jeune veuve, révélant tour à tour des éléments de leur personnalité ou bien encore la manière dont ils sont perçus par les autres personnages... Tout est fait pour révéler le vrai visages des Barbouzes: des Barbouzes interprétées par des acteurs qui font rire tout en restant classique, des acteurs qui semblent liés par une force de vivre peu commune et dont le plaisir de jouer ensemble crève l’écran. Voilà la vraie magie de ce film emblématique d’une période cinématographique que tous prendront plai- 17 sir à (re)découvrir: l’alchimie parfaite d’acteurs faits pour jouer ensemble.


Sports

School life Sochi Will A Make History

s

the New

Y e a r comes rolling around, so does all the new excitements that come with it, including the 2014 Sochi Olympics. Although this has been a highly publicized event awaited with much anticipation, there have been some issues concerning everything from budget to timing to Olympic cuts. One of the most prominent and serious issues, that has been the topic of several discussions, was probably the Russian law concerning homosexuality.

With hundreds of thousands of athletes and spectators travelling from far and wide to the s o u t h w e s t e r n Russian city of Sochi, many are concerned about how they will be received purely because of their sexual orientation. Russia received much criticism after a new law that was passed in 2013 banning LGBT rights and propaganda. With the approaching 2014 Games, there was a frenzy of discussion about boycotting the Olympics unless the Olympic Committee designated a new destination for these Games. This solution has been generally thought ineffective, but both the International Olympic Committee and those participating in some way or another in the Olympics are putting pressure on Russia to discount their homosexuality laws for the Olympics. According to the laws, adult consented same-sex sexual activity is legal in Russia, but it is illegal for minors, while samesex marriage is not recognized by the state and is strictly prohibited. As tensions rose among LGBT rights activists and members of the LGBT community, Russia has stated that they will grant rights to the athletes concerned, but will enforce their new law on the prohibition of propaganda for equal rights for the LGBT community, both domestic and foreign. Although Russia claims that the participants and spectators of the 2014 Sochi Olympics will be granted fair treatment and rights, many are still concerned that these Games will demonstrate more restrictions than freedoms when it comes to speaking out for the LGBT community.

W

e hear the phrase “reduce, reuse, recycle” a lot, but do we really know what it means? We often consider being eco-friendly a chore. We all are aware that action is urgently needed and we hear it all the time. However, do we really know what is needed in order to accomplish this? As the heads of the La Chataigneraie Green Committee, we find that there are ways to make being eco-friendly more fun. One of the most inspiring examples of this comes from the slums of Paraguay. This inspiring story is something we hope will encourage you to “act local, think global”.

The World Sends Us Garbage… We Send Back Music

There is a town in Paraguay called Cateura. This town is unique in that is it perched on the top of a mound of rubbish. 2500 families live in this area, along with the 1500 tons of waste that gets dumped there. To survive, they recycle all that they can find, in order to sell i t and make their much needed income. An ecological technician, Favio Chavez, came up with the idea of creating an activity that the children of the slums could participate in; playing in an orchestra. This was quite a challenge, considering that a violin costs more than a house for these people. This problem was easily solved with the realisation that the huge rubbish dump, could provide the children with materials for making music. This not only kept the children away from the landfill, but also kept them out of trouble and gave them something worthwhile to do.

In a world where tolerance, acceptance and freedom of speech are all core values, the new Russian laws are a disappointment not only to those involved in the Olympics but also to people everywhere. It is important that everyone speak up for those who are being oppressed and discriminated against, in order to ensure a forward From this idea, the “Landfillharmonic Orchestra” was born. The insmoving trajectory in a global community where we each care for truments were made from oil tin cans, bottle lids, and stray pieces of one another and show no tolerance for the discrimination of others. wood, anything that was available. This creative initiative and idea was introduced to the rest of the world this time last year. The response Emma Johnson, Sports and Health Editor was astonishing. There were almost 345’000 shares on Facebook in the first week alone. There are now almost 1’900’000 views on YouTube and the orchestra have a 2014 tour as well as a film being made.

TOP 11 SPORTS MOVIES YOU SHOULD BE WATCHING OVER THE HOLIDAYS

1. Trouble With the

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Curve Blind Side Moneyball 42 Miracle on Ice Cool Runnings

7. 8. 9. 10.

Million Dollar Baby Fight Club Invictus Bend It Like Beckham 11. Blades of Glory

This is one example of how people can make a positive impact on our planet. This orchestra raises awareness and sends a message. It lets people know that even the poorest people, living in the worst conditions deserve a chance to shine.

Take action now and save our planet. 18

La Chataigneraie Green Committee; Heather Rigby, Mary Thieffry and Justus Beekmans.


Strange Google Suggestions... 10 reasons to... date a dancer

Can Chuck Norris... divide by zero Is it legal... to drive barefoot

Etcetera

It is possible.... to live forever My boyfriend... is a vampire

I think... rhinos are just obese unicorns What would... a chair look like if

your knees bent the other way

Fun experiments to try at home... Make a bouncy ball out of an egg

1. Place a hard-boiled egg in a glass or jar. 2. Add enough vinegar to completely cover the egg. 3. Watch the egg. What do you see? Little bubbles may come off the egg as the acetic acid in the vinegar attacks the calcium carbonate of the eggshell. Over time the color of the eggs may change as well. 4. After 3 days, remove the egg and gently rinse the shell off of the egg with tap water. 5. How does the boiled egg feel? Try bouncing it on a hard surface. How high can you bounce your egg?

Coming soon on our Facebook page - Etcetera International School of Geneva: an

interview of la Châtaigneraie’s new rugby team!

Sudoku

Fill in the blanks so that each horizontal line, vertical line and square contains the numbers 1 to 9 exactly once.

Create your own rainbow roses What you will need:

1. White roses 2. Food colouring 3. Tall, narrow glasses

Making the roses:

1. Cut the roses’ stems at a slight angle to obtain the desired length. 2. Using a sharp knife, divide the stem into several sections. The cut should go all the way from the bottom of the stem, up to about 2.5 cm away from the flower. The number of sections will give you the number of colours you can use: cutting the stems in too many parts will weaken it, try to choose between 2 and 4 colours! You might want to ask an adult to help you for this step. 3. Fill the glasses with water. 4. Add a few drops of your first food colouring shade to one of the glasses. Repeat with all the colours and glasses. 5. Place the roses with each of the stem sections in a different glass. 7. Wait for a few days, and watch your roses change colour!


20


Etcetera