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Women’s Six Rights Nations

The full story on this year’s tournament Page 27

When will there be true equality? Page 10

Police accused of blaming ‘drunken Liverpool fans’ for Hillsborough disaster

In a letter made public by BBC Radio 4’s The World at One show, it has been revealed that Margaret Thatcher was informed by an unnamed senior Merseyside ... Continues, page 3

LGoS election results announced Millie Kidson The Liverpool Guild of Students’ election results were announced at Culture Fusion on Friday evening after a week of on-campus campaigns and record voter turnout. The four Student Representative Officers elected were Sam Butler, Tom Bee, Maggie Hayes and Chidinma Nwokoro. Sam Butler, a History student and coPresident of Liverpool University Drama Society, was named as President after being elected in the first round. He said “I’m very humbled and honoured that the student body have put their faith in me to lead their union. “I’m confident that with such a strong team of SROs we can make a real difference to the University of Liverpool.”

LGoS announced their record turnout on Twitter, saying “Our largest ever turnout with a whopping 5471 individual voters - that's 30% of the student population!” Seventeen candidates stood for SRO, including eleven international students, making it the most diverse election the University of Liverpool has ever seen. Michael Hoey, proVice Chancellor for Internationalisation, praised the election as “valid and truly representative.” It has also been regarded on campus as a fairly fought election compared with previous years. Tom Bee said “Everyone's been very friendly and amicable which is probably why the turnout was so high” and current President Maev McDaid tweeted that she was “so proud of everyone”. Ruth Brewer, current Vice President said of Culture Fusion “The talent of the students from Hope, John Moores

and Liverpool University blew me away, and only served to highlight how much students in this city have to offer.” She added “The diversity of the LGoS officer team elected next year is brilliant and I know they will all do an amazing job!” Results were also announced in the Student Trustee and NUS Delegate elections. Martin Poile and James Telfer were elected as Student Trustees. Martin thanked those who had voted in what he called a “fantastic week” and said “I'm really pleased to have been elected trustee and look forward to working with an outstanding SRO team in the year to come.” Sam van Geffen, one of the ongoing Student Trustees, said “I’m really excited about the two new student trustees as I know them both to be rigorous and dedicated individuals who care a lot about the relationship

the Guild shares with the entire student body. “I’m certainly looking forward to working with them as an effective trustee team.” The NUS Delegates, who will attend the National Conference in April, were named as Bob Sutton, current Vice President; Charlotte Nicholls, current Trustee; Emma Lynch, LGoS council member; Maggie Hayes, Vice President-elect and Harry Anderson. They will vote on national issues alongside current President Maev McDaid. Votes were cast for ten days, with candidates campaigning on campus, at halls and online. Flash mobs, posters, door knocking and flyering were just some of the tactics used to get the student vote. Officers and trustees will take up their positions over the summer ready to begin the new term in September. For the second year running LGoS joined

Liverpool Hope SU and Liverpool Students’ Union to host the elections, and over 10,000 Liverpool students voted across the city. Voters also had the option of taking a VoteMatch quiz for the first time, which ranked them against the candidates and received a positive response across campus, although some criticised the subjectivity of the questions. Culture Fusion itself saw dance societies and musical performances take over the Courtyard for a vibrant evening that finished with the University of Liverpool Big Band. LSFilm broadcast parts of the event as well as interviews with the candidates and sketches from LUDScribble, gaining over 280 viewers. Perhaps the most anticipated piece of coverage, however, was the revelation of LGoSsipgirl’s identity. The mystery blogger had been tweeting ... Continues, Page 3



Race to the Bottom: The Death of the Newspaper Dani Telford Editor Why talk when you can tweet right? At least that's what we're being forced fed in an onslaught of speculation surrounding the death of the newspaper, and technology's complicity in its demise. Gone are the days of traditional communications, and with it, our institutions. The publishing industry is facing what seems to be a grim race to the bottom, a ruthless game to see who goes under first. For some years now there has been a death watch on our newspapers as we habitually become accustomed to Daily papers encumbering obituary columns worldwide. Once upon a time, 4 million copies of a paper effortlessly flew off shelves, nowadays even the ‘Bestselling’ titles are lucky to reach the 2 million copy benchmark. In the last year alone, print sales declined by 10% for daily broadsheets and by 5% for tabloids, and when the News of the World stopped printing last July, sales of 600,000 simply disappeared. The “Doomsday tick tock” can be heard vociferously against the backdrop of New Media prophets calling for innovative apparatus of accountability, fervently coxswained by an army of bloggers and twitterati alike. An indisputable case of 'lions led by donkeys'

surely? The inaccuracies of raw journalism through social networking and slapdash websites, (which let's face it, are glossy propaganda for a thriving democracy) stifle the core principle of media itself. Could we be lost to a revolution whereby an erosion of veteran reportage is the common ideal? Are we not headed into an abyss of unworldliness and diluted information? Who will we trust once the likes of the New York Times and the Guardian cease to exist? Katrina Vanden Heuvel, Editor and Publisher of The Nation, highlights “the great capacity of a newsroom. If you think of the history of these institutions; Watergate, Abu Ghraib, the Walter Reed scandal – a newsroom full of experienced journalists”. The mere fact that it came out in print gave the story a weight, a real gravity that demanded attention. It’s hard for a blog to have the same kind of weight simply because they’re so ubiquitous. An endless seem of meaningless word vomit, often our bypassing thoughts are coupled with a sigh, "Oh not another one". 1.4 million new blog entries are posted daily, the vast majority of which are written by people who simply do not possess the journalistic standards required to adequately express the facts. Breaking the news in an ethical and accurate way will soon become but distant a memory, if one were to believe the hype. When Daniel Ellsberg knocked on the door of The Times to leak the Pentagon Papers (secret reports about the Vietnam War) there existed a power to ‘stop the presses’. These days, as Wikileaks has proficiently demonstrated, all you have to do is drop a video on Youtube and simply for people to find it. How can newspapers compete with such efficiency and dynamism? Reason tells us that we must kill the old technology to make room for the new; the TV was going to kill the radio; movies were


going to kill theatre; and the Internet was going to annihilate them all. But the death of the newspaper has been greatly exaggerated in this sense. One must replace the myth with what lies at the core of great journalism… the facts. Neither Facebook nor Twitter can extinguish a medium which continues to provide irreplaceable value and remains in the possession of a unique cultural significance. You see it's not about competing, because newspapers are the legwork in real reporting which holds together the entire frame. The media, let's remember, is a technological industry; when technology changes, the media changes. If you eradicate mainstream media, websites such as the Gawker and Huffington Post with their regurgitated stories and liberal deployment of inexperienced bloggers, will inexorably fail. The august and struggling flagship of British and American journalism which has dominated #mediaarmageddon campaigns is further embroidered by the façade of a 'fast and free' access culture. People are quick to forget that the quality of information, matters. And this is the real danger facing society. Bill Keller, former executive editor of the New York Times, at a speech in London in 2008 said, “At places where editors and publishers gather, the mood these days is funereal. Editors ask one another, ‘How are you?’ in that sober tone one employs with friends who have just emerged from rehab or a messy divorce”. Keller’s speech appeared on the Website of its sponsor, the Guardian, under the headline “NOT DEAD YET”. With over 100 video posts a month, 80 blogs and 40 million online users, the institutions we fear to be soon extinct are, in fact becoming fully engaged in the revolution. Perhaps the question is not whether the newspaper is dead or dying, but rather by what means can it survive?

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Editor In Chief: Dani Telford Head of Design: Alexander Williams News: Millie Kidson, Rosie Butler, Rosie Krzyzanowska

Food & Drink

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Fashion & Beauty

Arts & Culture: Ian Hall, Tom Chew, Dani Telford Features & Comment: Adele Halsall, Ashley Manning Fashion: Jessica Holt, Amy Davies Beauty: Faith McNally


Sport: James Muir, Simon Mulligan Technology: Alexander Williams Travel: Clare Dyckhoff Food and Drink: Natalie Wolfe




Science and The Environment: Dani Telford



News Police accused of blaming Hillsborough on drunken fans Georgia Unsworth

In a letter made public by BBC Radio 4’s The World at One show, it has been revealed that Margaret Thatcher was informed by an unnamed senior Merseyside police officer that: “Drunken Liverpool fans,” were to blame for the 1989 FA cup semi-final disaster that claimed 96 lives. The official enquiry into the disaster ruled the tragedy was caused by a failure in crowd control by South Yorkshire police. According to the letter, sent to the former prime minster four days after the disaster, the chief constable of Merseyside police, the late Sir Kenneth Oxford, told officials: “ A key factor in causing the disaster was the fact that large numbers of

Liverpool fans had turned up without tickets. “This was getting lost in sight of attempts to blame the police, the football authorities, etc.” The documents also note the chief constable’s unease at the manner in which Anfield was being turned into

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a shrine by grief-stricken fans, and notes that “One officer, born and bred in Liverpool, said he was deeply ashamed to say that it was drunken Liverpool fans who had caused this disaster, just as they had caused the deaths at Heysel.” Sheila Coleman, from the Hillsborough Justice Campaign, told the BBC: “We are really concerned that the emphasis is totally on Merseyside Police here and not on South Yorkshire Police, and that makes us very suspicious of how the information was leaked.” There have also been calls for an official inquiry into the leak from Steve Rotheram, MP for Liverpool Wa l t o n , w h o h a s d e e m e d i t “malicious”. Other such government and police documents are currently under review by the Hillsborough Independent panel, convened in 2009 and chaired by the Bishop of Liverpool. A spokesman for the panel refused to comment on the leak but noted that the discovery of new documents was the reason behind the delay in the release of their official report. The report, which was initially due in Spring, will now be released in Autumn, accompanied by other confidential documents regarding the disaster. The report will be available firstly to the families of those involved before later being made accessible to the wider public.

UOL Swimming pool now open after £2.5m refurbishment Millie Kidson

Millie Kidson Continued from page 1... The mystery blogger had been tweeting on two accounts, @LGoSsipgirl2012 and @LGoSsipGirlsBak, intermittently during the election period, but had not written a blog post since February 20th. LSFilm exclusively revealed that Alistair Clark and Catherine Fahy, of LUDScribble, had in fact been @LGoSsipGirlsBak. The pair admitted that they had made up most of the tweets, and said that they would not reveal the identity of the

original LGoSsipgirl, which remains a mystery. Bobby Bland, a spoof candidate, also issued a statement including mock slogans that backed up his poster campaign including “I had a dream, that white students and black students could come together in the Saro for a drink that was slightly cheaper than the year previously.” The elections evidently generated much debate, particularly surrounding issues such as tuition fees and whether the Guild should be political or “non-partisan”. How the future SROs will respond to these issues will become clear when they take up their posts.

Swimming pool reopens after £2.5m refurbishment The University of Liverpool swimming pool has reopened after a £2.5million refurbishment. The 33-lane pool was closed earlier this year to allow developments to take place that will enhance the environmental sustainability of the facilities. The glazed panelling previously seen on Oxford Street has been replaced with an insulating cladding system that reduces the amount of energy needed to heat the pool in winter, and keeps it cool in the summer. A new false ceiling and the installation of an energy efficient mechanical plant will also contribute to the carbon savings. The pool is situated in the Sports Centre on Guild walk, which will see further developments in September 2012.

Liverpool ranked 5th in National poverty index

James Margeson

Liverpool has been ranked 5th for overall risk of poverty in data from credit ratings agency Experian, which provides services for credit card companies, banks and the public sector, has been published in the Guardian. Liverpool is also ranked 5th for greatest likelihood to contain those in current poverty and households whose income is less than 60% of the median for England. It is also ranked third in the country for likelihood to contain households at risk of financial exclusion (i.e. be denied credit). Knowsley is ranked 3rd for overall risk of poverty, and is the most likely place in the country to contain those who may fall into poverty in the short and medium term. The rankings are based on hundreds of variables, some from the companies “Mosaic Public Sector” database, with some input from publicly available data sets from HMRC and the Office for National Statistics. They are the latest in a procession of negative statistics for the city over the past few years. In October it was revealed that 55,759 people are claiming job seekers allowance (JSA) in the Liverpool city region, showing a year-on-year rise of

10.4%. Overall Liverpool’s workless rate is one and a half times the national average, while in Princes Park ward the JSA claimant rate is three and a half times higher. In Everton ward only 28.7% of pupils gain 5+ GCSE grades A* - C in 2010. Last year Liverpool was declared the most deprived local authority in England by the Department of Communities and Local Government. The council has responded by setting up a “fairness commission”, which claims to be an “independent” body looking into “ways of reducing social and economic inequality for those that live in Liverpool.” Its members include the Chief Executive of Liverpool Hope University, Dr Martin Carey, and the Principle of Liverpool Community College Elaine Bowker. Meanwhile, local councillors are currently in the process of shrinking their budget by a fifth. In the coming financial year Liverpool City Council will cut £50m from its budget, and will have to find £21.6m and £39.3m of cuts in 2003-14 and 2014-15 respectively. In the three years after a further £45.6m of cuts are planned. Cllr Paul Brant, the deputy council leader, told the chamber in January “it gives me no pleasure to be standing before the council as an individual or on behalf of my party to move these budget proposals” and branded the cuts a “savage attack” on the city.



University News

Societies roundup: Past and future

Rosie Butler This year societies of the University of Liverpool have been as active as ever. This term we have seen the Liverpool Foxes cheerleading team take more squads to the first national university competition than ever before. Entering teams in the main cheer, dance and group stunt divisions and winning an abundance of trophies. The debating society this semester has expanded its weekly training sessions to include both beginner and advanced groups allowing more students to engage with debating regardless of their experience. Ellipsis has recently gained an increase in funding for the Guild which has resulted in an expansion which will continue over the next few issues published by the creative writing magazine. Last term also saw the productions of Matilda Liar, Party, Accidental death of an Anarchist and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead by LUDS, all of which were successful. Additionally, the program sale profits were donated to charity. RAG society

has been currently nominated for the most successful fundraisers in 2011-12 raising a total to date of £3000 including a series of collections for Movember, a charity that raises awareness of prostate cancer. Each month has been dedicated to one of the Guild’s 5 key charities and has seen RAG members dressing up in a variety of outfits in aid of raising funds. Dancesport entered a one day competition on 3rd March, lead by President Gemma-Lee

Liverpool Academy demonstrating dissections to a class of year seven’s including sheep brains and pig’s kidneys. The Liverpool Rowing Club held a 24hour ‘rowathon’ in aid of the charity Help the Heroes. The fantastic achievement by the club, enduring cold conditions and long hours, was highly successful and rose over a £1000 for the cause. Last but not least, this semester has seen the 26 hour fundraiser held in the courtyard which rose over £1000 for the Guild’s 5 key charities. The event was covered by LSRadio which broadcasted for the duration of the challenge and raised money for their chosen local charity of Fairbridge Merseyside. There is even more to look forward to before the semester draws to a close. The Liverpool Foxes have a fun fair approaching as well as a collaboration with BandSoc. Plus a promise of more trophies to be brought back with two more competitions this year for the Foxes. Debating society has been working on a schools programme and consequently is working towards a school’s debating competition to be held next year. Similarly, debating

UOL Societies For information on how to join and participate in UOL Societies visit

Craige in Blackpool and the sports team were awarded first place in 3 different events. Dancesport also created their own version of a Christmas special Strictly Come Dancing in the Mountford Hall where they raised £500 for the charity Barnardo’s, dedicated to alleviating child poverty. The Anatomy and Human Biology society have been running a programme with North

Rosie Butler The panel of judges for the prestigious Man Booker Prize 2012 were published last December and the list included Dinah Birch, the Pro-Vice- Chancellor for Research and Knowledge Exchange and a Professor of Literature at the University of Liverpool. The panel, lead by Times Literary Supplement editor Sir Peter Stothard, will consist of the historian, writer and broadcaster Amanda Foreman, actor Dan Stevens, and academic, writer and reviewer Bharat Tandon, alongside Birch. Each judge promises to bring a different viewpoint on the books included in the profoundly long list. A list of 12 to 13 titles will be published in July before these are whittled down to 6 titles that will be disclosed in September 2012.


Simal Patel

four continents, before flying home to complete his degree. Harry won the award earlier this month, after convincing a panel, chaired by the Vice-Chancellor Howard Newby, that he possessed the skills and confidence to fly solo and

University professor joins panel for The Man Booker Prize

Man Booker Prize

Student wins prestigious sailing award

One lucky Liverpool student has won a once in a lifetime opportunity to travel around the world while undertaking scholarly research spanning across several continents. Harry Boulding, a second year Evolutionary Anthropology student, has come out top against tough competition and has become this y e a r ’s w i n n e r o f t h e h i g h l y prestigious Circumnavigator Foundation Award, securing a £9,000 grant. This summer, he will embark on a ten week trip visiting six countries across

society will continue to collaborate with many different societies to organise public debates for the upcoming semester. Issue 5 of Ellipsis magazine will be released after Easter, so keep your eyes peeled for copies around campus! LUDS promises two more fantastic productions of Woyzeck, directed by Bethany Sim and Doctor Faustus directed by Chris Worrall taking place after Easter. The English society takes to the road visiting Stratford Upon Avon for an RSC production of Twelfth Night on the 25th April. The first RAG week in 7 years kicks off on the 23rd April headed by Chair, Jane Bower. The fundraising week includes a talent show involving an array of societies, auctions, a showcase of talents and a courtyard carnival. The carnival is due to hold a variety of fairground games as well as a bake sale. Dancesport have added Rock and Roll, Salsa, Off Beat and Zumba to the plethora of dances available to be learnt within the sports team coached by Paul and Pauline Taylor. The Guild hopes next year a similar event to the 26 hour fundraiser will be held in aide of charities.

complete this challenging task successfully. Harry’s research will be focusing on understanding how different human societies are accepting and coping with climate change. He is hopeful that this will influence future

governments, enabling them to plan better solutions in response to climate-related problems. Harry said: “I'm absolutely thrilled to have won this award, especially considering how much fantastic competition there was for the grant. “I'm counting down the days until June 5th when I leave. The next few months will be very nerve wracking but it's absolutely the experience of a lifetime. “What I'm most looking forward to is being able to look at any globe and think 'I've been around that' for the rest of my life!” Last year’s winner Rob Simpson, also from the university, has commented: “Harry's proposal is a really interesting one, he too is heading to some incredible places and he is going to have the summer of his life. “I would love to be going and doing it again!” The Circumnavigators Foundation is an esteemed organisation based in New York, which aims to celebrate scholarly achievement and global collaboration.

Judges Sir Peter Stothard (Chair) Dianah Birch Amanda Forman Dan Steven Bharat Tandon Twitter @ManBookerPrize

Professor Birch commented: “It’s a great honour to have been asked to serve on this panel, and a real pleasure to have a legitimate reason to spend my spare time reading the most interesting novels of the year. “It’s a challenging responsibility, too – I hope that we can come up with the right long-list, and then the right short-list – and finally a winner that everyone will appreciate and enjoy.” Julian Barnes’ The Sense of Ending gained the Man Booker Prize for Fiction in 2011. Barnes’ novel has to date sold over 100,000 copies, making it the fastest selling winner in the history of the prize. The winner of this year’s Man Booker Prize will be revealed at an awards ceremony in the London’s Guildhall on 16th October 2012.



UK News Cameron’s state visit to the US gets underway

and cultural links. Secondly, because we share similar political agendas. The last century has seen almost uninterrupted relations between the US and the UK, and Obama has hailed the “special relationship” that bind the two countries. The tour has included a 360- guest White House dinner, with a ‘Winter Garden’ theme, where both leaders

exchanged toasts and gifts, a basketball game and a visit to Ground Zero in New York. The leaders are expected to discus their agendas on Syria, the possibility of an emergency oil release to tackle soaring prices, the nuclear threat of Iran, and the war in Afghanistan. Cameron addressed a crowd at the White House, where he stated, “When the chips are down, Britain and American know that we can always count on each other”. Indeed, the trip seems to have been a success so far. Cameron and Obama appear to genuinely get on (although some attribute this as the work of “state choreographers”), and the power dynamic between the two powers has shifted; Britain seems less like America’s puppet than it was during the Bush administration. For one, the City is now thought to be more powerful than Wall Street, as London is ideally placed in terms of time zones (London’s trading markets opens a few hours before New York’s, and just before Tokyo’s closes) and has a legal system favourable to investors, therefore takes on more foreign business than the US. To give some scope to this, it is estimated that foreigners own around one in every three pounds in the City. The tour is set to last three days.

This week has seen deeply controversial debate as to whether or not Gay marriage should be allowed in the UK. On the 11th of March, Archbishop Peter Smith on a television interview for the BBC claimed he was “very concerned about the proposal to alter the fundamental meaning of marriage, it has always meant… a lifelong union

between a man and a woman”. Religious objection to gay marriage is no new topic, however, it is the government’s proposals to bring it in that has formed a catalyst for the debate. Jo Smith, a member of Liverpool University LGBT, says that “What a lot of people don't realise is that same-sex civil partnerships can (as of December 2011) be held on religious premises, if the premises wishes to, and applies for a license for it. I believe the Liverpool Unitarian Church on Ullet Road is in the process of applying for one. However,

it's not technically a "religious" "marriage" - no official religious texts or references are allowed to be used, and the word "marriage" to denote a same-sex partnering is not allowed.”. Since 2005, homosexuals in the UK have been allowed to partake in Civil Partnerships, but it is as Smith says, really only a case of changing the wording of the legalities surrounding the ceremony. It is also an important move for the trans-gender community, who under current UK law have to end their marriages, should they wish to switch gender.

'negative outlook' simply means that Britain could potentially be downgraded in the future if the economy does not improve. It is seen as unlikely that this label of 'negative outlook' will affect the population dramatically. 'AAA' rated countries, such as Denmark and Germany, are seen as being of little risk to potential lenders. With the downgrading of France to AA+ coinciding with a 1% drop in the Euro’s worth, the pound is unlikely to be weakened significantly. This official notice by ‘Moody's’ comes as inflation has fallen to its lowest, at 3.6%, in recent months. This is generally considered a sign that for the average family, things are starting to get easier. For the average student, this notice won't affect their finances. A downgrade in British credit rating could potentially increase interest rates and weaken the pound compared

to foreign currencies, meaning that adjustable bank loans could become more costly and travel abroad could become more expensive due to the changed currency exchange rate. A significant downturn in the

economy could potentially drive up inflation again, making food prices and living expenses higher. A downgrade is not expected to happen for several years, if at all.

Rosie Krzyzanowska

This week has seen an effort to strengthen ties between the US and the UK. David Cameron is currently on an official state visit to the US, the second state visit between the two countries in a year since the Obama’s trip to the UK in May 2011. Whilst it is Samantha Cameron and Michelle Obama’s fashion choices that seem to be grabbing most of the headlines as regards the trip, it is important to understand the political implications behind the move. Essentially, when David Cameron revealed his unwillingness to commit to a Euro-bailout fund that was championed the French and German chancellors, Merkel and Sarkozy, he partially exiled the UK from the EU. Whether or not you believe that this was the right or the wrong move by Cameron, it means that the UK is less politically welcome in Europe than before the referendum. Whereas we do not have to contribute to the IMF’s 700 billion Euro (581.5 billion pound) bailout fund that is soon to be gifted to Greece and other near-bankrupt countries, we are not as welcome at

Gay marriage row continues after Archbishop denounces proposals for homosexual religious unions UK’s AAA Credit rating given negative outlook Millie Kidson The credit rating service 'Moody's' has given Britain a notice of 'negative outlook'. This has come as a shock to many in the government and in the banking industry. Other credit rating companies such as 'Standard and Poor's' and 'Fitch' had concluded that the British economy was not at risk of being downgraded. Though many other nations in Europe, such as Spain and France, have been downgraded in recent months, Britain had previously been left with its stable rating of ‘AAA’. This rating will remain unchanged, a

the table of European politics any more. In lieu of a lack of political allies, David Cameron is seeking to strengthen ties across the Atlantic. Obama is attempting to do the same, with his forthcoming Republican challenge on the horizon. The UK and US have a long history of diplomacy, firstly, because of linguistic, historical

Rosie Krzyzanowska

Royal Flush as Prince Harry Visits Belize Millie Kidson Prince Harry has recently completed a ten-day tour of Belize, the Bahamas and Jamaica as part of his tour for the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee year. He also visited Brazil carrying out promotional tasks for the government as well as working on his foundation, Sentebale. Whilst in Belize, the twenty-sevenyear-old drank local rum and danced with the local people. Remarking on his visit he spoke of his love for the music, culture and people. Surrounded by enthusiastic fans, Prince Harry arrived in the Bahamas on the 4th March, where he began his visit in a slightly calmer manner than the street parties of Belize, meeting with a number of dignitaries at the Christ Church Cathedral. He returned to his playboy image

during a golf-cart ride around Harbour Island later that day, when hordes of women blew kisses at the prince. Prince Harry described his Grandmother’s affection for the Bahamas, saying that it “stretches back over the decades, right to that first visit in 1966.” His speech served as an effort to remind listeners that the British Monarchy maintains its longstanding relationship with the Commonwealth. By contrast, ahead of his visit to Jamaica, the country’s Prime Minister, Portia Simpson Miller had publicly expressed a desire to mark the Prince’s visit as an opportunity to cast off Queen Elizabeth as the country’s head of state, affirming its recent independence. Harry chose to shrug off what could have proved an awkward moment with an enthusiastic hug for the Prime Minister. Whilst in Jamaica Harry raced with Usain Bolt on the University of the West Indies’ track, before becoming an honorary fellow of the Law Faculty. The Prince’s duties included enhancing economic ties and building enthusiasm for the approaching Olympics. These serious aspects of the visit were balanced with a charity polo match in Campinas, after



World News

One year on, violence continues on the streets of Syria National Council clash with the National Co-ordination Committee on issues such as government policy and foreign intervention. Differences with the Free Syrian Army, army defectors seeking to topple Assad, have led the international community to wonder if peace can ever be achieved in the region. The United States branded the UN veto “unacceptable”, but President Barack Obama has stated there will be no military intervention, telling the BBC “The notion that the way to solve every one of these problems is to deploy our military... hasn't been true in the past, and it won't be true now." The Liverpool Arab Society recently held a fundraising week in which they succeeded in generating over £7,000 to donate to Syria Relief.

Rosie Butler

It has now been a year since the first protests against President Bashar alAssad in Syria, and the conflict seems no nearer to abating despite escalating violence. After the Arab Spring that toppled both Hosni Mubarak in Egypt and Muammar Gadaffi in Libya, and was sparked by an uprising against President Ben Ali of Tunisia, the Syrian government has been attempting a crackdown to prevent a revolution of the same kind. The United Nations have claimed, “thousands of deaths” have occurred, but on the 4th of February 2012 a UN resolution calling on Assad to step down was vetoed by China and Russia. This prompted 200 aid groups, including Christian Aid and Human Rights Watch, to call on the Security Council to unite in ending the violence. Homs, seen as the main opposition stronghold, has been under continuous bombardment and shelling, with many arrested and tortured. Several larger attacks have been made besides the underlying conflict, including one that left photographer Remi Ochlik and Sunday Times journalist Marie Colvin among the dead. In response to the killings, French President Nicolas Sarkozy

Conflict between Israel and Palestine escalates Spencer Montagu After continued confrontations between the two embittered states, an Egyptian brokered ceasefire has been called between Israel and Palestine. Since being implemented, there have been continued if infrequent rocket fire between the two states. Both states aim to keep the peace but Israel have warned that they will continue pre-emptive strikes if they become aware of strikes planned on them. The violence, which lasted 4 days, was littered with air strikes from both sides of the border, ultimately killing 25 Palestinians.This bout of fighting was triggered by an Israeli air strike in the Gaza region.

Syria Key Dates 15/03/11: ‘Day of Rage’ sees street protests across Syria

commented, “This regime must go and there is no reason that Syrians don’t have the right to live their lives and choose their destiny freely.” British Prime Minister David Cameron recently said, "The shortest way of ending the violence is a transition where Assad goes, rather than a revolution from the bottom." Mr Assad has been accused of concentrating power in the hands of his family and the Alawites, the Shia heterodox sect to which Mr Assad

Their target was a senior leader of the Palestinian militant group the Popular Resistance Committee, but fatalities throughout the weekend also included at least 4 civilians, one known to be a twelve-year-old boy. In light of the ceasefire it has come out that images tweeted by both sides supposedly showing the current conflict were in fact several years old. One Palestinian photo claimed to show a female casualty, but was in fact an accidental death. The Israeli tweet, which came from the government spokesman Ofir Gendelmen, was captioned with: "When a rocket fired by terrorists from Gaza is about to hit their home." As it was posted during the conflicts and from an official source, his twitter followers assumed that it was a contemporary photo. However when questioned he replied “I never stated that the photo was current. It illustrates the fear that people in southern Israel live in." Controversially, the father of the kidnapped Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit has publicly said he understands why Palestinians kidnapped Israelis. He claimed he would do likewise in the same situation, citing the use of similar force by Israelis against the British when attempting to realise Israel after WWII and the Holocaust.

belongs, leaving the Sunni majority of 74% unable to access jobs and basic amenities. The value of the Syrian pound crashed after Arab League, EU and US sanctions on tourism and the oil trade, leaving the economy in decline and causing difficulties such as electricity blackouts and basic food shortages. Last September, the UN Special Rapporteur on the right to food expressed concern that an estimated 2

to 3 million people in Syria were living in “extreme poverty”. Amnesty International claims that in 2011 the authorities “continued to use state of emergency powers to punish and silence their critics, including political activists, human rights defenders, bloggers and Kurdish minority rights activists.” The country has been in a state of emergency since 1963. There are also divisions amongst the opposition, as members of the Syrian

EU, USA & Japan challenge China over Rare Earths James Margeson

The European Union (EU), United States (US) and Japan have launched a c a s e i n t h e Wo r l d T r a d e Organisation (WTO) against China over restrictions on the export of rare earth minerals. Rare earths are ubiquitous in modern t e c h n o l o g y, a n d e s s e n t i a l f o r manufacturing industries. China currently accounts for 97% of the world output of rare earth minerals. US President Barak Obama demanded China “let the market work on its own” and claimed the country was breaking WTO rules by limiting

25/03/11: Troops open fire on protestors for the first time 18/08/11: B. Obama condemns “horrifying” assaults on Homs 04/10/11: Russia and China veto proposed UN sanctions 15/03/12: U.N announce more than 8,000 Syrians have been killed

exports. The WTO is often regarded as a controversial organisation aiming to liberalise world trade, and comprises 153 members. Included in its remit is resolving trade disputes between participating states, and it has processes designed to enforce the organisation’s rules. China claims its export restrictions are intended to protect the environment and preserve supplies of the valuable resource. "We regret their decision to complain to the WTO," China's Minister of Industry and Information Technology Miao Wei said, according to the official Xinhua news agency. "In the meantime, we are actively preparing to defend ourselves." This is only the latest in a ratcheting up of trade disputes between the state capitalist giant and its more economically liberal export markets. The EU, US and Japan have all been actively backing efforts to find alternative sources of rare earth elements, in an effort to break the Chinese domination of the market. Japan is said to be particularly concerned about the potential for China to use REEs as a geopolitical weapon, as relations have worsened since the Senkaku boat collision incident in 2010.




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Physiological discovery suggests we may have false memories Nancy Powell

How good is your memory? Or should we be asking; how accurate is your memory? When we bring together our recollections, how true are they? What is it that makes us experience false memories? These questions have challenged psychologists for years and for the first time, published this year, physiological measurements have been used to investigate false memories and find a change in the

body that indicates when false memories are occurring in our mind. Memories are fragments that we stitch together on a daily basis and never a whole reproduction. So it comes as no surprise to find that false memories are common and indeed becoming a serious problem in places where accurate recollection is not only essential but in control. Memory can be curved to fit around historical events, psychiatrists for many years, have acknowledged that when it comes to childhood sexual

European Commission fund UOL anti-Dirty Bomb project

University Physicists measure anti-matter David Hillier Physicists at the University of Liverpool have carried out detailed spectroscopic measurements of antimatter. These new findings build on prior research done by the team, previously part of the APLHA collaboration at CERN in Geneva, in which they had managed to routinely trap anti-hydrogen atoms; the antimatter counterpart of hydrogen. These new spectroscopic measurements help to further understanding of the origins of the Universe. Antimatter is the mirror image of normal physical matter, containing the opposite electrical charge to regular particles known to exist in the Universe. Although antimatter is known to exist, the fact that only matter can be seen in the physical world has long perplexed scientists. These latest findings by ALPHA suggest that anti-hydrogen atoms can be studied in detail, and may provide a powerful investigative tool for

abuse, it’s important to be careful not to implant false memories by the use of pictures or cues. When it comes to giving evidence in court as a witness, could ample amounts of false memories convict individuals incorrectly? These implications have been difficult to reliably determine as no evidence has been seen to distinguish between false memories or factually correct memories, however, at the Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and mental health, in Freiburg Germany, a new

physiological test has been reported to identify when false memories occur. Ali Baioui and fellow researchers used their variation on the DeeseRoediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm, this method creates false memories in a controlled experiment, the standard DRM paradigm works by giving participants a list of 12 associated words to learn for e x a m p l e , b e d , s h e e t , p i l l o w. Immediately the participants are given another list with some of the same words from the first list along as ‘lures’ of new associated words e.g. dream and then asked to recall which words were included in the initial list. Baioui found a high level of recall so participants remembered many of the lures being part of the first list. Modifying the DRM paradigm with visual stimuli instead of words, participants, whilst linked to electrodes measuring their skin conductance, breathing, finger pulse and heart rate, were asked to identify whether or not they had seen any of the illustrations they had viewed previously. This study into memory is the first to use physiological measurements, which were taken as they are all controlled by the autonomic nervous system, meaning they are controlled automatically without our own conscious thought. The researchers predicted that the false recognition of items would be less significant than those encountered before thus associated with decreased skin

conductance and this is exactly what they found. Recall rates were far lower than those seen in the standard DRM studies using word lists. In both groups, participants falsely recognised significantly more related lure items than unrelated ones. There was a significant difference between the groups in the skin conductance. When the experimental group recalled the lures falsely, skin conductance was reduced. True recognition of the studied items caused increased conductance. All other parameters did not change when false recall occurred. Dipl.-Psych. Ali Baioui - 2008: Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg Alumni - 2009: Professor at Bender institute of Neuroimaging

So can these results be applied to say for instance, Law? Well, no. As with all psychological studies, initially the unreal settings in which the results are obtained in laboratory conditions are not representative of physiology and recollection in a natural environment. However the physiological findings from Germany may eventually lead to identifying implicit knowledge in certain practical situations. There is of course, an exciting potential of a possible role in rehabilitating amnesia patients in the future.

How a Dirty Bomb could spread radiation

Dani Telford

the future. Liverpool Group leader, Professor Paul Nolan, said: “Despite the extreme technical difficulties involved we have now shown that it is possible to carry out spectroscopic measurements with neutral antiatoms. ALPHA will continue to improve the achieved precision and help us to find out if the anti-world is hiding any secrets from us.”

The European Commission has funded a £3 million international project, which sees scientists at the University of Liverpool, developing a test for nuclear materials that could prevent the construction of atomic weapons and ‘dirty bombs’. The scheme, which is supported by the International Atomic Energy Agency and the European Atomic Energy Community, will deliver a prototype mobile detection system to reduce the risk of radioactive and nuclear materials, Special Nuclear Material (SNM), being used for terrorism. The work exploits the University’s expertise in the development of particle detectors, both for fundamental science in experiments like the Large Hadron Collider at CERN and in applications in the areas

of homeland security and medical physics. Professor Christos Touramanis from the University’s Department of Physics said: “Current systems to detect SNM have a number of limitations. Materials tend to be smuggled inside commercial containers and special enclosures

inside can minimise the escaping telltale radiation. The system we’re developing will rely heavily on noble gas detection modules supported by robust, lightweight electronics and intelligent analysis algorithms, integrated in portable units that can be used by security personnel at ports of entry.”



Features & Comment

Let Liverpool Grow Spencer Montagu The concrete spires and tower cranes of Merepark’s Central Village are beginning to rise above Bold Street and Renshaw Street, marking the birth of what some locals are already calling ‘Liverpool Two’. Local sources seem to believe that Peel Holding’s Liverpool Waters project is to get the green light when its fate is decided on the 6th of March. With these two huge development projects in their infancy I find myself reflecting on whether Liverpool is in need of development. Bereft of large scale investment and development throughout the 80s and 90s, this influx following Liverpool One’s success can only be beneficial, right? On the other hand Liverpool has only recently grasped the full potential of its heritage, with the acquisition of both UNESCO’s World Heritage Status in 2004 and the coveted European Capital of Culture award in 2008, helping the city rise up from its less than glorious recent past. Tourists are now flooding into the city at an unprecedented rate, bringing with them money and returning a metropolitan feel that Liverpool was once famous for. So if further development is to harm this, as both UNESCO and English Heritage believe, is it fair to continue? The biggest of these projects, causing the most commotion, is Liverpool Waters, on which I have spent hours reading the proposed plans and their counter-arguments. The main points of contention stem from UNESCO arguing of Liverpool’s past as a horizontal landscape (a characteristic of the warehouses which lined the coast in its maritime prime) would be

damaged by the further inclusion of skyscrapers to the north, in turn distorting the perceived symmetry of the Pier Head. The points of contention make me question whether UNESCO are missing the point a little. On paper the city was awarded the heritage status for bring ‘outstanding universal value’ on three grounds: Dock construction and innovation. Maritime mercantile culture. Example of a world class mercantile city. The grounds for contempt do not seem to fall under any of these categories. It could be argued that warehouses fall under Dockland innovation, yet in their current state of abandonment and disrepair they serve to highlight nothing of Liverpool’s past. Peel holdings have clearly stated that all heritage assets, will be restored with information

Liverpool Waters What’s proposed?

60 hectare site £5.5b developments Extensive canal links Rapid transit railway Cruise liner terminal Residential, cultural & commercial buildings

explaining their historical use and in the case of the actual docks, they will be once again put into use. Surely the revival and restoration, as opposed to the current state of degradation, can only enhance the first two of UNESCO’s original conditions? As for the third (more social) condition, this was apparent through Europe’s first China town, Britain’s first black

community, and the world’s first hospital devoted to tropical medicine. All these things are a testament to a city that has prided itself on being international and metropolitan something which this project cannot harm. With the amount of foreign investment towards the project, it can o n l y b o l s t e r L i v e r p o o l ’s Internationalism. In UNESCO’s defences they have not said Liverpool will definitely lose its World Heritage Status, they’ve merely hinted at it. Even so, it’s a bold claim as the land in question is made up by less than half World Heritage land and in total only makes up 22% of the World Heritage allocation. If we look at the similar example of HafenCity in Hamburg, while devoid of World Heritage Status, it is still a city which shares not only Liverpool’s maritime past but was also severely destroyed during the war and even claims a stake in the cash cow that is Beatles history. On visiting I felt the renovations of the former dockland warehouses enhanced the maritime past of the city, yet allowed the city to also continue in another direction. I am confident in Liverpool Waters ability to re-create the same atmosphere in our city. It’s hard to effectively argue that the project is damaging Liverpool’s heritage when the area is currently out of reach to the public and razed to the ground. Central Village causes mixed emotions. As with Liverpool Waters, the regeneration of an area of unused land is necessarily a positive, but with Central Village the problems which arise concern what shall be placed in this land. Crucial to this project is the reworking of Central Station, a blessing for anyone who commutes

daily, all 46,000 of them. Regularly voted one of the worst stations in the country whilst being the second busiest underground station outside of London, this work is long overdue. Other positives of the scheme include reviving the Lewis’ department store

“Liverpool One may have been a commercial success, but it homogenised the city, a trend I believe Central Village will continue” building, which otherwise would have lay abandoned. It will form part of the additional 442 hotel rooms Central Village is adding to the city. Currently it’s practically impossible to get a room in Liverpool at the weekend, thus the rise of hotels everywhere, so assuming the trend continues and stabilises, it’s a welcome addition to our city. Conversely, other tenants of the project are less impressive. Odeon the anchor tenant causes much trepidation. The proposal to include a smaller (6 screen) Odeon cinema in such close proximity to F.A.C.T could be deadly for the latter which has become an institution since its inception. While F.A.C.T no doubt caters to a different audience than your conventional megaplex, screening more art-house films and playing host to various art exhibitions, it’s fair to suggest a part of its revenue comes from more

casual cinema goers. Littered throughout the other named tenants are typically bland eateries found in every and all cities, which are at complete odds with the atmosphere and ethos of Bold Street and RopeWalks surrounding them. Liverpool One may have been a success in bringing franchises that the city lacked, but in doing so it homogenised the city - a trend I believe Central Village will continue. All the while, this is at the expense of Liverpool’s more culturally diverse shopping areas, namely Quiggins and the independent shops lining Bold Street which flank the development site. This problem stems from the high rents of new builds which alienate local commerce, who could counter the invasion of a beige shopping monoculture. At the heart of it, there isn’t a war to be fought between heritage and development. Development must continue, lest Liverpool return to the deprived and neglected 80s, but just as crucially, however, it must respect the past of the city it is trying to rejuvenate. I firmly believe that Liverpool Waters will find the correct balance, for conservation of desolate ground in the name of heritage seems completely redundant. Similar objections were made during the conception of the Three Graces, and yet they are now some of the most beloved buildings in the country, playing a huge part in tourism. My reservations still stand towards Central Village; another identikit development in the city centre doesn’t make sense to me. But I guess only time can tell if the place becomes a success, and whether or not this will come at the expense of its surroundings.



Waste of time or pivotally important?

Adele Halsall From Monday 27th February onwards, the Guild rather quickly became transformed in front of our very eyes. Walls suddenly covered in repeated faces that would soon be extremely familiar to us (if they weren’t already); not being able to sit

at a table and eat lunch before sweeping away the piles of flyers that littered it; seeing clusters of students sporting themed t-shirts in support of their candidate of choice...perhaps even some Guild events being interrupted with candidate speeches to plug their own campaign (conveniently or inconveniently, depending on how you look at it). It’s the same stuff that comes around this

time every academic year, and whether we’re impartial to it or not, it’s undoubtedly one of the most crucial moments in our university calendar. It’s the Guild elections, of course. Two weeks later, after an excellent effort from each of our candidates and their campaign teams, Sam Butler was proclaimed the triumphant winner last Friday, the 16th, and will be planted firmly in the Presidency hot-seat for the upcoming academic year. Joining him will be new Vice Presidents Maggie Hayes, Chidinma Nwokoro and Tom Bee. Meanwhile, in the election for Student Trustees, Martin Poile and James Telfer came out on top, whilst Bob Sutton, Maggie Hayes, and Charlotte Nichols will be representing our student body at the NUS conference in April, ensuring that our views shape the national agenda. But what does it all mean? For those actively involved in political events at the Guild, and probably also a specific presidency campaign, there’s a whole world of incentives and matters of importance to deal with. With the Guild traditionally a place which students at the university can rely on for accurate representation, learning support and extra-curricular activities and social events that compliment their degree, one assumes the essential purpose of the Guild Elections is to make a change. But is change really possible in this current climate? Leaving that aside for a moment, what about those within the student body that don’t really keep up with how the running of the guild is managed, and furthermore, don’t care? During the campaigning period, LSFilm presenters went out into the campus streets to conduct brief interviews with students at random to discover just how much they knew (or cared) about the impending elections. What we saw was that very few people seemed to know what the

James Margeson

A quiet revolution is taking place in the back rooms of universities. Next year, freshers will wander cautiously into their first lecture, not as citizens enjoying a universal right, but firmly defined as consumers purchasing a product. This is euphemistically referred to within the echelons of university management as ‘the changing education landscape of the UK’. The men wielding a metaphorical JCB are David Willets and Vince Cable, co-authors of the Higher Education White Paper and the ministers responsible for vast cuts in teaching grants with the attendant raising of the fee cap to £9000. These are only the latest in series of moves over the last decade from successive governments, slowly but surely pushing for privatisation of our universities. At the heart of the matter is a battle over what higher education is for. Higher education (HE) has operated for the last century on the principle of generating knowledge through research, and disseminating it to students, thereby benefiting all of society. Students gain skills and knowledge, but crucially develop critical thinking. A more educated society benefits everyone; economically, socially and culturally.

current SROs have actually been doing, or, to a lesser extent, achieved. This is of course no reflection on the efforts of the SROs themselves; in my opinion, it is simply more likely that a) many students are in fact apathetic about the goings on within the Guild, or b) aims and progress of the Guild are perhaps not as well publicised as they could (or should) be. Or a combination of both. It’s quite ironic that whilst some people were ambling around in blissful ignorance of, or in apathy

“Is change really possible in this current climate?” towards, this spectacle-bound campus event, others were spending their days whizzing around campus stressfully organising and managing campaign plans, whilst others still were going all-out to cover every aspect of the elections they could and deliver the lowdown to the rest of the student population; whether it be in film, or in print. I too was once one of those apathetic people. Last year, I did care about the Guild and how it was run (it has of course played a huge part in my time at university in ways I can’t even begin to list). But somehow I viewed the elections as being somehow separate to what was going on. I saw the posters, the many eyes following me as I passed through the halls; I glanced at many flyers; I found the array of t-shirts entertaining. But I guess I never believed that whoever was going to be in charge the following year was going to have a massive effect on my time within the Guild. As long as I still had a place to eat lunch, practice with my band and meet with my favourite societies, I was set. Of course these things didn’t change as a result of 2011’s election results, but I have learned this year that there

are way bigger fish to fry. Being on the student council this year has opened my eyes to the magnitude of issues there are to actually deal with in regards to perfecting every aspect of the student experience. Campaigns (from international to local) and fighting higher education cuts have seemed to be high up on this year’s list of priorities for the S.R.Os. Can we say their presence and their efforts have truly benefitted our Guild? Such a question is down to individual opinion, but we cannot rule out that change may be a mere fantasy for hopeful leaders within student guilds and unions everywhere. Talking to a friend of mine, Band Society coPresident, Liverpool Pulse Society founder, and fellow student council m e m b e r, L e i g h - A n g e l B e v a n expressed her disdain at the way the Guild is run by the elusive powersthat-be; the higher staff that run and work for the Guild. Speaking of our recent President, she stated, “Maev McDaid is probably the most proactive and passionate activist ever to make presidency, yet even she can’t break the constraints enforced by the Guild, and make the changes we wish to see.” Her views made me wonder...are we dealing with circumstances we can’t control? No doubt there is always another side to the story when evaluating a leader’s apparent success or failure. And so, with this in mind, are Guild Elections still relevant? I believe Sam Butler will do well as next year’s LGoS President. His genuine, seemingly holistic approach to major student issues and openminded attitude are sure to be valuable assets within a place so easily governed by non-student orientated goals. Joined by ambitious power-woman Maggie Hayes and Chidinma Nwokoro, the only international student to have been elected, I personally feel quite hopeful for the welfare of Liverpool’s university students next year.

The quiet assault on public education This basic philosophy is the underpinning principle on which free higher education funded through general taxation was based. In recent years however, a different radically different agenda has been creeping in. David Willets views education exclusively in terms of career prospects, and the job that students gain at the end of it. This logic produces the ideological justification for tuition fees and student debt. A degree is a capital investment in your future earnings. The problem is that now nearly half of all young people go onto some form of HE. The assumption that a degree will vastly improve future earnings is increasingly misleading. By their very nature high paid jobs are exclusive and limited in number. “The cake is a lie.” In the USA, where this ideology of education has dominated for some time, the phenomena of ‘subprime’ degrees are beginning to be observed. In those cases, the graduate does not

earn enough to service their loans after graduation. In one extreme example, people leave university with a nursing degree that does not qualify the student to practice as a nurse. That such a system is unsustainable should be patently clear, and this is where, bit by bit, the government is taking us.

“This assault on the education system is not exclusive to H.E” The quiet assault on education is not just confined to HE. Education Minister Michael Gove has been vocal in his plans for history at secondary school. In a speech back in 2010 he called for students to learn about our “island story” as a “connected narrative”, as opposed to the skills based approach we currently have.

At the time Tom Devine, professor of history at the University of Edinburgh, rightly accused Gove of promoting “history as chauvinism”. Notorious reactionary historian David Starkey goes further than the Tories, demanding schools use the History curriculum to enforce a “monoculture” that immigrants must “assimilate” into. Conservatives view education as a means of depositing ready formed knowledge and narratives into students’ heads, with the ultimate aim that they gain the skills necessary for work. Educationalist Paulo Freire described this as the 'banking' model of education, depositing knowledge into empty vessels. By this model education is used to enchain students, moulding them into a shape that fits the world as it is, and getting them used to uncritically accepting facts and narratives. Ultimately we are faced with a stark choice about what education is and who it is for. On the one hand is an

unsustainable system that treats education only as a financial asset, to serve the world as it is now. The alternative is critical, or “emancipatory”, education. In this conception it is not the teachers’ jobs to simply deposit knowledge, but to promote critical understanding. This view of education enhances students as autonomous individuals, and prepares our population for possible futures, not just the world as it currently stands. It is clear who benefits from the two approaches. The first benefits employers, allows private firms to make money from an education and generally serves to perpetuate the financially unstable and ruthlessly class stratified society we have today. The second throws the benefits of education open to all of society, so everyone can have access to learning. Or, to borrow a slogan from the student protests of 2010, “education is not an asset or business or a privilege; education is a right.”

THE SPHINX Ashley Manning Since the introduction of the motion p i c t u r e i n t h e 1 9 t h C e n t u r y, civilisation has had the capability to visualise real and fictitious events on a mass scale. When journalistic reportage began to translate onto the big screen, we were presented with the possibility of broadcasting and documenting real life events that could catch the public eye and resonate for years after the events occurrence. R e c e n t l y, t h i s t e c h n o l o g i c a l phenomenon has been heavily scrutinised for exploiting historically true examples of brutality and tragedy. It was recently announced that the documentary entitled, Paradise Lost 3: Purgatory, has been nominated for an Oscar. Causing uproar with the families involved in the tragedy, it forces us to question: does cinema glorify awful historical moments of extreme inhumane activity, or does it lend itself to simply highlight important elements of societies past for each of us to learn from? The documentary itself, split into a trilogy, depicts the story of the murder of the three minors Stevie Edward Branch, Christopher Byers and Michael Moore in Robin Hood Hills, Memphis, in 1993. At the time, the offence was assumed to be the result of a Satanic Ritual carried out by three teenage boys who had previous convictions for minor criminal acts and each having such ow IQ scores that they were deemed capable of such brutality. The three cub-scouts were found hogtied naked in a creek, having suffered multiples injuries such as knife wounds and suspected rape and castration. This


Purgatory of the media’s artistic license

families are infuriated by the deaths of their sons being plastered on the silver screen; it is easy to believe that the story of their death is being exploited for financial gain. But the documentary along with the many other cinematic masterpieces serves a beneficial purpose. If the legacy of these children was lost forever, nothing would have been learnt. For this act of cruelty to be forgotten, in some sense, deems it acceptable; it just becomes another every day occurrence that no one publicly asserts as completely intolerable.

“These victims will never be forgotten”

crime hit the headlines not only for the horrific details of the murder, but also for the controversy behind the conviction of those imprisoned for it. Many have, in the past, campaigned for the release of Damien Echols, Jessie Misskelley Jr. and Jason Baldwin claiming that the evidence was inconclusive and the police department that dealt with it was corrupt. The three men were released last August after pleading guilty in return for freedom for the length of time they had already served. Breakthroughs in evidence are always emerging and many now suspect one of the boys’ stepfathers to be guilty.

But without delving too deeply into the horrors that the trial of 1993 unearthed, one must return to the original question that was posed.

“Each man plead guilty in return for his freedom” In the past, films and documentaries have depicted some of the most horrific and shameful moments of human existence. Take for example Schindler's List’s retelling of the holocaust from the Second World

War or World Trade centre, which portrays the disaster of 9/11. The media repeatedly offers us the opportunity to discover the details and consequences of humanities brutality upon its own race. These two films were successful in the box office and their sensitive portrayal of the specific events wasn’t so heavily criticised. So why is this documentary any different? Can it be granted exemption from the prying eyes of the public, or must it go under scrutiny just like the rest of history? Brutal and tragic events must be reopened for people to examine them. It is understandable that the individual

Paradise Lost 3: Purgatory, as a specific example, allows today’s society to understand the corruption of the judicial system in America in the late 20th century and appreciate the more transparent system that is operated nowadays. It warns us of the cruelty of humanity and the frailty of life and most of all, it highlights the undeserved suffering felt. The families have every right to be outraged by the documentary. But just like Schindler's List, (albeit the difference in the scale of murder) the cinematic footage wasn’t created to glamorise what had happened but rather to artistically create a realm in which those victims involved will always remain and never be forgotten. For that very reason, directors should have artistic license to create films and documentaries because when done tastefully, cinema has the capability of unveiling events so we can learn from them, rather than exploit them to make money.

The F word: Why women still need to fight for equality Georgina Rose March 8th was International Women’s Day (IWD), an annual event which has been attempting to draw attention to the importance of women’s rights for over a century. In the run up to the 8th, there has been a significant increase in the number of features focusing on women’s rights, both online and in newspapers and magazines. In Liverpool the _______ Soc held a number of events, including a film screening, women’s self-defence course and releasing balloons in Abercrombie Square, focusing on this year’s theme of ‘CONNECTING GIRLS, INSPIRING FUTURES’. In looking forward to the future, we should first look back. When the first IWD was held in 1911, women were regarded by society and by law as second class citizens, mainly dependent on husbands and fathers, with few legal rights. Now we have the legal right to vote, to be paid the same as our male peers, to say no to sex with anyone, even our husbands, to take control of our bodies and choose when/if we want children; we can choose to pursue a career, have a child without marrying the father, make decisions about our lives, without being totally ostracised from normal society. The perseverance and determination of many women and men, and the suffering of a few, spanning three centuries, has brought

us so far. But we have a long way to go, and sometimes it feels like we have slid backwards. Women fought and died to highlight and remove the inequalities in society, but where once our mothers and grandmothers proudly called themselves feminists (even when others called them a lot of other things!), ‘feminism’ is treated as a dirty word in the media, which associates it with bra-burning hippies with bad hair and hairy legs. And it really shouldn’t be. In one of my first lectures on critical reading my lecturer asked who considered themselves a feminist. Only a handful put up their hands. Then she asked who believed that men and women should have equal rights. I couldn’t see a single hand down. But the truth is these ideas are one and the same. In recent years “SlutWalks” have sought to ‘reclaim’ traditionally female-oriented derogatory words (which

have been praised and condemned by the women’s rights community); personally I think we need to reclaim the F-word. I have heard some people state that there is no need to be a feminist now - that the battle was won and women and men are now viewed as equals. How I

wish this were true. The Equality Act (2010) means that women and men doing the same job should be paid the same wages, but despite the Office of National Statistics saying that in 2011 the gender pay gap was at its lowest ever level, the fact remains that it still exists and women earn 19.5% less than men. It is sad to think that over 40 years after the sewing machinists’ strike (that inspired the film Made in Dagenham) led to the Equal Pay Act of 1970 , women are still paid less for doing the same job. The Davies Report of 2011 noted that “companies with more women on their boards were found to outperform their rivals with a 42% higher return in sales, 66% higher return on invested capital and 53% higher return on equity”. Those are incredible differences which show that diversity in the top jobs could have a massive impact on enterprise, which could greatly help the economy. Yet women are still in the minority on most boards of directors, with only 7.8% of f e m a l e directors in FTSE 250 companies. In Parliament

there are 504 male and 145 female MPs - that three and a half times more men than women. In the Cabinet, the figures get even worse - out of 23 cabinet posts only 5 are held by women. For a group that makes up roughly 50% of the population, women are woefully under-represented in the halls of power. So why the discrepancy? Why does the glass ceiling still seem to be in place?

“We still need to end the discrimination which seems to be endemic in our society” In order to provide both our own, and the next generation of women with brighter futures, we need to end the discrimination that still seems to be endemic within our society. We need to work towards a future where men and women are equal in the board room, where everyone is paid the same for doing the same job, where women are not made to feel like evil power-hungry harpies when they speak up and demand equal rights.



Arts & Culture Florence & The Machine: Live at the Manchester MCR

60 Seconds with Matt Cardle

Nathalie Phillips

Matt Cardle rose to fame when he won the X Factor in 2010. The Essex-born singer landed a £1 million recording contract, and that year his debut single, When We Collide, reached number 1 in the charts. He is now back with a new album and ready to go for his UK tour. The Sphinx caught up with Matt to find out how it’s all going and to find a bit more about his rise to the top!

The meteoric success of Florence Welch, Indie-pop’s leading front woman, has done little in the way of slowing down. Since the act’s emergence in 2007, Florence and the Machine have been catapulted into a world very unlike their early days of playing in grungy bars. Lungs, their ubiquitous début album, established a romantic, harp based musicality, with a focus on the worldly leading lady, Florence. Ceremonials became another instant hit and the band developed in scope and skill, their sound was much more refined. Florence, embracing an elegant, sepia toned style, and doing away with her outlandish antics. Though having said this, just because she doesn’t

climb stage scaffolding anyone doesn’t mean she isn’t still a party animal. Her presence on stage becoming ever more mesmerising; the band’s sound is epic and ground shaking. Or at least this was the case at Manchester’s MCR Arena on the March 15th. Playing to a phenomenally packed out venue, the set opened with the dream like Only if for a Night a gorgeous harp solo introduced Florence herself, backed by light and framed by Art Deco panelling. She stepped down onto the stage amongst typical cloak like attire. Throughout, Florence and the Machine kept up a typically beautiful performance, though some may say it was at times a bit too highly polished and practiced. Though, this is inevitable if you become an international

superstar. What the Water Gave Me, Heartlines and other tracks from the new album filled the arena with awe inspiring sound. Ceremonials highlight came, however, when Shake it Out began. A song about letting go, progressing and leaving mystical demons behind, Shake it

Tom Chew

Ian Hall

David Hillier

Tom Chew

“This, was a typically beautiful performance” Out was written on a hangover. In true Welch style she dedicated it to anyone who had experienced a heavy weekend, and it’s safe to say nearly everyone in that arena shook off some metaphorical demons for its duration. The set was peppered with

tracks from Lungs, such as Dog Days are Over, Rabbit Heart (Raise it Up) and Cosmic Love. All equally astounding in their own right, but what with a stadium of thousands they were taken to another level. Hearing all those people sing and dance in unison was quite a special moment. Leaving the stage with immense thanks and overwhelming light, Flo returned for the encore of You’ve Got the Love and Never Let Me Go. The former is most certainly the track which set off the bands super stardom, it created deafening applause. The latter being a hauntingly, beautiful track about drowning, a morbid theme which Florence can’t get enough of. The performance, like all of their others, quite rightly shows why Florence and the Machine are so loved and so epic. Samiran Culbert

Your new album was released last October, called ‘Letters’. It must be a really exciting and busy time for you! It’s full on. I started playing the guitar when I was 11, and after trying for such a long time to be recognised, now people are taking me seriously, and my music seriously. And your tour is starting soon... Yeah, I’m coming to the Liverpool Philharmonic on the 14th March. Are you going to be there? Of course! Considering you were trying to be recognised for so long, you must have really enjoyed making this album. Yes, definitely. It’s nice to see it in an actual case. I’ve made albums before, and my Dad and my mates had them, but they were never professional. The second track on your album, Run for your Life was written by Gary Barlow. Have you worked with him in the studio? Yes, Gary wrote this particular song then sent it on to me. I added my own touches on it, and then sent it back to him to see what he thought. You’ve come a long way to get to this point. Since winning the X Factor, are there ever times when you miss you ‘previous’ life? Well, obviously I love all my fans, I really appreciate their support, but there are sometimes I’d like to just go for a quiet pint with my mates without being recognised.

Bruce Springsteen Wrecking Ball

Lionel Richie Tuskegee

Michael Kiwanuka Home Again

Bowerbirds The Clearing





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The blue-collar hero returns with Wrecking Ball, Springsteen’s musical response to the recent worldwide economic downturn. The title track is a chime led, angry yet optimistic piece that speaks of ‘hard times coming’, the jazziness is turned up ten-fold and despite its dark undertones Wrecking Ball is a corker of a track. The overall sound and rhythm of Wrecking Ball aims to stir the soul and demands you to dance. Its relentless drum beats and sunny strings grab you by the ears and rarely loosen their grip. Another Born in the U.S.A success we think.

Yes, the production values are extremely polished, but is that always a bad thing? The BBC's Sound of 2012 winner shows on this debut that he can be more than just a smooth voice. “I'm getting ready” sounds like a mixture of Nick Drake, Marvin Gaye and Bob Dylan; Kiwanuka's simple, folky guitar complimented by subtle use of synths and an assured croon. Whilst there is filler to be found here with over-done tracks such as “I won't lie,” the title track, with its excellent guitar-work, is a vibrant highlight.

The Clearing sees these American Indie Folk troubadours straddle the line between Indie and Folk effortlessly, moulding catchy - and at times - very sobering notions of intimacy via their vintage synths and chugging acoustic guitars. The album is riddled with atmospheric masterpieces, such as the opener Tuck the Darkness In, which all absorb you into the band’s unique and heart-breaking world. Though the format does become somewhat weary towards the 11th track, there are far more diamonds than rough to be found.

Have your musical tastes or influences changed since you won X Factor? I wouldn’t say they have changed, actually. My influences have come from artists such as Kurt Cobain. At the moment I’m enjoying listening to a bit of Rihanna to be honest! You have achieved so much over roughly the past 2 years, what is the challenge now? What is the next step? Pretty much the tour, and then I’ll be starting work on the next album. What part of your tour are you looking forward to most? The Liverpool Philharmonic of course!



Katie Melua


The Vow

Review of the singers latest: Secret Symphony Remain: at the o2 Academy Live review

Channing Tatum & Co get all mushy in 2012’s must-see chick flick

A look at the life and work of legendary director David Lynch James Baxter Take a passing glance at the wealth of good cinema and directorial talent over the last thirty odd years. Startling isn’t it? Thanks to the Scorceses, the Tarantinos, the Cronenbergs, there’s much to be discovered and to appreciate for filmlovers of all tastes. And yet, as I fondly trace the hours I’ve spent in the company of a good film there’s a certain director/writer whose unique vision and quality output is noteworthy in itself: a certain cigarette smoking, coffee drinking individual where upon the sight of his ghoulish Elvis haircut I’m reminded of how wonderful the medium can be. Why, who else can it be but David Lynch? Feature films, short films, television series, adverts! Despite an eclectic back catalogue, there’s an underlying characteristic that runs through much of Lynch’s work—a trait that can only be described as distinctly “Lynchian.” Define this how you will; Kafka meets Hitchcock? Fellini, Bergman, Bunuel—all names that to some degree help understand from what cinematic context Lynch’s films are born. But doesn’t this all seem a tad reductive? The real joy of a David Lynch film is in its striking imagery, its surreal soundscape, immersing the passive viewer in a world both recognisable and unsettling. I suppose what you could say is it is a little like a dream. Look back to a film like Blue Velvet and place it against a more recent piece— Mulholland Drive perhaps? Both films, whilst superficially different,

deal with an alarmingly similar subject matter; the often concealed threat of every day life. “It’s a strange world” says a young Laura Dern during a climactic scene in Blue Velvet. It’s exactly this strangeness that Lynch is second to none in expressing. Take the alienating Industrial backdrop to the classic Eraserhead for example. Topped off with the beautifully dirty black and white finish, a sitting through Lynch’s first (and arguably most memorable) feature film is one of the most unsettling pieces of cinema I’ve

David Lynch 20/01/1946 Visual artist, film maker, Illustrator, Musician Notable work: Eraserhead, The Elephant Man Dune Blue Velvet Mullholland Drive

experienced. As such it would be foolish to consign Lynch’s films to merely the horror or psychological thriller genres when, like most memorable screenwriters or directors, the output isn’t so easy to classify. With elements of horror, noir and even a peppering of black comedy in the case of Wild at Heart or Twin Peaks (a fantastic and terrifying surrealist television series) not to mention a penchant for unconventional narrative, each film takes you deep into a different dream world where

Top 5: Russian films you have to see

Lynch is the supreme architect. Whilst it can sometimes be easy to shy away from the overt “weirdness” of Lynch, the sense of abandonment and hopeless confusion all adds to the experience of his films. Even after the inexplicably strange Inland Empire, a testing film by anyone’s standards, one leaves the film with a head full to bursting with a montage of Lynch’s own brand of “concrete irrationality.” But why has Lynch become such a controversial and interesting presence in the modern world of cinema?—his influence all over the films of directors as far reaching as Cronenberg, Nolan or Kauffman. Perhaps, through Lynch, surrealism has even come to border on the accessible. What began as an avantgarde movement during the 20’s, fuelled by the bitter disillusion of Dada and a post-Freudian interest in the subconscious activity of the mind, is now commercially celebrated. However, while Lynch owes a great debt to the kind of free association of a Dali painting or the symbolism of De Chirico’s work, the abstract and often beautiful imagery commonplace in a Lynch film occasionally borders on expressionism. Whilst the surrealists undoubtedly have a lasting influence on methods of representing dream thought, Lynch on the other hand possesses the ability to express dreams and the vulnerability of the mind. He hits on something universal —the anxieties of the subconscious liberated through our dreams; the jealousy, fear, and lust that lurks behind our every day experiences which nevertheless holds weight in the construction of our waking environments.

Adam Scovell


Living Russia

Russian Ark

Battleship Potemkin

Andrei Rublev

Tarkovskiy’s moody yet beautiful Sci-Fi epic stands as one of the greatest achievements of its genre and of Russian film in general. Mixing metaphorical dangers with political and social commentaries, Stalker presents a grim world where the only pleasure is found in a forbidden area known as The Zone. Three men try to enter this forgotten realm but it’s their emotional journey and their learning of human nature that makes this a classic film.

A gorgeous visual poem and love letter to the town where director, Dziga Vertov lived, Man with a Movie Camera mixes its natural documentary feel with innovative and experimental visuals to create a film so ahead of its time that it was largely criticised upon its initial release. However with hindsight, the film is obviously a groundbreaking piece of work and its editing techniques look as fresh today as they first did, way back in 1929.

Possibly the most experimental film to come out of any country since the 1970s, Russian Ark consists of one hour and a half long take and currently holds the record for longest unedited shot in cinematic history. Poetically showing 300 years of Russian history simply through the life of one upper class mansion, the film is a meticulous masterpiece which showcases a refreshing desire for innovation in the new digital age of cinema

Giving rise to the many cinematic techniques that are often taken for granted today, Battleship Potemkin opened the eyes of the world to the wonders of Russian cinema. By highlighting revolutionary ideals through a narrative following the mutiny aboard a battleship docked in a harbour, the film broke down both cinematic and political barriers, and illustrated the raw power of a medium which is sadly so often forgotten: Silent film.

Russia’s most epic and brilliant film and another of Andrey Tarkovskiy’s many masterpieces, Andrei Rublev is probably the closest to pure art a film can hope to achieve. Following the dramatic times lived in by the icon artist of the film’s title, we visit epic expanses and the tiny, intricate lives of the people involved in the constant violence between rival princes. If there was ever a film to see before you die, this should undoubtedly be it.





Acetate Steps

Dame Judi Dench reminds why she’s a national treasure

Our Country’s Good... Lantern Theatre, Liverpool

Looking back at the legacy of the most romantic medium

Citizen Kane screening at FACT cinema Adam Scovell

Bel Ami Film review Dani Telford Oh Bel Ami, thou art a feeble beast. In a somewhat lacklustre feat, debut directors Declan Donnellan and Nick Ormerod endeavour to recreate De Maupassant's definitive tale of Parisian adultery, manipulation and corruption. Instead we are left with a handful of irritable morose facial expressions and a preposterous expanse of overwrought music. Indeed all ironic wit and political spin are irrevocably lost in screenplay. Robert Pattinson steps into the shoes of Georges Duroy, an insatiable

lothario whom we are ‘supposed’ to adore eagerly; a sumptuous treat to adhere to the antihero status we read on paper. As we delve deep into the life and times of an impoverished soldier, fresh from the cavalry in Algeria and Hungry to make his fortune in belle époque, Paris, where we learn that the city is “filthy with money, even the whores are rich.” A comrade from the battlefield, Charles Forestier played by Philip Glennister, cordially invites Duroy into his world, finding him a post at the prestigious newspaper La Vie Francaise, thenceforth opening the doors to a whirlwind of power, sex and money. With no discernible talent, Georges rapidly realises that the most important people in Paris are not the men but their wives. “Every seduction, every conquest, every broken heart, will bring him closer to the ultimate prize,” or so we are told.

Oedipussy - Theatre Review Ian D Hall Oh Bel Ami, thou art a feeble beast. In a somewhat lacklustre feat, debut directors Declan Donnellan and Nick Ormerod endeavour to recreate De Maupassant's definitive tale of Parisian adultery, manipulation and corruption. Instead we are left with a handful of irritable morose facial expressions and a preposterous expanse of overwrought music. Indeed all ironic wit and political spin are irrevocably lost in screenplay. Robert Pattinson steps into the shoes of Georges Duroy, an insatiable lothario whom we are ‘supposed’ to adore eagerly; a sumptuous treat to adhere to the antihero status we read on paper. As we delve deep into the life and times of an impoverished soldier, fresh from the cavalry in Algeria and Hungry to make his fortune in belle époque, Paris, where we learn that the city is “filthy with money, even the whores are rich.” A comrade from the battlefield, Charles Forestier played by Philip Glennister,

cordially invites Duroy into his world, finding him a post at the prestigious n e w s p a p e r L a Vi e F r a n c a i s e , thenceforth opening the doors to a whirlwind of power, sex and money. With no discernible talent, Georges rapidly realises that the most important people in Paris are not the men but their wives. “Every seduction, every conquest, every broken heart, will bring him closer to

Cast Aitor Basauri, Stephen Kreiss, Petra Massey, Toby Park

the ultimate prize,” or so we are told. He exercises his charms on Forestier’s wife, Madeleine, or as the audience knows her, Uma Thurman, who he later marries but not before sharing quilt covers with her two friends, the ever youthful Clothilde, played by Christina Ricci and the older, more vulnerable Madame Rousset, Kristin Scott Thomas. The hint of ambition and moral vacuum behind the eyes of our handsome rogue, is absent within the film. And

He exercises his charms on Forestier’s wife, Madeleine, or as the audience knows her, Uma Thurman, who he later marries but not before sharing quilt covers with her two friends, the ever youthful Clothilde, played by Christina Ricci and the older, more vulnerable Madame Rousset, Kristin Scott Thomas. The hint of ambition and moral vacuum

Cast R. Pattinson, U. Thurman, C. Ricci

behind the eyes of our handsome rogue, is absent within the film. And so, the excitement of such a tale escapes the spectator entirely. There are also serious themes afoot concerning back-room dealing in politics and media, which are never attended to by Donnellan and Ormerod, who merely rush through the material with little time for thought in this curiously tame

so, the excitement of such a tale escapes the spectator entirely. There are also serious themes afoot concerning back-room dealing in politics and media, which are never attended to by Donnellan and Ormerod, who merely rush through the material with little time for thought in this curiously tame adaptation. Of course, the exception to this, being that of costume and set design. One cannot deny the incredible allure of aesthetics which paraded itself so boldly against the backdrop of what was really, a dark and miserable film. Whilst this picture avowals a cast full of, boundless talent, and a potential storyline that would excite the senses, let alone grasp and take advantage of the most recent success of period drama, such as Downton Abbey and Upstairs Downstairs, the film lacks essence. Even the finely chiselled features of a certain Robert Pattinson could not salvage the dreadful scenes that flickered before one’s eyes. Midway through the film, Madeleine utters to Georges that she “had no conception of the depths of his emptiness.” I left the picture house with the very same thought about this rotten recreation.

adaptation. Of course, the exception to this, being that of costume and set design. One cannot deny the incredible allure of aesthetics which paraded itself so boldly against the backdrop of what was really, a dark and miserable film. Whilst this picture avowals a cast full of, boundless talent, and a potential storyline that would excite the senses, let alone grasp and take advantage of the most recent success of period drama, such as Downton Abbey and Upstairs Downstairs, the film lacks essence. Even the finely chiselled features of a certain Robert Pattinson could not salvage the dreadful scenes that flickered before one’s eyes. Midway through the film, Madeleine utters to Georges that she “had no conception of the depths of his emptiness.” I left the picture house with the very same thought about this rotten recreation.

Few films in the history of cinema can claim to have made the astronomical, critical journey that Orson Welles’ debut picture Citizen Kane did. Controversy has surrounded Welles since he first came to prominence in radio by scaring half of America by convincing them Martians were invading in his take on H.G Well’s War of the Worlds. Citizen Kane further adds to his controversial C.V. but with his desire for experimentation, as well supposedly basing his story on a real life tycoon who did everything he could to stop the film from being shown, Welles still managed to create quite possibly the greatest film ever made. The film follows the exploits of newspaper tycoon Charles Foster Kane and also a journalist out to discover the meaning behind his last words, “Rosebud.”

Citizen Kane Showing: 08/04/12 Time: 15:00 Tickets: £8.50 Book @



John Kirby The Living Dead retrospective at The Walker Art Gallery

Big Mick...


Baz Rathbone and The Smell of Football

Scan the QR to visit Sphinx Arts online

However, given Harry Potter’s success, selling over 450 million copies worldwide, we must ask the question whether the new novel will stand up to reader expectations? After all, it would be an almost impossible feat to repeat such a fabulous achievement that holds such a dear place in many readers’ hearts. The move from children’s books to adult literature seems logical; Harry Potter was first published 15 years ago, and the children that grew up waiting for the next instalment would be young adults now. Natural progression to keep up with the generation first bewitched with her stories seems to dictate that Rowling will do well to aim her new novel at adults, especially given the loyal fan base already established to receive it. I think it is safe to say there are high hopes for her new work, but it seems unlikely that Rowling will fail to please her adoring fans. Nonetheless,

J.K.Rowling and the new book Simal Patel

Last month, a rare tweet for J.K. Rowling sparked widespread speculation about her much awaited new book. Remaining as secretive as ever, the details of this new book are being kept well under wraps; all eager fans can be certain of, is that it will be “very different to Harry.” In anticipation, her website is down for refurbishment, but reveals another snippet of information, that the new novel is for adults. It has also been confirmed that she has a new p u b l i s h e r, L i t t l e , B r o w n , t o accompany the change of direction. However, they are as tight-lipped as Bloomsbury, not even revealing the tiniest hint about what the new novel will be about. Aficionados are obviously overjoyed at the news, but within media circles, questions have been asked wondering if J.K. Rowling can hack it writing for an adult audience, doubting whether the new book will be as successful as the Harry Potter series. Given Rowling’s loyal readership, the book is bound to be a success. The Harry Potter books appealed the adults as much as they have appealed to children, suggesting that she will already have a large market ready to receive her books. While some might argue that writing a ‘proper’ adult novel is much more challenging than writing children’s literature, no one can deny that Harry Potter was far from simple. The rich narrative, the

Shutterland preview

J.K. Rowling’s Career 11 Books 17 Literary Awards 450m sales

fantastic characters and fascinating magical creatures have captured the imaginations of many a reader, children and adults alike. Following on from this, it would suggest that Rowling’s novel will engage adult imaginations with her enchanting writing, whether the subject matter is magic or not.

Robots & Avatars preview

tapping into the new market of readers who have completely bypassed succumbing to the Harry Potter craze will prove harder to win over, given their most probable cynical outlook on her work, not having read it. However, those who give it a go are unlikely to be disappointed, because there is no moving away from the fact that J.K. Rowling is an exceptional writer with a sharp imagination. While nothing is being revealed yet, the world awaits an announcement later on this year, as to the title and release date, with the eagerly awaiting fans hoping for a hint as to what this new book might be about.

Glasvegas preview

Simal Patel

Dani Telford

Samiran Culbert

This lively performance combines a minimalistic set and relies on innovative use of body movement to create everything else. With their absurd clowning around, the actors switch between dozens of characters to tell an engaging story about the surveillance culture familiar to us all. The play tackles heavy concepts in a playful manner, using physical comedy and agile movement. Welcome to Shutterland, a world where everything is monitored and recorded. After an unexpected turn of events, Lublin finds himself finds himself trying to escape the system that has forgotten his past and decided his future for him. With every secret that is uncovered, a long lost past comes to light again. This humorously profound smash hit from Edinburgh festival is gracing the stage of Unity Theatre for one night only.

THE most thrilling exhibition to hit Liverpool this year, Robots and Avatars, thrusts its audience into another dimension. Coalescing both virtual and physical worlds, the display innovatively explores the relationship between advanced technology and cultural identity. The work is a collaboration between FACT and London-based design collective body>data>space, whom efficaciously re-imagine technology for a new reality departing from the clichéd pop culture image. The interactive nature of such an exhibit works well in the spaces provided; Public space is brilliantly exploited by Bricelj’s Robovox which is sure to catch some coveted attention. Who wouldn’t adore a machine that spoke aloud a statement, protest or a declaration of love simply from a mere text?

Following on from their 2011 album “Euphoric /// Heartbreak \\\” Glasvegas are bringing their new synth laden sound around the UK gearing up for the festival season. Over the last few years they have made waves in the industry, as an exciting band on record as well as a full throttle, no holds barred, onslaught in the live arena. The tenderness of James Allen’s lyrics is coupled with the reverb drenched guitar and the wall of sound created by the rest of the band, providing a unique live experience that is never the same twice over. Luckily we can all experience these Glaswegian rockers as they take to the O2 Academy on the 4th of April, with plenty of swagger and the reverb turned all the way up to 11.

Topophobia exhibition at the Bluecoat Art review Adam Scovell

Topophobia is the new multi-artist exhibition currently showcasing at the atmospheric Bluecoat arts hub in Liverpool. Mixing many different styles and mediums, the exhibition looks into the irrational fear of places and how we as people can fit ourselves neatly into them without jarring and creating chaos at the same time. Work consists in various forms and mediums such as video art, drawing, painting and sculpture amongst others. Maps and cultural reference points seem to be a theme explored by many of the artists on show whether it’s Anne Eggebert’s beautiful and startlingly accurate pencil drawings of Google-map like expanses or Marja Helander ’s charming and quaint photographs of cultural juxtapositions and absurdities. Matze Einhoff’s video piece Brache Berlin is also a highlight. Its crane shots of a disused piece of land become hypnotic in their repetitive viewings and the overall effect is of an urban roller coaster dipping in and out of the grass and buildings. It’s only when the viewer becomes aware that the land was actually part of a military zone within the Berlin Wall

that the piece takes on a political edge and the freedom expressed by the camera and artist seem ironically extreme compared to the previous inhabitants who will of course have been under very strict and hostile restrictions. Abigail Reynold’s interesting photography is also an interesting and intricate addition to the exhibition. Photographs are hidden within photographs with only occasional shapes cut out, revealing aspects of heavily juxtaposed pictures such as a field hiding a large army or the countryside hiding a desolate landscape only inhabited by a van and some mesh fencing. They demand close up viewing and it’s not until the pictures are taking over the field of vision that the hidden pictures jump out. Seemingly picturesque photos are given a clinical and urban edge playing with our ideals of the perfect place and trying its very best to make us dislike them, perhaps even fear them

Topophobia Ends: 22/04/2012 Entry is free

These are only a handful of the ten artists on show so there is plenty of interesting work to see in a variety of different styles throughout the labyrinth space, all of which are thought provoking and make for enjoyable viewing. Topophobia is a perfect examination of the modern, cultural obsession with place and in these times of constant media and ever-invasive forms of identifying place in position to ourselves, this exhibition opens up a most welcome discourse on the subject.



Food & Drink GastroMap: Liverpool City Centre

Las Iguanas

With quite a following, this well loved Liverpool restaurant serves well priced, reliable and above average Italian dishes. The Quarter is a buzzing space all day long, with local creatives on laptops over coffee, businessmen reading papers eating croissants, or families spilling out on to the pavement tables basking in the afternoon sunshine sharing stone-baked pizzas, and friends catching up over a glass of wine or being served beer from the local brewery. All dishes are fresh, tasty and locally sourced and served with an easygoing efficient service.

One of the popular chain restaurants located on the sun roof of Liverpool ONE shopping centre. Las Iguanas serves authentic Latin American food in a complimentary environment that takes on the culinary repertoire. Its menu offers a great lunch deal, and suits the a dv en t ur o us an d t he picky. Its samba-driven atmosphere makes a lively experience, made more entertaining by the daily ‘happy hour’ on their delicious cocktail selection

Kimos Authentic Spanish flavours of the tapas dishes available, commends this restaurant along with its central location and effortlessly stylish interior. Individual tapas dishes range between; £1.50-£6.95, all presented in good sized portions. An extensive and reasonably priced wine menu also makes this eatery a must.


The Quarter


Shipping Forecast


Salt house Tapas

This unique Alehouse and Eatery is located on Slater Street, part of the colourful Liverpool nightlife. However, this particular bar offers a more relaxed approach to drinking and eating with an easygoing student vibe,- that is until the late night punters crowd the bar, making the purchase of drinks considerably more challenging. The old fashioned Art-deco interior includes an open hatch serving station for the extremely well priced pub grub and bar staples that they dish up, and serves as a fitting scene for a bar that links itself with Liverpool’s popular club nights.

An Asian Fusion restaurant with a modern twist. Host’s menu is split into sections that offer a variety of dishes; giving you the choice of dining on small plates or big plates, each cooked fresh and to order. The number of great deals available, such as the £5 lunch time special, has helped make Host a true favourite for many and will for you.

This large, busy halal cafe has two great locations, both of which are just a stone’s throw away from campus. Its menu provides the obligatory Burgers, Panini’s and Kebabs. Though these are great meals themselves, being priced for student pockets and plates keep both satisfyingly filled, why not try the Middle Eastern, Mediterranean and North African dishes that inspire the larger cafe’s exotic decor whilst you’re there? You won’t regret it.























Leaf Stylish and modern with a tasteful vintage twist. The choice of teas gives you a chance to become cultured and adventurous with your tea drinking. The only problem being there’s so much to choose from you just have to keep coming back! This popular tea cafe offers a tasty menu full of choice and turns into a chic bar come night time, packed with live music and a good few drinks. With its laid back ambiance the night feels very chilled out yet full with vibrant people up for a good night. So whether you want a quiet cup of tea with a friend or a night of live music, leafs got it all.




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Tee Total?


Check out our ideas some great alcoholfree cocktails

If you are a fan of theatrical dining, you have to read on...


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Quick Recipe

Chocolate Truffle Torte This decadent torte is deliciously smooth, yet practically fool-proof (the only thing to be careful of is to not overheat the chocolate)! It’s also quite flexible, so feel free to add a couple of teaspoons of instant espresso coffee, or substitute a bit of the double cream for Bailey’s to give it a bit of a twist. Being so rich, this recipe will provide twelve servings, and is incredibly good served with a drizzle of double cream.

Ingredients 250g dark chocolate 2 tbsp golden syrup 2 cartons Elmlea double cream Cocoa powder for dusting

Method • Line an 8 inch cake tin with cling film • Break chocolate into small pieces and put in a heatproof bowl, along with the syrup and around a quarter of the cream • Stand over a pan of hot water and stir until the chocolate is nearly melted. Take of the heat and continue stirring until the chocolate is completely melted and the mixture is combined. Leave to cool until nearly room temperature, but don’t allow to set • Pour the rest of the cream into a bowl and whisk until thickened – this should take less than a minute • Fold the cooled chocolate into the cream in a figure of eight motion until completely combined • Pour the mix into the lined cake tin and put into the fridge to set. This can take roughly three hours but is best left overnight • When the torte is set, place a plate other the top of the cake tin and turn upside down in one smooth motion. Peel off the cling film and dust with cocoa. Voila!

Quick Recipe

Northern Lights shine on Nordic cuisine Natalie Wolfe Is the prospect of a furniture shop in IKEA ever made that much more enticing by the prospect of tucking into a plate of those succulent Swedish meatballs? Well if your answer is a resounding ‘YES’, you may want to think about expanding Nordic your taste buds’ to other possibilities offered by the expansion of Scandinavian cuisine. Already enjoying acclaim in foodie circles ,what with Copenhagen’s twostar Michelin restaurant Noma named best restaurant in the world of 2011, the popularity of our Nordic neighbours’ culinary tendencies are quickly catching on. The Scandinavian Kitchen in Marylebone and The Nordic Bakery in Soho, already provide a little homey hub of Scandinavian delicacies for the reported 150 000 Scandinavians residing in London, with a ready

Have You Tried... Chicken & Bacon Pasta This pasta is extremely tasty, yet surprisingly simple and cheap. This recipe will serve four but can be made in bulk and stored in the fridge – perfect reheated for a quick, hot meal or served cold as a pasta salad

array of specialities. Tartine-style open top sandwiches piled with pickled beetroot, pates and cured meats, just to include a few, and home baked cakes, with daily-changing menu varied with the ‘World’s Best Norwegian Meringue Cake’; Kladdkaka – a sticky Swedish chocolate cake and the Swedish Princess cake – a layered sponge, cream and jam cake covered in marzipan, never fail to attract customers. Aside from the hearty meatballs already famed by IKEA restaurants, Scandinavian cuisine offers a plenitude of choice for the health conscious eater with fresh flavours incorporated into dishes of produce consisting of ingredients just plucked from the ground or the sea. Fuss-free recipes make for a dish which allows the natural flavours of the ingredients shine through in fussfree creations such as mackerel, pickled herring and rye breadperhaps more familiar to most consumers.

Egg Cafe 16-18 Newington, L1 4ED

Ingredients 400g pasta 250g mushroom, thinly sliced 8 rashers streaky bacon, squared 4 tbsp green pesto 200ml crème frâiche 1 large red onion, chopped

But what are the other specialities on offer? Recent years has seen Gravadlax soaring in popularity as word of mouth has spread about this alternative to Scottish smoked salmon with the Scandinavian classic instead typically cured with salt, sugar and dill. Berries also have a part to play in

Menu Favourites Swedish Meatballs £2.95 Butterbean Balti: £3.25 Najad Salmon £3.25

both savoury and sweet dishes with two in particular, the first being the Lingonberry, a bitter berry akin to cranberries which features heavily in jams and savoury sauces to accompany meat and then the Cloudberry, relative to the raspberry but golden in colour and enjoyed in jams, juices and the star of the famous Finnish cloudberry liqueur.

TriBeCa 15 Berry St,

True, the northern climes may not appeal to some as much as the cuisine of the area, but it is thanks to its wintry conditions, vegetables such as cabbage, Brussels sprouts and kale provide an excellent source of vitamin K, vital for blood coagulation. Berries and brassica contain some of the highest levels of antioxidants too, believed to lower the risk of cancer and heart disease. Frequently used rapeseed oil, also native to Britain and readily available from supermarket shelves contains more omega-3 fatty acids than olive oil, as well as providing a dose of vitamin E, essential for healthy skin. Game meat also enjoys popularity with dishes of venison, reindeer, grouse and elk often complimented by potatoes and a berry jelly of conserve such as Lingonberry jam. The health benefits of these sources of protein with lower saturated fat content than farmed meat shine through and added to this, the meat is a lot more flavoursome which further heightens the attraction of these typical Nordic alternative. And it has its fair share of flavoursome seasonings with refreshing and crisp chives, parsley, dill, fennel and juniper berries featuring among the popular choices of spices and herbs. And the popularity for such ingredients means you can now find a great deal in your local supermarket. Not to be outdone on the desert front, the tradition of Danish pastries and desert soups lie with Scandinavians. Recommended by Danish restaurant KRO owner, Mark Ruby, is Rod Grod med Flode, a cold berry stew soup with a dash of cream and Othello cake, a creation filled with berries and custard finished with a chocolate and cream glaze. We have even the possibility of a rival to the humble British hot cross bun in the form of a new more seductive option in the form of cinnamon buns. Something of an obsession to the Scandinavians, each country has a unique version to themselves. So, will you be opting for the Scandinavian sweet whirl of choice come Good Friday?

il Forno 22 Duke St. L1 5AG

L1 9DF

Method • Cook pasta in salted boiling water according to pack instructions • Drain the pasta and leave to cool • While the pasta is cooling, fry the onion, bacon and mushrooms • Put the pasta back into the pan

• stir in the pesto and crème frâiche on a low heat. • Add the mushrooms, onion and bacon and combine • Serve in a bowl with a drop of Red • Enjoy!




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Spring/Summer 2012 Fashion trends and styles Jessica Holt Glimpses of the sun earlier this month have given us a hint of the summer season that is fast approaching and that only calls for one thing, a wardrobe overall. Out with the A/W11 and in with S/S12. This season the catwalks were awash with new twists on familiar trends and showed how to utilise classic looks in a new and innovative way. The four key trends for this season are Floral Fire, Paisley Power, Purity and Game On. Let’s face it, it wouldn’t be Spring/ Summer without a few florals thrown into the mix but do not fear this doesn’t mean simply a floral cardigan and matching bag, actually anything but! Florals this season were brought back into bloom with the help of top designers Mary Katrantzou and Christopher Kane. The designers take on the floral trend saw the explosion of the natural and imploding of the manmade. The key to nailing the floral trend this season is to thing clash, clash and oh just a little more clash. Katrantzoua and Kane showed that florals aren’t just about appearing pretty but instead have to ability to make a striking statement at the same time as channelling a classic trend. The high street stores showing the best of the ‘florals on acid’ trend are Topshop and ASOS from their sharp floral trouser suits to intricate dresses. The second trend to captivate audiences at the S/S12 catwalks was Paisley Power. Paisley is the print of the season with the likes of Jil Sanders and Stella McCartney topping the fashion tables for the use of this trend. Sanders refigured the use of the paisley print by using it on demure, tailored garments, whilst McCartney chose to utilise the pattern in a colour palette of jewel tones. For all things paisley head to Zara or Jaegar who have a fantastic selection of paisley inspired print garments from dresses to tailored trousers. Even if you don’t fancy rocking the Paisley look all over, pick

Hidden Gems: Handmade Jewellery by Little Pech available at LandBaby at Bluecoat Art Gallery

The Fashion Network Future generation series Amy Davies

up a paisley scarf from Zara which will keep you in trend for S/S12. Next in the line-up of this season’s trends is Purity, and by this I mean white! Many designers chose white as their colour of choice, taking inspiration from the use of white in traditional wedding setting to create ornate collections. Louis Vuitton and Chanel showered catwalks with beautiful white garments with accents of candy colours. Vuitton’s collection saw an array of broderie anglaise dresses hit the catwalk, looking ever so sweet and precious. Sophisticated yet cute this trend isn’t for the fashion girl looking to be cutting edge but rather the girl looking to be quintessentially British. With the Queen’s Jubilee fast approaching the white trend is perfect for all the summer parties that are due to take place. Just don’t forget to add some

Jessica Holt Every outfit needs that little something to finish it off, and for most of us that means a cute necklace, a quirky ring or an unusual bracelet. The latest find in quirky jewellery is a company called Little Peche set up by Maxine Turnock in her hometown of Staffordshire. Little Peche is a jewellery collection with the mission to create ‘handmade, design-led jewellery and accessories inspired by woodland, vintage and nostalgia.’ With the Olympics and the Queen’s Jubilee coming up, this year is all about celebrating everything British and what’s more British than a string of bunting in the style of a necklace.

quirky jewellery to complete the Purity trend. High street big hitters such as River Island and Miss Selfridge are lapping up the trend and already have a selection of purity inspired garments in store in preparation for the summer sun. The final major trend of the season is Game On. New York S/S12 catwalks saw sport emerge as a must-do look,

S/S2012 from Alexander Wang’s mesh bombers to chic track pants from Rag and Bone. While sports maybe in, you must remember we aren’t talking literal track and field outfits so go don’t putting on your gym kit and heading out for the day thinking you are hitting the trend out of the park. Oh no, Game On is all about mixing

key elements of sportswear with luxurious fabrics and shapes from couture fashion. Head to Mango or H&M to pick up a piece of sports luxe clothing, preferable a pair of track inspired trousers or a bomber jacket, two garments that have already been seen gracing many backs of the fashion elite. It won’t be long until the sun is upon us and the A/W11 clothes need to be banished to the back of the wardrobe. Remember to stick to what works best for you, manipulating the key trends to suit your own style and body; this is what will make you look like a true fashion trend setter rather than a fashion follower. Spring/ Summer 12 appears to be a great juxtaposition of trends and inspirations so even if they aren’t all for you there will definitely be one trend that’s right up you.

Manchester based company The Fashion Network is a specialist communications service which brings together all aspects of the fashion industry. March sees the company launch its Future Generation Series, which is designed to guide, inspire and inform students who are trying to break into the fashion industry. The series involves six “Making It” seminars which will cover all aspects of the fashion industry from merchandising to marketing. Industry experts from the North West and London have been enlisted to give students the inside scoop on how to make it in their chosen field. Each session also involves a live Q +A, so if you have any burning questions you would like answering, you have the opportunity to ask an expert in the know. MD of The Fashion Network, Dick Hicks comments that “TFN have decided to create this series of events to inform students and graduates of the skills required of them when stepping into the industry.” The series is wrapped up with a Student Recruitment Day, which takes place on 11th May. This gives students and graduates the chance to liaise with potential employers; you are encouraged to bring along your CV and a portfolio of your work to this event. Each seminar will take place in Revolution on Manchester’s Oxford Street. Tickets are priced at £6.00 each with a valid student card; you can book a place on the company’s website. For a full list of seminars or more information on The Future Generation Series, go to

Not only are the Little Peche wooden bunting necklace a jewellery winner but also the cute button shaped rings with woodland scenes and cross stitch designs are definitely a firm favourite with the LSMedia fashion team. Little Peche is available to buy from their website but if you fancy having a peak at the unusual jewellery collection before you purchase, head to the local shop Landbaby located at The Bluecoat on School Lane. Landbaby is one of Liverpool’s hidden gems stocking a wide variety of unique and handmade jewellery as well as homeware gifts. Other jewellery collections available at Landbaby include Magasin, Clare Bates and Layla Amber. To find out more about Little Peche and the shop Landbaby head to



Beauty Spring/Summer 2012 Hair and Beauty trends Emily Warrilow

Spring is here! This season’s trends are full of colour and attitude – a real middle finger to dull winter tones! Here are this season’s hottest hair and beauty trends, and how to get the look on a student budget. So let’s start with the face...with the Olympics this summer, ‘sporty’ skin was a massive hit on the catwalks, with models flaunting the dewy,

barely-there ‘athletic’ look at Doo.Ri and Richard Nicoll. Spring skin has to reflect a post-winter rejuvenation; it’s all about faking a saintly dryJanuary with a clear, glowing complexion, but luckily for us, you don’t have to have naturally perfect skin to work this spring trend! Another big trend for skin this Spring/summer is of course the sunkissed look. No S/S beauty routine would be complete without a tan. Bronzed glows were a key feature at Sass & Bide, Diane von Furstenberg and Salvatore Ferragamo.

But what about eyes? well, The tanned trend doesn’t stop at the face. The catwalks for SS12 showcased matte sepias and flat brown hues on eyes too. Metallics are still going strong though, this time with a summer heat revamp: Look out for golds, coppers and bronzes and you’ll be bang on trend. For lips, a bold, stained look is most definitely in this season. Flushed lips are perfect for a romantic PreRaphaelite spring look. Poppy hues were oh-so-pretty at Erdem, whilst Giles and Donna Karan chose

seriously sexy wine-stained pouts. This season is all about colour where ever possible, and this doesn’t stop at hair! Issey Miyake and Narciso Rodriguez’s models had all out neon do’s, whilst Mulberry went for the more subtle option of pastel coloured streaks. Like it or not, Wet Look hair was a key style at this seasons shows. In keeping with the Olympic/Sporty theme, this easy to achieve but difficult to pull off look was big with the likes of Alexander Wang and Alberta Ferretti this season.

S/S 2012: Get the look

Top five guru’s Faith McNally

Pixiwoo Sam and Nicola Chapman show you how to recreate all of your favorite looks, from catwalk trends to celeb signature looks and even some pretty spooky Halloween costume ideas.

LisaEldridgeDotCom Lisa is a renowned professional makeup artist who regularly works with a-listers and top brands from around the world. Watching her videos is nothing short of delightful.

GlitterDollz7 Carly may sound like she’s from Geordie Shore, but her super classy and pleasingly simple hair tutorials and runway recreations would suggest otherwise.

Nikkie This quirky 16 year old makeup artist from the Netherlands will have you in stitches whilst doing some crazy but absolutely beautiful things with colour.

Wet Hair Look

Warm Eyes

Stained Lips

Natural Look

For all over matte colour try Natural Collection Solo Eye Shadow in Milk Chocolate, simply blend this softly from the lash line up and out for an alluring wash of colour. For metallic eyes, Maybelline Eyestudio in Eternal Gold works well dabbed in the central tear duct area or swept over lids to brighten and widen eyes. To make peepers rounder, place the metallic shade on the centre of the lids.

Tinted balms are a perfect way to rock the stained-lip trend without the commitment of actual lip stain. The Body Shop Born Lippy Lip Balm in Passion-berry gives lips a gorgeous berry sheen and tastes absolutely delicious! For all-day c o l o u r, u s e S o a p & G l o r y Cheekmate Cheek and Lip Stain in Rosy Glow keeping it up to date by concentrating the colour on the inner lips.

This one is tricky, as there’s a fine line between catwalk chic and greasy student stereotype, but it can be wearable if you do it the right way. For long hair, scrunch salt spray into damp locks to get a justoff-the-beach look. For short hair, wet look quiffs are seriously hot right now. Use Garnier Fructis Survivor Gel to get sleek high-rise hair. Works best teamed with golden metallic smoky eyes.

Think exercise and plenty of water and you’re halfway there. If you’re one of the few blessed with flawless skin, Love Face Primer is enough to smooth skin without unnecessary coverage. For the rest of us, Nivea Visage Tinted Moisturising Day Cream is an ideal base to even out skin tone without a foundation. Hide fatigue with L'oreal Paris True Match Touche Magique Concealer under eyes and on imperfections.

Pixie2Woo Sam & Nic Chapman’s (aka Pixiwoo) brother’s girlfriend Tanya, recreates some stunning celebrity inspired makeup and hair styles. I defy anyone not to be jealous of her luscious lips!



Grammy’s Style


Red carpet style from the music event of the year

Slice and dice? Not any more. Say hello to the solution

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Marilyn Monroe: A timeless icon of style and beauty faith McNally When I think of classic beauty, I can’t help but picture Marilyn Monroe; it seems that her signature style has become engrained in the mind of the population even 50 years after her death. Reincarnations of her sleek and sophisticated look have been seen up and down runways and red carpets consistently for years and I personally don’t see that changing anytime soon. Her image has become synonymous with classic Hollywood style, but luckily for us it wasn’t all down to Marilyn’s god given good looks, oh no! As photographer Milton Greene once said ‘you don’t just wake up in the morning and wash your face and comb your hair and go out and look like Marilyn Monroe, she knew every trick of the beauty trade.’ So exactly how did Norma Jeane Baker manage to create this iconic look that would transform her in to Miss Marilyn Monroe. Well firstly, she had the help of Make Up artist Allan Snyder AKA Whitey, who did Marilyn’s make up from her first screen test in 1946 all the way to her funeral in 1962, the two developed a very close working relationship over the years as they perfected the Marilyn look. Central to that quintessential Marilyn look is of course a completely flawless base. That isn’t to say, that she preferred a matte finish to her skin though, in fact it is thought that Marilyn would cover her face with a layer of Vaseline before applying her foundation to make absolutely sure that her youthful dewy glow would show up on camera; not a bit of

powder in sight. Marilyn and Whitey knew that the key to the fresh and youthful look that would eventually make Marilyn the beauty icon she became was a healthy looking, glowing complexion and (the illusion of) definition around the eyes and face. In order to create this subtly defined look on Marilyn’s eyes, Whitey would start off by applying a matte

white base all over the lid. This would hide any imperfections that were visible and form a blank canvas to build on. Next a shimmery white shadow would be applied to the inner tear duct area to create the illusion of wide set, bright eyes. Definition would be added into the socket line and outer corners using a dark, matte shadow that is blended softly for added depth, making the eyes appear

Men’s Beauty: 5 steps to the perfect shave

larger. Marilyn actually lined her eyes with a brown pencil and not a black liquid as presumed by many; this was pulled along the upper lash line, staying as close to the lashes as possible then winged up and out slightly at the corner. To further enhance this elongated eye effect, a half set of false lashes were applied to the outer corners and blended into natural lashes with a coat of mascara.

Cleverly, Whitey would shade just below the bottom lash line in brown pencil to create the illusion of a shadow being cast by Marilyn’s long upper lashes. To enhance that hugely desirable heart shaped face of Marilyn’s, Whitey drew her brows high and arched and used bronze and highlighting products to heavily contour cheekbones and jaw line. He even used this technique to contour the nose despite Marilyn already having surgery to slim it down. The centre of the nose, forehead, tops of cheeks and cupids bow were highlighted whilst the temples, jawbone and hollows of cheeks were shaded to create the appearance of a more slim lined face and high cheekbones. Rouge was used sparingly to add a natural looking healthy flush to the cheeks and just above the eyebrow. The Marilyn look would not be complete without her signature red lip, and believe it or not, the concept of contour and highlight did not stop here. To create the illusion of full, luscious lips Whitey used Guerlain’s Insolence lipstick (then called ‘Diabolique’) in the centre of the lip, and a darker shade of pencil around the edges to draw a shape that was high at the outer corners. The fullness and dimension of the lip was then built up by repeatedly layering lipstick and gloss with a dab of white powder added to the centre of the lower lip. Just the sheer volume of product would make Marilyn’s lips appear instantly fuller. All that’s left now of course is that unmistakably Marilyn beauty spot, and the transformation from Norma Jeane to Marilyn Monroe is complete.

Terence Conchie






Not only will a face scrub get rid of any excess oil or dead skin on your face, but it cleans and raises facial hair, making the overall shave easier. Lab Series "Invigorating Face Scrub" will leave your skin feeling fresh and re-energised.

After getting rid of all the dead skin cells it's important to then cleanse the skin and get rid of any last traces of oil. Use warm water to ensure pores are open. Clinique Extra Strength Face Soap will leave skin prepped for a smooth, comfortable shave.

Whether you use a cream, gel or foam, always go for one that moisturises the skin. Pick the razor with the most blades so to minimise razor burn and cuts. NEVER shave against the direction of hair growth. Rinse face afterwards with cool water.

Immediately after shaving use a balm such as Nivea for Men which is specially formulated to reduce shaving irritation/nicks and encourages healing. Avoid balms containing alcohol as this will dry out the skin and can also cause rashes.

The final and most important step will replace all moisture taken from the skin during shaving and keep it from feeling tight, dry and uncomfortable. Products like ‘Hydra Energetic Lotion’ by L'Oreal will leave skin feeling soft and soothed



Travel Liverpool student to climb Kilimanjaro in aid of Third World charity Childreach International Sarah Brazendale

Hidden Holland: A look at life outside The ‘Dam Maaike Goslinga Receiving five million tourists a year, it is no surprise that Amsterdam, capital of the Netherlands, is one of the greatest small cities in the world. The abundance of canals and babydoll houses coupled with a relaxed atmosphere undoubtedly makes the 'weed' capital the perfect holiday destination for Brits. And yet, whilst there is nothing wrong with Amsterdam's cultural hotspots and the attraction of the only legal ‘coffee shops’ in the world, the Netherlands has so much more to offer. Extend your stay with a few days and follow this handy guide to discover the secrets of the country of tulips, cheese and insanely tall people.

Utrecht Instead of elbowing your way through the crammed streets of

Amsterdam, why not visit Utrecht, the capital's cuter sister? A mere twenty-minute train ride away, Utrecht offers as many bikes, cobblestone streets and canals as its bigger brother, whilst avoiding the hubbub of the capital. The majestic Dom Tower, which stands at the heart of the city, is not to be missed: overlooking the historic city centre, the tower provides an amazing overview of Utrecht’s canals and wharves. Hosting an internationally renowned university, Utrecht is home of many financially and studentfriendly pubs and restaurants.

Rotterdam The port city and former European Capital of Culture always turns out to surprise first-time visitors, especially when they come armed with preconceived notions that have long dogged the city's reputation. As Rotterdam does not reveal its secrets very easily, many people seem to

overlook its historical significance. Ambitious high-rise mixed with historic buildings and old warehouses scattered throughout the city make Rotterdam a utopia for every urban explorer. Plus, the cool city centre with dozens of art galleries, coffee shops (the ones with coffee, not the weed!) and quirky boutiques make Rotterdam more than just the ordinary port city.

The Hague While Holland has plenty of water, the only place to properly feel the sea breeze blowing through your hair is the country's political capital The Hague. Before visiting the seaside though, make sure you’ve seen one of the most famous international and national buildings: the world-famous International Court of Justice and Het Binnenhof, where the official offices of the Dutch Parliament are situated. After strolling around the Queen’s Palace Gardens, hop onto a tram that

leads you to the city's wonderful seaside Scheveningen. Listen to the seagulls, bypassing trams (a quintessential Dutch sound) and breaking waves and you will understand why this is Holland's most popular seaside resort.

Maastricht Magnificently perched on the Dutch and Belgian border, Maastricht is different from any other place in the Netherlands. Because Maastricht was ruled by the Celts, Romans and French, and even invaded by the Spanish during the Eighty Years’ War, the city’s rich history is woven into virtually every brick. The bourgondic, Francophile lifestyle can be traced back when visiting the city’s excellent pubs and restaurants. Oh, and don’t forget to visit the Selexyz bookshop, which is situated in a 13th dominicanen church with frescoes and has a café settled in the altar.

of planning and implementing projects of their own, giving them independence whilst ensuring that the children’s own voices are heard Georgina will be embarking upon a six day trek to reach the ‘Roof of Africa’ come the summer months, and this is definitely a once in a lifetime adventure, all for a great cause! So please help her raise her target money and donate anything you can to the cause, helping this wonderful charity with its determined, work!

reflects young people’s desire to boost their CVs with work experience and leadership skills in today’s economic climate.”BUNAC, which has been arranging work placements for young people from the UK in North American summer camps for over 40 years, recommends that candidates should have experience working with children, and more helpfully, should like children, and

that they should ideally be aged 19 before taking on the role. However, don't despair, because for those who don’t have experience of working with children, there are also support roles available, such as kitchen hands and catering staff, so you can still enjoy working over in our country cousin, where there are chances for all to get a role with Summer Camp USA. The complete camp experience costs £495, which covers registration, interview and administration fees, insurance, placement service, flexible return flights to the USA, a 4-month insurance policy, SEVIS fee (US Immigration) and visa support. Importantly for students, you'll be glad to know that food and accommodation for the duration of camp are also included. Camp counsellors receive a minimum salary of $900, which increases with age, specialist skills and qualifications, and if that and the experience at hand isn't an incentive to apply, I don't know what is.

UOL Student hired by Summer Camp USA Clare Dychoff

The month of February marked a highly important life-style opportunity for student Henry King. Currently studying Criminology and Sociology at University of Liverpool, the 18 year old ventured to a summer camp recruitment fair based in Manchester and was hired immediately for a post as camp counsellor in the picturesque Connecticut, USA during the 2012 summer break from his studies. What the role requires of hardworking students like Henry, is to spend two months working and living

with children where he will be teaching them new skills and how to develop as young people before embarking upon six weeks of travelling in North America. Henry comments that he feels 'privileged, happy and excited'. Who could blame him, Summer Camp USA is one of the best experiences one can have over those lengthy summer months.It appears that Henry is not alone, with

an increasing number of British students opting to apply to work abroad, enhancing not only their CV but their life experience also. A spokesperson for BUNAC, the company who hosted the fair, says: “The fair was extremely well attended, with many candidates travelling long distances to take part. We’ve seen a 35% rise in summer camp applications this year, which

T h i s s u m m e r, U n i v e r s i t y o f Liverpool student, Georgina Baker, will be climbing Mount Kilimanjaro; the highest mountain peak in Africa! She will be climbing up to the tremendous peak, standing at 5, 895m to raise money for the charity, Childreach International. This is a UK based registered charity which works to help countries such as India, Nepal, Tanzania and Cambodia along with others. Childreach International helps by guiding children and families to take on the responsibility



Forget Foreign Why go abroad with great destinations on your doorstep?


A student’s take on the hustle and bustle of Bangkok

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Top 5 places to go before you’re 30




Boasting pristine beaches brushed with exotic palms and ice-blue water, Goa is the perfect destination for those seeking a piece of paradise. Whilst this trip is suitable for all ages, I can’t help but think of it as the perfect destination to lounge on a beach, sipping cocktails with friends, or perhaps sleeping off the food you’ve indulged in at one of the local bars. Goa is beautiful country and an absolute must for those under thirty!

A country so rich in history and culture, Cambodia is my number 4 place to visit. With a wealth of temples juxtaposed with an extensive dining and drinking scene, Cambodia literally has (in fear of sounding clichéd) something for everyone. Vast markets in the bustling towns, elephant rides in the jungles and the quiet, sleepiness of the seaside villages, Cambodia has something to offer all you twentysomethings.

A personal favourite of mine, Peru has the history, scenery and backdrop for the perfect photographs and memories. Machu Picchu is one of the top landmarks I’d recommend for sight-seers. Why is it perfect to visit before you’re thirty? Due to the extensive amount of steps you have to climb to truly appreciate the sights, it is best to go when you’re at your physically peak. Peru is truly breathtaking, inspiring and different to anywhere else you’ve visited.

Clare Dychoff

Thailand Surprise, surprise. Thailand is of course on this list. Renowned for the student visitor, Thailand is the perfect place to visit if you just want to ‘get away’. Due to so many students having the same idea, there are many potential friendships awaiting you, as well as unique souvenirs and experiences. Thailand can boast of some truly beautiful beaches, a friendly and unique atmosphere, and some breathtaking scenery. You know you want to go!

Fuji: A tale of clumsiness and circumstance

If partying until 7 o’clock in the morning is top of your ‘to do list’ then Ibiza really is the place for you. Offering a range of clubs which offer a range of music and themed nights, Ibiza is the best location for catching some of the action from your favourite DJs and artists. Ok, it isn’t exactly cheap, but where else can you dance until sunrise with your friends to the tune of superstar DJ’s?... aside from concert square after a few too many.

stacked with jars filled with strangelooking substances. After Sera had told her about my infection, the woman began to make a paste of various herbs and plants she kept in those jars and applied it to the wound. When she was finished, she tore apart a piece of cloth that hung on the wall and tied it around my leg. I felt like Xena, the Warrior Princess; like a Jane who did not need a Tarzan; like a cool jungle girl from the city; and, most importantly, I felt the luckiest traveller on that island for having seen such an exclusive and hidden corner of Vanua Levu.

Maaike Goslinga Two years ago I would have never guessed that one of my most magical travel experiences would start with a minor accident on a quad-bike. That’s right: I was manically chasing sheep on a four-wheeler on a far-stretching piece of land in New Zealand when I confused the brake for the accelerator and crashed, at high speed, into a shed. I was thrown back in my seat violently and ended up with a big, gory wound the size of a tennis ball on my leg. As if they had anticipated my clumsiness, I saw the people I stayed with running up to me with a big jar of honey. Rather than throwing it to my head for damaging the lacquer coating of their beloved quad, the woman opened the lid and started to cover the wound in honey while reassuring me the sweet golden liquid of the gods would heal my leg in no time. One week later, I found myself on the pristine beaches of Vanua Levu under Fiji’s sunny skies. I was sat on a porch underneath a big palm tree, trying to cool myself down with a banana-leaf fan while the rest of the island were splishing and splashing in the azure waters of the Pacific


“A hidden world of Narnia-esque surprises” Ocean.The honey had clearly not done its job properly: the wound had turned into an infection, preventing me from taking a swim with friends and fish in the most beautiful sea I had ever seen. As I sat there,

“a magical experience” complaining and sweating like a pig, a pretty-looking Fijian woman approached me. ‘I know someone who can heal that,’ she said, pointing at my leg. ‘I will show you where she lives.’ Craving for a crisp dive into

the ocean, I did not hesitate for a moment and grabbed the hand she reached out to me. The woman, who introduced herself as Sera, led me up the mountain through a narrow trail full of wildflowers, rocks and raised roots. Because the sun was on its way down, the leaves of the exotic plants had turned into a beautiful shade of golden-green. I felt as if I had travelled to an alternate universe, a Narnia-esque world full of surprises behind trees and hidden corners. I saw brilliantly coloured birds, iguanas and hibiscus flowers everywhere and, for a moment, I had even forgotten

about my –forgive me– fly-attracting wound. Eventually, we arrived at a big, green open space surrounded by thatched huts and coconut trees swaying in the wind. After passing a group of jolly-looking men drinking kava, a sedative drink made of the roots of the kava plant, and waving cheerily in their direction, we finally arrived at our destination. Sera knocked on the door of one of the huts and an old woman with a bright flower in her hair invited us inside. Her hut was covered in coloured cloths sporting traditional Fijian patterns and the shelves were

I have kept the piece of sloth with me, washed and well, ever since. Not only did the herbal medicine heal my infection within days, every time I look at it I am reminded of my wonderful adventures in both New Zealand and Fiji. Thanks to Sera and her lovely friend, I was able to swim with reef sharks within days; I could finally go snorkelling with my friends; weave baskets in the sand and go coconut hunting in the woods. I never thought I would say this, but eventually it was my clumsiness that gave me one of my best travel experiences. Thank you, quad.



Technology and it’s a godsend to people on touch devices. There’s even an App Store and a host of apps that Microsoft have baked in, many of which are quicker and easier to use than their ‘desktop program’ counterparts. As with Android and iOS, you’ll be getting a Maps app (running off Bing Maps), People app (effectively contacts, although it includes social updates from any services you have connected to your Windows Live account), Calendar, Photos, Videos, Music,

Windows 8 New Features Metro UI A ‘tile’ based interface which was primarily constructed for use on touch screen devices. Windows To Go Allows Windows 8 to be run from a bootable USB device

Windows 8 consumer preview impressions Oliver Stevenson Microsoft are soon to bring out their new version of Windows, which is touting the rather square ‘Metro’ interface specifically designed to work well with tablets. Luckily for the public, anyone and their mum can now try out Windows 8 Consumer Preview – a free, pre-release version that gives you a taste of what is to

come. But unfortunately, it requires either installing over your current version of Windows, or doing a bit of technical jiggery-pokery and using a virtual environment or partitioning your hard drive so you can dual-boot. For those that just want to know what it’s like without the bother, here are my impressions. It’s immediately apparent when booting up Windows 8 that Microsoft are trying hard here to compete with

Apple‘s iOS and Google’s Android. Poppy, bold colours; big square tiles with white icons on; a lock screen that shows the internet connection, number of unread e-mails, time, date and next calendar event in the simplest, most concise way possible; it’s almost aggressively minimalist, and will allow you to digest information quicker than ever. This front-end you see when you first open Windows 8 is the ‘Metro’ interface,

Mail and the default browser Internet Explorer. These all use your Windows Live account, and as such Windows will require your user login to be the same login as your Hotmail account. If you’re not so keen on using your Hotmail password you can use one of the coolest new features on offer – picture passwords. Simply pick a picture of choice, and interact with it in any 3 gestures. For example,

interested, to learn to program and gain a better understanding of how computers run. In creating the Raspberry Pi, hopes are that it will act as a catalyst towards this shift. With interest from several governments (including an unnamed middle-eastern country planning on providing every girl with

one) and demand rumoured to have been running at 700 per second for the first week (according to the Guardian) leading to the complete sale of their first 10,000 in minutes, it looks capable of making waves. Limited in what the kit can actually do in comparison to modern desktops, it’s hoped that at £22 it will allow children (and grown-ups alike) to mess around with coding (and hardware) without the fear of computer fatalities. The community is currently running away with it, limited by their imagination only, the official forum is littered with interesting ways to use the computer. Ranging from the sensible (cheap personal web servers) to the common yet more ambitious (In car entertainment centre or TV media hub) to the downright outlandish (the ‘mind’ in a fully automated radio controlled plane or the intercom which can be accessed anywhere in the world). There is no doubt that the Raspberry Pi is an amazing educational tool, in many ways it is the computational equivalent of passing on the traditions and languages of esoteric cultures. If the Raspberry Pi is integrated successfully into schools, which there is no reason to believe it won’t happen, the positive repercussions for the British tech industry could be colossal down the line.

Raspberry Pi: The £16 computer which will change the way we learn Spencer Montagu

Late last month saw the release of the Raspberry Pi a computer; whose size barely surpasses a credit card, whose power is thwarted by your average smart phone and whose price tag is dwarfed by the cost of a game. So why is a seemingly insignificant piece of kit causing such a stir and of any importance? Harking back to the 80s, the developers’ aims for the computer are to rekindle a community of young programmers, educating a new wave of enthusiasts. Originally part of U n i v e r s i t y o f C a m b r i d g e ’s Computing Department, the team

behind the Raspberry Pi, noticed a year on year decline in the technical skill of applicants to their computer science course. Blaming the shift towards cultivation of office skills and web-page creation in school computer classes (amongst other things) the team sought to provide a means for computer classes and those

Lock Screen Functions Similar to Google’s Android, Windows 8 allows users to unlock their devices in a number of ways

swiping from eye to eye on someone’s face, or circling their nose then touching the centre of the smile. There are also some unique apps on offer such as Messaging, a stripped down version of Messenger with built-in Facebook integration; SkyDrive, Microsoft’s own cloudstorage service so you can access your important documents from any device with internet connection; Remote Desktop, so you can control another PC over the internet (particularly useful for 3G tablet owners with a desktop PC at home) and Xbox Companion, an app dedicated to controlling your Xbox from Windows. All of these provide much-needed functionality Metrostyle and play to Windows’ strengths. But what if you’re not a touch-screen user? Windows 8 is clearly designed with tablets in mind, and while it preserves the Windows 7 desktop as you know it, it won’t set your world on fire. To say it’s useless would be unfair: Microsoft’s own anti-virus software (formerly known as Security Essentials) is now integrated and invisible for ease of use, refreshing to a clean install is faster and easier than ever, task manager is now beautifully easy to use with its new lick of paint, Windows Explorer has a ribbon interface just like newer Microsoft Office revisions. There are numerous other tiny changes, but I don’t think anyone other than power-users would really notice or care for them. Windows 8 is a brave new world for tablets, but despite its additions, it may well simply confuse affairs for laptop and desktop users.

Raspberry Pi Tech Specs

Operating Systems Linux/Debian GNU, Fedora, Arch Linux, RISC OS CPU 700 MHz ARM1176JZF-S Core Video Output Composite RCA (PAL & NTSC) Audio Output 3.5mm jack, HDMI Memory 256MB (Shared with GPU) Onboard Storage SD / MMC / SDIO Card Slot Power Rating 500mA (2.5w) (Base Model) Size 85.60 x 53.98 (3.370 x 2.125in)





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Wikileaks publish stolen Stratfor Emails Alexander Williams Controversial media outlet Wikileaks has begun publishing a cache of over five million emails belonging to American security think-tank Stratfor. In a statement released via its Twitter account, Wikileaks claimed the emails reveal how Stratfor utilises a global web of informants to collect and sell information to multinational corporations such as Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman, as well as

Why Mass Effect is the greatest Sci-Fi franchise in gaming history Patrick D’Arcy

With the third and final entry in the Mass Effect trilogy being released recently it’s time to look back on the effect this franchise has had on not only the gaming world, but also the world of popular Science Fiction. Mass Effect is a series loved by players and critics alike, its engrossing story leading players through a galaxy that manages to be both familiar yet original at the same time This doesn’t mean it is better than Science-Fiction masterpieces by authors such as Isaac Asimov, but as a series it represents the peak of Science-Fiction as a genre. Even the Science Fiction giants such as Star Trek and Star Wars, long past their prime, are no longer examples of popular science-fiction at its best. They’ve made mistakes, angered their fans, and slowly ruined their credibility as franchises. It’s time for a new king to take the crown, and Mass Effect may well be the series that deserves it. Mass Effect has often been criticised as being an amalgamation of Science Fiction tropes and ideas, treading over old ground rather than creating original material. However, this is the series greatest strength. What makes Mass Effect such an incredibly engrossing role playing experience, besides the well written story and believable characters, is the excellent unity of the best Science Fiction ideas of the past century. It had the heroic story and epic adventure through space that was

made so popular by the original Star Wars film, making the game exciting, energetic and visceral. That was combined with the intergalactic politics, interesting species and deep inter-character relationships that characterised Star Trek and helped make Mass Effect a universe rather than just a game. One only needs to read the extensive Codex entries in the game to understand the deep thought that went into constructing the Mass Effect Universe. However, no amount of intelligent universe building could ever have made Mass Effect so popular if it hadn’t been the summation of Bioware’s long experience in the Role Playing genre. Early Bioware games were some of my most important and formative experiences when it comes to gaming, but objectively they simply aren’t as good as Mass Effect. The story is immersive and deep, but manages to never feel too long, a common problem in the role playing genre. The voice acting is professional and engaging, yet despite Shepherd having a predetermined attitude and voice; he somehow still manages to be a blank enough slate to graft your own persona onto him, making the story feel very personal to each player. Mass Effect is still a relatively new series, and as the first trilogy comes to a close it will be interesting to see what direction Bioware takes the franchise in. A new pop-culture phenomenon has been born, and Mass Effect’s influence on both RPGs and Science Fiction will be seen for years to come, and Shepherd’s adventures will be remembered fondly by gamers worldwide.

Government agencies including the US Marines and Homeland Security. The leaked information also allegedly exposes the extent to which ‘intelligence companies’ like Stratfor will go to extract information from individuals. One email, which was reportedly sent by Stratfor CEO George Friedman, explains that employees must take ‘financial, sexual or psychological control’ of an informant in order to gain sufficient intelligence. The statement goes on to offer a brief summary of the emails

which have been processed thus-far and notes that possible corruption and schemes of ‘questionable legality’ within Stratfor are starkly evident. A list of Wikileaks’ ‘Public partners’ who are aiding them in publication concludes the announcement. The list includes Newspapers from Tunisia, Spain, Germany, Russia and Italy amongst others. Somewhat oddly, this list also includes American monthly music magazine Rolling Stone, though it is unclear precisely what their role in the leak will be.

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UOL men’s badminton team claim promotion

Rose Krzyzanowska Ah yes. AU. That once-monthly event that leaves my dignity and liver cells in tatters. Like many Universities across the UK, Liverpool’s Athletics Union is one of its strongest institutions, and its costume socials are some of the most anticipated on the Liverpool calendar. After a quick scout of my Facebook page, I can report that in my three years at Liverpool I’ve pranced around revs as a: lumberjack, the Virgin Mary, a banana, a geek, in a toga, in my swimming costume (complete with goggles and hat), a Christmas present, a bee, a snail (I had a duvet wrapped up and strapped to my back for six hours, A DUVET.), a candle and an angel. All in all, I think got off pretty lightly. Such is the night’s popularity, I’m also aware that the Medical School hosts its own AU night (seriously, I really think the Medics should just create their own university. Elect their own Prime Minister. Perhaps form their own country). But after all this, do I really love AU? Haven’t I lost phone, money, keys, dignity and most of my costume by the time me and my friends finally crawl home? How many never-to-beworn-again bits of fancy dress have I got lurking in the back of my

James Muir

Athletics Union: Hate it or love it? wardrobe? Why did I think it was ok to lie down on the floor of Mood for a ‘rest’? Although it’s fully possible that this is because I’ve reached my third year and I’m just getting old, but I’m starting to regret all the Quad Vods I’ve consumed. In my first year I was able spring out of bed on a post-AU Thursday morning, blag it through my 9am lecture on Shakespeare’s sonnets, fit in a decent gym session

and nip happily back to my halls bedroom for a power nap. Nowadays, I’m more likely to wake up at midday with a hangover that would knock Charlie Sheen into cotton socks. Frilly ones. But then again, what am I going to do without a once-monthly amalgamation of cheap vodka and body paint? I take it back. I love AU. I love coming home clutching the remains

LURFC Find form despite having no chance of promotion

of my costume and a pizza from Chesters. I love being covered in the ‘AU rainbow’; a mixture of body paint from every person you have hugged, danced with, or even brushed passed in those few hours. And best of all, I know that once I leave university this June and get back into the Big Bad World and start actually paying taxes and working a nine-tofive job, AU will seem like a beautiful, beautiful dream.

James Muir After a rather typically slow start on the rugby front for LURFC, pieces have finally begun to fall together to produce some mesmerising performances with regards to the 1st XV, as well as permeating throughout the whole club. With recent victories over Lancaster (38-0) and Leeds Met (47-7) the entire group is on a high and despite no expectation of promotion, this year has paved the way for what is sure to be 3 highly competitive sides next season. So with the 1st and 2nd XV currently sitting in 3rd position and the 3rd XV in a respectable 4th, rugby union at Liverpool is shaping up to be in a promising position.

Liverpool FC: The season so far Continues from back page... Arsenal players will admit it was a smash and grab and Liverpool’s performance on the day certainly didn’t warrant their cruel fate but that’s football and only further exemplified their lack of ruthlessness and cutting edge which has cost them this season. A recent decline in Premier League points has inevitably seen the emergence of criticism of manager Kenny Dalglish. Even club legends and proclaimed footballing royalty are not immune from questioning in this ever prevailing culture of inpatient fans who demand instant

success, have no time for transition and often forget that footballers are human beings, not robots who are programmed to be infallible. Dalglish is certainly not to be absolved from all blame if things do not go according to plan. It would be dangerous ground to tread on if reputation came before logic and clouded our vision. Mistakes have been made with transfers with the club paying over the odds for players that never have and never will merit the fees. Andy Carroll has been made the scapegoat this season but the ludicrous £35 million price-tag is not

his fault. All things considered, it looks as though it could prove to be one of the colossal (in every sense of the word) mistakes in the club’s transfer business history and the manager played a predominant part in that. There are lots of things that Dalglish should be commended for however; he has not simply bowed to the pressure of starting veteran players like Jamie Carragher and instead given chances for young players like Martin Kelly and Sebastian Coates to shine, as well as Jay Spearing. The football Liverpool has played has often been attractive if

not always effective. The passion and commitment oozes out of Dalglish on the touchline and in his press conferences in which he has defended the club where his predecessor, Roy Hodgson, exposed it. There is still much work to be done. Liverpool fans will not look at the Premier League table without wincing in pain as they see their club a massive 25 points behind Manchester United who top the league table. A glance downwards and newly promoted Norwich and Swansea are only 6 points adrift of the reds. It does not make for good reading in a season

The University of Liverpool’s Men’s Badminton team have finished top of the league following a 4-4 draw away against Manchester Metropolitan’s 1st team. Liverpool needed to win or draw to win the league, but Manchester Met needed an outright win to claim the title. Considering the importance of such an encounter, both teams had their supporters in attendance. Most unsurprisingly, Liverpool was faced with tough matches as had been the situation all season. The shuttlecocks provided were very fast, which was not ideal for the away side, yet, despite only getting a draw, league success was Liverpool’s. Understandably struggling towards the beginning of the first semester, owing to difficulties in getting a team together, Liverpool soon found their stride, racking up wins against Lancaster, Manchester Met and Salford. The latter victory against some tough opposition proved the resilience and force of a rapidly improving Liverpool team. ssively, Liverpool was undefeated and only drew once in the second semester league games, and was unlucky to lose in the Quarter Finals of the Northern Conference Cup. Perhaps the most notable of the successes in the Cup was against Lancaster’s 1st team, when Liverpool careered to a 7-1 triumph, made all the more satisfying with the knowledge that Lancaster are in the above league. Promotion into the next league up means that next season will be a tough one. Yet, with most of this established and ever-strengthening squad still in Liverpool next year, the future looks bright for the team!

where big money spent in the summer was supposed to yield fruitful results. Anyone who is calling for the manager’s head is, however way off the mark. Liverpool are a club that pride itself from being different to big corporate, political clubs like Chelsea and Real Madrid where they change their manager more than their club strip. Yes, Liverpool may be underachieving but the hopeless abyss the club found itself in for a couple of years due to corrupt owners, a clueless manager and disgraceful leadership cannot be completely reversed overnight. Patience is key, but while fans wait they may be able to enjoy double cup success which is never anything to grumble at.



Racing A Cheltenham to remember That was the third leg of a fabulous four timer for Nicky Henderson on the second day, which took him past Fulke Walwyn‘s Festival record of 41 winners. His luck continued on the third day, with his Riverside Theatre, owned by famous actor James Nesbitt, taking the Grade 1 Ryanair Chase. Big Buck’s stole the show though, winning an unprecedented fourth Ladbrokes World Hurdle, despite having been made to work harder than ever before. Of course, the feature race of the week is the Betfred Cheltenham Gold Cup, won this year by Synchronised and champion jockey A.P. McCoy, for popular connections Jonjo O’Neill and J.P. McManus. Using his abundant stamina to impressive effect up the hill, Synchronised drew away to score by over two lengths from The Giant Bolster with defending champion Long Run only third. Kauto Star, the most popular chaser in training and a perennial Grade 1 scorer, was pulled up early on despite having been fancied to land a momentous third win in the race, and owner Clive Smith is now leaning towards retiring his brilliant racing stalwart. Nicky Henderson aptly trained the winner of the Johnny Henderson Grand Annual, the race named in memory of his father, who saved

Cheltenham Gold Cup Past Winners & Trainers 2012 Synchronised/ Jonjo O’Neill 2011 Long Run / Nicky Henderson

James Muir

The 2012 Cheltenham Festival was one of the most record breaking in recent years, with a perfect mix of controversy, drama, emotion and excitement for National Hunt faithfuls to savour over the unique four day extravaganza. Atmospheric to a tee, the Festival was under way with the Supreme Novices’ Hurdle, the start of the race accompanied by the ‘Cheltenham roar’ (this year they even roared twice) and the end with a famous victory for the North - Donald McCain’s Cinders and Ashes won in very nice style. Sprinter Sacre continued to look outstanding in winning the Arkle in spectacular fashion and he ensured that Nicky Henderson’s festival ball had been set rolling…at a rate of knots. Punters were in for a shock after a win for Rock On Ruby in the Stan James Champion Hurdle, with the apple of the Irish eye, good old Hurricane Fly, beaten into third. A

first Champion Hurdle for champion trainer Paul Nicholls and not likely to be the last. Cheltenham wouldn’t be Cheltenham without controversy, and this year it came in the high-profile Queen Mother Champion Chase. Wishfull Thinking took a crashing fall through the rails and into spectators at the fence in front of the stands, sending jockey Richard Johnson flying and photographer Jean-Charles Briens tumbling (all three have now recovered). The fence was omitted on the second circuit whilst Johnson received treatment, but inadequate course procedures led to confusion as to whether it was to be jumped or not. After taking what turned out to be the final fence, Andrew Lynch (riding Sizing Europe) seemed unsure whether or not to jump the omitted final fence and despite looking like committing his mount into the obstacle, eventually veered around it, but in doing so, gave Finian’s Rainbow a broadside. A tremendous tussle ensued up the hill, with Henderson’s nine year-old staying it out the best to win.

2010 Imperial Commander / Nigel Davies 2009 Kauto Star / Paul Nicholls 2008 Denman / Paul Nicholls 2007 Kauto Star / Paul Nicholls

Cheltenham Racecourse in the 1960s. Bellvano supplied Henderson with this famous victory and took the Seven Barrows trainer’s tally for the meeting to a superlative seven. It was a truly memorable Cheltenham Festival: Nicky Henderson became the winning-most Festival trainer in history, Big Buck’s became the most successful stayer ever, the Irish went home with a measly five winners and perhaps most significantly, jump racing may have waved goodbye to it’s most popular chaser. The nostalgia will soon kick-in, but National Hunt fans are left with one consolation; the end of Cheltenham means that Aintree is on the horizon.

10 Great Grand Nationals James Muir 2009 - Mon Mome Notable for so many reasons. Venetia Williams became only the second woman in the history of the race to train the winner. Mon Mome was the first French-bred winner in a century. Clare Balding infamously got into trouble after a gaffe about winning jockey Liam Treadwell’s teeth. Not forgetting the starting price of 100/1. His win was no fluke though, as he won in the style of an odds-on favourite.

1992 - Party Politics A hugely apt and possibly superstitious renewal. Party Politics won the Grand National just days before the 1992 General Election. This huge horse bounded clear on the run in for Carl Llewellyn, who was on a spare ride. Incredibly, Llewellyn was in the same situation again in 1998 when Earth Summit should have been ridden by Tom Jenks. The latter broke his leg however, and Llewellyn steeped into the plate. Spooky.

2004 - Amberleigh House There was not a dry eye in the house when Amberleigh House gave Aintree legend Ginger McCain an incredibly emotional fourth triumph in the race. His manner of victory was memorable - held up for the majority of the race, he still had many lengths to find over the final two obstacles, but flew home past the elbow to collar Clan Royal, in a way none too dissimilar to Red Rum’s 1973 triumph over Crisp.

1983 - Corbiere Corbiere’s win added a much welcomed addition to horse racing history books. The flashy chestnut provided Jenny Pitman with her first of two (although she trained the aforementioned Esha Ness) National victories. She was the first woman ever to train the winner and one of the first women to be granted a licence to train full stop, in a male dominated world. She will forever be known as the ‘First Lady of racing’.

2001 - Red Marauder The worst jumper to win the Grand National, Red Marauder needed everything else to fall if he was to win…they did. A loose Paddy’s Return ran across the front of the field at the Canal Turn, bringing a substantial number of runners to a standstill or to their knees. Drama on the second circuit included Beau unseating Carl Llewellyn, who ran after him to remount - he wasn’t quick enough! Only two finished, with another two remounting to complete later on.

1982 - Aldaniti The greatest Grand National fairytale. Winning jockey Bob Champion had recently recovered from cancer, having been told by doctors that he had just months to live. His winning mount, Aldaniti, had previously sustained career and life threatening injuries yet still managed to get to Aintree in one piece. So heartwarming, the story of Champion and Aldaniti was made into a film, named “Champions”.

1997 - Lord Gyllene Memories are sweet and sour. An IRA bomb threat to a Liverpool hospital led to a mass evacuation of the racecourse. Thousands of racegoers, jockeys, trainers, owners and press were left stranded, but the people of Liverpool opened their doors. Such friendliness and hospitality has not and never will be forgotten. The race was rescheduled for the following Monday, when Lord Gyllene romped to success and the B.B.C’s Sir Peter O’Sullevan called the race for the final time. 1993 - Void (Esha Ness) The most disastrous event in the history of the Grand National. After a false start, the runners were called back. However, another false start occurred after the starting tape became tangled around Richard Dunwoody’s neck. Yet, the majority of the field raced on, unaware of the second false start, despite people out on the track waving flags and a booing crowd. Esha Ness won the ’National that never was’. The race was declared void following an inquiry.

1977 - Red Rum The most famous National horse and the one that everybody knows, Red Rum, gained his unprecedented third Grand National triumph in 1977, having already won in 1973 and 1974, and having finished second in 1975 and 1976. The scenes in 1977 were unlike any other. A deafening crowd was willing the old-timer home - scenes that will never be repeated on a racecourse again. His runaway success captured the hearts of the British public and led to Ginger McCain’s horse gaining universal celebrity status. 1956 - E.S.B. Famous for disappointing reasons. Well, disappointing for Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother. Her horse Devon Loch was clear up the run-in, with victory in sight, when he jumped into the air, landing sprawled across the Aintree turf. Theories as to his inexplicable ‘jump’ continue to reverberate around the national hunt game. E.S.B. overtook Devon Loch who could not carry on. The Queen Mother famously remarked ‘Oh, that’s racing’, coining a phrase which is used practically every day in the sport.




Six Nations 2012 review Mike Dolan Wales secure their third Grand Slam in seven years in a tense finale at the Millennium Stadium. It has been a pulsating tournament in which the Welsh back-line has taken Northern Hemisphere rugby closer to the level of the Southern Hemisphere sides, than ever before. George North has made a similar impact to that of a young Jonah Lomu, there is a balance in all departments, and the age of the team suggests that there is more to come. On an emotional day after the death of Welsh legend Merve ‘the swerve’ Davies, Wales’s myriad error count almost cost them, but their application and belief carried them to a memorable 16-9 victory at the Millennium stadium. Interim manager Stuart Lancaster will feel he has done more than enough to secure the role as full time head coach a f t e r E n g l a n d ’s p r o m i s i n g p e r f o r m a n c e s i n t h i s y e a r ’s championship. The RFU will need good cause to look past a man that has inculcated pride back into wearing the England shirt. Whilst they scrapped victories and may have felt fortunate in Edinburgh and Rome, a young inexperienced side showed Anglo-Saxon steel that hasn’t been seen in the red rose since the Johnson-Woodward era. A telling statistic that is particularly pertinent at a time when England are

considering their appointments for the next Football and Rugby managers is that a country has never won a World Cup in either sport with a foreign coach in charge. Thus, why look abroad, especially when in Lancaster you have a man that has a good rapport with players and clubs and maintains traditional values for performance and behaviour. Scotland have been the nearly men in t h i s y e a r ’s S i x N a t i o n s , a n d unfortunately for Andy Robinson a perennial problem of losing games ‘they should have won’ has been the prominent characteristic of this forever improving Scotland side. The cognoscenti will say that Andy

Six Nations Wales England Ireland France Italy Scotland

Pld 5 5 5 5 5 5

Won 5 4 2 2 1 0

Pts 10 8 5 5 2 0

Robinson is doing a good job with a small pool of players, yet despite the encouraging performances, results in the six nations and the world cup have not been favourable to the former England coach, and the loss in Rome looks to have signalled the end for Robinson. Ireland will be bitterly disappointed with their Six Nations campaign, more for what it could have been than for what it was. The form of the Irish provinces in the Heineken cup put Ireland as many people’s favourites before the tournament, yet this didn’t translate into the national side. They will perhaps feel the presence of their talisman and Captain O’Driscoll

might have edged them to victory in their tight defeat to Wales and their draw with France, but their scrum will continue to hinder their grand slam chances in the future. Like Ireland, France will feel they have underachieved in this Six Nations tournament. They could quite easily have come into the tournament as world champions, yet they will end it as mid table mediocrity. There was

Saints slump to fourth consecutive defeat Simon Mulligan

St Helens' early season slump continued as they went down to their fourth consecutive Super League defeat losing 12-8 to Bradford Bulls at Odsal to condemn the club to their worst run of results in 23 years. Both sides entered the game keen to pick up a much needed win with Saints looking to reverse their recent form and the Bulls searching for their first home win of the season. Both sides had injury problems going into the game. Saints had key man James Roby and scrum half Jonny Lomax absent from the side. The wet conditions set the tone of the match with both sides matching each other set for set up the middle in the early stages. The home side thought they had opened the scoring on 15 minutes as following a period of substantial pressure in the Saints half, forward John Bateman barged over from 10 metres out only for the video referee to spot that he had initially

grounded the ball short of the line and was penalised for a double-movement easing the pressure on St Helens. Within five minutes the visitors had made them pay as Saints did get the scoreboard ticking with a wellworked try. Anthony Laffranchi's short ball put Jon Wilkin through a gap who found Paul Wellens. The Saints fullback was tackled just short but on the next play Saints made the most of the overlap as Wheeler and Gaskell slickly moved the ball out to Andrew Dixon to go over to make it 4-0. Jamie Foster failed to add the extras in what would turn out to be a difficult evening for the goal-kicking winger. Handling errors became increasingly eminent from the home side but St Helens failed to take advantage of their territorial dominance putting the ball down themselves on several occasions and neither side managed to take a stronghold on the match. On 32 minutes the Bulls got themselves on the score-sheet. A chip kick towards the corner from Jeffries took a fortuitous ricochet off Karl Pryce before Eliot Whitehead hacked the

a lack of urgency in their performances; against both Ireland and England it took them until the second half before they showed what they are capable of, but it wasn’t enough on both occasions, and many Francophiles will be disappointed that they did not see – bar Wesley Fofana – the flair that makes them such an enjoyable side to watch, and such a dangerous side on their day. ‘New

Year, new coach, same story’, would perhaps be an adequate dissection of Italy’s performance. Many had hoped that Jacques Brunel might be able to bring in a certain ‘je ne sais quoi’ that might ignite dynamism in their back play to match the fire power in their pack, but once again a scrappy victory at home over Scotland will be deemed sufficient to an accepting Italian public.

ball forward and pounced on it to score. The referee awarded a rare 8point try as Bradford were given an extra kick at goal as Jamie Foster was penalised for his attempt to kick the ball from Whitehead's grasp as he touched down. Paul Sykes was successful with both kicks and Bradford had an 8-4 lead which they would take into half time. Straight after the break the hosts found more joy from Jeffries' boot as a high kick was not dealt with by Foster, who allowed the ball to bounce and opposite number Karl Pryce picked it up to go in at the corner to extend the Bulls' lead to 12-4. Ill-discipline continually let Saints down and when they had position near the Bradford line they lacked the attacking finesse to break the Bradford defence. The visitors' cause was further dented as Foster's nightmare evening continued when he was sin-binned for a professional foul. Captain Paul Wellens produced an outstanding last-gasp tackle to prevent Ben Jeffries from going over to seal the match for Bradford. The visitors did seem to be spurred on momentarily playing with a bit more purpose in attack. However Tony Puletua dropped the ball with the try

line at his mercy after a cutting edge move sliced through the Bradford defence epitomising the lacklustre display. Much of the closing stages saw Bradford camped in their opponent's half as the Saints' forwards failed to dominate their opposite numbers. However Saints did eventually score again in the last minute as Francis Meli went nearly the full length of the field but it was too little too late with the final hooter sounding as Foster's second conversion attempt hit the post. Another disappointing display does not bode well for the Saints who will need to improve drastically ahead of a tough run of fixtures, for the next three weeks, against Leeds, Warrington and Wigan.

Bulls v Saints 20/01/1946 Final score: 13 - 8 Referee: Richard Silverwood Attendance: 11,316




Cheltenham Festival page 26

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Everton frustrated as Sunderland battle for replay Everton again had a penalty appeal turned down when Jelavic headed a Baines cross onto the arm of John O’Shea but Marriner was unimpressed and once again waved play on. The hosts remained the more urgent throughout the half as it became apparent that a replay at the Stadium of Light was becoming an exceedingly more appealing prospect for the visitors, with O’Neill replacing the pace of Frazier Campbell with the work rate of David Vaughan in order to steady the Sunderland ship. With the game heading towards a replay David Moyes brought on the imposing Argentine Denis Stracqualursi in place of Royston Drenthe but it was not to be for Everton as Mignolet produced a fine double save at the death to force a replay. Mignolet first denied John Heitinga, diving well to his right in

Mark Bradford

Tim Cahill’s headed equaliser cancelled out Phil Bardsley’s opener as Everton fought back to send their quarter final tie versus Sunderland to a replay following a 1-1 draw at Goodison Park. Everton approached the game under a certain amount of (arguably unnecessary) pressure following their 3-0 humbling at the hands of Liverpool in last week’s Merseyside derby. David Moyes controversially rested six players at Anfield ahead of this F.A. Cup quarter final fixture and following the embarrassing nature of last Tuesday’s defeat, the manager would have been anxious not to see his selection policy backfire versus Martin O’Neill’s Sunderland. O’Neill has transformed the Wearsiders’ fortunes since his appointment in December, taking them from the fringes of the relegation zone to the top half of the Premier League table and the visitors would have approached the game in confident mood as they searched for their first win at Goodison Park since November 1996. Everton, with their confidence visibly dented by defeat at Anfield, started slowly and it was Sunderland who looked considerably livelier in the opening stages as they passed the ball crisply and at high tempo without creating any clear cut opportunities. Against the run of play Everton should have had an early penalty when Sunderland’s Craig Gardner brought down Royston Drenthe. Andre Marriner, whose refereeing decisions were inconsistent throughout the game, was yards away from the incident but chose to wave play on. Everton’s dismay was made worse soon after as Sunderland opened the scoring. Jack Colback passed a short free-kick to Phil Bardsley, who was then allowed to steady himself before firing a powerful effort low into the bottom corner of Tim Howard’s net. The time that Bardsley was afforded on the ball was remarkable considering his noted ability to score from such opportunities, epitomising how the hosts had been unable to match Sunderland’s enthusiasm and vigour

• Tim Cahill scored only his second goal of the season • O’Neill looking to end his club’s 39 year trophyless spell

during the game’s opening 15 minutes. For all of Sunderland’s dynamism in their build up to play they weren't able to convert their exuberance into goal-scoring opportunities and Everton found themselves level after 23 minutes. Leighton Baines sent a crisp ball into the box from the left to find Nikica Jelavic, whose headed effort appeared to be going wide. Tim

Cahill was swift to intervene and exemplified all of his wiliness to guide the header beyond Simon Mignolet for Everton’s equaliser. The goal proved to be the boost in confidence that Everton had so urgently needed and they sprung into life to finish the half strongly. Sylvain Distin sliced an effort wide from close range after Mignolet’s weak punch from a Cahill header was met

Liverpool FC: The season so far Simon Blank Liverpool Football Club has had a season of mixed success. On the one hand, one cup already won, another still achievable and some good football played that hasn’t always

been rewarded with the right results. Yet, these impressive performances in the domestic cups cannot and should not mask what, on the face of it, has been a disappointing Premier League campaign. At the moment, Liverpool lie 10 points behind 4th placed Arsenal. What looked like being a close-fought

battle that would go right down to the wire between 4 prominent clubs in the race for 4th has seen a slight chasm emerge between Arsenal and Chelsea and Newcastle and Liverpool. Any realistic ambitions Liverpool had about finishing in that much coveted Champions League spot may have been extinguished when Robin Van

by the Frenchman inside the box. Soon after, Mignolet was well beaten by Drenthe's thunderous long-range free-kick, only for the Dutchman's effort to skim off the woodwork. The opening stages of the 2nd half offered the visitors no reprieve from Everton pressure. Cahill’s shot forced a scrambling save from Mignolet before Jelavic headed narrowly over the target with a glancing header.

Persie scored a wonderful late winner for Arsenal at Anfield in which the away side took all 3 points in a 2-1 win. It was always a game Liverpool perhaps had to win, could only just afford a draw, and could not think about losing. Arsenal players will admit it was a smash and grab and Liverpool’s performance on the day certainly didn’t warrant their cruel fate but that’s football and only further exemplified their lack of ruthlessness and cutting edge which... Continues on page 25...

order to prevent the shot finding the bottom corner. The rebound fell to Jelavic deep inside the box but the Belgian ‘keeper was not to be beaten and repositioned himself instantly to block the shot and deny Everton a return to Wembley. Mignolet’s fine piece of goalkeeping concluded the action as Sunderland’s boisterous supporters took great delight in hearing Marriner’s final whistle. They had good reason to, as not only did they survive a 2nd half in which Everton’s constant pressure failed to penetrate their dogged defence but the replay will see Stephane Sessegnon and Lee Cattermole return from suspension, making O’Neill’s side an even more daunting obstacle for Everton. For Everton the outcome of the match can only be viewed with disappointment in consideration to their domination of the 2nd half. Additionally Moyes will now face further criticism over his contentious squad rotation as the gamble to rest players in the Merseyside derby failed in its intention to ensure a swift passage into the F.A. Cup semi-finals.

29990 The Sphinx