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SUKO PRESSEAU Landscape Portfolio


PROJECTS CuRE Eternal Sunshine of the Hidden Hydrology Soil System for a Dredged City Concordia Campus Outcrop Park Concourse Convergence Sitka Studies Foundations of Form Built Environments


CuRE CONCEPT: POST-INDUSTRIAL REUSE SITE: ANACONDA COPPER PIT, YERRINGTON, NV CuRE considers the current geological and cultural epoch and proposes a shift in values in the bodies we inhabit- the physical, mortal body and the earth. The remediation of an open pit copper mine to a wellness resort, questions the ways landscapes are consumed from extraction to experience and how the consumer products of extraction relate to experience through an object oriented ontological consideration of copper. In understanding a new geological time, CuRE proposes to sculpt a new landscape binding post-industrial waste back into bedrock that forms the backdrop of instagram inspired tourism.


FROM EXTRACTION TO EXPERIENCE SSUMY

We consume the landscape as both labor, and industry, and recreation, and aesthetics.

Bingham Canyon, Utah, United STates OWNER: Rio Tinto Corp. SCALE: 20.5 Sq. Miles (Manhattan 22.8 Sq. Miles) ANNUAL PRODUCTION (2017): 308 Tons Continuously Mined since 1906

We literally tear up the earth to extract the raw materials for consumable products, from avocados to iphones, and for restoration we travel for glimpses of unspoiled vistas, fresh air and “nature.” Copper is also inextricably linked to photography, the lens through which culture is mirrored and projected. Photography - literal translation-light drawing- has influenced how landscape is experienced, desired and conserved.

BHP

The cultural construct of wilderness and nature that founded the conservation movement must be reevaluated and examined critically to reflect our current time of climate change and extreme capitalism. The sublime of the American wilderness has been recorded by artists from painters of the Hudson River School to photographers such as Ansel Adams. “I realize that a silent but most effective voice in the campaign was your book, Sierra Nevada: The John Muir Trail. So long as that book is in existence, it will go on justifying the park,” wrote the National Park Service Director to Ansel Adams following the establishment of the Kings Canyon National Park.

ESCONDIDO, Antofagasfa Region, Chile OWNER: BHP Billiton (57.5 percent), Rio Tinto Corp. (30 percent), and Japan Escondida (12.5 percent) ANNUAL PRODUCTION (2017): 1,400 Tons 54.7 Sq. Miles (Staten island, NY 58.7 Sq. Miles) 5% of global copper production

As an indexical, mechanical record, the photograph (and by extension the cinema image) captures that which was there. It’s allusion to truth is analogous to the notion of nature as pure. Co-opted by Hollywood and advertising, the photo image projected an aspirational, consumer life that reiterated capitalist values and whiteness with the hegemonic dominance of post-industrial America across the globe. Early critiques of photography cautioned about the surveillance aspects of the medium and the power dynamics of its technology. Photography, from early portrait studios to the brownie camera has also been about recording the intimate and personal. The record of existence for memory and sentimentality has impacted consciousness and sense of self, and in the last decade and a half to proportions never seen before. The advent of digital photography and social media sharing of Instagram, Facebook, Tumblr and Flickr has democratized the creation and dissemination of visual records - with all the fantasy and fiction of personal projections. It’s democratized the tools of cinema and advertising.

FCX Morenci, Arizona, United States OWNER: Freeport McMoRan (85 percent) and Sumitomo Affiliates (15 percent) SCALE: 42.9 Sq. Miles (The Bronx 42.7 Sq. Miles) ANNUAL PRODUCTION (2017): 573 Tons Largest Copper mine in the United States

COPPER DEPOSITS AROUND THE WORLD Copper – Aluminum Ore Copper – Molybdenum Ore Copper Ore Top Producing Open Mines Porphyry Copper Deposits Sedimentary Copper Deposits

Copper is mined all over the world by a handful of transnational corporations. Responsible to shareholder interests and not to the communities where they are mining, The restoration of mine sites is minimal and like most traded commodities the impact on the land is not factored in to the real cost of production. Juxtaposing the profiles of stock values with the profiles of significant copper pits questions this value system and acknowledges the improbability of CuRE to restore the landscape.


SITE HISTORY SULFIDE TAILINGS AREA

Empire – Nevada & Anaconda Era Early 1900S -1978

360 MILLION TONS OF ORE WERE REMOVED FROM THE YERINGTON PIT, MOST OF WHICH REMAINS AS TAILINGS PILES OR HEAP LEACH PILES WITHIN THE MINE BOUNDARIES; APPROXIMATELY 1.7 BILLION POUNDS OF COPPER WERE PRODUCED.

SULFIDE PROCESS AREAS

WASTE ROCK

WASTE ROCK

GROUNDWATER PLUME SPREADS MORE THAN 6 MILES NORTH OF THE SITE CONTAMINATING THE WELLS OF 10,000 RESIDENTS OF YERINGTON, WEED HEIGHTS, AND THE YERINGTON & WALKER RIVER PAIUTE TRIBES

OXIDE LEACH PROCESSING PONDS HEAP LEACH PADS OXIDE TAILINGS

Arimetco Era 1989 – 2000

Anaconda Mine Site, 2014 (Above) Anaconda Mine Site and surrounding areas. Scale Model. 1” = 2500’ CNC routed foam with plaster and Ink Jet print decoupage; Copper leaf Pit with Patina (Below)

SULFURIC ACID LEACHING INTO GROUNDWATER FROM ABANDONED ARIMETCO LEACH PADS

180-ACRE PIT LAKE APPROXIMATELY 1 MILE LONG AND 800 FEET DEEP. WATER DEPTH IS 500 FEET

WATER TABLE & GROUNDWATER PLUME

The Anaconda Copper Mine Site covers more than 3,400 acres in the Mason Valley, near the city of Yerington, in Lyon County, central Nevada, approximately 65 miles southeast of Reno. The Site is an abandoned copper mine. Former mining and operations remnants consist of an open-pit, mill buildings, leach vats, process areas, tailing piles, evaporation ponds, HLPs and process solution storage ponds. The State of Nevada, with the support of the neighboring Paiute tribe, requested EPA take the lead for the entire site, including the Arimetco orphan share, in 2004. Groundwater pumping out of the pit stopped when Anaconda operations ceased, resulting in the 180-acre Pit Lake forming.

MINE BOUNDARY

WALKER RIVER OVERFLOW IS DIRECTED TO THE PIT TO PROTECT THE CITY OF YERINGTON FROM FLOODING WITH SEASONAL RAINS


“I REALIZE THAT A SILENT BUT MOST EFFECTIVE VOICE IN THE CAMPAIGN WAS YOUR BOOK, SIERRA NEVADA: THE JOHN MUIR TRAIL. SO LONG AS THAT BOOK IS IN EXISTENCE, IT WILL GO ON JUSTIFYING THE PARK�

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Delta Lake Grand Teton NP

ardii_aa Delta Lake #ArdiAndMilaAdventures #grandtetons #deltalake #hike zee_key Amazing!!

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I love the pictures of ridiculously beautiful places, but I’m also a pretty big fan of the Search“not-pictured� parts, too

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(Also love that @disa always makes me look cooler than I am, and that she sings with me to keep the bears away đ&#x;?ťđ&#x;?ť)

Some travel the world to find home, some find it in a person. Before I became a nomad, “home� was where I grew up.

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SearchNow, a home is not a place but a feeling residing inside of me. It is everywhere and nowhere.

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Jackson, Wyoming

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Delta Lake, Grand Teton

praepeeraya Worth a nine-mile hike! #deltalake #grandtetonnationalpark #ลา ŕš€ŕ¸ˆŕ¸­ŕš ŕ¸”ŕ¸”ŕ¸—ŕ¸ľŕ¸™ ďż˝ ส ฾� ŕ¸­ŕ¸‡ŕš€ŕ¸”ŕ¸ˇŕ¸­ŕ¸™ #ŕ¸™ŕ¸­ŕ¸ ŕ¸ˆŕ¸˛ŕ¸ ŕ¸œŕ¸´ŕ¸§ŕ¸—ŕ¸ľŕš„ďż˝ ญล ŕš‰ ŕš€ŕ¸ ŕ¸Łŕ¸ľŕ¸˘ŕ¸Ą #ŕ¸ ŕ¸Łŕ¸°ŕ¸ ŕš‡ŕ¸Ąŕ¸˛ŕš€ŕ¸•ŕš‡ŕ¸Ąŕš‚ŕ¸Ťŕ¸™ŕ¸ ŕš ŕ¸ ŕš‰ŕ¸Ąŕ¸žŕ¸ľŕš ďż˝ ฼ ŕš‰ŕ¸§ŕ¸ˆ ŕš‰ŕ¸˛ polrawee_t ŕ¸Şŕ¸”ŕšƒŕ¸Ş

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kenzontheinternet Hey - Come check out my fashion/art inspiration page! Search natanon89 I like your routine, Thanks for sharing it. ♼đ&#x;‡šđ&#x;‡šđ&#x;‡šđ&#x;‡š passaphon :) j

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johnrosano5 Fall and probably get hypothermia... don’t fall and have a shot for the gram ✅ • • • PC: @frietzphoto

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Always dreaming of #Tulum đ&#x;Œ´đ&#x;Œ´

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When you visit Zona Arqueológica de Tulum, you’ll find Mayan ruins guarded by hundreds of iguanas. Follow the winding pathways up to the hill’s peak for a Searchgorgeous view of the beach from the cliff’s edge and El Castillo overlooking the sea.

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backpackbren Don’t worry about failures, worry about the chances you miss when you don’t even try. . . . I feel like my life has been a rollercoaster Searchof failures. I’m a really impulsive person, which I love. But it also means I make choices in a split second and just go for it. That results into bad choices sometimes, but it also means the best chances

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Tulum MĂŠxico Ruinas Mayas

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pioneerbearcamp Follow @pioneerbearcamp through our journey around the world for more awesome shots and stories đ&#x;Œ˛đ&#x;Œ˛đ&#x;Œ˛đ&#x;Œ˛đ&#x;Œ˛đ&#x;?”đ&#x;?”đ&#x;?”đ&#x;Œ˛đ&#x;Œ˛ . . đ&#x;“¸đ&#x;“¸:@missholldoll Search pioneerbearcamp #camplife #takeahike #mountainslovers #mountains #camping #hiking #campingtrip #outdoorgear #hikingadventures #hikinglife

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pioneerbearcamp Follow @pioneerbearcamp through our journey around the world for more awesome shots and stories đ&#x;?•đ&#x;?•đ&#x;?•đ&#x;?”đ&#x;?”đ&#x;?”đ&#x;Œ˛đ&#x;Œ˛đ&#x;Œ˛đ&#x;Œ˛đ&#x;Œ˛ pioneerbearcamp #camplife #takeahike #mountainslovers #mountains #camping #hiking #campingtrip #outdoorgear #hikingadventures #hikinglife #exploremore #outdoors #outdoorsports #findyourpark #hike #pct #johnmuirtrail #hikes

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luxwtprime ~~~~~~~~Tag who you would want to do this amazing hike with! ~~~~~~~~Photo Credit: @anthonytori Name: A Frigid Dip In Delta Lake Location: Grand Teton National Park â” â” â” â” â” â” â” â” â” â” â” â” @luxwtprime is an exclusive group of @luxuryworldtraveler travel photographers and media contributors from around the world. â” â” â” â” â” â” â” â” â” â” â” â” "Dream Big, Eat Well & Travel On!"

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Delta Lake (Teton County, Wyoming)

Grand Teton National Park

thru.pack The heart of a hiker! đ&#x;™‚đ&#x;™‚ what a great message! @stephlotus_ "GOD¡DESS /ËˆÉĄĂ¤dÉ™s/ noun a female deity. a woman who is adored, especially for her beauty. . . Here’s one of my favorite photos from the trail. Why? Because I felt like the strongest

madlena.doncheva My face expression tells you how cold it was and how unprepared I was. BUT was so worth it. BEAUTIFUL. #downcoat #beautifulnature #naturelover #mustard #outfitoftheday #bulgariangirl #taosnm #littlesnow #downtown #winter

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national_park_photography Diving into the chilly waters of Delta Lake Photo by @davidmrule View all 39 comments sweetdeehaze @clare_byler

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le_migou Into the jungle đ&#x;‡˛đ&#x;‡˛đ&#x;‡˛đ&#x;‡˛ #mexico #tulum #cenote #cenoteazul Load more comments le_migou @la_poze mais oui! J'avais jamais vu ça ailleurs ! le_migou @jeuthem un vrai plaisir ces cenotes !! le_migou @les_yeux_migrateurs trop trop agrĂŠables ! le_migou @two.globetrotters vous

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Photograph, Ansel Adams, from Sierra Nevada: The John Muir Trail, 1938 (Top) The Homogeneity of Instagram Travel Photography. Retrieved 4/12/19 (Bottom Grid)

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Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks

ginarosacova My 2015 thru-hike of the John Muir Trail was also my very first multi-night backpacking trip (and second backpacking trip ever, lol), so I guess you could say I have a history of taking a leap and going all in. I like to channel that version of myself when I need a lil’ boost. SearchHere’s to all the coming leaps in 2019; excited to see where we all land. #tbt #wheresmyeyebrows đ&#x;“?đ&#x;“? Forester Pass / Southern Paiute + TĂźbatulabal Ancestral Land

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wanderlust.wildflowers For something called “ruins,� they’re quite beautiful ☀

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Tulum, Quintana Roo

mooremisadventures Not pictured: The 90° scramble to get here and the subsequent bear-deterring song and dance on the way down in the dark

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Grand Teton National Park

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NATIVE COPPER

CHALCOPYRITE: CUFES2 QUALITIES: CHAKRAS: CROWN ZODIAC (ELEMENT): CAPRICORN (EARTH) AZURITE: CU3(CO3)2(OH)2 QUALITIES: INSIGHT, INTUITION, INNER VISION CHAKRAS: THIRD EYE (6TH), CROWN (7TH) ZODIAC: SAGITTARIUS (FIRE)

CHALCOCITE

DIOPTASE: CUSIO3·H2O QUALITIES: PROSPERITY, EMOTIONAL WELLBEING, PAST LIFE HEALING CHAKRAS: HEART (4TH) ZODIAC: TAURUS (EARTH) AND SAGITTARIUS (FIRE)

CHRYSOCOLLA

COPPER ORES & THE CHAKRAS

MALACHITE: CU2CO3(OH)2 QUALITIES: CONFIDENCE, HEART-HEALING, CREATIVITY, LEADERSHIP, PROTECTION CHAKRAS: HEART (4TH), SOLAR PLEXUS (3RD) ZODIAC: CAPRICORN (EARTH) AND SCORPIO (WATER) CHRYSOCOLLA: (CU,AL)2H2SI2O5(OH)4·NH2O QUALITIES: GENTLE SOOTHING, PURE LOVE, INTUITION, AND CALMING CHAKRAS: HEART (4TH) ZODIAC: TAURUS (EARTH), CANCER (WATER), AQUARIUS AND LIBRA (AIR)

BORNITE

BORNITE: CU5FES4 QUALITIES: PROTECTIVE, REMOVER OF OBSTACLES CHAKRAS: SACRAL AND EARTH ZODIAC: CANCER (WATER)

CHALCOPYRITE

COPPER: CU QUALITIES: UNIFICATION, AMPLIFICATION, CONDUCTING ENERGY CHAKRAS: ALL ZODIAC (ELEMENTS): TAURUS (EARTH) AND SAGITTARIUS (FIRE)

AZURITE

MALACHITE

DIOPTASE

BLASTING THE ROCK OVERBURDEN

DRILL HOLES FOR EXPLOSIVES

OPEN PIT MINING

ORE & WASTE ROCK

MASSIVE DRILLS CAN BORE SEVERAL HUNDRED FEET INTO BEDROCK

HAUL ROAD

BENCH HEIGHT WINDROW PE

SLO ALL /W E GL

AN

CREST

BERM

BATTER WORKING PIT PROFILE

TOE

FINAL PIT PROFILE

PIT FLOOR


0

RESTORATION RESORT

Industrialization has defined a new geologic era, and with it a contemporary sublime. The awesome earth formations of mountains, gorges and water bodies are echoed in the displacement of open pit mines. Geological processes have been compressed to a human lifetime and the hand of man extends through machines of a monstrous scale. CuRE proposes a strategy of rebinding the waste rock to create an instagram-able tourist landscape. 1” = 100’ Scale Model. CNC routered high density foam with copper leaf, paper paths and scale cabins. (Opposite Page) 1” = 10’ Scale Model of plaster sculpted foam with 3-D printed cabins. Cabins designed in Rhino with phase of the moon cut out windows. (Above Left) Plan View Illustration depicting paths, stairs, pools and bath areas made with AutoCad and Adobe Illustrator. (Left) Perspective view of paths leading to cabins made with Rhino, Lumion and Adobe Photoshop. (Above) 200 Feet


Outcrop Park CONCEPT: INTIMATE PUBLIC SPACE SITE: PALEY PARK, NEW YORK, NY Assigned with re-inventing an iconic pocket park, Outcrop Park plays with the concept of shady Northeast mountain outcrops in proposing a lush planted park of quiet intimate spaces for retreat from midtown’s frenetic pace. Inspired by the waterfall of Paley Park, a series of stepped planters create seating areas and reference the cascading form of natural waterfalls.


PALEY PARK LIGHT STUDY

Spring Equinox 1 PM

Spring Equinox 3 PM

Spring Equinox 5 PM

Summer Solstice 11 AM

Summer Solstice 1 PM

Summer Solstice 3 PM

Light study on Rhino model of paley park simulating available sun light at key periods of the year. (Above) Construction details drawin in AutoCad with ideas for urban planting influenced by Jim Urban. (Below)


SEASONAL INTERESTS Winter

Spring

Summer

Fall

Coral Bark Japanese Maple Acer palmatum ‘Sango Kaku’

Helleborus Helleborus x ericsmithii ‘Marlon’

Blackhaw Viburnum Viburnum prunifolium

False Hydrangea Vine Schizophragma hydrangeoides

Japanese Mountain Grass Hakonechloa macra ‘Aureola’

Helleborus Helleborus niger

Japanese Painted Fern Athyrium niponicum pictum

Coral Bark Japanese Maple Acer palmatum ‘Sango Kaku’

Astlibe Astilbe x arendesi “Peach Blossom”

Helleborus Helleborus x ballardiae ‘Merlin’

Japanese Mountain Grass Hakonechloa macra ‘Aureola’

Blackhaw Viburnum Viburnum prunifolium

False Hydrangea Vine Schizophragma hydrangeoides

Pagoda Dogwood Viburnum prunifolium

Astlibe Astilbe x arendesi “Peach Blossom”

Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia

4Ever Goldy Arborvitae Thuja plicata ‘4EVER’

Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia

Astlibe Astilbe x thumbergii

Japanese Shield Fern Dryopteris erythrosora ‘Brilliance’

Stellar Pink Dogwood Cornus x ‘Rutgan’

Obsidian Coral Bells Heuchera ‘Obsidian’

Coral Bark Japanese Maple Acer palmatum ‘Sango Kaku’


Soil System for a Dredged City CONCEPT: POST-INDUSTRIAL REUSE SITE: GATX, STATEN ISLAND, NY SOIL SYSTEM FOR A DREDGED CITY (SSDC) proposes an 80 acre working landscape for an industry of the future on a former petroleum tank farm. With the enlargement of the Panama Canal, port cities around the world have raced to deepen shipping channels and harbors, and created a need to find beneficial use of dredged material.


THE CHEMICAL COASTLINE NYC HARBOR MAINTENANCE DREDGES 2.12 MILLION CU/YARDS ANNUALLY EQUIVALENT TO THE CARGO OF 4 NEO-PANAMAX CONTAINER SHIPS

Petroleum and natural gas pipelines and storage, cement plants and hazardous waste transport. The Arthur Kill is home to the industries fueling the city.


WORKING LANDSCAPE Adopting principles of regenerative & organic agriculture soil is built in layers over years using a mix of plant palettes to create fields of seasonally shifting colors. SSDC proposes an evolving working landscape that combines small scale industrial use and ecological restoration. The former site of a petroleum tank storage farm and historic estuarine wetland maintains its industrial use in the reconditioning and re-purposing of dredge material, while also opening tidal flow to existing wetlands to facilitate ecological corridors and salt marsh habitat.

NYC HARBOR MAINTAINED CHANNELS

GATX SITE

ARTHUR KILL


SOIL GENERATION Over 30 million cubic yards of dredged material is considered safe for reuse with processing. SSDC conditions Category II dredge to be used as fill and engineered soil. Using geo-textile dewatering sleeves to create twenty year landforms to contain the dredge into fields, and methods from organic farming to add organic matter and nutrients, the dredge will become a replacement for the limited resource of topsoil in developments and parks around the city. The site also includes an algae based wastewater treatment system that recycles the nutrients and freshwater to be used in the conditioning of the dredge material.

Irrigation pool

TREATED GRAY WATER IS STORED IN A CONTAINED POOL TO BE USED FOR SUMMER IRRIGATION. THE DREDGE AND PORTLAND CEMENT POOL PROTECTS THE FRESH WATER FROM GROUNDWATER, TIDAL FLOWS AND STORM SURGE.

Dredge conditioning

BUILDING SOIL OVER 10-15 YEARS, DREDGE WILL BE DEPOSITED IN LAYERS AND AMENDED WITH THE ALGAE COMPOST. INITIAL PLANTINGS WILL BE ANNUAL COVER CROPS THAT WILL BE INCORPORATED INTO THE LAYERS FOR ADDITIONAL ORGANIC MATTER.

AlgaE Tubes

WASTEWATER FILTERED OF BIOSOLIDS IS TREATED THROUGH GROWING ALGAE THAT ABSORBS THE EXCESS NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS IN HUMAN SEWAGE.

COMPOST AREA

CONCRETE PAD FOR PROCESSING ALGAE TO COMPOST USING A WINDROW SYSTEM. SWALE SURROUNDING PAD ABSORBS RUNOFF AND LEACHATE FILTERING THE WATER BEFORE THE LOW WETLANDS.

geo-textile tubes

GEO-TEXTILE DE-WATERING BAGS ARE USED TO DRAIN AND CONTAIN CONTAMINATED SEDIMENT. TUBES ARE PLACED TO CREATE FIELDS OF RAISED BEDS TO CONTAIN SEDIMENT AND COMPOST. TUBES ALSO ACT AS WALLS TO PROTECT SOIL PLANTS FROM STORM SURGE AND TIDAL FLOODING.

Modular road system

A MODULAR ROAD SYSTEM OF CULVERTS AND PLATFORMS IS ASSEMBLED AND DISSEMBLED OVER TIME ALLOWING TIDAL FLOW AND WETLAND RE-GENERATION WHILE STILL PROVIDING ACCESS ROADS FOR TRUCKS AND EQUIPMENT.


MICROBIAL LIFE OF SOIL Healthy soil is a complex ecosystem of organic and inorganic matter, microorganisms, insects, mycorhyzal fungi, bacteria, nutrients and water. Microbial life influences the regulation of nutrient cycling, the promotion of plant growth, improved fertility of the soil, and the provision of soil structure and aggregation which increases water infiltration and decreases soil compaction. Microbes are an invisible force playing an important role in the entire system.

LEGUME ROOTS PROVIDE NODULATION SITE. NODULES DEVELOP ON ROOT HAIRS.

PLANT SIGNALS TO RHIZOBIA, A NITROGEN FIXING BACTERIA TO PROMOTE NODULE DEVELOPMENT.

RHIZOBIA HAVE A SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIP WITH LEGUMES. RHIZOBIA ABSORBS N2 AND CONVERTS IT TO NH3, A MINERAL FORM OF AMMONIA WHICH PLANTS CAN ABSORB THROUGH THEIR ROOTS.

REDUCE COMPACTION & BUILD ORGANIC MATTER

FORAGE RADISH & TURNIPS HAVE STRONG TAP ROOTS.

BREAKING UP COMPACTION OPENS SPACE FOR WATER, AIR AND NUTRIENTS TO TRAVEL THROUGH THE SOIL.

WASTEWATER TREATMENT AS TEMPERATURES DROP, PLANTS DIE BACK. ABOVE GROUND ORGANIC MATTER PROTECTS THE SOIL FROM EROSION THROUGH THE WINTER, PREVENTS GERMINATION OF UNWANTED WEEDS, AND ADDS ORGANIC MATTER TO BREAK DOWN AND FEED THE SOIL.

Micro-Algae in Polycarbonate Tube Greenhouses treats up to 1.7 million gallons of biosolid screened waste water. The algae is composted or applied direct to the planting beds to feed the soil with nutrients, microbiology and organic matter.

COVERCROPS ARE WINTERKILLED WHEN TEMPS DROP TO THE MID-TEENS.

DECOMPOSED PLANT MATERIALS ADD ORGANIC MATTER AND RETURN NUTRIENTS TO THE SOIL.

DECOMPOSED PLANT MATERIALS ADD ORGANIC MATTER AND RETURN NUTRIENTS TO THE SOIL.

TURNIPS AND RADISHES DECOMPOSE IN PLACE, ATTRACTING WORMS AND BENEFICIAL SOIL MICROBES.


SOIL BUILDING & PHYTOREMEDIATION The basic principle of regenerative agriculture is to build healthy soil. Cover crops, annual and biannual plants, grown specifically to break up compacted soil and add organic matter are an essential tools to quickly generate the microbial life of healthy soil. Many cover crop varieties have phytoremediative benefits. Cover crops have been selected for their tolerance to saline conditions. Soils become saline when the concentration of soluble salts (mostly made up of compounds of Mg+2, Ca+2, Na+, K+, Cl-, SO4-2, HCO3- and CO3-2) in the soil profile becomes excessive. Salinity reduces water availability for plant use. High salt levels hinder water absorption, inducing physiological drought in the plant. The soil may contain adequate water, but plant roots are unable to absorb the water due to unfavorable osmotic pressure. Salinity can be measured by electrical conductivity which can be converted to parts per thousand (ppt). The main issue of salinity on the GATX site is seawater intrusion from the Arthur Kill, and the accumulation of salts in dredge material. Salt tolerance is the relative ability of a plant to thrive within a gradient of salinity. Plants have been selected for the site based on salinity tolerance and broad phytoremediative properties as dredge material can have a broad range of contaminants.

Hordeum vulgare BARLEY PETRO DEGRADATION: TPH, PYRENE

Brassica rapa var. rapa FORAGE TURNIP

TIDAL FLAT EL. -3’ - 0’

+9’ NAVD 88 +6’ NAVD 88 Storm Surge +3’ NAVD 88 Mean High Tide Sea Level 0’ NAVD 88 -3’ NAVD 88 Mean Low Tide

Sorghum vulgare SUDAN GRASS PETRO DEGRADATION: PAH

Brassica napus RAPESEED

Brassica sativus FORAGE RADISH

+12’ NAVD 88

Vicia villosa HAIRY VETCH

Helianthus annuus SUNFLOWERS PETRO DEGRADATION: PAH; EXPLOSOVES PHYTOTECHNOLOGY: TNT

ESTUARINE SALT MARSH EL. 0’ - +3.25’

GEO-TEXTILE TUBES FILLED WITH DREDGE

Secale cereale WINTER RYE PETRO DEGRADATION: PYRENE, PAH, TPH

SEDIMENT SOIL GENERATION MARITIME FOREST EL. +8’ - +11’


SALINITY GRADIENT TIDAL ZONE STRONGLY SALINE > 12.8 PPT

ARTHUR KILL TIDE SALINITY 17-35 PPT

SALT SPRAY MODERATELY SALINE 6.4 - 12.8 PPT

TOLERANT - FLOODING & SATURATION TOLERANCE OF 25-35 PPT - DIRECT SALT SPRAY

STORM SURGE SLIGHTLY SALINE 2.56 - 6.4 PPT

MODERATELY TOLERANT HERBACEOUS PLANTS - FLOODING & SATURATION TOLERANCE OF 10-15 PPT - INDIRECT OR INFREQUENT SALT SPRAY TREES & SHRUBS - SOIL SALINITY OF 6.4-12.8 PPT

VERY SLIGHTLY SALINE 1.28-2.56 PPT

NON-SALINE < 1.28 PPT

MODERATELY SENSITIVE - NEEDS TO BE SHELTERED FROM SALT SPRAY HERBACEOUS PLANTS - SOIL SALINITY OF 1.28-3.84 PPT TREES & SHRUBS - SOIL SALINITY OF 2.56-6.4 PPT

SENSITIVE - SENSITIVE TO SALT SPRAY - SENSITIVE TO SOIL SALINITY GREATER THAN 1.28 PPT - SENSITIVE PLANTS NOT SELECTED FOR SITE

Prunus Serotina BACK CHERRY Magnolia virginiana SWEETBAY MAGNOLIA

Aster laevis SMOOTH BLUE ASTER

Monarda fistulosa BEE BALM

Nyssa sylvatica BLACK TUPELO

Monarda citriodora LEMON BERGAMOT

Asclepias tuberosa BUTTERFLY MILKWEED

Rudbeckia hirta BLACK-EYED SUSAN

Asclepias syriaca COMMON MILKWEED

Sassafras albidum SASSAFRAS

Eupatorium maculatum JOE PYE WEED

Spartina alterniflora SMOOTH CORDGRASS

ESTUARINE SALT MARSH EL. 0’ - +3.25’

SEDIMENT SOIL GENERATION GRASSLAND EL. > +6’

TRANSITION SLOPE EL. > +3.25’

GRASSLAND EL. > +6’

MARITIME FOREST EL. > +8’


Sitka Studies CONCEPT: LANDSCAPE REPRESENTATION TECHNIQUES SITE: SITKA, AK SITKA STUDIES used Sitka, Alaska to visually represent geomorphology, an ecological system (Humpback Whale Migration), Human Infrastructure (Salmon Production) and a vision for the future (Dystopia).


GEOLOGY OF SITKA, AK BARANOF ACCRETIONARY COMPLEX AGE (MA)*

WRANGELLA TERRANE

BEDROCK

0.0

TOP SOIL

0.01

QUATERNARY alluvial, colluvial, tidal, glacial deposits

65.5

CRETACEOUS Sitka Graywacke

145.5

CRETACEOUS & JURASSIC Khaz Complex

201.6

EARLY JURASSIC Diorite

251.0

TRIASSIC Pinnacle Peak Phyllite

BORDER RANGES FAULT Baranof Island of southeast Alaska sits along multiple fault lines, that have shaped the island, its mountains and formations. The city of Sitka is situated on the western edge of a cove on young sedimentary rock, nestled between mountains and outcroppings of Cretaceous and Jurassic formations.


DYSTOPIAN FUTURE Using Rhino for 3d Modeling and Unity Game Engine to create a future environment to be explored. A reflection of current political events and a push towards unharnessed capitalism envision an Alaska of the future with oil drilling on land and water and intensive fish farming.


SEASONAL INTERESTS Poster explaining the human system of farming wild salmon using Rhino, 3dsMax and Adobe Photoshop.

Ocean ranching: Farming wild salmon The Alaska Hatchery Program was designed to increase salmon abundance for commercial harvests while protecting wild stocks. Alaska salmon will return to spawn in their place of origin, so towards the hatchery.

120

FERTILIZATION & INCUBATION

HARVEST Upon return, the fish are harvested for commercial, personal, subsistence, sport and hatchery use (for cost recovery or brood stock).

Hatchery program begins in the early 70â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

160

2 1

200

80

Gametes are collected. Fertilized eggs are placed in an incubator. Embryo develops and the alevin hatch and continue to develop within a gravel substrate indoors.

3

40

REARING Fry emerge from the gravel and transferred into rearing ponds. Freshwater raceway for Sockeye; Saltwater net pens for Chumm and Pink.

1900

COMMERCIAL SALMON HARVESTS IN MILLIONS OF FISH Hatchery produced Natural stocks

5

4 RELEASE

RETURN Adults migrate back to the waters where they were released to spawn.

After 8 to 16 months, smolt are released into the ocean during the peak of zooplankton bloom to feed and mature.

CHUMM SALMON

PINK SALMON

SOCKEYE SALMON

return in early June after feeding in the ocean between two and five years.

feed in the ocean for one year and return to spawn at two.

return mid-June after feeding in the ocean between two and three years.

2010


Eternal Sunshine of the Hidden Hydrology CONCEPT: URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE SITE: LOS ANGELES, CA Eternal Sunshine of the Hidden Hydrology proposes a seasonal storm-water capture system for Los Angeles, CA. The LA River, a channelized, concrete storm drain hints at the larger infrastructure designed to flush seasonal rains as quickly as possible to the Pacific Ocean while the image of L.A. as a lush oasis is perpetuated by a dependence on importing fresh water from the Owens River.


Area of Interest Los Angeles River Watershed

0

2.5

5

10

15

N 20 miles


RIVER STUDIES Topography, Storm Drainage & Public Space of the LA RIVER in 5.1 Mile Segments Los angeles river

LA COUNTY PARKS

LOS ANGELES RIVER

TRIBUTARIES

FLOW LINES

N

MILEs 51 – 45.9

A

SECTIONS EVERY 5.1 MILES

SECTION A – B

0

.125

.25

.5

DONALD C TILLMAN WATER RECLAMATION PLANT 27.1 MGD flows into the LA RIVER at Mile 43

.75

800’

800’

-20’

-20’

LA COUNTY PARKS

LOS ANGELES RIVER

TRIBUTARIES

FLOW LINES

MILEs 45.9 – 40.8

N

Los angeles river

LOS ANGELES RIVER

TRIBUTARIES

FLOW LINES

SECTIONS EVERY 5.1 MILES

800’

-20’ SECTION B – C

1 Mile

LA COUNTY PARKS

N

MILEs 51 – 45.9

A

C

SECTIONS EVERY 5.1 MILES

SECTION A – B

0

.125

.25

.5

.75

1 Mile

B

B

B

MILE

46.4

MILE

MILE

48.5

48.5

C

A

A

16.5’

702’

1000’

7”

Water Surface Median

702’

B

155’

Water Surface 90%ile

FLOW LINES

.125

.25

.5

.75

Water Surface 75%ile

792’

215’

22’

13”

Water Surface 99%ile Design Reach M

Water Surface 97%ile

LOS ANGELES - GLENDALE WATER RECLAMTION PLANT 8 MGD flows into the LA RIVER at Mile 30

LA COUNTY PARKS

LOS ANGELES RIVER

TRIBUTARIES

FLOW LINES

.125

.25

.5

.75

MILEs 30.6 – 25.5

SECTIONS EVERY 5.1 MILES

16.5’

7”

Water Surface Median

702’

B

155’

Water Surface 90%ile

702’

115’

0

800’

River Profile Mile 48.5

0’ SECTION A 1000’

Design Reach L

SECTION C

N

MILEs 35.7 – 30.6

SECTIONS EVERY 5.1 MILES

800’

1 Mile

C

TRIBUTARIES

1000’

Flow Velocity : 2-6’/ Second Flow Rate: Less than 250 Cubic Feet/ Second

Water Surface Median

RIVER PROFILE

0

LOS ANGELES RIVER

Water Surface 97%ile Water Surface 90%ile

630’

Water Surface 75%ile

0’

LA COUNTY PARKS

River Profile Mile 46.4 Water Surface 99%ile

RIVER PROFILE

0’ SECTION B

LOS ANGELES - GLENDALE WATER RECLAMTION PLANT 8 MGD flows into the LA RIVER at Mile 30

702’

B SECTION B

80’

80’

Water Surface 75%ile

RIVER PROFILE

0’ SECTION B

1 Mile

0

LA COUNTY PARKS

LOS ANGELES RIVER

TRIBUTARIES

FLOW LINES

.125

.25

.5

.75

SECTIONS EVERY 5.1 MILES

0

800’

MILE 25.5 – 20.4

.125

.25

.5

.75

1 Mile

N

0’ Design Reach M

Water Surface 97%ile

River Profile Mile 48.5

702’

River Profile Mile 48.5 Water Surface 99%ile

N

792’

N

1000’

1000’

0’ SECTION A 1000’

1 Mile

F -20’

-20’

-20’ SECTION D – E

SECTION E – F

SECTION F – G

F

G

MILE

32.4

D

E C MILE

22.6

MILE

29.2

F

1000’

Design Reach F

1000’

410’

21’

Water Surface Median

.125

.25

.5

.75

MILE 20.4 – 15.3

SECTIONS EVERY 5.1 MILES

H

1 Mile

E

SECTION F

LOS ANGELES RIVER

RIVER PROFILE 26’

TRIBUTARIES

FLOW LINES

0’

0

.125

.25

.5

.75

MILEs 15.3 – 10.2

SECTIONS EVERY 5.1 MILES

1 Mile

H

200’

460’

SECTION G

23’

0

345’

SPREADING GROUNDS

LA COUNTY PARKS

LOS ANGELES RIVER

TRIBUTARIES

FLOW LINES

.125

.25

.5

18”

MILEs 10.2 – 5.1 J

SECTIONS EVERY 5.1 MILES

800’

.75

1 Mile

-20’

-20’ SECTION G – H

29’

24”

255’

Water Surface 75%ile

150’

LA COUNTY PARKS

270’

Water Surface 97%ile Water Surface 90%ile Water Surface Median

24”

800’

-20’

G

Water Surface 99%ile

237’

310’

N

0

FLOW LINES

310’ SECTION F

Water Surface 75%ile

RIVER PROFILE

0’

TRIBUTARIES

1000’

30”

160’

Water Surface Median

190’

0’

800’

25’

Water Surface 90%ile

RIVER PROFILE

430’

0’

265’

Water Surface 97%ile

48”

Water Surface 75%ile

LOS ANGELES RIVER

Water Surface 99%ile

SECTION E

N

Water Surface 97%ile Water Surface 90%ile

River Profile Mile 19.4, 17.6

F

430’ 0’

Water Surface 99%ile

LA COUNTY PARKS

1000’ River Profile Mile 22.6, 20.6

River Profile Mile 29.2

530’

D

0’ 1000’

N

1000’

SECTION H – I

SECTION I – J

G

I I

MILE

17.6

MILE

6.1

MILE

14.6

H

J

H 1000’

1000’ River Profile Mile 19.4, 17.6

1000’ River Profile Mile 14.6, 11.6

270’

River Profile Mile 6.1

29’ Design Reach C

0’

G

1000’

200’ SECTION G

455’

0’

24”

Water Surface 99%ile 255’

Water Surface 97%ile

1000’

Water Surface 90%ile Water Surface Median

SECTION H

122’

Water Surface 99%ile 34”

1000’

330’

Water Surface Median

460’

I

Design Reach B

Water Surface 75%ile

Water Surface 75%ile

23’

RIVER PROFILE

420’

SECTION H

RIVER PROFILE

18”

64’

SECTION I

Water Surface 99%ile Water Surface 97%ile

400’

Water Surface 90%ile

22’

Water Surface Median Water Surface 75%ile

15”

300’

RIVER PROFILE

27’

30”

345’

0’

0’

22’

Water Surface 97%ile Water Surface 90%ile

0’

122’ 0

.125

.25

.5

.75

1 Mile

SECTION I

64’

0’

300’

0

.125

.25

.5

.75

1 Mile

20’

SECTION J

I

0

.125

.25

.5

.75

1 Mile


CAPTURING SEASONAL RAINS

Eternal Sunshine of the Hidden Hydrology proposes a storm-water capture system of cisterns and solar paneled pumps that create dappled shade structures for the unrelenting southern California sun and hold water for later use. From gardens to the spectacle of water capture, the project highlights seasonality in a city with a persona of eternal sunshine and seasonlessness.

FLOATING DEBRIS IS TRAPPED WHERE IT CAN BE COLLECTED

STAINLESS STEEL SLOT DRAINS

CIRCULAR FORM CYCLONES WATER FORCING DEBRIS, OIL AND SEDIMENT TO SETTLE

36” WIDE ACCESS AREAS ON GRADE

MODULAR ARCHES CREATE WATER TIGHT STORAGE ATOP POURED POURED CONCRETE BASIN

OVERFLOW RELEASES TO INFILTRATION STORAGE TO REPLENISH GROUNDWATER


SOLAR PANEL SUPPLIES ENERGY TO PUMP WATER FROM TANKS

REFERENCING THEATRICAL LIGHTING AFFECTS, THE TOOL MIMICS SHADE TREES


FIBERGLASS TANK STORES 50,000 GALLONS OF WATER


Concourse Convergence CONCEPT: STREETS AS CIVIC SPACE SITE: THE GRAND CONCOURSE, THE BRONX, NY CONCOURSE CONVERGENCE (CC) began with a question of what to do with problematic monuments and the importance of civic space as areas for protest. The Lorelei fountain, while presenting a negative stereotype of women, also highlights the only power historically given to women. CC proposes dismantling the fountain and placing the sculpted figures in planted beds along the concourse, allowing the statues to erode back to the earth.


THE GRAND CONCOURSE RE-IMAGINED

8â&#x20AC;&#x2122; WIDTH DUAL DIRECTION SEPARATED BIKE LANE

PAVED MEDIAN INTERSPERSED WITH PLANTINGS AND BUS STOPS

With protected bike lanes, and retractable bollards to create recreational space for the immediate community while still allowing the Grand Concourse use as a major thoroughfare for peak travel periods. Tasked with managing storm-water on site, CC also proposes a new technology to capture storm-water for delayed irrigation through osmosis to create and maintain planting corridors. Tasked with creating new technologies storm-water management, I proposed hydro-foam, an irrigation system based on osmosis that keeps the soil moist to the correct amount and transfers the moisture through a sponge like system from cistern to soil.

PERMEABLE PAVING AND CONTINUOUS TREE PITS AND PLANTING BEDS TO SUPPORT PLANT AND SOIL HEALTH.

STREET DRAIN WITH SEDIMENT TRAP


DESIGNATED BUS LANE

SINGLE NON-BUS VEHICULAR LANE HYDRO-FOAM IS AN IDEA BASED ON EXISTING SOIL CONDITIONERS AND WATER ABSORBING CRYSTALS. AS THE SOIL DRIES, WATER WILL MOVE TOWARDS THE SOIL THROUGH THE HYDRO-FOAM IN A TYPE OF OSMOSIS.

PEAK TRAVEL LANE. DIRECTION OF TRAFFIC DEPENDS ON DEMAND. AUTOMATIC BOLLARDS RAISE WHEN CLOSED TO TRAFFIC TO ALLOW FOR RESIDENTIAL USE AS PLAY SPACE, BARBECUE OR OTHER GATHERING SPACE.

UNDERGROUND CONCRETE CISTERNS POURED IN PLACE. PLACED EVERY 100â&#x20AC;&#x2122; CAN COLLECT WATER FROM MULTIPLE STORMS OR A 10 YEAR STORM.


Foundations of Form CONCEPT: STRATEGIES OF LANDSCAPE REPRESENTATION SITE: IMAGINARY Beginning with a black and white collage, we were tasked with creating a landscape by assigning topographic values to tones of gray. This was used as the basis of learning various methods of landscape representation and design.


IMAGINARY LANDSCAPE Using traditional techniques of collage, drawing and sculpture to understand landscape representations from the analog to the digital, and from the imaginary to the practical.


SEASONAL INTERESTS


Built Environments Prior to studying landscape architecture, as an artist and environmental educator, my work focused on creating communities and social sculpture. Inspiring connections between individuals and place, I created an artistsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; residency, practiced small scale organic farming and curated art exhibits that included skill shares and conversations to highlight the conceptual basis of selected works.


COMMUNITY ACTIVISM

The Discovery Garden At McEnroe Organic Farm - Environmental Education Public Garden With an interest in food politics, environmentalism and a winter of reading gardening books and fanciful layouts in sketchup, I was hired to create a public educational garden and farm education program. The initial garden was almost an acre, included 4 foot wide paths, and a vague notion that I needed mulch. By July, I fully understood what it meant “to be in the weeds.” Over six growing seasons, the garden evolved to include a hoop house to demonstrate season extension, a pasture for laying hens and pigs, cut-your own flowers and herbs, signs, interactive displays, picnic tables and activities to encourage visitors to participate in the garden. I focused on heirloom varieties of vegetables, flowers to attract pollinators and grew cotton and dye plants to connect agriculture beyond food. Native Hill: Artists of the Valley, Art Exhibition and Community Pop-Up, Hudson, NY 2012 Acknowledging the agricultural roots of the Hudson Valley, the title references a Wendell Berry essay and “…the knowledge of the few square miles… that were mine… by the intimacy the mind makes with the place it awakens in.” Installed within a site specific work by Polly Apfelbaum, A Realized House for Adolf Loos + Josephine Baker, the varied work resonated with ideas of place, community, production, consumption, the cosmos, architecture, landscape, form and history. The space was also used as community space to host drawing workshops and conversations on agriculture, environmental conservation, and radio transmission. We caught a RaTTleSnake, Now we have something for Dinner: Summer Solstice ART And SkillSHARE, 2010, BK Exhibition of artists who use various platforms to raise awareness, inspire dialogue, camaraderie, critical thinking, and share skills related to agriculture and the extended web of sustainability, bio-ethics, intellectual property and green-washing. Workshops on yogurt making, seed saving and starting, plant propagation, and window-farms share practical skills of self sufficiency and relate to significant issues facing farmers and artists.


ART OBJECTS

Eden, 2009, a wasteful, energy sucking, contained ecosystem that represents the desire for control over nature to provide decoration, intoxicants and nutrition. The three plants, ranunculars, poppies and kale are forced with grow lights, an electric irrigation system and an air conditioner. A beautiful, functioning, functionless object. (Above Left) Honourâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Farm, 2010 An honor system farm stand, with home-milked yogurt, jams and pickles. As part of an art festival, the farm stand functioned outside the regulations of food processing that has strict requirements for the sale of raw milk, pickles and jams. The suggested prices commented on the arbitrary pricing of food that is kept low through the exploitation of labor and land. (Below Left), Star-guide - edition of 50 hand made books. (Above Right), Stargazer, 2007 Raised platform placed in an overgrown field to facilitate stargazing at chashama North artistsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; residency. (Below RIght)


SUKO PRESSEAU Landscape Portfolio tel. 818-722-7856 suko.presseau@gmail.com

Profile for Suko Presseau

Landscape Design Portfolio for Artist / Designer Suko Presseau  

Landscape Design Portfolio for Artist / Designer Suko Presseau  

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