2008 THE OFFICIAL GUIDE TO BLACK HISTORY MONTH
Meet The Obamas
BHM LISTINGS INSIDE
Making History - The Obama Interview
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Building a fairer society
123 120 Features 50 B lack NUS 58 Life Through a Lens Fiona Compton
105 U niformed Services & Black
People who Changed the World
122 T he Adventures of an 24 Celebrating the Windrush
Economic Migrant -
32 C lassical Excellence
132 R EACH Programme
33 A life in Music - Samuel
134 W e’re on the Move -
Black British Churches
34 H ere come
Exclusive 16 T he OBAMAS - Portrait
of an American Family USA Exclusive Barack Obama Interview
Culture 38 BHM Waterstones Offer 49 Star Reads 54 W ho’s the
Man? Issac Hayes 136 W ith knowledge comes power 4 the Record
40 Score4africa 42 The way
we were -
138 M y Black History Month Celebrity Interviews
Fostering & Adoption 62 What is Fostering? 68 W hat about Adoption?
Health 74 C aribbean Cotribution to the NHS
78 H ealth Pioneers 80 K elly in Kenya -
Kelly Rowland Interview 83 A bbott African Info Exchange 84 T reating the World - Abbott’s global AIDS programme 97 Feel my Pain - Sickle Cell
Hair & Beauty
87 T eaching BHM 90 C lassroom Management 95 B lack teachers - crucial role for young black men 116 British Shipping 120 L ife without Limits Royal Navy
123 B est of British - Afro Hair & Beauty Live Show
125 S izzling Style - Hype Coiffure
126 Back to
Nature - Black Beauty & Hair Magazine 128 Girl Power – The Supremes 130 B ack to Yours - Urbane Experience
Slavery 98 T imeline - How the
abolition unfolded 100 A History in Portraits
Listings 143 National BHM Events
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David Lammy & Dianne Abbott
Welcome Diane Abbott MP
For Hackney North and Stoke Newington
Mutual respect means that we must know each other’s history
History Month is here again. I always look forward to it. It means a range of interesting talks and events that might not otherwise happen. But some people gripe about it. And sadly some of them are even black. The usual moan is “Why a Black History Month at all?” As someone who studied history, I can speak with some confidence about the need for Black History Month. History was always one of my favourite subjects. I got an A grade at A level. And I went on to get an honours degree in history from the prestigious Cambridge University. But at no point in my academic career, from the age of five to twenty-one, was I able to study any black history at all. As far as the English educational system in the eighties was concerned, black history did not exist. But what effect does it have on your pride and your self esteem if you are told that you have no history? And, in a multicultural society, how are white people supposed
to respect black people if they believe that we have no history or culture that is worth studying and that we have never contributed anything? There is no doubt that religious and cultural groups that cherish their history are strengthened by it. My knowledge of black history has come through reading widely in my spare time. I do know that nowadays there is a little more black history taught in schools than when I was a child. But it is still not enough. Black History Month fills that gap. It is important for black people. But it is even more important for white people. Mutual respect means that we must know each other’s history. Enjoy Black History Month!
The Official Guide to
David Lammy MP I am delighted to introduce readers to the 2008 Black History Month guide.
October, we are once again afforded the opportunity to celebrate and remember both the achievements and the suffering of the African Diaspora, not just in Britain, but worldwide. Whilst last year was marked by the bicentenary of the abolition of the slave trade in Britain, this year we have the chance to celebrate the cultural impact the Black community has made on Britain. This year, it is 40 years since the appointment of the first Black head teacher, 30 years since the first appearance of a Black English football player at international level, 20 years since Naomi Campbell first appeared on the cover of VOGUE, 15 years since Paul Ince became the first Black English football captain and 5 years since Valerie Amos became the first Black leader of the House of Lords. After only 60 years since the docking of the Empire Windrush, the Diaspora boasts a whole host of community leaders and cultural icons. So whilst Black History Month 2008 should be a celebration of the many success stories from our community, both today and in the past, we can never lose sight of the challenges that remain ahead. Black children are still less likely to go on to university and more likely to be victims of gun and knife crime. October must be a month where the stories of our ancestors inspire us all, irrespective of colour, to confront these challenges head-on and foster the unity that will entrench the achievements of our grandparents and enable our children to further advance the progress of our society. 2008 should prove to be a significant time period in the push to make sure Black history takes its rightful place as part of British and world history. This may well be the year when the Office of the President of the United States, the leader of the free world, is occupied for the first time by an African American. This year, for the first time, all secondary school pupils across the UK will be taught Black History as a compulsory module alongside the two World Wars and the Holocaust. Black History will now be accessible not just in the month of October, but by every school child, all year round. As ever, I wish all readers an educational and enjoyable October, and all the best for the year to come.
David Lammy MP for Tottenham and Minister for Skills www.blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk
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John Sentamu & Archbishop Desmond Tutu
John Sentamu John Sentamu, the Archbishop of York, recalls how the words of Bob Marley, James Baldwin, Langston Hughes and Marcus Garvey are still relevant to us all today
was the great Bob Marley who wrote in his song Buffalo Soldiers: “If you know your history then you would know where you coming from”. While this lyric will be familiar to many, less familiar will be the story behind the song, the story of those black men who, having fought in the American Civil War, became the 24th and 25th United States Infantry almost 150 years ago in 1869. But when we speak of history we are not simply dealing with the past, we are also dealing with its impact upon our present and future. The great black American writer James Baldwin put it another way when he wrote: “history is not merely something to be read… the great force of history comes from the fact that we carry it within us, are unconsciously controlled by it in many ways, and history is literally present in all that we do. It could scarcely be otherwise, since it is to history that we owe our frames of reference, our identities, and our aspirations.” Black History Month recognises the need to learn from the past, but this is done keeping an eye on the future whilst being rooted in our every day life. This means viewing Black History from a British perspective, with events that celebrate the particular experience of Black people in this country. This year we have more than ever to celebrate. As British History Month
becomes an increasing part of our shared cultural life, the events of each year bring us new ways in which to recognise those particular cultural, economic, religious and political contributions that Black people have brought to life in modern Britain. As we learn more about our heritage, history and culture, the realisation of how much we have to celebrate is tied up in those events and struggles which Black people have overcome. Only then do we begin to
realise how very strong Baldwin’s force of history has become, and how we have discovered our own voices. It was Marcus Garvey who wrote: “we must liberate our minds from mental slavery.” Bob Marley popularised this in his “redemption Song”. Black History Month calls us to popularise Garvey’s words and to take them seriously. As Langston Hughes wrote: “But someday, someone’s going to stand up for me, and sing about me and write about me black and beautiful. It’ll be me I reckon, yeah, it’ll be me”.
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Archbishop Desmond Tutu A time for humanity to reflect
year Sugar Media invited me to write an introduction to BHM (The Official Guide to Black History Month). This year I am honoured to have been asked again to write a few words on this remarkable event. It is indeed a time to celebrate the many wonderful exhibitions, lectures, movies and events taking place throughout the UK to recognise both the splendid contributions and terrible sacrifices endured by Black people throughout the centuries. It is also a time for humanity to critically reflect on the connections of the past to the present day struggles. We have many positive events to celebrate in our collective black history. This is a time to highlight the Black History heroes and heroines; people who fought, pioneered and paved the way for a brighter and better future for all of us. But this is also a time for us all to look at our not so positive past, for instance the history of the slave trade and how it came to be and how it ended. We must not walk away from such an exhibit merely feeling the sadness or pain from the sins of the past. We must use this opportunity to ask the following critical questions: • How is this kind of oppression still impacting the lives of our citizens in present time? • How has this suffering continued into this century? • Who are the heroes who continue to create daily miracles in the lives of ordinary citizens? • How do we continue to acknowledge our neighbors as our brothers and sisters and not as “foreigners?” • How can we continue to challenge the media and the publishers to allow for truth to flourish? • How do we honour or dishonor the many sacrifices and lives lost to the struggles for freedom and justice and what meaning do these sacrifices have for all of us today? One way we can honour the sacrifices made so that we and the coming generations may live freely is to continue to be seekers of truth and seekers of peace not only in October, but throughout the year. I believe that the work of the Council of Elders is one of the critical organs of the global world to help humanity begin a process to address the questions posed above.
May God bless all of you richly!
PROFILE: Channel 4
Fresh Perspectives for a Diverse Society Last year, Channel 4 turned 25, but far from dwelling on the past, we’ve chosen to spend 2008 thinking long and hard about the kind of channel we want to be going forward. factual series like Amir Khan: Make Me A Man, and even comedies such as The IT Crowd, Peep Show and Andi Osho on Tonightly, we are endeavouring to do this.
This has involved humility; listening to debates going on in the industry and learning about what we could do better, but we are optimistic about the future. Channel 4 exists to offer fresh perspectives for a diverse society. Next on 4, published in March, is our blueprint for how we’ll do this in the future, and championing alternative voices is firmly at the heart of the channel we want to be for the next 25 years. In Next on 4, we said we’d make it our mission to play a leading role in celebrating and promoting diversity, both on and off screen. In order to do so, we committed to appoint a new Head of Diversity at senior executive level, who will lead Channel 4’s diversity strategy across all the organisation’s activities. We have appointed a Multicultural Commissioning Editor, Aaqil Ahmed, who will be responsible for commissioning programmes for 9pm and 10pm slots in a drive to increase our multicultural shows in the heart of peak time. We’ve doubled funding for our existing diversity placement scheme within commissioning and we plan to roll out a similar scheme across all departments within Channel 4. We’ve extended our Researcher Training Programme which funds placements in independent production for researchers from minority groups, and we are working with key suppliers to ensure that they have diverse teams on Channel 4 projects and meaningful diversity policies. In 2008, the diversity debate has arguably been stronger than ever, with high profile contributions from Lenny Henry, who told an audience at the Royal Television Society that there is still a woeful lack of ethnic diversity in the UK Broadcasting industry, and from Samir Shah, of Juniper TV, who described how equal opportunities policies need re-thinking, as it is still the case that there are hardly any ethnic minority controllers of airtime, or commissioning budgets, the two currencies that wield the most power in television.
Our recent Islam season, the centrepiece of which was Antony Thomas’ landmark documentary The Qur’an, was a special week of powerful and thoughtful programmes that aimed to de-mystify, as well as celebrate, the world’s most talked-about religion and offer an insight into the lives and beliefs of Muslims across the globe. But equally, Channel 4 isn’t afraid to shine a light on uncomfortable areas, examining social tensions in society, as with our drama Fallout, written by black playwright Roy Williams, which formed the centre piece of our season on Street Weapons, Disarming Britain.
Top: Poppy Shakespeare. Bottom: Fallout
At Channel 4, we haven’t shied away from these important debates, in fact, we’d made sure we’re a part of them. To learn more about what our audience want, and about how we can improve diversity within our organisation, we commissioned a major research project and analysis of multicultural Britain, as well as a report from Trevor Phillips in which he outlined a broad range of practical suggestions to improve diversity in the television industry. Published in July, the research we commissioned showed that minorities want to see ethnic characters in leading roles across all genres and more emphasis on the quality of representation – which needs to be credible but not stereotypical. Through dramas like Poppy Shakespeare, starring Naomi Harris, and Skins, and
In programmes like Immigration: The Inconvenient Truth, Dispatches: Undercover Mosque, and our BAFTA award winning drama Britz – Channel 4 consistently addressed multicultural issues, and does so not in graveyard slots, but in the heart of the schedule. In the casting of our mainstream programming shows, such as Big Brother, The Secret Millionaire, Deal or No Deal, How to Look Good Naked, Embarrassing Illnesses and My Child Genius, Channel 4 strives to reflect the rich mix of cultures, lifestyles and ethnicities in Britain today. And we are proud of our diverse mix of on screen talent - from Gok Wan, to Tazeen Ahmed, Robert Beckford to Channel 4 news’s Samira Ahmed and Krishnan Guru-Murthy. There’s a real debate going on about multiculturalism, and we will make sure we’re a part of that for the next 25 years.
You can find out more about Channel 4 at www.channel4.com
Discover your future with Tesco At Tesco the principle ‘Everyone is Welcome’ is integral to everything we do. Not only do we make sure that everybody has an equal opportunity to get on – we always work hard to treat each other with respect. The External Recruit
Tesco is a great career choice for if you are looking for a change in career direction or to move into a different industry as Eva Phillips confirms. Eva, who trained as a nursery nurse and worked abroad as a children’s entertainer, joined the travel industry as a children’s rep recruiter with Thomson Holidays, before moving to Easy Jet as a crew co-ordinator. Having joined Tesco only two years ago Eva said: “A friend sold me the dream of a fantastic career and opportunities with Tesco, and so far so good! I am on my third role in two years having started as a Personnel Manager in stores, then moving into our head office resourcing team before taking up my current job as Support Office Personnel Manager.’’ The Tesco Support Office staff work hand in hand with store operations, supporting stores in everything from recruitment, training and development to improving the design of checkouts and technology in stores. Eva’s long term ambition is to be the first black female on the Tesco Board of Directors; “I have a long way to go to reach that goal, but am working towards becoming the director of the Support Office in the next 5- 7 years.’’ ‘‘The company is very open, fast paced and embraces change and you have to be driven to succeed and achieve. If you are committed and loyal then Tesco is the place for you.’’ And as Eva has shown, with commitment, loyalty and drive, your career can move very quickly indeed.
A part-time job while you are studying can lead to bigger things at Tesco. Ashley Rowe (right) and Daniel Reynolds (left) both joined the Barking store as part-time workers while studying at college and are now working full time with a bright future ahead of them. Ashley (25) who has worked in the Barking store for seven years in many different departments including coffee shop, photo processing and pricing & ticketing is currently a team leader and has recently completed the new Tesco Apprenticeship Scheme. He hopes to now move onto the Tesco options management training scheme. “The Apprenticeship scheme has given me confidence and improved my communications skills both inside and outside work. I am now going to go back to college and study for my Maths and English GCSE.” This is something Ashley feels he would not have been able to do without the numeracy and communications training which is provided as part of the scheme. Trainees also gain an NVQ certificate upon completion. Also having recently finished the programme, Daniel (21) who has been with the Barking store for 18 months working in both the fruit and veg and stock control departments, would like to do some further studying outside Tesco and feels the scheme will open up good opportunities within Tesco. Daniel said; ‘’The NVQ qualification is what attracted me to the scheme. I also think Tesco is a good company to work for with good pay, discounts, benefits and facilities for staff.You even get the chance to take part in social activities like football!’’ Ashley added; ‘’There are endless possibilities to work not just in different departments but different stores too. I have already recommended the Apprenticeship scheme to my colleagues.’’ Barking store Personnel Manager, Kay Banks is very proud of her Apprentices. As well as Ashley and Daniel, a third trainee, Duncan, has also completed the programme. ‘’ All three worked hard and supported each other really well, showing the One Team attitude that is so important here in Tesco.’’
Thousands of our people tell us they want to develop their careers so we work really hard to make sure all our staff can do that regardless of their ethnicity, gender, age, disability, sexual orientation or the hours they work. We offer our people the chance to accumulate a wide range of skills and experience and there are great training programmes to help people progress at all levels. You could be making a difference on one of our office, stores or distribution graduate programmes. And you don’t need to have a degree to progress in Tesco either!
We also have an A-Level training scheme, an apprenticeship programme and general management training schemes. With over 3200 stores around the world (including almost 2,000 in the UK) we take our role in communities incredibly seriously. And we’re looking at our environmental impact too. For example, one of our graduates developed the idea to have bag-less home shopping deliveries. So, wherever you join our business, you’ll find there are plenty of opportunities for you to come up with great ideas and make an impact in every part of our business.
The Graduate Patrick Otobo joined the Tesco Graduate Programme in 2002 after completing his MSc in Environmental Pollution Science at Brunel University. He is currently a Technical Services Engineer. “The graduate programme gave me the chance to pick up technical and project management skills which have been useful in my current role, designing and making changes to the network infrastructure. They’ve also helped me in managing and co-ordinating the efforts of various teams in delivering network changes.’’ And it did not matter that his degree was not in Information Technology either as Patrick explains; “I was given the required training and mentoring to deliver my project goals. Now I’m an IT Networks Engineer.’’ Once you have completed your graduate training it doesn’t stop there; ‘’ every aspect of my career has been planned with the help and support of my team leaders. Each year, I’m given the opportunity to influence the direction I wish to push my career in.’’ “I think this reflects the culture of achievement and progression at Tesco – it’s a company that will help you realise your full potential.’’
There’s the Tesco you know...
...but that’s only half the story. It’s easy to think you know all about Tesco. It’s that handy supermarket just around the corner, isn’t it? Well yes, of course we are. But behind every store is a worldwide business, with hundreds of thousands of people, working in almost every profession you can think of. And a few more besides. In fact, it may surprise you find that our graduates have 15 different graduate programmes to choose from. Yes, 15! But wherever you join us, you can look forward to experiencing a fast-track development programme that will grow your skills, and your career, in any direction you choose. So if you want to progress upwards and gain more responsibility early on, move around our business adding to your breadth of knowledge or even take your career overseas in our international businesses – it is all possible. Isn’t it about time you read the full story? Visit www.tesco-graduates.com Graduate Programmes: Buying and Merchandising Corporate Affairs Corporate Marketing Customer Analysis & Research Distribution Finance Human Resources
www.tesco-graduates.com Tesco is an equal opportunities employer.
Information Technology Product Technology Property Site Research Stores Supply Chain (Stores Ordering) Support Office Tesco.com
Day one Start as you mean to go on Ernst & Young graduate opportunities From the very first day you’ll be working to help our clients achieve their potential. We’re here to help you achieve yours.
What’s next for your future? www.ey.com/uk/careers
Ernst & Young is an equal opportunities employer and welcomes applications from all sections of the community. The UK firm Ernst & Young LLP is a limited liability partnership and a member firm of Ernst & Young Global Limited.
Isabel Appio We’ve come a long, long way and we’re not finished yet
to BHM (The Official Guide to Black History Month) 2008. Black history has been made in so many ways this year. The biggest stride: Barack Obama has become the first African American to be nominated by a major political party to stand for president. We are proud to bring you an Exclusive interview with Mr Obama. The interview, originally featured in Essence magazine, is the only interview to be given to black American media and gives an intimate insight into Obama, the man and his family. (Read all on page 16). This year too, in the UK, black history has been extended on the National Curriculum and due to the demand Sugar Media have produced Teacher’s Packs to be used as a resource in schools (see www.blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk).
£3 where sold Publishers Isabel Appio, Ian Thomas & Adam Hayes Editor Isabel Appio: email@example.com Listings Editor Jonathan Williams Designed by Art Editor: Jon-Paul Daly Senior Designer: John Blanco Acknowledgment & thanks Rob Ingham, Jacob Lant at The British Library.
In keeping with the positive steps forward, this year, BHM magazine celebrates the innovative and the inspirational. We pay respect to a range of pioneers and innovators from the early black classical musicians like Joeseph Emidy, who played in the royal courts to modern day pioneers such as businessman Tony Wade, who laid the foundations for today’s entrepreneurial spirit in the UK’s thriving black hair and beauty market. Yes girls it’s fact: We black women continue to spend six times more on our hair and beauty products than any other women on the planet. Now thanks to you Tony, we can get our hands on the products we need. See the man himself on page 123. Also in this issue, we recognise the 60th anniversary of the Windrush, see historic photographs on page 24. BHM (The Official Guide to Black History Month) has come a long, long way
since our first issue, launched in 1999 with the support of Sir Herman Ouseley, then head of the CRE (Commission for Racial Equality). Then, Black History Month was championed mainly by grass roots community groups. Over the years, the significance of Black History Month has been embraced by an encouraging spectrum of organisations from global coporates to public sector employers and central government departments, and our BHM publication has grown from strength to strength. So, to everyone who is celebrating Black History Month, we wish you every success with your events and look forward to seeing you next year,
Isabel Appio Founder/Director Sugar Media
Business Development Director Darren Waite Senior Sales Executive Gurpreet Kundi & Bridget Rodricks Senior Office Manager Marcia Abrahams Sales Office Sugar Media Ltd Studio 4 Hiltongrove 14 Southgate Road London N1 3LY Tel: 0207 407 7747 Fax: 0207 407 6800 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Frequency Annual Distribution Nationwide
BHM is published by Sugar Media Ltd© Disclaimer No material in this publication may be used without permission from the publisher. The views expressed in BHM are not necessarily the views of the editor or the publisher.
Publications for everyone To see the full range of publications and websites visit www.sugarmedia.co.uk
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Gordon Brown PM
Gordon Brown PM Something worth celebrating BLACK
History Month is a great opportunity to raise awareness of the significance of the UK’s black history, and remember the lives and achievements of those whose stories have too often been ignored. One aspect of black, and UK, history has been particularly prominent in peoples’ minds of late. Last year’s 200th anniversary of the Abolition of the Slave Trade Act gave us the chance to reflect on the appalling suffering caused to millions of people. At the conclusion of the Bicentenary, we announced our intention to commemorate the slave trade and its abolition every year, and incorporate it as a compulsory part of the national curriculum in schools. But Black History Month is also a time to celebrate. Britain today is stronger because of the contribution our diverse ethnic minority communities have made to our institutions and culture. Today we are a modern, open nation, celebrating the different communities that enrich our culture and our economy - and I am determined to do more to
encourage and support the very best of British talent. I want to build a Britain where it is someone’s ideas and abilities, and not their race, that counts, and that’s why I’m committed to the legislation we need to protect people against unfair discrimination. But freeing people from discrimination is only part of the picture. Equally important is inspirational leadership to help overcome entrenched disadvantage. Too many black mothers complain that their sons don’t have male role models to look up to. So we’re using a pioneering approach - called the REACH programme - to improve the visibility of black male role models. Black history month can help inspire the next generation of young people both men and women, black and white - to write their own chapter of history. That’s something worth celebrating.
Gordon Brown Prime Minister
BHM CELEBRATING UK INNOVATION & INSPIRATION:
Award-winning hairstyles, The Avant-garde Collection, by Marcia Johnson of Rougz Hair.
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Windrush The London Experience and Legacy
Mona Baptise Blues Singer 1948
1-31 October 2008 Come to a series of FREE events at City Hall throughout October, including: 60 years of Black Representation in British Films â€“ exploring the rich and vital contributions of Black people to the British Film Industry since 1948. Roots to Routes â€“ find out the real story of black British music.
Discover how the arrival of SS Empire Windrush changed London life, music and literature To view the full programme of events and to register visit: www.london.gov.uk/mayor/bhm Booking hotline: 020 7983 6554 Email: email@example.com
Windrush Generation spend an evening listening to first hand accounts from ex-service men and woman and their experiences in post war London.
David Cameron & Boris Johnson
British history is alive at Ghosts in the Gallery at the Polka Theatre, Wimbledon
David Cameron All of us – whatever our background – have got far more that unites us than divides us
delighted to provide this introduction to the BHM (The Official Guide to Black History Month), and to welcome the important role played by this annual event. Black History Month is now a wellestablished part of the British calendar. As well as a celebration of history, arts and culture, it gives us all an opportunity to reflect on and celebrate the immense contribution made to all aspects of our society by Black and Minority Ethnic communities. An understanding of history is of course key to learning more about ourselves and about others. Black History Month enables us to understand, discuss and pay tribute
to the contribution that different communities have played in shaping our country. We can all be proud of our vibrant, multi-ethnic society, and of our British identity and shared values. All of us – whatever our background – have got far more that unites us than divides us. So I would like to congratulate everyone involved, and send my best wishes to all participants and the editorial team of the BHM (The Official Guide to Black History Month).
Boris Johnson, Mayor of London Enjoy this year’s BHM season
Black History Season highlights the importance of education and the need to be inspired and learn from others.
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is with great pleasure that I welcome Black History Season to London. History is a fascinating subject that we should all truly relish. Black History Season highlights the importance of education and the need to be inspired and learn from others. It also promotes the historical role and the huge contribution of African and Caribbean communities to the capital, which will be of interest to all Londoners. This year there is a fantastic range of activities and events on offer across the city in libraries, theatres, galleries and educational institutions. At City Hall I am supporting a number of exciting lectures and exhibitions themed around the 60th anniversary of the arrival of Empire Windrush, which celebrates and explores this significant period in our city’s history and culture. I hope everyone enjoys this year’s Black History Season celebrations.”
IDEAS PEOPLE WANTED Shell people aren’t all the same And we like it that way. After all, the more different perspectives we have on board, the more great ideas we can come up with. With a presence in more than 110 countries, we’ve learned for ourselves that being an inclusive business is an advantage. Now we’re looking for more people who can bring fresh thinking to the energy challenge. Search for jobs at www.shell.com/careers and quote reference DIV355O when applying.
Shell is an Equal Opportunity Employer.
MMU Institute of Education
Knowledge is precious...pass it on At MMU you don’t just learn theory, you practise it. Students participate in school based placements to get a feel of what the teaching profession is all about. With its commitment to high quality training, MMU students can be confident in playing a key role in raising standards to improve lives of young people. The wide range of education programmes on offer at MMU has been developed to include the latest in government policy. This ensures you are kept updated with changes that affect your education course, and you can be confident that your course will give you the essential skills, knowledge and qualification for a future career in education. Students from a range of educational and cultural backgrounds are drawn to the warm, friendly and supportive atmosphere and the commitment to equal opportunities within the Institute.
MMU is able to meet the challenges of the teaching profession head on because our teaching staff actively engage with relevant agencies and organisations to increase awareness of developments and policies in the field of education. In turn, you get to be properly informed. Once you have qualified as a teacher, the Institute is here to support and develop your career with full and part-time Continuing Professional Development programmes leading to Diploma, MA, MEd, MSc, MPhil, EdD and PhD qualifications. The Institute also provides degrees in Early Childhood Studies, Childhood Studies, Youth & Community Work, Careers Guidance and Education Studies. For more information, please visit our website at www.mmu.ac.uk/ioe
www.mmu.ac.uk The University for World-Class Professionals
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Barack Obama Interview
The OBAMAS - Portrait of an American Family Soon the USA will vote for its next president, and for the first time in history, one of the two candidates is a Black man. For a year, ESSENCE magazine pursued an interview with the entire Obama family – to no avail. Finally, this summer ESSENCE became the only Black media outlet allowed a glimpse into the lives of Barack, Michelle and their two girls, Malia and Sasha, when ESSENCE was invited to their South Side Chicago home. Weeks later, veteran political journalist Gwen Ifill was with the family as they campaigned in a small mostly White western town, and she flew with them to a Black church in the urban Midwest. In a rare conversation with the couple and the children, Ifill discussed the political attacks on Michelle, Barack’s take on his controversial message to Black men, and how the family remains so close when they are so often apart. BHM brings you that interview.
Barack Obama is sitting in the back of his rented luxury campaign bus with its granite counters and two flat-screen TVs. The Illinois senator’s arms are wrapped around his wife, Michelle, whom he doesn’t get to see much these days. At this very moment he is, of all things, singing. I’ve just asked them how their lives have changed since he won the Democratic presidential nomination. There have definitely been changes, especially for Michelle Obama, who used to pride herself on campaigning by day and rushing home to her daughters each night. Now she is spending more of her days and nights on the road, but seldom in the same place as her husband. And when their daughters—Malia, 10, and Sasha, 7—get to see their dad, they likely have to share him with thousands of adoring strangers. “Daddy’s gone a lot,” Sasha notes. “We don’t see him that much.” But on this Fourth of July, everyone is together. Even though there are at least a half-dozen aides and family members on the bus with us, it feels intimate back here. Michelle and Barack are curled up on the beige couch, while the children are reading and coloring a few feet away. Michelle folds her long legs to her chin and leans into her husband as he explains the reality of their lives. When he pauses, she finishes his sentences. Their ease with each other recalls
the day several weeks earlier when ESSENCE arrived to photograph the Obamas at their large Georgian Revivial home on Chicago’s South Side. Barack stood on the lawn playfully teasing his wife as she posed for our cameras. Now, as then, his customary public caution melts away when he is with his family. Under relentless media scrutiny, Barack Obama says his family is going the extra mile to “maintain this little island of normalcy in the midst of all this swirl of activity.” But family snapshots of this sort are rare, as are moments when the Obamas can just chill. “Michelle has done a heroic job of managing the house, the family and still finding time to campaign and be out on the road,” he says, after directing staff members to turn off the television, which was tuned to Fox News Channel. “I’m always marveling at everything that she can do.” And then he sings. “I’m every woman,” he croons. She cringes. He laughs. “That’s Michelle. It’s like, Chaka Khan! Chaka Khan!”
The Michelle Factor
The entire family is on display during a Fourth of July event, as Michelle Obama leads a Montana picnic crowd in a rendition of “Happy Birthday” to daughter Malia, 10. When I ask Malia later exactly how many times she has been sung to that day, she responds with a small smile, “A jillion.” The point is for the Obamas to
be together—and have the world watch them doing it. Mom hugs people at the town parade, daughters greet furry parade mascots, Dad flips burgers for hundreds of his newest friends in Big Sky country. Picnickers in Obama for President T-shirts try to catch a glimpse of the candidate, and television cameras are trained on the family’s every move. The frenzy of attention—much of it glaring, some of it negative—never lets up. Aside from the fact that the Obamas could become the US’s first African-American First Couple, there is little new about all this: Presidential candidates and their families have had to cope with such scrutiny almost since the founding of the Republic. People want to know who they are. But for family members, reading or hearing tough talk about someone you raised can take an adjustment, as Michelle’s mother readily admits. “It bothers everyone in the family except Michelle and Barack,” says Marian Robinson. “The last time Barack heard us talk about what we heard on the radio, you know what he said? ‘Why don’t you all stop listening to that?’ That’s his attitude. When he first said he was going to do this, he said everyone should develop a thick skin, because this is what will happen, and exactly what he said would happen, happened.” For months, Michelle has had to answer for her unfortunately phrased
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words at a spring campaign event: “For the first time in my adult lifetime, I am really proud of my country,” she said, setting off a political firestorm. She insists she was referring to her pride in seeing the level of engagement in this year’s political process, but critics have accused her of being insufficiently patriotic. The right-leaning blogosphere, talk show circuit and publishing world rushed to join in: A National Review magazine cover featured an angrylooking picture of Michelle with the headline: “Mrs. Grievance.” Barack Obama says none of this happens by accident. “There are a group of conservative columnists; they become an echo chamber,” he tells ESSENCE. “The National Review puts Michelle on the cover, Fox News starts running things in a loop over and over again. They try to create a caricature.” By midsummer, a survey taken by the Associated Press and Yahoo found the “caricature” was winning, with more people viewing Michelle negatively than positively—35 to 30 percent. That’s when the Obamas struck back, launching a campaign within a campaign to showcase Michelle as a regular—and nonthreatening—working Mom. Central to that effort was her appearance on ABC’s The View, where she bumped fists with the cohosts while wearing a $148 sleeveless summer dress that immediately became a retail phenomenon. “You saw what happened when she was on The View; she’s selling dresses now,” Barack says, nudging his wife with a grin. “So I would distinguish between that and the political or the chattering class that very systematically tried to go after her.” Michelle appears unfazed by most of the criticism, focusing instead on what she says she sees as she travels the country—people of all races and descriptions who crowd in to hug her at campaign events, and who do not seem to have gotten the word that she is supposed to be an angry Black woman. “In our generation, we were just taught that if you know who you are, then what somebody calls you is just so irrelevant to the day-to-day issues that have to be a focus of this race,” she says, speaking in a rush, as her husband nods in agreement. “If I wilted every time somebody in my life mischaracterized me or called me a bad name, I would have never finished Princeton, would have never gone to Harvard, and wouldn’t be sitting here with him. So these are the lessons we want to teach our kids. You know who you are, so whatever anybody 18 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
else says is just interesting fodder.” Laughing, Michelle’s mother acknowledges the advice she gave to her daughter and her son, Craig: “If someone calls you a dog, do you jump down on all fours and start barking? Or do you continue doing whatever you were doing before they called you a dog?” It’s what helps Michelle shrug off the intensity of the campaign. “The values that we’ve grown up with, that we live and breathe are pure American values,” she reflects. “That is more me than the schools I went to. That is more me than the color of my skin even. That’s more me than my gender. I am a mother who wakes up every day worried about the future of her children and the children in our lives. I know how blessed my girls are, because I know too many kids in my family and other communities whose futures are different because of one slip, one mess up, one thing that just didn’t work out right. I just know how precarious it is, because I grew up in these communities. But first and foremost,” she says, buttoning up her argument, “the reason I think people can connect with me when they see me and get to know me, is that I’m just not that different.”
The Obamas’ lives have been transformed by the presence of 24-hour security and lightningfast media coverage. No detail goes unremarked on, from the precise shade of chartreuse Michelle wears onstage, to the exact blue tone of Barack’s tie that he dons for a summertime unity event with Hillary Clinton. On this 90-degree day in the rolling mine country of Butte in southwestern Montana, the Obamas greet supporters as Stevie Wonder’s “Signed, Sealed, Delivered (I’m Yours)” wafts from the loudspeakers. In a not-so-subtle response to recurring suggestions that they are just not patriotic enough, the Obamas have chosen to come to Butte on the Fourth of July, the most patriotic of all holidays. The candidate now wears a flag pin on his lapel every day, and Michelle concentrates on proving that, as the product of a working-class Chicago family, she is as mainstream as America gets. In a state where 90 percent of the population is White and only 0.4 percent is Black, the Obamas may well be the largest group of AfricanAmericans the town has recently seen. Soon enough, the music shifts to Springsteen. “Montana is a White, blue-collar rural state,” observes Brian Kahn,
Barack Obama Interview
He recalls one of the most powerful moments on the campaign trail. “A White woman comes up to me and says, ‘My son teaches in an innercity school in San Francisco, and he’s told me that during the course of your campaign he’s noticed that the Black boys in the class are working harder, are more focused, are fascinated by this whole thing,’” he says. “You know kids just want to feel like they’ve got a shot. If they can recognize something that gives them some sense of a path to achievement and respect, they absorb it like sponges.” a White public radio program host who has come to join the event. “I’ve lived here 20 years and we’ve never seen anything like this.” This is what they see: Barack’s sister, Maya Soetoro-Ng, is the daughter of Obama’s Indonesian stepfather and his White mother. Her husband, Konrad, is a Chinese American born in Canada. Both hold Ph.D.’s and live and work in Honolulu. Their daughter Suhaila laughs and plays with her cousins. Despite the range of ethnicities, as a family, they seem perfectly ordinary. Michelle and her daughters are dressed alike, in sundresses with leggings and flat shoes. Michelle throws a white sweater over her shoulders for photographs, and everyone’s hair is pulled back—in Malia’s case, in neat cornrows, to guard against the rigors of heat, wind and sudden thunderstorms. The Obamas pride themselves on creating a family picture that is authentically Black with shades of Norman Rockwell. As Barack stands on a picnic table to talk about health care, energy independence and infrastructure in the blazing highmountain heat, Malia sits stoically as her mother leans over to press cold bottles of water against her daughter’s overheated forehead. By the time Michelle takes the microphone, she is wearing a red, white and blue bolo string tie that Governor Brian Schweitzer has slung around her neck. Michelle La Vaughn Robinson Obama, Ivy League–trained lawyer and well-paid executive, is on hiatus. The supportive wife and working mom has taken her place, singing her husband’s praises. Their daughter Malia, confronted on every hand by strangers calling her name, is unfailingly polite to everyone who wants to sing “Happy Birthday” to her or tell her how cute she is, including the governor, and Hartford “Sonny” Black Eagle and his wife, Mary, who were selected by Montana’s Crow Indian Nation to be Barack’s “adopted grandparents.” Sasha generally has a
harder time sitting still. She circles around to where her cousin Suhaila sits, plants one, then two kisses on her cheek, then runs back to her mother for permission to strip her feet of her spangly summer sneakers. Later, there are hula hoops. Someone in the crowd races forward to hand the girls matching pink cowboy hats. This, Barack says, taking in the whole scene, is what America actually looks like, and his campaign is eager to showcase the tableau.
The Good Father
Both Obamas say their travels have convinced them that the racial divide—one of our “national obsessions,” Barack calls it—is not as wide or deep as many believe. “I think we don’t give the American people enough credit for having undergone a dramatic change, not just in the last 40 years, but even the last 20 years in terms of racial attitudes,” Barack says. “In that sense, my campaign is a testament to how far we’ve come. I would say that our popular culture still fastens on race the way it fastens on sex, the way it fastens on violence. There’s a fascination with it that’s not always healthy, and not particularly productive.” Still, the next day it is jarring to leave Butte and fly to St. Louis, where Obama speaks to the Forty-eighth Quadrennial Session of the General Conference of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. The delegates start chanting “Yes, we can!” the moment the candidate steps into view. Aside from the press corps and security, there is nary a White person in sight. As is often the case when he speaks to an African-American crowd, Obama launches into his stump speech emphasizing the gospel of individual responsibility, sounding for all the world like a cross between Bill Cosby and T.D. Jakes. “I know some people say ‘Why? He’s blaming the victim,’” he tells the churchfolks. “I’m not interested in us adopting the posture of victim. I recognize there are
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Above: Cover for Essence Magazine. Re-produced with permission from Essence Magazine.
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outstanding men doing an outstanding job under the most difficult of circumstances. But I also believe that we cannot use injustice as an excuse,” he adds, as the congregation cheers. “We can’t use poverty as an excuse. There are things within our control that we’ve got to attend to.” Obama says he has the credibility to speak about sore issues like absent Black fathers, in part, because his father, too, was absent. Barack Obama, Sr., left the family when his son was 2. “It’s indisputable that when we’ve got the majority of African-American children growing up in single-parent households, that that has an impact,” he says. “It has an impact, certainly economic. The single biggest indicator of poverty is being a single mom and trying to raise kids. It has an impact socially; it has an impact in terms of how they do in school and their future prospects. Now there are single moms doing heroic jobs all across America and within the African-American community. And by the way, there are great fathers who are doing the right thing. One of the finest men I ever knew was Michelle’s dad, who worked every day despite enormous hardship to make sure his children and his family were cared for.” But, on Father’s Day, Obama told the congregation at Apostolic Church of God in Chicago that “we need fathers to realize that responsibility doesn’t just end at conception.” He went on, “That doesn’t just make you a father. What makes you a man is not the ability to have a child. Any fool can have a child. It’s the courage to raise a child that makes you a father.” Those comments sparked criticism from many Black Americans, including, notoriously from the Reverend Jesse Jackson, who used a crude term to express his anger at the candidate for what he described as “talking down” to the Black community. But days before Jackson’s comments, in conversations with ESSENCE, Obama had defended his call to responsibility. “The point I was simply trying to make is that you can’t keep on using excuses for the failure to be engaged with your child,” he says. “Yes, we have a tragic history. Yes, the economy and the collapse of the manufacturing base that used to provide good blue-collar jobs had a disproportionate effect on AfricanAmerican men. Yes, the problem of drug trade and incarceration rates makes it more difficult for men to stabilize and be there. But there are a lot of middle class men who are aren’t engaged in their children’s lives as well. And I think that’s become too culturally acceptable.”
Barack Obama Interview
The perception among some mother lives five minutes away the president of the United States. I observers is that there is a campaign and picks the girls up from school love that... I like for them to be able to calculus that involves Obama making each day to take them to tennis and walk and stand in front of our house White audiences feel comfortable with piano lessons, dance class, soccer and see him up close and personal. him, while doling out straight talk to practice and play dates. The children ‘This man lives in my neighborhood.’ “ African-Americans. After two days in are polite and disciplined, playful “They don’t know where Montana, Obama and his entourage with other children and respectful Kennebunkport is,” Barack adds, swept in and out of St. Louis within with adults. They get that from their referring to the Bush family two hours, stopping backstage only mother, who got it from her mother. compound in Maine, “but they to receive a blessing from the bishops It was Robinson’s idea, for instance, know where the South Side is.” and preachers. The press was barred. that the girls not receive gifts for their He recalls one of the most powerful The Candidate Next Door birthdays. Instead, each is allowed to moments on the campaign trail. “A Obama’s sister, Maya, also grew choose something she would like to White woman comes up to me and up largely without her father, and do, instead of what she would like to says, ‘My son teaches in an inner-city she credits Barack, who is nine years get. “It’s more important for them to school in San Francisco, and he’s told her senior, with filling the gap. She, be exposed and be active,” Robinson me that during the course of your too, is spending the summer on the says in a telephone conversation. campaign he’s noticed that the Black campaign trail. Despite the fact This does not mean Grandma boys in the class are working harder, that her brother is making history, doesn’t sneak them the occasional ice are more focused, are fascinated by she says he really hasn’t changed cream treat. She does. And if helping this whole thing,’” he says. “You know much. “He’s about the same,” she Michelle means she might have to move kids just want to feel like they’ve insists. “I mean, honestly, our banter to Washington, D.C., she’ll do that too. got a shot. If they can recognize is the same. He’s still wonderful in For now, living on Chicago’s Black something that gives them some all the same ways, and irritatingly South Side, where the family resides sense of a path to achievement and opinionated in all the same ways.” in a gated $1.65 million Hyde Park respect, they absorb it like sponges.” Maya is part of the tight family home that is only a stone’s throw from Trying for Normal circle, accompanying her presidential what Michelle freely describes as “the Despite all that has changed for candidate brother them publicly, the to the soccer Obamas insist Under relentless media scrutiny, Barack games and that little has dance recitals changed in their Obama says his family is going the extra he crams in on private lives. rare weekends Their friends are mile to “maintain this little island of normalcy home. Barack’s the same. And in the midst of all this swirl of activity.” But BlackBerry is the family treats ever present, his them the same, family snapshots of this sort are rare, as are moments nightly conference as at their last when the Obamas can just chill. “Michelle has done a calls with Thanksgiving. campaign staff a “Everybody came heroic job of managing the house, the family and still constant. But his over to our house finding time to campaign and be out on the road.” wife says she gets just like nobody what she needs. was running “The thing that for president,” Barack does is that when he is there, ‘hood,” has kept them aware of the Michelle says, laughing. he is a parent,” says Michelle. “He’s not problems plaguing African-Americans And sometimes the Obamas find like play dad. He’s the guy who has such as diabetes, HIV/AIDS and breast ways to merge their two lives. At the read through all of the Harry Potter cancer. When I mention that I haven’t end of the day in Butte, Montana, the books with Malia. Barack is very good heard AIDS—which has reached crisis family returned to the local Holiday about understanding that the kids status among Black women—come Inn Express where they were staying, and their structure and stability are up much in the campaign, Barack ordered dinner in from a local important. And he’s somebody who, agrees that it’s a critical issue he restaurant, ate cake, and cranked up if there’s discipline that needs to be has talked about and should talk birthday girl Malia’s favorite music: handed down, he doesn’t hesitate just about. “There is no illness that we Beyoncé, the Jonas Brothers and because he hasn’t seen them in a week.” are not disproportionately affected Hannah Montana. “We just spent The Obamas are already seeking by,” he says. Michelle picks up the about two hours dancing and singing, advice on how best to protect their thought: “A lot of us don’t have access rocking out,” Barack told the reporters girls should they make it to the to primary preventive health care. on his campaign plane the next day. White House, including where to People can’t afford regular doctors.” “Malia said it was the best birthday send them to school. Barack asked Michelle says their home turf keeps she’d ever had.” He pauses, then Hillary Clinton for her opinion on them grounded in other ways as well. adds wistfully: “I don’t know if she what worked with Chelsea. Michelle “One of the things I like best about was just telling us what we wanted has asked Caroline Kennedy what it this, what we’re doing, is that we still to hear, but I can tell you from my was like to be a child of a president, live on the South Side,” she says. “So perspective, it was one of the best and she plans to call on Tipper Gore. for all of this wonderful madness that times I have had in a long time.” n But there is an inevitable absence comes along with our lives—the Secret that is the byproduct of presidential Service, the cars—there are kids on Gwen Ifill’s book The Breakthrough: ambition. In the Obama family, the Forty-seventh and King Drive who can Politics and Race in the Age of single person most responsible for walk two blocks and be that close for Obama (Doubleday) is scheduled filling it is Marian Robinson. Michelle’s the first time to somebody who can be to be published next year. www.blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk
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Black Histor y Month A Mother Speaks Tue 30 Sept – Sun 5 Oct
The strength of a motherʼs love is immeasurable. Imagine nurturing, caring, educating and supporting your child through their formative years, then suddenly, just as they are about to embark on their own independent lives, someone fires a gun, in an act of unprovoked violence, and they are taken from you. How far would you go to see true justice served?
Studio, 7.45pm Tickets: £12, Concs £2 off.
Gina Yashere: Skinny B*TCH! Sat 4 Oct Top UK and US comic Gina Yashere returns for one night only to celebrate the launch of her DVD and her last UK performance (well, for a while at least!). Best known for her TV appearances on The Lenny Henry Show, Comic Relief Does Fame Academy and Mock the Week, Gina's performance on Americaʼs Last Comic Standing has led to extended commitments in the USA.
Main House, 8pm Tickets: £17.50, Concs £2 off.
Jamaica, Farewell Tue 7 – Sun 26 Oct Written and performed by Debra Ehrhardt and based on a true story, this powerful one-woman show transports the audience to 1970s Jamaica. Ehrhardt describes her long-distance girlhood love for America and her desperate attempts to escape a war-torn homeland.
Studio, 7.30pm Tickets: £14.50, Concs £2 off.
“Exuberant! High Comedy!” New York Times
at the Hackney Empire The Real McCoy Sat 18 & Sun 19 Oct A live comedy sketch show starring, Llewella Gideon, Leo Muhammad, Felix Dexter, Judith Jacob and Maureen Hibbert, five original members of the BBCʼs first ever Black Comedy show. This brand new show also features Tameka Empson (Three Non Blondes) and new comedy talent Donna Spence and Mr Cee. The Real McCoy Reconnected is directed by Trix Worrell (creator and writer of Desmondʼs).
Main House, 8pm Tickets: £24, £22, Concs £2 off.
The Brothers are back!
The Brothers Fri 24 & Sat 25 Oct A phenomenal success since first performed in 2005, selling out the Hackney Empire an amazing three times and playing to over 10,000 people, The Brothers returns to the Empire for its final live performance. Both performances will be filmed for a special behind-the-scenes documentary for MTV Base. Written and directed by Angie Le Mar
Starring: Richard Blackwood, Chucky Venice and Jason Barrett
C o So mi on ng !
Main House, 8pm Tickets: £12.50, Concs £2 off.
filme d for
10th Anniversary Pantomime Written and Directed by Susie McKenna
Sat 29 Nov – Sat 10 Jan Tickets: £21.50 - £9.
020 8985 2424
The call of the
“Mother Country” 24 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
To mark the sixtieth anniversary of the arrival of the MV Empire Windrush in Britain in 1948, From War to Windrush, a new special exhibition at the Imperial War Museum London tells the personal stories of West Indian people during the First and Second World Wars.
sing historical material and personal memorabilia, much of which will be on public display for the first time, From War to Windrush explores the involvement of Black men and women from the West Indies and Britain on the frontline and home front during these conflicts. The exhibition also examines how their experiences contributed to the establishment of Britain’s contemporary Caribbean populations. Approximately 16,000 men from the West Indies volunteered to fight for Britain in the First World War, and over 10,000 servicemen and women answered the call of the ‘Mother Country’ during the Second World War. Thousands more served as merchant seamen. From War to Windrush explores how, despite facing discrimination during their service, many former Black West Indian servicemen and women and civilian war workers returned to settle in Britain after the Second World War. The MV Empire Windrush arrived at Tilbury docks on 21 June 1948. Four hundred and ninety-two West Indian passengers had paid the 10s (£28) fare to travel to Britain in search of work. Most were ex-servicemen. Although smaller numbers of West Indian passengers had previously arrived on other ships throughout 1947, the arrival of the MV Empire Windrush is now seen as a landmark in the making of a culturally diverse Britain. 4 From War to Windrush, 13 June 2008 – 29 March 2009, admission Free, Imperial War Museum Lambeth Road, London SE1 6HZ, www.iwm.org.uk/windrush. Enquiries 020 7416 5320/5321
Above: Empire Windrush with the Jamaican immigrants en-mass being welcomed, June 22nd 1948. © TopFoto Right: Postcard photograph of the troopship ‘Empire Windrush’, postmarked 12 Aug 1952. Courtesy of the Council of the National Army Museum
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Top: 1st July 1948: Jamaicans, arriving in Britain to look for work, living in an exair raid shelter on Clapham Common in London which has been adapted to function as a temporary hostel. (Photo by Chris Ware/Keystone Features/Getty Images). © Getty Images Bottom: At 7 a.m. today a ship, the Empire Windrush, berthed at Tilbury with 417 “Sons of the Empire” on board. Credit: © TopFoto
Top: George Mason, who served with the RAF and is now a Conservative councillor. By kind permission of George Mason. Middle: Sam King MBE, who served with the Royal Air Force and was Southwark’s first Black mayor. By kind permission of Sam King MBE. Middle: Sam Martinez, who worked as a forester in Scotland during the Second World War. By kind permission of Sam Martinez.
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Above: Postcard sized team photo of Tull with Clapton Football Club. Credit: By kind permission of Finlayson Family Archives Below: Evening Standard 21 June 1948 Welcome Home! Credit: © Evening Standard/Associated Newspapers ltd
Above: Mrs Eileen Johnson, 24, seen with her two children, Terence, aged three, and Maureen, aged four and a half, on board the Empire Windrush when it docked at Tilbury. Credit: © 2005 TopFoto www.blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk
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Dianne Abbott on Barack Obama
A black person standing for the Presidency of the United States. Diane Abbott MP reflects on one of the momentous events in black history and assesses Obama’s chance of victory.
The emergence of Sarah Palin as McCain’s running mate has made matters even more difficult for Obama. As a black man he cannot say anything remotely critical of a white woman and he certainly cannot go after her aggressively. That would be too much for white America.”
“I knew from an early age that I wanted to become a social worker and this eventually led me to working for Cafcass (the Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Service.) As a Family Court Adviser (FCA) I represent the needs, wishes and feelings of children involved in family court cases. Many of these children are black and that places a special responsibility on me and other black FCAs to be vigilant to the attitudes and practices within the child welfare system that may work against black children and their families. But of course, we have a general duty to combat discrimination against any service user group.” Clement Benjamin, Cafcass Family Court Adviser To find out more about the opportunities on offer at Cafcass, please go to our website: www.cafcass.gov.uk or contact Kathryn Alston directly on: 01332 866483 ABOUT CAFCASS * Cafcass works with children whose families are divorcing or separating or who are the subject of local authority care proceedings. * Cafcass has an National Equality and Diversity Steering Group which provides leadership to Cafcass to ensure diversity issues are actively promoted throughout the organisation. * At senior management level we have 17.9% BME staff and we are working towards replicating this success at all levels within the organisation so that we are representative of the communities we serve.
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The United States Presidential elections are due in November. They are potentially one of the most momentous events in black history ever. Barack Obama is the Democratic Party presidential candidate. And, if he wins, a black man will become leader of the “Free World”. Furthermore he is a black man of Muslim heritage. This would be a huge step for white Americans. Very few Americans are willing to say that they will not vote for Obama just because he is black. But white racism permeates almost everything that is said about this race. It is common place to talk about Obama’s youth and inexperience. But in fact Obama had just as long in elective office as his rival Hilary Clinton. At forty-seven he is not particularly young for a Western politician. And he is older than John F Kennedy was when he became American president over half a century ago. Academic surveys have shown that if voters are presented with two candidates for political office, one white and one black with exactly the same level of experience, they will be happy with the white candidate but insist that the black candidate “does not have enough experience.” Obama is suffering from the subjective judgements that many black candidates for professional jobs encounter. Somehow your experience and qualifications are never quite good enough compared to your white rival. Another criticism of Obama has been that he is “elitist”. This is a strange criticism. He is the son of a black single mother, who has only recently finished paying off his student loans. It is even more bizarre when you compare him to his Republican rival John McCain. McCain is the upper-class descendent of generations of American military men, but he never gets accused of elitism. Barak Obama’s wife comes from the slums of Chicago whilst McCain’s wife is a multi-millionaire. But Michelle Obama is constantly accused of being elitist and millionaire Cindy McCain never is. The “elitist” accusation only makes sense if you understand that Obama is actually being accused of being “uppity” or a black man who does not know his place. Furthermore “uppity” is a visceral accusation in the America racial lexicon. In living memory “uppity” black men were lynched. The emergence of Sarah Palin as McCain’s running mate has made matters even more difficult for Obama. As a black man he cannot say anything remotely critical of a white woman and he certainly cannot go after her aggressively. That would be too much for white America. Polls show that, if Obama was white, he would be at least ten points ahead of McCain. Nobody knows what will happen in November. But if Obama loses, racism will have won. n
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Joseph Emidy pictured in ‘A Musical Club, Truro November 8th 1808’ held at The Royal Institute of Cornwall.
Classical Excellence Black History Month provides an opportunity to look at the lives and music of African and Caribbean classical musicians, and introduce their music to new audiences. By Annamarie Ewing
It may come as a surprise to some to learn that musicians of African and Caribbean origin have been playing western classical music for centuries. The Black Classical Musicians project aims to correct the mistaken belief that classical music was only written, performed, understood and enjoyed by Europeans. For over 500 years black musicians have made their mark in the classical world. The Black Classics project reveals how some of these black musicians performed alongside the biggest names in classical music history such as Mozart, Beethoven, Dvorak and Elgar, and had an influence on their music. At the heart of the project is the website www.BlackClassics.co.uk which includes musician’s biographies, music samples and events, and where music by black classical musicians can be obtained. n For more information see www.BlackClassics.co.uk
Saint-Georges. At the age of ten he accompanied his father to France and was enrolled in a private academy. Schooled in both the fine and martial arts, he soon distinguished himself by his extraordinary skill on horseback, in sports, fencing, and music. While still a young man, he acquired multiple reputations; as the best swordsman in France, as a violin virtuoso, and as a composer in the classical tradition. While learning how to play the violin he received private instruction from such distinguished composers as Lolli and Gossec. John Blanke - Westminster Tournament Roll, 1511. John Blanke, an African trumpeter, was a regular musician at the courts of both Henry VII and Henry VIII. Musicians’ payments were noted in the accounts of the Treasurer of the Chamber, who was responsible for paying the wages. There are several payments recorded to a ‘John Blanke, the blacke trumpeter’. This trumpeter was paid 8d a day, first by Henry VII and then from 1509 by Henry VIII. Joseph Bo(u)logne, the Chevalier de Saint-Georges (December 25, 1745 – June 10, 1799) was one of the most important figures in the Paris musical scene in the second half of the 18th century, he was also famous as a swordsman and equestrian. Known as the “Black Mozart” or the “Voltaire of music” he was one of the earliest musicians of the European classical type known to have African ancestry. Joseph Bologne was born in Guadeloupe to Nanon, a former black Wolof slave, and a white French plantation owner of noble birth, Le Chevalier de Saint-Georges Georges Bologne de 32 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
George Augustus Polgreen Bridgetower (1778 or 1780–February 29, 1860) was a AfricanPolish-born virtuoso violinist, who lived in England for much of his life. He was born in Biała in Poland and his father, John Frederick Bridgetower, was probably a West Indian George Bridgetower (possibly Barbadian) servant of the Hungarian Prince Esterházy (Joseph Haydn’s patron. His mother was probably a domestic servant. He exhibited considerable talent in his childhood, giving successful violin concerts in Paris, London, Bath and Bristol in 1789. In 1791, the British Prince Regent (later George IV) took an interest in him, and oversaw his continuing musical education. At the Prince’s direction, he studied under François-Hippolyte Barthélémon (leader of the Royal Opera) and with Thomas Attwood (organist at St Paul’s Cathedral and professor at the Royal Academy of Music). He performed in around 50 concerts in theatres London, such as Covent Garden, Drury Lane and the Haymarket Theatre, between 1789 and 1799, and was employed by the Prince to perform in his orchestra in Brighton and London.
Joseph Antonio Emidy (1775 - April 23, 1835) was born in West Africa. He was a slave in early life, but later became a famous and celebrated violinist and composer. Emidy was captured as a child by Portuguese traders who took him to Brazil and later to Portugal. In Portugal, he became a virtuoso violinist in the Lisbon Opera. He was press-ganged by British Admiral Sir Edward Pellew during the Napoleonic wars and spent the next four years as a ship’s fiddler. In 1799, he was abandoned in Falmouth, Cornwall, United Kingdom. In Falmouth, Emidy earned his living as a violinist and a teacher. In 1802, he married Jane Hutchins, a local tradesman’s daughter, and they had eight children. Emidy became the leader of the Truro Philharmonic Orchestra, and went on to become one of the most celebrated and influential musical figures in early 19th century Cornwall. He composed many works including concertos and a symphony but no known copies survive. Grave of Joseph Antonio Emidy in Kenwyn Churchyard. He died in Truro on April 23, 1835 and his tombstone is in Kenwyn churchyard. Ignatius Sancho (c. 1729-14 December 1780) was a composer, actor, and writer. He is the first known AfroBriton to vote in a British election. He gained fame in his time as “the extraordinary Negro”, and to 18th century British abolitionists he became a symbol of the humanity of Africans and immorality of the slave trade. Ignatius Sancho was born on a slave ship in 1729. Because of this, his birthdate is unknown. When his mother died in the Spanish colony of New Granada and his father committed suicide rather than live as a slave, Sancho was taken to England and given to three maiden sisters living in Greenwich in 1731. While a young man he met the Duke of Montagu, who took an interest in his education. Sancho wrote and published Theory of Music and two plays. As a financially-independent male householder living in Westminster, he qualified to vote in parliamentary elections of 1774 and 1780, and is the first known black person of African origin to have done so in Britain. A plaque to Sancho was unveiled on 15 June 2007 by Nick Raynsford, MP for Greenwich.
© The College of Arms. Many thanks to the Morrab Library, Morrab Gardens, Penzance, Cornwall TR18 4DA U.K
A Life in Music
Samuel Coleridge-Taylor was born on 15 August 1875 at 15 Theobalds Road, Holborn, London – just round the corner from Fetter Lane, a spot which Dickens described as the “dingiest collection of shabby buildings ever squeezed together in a rank corner as a club for tom cats”. His parents were registered as Dr Daniel Hugh Taylor, surgeon, and Alice Taylor. It seems likely that he was named after the poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Dr Taylor (c.1848-1904) returned to his native Sierra Leone after studying at Taunton and King’s College, London. The young Coleridge-Taylor might never have known his father but he was hardly neglected. Alice Martin, the mother who brought him up in Croydon, married George Evans (1837-c.1908), a railway storeman. He received violin lessons from Joseph Beckwith, a local orchestral musician, and he sang from the age of 10. He was a keen student and in 1890 he won a scholarship to the Royal College of Music, originally as a student of the violin, then graduating
to studying composition with the composer Sir Charles Villiers Stanford. At the Royal College of Music, Coleridge-Taylor encountered some of the brightest talents of his time. Two of his most famous colleagues were the young composers Gustav Holst (composer of The Planets) and Ralph Vaughan Williams. Coleridge-Taylor’s talents were recognised and promoted almost immediately. His first major commission came via the composer Edward Elgar, who described him as “the cleverest fellow going amongst the young men”. In September 1898, ColeridgeTaylor’s Ballade in A minor gained huge popularity, leading to his next composition and his greatest success, Hiawatha’s Wedding Feast, based on the poem by Henry Longfellow. On 30 December 1899 ColeridgeTaylor married Jessie Sarah Fleetwood Walmisley, a fellow student at the RCM. They had a son, Hiawatha, and a daughter, Gwendolyn, who were both to have musical careers. On 28 August 1912, Coleridge-Taylor collapsed at West Croydon station while waiting for a train. He died a few days later of acute pneumonia at his home in Croydon, on 1 September 1912, at the age of 37. He was buried in Bandon Hill Cemetery, and his funeral became a major public event. n
Image courtesy of the Image Library.
At the Royal College of Music Coleridge-Taylor encountered some of the brightest talents of his time. Two of his most famous colleagues were the young composers Gustav Holst (composer of The Planets) and Ralph Vaughan Williams.”
Right: Samuel Coleridge-Taylor
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(Voice of Black Opera)
Top: Josephine Amankwah. Left: Willard White. Above: Abigail Kelly. Right: John Colyn Gyeantey
Lord Adebowale of Thornes, Patron of The Black British Classical Foundation, invites you take part in one of the most ground breaking and exciting events that has happened for years. The VOBOs (Voice of Black Opera) is a biennial competition which aims to find the best operatic voice in the Black Commonwealth. It will encourage, promote and support established operatic talent; and those young and yet to be unearthed. It also aims to develop new performers and audiences from under served communities. To launch and promote the cutting edge VOBOs and to showcase some of the most extraordinarily talented young Black opera singers on the circuit, there will be an Operatic Gala at the newly refurbished Birmingham Town Hall on 5th October 2008. The event takes place during Black History Month, which will be an added bonus to the already established historical celebrations. Lead by opera’s first man, Sir Willard White, the fabulous diva Alison Buchannan and Birmingham’s own 34 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Abigail Kelly, the event at Birmingham Town Hall will be an evening of operatic arias. Act one will be made up of a selection of Operatic Arias, with Act Two full of spirituals, folk songs of Africa and Caribbean and American origin, arranged for a mass choir and orchestra. Orchestra of The Swan will be the accompaniment for the evening. Luxury Coach service available from Central London pick up and drop off, with on board rum punch and soft drinks available. We will keep you safe, make sure you arrive happy, enjoy this spectacular evening, and then return you safely back to London. £50.00 per person includes return travel, on board refreshments, reception at venue including finger buffet, and Gala. Be glamorous and attend this perfect Sunday afternoon treat. Dress: Glamorous. n For details and tickets, please telephone: 0203 177 3906. Tickets are available from Birmingham Town Hall Box Office. Tel: 0121 78 3333.
The VOBOs (Voice of Black Opera) is a biennial competition which aims to find the best operatic voice in the Black Commonwealth. It will encourage, promote and support established operatic talent; and those young and yet to be unearthed. It also aims to develop new performers and audiences from under served communities.”
HM Treasury is one of the leading departments in government. The department’s aim is to raise the rate of sustainable growth and achieve rising prosperity and a better quality of life, with economic and employment opportunities for all. The Treasury aims to be: ·a n excellent place to work, where staff can feel proud to work, can develop the right skills and feel valued for their contribution; ·e xpert at delivery, responding swiftly and effectively to Ministers’ changing priorities and to new issues as they arise; and · s killed at working with and through others, winning respect for the quality of its policy making, its integrity, and its ability to deliver. To meet these objectives the Treasury needs highly skilled, talented people from a wide range of backgrounds, committed to achieving excellence. We are committed to fair and open competition and equal opportunities. Applications from underrepresented groups are particularly welcome.
Further information about the Treasury is available at: www.hm-treasury.gov.uk
PROFILE: English Heritage
Built into history The buildings we live amongst and walk past every day have many stories to tell about the Black presence in Britain. Heroes and heroines of past generations made their mark in many places and English Heritage works with Black communities and historians around the country to make these stories visible.
history. As a result, the project is now working on producing a ‘Black history ruler’. We are looking at representing Black people who have made their mark in British history in a range of fields including politics, social affairs and sport. When we consulted young people they were excited by the idea of having historic images of real people on the ruler with information about the person on the reverse. The ruler will go into production in autumn 2008 and information about how to get the ruler for free can be obtained from the Northamptonshire Black History Association web site soon.
In London, the GLC blue plaque to the Jamaican nurse Mary Seacole (1805-1881) was re-erected by English Heritage at 14 Soho Square, W1, on 29 November 2007 – almost exactly a hundred and fifty years after the Crimean War heroine stayed at the address. Seacole came at the head of a poll in 2004 to find the greatest black Briton; her plaque, which formerly adorned her nowdemolished home at 157 George Street, Marylebone, was unveiled by Professor Elizabeth Anionwu of the Mary Seacole Memorial Statue Appeal before a large and enthusiastic crowd. Other speakers at the unveiling were Margaret Hodge MP, the Minister for Culture, Ziggi Alexander, one of the original proposers of the plaque and a co-editor of the most recent edition of Mary Seacole’s autobiography, and Dr Edward Impey, English Heritage’s Director of Research and Standards. At 5, Hamlet Road, Upper Norwood SE19, a plaque to Ira Aldridge (1807-1867), the greatest Black classical actor of Victorian times, was unveiled by Oku Ekpenyon of the Aldridge Bicentenary Project in autumn 2007. The house, which Aldridge named Luranah Villa after his mother, was lived in by him at the height of his career in the early 1860s. Aldridge challenged racist attitudes head on when he appeared in Shakespearian roles such as Othello, King Lear and Shylock. Across the country, in 2008, English Heritage has recommended new listings for historic sites that mark the Black presence. From Shropshire to Watford and from Windermere to Stoke Newington, memorials to the lives of Black people brought to England by the slave trade have been protected for the future. You can find out more about the whole range of sites from our website at www.english-heritage.org.uk/abolition. English Heritage isn’t only about preserving
36 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Top: Professor Elizabeth Anionwu with the plaque to Mary Seacole re-erected at 14 Soho Square on 29 November 2007 Bottom: Diverse Stories project members visit Temple Church, Bristol. Copyright Gill Loats.
historic sites however. It is also making sure that the human stories attached to the places we live in are handed down. During 2007, English Heritage Outreach in the East Midlands worked in partnership with Churches Together in Northampton, Northampton Schools Excellence Cluster and Northamptonshire Black History Association on a series of activities triggered by the Bicentenary of the abolition of the trans-Atlantic slave trade. it was important to everyone involved that the legacy of this work was about more than slavery. We wanted to be able to show the breadth and depth of Black people’s involvement in British
The Diverse Stories project began in 2007 with participants from Malcolm X Elders, an Afro Caribbean elders group (and an open group of adult participants from the local community) taking part in a creative writing project, jointly supported by Show of Strength Theatre Company, Our Stories Make Waves and English Heritage, to mark the Bicentenary of the Abolition of the Transatlantic Slave Trade Act. Project members began work by visiting English Heritage’s Temple Church, Bristol and exploring its links with the slave trade and the abolition movement. Participants responded to the subject matter as they wished, resulting in a range of dramatic monologues covering themes such as slavery, racism, trade, childhood memories of living in Jamaica and migration from the Caribbean. The resulting monologues were shared with family and friends of the project members at a rehearsed reading by a professional actor. To ensure a permanent record, 2008 has seen the development of this project with a selection of the participants stories recorded on audio CD as a lasting legacy of the work created. Everyone can be involved in passing on our shared heritage– take a look at the English Heritage website for details of events and exhibitions in Black History Month and throughout the year. Watch out for the “Equiano’s London” walk on 28th October 2008 and the Sparkbrook African and Caribbean Women’s Development Initiative “Interwoven Freedom” touring exhibition based on the campaign of the Birmingham women’s Abolition movement.
Left: Books such as Lewis Hamilton’s Biography: “The People’s Champion” will be on offer from Waterstones during BHM
Waterstone’s great BHM discounts! This year, Waterstone’s will be celebrating Black History Month by • Celebrating emerging new writing UK talent • Offering Discounts on hundreds of relevant titles • Profiling and highlighting prominent Black Authors
House of Lords The House of Lords is an interesting place to work. We employ staff in a wide variety of roles ranging from administrative and executive staff to professional librarians and accountants; from messengers and doorkeepers to chefs and catering assistants; and much more. We value diversity among our employees and applications are welcome from all well qualified individuals irrespective of gender, marital status, age, race, colour, disability, religious affiliation or sexual orientation. Look for our advertisements in national, London and local press. All our vacancies are published on our website www.parliament.uk
Nigerian novelist Chinua Achebe who is ever-present on university and school syllabuses everywhere, and in recent years authors such as Andrea Levy, who won both the 2004 Orange Prize and the 2005 Whitbread Prize (now the Costa Award) with her novel of the Caribbean diaspora, Small Island, and the wonderful Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, who won the Orange Prize in 2006 with Half of a Yellow Sun, have demonstrated the cultural importance and popularity of both black writing and, by extension, black history. Benjamin Zephaniah is one of our most popular and socially aware performance poets, and the precociously brilliant Helen Oyeyemi, who wrote her novel, The Icarus Girl, while still at school is one of the latest crop of talented young black authors. For full details see www.waterstones.com/blackhistory
38 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
nts and new range of likely to ne operations, untants and laries will d more.
are responsible for multi-billion pound budgets and we are one of the country’s largest employers with over 100,000 staff. We work on a big scale: The Pensions Service gives financial support to 11 million pensioners in the UK and every DWP working day around 7,000 Jobcentre Plus customers move into work, including over
Join us, and you could find yourself at the heart economic competitiveness by helping people to of government, working with Ministers and work wherever they can and employers to senior colleagues from across Whitehall, secure the skills and employees they need; designing policy programmes, working on our organisational transformation, or heading up - provide greater choice, personalisation and a team of IT architects! If the prospect appeals, quality of service for customers in their we would like to hear from you. interests and those of the taxpayers.
DWP committed to equality and valuing diversity The Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) is proud to celebrate Black History Month 2008. Almost everyone in the country will have contact with the DWP at some point in their lives and we are here to make a real difference to the wide ranging needs of our customers, who are often the most vulnerable in society. We want our workforce to be representative of the customers we serve, and are proud of the fact that DWP is already a very diverse organisation. However, in order to meet the challenges ahead - designing and delivering policies and services for people across the UK - we need to attract people from all backgrounds. We need, in particular, a diversity of knowledge and experience at our most senior levels to bring further understanding and a fresh outlook to our organisation. To achieve this, we • offer rewarding and challenging jobs that can help you develop and reach your potential, • support and develop you through training and effective management. In return, you would have a responsibility to: • contribute to the Department’s objectives and take responsibility for that contribution, • commit to improving your performance throughout your employment at DWP. Over the past year or so we have worked hard to recruit, retain and progress staff who can help us achieve our vision. The Department for Work and Pensions is here to promote opportunity and independence for all through modern, customer-focused services. DWP offers the kind of environment senior jobseekers are looking for.
Attracting more diverse senior managers to DWP We have reviewed how we recruit and promote people to our senior roles. By the end of 2008, our senior recruiters will have attended a workshop on diversity and best
“We want the best people from all backgrounds and, with that in mind, we would like to attract leaders and professionals from every part of society including people with experience that may not be seen as ‘typical’ for civil servants.” practice in recruitment. The workshops highlight our diversity aspirations and focus on discriminatory issues and traps that can be commonplace in recruitment and are supported by guidance on good practice. We’ve also been working with the Institute for Employment Studies to look at the attitudes and job search behaviours of senior managers in underrepresented groups – we wanted to know what attracted them to a job or a particular employer. We will be using the findings of this research to target groups more effectively when we’re recruiting. You can view current vacancies for senior managers at www.dwp.gov.uk/ careers/scs/index.asp or visit www. dwp.gov.uk where you can get more information about the Department. We need the best people, from every background, to help us meet the challenges that are unique to DWP.
Mentoring Many of our staff already have mentors, but
we are trialling different ways of giving more people the opportunity to be developed this way, so we’re piloting mentoring circles. This is where one mentor holds mentoring sessions with around a dozen people. Mentoring circles provide a way of preparing people to develop the potential to compete on merit for senior roles. Participants get the opportunity to have face-to-face time with a senior leader and to learn from their advice and experience. As more than one person is mentored at the same time, it extends this development opportunity to more participants and helps with networking. We are also trialling a reverse mentoring scheme, where senior staff are mentored by more junior staff who are women, disabled or from an ethnic minority background. This helps senior staff understand the issues faced by these more junior staff. “We want the best people from all backgrounds and, with that in mind, we would like to attract leaders and professionals from every part of society including people with experience that may not be seen as ‘typical’ for civil servants.” Sir Leigh Lewis, Permanent Secretary, DWP. Should you wish to join us, we will offer you: • generous annual leave entitlements; • an occupational pension scheme; • a Childcare voucher (Salary Sacrifice) Scheme to help with the cost of registered childcare; • support on a range of issues, whether work-related, health-related, legal, financial or domestic.” Why not join us? You could find yourself at the heart of government, working with Ministers and senior colleagues from across Whitehall.
To find out more visit www.dwp.gov.uk
Beautiful Game Hosted by actor and playwright Kwame Kwei-Armah, SCORE4africa award categories include: Peace Award; Health Award; Best Academy; Best Mentor; and a Lifetime Achievement Award. Nominees for the prestigious awards, designed by leading artist Sokari Douglas Camp, include: Didier Drogba; George Weah; Harry Redknapp; Arsene Wenger; Craig Bellamy; Ole Gunna Solskjaer; Right to Dream; Mathare Youth Sports Association; Alive & Kicking; Rio Ferdinand; Patrick Viera; Michael Essien; Emanuel Adebayor; David James; and many others. ‘The Beautiful Game’ is Africa’s pre-eminent sport. In the build up to the 2010 World Cup in South Africa – a global sporting event of immense significance – African footballers are not only important ambassadors for 40 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
how football is changing the world for the better, but significant stakeholders in Africa’s development. Footballers contribute through remittances, investments, charity support, peace work, mentoring and youth work and financial support of extended families and communities. Football contributes by cementing social and national cohesion, providing employment, helping in education and skills training provision, and providing inspiration and joy. Judges for the awards include Marcel Desailly, Baroness Amos, and Faray Mungazi from BBC Africa football website. The winners will receive their awards in front of a star-studded audience of celebrities, politicians and business people - with Kora specialists Tunde Jegede and Mya Jobarteh providing the musical performance. n
Above: Didier Drogba and Rio Ferdinand, who support SCORE4africa, challenge for the ball in 2008’s Champions League Final, Moscow.
About The African Foundation for Development (AFFORD) Since AFFORD’s formation in 1994, it has gained recognition as a pioneering African development think tank and charity. AFFORD’s groundbreaking research, advocacy and policy development activities have helped highlight diaspora issues; and led to international recognition of the role of diasporas in development. For further information please go to www.score4africa.org Or contact: Onyekachi Wambu – Onyekachi@afford-uk.org Ayo Alli – firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: 020 7587 3900
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The way we were BHM defines some of the landmark events which helped to shape Black British History
ALGERIAN RULES BRITANNIA Quintus Lollius Urbicus, a native of Numidia (modern day Algeria) is governor of the Roman province Britannia.
SAMUEL AJAYI CROWTHER Samuel Ajayi Crowther consecrated as first African Bishop of the church of England.
JAMAICAN BORN NURSE MARY SEACOLE DIES IN LONDON Mary Seacole’s (pictured right) reputation after the Crimean War rivalled Florence Nightingale’s. Andrew Watson (Scotland) becomes the first recorded black international footballer.
CARIBBEAN WRITER WINS NATIONAL ANTHEM PRIZE British Guianan writer Leo (Egbert Martin) wins empire-wide competition to add verses to “God Save the Queen”.
42 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
KING JAMES COURT RECORDS BLACK PRESENCE Black presence record at Scottish royal household of King James IV
EMANCIPATION ACT PASSED All slaves in British colonies formally free from August 1 1834 (though most remain subject to the “Apprenticeship” system). Left: The Anti-Slavery Society Convention.
MARCUS GARVEY COMES TO LONDON Jamaican born champion of Black rights, Marcus Garvey, arrives in London.
FIRST ENGLISH KNIGHTHOOD FOR AFRICAN Pedro Negro knighted, perhaps the first African to receive an English knighthood.
FIRST BLACK SHERIFF APPOINTED Nathaniel Wells appointed Sheriff of Monmouthshire; the first black person to be appointed to such a post.
FIRST BLACK MAYOR John Archer became Britain’s first black mayor of Battersea. He was also the first black person to hold civic office in Britain as councillor, alderman and then mayor.
SLAVING VOYAGES BEGIN First slaving voyage by John Hawkins marks the beginning of British involvement in the transatlantic slave trade. Below: Africans exposed for sale as chattel slaves.
VIOLINIST GETS CAMBRIDGE DEGREE George Bridgetower, the black violinist receives a degree from Cambridge University. Right: George Bridgewater
ELIZABETHAN EXPULSIONS ORDERED Queen Elizabeth I orders expulsions of Africans from England.
SECOND WORLD WAR STARTS Many African and Caribbean people arrive in Britain to help with the war effort. Below: Members of the newly formed West African Air Corps which have been presented with flashes having passed the RAF Trade Test, seen here being inspected by Lord Swinton, 1945
Courtesy of Imperial War Museum
AFRICAN UNIT IN ROMAN ARMY African auxiliary unit in the Roman army, the Numerus Maurorum Aurelianorum, stationed on Hadrian’s Wall.
Making people at home for over 25 years
Proud to support Black History Month Visit www.mho.co.uk or call 020 8920 7777 www.blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk
| BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 | 43
CARIBBEAN ARTISTS MOVEMENT FOUNDED IN LONDON It protects the literary, academic and performance skills of Caribbean writers and artists, and provides them with a forum. Andrew Salkey, Edward Brathwaite and John la Rose were the catalysts.
LONDON’S FIRST BLACK HEAD TEACHER Dr Beryl Gilroy became London’s first black headmaster at Beckford Primary in West Hampstead. She later became a successful novelist, writing stories for and about her students, believing in literature that could “heal”.
FIRST “NOTTING HILL” CARNIVAL It was a small, indoor showcase for Caribbean talent held in St Pancras Town Hall, London. Below: Modern day carnival.
CLYDE BEST SIGNS TO WEST HAM Clyde Best signs for West Ham United. The Bermudan plays 186 games and scores 47 goals in 7 seasons. Earning his first national cap at the age of 15 and though the increasing television coverage of matches he was a role model for many black youngsters during the 70s.
BERNIE GRANT AND DIANE ABBOTT BECOME UK’S FIRST BLACK MPS Both won seats for Labour in the ’87 General Election. The charismatic Grant made his mark by wearing a traditional Ghanaian robe. He almost trebled his majority in the ’92 election, and stood for Deputy Leader. He was widely mourned when he died in 2000. Diane Abbott (top) was active in many political areas eg Trade Unions and racial equality. She is still the MP for Hackney North & Stoke Newington and set up Black Women Mean Business. She is one of the most respected MPs in parliament.
FIRST BLACK NEWSPAPER FOUNDED Claudia Jones (left, born in Trinidad, given asylum in England in 1955, founded the first major black postwar newspaper “The West Indian Gazette”. NOTTING HILL RIOTS In late August and early September 1958, ,the Notting Dale and Notting Hill sections of London were the scene of nightly clashes between whites and West Indian black people who had settled in the area.
NEW IMMIGRATION BILL Britain’s home secretary Reginald Maudling announces that Commonwealth citizens lose their automatic right to remain in the UK under the government’s new Immigration Bill.
BROADWATER FARM RIOTS Riots broke out in the Broadwater Farm estate in Tottenham, triggered by the death of Cynthia Jarrett. She collapsed after four policemen burst into her home on a raid. PC Blakelock was murdered during the riot.
Paul Gilroy released his book There Ain’t No Black in the Union Jack. The book looks at racial politics in England, exploring the relationships among race, class, and nation. 44 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
NEW IMMIGRATION BILL A Race Relations At Work section is added to the Race Relations Act, so that employers cannot discriminate on the grounds of colour.
DALEY THOMPSON WINS OLYMPIC DECATHLON Daley Thompson became only the second competitor in history to win the decathlon at two Olympic Games.
BRITAIN’S FIRST BLACK NEWSREPORTER Trevor McDonald joins ITN as a reporter from the BBC World Service and becomes Britain’s first black TV news reporter.
FIRST PUBLICATION OF WEEKLY NEWSPAPER THE VOICE Val McCalla (below) started the weekly newspaper The Voice. The newspaper went on to become the mouthpiece of Britain’s black community and made him a millionaire.
THE EMPIRE WINDRUSH ARRIVES The Windrush (above) in Southampton harbour in 1948, carrying 492 first generation post-war Caribbean settlers to Britain. Most onboard only intended to stay in England for five years, but half a century on and many are still here and have transformed the face of “Britishness”.
VIV ANDERSON PLAYS FOR ENGLAND Viv Anderson became the first black British footballer to play for England in an international tournament against Czechoslovakia.
MOIRA STUART – BBC’S FIRST BLACK WOMAN NEWSREADER During her career, Moira has presented almost every news programme devised on the BBC, including the Nine O’ Clock News and the Six O’ Clock News.
Can you bring your expertise to a new arena? Public Appointments in the NHS The National Trust is about more than stately homes and conservation, it is connecting people with places in ways which inspire the involvement of both individuals and families. Engagement with local people from black and minority ethnic communities through HLF projects such as ‘Whose Story?’ in the West Midlands, and ‘London Voices’ is transforming their experience and creating new opportunities for everyone.
There are more than 300 local NHS bodies in England responsible for the healthcare provided by the NHS - and the experience and expertise of people like you is invaluable to them. As a non-executive director serving on the Board of your local healthcare body, you will make decisions that shape services and directly affect your community. This is a rewarding and intellectually challenging role which offers you unrivalled opportunities for personal development. Becoming a non-executive director in your local NHS requires a time commitment of just 2.5 days a month. Remuneration ranges from £6,005 - £12,941 per annum. For more information, or to register for vacancies in your local area,
please visit www.appointments.org.uk/vacancies or call us on 0870 240 3802 quoting ref: BH. The Appointments Commission is committed to equality of opportunity for all and the principle of appointment based on merit following an open and transparent process and independent assessment. Please note these are public appointments, not employment.
Find your nearest place to visit, volunteer or work at
Adding value to public appointments
it’s an interesting world
Some scientists now believe that we’re all descended from one woman in Africa.
The DVLA is an Executive Agency of the Department for Transport. We aim to help improve road safety and the environment, reduce crime and improve public experience of government services through the efficient provision of driver and vehicle registration. Our key purpose is to establish and maintain accurate records of drivers and vehicles entitled to be on UK public roads. As an employer we are committed to supporting equality and diversity in our policy making, business, working relationships and employment practices.
Various opportunities | Cheltenham It’s a nice thought. Every one of us, united by a common thread. Here at GCHQ we’re just as keen on unity, especially when it comes to our creating a workforce that truly represents Britain’s diverse workforce. In IT, languages, mathematics and more, we’re united in helping protect the UK from acts of terror and international crime. www.gchq-careers.co.uk
We take diversity seriously and support the aim of the Department for Transport to raise the profile of diversity in the transport industry. It is our aim to ensure that our services are delivered in an inclusive and non-discriminatory manner. We support our staff with a range of family friendly policies.
Applicants must be British citizens. GCHQ values diversity and welcomes applicants from all sections of the community.
| BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 | 45
NAOMI CAMPBELL ON COVER FRENCH VOGUE At age 18 Naomi Campbell (above) became the first black female to grace the cover of French Vogue.
GUS JOHN BECOMES HEAD OF HACKNEY COUNCIL Gus John becomes Britain’s first black director of a local authority - London Borough of Hackney
MIKE FULLER IS DEPUTY ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER This is the 4th highest rank in the Metropolitan Police. Fuller (left) said: “The perception of the glass ceiling is finally being broken.” He was then made the first black Chief Constable in 2004.
BARONESS VALERIE AMOS Baroness Valerie Amos (below) became the first black leader of the House of Lords.
LINDA DOBBS Linda Dobbs becomes the first black QC to be appointed as a judge for the British High Courts of justice.
BILL MORRIS – FIRST BLACK LEADER OF A BRITISH TRADE UNION Bill Morris is elected the first black leader of a British trade union, and takes up the post of General Secretary of the Transport & General Workers’ Union.
REPORT INTO HANDLING OF LAWRENCE MURDER After a long campaign by Doreen (left) and Neville Lawrence, the parents of Stephen, a report by Sir William Macpherson is published It introduces the expression “institutional racism”, and sparks the most profound re-appraisal of race relations and the justice system since the Brixton riots.
LINFORD CHRISTIE WINS OLYMPIC GOLD Linford Christie wins the sought after 100m gold medal at the 1992 Olympics in Barcelona.
PAUL INCE - FIRST BLACK ENGLAND FOOTBALL CAPTAIN Paul Ince becomes the first black Captain of the England football team. He captained the squad for a total of seven games. Sol Campbell is the other black player who was captain (’98).
JUSTIN FASHANU DIES Footballer Justin Fashanu dies. The elder brother of John, he was one of the first British sportsmen to be openly gay. In the ‘80s he was the first black player transferred for £1m, yet after coming out, his career fell apart.
DOUBLE OLYMPIC VICTORY FOR KELLY Kelly Holmes (right) became the nation’s sweetheart when she won gold in the 800m & 1500m at the Olympics in Athens. After the Olympics 40,000 people lined the streets of her home town of Tonbridge for a parade. She was also made Dame Kelly. PRIVATE JOHNSON BEHARRY AWARDED VC The Victoria Cross is the most prestigious award for a soldier. Beharry, originally from Grenada, was serving in Iraq when his unit were ambushed twice. He risked injury to rescue others.
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STEPHEN LAWRENCE MURDERED A-Level student Stephen Lawrence (above) is murdered by a group of white men while waiting for a bus in Eltham, South-East London. To date no-one has been convicted, but through Stephen’s death the racial attitudes of Britain’s organisations have been re-evaluated.
THE MOBO’S LAUNCH The Music of Black Origin Awards (MOBOs) are launched by Kanya King and are broadcast on Channel 4.
FRANK BRUNO WINS WBC HEAVYWEIGHT TITLE Boxer Frank Bruno wins the WBC heavyweight title. He defeats American Oliver McCall at Wembley.
We don’t mind what genes you have All shapes, all sizes, all styles – diversity has always been in fashion at the GMC. Contrary to popular belief, we don’t employ doctors. As the regulator of the medical profession, we take on people from all kinds of backgrounds who want to help us protect the public by ensuring proper standards in the practice of medicine. You’ll enjoy a real career from the start. Whatever your strengths, we’ll build on them with exceptional training and development. And we’ll reward you with a fantastic package that includes a final salary pension scheme, private medical insurance and generous holiday allowance. So whatever your genetic makeup, find out about opportunities at www.gmc-uk.org/recruitment The GMC values diversity and has made a public commitment to processes and procedures that are fair, objective, transparent and free from discrimination. The GMC is a charity registered in England and Wales (1089278) and Scotland (SC037750).
Red pen or e-pen? Our examiners and moderators tell us that the rewards they get from working for us go way beyond the ﬁnancial. The training, support and knowledge they gain really improves their understanding of the examination and assessment process, and this has a big impact back in the classroom. Our use of groundbreaking technology in the assessment process means the days of the red pen are almost gone. e-pen – our unique online marking system – allows us to make a real difference to student attainment. Whether you are marking using a red pen or e-pen, you will be playing a major part in helping to raise educational standards. If you are interested in becoming an examiner or moderator visit www.edexcel.org.uk/aa-recruitment to ﬁnd out more. Please quote reference: BHM.
Join Edexcel, where education and technology come together Edexcel is committed to equality of opportunity for all.
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PROFILE: London Probation Service
London Probation – the community at the heart of our work London Probation’s mission states our commitment to:
Addressing Hate Crime
Working with diverse, local partnerships; and to influence positive change in offenders’ behaviour for the benefit of local communities. Cutting crime is not something that can be left just to the criminal justice agencies - we must involve London’s richly diverse communities who are the ultimate customers of our service, and to whom we are accountable. Local solutions have to be found for a safer society, and these solutions cannot be found without the full involvement of local communities. We currently work with many local and London-wide bodies that give us their expert advice and assistance and we also welcome their role as a critical friend. Here are some examples of how we are working in the community to cut crime for a safer London.
Crimes of hate, directed against particular groups of people, have a lasting effect on victims and their communities. Race hate crime can blight a whole neighbourhood. These crimes are not just those that are recognised as serious, such as the violent crimes, but are often judged to be less serious, such as harassment, grafitti and anti-social behaviour. London Probation works not only with people who have been convicted of hate crimes, but also those that show an unacceptable level of prejudice against particular groups of people. London Probation’s Equality and Diversity Directorate has developed a specialist training and awareness pack which it uses, working with community groups, to provide training for staff so that they can effectively challenge and work with offenders who have attitudes of hate and prejudice.
LONDON PROBATION WELCOMES BLACK HISTORY MONTH. London Probation is a criminal justice agency that works to reduce re-offending and to protect the public. We recognise and celebrate the achievements of Black people in this country and elsewhere, and look forward to a society where disadvantage and discrimination on the grounds of race is eliminated.
NATIONAL PROBATION SERVICE LONDON
Serious Group Violence
The fear of youths and young adults using guns, knives and other weapons on our streets is growing. We work with many young people who are vulnerable to being drawn into groups of this sort, and many who have already committed serious crime as a result of being drawn into these groups. Our Equality and Diversity directorate work with with other London Probation staff and with other public sector and community bodies to identify group members, understand what can be done in order to effectively change their offending behaviour, and give them strategies for being able to exit these groups.
For more information about London Probation visit www.london-probation.org.uk
Careers in Probation
NATIONAL PROBATION SERVICE LONDON
Are you interested in a career in London Probation? Could you use your experiences and skills to support offenders in their rehabilitation? Are you interested in working with local communities and in partnership with a diverse range of agencies? Would you give your commitment to help us: • Reduce crime • Protect the public • Improve community confidence in our work • Ensure equality and diversity are always taken into consideration? There are a vast range of jobs in London Probation, including probation and probation service officers, case administrators and receptionists, equality and diversity officers, facilities management and project officers, finance and HR staff, and marketing and communications staff.
If you are interested in a job with London Probation, please email: firstname.lastname@example.org or visit www.london-probationcareers.org.uk for a list of our current vacancies.
London Probation – Cutting Crime for a Safer London
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I love to read
Reading is the key to success - at work and at play - and it can help you to understand other people and yourself.”
Above: The Star Reads reads series of posters including Rapper Kano, Apprentice winner Tim Campbell, Actor Noel Clarke and Producer K2.
Join Kano, T2 and Addictive are all crazy about books! The Star Reads campaign aims to inspire young people, particularly those from inner-city and minority ethnic backgrounds, to read more. The campaign is supported by the National Literacy Trust and government agencies across the UK. Star Reads provide an array of topics and themes to reflect today’s diverse society. The aim is to promote a love of reading and an understanding of the world we live in, and to inspire young people to live their dreams. Reading and entertainment can help all young people to improve their skills and broaden their minds. The cultural ‘melting pot’ of today’s society has created a generation that can truly understand others, only when they can understand themselves. It is vital that children and young people read as much and as widely as possible to gain confidence and enjoyment in reading. Star Reads offers books that will inspire anyone who thinks they don’t like reading to think again, as well as some great new
recommendations for avid readers. Reading is the key to success - at work and at play - and it can help you to understand other people and yourself. Tim “The Apprentice” Campbell’s message to young people is: “Reading has the ability to transport you into any world; the knowledge of self is the path to development and preparation for success. So much can be found within the pages of a book.” Star Reads operates by providing schools, libraries, youth centres and other government run agencies with multicultural posters, books and teaching resources. The campaigns feature top British urban celebrities highlighting the importance of reading, and the teaching resources are designed to help promote a multicultural and fun approach to reading for all. n www.starreads.org
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Black NUS (National Union of Students)
The importance of Black History Month therefore cannot be overlooked, as it is a time that allows us to reﬂect on the achievements, and to remember the good and the great from amongst us who have challenged the norm and struggled to make the world a better place.”
Campus call for change Bellavia Ribeiro-Addy, Black Student Officer, National Union of Students, urges everyone to join in the Black History month activities.....
Black Oxford Scholars Hall of Fame
Above: Edward Theophilus Nelson, (far left, back row) with fellow students. Untold Stories is the brainchild of Pamela Roberts, founder and executive director of Artistry Events. Black Oxford: Untold Stories, the first black heritage walking tour celebrating Oxford’s black scholars. • Edward Nelson, who attended St. John’s College, was secretary of the Oxford Union, became a barrister and was involved in a famous case of the day, the Stalybridge murder of 1909. • Norman Manley, attended Jesus College as a Rhodes Scholar in 1914, and was one of the most successful barristers in Jamaica. • Alain Locke, the first black Rhodes Scholar, attended Hertford College 1907 – 1910. • Ania Moore, the first African woman to achieve a degree from St. Hughes in 1935. • Lushington Wendall Bruce-James, born in Antigua in 1891 and brought up in British Guiana, went to Keble College in 1910 studying Classical Moderations. He served in the University and Public School Corps of the Royal Fusiliers in the Great War and later embarked on a musical career in London. • Christian Frederick Cole, was a student from Sierra Leone, whose charm and determination in the Oxford of the 1870s made him a highly popular and respected student. He was called to the Bar in 1883 and went on to become the first black African barrister in the English courts. For more information see www.blackoxford.net 50 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
The Black Students’ campaign is calling on students to actively celebrate Black History Month on their campuses. In an ideal world, Black History Month would not be necessary, because educational establishments and the national curriculum would fully recognise and appreciate the contribution of Black people throughout history. The changes to the curriculum will help many young people learn about the great people from whom they descend. It is often said that in order to know where you’re going you need to know where you come from. I feel that if there was a greater understanding of what we as Black people have and can achieve there would be a greater sense of pride amongst us. We would actively challenge the inequalities that we face and be adamant in ensuring that we do not live up to degrading stereotypes. Black people have always been at the forefront of human development but this fact continues to be ignored. The importance of Black History Month therefore cannot be overlooked, as it is a time that allows us to reﬂect on the achievements, and to remember these good and the great from amongst us who have challenged the norm and struggled to make the world a better place. If we want an inclusive society then we need an inclusive history. Awareness of all our histories breaks down barriers and leads to co-operation on all sides and progress for all. Black History Month also allows the wider community an opportunity to
acknowledge and respect the contributions that have been made to world development by people of colour. Unlike years ago, we are in a more privileged position, in that the sacrifices that were once made may not be reciprocated if we do not pay due respect to those who came before us. Respect can be demonstrated by getting involved. At the moment, Black communities are being further stigmatised and marginalised by the growing climate of racism in society. There has been an unprecedented increase in the number of stop and searches by the police and an increase in race and faith hate crime. The developing world is besieged by poverty, ill health, in particular HIV/AIDS, conﬂict and rising debt. We cannot continue to ignore the issues of the global south, as ultimately these issues are our issues. We need to be joining campaigns and actively trying to make a difference. This is important if we are to try to make this world a better place. It is important if we are to leave our own legacies, as our predecessors have done before us. Black History Month gives us a platform to highlight all these issues affecting Black people here and around the world. For Black students it gives us an opportunity to complete our education and fill in the gaps that the education system continues to leave out. n For more information see www.nusonline.co.uk & www.officeronline.co.uk
The CPS is an Equal Opportunities Employer.
Tackling discrimination of any kind is one of the key priorities for the Service, and forming part of the wider decency agenda, which is essential for the running of a safe and successful Prison Service.
An agenda of decency and diversity The Prison Service is committed to promoting equality of opportunity in all its work. The Service operates in an increasingly diverse society, and this is reflected in the staff we employ and the prisoners in our care. Tackling discrimination of any kind is one of the key priorities for the Service, and forming part of the wider decency agenda, which is essential for the running of a safe and successful Prison Service.
Director General of the National Offender Management Service
The Director General, Phil Wheatley has stated his continuing commitment to the elimination of discrimination: “Fairness in prison implies consistency and certainty. In a diverse society, this can only be achieved if all are treated fairly and equally, no matter what their colour, race, religion, sexual orientation or disability. I am clear that prisons with the best relationships will be the most secure, orderly and safe, for prisons, staff and visitors.” The Prison Service are committed to promoting the benefits of a diverse workforce
BAR NONE There are no barriers to stop you working for the Prison Service. In fact, there are precious few bars anywhere, particularly for the 20,000 employees who have no contact with prisoners at all. If you have the potential, anyone can be included. Find out more about our range of careers by visiting www.hmprisonservice.gov.uk/careersandjobs
We are committed to promoting the benefits of a diverse workforce
Man?! BHM pays tribute to one of the world’s greatest music legends, Isaac Hayes
Can You Dig It? Isaac Hayes CD BHM Giveaways In his 48 historic years in entertainment, Isaac Hayes released 9 top 40 UK albums over a period of ten years, was the only King on earth to have won an Oscar, Bafta and Grammy awards, and appeared in over 30 different films. In the last decade alone, Hayes’ work has gone on to be sampled nearly 200 times (officially, that is) on recordings by (among others) Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, DJ Quik, Ice Cube, Destiny’s Child, Tricky, Mase. Portishead, Yo-To, and the late TuPac Shakur and Notorious B.I.G. Featuring some of his biggest hits like I Say A Little Prayer, Walk On By, The Look Of Love, Soulsville and the Theme From Shaft, Ultimate Isaac Hayes – Can You Dig It? is the biggest collection of classic soul music throughout the most momentous decades of his life. BHM has 5 copies of Isaac Hayes’ CD Can You Dig It? to giveaway. To enter the free draw to win a copy of Can Your Dig It? just email your name and postal address to email@example.com, marking the email “Can You Dig It? Competition”. Closing date November 30th 2008. The winners will be selected randomly.
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Isaac Hayes may well be best remembered for his signature song, the theme from the 1971 movie Shaft. With its pulsating hi-hat cymbals and funky wah-wah guitar, he created an urban soul-brother feel that transformed black music and paved the way for artists like Barry White, Millie Jackson and many of today’s modern rock, pop, R&B and hip hop artists. His shaven-headed, bling-laden, ghetto chic look made him a black cultural icon. Isaac Hayes was no overnight success. An orphan from a poor background in rural Tennessee where he was raised by his maternal grandparents, he taught himself to play the piano, organ and saxophone. His big break came in nearby Memphis when he signed for the Stax label as a session musician in 1964. Hayes took over keyboards from Booker T Jones, and his first paid sessions were with Otis Redding. In partnership with songwriter David Porter, he was responsible for such classics as Sam and Dave’s Soul Man and Hold On I’m Coming. His own work climaxed with his 1969 album Hot Buttered Soul, described by one critic as the most important black recording since James Brown’s Live at the Apollo. Isaac Hayes’ theme for Shaft in 1971 won him an Oscar for best original song, and set the tone for numerous successive “blaxploitation” movies - the genre in the 1970s targeted at a US African-American audience. Alongside his film and musical career, Isaac Hayes became increasingly involved with humanitarian causes. The 1990s saw him travel to the West African state of Ghana to shoot a video with Barry White. It was the first of many visits there during which he helped fund a school to help the spread of literacy. He was made a Ghanaian king with the title Nene Katey Ocansey. In 2005, he married a Ghanaian woman - his fourth marriage. He has 12 children. In 1993 he became involved with Scientology and within two years had established the Isaac Hayes Foundation, aimed at increasing literacy across the globe. n
Isaac Hayes was no overnight success. An orphan from a poor background in rural Tennessee where he was raised by his maternal grandparents, he taught himself to play the piano, organ and saxophone.”
Move over Britain’s Got Talent and Last Choir Standing - Christian Aid, in partnership with Rockhill Music, has been searching for a young gospel star. After national heats this summer, Zoe Oputah, 15, stalled stiff competition to win the chance to record a track on Rockhill’s new album Acoustic Gospel Volume II (AG2), due for release on 17th November 2008! This talented young lady also won the opportunity to act as Christian Aid’s new Youth Ambassador. A role she has slipped into comfortably – by representing Christian Aid at a variety of events up and down the country, engaging with her peers and raising awareness about the ways that Christian Aid is fighting poverty.
All proceeds/profits will go to Christian Aid UK charity number 110 5 851 Company number 5171525 Republic of Ireland charity number CHY 6998
Sales of AG2 will also raise vital funds for a number of projects working with children and young people in Africa. £1.50 from every album sold will go towards programmes such as Humanité Nouvelle, a Christian Aid partner
working in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) with street children. Based in the capital Kinshasa, it offers vulnerable kids a place of refuge as well as providing life-skills training, basic medial care and food. The album combines a variety of genres, from Motown-sounding 60s pop to refined folk guitar music, and has something for every listener. Not only does AG2 showcase the next generation of great gospel stars, such as Zoe, it’s well crafted songs and pop choruses are sure to reach beyond traditional gospel boundaries and we hope will even have an effect as far as the DRC. To pick up your copy from 17th November, check out the Acoustic Gospel website at: www.acousticgospel.com; HMV and Wesley Owen. To find out more about Christian Aid visit: www.christianaid.org.uk For more information please contact Oby Eriken at oeriken@ christian-aid.org or 020 7523 2209.
What do you see? ro yal o per a h o u se
A Country Lake? Trees? Blue sky? Somewhere To Go At The Weekend? Look again...... How about your workplace? To find out about working for Devon telephone 01392 686256 or firstname.lastname@example.org, quoting reference workdevon1. We are committed to equal opportunities in employment and service delivery, and are only interested in your ability to do the job.
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A Member’s Points of View: Lee Hossain
I was fortunate enough to join EMN around the time of the annual conference in November 2007, which I made an effort to attend. I went around meeting the members and was impressed by their warmth, loyalty to EMN and their general grasp and understanding of the issues. It was a friendly and welcoming environment to be in. All in all I was pretty impressed with the way the presentations and discussions took place and particularly impressed by the fact that EMN was able to get Hilary Benn and a number of ethnic senior servant role models. I thought at first that some of the questions and debates may be sterile and contrived but I was proven wrong. I was pleasantly surprised by the lively, frank and open natures of some contentious issues. It was all done in a professional and constructive manner.
The highlight for me was the presentation by Dr William (Lez) Henry. Wow, what a presentation! It was refreshingly different and engaging and in my opinion got to the heart of the matter. For me that was one of the talking points for the next few days with friends and family, and of course, I bought a signed copy of his book. In many ways he was a radical speaker and I was impressed that EMN was able to give him a platform. It demonstrated to me that EMN wasn’t just a talking shop and that it has courage and individual thinking. I now want to make my contribution towards the cause of EMN. I do feel we should have more of these conferences, perhaps workshops and proactive engagement with each other. Yes I have a lot to do in my normal work but I have decided that with effective time management, I will make the time to participate in future.
Above: Lee Hossain at an EMN event.
“I went around meeting the members and was impressed by their warmth, loyalty to EMN and their general grasp and understanding of the issues. It was a friendly and welcoming environment to be in.” For more information about Defra visit www.defra.gov.uk
Defra is proud to celebrate Black History Month Defra’s Ethnic Minority Network was set up in June 2000, to help highlight diversity issues within Defra. It does this as an independent body, run by staff for staff. The work of the Network is driven forward by an Executive Committee, elected and supported by Network members. The Network continues to respond to the challenges members face and it continues to articulate those challenges and to press for strategic solutions.
The main aims of the Network are to help ethnic minority staff to: • s eek to improve their working environment and career progression •a ct as a mutual support network (by encouraging contacts between them and through the development of role model and mentoring relationships); • act to raise awareness of issues of general concern •c omment on Defra’s strategic policies which impact upon ethnic minorities, •c omment on centrally driven strategic policies which impact upon ethnic minority personnel, e.g. those initiated by Cabinet Office; • establish contact with other ethnic minority networks The Network has an intranet site to help members keep up to date with diversity issues and holds various events, including seminars, workshops and an annual conference. There is a need to work together as Networks to ensure we can make equality a reality in Defra, in the civil service and in society in general.
Life through Fiona Compton, aged 27, grew up in St Lucia and with persistence, focus and professionalism, she has realised her ambition of being a world class photographer. Here’s how she did it.
was born St Lucia, and growing up in the Caribbean I was blessed with a childhood that has left me with colourful memories, the lush green forests, or the turquoise sea, the sweetness of my father’s bananas, the joys of climbing a mango tree or the refreshing feel of the river rushing over my shoulders. I moved to the UK at 18 and still dreaming to be an artist – of some sort. I studied at London College of Printing (Communications), London, where the most important thing I learnt was how to see with a photographic eye. There is a photograph in the most unlikely of places and of unlikely people - a derelict street, a pub, a market stall, maybe in your own house, or perhaps at London Bridge at 3am…. After graduation I, like every other graduate, was searching high and low for work in my field! But through sending many, and when I say many, I mean hundreds of emails and making phone calls to potential employers, doors opened for me. I was granted my first big break with a major publisher who publish top-selling magazines like Grazia, Heat, New Woman, More and Bliss. I constantly try to motivate myself (even though I know the rat race can truly de-motivate you) I have been fortunate enough to photograph the likes of Corrine Bailey Rae to Presidents of major banks. There is always room for growth and progression and I aspire to reach even further in the industry. My work reflects many things including my heritage which I consider important, as African-Caribbean and mixed race people are still represented in small margins in the UK. If I can possibly play a part to help change people’s notions of what should be in today’s magazines it would be a great stepping stone for myself and the community.” For more information see www.notimetogaze.co.uk
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But through sending many, and when I say many, I mean hundreds of emails and making phone calls to potential employers, doors opened for me.”
Have Box Will Travel
a Lens Above: Charlie Dark A.K.A. Have Box Will Travel is performing his unique Hip Hop chronicles at Huddersfieldâ€™s Lawrence Batley Theatre on 2nd October. Have Box Will Travel is the autobiographical new one-man show from dynamic poet, musician and DJ Charlie Dark currently touring the UK. A unique rites of passage story, Have Box Will Travel transports the audience from a tiny bedroom in South London to the world of the DJ in 80 beats and back again. With witty, sharp and frequently moving dialogue, Charlie Dark chronicles his life and times, from the emergence of the definitive Hip Hop culture he has lived and loved to the onset of fatherhood. Focusing on his musical inspirations and growing up under the watchful eye of a Ghanaian mother, Have Box Will Travel is delivered straight from the heart, recalling the ups and down of a life in music, vivid club anecdotes and the competitive dance floors where only the skilled survive. With slick production from Hip-Hop theatre pioneer Benji Reid, Have Box Will Travel is complemented by classic grooves from icons such as Public Enemy, Roy Ayres and John Coltrane amongst others. Charlie Dark is a London-based poet, writer, musician and DJ. He was one third of the ground breaking trio Attica Blues and has toured extensively around the globe as a DJ and with the band. He founded landmark club and organisation Blacktronica and renowned collective Urban Poets Society. UK Hip-Hop theatre pioneer, Benji Reid is a creative producer, devisor and director. Benji is currently developing his new one-man show, supported by three live musicians for touring in Autumn 2009. Have Box Will Travel is presented by Birmingham Repertory Theatre Company Written and performed by Charlie Dark Directed and Co-developed by Benji Reid, Have Box Will Travel tours the UK extensively this Autumn. Lawrence Batley Theatre, Queenâ€™s Square, Huddersfield, HD1 2SP, Thursday 2 October 2008 Venue: Lawrence Batley Theatre, Main Stage, 7.30pm, Box Office number: 01484 430528.
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PROFILE: Financial Ombudsman Service
what is an ombudsman? We talk to Juliana Campbell, who joined the Financial Ombudsman Service four years ago, becoming Britainâ€™s first BME ombudsman in financial services â€“ and a key member of the largest ombudsman scheme in the world.
Make your voice heard. Here’s how to complain effectively if you’re unhappy with a financial product or service. Given her strong legal background and passionate commitment to justice, it’s no surprise that Juliana Campbell has found success – and a great deal of job satisfaction – in her role as a financial ombudsman. Set up by law, the Financial Ombudsman Service offers a free service for consumers who’ve been unable to resolve a complaint with a financial business. The ombudsman service has helped more than half a million consumers to settle disputes on matters ranging from car insurance and mortgages to banking, credit cards, pensions and loans.
her to believe “you can achieve anything with hard work and perseverance”, she won the Sweet & Maxwell award for best student while studying law at university. After passing her professional law qualifications with distinction, she qualified as a solicitor in 1995, going on to become an active member of the African, Caribbean and Asian Lawyers Network. Juliana sees this as a transforming experience. “I met all kinds of successful and impressive lawyers, and saw how I could move forward and develop my own skills and career.” She now passes on her experience by coaching students and offering careers advice and guidance.
As one of a panel of financial ombudsmen, each of whom has their own area of expertise, Juliana focuses on resolving mortgage-related disputes. She has a quasi-judicial role, giving her the power in law to settle disputes by making formal decisions that are legally binding on banks, insurance companies and financial firms.
Juliana specialised in commercial litigation before joining the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants, where she was Head of Professional Conduct, overseeing the disciplinary process.
“The majority of disputes that come to the ombudsman service are resolved informally by our team of adjudicators,” Juliana explains, “but for cases that are more complex or contentious, either side can appeal to an ombudsman. Ombudsmen can order financial businesses to pay consumers compensation of up to £100,000 – although the majority of disputes involve much smaller amounts of money.” Coming from a family of ten children, Juliana is used to finding ways of making her voice heard – and realises you can’t always please everyone. “In the disputes I decide, emotions often run high. Important issues are at stake, and one side or the other may be disappointed with the decision I arrive at. My job is to look into both sides of the case. I have to consider the underlying facts and circumstances, carefully and impartially.” Even before moving to her senior role at the Financial Ombudsman Service, Juliana was seen as a high-flyer. Encouraged by her family, who taught
It might seem as though Juliana’s ambitious career-path was mapped-out from an early age. But things could easily have been very different. Juliana faced serious problems getting funding for her professional exams. She eventually found a bank that was willing to help her and other students experiencing similar difficulties. “Without funding, there was no way I could afford to go on with my studies – it really hit home that this could be the end of the road for my legal career.” “It also made me realise just how important it is to have the knowledge, ability and confidence to engage with financial services – and to make the system work for you. Often, people feel they’re just little cogs in a complex and faceless financial world. But no one need be afraid of dealing with big financial institutions – or of asserting their rights if they’re unhappy with the service they get. This is exactly where the Financial Ombudsman Service comes in – to help level the playing field between ordinary consumers and powerful financial organisations.” “I strongly believe that justice should be accessible for everyone – not just those who can afford to pay for legal advice.”
1. What’s the problem? Before you make your complaint – be clear about why you’re unhappy – and how you’d like the business to put things right. 2. Write or phone? If you complain by phone, make sure you keep a note of when you called and who you spoke to. If you write, put “complaint” clearly at the top of your letter. And don’t forget to provide important details like your policy or account number. 3. Try to stay calm. No matter how upset you are, try to stay polite and calm. You’ll get your point across more clearly and effectively. 4. Keep it brief. It’s always best to keep things brief. Say what you’re not happy with and what you want the business to do to resolve the problem. 5. Taking things further. The business will have a complaints procedure that it has to follow. If the staff member you’re dealing with seems unwilling to help, say you want to take things further. Contact the customer service department of the business – or its head office. And remember – if you aren’t able to resolve matters, the Financial Ombudsman Service may be able to help. consumer helpline
0845 080 1800
“I’m really proud of the job I do. Whoever you are and whatever your background, it’s your right as a consumer to ask the ombudsman to investigate a financial grievance – fairly, independently and free of charge. I hope most people will never be in the situation where they need to use our service – but it’s important for people to understand their consumer rights and to know the ombudsman service is here and can help.”
If you are interested in pursuing a career at the ombudsman service email: email@example.com www.blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk
| BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 | 61
Fostering & Adoption
What is Fostering?
What is fostering? Fostering is a way of providing a family life for children who cannot live with their own parents. It is often used to provide temporary care while parents get help sorting out problems, take a break, or to help children or young people through a difficult period in their lives. Often children will return home once the problems that caused them to come into foster care have been resolved, and that it is clear that their parents are able to look after them safely. Others may stay in long-term foster care, some may be adopted, and others will move on to live independently.4
It is often used to provide temporary care while parents get help sorting out problems, take a break, or to help children or young people through a difficult period.â€? 62 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
We’re not always trouble! We’ll help with
• change children’s lives • offer a home in or near Islington
• can be single
people or couples
• receive generous allowances and 24 hour support
Islington Foster Carers
0800 073 0428 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org
A Friendly, Professional Service “Definitely the best decision we’ve ever made – after deciding to get married, that is.” John’s throaty chuckle rumbles round the room, and in the short time that I have been here, it’s clear this is a house full of laughter. His wife Cherry rejoins him on the sofa, having sorted out the children’s homework. The couple have been SFS foster carers for just over a year, during which time they’ve cared for six children aged between 8 and 14, one of whom is now hoping to stay until she has left school. “I’d been thinking about fostering for a while”, continues Cherry, picking up her husband’s train of thought. “I love having kids around, it makes a house a home, and we wanted to give something back to children who needed a happy, safe home. We saw the SFS ad in the paper and we liked the idea of working with a charity. The people who came to see us were
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friendly and professional – that’s how they’ve always been towards us– so here we are!” Cherry is refreshingly honest about their experiences. “It’s been hard at times,” she admitted. “These kids can really push you to the limits and some days we’ve just gone to bed completely exhausted. But then you see a tiny improvement, a good day at school or maybe just a little smile, and you feel so proud of them. Makes it all worthwhile.” The couple regularly attend training and social events in their local office. “The training has really helped me understand the children better. If you know why they are behaving as they do, you don’t take it so personally.”
They both praised the support. John: “You really get to know the social workers and they are always there for you. We had to ring late in the evening when one of ours didn’t come home, and SFS were so helpful.” Cherry agrees. “You know if there’s a problem, you’re not alone”. “And the social workers listen to me!” she went on, “They want to know what I think about the children. You’re part of a team.” Looking back, the couple agree that their hopes have been fulfilled and indeed exceeded. “It’s just been so rewarding,” Cherry is speaking for both of them and John gently nods in approval. “It’s brought our own family closer together. Our children have learned the value of helping others. We really can make a difference for these children.” She paused. “Now we couldn’t imagine not being foster carers.”
Types of foster care include:
• Emergency - where children need somewhere safe to stay for a few nights. • Short-term - where carers look after children for a few weeks or months, while plans are made for the child’s future. • Short-breaks - where disabled children or children with special needs or behavioural difficulties enjoy a short stay on a pre-planned, regular basis with a new family, and their parents or usual foster carers have a short break for themselves. • Remand fostering - where young people in England or Wales are “remanded” by the court to the care of a specially trained foster carer. Scotland does not use remand fostering as young people tend to attend a Children’s hearing rather than go to court. However, the children’s hearing might send a young person to a secure unit, and there are now some schemes in Scotland looking at developing fostering as an alternative to secure accommodation. For more information on remand fostering (in England and Wales), download a briefing note on remand fostering (pdf) produced by the National Association for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders (NACRO).
Is fostering a job? All foster carers are registered with and contracted to a local authority or voluntary or independent agency. Many foster carers are volunteers, but increasingly they are seen as professionals and receive a fee on a basis of being self employed .
What do foster carers do? The foster carer’s role is to provide high quality care for the child. All children in foster care will be looked after by a local authority and the foster carers will work in partnership with the local authority to provide this. The foster carers may also work with other professionals such as therapists, teachers or doctors to help the child to deal with emotional traumas or physical or learning disabilities.
The foster carer’s role is to provide high quality care for the child. All children in foster care will be looked after by a local authority and the foster care’s.”
Fostering & Adoption
• Long-term - not all children who cannot return to their own families want to be adopted, especially older children or those who continue to have regular contact with relatives. These children live with long-term foster carers until they reach adulthood and are ready to live independently. For more information, see past articles from Be My Parent News & Features on long-term fostering. • “Family and friends” or “kinship” fostering - where children who are looked after by a local authority are cared for by people they already know. This can be very beneficial for children, and is called “family and friends” or “kinship” fostering. If they are not looked after by the local authority, children can live with their aunts, uncles, brothers, sisters or grandparents without outside involvement. • Private fostering - where the parents make an arrangement for the child to stay with someone else who is not a close relative and has no parental responsibilities, and the child stays with that person (the private foster carer) for more than 27 days. Although this is a private arrangement there are special rules about how the child is looked after. The local authority must be told about the arrangements, and visit to check on the child’s welfare.
What kind of people become foster carers? Fostering agencies, including local authorities, need a wide range of people to meet children and young people’s very different needs. It is best for children to live with foster carers who reflect and understand the child’s heritage, ethnic origin, culture and language, and fostering agencies need carers from all types of backgrounds. People do not need to be married to become a foster family - they can also be single, divorced or cohabiting. Gay men and lesbians can become foster carers, although in Scotland they can only do so as single individuals living on their own. People in households with 2 or more unrelated adults of the same sex can’t foster in Scotland. You can read about single, male and carers in past issues of Be My Parent News & Features. There are no upper age limits for fostering, but fostering agencies expect people to be mature enough to work with the complex problems that children needing fostering are likely to have, and fit enough to perform this very demanding task!4
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Fostering & Adoption
What preparation and training do foster carers get?
People who want to become foster carers need to go through thorough preparation and assessment. They attend groups where they learn about the needs of children coming into foster care. Alongside this, they receive visits from a social worker. The social worker will then prepare a report that is presented to an independent fostering panel, which recommends whether this person/family can become foster carers. Training does not stop when a person becomes a foster carer. All carers have an annual review and any training that’s needed to ensure they are suitable to continue fostering. Some carers also take a national qualification such as an NVQ level 3 Caring for Children and Young People (or an SVQ in Scotland). Allowances All foster carers receive an allowance to cover the cost of caring for a child in their home. For foster carers working on behalf of an agency, this is set by the individual fostering agency, and is usually dependent on the age of the looked after child. Fostering Network produces an annual guide, Foster Care Finance, recommending the basic levels of allowances it believes agencies should be paying. In England the government has now introduced national minimum allowances for fosters carers. Fees Increasingly, fostering is being seen as a “professional” role and many local authorities, voluntary and independent fostering agencies run schemes, which pay foster carers a fee. This may be linked to the child’s particular needs but is often a reflection of the skills, abilities, length of experience or professional expertise the foster carer has. Tax relief The introduction of tax relief in 2003 means that foster carers in the UK do not pay tax on their income from fostering, up to a maximum of £10,000 plus allowances. National Insurance contributions Since April 2003, foster carers have also been entitled to Home Responsibility Protection - a way to make sure that you do not get less Basic Retirement Pension just because you have stayed at home to look after a child.
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More on Fostering Support and training
All foster carers are reviewed every year and receive any training that’s needed to ensure they are suitable to continue fostering. They are also given a supervising social worker who visits on a regular basis to offer advice and support for foster carers and their families.
The advice line ‘Fosterline’ provides information and advice for foster carers and people thinking about becoming foster carers. Subjects covered include: allegations of abuse, benefits, training, breakdown of foster placements, and legal matters relating to fostering. The advice line is open from 9.00 am to 5.00 pm, Monday to Friday, and the freephone number is 0800 040 7675. They can also be contacted at email@example.com
Do foster carers get paid?
All foster carers get an allowance to cover the cost of caring for a child in their home, and some carers may also get paid in recognition of their skills, commitment or time. Fostering agencies may make one payment to cover both of these. At the moment the amount of money given is decided by each local authority and fostering agency, but the government is developing a plan to set a national minimum allowance for foster carers.
Do foster carers pay Income Tax?
The current rules mean many UK foster carers now pay no tax on the money they earn from fostering. Foster carers can be exempt from tax on all or most of their fostering income, depending on: • how many children they look after • whether or not it is a full tax year • whether or not there are other foster carers in the same household There is a fixed tax exemption of up to £10,000 per year (less if for a shorter period), which is shared equally among any foster carers in the same household. After that, foster carers get tax relief for every week (or part week) that a child is in their care. For every week (or part week) that a child aged eleven or older is with them, the foster carer’s tax relief is £250 per child. For every week (or part week) that a child aged under 11 is in their care, the tax relief is £200 per child.
Do foster carers get a pension?
Foster carers are entitled to a scheme called Home Responsibilities Protection (HRP), which helps them to get a basic State Pension. This is because their opportunities to do paid work are limited while they are foster caring. From 2010, HRP will be replaced by weekly credits for parents and carers (including foster carers). These will count towards basic State Pension and additional State Pension. If you reach State Pension age on or after 6 April 2010, any years of Home Responsibilities protection you received will be converted to credits. 4
Advert 2 89.5x125.qxp
Southend Fostering Service
Is there room in your life to foster a child? Becoming a foster carer for Thurrock is your chance to make a positive difference to the lives of vulnerable children. Of course, we appreciate that fostering a child is not a decision to be taken lightly. Youâ€™ll need time, patience and a caring attitude, as well as room in your home. If you have all these to offer, give fostering a chance.
You can make a difference
For information on fostering for Thurrock call free on
0800 652 1256
For further information contact:
The freephone line is open from 8am-7pm Mon-Fri and 9am-2pm on Saturdays or visit
Tel: 01702 354366 Web: www.southend.gov.uk
Putting residents first
You can Filename: 253817 125x92.5
Adopt l No experience necessary l Over forties We are looking for people from all backgrounds, religions and cultures who can offer love and support to children who need adoptive parents. You can make a difference by offering love and support and a permanent home to a child or siblings. All our children have had a rough start and deserve the love and stability of family life.
l Single applicants l No big house or income needed
If you feel you could offer a child a home and change their life forever, please contact the adoption team for a chat.
Interested in adopting make the call
020 8227 5854 Or email firstname.lastname@example.org
| BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 | 67
Fostering & Adoption
What about Adoption?
Fostering is different from adoption because when a child is in foster care, the child’s parents or the local authority still have legal responsibility for them. But when a child is adopted, all legal responsibility for the child passes to the new family, as though the child had been born into that family, and the local authority and the birth parents no longer have formal responsibility for the child. When there is no possibility for a child to return home to their parents, attempts will be made to see if anyone else in the family can care for them. If this is not possible, a family must be found who can provide “permanence” for the child, to allow them to feel as secure as possible. This either happens through long term fostering or adoption. If a foster carer decides that they want to adopt a child, they can ask to be assessed as a possible adopter for that child. Their suitability will be considered in the same way as anyone else applying to adopt.
What about adoption?
What is adoption?
Adoption is a way of providing a new family for children who cannot be brought up by their own parents. It’s a legal procedure in which all the parental responsibility is transferred to the adopters. Once an adoption order has been granted it can’t be reversed except in extremely rare circumstances. An adopted child loses all legal ties with their first mother and father (the “birth parents”) and becomes a full member of the new family, usually taking the family’s name.
What is the difference between adoption and fostering?
Foster carers share the responsibility for the child with a local authority and the child’s parents. Fostering is usually a temporary arrangement, though sometimes foster care may be the plan until the child grows up. This longterm or “permanent” fostering cannot
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provide the same legal security as adoption for either the child or the foster family but it may be the right plan for some children.
Who are the children who need adopting?
There are around 4,000 children across the UK needing adoption every year. These children are from a great variety of ethnic and religious backgrounds. Many of these children are of school age and over half of them are in groups of brothers and sisters who need to be placed together. There are disabled children and children whose future development is unclear - see our advice note Meeting Children’s Needs for more details (our Opening Doors project may also be of interest). Or read articles from Be My Parent about caring for children with special needs. Some children will have been abused and/or neglected and all will have experienced moves and uncertainty and their resulting behaviour may be challenging.4
ARE YOU BLACK, ASIAN, OF MIXED PARENTAGE OR IN A MIXED RELATIONSHIP AND THINKING OF ADOPTING Babies, Toddlers, School age children and Brothers and Sisters
Contact us for more information on:
0845 603 3398
ADOPTION NCH BLACK FAMILIES LONDON MIDLANDS NORTH
IS INTERESTED IN YOU! Black, Asian, Mixed Heritage or BME
Registered charity nos. 1097940/SC038092/company no. 4764232. Produced by NCH 09/2007. 07/08 0287 Photograph: NCH/John Birdsall. Some NCH photographs are posed by models
Could you be someone who’s not going to give up on us? Call us for an Adoption Information Pack 0800 652 1271 Children need positive role models and Partners in Adoption, the adoption consortium for Thurrock, Southend and Havering councils, needs more people to think about becoming adoptive parents. We particularly need adopters for our children of Black and Minority Ethnicity whose age ranges from babies to school age and includes siblings. We want to find safe, caring, permanent families for siblings, for children over 2 years of age and especially for school age children. Every child deserves a home where they feel safe and cared for. It doesn’t matter how old you are, as long as you’re over 21, or what your background is – whatever your culture, race, religion or sexuality, you can apply to adopt. What’s important is that you have the room, empathy, patience, energy and determination to make a difference. Choosing to adopt is a huge commitment but we’ll ensure you receive all the guidance, information and support you need before and after adoption. To find out more about adoption and how you can make a difference
Call free on
0800 652 1271 www.partners-in-adoption.co.uk
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Fostering & Adoption
Who can adopt?
• You have to be over 21, happy to make space in your life and home for a child, patient, flexible and energetic, and determined to make a real difference to a child’s life, for a lifetime. • Some people think about adoption but never look into it further – possibly because they are over 40 and think they’ll be ruled out. But they are wrong, there is no upper age limit. Agencies are looking for adopters who have the physical and mental energy to care for demanding children, and whose lifestyle suggests they will still have that energy when the child is a teenager, or young adult. Older children are among those children who wait the longest so adoption agencies are keen to hear from people who can give a permanent and loving home to an older child. • A record of offences will need to be carefully looked into but, apart from some offences against children, will not necessarily rule someone out. • Everyone has to have a medical examination and health issues will need to be explored. • People from all ethnic origins and religions can adopt. Ideally, a new family should meet all a child’s emotional, identity, health and development needs. In BAAF’s view, practice experience indicates that children do best when brought up in a family that reflects their
How do people apply to adopt? They will need to go through an adoption agency. Some agencies are voluntary organisations (see the website of Consortium of Voluntary Adoption Agencies). Most are part of the local authority children’s services (in England and Wales) or social work (in Scotland) department. You can find an agency near you in our agency database or find your local authority or voluntary adoption agency’s contact details in your phone book. People are not limited to their own immediate locality but most agencies work roughly within a 50 mile radius of their office. Although it is only possible to follow through an application with one agency, several can be contacted at this early stage.
ethnic and racial identity as closely as possible. In part, this is informed by reports from black and minority ethnic adopted adults who grew up with families who did not match their ethnic and racial identity, describing difficulties in belonging to any community outside of their immediate family. What this means in practice is that vigorous efforts are made to find a family that reflects the child’s individual identity. Given the profile of prospective adopters, this is not always achievable. In these instances, social workers will have to make a decision
How do people get approved to adopt?
What if you don’t get approved to adopt? In England and Wales, if an agency is planning not to approve the prospective adopters, the applicants can make representations to the agency asking them to review their determination. In England, as an alternative, applicants can request that an independent body (Independent Review Mechanism) undertake this review and make a recommendation to the agency. A similar independent review mechanism is being planned for Wales.
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about when to consider alternative families in order to minimise delay for the child. Children would then be placed with families that best match most of their needs, even if this means they are of a different ethnic group. • Disabled people are not excluded and sometimes experience of disability will be positively welcomed. • A single person, or one partner in an unmarried couple - heterosexual, lesbian or gay - can adopt. Since 30 December 2005 unmarried couples in England and Wales can apply to adopt jointly.
It usually takes at least six months for social workers from an adoption agency to get to know prospective adopters, assess them and help prepare them for the task ahead. Confidential enquiries will be made of the local social services or social work department and the police. Applicants will be examined by their GP and will be asked to provide personal references from at least two friends. The agency’s independent adoption panel will consider a report on the application and recommend whether or not applicants should be approved as adopters who will be given the opportunity to meet the panel. You can read more about assessment and adoption panels in past issues of Be My Parent News & Features.4
Adoption in Brent Your future - their future - A future together Brent's community and staff are rich in diversity and we welcome you to be part of this experience. We run monthly information evenings across the borough; why not come along and find out more?
Call: 020 8937 4525 Email: email@example.com Or Visit: www.brent.gov.uk/adoption
| BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 | 71
Fostering & Adoption
What happens when the child moves in?
The child will move to live with their new parent/s after a planned period of introductions, which lasts a few weeks or a month or two, depending on the child’s needs. Social workers will remain involved to support the new family and the child at least until an adoption order is made.
How is adoption made legal?
What about adopting from abroad?
Could you adopt? We need families from diverse ethnic backgrounds as 80% of our children waiting for an adoptive family are from black or minority ethnic backgrounds. You do not need to be wealthy or own your home. We offer support and financial assistance. COME TO OUR ADOPTION INFORMATION EVENT Date: Wednesday, 12 November 2008 Venue: Issac Newton Centre, 108A Lancaster Road, London W11 1QS Times: 6pm to 8pm
0800 183 2500 Or text “RBKC B”
60777- costs your standard network rate. Or visit www.rbkc.gov.uk/adoptfosterus
Adoption - it’s the magic of being a family
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Often people hear about the distress of children in other countries and want to offer to adopt one of them. But children’s best interests are not necessarily served by being adopted away from their own countries, their culture and their extended family. BAAF’s Advice Note at www.baaf.org. uk/res/pubs/advice/ intercountry.shtml, covers the procedures, legal requirements and where to obtain further information. The Intercountry Adoption Centre can also offer help and advice. Their number is 0870 5168742.
There are certain minimum periods for which the child must live with the adopters before an adoption order can be made, or, in England and Wales, before an application can be made to the court. The precise details vary very slightly depending on the country concerned and the circumstances in which the child came to live with the adopters. A birth mother cannot give consent to adoption until her child is at least six weeks old. Where birth parents do not agree, there is a process for the agreement to be independently witnessed. The detailed process varies according to the legislation of the particular country in the UK. If birth parents do not agree to adoption, there are circumstances in which the court can override their wishes. Again the detailed process will depend on which country is involved. In many cases the question of consent will be considered by the court before the child is placed for adoption. A children’s guardian (England and Wales) or a curator ad litem (Scotland) or a Guardian ad litem (Northern Ireland) will be appointed by the court to investigate and give advice to the court on the child’s best interests. In some circumstances, it will be necessary for the question of consent to be considered when the adopters actually apply for the final adoption order.
Do birth parents and other relatives have any contact with their child after adoption?
It is common for there to be an exchange of written information, perhaps once or twice a year, via the adoption agency. There will be unique arrangements for each individual child which may mean direct contact for some children with various members of their birth family, including grandparents and brothers and sisters who may be placed elsewhere. Sometimes there will also be contact with birth parents - if this is best for the child. n
Fostering ad183x125mm.v2:Layout 1
Brighten your life with a star Foster or adopt a Lambeth child WE OFFER � A generous allowance for
each child in your care � Ongoing training and
the opportunity to gain qualifications. � Dedicated support, advice
to our children, foster carers, and adopters To learn more about fostering and adoption contact the recruitment and assessment team on 020 7926 8710/0800 952 2926 (freephone number) firstname.lastname@example.org www.lambeth.go.uk
MERTON COUNCIL PUTTING YOU FIRST
Black West-African Girl Needs Adoptive Family Nadia is a sociable, energetic, affectionate 8-year old girl of Ghanaian descent. She is small for her age, though she has a healthy appetite. She enjoys being involved in various activities, including swimming, dance classes, and Brownies. She also likes reading, music, computer games, and playing with other children. Nadia has a bubbly personality, and her foster carer describes her as “friendly, inquisitive, and helpful.” Although Nadia was born in London, she has strong associations with her Ghanaian heritage. She also feels connected to her Christian upbringing and would like to continue attending church in the future. She particularly enjoys going to Sunday School. Nadia is a bright child, though she missed her reception year at school, and subsequently is academically behind her peers. She has made great strides, however, and her teachers are confident she will catch up with other students her age. Nadia enjoys school and her favourite subject is science. She loves playing with other children and is proud of her learning achievements. Nadia needs an adoptive family who can nurture her cultural heritage, provide her with a stimulating lifestyle, and create a stable and loving home environment. To find out more about Nadia or other children seeking permanent families, contact the London Borough of Merton:
020 8545 4636 email@example.com
| BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 | 73
Caribbean Cotribution to the NHS
In 1945 World War Two finally ended. In Britain, a Labour government came to power, with a programme of radical social reforms that would create a welfare state for postwar Britain. Central to these reforms was the National Health Service (NHS) – the world’s first comprehensive health service, which provided health care free for every British citizen, according to need rather than means.
Many Rivers to Cross On 5 July 1948 the National Health Service came into being. The government became caretaker of 2,688 hospitals – 1,143 voluntary hospitals providing some 90,000 beds and 1,545 municipal hospitals with about 390,000 beds, of which 190,000 were in hospitals for the mentally ill. The NHS was launched as a single organisation based on 14 regional hospital boards. There were three parts: hospital services; family doctors, dentists, opticians and pharmacists; and local authority health services, including community nursing and health visiting. Immediately, millions signed on with a doctor. Inpatient care soared from 2.9 million people in 1949 to 3.5 million in 1953, while outpatient care rose from 6.1 million people in 1949 to 6.7 million in 1953.
Difficulties and labour shortages Top: Part of a contingent of 1,000 West Indian immigrants with their luggage at Paddington Station in London, 9 April 1956; this was the largest single group to arrive in Britain since immigration from the Caribbean began in the early 1950s. Above: The first NHS patient, Sylvia Diggory, née Beckingham, with Aneurin Bevan at Park Hospital (now Trafford General), 5 July 1948
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The new NHS was far more costly than anyone could have expected but there was a wish for it to succeed. The government’s first priority was to reorganise the hospitals. However, Britain was suffering the after-effects of war: food was rationed, the economy needed rebuilding and bomb damage meant resources were needed to build new homes rather than new hospitals. There was also a serious labour shortage. To rebuild the country, Britain needed
more workers, particularly in low-paid jobs that white British people were not willing to do. The new health service was no exception. It was desperately short of staff – nurses, midwives, ancillary workers, cleaners, cooks and porters.
An urgent national need
In 1945 a government report produced by Aneurin Bevan and others – Staffing the Hospitals: An Urgent National Need – highlighted a ‘woeful’ shortage of nursing staff. According to the report there was an immediate need for at least 30,000 more nurses and midwives and about 12,000 domestic and other hospital workers. Without them the new NHS would not be able to function.
From 1948 the British government funded recruitment drives to attract qualified nurses, trainees, domestic workers and others into the hospitals. For the first time, the book Many Rivers to Cross (Published by DoH & Sugar Media) documents the stories of the very first people to come from the Caribbean to work in the NHS. Recruitment took place in Britain and overseas. The response from British-born women was poor. More than 700 vacancies were advertised in Tottenham, for instance, but there were only 17 enquiries. During the war women had flocked to nursing as part
© Photo by Edward Miller/Keystone/Getty Images.
From 1948 the British government funded recruitment drives to attract qualified nurses, trainees, domestic workers and others into the hospitals.”
Proud of nurses and midwives The Nursing & Midwifery Council is delighted to support Black History Month and is a proud sponsor of www.manyriverstocross.co.uk, which charts the contribution of nurses from the Caribbean to the National Health Service over the past sixty years. Then, as today, nurses and midwives come from every part of the world, and every section of society, to work in healthcare in the UK, and as the registering and regulating body for the professions, the NMC ensures that they have the necessary skills and experience to practise safely. An important function of the NMC is hearing Central to this is the Code, which sets out the allegations of misconduct against nurses and standards of conduct, performance and ethics midwives, and we can strike people off our you can expect from the nurses and midwives register if they are not fit to practise. While the who care for you and your family. Every nurse and number of cases we hear every year is small, midwife in the country is signed up to it, and you compared to the 675,000 people on our register, can get a copy of the Code by calling us on 020 we take this responsibility seriously and look 7333 9333 or visiting our website at for high quality panellists, both healthcare www.nmc-uk.org. NMC ad for BHM 20080901:Layout 1 01/09/2008 12:20 Page 1
professional and lay people, to judge these cases. We want to ensure that the panellists who hear cases reflect the UK’s diversity and we’d warmly welcome more applicants from black and minority ethnic backgrounds. If you want to help us to safeguard the public’s health and wellbeing, you can find more information about getting involved on our website.
You’re in safe hands From the time you’re born until the end of your life, nurses and midwives care for you and your family. Thanks to the work of the Nursing & Midwifery Council in setting standards and dealing with people who aren’t safe to practise, you can be assured that you’re in safe hands. The Code sets out the standards of conduct, performance and ethics you can expect from the people who care for you. Every nurse and midwife in the UK is signed up to it. You can read it on our website or we can send you a copy.
www.nmc-uk.org or call
020 7333 9333 www.blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk
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Caribbean Cotribution to the NHS
Recruiting from the Caribbean
In 1949 the Ministries of Health and Labour, together with the Colonial Office, the General Nursing Council (GNC) and the Royal College of Nursing (RCN), began a deliberate policy of recruiting from the British colonies, particularly the West Indies. Recruitment was aimed at three main categories of workers: hospital auxiliary staff (orderlies, receptionists, cooks, pantry workers, and telephonists), nurses or trainee nurses, and domestic workers, such as laundry workers. From the late 1940s and throughout the 1950s, advertisements appeared in the nursing press encouraging applicants from the colonies. In the Caribbean, newspapers such as the Barbados Advocate or Barbados Beacon ran advertisements inviting young women students to apply to train as nurses in Britain. There were also advertisements for ward orderlies, cooks, maids and other domestic staff. In 1949, for instance, the Barbados Beacon advertised for 31 women to work as nursing auxiliaries in hospitals in Bristol, Cardiff, Dartford, Edinburgh, Lincolnshire, Loughborough, Manchester and North Staffordshire. Candidates had to be aged 18 to 30, literate and prepared to sign a three-year contract.
For Britain, the colonies were an important source of much-needed nurses and ancillary workers. Senior British matrons went to the Caribbean to recruit nurses. So too did Enoch Powell, who later became notorious for his attacks on black immigrants. In 1951 Florence Udell, Colonial Office Chief Nursing Officer (COCNO), went to the Caribbean to meet with senior 76 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
nursing officers. Colonial governors, the Ministries of Health and Labour and the Colonial Office worked together to recruit and select women workers for employment in British hospitals. The aim of recruitment policy in Britain and the Caribbean was to fill vacancies in British hospitals but also to train nurses who would return to the Caribbean to help develop health services there.
By 1955, 16 British colonies had set up selection and recruitment procedures to ensure a steady flow of colonial nursing candidates for the NHS. Within the Caribbean, there were official recruitment schemes in Barbados, British Guiana (now Guyana), Jamaica, the Leeward Islands (Antigua, Montserrat and St Kitts), Trinidad & Tobago and the Windward Islands (Dominica, Grenada, St Lucia and St Vincent). Individual British hospitals as well as regional hospital boards often advertised directly for staff. In 1956, for instance, the South-West Metropolitan Regional Hospital Board put out a request for ‘West Indians as nursing auxiliaries, nursing assistants and possibly student nurses’ who could be placed in specially selected hospitals. Caribbean women wishing to apply for nurse training in Britain had to be aged 19–30, qualified to matriculation level (equivalent to today’s GCSEs) and English-speaking. Typically, a candidate either responded to an advertisement or applied directly to matrons in NHS hospitals in Britain. Candidates put in a written application, which went to a selection board together with testimonials or references. Successful applicants were interviewed and some had to do a short General Nursing Council-approved preliminary training course. Application forms were sent to the Colonial Office in Britain for approval. There was some government sponsorship but most recruits, or more usually their parents, had to pay their own fares and training expenses. From 1955 the British government offered loans for help with travel but recruits had to pay these back at a certain amount per week. n
By 1955, 16 British colonies had set up selection and recruitment procedures to ensure a steady flow of colonial nursing candidates for the NHS.”
Top left: Playing bingo in Robinson ward, Mile End Hospital c1972-79. Top right: Dr Nola Ishmael awarded first prize for efficiency in 1972 at Whittington Hospital. Below: The SS Empire Windrush at port, 28 March 1954.
© Royal London Hospital Archives: ME/P/8
of the war effort. Afterwards most married women returned to the home. Young, single, British-born women were more interested in taking up betterpaid opportunities that were opening up to women, such as secretarial work, teaching or work in the civil service. Nursing, with its long hours, low pay and strict discipline, was far less appealing.
PROFILE: NHS Scotland
Top talent, top futures at NHS Scotland When people think about a job in healthcare, they often only consider the clinical roles filled by doctors, nurses and other medical specialists. Yet behind them is a management team responsible for handling finance, directing staff and taking daily operational decisions that influence how the service works. At NHS Scotland, an organisation with 150,000 employees and a yearly budget of £8 billion, the career opportunities for managers are as varied as the challenges they tackle. Since 2005 NHS Scotland has run a graduate training scheme, selecting those with the potential to go right to the top. “A previous trainee described it as a golden ticket, and I wouldn’t disagree,” says Jill Sandford, programme manager for the graduate scheme. “But that doesn’t mean an easy ride. It’s hard work from day one, and our trainees learn on the job, sometimes in areas of Scotland they don’t know well. At the same time they’re knuckling down to an MSc in health and public leadership.”
“Whatever background or cultures our applicants have, the successful ones share that critical ‘X factor’: a heartfelt passion for healthcare, matched by minds that will make decisions with intelligence and integrity.”
Shazia Ashraf, part of the Scottish Government Health Workforce Directorate’s Employee Experience Team, is enthusiastic about the career benefits of joining NHS Scotland. “The long-term prospects are excellent. Compared with many other professions job security is high, but that doesn’t mean working life will be dull or routine. You can switch to new paths or disciplines during your career, moving from long-term planning to emergency response, from pastoral community care to ground breaking high-tech science. Some managers choose to specialise in areas like procurement, finance or personnel. The very best become chief executives.” While personal reward is important, true motivation for joining NHS Scotland lies in the intrinsic satisfaction of providing an essential service. Jill adds: “Every person and community in Scotland deserves the best from their healthcare service. Selecting management trainees is part of that duty. As a result our selection procedure is strictly meritocratic. Whatever background or cultures our applicants have, the successful ones share that critical ‘X factor’: a heartfelt passion for healthcare, matched by minds that will make decisions with intelligence and integrity.’ Anyone with a 2.2 degree can apply online for a place on the NHS Scotland graduate management training scheme. Applications for next year open on 1 November 2008, closing on 7 January 2009. For more information go to: www.mts.scot.nhs.uk
For more information about the scheme go to www.mts.scot.nhs.uk www.blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk
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Mary Seacole offered her services as a nurse to the British Army but was rejected, probably because of her colour. Using her own money, she went to the Crimea, where she nursed the wounded on the battlefield, often under fire.”
Health Pioneers The history of the Caribbean contribution to UK’s health sector is long and distinguished. Trailblazers who predated the NHS include.
Mary Seacole (1805–81)
Born in Kingston, Jamaica, Mary Seacole (insert) had a Scottish father and Caribbean mother. Well educated, she learned nursing from her mother, who taught her traditional therapies brought over from Africa by slaves. In 1854, when the Crimean War broke out, Mary Seacole offered her services as a nurse to the British Army but was rejected, probably because of her colour. Using her own money, she went to the Crimea, where she nursed the wounded on the battlefield, often under fire. Following the war, Mary Seacole was penniless and in debt. Influential friends raised money for her. Her autobiography, Wonderful Adventures of Mrs Mary Seacole in Many Lands, published in 1857, became a bestseller. Today, there is an award named after her for black and ethnic minority nurses.
Dr Harold Moody (1882–1947)
Born in Jamaica, Dr Harold Moody moved to London in 1904. He studied medicine at King’s College but racial prejudice prevented him from obtaining a hospital post. Eventually he set up his own practice in Peckham. He worked tirelessly for others, helping black people to find accommodation and work. In 1931 he set up the influential League of Coloured Peoples.
Black people are twice as likely to have an emergency hospital admission for their asthma* Asthma UK can help you take control of your asthma. Discuss your questions and concerns in confidence with an asthma nurse specialist on the Asthma UK Adviceline, through an interpreter if preferred, on 08457 01 02 03. All calls are at local rates. Information is also available on our website in 25 languages, including Yoruba, Igbo and French. Visit: asthma.org.uk/FAQS *In comparison with white people. Registered charity number 802364
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Dr John Alcindor (1873–1924)
David Thomas Pitt (1913–94)
Trinidadian-born John Alcindor attended medical school in Edinburgh, graduating with first-class honours in 1899. He worked in many hospitals and in 1907 established his own practice in Paddington, one of the first black general practices in the UK. He was an active member and president of the African Progress Union. He wrote and published articles on various health issues, particularly cancer and TB.
Left: Dr John Alcindor. Above: A portrait of David Thomas Pitt.
Modern Day Pioneers
An accomplished and distinguished doctor and politician, David Pitt was born in Grenada. In 1932 he won Grenada’s only overseas scholarship to attend the University of Edinburgh medical school. He graduated with honours and returned to the West Indies, where he practised medicine. In 1943 he helped found the West Indian National Party, lobbying the British parliament for independence. In 1950 he settled in the UK and established a medical practice in London. His patients included many well-known Caribbean figures, such as Diane Abbott, Trevor Phillips and Darcus Howe. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s he campaigned to improve race relations. He stood for parliament in 1959, the first West Indian black to do so. Racism marred the election and Pitt did not win the seat. In 1974 he became chair of the Greater London Council (GLC) and in 1975 was appointed to the House of Lords. From 1985–86, he was president of the British Medical Association (BMA). n
More recent health pioneers include Elizabeth Anionwu (pictured), Professor of Nursing, Head of the Mary Seacole Centre for Nursing Practice at Thames Valley University, who has campaigned for BME nurses, and the late Daphne Steel, Britain’s first black matron.
Barking and Dagenham PCT proud to be part of Black History Month
The Mayor watches a community nurse checking the blood pressure of the Mayoress at the Dagenham Town Show July 2008.
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Kelly in Kenya R&B singer, former-Destiny’s Child singer, Kelly Rowland, is the current ambassador to MTV’s Staying Alive Foundation. Staying Alive is a campaign dedicated to empowering young people to protect themselves and their communities against HIV and AIDS. Last month Kelly toured Africa, visiting projects in Tanzania and Kenya. She took an HIV test in Kenya with the aim of helping to reduce the social stigma surrounding getting tested and inspire young people to do the same. BHM talked to Kelly Rowland about her work with the Foundation and the “lifechanging” events which she experienced in Africa. Black History Month: What first motivated you to accept the position as 2008 Staying Alive Foundation Special Ambassador? Kelly Rowland: I decided to get involved because HIV and AIDS is an issue that I hold close to my heart. There are so many young people out there - and they all have a life to live... We’re all responsible for raising awareness myself, MTV, everybody. What I love about the Foundation is that they get out there - they communicate directly with young people trying to fight HIV, they have constant contact and help them to build up their awareness raising projects from a grass roots level. I truly believe that getting information out there to young people is key - the Foundation are empowering young people to do exactly this. You hear so many statistics... the fact that young people between the ages of 15-24 are most at risk, the fact that so many people are newly infected every minute of every day... I don’t just want to stand back and watch it happen - I want to do what I can to help - joining the Foundation as ambassador just seemed like a great way to do exactly that. BHM: You have been touring and performing in Africa as part of the campaign. What drew you to Africa and what are your thoughts on your travels in the continent so far? KR: Although AIDS is a global pandemic, Africa is hugely affected - it affects so many lives across the continent. My trip has allowed me to gain that all important first hand experience of the issue 80 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
- real insight into real people’s lives - and although it was an emotional rollercoaster at times, it was more than worth it for the inspirational people I met. The two days I spent in Tanzania were life-changing. I met some incredible people - including Eliza. Eliza is an HIV positive young woman who was previously forced into selling her body. She spends all of her time teaching others about HIV and AIDS. She’s a hero in a lot of people’s eyes - and she’s definitely one in mine. Eliza took me to see three female sex workers who were working in Hyena Square - a place where I would never wish for anyone to be. Some of these women had children... and I just kept wondering about the future and what would happen to them. When I asked one of the women she said she had all but given up hope... I keep them in my prayers. The following day was more uplifting - we went to see a theatre group called TAYOPA - they use performance as a means to get the AIDS awareness message out there. I had a lot of fun watching them perform - and even joined in myself. It’s a great way to get a message out and I’m so happy that I had the chance to be a part of it. Next up on the trip was Kenya. It was in Nairobi that I made the decision to take an HIV test. I met an amazing young man by the name of John who came to get tested with me. It was a moving experience. Sure, it was nerve wracking before hand, but it feels so much better when you know your status on the other side. Knowing your status is so important, you can effectively protect yourself and others... I’m hoping me taking the test will encourage other to do so. BHM: Do you think that musicians generally should try to be socially responsible in their actions and behaviour, especially
Kelly Rowland in Kenya
Left: A bust of Mary Seacole. Above: Dr John Alcindor. Right: A portrait of David Thomas Pitt.
The two days I spent in Tanzania were life-changing. I met some incredible people - including Eliza. Eliza is an HIV positive young woman who was previously forced into selling her body. She spends all of her time teaching others about HIV and AIDS. She’s a hero in a lot of people’s eyes - and she’s definitely one in mine.” those who have young fans? KR: Absolutely. With so many young people looking to you as a role model it’s important to lead by example. We are blessed to have a tremendous potential to contribute positively to a cause, and making the effort to be socially responsible is one way we can leave this world a little better than when we came in - which is a good rule to live by. BHM: Why do you think there is still a general lack of awareness of young people in USA and across the world of the importance of safe sex? KR: It starts with communication - or more a lack of it. My advice to young people... talk more! If you want to learn about how to protect yourself... It starts with you... you have to want to know... you have to search for the knowledge. It’s ironic because we have so many ways of finding out information nowadays ... there are libraries, there are friends to ask. My advice for the people afraid to talk about it - Google it, go online, it’s just as simple as that! . Log on to MTV, to Staying Alive - they’ll have information for you - there’s information everywhere. It’s important, and I think it makes you even smarter because you want to go look for that information, because you value your life so much. BHM: In the States, young people between the ages of 15-25 are still the most likely to contract AIDS. What will you do when you return to the states? KR: That statistic, no matter how many times I hear it, still deeply shocks me - also the fact that AIDS is now the leading cause of death for young African-American women. I want to let as many people as possible know about my experiences here... I want people to realize that HIV and AIDS is real, that it doesn’t discriminate and that it can happen to anyone. I will keep working with the Staying Alive Foundation to make sure the awareness message reaches as many people as possible. n
HOPE GATE TRUST: EMPOWERING PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV. Charity reg. no. 1070368
SERVICES Peer support Positive speakers Befriending & buddying training & support Advice Assertiveness workshops Advocacy Skills training BE PART OF THE WORLD’S GREATEST CITY Referrals Policy advocacy Information Volunteering opportunities Signposting other services Partnership working Positively seniors Premier Business Centre, 47-49 Park Royal Road, London NW10 7LQ Tel. 02080900424/5/6 Fax. 02081814518 firstname.lastname@example.org www.hopegate.org.uk ARCHIVISTS CLEANERS ECOLOGISTS MANAGERS PLANNERS
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PROFILE: KCL - Sickle Cell
Family Legacy This year, black history month will see the premier launch of the much anticipated “Family Legacy” dvd which explores the impact of the birth of a child with sickle cell disease on four generations of the same family. As they struggle with decisions around screening and overcome their misconceptions and superstitions they come to understand what the new baby will mean for each of them. In England, sickle cell disease is one of the most commonly inherited diseases and around 240,000 people carry the sickle cell gene and 12,500 actually live with sickle cell disease. Although the symptoms of sickle cell disease and the severity of them can vary from person to person, they can include, attacks of very severe pain (known as having a crisis), development of life threatening infections and becoming anaemic, making it difficult to carry oxygen around the body. Although it is particularly common in black and minority groups, sickle cell is an inherited disease, so anyone can be affected. Family Legacy has been commissioned by the NHS Sickle Cell and Thalassaemia Screening Programme and developed and produced
for any mother to watch her child go through,” says Hannah. “As her parents we were unaware of our carrier status and what this could mean when we had Pamela. There are times when I feel terribly guilty, even though realistically it is no one’s fault.” Hannah and Oliver’s full interview is available to see in Family Legacy, which is being distributed in parts of South London and is expected to be rolled out nationally in the future. by grassroots organisation Womanbeing Concern. Research showed that accurate knowledge and understanding about sickle cell disease in community groups in Southwark, Lambeth and Lewisham were still very shaky. As well as being a moving and entertaining drama, the dvd also includes a documentary section which gives candid real life experiences from people who have been affected by sickle cell disease. Oliver and Hannah Gyebi-Ababio are only too aware of the challenges that sickle cell disease presents. They are parents to 18 year old Pamela, who was diagnosed with sickle cell disease as a baby. “Watching Pamela endure the brutal pain of a crisis is heart wrenching
Know your history, prepare for the future
You can easily be tested
Getting tested to see whether you carry the sickle cell gene can be done at any time, by simply taking a blood test by your GP or you and your partner can be tested in early pregnancy by a midwife. Once you know whether you and/or your partner carry the gene, it is possible for doctors to work out whether you can pass sickle cell on to your children. The NHS Sickle Cell and Thalassamia Screening Programme are working tirelessly to ensure that testing is offered at crucial times, but remember you can ask to be tested at any time.
Antenatal and Newborn Screening Programmes Sickle Cell and Thalassaemia
A simple blood test can tell whether you carry the sickle cell or thalassaemia genes
Know your choices - get screened early • Sickle cell and thalassaemia are serious inherited blood diseases • If you carry a gene for sickle cell or thalassaemia you will be healthy • If your partner carries a gene for sickle cell or thalassaemia too, there is a one in four chance with each pregnancy that the baby will have the disease • Before you think about having children you can find out whether you carry these genes, helping you to plan for your family’s future
For further information about screening for sickle cell and thalassaemia ask your GP or midwife or visit www.sickleandthal.org.uk or telephone - 020 7848 6634 82 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Peer to Peer
Abbott’s African Info Exchange Dr Kareem Aderogba shares his experience of volunteering in Nigeria For more than twenty years US pharmaceutical giant Abbott has developed novel HIV medications and monitoring tests that have played a significant role in changing millions of lives around the world. Back in 1985 Abbott developed the first HIV antibody test and according to the World Health Organisation its protease inhibitor Kaletra is the world’s most widely registered HIV drug. The tablet version, also called Aluvia in some developing countries has been filed, registered or approved in 155 countries where 95% of the world’s HIV positive population lives. In 2002, Abbott made a commitment to HIV patients in Africa and least developed countries that Kaletra would be available at a cost of $500 per patient per year. Building on this history, Abbott and the Abbott Fund (a private not for profit organisation set up in 1951 and funded solely by Abbott) have invested
Peer to Peer Exchange facilitates doctors in resource-rich settings such as the UK to travel to less well resourced settings and deliver a range of medical training sessions to local doctors.”
more than $100 million to advance HIV testing, treatment and support services in developing countries through Abbott’s Global AIDS Care programmes. The latest development in Abbott’s commitment to the tackling the HIV challenge is the Peer to Peer Exchange, which facilitates doctors in resource-rich settings such as the UK to travel to less well resourced settings and deliver a range of medical training sessions to local doctors. Dr Kazeem Aderogba recounts his recent trip to Nigeria. Normally Dr Aderogba works in Eastbourne in an HIV clinic with around 170 patients, a fifty-fifty split black Africans and white gay men. His affinity to and historical links with Nigeria made him jump at the offer from Abbott to join their Peer to Peer Exchange this Summer and help train medics across the country. “I was really struck by how enthusiastic, keen and knowledgeable the groups we trained were. There was a lot of debate and a lot of fun.” Starting in Abuja and then to Lagos Dr Aderogba led a series of workshops covering when to start therapy, and critical concepts like drug resistance and treatment options for people who have experienced failure on their first treatment. “Around 100 people turned up in Abuja. The organizers had invited fewer people but word had got around, so we ended up training around 85 doctors, ten pharmacists and five nurses. He also trained smaller groups of doctors in ‘train the trainer’ sessions
to help them develop their confidence in sharing the information they had just learned with others. While in Nigeria Dr Aderogba visited two HIV clinics. “We’re talking about well-funded clinics. The size of the clinics blows you away; hundreds of patients sitting everywhere waiting for their turn. We’re talking about clinics with 10,000 registered patients and 5,000 on treatment. “These are clinics with access to the same kinds of monitoring tests that doctors in the UK use; CD4 testing to test how the immune system is working, viral load testing to monitor the level of HIV in the blood. Other clinics outside the larger cities have access to fewer tests. The clinics have to work within the WHO prescribing guidelines, which sets a fairly rigid standard and does not typically reflect prescribing practice in the UK But some doctors in Lagos have access to the same medicines as doctors in the UK. In comparison to the UK Dr Aderogba argues that “people in the developing world stay on their failing initial treatment and accumulate lots of drug resistance making it very hard for doctors to construct a new treatment combination that will work.” “I was humbled by their dedication and their commitment to working within a very difficult environment. With some people having to rely on clinical skills alone to work out if patient’s treatment was failing. Would I do it again? Absolutely!” n
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Treating the World; Abbottâ€™s global AIDS programme Medicines without doctors to prescribe them or clinics and laboratories in which to treat and monitor individual patients is almost as bad as no medication at all.â€?
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Global AIDS Care
More people than ever are receiving HIV drugs in the developing world. Although World Health Organisation targets to treat 3 million people with HIV meds by 2005 were not realised until late last year, burgeoning HIV treatment programmes are now stretching existing healthcare systems to the limit. It’s clear that one cannot exist without the other. Focus is now turning globally to ensuring healthcare systems can cope with the rapid expansion in treatment and care saving the lives of countless individuals with HIV around the world. It’s just possible that AIDS treatment programmes will not just save the lives of people with HIV but the lasting legacy will be a greatly improved global health system. US pharmaceutical giant Abbott is playing its part through a comprehensive Global AIDS Care programme which focuses on four key areas: strengthening health care systems, helping children affected by HIV/AIDS, preventing motherto-child transmission of HIV, as well as expanding access to testing and treatment.
most comprehensive initiatives in Africa to strengthen the country’s health care system. Over 80 hospitals from the leading teaching hospital in Dar es Salaam to health centres in the most rural areas are benefiting from a far-reaching programme to modernize their facilities, improve patient and hospital management systems as well as vitally expanding capacity for testing and treatment. In the first six years of the project alone the Abbott Fund has invested more than $50 million in the scheme. So far more than 7,800 health care workers have been trained to provide HIV care and HIV tests have been provided to test over 180,000 people. This past summer work began on the first of 23 hospital laboratories to be modernized or newly built across Tanzania. The project will run for the next two years. The long-term goal of a project like Tanzania Care is to create a public/private model that other countries can adopt to fight their own HIV epidemics.
Strengthening health care systems
Helping children affected by HIV
In 2005, the World Health Organisation (WHO) reported that unless urgent investments are made in health systems across the world, most of the health related Millennium development goals will not be met. The Millennium development goals represent a global partnership that has grown from the commitments and targets established at the world summits of the 1990s. Responding to the world’s main development challenges and to the calls of civil society, the Millennium development goals promote poverty reduction, education, maternal health, gender equality, and aim at combating child mortality, AIDS and other diseases. The World Health Organisation has cited a lack of health infrastructure as a key barrier to expanding access to HIV treatment in resource-limited settings. The limits of current systems are becoming increasingly apparent as HIV drugs become increasingly available in African countries. Health systems will need adapting to facilitate long-termrather than just emergency care. Medicines without doctors to prescribe them or clinics and laboratories in which to treat and monitor individual patients is almost as bad as no medication at all. Like many countries in Africa, Tanzania has a huge HIV problem. Tanzania plans to eventually offer HIV treatment to 2 million people. Back in 2002, the Abbott Fund and the Government of Tanzania formed a unique public-private partnership, implementing one of the
HIV is having a devastating effect on the world’s children. By 2010 one in five children in the hardest hit countries will be orphaned by AIDS. There are currently 15 million AIDS orphans in addition to around 2.3 million kids living with HIV in the developing world. Nine out of ten children with HIV live in sub-Saharan Africa. Abbott has worked hard to expand treatment options for kids with HIV. Abbott’s drug Kaletra (called Aluvia in the developing world) is now available as a reduced strength tablet suitable for positive kids and is recommended by the WHO for children who have experienced previous treatment failure. Since 2001, more than 700,000 children and families affected by AIDS have received services through Abbott Fund programmes. Abbott works in partnership with UK based Non governmental organization the International HIV and AIDS alliance in Burkina Faso and India to help local organizations integrate child-focused activities into existing HIV prevention and AIDS care programmes. This approach ensures ‘buy in’ from local communities as well as a commitment to sustain the projects long into the future. So far around 20 schools have been renovated in Burkina Faso and Tanzania and countless children have been provided with food and clothing as well as funds for school fees. The Abbott Fund supported a model paediatric HIV treatment programme that reduced child death rates by 90 percent;
this model is now being expanded across the whole of Africa. A partnership with the Elizabeth Glaser Paediatric AIDS Foundation in Tanzania and Uganda is working to accelerate enrollment of HIV positive children into care and treatment and develop the capacity of health care workers.
Preventing Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission
The transmission of HIV from a woman to her child during pregnancy or delivery causes the majority of childhood HIV cases in the developing world. An estimated 1,800 become newly infected with HIV each day. It is possible to prevent the transmission of HIV from a mother to her child by treating the woman and baby with HIV drugs. Testing is the first step in preventing HIV transmission. Over the past five years Abbott donated more than 8 million rapid HIV tests free of charge in 69 developing countries, including all of Africa. Rapid tests produce results in minutes. Once a woman is diagnosed she can be offered free therapy to prevent her child becoming HIV positive. The Abbott Fund is working with the Catholic Medical Mission Board (CMMB) to provide prevention of mother to child HIV transmission services in 70 faithbased health facilities in six provinces in Kenya. Through the partnership care and treatment will be provided to pregnant women and exposed babies and infants. Abbott Fund’s partnership with Family Health International in Malawi and Tanzania focuses on the reduction of HIV transmission from mother to child; increasing access to comprehensive care and treatment for HIV positive children; and support of the government in creating an enabling environment through policy formulation and guidelines on paediatric HIV and AIDS management and ensuring the sustainability of scale-up over the life of project.
Expanding access to testing and treatment
Abbott previously manufactured a rapid HIV antibody test called the Determine test. It made over 100 million tests available at no profit or free of charge. Abbott’s HIV medicines are broadly available at significantly reduced prices or at no profit in the developing world. Taken together, these initiatives which combine providing treatment and care with skills and infrastructure building are a powerful attempt to improve the lives of people living in the most destitute of circumstances. But the lasting legacy has to be the community development projects, that skill people up to take control of their lives despite their circumstances. n
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Committed to you and your family
Date of preparation: June 2008. AXKAL20081346
Teaching Black History
BHM teaching should not be a tack on but owned creatively by those pupils and teachers that value its celebration.
Schools – Planning your Black History Month Leslee Wills, is a Secondary School teacher who also has wide experience in teaching and arranging cross cultural activities, including Black History Month events. Here she shares her experiences of arranging activities during Black History Month and tells how she inspired and enthused pupils and staff alike to join in the season of learning and celebration. “In my previous school in London, I was in a facilitative role in the run-up to two specially scheduled Black History Month assemblies. In the September and October months 2006/2007, preceding the celebration, we encouraged the students to explore themes such as “Yourself as History” and to bring in their family photographs which often revealed recent migrant origins. This was in a predominantly non-white
school in East London, where many students and teachers were second generation immigrants from the old Commonwealth countries. A very popular and stimulating start was organising a display board where interested teachers could anonymously show three generations of family history. This encouraged identification, speculation and admiration in turn, and was used as the basis of our first Black History quiz.
Pupils vied to guess which teacher was in which photo often using background geography and other clues such as styles of traditional outfits and 50’s, 60’ fashion faux pas to guess which teacher’s country or culture was being featured. Quizzes were on subjects such as the Black Victorians, Britain’s early black footballers, war veterans, media and community personalities. I also featured the work of Caribbean
Order Your Black History Month Teacher’s Pack 2008 Sugar Media is a specialist Educational, Careers and Diversity publisher. We have been publishing BHM (The Official Guide to Black History Month) every October for the past 10 years. Due to ongoing demand from schools, libraries and other educational and community organisations, we have produced a BHM Teacher’s Pack as an educational resource. We are taking orders now from local authorities and schools in preparation for Black History Month October 2008.
If you would like to order copies of the Black History Month Teacher’s Pack 2008, please email email@example.com or call 0207 407 7747. You can also download an Order Form at www.blackhistorymonthuk. co.uk Black History Month Teacher’s Packs 2008 The Teachers Packs are linked to the National Curriculum Key Stage 2 and 3 and we have consulted with the Historical Association.
Key Stage 2 Black Presence in the Tudor Times Britain since the 1948 - The Windrush Generation Britain since the 1948 - The Black British Experience Key Stage 3 Britain 1750-1900 European Study before 1914 Britain since the 1948 – The Windrush Generation Britain since the 1948 – The Black British Experience Each Teacher’s Pack includes: - Laminated, colour worksheets - 2 Full colour posters - DVD Cost £19.99 + £4.95 P&P (per pack)
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Teaching Black History
painter and artist-impressionist Wilfedo Lam Cuban, friend and contemporary of Picasso. This display was the starting point for much discussion and artwork. Individual contributions ranged from speeches based on Harriet Tubman’s underground railroad; and for many drama sequences based on stories of Rama and Sita/Hindu gods and goddesses (who were indisputably optically black) were all encouraged and incorporated into our BHM assembly. Older female students found Maya Angelou’s poem, “I Rise” empowering for adaptation. We used old carnival drawings of sections in bands as templates to assist pupils to design posters with a historical feel. Admittedly, I was fortunate enough to have a vast collection of these. I encouraged all subject areas to interpret and incorporate history at levels that they considered to be relevant. More importantly, after agreeing a rehearsal rota for lunchtimes and afternoon clubs with fellow teachers or teaching assistants, I found that most students are superbly creative and can rehearse within the most general of guidelines. Plasma screen and power point displays of examples of cultural icons, and clothing embracing ancient and recent Afrikan styles announced the day of celebration and dressing up. Pupils either made or contributed from parents or
grandparents wardrobes. These generously included Moroccan, Russian, Algerian and most popular Somali outfits. Chinese contribution (and an excuse for some to dress in Chinese costume) tied in with Chinese indentured servants input to Caribbean history and the role of a famous part ChineseTrinidadian as China’s P.M. The pupil with the best performance at recent G.C.S.E was invited to give the opening inspirational speech, linking excellence in academic achievement with performance and display. On the special assembly days, the participants paid a small contribution for non–uniform status which was in aid of an agreed charity such as sickle cell. The school’s canteen also joined in with an African and Caribbean menu with appropriate ‘French creole or patois’ titles for dishes. In the end our use of languages, banners, flags and textile appliqué made it a cross curricular challenge. My feeling is that if we are to interpret the broadest possible cultural access to the curriculum, BHM teaching should not be a tack on but owned creatively by those pupils and teachers that value its celebration. Whole school involvement in assemblies, exhibitions, quizzes, interpretive dance, drumming, song competitions and cuisine is only possible
Pupils vied to guess which teacher was in which photo often using background geography and other clues such as styles of traditional outfits and 50’s, 60’ fashion faux pas to guess which teacher’s country or culture was being featured.” if these assemblies, rehearsals and after-school clubs are scheduled way in advance – usually in the summer term before – for month long events. Black History teaching and focus would work most effectively as part of a three or five year collaborative plan.” n Leslee Wills is currently a History teacher at Magnus School in Newark, East Midlands. She has coordinated Black History events at McEntee and Walthamstow Academy schools in East London.
Make a difference
Are you thinking of becoming a teacher of the future? At Bath Spa University we offer teacher training PGCE courses in Primary and Early Years (5–11) along with a wide choice of subjects for both Secondary (11–16) and Key Stage 2/3 (7–14) age groups. You will receive excellent support from dynamic and highly committed course tutors, a tax free training bursary of up to £9,000 plus a golden hello bonus in some subjects at the end of your first year of teaching. We particularly welcome applications from groups under-represented in teaching, notably black and minority ethnic candidates. If you feel you can turn your talent to teaching please contact us to find out more. Tel: 01225 875624 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
www.bathspa.ac.uk/courses/teaching 88 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
NAHT TES AD-NEW:NAHT TES AD
Assistant Headteachers are eligible for full membership of NAHT
Effective union support and professional advice for less than £15 per month with no increase until 1st January 2010. NAHT is an independent trade union and professional association representing over 28,600 members in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. In addition to effective union support and professional advice, NAHT: •
negotiates on pay, conditions and pensions in the interests of all school leaders;
focuses on leadership issues across the education spectrum;
delivers effective CPD training programmes many geared specifically towards assistant headteachers;
ensures the interests of assistant headteachers are represented by a specific committee as part of our ruling Council.
To request an application form call the Membership Recruitment Team on 01444 472 414 (quoting BHM), email email@example.com adding BHM in the subject line or visit www.naht.org.uk to join online.
Thinking of teaching? Or are you an NQT? A good classroom environment is created by establishing and maintaining positive attitudes in pupils towards their work. ATL (Association of Teachers and Lecturers) gives you some valuable pointers to effective classroom management. It is also a classroom where good order is maintained in a climate of mutual respect between pupil and teacher. This starts outside the classroom, where a routine should be set for entering and leaving the room so that there is an expectation that pupils will prepare for learning to take place. One way is to welcome the children at the door and remind them of what to do when they enter the classroom. Your physical presence will avoid any rushing in. Other teachers in the school will have established routines for this with which the children are familiar, so it is probably a good idea to try these out initially.
Managing a lesson
There is no one skill involved in managing a lesson - it is a collection of skills which are interdependent and lead to one end children’s learning. • Think about the way in which children will be grouped and what resources are needed. This will be determined by the 90 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
particular curriculum focus. • Set up routines that enhance orderly working and learning; these include decisions about how resources will be made available and rules for asking questions (eg ‘hands up’). • Always describe behaviour you want, not what you don’t want. • Plan for good beginnings and endings. Be explicit about what you are going to do. Link it to prior learning to get maximum pupil participation. At the
Promote a positive ethos for learning by giving lots of praise and demonstrating respect for the ideas and beliefs of your pupils.”
end, summarise the learning and let the pupils have a preview of what comes next. • Provide a variety of motivating activities which reflect the needs of your class in terms of learning style, culture and interests. • Monitor the progress of the lesson constantly to check understanding and pace. • Build in regular review opportunities. • Promote a positive ethos for learning by giving lots of praise and demonstrating respect for the ideas and beliefs of your pupils.
The job of the teacher is to sustain the involvement of pupils in a lesson so that effective learning takes place and the learning outcomes are achieved. This requires carerful organisation and planning. • At the start of the lesson, signal that you are ready to begin by use of a firm and purposeful voice. Wait until everyone is ready. Begin with a re-cap of prior learning to set the scene for this learning episode. • Smooth transitions within the lesson depend on careful monitoring by the teacher. Pupils who are concentrating hard on a task need to be given given sufficient time to complete that task
Teach in Herts
The Department for Children Schools and Families (DCSF) was established with the purpose of creating world class children’s services and education. The Department has offices in Darlington, London, Runcorn and Sheffield. Jobs cover a wide variety of skills and disciplines in areas ranging from administrators to the Senior Civil Service. Vacancies are advertised on our website www.dcsf.gov.uk where you can also register to obtain details of all vacancies. The DCSF believes that everyone should have an equal opportunity to meet their aspirations, realise their full potential and improve their life chances. We aspire to be an exemplar equal opportunities employer and create a workplace which values diversity and is free from any form of unfair discrimination. We have equality and diversity plans and monitor our progress to ensure that we are succeeding. We will welcome your application.
If you’re looking to build your career in an environment that encourages success, then look no further. We’re home to an exceptional variety of schools – Hertfordshire includes over 550, from small village primary schools to large comprehensives. We have a real need for Maths, Science, English and ICT specialists, and all our teachers enjoy a dedicated programme of Continuing Professional Development within supportive working environments. As soon as you join us, you could be at the forefront of local and national initiatives, working in an Authority with an excellent reputation for innovation and success. We pride ourselves on our young people’s record of achievement and are constantly striving to help every student realise their potential. Combining the best of urban and rural living within easy reach of London, Hertfordshire is a great place to build a career.
With a fully interactive online recruitment system with job alerts, applying to join us couldn’t be easier.
Make an entrance at
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Making our mark on equality. mark
B1327 B1327 B1327 B1327
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School of Education School for of Education PGCE courses graduates School for of Education PGCE courses graduates School for of Education PGCE courses graduates PGCE courses for graduates
Hertfordshire is committed to the protection and safety of children and young people.
School Governors are people like you!
Tempted to teach? Tempted to teach? Tempted to Tempted to teach? teach?
If you are looking for responsibility, intellectual challenge and interaction If you are looking for responsibility, with peoplefor you willinteraction be interested If youyoung are looking responsibility, intellectual challenge and If you are looking for responsibility, in teaching. The Postgraduate Certificate intellectual challenge and with young people you willinteraction be interested intellectual in Education (PGCE) programmes, with young challenge people youand willinteraction be interested teaching. The Postgraduate Certificate with young people youprogrammes, will be interested which lead to Qualified Teacher Status in teaching. The Postgraduate Certificate Education (PGCE) in teaching. The Postgraduate Certificate (QTS), helpto students to translate those Education (PGCE) programmes, which lead Qualified Teacher Status in Education (PGCE) programmes, interests into practical expertise. which lead tostudents Qualified Teacher (QTS), help to translateStatus those which lead tostudents Qualified Teacher (QTS), help toexpertise. translateStatus those interests into practical (QTS), help translate We welcome applications from all those interests intostudents practicaltoexpertise. interests into applications practical expertise. ethnic groups who are currently underWe welcome from all represented the teaching profession. We welcome from all ethnic groupsinapplications who are currently underWe welcome from all Please telephone 414 4866 ethnic groups who are currently underrepresented inapplications the0121 teaching profession. ethnic are currently underor emailgroups firstname.lastname@example.org represented inwho the0121 teaching Please telephone 414profession. 4866 represented in the0121 teaching Please 414profession. 4866 or emailtelephone email@example.com Please 0121line: 414 4866 Teaching information or emailtelephone firstname.lastname@example.org or email email@example.com 0845 6000 991 Teaching information line: Teaching line: 0845 6000information 991 Teaching line: 0845 6000information 991 0845 6000 991
The following subjects are available
� English The following subjects The following secondary subjects are available � Geography The following subjects are available are offered: English The following subjects are available � History English Geography � History and Citizenship Geography � English � Geography Mathematics one year � History and Citizenship � Mathematics two and Citizenship � History one years year History and Citizenship Foreign � Modern Mathematics one year twoLanguages years � Mathematics one year German, Spanish) twoLanguages years � (French, Modern Foreign � Modern Mathematics twoLanguages years Physical Foreign Education (French, German, Spanish) � Languages Religious Education (French, German, Spanish) � Modern Physical Foreign Education
Spanish) Science (Biology, Chemistry, Physics) � (French, Physical Education ReligiousGerman, Education � Religious Education � Physical Science Education (Biology, Chemistry, Physics) � Religious Education Science (Biology, Chemistry, Physics) � Science (Biology, Chemistry, Physics)
Primary courses are also offered as follows: ■
www.education.bham.ac.uk www.education.bham.ac.uk www.education.bham.ac.uk www.education.bham.ac.uk
School Governors are critical to the effective running of local schools and there are approximately 40,000 vacancies in England at any one time. School Governors are people like you. No formal qualiﬁcations are necessary and anyone who is aged 18 or over and has roughly 6-8 hours a month to spare is invited to apply. If you would like to make a positive difference to the education of local children, and contribute to your community, then the school governor role may be for you. For more information contact: School Governors’ One- Stop Shop Tel: 020 7354 9805 www.sgoss.org.uk email: firstname.lastname@example.org
| BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 | 91
before tackling another. Sometimes tasks take longer than expected and the teacher must be sensitive to this to avoid frustration. • Sometimes the teacher may need to stop the whole class to give further instruction but this should only be done when the instruction applies to the whole class and not to individuals. Otherwise, the concentration of the class is disrupted unnecessarily. • Managing the end of a lesson must also be planned carefully. Make sure you leave time to sum up the learning so that the class know that the activities have been worthwhile – a good point at which to give praise and highlight good work. Time is also needed to make sure resources are tidied and work collected if necessary. • Finally make sure that any exit from
There is no one skill involved in managing a lesson - it is a collection of skills which are interdependent and lead to one end - children’s learning.”
the room is done in an orderly fashion, perhaps by releasing one table at a time.
When presenting a lesson, it is just as important that you convey enthusiasm and confidence as it is to disseminate the lesson content. Children will pick up on your body language, facial expression and voice. • When planning your lesson, make sure it takes account of prior learning and the interests and needs of your pupils. • Prepare thoroughly so that the learning activities match the objectives. • Include a variety of activities to match the different types of learner in your class. • Ask questions with genuine interest in your voice. Skilful questioning is key to effective teaching. • Note carefully pupils’ errors and misconceptions and help remedy theme: encourage children to realise that mistakes are not an indication of failure but a learning opportunity. • Give positive feedback. • Explain tasks thoroughly matching the work to the abilities of the individual. • Constantly monitor the understanding of your pupils by moving around the room. • Select resources carefully using only those which will enhance the pupil’s
hink about the way in which children will be T grouped and what resources are needed.
92 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
learning. • Feel confident that you are delivering positive and enriching learning experiences.
The way in which the classroom is organised will be determined by the following factors: • the age and phase of the pupils (eg. a classroom for early years chidren will be organised so that there are opportunities for learning both indoors and outdoors) • whether the children are to work collaboratively in groups or independently • available space. It is a good idea to draw up a plan of the classroom and consider the most appropriate layout. Other important factors to consider are: • resources: these should be easily accessible and clearly marked. This should include careful consideration of the location of ICT resources to ensure equal access. • displays: should be interactive and reflect the interests and cultures of the class. They should also be mounted well and reflect the way in which work of high quality is valued. n
SCHOOL OF TEACHING, HEALTH AND CARE
See Bradford, see the world! West Yorkshire has a long tradition of pioneering in education and Bradford College continues that work. The McMillan School of Teaching, Health & Care bears the name of one of those pioneers who was concerned about the total well-being of children - before Every Child Matters was a Government policy! Twenty-first century Bradford has multicultural, multilingual schools and serving these communities requires resourceful, creative teachers who are sensitive to the beliefs and values of the variety of families represented there.
We offer courses for all age phases including primary (undergraduate and postgraduate including flexible and primary French), KS2/3 Science, secondary subjects, 14-19 vocational subjects and post-compulsory education.
Secure training opportunities We have developed strong partnership schools throughout the whole of West Yorkshire to support your training.
All our post-graduate courses provide Masters level study while being firmly grounded in strong professional practice.
Our primary undergraduate course includes a special placement which is very different from an assessed teaching practice. You choose to work in any education related field including international locations. Our students have visited Europe, USA, Pakistan, China, New Zealand and Australia!
Enhancement & Booster Courses If you need to be more confident in your subject knowledge in physics, chemistry. mathematics or food technology, we provide additional courses, many of which attract a bursary. What’s B-NETT? Our employment based teacher training section provides both Graduate and Registered Teacher Training programmes in collaboration with local primary and secondary schools. To find out more Visit the Bradford College website: www.bradfordcollege.ac.uk - and select “Teaching” for more information on the courses we offer.
BORN TO BE GREAT A CHARTER ON PROMOTING THE ACHIEVEMENT OF BLACK CARIBBEAN BOYS Born To Be Great is rooted in the belief that education is a fundamental human right. No child or young person should ever be ‘written off’ or have their potential underestimated. The Charter was produced by a series of roundtables, hosted by the NUT, where teachers, pupils, parents/carers, and ‘experts’ discussed how best to promote the achievement of Black Caribbean boys. Born To Be Great is based on a rights and responsibilities approach for the various stakeholders – pupils, teachers, support staff, parents, carers and governors. The Charter aims to build consensus and a common understanding. It is to be used as a working document, adapted according to local circumstances. To order a copy of Born To Be Great complete the online order form by visiting
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Career Opportunities in Schools Teaching and Support Staff There can be few more exciting places to begin a career in a school, or look for a new challenge, than Essex. The size, diversity of landscape and history - all combine to make this area one of the most special in the UK. Get in touch and we'll tell you all about the career opportunities in our schools. With over 570 schools there are many and varied opportunities, ranging from teaching assistant to Headteacher, from catering staff to school Bursar. You can now apply online for our vacancies. To find out more visit www.essexschoolsjobs.co.uk or telephone 01245 436252.
PROFILE: Cambridge University
Case Study Name: Ronnie Tamale Age, gender, ethnic origin: 22. Male. African PGCE Level, Subject, Tutor: Secondary, English, Gabrielle Cliff-Hodges Why did you decide to become a teacher and why did you choose Cambridge to do your PGCE? Teaching has always been a profession I have admired and once I realised this could become a reality, the Cambridge PGCE course was the only place that stood out amongst the rest; not only because of the prestige attached with the institution but also the structure of the course. Have you changed career in order to pursue teacher training? If so please give reasons why and tell us about what you did before. Since finishing university I was motivated to teach and took steps to get some experience in the field that I knew would be advantageous for me getting onto the course. I spent one year working with local primary schools covering PPA hours for a sports coaching company.
The experience I gained here simply confirmed to me that I wanted to teach and fuelled my enthusiasm to work with young people. Any brief comments/ recommendations about your experience of the PGCE course so far? So far, I am really enjoying my PGCE course and I highly recommend the course and the institution to anyone. Our subject lecturers are amazingly helpful; they’re always very reassuring and have supported myself and others whenever we have needed it. The best part of the course so far though, is being in school. I’ve learnt so much already and you get a wonderful sense of achievement when you look at the student’s work that they have produced as a direct result of your input, and of course the students provide endless sources of amusement.
94 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Many churches are already active in this way, but we want them to continue to use their Sunday schools, youth clubs and other educational initiatives to get positive messages to our black boys and young people on the whole.”
‘Black teachers - crucial role for young black men’ Key black church leaders are calling on black men to turn to teaching as a career to provide more role models for young Black pupils. The Black Christian Leaders Forum (BCLF) made the appeal following a meeting with the Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF), where they discussed the need for more black teachers, particularly men. BCLF member Dr Joe Aldred, Secretary for Minority Christian Affairs for Churches Together in England, said the country needs more good black teachers to act as mentors. He said: “In urban areas around the country, it’s clear that black boys and young black men are finding difficulty in negotiating their way in life. “It’s crucial for people who have similar backgrounds to these boys to mentor and teach them at the critical points in their lives, particularly when they are young and
impressionable at school.” The BCLF is also encouraging Black Majority Churches to continue building good relationships between their members and local schools. The Rev Katei Kirby, CEO of the African Caribbean Evangelical Alliance and a BCLF member, said: “Many churches are already active in this way, but we want them to continue to use their Sunday schools, youth clubs and other educational initiatives to get positive messages to our black boys and young people on the whole.” The meeting was the first in a series of departmental discussions following talks between Gordon Brown, Tottenham MP David Lammy and the BCLF in October 2007, when the Prime Minister pledged support for the group and urged them to continue helping build stronger communities. n
BCLF - The Black Christian Leaders Forum The Black Christian Leaders Forum (BCLF) exists to bring together the diversity of hearts and minds of black Christian leaders who share a common vision for social transformation. Core group members of the BCLF are: Bishop Rev Dr Joe Aldred – Churches Together in England Bishop John Francis – Founder and Senior Pastor of Ruach Ministries Rev Esme Beswick - Joint Council for Anglo-Caribbean Churches Rev Dr Joel Edwards – General Director of the Evangelical Alliance Rev Katei Kirby – Chief Executive Officer of the African and Caribbean Evangelical Alliance Dr R David Muir – Public Policy Director of the Evangelical Alliance Rev Nims Obunge – Chief Executive Officer of the Peace Alliance Rev Dr Albert Odulele – Senior Pastor, Glory House Church Pastor Ade Omooba – Coherent and Cohesive Voice campaigns The Black Teachers Network was launched in December 2007 by ex-London Mayor Ken Livingstone and MP Diane Abbott. A report commissioned by the Mayor of London in 2006 said Black teachers are under represented in the city’s schools – while the highest proportion of Black teachers can be found in the boroughs of Hackney, Lambeth and Southward (16 – 18 percent), in the latter two boroughs almost 50 percent of the student population is Black.
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We employ EFL teachers in many different climates and altitudes, all over the world. Wherever they are, we work hard to create an environment where people can grow. To find out more contact us quoting the reference BHM/10/08: email email@example.com telephone +44 20 7389 4931 or visit our website http://trs.britishcouncil.org
The British Council is committed to a policy of equal opportunity. We welcome applications from all sections of the community. Appointments to EFL roles are subject to criminal records checks.
Left: 29 year old Adebisi Aluko (also known as the artist A.D.E - Africans Did Entertain) Below: L-R: Iyamide Thomas, Regional Care Advisor, Sickle Cell Society, Adebisi Aluko and Mrs Aluko pose with the celebratory launch cake
‘Feel My Pain’ Young musician launches DVD to raise awareness of sickle cell disorder.
When 29 year old Adebisi Aluko (also known as the artist A.D.E - Africans Did Entertain) asked his employer if he could go home because he was having a sickle cell crisis, the response was that if he did so he should not bother coming back. Like so many, his employer was unaware of the effects of sickle cell disorder or the painful crises Ade was experiencing. Despite his pain Ade stayed at his desk, put pen to paper and wrote the following: “only God can feel my pain, wondering why I’m so afraid, that this pain may take me away to a place I rather not say”. Thus began the lyrics to ‘Feel my Pain’, a song Ade hopes will help raise public and professional awareness of sickle
cell disorder. The Sickle Cell Society are pleased to have supported Ade in the production of the ‘Feel my Pain’ DVD and to have hosted its recent launch. ‘Feel My Pain’ can best be described as a ‘Rhythm and Blues’ song in which a young man poignantly describes life living with an often painful long term medical condition. The unique music DVD features other young people, all of who have sickle cell disorder. This should help raise awareness of the condition among young people, as music is an ideal way of capturing their attention. Extra features include a short documentary featuring young people with sickle cell disorder, information on sickle cell by
Iyamide Thomas, Regional Care Advisor with the Sickle Cell Society, statements about living with sickle cell disorder by Adebisi Aluko and Anthony Mason (health professional). There is also a statement of support by Dr Lorna Bennett, former Chairperson of the Sickle Cell Society. The DVD costs £5 and 40% of sales from each DVD will go to the Sickle Cell Society’s Education Fund which provides financial support for individuals who miss out on school / college and need extra tuition. n To order copies please download the order form from www.sicklecellsociety.org or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Get a Free copy of The Oxford Companion to Black British History From Haiti, to Kingston, to Harlem, to Tottenham, the story of the African Diaspora is seldom told. This Companion will ensure that the history of Black Britain begins to take its rightful place in mainstream British consciousness.” David Lammy, MP, Minister for Culture.
Edited by David Dabydeen, John Gilmore, and Cecily Jones • Explores the Black experience in the British Isles from Roman times to the present day • Detailed timeline charts key dates for people and events from the 2nd century AD to the 21st century The Oxford Companion to Black British History (OCBBH) is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand the long and fascinating history of black people in the British Isles, from African auxiliaries stationed on Hadrian’s Wall in the 2nd century AD, through John Edmonstone, who taught taxidermy to Charles Darwin, Mary Seacole, the ‘Black Florence Nightingale’, and Walter Tull, footballer and First World War officer, to our own day. It considers such key concepts as Emancipation and Reparations. OCBBH brings together a unique collection of articles which provides an overview of the black presence in Britain, and the rich and diverse contribution made to British society. To win a free copy of The Oxford Companion to Black British History, email email@example.com, with your name
and postal address. Five winners will be picked at random. Closing date for the competition November 30th 2008.
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Timeline - How the abolition unfolded Within the space of four hundred years, millions of people were forcibly taken from Africa as slaves. The majority of them went to the Americas, although many were taken to the Middle East and North Africa. Slavery had been practised all over the world for thousands of years, but never before had so many people from one continent been transported to another against their will. Precise figures will never be known, but around 20 million Africans in total were forcibly taken from the continent into slavery. Large scale slave trading in Africa ceased towards the end of the 19th century, but its legacy of suffering continues today. For further information see www.bbc.co.uk
First English slaving expedition by Sir John Hawkins.
First record of Africans landed in Virginia.
First English settlement on Barbados.
First boatload of African slaves to St. Kitts.
Charles I granted monopoly on Guinea trade to a group of London merchants.
British capture of Jamaica as part of Cromwell’s ‘Grand Design’.
Left: Transatlantic slave trade flourished in Glasgow.
133 African slaves thrown overboard from the slave ship Zong.
Slavery declared illegal in Scotland.
The Somerset case held that no slave could be forcibly removed from Britain. The case led to the widespread belief that slavery itself was illegal in England, Wales and Ireland.
Right: Toussaint L’Ouverture led a slave rebellion in St Domingue, defeating both the French and British armies. This paved the way for Haitian independence in January 1804.
Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade founded: Granville Sharp as president of a mostly Quaker committee.
Slavery abolished in Brazil.
23 August – St Domingue (Haiti) slave revolt.
Slavery finally abolished in United States territories.
Resolution for gradual abolition of the slave trade defeated in House of Lords.
Emancipation by the French of their slaves.
Right: Jean-Baptiste Belley, depute de Saint Dominique a la Convention (1747-1805) by Anne Louis Girodet De Roussy-Trioson (1767-1824) at Versailles, Chateaux de Versailles et de Trianon. 98 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Bill for Abolition passed in Commons, rejected in House of Lords.
Britain & US signed Webster-Ashburton Treaty, banning slave trade on high seas.
25 March – Slave Trade Abolition Bill passed in the British Parliament.
1 August – enslaved men, women and children in British Empire finally became free after a period of forced apprenticeship following the passing of the Slavery Abolition Act in 1833.
Royal Africa Company granted charter to carry Africans to the Americas.
British West Africa Squadron (Royal Navy) established to suppress slave trading. By 1865, nearly 150,000 people freed by antislavery operations.
End of Napoleonic Wars. At the Congress of Vienna, Britain puts pressure on France, Netherlands, Portugal and Spain to abolish slave trade.
Courtesy of Anti-Slavery International. © Photo RMN/Copyright Gerard Blot
Committee on the Slave Trade established by Quakers’ Meeting for Sufferings.
PROFILE: A nti-Slavery International www.antislavery.org
Why it is important that slavery is now taught in schools Aidan McQuade, Director, Anti-Slavery International This year black history month coincides with the first time the Transatlantic Slave Trade will become a compulsory topic in history lessons in England. Students will learn of Britain’s role in one of the ugliest chapters in world history, which saw 10 million Africans abducted, enslaved and transported to the Americas, the equivalent of the entire population of Britain at the time. Britain was a leading slave trading nation and profited greatly from the forced labour of Africans on Caribbean plantations. Ironically, Britain was also at the forefront of an abolition movement which saw unprecedented public support. Students will now have the opportunity to learn of heroes who did emerge to fight to end the trade. A notable black abolitionist in Britain was Oluadah Equiano, a former slave who bought his own freedom and wrote a best selling book revealing to people worldwide the experiences of slavery. It is important that the curriculum will make it clear that Africans were not passive during this horrific period of mass enslavement. There were
frequent rebellions in Africa, on slave ships and in plantations. The learning and understanding of the Transatlantic Slave Trade is also essential for combating slavery’s enduring legacy of racism. During the years leading up to the abolition of the trade, those with a vested interest in its continuation spent vast sums of money persuading the public that slavery actually benefited Africans. Unfortunately, the impact of the propaganda, which ludicrously asserted the inferiority of all things African, persists to this day. Rarely is it explained that prior to the onset of the Transatlantic Slave Trade African nations were of comparable wealth and size to many of their European counterparts. It is also often overlooked that the end of the Transatlantic Slave Trade in 1807 did not mean the end of chattel slavery, which continued in the Caribbean until 1838. Even with the abolition of slavery, most former slaves were trapped by poverty. While the end of slavery brought reparations for the slave owners, incredibly it was not deemed necessary to compensate the former slaves. Upon their freedom they were not given the land they had toiled for
As part of the Recovered Histories project and addressing the legacies of the Transatlantic Slave Trade, we have organised four free INSET days to empower teachers who lack the confidence and resources to teach about the Transatlantic Slave Trade in the new History Key Stage 3 curriculum starting in September. The INSET days will be held on 22nd September, 25th September, 2nd October, 6th October and will culminate in a FREE conference titled Fostering community cohesion and global citizenship through teaching the Transatlantic Slave Trade will be held on Wednesday 22 October 2008 at the Museum in Docklands from 9:00am till 5:00pm.
generations and most remained reliant on their former masters for badly paid work. Out of the ashes of slavery, plantation owners also soon began exploiting debt bondage labour from other parts of the British Empire. This form of slavery persists to this day and shockingly examples can even be found in the UK. Forced labour and the trafficking of people have not gone away and it is a sad fact that in the 21st century at least 12.3m people remain in slavery. Learning about the Transatlantic Slave Trade will help students better understand the roots of contemporary slavery and racism and will hopefully inspire a new generation of abolitionists to take up the fight to stamp out slavery in all its forms.
To see more educational resources on the Transatlantic Slave Trade and download our new educational pack (available midOctober) visit www.recoveredhistories. org/education.php
There will be a keynote address from Sir Keith Ajegbo author of Curriculum Review: Diversity and Citizenship as well as representatives from WISE, education consultants. Workshops will be held on the following topics: - Overcoming the personal challenges in teaching about the Transatlantic Slave Trade - Exploring Recovered Histories resources for teaching about the Transatlantic Slave Trade, meeting learning objectives, strengthening citizenship, and social cohesion - Using the physical environment to teach about the slave trade - The role of fiction in increasing students’ understanding of the slave trade - Teaching approaches to conveying the slave trade accurately and sensitively
Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org for further information or to reserve a place.
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Right: The Anti-Slavery Society Convention Benjamin Robert Haydon.
A History in Portraits To commemorate the bicentenary the National Portrait Gallery has created a new gallery trail that highlights some of the individuals in the Collection who have been associated with the history of the slave trade. marked the 200th anniversary of the passing of the Act of Parliament that legally ended British involvement in the transatlantic trade in African people to serve as slave labour in the Americas, the West Indies and Europe. This Act did not end slavery in the British Empire, nor did it end the involvement of British companies in the slave trade. 1807 did, however, mark the moment when men and women - privileged and poor, enslaved and free - celebrated their initial success against a barbaric trade. The new gallery trail that highlights some of the individuals in the Collection who have been associated with the history of the slave trade. It mainly includes those who profited from the trade in enslaved peoples, reflecting the reliance on slave labour to create wealth, position and influence in British society. It also brings together those who suffered and survived the cruelties and indignities of transportation and those who fought slavery, with those who were present in Britain due to its lasting legacies
The Anti-Slavery Society Convention
Slavery was finally outlawed in the British colonies in 1833. Worldwide emancipation then became the abolitionists’ new goal. The British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society (BFASS) was founded and plans made for the World’s Anti-Slavery Convention, to be held in London in June 1840. With over 500 delegates invited from all over 100 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
the globe, the twelve-day convention was to hear reports from countries where slavery still existed and from British colonies where it had ended.
After the Abolition
The Act that was passed in 1807 was meant to end Britain’s involvement in the trans- Atlantic slave trade. In reality, British companies continued to profit from the trade, and some historians have argued that many Britons were able to reap greater benefits from the trade after abolition than ever before. The moment enslaved Africans gained their freedom in the British empire would not come until 1838, following the replacement of slavery with the apprenticeship system in 1834. In 1838 the British government agreed to pay slave owners £20 million compensation (the spending worth of over £800 million today). Those who had worked as slaves for generations were given nothing at all. The abolition of slavery released the formerly enslaved into poverty, and prompted the British to mine new parts of the empire for ‘slave labour’. The result was the, sometimes forced, migration of Asian men and women to the Caribbean. Here they were forced to work as part of an indentured labour system under which labourers worked under contract for an employer for a specified number of years. The trail has been researched and written for the National Portrait Gallery by Dr Caroline Bressey, University College, London.
Is it not enough that we are torn from our country and friends, to toil for your luxury and lust of gain? Must every tender feeling be likewise sacrificed to your avarice? ... Why are parents to lose their children, brothers their sisters, husbands their wives?”
© National Portrait Gallery, London
A History in Portraits
Facts and Figures on the Transatlantic Slave Trade n Of the Africans transported to the Americas for enslavement, males outnumbered females by a ratio of 2:1. n Most enslaved African males were between the ages of 15 and 35. n Male children less than 15 years of age made up around 15 – 20% of the Africans transported to the Americas. n Very few elderly Africans were transported across the Atlantic. n Although it is estimated that between 9 -12 million Africans were transported to Americas, there are no accurate figures for the myriad number smuggled across the Atlantic to avoid tax, duty and regulations. n Around 40% of
African slaves were transported to Brazil. n Around 40% were shipped to the Caribbean. n The remainder were shipped to the USA and the Spanish speaking territories. n Prior to using Africans, Europeans enslaved indigenous peoples in the Americas. On the larger Caribbean islands of Cuba, Hispanola and Jamaica, Arawak and Carib ‘Indians’ were enslaved by Europeans to work in mines and enclosures. However, overwork, disease and general brutality led to the rapid depletion of their population within several generations.
Facts and Figures on the Transatlantic Slave Trade
Courtesy of Anti-Slavery International
Portraits, People And Abolition: A Journey Through The National Portrait Gallery’s Collection Last year marked the 200th anniversary of the passing of the Act of Parliament that legally ended British involvement in the trading of African people to serve as slave labour in the Americas, the West Indies and Europe. To commemorate this anniversary, a newly commissioned trail through the National Portrait Gallery’s Collection, written by cultural geographer Dr Caroline Bressey and a special programme of events will explore different aspects of the Trade and its legacy. Exploring further aspects of the Trade, and its legacy, a week of talks, music, film, family and young people’s activities will take place at the Gallery. For full details see www.npg.org.uk/abolition Top Right: Africans being forced below deck before transportation to the Caribbean and Americas. Equiano described the experience as follows “the air soon became unfit for respiration, from a variety of loathsome smells. And brought on a sickness among the slaves, of which many died, thus falling victim to the improvident avarice…of their purchasers.”
n European indentured labour (a fixed time of service) was also used in the USA and islands such as Barbados. n Bristol, like Liverpool, became legally involved in the slave trade after the London controlled Royal Africa Company lost its charter in 1698. It is estimated that between 1698 and 1807, nearly 2,100 slave-related ships set out from the port. n The voyage from Britain to Africa could take anything from four weeks to over two months depending on the weather, size of the ship and route taken. n In the 18th century
slavers from Bristol ranged from 27 tons to 420 tons. n The triangular trip could take a year to complete. Many of the ship’s crew were paid in advance for the initial voyage to Africa. (Most used this money to pay off debts, buy provisions or give to their families.) n As well as Liverpool, London and Bristol, other British slave trading ports included Lancaster, Whitehaven, Portsmouth, Plymouth, Glasgow and Exeter. For further information see www.setallfree.net
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Bobby Syed, founder of the EMMA Awards with the Black Eyed Peas
EMMAs past: Black Britain’s Future
In 1997 Bobby Syed founded the EMMA Awards (Ethnic Multicultural Media Academy Awards), the first multicultural media awards in the UK. The awards gave recognition to those working in all areas of the media – film, television, radio print and the cultural arts - who were often ignored in mainstream awards. Bobby Syed reflects on his own youth as a young Asian growing up in a diverse Britain and looks forward to how we can all work towards a brighter future. “My roots in Black History Month stem from my South London background. Whilst growing up as a teenager, the openness of “Black
LAUNCH A FANTASTIC CAREER Thinking about a career in law? Want to be involved in issues that affect your community and the country as a whole? As a lawyer in the Government Legal Service, you’ll only have one client – the British Government. You’ll advise its ministers on their powers and responsibilities, represent it in court and even prepare new laws which will change the lives of millions of people. For more details about how to get your career off the ground, please visit our website at www.gls.gov.uk. Government Legal Service www.gls.gov.uk 102 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
culture” - its art, music and innovation of new ideas, drove me to explore the different people and lifestyles which surrounded me every day. I hung out in the south London blues clubs – often the only Asian the crowd. We all aspired to be creative, giving artistic expression through our music and fashion, and putting great values on family loyalties – having no notion present day gang culture – we made the most of what we had and appreciated it. It was some years later that I developed the EMMA Awards, the first multi-cultural media awards to be televised on mainstream TV and to attract high profile stars from across the globe. Out of the EMMA Awards has grown the Ethnic Multicultural Media Academy, which nurtures our UK media talent. We believe that to succeed in an even more competitive global economy we must use all the talent available, hence we give a platform to people, backgrounds, ideas, perspectives, talents and experiences ...it makes good business sense. Diversity is not just a nice thing to do. It is morally right and also commercially sensible. It is essential to profitability. So from its roots in the vibrancy of South London culture, the ethos of EMMA lives on. n
I get to choose when I work. She gets help with her homework. NHS Bank Nurses and Care Support Workers If youâ€™re a Nurse or Care Support Worker who wants to experience working in a different environment, or maybe you want to fit work in around other commitments or simply want to earn a bit of extra money - we can help. Weâ€™re looking for nursing staff from all specialties to provide high quality patient care at over 70 Trusts across the country. Are you ready for a new way of working? Find out more (including where you can work) and apply by visiting:
NHS Professionals is an employment organisation
making it work for you
Unite - the Union Celebrating Black History Month We would like to pay tribute to the important contributions made by black members in our union and black people in Britain over many years.
UNITE Working for Race Equality The membership of our union, UNITE is made up of workers from across all industries throughout the UK. We have officers with responsibility for race equality issues; representatives for race equality on our executive body and also national and regional race equality committees for members’ voices to be heard.
Collette Cork-Hurst National Secretary for Equalities
We are committed to: Tackling Racial & Religious Discrimination; Promoting Equality of Opportunity; and Respect and Fairness in a united and inclusive society.
Do you think Black, Asian and Ethnic Minority Workers should have to put up with... • • • • • • • • •
Less Job Opportunities? Not Being Promoted? Being Allocated the Worst Jobs? Being Given the Worst Shifts? Name Calling by Colleagues/Managers? So called ‘Racist Jokes’? The Silent Treatment or Being Ignored? Racist Graffiti? Physical Abuse?
No, neither do we…….. Don’t Suffer in silence. Let UNITE be your voice. To Join UNITE the Union - visit www.unitetheunion.com or tel: 0207 611 2643 or email: email@example.com (ref. code BHM08) Joint General Secretaries: Tony Woodley and Derek Simpson
Black People who Changed the World
One of a kind In this section we highlight opportunities in the Uniformed Jesse Owens (1913-1980) Services and (with the help of Norfolk Black History Month), pay tribute to great pioneers in history who changed the world. Owens broke four world records for running and long Ignatius Sancho (1729-1780)
Born on a slave ship, and brought at the age of two to Britain as a domestic slave, Sancho covertly taught himself to read and write at an early age. Running away from his owner, Sancho found work as a butler to the progressive Duke and Duchess of Montagu who financed his further academic study: while working for them, he wrote poetry, two stage plays and a Theory of Music, albeit none of them published. In 1782, his Letters became the first piece of literature by a Black person to be published, receiving over 1,200 subscribers, aimed in his words to prove that ‘an untutored African may possess [intellectual] abilities equal to a European’.
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
(1806-1861) Born in Northumberland to partCreole Jamaican parents, writer and translator Barrett Browning ranks as one of Britain’s foremost Romantic poets. Her first collection, An Essay on Mind and Other Poems was published in 1826, and in 1833 she also became famous as one of Britain’s few women translators of classical languages with her transcription from Greek
of Aeschylus’ Prometheus Bound. Estranged from her plantationowner father due to her opposition of slavery, Barrett married the great poet Robert Browning in 1846, their marriage resulting in some of the greatest poetic works of Victorian times. She was perhaps the first Black fiction writer in British history.
Lord Leary Constantine
(1902-1971) Born in Trinidad in 1902, Constantine’s prowess as a cricketer soon became noticeable, causing him to immigrate to Britain in 1923, and enjoyed a distinguished decade-long career. While working as a solicitor’s assistant in 1942, Constantine was asked by the Ministry Of Labour to become a temporary civil servant responsible for the growing number of West Indian migrant workers employed in Merseyside factories. Given four days’ leave in 1943 to captain the West Indies cricket team, Constantine and his family were barred by the Imperial Hotel in London from staying due to colour, despite prior booking. Constantine took them to court, and became the first person ever to successfully
jump when he was 22 years old. His four gold medals at the 1936 Olympic Games (held in Nazi Germany and intended to glorify Aryan physiology) helped dispel white supremacism across the world - Adolf Hitler refused to shake hands with him. After retiring from athletics, he devoted himself to community work, especially with young people.
challenge colour discrimination by a service industry. Constantine was made an MBE in 1945, knighted in 1962, and elected a life peer Britain’s first Black peer - in 1969.
James Langston Hughes
(1902-67) Renowned Harlem poet, playwright and gay icon, Hughes was only the second Black American to make a living as a writer. His poetic work incorporated elements of the AfroAmerican spirituals and blues music that were a key memory of his early childhood. Sometimes travelling and resident in Mexico City, Paris, several African port cities and Russia, Hughes was also - during an era in which the USA tried to secede itself from global politics - one of only a handful of active writers bringing literary ideas from non-American cultures to an American audience.4Page 108
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Ben Fawcitt, 31, Firefighter and Watch Representative for the Black and Ethnic Minority Section of the Fire Brigades Union, Cambridge Fire Station. “The euphoric feeling that you get when you have saved someone’s life, a thank you card from a resident whose house you have saved from burning down, children who wave at the fire engine as it drives down their street. These things help me realise just how much of a difference our jobs can make to other people’s lives.”
Dwight Williams, 30, Firefighter, St Albans Fire Station. “I have a great job in a role that is satisfying, exciting and demanding. I have personal development opportunities and access to a structured career path. “I also have the opportunity to make a difference in my community.”
Tariq Khan, 23, Firefighter, Basildon Fire Station. “I enjoy all the challenges that the fire service brings. I’m a keen sportsman and enjoy maintaining my physical fitness, training together with colleagues practising drills which simulate emergency situations. I also enjoy the non-operational aspect, visiting members of the community and schools delivering fire safety messages. “Whatever your religion or culture, the fire service treats people with dignity and respect.”
Victor Liburd, 46, Bedfordshire & Luton Watch Manager, Competency and Development. “I have always enjoyed helping those less fortunate than myself and the fire service prides itself on this. “I encourage people to join as it is a great way to help in your community.”
Working together to actively support equality & diversity
An inclusive workforce serving a diverse community
Black People who Changed the World
Aime Cesaire (born 1913)
Became Mayor of Fort de France in Martinique, the Caribbean country where he was born. He is also famous as a poet. Part of his long poem, Return to My Native Land, says that, ‘No race has all the beauty, intelligence and strength/ there is room for all the meeting-places of victory/ we know now/ that the sun moves round our earth lighting the piece of land that we alone have chosen’.
Claudia Jones (1915-60)
Born in Trinidad, Jones immigrated with her family to New York at the age of 8. From 1933 onwards, she began to play a role of increasing importance in the American Communist Party, becoming in 1948 the editor for Negro Affairs for the party’s paper the Daily Worker, a role in which Jones also garnered interest as one of the first prominent Black feminists in the Western world. Deported by McCarthy in 1955, Jones spent the remainder of her life in Britain, where in 1958 she founded the West Indian Gazette, the UK’s first Black community newspaper, and more indelibly in 1959 the Notting Hill Carnival, the largest annual festival celebrating the Black immigrant community in the world.
Ibn Battuta (1304-1368)
Audre Lorde (1934-1992)
Poet and educator, Lorde was also a prominent activist for Black, women’ and gay rights. Her workoften strongly, even painfully confrontational- dealt frequently with her experiences of being a member of all three oppressed groups. Professionally she helped establish links between African émigrés and descendants across Europe, the USA and South Africa, and founded the Women Of Colour Press. One often repeated quote regarding Civil Rights states “liberation is not the private province of any one particular group”.
Oumou Sangare (born 1968)
Singer, songwriter and campaigner from the Wassoulou region of Mali, Sangare has for the past fifteen years occupied a pivotal role in African feminism. She has used her songs to give social commentary to the masses, being especially critical of polygamy (in Mali, under sharia’h law, a man is allowed to have up to four wives. Her work, both the messages of her songs and also her position as an intelligent, independent woman in a male-dominated society, has caused a complete change in attitude across Mali.4Page 110
Born in Tangier, Morocco, Battuta was an extensive traveller. His journals, written in a variety of locations in the world, spanning from the Mandé empire in present-day Mali and Guinea to Yuan dynasty China, greatly expanded geographical knowledge of the world, and his records of the cultures he encountered, particularly in the Sahara, mark him as one of the most major ethnographers in modern history.
FIREFIGHTING DOESNʼT HAVE TO BE IN YOUR PAST TO BE A PART OF OUR FUTURE. No one is born to fight fires. And in our experience there certainly isn’t a firefighting ‘type’. We have people of all shapes, sizes and backgrounds in our team. And we actively encourage that diversity.
PROFILE: Greater Manchester
Because it puts us in a better position to meet the needs of the different communities we work in.
If you want a career where you can actively protect those closest to you, visit www.gmfrs-thinkagain.com
THINK YOU KNOW WHAT IT TAKES TO BE A FIREFIGHTER? THINK AGAIN.
Vibrant and Diverse Greater Manchester has a vibrant and diverse community and we feel that it is important that as an organisation we reflect this diversity in our workforce to ensure we can reach out to all our communities and strive to make Greater Manchester a safer place Many people still have the view that to be a firefighter you have to be over 6ft and well built. People who have the potential to become excellent firefighters may rule it out as a viable career option because they believe that height restrictions, physical strength, lack of qualifications and even their background / gender can rule them out. FIREFIGHTING DOESNʼT HAVE TO BE IN YOUR PAST TO BE A PART OF OUR FUTURE. No one is born to fight fires. And in our experience there certainly isn’t a firefighting ‘type’. We have people of all shapes, sizes and backgrounds in our team. And we actively encourage that diversity. Because it puts us in a better position to meet the needs of the different communities we work in. If you want a career where you can actively protect those closest to you, visit www.gmfrs-thinkagain.com
THINK YOU KNOW WHAT IT TAKES TO BE A FIREFIGHTER? THINK AGAIN.
108 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
The reality is that there are no height restrictions or any qualification entry requirements. Instead we are looking for people with a range of personal qualities, such as good communication, the ability to work well with others, calm under pressure and non judgemental.
The role of a firefighter involves much more than working on fires and road traffic collisions. We spend a great deal of time talking to people about fire safety, which means we place as much emphasis on personal qualities as we do on physical attributes. However the Fire Service is not just about firefighters, we also have a dedicated support team who are as important as our firefighters in the running of the service. With a variety of jobs which range from working in HR to Finance and IT, from administrative staff to mechanics and electricians, there is something for everyone. For more information about firefighter opportunities go to www.gmfrs-thinkagain.co.uk or why not book a place on one of our taster days on: taster_days@manchesterfire. gov.uk, For support roles visit: www.manchesterfire.gov.uk.
THE SCHOOL RUN
Firefighters • £20,800 – £27,800 (Competent) If you fancy changing your daily routine for something far more varied, challenging and worthwhile, it’s the perfect time to become a Firefighter. We are committed to employing a more diverse workforce to serve our diverse communities. Join us, and you’ll find ours is a genuinely inclusive environment that welcomes women and people from any ethnic background. We can even offer flexible hours too. We are proud to make our communities safer places to live in, but we can’t do it without you. If you want to make a real difference step up and join Nottinghamshire Fire and Rescue Service. To find out everything you need to know about becoming a Firefighter, please visit www.stepuptonottsfire.com
Black People who Changed the World
Olaudah Equiano (1745-1797) Born in Benin, Equiano was kidnapped and sold into slavery at age 11. Being sold to several successive masters, Equiano experienced horrific abuse as a slave, but at the age of 21 bought his freedom with the little money he had been able to save. One year later he became the first Black member of the London Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade. In 1789 he published his account of his life as a slave, The Life of Olaudah Equiano the African, which became an international bestseller and the most important book of the abolitionist movement, and became de facto spokesperson for the Black British community. He died on an expedition to resettle freed slaves in Sierra Leone. Stephen Lawrence (1974-1993), Doreen and Neville Lawrence
Murdered in a racially motivated knife attack when aged only 18, Lawrence’s death highlighted not only how much work still needed to be done to promote harmony between the different ethnic groups in Britain but also the still widespread racism in certain sections of the police force. The Lawrences pressed for an inquiry to be held into police action during the trial, and in 1999 the result, the MacPherson Report, concluded that the police had continually acted against the legal process in both the murder investigation and trial, and caused a mass change in police training methods. Doreen and Neville Lawrence were both awarded OBEs for their work and continue to campaign against racism. Stephen Lawrence was buried in Jamaica.
Philippa of Hainault (1313-1350) Although daughter of William of Hainault, a Lord in modern-day Belgium, court sources from the late 1320s state clearly that Philippa had at least partial West African heritage. Betrothed to Prince Edward of England in 1327, Philippa became the first Black queen in British history at the age of 17. Philippa played a far more active role in government than any queen before her: she accompanied her husband on campaigns abroad, and several times ruled in her husband’s absence, the first woman in Medieval British history to become unopposed regent. She founded Queen’s College, Oxford, and enriched Britain’s artistic and philosophical life by inviting many scholars from Hainault to study in semipermanent residence in Britain. Toussaint L’Ouverture (c.1743-1803) Was the son of an enslaved African chief in St Dominique (the island 110 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
comprising Haiti and the Dominican Republic). He led a rebellion against slavery, defeating armies from France and Britain to allow in 1804 the establishment of Haiti, the first free Black Republic in the world. He said, “In overthrowing me, you have cut down in St. Dominique only the trunk of the tree of liberty. It will spring up again by the roots for they are numerous and deep.”
Harriet Tubman (1820 - 1913)
Rosa Parks (born 1913) Rosa Parks was, until 1955, an ordinary woman living and working in Montgomery, Alabama, at that time one of the most extensively discriminatory areas in the USA. Her refusal to give up her seat on a bus so a white man could sit down- as was the law at the time- led to her arrest, which catalysed a bus boycott by black people across the USA that lasted over a year (381 days) until the law was repealed. Thereafter, Parks became an important figure in the Civil Rights movement, and is credited as being one of the foremost influences on the work of Martin Luther King.
Harriet was born a slave in Maryland, USA. As a slave, she was physically and mentally abused, eventually escaping to work as a nurse, spy and rescue worker during the Civil War. In this period, she set up ‘ The Underground Railway’, a covert network of ‘stations’ (safe-houses) and ‘conductors’ (volunteers, many were white Quaker Christians) to help Southern slaves escape to freedom in the Northern abolitionist states, and also a Black Spy network reporting on the movements of the Southern Confederate Army.
John Archer (1863-1932) Born in Liverpool to a Barbadian father and Irish mother, Archer moved to Battersea with his wife in his late 20s. He gained a prestigious local reputation as a photographer, and in 1906 was elected to the borough council, receiving more votes than any other councillor or nominee. In 1913, he was elected mayor of Battersea, becoming the first Black person to hold office in the UK, and stayed in the position throughout World War I. From 1919 onwards he became an election agent for the Labour Party. Wangari Maathai (born 1940)
Nelson Mandela (born 1918) From the Tembu ruling family in Transkei, South Africa, Mandela was expelled from college for organising black students against apartheid, but nonetheless went on to study law. He founded the Youth League section of the African National Congress Party (ANC), adopting militant strategies of strikes, boycotts and civil disobedience, causing at various times for him to be exiled, forced into hiding and imprisoned. He used his time in court to make political speeches, saying, “I was made, by law, a criminal, not because of what I had done, but because of what I stood for”. In 1964, he was sentenced to life imprisonment, yet his influence continued to grow. In 1990, aged 71 he was released and became the first democratically elected South African President in 1994. His recent retirement from political life marks the end of an era in black politics.
The first woman in East and Central Africa to gain a PhD (in Biology), Professor Wangari Maathai has been the most active figure in the African environmentalist movement over the past three decades. In 1977, she founded the Green Belt Movement, a tree planting programme spanning across Kenya that has to date planted 30 million trees, and has thereafter founded similar movements in countries across Africa including Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, proving instrumental in reduction of soil erosion and groundwater loss across Africa. Maathai was elected to Kenya’s national parliament with a 98% majority in 2002, currently dividing her time between lecturing, political work, and serving as Assistant Minister for Environment. She was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2004, the first environmentalist to do so. 4Page 114
(Photograph shows officers at the National Black Police Association International Training and Education Conference hosted by GMP in 2006).
We are working towards becoming a truly diverse organisation and are committed to fairness in fighting crime and protecting people. We are proud to support Black History Month 2008.
Diversity is in our nature. After all, if you join us as a Police Ofﬁcer or in one of our many Police Support Staff roles – which could be anything from administration to forensic science to vehicle maintenance – they’re about as varied, and as vital, as it gets. Or you might wish to join us as one of our trained volunteers, either as a Special Constable or Community Volunteer you’ll soon realise no two days will be the same. No matter where you’ll join, you’re helping look after the community. For information on careers with Lincolnshire Police visit www.lincs.police.uk or call the Recruitment Team on (01522) 558235. We provide a comprehensive range of attractive beneﬁts including a generous holiday allowance, ﬁnal salary pension scheme, ﬂexible working and development opportunities.
Lincolnshire Police are committed to fair treatment and providing Equality of Opportunity
PROFILE: Suffolk Constabulary
Faruk Ullah is a student officer working in the Ipswich town centre Safer Neighbourhood team. I was in a stable but unrewarding job in retail and wanted a new challenge so I requested a Police Application pack. I received a letter telling me about an Access course aimed at people from ethnic minority backgrounds to give an insight to the application process and life as a police officer. I went through the same application process that everyone does to become a Police Officer and in November 2006 I started my police career. I was on the new student officer training which meant all my training was done in Suffolk; I was able to go home each evening and see my family and because I was training locally I was getting to know the colleagues I’d be working with in the area I’d be based. Working in the busiest town in Suffolk gives me the challenge that I desired and things change on an hour-by-hour basis; from community
We believe it’s the individual skills you bring that make us the successful organisation we are today. It’s your personal qualities that are important, so in short, you’ll only be judged on your ability to take on the unique responsibilities of working for us – and nothing else.
liaison work to responding to high priority incidents. I have a long-term desire to join CID and to progress through the ranks; on the basis of my career aspirations I have been lucky enough to be mentored by a Detective Chief Superintendent with many years CID experience. If you are thinking about applying to be a police officer, talk to serving officers and maybe think about becoming a Special if you are not too sure. Your local Black Police Association members are good people to contact as they can provide exceptional support to minority officers. If you would like to know more about the Access course or be put in touch with Black Police Association members contact Tanya Patchett on 01473 613970.
We take pride in keeping Suffolk safe. Do you want to join our team? Suffolk Constabulary is an Equal Opportunities Employer and welcomes individuals from all backgrounds. Policing provides a variety of roles from front line uniformed positions to administrative vacancies, all of which contribute to providing a high level of Policing across the county. To find out more about the exciting roles in the Suffolk Constabulary and to see our current vacancies please visit www.suffolk.police.uk
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PROFILE: The Met
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The Met - Representative of our communities Wherever you go in London you will see the Met in some form or another. Whether it’s an officer on the beat, a recruitment campaign for Specials on the tube, the reassuring presence of PCSOs, or a member of police staff who lives down the street – with over 53,000 staff and officers it’s impossible not to notice the Met. No longer resembling a scene from Life on Mars, the Police Service is unrecognisable from thirty years ago. The amount and speed of change in the Met over the last ten years is unprecedented. Diversity runs as a golden thread through every aspect of its work – it is now embedded in the culture and ethos. It is quite simply fundamental to policing London. The Met is now much more representative of our communities. There are now more police officers from a black and visible minority ethnic background than ever before. In just ten years, this will have trebled to around 9% of total police officers. Although there is still work to be done, one in five of all new officers are from visible minority communities. A success that looks set to continue, with over a third of total police officer applications last year coming from black and minority ethnic applicants. The Met isn’t just about Police Officers though, and currently it has vacancies for Police Community Support Officers (PCSOs). PCSOs play a vital part in the policing of London. They provide the capital with a visible police presence and just as importantly they are one of the vital links between communities and the police. Relating to Londoners is therefore an essential part of a PCSO’s role. Language skills, and understanding different cultural backgrounds are all valued traits the Met looks for. In fact, one in four (27%) of new PCSOs are from a black and minority ethnic background. Many, once they experience life in the Met, decide they like it so much they go on to become fully fledged police officers. This all helps in making the Service more representative, as 39% of new police officers from a black and minority ethnic background were previously PCSOs. PCSOs receive training to equip them for
The Met is really keen to attract more people from under-represented communities. their role, but there are certain qualities they must possess. There are no formal educational requirements, but individuals need to be reasonably fit and healthy. They also need to be able to act on their own initiative, yet able to work in a team. They need to be trustworthy, and calm and approachable in challenging situations. In return, there are many benefits including a generous basic pay package and annual leave entitlement. The job is definitely not a nine to five role, but comes with the possibility of flexible working hours. PCSOs are called upon to perform a wide range of roles, ranging from issuing fixed penalty notices, to assisting officers in major incidents or operations. No day is the same. And as we lead up to 2012, and the huge challenges the London Olympics present, all of the Met, including PCSOs will play a part. Pally Appadu is a transport PCSO in Southwark. He is based in Brixton,
yet patrols buses in Camberwell, Peckham and the Elephant and Castle reassuring commuters. He talks enthusiastically about his role: “I really like engaging with local people. I feel like I have become one of the faces you expect to see and, a member of the community. Everyday is different and there is always something new going on. This is what makes the job fun to do - helping people deal with their problems and meeting new faces.” The Met is really keen to attract more people from under-represented communities. Deputy Assistant Commissioner Steve Roberts explains more: “Working in partnership with other agencies we are looking to address barriers to recruitment, particularly in communities where English is not a first language. The Met offers a wide range of police staff and officer roles to rival the private Sector, and we want people to see the wide range of opportunities that are on offer. ”
If you want to find out more about what careers the Met has to offer, visit www.metpolicecareers.co.uk
SHINE IN YOUR COMMUNITY
POLICE COMMUNITY SUPPORT OFFICERS to ÂŁ25k* People who become PCSOs want to make a real difference. They want to play an active role in keeping crime off our streets. And they want to provide a visible, familiar presence that makes communities feel safer. They come from all walks of life to work alongside Police Officers in their day-to-day role and build bridges in communities right across London. We offer excellent training, generous pay, and benefits that currently include free bus travel and a choice of pension. Apply online today at www.metpolicecareers.co.uk/pcso or call 0845 727 2212 Mon-Fri 9am-4pm, quoting ref 464/08. *depending on location and shift allowance
Black People who Changed the World
Angela Davis (born 1944) Angela grew up amongst racial tension in Alabama, USA, eventually becoming a member of the Black Panther Party and the third woman in history to appear on the FBI’s most wanted list. She was falsely charged with murder and kidnapping, spending sixteen months behind bars, until her subsequent acquittal of all charges. Upon release, Davis ran for Vice President of the USA for the Communist Party and today lectures at the University of California Department Of Women’s Studies. She continues to be a political and social activist on issues such as prison reform and equality for black women of all social classes.
Huey Newton (1942-1989) Founded the Black Panther Party for Self Defence with Bobby Seale in 1966, after a period of American race riots. The Panthers rejected the Civil-Rights Movements’ ideas of non- violent resistance and armed themselves to patrol the streets of Oakland, defending Black people from police brutality, where necessary. The Panthers outlined a Ten Point Programme calling for Black rights to food and clothing for children and held political education classes. Maya Angelou (born 1928)
Novelist and poet, the first volume Angelou’s autobiography, I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings became in 1970 the first non-fiction work by a Black woman to top national bestseller lists. Her distinctive, highly politically charged style has influenced a generation of authors. Her work has furthermore encouraged many Black women into professional writing. One of her poems, Still I Rise, begins: ‘You may write me down in history/ With your bitter, twisted lies, / You may tread me in the very dirt/ But still, like dust, I’ll rise’.
Marcus Garvey (1887 - 1940)
A key figure in highlighting and fighting in anti-colonial and antiracist struggles, Garvey lived mainly in Kingston, Jamaica, New York and spent time in London where he studied and worked for the first Black 114 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
newspaper in Britain. He encouraged ordinary people to organise for their own liberation, emphasising unity and giving practical help.
Steve Biko (1946 - 1977)
As a medical student in Natal, Biko founded the all-Black South African Students’ Organisation. He travelled around different Black campuses establishing solidarity, and working for students to be “accepted on their own terms as an integral part of the South African community” by emphasising pride, self-respect, selfreliance and belief in the ability to achieve political and social justice. He designed ‘Programmes’ specifically to uplift the Black community. He was frequently under observation and imprisoned for his work, and at the age of just 31 was tortured and beaten to death while in jail.
Bishop Wilfred Wood (born 1936)
Born in Barbados in 1936, Wood immigrated to Britain in 1962, becoming curate of St. Stephen’s Church, Shepherd’s Bush, a position held until 1974. In 1985, he was appointed Bishop of Croydon, becoming the first Black bishop appointed by the Anglican Church, a position in which he remained until 2003.
Mary Seacole (1805-1881)
Born in Jamaica, Mary Seacole trained as a nurse and sailed to
England to offer her services in the Crimean War. Her offer was turned down (presumably) due to racism. She therefore financed her own travel to the Crimea, setting up an independent medicinal store and clinic that utilised her extensive knowledge of both Western and traditional Jamaican medicine. Many soldiers chose to visit Seacole even though army authorities and hospitals chose not to cooperate with her. Florence Nightingale met her several times but repeatedly declined her offer to join her staff. and her success rates were notably higher than Nightingale’s hospital at Scutari. Despite her reputation, and huge support from the Times upon her return to the UK, Seacole’s pioneering work as a woman entering medicine has only recently been acknowledged. n
Martin Luther King (1929-1968)
King was a clergyman turned political activist from Atlanta, Georgia in the heart of Americas’ deep South. Inspired by Gandhi, he supported civil disobedience (non-violent struggle), mobilising both the black and pro-equality white community in sit-ins, freedom rides (bus rides where black and white people sat together in solidarity, a direct legacy of Parks’ work) and mass rallies, including his iconic ‘ I have a dream…’ speech. His work focussed on black equality and justice through voting rights, better housing and education, but tragically was assassinated before his vision became reality.
Careers in Shipping British Shipping is an industry of the future – well managed, technologically advanced and committed to respecting the environment. Ships carry 90 per cent of world trade and seaborne trade is forecast to almost double over the next 15 years. The shipping industry depends upon a core of highly competent and professional British seafarers who are respected worldwide for their high standards, the quality of their training, their ability and their judgment. Opportunities exist NOW for capable and enthusiastic young people to train to manage and operate modern and technically sophisticated ships. The prospects for development of a worthwhile and rewarding career are excellent. A career in the shipping industry can give you: • Stimulating and varied work using the latest technology • Exciting responsibility at an early age • Unequalled travel opportunities • Qualifications that are recognised throughout the world • A variety of options as you develop your career • Excellent rewards Your training will be carried out at one of the UK nautical colleges or university, combined with practical experience aboard ships at sea. You will be sponsored throughout your training for work in deck (navigation), engineering or dual roles as an officer or as a rating (a skilled seafarer holding a post with a lower level of responsibility). Opportunities for a career in the Shipping Industry have never been better. For a full information pack please call 0800 085 0973. To visit the ‘Careers at Sea’ website please see www.careersatsea.org
Opportunities exist now for capable and enthusiastic young people to train to manage and operate modern and technically sophisticated ships.” 116 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
BLACK HISTORY MONTH IN STOCKPORT – 10 years on Stockport Council is working with local agencies and community groups to ensure that Black History Month 2008 has an exciting programme of events to mark the 10th anniversary of local celebrations. The theme for this year’s Black History Month is “Participation and Engagement” and the many events promise to be enjoyable as well as encourage learning, promote community cohesion and celebrate Stockport’s diverse communities. It is true to say that it would be difficult to imagine Stockport today without the rich diversity brought to the town over the years by people from all over the world. Stockport joined in the national Black History Month celebrations back in 1998 and we are proud to say that after ten years, the many Black History Month events have become a vital part of our Civic Calendar.
The aim of Black History Month in Stockport is … “to bring the hidden contribution of Stockport’s Black population to light and to recognise the contribution made by black and minority ethnic communities in enriching the cultural and social fabric of the borough. The many Black History Month celebration events promote diversity and encourage everyone to learn about Stockport’s BME communities.” To mark Stockport’s ten year journey a new logo has been created which incorporates the number ‘10’. This will be used on all publicity this year so look out for it appearing on publications and promotional items. To find out more about Stockport’s Black History Month celebrations visit www.stockport.gov.uk/blackhistory or email firstname.lastname@example.org or phone 0845 644 4307.
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PROFILE: Royal Navy
A force for good Even if they know nothing else about us, most people recognise our warships. But Destroyers, Frigates, Aircraft Carriers and other ships of the Surface Fleet are only one part of the Royal Navy. Today, we’re a fighting force operating in the air and on land, as well as at sea. The Fleet Air Arm flies fast jets and helicopters, both from ships and shore bases. The Royal Marines Commandos – perhaps the toughest, most respected fighting unit in the world – are also part of the Naval Service, using Royal Navy ships and helicopters to get them into action. And beneath the waves, the Submarine Service is responsible for maintaining Trident, Britain’s strategic nuclear deterrent. As you can imagine, keeping all this hardware operational, round the clock, around the world, requires huge numbers of people. We have about 37,500 serving Officers and Ratings, in a vast range of jobs and professions - all of which, with very few exceptions, are open to both men and women. They come from all ethnic and social backgrounds, and every part of the country: what they have in common is a desire to work hard, get on, and be part of a team. As a Rating, you’re a member of the Royal Navy’s workforce. Some jobs, such as Chef, Medical Assistant, Dental Hygienist or Air Engineering Technician require very similar skills, knowledge and interests as their equivalents in civilian life - but the location, opportunities, purpose and people around you will be very different. After training, Ratings will start on a salary of at least £16,000, earning up to £44,588*. Join us as an Officer, and you’ll be part of the management team, providing leadership, making decisions and taking responsibility for the training, welfare and morale of the people in your team. Most Officers enter as graduates on a starting salary of at least £28,000; some, such as Engineer Officers, are also eligible for a £12,000 joining bonus**. Whether you join as a Rating or as an Officer, you’ll be part of a close-knit team
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within a larger Branch, such as Engineering, Medical, Fleet Air Arm, Logistics or Warfare. All these teams work together to fulfil whatever task we’ve been asked to do, wherever it is in the world. And it could be almost anything. First and foremost, we’re a fighting force, so we’re trained for conflict situations. But we’re also heavily involved in maritime policing, working with other agencies to tackle smuggling, illegal fishing, pollution, people trafficking, terrorism – even piracy. We also take part in humanitarian operations, delivering aid and medical help to people affected by war or natural disaster. So, joining the Royal Navy is a chance not only to see the world, but to help make it a better place, too. The opportunities for travel remain one of the most popular reasons for joining the Royal Navy, and you’ll visit places you might otherwise never see. But you’ll also have access to superb sporting facilities, training and education, and a social life second to none. We also offer fantastic job security and promotion prospects, and pay and benefits that easily match anything you’ll find in civilian life. And whether on board ship or on shore, in the
“Ultimately, we’re ordinary people doing ordinary jobs, in extraordinary places and circumstances.” UK or overseas, you’ll be serving alongside men and women from all backgrounds, as part of one of the most diverse and cosmopolitan workforces in Britain. Ultimately, we’re ordinary people doing ordinary jobs, in extraordinary places and circumstances. We don’t guarantee it’ll be easy. But we can promise you adventure, excitement, lasting friendships - and a life without limits. * Starting as an Able Rating, you’ll earn £16,277 pa and you could earn up to £44,588 pa as a Warrant Officer 1. ** All rates or pay are correct at time of going to press but are subject to change. Please visit the website for more details.
For more information, visit royalnavy.mod.uk/careers or call 08456 07 55 55.
ROYAL NAVY: THE ONLY THING THAT’S UNIFORM ABOUT OUR PEOPLE, IS THE UNIFORM
The Royal Navy is made up of 37,000 people, and it’s their individuality that makes us as good as we are. Whether you choose to work in medicine, catering, warfare or one of the many other roles available, as part of a highly trained team, a career in the Royal Navy will take you further than you’ve ever been before.
6 WEEKS PAID HOLIDAY FREE MEDICAL & DENTAL CARE CIVILIAN-ACCREDITED TRAINING SPECIAL SKILLS PAY EXCEPTIONAL PENSION
If you want more than just a job, join the Royal Navy and live a life without limits.
Join the Royal Navy royalnavy.mod.uk/careers or call 08456 07 55 55
LIFE WITHOUT LIMITS
BHM: What first inspired you to join the Royal Navy? Ahmed Rufai Ajala: I grew up with a military background and a regimented, disciplined upbringing as my father served in the Nigerian Army, retiring at the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. I had not always had an interest as such but later developed one and wanted to be a pilot. The Navy appealed more because you got to travel as well as fly from ships however, at the selection process, my eyesight was borderline and didn’t meet the stringent requirements. I was encouraged to apply for a different specialisation so I became a Weapons Engineer Officer.
Below: Lieutenant Commander Ahmed Rufai Ajal:Leading the way. Right: Basrah - Day after Election.
BHM: Can you briefly describe your rise up the ranks. ARA: I joined after my A-levels as a Midshipman, following initial training ashore and at sea, I was promoted to Sub Lieutenant after two years. Three years later and having gained an in-service Degree in Electrronic Engineering, I was promoted to Lieutenant. I was selected for promotion to Lieutenant Commander nine years later having served in a variety of interesting positions including recruiting officers from the London area, a six month operational deployment with the Army in Sierra Leone and another to Basrah in iraq, several deployents at sea in HMS York, instructing at the maritime Warfare School and a year’s full time study for an MSc. BHM: Can you describe some of the greatest challenges you have faced since serving in the Navy. ARA: Being in a ‘Land’ operational environment such as Sierra Leone or Iraq and playing soldiers for the most part was interesting, challenging, and a fantastic opportunity to learn about yourself and the how the Army operate. It is great to be taken out of your comfort zone every now and then. Additionally, being a ‘Leader’, you never stop learning but you also never stop leading, particularly when under pressure and the buck stops at you. You literally earn your rank and pay at those moments when older, bolder and more experienced people look to you for the way forward and the answers. It’s a real challenge but rewarding when you get it right. BHM: What are some of the greatest rewards? ARA: I have been to some of the most fantastic places in the world, every continent except Australia, just about. I have been given a great deal of responsibility for people and other resources at an early age that I believe can’t be rivalled outside the service. I have worked with some of the most professional people I could ever hope to meet, and I have made some brilliant lifelong friends.
Life Without Limits Ahmed Rufai Ajala is a serving Naval Officer in the rank of Lieutenant Commander and serving currently onboard HMS Nottingham, a Type 42 Air Defence Destroyer based in Portsmouth. BHM talked to him about the challenges, the rewards and the life changing experiences of serving in the Royal Navy. He was awarded the MBE in 2002.
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Wherever You Want Your Life To Go, We Can Take You There For many people, the greatest attraction of a career in the Royal Navy or Royal Marines is the variety of challenges you face and the opportunities to develop your potential. • You will have the opportunity to work in many different exciting environments, with regular changes throughout your career. • You will be actively encouraged to follow your passions and broaden your horizons, with unrivalled access to Sports facilities and opportunities for Travel and adventure • On top of the training for your core job, you will be given all the support you need to develop new skills and gain extra qualifications. • We expect you to work hard, but you will also have well-earned opportunities to relax. BHM: What would be your advice to a young person considering a career in the Navy? ARA: It is a career not a job and soon becomes a way of life. It is rewarding if you make the most of the opportunities presented. Not everyone is suited to military let alone Naval life. There will be many challenges personal and professional to overcome and you will need determination, true strength of character and a belief that there isn’t a ceiling to stop you getting as far as you wish to go. BHM: Have you got any ambitions left that you would like to achieve whilst in service? ARA: I would like to go as high as I can go in the Navy because I enjoy it and I believe there is the opportunity to do that and I have the potential. I would like to see a greater number of people from the ethnic minorities joining and making great progress. It has improved since my joining but still takes time and you have to have the interest initially once the perception about the Navy starts to change. Therefore by doing well, I hope to be part of that effort to change perceptions, so that if the young kids wish to serve in the Navy today, they can see that they won’t be the first nor the last, and that it is achievable. I have been similarly inspired by people like Colin Powell, Condoleeza Rice in the US, and many Black British public figures who have done well in their respective professions and hold high office. n
It is great to be taken out of your comfort zone every now and then. Additionally, being a ‘Leader’, you never stop learning but you also never stop leading, particularly when under pressure and the buck stops at you. You literally earn your rank and pay at those moments when older, bolder and more experienced people look to you for the way forward and the answers. It’s a real challenge but rewarding when you get it right.”
Our roles have requirements to suit every level, and cover a huge variety of interests and skills. Aircrew Officer (Pilot and Observer) A highly challenging role. Aircrew Officers are expert aviators who fly and take tactical control of jets and helicopters, enabling the Royal Navy to deliver air power from the sea and land. Air Operations Support This field covers the hugely responsible jobs of Royal Naval Air Traffic Control Officer, who controls both military and civilian aircraft, and Naval Airmen. Naval Airmen (Aircraft Handlers) control and move aircraft and Naval Airmen (Survival Equipment) maintain the safety equipment needed by all aircrew and air passengers and train them in its use. Catering & Hospitality The Royal Navy sails on its stomach – Chefs produce high quality food at sea and on land, and Stewards efficiently provide hospitality services and undertake other whole ship tasks. Chaplain Chaplains care for the spiritual and emotional well-being of naval personnel and their families. They work at sea, at Naval Bases and in Training Establishments. Combat Operations From Mine Clearance Diver and Marine Warfare Specialists to Warfare Rating (Submariner) and Warfare Specialist, these personnel are cool-headed and highly trained. Warfare Officers are responsible for navigating the Royal Navy’s ships and submarines.
Communications & Intelligence Communication Technicians are Specialists in technology that communicates anything from battle orders to requests for supplies, or gathering and interpreting vital military information. Dentistry & Dentistry Support Looking after the oral health of servicemen and women is essential - Dental Officers and Dental Assistants maintain the dental health of personnel at sea and on shore. Engineering & Mechanics Marine and Weapons Engineering Officers and Technicians keep ships running at the peak of operational effectiveness and maintain the Royal Navy’s sophisticated electronic weapons and defensive systems. Engineering & Mechanics (Aircraft) Air Engineer Officers and Air Engineering Technicians work in multi-skilled teams to implement checks and repairs, maintaining Royal Navy aircraft at the peak of operational readiness. Information & Technology Communication and Information Specialists manage the Royal Navy’s information systems and train others to do the same. A highly responsible job. Logistics Officer Logistics Officers make sure everything runs smoothly. They are responsible for all Logistics onboard, from pay and food to the supply of spare parts for sophisticated Weapon Systems. Medical & Medical Support Medical and Nursing Officers, Naval and Medical Assistants provide first-class medical care for all Naval personnel. Medical Assistants (Submariner) look after environmental safety on board nuclear submarines as well as the health of the ship’s company. Stores Accountants are responsible for millions of pounds worth of equipment and supplies at sea. Writers are skilled administrators looking after records, movements, accounts and pay. Scientific Hydrographic, Meteorological and Oceanographic Specialists observe the weather and survey the world’s oceans and coasts to support a wide range of Royal Navy operations. Seamanship Seamen Specialists are highly skilled men and women who manoeuvre the ship, crew the upper deck and operate the smaller, faster boats of the Royal Navy’s Surface Fleet.
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Memorable Occassions The Adventures of an Left: Athony Wade. Below: Anthony Wade guest of Prime Minister Margaret Thacther at Number 10, Downing Street - February 1984.
The Women in Business seminar presentation of two 50.00 prizes by NLBDA’s chairman to two runners-up of the ‘Best Enterprising Presentation’
Anthony Edward Samuel Wade MBE one of three business partners that launched Dyke & Dryden, credited with y Peters establishing the black women’s hair industry in countantthe UK, will be promoting his autobiography during Black History Month; an outstanding personal account of his rags-to-riches story. “The Adventures of an Economic Migrant” tells the tale of Tony Wade and his close engagement with the black community that led to leadership roles, which
in Montserrat from which While several he hailed – the discovery publications attest to his of his dual heritage (Irish legacy, perhaps nothing and African) is intriguing illuminates this in more as is his boyhood pursuits graphic detail than his and ambitions. civic leadership of the A romantic at heart, the redevelopment of the book also encompasses Stonebridge Housing the stories of the three Action Trust, which stands (leftTony front row) out In attendance looking women with whom as one of the most on Wade fell in love, and then, successful inner-city is Mr Mike Nixon, Chief Executive of the Guest of Prime Minister Margaret subsequently married redevelopment community London projects Traininginand Enterprise Thatcher with was wifeto Roslyn Wade at – neatlyNorth over the years, grow all three woven the entire UK. Council. the author a rounded into his autobiography. Former Prime Minister Number 10,into Downing Street – February business personality. The intriguing story of Mrs Margaret Thatcher 1984 The narrative of this book how he established the most referred to Tony Wade as is electrifying and embodies successful black enterprise “someone who is doing the a rich mix of heart warming in 20th century Britain, country proud”. He was cultural stories of island life building a multimillion honoured in 1987 with an pound company amid a MBE for his contribution time when it was difficult to to employment as well as obtain business financing, is the ‘Lifetime Achievement “It reveals a life of fun and laughter; nothing but awe inspiring. in Business Award 2005’ at The author’s success the Guildhall Hall London. it unfolds the spirit of the adventurer, kindled the spirit of In addition to promoting entrepreneur, campaigner influencer. Makingand a point at a black ‘enterprise’ business which has his latest book during the It speaks of love and romance touched of October, Napper (AtlantaTony Police conference – that seated left Mr. Colinthe lives(LoftotheR) Georgemonth entire black community in Wade will also giving makes for compelling reading.” Chief), J.C. Douglas (M & M be Products) Carter Secretary of the (UK) Caribbean Britain. Tony Wade has filled talks on issues facing the Khalilah Maragh and TonyinWadeblack (Dykecommunity & Dryden) in the Chamber of Commerce and member severalof senior positions the Small wider society and carved UK, the impact of black Parliament Mr. John McGregor out a place in the black business in the UK and Firms Minister. social history of Britain. matters relating to diversity. “The Adventures of an Economic Migrant” is now available by mail order from Central Books on 0845 458 9910 or log onto www.centralbooks.co.uk To book Tony Wade for speaking opportunities contact Jessyca on 020 8555 2200 or e-mail email@example.com
A.E.S. Wade, MBE, Chairman, presents the NLBDA Community Award to Sir Peter Imbert. The Adventures of an Economic Migrant” tells the tale of Tony Wade and his close Out now in paperback and hardback engagement with the black community that led to leadership roles, Available by mail order from 1-10.indd 89 458 9910 8/17/07 CentralChapter Books 0845 which over the years, was to grow the author www.centralbooks.co.uk into a rounded business personality.” 122 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Afro Hair & Beauty Live Show
Hair & Beauty
THE BEST OF BRITISH It is well known fact that black women in the UK spend six times more on hair-care products than white women (proven by L’Oreal’s own research).
big event in the Black Hair and Beauty calendar is the Afro Hair & Beauty Live show, celebrating 26th years last May. It is now the largest paid for Black event in Europe. Held every year at the Alexandra Palace, North London, over 17,000 people from across the UK, the rest of Europe and America visit the show over Bank Holiday weekend in May. It is the ultimate day out for gorgeous girls and guys with
style, and has a vibrant mix of hair and beauty demonstrations, fashion shows, makeovers and live entertainment. With all this and more, at this year’s show in May, it is estimated that there were over 2500 makeovers, 1500 new hair styles, 15miles of catwalk walked and 10,000 patties eaten over the course of the weekend. That’s one mighty show! n
No two people on earth are alike, and our beauty lies in our differences” Billie Holliday, 1949
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Monicah’s Story In 2004 The Colomer Group set up the Revlon Professional East Africa Academy in the centre of Nairobi.
Each year 100’s of socially and economically disadvantaged people apply to the Academy for one of the 48 free scholarships available and the chance of becoming a professional
hairdresser. Qualifications equivalent to NvQ2 are awarded by vTCT based in the uk and many of the graduates go on to achieve the equivalent of NvQ3 with the support of the Academy. This is a transcript from a real letter, a letter that could have been written by many of the students at the Revlon Professional East Africa Academy, and a letter that you must read.
My name is Monicah, and at an early age I was left on my own to fend for myself. I have been staying with my cousin since I left my school and she’s been so helpful to me but after sometimes she loosed her job and she started going out at night and she would left me to look after her two children one is 10 yrs and the other one is two yrs, but because of the problem she was facing she used to be rude and tells me to join her so that we can get enough money, but I went and talked with my friends and they told me that I am not meant to do such jobs since I had a talent on hairdressing. One of my friends offered me a job in a small salon in athi river and she used to give me bus fare and small amount of money. I continued with the job for sometime until one of my best friends told me about the academy, that is when I went to the academy and tried my best to join in, I was given some forms to fill in and return them back to the academy. I did so and I was told that I will be given a call so that I will know if I am in. One day I got a phone call from the academy and I was told that I have succeded to join the academy. I was very happy I thanked my God and also the colomer group for giving me the chance to realise my dreams and I hope that one day God willing I will be able to own a salon and a hairdressing school to pass on the knowledge that I have been given. I thank you Jayne, Nigel McCarthy at 2escape salon for giving me such a wonderful job and also all the training you have given us. Now I have a small house where I live alone where I can do what I want and where I have peace of mind. Thanks alot for everything and I thank God for bringing such wonderful people into my life. Thank You
Having read this, how can you ignore it? At the very least check out www.project-nairobi.org PS It costs £90 to register and examine each student with VTCT. If you or your company would like to sponsor a student then please contact Parag on +44 (0) 208 339 9080
SIZZLING STYLE Deliciously
defined curls, fantastic flicks and sensational shine – everyone loves having gorgeous, healthy, hair. But if the unpredictable weather is making your mane look frizzy rather than fabulous, or you want to learn how to spice up your style for the months ahead, you’ll need to call on the experts. That’s why the award-winning Hype Coiffure has added more Afro and mixedrace hair specialists to their sumptuous salons in Battersea, Balham and Brixton. They’ve also launched a brand new hair training course open to all and unveiled a sizzling offer to help you keep your locks looking lovely whatever the weather.
Calling all models...
Ever dreamt of being a model? Then this could be your lucky break! Hype Coiffure is on the hunt for women and men to take part in shoots, catwalk shows and exciting events. So if you or someone you know has what it takes, simply send some photographs (head shot and full length image) along with your vital statistics (height, dress, waist and bust size) plus details of any special talents (e.g. singing, dancing) to Dr_HCoiffure@hotmail. com and soon it could be your face gracing the covers of top magazines!
Learn how to weave like a pro
Extensions are a sure-fire way to get your locks looking lovely. But wouldn’t it be wonderful if you could learn how to use them to add length, volume and a splash of colour all by yourself? Well, the experts at Hype Coiffure have introduced a new course to help you do exactly that! With awardwinning hairdressers such as Weave Stylist of the Year 2002 & 2006 Schola Rose leading the programme, you’ll be trained by some of the best in the business, who will reveal the tips and tricks you need to create the perfect weave. Call Anne on 020 8675 6771 to reserve your place on the next course and you could be one step closer to learning how to weave like a pro!
The mixed-race hair specialists
From kinky curls, wiry waves to fine and frizzy tresses – when it comes to mixed-race hair, the texture possibilities are endless! So if you’re a mum finding your daughter’s mixed-race mane challenging or you’d just like to get your own corkscrew curls under control, a visit to Hype Coiffure could be the answer to your hair prayers!
Winners of over 25 awards
Few salons understand Afro-Caribbean and mixedrace hair like Hype Coiffure and they’ve certainly got the awards to prove it. In 2008 they added five accolades to their trophy cabinet, bringing the total to an impressive 26 hairdressing, service and business awards in just six years! n Contact details: Battersea Branch 186 Lavender Hill, Battersea, SW11 5TQ. Tel: 020 7223 3800. Balham Branch, 71 Balham High Rd London SW12 9AP Tel: 020 8675 677. Brixton Branch, 17 Tulse Hill, London SW2 2TH,Tel: 020 7787 3000.
Hair & Beauty
Black Beauty & Hair magazine
BACK TO NATURE Irene Shelley, Editor of Black Beauty & Hair magazine extols the virtues of going as nature intended Today, as we move even further away from old preconceptions and stereotypes, we see natural hair appearing on the catwalks and red carpets and in the workplace. The styling options are virtually endless.” 126 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
is not often pondered upon, but black women possess the most versatile hair on earth. Who else can mould, twist, weave, lock and straighten their hair like we can? Our hair comes in so many textures from soft and silky, wonderfully wavy to gravity defying kinky. As a culture and community we express ourselves through our hair influencing a whole industry that has inadvertently grown up around what we do to our tresses and what we put in it. Black hair has gone through many changes in recent times. The early Eighties saw the introduction of the curly perm, which was worn by everyone including Michael Jackson. The trend for straighter hair soon overtook the curly perm in popularity as women sought a release from the perm’s messy aftercare products. The next phase came in the form of the weave; a revolutionary hair process that has the ability to instantly transform the wearer. For instance, you could start the day as a cropped brunette and many hours later emerge as a honey blonde diva, all without damaging your own hair underneath. Yet despite all these radical changes, bubbling under the surface was the trend for natural hair. For a long time naturally textured hair was viewed as political or bohemian, but rarely ever professional, glamorous or sexy. Today, as we move even further away from old preconceptions and stereotypes, we see natural hair appearing on the catwalks and red carpets and in the workplace. What lends to the beauty of natural hair is the fact that the styling options are virtually endless. You can set hair in exotic knots, work into two-strand twists which you can comb out into a loose ‘fro or you can plait the hair into single braids which can be worn for a considerable amount of time. It seems there is a welcoming reversion back to natural hair as many women are now opting out of relaxers and weaves in preference to their own natural texture. The reasons may vary: disillusionment with chemicals, hair breakage problems or just a way of re-establishing links with our culture. Lastly, it important to bear in mind that natural hair will never be perceived as a quick craze or fad. As history has shown, naturally textured hair will always be the foundation and inspiration to new styles; therefore it is imperative not to stray too far from your roots. n www.blackbeautyandhair.com
Pictures printed courtesy of Black Beauty Braid & Naturals.
USE THE SYSTEM. PLAY TO WIN.
THE SYSTEM RANGE
Real players use the Bump Patrol System to fight razor bumps
© 2008 M&M Products Company
That’s how they master every move necessary to take down razor bumps. Step one: Apply Bump Patrol Shave Gel. Step two: Shave properly; learn from the experts at www.bumppatrol.com Final move: Apply Bump Patrol Original, Extra Strength, or our new Sensitive Formula Aftershave treatment. By day 2 you’ll see the difference using the system makes, and master the game against razor bumps.
Available at leading Afrostores Nationwide For further information please call Freephone 0800 7839706
GIRL POWER – SUPREME STYLE AND BEAUTY The most successful girl group of all time, The Supremes, were also one of the most glamorous of all time. Their sales of more than 20 million records are outstanding and remain second only to the Beatles for No1 hits. Berry Gordy, head of Motown instituted a special ‘Artist Development’ programme similar to the Hollywood charm schools of the thirties and forties. Maxine Powell gave lessons on the proper way to dress, eat, sit, walk and how to appear on television.”
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display at the V&A in London shows the changing image of The Supremes from the early days when they were known as The Primettes to the glamorous Hollywood designs they wore at the height of their fame, and look at their continuing stylistic influence on performers such as Beyoncé, Madonna and Kylie Minogue. Their beautifully groomed style was the epitome of black beauty of the age and helped change racial perceptions during the time of the American Civil Rights movement. It was the 60s, time of political turmoil in America and activists such as Malcolm X, Stokey Carmichael, Angela Davies and Martin Luther King were fighting the long battle for equal rights.
Meanwhile, the trio, Diana Ross, Mary Wilson and Florence Ballard, had firmly established themselves as the supreme girl power and one of modern day music’s most powerful and enduring cultural icons.
They were always beautifully dressed, highly groomed and elegant. Signed to the leading R&B label Motown, the whole Motown look appealed to a youthful record-buying audience within a system that had previously excluded AfricanAmericans. Berry Gordy, head of Motown instituted a special ‘Artist Development’ programme similar to the Hollywood charm schools of the thirties and forties. Maxine Powell
Michael Ochs Archives © Getty Images. Hulton Archive, Photographer: Peter King © Getty Images
Right: The Supremes meeting Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother, at the Royal Variety Performance at the London Palladium, 1968. Centre of pages: The Supremes wearing multi coloured halternecks designed by Michael Travis in 1968. Below: The Supremes wearing Satin Dresses with fluffy trim.
Hair & Beauty
Left: The Supremes wearing winter fur and Knits. Above: The Supremes wearing gold and silver shimmery spandex.
gave lessons on the proper way to dress, eat, sit, walk and how to appear on television. To hone dance and performance skills, legendary choreographer and dancer Cholly Atkins developed the slick dance routines that were the hallmark of Motown performances, and musician Maurice King handled music and on-stage patter.
As The Supremes graced more stages and television screens, their costumes became ever more glamorous and extravagant. Chiffon and velvet were replaced by skin tight sequined evening dresses to maximise their impact under strong studio lighting. Their trademark wigs were complemented by false
eyelashes, big earrings and dramatic makeup as black cosmetics came of age. The stage wardrobe of the Supremes was a major expense. Lavish outfits with beading and thousands of sequins could cost between one and two thousand dollars each in the 1960s (US$13-26,000 at current prices). Gordy enlisted leading Hollywood designers such as Bob Mackie (who also designed for Liza Minnelli, Tina Turner, Cher and Barbra Streisand) and Michael Travis to create glamorous and extravagant costumes fit for their international superstar status. n
Their trademark wigs were complemented by false eyelashes, big earrings and dramatic makeup as black cosmetics came of age.â€?
The Story of the Supremes from the Mary Wilson Collection, at the V&A (020-7942 2966), until Oct 19.
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Hair & Beauty
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Why Urbane Experience?
In today’s fast-paced world, there are a lot of pressures on us, to be careerminded, ambitious, successful, healthy, wealthy, and for those of us with children to be good parents. Looking and feeling good should be an important part of all our lives; but as most of us know, finding the time to keep up our appearances can sometimes, be quite a task. For those of us who regularly visit a local salon, we are no strangers to the long waits preceding each appointment and the ever-building frustrations of having to fight to keep your stylist’s attention during your appointment. Urbane Experience gives you quality in Service without the wait! Our one to one appointment system guarantees you 100% of your stylist’s attention throughout your appointment, so there need not be any frustration We understand that finding the time for “you” can be quite difficult, so we are more flexible, offering appointments starting between 6am and 9pm allowing you to fit your appointments conveniently around your busy schedule. For more information about our services visit www.urbaneexperience.com 130 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
PROFILE: Be a Councillor
Be a councillor A campaign called ‘be a councillor’ is encouraging more black people to consider standing as candidates in the next local council elections. Over a century has passed since the first black councillor was elected to a London council yet today the black population is the most underrepresented ethnic group in London local politics. Black Londoners make up 11 per cent of the capital’s population but only 2.9 per cent of London’s 1,861 councillors are from the black community. The ‘be a councillor’ campaign has set out to redress this imbalance by providing information about how to get involved in local politics and examples of black councillors talking about their role. A new website, www.beacouncillor. org.uk, offers advice and guidance to anybody thinking about becoming a councillor including, for example, how old you have to be to stand for election and what support is available. It also features profiles and personal accounts from councillors from across the capital. Lambeth councillor Florence Nosegbe, 27, is one of the councillors to be featured on the campaign website. Explaining her motivation to stand for local election, she says: “I hadn’t given much thought to becoming a councillor until I was asked by my now deputy leader if I
would consider standing. From when I was in school I had been active in my local community and had dealt with the council on various issues ranging from housing to anti-social behaviour. “I and my two younger sisters all grew up around here, so for me the most rewarding part of my role by far is seeing the young people in Lambeth achieving great things and celebrating their success.” As a relatively new councillor – she was elected in the last round of local elections in 2006 – Cllr Nosegbe has found that the most important skill as a councillor is her ability to communicate with people from all walks of life. “Some people involved in politics are good public speakers but councillors need to be willing to listen to people – that’s the real skill”, she says. “In
doing this you will be able to be deal with conflict and any difficult incidents which may arise. I think another important skill is time management – there are only 24 hours in a day and you need to be realistic about how much you are able to fit into it.” As a councillor you may not be able to solve every single problem, but you have to be prepared to listen to the people who may need help and assistance. “There will be good days and there will be bad days,” says Cllr Nosegbe,”but it is a very rewarding job and you have to remember to continue to be focused on how you can use your power to change things for the better. “After-all, it’s your local area too and in the words of Martin Luther King, ‘Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly’”.
The campaign website, www.beacouncillor.org.uk, will give you a good idea of what’s involved. The campaign is being run by London Councils, which represents all of the capital’s borough councils.
VOBOs Programme REACH
REACH for the sky “If we want to create change then we all have a role to play” - Kwame Kwei-Armah. The respected actor and playwright Kwame Kwei-Armah has spoken out in favour of a new initiative to raise the aspirations of Black boys and young Black men. Speaking about the REACH programme, he said: “We all know about the issues facing Black boys and young Black men in Britain today. But if we want to create change then everyone in our community has a role to play. Black men must stand up and act as positive role models, telling their stories and showing young people that there is a path to success and achievement”. One of the first planks of REACH is a national role model programme. REACH is putting together a group of 20 inspirational Black men who will be champions for the next generation. Clive Lewis, Chair of REACH, said: “The REACH programme offers an opportunity to significantly enhance the community’s offer to our young people. We are working towards a society where every Black boy and young Black man can fulfil his potential”. Tim Campbell, winner of The Apprentice (2005) who is serving on the REACH recruitment panel, added: “It’s about making a difference. That is what we are here for, and as Barack Obama says, it’s about change. Let’s make the change happen today”. In addition to the Role Model programme, REACH has several other objectives and initiatives. These include creating stronger links between Black families and schools; improving reporting on race equality work in schools; and encouraging Black community and voluntary
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organisations who are already working to similar objectives to share resources and expertise, so they can achieve more. The REACH initiative has been developed, shaped and run by the people who know about the problems young Black men face – the Black community itself. For this reason, say many commentators, it has a better chance of working, and deserves to be a success. The REACH Role Model programme is just the first step in creating change. Ken Barnes, the author of The Seven Principles of RESPECTisms, who is involved in advising the Government on the REACH programme, says he has seen change happen first hand. “By bringing in role models from the Black community, such as doctors and lawyers, we can expand young people’s horizons and open their minds. Just one person can produce a change that can last your whole lifetime”. To find out more about the REACH programme, visit www.direct.gov.uk/reach
Above: Actor Kwame Kwei-Armah is backing the REACH programme.
It’s about making a difference. That is what we are here for, and as Barack Obama says, it’s about change. Let’s make the change happen today”. Tim Campbell, winner of The Apprentice
PROFILE: The Anthony Nolan Trust
Going beyond the call of duty to save a life! Each year, thousands of Black and Minority Ethnic families have a loved one diagnosed with a life-threatening blood-related illness, such as leukaemia. Many could be treated with a bone marrow transplant - if a matching donor could be found. Usually a bone marrow transplant gives the patient their last remaining hope for survival. The Anthony Nolan bone marrow register consists of over 390,000 volunteers, but less than 3% of those represent people from the African, Caribbean and Asian community. This makes it increasingly difficult to find donors for BME patients suffering with leukaemia and other bone marrow related illnesses. Siblings offer a
good chance of providing an exact tissue type match but this only happens 30% of the time. That means the vast majority of patients have to rely on a matching unrelated volunteer donor identified through registers like The Anthony Nolan Trust – AND that’s where YOU come in.
Your donation could really save a life! In early 2007 Damario Thomas was only 3 months old when he was diagnosed with haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) - a rare and life-threatening condition. After his diagnosis Damario began receiving medical treatment including chemotherapy and several other uncomfortable but necessary procedures to keep his illness at bay. Unfortunately the only way of curing his illness was to receive a bone marrow transplant. Fortunately after months of campaigning The Anthony Nolan Trust was able to find a matching donor for Damario. “I’m really, really grateful if it hadn’t been for that young man who donated his bone marrow to save Damario’s life he wouldn’t be here today”, Floretta, Damario’s mum.
ACTOR: David Harewood donated bone marrow to an anonymous black male in May 2007. ‘I love my career and the different ways I’m able to express myself but the thought of being there for someone that needed my help quite urgently, is something that will stay with me for the rest of my life. I was able to help save the life of someone in desperate need from my own community because I took that step and joined the bone marrow register. More of us from the Black and Minority Ethnic community need to come forward and help tackle this issue. Let’s not lose anymore precious lives. Please join the Anthony Nolan bone marrow register.’ The more of you who join the Anthony Nolan register – the more lives we can save.
For more information please visit www.anthonynolan.org.uk
OUT OF MANY WE ARE
ONE SAVE SAVE A A LIFE LIFE IN IN YOUR YOUR COMMUNITY! COMMUNITY!
If you are from the Black & Minority Ethnic community by joining the Anthony Nolan Register and donating bone marrow, you could save the life of someone in your community. To join the Anthony Nolan Register you need to be between 18-40, in good health, weigh over 8 stone and willing to help anyone anonymously. We need people like you! Illnesses that require a bone marrow transplant are not inherited. They strike at random and can affect anybody at any time. Don't wait until this affects your loved ones, join the Anthony Nolan Register now and make a difference in your community. For more information contact:
020 7284 1234 firstname.lastname@example.org www.anthonynolan.org.uk The Anthony Nolan Trust is a Registered Charity, No. 803716/SCO38827
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Such is the growth and strength of the black church, which is the spiritual home to the most educated, professional, prosperous and aspirational sector of the black community, that many feel it should be at the forefront of providing leadership and solutions to the social problems faced by the black community.â€? ÂŠ All Images by Corey Ross
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Black British Churches
The Churchboyz: Back in the Day
Every Sunday, thousands of black people flock to the UK’s Black-led churches and in the process are helping to fuel a revival of Christianity here in the UK. Marcia Dixon gives praise to the growth of Black British churches.
© Corey Ross for Keep The Faith
churches are on the move! According to new research conducted by the Christian Research, the religious think tank, one third of UK churches are experiencing growth, particularly those with predominantly black congregations, and in London, over 50% of church goers are from the ethnic community. This is no surprise to those who have chronicled the development of black Christians here in Britain. Black people worship at various churches, whether at mainstream denominations such as the Church of England, or the Methodist Church, or at the growing black Pentecostal/ charismatic churches, where black Christians have their greatest cultural expression and influence. These churches were formed during the mass immigration of African Caribbean to Britain in the 1950s and 60’s, and experienced new growth with the influx of Africans during the 1970s and 1980s. Black Pentecostal/charismatic churches now have some of the largest congregations in the UK. In the August edition of Christian Today, its list of Britain’s 15 biggest mega churches included six black churches, with Kingsway International Christian Centre at the top with its regular attendance of 10-12,000 people every Sunday. For many, the black-led church, as it is sometimes called, is Britain’s
most stable and strongest institution, so, it was no surprise when Tony Blair became the first British prime minister to address a black church congregation, when he visited Ruach Ministries in Brixton in April this year. Such is the growth and strength of the black church, which is the spiritual home to the most educated, professional, prosperous and aspirational sector of the black community, that many feel it should be at the forefront of providing leadership and solutions to the social problems faced by the black community. Some churches have responded to the call by establishing much needed community projects across the country, and two denominations, the Church of God of Prophecy and the New Testament Church of God have taken the bold step and announced that they will provide moral and social leadership to the black community. During this year’s black history month, as we reflect on black achievement, remember that black churches are an integral part of our community. They provide spiritual guidance, care and support to those who attend them. If you can, try and visit one. You may be pleasantly surprised, and inspired by what you see and feel. Marcia Dixon is MD of Marcia Dixon PR, Tel: 020 8221 1788 / 07946 207881, www.marciadixonpr.co.uk
O ne gospel outfit that celebrates the musical heritage of Britain’s black church movement is The Churchboyz, an ensemble of singers and musicians that was formed in 2006. They sing songs that were popular in the early days of the development of the black church such as ‘Fire Fall On Me’, ‘I Love That Man from Galilee’ and ‘Draw Back The Curtains of Memories’. Samuel Facey, Churchboyz founder explained the reasons for resurrecting old church songs. “The songs we sing are the ones that encouraged the pioneers of the black church and our parents as they adapted to life in a new country. They reminded them of their church roots in the Caribbean and was encouraged their faith in God. The Churchboyz sing these songs because we want to remind the up and coming generation of black Christians about their musical heritage and the influence it has had on the development of gospel music here in Britain.” Not only do the group sing the old songs, they also use artifacts such as paraffin heaters, old suitcases (known as ‘grips’ to the first generation of West Indian immigrants), in their live shows to remind their audiences of what life was like for black people back in the day. Samuel commented, “The response has been tremendous every where we have been fortunate to play, and the older people really relate to us when we remind them of the objects they would have been familiar with whilst living in the UK during the 1950s and 60s.” The group have just released their second album, Music For Life Churchboyz Volume 2 and will be holding a special black history month concert on October 4 to celebrate the launch their album. Says Samuel, “Black History month means a lot to us, much more than even before. It gives us the chance to celebrate the achievements of our parents here in Britain and look at the contribution they have made to this country with their values, ambitions and creativity, which we re-enact with our music. “Black History Month provides an audience avenue where people from other races can capture the essence of what it means to be black and enjoy are artistic contribution to British society.” So if you want a slice of black church heritage and want to take a trip down memory lane, check out The Churchboyz. The Churchboyz concert takes place on October 4 at Faith Chapel, Bellenden Road, Peckham, London SE15. Tickets £10. Visit www.myspace.com/ churchboyz for details or phone 07748 748 724.
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With knowledge comes power
Our goal is to encourage young people with aspirations of a career on stage and screen to aim high to reach their personal and professional goals.â€?
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4 The Record
From L-R - 1: Colin Salmon. 2: Marianne Jean-Baptiste 3: Sophie Okonedo 4: Noel Clarke. 5: David Harewood 6: Naomie Harris. Images by Donald Macellan.
4 The Record Initiative endeavours to raise awareness of Black British achievement on stage and screen to Black British young people. Our goal is to encourage young people with aspirations of a career on stage and screen to aim high to reach their personal and professional goals. We hope that the young people who see the exhibition, visit the website and learn about the work of 4 The Record Initiative, will start to understand and be proud of their cultural heritage. From our website - www.4therecord.org.uk: - Learn about the acting, directing, writing and photography workshops run in partnership with major arts organisations to promote wider participation of Black British young people in the performing arts. - Download ideas, for use in your school or youth group. - Discover stage plays relevant to the contemporary Black British experience. - View a timeline of seminal moments for Black British actors on screen. For our partners - the Royal Court, the Young Vic and the National Portrait Gallery - the creative ideas and financial support generated by UNDEREXPOSED has not only enabled them to run innovative programmes for Black British young people but to develop new audiences of their own. 4 The Record Initiative (4TR) is a not-for-profit organisation set up to address issues of cultural diversity through innovative and creative partnerships and interventions. In the first in the series, UNDEREXPOSED 2008, developed by 4 The Record Initiative founding director, Fraser James, is 4 The Record Initiative’s response to the necessity of raising the profile of black role models and celebrating the talent that exists among the Black British Dual Heritage AfricanCaribbean community. n For more information see www.4therecord.org.uk
‘Want to see more of me?’ ‘Want to see more of me?’ is a new series of portraits of Black British film actors by photographer Donald MacLellan. This dynamic group of images, opulent and rich in colour, celebrates both the individual and collective achievement of these actors and contributes to debates around diversity, on-screen representation, content and portrayal. MacLellan highlights the depth and range of talent in the field and raises questions about the roles that are available to Black British film actors. Says MacLellan, ‘if you look again at my portraits you will see that each of the subjects is looking directly at you, most of them in a challenging way’. ‘Want to see more of me?’ National Portrait Gallery, Black Film Actors by Donald MacLellan, until 21 September 2008
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My Black History Month Actors, authors, musicians, sporting stars, celebs, politicians, TV personalities, entrepreneurs, not forgetting the good, the great and the beautiful. BHM gives you a snapshot insight into the lives of our favourite Black History Month role models.
Tony Wade MBE
Having worked his way up from bit parts to supporting roles to starring in his own movie, Noel Clarke’s profile has grown rapidly since his Lawrence Olivier Award in 2003. Many of you will recognise him as Rose’s boyfriend Mickey from BBC’s Doctor Who. More recently, he has starred, written and directed Adulthood and written drama West 10 LDN for BBC Three. Jonathan Williams caught up with Noel and found out all about his rise to fame.
Try to imagine a world without braids, weaves, relaxers, wigs or even salons. On the back of the waves of West Indian immigrants coming to Britain in the 40s and 50s, Dyke and Dryden had set up a business importing records from Jamaica. Tony Wade persuaded his friends that distributing (and later manufacturing) hair care products for black women was the way. Dyke and Dryden became the first black-owned company in Britain to have a multi-million pound success story on their hands. As Wade famously said: “the sound system people were a little disappointed but the sisters were very happy.”
Jonathan Williams (JW): Hard work and determination have gotten you very far in the last few years. Do you think it’s only that or did luck also factor into the equation? Noel Clarke (NC): Hard work and determination, although something I promote, are sometimes not enough, so yeah I think luck helped me. I think I got lucky to get into the industry but, once I was in it, that’s where hard work and determination really become important because that is where they come in. You have to take every opportunity and work 100%. JW: Kidulthood and Adulthood both did very well – what’s the next step career-wise? NC: Well… I think I really have to do something different. A lot of people, fans and certain film companies think that I should just do another “Hood”film, when in reality that is probably the worst I could do right now. The best thing I could do is do something different and show young people that they can as well. Instead of them being told if you grew up on an estate you have to write about that. Writing what you know can be cool but writing different things can be better. People already forget that I wrote an episode of Torchwood as well. JW: Was writing a way of creating the roles you identified with – but otherwise wouldn’t be offered? NC: Offered??? The parts weren’t even there. I quickly realised that things I was going up for weren’t going to progress my career. Parts just weren’t there or good enough for me and my peers. So I started writing for two reasons. One, so I could keep busy between acting jobs instead of going mad, and two so if anything I wrote got made, maybe I would get a decent part.
JW: What is your greatest ambition – both in life and for work? NC: I can’t tell you that. I have an ambition. I have a plan for me and my family and where I want to go both in life and work, but the last I would do is talk about it. I’m just going to keep working to make it happen. JW: As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up? NC: I wanted to be an actor. JW: What do you consider your greatest achievement? NC: I think Kidulthood is up there and the Lawrence Olivier award [as Most Promising Newcomer in 2003]. But Adulthood is the thing that has to be at the top of the pile. I think it was something that not many people believed I could pull off and was the hardest thing I ever did. JW: Working on Doctor Who has made you part of popular culture – what’s it like to have your own action figure? NC: Yeah Doctor Who was/is a big part of my life and having an action figure is really cool. I don’t know what else to say about it. JW: Describe yourself in 3 words. NC: Caring… secure… intense JW: Who is your Black History Month hero? NC: Mine is Maya Angelo, I’ve been reading her poems for years. If anyone is an inspiration then this women is. “Life Doesn’t Frighten Me”is one of my favorite books. JW: Who’s been your greatest champion while you worked your way up to the top? NC: I’ve had a lot of support. My Family. My Wife and my boys. Adulthood is released on DVD & Blu-ray on 13 October from Pathe Distribution Ltd.
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BHM: Describe yourself in 3 words? Tony Wade: Passionate, confident and assertive. Who is your Black History Month hero? Madam CJ Walker. (Sarah Breedlove,better known as Madame CJ Walker, developed a conditioning treatment for straightening hair. Born in 1867 in poverty-stricken rural
Louisiana, starting with door-to- door sales of her cosmetics, Madame C.J. Walker amassed a fortune. Before her death in 1919 she was a millionaire, one of the most successful business executives in the early half of the twentieth century.) As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up? Be like my father, a man of independent means. What is your greatest ambition? To be of service to others. What is your greatest achievement to date? To have pioneered the development of the black hair care industry in the UK. What is your favourite motto for life? The world doesn’t owe you a living.
Alex Rose Alex Rose is campaigning against gun and knife crime in London with help of online viral campaigns on Current TV. When not meeting Gordon Brown and Desmond Tutu, he studies graphic design. BHM: Describe yourself in 3 words? Alex Rose: Hungry, ambitious, dedicated. Who is your Black History Month hero? William Wilberforce, Nas, Jim Campbell, Oprah Winfrey, Malcom X. As a child, what did you want to do when
you grew up? First thing I wanted to do was be an athlete. Second thing was be an inventor and now I want to be a graphic designer. What is your life motto? “Less talk, more action.”, “Talent plus belief equals success.”, “Maybe blessed, but never let it go to your head or you will lose everything.” What is your greatest achievement to date? I’ve got two. First thing I decided to do was to not hang around with the guys on the estate and fall into bad company. As far as achievements this year, meeting Desmond Tutu two weeks ago. Meeting the Prime Minister and winning the Anne Frank award are also there. Bloodshed & Brotherhood season airs on Current TV, Saturday 30th September – Sunday 31st September, from 9.30pm. www.current.com
My Black History Month
Richard Blackwood Born in Clapham, South London in 1972, Richard claims he always wanted to be a performer. His inspiration has come from other comedians like Richard Pryor, Eddie Murphy and Chris Rock, and his comedic style can be described as an amalgam of these three, with a healthy dose of Afro Caribbean and South London humour. After graduating with a business degree, he did a one-off gig at ‘The Spot’ in Covent Garden and from there his popularity grew. He has had his own talk show on Channel Four, hosted ‘Singled Out’ and ‘MTV Select’ on MTV, and currently does work on the BBC digital channels.
Richard Blackwood: Intelligent, Uplifting & Inspirational. Who is your Black History Month hero? My Black History Month hero has to be Richard Prior. As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up? I always wanted to be a stand-up comedian. What is your greatest ambition? My greatest ambition is to be a Hollywood Star like Aaron Fontaine. What is your greatest achievement to date? Two things... My son and The Richard Blackwood Show.
BHM: Describe yourself in 3 words?
Errol Douglas Errol Douglas was born in the East End of London and started hairdressing when he was 14. He now runs his own hugely successful salon in Knightsbridge. He was recently awarded an MBE for his services to the hair industry and his charity work (including Centrepoint, several HIV/AIDS charities and various children’s charities). BHM: Describe yourself in 3 words? Errol Douglas: Determined; perfectionist; generous.
Who is your Black History Month hero? Barack Obama - he’s changing history. I find him inspiring because he is someone who has won through, despite everyone thinking he was the underdog. I can really relate to that thinking back to in the early days when I was trying to make it up the career ladder, feeling like it would never come together.
right from the age of 5. I knew I wanted to be in fashion. Where I grew up in East London, you weren’t really supposed to want to do stuff like that, but I was determined and I got my first job sweeping hair in a salon aged 11. It was the best thing I could have done as it really focused me.
As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up? I always wanted to be a hairdresser,
What is your greatest achievement to date? Receiving an MBE from the Queen.
What is your greatest ambition? To be a blue chip brand!
Larry Achike (Christened ‘Onochie Lawrence Achike’), the 33-year-old former World Junior Triple Jump Champion and 1998 Commonwealth gold medallist, won sliver at this year’s Olympics. Onochie “Larry” Achike in Islington, London) is athlete of Nigerian parentage. A former rugby player, he eventually specialised in triple jump. His club is Shaftesbury Barnet Harriers in North London. He finished seventh at the High Jump in Beijing BHM: Describe yourself in 3 words? Larry Achike: Kind, Ambitious, Determined. Who is your Black History Month hero? Nelson Mandela (I have met him once before). As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up? As a child I wanted to be a Airline pilot. What is your life motto? To set up an institute of sport in Africa, where it’s can serve a number of countries to produce world class athletes. What is your greatest achievement to date? Winning the World Junior Championship.
Author Paul Crooks is descended from a slave who worked on a Jamaican sugar plantation. Paul’s search for his overseas ancestor involved many years of intensive research. He is the author of A Tree Without Roots: The Guide to Tracing African, Anglo and Asian Ancestry in the Caribbean and Ancestors, both published by BlackAmber, an imprint of Arcadia Books.
Soul star Oleta Adams was born in Seattle and is the daughter of a preacher. She received a Grammy nomination for a cover of Brenda Russell’s Get Here and is now pursuing her passion for Gospel with a forthcoming UK Christmas tour.
BHM: Describe yourself in 3 words? Paul Crooks: Principled, Tenacious, Perceptive. Who is your Black History Month hero? Sam (Daddy) Sharpe, Baptist and Jamaican freedom fighter. As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up? A world boxing champ!
BHM: Describe yourself in 3 words? Oleta Adams: Work in Progress
What is your greatest ambition? To achieve enduring happiness for myself and everyone who has anything to do with me. What is your greatest achievement to date? I have achieved (with my wife) a happy, loving and stable environment for my children to grow.
Who is your Black History Month hero? Every Black person (or otherwise) who risked life and limb to make it possible for other Blacks to have an equal opportunity to be educated. But also Rosa Parks because she really was an ordinary person whose courage and a simple reaction to fatigue, helped to bring about change in an entire nation. As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up? I’ve always wanted to sing. Whether it was
like Aretha Franklin, Roberta Flack, Barbara Streisand, singing arias in Operas or gospel like Shirley Caesar, I’ve always known I was here to sing. What is your life motto? Stay focused, hone your craft, finish what you start, and don’t take yourself too seriously. What is your greatest achievement to date? To have created music that has deeply inspired or comforted someone clear across the globe. Oleta Adams will be performing four dates across England in December. For details, please see BHM Listings.
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Dawn Butler MP On September 12, 2008, Dawn Butler MP became the first ever African-Caribbean woman in the House of Commons to be appointed to a ministerial position in government. She is the Labour MP for Brent South. Dawn has successfully campaigned for an annual Slavery Memorial Day to be held in the UK and also for the teaching of black history to be fully mainstreamed in UK schools. Her interests include employment rights, promoting maternity and paternity pay and the national minimum wage, helping ensure fair immigration policies and she dreams of a world where peace prevails.
BHM: Describe yourself in 3 words? Dawn Butler: Determined, Organised, Affectionate. Who is your Black History Month hero? Every year my hero changes, which to me signifies the great achievements of our race. I am so humbled to think of all the heroes who gave their tomorrows for my today. At a time when young black men are getting a bad press, I think that my current hero is Ussain Bolt. And I hope that his story of hard work will inspire others. As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up? I wanted to be a lawyer but the teachers discouraged me,
wanting me to run for the school instead. What is your favourite motto? My favourite motto, and I have a few are: “Emancipate yourself from mental slavery none but ourselves can change our minds” – Robert Nester Marley and this is currently joint with “We are the hope and the dreams of the slaves” – Maya Angelo. This inspires me to use my freedom wisely. What is your greatest achievement? 12th September 2008 becoming the House of Commons’ First Female African-Caribbean Minister in the history of Parliament.
Ashley Walters Kele Le Roc Kele was born to Jamaican parents in London’s East End. She started singing when she was only three and had a huge underground hit in 1995 with ‘Let Me Know’. Her album, ‘Everybody’s Somebody’ was released in the UK in March 1999. Kele is working on her new album for 2008 which concentrates on positive messages and the fun aspects of life, fusing styles of R&B and Soul with the distinct influence of Prince. BHM: Describe yourself in 3 words? Kele: Loving, Exciting, Hillarious. Who is your Black History Month hero? Prince and my mum. As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up? Actually I wanted to be Beyonce but Kele le roc will get there! Ex-So Solid Crew, Ashley Walters is now one of the UK’s most exciting up-and-coming acting talents. From bad Boy to budding talent Ashley turned his life around and has starred in a number of leading roles including a part in Hustle, BBC ONE’s hit drama series. BHM: Describe yourself in 3 words? Ashley Walters: Dad, son, me. Who is your Black History Month hero? I don’t have one in particular but in the current climate I feel every black man that has a dream, believes it and makes it possible, is a hero to me. As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up? As a child I think I just wanted to be average. The first job I remember wanting to do was being a bus conductor on a route master bus because my granddad did it, then I found out I could entertain people and from that point that’s all I have done, and wanted to do. What is your greatest ambition? To just be Ashley Walters. The hardest thing is to be yourself. What is your greatest achievement to date? My family. 140 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
What is your greatest ambition? When I was younger I wanted your own franchise of petrol stations but my greatest ambition is to buy my mum a mansion in England and one in Jamaica. What is your greatest achievement to date? The whole of everything, my person who I credit to my mum, because I think I always remain me, even at the height of my success.
Kanya King Kanya King MBE is an internationally recognised entrepreneur and innovator in the British music industry. She is the dynamic force behind the MOBO Awards and has played an instrumental role in elevating black music and culture to mainstream popular status in the UK. Now in its 13th year, the MOBO Awards Show is firmly established as one of the most prestigious events in the entertainment calendar attended by ‘A-list’ celebrities, legendary performers and top executives. BHM: Describe yourself in 3 words? Kanya King: Determined, passionate and resilient. Who is your Black History Month hero? Oprah Winfrey without any hesitation – here is a strong and very inspirational woman who has overcome a lot of hurdles to achieve overwhelming success while constantly giving back and making a huge difference to many around the world As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up? I always wanted to reach my full potential in whatever career I decided to choose because my parents never had these opportunities. One day when I went to see the career’s teacher
at school and said that I wanted to set up my own business, I was told to be realistic – if I worked hard enough, I might make my way up to become a manager at Sainsbury’s…. What is your greatest ambition? My greatest ambition is to work hard at something that I love doing and that gives me and others a lot of satisfaction in doing so. I want to remain grateful for what I have while working towards new goals that make a real and worthy difference. What is your greatest achievement to date? To have managed to put on an annual MOBO Awards Show for 13 years with not always the necessary financial or industry support and to have played a significant role in bringing black music to the masses. The Awards clearly demonstrate how black influenced music continues to make a major impact on the mainstream and how it influences much of what is fresh and innovative in the UK today.
My Black History Month
Tre Azam made a lasting impression on the public when he took part in BBC1’s The Apprentice in 2007. Growing up in Hackney, London, earlier this year, Tre joined London’s talk radio station LBC 97.3 to host his own phone-in show, where he’s attracted an equally outspoken and passionate audience! Tre Azam is on LBC 97.3, Saturdays, from 1pm to 3pm. BHM: Describe yourself in 3 words? Tre Azam: Forthright, Faithful, Persistent. Who is your Black History Month hero? Marcus Garvey for his relentless pursuits and inspiring achievements. As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up? I wanted to be the first Asian in the NBA (National Basketball Association),
then when I broke my back and could play no more I wanted to be someone who makes a change, I believe why be just another number, use your time on earth wisely and leave your legacy, or at least try.
Ghetto fabulous bling meets market town tweed - head on. Hip hop veteran, European body-popping champion, author, director, choreographer, original B-boy, critically acclaimed master of contemporary dance.
What is your greatest ambition? My greatest ambition is to build myself and my resources to the point where I can dedicate my time to helping others reach their true potential, and of course global domination.
BHM: Describe yourself in 3 words? Benji Reid: Determined, focused , energyised.
What is your greatest ambition? I don’t know as life and ambitions keep changing.
Who is your BHM hero? Fredrick Douglass. This is a man who risked his life learning how to read and write when it was against the law for black people to be educated. He knew the value of human life and knew as black people we deserve more than to be enslaved. When others were happy to spend their holidays in a drunken stupor, Fredrick dreamt of insurrection and emancipation.
What is your greatest achievement to date? Bringing up my two girls.
What is your greatest achievement to date? I have had many business achievements and failures, but my greatest achievement thus far is sustaining my family whilst helping youngsters up and down the country realise their dreams and understand the powers they possess...that an walking again after I was told I had a 5% chance!
What did you want to be as a child? An actor.
Tim Campbell The charismatic 29-year-old, who was the darling of television audiences, has gone on to set up his own company and is now sharing his experiences with business audiences who want to learn the secrets of his success and discover why Sir Alan Sugar regarded him as a “great asset”. Unlike prize winners from other shows, the human resource specialist wasn’t a one hit wonder when the spotlight faded. After landing a one year contract with the health and beauty division of Amstrad, he remained in employment for a further year until announcing recently that he was giving up his £100,000 a year job to start a male grooming business of his own, as well as The Bright Ideas Trust, a social initiative to inspire the next generation of entrepreneurs.
Jamaicans to have ever lived but she reminds me of the efforts my own mother went to as she sacrificed so much so we could have the greatest start in life.
BHM: Describe yourself in 3 words? Tim Campbell: Hungry, honest, humble.
What is your greatest achievement to date? In addition to founding the Bright Ideas Trust, a business which supports the next generation of entrepreneurs, having my wife, my daughter, my sister, my mother-in-law and my mother all tell me they love me on the same day!
Who is your Black History Month hero? Mary Seacole. Not only is she one of the most famous
As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up? I always envied all of those people who knew they wanted to be an accountant, lawyer or banker. I’ve never know what I wanted to be just that I wanted to be successful and happy. Thankfully this has allowed me to be open to many varied experiences and not be restricted by early choices. What is your greatest ambition? To be content. Not sure if I’ll ever get there.
Maria Lawson An X Factor veteran and recent mother, Maria Lawson has braved Simon Cowell’s scorn and come out stronger on the other side. Maria Lawson’s single Breaking Me Down is out now, with album Emotional Rollercoaster due soon. Her website is www.marialawson.co.uk. BHM: Describe yourself in 3 words. Maria Lawson: Humble, ambitious
What is your favourite life motto? “Don’t watch the next man”. I truly believe when you focus your energy on another man riches and his achievements based in envy, you give your power away, we must focus on self and develop our own power. We have the power to mould our dreams then live them, we must never stop dreaming.
and thoughtful Who is your Black History Month hero? Barack Obama for his legendary achievements As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up? Singer/Songwriter.
What is your greatest ambition? Happiness is success and to be really happy and successful at what I do. What is your greatest achievement to date? Giving birth to my son Brandon.
Soul singer Shena has worked as a backing singer for James Brown, Mariah Carey and Chaka Khan. Her songs have been played on Ugly Betty and she has been nominated for a prestigious Grammy award. BHM: Describe yourself in 3 words? Shena: Passionate, determined and creative. Who is your Black History Month hero? It would have to be Nelson Mandela because he sacrificed his own life and happiness for the sake of his people and his nation. I am gutted that I didn’t get to perform at his recent birthday celebrations. Hopefully, if there is a next time, then I’ll be famous enough to be up there on that stage. As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up? For as far back as I can remember I have always wanted to be a singer/recording artist and superstars like Whitney Houston, Ella Fitzgerald and Tina Turner were my inspirations. What is your greatest ambition? To write and perform on a Hollywood blockbuster movie and if possible star in the film as one of the leading roles. That would be the ultimate achievement for me. A close second would be to win 5 Grammies. What is your greatest achievement to date? Performing on one of the last episodes of Top of the pops as a solo artist, working with the late James Brown before he died and being the vocalist on ‘The Weekend’ which was Grammy –nominated and was a worldwide smash.
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My Black History Month
Andi Peters Andi Peters is one of the most respected names in children’s TV. Starting out as a presenter on a wide range of television shows including the Smash Hits Awards, he was voted Top Personality on TV for two consecutive years. Andi has produced and directed a wide variety of popular shows including The O Zone, Live & Kicking and Top of The Pops. He was also Commissioning Editor at Channel 4, Children and Young People where he created the award winning T4. Andi is currently on Heat Radio where he hosts his own weekly show “Hot or Not”. BHM: Describe yourself in 3 words? Andi Peters: Confident, Friendly and Determined
Mavis Amankwah MCIPR is Founder and Managing Director of Rich Visions (www.richvisions.co.uk), an ethnic communications agency which delivers marketing, PR and training to organisations who wish to engage with ethnic minorities. Can you tell you a bit about your background and where you grew up? My parents are from Ghana. My late father went to live in Germany in the late 60s and could not take the cold (too much ‘snow’ he said), so he moved over to the UK, in the early 70’s, my mother joined him I was born (1974) and brought up in Canning Town, East London. I was born on the day (28th August) that Martin Luther King gave his “I have a dream speech” and I think my passion and energy comes from that famous speech. What first inspired you to start your own business? Passion....I had been organising cultural events for years while working as an IT Manager and decided that I enjoyed organising and managing cultural events and getting involved in the local community. While working on various government and social economic initiatives in my spare time, I realised that there was a niche in the market (mainstream organsations needed to reach ethnic communities effectively, and that’s exactly what I was doing socially) hence the birth of Rich Visions. What qualities do you have to have to become a successful business person? Attention to detail, over organised, mental and spiritual focus and be distinctive from the others. How would you describe yourself in 3 words? Determined, energetic, passionate Where do you see yourself in 5 years? Being a local councillor and having a few more agencies across the country. Who are your Black History Month heroes/heroines The Africans that were falsely uprooted from Africa to the West Indies and America. Martin Luther. King Rosa Parks and Nelson Mandela 142 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Who is your Black History Month hero? My parents. They never told me being black was anything different, so I approach EVERYTHING as Andi and nothing else. I’ve never been handed or expect to be handed anything based on the colour of my skin.
What is your greatest achievement to date? Creating T4 and all the programmes that I then introduced to Channel 4.
As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up? I wanted to be a commercial airline pilot...who knows what changed?
What is your favourite motto? ”Obsessed” is a word used by the LAZY to describe the determined!
Dr Richard Benjamin Dr Richard Benjamin is the head of the International Slavery Museum in Liverpool, which is hosting several Black History Month events this year. Richard gained a BA (Hons) degree in Community and Race Relations at Edge Hill College and then went on to complete an MA and PhD in Archaeology at the University of Liverpool. He was appointed as the head of the International Slavery Museum in 2006. In his free time he enjoys a wide range of pastimes including photography, travel, world cinema, African American literature and vegan cooking.
An archaeologist (which I got my MA and PhD in). What is your greatest ambition? To make the International Slavery Museum one of the world’s most influential museums. What is your greatest achievement to date? Getting my PhD.
BHM: Describe yourself in 3 words? Dr Richard Benjamin: Determined Black Yorkshireman. Who is your Black History Month hero? Paul Robeson - An extremely gifted individual who stood up for what he believed in a segregated society. As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up?
Anthoney Wright Brti-soulboy Anthoney Wright was inspired by the great R&B and soul legends such as Al Green, Teddy Pendergrass and Sam & Dave. Having converted to Buddhism after spending time in Worth Abbey as part of BBC Two’s The Monastery, he is now focusing on his recording career and has just released his new single, ‘Reset To Zero’. BHM: Describe yourself in 3 words? Anthoney Wright: a) level headed; b) spiritual; c) fun. Who is your Black History Month hero?
Barack Obama. As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up? To be a musician. What is your greatest ambition? To inspire others. What is your greatest achievement to date? To be happy and keep smiling, things can only get better.
Picture: Brian Slater.
Listings 144 London. 173 Scotland. 174 The North. 177 Wales. 178 The Midlands. 182 The East. 184 The South. 188 Late. 192 Venue Details. 194 Advertisers List.
London Barbican Wed 15 Oct
Black Performers in London Stage performers from the black community have given the world joy and pleasure through their exceptional talent. In many instances they have also used their public position to promote the rights of all black people. Discover more about Ira Aldridge, Samuel Coleridge Taylor, Paul Robeson and others using sources from the LMA collections. London Metropolitan Archives, 2pm – 330pm, free, tel: 020 7332 3851.
Sun 19 Oct
Meet Abudia Megiste This wealthy woman travelled the vast Roman empire with her husband. Originally from Africa, find out how what she felt about the climate, food and life in Roman London. Museum of London, 1pm, 2pm, 3pm, free, tel: 0870 444 3850.
Barnet Sat 11 Oct
Caribbean and Cultural Fun Day This event is open to the community from a diverse background to come together to learn about black history and to celebrate the different areas of talent from local businesses, such as fashion, books, arts and craft, food and drink, jewellery and many more from people of Afro-Caribbean heritage living in
Cool Rules / Fams: Hip Hop theatre at the Albany, Thu 2 Oct & Fri 3 Oct
Haringey and borough wide. Kids zone with face painting/ nail art and arts & craft corner. Caribbean style tombola, raffle prizes also Caribbean cuisine available throughout the day. Cultural entertainment from unsigned artists including singers, dancers, musician also spoken word and poetry. St George’s Church Hall, 2.30pm – 8pm, £1.00 for 14 & over, under go free, Joyce Gerald 07960 401 677 or Suzanne Asphall 07956 905 730.
The Metronome’s Steel Band and Children’s Day The band will explain the history of the steel drum and play an hours’ programme. Other activities will include: Pictorial story telling, henna painting, hair braiding, face painting, skirt making, African drumming, exotic food tasting. St. Paul’s Church Hall, The Ridgeway, 2pm – 6pm, £5 for children/adults, free for accompanying adults
Sat 25 Oct
The lives of two pirate radio DJs is the focus of this inner city drama, back at the Albany, Thu 21 Oct 144 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Sun 19 Oct
Stephen K Amos: Find The Funny Following his previous sell-out at artsdepot, Stephen K Amos returns with a brand new show. Supremely warm and wickedly funny, he has an ability to charm onlookers right into the palm of his hand. A firm favourite at the Edinburgh Festival, Stephen has just completed his seventh successful year on the Fringe. Last years’ critically acclaimed stand-up show More of Me toured the UK to packed houses. Now Stephen is on his second national tour, with a new show – Find the Funny. artsdepot, 8pm, £15/£13 Concessions, tel: 020 8369 5454, www.artsdepot.co.uk.
Sat 8 Nov
Adisa Performance poet Adisa, a favourite on the UK scene, presents a poetry and music show looking back at one of the most profound years of the 20th century. With the theme of revolution, he explores the voices and movements of 68, drawing inspiration from the folk, reggae, soul, Afrobeat and pop music of the time. Artsdepot, 8pm, £9 / £7 concessions, tel: 020 8369 5454, www.artsdepot.co.uk.
Sun 9 Nov
Handa’s Surprise Travel to Kenya and follow in Handa’s footsteps as she journeys to see her best friend Akeyo, in the next village. Handa is taking seven delicious fruits as a surprise gift – but seven different animals have seven very different ideas. Could you resist the sweetsmelling guava, a ripe red mango or a tangy purple passion fruit? Physical performance, puppetry, live music and song combine to create an intimate, magical production with audience participation. Aimed at ages Ages 2 - 5 Artsdepot, 11am, 1230pm, 2pm, 330pm, £8/£6 children, tel: 020 8369 5454, www.artsdepot.co.uk.
Wed 12 Nov
Vocal Express The exciting culmination of a six week programme of vocal workshops in Barnet primary schools led by jazz star Cleveland Watkiss. 120 children will perform a variety of their own originals and jazz standards in groups and en masse accompanied by Cleveland and his trio. The programme has been to designed to help children find their own voice through solo and group improvisation. Artsdepot, 6pm, £4, tel: 020 8369 5454, www.artsdepot.co.uk.
Sat 22 Nov
London Jazz Festival in association with BBC Radio 3 present Cleveland Watkiss Cleveland Watkiss performs in artsdepot’s studio theatre, as part of the London Jazz Festival this November. Member of the iconic 80s band Jazz Warriors, Cleveland Watkiss is now firmly established as a vocalist of awe-inspiring range and imagination. His smooth, sophisticated, vocals have been heard in an impressive array of settings, and he has worked with artists ranging from The Who and Björk through to the London Community Gospel Choir. Cleveland’s solo performance Vocal Suite, is an elusive acappella vocal improvisation. He blends improvisation/ counterpoint harmony, electronics, breakbeat loops and basslines (all live and from his mouth) to stunning effect, creating a unique, orchestral vocal soundscape. Vocal Suite fuses voice and technology, using real-time looping to create live compositions. Technology is used to record, then layer the voice, creating an orchestral piece composed right before the audience. No two performances are ever the same. Artsdepot, 8pm, price unknown, tel: 020 8369 5454, www.artsdepot.co.uk.
British Museum Sun 5 Oct
Camden B68 – Official launch This joint event with the British Museum and Camden’s Black History Forum will highlight the scope of this year’s Black History season with key note speakers reflecting on major events that lead up to and shaped 1968 and the legacy of this momentous year. There will also be a special screening of the Angela Davis
film - Angela Davis: Portrait of a revolutionary at 3.30pm. British Museum, from 2pm, free but reserve ticket, email@example.com.
Sat 25 Oct
Black History Film Day: 1968 Full film details available soon. British Museum, 2pm - 8pm, price unknown, tel: 020 7323 8181, www.camden.gov.uk.
Brunei Gallery @ SOAS Thu 16 Oct – Sat 13 Dec
A People’s Migration: The Bakhtiari Kuch A People’s Migration is a photographic essay of an Iranian nomad family, migrating on foot over 3000m mountains in South West Iran. Traditionally, twice a year, the nomadic Bakhtiari tribe spend weeks trekking kuch (their traditional migration) with their flocks and families from their winter to their summer pastures. This ancient way of life is now vanishing fast. More and more Bakhtiari are leaving the mountains altogether; whilst those who do remain use trucks or tractors to transport their animals and the family belongings. A People’s Migration is a stunning visual journey documenting a way of life which will soon vanish forever. Brunei Gallery, 1030pm – 5pm, Tuesday – Saturday, free, tel: 020 7898 4046, www.soas.ac.uk/gallery
London, Sugar & Slavery gallery reveals city’s untold history What is London’s dirty big secret? What does a sweet cuppa have to do with a terrible crime against humanity? What product links millions of enslaved Africans and London’s Dockers? How did English ladies and freedom fighters in the Caribbean find themselves united in struggle? Who really led the abolition campaign for the transatlantic slave trade? And what price freedom? Once the fourth largest slaving port in the world, London’s involvement in the transatlantic slave trade is examined in a new exhibition, London, Sugar & Slavery at the Museum in Docklands.. Set in a former sugar warehouse built to store produce from the Caribbean plantations, the Museum is tangible evidence of London’s connections with slavery. The gallery will reveal an untold history, which joins the dots between ordinary Londoners with a taste for the sweeter things in life, arch-capitalism, despoiled West African civilizations and the thriving multicultural city we enjoy today. Personal accounts, film, music, interactives and over 140 objects will bring home the complexities and humanity of the issues around the roaring trade in sugar and humans, slave resistance and the abolition campaign, and the legacies of the enduring relationship between London and the Caribbean. Exquisite African artefacts pre-dating Europeans’ arrival in the continent, includ-
ing a bronze leopard from Benin, and the beautiful bust of a Yoruba King, attest to the rich cultural history of West African art. The gallery explores how a sophisticated society was debased in European minds to justify the inhumane mechanics of an industry that gave rise to obscene profits, horrific brutality and sowed the seeds for racism today. An immersive sound and light experience, encourages visitors to consider the meaning of enslavement and freedom both in terms of the transatlantic slave trade and for us all today, whilst spaces in the gallery are given over to community projects especially designed to involve Londoners of all ages and backgrounds in a story that binds us all. The gallery will challenge what people think they know about the transatlantic slave trade and show how this terrible traffic made the London we know today. David Spence, Director of the Museum in Docklands said: “We hope that the gallery will help Londoners from all backgrounds understand their own heritage and identity better. People may find it uncomfortable, but to grasp this is to begin to understand many facets of society today, including attitudes towards race and the melding of British, African and Caribbean cultures.” Visit the only permanent exhibition to examine London’s involvement in transatlantic slavery in the new thought-provoking new gallery, London, Sugar & Slavery, www.museumindocklands.org.uk
Camden Fri 26 Sep - Sat 27 Sep
Hymns to Hip Hop The Millennium Action Group, an award winning community choir group from South London will perform a lively musical following the history of gospel music from slavery to now. Shaw Theatre, Fri 730pm, Sat 230pm and 715pm, £13/£15 with booking fee, tel: 0871 594 3123.
Wed 1 Oct - Wed 29 Oct
Studio One Love In Jamaica Ron Vester was the official photographer of the legendary Studio One and among his freelance clients were the Jamaica Tourist Board and the Jamaica National Heritage Trust. This exhibition also includes Coxsone Dodd, Lee Scratch Perry, Theo Beckford, King Stitt and The Silvertones. Swiss Cottage Library, library opening times, free, www.camden.gov.uk. www.blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk
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Wed 1 Oct
The History of Immigration Law The film demonstrates how immigration has been used as political tool from 1596 onwards. With rare footage from the 50’s 60’s and 70’s showing the impact of legislation on the black British community today. Screening and discussion with Tony Warner. Swiss Cottage Library, 7pm, free, www.camden.gov.uk.
Sat 4 Oct - Wed 26 Nov
Faisal Abdullah Acclaimed artist Faisal Abdullah will create a new installation in the gallery. The work is personal homage by the artist to the invaluable space provided by a library for personal development. Faisal’s work is informed by his ongoing dialogues with many of the leading artists, critics and theorists who have shaped the cultural politics of Britain since 1968. The installation will include contributions by Stuart Hall, Bonnie Greer and Keith Piper. Swiss Cottage Library, library opening times, free, www.camden.gov.uk.
Sun 12 Oct – Sat 6 Dec
Nnenna Okore Exhibition Nnenna Okore’s art is inspired by the use of discarded and found objects in rural areas of her native Nigeria. Her work, by virtue of these influences, celebrates the transformation of discarded materials into cultural objects, forms, and spaces and brings a critical focus to bear on the consumption and recycling cultures in parts of Nigeria. Her materials include newspapers, wax, cloth, rope, clay and sticks and she applies various repetitive and labor-intensive techniques, like weaving, twisting, sewing, dyeing, waxing and rolling, which were learned by watching
Learn more about your history at one of the many exhibitions on during October.
villagers perform everyday tasks. These processes accentuate colors, textures and other visceral qualities of her sculptures. October Gallery, gallery opening hours, free, tel: 020 7242 7367.
Martin Luther King Dream or Nightmare?
2008 marks the 40th anniversary of the assassination of Martin Luther King. Although now revered as a saint, mainstream America saw him as a troublemaker especially when he criticised the Vietnam war. We will examine the US situation and compare it to what was happening to race relations in the UK. Screening and discussion with Tony Warner.
Swiss Cottage Library, 2pm, free, www.camden.gov.uk.
Thu 16 Oct - Thu 23 Oct
Calypsos and Wiener Schnitzel; refugees from Nazism in the Caribbean during WW2 Explores a little known episode when refugees from Nazism sought shelter in West Indian Islands. Their arrival resulted in surprising alliances and contributed to the unique mix of culture and ethnicity that make up West Indian identity today. Swiss Cottage Library, 7pm, free, www.camden.gov.uk.
Mon 27 Oct, Wed 29 Oct, Fri 31 Oct British Museum Activities for Black History Month A family event with storytelling, games and craft activities. Also opportunities to handle objects from the past. Swiss Cottage Library, 1030am - 4 pm, free, www.camden.gov.uk.
Mon 27 Oct
Jan Blake returns home to tell the story of Black History Month at the Albany, Fri 3 Oct 146 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Somalia and its politics Ahmed Sheikh Mahmoud, a senior Somali career diplomat, will give a talk about the events leading up to Mohamed Said Barre becoming Head of State. Said Barre sought to unite the various Somali-inhabited territories of the Horn of Africa into a Greater Somalia. Hillwood Resource Centre, Age Concern, 5pm, price unknown, www.camden.gov.uk.
Wed 29 Oct - Thu 30 Oct
Wall of Words Contribute your words, phrases, or sentences on 1968 on the wall. The artist Beyonder will look at the wall at regular intervals during the two days and create a poem using it as inspiration. Swiss Cottage Library, Wednesday from 12pm - 3pm, Thursday from 4pm - 7pm, price unknown, www.camden.gov.uk.
Thu 6 Nov
Adoption open evening 4,000 children in the UK are waiting to be adopted. Camden holds open evenings for anyone who would like to find out more. Events take place regularly if you can’t make this date. Call 0800 0281 436 or email adoption@ camden.gov.uk for more info. Crowndale Centre, 530pm, free, www.camden.gov.uk.
Fri 7 Nov
Black People and the American Presidency: From Shirley Chisholm to Barak Obama While the media focus on Barak Obama they forget to mention that the first Black person to run for president was a woman of Guyanese and Barbadian parentage. Do you know who the Garveyites were? This uplifting and inspiring film will both inform and educate. Kilburn Library, 730pm – 9pm, price unknown, www.camden.gov.uk.
Passage to Freedom Join us in Victoria Tower Gardens to experience a living history production celebrating the lives and work of all those who campaigned to abolish the slave trade.
Enjoy adult, children and family events in all the Royal Parks throughout the year. The Royal Parks are Bushy Park The Green Park Greenwich Park Hyde Park Kensington Gardens The Regentâ€™s Park & Primrose Hill Richmond Park St Jamesâ€™s Park Victoria Tower Gardens n
PROFILE: National Theatre
To be straight with you Lyttelton Theatre, opening night 29 October, limited run to 15 November. Suitable for 16+yrs DV8 return to the National Theatre with TO BE STRAIGHT WITH YOU, a work conceived and directed by Lloyd Newson, playing in the Lyttelton Theatre from 29 October to 15 November. The designer is Uri Omi, with lighting by Beky Stoddart, sound by Adam Hooper and John Avery, and video by Kit Monkman and Tom Wexler (KMA). The cast is Ankur Bahl, Dan Canham, Seke Chimutengwende, Ermira Goro, Hannes Langolf, Coral Messam, Paradigmz, Rafael Paradillo and Ira Mandela Siobhan. Lloyd Newson’s DV8 Physical Theatre has won sixteen awards over the last three years for its stage and film works, including a Prix Italia and the Rose D’Or. Just for Show visited the Lyttelton in 2005. The company’s latest work, TO BE STRAIGHT WITH YOU, is a poetic but unflinching exploration of tolerance, intolerance, religion and sexuality. It incorporates dance, text, documentary, film and animated projections to create a unique piece of theatre. To Be Straight with You is co-produced by spielzeit’europa Berliner Festspiele, National Theatre, London, Maison des Arts de Créteil and Festival d’Automne, Paris. It is an Artsadmin associated project. Opening night: Wednesday 29 October For tickets contact box office on 020 7452 3000 For further information visit www.nationaltheatre.org. uk or contact 020 7452 3400 Readers offer turn to page 165
To find out more visit www.nationaltheatre.org.uk
NationalTheatre ToBe Straight withYou
DV8 Physical Theatre a work conceived and directed by Lloyd Newson
‘Hard-hitting and passionate, you will not be able to resist this life-affirming show.’
A poetic but unflinching exploration of tolerance, intolerance, religion and sexuality incorporating dance, text, documentary, film and animated projections. Suitable for 16 yrs+
29 October – 15 November
photo by Lisa French
by Juliette Binoche and Akram Khan with visual design by Anish Kapoor and music composition by Philip Sheppard
‘This piece – part dance, part play – is straightforward, honest and full of humour.’ thelondonpaper
Co-production sponsored by
Global tour sponsored by
6 September – 20 October Waterloo, Southwark, Embankment
photo by Marianne Rosenstiehl
A major new work of dance theatre created by one of the world’s leading dancer/ choreographers, Akram Khan and Oscar-winning actress Juliette Binoche.
Select your own seat online • no booking fee
020 7452 3000 • nationaltheatre.org.uk
by Croydon residents drawing on their personal interpretations of black culture. After admiring the images post them to your family and friends with your own special message. Space C Gallery, Croydon Clocktower, free, see Clocktower opening times, www.croydon.gov.uk.
Sat 25 Oct
A Community Celebration of Black History Month We close BHM 2008 with a public event celebrating poetry, music, dancing and sketches from the traditions of Africa, the Caribbean islands, Asia and Egypt performed by local community groups. Braithwaite Hall, Croydon Clocktower, 7pm - 930pm, free but booking suggested, tel: 020 8253 1030.
Dalston Kenyan children’s stories take centre stage in Handa’s Surprise at the artsdepot, Sun 9 Nov
Thu 20 Nov
James Baldwin and The Civil Rights Movement James Baldwin was a huge figure in the Civil Rights movement and inspired many through his speeches and books. In this presentation we will see clips of him in action and footage will illustrate race relations in London, America and South Africa at that time. Baldwin’s books are in Camden libraries. Screening and discussion with Tony Warner. Swiss Cottage Library, 730 - 9pm, free, www.camden.gov.uk.
Covent Garden Best of British in support of the Sickle Cell Society As part of a series of events that are set to mark this years Black History Month and in order to raise awareness of the illness Sickle Cell, a selection of the UK’s finest and brightest live performers and DJ’s will come together to perform. Cellar Door has an ethos of working with a diverse range of artists such as the legendary U.S DJ Jazzy Jeff and UK Hip Hop icon Ty. Performing on the night will be Nate James (winner Best Soul artist, Urban Music Awards), rising UK talent Tawiah, Bashy (Black Boys, “Kidulthood to Adulthood”), Char Char (London Gospel Choir), The Thirst (RWD/MTV Base “About to Blow”), Anisa (Radio 1xtra “ILuvLive”) + more. Guanabara, Parker Street, 5pm – 230am, £7 in advance, www.ticketweb.co.uk.
Croydon Tue 7 Oct
Nuru Kane launches Black History Month in Croydon We invite you to join us to launch Croydon’s Black History Month 2008. The celebration will include music from local jazz and RnB musicians Java Groove and Senegalese singer Nuru Kane with his band Bayefall Gnawa. Ranging from heart-rending to footstomping, Kane will make you laugh, cry, sing and dance with his electro-acoustic roots music. Croydon Clocktower, 630pm - 8pm, free but booking suggested, tel: 020 8253 1030.
Wed 15 Oct - Thu 16 Oct
Killer of Sheep (12A) Set in an impoverished black community in South Central LA, Killer of Sheep highlights the plight of a black slaughterhouse worker whose miserable existence creates intense feelings of alienation and dissatisfaction. By focusing on the authentic depiction of the common black working-class experience and the gritty realism of inner-city life, Director, Charles Burnett and his contemporaries strove to initiate social change. David Lean Cinema at Croydon Clocktower, call on tel: 020 8253 1030 for time and price.
Experience the fusion of European and Caribbean culture as you dance a popular 18th Century square dance, the Quadrille, to vintage Caribbean music such as Calypso and Reggae. Dance teacher Debora Alleyne de Gazon will guide you through the steps so no experience required just a love of dancing. Don’t miss the opportunity to have fun and meet new friends. Stanley Halls, 130pm - 4pm, free, www.croydon.gov.uk.
Mon 20 Oct - Mon 17 Nov
Post It! - A photographic celebration of Black History Month Throughout October, postcard exhibitions will be on display at a number of venues across the borough including libraries, leisure centres and schools. The images have been provided
Mon 13 Oct
An Audience with Ra Nu Nefer Amen. The spiritual leader of the Ausar Auset society will be at Centerprise as part of his tour marking the 35th anniversary of Ausar Auset Society. He will also be launching his latest work, Metu Neter Volume 3. Centerprise, 7pm, £10, tel: 020 7254 9632, www.word-power.org.uk.
Sat 18 Oct
The psychological attack on the Afrikan mind through the media Join Anthony T Browder as he discusses his analysis of television and films and their effects on the thought and behavior of African youths and adults. His talk will also include a critique of the February 2008 National Geographic cover story on the Nubian kings of the 25 Dynasty
Thu 16 Oct
Quadrille Tea Dance Stanley Halls Tea Dances host a special Black History Month event.
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Nnenna Okore Exhibition - October Gallery Sun 12 Oct – Sat 6 Dec
and the ongoing attempts to diminish and deny the role that indigenous Africans played in the development of ancient Egyptian civilization. Centerprise, 7pm, £10/£8 at door, tel: 020 7254 9632, www.word-power.org.uk.
Docklands Sat 4 Oct
Caribbean delight Type: Workshops Make a picture book of the Caribbean fruits featured in Valerie Bloom’s Ackee, Breadfruit, Callaloo story. Exploring Caribbean fruits and vegetables with Valerie Bloom’s colourful story and make a picture book of your favourite foods to take home. Museum in Docklands, 230pm, free, tel: 0870 444 3855.
Museum in Docklands, 1145am, free but please book in advance, tel: 0870 444 3855.
Museum in Docklands, 1230pm, 230pm, 330pm, free, tel: 0870 444 3855.
Sat 25 Oct
Thu 30 Oct
Shackles, the Whip and the Drum Discover how and why Caribbean dance differs from the dance of West Africa, the role dance plays in the experience of African enslavement in the Caribbean and enjoy this exciting dance performance. Museum in Docklands, 2pm, free but please book in advance, tel: 0870 444 3855.
Running 1000 miles to freedom Discover the inspiring story of Ellen Craft, the talk of Victorian London. Through Ellen’s audacity and ingenuity she overcame many dangers to become a celebrated abolitionist. Museum in Docklands, 1230pm, 230pm, 330pm, free, tel: 0870 444 3855.
Sat 25 Oct
Tue 28 Oct
The creation of Caribbean dance workshop Although forcefully separated from their homeland and taken to the Caribbean and the Americas, African people preserved their roots. In the fight for freedom they used music and dance as a form of resistance. Find out how and discover how Caribbean dance differs from West African moves and rhythms.
Running 1000 miles to freedom Discover the inspiring story of Ellen Craft, the talk of Victorian London. Through Ellen’s audacity and ingenuity she overcame many dangers to become a celebrated abolitionist. Museum in Docklands, 1230pm, 230pm, 330pm, free, tel: 0870 444 3855.
Preserve your African Caribbean heritage Do you have family objects - eg photographs, textiles - that tell the story of your family’s cultural and historical background? Bring your family treasures into the Museum to find out how to care for them and what they mean. Museum in Docklands, 130pm 530pm, free, 0870 444 3855.
Sun 26 Oct
Pride and Prejudice This theatre and mixed media performance celebrates the Negritude movement and discusses Black history, equality and the spirit of resistance. Enjoy an interactive storytelling inspired by African and Caribbean tales, poetry and live drumming and explore how we see ourselves and understand each other. Museum in Docklands, 1230pm, 230pm, 330pm, free, tel: 0870 444 3855.
Sat 11 Oct
Sat 15 Nov
Running 1000 miles to freedom Discover the inspiring story of Ellen Craft, the talk of Victorian London. Through Ellen’s audacity and ingenuity she overcame many dangers to become a celebrated abolitionist.
Singer Bishi will be performing at Revival – Stop the Killing, Start The Healing, Fri 17 Oct
Stop the Killings, Start the Healing In Association with The Metropolitan Black Police Association, Celebration of Life 2008 will be bringing together the best in soca, soul, gospel, hip hop and new talent to reach out to people young and old and STOP THE VIOLENCE in our cities. Music has no boundaries and is one of the easiest and most effective ways to reach everyone. Hosted by actor and comedian Curtis Walker, acts will include Alison Hinds, Nicolas Branker, the legendary Roachford, the amazing soul singer Tawiah, Bishi and composer Alex Wilson and Peter Hunnigale As Londoners mourn the sad and tragic continuation of teenage killings in the Capital, the Metropolitan Black Police Association is urging the music industry to play its part in reducing the violence on our streets. The Association’s long running anti-violence campaign REVIVAL takes on a new twist this year as their ‘Celebration of Life’ concert convinces the
Opera world to stand along side performers from reggae, pop, hip-hop, RnB and soca, all united in one voice that says ‘Stop the killing and start the healing’. REVIVAL aims to bring communities together, united in the struggle to reduce and eradicate violent and drug-related crimes in our cities. REVIVAL supports and advises many communities on how to handle issues around violence and drugs, and the effects they have, especially amongst the young. The ‘CELEBRATION OF LIFE’ concert is one of the ways the BPA help and communicate the issues to the public, a great night of entertainment and music held during Black History Month in October. Stop the Killings will be held at Royal Festival Hall on Friday 17th October 2008. For more information contact Hedge Seel on 020 7 386 1608 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
| BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 | 151
Ealing Wed 8 Oct
Alex Wheatle Brixton-based author Alex Wheatle, MBE, talks about his 7th novel, The Dirty South, set in Brixton, 20 years after the riots. The Dirty South follows the adventures of teenager Dennis Huggins as he drifts into the easy, dangerous life of the shotta - or drug dealer - and discovers that,
hard as the struggle for respect on the streets is, the struggle for love is harder still. Alex Wheatle was born in 1963 to Jamaican parents living in London. He spent most of his childhood in a children’s home, which he left at 14 to live in a hostel in Brixton. He was awarded an MBE in June 2008 for services to literature. Ealing Central Library, 6.30pm, £2, tel: 020 8567 3670.
Wed 15 Oct
100 years of Black Journalism A talk by Lionel Morrison The first Black president of the NUJ talks about the history of Black journalists and the Black press in Britain. Lionel Morrison is the author of A Century of Black Journalism – a kaleidoscopic view of race and the media 1893-2003. Ealing Central Library, 6.30pm, £2, tel: 020 8567 3670.
Catherine Johnson will be signing copies of her latest children’s novel in Ealing, Thu 16 Oct
Thu 16 Oct
Catherine Johnson book signing Catherine Johnson is a novelist and screenwriter. She has written eleven novels for young adults including Stella, Landlocked and Face Value. Her latest book, A Nest of Vipers, was published in April 2008. She was co-writer on the hugely acclaimed award winning British film Bullet Boy. Invited classes 1.30pm-2.30pm. Ealing Central Library, from 1pm, free, tel: 020 8567 3670.
Wed 22 Oct
The Art of Color Writer and artist Raimi Gbadamosi discusses his reworking of Johannes Itten’s classic text for artists. Ealing Central Library, 6.30pm, free, tel: 020 8567 3670.
Sat 25 Oct
Tracing your Caribbean Roots A talk by Guy Grannum, author of Tracing Your West Indian Ancestors, followed by question and answer session. The talk is a general introduction to Caribbean genealogy aimed predominantly at new researchers. Guy will cover the first steps to starting your research and then describe the most important sources especially those available in the UK or over the Internet. Ealing Central Library, 2.30pm, £2, tel: 020 8567 3670, www.caribbeanroots.co.uk.
Tue 28 Oct
Levi Roots cooks up a culinary delight at Brixton Library. 152 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Malaika Rose Stanley Kids’ Events Meet children’s writer Malaika Rose Stanley, author of Man Hunt, Operation X, Dad Alert, A Different Drum, and Getting Bigger. Tap ’n’ Rap (for infants), 2pm-2.45pm
Come and hear Malaika Rose Stanley’s brand-new story: Baby Ruby Bawled, then help to make another one. Join-in-the-fun story-telling for 5 – 7 year-olds and accompanied, participating adults. Tap ’n’ Rap (for juniors), 3pm-4pm Come along and listen to an exclusive preview of Malaika Rose Stanley’s first new book for ages: Ms Bubble’s Troubles. Then tap ’n’ rap your way to a possible starring role in her next one. A join-in-the-fun story-telling event for 8 – 10 year-olds. Ealing Central Library, 2pm – 4pm, free, tel: 020 8567 3670.
Wed 29 Oct
Windrush 60 Marking the 60th anniversary of the arrival of SS Empire Windrush, Trinidadian Calypso singer/songwriter Alexander D’Great presents Windrush 60, an evening of storytelling and Calypso song, taking the audience on a Caribbean journey of the last 60 years. As well as a new workforce, Britain also gained access to a new culture of Caribbean literature, food, music and fashion. Ealing Central Library, 6.30pm, £2, tel: 020 8567 3670.
Embankment Thu 9 Oct
BFI Film showing and Q&A Song of Freedom The title of this early Paul Robeson film holds an enduring interest. Aside from a charming depiction of London’s dockland community and the chemistry between Paul Robeson and costar Elizabeth Welch, the quest for a lost heritage, however sensational, is hugely resonant today. BFI Southbank, 2pm, price unknown, www.bfi.org.uk.
PROFILE: Talawa Theatre Company
Talawa Theatre Company Telling Tales Talawa Theatre Company is the UK’s leading Black theatre company and its mission is to create productions, nurture talent and welcome audiences. Over the last twenty two years, the company has brought everything from radical productions of Shakespeare to the work of Nobel prize winning writer Wole Soyinka to the British stage. Today it focuses on presenting the full range and variety of the Black British experience so as to entertain, inform and challenge the widest possible audiences, to celebrate talent and enrich British theatre as a whole.
Teacher, Southgate School, Oct 2007
During Autumn 2008
This October we are offering bespoke workshops and longer-term residencies to schools and youth groups for participants aged from 5 - 18 years old. Working closely with teachers and group leaders to identify learning objectives, projects are devised to support curriculum learning across history, citizenship, english and drama. Previous topics have included Windrush and immigration; identity; Black British history.
TYPT 08: photographer: Richard H Smith
Until December, Talawa is presenting a series of play readings at the Young Vic theatre called Flipping the Script: Manz Like Me. The series consists of four punchy, entertaining plays by Black men about the relationships between Black men, exploring them in all their humanity and complexity. The plays are by first time writer, Mark Oliver, master craftsman Mustapha Matura, Cardiff based screen writer Othniel Smith and award winning young playwright, Michael Bhim and are suitable for students over sixteen. Post show talks around the themes of the series and about the plays are available. Because Talawa believes that the power of theatre extends well beyond what happens on the stage, the company also runs a programme of outreach activities aimed at working with schools and community groups. Not only does the company offer a range of workshops suitable for all ages and abilities, it also works with organisations and individuals to create bespoke projects and residences to meet the individual needs of students, participants and theatre makers. Last year for example, Talawa led work that helped students explore Black British history and identity. ‘My grandparents have spoken to me about my history but Talawa Theatre Company have taught me more and have inspired me to believe in myself ‘ Pupil, Southgate School, October 2007.
“Amazingly students, who normally opt out when having to stand up and speak in front of others, were able to contribute to the presentation and felt they were more confident and had raised self-esteem.”
During Spring 2009
Key stage 1 and 2 workshops to accompany Anansi and the Magic Mirror: Storytelling In this workshop students will examine the way in which we tell stories – how they change according to the different perspectives of the teller and the reason for the telling. Our young participants will have the opportunity to practice the art of storytelling. or
‘Amazing how we came up with many of the ideas which really happened in 1948!’ ‘Excellent. V. good way of getting us up to speed on our history. Very inclusive. Well done.’ Comments from parents, Family Learning Workshop, 2007. A range of workshops based around storytelling, language and characterisation will also be on offer early in 2009 to coincide with our family show, Anansi and The Magic Mirror which will be on at the Hackney Empire from February.
Language and Characters Explore how language can be used to create characters. Explore standard and non standard english, its variations and styles, through the many themes of our new Anansi play, including good citizenship.
If you are interested in hearing more about what we can offer you, or booking a project with us, please get in touch with Gail Babb on 0207 251 6644 or by e-mail at email@example.com.
Fri 10 Oct
Between Understanding and Misunderstanding – Global Media and Cultural Diversity The Claudia Jones memorial lecture will this year be given by Doudou Diene, UN Special Raooirteur on Racism between 2002 – 2008. City Hall, 730pm, price unknown, reserve ticket on BMC@nuj.org.uk.
Tue 14 Oct
Egypt on the Thames Ancient Nile Valley Culture has had a profound effect on the development of ancient civilizations in Greece and Rome, and modern culture in France, Britain, German and the United States of America. Join us for an intimate dinner on board The Queen Mary as, Anthony T Browder, author of Nile Valley Contributions to Civilization and Egypt on the Potomac discusses the presence of Egyptian architecture, mythology and symbolism in London and reveal numerous historical secrets that have been hidden in plain sight. The Queen Mary is moored on Victoria Embankment just by Waterloo Bridge, 7pm - 10pm, £50, tel: 020 7254 9632, www.word-power.org.uk.
Fri 17 Oct
Revival – Stop the Killing, Start the Healing As Londoners mourn the sad and tragic continuation of teenage killings in the Capital, the Metropolitan Black Police Association is urging the music industry to play its part in reducing the violence on our streets. The Association’s long running anti-violence campaign Revival takes on a new twist this year as their ‘Celebration of Life’ concert convinces the Opera world to stand along side performers from reggae, pop, hip-hop, RnB and soca, all united in one voice that says ‘Stop the killing and start the healing’. Royal Festival Hall, 730pm, £15/£10 Concessions, tel: 0871 663 2500, www.southbankcentre.co.uk.
Sun 26 Oct
“Natural Born Singers”: Choir Invisible and One Voice Choir Soul-Gospel Concert & Singing Workshop Two of the UK’s most talented and powerful choirs collaborate for this uniquely inspirational event. The concert features 90 singers of Choir Invisible (East Midlands) and 50 singers of One Voice (North-West), singing their own repertoire and music they have
worked on together for this event. Open workshop aimed at adults and young people over 14, and led by directors Sally Brown and Tyndale Thomas MBE, introducing participants to their repertoire of soul, gospel and South African songs - all taught ‘by ear’ in the traditional way without written music. Southbank Centre, Concert: 1pm – 2.30pm, Workshop: 3pm – 5pm, free, tel: 0871 663 2500, www.southbankcentre.co.uk.
Fri 31 Oct
Ghanaian Tribes 101 An enriching and entertaining introduction to Ghana’s tribes. Eloquent and respected traditionalists from the Akan, Ewe, GaDangme and MoleDagbon tribes will engage in an interactive discussion with the audience on matters pertaining to history, kingship, succession, marriage and politics. Living Space, 1 Coral Street, 7pm – 9pm, tel: 079 56 45 60 55.
Greenwich Thu 2 Oct
African Caribbean Literature Reading Group Author Visit Neil Manzini will pre-launch his book ‘Gifted at Primary, Failing by Secondary: A guide to getting the best from your school for your child’. Free refreshments will be provided. West Greenwich Library, 7pm - 9pm, free, tel: 020 8317 4466.
collections of Anita McKenzie and the Greenwich Heritage Centre. A quiz, wordsearches and other activities will be available for schools. For bookings and further information, please contact the Heritage Centre. Greenwich Heritage Centre, 9am – 5pm (Tue – Sat), free, tel: 020 8854 2452.
Sat 11 Oct
Handa’s Surprise Meet Handa in person and explore her story sack full of surprising safari animals and amazing exotic fruits at the Family
Learning Festival opening ceremony. Children can make a grasslands collage and Handa puppet. Age 5 and over. National Maritime Museum, 1130am - 430pm, free, www.greenwich.gov.uk.
Mon 13 Oct
School Screening: The Defiant Ones (1985) Two escaped convicts overcome race related hostilities whilst chained together on the run. Free school screening, suitable for: KS3 KS4 / AS & A-level. Greenwich Picturehouse, 10am, free, tel: 020 7326 2611.
Mon 13 Oct
Reminiscence Screening: The Defiant Ones (1985) Two escaped convicts overcome race related hostilities whilst chained together on the run. Reminiscence screening followed by group discussion with film lecturer Graham Rinaldi.
Thu 2 Oct, Wed 8 Oct, Wed 15 Oct
Lifetimes Premiere performances of 2 new plays performed by Ajoda (African Elders Group) and COFA (Caribbean Over-50s Association) based on their life experience in Africa, the Caribbean and Britain. The plays have been developed through improvisation and rehearsal with the European Reminiscence Network (ERN). Plus a participatory reminiscence theatre workshop and lunch, for all those attending. European Reminiscence Network, 11am - 4pm, price unknown, tel: ERN 020 8852 9293, www. europanreminiscencenetwork.org.
Fri 10 Oct – Sat 1 Nov
Visual History of Africa A visual history of African and Asian people from around the world from the 18th century. An exhibition drawn from the
154 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Tawiah will be performing at Revival – Stop the Killing, Start The Healing, Fri 17 Oct
Greenwich Picturehouse, 1pm, £6/£5 members/£4 Concessions, tel: 020 7326 2611.
Fri 24 Oct
Valerie Bloom Author and Poet Visit Join Valerie Bloom as she reads stories, poems and extracts from her latest book “The Tribe”. Invited schools only. West Greenwich Library, 10am 11am, 1130am - 1230pm, free but advance booking required, tel: 020 8317 4466.
Fri 24 Oct
African Caribbean Music, Drama and Storytelling Workshop Under 5’s African Caribbean music, drama and storytelling in traditional costumes. An opportunity to experience African Caribbean culture, artefacts and food tasting. All activities are for registered users of Sure Start Children’s Centres only. New families, with children under 5, are welcome to register by contacting the Sure Start office. Glyndon Community Centre, 1pm - 3pm, free but advance booking required, tel: 020 8836 9252.
Mon 27 Oct
African Arts Workshop T-Shirt printing using tie dye. All activities are for registered users of Sure Start Children Centres only. New families, with children under 5, are welcome to register by contacting the Sure Start office. Cardwell Children’s Centre, 10am 12pm, free, tel: 020 8836 9252.
Mon 27 Oct – Fri 31 Oct
Citizens Gallery Art Exhibition - Greenwich Young Peoples Council Building on the success of last year’s art exhibition, young people in Greenwich will be running another art competition to celebrate Black History Month. All the entries will be on display during the October half term week. Citizens Gallery, see gallery opening times, free, tel: 020 8921 4764.
Greenwich Youth and Play Equalities Group.
Doing Things with Words: Sundiata-the Great King of Mali Retold by generations of Griotsthe guardians of African culturethe epic history of Sundiata has been handed down from the 10th century and captures all the mysteries and majesty of African medieval kingship.Renowned contemporary Griot Adesose Wallace and Jelibas; Mosi Conde, Kadialy kouyate, Amadou Traore, and Tuup from Dogon Music will Explore the historical, literary, musical and cultural perspective of the story of the true LION KING
OF AFRICA with traditional West African musical orchestration. Greenwich Heritage Centre, 7pm, £4.00/£2 Concessions, advanced booking required, tel: 0208 465 7390, www.dogonmusic.co.uk. Bus: 51 53 54 161 177 180 380 472.
Rwandan music. Greenwich Theatre, 730pm, £15/£12.50 Concessions/£7.50 Children, www.greenwichtheatre.org.uk.
Tue 4 Nov
Thu 2 Oct
Africa’s Hope Inspired by their experiences as genocide survivors, Rwandan theatre group Mashirika come to Greenwich with AFRICA’S HOPE, a fusion of beautiful choreography, lively drum rhythms and vibrant
The Olympics - what does it mean for the community of Hackney? A Talk with Diane Abbott Diane Abbott will be delivering a talk on the Olympics in relation to employment and sport opportunities for the community. A question and answer session will follow. Homerton Library, 6pm, free, tel 020 8356 1690, www.hackney.gov.uk/libraries.
Thu 2 Oct
Thu 30 Oct
Youth In Action The Simba Youth aka “ Da Cubz “ presents their annual BHM Showcase . With performances from The Simba Dance Group “Nu Balanz”, Spoken Word from “ Xclusive” and much more. Simba Family Association, 7pm – 9pm, £0.50 No Concessions, tel: 07961 651166.
Fri 31 Oct
Alex Wheatle will be discussing his seventh book The Dirty South in Ealing, Wed 8 Oct.
Black History Month launch with Dreda Say Mitchell Dreda Say Mitchell Winner of the Crime Writers Association’s John Creasey Memorial Dagger Award, 2005, will launch BHM at CLR James Library. Her novels include ‘Running Hot’ and ‘Killer Tune’. She will speak about being a crime writer and there will be an opportunity to purchase her books. Refreshments will be provided. CLR James Library, 7pm - 8pm, tel: 020 8356 1665, www.hackney.gov.uk/libraries. | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 | 155
Listings Thu 9 Oct
Legacy In The Dust: The Four Aces Story Beaquarr Productions presents Legacy In The Dust’ The Four Aces Story’, founded in the 60’s which for 33 years was the home to the most influential black music and musicians to date. The preview of the documentary feature length film will be followed by a question and answer session with the film director Winstan Whitter and owner of the Four Aces Club Newton Dunbar. To view trailer visit: Hackney Central Library and Museum, 6pm - 8pm, free, tel: 020 8356 3000, www.thefouracesclub.com.
Sat 11 Oct
Learn how to make an African or Caribbean headwrap Have you ever wondered how to create an African or Caribbean headwrap for that special occasion? Well join Christie and friends at Clapton Library and learn how! There will also be a cultural fashion show and food and drink. An event for all of the family. Presented by Hackney Library Services.
Clapton Library, 2pm - 430pm, free, tel: 020 8356 1620, www.hackney.gov.uk/libraries.
Sat 11 Oct
Taste of the Caribbean Smoothie making session Children of all ages are invited to come along and make smoothies using Caribbean fruits. Fresh fruit and juices will be used. Hackney Central Library, 2pm - 4pm, free, tel: 020 8356 2542, www.hackney.gov.uk/libraries.
Wed 15 Oct
Afro Caribbean Flag making Come along and make your own African or Caribbean Flag! Shoreditch Library, 2pm - 3pm, free, tel: 020 8356 4350, www.hackney.gov.uk/libraries.
Thu 16 Oct
The Great Black History Month Quiz Now in its second year at Hackney Museum this information-packed quiz event for all the family. Last year the prize went out of the borough, Hackney needs to reclaim it.Prizes include a junior trophy (under 17s) and senior trophy (adults over 17), book
tokens and DVDs. Have fun, win prizes and learn about Black History. Presented by The Oral History Project. Hackney Central Library and Museum, 5pm - 8pm, free, to enter, tel/text: 07768 276 398, email firstname.lastname@example.org or blakstok@ aol.com with name, address and age.
Sat 18 Oct
African Jewelry Making Make your own jewelry using
authentic colored beads. For age 8-12. CLR James Library, 1030am - 12pm, free, tel: 020 8356 1665, www.hackney.gov.uk/libraries.
Sat 18 Oct
The Black History Love Night Join us for an exploration of love through the years, alongside a talk about how love was forbidden for slaves. Includes; Poetry, Song, A short play and Dance. Hackney Central Library, please contact the library directly for time, free, tel 020 8356 2542, www.hackney.gov.uk/libraries.
Sat 25 Oct
Hackney Archives Community History Day - are you part of Hackney’s history? Come along to find out more about Hackney’s past, and how you can contribute to the history recorded in Hackney’s archives. If you think you have photographs or documents which we might be interested in, please bring them along and talk to staff at the Archives. If you don’t want to part with your photos and personal papers, we can always scan them. We are particularly interested in the memories of those from the Windrush generation. Hackney Archives, 11am - 4pm, free, tel 020 7241 2886, www.hackney.gov.uk/ca-archives.
Sat 25 Oct
Black History Fashion Show and Arts Fair A fashion show showcasing young black talent in Fashion and Crafts. Please contact the library to book in advance. Homerton Library, 3pm - 5pm, free, tel 020 8356 1690, www.hackney.gov.uk/libraries. Yaka 440 helps Baba Israel explore his roots in Boom Bap, showing at the Albany, Fri 17 Oct & Sat 18 Oct. 156 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
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Tue 28 Oct
Stories from Africa and the Caribbean. Clapton Library, 11am - 1145am, free, tel: 020 8356 1620, www.hackney.gov.uk/libraries.
made between 1969 and 2006. Includes showings of Several Friends, The Horse, When It Rains and Quiet as Kept. Riverside Studios, 715pm, price unknown, tel: 020 8237 1010.
Wed 29 Oct
Wed 8 Oct
The African 3 D’s Come along and experience first hand the African 3 D’s – Drumming, Dancing and Dressing! Shoreditch Library, 2pm - 4pm, free, tel 020 8356 4350, www.hackney.gov.uk/libraries.
Killer of Sheep The film examines the Los Angeles ghetto of Watts in the mid-1970s through the eyes of Stan, a sensitive dreamer who is increasingly disillusioned by his work at the slaughterhouse. Riverside Studios, 840pm, price unknown, tel: 020 8237 1010.
Thu 30 Oct
Living in the 1960s – story telling and role play Try on outfits from the 1960s and settle down in our 1960s front room. Hear people’s amazing tales of leaving the Caribbean and making a new home in England. This will be your chance to ask questions and find out what happens next in this interactive performance. Hackney Central Library and Museum, 2pm - 4pm, free, tel: 020 8356 3000.
Wed 1 Oct 2008 – Feb 2009
Carnival Roots & Rhythm An educational display looking at the origins of carnival and the spectacle in place today. The exhibition includes a new shortfilm by local film-maker Angela Phillips, on the importance of Carnival to the elders in Haringey’s Black community. Bruce Castle Museum, Wed – Sun 1pm – 5pm, free, tel: 020 8808 8772.
Thu 30 Oct
Black History Kidz Competition Who will be crowned the Libraries’ smartest child? Think it could it be you? Well come along, tell the audience where you’re from, answer questions on Black History and new Black History and find out! CLR James Library, 2pm - 4pm, tel 020 8356 1665, www.hackney.gov.uk/libraries.
Thu 30 Oct
Loaded :Lyrics II The Windrush Edition / The Mother Land A musical journey from the urban
Wed 1 Oct - Fri 31 Oct Carnival Roots and Rhythm
rap of the streets of Hoxton to the calypso and swing of the Motherland, Hoxton young people aged 11-17 showcase urban lyrics, loaded with stories and music influenced by black immigration and inspired by the 1948 journey of the SS Windrush. Hoxton Hall, 7pm - 8pm, £4 /£1 Concessions, tel: 020 7684 0060, www.hoxtonhall.co.uk.
Windrush, the voyage from the Caribbean to Tilbury. Our exhibition will present the rooms and memories of the Windrush generation who first came to Hackney. Hackney Central Library and Museum, Tuesday to Saturday 10am - 5pm, free, tel: 020 8356 3000.
Until Sat 15 Nov
Tue 16 Sep - Sun 12 Oct
Living Under One Roof Commemorating the 60th anniversary of the Empire
Hammersmith 1800 Acres by David Myers Running away from Brooklyn to make a new start with her teenage son Linda, an affluent African-American woman buys a ranch in West Texas. But when the original owner refuses to move out, violent physical and psychological battles ensue. Demanding his own relationship to the land, Linda’s son Jacob begins a mysterious ritual in the moonlight. Please Note: This performance contains nudity. Riverside Studios, Tuesday Saturday at 8pm, Thursday matinees at 1pm, Saturday matinees at 230pm, Sundays at 5pm, £17.50/£14 Concessions, tel: 020 8237 1010.
Wed 8 Oct One of the many pieces of artwork on display in Greenwich for Black History Month. 158 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Charles Burnett Shorts Some of the directors short films,
One Love: An Exhibition Of Paintings By Richard Blackford Artist Richard Blackford is passionate about cricket, people and the Jamaican way of life. Jamaica had begun to experience social disintegration as a result of the clash of political ideologies between the ruling Peoples National Party and the opposition Jamaica Labour Party in the mid 1970s. Musician Bob Marley was invited by the warring factions to perform at a Peace Concert. Marley invited the two party leaders on stage where he joined their hands to the tune “One Love”. The Original Gallery, 12pm – 4pm, free, tel: 020 8489 1118.
Wed 1 Oct to Fri 31 Oct
Private View: 1st October, 7 to 9pm Jamaican Engineering: An Exhibition of paintings by Newton Matticks After working for many years in the engineering industry Jamaican-born Newton Matticks turned his skills to documenting the everyday life of the ordinary person in Britain – work, current events, objects, etc… – in the form of artwork. And the colours and vitality of his Caribbean background just keep seeping through… Fabulous! The Promenade Gallery, Monday to Friday 1pm - 7pm, Saturday and
Sunday 12pm - 4pm, free, tel: 020 8489 1118.
Wed 1 Oct - Sun 28 Dec
Memories from the Islands An exhibition of specially commissioned photographs of the Caribbean from the 1950s and 1960s. First shown 6 years ago, these images were chosen by members of Haringey University of the Third Age from the many presented to them by Sara Griffiths of the National Archives, and includes their personal observations and emotional responses. Bruce Castle Museum, Wednesday to Sunday 1pm – 5pm, free, tel: 020 8808 8772.
Wed 1 Oct
What Did The Windrush Do For Us? Find out about how those who arrived on the SS Empire Windrush helped to shape today’s London. Hornsey Library, 930am -11am, free but by invitation only, tel: 020 8489 1118.
Thu 2 Oct
Book launch: Black Hair Growth Secrets Revealed Having observed the difficulty that Black women go through to achieve greater hair length, Elizabeth Vincent set out to change lives with up-to-theminute information and resources – equally useful to Black men and anyone else struggling with growing their hair. A black hair mini workshop follows the launch. Coombes Croft Library, 7pm – 8pm, free, tel: 020 8489 8771.
Mon 6 Oct
West African Drumming Join us to enjoy songs and stories from West Africa, with Music for Change Music for Change is committed to developing cultural understanding and respect for cultural diversity through music and the arts in educational, community settings and through events and projects. Muswell Hill Library, 10am – 11am, free, tel: 020 8489 8773, www. musicforchange.org.
Mon 6 Oct
Knife Crime – 10,220 Incidents Too Many: A Public Discussion with the Metropolitan Black Police Association (MetBPA) Marcus Garvey Library, 7pm – 830pm, free, tel: 020 8489 5309. An interactive discussion about the knife crime and role of the family led by the Metropolitan
Bamako, on at the Odeon Wimbledon, 7.30pm, invitation only – call, tel: 020 8545 3399.
Black Police Association. Marcus Garvey Library, 7pm – 830pm, free, tel: 020 8489 5309.
Wed 8 Oct – Sun 28 Dec
Carnival Faces Workshop An educational 90 minute hands-on workshop specifically designed for key stage 2. Children explore the history and art of carnival make-up, create their own carnival design, and learn how to apply the paints. Each session caters for up to 30 children, with a flat fee of £50 per workshop payable two weeks in advance. Bruce Castle Museum, Wednesdays, Thursdays and Fridays, advance booking, tel: (advance booking only), tel: Leenita Gupte, 0208 829 0388, Bridget MacKernan, 020 8808 8772, email@example.com.
Our life ... is land ... is culture At 27, Samantha Hobson is one of a handful of young celebrated Aboriginal artists exhibiting widely both in her native Australia and abroad. Samantha Hobson began painting with the Lockhart River Art Gang, a group of young Indigenous painters from the remote Lockhart River community on the east coast of the far northern tip of Queensland. The Art Centre soon became the nucleus for a dynamic school of creative development. Her work is inspired by the beauty of the East Cape and by the fast disappearing traditional beliefs, with darker references to domestic violence and harsh social conditions experienced by many Aboriginal peoples in isolated communities.
traditions of aboriginal iconography. Her works are held in the collections of the National Gallery of Australia, the National Gallery of Victoria, the Queensland Art Gallery, the Columbus State University,Georgia, USA and the Kluge-Ruhe Aboriginal Art Collection, Virginia, USA. Exhibition: Samantha Hobson: Our life ... is land ... is culture, Exhibition dates: 11 September-11 October 2008, Opening hours: Tuesday – Saturday 12.30 – 5.30pm
Her work is close to abstract expressionism, sitting outside the accepted
Wed 8 Oct
Haringey’s Official Launch of Black History Month 2008 Introduced by Cllr George Meehan Leader of Haringey Council, with David Lammy MP for Tottenham; and Mike Phillips, co-author of Windrush: The Irresistible Rise of Multi-Racial Britain plus freelance cultural journalist and columnist Felicity Heywood speaking on The Pursuit of Concealed Histories A short presentation by the charity Maluju UK on the 1882 visit of www.blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk
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Cetshwayo, King of the Zulus, and plans to actively honour his journey. Wood Green Central Library, 7pm – 9pm, free, tel: 020 8489 2780.
Thu 9 Oct
The Black Struggle for Civil and Human Rights An interactive seminar discussing the story of how Black people have attempted to gain equality. Historian Robin Walker considers the achievements of Booker T Washington, Marcus Garvey, Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, and our Black British politicians. Marcus Garvey Library, 7pm – 9pm, free, tel: 020 8489 5309.
Mon 13 Oct
In Conversation with Catherine Johnson Young People’s writer, Catherine Johnson - author of Hero, Stella and A Nest of Vipers talks about her work. Wood Green Central Library, 930am - 1030am, free, tel: 020 8489 2780.
Tue 14 Oct
Adinkra Printing Come along and learn about the ancient art of printing. Adinkra is a type of cloth made by
the Ashanti people of Ghana with a thick black plant dye. The dyers use stamps carved from calabash to cover cloth with patterns. There are over a hundred patterns referring to Ashanti proverbs, historic people, animals and events. Marcus Garvey Library Children’s Library, 2pm – 3pm, free, tel: 030 8489 5309.
Tue 14 Oct
Windrush Pioneers: How they changed Britain forever Interactive seminar with historian Arthur Torrington OBE, secretary of the Equiano Society, and the Windrush Foundation. The first of two sessions with Patrick Vernon which aim to introduce people of African/Caribbean origin to family history tracing using print and online sources. Patrick Vernon is the founder of Every Generation - winner of the 2003 CRE Race in the Media Award for best website. He received a double Windrush Award in 2003. Wood Green Central Library, 7pm – 9pm, free, tel: 020 8489 2780.
Fri 24 Oct
Trace Your Family History The first of two sessions with
Memories from the Islands.
Patrick Vernon which aim to introduce people of African/ Caribbean origin to family history tracing using print and online sources. Patrick Vernon is the founder of Every Generation winner of the 2003 CRE Race in the Media Award for best website. He received a double Windrush Award in 2003. Wood Green Central Library, 7pm 9pm, free, tel: 020 8489 2780.
Saturday 25th October
Life in Tottenham in the 1950s and the1960s. Reminiscence with living legend Bill Guy. In 1986 Bill Guy was the fastest man in the world over the age of 55, with a time of 11.9 seconds for the 100metres. 4 times Gold Medal winner at the world Athletics Championships, Bill was born in Guyana, joined the US Navy in 1948 and moved to Britain in 1950. He was profiled on BBC2’s Ebony Programme in 1988. Marcus Garvey Library, 5pm – 630pm, free, tel: 020 8489 5309.
Mon 27 Oct - Fri 31 Oct
“Diamonds” of the WindrushAn exhibition Tthe first West Indian immigrants to the United Kingdom after the Second World War: Their stories, progress and difficulties experienced in settling and integrating into British society. Unit 5, St. Georges Estate, Monday to Friday 9.30am - 4.30 pm, open to public Thursday 12pm – 2pm, tel: 020 8489 1384.
Wed 29 October
Comedian Walker Curtis will be performing at Revival – Stop the Killing, Start The Healing, Fri 17 Oct. 160 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Evening Talk And Discussion “On Post-Black” A plea by award winning author Diran Adebayo for the Black community to move beyond the approaches and mindset that have dominated the Black-British landscape since Windrush;
towards a new ‘Post-black’ agenda in cultural, political and social areas. Diran Adebayo will talk for about 30 /40 minutes and then lead what promises to be a passionate discussion. Bruce Castle Museum, 730pm – 9pm, free, tel: 020 8808 8772.
Fri 31 Oct
Family History Workshop With Patrick Vernon The second of two sessions with Patrick Vernon which aim to introduce people of African/ Caribbean origin to family history tracing using print and online sources. Patrick Vernon is the founder of Every Generation - winner of the 2003 CRE Race in the Media Award for best website. He received a double Windrush Award in 2003. Marcus Garvey Library, tel: 020 8489 5309, free, tel: 020 8808 8772.
Highbury Fri 10 Oct
Children Special Readings, book signing and Writing for Children Workshop with by Verna Wilkins. Joining Verna for book signing is the actor, Rudolph Walker (EastEnders’ fame). The writing workshop, from 2-3PM will show participants how to come up with ideas for children’s stories; consider their structure and development and find out how the market for children’s books work. The Emirates, Arsenal Stadium Conference Hall, 12pm - 3pm, free, tel: 020 7254 9632, www.word-power.org.uk.
Fri 10 Oct
The Student Hour 4-5PM In celebrating the 25th Anniversary of Africa World Press, Word Power 2008 will
host reading for students by top academics, published by the press. Today there will be reading by Dr Gaim Kibreab, author of Critical Reflection on the Eritrean and Muhammed Umar, author of Amina.FREE The Emirates, Arsenal Stadium Conference Hall, 4pm - 5pm, free, tel: 020 7254 9632, www.word-power.org.uk.
Sat 11 Oct
Women Poetry Hour Performance poetry by women who contributed to the anthology “Temba Tupu”. Hosted by the editor, Dr. Nagueyalti Warren. The Emirates, Arsenal Stadium Conference Hall, 12pm - 1pm, free, tel: 020 7254 9632, www.word-power.org.uk.
Sat 11 Oct
The Manley Memoirs As a young girl, starved of her mother’s love because she was darker than her siblings and forced to do housework while her sisters relaxed, Beverley was a modern-day Cinderella. Told incessantly that she was good for nothing, she defied her mother’s prophecy by becoming a household name in local radio, television and on stage. It was her path at the then Jamaica Broadcasting Corporation that lead her to Michael Manley and the Jamaica House. Join Beverley Manley as she reads from and sign copies of her explosive tell-all biography! The Emirates, Arsenal Stadium Conference Hall, 1pm - 2pm, free, tel: 020 7254 9632, www.word-power.org.uk.
The Emirates, Arsenal Stadium Conference Hall, 4pm - 5pm, free, tel: 020 7254 9632,
Sat 11 Oct
An Audience with Jacob Ross Jacob Ross launches his first novel: Pynter Bender The Emirates, Arsenal Stadium Conference Hall, 6pm, free, tel: 020 7254 9632, www.word-power.org.uk.
Sat 11 Oct – Sun 12 Oct
Images of Self ~Unravelling Identity This two day conference brings together some of the most influential minds of the Afrikan Diaspora, on the subject of cultural identity and consciousness, spiritual transformation and personal empowerment. The Emirates, Arsenal Stadium Conference Hall, 10am - 5pm, One day: £45/£35 Concessions, Both days: £75/£60 Concessions, Induvidual lectures (where space) £12, tel: 020 7254 9632, www.word-power.org.uk.
Sun 12 Oct
Health Empowerment Dr Suzar Epps, author of Drugs Masquerading as Foods will give a lecture on health and wellbeing. The Emirates, Arsenal Stadium Conference Hall, 12pm - 2pm, £10, tel: 020 7254 9632, www.word-power.org.uk.
One of the many exhibitions featured at the London Slavery Museum.
Sat 11 Oct
Brothers on A Vibe Performance poetry by three top male Poets: M.K.Asante, Jr., Victor Richards and Kwame McPherson. The Emirates, Arsenal Stadium Conference Hall, 3pm - 4pm, free, tel: 020 7254 9632, www.word-power.org.uk.
Sat 11 Oct
The Student Hour Join, Edgar J. Ridley, author of Symbolism Revisited and The Golden Apple, as he discusses Black peoples’ negative attitude towards creating wealth for children and ourselves. Also, Prof Chege Githoria discusses his work, Afro Mexican which reveals the conditions of arrival and establishment of Africans in Mexico within the context of Spanish colonialism and the racebased socio-economic hierarchy known as sistema de castas.
Poster of Bamako, showing 13 October at the Odeon Wimbledon.
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Amateur Film Night at the Imperial War Museum Tickets £5.50, Friends of the Imperial War Museum and concessions £4.50 Featuring highlights from the Museum’s rich collection of amateur films, this event will look at the special value of amateur cinema in recording the private, personal and sometimes secret moments in history not covered by official cameramen. Screened with a live piano accompaniment. For more information visit Imperial War Museum, 7pm, £5.50/£4.50 Concessions for members, tel: 020 7416 5439, www.iwm.org.uk.
Until 29 Mar 2009
From War to Windrush To mark the sixtieth anniversary of the arrival of the MV Empire Windrush in Britain in 1948, this exhibition tells the personal stories of the involvement of Black men and women from the West Indies and Britain in the First and Second World Wars. Imperial War Museum, 10am – 6pm, tel: 020 7416 5439.
Until 1 Jan 2010
Memories from the Islands.
Sun 12 Oct
An Audience with Ra Un Nefer Amen The spiritual leader of the Ausar Auset society will be at Centerprise as part of his tour marking the 35th anniversary of Ausar Auset Society. He will also be launching his latest work, Metu Neter Volume 3. The Emirates, Arsenal Stadium Conference Hall, 3pm - 5pm, £10, tel: 020 7254 9632, www.word-power. org.uk.
Sun 12 Oct
An evening of Jamaican Dub Poetry The closing event of Word Power 2008 will feature a poetry performance by the Jamaica born internationally recognised, African conscious poet, activist and reggae artist, Mutabaruka. Revolutionary, firey and scathing, Mutabaruka’s words are as potent in performance as on paper or CD. This event will give you the opportunity to hear about Mutabaruka’s career and enjoy a special performance. The Emirates, Arsenal Stadium Conference Hall, 6pm - 8pm, £10, tel: 020 7254 9632, www.word-power.org.uk.
Imperial War Museum Sat 25 Oct
Windrush Lecture Series: Propaganda in the Empire 1.00pm, Conference Room Led by Tony Warner, Director of Education for the 100 Black Men of London, these monthly events will feature a combination of guest speakers, films and audience discussion, all linked to the From War to Windrush exhibition. Imperial War Museum Conference Room, 1pm, free, tel: 020 7416 5439.
The Children’s War This major exhibition looks at the home front in Britain and the impact of the Second World War through the eyes of the children who lived through it. Incorporating hands-on activities for visitors of all ages, it also features the popular 1940s house and part of a post-war prefab. Imperial War Museum, 10am – 6pm, tel: 020 7416 5439.
Crimes against humanity A specially-commissioned 30-minute film is the central element of this exhibition, which examines the themes of genocide and ethnic conflict – looking at some of the common features shared by the horrendous
bloodshed in Armenia, Nazioccupied Europe, Cambodia, East Timor, Bosnia, Rwanda and elsewhere. Imperial War Museum, 10am – 6pm, tel: 020 7416 5439.
Islington Sat 27 Sep
Launch Event – Family Science Conference This launch event celebrates the broad theme of science, with workshops, stalls, cookery demonstrations, entertainment, celebrity speakers and even a ‘zoofari’. New North Community School, 1pm - 6pm, www.islington.gov.uk.
The Central Library Science Lecture Series and Gallery Exhibition A poster exhibition of famous black scientists forms the backdrop to a four-part lecture series. Scientists, historians and social commentators host these evening sessions. Central Library, 2 Fieldway Crescent, library opening times, free, www.islington.gov.uk.
Fri 31 Oct
Black History Month Finale Event: Celebrating Local Achievements The finale includes performances from Islington’s leading jazz youth band, local dancers and singers and testimonies and speeches from a range of people from the borough. Venue to be confirmed, 2pm - 5pm, www.islington.gov.uk.
Kensington & Chelsea Wed 24 Sep
Moroccan Music and Storytelling at Leighton House Museum
Mon 27 Oct - Fri 31 Oct
Black History Month: Family Workshops 1.00pm – 3.00pm As a family, learn about the personal stories of African, Asian and Caribbean servicemen and women in the Second World War during this hands-on drop-in session. Children can make their own recruitment posters and fit pieces into a puzzle of the world. Imperial War Museum, 1pm - 3pm, free but requires accompaniment by adult, tel: 020 7416 5439.
Wed 22 Oct 7.00pm
’Kept in the Cupboard’:
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Choir Invisible sing the gospel at the South Bank Centre, Sun 26 Oct.
Let your imagination fly with Hassan Erraji, a master musician and storyteller from Marrakesh, Morocco. Hassan will be telling Berber mountain stories, Arabian folk tales and other fabulous fables that he wrote or learned from the elders of his community where this tradition of storytelling is part of everyday life and culture. After the performance there will be a unique chance to view the Dakka Marrakesh exhibition by the acclaimed photographer Hassan Hajjaj for free. Leighton House Museum, 4pm 5pm, free but booking required, tel: 020 7361 3204, firstname.lastname@example.org
Fri 3 Oct
Transplantations Tour: Around the World in Holland Park This unconventional guided tour will combine botany, travelogue, music and dance to uncover the origins and stories of the diverse range of trees from around the world now growing in Holland Park. Musicians and dancers will transport you to the trees’ countries of origin through live performances in beautiful settings along the route. Featuring Lebanese oud player Abdul Salam Kheir, Romanian singer Dana Codorean-Berciu, Colombian harpist Diego Laverde and Sinman Dance Company performing their beautiful and delicate Chinese ribbon and fan dance. A podcast and map of the tour will be available afterwards on the website at www.rbkc.gov.uk/ acrossthestreet. Meet at the Stableyard, 1pm 230pm, free but booking required, tel: 020 7361 3204, email@example.com
the catacomb and graves of notable exiles and immigrants ending up in the candle-lit Dissenters’ Chapel for a fantastic night of music and spoken word performances exploring themes of exile and immigration. With Bernardine Evaristo, Agnes Meadows, Baden Prince, Yemisi Blake and music provided by Drum & Flute. Hosted by the fabulous writer and performer Dzifa Benson. Kensal Green Cemetery, Meet outside the Anglican Chapel, Tour: 3pm - 4.30pm, Performances: 5pm 7pm, Gallery: 1958 exhibition open until 8pm, free but booking required, tel: 020 7361 3204, firstname.lastname@example.org. uk, www.historytalk.org, directions see www.kensalgreen.co.uk.
Thu 16 Oct
Unheard Voices – Royal Court Theatre A fantastic chance to see a
professional script-in-hand performance of extracts of four plays written by talented young people from the Royal Court’s playwriting project for young Muslim writers. Exploring themes such as identity, the cultural divide and the role of women, these plays offer a highly entertaining and engaging glimpse into the lives of young Muslim Londoners. Westbourne Studios, 7pm - 830pm, free but booking required, tel: 020 7361 3204, email@example.com.
Tue 21 Oct
Secret London Tour: Notting Hill Hidden Histories Join London Blue Badge Guide and LBC contributor Diane Burstein for a walking tour of Notting Hill to uncover the history, diversity and hidden corners of this fascinating area.
Fri 24 Oct
Secret London Tour: Traces of Frestonia and Notting Dale Frestonia was the name adopted by the residents of Freston Road in Notting Dale when they attempted to secede from the United Kingdom in 1977. Actor David Rappaport was once the Foreign Minister, whilst playwright Heathcote Williams served as Ambassador to Great Britain. Frestonia even had its own newspaper and postage stamps! Join Diane Burstein on a tour of the streets that formed ‘Frestonia’ and the ancient Notting Dale to search for the traces left by this fascinating era of local history. Meet outside Holland Park Tube station at 230pm - 430pm, free but booking required, tel: 020 7361 3204, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Sun 26 Oct – Mon 27 Oct
African story telling: Ananse the Spider In parts of Africa, folk stories about an adventurous spider called Ananse are passed down through the generations by word of mouth. Join a Nigerian storyteller from Abundance Art in the Flett Foyer as she uses African drums, songs and words to tell us the tale of Ananse. Natural History Museum, 2pm and 4pm, free, www.nhm.ac.uk/whats-on
Thu 9 Oct
Steel Pan Workshops with Mangrove Steel Band The steel drum is the pride of the Caribbean and the only acoustic musical instrument invented in the 20th century. This workshop is a fantastic hands-on opportunity to learn more about important aspects of Caribbean culture and will end with a group performance! The Tabernacle, 4pm - 5pm, 5pm 6pm, free but booking required, tel: 020 7361 3204, email@example.com
Tue 28 Oct
BFM International Film Festival: ‘Identity’ shorts A night hosted by the BFM International Film Festival featuring an inspiring and thought-provoking selection of short films exploring British identity followed by Q&A with directors Stephen Bourne and Menelik Shabazz:Aunt Esther’s Story (Stephen Bourne/Andrew Warrington, 15min) Stephen Bourne tells the story of his aunt, Esther Bruce, a workingclass Black Londoner born before the First World War living in Kensington High Street. Step Forward Youth (Menelik Shabazz, 25 min) Q&A It’s 1976 and first generation young people of West Indian
Tue 14 Oct
Kensal Green Cemetery Tour and Performances: Exiles and Immigrants Come and explore one of Britain’s oldest and most beautiful Victorian cemeteries. This unique event will begin with a tour of
The tour will explore how African Caribbean, Moroccan, Jewish, Indian, Spanish, Portuguese and Serbian groups have contributed to the rich mix of the area. Meet at Notting Hill Gate Tube station outside WHSmith, 230pm 430pm, free but booking required, tel: 020 7361 3204, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Black Hair Growth Workshop
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descent give their views on growing up in England. Shot both in Ladbroke Grove and Brixton. Two other films follow The Tabernacle, 7pm - 9pm, free but booking required, tel: 020 7361 3204, email@example.com.
Wed 5 Nov
Islamic Geometry Arts Workshop Geometrical Patterns feature heavily in Islamic architecture. This workshop will provide students with an insight into the history of Islamic Geometry Pattern and show you how to make your own beautiful geometric patterns. Muslim Cultural Heritage Centre, 4pm - 530pm, free but booking required, tel: 020 7361 3204, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Thu 6, 10, 13, 17, 24 Nov
Michael X: A new play by Vanessa Walters Who was Michael X? Black Power activist and groundbreaking political icon? Trouble-maker,
pimp and murderer? This controversial character is brought to life in Vanessa Walter’s new play which delves into the politics of Britain in the 1960s and the transformation of Michael de Freitas into Michael X told by the man himself. The Tabernacle, 730pm - 830pm, £5, tel: 020 7361 3204, email@example.com.
Wed 12 Nov
Tabernacle Treasure Hunt Wander through the echoes of the past in a new local histories treasure hunt devised by SPID Theatre Company for the recently re-opened Tabernacle Arts Centre. Stories await your discovery in hidden nooks and crannies. Fantastic local residents populate the halls with funny and poignant stories about Notting Hill and their personal journeys to the area. Find the residents. Collect the stories. Unearth the treasure. The Tabernacle, 7pm - 830pm, free but booking required, tel: 020 7361 3204, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Wed 3 Dec
Royal Court Theatre: Alfred Fagon Award 2008 A special invitation from the Royal Court Theatre to be among the first to get a glimpse of the work-in-progress of a brand new play! Come and enjoy a rehearsed reading of the winning play from this year’s Alfred Fagon Award 2008 which inspires British writers of African and Caribbean descent. Royal Court Theatre, 4pm - 6pm, free of charge but booking required, tel: 020 7565 5000.
Fri 12 Dec
Gospel Christmas Sing-a-long This festive outdoor performance will feature 10 glorious singers from the award-winning gospel group The Kingdom Choir. Combining classic gospel numbers such as Swing Low Sweet Chariot and Lean on Me with lush arrangements of your favourite Christmas carols, this heart-warming performance is guaranteed to chase away those winter chills. Outside Kensington Town Hall civic reception, 1pm - 130pm, free, tel: 020 7361 3204 or email@example.com
Kings Cross Fri 10 Oct
Heated Exchange: Hip Hop Vs Rap Do our youths understand what they are listening to? What is Hip Hop and how does it differ from Rap? Is Rap music, a socially destructive force which affects consciousness and destroys the mind and body of the listener? Is Hip Hop, the real voice of the youths, as a vehicle for political expressions? Wayne B Chandler will argue that rap is an industrialized cultural weapon use to weaken the inner spiritual force of Black youths and keep violence prevalent in the Global Black community. He will also trace Hip Hops roots to Africa and offer ways, in which we can reclaim, re-educate and redirect the flow of the Black music, so that our youths choose wisely their musical direction. Hosted by Jonzi’ D, and featuring a poetry performance from M.K. Asante, Jr., hip hop performance from Young Rootz and London street dance crew, Manic Boiz, the event promises to be a night of pure edutaintment. The Camden Centre, Doors open from 6pm, Showtime: 7pm, £10 in advance, tel: 020 7254 9632, www. word-power.org.uk. Jackie Walker, who will be reading from Pilgrim State. 164 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Life In Tottenham in the 50s and 60s
Wed 22 Oct
The Great African Scandal Camden Fairtrade Network presents Channel 4 film African Scandal. Camden Town Hall, from 7pm (Film starts at 8pm), limited tickets, email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Lambeth Fri 3 Oct
Lambeth Black History Month Launch 7pm Nettlefold Hall Lambeth Libraries invite you to join us for the official launch of Black History Month 2008. The evening will be a celebration of black literature and arts – a fantastic evening including the spirit of the sixties, poetry performance, African juggling with Emmanuel the Magnificent and much more. We are really pleased that this year’s key note speech will be from local author Alex Wheatle who recently received an MBE for his work in literature. This is an invite only event with limited seating. For your invitation please email Lambeth Libraries at email@example.com. uk or telephone 020 7926 1075.
Wed 8 Oct
Bronze Woman launch The Bronze Woman is the first statue of a black woman to be publicly displayed in England. It depicts the subject of Cecile Nobrega’s poem The Bronze Woman which celebrates the achievements of Caribbean woman in Britain. The monument will be unveiled in Stockwell Memorial Garden, 2pm -6pm, free, www.stockwell.gov.uk.
Wed 15 Oct
Verna Wilkins and Rudolph Walker
As part of the National Year of Reading, invited Lambeth schools will get to meet Eastenders star Rudolph Walker OBE along with top-selling children’s author Verna Wilkins at Brixton Library. This is an event for invited schools only but will be a brilliant opportunity for Lambeth schoolchildren to meet two leading figures in acting and writing. Brixton Library, 1030am, free, tel: 020 7926 1056.
Thu 16 Oct
Tue 21 Oct
Lambeth’s Black Queer Pulse Speakers include Linda Bellos OBE and Dennis Carney. Brixton has always had a rich and diverse Black and queer contemporary social history from the early 19th Century to the present day. This event through informal discussions with artists, activists and cultural producers will shed light on the unique place Brixton holds within the Black LGBT experience in the UK. Come along and share your stories, memories and experiences. Minet Library, 7pm, free, tel: 020 7926 6076.
Wed 22 Oct
Levi Roots - Reggae, Reggae Cookbook TV’s dragon slayer Levi Roots brings carnival to the kitchen with his hot’n’spicy debut cookbook. Building on this success and his ever-growing popularity as a food hero, Levi Roots now has his very own cookbook! Levi Roots’ Reggae Reggae Cookbook brings the excitement and vitality of Caribbean flavours to cooking. This bright and colourful book brings together influences as diverse as Jamaican folk tales, Notting Hill Carnival and the music of Bob Marley to create family-friendly food with that famous jerk kick. Brixton Library, 7pm, free, tel: 7926 1056.
Fri 24 Oct
Noh Budget Films – Da Playas Klub Performances, Film, live music
Slavery Museumn Docklands
spoken word and lots of audience participation, discussion and debate and laughter – A fun packed evening based around sexual health issues amongst young men. For further information please contact Tony Nettlefold Hall, 730pm, price unknown, tel: Cealy at Noh Budget Films 07956 877358, info@ nohbudgetfilms.freeserve.co.uk
Thu 30 Oct
Chinua Achebe – Things Fall Apart 50th Anniversary Things Fall Apart (1958) was the first novel written by Chinua Achebe, two years prior to Nigerian Independence in 1960. 50 years after the novel was first published, Things Fall Apart has sold over 30 million copies worldwide and has been published in several languages and its author has received the unoffcial title of ‘father of the African novel’. In this moving tale Achebe explores the impact of the colonial encounter between the British and the Igbo of South Eastern Nigeria at the turn of the 19th century through his tragic protagonist, Okonkwo. Streatham Library, 7pm, free, tel: 020 7926 6768.
Fri 31 Oct
More Than Skin Deep – Black Germany: A view from the Arts Black Germany: A View from the Arts is the first of a series of films exploring the theme of Black identity through the eyes of a creative community. This first film looks at Black German identity and the expression of that identity through the work
of Black German artists. The film showing will be followed by a panel discussion and social. Nettlefold Hall, 630pm for 730pm, £7, tel: 020 7926 8070.
Sat 8 Nov
Celebrating Our Century, Lambeth Archives Open Day In the centenary year of Lambeth Town Hall we are exploring some of the many different
personal and public Lambeth histories of the last 100 years. There are activities for all the family including Punch and Judy, story telling and the Lambeth Centenary mosaic. Black Cultural Archives will be running Caribbean Family History workshops at 12.45pm and again at 4.15pm explaining how to get started on tracing your own roots. There will be a screening
NationalTheatre DV8 Physical Theatre a work conceived and directed by Lloyd Newson
‘Hard-hitting and passionate, you will not be able to resist this life-affirming show.’ Guardian
Top price tickets £25 (usually £30) plus a free drink. Simply call the box office and quote ‘Black History Month’. Subject to availability. Valid on 1, 2, 8, 9 Nov (Saturdays and Sundays). Free drink is beer, wine or soft drink.
29 October – 15 November
Photo by Lisa French
The Harder They Come (1972) Jimmy Cliff stars in his first screen role as a young and hopeful singer who heads for Kingston with hopes of cutting a record. But all he encounters is corruption and menace. Introduction from cultural activist Michael McMillan. Nettlefold Hall, 7pm, price unknown, tel: 020 7926 8070
020 7452 3000 • Suitable for 16 yrs+
| BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 | 165
of films made by Clovis Salmon, better known as ‘Sam the Wheel’ at 11.30am. Sam’s footage from the 1960s to the 1980s captures the recent heritage of the Black community in Brixton and he will be there to talk about his films. You can also bring along your own family papers and photographs and get advice on how to store and preserve these for the future. Minet Library, 10am - 5pm, free, tel: 020 7926 6076.
Wed 10 Dec
The 2008 Annual Lambeth Black History Lecture, Dr Carole Boyce Davies Lambeth Libraries and Archives are delighted to welcome Dr. Carole Boyce Davies to give the 2008 lecture. Carole was born in Trinidad and now lives in the USA where she is Professor of Africana Studies at Cornell University. She has published numerous books on black women’s writing, most recently Left of Karl Marx, The Political Life of Black Communist Claudia Jones. The title is in part a pun on the relative positions
of their headstones in Highgate Cemetery in London. Brixton Library, 7pm, free, tel: 020 7926 1056.
Partnership, 8pm, free, tel: 020 8690 0013, www. lewishamethnicminority.org.uk
African textiles and crafts Front window display from Community Education Lewisham’s Textile, Craft, Fashion and Horticulture Department. Lewisham Library, library opening hours, free, tel: 020 8297 9430.
African Worlds Gallery Enjoy stunning artefacts, sculpture and contemporary artworks from Africa and the African diaspora in this permanent gallery including: spectacular Dogon masks from Mali, Benin plaques, Egyptian mummies and a Nigerian Ijele (a 20 foot high ceremonial African mask, the only one of its type in Britain). Horniman Museum, 1030am – 530pm, free, tel: 020 8699 1872, www.horniman.ac.uk.
Tue 30 Sep
Wind Brushed A dramatic piece based on grandparents’ experiences and interspersed with poetry readings from the Rushey Green Time Bank poets. Lewisham Ethnic Minority
‘Mandela at 90’ portrait competition Draw a portrait of Nelson Mandela to display in the library. For children. Crofton Park Library, library opening hours, free, tel: 020 8692 1683.
African cultured crafts Exhibition of ceramics by artist Asan Ugborogho. Catford Library, library opening hours, free, tel: 020 8314 6399.
Guess the face competition Black History Month Competition: Faces from history, sports and the media (ages 5–11) Torridon Road Library, library opening hours, free, tel: 020 8698 1590.
Emperor Windrush’s voyage An exhibition depicting an important landmark in the history of modern Britain. Torridon Road Library, library opening hours, free, tel: 020 8698 1590.
The Black history show A group show featuring Marie Smith, The Little Artists, Gretta Sarfaty Marchant and Harry Pye. Cedar Lewisohn who is the curator of the Tate Modern’s Urban Art show is producing text for the show. The exhibition pieces are all inspired by Black people who are alive and still making history. Limelight Gallery, Lewisham Library, library opening times, tel: 020 8297 9430.
Malaika Rose Stanley’s events in Ealing will have something for kids, big and small on Tue 28 Oct 166 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
KnowUK quiz Lewisham Reference Library’s annual Black History Month challenge. Complete the quiz correctly to be entered into a prize draw for a £10 Amazon voucher. Lewisham Library, library opening hours, free, tel: 020 8297 9430.
Thu 2 Oct
Marilyn Heward Mills Marilyn presents her debut novel, ‘Cloth Girl’, set in the Gold Coast at the end of British rule, the novel is inspired by the life of the author’s grandmother. Signed copies will be available on the night. Forest Hill Library, 8pm – 930pm, free, tel: 020 8699 2065
Thu 2 – Fri 3 Oct
Cool Rules / Fams A thrilling dance theatre doublebill from Curtis James working with some of the pioneers of hip hop theatre. Cool Rules, directed by Jonzi D, explores the hopes and aspirations of a young man growing up in modern Britain against a backdrop of exploding stars and universal truths. Fams, commissioned by the Albany and featuring shortMAN, was co-written and directed by Benji Reid. Two strangers enter a hospital waiting room and leave as brothers in this comic journey of discovery. The Albany, Deptford, 7.30pm, £10/£6 Concessions, tel: 020 8692 4446, www.thealbany.org.uk
Fri 3 Oct
Sista Story, Brotha Tale Putting the story into Black History and headlined by internationally acclaimed artist, Jan Blake on her Lewisham home turf and well travelled musician and poet Tuup. Bold tales to be told with sterling support from Carol Leeming, Warsan Shire and Evoke, no mean word-weavers in their own right. The Albany, Deptford, 8pm, £8/£5 Concessions, tel: 020 8692 4446, www.thealbany.org.uk
Sat 4 Oct
Naming heroes and heroines Can you put a name to the face in our fun Black History teaser? Grove Park Library, all day, free, tel: 020 8857 5794.
Sat 4 Oct
Adult reading groups ‘Words mean more than what is set down on paper. It takes the human voice to infuse them with deeper meaning.’ Maya Angelou. Join us to discuss the Autobiography of Malcolm X. Lewisham Library, 1030am – 12pm, free, tel: 020 8314 9800.
Sat 4 Oct
Handa’s storytelling & craft Travel to Kenya and follow in Handa’s footsteps as she journeys to see her best friend Akeyo, in the next village. Handa is taking seven delicious fruits as a surprise
Handa’s footsteps as she journeys to see her best friend Akeyo, in the next village. Handa is taking seven delicious fruits as a surprise gift – but seven different animals have seven very different ideas. Could you resist the sweetsmelling guava, a ripe red mango or a tangy purple passion fruit? For under 5s. Torridon Road Library, 10am – 11am, free, tel: 020 8698.
gift – but seven different animals have seven very different ideas. Could you resist the sweetsmelling guava, a ripe red mango or a tangy purple passion fruit? For ages 5 – 7. Wavelengths Library, 2pm, free, tel: 020 8694 2535.
Sat 4 Oct
Black History Month collages Join us in making collages of famous Black people (ages 5–7). Forest Hill Library, 230pm – 4pm, free, tel: 020 8699 2065.
Thu 9 Oct
Jean Binta Breeze on National Poetry Day Renowned wordsmith Jean Binta Breeze stops off on her journey to the Moonshot Centre for an impromptu after school National Poetry Day party: a feast of words. New Cross Library, 430pm – 515pm, free, tel: 020 88694 2534.
Sat 4 Oct
Upfront Comedy Upfront are back with a heavyweight laughter lineup hosted by MTV Base and Choice FM presenter Kat and introducing Brixton bus driver turned award-winning comedian Slim, alongside Gayla Johnson from Los Angeles, with fast-rising Ryan Gough adding a Midlands perspective. The Albany, Deptford, 8pm, £8 in advance/£10 on the door, tel: 020 8692 4446, www.thealbany.org.uk
Thu 9 Oct
Sun 5 Oct
Hands on Africa family workshops These workshops give families an opportunity to explore, touch and learn more about African objects. Horniman Museum, 11am, 1215pm, 2pm, 3pm, free, tel: 020 8699 1872, www.horniman.ac.uk.
Mon 6 Oct
Performance and workshops from Downham Tamil Association Enjoy an evening of Bharatha Natyam (Indian Dance) and Miruthangam (Indian Drum) performance and workshops. Goldsmiths Community Centre, 6pm – 9pm, free, tel: 020 8695 9118 / 0798 5798 710.
Windrush Rise of Multi Racial Britain
Tue 7 Oct, Tue 14 Oct, Tue 21 Oct, Tue 28 Oct Under 5s singalong Regular Tuesday sessions of Caribbean songs and stories. Lewisham Library, 1115am – 1145am, free, tel: 020 8314 9800.
Tue 7 Oct
The Challenge 2008: A Black History Month Film Screening With a budget of just £500 and only 6 weeks to deliver, this is Lewisham’s toughest filmmaking competition. Join the winners for a lively evening of Black History Month inspired shorts, a Q& A and a selection of the finest
community-made films. The BHM Short Film Challenge 2008 is a collaboration between Lewisham Film Initiative, Sectrecom Films, the Albany and ITV Local. The Albany, Deptford, 7.30pm, free, tel: 020 8692 4446, www.thealbany.org.uk
Wed 8 Oct
Celebrating pensioner diversity Come and enjoy an afternoon of reminiscence, sharing memories with others pensioners, and enjoy samples of food from different countries and regions. White House, New Cross, 12pm – 2pm, free, tel: 020 8778 0579.
Wed 8 Oct
Forgotten Woman: A Play Embark on an enthralling journey with a one-woman play about one of the unsung heroines of British history written and directed by the critically acclaimed Cleo Sylvestre a respected theatre and TV actress. Forgotten Woman is also currently on tour in schools all over the UK. Aimed at children and young people. Beethoven Centre, 10am – 12pm, free, tel: 020 7641 8547.
Thu 9 Oct Celebrations of Black History Month come in all shapes and forms in Greenwich
Handa’s storytelling & craft Travel to Kenya and follow in www.blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk
Lewisham Council Black History Month launch event Lewisham Black History Month is launched formally on National Poetry Day with performance poetry from Jean Binta Breeze, lyrics and song from Alexander D. Great, Calypsonian-in-Residence for the BBC. Moonshot Centre, 7pm–9pm, free, tel: 020 8694 9727, www.moonshot.org.uk
Sat 11 Oct
Black History Month Saturday craft Some fun for the kids, ages 1 – 5. Downham Library, 1030am – 12pm, free, tel: 020 8695 8886.
Sat 11 Oct
Walking tour of New Cross and Deptford Historian S.I. Martin leads a walking tour revealing the hidden histories of Black people in New Cross and Deptford. Discover 500 years of history including the Deptford Fire 1981, the Carrington House Riots 1949, Olaudah Equiano and the beginnings of the British slave trade. Meet outside 439 New Cross Road, 2pm – 315pm, free, Bookings through New Cross Library (Tel: 020 8694 2534)
Sat 11 Oct
Celebrate the life of Bessie Coleman Storytelling session on Betty Coleman, the famous Black American aviator, then make a Bessie style plane (ages 7–11). Catford Library, 215pm – 315pm, free, tel: 020 8314 6399.
| BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 | 167
Come and enjoy an afternoon of reminiscence at Lewisham Pensioners’ Forum. Share memories and view a collection of short films, sample foodtasting, view an exhibition; listen to recitals and music from Peter Ceasar. Lewisham Irish Centre, 1pm – 430pm, free, tel: 020 8690 7869.
Thu 16 Oct
Handa’s storytelling & craft Travel to Kenya and follow in Handa’s footsteps as she journeys to see her best friend Akeyo, in the next village. Handa is taking seven delicious fruits as a surprise gift – but seven different animals have seven very different ideas. Could you resist the sweetsmelling guava, a ripe red mango or a tangy purple passion fruit? For under 5s. Blackheath Village Libray, 930am, free, tel: 020 8852 5309.
Fri 17 - Sat 18 Oct
Malaika Rose Stanley’s events in Ealing will have something for kids, big and small on Tue 28 Oct.
Sun 12 Oct
Music from Uganda Musicians from the Uganda Dance Academy and the London Sinfonietta join forces for a special family workshop. This will be followed by a performance from the Ugandan ensemble using rock gongs. Tickets will be available half an hour before the session from the Information Desk. Children must be accompanied by an adult. Horniman Museum, Workshop 2–3pm, Performance 3.30–4.30pm, free, tel: 020 8699 1872, www. horniman.ac.uk.
Mon 13 Oct
60th anniversary of the Windrush and the NHS Carers Lewisham celebrates the 60th anniversary of both the Windrush and the National Health Service. Carers Lewisham, Lewisham Carers Centre, 6pm – 9pm, free, tel: 020 8699 8686.
Tue 14 Oct
Black History Month: Talk and questions with Black entrepreneurs In association with Lewisham Council. Forest Hill Library, 6pm – 8pm, free, tel: 020 8699 2065.
Tue 14 Oct
Some of Us Little – But We Talawa Black History Month is an opportunity for reflection, acknowledgement and celebration taken up by local writing co-operative, Inspired Word. If you have work to share on the theme of Black history, heritage and culture, why not take up our offer of Open Mic in a supportive atmosphere. Lewisham Library, 8pm – 930pm, free, tel: 020 8314 9800.
Wed 15 Oct
Pensioners celebrating diversity
168 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Boom Bap / Showtime! Moving verse and verse that moves. From the worlds of New York, Vancouver and Sydney prepare for a night of street inspired spoken word and dance in this double bill. Boom Bap follows the journey of Baba Israel from his native New York to his mother’s homeland of Australia, where he discovers hip hop and earns his stripes as a performer. Backed by Yaka 440 on keys. In Showtime! Canadian hip hop dance artist Jojo Zolina and Australian hip hop theatre artist Morganics combine physical articulation and verbal dexterity. Jojo draws on diverse dance styles from traditional folk dance to hip hop, vogueing, dancehall, contemporary and krumping. Morganics is a formidable actor, MC, beatboxer, Bboy and spoken word artist with a unique theatrical style. The Albany, Deptford, 8pm, £10/£6 Concessions, tel: 020 8692 4446, www.thealbany.org.uk
Sat 18 Oct
Adult reading groups Words mean more than what is set down on paper. It takes the human voice to infuse them with deeper meaning.’ Maya Angelou. Join us to discuss Walter Mosley’s Cinnamon Kiss. Lewisham Library, 1030am – 12pm, free, tel: 020 8314 9800.
Sat 18 Oct
Hip Hop theatre masterclass Create you own hip hop theatre piece!
The Albany, 11am – 3pm, price unknown, tel: 020 8692 4446, www.thealbany.org.uk.
Sat 18 Oct
Quiz and rhyme time Stories, poems and quizzes about your favourite Black writers (ages 8–11) Wavelengths Library, 2pm – 330pm, free, tel: 020 8694 2535.
Sun 19 Oct
Hands on Africa family workshops These workshops give families an opportunity to explore, touch and learn more about African objects. Horniman Museum, 11am, 1215pm, 2pm, 3pm, free, tel: 020 8699 1872, www.horniman.ac.uk.
Tue 21 Oct
Half Moon presents Locked In A gritty hard-hitting drama about life in the inner city written by award winning Fin Kennedy, and underscored by a hip-hop soundtrack. On the 20th floor of an abandoned tower block, a Caribbean MC and a Bengali DJ rip up the airwaves on a pirate radio station. But when a local gangster asks for a serious favour, their world splits right open. Returning to the Albany after a sell out run in 2006. The Albany, Deptford, 1.30pm & 7.30pm, Ages 13+, £8/£5 Concessions, tel: 020 8692 4446, www.thealbany.org.uk
Tue 21 Oct
S.I. Martin introduces Jupiter Williams: Hidden Local History Written as Fiction An imagined history from the UK’s foremost Black historian. Jupiter Williams’ tale opens in 1803 at the African Academy in Clapham. The author will also whet your appetite for the follow-up novel ‘Jupiter Amidships’, which will be published early next year. Lewisham Library, 8pm – 930pm, free, tel: 020 8314 9800.
Wed 22 Oct
Handa’s storytelling & craft Travel to Kenya and follow in Handa’s footsteps as she journeys to see her best friend Akeyo, in the next village. Handa is taking seven delicious fruits as a surprise gift – but seven different animals have seven very different ideas. Could you resist the sweetsmelling guava, a ripe red mango or a tangy purple passion fruit? For under 5s. Downham Library, 10am, free, tel: 020 8695 8886.
Tue 28 Oct
Black History Month: Police Forum Black police officers discuss why they joined the police. In association with Lewisham Council. Forest Hill Library, 6pm – 8pm, free, tel: 020 8699 2065.
Tue 28 Oct
Be loud and proud Young talented performers showcase the plays of Black British playwrights. Lewisham pupils will perform these entertaining and moving stories. This event is the culmination of a theatre workshop programme delivered throughout October. Lewisham Youth Theatre, 730pm, free, tel: 020 8690 3428, www. lewishamyouththeatre.com.
Tue 28 Oct
Carnival Faces Workshop
Wed 22 Oct
60th anniversary of the Windrush and the NHS Carers Lewisham celebrates the 60th anniversary of both the Windrush and the National Health Service. Carers Lewisham, Lewisham Carers Centre, 1030am – 3pm, free, tel: 020 8699 8686.
Wed 22 Oct – Fri 24 Oct
Mbawula: Sing Mandela! Mbawula, Blackheath Halls and Trinity College of Music bring a musical extravagance to celebrate the life of Nelson Mandela with an all star line up of British and African musicians for a feast of South African Township music. Wednesday and Thursday’s sessions will be supported by school children and Friday’s session will be supported by an adult choir. Blackheath Halls, 7.30pm, £7, tel: 020 8463 0100, www.blackheathhalls.com.
Thu 23 Oct
Nini at Carnival Enjoy Errol Lloyd’s classic picture book, then make colourful carnival masks (under 5s). Forest Hill Library, 2pm – 3pm Free, tel: 020 8699 2065.
Thu 23 Oct
Do you know your history? Join Judy for a celebration of Black history with a fun games hour (ages 8–11). Downham Library, 430pm – 530pm, free, tel: 020 8695 8886.
Thu 23 Oct
Bernardine Evaristo introduces Blonde Roots Bernardine’s latest work is a satire of the slave trade in which the Africans are the masters and the Europeans the slaves. It is at once a serious re-examination of the trans-Atlantic slave trade and the way histories are constructed, and a page-turning adventure story that’s at turns witty and gruesome. Signed copies available on the night. Lewisham Library, 8pm – 930pm, free, tel: 020 8314 9800
UK gun and knife crime: Black History Month debate Hackney Councillor and social researcher Patrick Vernon explores the history of firearm control and gun crime in Jamaica to the development of the Gun Courts in 1970s Jamaica and the issue of Post Traumatic Slavery Syndrome in understanding violent crime in the UK’s Black
communities. Alex Wheatle MBE provides a novelist’s perspective. Lewisham Library, 8pm – 930pm, free, tel: 020 8314 9800.
Tue 28 Oct – Thu 30 Oct
Welcome to Vaudeville The R.O.M.E.L Foundation in partnership with Rockbourne Youth Club celebrates Black History Month with a three day event encompassing Black history and cultural dance, music, drama, storytelling, poetry, arts and crafts and cooking. Rockbourne Youth Club, price unknown, 1pm – 4pm, tel: 020 8699 0163 / 07957 198305, www. lewishamyouththeatre.com.
Wed 29 Oct
Jeli Kuma How can we articulate unity whilst still respecting cultural difference? Chieck-Hamadou Traore, Mandinka Griot and Director of Dogon Music Worldwide outline the issues. A light dinner will be served until 6.15pm and the event will begin with Griot Institute’s AGM followed by the presentation followed by Kora players. Griot Institute, Family Health Isis, 6pm – 9pm, price unknown, tel: 020 8691 7201.
Fri 24 Oct – Sat 25 Oct
Black History Month book fair Publishers Bright Books and Tamarind Books showcase their wares.. There will also be an opportunity to buy some books. Lewisham Library, 11am–4pm, free
Sat 25 Oct
Chatterbooks for Black History Month Join the regular group to discuss stories by Black writers from Malorie Blackman to Benjamin Zephaniah, (ages 8 – 11). Blackheath Village Library, 2pm – 3pm, free, tel: 020 8852 5309.
Mon 27 Oct
Creating short videos on Black icons Create your own short video, slide show or documentary using film editing software in the library’s Youth IT Space (ages 8–15). Downham Library, 2pm – 430pm, free, tel: 020 8695 8667.
Part of an Exhibition at the London Metropolitan Archives.
| BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 | 169
Thu 30 Oct
Olutunmogun as she explores the hidden voices of characters in this painting, encouraging imaginative responses and discussion. The National Gallery, Room 46, 1pm - 135pm, free, tel: 020 7747 2488.
Africa and the diaspora An evening lecture given by the Horniman’s new Head of Anthropology Wayne Modest to find out more about the African Worlds Gallery. Horniman Museum, 7pm – 8pm, free, tel: 020 8699 1872, www. horniman.ac.uk.
National Portrait Gallery
Thu 30 Oct
Fri 10 Oct
Alex Wheatle MBE introduces ‘The Dirty South’ with performance poetry from Victoria Summers Set in Brixton, 20 years after the riots, ‘The Dirty South’ follows the adventures of Bricky teenager Dennis Huggins as he drifts into the easy, dangerous life of the shotta (drug dealer) and discovers that, hard as the struggle for respect on the streets is, the struggle for love is harder still. Sydenham Library, 7pm – 830pm, free, tel: 020 8778 7563.
Lion Mountain See the wonderful film screening about film producer Louis Buckley and his journey tracing his roots back to Ghana. National Portrait Gallery, 10am – 1pm, free, tel: 020 7641 8547.
Oval Tue 30 Sep - Thu 18 Oct
Fri 31 Oct
Princess Black A moving and powerful story about a young mother’s struggle to single-handedly provide the basic necessities of life for her three children in order for them to succeed in life. ‘Princess Black’ is like a breath of fresh air and has been well received on tour throughout Britain. The Broadway Theatre, 8pm, £20/£15 Concessions, tel: 020 8690 0002, www.broadwaytheatre.org. uk.
Sat 1 Nov
John Deman left the Caribbean to join Admiral Nelson’s fleet.
Thu 6 Nov
tells of the night Cy’s Lancaster bomber blew up over Holland. Cy’s war memoir ‘A Member of the RAF of Indeterminate Race’ puts that incident within the wider context of the contribution of Caribbean volunteers in the Second World War. Signed copies available on the night. Lewisham Library, 8pm – 930pm, free, tel: 020 8314 9800.
Resisting the System: Reggae in the 21st Century An insightful and thought provoking film by Dr Lez Henry exploring sexism, homophobia and sadism in reggae culture today. Followed by a Q&A. The Albany, Deptford, 830pm, free, tel: 020 8692 4446, www.thealbany.org.uk. Coda Quashie and Tatiana Mais A special evening showcasing two of the best received local library performers from earlier in the year. Coda Quashie’s one woman shows teeter on the brink of dramatic monologue and standup comedy. Torridon Road Library, 7pm – 830pm, free, tel: 020 8698 1590.
Tue 11 Nov
Cy Grant Lancaster W4827: Failed to Return Cy Grant refers to the book of this title by Joost Klootwijk, which
National Gallery Sat 4 Oct
Life as it is now Community photographic exhibition from Niger. Civic Centre, 9am – 5pm, free, tel: 0208 545 3399.
Reaping Rewards: Black History Month special event Storytelling for Adults and Families, inspired by Gossaert’s The Adoration of the King. Join artist and storyteller Diana Olutunmogun as she explores the hidden voices of characters in this painting, encouraging imaginative responses and discussion. This session begins with a short talk given by a National Gallery lecturer, introducing the painting’s original context, time and place. The National Gallery, Room 14, 1pm - 135pm, free, tel: 020 7747 2488.
Tue 14 Oct
Tue 28 Oct
Merton All Oct
Book reading Jackie Walker author of Pilgrim State reads from her novel. Mitcham Library, 715pm, free, tel: 020 86484070.
170 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Strength in Adversity: Black History Month special event Storytelling for Adults and Families, inspired by Degas’s Miss La La at the Cirque Fernando. Join artist and storyteller Diana
Yours Abundantly, From Zimbabwe For the last eight years, foreign journalists have been banned from Zimbabwe. For the last eight years orphaned Zimbabwean children have written to the playwright Gillian Plowman. Inspired by these funny, quirky, joyful, sad and often poetic letters. The play features a large cast including Gillian Wright (known to EastEnders audiences as the character Jean Slater), Aicha Kossoko, Nicholas Beveney, and Zimbabwean actors Denton Chikura and Tonderai Munyevu, offering a powerful glimpse into the lives of those living in the shadow of Mugabe. Oval House Theatre, Tuesday to Saturday at 7.45pm, £12/£6 Concessions, tel: 020 7582 7680
Peckham Mon 27 Oct - Fri 31 Oct
Poster Profiles If you are aged 14-18, join artist Ana Laura Lopez de la Torre to explore the lives of black women activists whose stories are connected to South London, including Sojourner Truth (17971883), Una Marson (1905-1965) and Olive Morris (1952-1979). Make your own posters, research, discuss and be inspired by their amazing lives and work. The sessions will include practical art activities as well as walks in the area. The posters will be displayed as part of a final exhibition. South London Gallery, 3pm - 5pm, free, tel: 020 7703 6120
Richmond Sat 18 Oct
New Music and Dance with Temitope Ajose Cutting
A fun evening of mischievous new dance and music cabaretstyle. The evening is curated by choreographer Temitope Ajose Cutting and features a mix of dance styles and short ‘have a go’ sessions. African-inspired dance, streetdance, flamenco and contemporary dance. Live music & live dance from some of hottest new talents and companies on London’s dance scene. Queen Charlotte Hall, 730pm, £10/£8 Concessions, tel: 020 8831 6000, Rosie.Whitney-Fish@ richmond.gov.uk, www.richmond.gov.uk/dance/
proud and blessed to have Jazzie B OBE as our headline artist. What else is there to say? As one of the most innovative and imaginative bands of the 1980s Soul2Soul were seductive and deep. They borrowed from everything from Motown to Philly, old soul and reggae and created a truly British sound that was impossible to ignore. The hosts for the night will be award-winning comedienne Shazia Mirza and musician Johnny Kalsi. Rich Mix, 7pm - midnight, £20, tel: 020 7613 7498, www.richmix.org.uk.
Tue 14 Oct
Wed 1 Oct
Coming to England - School screening Floella Benjamin will be present at each screening and will introduce the film as well as lead a discussion immediately afterwards. Floella Benjamin, OBE is a major figure in Britain’s television history and presenter of such children’s TV classics as Playschool and Playaway. Coming to England is a stunning film adaptation of her autobiography, charting her journey from Trinidad to Britain in the 1960s. It is an inspiring story of how she adjusted to her new life and surroundings with the spirit and good humour for which she is known. Rich Mix, 1030am, 1pm, price unknown, tel: 020 7613 7498, www.richmix.org.uk.
Fade to Black How is Black culture portrayed in British films? How do they compare to those in American cinema? Do these films accurately reflect the social issues faced by Black people or can such images actually feed into destructive stereotypes? And, crucially, who do these images appeal to? Rich Mix, 1030am, £5, tel: 020 7613 7498, www.richmix.org.uk.
Tue 14 Oct
Afro - Saxons Sharp and funny observational documentary that follows four
hair salons as they prepare for the biggest Afro-hair competition in the UK. Angela is a braid stylist to the stars. Wayne and Cyndia are the leading junior stylists at the UK’s biggest chain of Afro hair salons. Rich Mix, 8pm, £7/£5.50 Concessions, tel: 020 7613 7498, www.richmix.org.uk.
Wed 15 Oct
Islam and Hip-Hop What is the relationship between Islam and Hip Hop? Are they compatible? Where are the boundaries? This debate, especially for young people and will aim to discuss these questions and explore the influence that Hip Hop has had on young British Muslim life. Rich Mix, 5pm, £5, tel: 020 7613 7498, www.richmix.org.uk.
Fri 31 Oct
Coming to England - Family screening Floella Benjamin will be present at each screening and will introduce the film as well as lead a discussion immediately afterwards. Floella Benjamin, OBE is a major figure in Britain’s television history and presenter of such children’s TV classics as
Thu 2 Oct - Sat 14 Dec
Visual arts: Peter Ogunsiji – Drawing on the Past, living on the present, looking to the future Drawing on the Past, living on the present, looking to the future is a contemporary, existential, and historically linked, black art exhibition ; a tangible reminder of the importance of the try dimensional continuity, of history in terms of our past, present and future. The three pieces entitled One World One Love plc, Empathy, and The Sankofa Has Landed are presented for your interpretation and enjoyment. The art work has been produced over a period of six years, by issue based visual artist Mr Peter Ogunsiji. Rich Mix, open all day, free, tel: 020 7613 7498, www.richmix.org.uk.
Tower Hamlets Sat 4 Oct
Black History Month Launch A community event to launch Black History Month in Tower Hamlets with a variety of workshops, performances and demonstrations which include hair plaiting, poetry, storytelling and puppetry. The event is a taster of many of the events on offer during Black History Month. Idea Store, Whitechapel, 12pm 4pm, free, tel: 020 7364 4332, www.towerhamletsarts.org.uk.
Mon 6 Oct - Fri 31 Oct
Cassie and Debbie: Exhibition Cassie and Debbie are two black female artists with learning disabilities. This is an exhibition of their work and the unique way they view their world. Spitalfields Gallery, Monday to Friday 10am - 5pm, free, tel: 020 7375 3933.
Thu 9 Oct - Wed 15 Oct
Somali Week Festival 2008 This year’s Somali Week Festival will focus on the Somali concept of gobannimo. Gobannimo is a very complex word with a broad range of meanings including freedom and liberty, but also implying a dignified, coherent, independent, giving, tolerant, and respectful approach to dealing with other people. Oxford House, see venue opening hours, free, tel: 020 7739 9001.
Sat 18 Oct
Black History and Health Fun Day Event A Fun Day event targeted at the community in Poplar to promote African/carribean culture through arts, culture and crafts activities (i.e. poetry, dancing, singing, music and food). Health Promotion Stall to encourage resident to lead a more healthy lifestyle with health taster workshops. Trussler Hall, 11am - 4pm, free, tel: 020 7510 9770.
Sat 8 Nov - Sun 9 Nov
Thu 9 Oct
Rich Mix Launch featuring Jazzie B To start the party off right, we are
Playschool and Playaway. Rich Mix, 11am, price unknown, tel: 020 7613 7498, www.richmix.org.uk.
Marilyn Heward Mills, Forest Hill Library 2 October.
Francophon’Art A two day celebration of the arts and crafts made by french speaking African and Caribbean artists. Francophon’Art is a combination of dance, music, storytelling, performance, sculpture and modelling. Old Truman Brewery, 10am - 8pm, free, tel: 020 8265 5881. | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 | 171
Wed 29 Oct
An Introduction to Ghana’s tribes.
Thu 30 Oct
Sing-along and poetry Stories and Rhymes from the Caribbean and Africa. Suitable for children aged 4-10 years. York Gardens Library, 1230pm 130pm, free, tel: 020 8871 7471.
Islamic Calligraphy A family learning workshop: Islamic Style Calligraphy. Learn to write your name in Arabic and creatively explore ways of decorating this image. York Gardens Library, 2pm - 4pm, free, tel: 020 8871 7471.
Thu 23 Oct
Sat 11 Oct
Levi Roots event Levi Roots (of Dragons’ Den fame) ’Put a Little Music in your Food!’. York Gardens Library, 6pm - 730pm, free but booking necessary, tel: 020 8871 7471.
Sat 25 Oct
Games hour Play traditional African and Caribbean games, including mancala. For Teen Escape: our regular group for 10-14 years. York Gardens Library, 3pm - 4pm, free, tel: 020 8871 7471.
Tue 28 Oct
Caribbean cooking An opportunity to make traditional African and Carribbean food & drink, including vegetarian couscous and exotic fruit punch. For 7-13 years. York Gardens Library, 330pm 430pm, free, tel: 020 8871 7471.
Wed 15 Oct
MOBO Awards 2008 Last year we saw the likes of Ne-Yo, Robin Thicke, Craig David, Kano, T-Pain, Mutya Buena and Amy Winehouse performing and this year is going to be even bigger and better! And don’t forget to cast your vote for your favourite stars from 8pm on 10th September on the MOBO website! Wembley Arena, tickets £20 onwards, www.mobo.com.
Westminster Fri 3 Oct
Health Fair Westminster The aim of the day is to promote health and wellbeing within the wider community and raise awareness of some of the health issues that are prevalent in BME communities. If you’re feeling really energetic you can try a
172 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
funky martial arts class in Capoeira, an African martial art originating in Brazil and now practised all over the world. This martial art has two basic styles, each style uses the same moveable stance, they also use sequences for attack and defence, each style is progressive where participants developed into doing basic gymnastic skills merge with the movements practised. City Hall, Victoria Street, 12pm – 4pm, free, tel: 020 7641 8547.
Mon 6 Oct
Westminster Historical Walk Take a stroll down memory lane with one our historical walks discovering fascinating facts about life in Westminster and its history on the road to the abolition of slavery. Starts Westminster City Hall, 1030am – 1230pm, free, tel: 020 7641 8547.
Mon 13 Oct
Westminster Historical Walk Take a stroll down memory lane with one our historical walks discovering fascinating facts about life in Westminster and its history on the road to the abolition of slavery. Starts Westminster City Hall, 10am – 12pm, free, tel: 020 7641 8547.
Celebrating Diversity 2008: Westminster Food fest: Come and try traditional dishes from a range of countries – aim is for people to try different dishes from around the world. Attended also by Yasus Afari and Julie Issac, who will be reading their poetry. Project Windrush: An exhibition outlining some of the experiences from those who have lived or worked in Westminster over the last 60 years. Carried out by pupils from Westminster schools the exhibition uses a number of formats to reflect life in Westminster. There will also be other photos, short films and artefacts about the Empire Windrush. Get creative: Join in the fun with colourful face painting, costume making and badge making to be hosted by a variety of community arts organisations. Book Fair: In conjunction with Westminster Libraries, BIS Publications and Centerprise we will be hosting a book fair a range of books which are intriguing, informative and offering a variety of perspectives of black history and culture. Greenside Community Centre, 12pm – 5pm, free, tel: 020 7641 85 47.
Mon 3 Nov
Westminster Historical Walk Take a stroll down memory lane with one our historical walks discovering fascinating facts about life in Westminster and its history on the road to the abolition of slavery. Starts Westminster City Hall, 10am – 12pm, free, tel: 020 7641 8547.
Wimbledon Fri 26 Sep – Sat 1 Nov
Ghosts in the Gallery - a fast-paced journey th
rough time bringing over 500 years of British history to life. Polka Theatre, Various times, £9.50, tel: 020 8543 4888, www.polkatheatre.com .
Fri 3 Oct
Hidden History Event Join Tony Warner of 100 Black Men of London for a Black History Month presentation on the hidden stories behind the portrayal of Black people in European art. Polka Theatre, 7pm, free, tel: 020 8543 4888, www.bmol.org.uk
Scotland Sat 11 Oct & Mon 13 Oct
Diversity Doves Create a mobile for our upcoming exhibition on the Slave Trade. Participants will be asked to create their own dove to add to our installation, which will also include donations from local artists and groups. Doves will carry messages of hope, peace and will represent the diverse population of East Lothian. Prestongrange Museum, 1.30pm – 3.30pm, free, tel: 0131 653 2904, www.eastlothianmuseums.org
Glasgow Thu 9 Oct
People’s Palace and Winter Gardens Africa Connects: Freedom of Nine Cities – revisited On this day 15 years ago, Glasgow welcomed Nelson Mandela, who received the Freedom of Nine Cities. Join People’s Palace curators on a tour of the museum, which reflects and discusses the links between Glasgow and Africa, from antislavery and anti-apartheid to an emerging African presence in Glasgow today. People’s Palace and Winter Gardens, 1pm – 2pm, free, tel: 0141 271 2962, www.glasgowmuseums.com.
Wed 16 Oct – Sun 16 Nov
Africa Connects: ‘My Africa, My Glasgow’ An exhibition of work from six months of Afr-I-can workshops and events at Kelvingrove, focusing on the African communities involved. Afr-Ican is a positive celebration of African culture, and is a partnership between Glasgowbased artists of African origin and Kelvingrove. Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, free, 10am – 5pm, Friday and Sunday when 11am – 5pm, tel: 0141 276 9599, www.glasgowmuseums.com.
Sat 18 Oct
Africa Connects: Drawing on Africa We’ll use printing techniques to create a large-scale map of this vast continent. And, using the museum collections for inspiration, we’ll try to
represent the spectrum of colour and creativity in the varied landscapes, history and culture of Africa. People’s Palace and Winter Gardens, 12pm – 3pm, free, tel: 0141 271 2962, www.glasgowmuseums.com.
Sat 25 Oct – Sun 16 Oct
Africa Connects: Africa Weekend A weekend of fun free activities with an African flavour, open to everyone. Includes interactive workshops for all ages, music, stories and fashion from Pan African Arts Scotland and Paragon. Saturday’s events focus on Adinkra; every Adinkra symbol tells a story about us and the way we live – learn the stories, see the catwalk designs and hear enchanting music! Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, opening times unknown, free, tel: 0141 279 9566, www.glasgowmuseums.com.
Glasgow School Workshops Africa Connects: Towards Understanding Slavery – Past and Present This interactive workshop helps pupils learn about Glasgow’s historic links with slavery, and discuss contemporary human rights issues. It includes a previsit activity for the classroom. Suitable for Primary 6 - 7, and Secondary 1 – 6. St Mungo Museum of Religious Life and Art, free, call 0141 276 1625 for more information and details on how to book. Africa Connects: Slave Trade to Fair Trade This workshop encourages critical thinking skills through discussion, group work, and exploring the impact of the tobacco trade and abolition movements. Pupils can make connections with modern forms of slavery, including contemporary movements to tackle slavery worldwide. Suitable for Secondary 2 – 6, max 20 places per workshop. People’s Palace and Winter Gardens, £25, call 0141 271 2953 for information and details on how to book.
Learning about Black history is something everyone can do together.
Promoting Leadership Development for Ambitious Managers in Local Government The IDeA offers a comprehensive range of tailored leadership development programmes for ambitious managers at key stages in their careers.
National Graduate Development Programme is a two-year programme which seeks to provide local government with the high calibre managers their communities need. For further information visit www.ngdp.co.uk Get Ahead Programme is for ambitious BAME middle and senior managers working across local government and key partner organisations. We are currently recruiting to Programme 9 in Nottinghamshire which has an application closing date of 14th November 2008. For further information please contact firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: 020 7296 6632. Future Leadership Programme is for ambitious middle managers who wish to be at the forefront of modernisation and efficiency development. It is delivered jointly with Ashridge Business School and the Office for Public Management. Email email@example.com Tel: 020 7296 6863. Academy for Executive Leadership is the IDeA’s top-level leadership development programme for chief executives, directors and heads of service. It is delivered jointly with SOLACE Enterprises and Ashridge Business School. Email firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: 020 7296 6632
| BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 | 173
North Hull Wed 1 Oct - Fri 31 Oct
Wilberforce House Postcards from your Community Pick up your free postcard in Wilberforce House and tell us about life where you live. All ages. Wilberforce House, regular opening hours, free, www.hullcc.gov.uk.
Fri 3 Oct
Challenging Histories 1 ‘Perceptions of Africa and Slavery, past and present’. The first in a series of six talks. Adults. Wilberforce House, 1230pm – 115pm, free, www.hullcc.gov.uk.
Sat 4 Oct
Capoeira Dancing Come and find out how to dance the Capoeira way! No need to book, just turn up and dance. Age 6. Wilberforce House, 11am – 330pm, free, www.hullcc.gov.uk.
Sat 4 Oct
Handheld Tours Explore Wilberforce House Museum and listen to the voice of ‘William Wilberforce’ as he guides you around his former home. All ages. Wilberforce House, 11am – 1pm, free, www.hullcc.gov.uk.
Sat 4 Oct – Sun 26 Oct
Hull Freedom Trail Photographic exhibition documenting the Hull Freedom Trail, a project to deliver 4 x 4 vehicles to aid agencies working with child victims of modern day
slavery in Freetown. All ages. Ferens Art Gallery, gallery opening times, free, www.hullcc.gov.uk.
Tue 7 Oct
Challenging Histories 2: Perceptions on Africa and Slavery, past and present. Adults. Wilberforce House, 1230pm 115pm, free, www.hullcc.gov.uk.
Fri 10 Oct
Talk: Challenging Histories 3: Perceptions on Africa and Slavery, past and present. Adults. Wilberforce House, 1230pm 115pm, free, www.hullcc.gov.uk.
Sat 11 Oct
African Rhythms Come along and learn some rhythms of West Africa. Play out your beats on real African instruments. All ages. Wilberforce House, 1pm - 3pm, free, www.hullcc.gov.uk.
Sat 11 Oct
Handheld Tours Explore Wilberforce House Museum and listen to the voice of ‘William Wilberforce’ as he guides you around his former home. All ages. Wilberforce House, 11am – 1pm, free, www.hullcc.gov.uk.
Thu 16 Oct
Challenging Histories 4: ‘Nick the Cook’, the Story of Ivan George Exell and his life as a trawler man in Hull. Talk by Alec Gill. Adults. Wilberforce House, 2pm – 245pm, free, www.hullcc.gov.uk.
Fun and learning go hand in hand at the Liverpool Museum events.
Leeds Fri 3 Oct
Mount Zion Church: Young Generation Ministries Singing, poetry and a short video showing interviews with elders talking about their life from the Carribean to England. Mount Zion Church Centre, 630pm, £1, tel: Diane Johnson, 07984 907 045, email@example.com.
Sun 12 Oct
The International Slavery Museum in Liverpool. 174 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Leeds West Indian Centre Women’s Group Black History Month Celebration A community, social, educational and cultural event celebrating Black History Month and raising awareness of our positive contributions to British Society including an exhibition of arts and crafts plus workshop and a play. Leeds West Indian Centre, 2pm – 6pm, price unknown, tel: Carmel Browne, 0113 262 1409.
Sun 12 Oct
Just Addictive Music - A Conversation With Black History Acclaimed author and contributor to the BBC’s Who Do You Think You Are? Paul Crooks will give his own account of how, in tracing his Jamaican family tree, he reconnected with his West African grandmother from 6 generations back. He will read extracts from his book Ancestors and give details of his search for his family history and what impelled him to embark on it. He will describe what inspired him to take on the task and which records held the keys to unlock his family’s past. There will be opportunities for questions and answers for those wishing to embark on a similar journey of discovery. The Carriageworks, 1pm – 5pm, price unknown, tel: Paul Pryce, 0845 680 1218, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.leedscelebrates.com.
‘youths of yesterday’ to see what, if any, lessons have been learnt from the experience, by debating the subject of ‘cause, effect and impact’ of a significant period of time for one local community. Hillcrest Primary School, Space@ Hillcrest, 6pm – 9pm, price unknown, tel: Emma Norford, 07951 831 775, email@example.com.
Liverpool All Oct
Story time at Liverpool Museum.
Fri 17 Oct
St. Kitts and Nevis Association The Journey’s End The end of the Journey from the Caribbean to England, following on from 2006 ‘Charting the journey from the Caribbean to England’ and 2007 ‘The journey continued’. Hillcrest Primary School, Space@ Hillcrest, 7pm – 9pm, price unknown, tel: Diane Johnson, 07809 477 373.
Sat 18 Oct
People in Action / ROOOTS Your Right Take Control An interactive workshop using role play, film, pictures and discussion. To take a journey from slavery to civil rights and gaining the right to vote . The event is open to people with a learning disability and members of the public. People’s Place Leeds, 12pm – 3pm, price unknown, tel: Bill Walton, 0113 247 0411, bill.walton@ peopleinaction.org.uk.
Sat 18 Oct
Put on the Jester Pot Displays of artefacts and traditional Jamaican dishes and the raw materials from which they are made. A brief account of Jamaican history, Miss Louise Bennett’s lyrics and more. Jamaica House, 1pm – 5pm, price unknown, tel: Mrs. Pancy Patterson, 0113 262 6435, jamaicasociety@ btconnect.com.
Sat 25 Oct
Barbados Association Bajan History Event including Bajan history, culture past and present, plus sketches, poetry and comedy. Barbados House, 3pm, price unknown, tel: L. Claudius-Cole, 0113 260 4762.
Sat 25 Oct
Joyful Celebration A celebration of black history including drama, poetry, arts and craft displays, hair plaiting, a fashion show and steel pan music. Roscoe Sports Hall, 3 – 5pm, price unknown, tel: Louise Crumbie, 0113 262 3313.
Sun 26 Oct
New World Steel Orchestra at the Leeds West Indian Centre Performance by steel pan orchestra at the Family Day at Leeds West Indian Centre. Leeds West Indian Centre, 2pm, price unknown, tel: Arthur France, 0113 307 0001, www. newworldsteelorchestra.co.uk.
Tue 28 Oct
Getaway Girls – Inspiration Project Black History culture and celebration, with a gallery of work and photos, plus a gallery of black contributers. Followed by evening performances by young people. Prince Philip Centre, 6pm – 9pm, price unknown, tel: 0113 240 5894.
Wed 29 Oct
Rising Notes Project and Arrows of Promise Combination of past, present and future education. Mixture of poetry, songs, dance, phrases, jokes, drama, tears and laughter, shared in an atmosphere of ‘I know what you mean’. Bring your contributions to go into ‘The Trunk’ to create the future, strengthened by your past. Leeds West Indian Centre, 530pm – 8pm, price unknown, tel: Jhardine Iweha, 07834 624 153, firstname.lastname@example.org.
We Are One Combining comments and feedback with artwork created by workshop participants, the first year of the International Slavery Museum is commemorated in this thought provoking exhibition. International Slavery Museum, 10am – 5pm, free, tel: 0151 478 4499.
Sat 4 Oct – Sun 5 Oct
Being Black in Britain Thought provoking performance exploring the Black British experience. International Slavery Museum, 130pm, 330pm, tel: 0151 478 4499.
Tue 7 Oct
Lever in Africa Practical drawing workshop for adults exploring the ethnographic collection of West Africa. Lady Lever Art Gallery, 11am - 1pm, free, tel: 0151 478 4136.
Wed 15 Oct
West African Artefacts Chance to explore Lever’s ethnographic collections with Zachary Kingdom. Lady Lever Art Gallery, 1pm - 130pm, 145pm - 215pm, free, tel: 0151 478 4136.
Sun 19 Oct African woodcarving
See African woodcarving on the Life in West Africa gallery. International Slavery Museum, 1pm – 4pm, free, tel: 0151 478 4499.
Mon 20 Oct
African Beats Feel the beat with an afternoon of African drumming and tribal dance. International Slavery Museum, 130pm - 230pm, 330pm – 430pm, free, tel: 0151 478 4499.
Leslee Sharon Wills Kreyole The current collection of paintings by artist Leslee Wills was inspired by phrase ‘jupekreyole’ referring to the style of traditional dress preserved as costume in the islands of the French Caribbean, such as Dominica, Guadeloupe , Martinique and St Lucia. Translated the ‘creole-skirt’ is actually a combination of the rich madras overskirts and broderie anglaise petticoats & blouses favoured by the mistresses of the plantation owners whose double lives allowed them to continue to practice their ancestral African spiritual powers retained in their understanding of unique bird cries and varieties of ‘kreyole’ patois song and dialect.
Here, Kreyole is also a synonym for not only the music,sounds and stylistic expressions of the Antilles,it also describes the flambouyant foliage and air of expectancy during the pre- hurricane season. The prints are from a selection of work executed in the tumultuous July-August months from 2004- 2007 during visits to Guadeloupe,Tobago, St Vincent ,Grenada, Carricou, Bequia and Guyana. Leslee is a Texile /Art and History teacher now currently working and living in the Nottinghamshire area. Email:email@example.com Mobile: 07907670428
Wed 29 Oct
27 Years on – The Riots 1981 (Where were you?) To look back at the events of 1981 with the youths of today and the www.blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk
| BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 | 175
Tue 21 Oct
Tales from Africa Immerse yourself in African tales in our interactive storytelling session. International Slavery Museum, 130pm, 230pm, 330pm, free, tel: 0151 478 4499.
Tue 21 Oct
Toumani Diabate Don’t miss this great opportunity to see Grammy-winning kora player Toumani Diabaté live with the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by Clark Rundell. The concert will comprise of special arrangements of traditional West African music and Toumani’s interpretation of traditional music. The fantastic Toumani is a master of the kora and its beautiful music; it has been commented that he is the Ravi Shankar of the kora. Liverpool Philharmonic Hall, 730pm, £20/£15 Concessions, tel: 01517093789.
Wed 22 Oct
The Wonderful Adventures of Mrs Seacole An inspiring performance about the life of Mary Seacole. World Museum Liverpool, 145pm 245pm, free, tel: 0151 478 4393.
This re-telling of Aladdin in form of Musical Brand New World by one of the writers behind Brookside, will be playing several dates at the Liverpool Royal Court Theatre.
Black Inspirations Celebrating and exploring Black history through creativity in an artist-led workshop. International Slavery Museum, 1pm - 4pm, free, tel: 0151 478 4499.
romance against the odds. By Brookside writer Barbara Phillips. A new urban re-telling of the story of Aladdin with vibrant street dance, soulful singing and original score. Liverpool Royal Court Theatre, 8pm (Entry at 7pm), £15/£10 concessions, tel: 0151 709 2220
Thu 23 Oct - Sat 25 Oct
Sat 27 Oct
Wed 22 Oct
Brand New World A rags to riches adventure of
Black Perspectives An evening of inspirational
readings from Black literature. International Slavery Museum, 7pm, free, tel: 0151 478 4441.
Manchester Mon 20 Oct
Is there a Black British archaeology? How long has Britain had Black presence? There is archaeological evidence that Black people lived in Britain when Lindow
Man was thought to be alive, but why does this remain a hidden history? Join Dr Richard Benjamin, International Slavery Museum, in this lively debate about the relevance of archaeology to Black History. The Manchester Museum, 630pm - 8pm, free but booking required, tel: 0161 275 2634, www.museum.manchester.ac.uk.
Oldham Thu 16 Oct
Caribbean Cocktail Join us for a night of laughter and music in celebration of Black History Month. Comedian and author Julian Daniel will be performing An Idiot’s Guide To Comedy, a one-off show that includes funny stories, poems and extracts from his hilarious book How To Dump Your Girlfriend. And we’ve stunning carnival sounds and surprises from Oldham’s very own Blue Bells Steel Band. The Performance Space, Oldham Library and Lifelong Learning Centre, 630pm - 830pm, free, to book call Naveed Aziz tel: 0161 770 8015.
Exhibitions on at the Liverpool Museums. 176 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Wales Cardiff Fri 26 Sep
BVSNW - Wales Diversity Awards 2008 and Black History Month Celebrations. Guest Speakers include Councillor Judith Woodman, Deputy Leader of Cardiff Council and Heulwen Blackmore Welsh Assembly Government, Equality and Human Rights Division. The Visitor Centre Cardiff Bay, 2pm – 4pm. Refreshments provided, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Sat 1 Nov
Black Voluntary Sector Network Wales Free entrance: Temptations on offer will include delicious foods from Africa, Caribbean and Arabia, together with; presentations, performance, film, displays, exhibitions, arts, crafts cultural and information stalls. Workshops will be aimed at motivating youth and also black history, elder’s reminiscence, health, and the arts Channel View Leisure Centre
Grangetown, 11am – 6pm, free, tel: 029 2045 0068, www.bvsnw.org.uk.
Newport All Oct
Digital Storytelling Workshop Telling a good story is one of the oldest and most effective ways of getting people to sit up and listen to you. Digital storytelling is an exciting new art form that combines the traditional appeal of storytelling with the creative wonders of digital technology. Anyone can make their digital story. There is no need for prior writing or technical experience and the benefits are potentially life-changing. . African Community Centre, free, tel: 01792 470 298, emily.robertson@ africancommunitycentre.org.uk
Make your own One minute film This is a fantastic opportunity to be involved in all aspects of making a film from coming up with the idea (your choice)
Black History Month is best enjoyed when surrounded by people as enthusiastic as you.
to filming, interviewing, storyboarding and editing. The films will also be shown at the Undercurrents Swansea Film Festival. Youth university credits available! African Community Centre, Thursdays 4pm – 6pm, free, tel: 01792 470 298, emily.robertson@ africancommunitycentre.org.uk
Fri 10 Oct - Sat 11 Oct
Documentary film screenings
@ Newport Museum and Art Gallery A showcase of short films created by local students, the community and well respected director Dewi Gregory exploring slavery, perceptions, family history and black presence in Wales. Newport Museum and Art Gallery, 11am – 3pm, free, tel: 01633 656656, www.newport.gov.uk/museum
| BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 | 177
Midlands Birmingham Until Mon 13 Oct
Drawing on Tradition A schools competition to celebrate Black History Month in conjunction with The Big Draw and Symphony Hall, Birmingham. The Big Draw Day will feature the three finalist classes creating their winning Rangoli designs in large-scale on the museum lawn. Winning class will receive up to 30 tickets for a lunchtime concert at the Town Hall or Symphony Hall Birmingham. For ages 5 - 11. Free, tel: 0121 554 9122, www.campaignfordrawing.org.
Until Sun 2 Nov
Handsworth Revelations A local community exhibition created by young people funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund. See the results of their work with Vanley Burke, Milton Godfrey and Birmingham City Archives. Soho House Museum, Tuesday to Sunday 1130am - 4pm, free, tel: 0121 554 9122, www.bmag.org.uk
Coventry Fri 10 Oct
The Dreadlock Alien visits Coventry The Dreadlock Alien visits Central Library to help us celebrate Black
History Month and National Poetry Day. Throughout the day Richard Grant; alias Dreadlock Alien, will be entertaining local school children with his own special brand of performance poetry. There will be a public performance at Central Library from 6.00pm until 7.00pm, tickets for this event are free but numbers are limited. Ring 7683 2314 to book your place. Coventry Central Library, 6pm 7pm, free, tel: 023 7683 2314.
Sat 11 Oct
Celebrate Black History Month Special Story time to celebrate Black History Month. Please note all under 8’s must be accompanied by a responsible adult. Foleshill Library, 230pm - 330pm, free, www.coventry.gov.uk.
Sat 11 Oct, Wed 29 Oct
Caribbean Family History Trace your family tree. We are running two free workshops specifically devised to trace your family history in the Caribbean and back to Africa. Coventry Central Library, Saturday 3pm – 430pm, Wednesday 2pm – 4pm, free but limited to one workshop per person, tel: 023 7683 2314.
Music inspired by everything from Afro Pop to Jazz, R&B, and Reggae, performed Wed 26 Nov.
Sat 18 Oct
A Taste of Africa Drop in and join us for a celebration of African Caribbean Culture including; Books, Storytelling, displays and refreshments. Central Library, 1030am - 2pm, free, tel: 023 7683 2314.
Tue 21 Oct
Celebrate Black History Month Rhyme time 1.30pm - 2.30pm. For under 4’s and their parents. In partnership with Foleshill Children’s Services. Foleshill Library, 130pm - 230pm, free, www.coventry.gov.uk.
Tue 14 Oct
Dudley Mon 20 Oct
The Empire at War Exhibition The exhibition explores the Second World War memories of Coventry people with family roots in the British Empire. They experienced the war in their home countries, on active service elsewhere, and as citizens of Coventry. Foleshill Community Library, library opening times, free, www.coventry.gov.uk.
178 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Solihull Birmingham based ACE dance and music are touring the UK with their multi-faceted, multi-media and multicultural production ‘Skin’ which was recently performed at Grahamstown Arts Festival in South Africa and watched by Margaret Hodge, Minister of Culture and Sport at London’s Southbank Centre. This is ACE dance and music’s last tour of this much-loved production, and the company want to end on a high! Solihull Arts Complex, price and time unknown, tel: 0121 704 6130.
Tue 30 Sep - Sun 2 Oct
Charlie Dark, who wrote and stars in this play, tells the story of a DJ weho goes from humble beginnings to world acclaim in Have Box Will Travel, Tue 21 Oct
particular, the West Midlands. The talk is accompanied by an archive document display relating to George Cousins’ life. Also available will be a general local studies display of books, articles etc relating to Black History, and tracing Black family History. Venue is wheelchair friendly. Dudley Archives and Local History Service, 2pm - 3pm, free but book to guarantee spaces, Tel: 01384 812770 (Tue, Thu, Fri only), email@example.com..
Talk on George Cousins a Black Baptist Minister, 1805-1881 by David Watts. George Cousins was a Black Baptist minister, originally from Jamaica, who worked in many places in England, and in
Fri 3 Oct – Thu 9 Oct
Partition India, 1947: War weary, Gian (Jimi Mistry) resigns from his Sikh regiment of the British Army and returns to his village. As colonial
rule comes to a hasty end, the turmoil of Indian partition spills over into a bloodbath of ethnic cleansing between the Sikh, Hindu and Muslim communities. When the villagers take revenge on a group of Muslim refugees, Gian saves young Naseem (Kristin Kreuk), and shelters her in his home. The two fall in love, despite the opposition of the outraged villagers. When Naseem leaves to find her long-lost family in Pakistan even more brutal judgement awaits. Sarin’s film is an epic, sweeping motion picture set against the violent upheaval of India’s partition. Director: Vic Sarin. The opening night of Partition sees a special introduction by writer, theatre director, filmmaker and installation artist Pervaiz Khan of the South Asian Alliance who will also lead a discussion after the film. A number of Pervaiz’s projects have been about Partition. Light House, Fri 3 Oct 7pm, Sat 4 – Tue 7 Oct 540pm & 820pm, Wed 7
Oct 11am, 540pm & 820pm & Thu 9 Oct 540pm & 820pm, before 5pm £4.20/£3.70 Concessions, after 5pm £5.20/£3.90 Concessions, tel: 01902 716 055, www.light-house.co.uk
Fri 3 Oct
Yasus Afari & Friends of the Earth Wolverhampton’s “Dub Poet in Residence”, Jamaican Yasus Afari, local poets and special guests are supporting Wolverhampton Friends of the Earth group in a fundraising event as part of the Black History Season, to raise awareness through poetry and presentation about the impact of historical social injustice on the environment of Africa, the Caribbean and other colonised and affected countries. As well as being a renowned poet, Yasus Afari is an internationally known environmental campaigner, Philosopher and author of Overstanding Rastafari:Jamaica’s Gift to the World. Arena Theatre, 8pm, £9/£7 Concessions, tel: 01902 321321, www.arenatheatre.info
Tue 7 Oct
Kathakali The Arena Theatre is delighted to welcome back the World’s foremost Kathakali Company outside of India. Celebrating their 25th Year. Kathakali embraces drama, dance, music, visual arts, and ritual to create one of the most visually exciting and powerful forms of theatre. Arena Theatre, 730pm, £8/£6 Concessions, tel: 01902 321321, www.arenatheatre.info
Thu 9 Oct
Thadha takes you on a journey around Africa, exploring the continent through song and dance on Wed 29 Oct
Sweet Tooth Back by popular demand, this powerful and emotive play tells the story of the trade, and gives voice to the millions of women and girls who endured immeasurable cruelty in what can
Skin will cause quite a stir when their tour hits Solihull.will be playing several dates at the Liverpool Royal Court Theatre.
only be described as an African Holocaust. Arena Theatre, 730pm, £8/£6 Concessions, tel: 01902 321321, www.arenatheatre.info
Tue 21 Oct
Have Box Will Travel Written and performed by Charlie Dark Directed by Benji Reid Transporting you from humble beginnings in a bedroom in South London to spinning records in some of the biggest clubs in the world, Have Box Will Travel tells the semi autobiographical story of a
boy growing up in pursuit of a dream. A mesmerizing, funny and moving show. Have Box Will Travel combines storytelling and music in a classic rites of passage story that resonates with audiences of all ages. Arena Theatre, 730pm, £8/£6 Concessions, tel: 01902 321321, www.arenatheatre.info
Wed 22 Oct
Rivers to Cross The second part of the Sweet Tooth Trilogy Rivers to Cross is a 170 year multi-media journey, through Colonialism and Empire,
Partition – An historical Indian epic Special screenings of the film Partition will be shown at the Lighthouse, Wolverhampton as part of BHM. India, 1947: War weary, Gian (Jimi Mistry) resigns from his Sikh regiment of the British Army and returns to his village. As colonial rule comes to a hasty end, the turmoil of Indian partition spills over into a bloodbath of ethnic cleansing between the Sikh, Hindu and Muslim communities. When the villagers take revenge on a group of Muslim refugees, Gian saves young Naseem (Kristin Kreuk), and shelters her in his home. The two fall in love, despite the opposition of the outraged villagers. When Naseem leaves to find her long-lost family in Pakistan even more brutal judgement awaits. Sarin’s film is an epic, sweeping motion picture set against the violent upheaval of India’s partition. Dir. Vic Sarin, Can/South Africa/ UK, 2007, 1hr56.
The opening night of Partition (Fri 3 Oct) sees a special introduction by writer, theatre director, film-maker and installation artist Pervaiz Khan of the South Asian Alliance who will also lead a discussion after the film. A number of Pervaiz’s projects have been about Partition. Normal cinema ticket prices apply. Tickets: £5.20 Standard Full Price/ £3.90 Concessions (Senior Citizens, Under 15’s, ES40, NUS & Leisure Card Holders). Fri 3 Oct 7pm, Sat 4 – Tues 7 Oct 5.40pm & 8.20pm, Wed 7 Oct 11am, 5.40pm & 8.20pm & Thurs 9 Oct 5.40pm & 8.20pm. Tickets for screenings starting before 5pm: £4.20 Full Price/£3.70 Concessions Special offers: Tickets just £3 on Wednesdays matinees with a free tea or coffee (only available prior to screening)
Tickets for Wednesday evening & all Sunday screenings: £4.20 Full Price/£3.70 Concessions Lighthouse The Chubb Buildings Fryer St Wolverhampton WV1 1HT t. 01902 716055 f. 01902 717143 e. firstname.lastname@example.org www.light-house.co.uk
| BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 | 179
of us after we utter those two immortal words “I do”. This dark, physical comedy, will employ a pinch of puppetry, a punch of surrealism, and a whole heap of hope in discovering what takes place behind closed doors. Under the surface of this destructive relationship our characters’ lives are underpinned by an unspoken and unrelenting love for one another. Arena Theatre, 730pm, 18+, £8/£6 Concessions, tel: 01902 321321, www.arenatheatre.info
Wed 26 Nov
Qo Eight young men singing songs of love, hope, worship, courtship, hardship and African social commentary will mesmerise you with their harmonies and tip-toe dance routines. This is vocal music that is laced with music styles of Afro Pop, Jazz, R&B, and Reggae. Arena Theatre, 730pm, £8/£6 Concessions, tel: 01902 321321, www.arenatheatre.info
Tue 2 Dec
Coming Up For Air Written by Don Kinch Denzil Nurse is a young African Caribbean male who walked into a committee meeting and shot six people. He pleads guilty to the charges and is immediately sent for psychological assessment. Arena Theatre, 730pm, £8/£6 Concessions, tel: 01902 321321, www.arenatheatre.info Getting jiggy with it: Skin, stopping off in Solihull
segregation and the Civil Rights Movement, Windrush and other key events telling the true stories of great inventions, art and accomplishments which are so often left out of the history books. Arena Theatre, 130pm and 730pm, £8/£6 Concessions, tel: 01902 321321, www.arenatheatre.info
Fri 24 Oct/Sat 25 Oct
The Resurrection of Little Sarah The term ‘bootylicious’ has become a part of our everyday consciousness and in doing so, has redefined what makes a woman sexually attractive. But J-Lo and Beyonce weren’t the first. Saartjie Baartman a native of South Africa was exhibited as a freak in the 1800’s because of the extraordinary shape and size of her bottom. It is a tragic story that led to her untimely death in 1824. Written and Directed by John Sailsman.
Arena Theatre, 8pm, £8/£6 Concessions, tel: 01902 321321, www.arenatheatre.info
Wed 29 Oct
Thatha Travelling around Africa, treading over borders, crushing language barriers, Thatha “Please Take” takes you on a journey that uncovers the joys of life through traditional and contemporary African song and dance. This is bound to take you to another level. Arena Theatre, 730pm, £8/£6 Concessions, tel: 01902 321321, www.arenatheatre.info
Thu 6 Nov
Happy and Married? The latest offering from award winning Artistic Director Madani Younis HAPPY & MARRIED? is an exploration of marriage in the twenty first century, and a search to understand what becomes
180 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Mimes are all the rage in Wolverhampton as Gin & Tonic & Passing Trains hit the town on Wed 24 Sep
Charity no. 288527
I love someone who’s gay. My brother.
At school, kids think it’s cool to hate people who are different. So they pick on kids they think are gay
my brother told me he was gay he was worried people might start picking on me. He told me not to tell anyone
At first I was angry that he was gay. But he’s great and in the end I cared less about what the
other kids said and cared more about my brother. I mean, it’s not like he’s any different really asks me now, I tell them the truth. If they don’t like it, well, that’s their problem
It’s time to accept.
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East Cambridge Robert Maseko and the Sondela Queens Menelik Music presents an evening of African food, music and dance and more. Food will be served at 7.30pm. St Paul’s Centre, Hills Road, 6.30pm, £12 in advance/£14 on the door, tel: 01223 511511, www.menelikmusic.com
Sat 4 Oct
The history of BHM This seminar by Temi-Tope Odumosu will look at the origins of Black History Month and explore how the season has evolved, discussing museum and gallery approaches and looking at ideas and strategies for the future. Fitzwilliam Museum, 11am-1pm, free but booking required, tel: 01223 332904, www.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk
Sat 4 Oct
Experience West Africa with Batafon Arts Travel to the village of Ali Baba Bangoura in west Africa, a place where the baobab tree grows and anything can be said with the djembe drum. Your guide will be Ali Baba, a master drummer, dancer and artistic director of Batafon Arts. A charismatic teacher with a great sense of humour, Ali toured internationally with Les Ballets Africaines, a national performing arts troupe from Guinea. Alex Wood Hall, Norfolk Terrace, 11am – 4pm, £18 for whole day/£10 for drumming and dancing, tel: 07790 996845.
Sat 4 Oct
Charlie Dark: Have Box will Travel Transporting you from humble beginnings in a bedroom in south London to spinning records in some of the biggest clubs in the world, Have Box will Travel tells the semi-autobiographical story of a boy growing up in pursuit of a dream. A mesmerising, funny and moving show, Have Box will Travel combines storytelling and music in a classic rites-of-passage story that resonates with audiences of all ages. The Junction, 8pm – 920pm, £12/£6
Charlie Dark will be on at the Junction, Cambridge
Concessions, tel: 01223 511 511, www.junction.co.uk
Sun 5 Oct
Nitin Sawnhey There is no disputing the fact that Nitin Sawhney is widely regarded as one of the most influential and versatile creative talents alive today. Firmly established as a worldclass producer, songwriter, DJ, multi-instrumentalist, orchestral composer, and cultural pioneer, Sawhney has become a latter-day Renaissance man in the worlds of music, film, video games, dance and theatre. The Junction, 8pm, £18/£16.50 in advance, tel: 01223 511 511, www.junction.co.uk
Fri 11 Oct
Community Day To celebrate Cambridgeshires local Black and Minority Ethnic
Community, we are hosting a day of activity and events for all of the community. The day will be a mixture of music, workshops, performances, stalls and activities open to the community. The day will end with a film surrounding Iraqi sisters growing up in Cambridge and their families perceptions on living across two cultures and how the war in Iraq has effected them. The Meadows Community Centre, all day, free, tel: 07983299363, www.cambridge.gov.uk/BHM
Stephen K Amos is supremely warm and wickedly funny with an ability to charm onlookers right into the palm of his hand. He creates weird and wonderful connections within his audience who are drawn into his own personal world and thoughts brought to life by his chatty delivery, his ability to become the characters he’s talking about and his fantastic energy and warmth. The Junction, 8pm, £14/£12 in advance, tel: 01223 511 511,
Sat 11 Oct
Toujours Afrique presents Oxjam 7.30pm, Thursday 16 October at the Portland Arms, Mitchams CornerAn evening of international music with all money raised donated to Oxfam. Featuring the joyous sound of Matoke playing Mbaquanga and Soweto jazz, and Vodou Jazz Factory, a locally grown group featuring eight drummers playing rhythms from Benin, Haiti, Cuba and Brazil. Plus dance from Vidya Math blending Indan Kathak with other influences, and DJ Okra playing music to get you on your feet.Don’t miss this special chance to see these performers and help Oxfam work for a more equal world. Portland Arms, Mitchams Corner, 730pm, £5, tel: 07790 996845, www.theportland.co.uk
Warning Born out of a love for raving, Warning was created when the hardcore rave scene of the early 90s split into different genres and jungle was born. 13 years on and Warning is the premier drum and bass event in the UK, with Andy C, Barrington, Concrete, Dillinja, Eksman, Fabio, Fivealive, Goldie, GQ, Hazard, Hype, Pendulum, Phantom, Ragga Twins, Shy FX, Subfocus, Swift, Skibadee, Shabba and SP all firm friends and regular visitors to the Warning stage. The Junction, 22pm – 5am, £13 in advance, tel: 01223 511 511, www.junction.co.uk
Tue 14 Oct Tiata Delights, Wed 8 Oct
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Stephen K Amos: Find the Funny An expert at being himself,
Thu 16 Oct
Fri 17 Oct
Motown Memories A spectacular new stage show celebrating the 40th anniversary of record label Tamla Motown’s most successful year with its Can’t Hurry Love nationwide tour. This lavish production also stars fabulous four-piece male harmonies, plus the eightpiece Motown Memories band paying tribute to the likes of The Temptations, The Four Tops, Marvin Gaye, Martha Reeves, Smokey Robinson, Mary Wells, Stevie Wonder and many, more. Cambridge Corn Exchange, 730pm, £20.50, tel: 01223 357851, www.cornex.co.uk
Wed 22 Oct
Roots Manuva Roots Manuva, aka Rodney Smith, is known for being one of the major driving forces of British hiphop. Along with label mates TY, Mark B and Blade, Roots Manuva has not only taken the UK hip-hop scene by storm, but is challenging American artists as well. Known for his socio-political lyrics and fearless writing, he is at the forefront of the growing British rap and hip-hop phenomenon. The Junction, 8pm, £15.50/£13.30 in advance, tel: 01223 511 511, www.junction.co.uk
Thu 23 Oct
Employment and Education Fair To celebrate Black History Month we will be hosting an employment and education fair. Underrepresentation of Black and Minority Ethnic staff is a recognized issue within many organizations and we hope to address this during this event for the whole community. The Small Hall in The Guidhall, Market Street,12pm – 3pm, free, tel: 07983299363, www.cambridge.gov.uk/BHM
Thu 23 Oct
Within our Gates With its middle-class, thoroughly black-centred view of 1920s American society, Oscar Micheaux’s Within our Gates is the earliest surviving film made by an African-American director. It deals with the importance of education as the key for black Americans to move ahead. When the reverend of an all-black school in the deep south faces the prospect of closure, Sylvia, one of his teachers, travels up north to raise funds. Arts Picturehouse Cambridge, 7pm, tel: 0871 704 2050, email@example.com.
Fri 24 Oct
Introduction to the films of Oscar Micheaux and AfricanAmerican film production The development of American cinema is often traced back to D W Griffith, whose controversial film The Birth of a Nation created an increase in recruits for the Ku Klux Klan. Suitable for students of media or film studies, history, sociology, politics and American studies. The event includes comprehensive teachers notes. Arts Picturehouse Cambridge, 11am – 1pm, £3.50, tel: 0871 704 2050, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Sun 26 Oct
Body and Soul Renowned actor and singer Paul Robeson began his film acting debut in Body and Soul as a morally bankrupt preacher who brings suffering to those around him. Nightmare and the unspoken haunt African–American life in the 1920s. Director Oscar Micheaux intertwines flash back and dreams to reflect Martha Jane’s infatuation with the villainous Reverend Jenkins to cinematically reflect the need for her to stop dreaming and face the reality of her daughter’s rape. Presented with live piano accompaniment from Stephen Horne. Arts Picturehouse Cambridge, 3pm, tel: 0871 704 2050, email@example.com.
Rudi Lickwood: “I’m a National Treasure” “I’m a National Treasure” is a satirical look at Rudi Lickwood’s national identity; Black, British, Proud and packed with insightful social comments as to who he is and why he is. Setting him apart from his counterparts, Rudi’s comedy mirrors the ever changing face of multicultural modern Britain. From driving a German car to an Irish pub, drinking Belgian beer whilst eating his Indian take-away and sitting on Swedish furniture whilst watching an American programme on his Japanese TV. His reputation as a thought provoking comic has grown out of desire to edutain. He is a mercenary in search of belly laughs and infectious chuckles. Borders are no boundaries for Rudi and from Afghanistan to Iraq he has been through it all.
port Iron Braydz, a talented African musician turned stand-up whose culturally conscious material inspires. Rudi Lickwood’s tour dates include:4th Oct - Over Community Centre - The Doles, Cambridgeshire www.thecentreatover.co.uk 01954 206600 10th Oct - Letchworth Arts Centre, Letchworth www.letchwortharts.org 01462 670788 11th Oct - Gloucester Guildhall,Gloucester www.gloucester.gov.uk 01452 50 30 50 18th Oct - Gallery Bistro - Fakenham, Norfolk www.thegallerybistro.co.uk 01328 855000
Not afraid to say what’s on his mind, he’s an intelligent fool with something to appeal to everyone. Areas of race and immigration may be problematic for some, but to Rudi they’re a comedy goldmine clashing with his British nationality and cultural West Indian African heritage.
28th Oct - The Beck Theatre - Hayes, Middlesex www.becktheatre.org.uk 0208 8561 8371
Supported by Mr Cee, he’ll warm you to his way of looking and laughing at life by his ‘Live, Love, Laugh’ philosophy, Second sup-
Visit www.hahaheehee.com for full Autumn/ Winter 08 Tour listings
6th Nov - Fairfield Halls - Croydon, Surrey www.fairfield.co.uk
Chelmsford Wed 8 Oct
Tiata Delights A night of new writing by emerging and established African playwrights. two plays showcased as performance readings with live musical accompaniment, directed by Femi Elufowoju Jr. Cramphorn Theatre, 8pm, £8, tel: 01245 606505.
Sun 12 Oct
Black History High Street Event Chelmsford A special showcase from black residents of Chelmsford and the local area, including specialist African and Caribbean food, arts and crafts, fashion and entertainment. Chelmsford High Street, 12noon – 4pm, free, tel: 01245 606811.
Decide for yourself if Rudi Lickwood is a national treasure or not.
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South Brighton Thu 9 Oct
Picturing the Chinese Artist Grace Lau discusses her photographic work inspired by 19th century travellers’ representations of the Chinese. The Old Courtroom, 1pm, £5/£3.50 Concessions, tel: 01273 292797.
Sun 19 Oct
Celebrate Diwali Wear a sari, have your hands hennaed, make a rangoli pattern or listen to the story of Rama and Sita. These and many more activities will be taking place today to celebrate Diwali. In conjunction with the Hindu Women’s Group. The Old Courtroom, 2pm - 430pm, free, tel: 01273 292797.
Tue 21 Oct
Diwali Each early years session includes art activities, a museum expedition, a story and handling some museum objects. These sessions are for 2–5 years olds only. We are sorry but we cannot accommodate younger children unless they are young babies. £4.50 in advance. Brighton Museum, 1030am – 12pm, £4.50 if booked in advance, tel: 01273 292797.
Wed 29 Oct
Big Diwali Draw Be inspired by the festival of
One of the films showing at Afrika Eye, Bristol
Diwali to be creative and make some lovely rangoli patterns. Brighton Museum, 1030am - 12pm and 1PM - 4pm, free, tel: 01273 292797.
Bristol 17 Oct
Afrika Eye Fundraiser A range of entertainment will be put on, including an African choir, singers, break dancers, a fashion show and auction, and some art on sale, so it should be a good evening.
St Paul’s Church, Tickets can be bought on tel: 07876 590530, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Fri 31 Oct – Sat 8 Nov
Afrika Eye 2008 A festival of films, workshops, discussions and live performance will splash African sunshine and music into a grey autumn. Ten films uncover a continent, from Senegal to Madagascar, Algeria to South Africa and the deep heartlands of Congo and Guinea. Boogie to the fantastic Vieux from Senegal, who performs live for our opening party and the premiere of Youssou N’dour’s great documentary Return to Goree, and shake yer bootie to the South African choir before the Sundance-nominated Son Of Man from South Africa. With a showcase of local film makers in the Eyefull evening and some special film guests - we bring you life! Watershed, Harbourside, check www.afrikaeye.btik.com for details.
Hertfordshire Tue 7 Oct
Raising money for Afrika. They will be playing at the Afrika Eye Film Festival Fundraiser in Bristol. 184 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Black Teachers Speak Out At last year’s Black History Month, Black Teachers from Hertfordshire took the opportunity to share their views of their teaching experience in Britain. The group
of teachers has continued to meet and may soon be the subject of a programme for Teachers TV. Don’t miss the opportunity to hear some of them this year! Tawanda Madhlangobe is a black Zimbabwean teacher who was highly commended in the Teacher of the Year Awards 2008 and is a doctoral student at the University of Hertfordshire. Lois Vassall is black Caribbean origin teacher who grew up in Wales, and a University of Hertfordshire doctorial student researching links between family support and the educational success of black students. University of Hertfordshire, De Havilland campus, time and price undecided, tel: 01707 28 5618, email@example.com.
Tue 21 Oct
An Evening With Dr Tony Sewell ‘Nurturing Success among Black African and African-Caribbean Boys in the British Education System.’ Dr Tony Sewell, well known for advocating a radical rethink of how Black African and African-Caribbean boys are educated in British schools to enable them reach their potential, will talk about how, through his project, ‘Generating Genius’, he is putting into practice some of his ideas. The presentation will be followed by an opportunity for
Thu 30 Oct
discussion. University of Hertfordshire, De Havilland campus, time and price undecided, Tel: 01707 273567, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Breaking the Silence – The Unheard Voices of Black Londoners Sixty years after the arrival of Empire Windrush, now an icon for the mass immigration of Caribbean people, the success stories of those who became Black Londoners are still often unheard. This session presents voices and stories from Caribbean origin communities in Britain, collected by a leading researcher of oral histories. Members of the local African Caribbean groups have been invited to come and share their own stories, and DVD material of the Caribbean experience in Britain can be accessed. University of Hertfordshire, De Havilland campus, 12pm - 2pm, price unknown, tel: 01707 285689, email@example.com
Thu 23 Oct
Join in Brighton’s Diwali celebrations
Audacity of Hope: What “President Barack Obama” Means to the United States and to the rest of the World On 20th January 2009 Barack Obama may be sworn in as the first African-American President of the United States. What would an Obama Presidency mean for America and for the rest of world? Join us for a multimedia exploration of this issue in conjunction with October is Black History Month as Dr Stuart Weinstein, Associate Head, School of Law, searches Senator Obama’s life, writings and speeches to find an answer. Room A90 School of Law (St Albans campus), 530pm for 6pm, price unknown, tel: 01707 286203, L.1.De-Souza@herts.ac.uk.
Chef Hasan Defour and the art of Caribbean fusion food Born in Trinidad and Tobago, Chef Deour developed a love and passion for food from an early age. He says: “In Trinidad I was fortunate as our food gastronomy is stretched from the native inhabiting tribes of the Amerindians (Caribs & Arawaks) to the Africans, Indian Europeans, Asian influences - real fusion food. I was always looking forward the Eid, Divali and other festivals that are celebrated in Trinidad and Tobago. The varied groups would always showcase their ethnic culinary dishes of which I was always looking to try to gain a greater understanding of the culinary styles of each culture. Chef Defour also teaches classes in schools and community groups and this October has a BHM theme. “I have had the opportunity to spread that love recently by teaching a few classes,” says the Chef. “The ages varied from older people to young kids and it was such a great experience for me to share my enthusiasm for something I feel passionate about and make it fun for all ages. I’m planning to continue teaching in the future, to make Caribbean food accessible to all those interested in the different flavours of my homeland.” “I have had the pleasure of cooking for all denominations of people, meeting and learning along the way. The business entrepreneur feeling is here and I want to do nothing more than to spread the wonderful cuisine of the beautiful Caribbean to the World. If anyone was to ask what my secret ingredient was I’d say its love, and I aspire for that to resonate into my food.” Chef Defour Is available to give classes throughout BHM and the rest of the year.
Somerset and the Slave Trade As part of Black History Month, discover Somerset’s involvement and connection with European trading patterns. This will be a rare chance to experience an audiovisual dramatisation of Coleridge’s lecture on the slave trade in its original setting. See amazing, original plantation records, objects and other documents. This informal session asks you to evaluate documentary evidence and consider whether or not we still have slavery today. Taunton Unitarian Chapel, 115pm – 215pm, free with a limit of 40 people, tel: 01823 362847
Brighton celebrates Diwali again this year
Hasan Defour tempts you with delicious food this Black History Month.
| BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 | 185
BHM Champion 2008
BHM Champion 2008 Welcome to BHM Norfolk Marking 40 years since Martin Luther King’s assassination, this is truly an important date as a Black Man runs for President in the United States.
We hope to see the Festival develop further in the future and become a platform for local Black filmmakers. Norfolk BHM is recognised as one of the best BHM celebrations in the country. This is quite a feat for a county with relatively low levels of diversity. As such this is an achievement that Norfolk should be extremely proud of and is further proof that Norfolk BHM is a celebration that everyone can participate in regardless of race or ethnicity. Sat 25 Oct - Stephen K Amos finds the funny side of life at the artsdepot,
his year is the 40th anniversary of what was a truly historic year, one of assassinations, riots and student protests across the globe. 1968 was particularly important for Black people, with the assassination of Dr Martin Luther King Jr, the stand of John Carlos and Tommie Smith at the Mexico Olympics, the passing of the Race Relations Act and the appointment of the first female Black Police Officer here in the UK. In recognition of this momentous year we have dedicated the cover of this year’s Events Guide to the great leader and activist Dr Martin Luther King Jr, who was assassinated on 4th April 1968. This year also sees the inaugural Norfolk Black Film Festival in partnership with Creative Arts East and Cinema City. We hope to see the Festival develop further in the future and become a platform for local Black filmmakers. Norfolk BHM is recognised as one of the best BHM celebrations in the country. This is quite a feat for a county with relatively low levels of diversity. As such this is an achievement that Norfolk should be extremely proud of and is further proof that Norfolk BHM is a celebration that everyone can participate in regardless of race or ethnicity. As a result of the Film Festival and the excellent work of the Norfolk Library Service in particular, we have gone further to achieving our aim of making Norfolk BHM a truly county-wide celebration. This year’s programme again includes strong representation from Great Yarmouth but we have also managed to reach the likes of Caister, Harleston, King’s Lynn, Bunwell and Hockwold, to name a few. As always, we aim to make Norfolk BHM a truly county-wide celebration. This year’s programme again includes strong representation from Great Yarmouth but we have also managed to reach Sheringham, Aylsham, Watton, Geldeston and Thetford. On this website you will find details of over 60 events open to the public throughout October, but what you won’t see is the large number of ‘closed’ events also taking place in schools and colleges across the county and in both the county’s Prisons. Finally I’d like to thank all our sponsors, in particular Norfolk County Council, NHS Norfolk, and Norfolk Constabulary. I’d also like to thank the members of the Norfolk BHM Steering Group for all their support and efforts over the last twelve months. Without their efforts Norfolk BHM ‘08 would not be possible. For full information of listings please see www.norfolkblackhistorymonth.org.uk Sean Whyte, BHM Coordinator Norwich & Norfolk Racial Equality Council
186 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Kent offers teachers a wide range of experiences and an opportunity to work in a varied and exciting environment.To learn more about teaching careers in Kent, visit www.kent-teach.com www.kent.gov.uk/jobs
A great place to work Our services arenâ€™t the same so neither are our people
late listings For further information on events across the UK, please see www. blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk
resemble a “three-inch golden lotus” at a time when normal big feet were considered alien and ugly.
Luton Library Services celebrates BHM During October 2008, Luton Schools’ Library Service will be displaying a collection of Fiction and Non-Fiction books written in English by Black, Asian and world authors. These books are mainly for Key Stages 1 and 2. If you require a booklist, please do not hesitate to contact us. Leagrave Library, tel: (01582) 59 80 65, fax: (01582) 84 70 77 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Birmingham Wed 15 Oct African Drum Workshop A drum workshop with noted Nigerian/British drummer Rocky Amoo. The students will be pupils from Shenley Court College Samba Band. Ages 12 - 14. Weoley Castle Library, free, 10am 12noon, tel: 0121 464 1664, weoley. email@example.com.
“Tea ceremony tools: two bronze vases from Japan” by Kacper Kuzinicki These vases were used for the display of flowers on an altar in a temple or in the home. Black lacquer coloured vases were considered a most tasteful and sophisticated bronze style in China, and were desirable for flower arranging.
“Tied in knots: a man’s jade hairpiece from China” by Monika Winiarczyk. Hairstyles were extremely important in ancient China; whether hair was worn long, tied in a queue (pigtail) or tied up on the top of the head in a topknot was often linked to status and the orders of ruling regimes.
Wed 1 Oct - Fri 31 Oct
Ralston Roy Retrospective Art Exhibition A retrospection of the art work of Clive Ralston Roy Anderson. Identifying his pathway to international artist status. Tracing his earliest works as a young man and his psychological studies of art by South African Children. Ralston Roy travels to South Africa, Sri Lanka, Gambia, Kenya and Brazil. The artist will participate in a question and Answer session on the following dates: 8, 15, 22, 29 Oct. Caribbean Youth Centre, 10am – 5pm, free, Ralstonroy1@Gmail.com.
Wed Oct 1 – Fri 31 Oct
Keep Smiling Through: Black Londoners on the Home Front 1939 - 1945 An exhibition exploring the contributions made by black Londoners during the Second World War. From air raid precautions wardens to
entertainers, black Londoners carried out a variety of tasks on the home front during the Second World War. This explores the positive and negative experiences of black Londoners through rare photographs, music and film clips. The exhibition reveals the story of Doctor Harold Moody, a founding member of the League of Coloured Peoples. It uncovers the role of musicians like Adelaide Hall and Ken ‘Snakehips’ Johnson played in keeping up London’s morale. Cuming Museum, Tuesday to Saturday, 10am – 5pm, free, tel: 020 7525 2332, Cuming.museum@ southwark.gov.uk.
Wed 1 Oct – Fri 31 Oct
Windrush Exhibition Books and Resources Display A visual display of pictures, books, artefacts and costumes to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the Empire Windrush. Southwark Education Library Service, 930am – 5pm, free, educationlibraryservice@southwark. gov.uk
Wed 1 Oct
African Caribbean Rhymetime Sessions Rhymetime sessions place music at the centre of a child’s speech and language development. Singing, clapping and learning new rhymes is also fun. Parents can also borrow from a wide collection of nursery rhyme books. Ages 0 – 8. Dulwich Library, library opening hours, free, tel: 020 7525 2000.
Glasgow All events below take place in the Hunterian Museum, start at 1245pm, are free and allow for questions at the end. For details, call the museum on 0141 330 2838.
“Religion in the Far East: a Chinese Budai figure” by Irina Kravtsova Budai is known as the “Laughing Buddha” and in the Chinese tradition he is shown smiling or laughing, with his large stomach exposed which represents happiness, good luck and abundance. Budai is also known as Buddha of Happiness in Buddhism.
Sat 4 Oct
“Fashion in the Far East: A Pair of Chinese bound shoes” by Josephine Jenner Foot-binding originated in China in the 10th century. Women’s feet were tightly bound to stop them from growing so that they would
YOUNG WARRIOR 2
188 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Black History Month Launch Come and join in the celebrations as LB Southwark proudly launches Black History Month 2008, which this year will be held at the Damilola Taylor Centre. The programme will begin with the opportunity for guests to mill around stalls of local artists, educational organisations and community groups. There will then be a showcase of local talent featuring some of the boroughs finest youth projects including drummers from the Tribute Trust, Children of Zion and Exodus Dance Companies, the highly respected Recycled Teenagers from Carl Campbell Dance Company 7, poet
and singer Khadijatou Doyneh and one the UKs leading historians Steve Martin. The day will end with the opportunity to network and enjoy mouth watering, homemade Caribbean cuisine straight from the kitchen, courtesy of C & C Caterers! Damilola Taylor Centre, 2pm 530pm, free, tel: 020 7525 3569, www.southwark.gov.uk.
Sat 4 Oct
Big Draw Black History workshops with local artist Tayo Fatunla Big Draw is a national campaign run throughout October to get people drawing! As part of this initiative Tayo Fatunla will be running cartoon workshops at the launch where he will teach young people how to draw their own black heroes from history. These workshops are open to young people aged 5 upwards. Damilola Taylor Centre, Workshop One 2pm - 245pm, Workshop Two 430pm - 515pm, tel: 020 7525 3569.
Sat 4 Oct , Sat 11 Oct, Sat 18 Oct, Sat 25 Oct
Carl Campbell Dance Company 7’s Caribbean Dance Class This is an open class for members of the community from 14 to 50 to experience contemporary Caribbean Dance. Peckham Pulse Healthy Living Centre, 130pm – 330pm, £3, tel: 020 7639 4875, Ccdc7@easynet.co.uk.
Tue 7 Oct, Tue 14 Oct, Tue 21 Oct, Tue 28 Oct Carl Campbell Dance Company 7’s Recycled Teenagers Dance Classes The Carl Campbell Dance Company 7’s Recycled Teenagers Dance Classes is a Contemporary Caribbean-African Dance project for Older learners. Featured on BBC Newsroom Southeast and Channel 4’s Peckham Tales and the New Paul O’Grady Show. The project is geared for over 50’s giving members an opportunity to experience Caribbean-African Dance and culture in a warm and friendly environment. Music ranges from Reggae, Soukass, R & B, Classical, Salsa and Hip Hop. Peckham Pulse Healthy Living Centre, 1pm – 230pm, £1.50, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Tue 7 Oct, Tue 14 Oct, Tue 21 Oct, Tue 28 Oct
Bob Marley Youth Dance Classes The Carl Campbell dance Company 7’s Bob Marley Youth Theatre Dance Classes is a contemporary Caribbean African Dance project for young people
Sly & Robbie, Newcastle Carling Academy
between the ages of 8-12 +. The project is geared to giving young people an opportunity to experience Caribbean African Dance and culture, both educationally and as a performing art. They are taught to work together on a basis of mutual respect. Participants develop their concentration and discipline skills and the ability to succeed in life. The dress code is loose comfortable clothing, bare feet or jazz/ballet shoes. Peckham Pulse Healthy Living Centre, 430pm – 6pm, £1.50, tel: 020 7639 4875, Ccdc7@easynet.co.uk.
Tue 7 Oct
Baby &Toddlers – Past, Present & Future Session One: A journey to the past – enjoy a classic compendium of African and Caribbean folk tales and songs Session Two: Present day tales - adaptations of traditional European tales. Session Three Looking to the future – a storymaking session with children and their parents thinking about what the future will be like. Everyone’s ideas will make one giant brand new story! Brandon Library, 1030am – 12pm, free, tel: 020 7735 8261, southwark. email@example.com.
Fri 10 Oct
Black History Month in Conjunction with World Mental Health Day This event will include an exhibition, of arts and crafts designed by members of the organisation and an information stall to illustrate the work of the Maroons. There will be entertainment including traditional dancers. The event will highlight the progress that has been accomplished by members as well as celebrating Black History Month. Cambridge House Hall, 10am – 4pm, free, tel: 020 7708 1524, Lucky. firstname.lastname@example.org.
Sat 11, Sat 18, Sat 25 Oct
History of African Dance Music A lively event involving commentary and music of the African Diaspora. This will include JUJU, Highlife, Congolese and reggae. Caribbean Youth Centre, 7pm – 1130pm, £3.50, tel: 07751054466, Ralstonroy1@googlemail.com.
Sat 11 Oct - Wed 12 Oct
The Thames Tunnel Festival: The world’s first underwater multi-cultural festival. At Thames Tunnel Fancy Fair there were ‘Oriental singers, Indian Dancers www.blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk
and Ethiopian Serenaders’. Join in a weekend of arts and crafts workshops with a multicultural theme. Make optic tricks: zoetrope, peepshow, 3D viewer and Protean Views. By spinning, squinting or by magical transformation, the display turns into fairground acts from all over the world. Free cakes and celebration! The Brunel Museum, 10am – 5pm, free, tel: 020 7231 3840, email@example.com.
Tue 14 Oct
London Lives – Capital Black Writing From Andrea Levy’s Small Island to Sam Selvon’s Lonely Londoners, some of the most moving and insightful novels about London have come with a black perspective. Writer and storyteller Sandra Agard takes you on an engaging Literary London tour through some of her personal favourites including Andrea Levy, Sam Selvon, Alex Wheatle and Mike Phillips. Dulwich Library, 2pm – 3pm, free, tel: 020 7525 6229.
Tue 14 Oct
Keep Smiling Through: Black Londoners on the Home Front 1939-1945
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Find out more about the Cuming Museum’s current exhibition “Keep Smiling Through: Black Londoners on the Home Front 1939 to 1945”. Historian Stephen Bourne will give an illustrated talk on the subject, exploring the positive and negative experiences of black Londoners during the Second World War. Peckham Library, 630pm – 8pm, free, tel: 020 7525 1570.
Thu 16 Oct
Octavia E. Butler – Science Fiction’s African American pioneer Octavia E. Butler was a true colossus of Science Fiction. As an African American woman working in a traditionally white male genre she overcame all barriers to become a much revered and critically acclaimed writer. Writer and storyteller Sandra Agard – a lifelong Octavia E. Butler fan - delivers a lively overview of Butler’s life and works. Dulwich Library, 730pm – 9pm, free, tel: 020 7525 1570.
Sat 25 Oct
Black Business Awards 2008 The Black Business Awards 2008 is back in autumn this year. Join a glittering crowd of business and community luminaries for an evening of dinner, dance and sheer entertainment-a celebration of the achievements of Black entrepreneurs & achievers. The award promises to give you an experience of a lifetime! Our special host this year is Jacqui Joseph (TV Presenter) with special appearances from other celebrities. Formal or
Cultural dress. Hilton London Tower Bridge, 7pm – late, Standard Ticket: £100pp / Group Table: £900 / Corporate Table: £1,500, www.bbinitiative.com.
Until Sun 15 Nov
Cinema of Brazil Festival Barbican Film is pleased to announce the second Cinema of Brazil Festival focusing on Afro - Brazilian influences and is presented in association with the Embassy of Brazil. With 17 features, documentaries, shorts and animations the Festival marks the 120th anniversary of the abolition of slavery in Brazil and is timed to coincide with BlackHistory month in the UK. Again this year the Barbican is anticipating the arrival of some of Brazil’s best filmmaking talent for the festival, including renowned directors Carlos Diegues and Zózimo Bulbul. For more details, check the Barbican website www.barbican.org.uk.
Fri 3 Oct
Health Fair Westminster The aim of the day is to promote health and wellbeing within the wider community and raise awareness of some of the health issues that are prevalent in BME communities. If you’re feeling really energetic you can try a funky martial arts class in Capoeira, an African martial art originating in Brazil and now practised all over the world. This martial art has two basic styles, each style uses the same moveable stance, they also use sequences for attack and defence, each style is progressive where
Worker’s Educational Assoc, London
participants developed into doing basic gymnastic skills merge with the movements practised. Advance booking required. City Hall, Victoria Street, 12pm – 4pm, free, tel: 020 7641 8547.
Mon 6 Oct
Westminster Historical Walk Take a stroll down memory lane with one our historical walks discovering fascinating facts about life in Westminster and its history on the road to the abolition of slavery. Starts Westminster City Hall, 1030am – 1230pm, free, tel: 020 7641 8547.
Mon 13 Oct
Westminster Historical Walk Take a stroll down memory lane with one our historical walks discovering fascinating facts about life in Westminster and its history on the road to the abolition of slavery. Starts Westminster City Hall, 10am – 12pm, free, tel: 020 7641 8547.
Wed 29 Oct
Celebrating Diversity 2008: Westminster Food fest: Come and try traditional dishes from a range of countries – aim is
for people to try different dishes from around the world. Attended also by Yasus Afari and Julie Issac, who will be reading their poetry. Project Windrush: An exhibition outlining some of the experiences from those who have lived or worked in Westminster over the last 60 years. Carried out by pupils from Westminster schools the exhibition uses a number of formats to reflect life in Westminster. There will also be other photos, short films and artefacts about the Empire Windrush. Get creative: Join in the fun with colourful face painting, costume making and badge making to be hosted by a variety of community arts organisations. Book Fair: In conjunction with Westminster Libraries, BIS Publications and Centerprise we will be hosting a book fair a range of books which are intriguing, informative and offering a variety of perspectives of black history and culture. Greenside Community Centre, 12pm – 5pm, free, tel: 020 7641 85 47.
Mon 3 Nov
Fri 26 Sep – Sat 1 Nov
Ghosts in the Gallery - a fast-paced journey through time bringing over 500 years of British history to life. Polka Theatre, Various times, £9.50, tel: 020 8543 4888, www.polkatheatre.com.
Fri 3 Oct
Hidden History Event Join Tony Warner of 100 Black Men of London for a Black History Month presentation on the hidden stories behind the portrayal of Black people in European art. Polka Theatre, 7pm, free, tel: 020 8543 4888, www.bmol.org.uk. Brazilian film @ Barbican 190 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Sat 4 Oct
World of Stories and Music The Leopard and the Drum, a traditional tale from the Ashanti region of Ghana. Polka Theatre, 1030am, free, tel: 020 8543 4888, www.polkatheatre.com.
Sat 4 Oct, Sat 11 Oct
Little Hippo and his Magic Pen - an interactive performance in which the audience are invited to make their own use of Little Hippo’s magic pen! Polka Theatre, £7.50/£6.50 children/£5.50 concessions, tel: 020 8543 4888, www.polkatheatre.com.
Mon 13 Oct
Bamako The film Bamako bears devastating witness to the iniquities of free trade and globalisation from a Malian perspective. Subtitled – cert PG. Odeon Wimbledon, 7.30pm, invitation only – call, tel: 020 8545 3399.
Sat 18 Oct
Treasures of the Rainforest A participatory, Guyanese fusion of music and storytelling to engage and ignite the imagination. Polka Theatre, £7.50/£6.50 Children/£5.50 Concessions, tel: 020 8543 4888, www.polkatheatre.com.
Tue 28 Oct
Half Term Black History Month Family Day Interactive storytelling and craft workshop, inspired by Anansi Tales, for ages 5 – 7yrs and parents/carers. Polka Theatre, 1030am – 12 noon, £7.50 per child, accompany adults come free, tel: 020 8543 4888, www.polkatheatre.com.
Maidstone Mon 20 Oct – Sun 2 Nov
‘African Tales Exhibition’ A mini exhibition showcasing African objects selected from our collections, that have never been on display before, they each ‘tell a story’ about the African culture from which they originate. The display will also feature artwork and stories created by local schools. Maidstone Museum and Bentlif Art Gallery, Mon to Sat 10am – 5.15pm, Sundays 11am – 4pm, free, tel: 01622 602 838.
The Huntarian Museum in Glasgow is also putting on many interesting events around Black History.
Month. Why not join the museum as we endeavour to reveal our previously unexplored African collections and bring them to life. This event has activities for both Adults and children. Adults will enjoy observational drawing and creative responses to our African collection, and children will be invited to take part in our interactive mural. Maidstone Museum and Bentlif Art Gallery, Mon to Sat 10am – 5.15pm, Sundays 11am – 4pm, free, tel: 01622 602 838.
Mon 27 Oct
‘African tails’ Make an African animal mask and tail while you learn about conservation issues. Maidstone Museum and Bentlif Art Gallery, 1030am - 1230pm, 130pm330pm, £2, tel: 01622 602 838.
Tue 28 Oct
‘African stories’ Storytelling and craft activity. Recommended for under 5’s. Maidstone Museum and Bentlif Art Gallery, 1030am – 1130am, £2 for one adult and two children, tel: 01622 602 838.
Wed 29 Oct
‘African instruments’ and ‘African Music from u’Zambezi’ Make an African percussion instrument using natural
Thu 30 Oct
African Objects to celebrate Black History Month “Hands on Station” Come along to look closely and artefacts and specimens from our museum collection. Children might like to make a brass rubbing too. Maidstone Museum and Bentlif Art Gallery, 1030am – 1230pm, 130pm – 330pm, free, tel: 01622 602 838.
Newcastle Sat 18 Oct – Sun 19 Oct
Boss Sounds Festival 2008 Boss Sounds festival of legendary reggae is back for 2008 celebrating Black History Month in fine style with a line up of both classic reggae names and newcomers as well. Headliners Sly and Robbie are the world’s greatest rhythm section and have played with all Jamaican legends not to mention Grace Jones and Mick Jagger. Other headliners are UK’s Misty in Roots and ska legends Pioneers and Symarip. Newcastle Carling Academy, £17.50 per day, £30 weekend ticket, tel: 07973 759 029.
Wales: Newport Wed 29 Oct
Sat 25 Oct
‘Drawing on Africa’ This year we will be celebrating two national events by combining the Big Draw with Black History
resources. Learn about the important role of music in African cultures. Maidstone Museum and Bentlif Art Gallery, 1030am – 1230pm, 130pm – 330pm, £2, tel: 01622 602 838.
Brazilian film @ Barbican
African Community Centre goes down to the Farm! For the children - (during half term) we will be going to the farm and getting involved in all the www.blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk
daily tasks of a working farm. A chance for our children to make the connections between farm life and the modern life! Children’s University credits will be awarded. Newport Museum and Art Gallery, time unknown, free, tel: 01633 656656, www.newport.gov.uk/museum
Tue 4 Nov
AFRICAN COMMUNITY CENTRE YOUTH FORUM Your chance to nominate 5 youth leaders who will represent your views and get stuff going for the youth section of the ACC. Opportunities availalable to do training and gain accreditation from the Youth University. Elections and Launch of Youth Forum Tuesday November 4th 4pm, ACC 60 Walter Road. I am currently on the look out for a host for the event, if you are a young person with presenting skills then get in touch! ‘I Can’ Project Co-ordinator Emily on 01792 470298 or email emily.robertson@ africancommunitycentre.org.uk 60 Walter Road, Swansea, SA1 5PZ.
Wales: Swansea Thu 2 Oct
The African Community Centre in conjunction with Swansea University invites you to this free and inspiring event during this years Black History Month. Martin Luther King Lecture – A Stone of Hope Speaker; Joel Edwards Esso Lecture Theatre, Swansea University, 7-9pm, free, tel: 01792 459144
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African Community Centre 60 Walter Road Swansea SA1 5PZ
Arena Theatre Wulfruna Street Wolverhampton WV1 1SB 01902 321321 Artsdepot 5 Nether Street Tally Ho Corner North Finchley London N12 0GA Arts Picturehouse 38-39 St Andrew’s Street Cambridge CB2 3AR The Albany Douglas Way Deptford London SE8 4AG 020 8692 4446 Barbados House 15 Reginald Row Leeds LS7 3HP Beethoven Centre 174 Third Avenue London W10 4JL 020 8969 5881 Blackheath Halls 23 Lee Road London SE3 9RQ 020 8463 0100 Blackheath Village Library 3 – 4 Blackheath Grove SE3 0DD The British Museum Great Russell Street London WC1B 3DG Bristol’s City Museum & Art Gallery Queen’s Road Clifton Bristol BS8 1RL Brixton Library Brixton Oval SW2 1JQ 020 7926 1056 Broadway Theatre Catford SE6 4RU Brunei Gallery at SOAS Thornhaugh Street Russell Square London WC1H 0XG 020 7898 4046
Cambridge Corn Exchange Wheeler Street Cambridge CB2 3QB 01223 357851
The Camden Centre Euston Road London WC1H 9DB Camden Town Hall Judd Street London WC1H 9JE Cardwell Children’s Centre Frances Street London SE18 5LP Carers Lewisham Lewisham Carers Centre Waldram Place Forest Hill SE23 2LB The Carriageworks 3 Millennium Square Leeds LS2 3AD Catford Library Laurence House Rushey Green SE6 4RU Central Library 2 Fieldway Crescent London N5 1PF Central Library & Reference Library 17 Smithford Way Coventry CV1 1FY 023 7683 2314 Centerprise 136-138 Kingsland High Street London E8 2NS The Centre At St Pauls Hills Road Cambridge CB2 1JP Citizens Gallery Powis Street Woolwich SE18 6LQ City Hall 64 Victoria Street London SW1E 6QP
Cramphorn Theatre, Fairfield Road, Chelmsford, CM1 1JG 01245 606 505
Goldsmiths Community Centre Castillon Road Catford SE6 1QD
Crofton Park Library Brockley Road SE4 2AF
Greenside Community Centre 24 Lilestone Street Lisson Grove NW8 8SR
Croydon Clocktower Katharine Street Croydon CR9 1ET Crowndale Centre 218 Eversholt Street London NW1 1BD Downham Library Health and Leisure Centre 7 – 9 Moorside Road BR1 5EP Dudley Archives and Local History Service. Mount Pleasant St, Coseley. West Midlands. WV14 9JR Ealing Central Library, Ealing Broadway Centre, Ealing, London W5 5JY 020 8567 3670 The Emirates Arsenal Stadium Conference Hall London N5 1BU European Reminiscence Network AJODA and COFA Charlton House Charlton SE7 8ER Ferens Art Gallery Queen Victoria Square Hull HU1 3RA The Fitzwilliam Museum Trumpington Street Cambridge CB2 1RB 01223 332900
Clapton Library Northwold Road London E5 8RA 020 8356 1620
Foleshill Community Library Broad Street Coventry CV6 5BG
CLR James Library 24 – 30 Dalston Lane London E8 3AZ 020 8356 1665
Forest Hill Library Dartmouth Road SE23 3HZ
Coombes Croft Library Tottenham High Road London N17 8AG 020 8489 8771
192 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
Glyndon Community Centre 75 Raglan Road Plumstead SE18 7LB
Greenwich Heritage Centre Artillery Square Royal Arsenal, Woolwich SE18 4DX Greenwich Picturehouse 180 Greenwich High Road London SE10 8NN Greenwich Theatre and the Aegis Trust Greenwich Theatre Crooms Hill London SE10 8ES Grove Park Library Somertrees Avenue SE12 OBX Hackney Archives 43 De Beauvoir Road London N1 5SQ 020 7241 2886 Hackney Central Library and Museum 1 Reading Lane London E8 1GQ 020 8356 2542 Haringey Park N8 9JA 020 8489 1118 Hillcrest Primary School Space@Hillcrest Cowper Street Chapeltown Leeds, LS7 4DR Hilton London Tower Bridge 5 More London Place, Tooley Stree London SE15 1 2BY Homerton Library Homerton High Street London E9 6AS 020 8356 1690 Horniman Museum and Gardens 100 London Road Forest Hill SE23 3PQ Hornsey Library Haringey Park London N8 9JA 020 8489 1118
Hoxton Hall 130 Hoxton Street London N1 6SH 020 7684 0060 Hunterian Museum, Gilbert Scott Building, University of Glasgow, G12 8QQ 0141 330 2838 Idea Store Whitechapel 319-331 Whitechapel Road London E1 1BU Imperial War Museum London Lambeth Road London SE1 6HZ International Slavery Museum Dock Traffic Office Albert Dock Liverpool L3 4AX Jamaica House 277 Chapeltown Road Leeds LS7 3HA The Junction Clifton Way Cambridge CB1 7GX 01223 511 511 Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum Argyle Street G3 8AG 0141 276 9599 Kensington Central Library Phillimore Walk London W8 7RX Kensington Town Hall Hornton Street London W8 7NX Kilburn Library 12-22 Kilburn High Road London NW6 5UH Lady Lever Art Gallery Port Sunlight Village Wirral CH62 5EQ Leeds West Indian Centre 10 Laycock Place Leeds LS7 3AJ Leighton House Museum 12 Holland Park Road London W14 8LZ
Lewisham Ethnic Minority Partnership 2nd Floor Showroom, H E Olby 307-313 Lewisham High Street London, SE13 6NW Lewisham Library 199–201 Lewisham High Street SE13 6LG Lewisham Irish Centre 2a Davenport Road Catford SE6 2AZ Lewisham Youth Theatre Broadway Theatre Catford SE6 4RU Light House The Chubb Buildings Fryer Street Wolverhampton WV1 1HT 01902 716 055 Little Angel Theatre 14 Dagmar Passage London N1 2DN Liverpool Royal Court Theatre 1 Roe Street Liverpool L1 1HL 0151 709 2220 Living Space 1 Coral Street London SE1 7BE Maidstone Museum and Bentlif Art Gallery St.Faith’s Street Maidstone Kent ME1 1LH Marcus Garvey Library Tottenham Green Centre 1 Philip Lane N15 4JA 020 8489 5309 The Meadows Community Centre 1 St Catharine’s Road Cambridge CB4 3XJ 01223 508140 Mount Zion Church Centre Pasture Road Leeds LS8 4LW Museum in Docklands West India Quay E14 4AL 0870 444 3855 Museum of London London Wall EC2Y 5HN 0870 444 3850 Muslim Cultural Heritage Centre 244 Acklam Road W10 5YG
The National Gallery Trafalgar Square London WC2N 5DN Minet Library Old Truman Brewey 91-95 Brick Lane London E1 6QL 020 8265 5881 Moonshot Centre Fordham Park Angus Street New Cross SE14 6LU Muswell Hill Library Queen’s Avenue Muswell Hill London N10 3PE 020 8489 8773 National Portrait Gallery St Martin’s Place London WC2H 0HE New North Community School 32 Popham Road London N1 8SJ New Wolsey Theatre
Ipswich 01473 295 900
October Gallery 24 Old Gloucester Street London WC1N 3AL Oldham Library and Lifelong Learning Centre Cultural Quarter Greaves Street Oldham OL1 1AL Old Truman Brewey 91-95 Brick Lane London E1 6QL 020 8265 5881 The Original Gallery Hornsey Library Haringey Park N8 9JA 020 8489 1118
Portland Arms Mitcham’s Corner 129 Chesterton Road Cambridge CB4 3BA 01223 357268 Prestongrange Museum, Prestonpans, East Lothian, Scotland, EH32 9RX 0131 653 2904 Prince Philip Centre Scott Hall Avenue Leeds LS7 2HJ The Promenade Gallery Hornsey Library Wood Green Central Library Gallery High Road N22 6XD Queen Charlotte Hall Richmond Adult Community College Parkshot Richmond TW9 2RE Rich Mix 35 – 47 Bethnal Green Road London E1 6LA 020 7613 7498 Riverside Studios
Crisp Road Hammersmith London W6 9RL 020 8237 1010 Roscoe Sports Hall Francis Street Leeds LS7 4BY Royal Court Theatre Sloane Square London SW1W 8AS Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Philharmonic Hall Hope Street Liverpool L1 9BP 0151 210 2895
Soho House Museum Soho Avenue Handsworth Birmingham B18 5LB South London Gallery 65 Peckham Road London SE5 8UH Spitalfields Gallery 7-15 Greatorex Street Whitechapel E1 5NF 020 7375 3933 The Stableyard
Holland Park London W8 6LU
Stamford Hill Library Portland Avenue N16 6SB 020 8356 1700 The Small Hall in The Guidhall Market Street Cambridge CB1 St Mungo Museum of Religious Life and Art 2 Castle Street Glasgow G4 0RH Stanley Halls 189 South Norwood Hill London SE25 6DJ 020 8253 1030 Stockwell Memorial Garden Clapham Road London SW9 9ES
Taunton Unitarian Chapel Mary Street Taunton Somerset Torridon Road Library Torridon Road SE6 1RQ Trussler Hall 78 Grundy Street Poplar London E14 6ND 020 7510 9770 University of Hertfordshire, St Albans Campus 7 Hatfield Road St. Albans AL1 3RS Watershed 1 Canon’s Road Harbourside Bristol BS1 5TX United Kingdom 0117 927 6444 Wavelengths Library Giffin Street SE8 4RJ West Greenwich Library Greenwich High Road London SE10 8NN Westbourne Studios 242 Acklam Road London W10 5JJ
St. Paul’s Church Hall, The Ridgeway, Mill Hill, London, NW7 1QU
The White House 110 – 208 Kender Street New Cross SE14 5JQ
Streatham Library 63 Streatham High Road Streatham London SW16 1PN 020 7926 6768
Wilberforce House 36 High Street Hull HU1 1NQ
Swiss Cottage Library 88 Avenue Road London NW3 3HA
Oval House Theatre 52 - 54 Kennington Oval London SE11 5SW
Shaw Theatre 100 - 110 Euston Road London NW1 2AJ 0871 594 3123
Oxford House Derbyshire Street E2 6HG 020 7739 9001
Shoreditch Library 80 Hoxton Street London N1 6LP 020 8356 4350
Technorth Family Learning Centre 9 Harrogate Road Leeds LS7 3NB
Simba Family Association 48-50 Artillery Place London SE18 4AB
Unit 5, St. Georges Estate White Hart Lane Wood Green N22 5QL 020 8489 1384
People’s Palace and Winter Gardens Glasgow Green G40 1AT 0141 271 2962
The Tabernacle Powis Square LondonW11 2AY
Sydenham Library Sydenham Road SE26 5SE
Wightwick Manor Wightwick Bank Wolverhampton WV6 8EE World Museum Liverpool William Brown Street Liverpool L3 8EN 0151 478 4393 Yana Cosmetics 7 Brockley Cross Brockley SE4 2AB York Gardens Library 34 Lavender Road SW11 2UG 020 8871 7471
| BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 | 193
Advertiser’s List Abbott Alberto-Culver Anthony Nolan Trust Anti-Slavery International Appointments Commission Asthma UK Barking & Dagenham PCT Bath Spa University Bath University Birmingham University Bradford College Brent Council Britannia Building Society British Council Cafcass Cambridge University Channel 4 Christian Aid Colomer Professional International Crown Prosecution Service DCSF DEFRA Dept for Education & Skills DESG Devon Council DFID DVLA
London Borough of Tower Hamlets London Councils London Probation Service Manchester Metropolitan University Merton Fostering & Adoption Metropolitan Home Ownership Metropolitan Housing Group Metropolitan Police MM Cosmetics MNTB NAHT National Graduate Development Programme National Theatre Southbank National Trust National Union of Teachers NCH Black Families NHS Professional NHS Scotland Nottingham Fire & Rescue Service Nursing & Midwifery Council Open University RAF Royal Navy Royal Opera House Royal Parks
Edexcel English Heritage Ernst & Young Essex County Council Essex Fire & Rescue Service Financial Ombudsman Service GCHQ General Medical Council GLS Greater London Authority Greater Manchester Fire Greater Manchester Police Hackney Empire Ltd Hampshire Fostering Hertfordshire County Council HM Prison Service HM Treasury Hope Gate House of Lords Hull County Council Hype Coiffure Islington County Council KCL Kent Fire & Rescue Service Kent LEA Teach Lambeth Fostering & Adoption Lincolnshire Police
SFS SGOSS Shell UK Southend Fostering Staffordshire Fire & Rescue Service Stockport Council Suffolk Constabulary Talawa Theatre Company Terrence Higgins Trust Tesco The Royal Borough of Kensington & Chelsea The Watchmen Agency Thurrock Council Thurrock Council Adoption Thurrock F&A Tony Wade UBS Unite - T&G Section University of Birmingham University of Warwick Urbane Experience Valuation Office Walsall Family Placements Service Wandsworth Primary School West Midlands Fire Service
BHM 2008 Response Card Please cut out and tick boxes from organisations you would like more information about
q Abbott q Alberto-Culver q Anthony Nolan Trust q Anti-Slavery International q Appointments Commission q Asthma UK q Barking & Dagenham q PCT q Bath Spa University q Bath University q Berr q Birmingham University q Bradford College q Brent Council q Britannia Building Society q British Council q British Sugar q Cabinet Office/Civil Service Faststream q Cafcass q Cambridge University q Channel 4 q Christian Aid q Colomer Professional International q Crown Prosecution Service q DCSF q DEFRA q Dept for Education & Skills q DESG q Devon Council q DFID
q DVLA q Edexcel q English Heritage q Ernst & Young q Essex County Council q Essex Fire & Rescue Service q Financial Ombudsman Service q GCHQ q General Medical Council q Gloucestershire County Council q GLS q Greater London Authority q Greater Manchester Fire q Greater Manchester Police q Hackney Empire Ltd q Hampshire Fostering q Hertfordshire County Council q HM Prison Service q HM Treasury q Hope Gate q House of Lords q HSE q Hull County Council q Hype Coiffure q Islington County Council q KCL q Kent Fire & Rescue Service q Kent LEA Teach q Lambeth Fostering &
Adoption q Lincolnshire Police q L ondon Borough of Tower Hamlets q L ondon Councils London Probation Service qM anchester Metropolitan University q Merton Fostering & Adoption qM etropolitan Home Ownership q Metropolitan Housing Group q Metropolitan Police q MM Cosmetics q MNTB q Morgan Stanley q NAHT qN ational Graduate Development Programme q National Theatre Southbank q National Trust q National Union of Teachers q NCH Black Families q NHS Professional q NHS Scotland qN ottingham Fire & Rescue Service q Nursing & Midwifery Council q Open University q RAF q Royal Navy
194 | BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2008 |
q Royal Opera House q Royal Parks q SFS q SGOSS q Shell UK q Southend Fostering q Staffordshire Fire & Rescue Service q Stockport Council q Suffolk Constabulary q Talawa Theatre Company q Terrence Higgins Trust q Tesco q The Royal Borough of q Kensington & Chelsea q The Watchmen Agency q Thurrock Council q Thurrock Council Adoption q Thurrock F&A q Tony Wade q UBS q Unite - T&G Section q University of Birmingham q University of Warwick q Urbane Experience q Valuation Office q Walsall Family Placements Service q Wandsworth Primary School q West Midlands Fire Service
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visit:ww ww.careersresponse.com OrOr visit: ww.careersresponse.com www.educationresponse.com www.educationresponse.com
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Inspiring learning, changing lives. The Open University transforms lives through education. It has become by far the largest university in the UK, now teaching well over 200,000 people every year. We have expanded our activities throughout Europe and our highly rated teaching materials are used by other institutions in many parts of the world. We are consistently achieving high rankings both in research and teaching quality assessments. The success of The Open University is due to our outstanding staff. There are around 13,000 staff (including 7,500 Associate Lecturers). Our head ofﬁce is located in Milton Keynes and we have Regional Ofﬁces throughout the UK. Diversity and inclusion are at the core of our mission. We employ staff from a diverse range of backgrounds in jobs such as administration, IT secretarial and admin support, accountancy, maintenance and management as well as academic posts. We are also committed to the development of our staff to their full potential through lifelong learning, offering a range of formal and informal training and development activities to ensure that staff are able to perform their jobs to the best of their abilities and to help meet individual and University objectives. If you want to ﬁnd out more about working with us, we advertise in specialist and local papers, with many jobs appearing in The Guardian as well as on our website at www.open.ac.uk/employment.
Make our success your success.
Open doors to a brighter future visit www.open.ac.uk/employment
Published on Jan 9, 2009
Black History Month has been celebrated in the UK for over 30 years, each year growing from strength to strength. Sugar Media’s BHM, (The Of...