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Informazioni sull’Alto Adige

con cartina panoramica


Warm bathing lake nestled amid South Tyrol’s vineyards: Lake Caldaro, south of Bolzano


What you need to know about South Tyrol A round trip in 60 seconds

Area

Europe’s largest high mountain pasture

A total of 7,400 km², only 3% of which is inhabited; 80% of the area is mountainous.

Alpe di Siusi/Seiser Alm (52 km² = 8,000 football fields)

Climate

Adige/Etsch (153 km), Isarco/Eisack (95.5 km), Rienza/Rienz (80.9 km)

On average South Tyrol enjoys 300 sunny days per year. The vegetation ranges from palms and vineyards through broadleaf and coniferous forests up to the harsh high-alpine environment, composed of ice and barren rock.

Inhabitants 510,000

Cities

Main rivers Nature reserves Sciliar-Catinaccio/Schlern-Rosengarten, Gruppo di Tessa/Texelgruppe, Puez-Odle/Puez-Geisler, Fanes-Senes-Braies/Prags, Monte Corno/ Trudner Horn, Dolomiti di Sesto/Sextner Dolomiten, Vedrette di Ries-Aurina/Rieserferner-Ahrn, Parco nazionale dello Stelvio/Nationalpark Stilfser Joch www.provincia.bz.it/parchi.naturali

Bolzano/Bozen (capital), Merano/Meran, Bressanone/Brixen, Brunico/Bruneck, Vipiteno/Sterzing, Laives/Leifers, Chiusa/Klausen, Glorenza/Glurns

Art

Languages spoken

Education

German (70%), Italian (26%), Ladin (4%)

Since 1998 young people have been studying at Europe’s first trilingual university in Bolzano/Bozen, Bressanone/Brixen and Brunico/ Bruneck. Lectures, exams and seminars take place in German, Italian and English.

History At the end of the First World War, South Tyrol was given to the Italian ally by the victorious side. Until that time, the region had been part of Austria for over five centuries. The following years were typically characterised by Mussolini’s policy of ‘Italianisation’. German and Ladin speakers living in South Tyrol were given the option of emigrating to Nazi Germany or of remaining in South Tyrol where they would be required to integrate into Italian culture and thus lose their language and cultural heritage. After the Second World War the region witnessed numerous protests and tough political power struggles with the government in Rome. South Tyrol’s autonomy is now regarded as a model for minorities across Europe.

Highest mountain Mount Ortles/Ortler in Venosta/Vinschgau Valley (3,905 m)

Dolomites The characteristic rock of the Pale Mountains is formed of fossilised algae and coral reefs. In 2009 UNESCO designated the Dolomites a World Natural Heritage Site.

Dolomiti Superski With 1,200 km of downhill runs, the Dolomiti Superski consolidated ski area comprises the world’s largest area of interconnected ski resorts. The Sella Ronda circuit takes skiers across four Dolomite passes around the Sella Massif.

Marienberg Abbey, St. Prokulus, Hocheppan Castle: South Tyrol boasts Europe’s greatest concentration of Romanesque frescoes.

Quality products Apples South Tyrol is the largest self-contained apple-growing area in Europe. Thanks to the ideal climatic conditions, more than a dozen varieties are cultivated and are considered far more flavoursome than apples grown in neighbouring regions. Wine South Tyrol’s wine production comprises 60% whites and 4o% reds. Around 5% of Italy’s award-winning wines come from South Tyrol, which is one of Italy’s smallest cultivation zones. Milk South Tyrol has as many mountain farms as hotels. Dairy products supplied by mountain farmers are guaranteed non-GMO. Speck Speck ham was first produced hundreds of years ago out of the necessity to preserve meat over the winter months. Today almost every mountain farmer in South Tyrol still produces his own Speck.

Largest lake Lake Caldaro (1.47 km², the warmest bathing lake in the Alps)

Information on South Tyrol | 3


Scenic South Tyrol Holiday areas

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The submerged spire in Lake Resia is one of the most photographed sights

Merano’s art nouveau Kurhaus, set against palm trees and glaciers

Venosta Valley

Merano and Environs

At 3,905 m, Mount Ortler – South Tyrol’s highest mountain – is regarded as one of the landmarks of Val Venosta, known in German as Vinschgau, along with with the church spire in Lake Resia/Reschensee. Orchards and sloped vineyards dominate the landscape in the lower valley while in higher areas, apricots, berries and vegetables are grown. Centuries-old water channels, Alpine paths and mountain bike routes wind through the landscape, which is strewn with Romanesque chapels, medieval castles and abbeys. The varied terrain has certainly had its effect on its inhabitants, and natives of Val Venosta are renowned for being particularly creative and innovative.

This is surely the most striking region of contrasts: palm and olive trees in the valley and snow and ice on the surrounding peaks. The stunning landscape of this area captivated none other than Austria’s Empress Elisabeth, affectionately known as Sissi. The city itself is just as rich in contrast: art nouveau architecture on one side of the Passer River, contemporary design on the other. The surrounding villages have views of vineyards and orchards, with ridges and Waalweg water channels offering infinite hiking trails. An entirely different world is revealed in isolated valleys such as Val d’Ultimo/Ultental or Val Passiria/Passeiertal, with traditional farms dotted around the landscape.

Venosta/Vinschgau Valley Information: Venosta Valley Holiday Area Via Portici, 11 I-39020 Glorenza/Glurns phone: +39 0473 620 480 info@venosta.net

Merano/Meran and Environs Information: Merano and Environs Holiday Area Via delle Palade, 95 I-39012 Merano/Meran phone: +39 0473 200 443 info@meranodintorni.com

www.venosta.net

www.meranodintorni.com


The province’s capital and its vinescape: Bolzano

King Laurin’s ‘Rose Garden’ (Rosengarten)

Bolzano and Environs

Eggental Valley

Two cultures meet in Ötzi’s hometown, and there is a perfect merging of distinct cultures and lifestyles between the 100,000 inhabitants. The surrounding landscape, especially to the south of the capital, is typified by old wine-producing villages and sloping vineyards, which play host to over 200 castles, palaces and ruins. Plateaus, mountain villages and valleys perched at up to 1,550 m invite visitors to enjoy the light breezes during the summer. Southern South Tyrol is the most Mediterranean region, and its mild climate makes Lake Caldaro the warmest bathing lake in the Alps.

Follow the trail of the Dwarf King Laurin and the water nymph of Lake Carezza/Karersee. As you travel through this valley, known as Val d’Ega in Italian and Eggental in German, you’ll enjoy more than 530 km of marked hiking paths as they wind through the Rosengarten and Latemar massifs, forming the densest network of paths in South Tyrol. Small mountain villages with characteristic village centres skirted by hamlets and old farmhouses are starting-points for walks, as well as mountain hikes and climbing tours. Members of the Order still live in South Tyrol’s most important pilgrimage site, the Convent of Maria Weissenstein in Monte San Pietro.

Bolzano/Bozen and Environs Information: Bolzano and Environs Holiday Area Via Pillhof, 1 I-39057 Frangarto/Frangart phone: +39 0471 633 488 info@stradadelvino.info

Val d’Ega/Eggental Information: Eggental Valley Holiday Area Via Dolomiti, 4 I-39056 Nova Levante/Welschnofen phone: +39 0471 619 500 info@valdega.com

www.stradadelvino.info

www.valdega.com

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Seiser Alm

Isarco Valley

Scattered across an area the size of 8,000 football pitches are 365 alpine pastures, mountain huts and farms. Known as Alpe di Siusi in Italian, this is the largest alpine pasture in Europe and represents an enormous outdoor arena for visitors of all ages. Even the villages of Castelrotto/Kastelruth, Siusi/Seis and Fiè/Völs, a mere 30-minute drive from Bolzano and Bressanone, are characterised by the prevailing agricultural landscape. There are twice as many farmers living here as proprietors, and the great feeling of pride and attachment to the land is displayed both in everyday life and during traditional celebrations, such as the Oswald-von-Wolkenstein-Ritt riding event or farmers’ weddings.

The valley south of the Brenner Pass derived its name from the Isarco River, known as the Eisack in German, which is South Tyrol’s secondlongest river. As far back as the Middle Ages, this area was used by kings, traders and merchants as a resting place to recover from the strenuous journey towards the south. The three small cities of Bressanone/Brixen, Vipiteno/Sterzing and Chiusa/Klausen with their elegant shops, cultural treasures and cafés also originate from this period. The steep slopes along the edge of the valley are particularly conducive to growing apples, grapes and chestnuts. Chestnuts are sampled during the period of Törggelen – the tradition of tasting new wine in autumn. Perched up high in hidden side valleys, small villages nestle against mountain backdrops.

Alpe di Siusi/Seiser Alm Information: Seiser Alm Holiday Area Via del Paese, 15 I-39050 Fiè allo Sciliar/Völs am Schlern phone: +39 0471 709 600 info@alpedisiusi.info

Isarco/Eisacktal Valley Information: Isarco Valley Holiday Area Bastioni Maggiori, 26a I-39042 Bressanone/Brixen phone: +39 0472 802 232 info@valleisarco.com

www.alpedisiusi.info

www.valleisarco.com

Seiser Alm, set against the backdrop of Dolomite peaks: Sassolungo and Sassopiatto

From episcopal see to centre of learning: Bressanone, and its Baroque cathedral


Ladin Valleys

Pusteria Valley

Ladin, South Tyrol’s third language, is alive and well in Val Gardena and Alta Badia. Linked by the Gardena Pass, these two valleys are among the best known Dolomite regions. This popularity is due largely to their spectacular, legend-steeped mountains. The locals live mostly from the hotel and hospitality industry, but are also known for their woodcarving, and their creativity in the culinary arts. The Museum Ladin, located in S. Martino/St. Martin in Thurn, is dedicated to the Ladin people, their history and their way of life.

The verdant Val Pusteria is located in eastern South Tyrol, and extends into East Tyrol in Austria. The valley, called the Pustertal in German, is characterized by small villages, vast farmland and meadows and the lively town of Brunico. The River Rienz cleaves the landscape in two, with the thickly forested Alpine main ridge to the north and the Pale Mountains, the Dolomites, to the south. On the sunny side of the Zillertal Alps, Tauferer Ahrntal/Aurina Valley is characterised by 80 three thousanders, high-alpine pastures, mountain lakes, waterfalls and the Vedrette di Ries–Aurina Natural Park. As striking as the landscape is the dialect spoken here, making the locals particularly charming.

Information on the Ladin Valleys: Val Gardena Holiday Area Via Dursan, 80c I-39047 S. Cristina/St. Christina phone: +39 0471 777 777 info@valgardena.it

Alta Badia Holiday Area Col Alt, 36 I-39033 Corvara phone: +39 0471 836 176 info@altabadia.org

Pusteria/Pustertal Valley Information: Kronplatz Holiday Area Alta Pusteria Holiday Area Via Dolomiti, 29 Via Michael Pacher, 11a I-39034 Dobbiaco/Toblach I-39031 Brunico/Bruneck phone: +39 0474 913 156 phone: +39 0474 555 447 info@altapusteria.info info@plandecorones.com

www.valgardena.it

www.altabadia.org

www.plandecorones.com

A popular challenge for skiers: around the Sella Ronda in just one day

www.altapusteria.info

UNESCO World Heritage Site: Tre Cime di Lavaredo, near Sexten

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Seventy-six trombones in full folk costume: 10,000 South Tyrolean men and women play in a band

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What makes South Tyrol so unique? A selection of holiday tips

Dolomites When the first explorers arrived in the Dolomites they found pinnacles and peaks of a kind never seen before: huge towers with smooth walls, razor sharp edges, icy gullies and high ridges soaring above scree and flowery alpine meadows. The Tre Cime di Lavaredo, the Geisler Mountains and the Rosengarten Massif are among the world’s most striking mountains. The Sella Massif encompasses three ski resorts and can be ‘circumskied’ with a single ski pass. In 2009 UNESCO granted the Dolomites World Natural Heritage status. Following the Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn and Monte San Giorgio in Switzerland, the Pale Mountains are UNESCO’s third World Natural Heritage Site in the Alps.

Castles and stately homes Tyrol Castle, which towers over Merano/Meran on the mountainside, gave its name to the old County of Tyrol in the thirteenth century. For centuries Tyrol’s history was closely connected with the castle. South Tyrol boasts almost 800 castles, fortified country houses, manors and ruins – a concentration unique in Europe. Today many of them accommodate museums, are venues for exhibitions or have become castle hotels and restaurants.

Historical centres and smart shops Labyrinthine streets, picturesque arcaded walkways, ancient walls and bustling shopping streets: each city has its own atmosphere and character. South Tyrol’s smallest city, Glorenza/Glurns with just 890 inhabitants, still has the most-intact city wall in the entire Alpine region. Pavement cafes in the piazza beckon with cappuccinos and apple strudel after extensive shopping sessions in elegant shops and traditional stores.

Ötzi the Iceman The 5,300-year-old mummy was found in a glacier above the Senales/ Schnalstal Valley in 1991 and can now be seen along with his clothing, weapons and belongings in the Archaeological Museum in Bolzano. He now attracts 250,000 visitors each year. The ArcheoParc in the Senales Valley near Merano, in sight of the place where Ötzi was discovered, acquaints visitors with life in the early Bronze Age.

Tradition and a new dawn Experience a village festival, march with the local music band, help out on a mountain farmstead: tradition is still very much alive in South Tyrol because past values are still very relevant. At the same time, there is a strong and discernible desire to move forward, recognizable in the contemporary style of buildings such as Museion, the museum for modern and contemporary art in Bolzano.

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Relax the natural way When you return to your hotel healthily tired, South Tyrol’s spa treatments are a great way to revive body and soul, restoring the energy you need.

Seiser Alm Europe’s vastest expanse of Alpine pastureland, straddling the 2,100-metre elevation line, nestles beneath some of the most striking peaks of the Dolomites. Known in Italian as the Alpe di Siusi, this destination is a favourite for the whole family both in summer and winter. Seiser Alm offers ski runs for all levels, extensive cross-country ski trails, myriad hiking paths and picturesque Alpine huts where you can stop off for local specialties.

The Gardens of Trauttmansdorff Castle This spectacular botanical garden offers a juxtaposition of Alpine and exotic plants, water features, terraces and Italy’s northernmost olive grove. Open from April to November, you’ll find stunning views, intoxicating aromas and a delightful tranquility.

Culinary delights Whether you are at a rustic Alpine cabin or in an elegant gourmet restaurant, South Tyrol’s cuisine combines delicious Alpine fare and the finest Italian culinary specialties.

Linguistic wealth While 70% of South Tyrol’s inhabitants speak German as their first language, Italian is the majority language in Merano, Bolzano, its commuter belt and the villages south of the city. A stroll through Bolzano reveals most clearly the transitions between Germanic and Italian lifestyles. South Tyrol’s oldest language evolved from contact between the native Rhaetian population and their Roman conquerors. Today 18,000 people in the Dolomite valleys of Val Gardena/ Gröden and Val Badia still speak Ladin as their first language.

Superb wines Each year South Tyrol’s vinous delights are showered with top international awards. They mature deep in cellars beneath picturesque wine manors amid the region’s magnificent vinescape – along the South Tyrolean Wine Road, for example. They can be savoured directly at wine estates, in wine bars or in their most rustic form in rural surroundings at farmsteads in autumn during the annual Törggelen tradition of relishing traditional fare and new wine.

MMM – Messner Mountain Museum Reinhold Messner has opened five mountain museums, each with its own focal point: rock, ice, religion, art and culture, and mountain peoples. The heart of the project is set up in Sigmundskron Castle near Bolzano, focusing on man’s relationship with the mountains. Grüss Gott and Buona sera: both ethnic groups come together for an aperitif

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Lebenberg Castle near Merano

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What, where, how Südtirol Map – Standard

Getting there

Holiday areas

Plan de Corones / Kronplatz

5 München 4 2 Rosenheim 15.indd 1

12/18/11 4:46 PM

bo

de

ns

ee

Valle Isarco / Eisacktal

5 Salzburg 4

d

Val Venosta / Vinschgau

2 Bregenz

Bolzano / Bozen and Environs

5 Zürich 4 5 Innsbruck 4

a

Val d’Ega / Eggental

2 Vaduz 2 Vipiteno/Sterzing

2 Chur 2

ch

2 Brunico/Bruneck Glorenza/Glurns 2 Bressanone/Brixen 2 Merano/Meran iti d o l o m 2 Cortina

Alta Pusteria / Hochpustertal

Merano / Meran and Environs

Alta Badia Val Gardena / Gröden Alpe di Siusi / Seiser Alm

Spittal an der Drau 2

5 Bolzano/Bozen 4

2 Trento

2 Lugano

i

2 Udine

ga

rd

a

» Merano and Environs: www.meranodintorni.com

go

di

5 Bergamo 4 5 Brescia 4 la

4 Milano 5

0 km

50

» Venosta Valley: www.venosta.net

5 Verona 4

5 Treviso 4

» Bolzano and Environs: www.stradadelvino.info

4 Venezia 5

» Eggental Valley: www.valdega.com » Seiser Alm: www.alpedisiusi.info » Val Gardena: www.valgardena.it

Detailed information and helpful hints on how to arrive by car, train,

» Alta Badia: www.altabadia.org

bus and plane, including low-cost transfers to South Tyrol from the

» Kronplatz: www.plandecorones.com

nearby airports of Bergamo, Verona, Venice, Treviso and Innsbruck,

» Alta Pusteria: www.altapusteria.info

as well as route planners and train and bus schedules can be found at

» Isarco Valley: www.valleisarco.com

www.suedtirol.info/gettingthere

40.indd 1

Information & bookings For queries relating to lodging, bookings, recreational activities, events: Südtirol Information Piazza della Parrocchia, 11 I-39100 Bolzano/Bozen phone: +39 0471 999 999 info@suedtirol.info www.suedtirol.info

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Lodging

Car rentals

You’ll find an extensive database listing all lodging in South Tyrol,

Hertz – Bolzano

including establishments that accept online reservations, at:

phone: +39 0471 254 266

www.suedtirol.info

www.hertz.it

Holiday specialists:

Avis – Bolzano, Bressanone, Merano

» Farm holidays: www.redrooster.it

phone: +39 0471 212 560

» Belvita Alpine Wellness Hotels: www.belvita.it

www.avisautonoleggio.it

» South Tyrol Family Hotels: www.familienhotels.com » Hotels for an active holiday: www.vitalpina.info

Maggiore – Bolzano

» South Tyrol Bike Hotels: www.bikehotels.it

phone: +39 0471 971 531

» Campsites: www.campingsouthtyrol.com

www.maggiore.it

» Private lodging: www.dolcedormire.org » Youth hostels: www.ostello.bz » Idyllic Places: www.idyllicplaces.com » South Tyrol Budget: www.southtyrolbudget.com

Bank holidays » 1 January: New Year’s Day » 6 January: Feast of the Epiphany » March/April: Easter Sunday and Easter Monday

Weather

» 25 April: Liberation Day

Forecasts, mountain weather, pollen levels:

» 1 May: Labour Day » May/June: Whit Sunday and Whit Monday

Meteorological service

» 2 June: Republic Day

www.suedtirol.info/weather

» 15 August: Assumption Day (Ferragosto) » 1 November: All Saints’ Day » 8 December: Feast of the Immaculate Conception » 25/26 December: Christmas

Public transport » Public transport: www.sii.bz.it » Train from Bolzano to Malles: www.vinschgerbahn.it » Mobilcard – a ticket for all public means of transport belonging to South Tyrol Integrated Transport System: www.mobilcard.info

Emergency numbers Ambulance, doctor on call, mountain rescue: 118 Carabinieri: 112 Police: 113

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Suggested reading The Complete South Tyrol. Total alles über Südtirol. Alto Adige - tutto di tutto. Pocket Edition Hermann Gummerer/Franziska Hack/no.parking Folio 2014

Kunst Merano arte/Südtiroler Künstlerbund Springer 2012

Mountain Huts in South Tyrol

Travellers Northern Italy

Mountain huts of the South Tyrolean Alpine Club (AVS), the Italian Alpine Club (CAI) and privately owned huts Hans Kammerer Tappeiner 2008

Thomas Cook 2011

Walking in the Dolomites

Dolomites and eastern South Tyrol

28 Multi-Day Routes Gillian Price Cicerone 2012

Sunflower Complete Guide Sunflower Books, 2010

Trekking in the Dolomites

Our History

Alta Via routes 1 and 2, with Alta Via routes 3-6 in outline Gillian Price Cicerone 2011

Martha Stocker Athesia 2007

Klimaland Südtirol — Alto Adige — South Tyrol

Alpine flavours

Bühn, J. 2012

Authentic recipes from the Dolomites, the heart of the Alps Athesia 2013

South Tyrol. Paradise in the Dolomites

Ötzi, the Iceman

Hanspaul Menara Athesia 2012

The Full Facts at a Glance Angelika Fleckinger Folio 2011

33 x South Tyrolean Classics

The Dolomites and their Legends

Heinrich Gasteiger/Gerhard Wieser/Helmut Bachmann Athesia 2010

Karl Felix Wolff Raetia 2013

SÜDTIROL MARKETING DESIGN: inQuadro KG, Bozen · TEXT: Gabriele Crepaz PHOTOGRAPHY: Clemens Zahn, Frieder Blickle, Helmuth Rier, Ralf Kreuels, Max Lautenschläger, Südtirols Tourismusorganisationen PRINT: Karo Druck KG, Bozen · EDITION: 2015

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New Architecture in South Tyrol 2006-2012


S端dtirol Information Piazza della Parrocchia, 11 I-39100 Bolzano/Bozen phone: +39 0471 999 999 info@suedtirol.info www.suedtirol.info


Information on South Tyrol