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N A T I O N

THE

SINKING WORLD ANDREAS FRANKE

S U N K E N CIVILIZATION FRANCK GODDIO

2014 AUS $12.95 incl. GST ISSN 2203-093X 02

SECURING THE FUTURE

ARCTIC GIANTS

THE ADVENTURE OF CAVE DIVING

HMAS ADELAIDE

WAY OF LIFE

2014 GEAR GUIDE

THE WILDERNESS SOCIETY

9 772203 093004 w w w. s u b m e r g e d n a t i o n . c o m

LYNDI KIM LEGGETT

TOBIAS FRIEDRICH

JASON ISLEY

JILL HEINERTH

PAGE 102


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EDITOR’S NOTE

Editor’s Note.

W

e are new to the publishing world. A group of young, passionate, slightly ill-informed divers who thought it would be a good idea to publish a magazine. Bloody hell. Who knew it would be so much work. Submerged Nation has evolved from the first edition, and will continue to do so, as we set out to deliver a scuba diving magazine that is different. We want to take a fresh look on our sport. Submerged Nation is about creating positive change, respect and sustainability for our oceans. We are inspired by people, not all of them divers, but we all share a common bond – a love for our oceans. We won’t shy away from bringing you the confronting stories and imagery, as well as the good news. And I promise you, we will make mistakes along the way – and I’m not just talking about the typos you will find somewhere in this magazine. But that’s OK, because when you are trying to do something new, there will inevitably be some mistakes along the way.

It is only since putting together Submerged Nation and reading the great stories from our contributors that it became apparent: we need role models to inspire people. People that showcase inspiring creativity, amazing places, astonishing history, breathtaking beauty, and groundbreaking innovation demonstrate the pleasure and excitement that is involved in diving the ocean. The more people that dive and experience our beautiful underwater environment, the more chance we have of protecting and enjoying it for future generations. Plus scuba diving is just damn good fun! So get out there and explore the underwater world. It is far more fun than sitting on Facebook all day. At risk of sounding like a long-winded Oscar speech, it would be remiss of me not to thank all those who have worked tirelessly on making sure this edition of Submerged Nation is so spectacular. We have had the thrill of meeting some remarkable people who have contributed to the success of this second edition. A huge thanks goes out to all those contributors who have freely dedicated their time and efforts towards our magazine and made us question what we are doing with our dull lives. Thank you.

In my day job as a marketer of scuba diving brands, I’m constantly trying to create new inspiring campaigns to grow our sport and community. We recently had our annual sales and marketing review, a frantic time when we all gather as much information, data and analytics in our favour to ensure we impress the boss. Part of my haul included social media analytics that showed we had five more friends for the week, failing to mention we had lost three friends in the process. I also Google Trend the word ‘scuba diving,’ noticing that the sport of scuba diving was, in general, trending downwards compared to other watersports. Then I compared it to words such as ‘fish,’ ‘whales,’ ‘reefs,’ ‘marine,’ and ‘oceans,’ and guess what? It still rated poorly in comparison. How can that be?

Finally, it gives me great pleasure to share the second issue of Submerged Nation with you. I hope you enjoy it as much as we have enjoyed making it.

How can people’s interest in the ocean and its ecology stay the same but the interest in scuba diving decreases? Is scuba diving not cool anymore? Would the new generation rather share photos of baby dolphins on Facebook than dive with them?

Of course we always welcome any feedback or people looking to contribute to Submerged Nation. This year, as well as producing our beautifully printed edition of Submerged Nation, we have an online app version available with 1% of every sale going towards our marine environment.

Edward Sawers Editor-in-chief

Contributing Photographer

General Manager Adrian Briggs

Editor-in-Chief Edward Sawers

Editor and Art Director Candy Robertson

Copy Editor

Andreas Franke, Christoph Gerigk, Bob Halstead, Tobias Friedrich, Nick Terry, Rick Hankinson, Jason Isley, Jill Heinerth, Bradley Dohnt, Alex Wyschnja, Ian James, Peter Davis, Catline Seaview Survey, Ewan Rowell, Bruce Ellis, Gary Brennand, Diana Fernie, Matt Turner, Lisa Hodgson, Bill Doyle, Ron and Valerie Taylor, Edward Sawers and winners from Your Shot.

Front Cover Image Andreas Franke

www.submergednation.com facebook.com/SubmergedNation

Publisher and Distribution Australian Underwater Products Ph: 1300 305 530 Email: sales@aup.com.au www.aup.com.au

Newstand Distribution

Rachael Briggs, Tony Davis, Robyn Kitt

Integrated Publication Solutions Ph: 1800 606 477 Email: customerservice@publicationsolutions.com.au

Submissions and Advertising

Printer

Contributing Editors

Nick Robertson

Ph: 1300 305 530 Email: aupmarketing@icloud.com

Contributing Writers

Subscriptions

Andreas Franke, Candy Robertson, Franke Goddio, Nick Robertson, Bob Halstead, Tobias Friedrich, Nick Terry, Jason Isley, The Wilderness Society, Greenpeace, Catlin Seaview Survey, Jill Heinerth, Tim Muscat, Tony Davis, Edward Sawers, Lyndi Kim Leggett, Lord Howe Island Tourism, Bruce Ellis, Amanda Bachelor, Diana Fernie and all contributors to The Word and Testimonials.

Finds us at

www.isubscribe.com.au Australian Underwater Products Ph: 1300 305 530 Email: aupmarketing@icloud.com

Ink Asia Ph: 61 2 8628 0403 Copyright by Australian Underwater Products. All rights reserved. Published annually by Australian Underwater Products. Views expressed by contributers are not necessary those of Australian Underwater Products and the editors. Reproduction of any contents of this publication is forbidden without prior written consent of the publisher. While every effort was made to ensure that the information contained in this 2014 Gear Guide was accurate at the time of printing, RRP prices, designs, features, component parts and colours are all subject to change.

5


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To locate your nearest stockist visit www.oceanicworldwide.com


8

CONTENTS

Welcome.

C

all it curiosity, but since Ancient Greeks first used diving bells some two thousand four hundred years ago, we humans have continued to develop new technologies to further our exploration of the submerged world. Curiosity and a desire to push the limits has a funny way of fuelling passion, a passion so addictive that divers will do anything and go anywhere to turn it into a profession, a way of life. In this issue of Submerged Nation, we are featuring different professions across our worldwide dive community and highlighting the incredible breadth and scope diving can take you.

Contents. Issue 02 10

The Word

Features Art 22

The Sinking World Andreas Franke

History 28

Sunken Civilization Franck Goddio

Photography 34

Photographing Divers Bob Halstead

40

Arctic Giants Tobias Friedrich

46

The Darkness Beckons Nick Terry

Diver’s Profile 52

Way of Life Jason Isley

Conservation

See commercial artist, Andreas Franke, transform a sunken ship into a surreal world and exhibition space; marvel at Franck Goddio’s latest maritime archaeological discoveries; read photography tips from awarding winning Bob Halstead, Tobias Friedrich and Nick Terry; share Jill Heinerth and Tim Muscat’s cave diving experiences; and many more.

58

Securing the Future The Wilderness Society

63

No fish, No future Greenpeace

As a diver, there are endless possibilities that you can do with and for the marine environment. Perhaps the easiest and most beneficial thing you can do is share. If you share your passion of diving with one person, and tell that person to do the same, we can grow our dive community and people’s appreciation towards the ocean and its inhabitants. The more stories that are told, the more experiences that are shared, the more voices we will have to protect our beautiful adventure playground for divers now and into the future.

Tech Diving

Happy sharing.

Candy Robertson Editor

What is a QR code? QR (Quick Response) Codes are a type of barcode that can be read using smartphones that link directly to websites, videos, emails and more. If you have a smartphone, you can install a QR Scanner application to decode all the QR codes that have been featured in this magazine. The majority of these applications are FREE, and all you have to do once you have installed is to use your phone’s camera to scan the QR code, which will then automatically load the video or link for you.

Science 64

Global Reef Record Catlin Seaview Survey

68

The Adventure of Cave Diving Jill Heinerth

74

Sidemount Cave Diving Tim Muscat

Technology 78

The Future of Diving has arrived Tony Davis

82

Turning Tech Diving on its Side Tony Davis

84

That Wetsuit Looks Cool Edward Sawers

40


22

CONTENTS

64

9

28

Destinations 86

HMAS Adelaide Lyndi Kim Leggett

90

Lord Howe Island

93

Key Biscayne Amanda Bachelor

94

Underwater Eden Bruce Ellis

96

Scapa Flow Diana Fernie

Competition 99

Your Shot

Gear Guide 102

2014 Gear Guide

68


10 THE WORD

The Word. THANKS FOR HELPING US MAKE MARINE HISTORY! Australia's network of Commonwealth marine reserves

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Darwin

ea t Ba rri er Re

IMPORTANT INFORMATION FOR MARINE USERS

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The Commonwealth marine reserves declared in November 2012 are under transitional arrangements until management plans come into effect in July 2014. Transitional arrangement involve NO CHANGES ON THE WATER for marine users. Note, there are no changes to management arrangements in the marine reserves that existed prior to the establishment of the new reserves, that is, the same restrictions on activities will continue to apply even where those reserves have been incorporated into new reserves. The South-east Commonwealth Marine Reserves are managed in accordance with the South-east Network Management Plan in place from 1 July 2013. More information is available at www.environment.gov.au/marinereserves

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Brisbane

400

800

1,200

Approximate scale (km)

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Lord Howe Island

Perth Sydney

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Adelaide

Canberra

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Melbourne

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Maritime boundaries Limit of the Australian EEZ State/territory waters

Zoning

Hobart

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Sanctuary Zone (IUCN Ia) Marine National Park Zone (IUCN II) Recreational Use Zones (IUCN IV) Habitat Protection and Conservation Park Zones (IUCN IV) Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Habitat Protection Zone (Coral Sea) (IUCN IV)

Macquarie Island

Multiple Use Zone (IUCN VI) Special Purpose Zone (IUCN VI) Special Purpose Zone (Oil and Gas Exclusion) (IUCN VI) General Use Zones (IUCN VI) © Commonwealth of Australia, 2013

After a turbulent month in Canberra, Australia’s new National Marine Park network has secured the support of both houses of Parliament, making us once again, the global leader in marine protection. And this wouldn’t have happened without you. The new Marine Parks extend from the kelp forests of Tasmania to the tropical coral reefs of the Kimberley; from the deepest seamounts off New South Wales to the edge of Commonwealth waters in the relative shallows of Geographe Bay in Western Australia. It is the biggest, and the best, Marine Reserve Network in the world. And it happened with unprecedented support from across Australia, with more than 400,000 supportive letters and emails pouring into Canberra over the past four years. Let that sink in for a moment. Whilst it might not be plastered on the 7pm news this week, it will be a legacy that lasts. In 20 years, in 50 years, in 100 years, people will be seeing the abundance of life within the marine sanctuaries we just created. Highlights of the National Marine Parks network Kimberley A new marine sanctuary adjoins the Camden Sound whale nursery where 22,000 humpbacks return to the warm waters of the Kimberley each year to give birth and prepare their young for the long swim back to summer feeding grounds in Antarctica. Coral Sea Extending east from the Great Barrier Reef, the vast marine wilderness of the Coral Sea will be protected with the largest marine

sanctuary in the domestic waters of any country in the world, providing a rare open-ocean sanctuary for high seas species like sharks, whales, turtles and tuna, and a number of stunning coral reefs and seamounts. Geographe Bay and Margaret River Western Australia’s stunning southwest surf coast is protected from oil drilling by a new oil exclusion zone, whilst the tranquil waters of Geographe Bay have two new marine sanctuaries to protect the seagrass meadows and reefs that provide nurseries for a multitude of species. “Marine sanctuaries are designed to cover significant habitats, set aside for our marine life to feed and breed in without interference. They have multiple benefits, from boosting fish numbers and sizes through to increasing tourism. I’d like to thank everyone who took action to help secure a better future for our precious marine life through these federal reserves”. Jenita Enevoldsen

Marine Campaigner The Wilderness Society WA Inc.

www.wilderness.org.au


THE WORD 11

OCEANIC WORLDWIDE UNVEILS DIVERLOG HAS POWERFUL FEATURES: RECORD. MEASURE. OCI DIVE COMPUTER. TRACK. MANAGE. SHARE.

Dive Details All your dive data, locations, computers used, tank type/size, dive mode, EDT, NDT, modes, even your DC setpoints... easily keep track of all your important information for each dive Your Dive Profile Intuitive, attractive, and interactive dive profile graphs... simulate your dive in real-time, add photos and memos to specific points, view data in tabular and graphical format, and much more! Dive History Your dive listing gives easy access to old dives. You can also use Diverlog’s powerful search query features to filter by location, dive type, and more! www.ediverlog.com Watch DiverLog quick review http://youtu.be/ZuTqAwiGDho

Highly advanced new model combines features of four other models. In the highly-competitive world of scuba diving computers and technology, it’s difficult to match the OCi – the latest innovation from Oceanic Worldwide. Unveiled to the scuba diving industry earlier this year, the OCi combines features found in Oceanic’s OCS, OC1, B.U.D. and ProPlus 3 models to deliver the ultimate tool for today’s scuba diver. Designed by the highly progressive Oceanic product development team, the OCi delivers the latest in wireless air-integration along with the patented dual-algorithm feature that lets divers select how conservative or progressive they want their dive to be. Further, the OCi can handle up to four different gasses, calculate nitrogen in the new “tech free-dive” mode, and display a multitude of information that can easily be customised. “This is easily the most technically-advanced, yet simple dive computer available today,” says Oceanic President Dan Emke. “All Oceanic technological innovations are developed with the scuba diver in mind. The OCi takes this to a new level because of the many options that are available to the user. Recreational divers will appreciate the simplicity, while technical divers will like the diversity and ability to customise the displays, algorithms and even if you’re diving in fresh water or sea water.” For more details, visit www.oceanicworldwide.com or contact your nearest Oceanic dealer.

WORLD OCEAN DAY. Get involved at June 8th. Help protect our ocean and join the growing global celebration. Every year, more people take action to celebrate and protect our planet’s ocean, which connects us all. Thanks to people like you, approximately 600 events were held to celebrate World Oceans Day! Let’s make this year even better by holding great events, sharing, and spreading the word. Be a part of this global celebration by participating in or holding an event of your own to raise awareness and help the ocean. Register your event at worldoceansday.org


12 THE WORD

The Word. WINNER OF THE SITE SUPERVISOR AWARD 2013. The winner’s story - Sharene Collett, Hamilton, Victoria: Sharene Collett has been involved with Clean Up Australia Day for many years, starting with beach clean ups then moving on to underwater clean ups at dive sites. In 2004, Sharene was involved as part of a team assisting in cleaning up Tonsai Bay at Phi Phi Island, Thailand after the Tsunami. She cited this as her inspiration to ‘help in my own backyard’. Her aim has been, and continues to be, to encourage divers of all ages to assist with clean ups at all potential dive sites along the Great Ocean Road so that our underwater environment is protected and preserved for future generations.

We put out a call for Australia’s most dedicated 2013 Site Supervisor and got a great response! Site Supervisors are vital to the Clean Up Australia Day campaign success and thanks to their support, the event has gone from strength to strength.

In the last five years she has organised a team of divers to clean up at Portland, Port Fairy, Warrnambool and Port Campbell along the Great Ocean Road in Victoria. Included in the team of up to 25 divers is a snorkeling crew from MPower; individuals with disabilities and participants of the Active Oceans Program. Over the years, Sharene has seen a vast improvement in the state of the sites as well as a marked attitude change in the divers who help to clean them. A positive change has also been observed in the attitude of the fishermen who use the wharves, many of whom occasionally offer their assistance. www.cleanup.org.au

To recognise their contribution to the environment, Clean Up Australia and the Qantas Foundation asked Site Supervisors to tell us their story from the last 23 years. It could be their greatest achievement as a Site Supervisor, how they have seen attitudes change, or just simply their funniest or memorable experience. Only Site Supervisors who have participated in five or more Clean Up Australia Days including 2013 Clean Up Australia Day were be eligible to enter.

DIVERS LINE UP FOR DEMONSTRATIONS AND TO PLACE ORDERS. The momentum for the unique AERIS BCD has been growing for months. Revolutionary because it combines high quality and function with a carry-on travel component, the JETPACK has set sales records even before the first unit has been shipped. According to Doug Krause, AERIS Vice President, “In today’s marketplace, it takes something different and unique in order to get the industry’s attention. To create something that’s genuinely new, you have to very purposely question the way things have been done before. We’ve certainly accomplished that with the JETPACK. Divers are looking for ways to reduce the growing cost of dive travel. That’s what we designed the JETPACK to do. It doesn’t take long for divers to see the benefit that this revolution in dive equipment is set to bring to the industry.” While there has been a recent trend in the industry to strip down and reduce features in BCDs in an effort to streamline and lighten them, AERIS engineers have found a genuine solution which has allowed them to design a robust, full-featured BC designed to withstand the rigors of adventure dive travel. www.diveaeris.com

See how the Jetpack transforms into a BC. http://youtu.be/OKu5isUTskU


THIS IS NOT A BAG.

See the Jetpack in action.

www.diveaeris.com


14 THE WORD

The Word. HOLLIS UNVEILS NEW WING DESIGN FEATURES a streamlined rig at all times. The company has also added a new oval corrugated hose, redesigned OPV and stainless grommets to replace the mesh on the bottom of the wing. Every new LX wing also includes a lifetime warranty. “Since the launch of the S series and C series wings in 2009, those models continue to set the standard for backplate/wing systems,” said Nick Hollis, company President. “As market trends are constantly changing, so is the demand for unique products to answer this request. The LX features allow us reintroduce both the S-Series and C-Series which represent, the future of our buoyancy line.” He adds that many of the design innovations, outlined below, came as a direct result of input from dive professionals, technical and recreational divers.

Diver-inspired LX-System features lifetime warranty Hollis announced the release of the new LX wing series of innovations to its buoyancy control systems. Developed and tested by a wide range of technical divers from around the world, the new LX series of design upgrades and enhancements can be seen in the HOLLIS S-Series and C-Series of wings. Since their introduction three years ago, the HOLLIS S-Series and C-Series of wings have set new standards for buoyancy control systems. Quality and performance are the cornerstones of the new LX features. According to HOLLIS management, the LX-series includes materials made with 1680D nylon for the exterior bladder and 420 nylon for the internal bladder. The LX design also includes a 360 degree internal retraction system. This has been added to match the design of the wing, allowing for

• Models include the S25 LX, S38 LX, C45 LX, C45 LX Dual, C60 LX and C60 LX Dual • Welded flange and one piece retainer for servicing without the need for tools • Outer shell constructed of HD Laminated 1680D Cordura • 420 nylon internal bladder • Centrally located elbow to avoid tank valve/regulator interference • New Oval Corrugated Hose • Lower left pull relief valve • Cam band slots • Lifetime Warranty Available through Hollis dealers everywhere. www.hollis.com

HEINERTH PRODUCTIONS OFFER MODERN COMPREHENSIVE GUIDEBOOKS AND DVDS Cave diving has been called the most dangerous sport in the world. It doesn’t have to be. With proper training, experience, and guidance, you can be a skilled cave diver, and enjoy this challenging and rewarding activity, for a lifetime. With decades of technical diving experience, including world record cave dives, and paradigm changing underwater exploration, Woman Divers Hall of Fame member Jill Heinerth, has created a full-color contemporary guidebook for cave divers. Generously illustrated, The Essentials of Cave Diving encompasses all levels of cave diving, from entry-level to expert with appropriate and relevant material for all cave training disciplines. Sidemount Profiles (book) and Sidemount Diving (DVD) are essential tools, filled with contemporary knowledge to help you enjoy the underwater world as a competent and safe sidemount diver. Digital Underwater Photography presents a simple method for realising your potential as a competent underwater photographer. Based on Jill’s experiences as a professional underwater filmmaker and photography, she has interlaced fascinating anecdotes in this fun, educational book.

Heinerth also offers numerous DVDs in her Amazon store including her award-winning environmental film, We Are Water and the greatest cave diving mystery ever told, Ben’s Vortex. www.JillsDiveShop.com Learn more about We Are Water Project visit www.WeAreWaterProject.com


THE WORD 15

INTERNATIONAL RECOGNITION FOR SOUTH AUSTRALIA’S PICCANINNIE PONDS.

Piccaninnie Ponds, Image©Stuart Hutchison

The remarkable Piccaninnie Ponds Karst Wetlands in South Australia have been added to the Ramsar list as a wetland of international importance. Federal Environment Minister Tony Burke said the wetlands near Mt Gambier in the state’s South East had become the 65th site in Australia to be listed under the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (the Ramsar Convention). This marks Australia’s first addition to the Ramsar List in almost six years, following the addition of the Paroo River Wetlands in New South Wales in 2007. “South Australia is home to some of the world’s most spectacular Ramsar wetlands, including the iconic Chowilla floodplain and the Coorong and Lower Lakes,” Mr Burke said. Australia’s commitment to conserving Ramsar sites, such as the Coorong and Lower Lakes, has been instrumental to the Australian Government’s making of the Murray Darling Basin Plan and to the recovery of water for the environment. “In adding Piccaninnie Ponds to the Ramsar list, Australia is committing to its conservation and wise use. Ramsar listing provides further protection to the site as Ramsar sites are a matter of National Environmental Significance under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.” The unique karst wetland system falls within a national biodiversity hotspot, and supports at least seven nationally threatened species, including the critically endangered orange-bellied parrot and the endangered Australasian bittern. South Australian Senator Don Farrell said the Piccaninnie Ponds Karst wetlands are simply spectacular both on the surface and underground and it is no surprise that this internationally renowned cave diving destination attracts 20,000 visitors annually. “The karst springs are fed by groundwater discharge and contain unique aquatic vegetation, with aquatic plants able to live up to 15

metres below the surface due to the unusual clarity of the water,” Senator Farrell said. The 862 hectare Piccaninnie Ponds Karst Wetlands site is an outstanding example of rare fen and karst wetland types and has a range of conservation and cultural values. These wetlands are a drought refuge for many animals and support native fish species that rely on freshwater to complete their lifecycle, such as the dwarf galaxias, Southern pygmy perch and Yarra pygmy perch. The South Australian Government nominated the site for listing and extensive supporting documentation has been provided to the Ramsar Convention Secretariat. South Australian Environment Minister, Ian Hunter, said it was hard to imagine from the surface that there are extensive karst springs below that are more than 110 metres deep. “According to local Bunganditj (Boandik) elders previous generations lived here permanently, in huts built close to the abundant food source the wetlands provided,” Mr Hunter said. “The site represents one of the few remaining permanent freshwater wetlands in the lower south-east of South Australia.” The Ramsar Convention aims to halt the worldwide loss of wetlands and to conserve, through wise use and management, those that remain. Commonwealth of Australia Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities Joint media release 25 January 2013 Watch this video to learn more about the local enviroment around Piccaninnie Ponds http://youtu.be/0QlEuVwDotU


16 THE WORD

The Word. AERIS LATEST INNOVATION THE ACCEL FIN.

CAVE DIVERS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA 40TH ANNIVERSARY AT MT GAMBIER. In September 2013 the Cave Divers Association Australia (CDAA) will reach its 40th anniversary, a significant milestone in its history. This year there will be celebrations hosted in Mt. Gambier over the weekend of 9th and 10th November, 2013. The CDAA gratefully acknowledges the kind support given by the City of Mount Gambier and the District Council of Grant to the running of the AGM and 40th Anniversary.

Light-weight design delivers HIGH performance. Weighing just over 0.45kg, the ACCEL fin is made from a highperformance Monprene material which provides superior speed, thrust and maneuverability without excessive effort. Test divers reported the ACCEL fins were among the fastest fins to be released in 2013. According to Doug Krause, AERIS Vice President, “The ACCEL gives fans of open-heel fins the best of both worlds: the performance and adjustability of an open-heel fin, with the weight, size and comfort of a full-foot fin. There isn’t a better open-heel travel fin, and the impressive design of the ACCEL means diver’s won’t have to sacrifice performance for local diving.” Krause adds there are multiple colour options available for divers, as the interchangeable accents and patented fin strap can complement any diver’s colour style. www.diveaeris.com

OCEANIC PRO PLUS 3 DIVE COMPUTER. Popular dive computer design just got better with new design, enhancements and functions. No more squinting. Oceanic believes that a dive computer should deliver crucial data quickly and without confusion. Hence why our new console dive computer, Pro Plus 3, has a huge display area, the largest and most legible digits on the market, an intuitive user interface, and a host of other major enhancements that are sure to impress divers at any skill level. “The PP3 was very easy to use with all the features I would look for in a computer. The digits are large and easy read. The two button design is intuitive and easy to learn. Navigation through menus and settings can be learned quickly and with very little need for the owners manual. The upgrades from the PP2 are substantial and make this a computer I would definitely purchase.” From the independent evaluation of the Pro Plus 3 done by Equipment Testing Specialists (ETS). For more details, visit www.oceanicworldwide.com or contact your nearest Oceanic dealer.

There will be a number of talks, demonstrations and displays, at which they will also be inviting public participation. Speakers will include notable Australian and international cave divers. The CDAA is also planning on inviting various dignitaries including representatives from local and state government, private land owners and the local media. The venue, the Main Corner, is conveniently located in the centre of town at 1 Bay Road, Mount Gambier. For more information on this event, visit www.cavedivers.com.au


THE WORD 17

THE VALUE OF OWNING YOUR OWN SCUBA EQUIPMENT.

SCUBA DIVERS SWIMMING TO END FINNING – FINATHON® 2013

There are many advantages to owning your own dive equipment. Familiarity with a personal set of scuba gear means greater comfort and a better dive experience. More importantly, it can help you avoid an emergency situation. From a safety perspective, owning your own gear ensures you know how to manipulate it in an emergency – ditching weights for example. Get to know your gear: practice adjusting it and ask your PADI Instructor for recommendations. By consistently diving with the same equipment you’ll learn how things are supposed to feel which will also help you dial in scuba skills such as buoyancy. If you frequently dive with the same buddy, it’s beneficial for both divers to own their own gear. By knowing your buddy’s equipment, you’ll be better prepared to deal with an unexpected problem. Consider an out-of-air situation: when seconds matter you’ll want to know whether to go for a yellow second stage, or if your buddy will give you his primary while breathing off a secondary located on his inflator. Another common problem is readjusting a tank that’s slipped; knowing your buddy’s buckles and releases makes this a lot easier to fix in the water. An excellent way to learn how to avoid emergencies and familiarise yourself with your buddy’s gear is in the PADI Rescue Diver course. Your instructor will explain how to identify common equipment issues before they turn into dangerous situations; you will practice the steps to take in emergency scenarios such as removing both your gear and your buddy’s in the water.

Scuba divers clocked up a jawesome 700km swimming to end finning as part of Project AWARE’s global Finathon. You can’t get more FINatical than swimming in fancy dress! Finathon Champion, Martine Miller from Queensland, organised a wacky races event for Remote Area Dive and swam 1400 metres successfully in a shark suit bought online! “When I saw the Finathon I just had to get involved. As an avid diver and a new mum it’s important to ensure the survival of these remarkable animals for future generations,” said Martine. Western Australia saw thirty-two swimmers take to the water at South Beach, Fremantle and swim a collective 89km. Tania Douthwaite said: “It was a gloomy stretch of challenging coast for our brave swimmers who entered the water through 1m thick seaweed. Sharks are an important link in our ocean food chains. Shark finning is ecologically destructive and wasteful. I am a strong supporter of Project AWARE’s efforts and very proud to be part of such a well organised global campaign.” At the first 12 hour Finathon pool event, 56 swimmers completed an amazing 115.7km thanks to Kirin Apps who championed sharks in northern New South Wales. “It was great to see people challenge themselves to swim further than they had ever swam before. Most of the children and adults got back in the pool to add another lap to the tally,” said Kirin.

Not sure which piece of scuba gear to invest in first? You probably own your own mask, fins and snorkel. If not, it’s a good idea to get these items first as there isn’t one mask that fits all faces, and who wants to use a snorkel that’s been in someone else’s mouth? Once you have the basics, it’s time to move on to the big stuff: BCD, dive computer, regulator, etc. In a recent survey by PADI, PADI Divers ranked which piece of scuba gear was the most valuable investment. The results are below:

Project AWARE thanks 154 Finathon Champions, 40 teams and 50 children under the age of 10 who raised a Fintastic $60,000 for sharks. All donations help:

Top 5 “Most Valuable” Pieces of Scuba Gear

• Fight to stop finning

1. Regulator 2. Dive Computer 3. Mask and Snorkel 4. Fins 5. BCD

• Insist on full protections for Critically Endangered sharks

Interestingly, regulator received twice as many votes as dive computer. PADI Divers clearly value owning their own reg!

To take on a Finathon challenge visit

by Megan

• Negotiate strong policies to ensure a brighter future for all sharks

www.finathon.org www.projectaware.org


18 THE WORD

The Word. WESTERN AUSTRALIA - MAD ABOUT MANTAS.

GURKHA SOLDIERS BECOME PADI OPEN WATER DIVER. A large group of instructors and staff from Remote Area Dive, spent the first week in March training 60 Gurkha soldiers to complete their PADI Open Water Diver course. The soldiers, who were visiting Australia as part of an exercise with the Australian Defence Force, were able to participate in the Learn to Dive course as one of the options available for a week-long adventure training session at the end of the exercise. Other adventure training options included rock climbing, river canoeing and ocean kayaking.

Manta Ray Black Tie Ball raises $16,000 The small coastal town of Coral Bay, 1100km north of Perth, Western Australia, hosted the first Manta Ray Black Tie Ball, supporting Project AWARE. Congratulations and thank you to fundraisers Diana Belton and Alice Martino. It’s the magic of swimming with manta rays and a desire to see them protected that inspired this incredible duo to organise the truly memorable event raising an amazing $16,000.

The Ghurkha soldiers, whom are currently based in Brunei, visit Australia every few years as part of an exercise rotation with the Australian and New Zealand Defence Forces. Aged between 25 and 35 years old, the Gurkha soldiers – who form an integral part of the British Army – were hosted by the 1st Battalion of the Royal Australian Regiment based at Lavarack Barracks in Townsville – a major Australian Army base, currently home to the Army’s 3rd and 11th Brigade.

International trade in gill rakers – the tight-knit, feathery structures these filter feeders use to strain plankton – is driven by Asian markets for Chinese medicine and poses a threat to the survival of manta rays. Originally from Canada, Diana spends her days as a manta tour guide in the heart of the Ningaloo Reef Marine Park. She’s passionate about protecting manta rays. Alice swapped the waters of Lake Como, Italy, for the Ningaloo Reef and is mad about mantas! “We hope one day everywhere can benefit from ecotourism just like Coral Bay. Here we’re fortunate to have a strong population of coastal manta rays and manta ray tourist experiences take place daily,” said Diana. Like many AWARE divers around the globe, the community of Coral Bay was buzzing over the CITES success in March this year where five species of highly traded sharks, both manta rays and one species of sawfish were listed under CITES, for more information visit www.projectaware.org

OCEANIC DONATE REGULATORS TO ASSIST ADFA Australian Doctors for Africa (ADFA) operates in a challenging but rewarding environment. The organisation has a commitment to effect significant change in health care and well-being in Madagascar, Somalia and Ethiopia through the financial and health investment of overseas medical teams, services and assistance. Oceanic has donated regulators to assist ADFA this year; it will add an extra degree of safety and sophistication while operating in Madagascar. The regulators will enable the tourniquet to be used during their next team visit to Madagascar. Find out more about the ADFA’s mission visit ausdocafrica.org

It was a logistical operation indeed. We had eleven instructors standing by to teach the 60 students, and within four days, all Gurkha soldiers were certified Open Water divers. PADI Master Scuba Diver Trainer and Emergency First Response Instructor, Tanya Taylor, advised that certifying the soldiers “was hands down one of the best courses I have ever taught and been a part of.” She added, “At the end of the course (when the group photos were taken) many students expressed their gratitude to the instructors and crew, saying that they had the best time of their lives and that they intended to continue diving in the future.” Remote Area Dive, Townsville, QLD


THE WORD 19

BLACKFISH - DOCUMENTARY THAT MOVES YOUR HEART.

just taken her kids to SeaWorld) and as a documentary filmmaker (who can’t let sleeping dogs lie). I brought Manny Oteyza aboard as the film’s producer and he soon became my right arm. I spoke to Tim Zimmermann, who wrote a phenomenal article about the incident for Outside Magazine, and asked him to be my associate producer. I wrote a treatment and executive producer and long time friend Rick Brookwell put me in touch with first-time executive producers Judy Bart and Erica Kahn, who funded the film. We worked with cinematographers Jon Ingalls and Chris Towey with whom both Manny and I have had a shorthand for decades, and we set out to tell a story. What story? At that point, I hadn’t the foggiest clue. Thus began my journey of shock and discovery. I have made tv documentaries for 12 years but Blackfish is my second feature length documentary and one that I call my “labor of tough love.” I can’t say this was an easy film to make. For two years we were bombarded with terrifying facts, autopsy reports, sobbing interviewees, and unhappy animals – a place diametrically opposite to its carefully refined image. But as I moved forward, I knew that we had a chance to fix some things that had come unraveled along the way. And that all I had to do was tell the truth. Thanks for watching.” Gabriela Cowperthwaite, Director of Blackfish. Blackfish is screening in cinema, Australia from November, 2013. Watch movie trailer here: blackfishmovie.com

Blackfish tells the story of Tilikum, a performing killer whale that killed several people while in captivity. Along the way, directorproducer Gabriela Cowperthwaite compiles shocking footage and emotional interviews to explore the creature’s extraordinary nature, the species’ cruel treatment in captivity, the lives and losses of the trainers and the pressures brought to bear by the multi-billion dollar sea-park industry.

DOLPHIN SHOT IN AUSTRALIAN SANCTUARY. There have been calls for more rangers to patrol the area around Adelaide’s Port River dolphin sanctuary following the discovery of a shotgun pellet in a young dolphin found dead in the areas, outer harbour.

This emotionally wrenching, tautly structured story challenges us to consider our relationship to nature and reveals how little we humans have learned from these highly intelligent and enormously sentient fellow mammals. “In the summer of 2010, Dawn Brancheau, a reknowned SeaWorld trainer, was killed by Tilikum, a 12,000-pound orca. I remember fragments: something about a ponytail, something about her slipping and falling, something about how this almost never happens because in these parks, the animals are happy and the trainers are safe. But something wasn’t right. Why would a highly intelligent animal attack its trainer – in effect, bite the hand that feeds it? I set out to understand this incident not as an activist, but as a mother (who had

Three other dolphins have been found dead in the sanctuary in recent weeks and WDC believes that the deaths could be partly due to the lack of rangers and patrols in the region, and that the sanctuary management should be reviewed following the State Government’s recent decision to reduce the number of rangers from three full-time staff to one full-time and one part-time staff member. WDC volunteer in Australia, Marianna Boorman, said the recent death highlighted the dolphins were under threat from attack in the sanctuary. “It does highlight the need for increased staff in the sanctuary and increased protection for the dolphins,” In South Australia, the maximum penalty for killing or injuring a protected marine mammal is $100,000, or two years in jail. www.wdcs.org


20 THE WORD

The Word. MY STORY - AMY DETORRES

The Internship really kick started my career as it gave me the additional experience I needed to secure my first dream job. As I neared graduation the team assisted with my Resume writing and gave me a lot of guidance on job searching and applications. It took me just 2 weeks to get my first job and I am actually on my way right now to work in the beautiful Perhentian Islands just off mainland Malaysia… and who knows where I will be after that. Thanks to everyone who has taken the extra time to make me the PADI Instructor I am today. Amy DeTorres, PADI Master Scuba Diver Trainer. Abyss Scuba Diving, Ramsgate, NSW

EXPLORE WORLD CLASS DIVING There’s a great deal to be discovered in Australia. Australia has almost 200 PADI Dive Centres and Resorts to choose from and offers some of the very finest scuba diving with some of the best facilities in the world. So why not take advantage of it this year?

After spending 4 months training with some of the most amazing and professional staff I have met in the diving industry, I couldn’t help but want to share my story. Coming all the way from the United States, I jumped off the plane and was so glad to be met by the smiling faces of the staff waiting for me at the airport. This marked day 1 of my PADI Instructor Internship and the start of the rest of my life! When I started my initial Divemaster training I was so nervous. I had never done any public speaking before and just really wanted to do well. The rest of my Divemaster training was so smooth and the program was very well organized. I had two dedicated PADI Instructor Mentors just to teach and guide our course and they ensured I got special hints and tips all the way. Each day finished with a formal debrief session, which I found one of the best ways to improve. My mentors would always be taking notes and ensure I got really solid feedback, which I love. During my DM training I was also required to get my dive count, so every day between training sessions I would head out with all the other training instructors, and local divers to dive. As I approached the end of the DM training my mentors ensured my progress was discussed with my Course Directors. These were the guys who taught me to become an Instructor. This allowed them to adjust my program to polish any areas I needed to focus on prior to going to the Instructor Course. In the month preceding the Instructor Exam I continued with my Internship and was lucky enough to team-teach with the same experienced Instructors who had taught me. These were my idols, and now we were equals. I was involved with running Open Water, Advanced, Rescue & Divemaster Courses. The continued mentoring throughout this period was without a doubt the most important part of my Instructor Internship as it made everything really come together. At the tail end of my internship I flew to the Great Barrier Reef where I experienced life as an Instructor on Heron Island. I lived there for three weeks to learn about how dive resorts run, and how the tourist industry on the reef if different from Sydney. I found it fantastic to be able to gain experience in two completely different locations but in the same program.

There is truly nothing like Australia. It is a unique destination highlighted by the diverse diving environments that make up this vast continent. From the northern tip of the world famous Great Barrier Reef, all the way around to pristine dive conditions off Western Australia, you will be spoilt for choice. Australia’s diving locations are unique within themselves as they spread across this extensive land. Without a doubt a world-class travel and dive destination, below the surface, divers have the opportunity to experience spectacular sites and marine life. Whether it’s taking in colourful corals, diving through giant kelp which creates the illusion of an underwater forest, or having a chance encounter with a whale shark, it will be unforgettable. Above the surface you can enjoy astounding natural beauty and locations with unique character and charm. Australia is one of the many countries now featured as a ‘Vacation Spotlight’ on padi.com. Here you will find detailed information on everything you need to know about diving in your own backyard. Following the Destination Overview, the Vacation Spotlight showcases Hot Dive Sites in Australia which features - among other locations - Queensland and the Great Barrier Reef - including the gateway destinations of Cairns and Port Douglas. New South Wales – with Sydney’s world class diving right on the doorstep of a vibrant city. Victoria – where you’ll see beautiful marine life including cuttlefish, octopus and sea stars in Port Phillip Bay. Western Australia - offers spectacular wrecks such as the HMAS Swan Wreck near Dunsborough, or an encounter with a mesmerising whale shark off Exmouth near Ningaloo Reef. The naturally stunning locations of South Australia, Tasmania, Northern Territory and the ACT are also featured. The Dive Summary on padi.com’s Vacation Spotlight gives comprehensive information on Australian diving depths, the visibility of Australian waters and its currents, the water temperature to expect in various states, skill levels and a run down on the fabulous creatures you can expect to discover when diving in Australia. So why not explore Australia with all this fabulous diving right here on your doorstep? For more information on diving in Australia visit the Scuba Vacation section on padi.com or contact a PADI Dive Shop. www.padi.com


THE WORD 21

RISE ABOVE PLASTIC

Snoots, a resident shovelnose ray at Shelly Beach, Manly (NSW)before and after divers removed an elastic hair band first seen irritating he young ray over a year ago.

As divers, we’ve seen marine creatures entangled in our rubbish. We’ve seen the bags floating spookily through the water, the straws, the coffee cup lids, the cable ties, the mint wrappers, the sushi fish. We take out what we can, but the dent only feels temporary. Plastics were once considered bio-inert, simply passing through organisms without causing any harm when mistaken for food. We now know plastics cause harm to the digestive tract, transfer toxins absorbed while floating in the ocean, and of course, entanglement and death. Reduce. The most economical way to minimise the impact of plastic. Say no to a lid on your takeway coffee or that straw in your drink. Better still, take your own reusable cup as even paper coffee cups are lined with plastic. It may be biodegradable, but breakdown will take many years longer in the ocean where temperatures, UV and oxygen levels are far lower than in landfill. Choose your products in the supermarket based on packaging. Manufacturers will soon investigate consumers’ choices, which will drive innovation. Buy your milk in cartons, not plastic bottles, buy the pasta in cardboard boxes, not plastic wrappers. Put your fruit and veggies loose in your

THE YOUNGEST EXPLORER DIVER IN THE WORLD Tyler Walker from Victoria is the youngest person who has enrolled in the Explorer Rebreather course with TDI. At the time of enrolment, Tyler was only 16 years old. “The reason I love diving is that the underwater world is filled with the mystery of the unknown. I have been interested in diving ever since I was 12 – which was when I decided to pursue a career as a Clearance Diver in The Royal Australian Navy. I chose to do the Hollis Explorer Rebreather Course because it is a lightweight unit and extremely easy to use, and doesn’t use 100% oxygen like other Rebreathers use. The Hollis Explorer also uses a 40% nitrox blend, which makes it safe to use, rather than using a 100% nitrox blend.” Tyler Walker. Scuba Life, Hallam, VIC

trolley instead of a plastic bag. Reuse items, such as zip lock bags, takeway lunch containers and plastic bags. If we reused each item at least once, we could potentially halve our usage over our lifetime for items that will long outlive us in the oceans. Recycle. Check products like meat trays to ensure the packaging is recyclable. But remember, the recycling process itself has a footprint, so your best option is always to reduce where possible. Divers see plastics below the waterline where others don’t. Carry a small net bag in your BCD and clean up on your dive. Create the RRR culture through example. Spread and live the mantra: Single Use is Ocean Abuse. Simple local actions can help make an impact to solve this global issue. Join us in protecting the coast and Rise Above Plastics! See what could happen if we don’t... Riseaboveplastics.org.au


22 THE SINKING WORLD

Andreas Franke brings a strange, forgotten underwater world back to life and stages realms of an unprecedented kind with his project The Sinking World.


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The Sinking World of Andreas Franke WORDS and INTERVIEW BY Candy Robertson IMAGES Andreas Franke

T

he renowned Austrian photographer and passionate diver Andreas Franke brings a strange, forgotten underwater world back to life and stages realms of an unprecedented kind with his project The Sinking World.

Franke says, “At the very beginning of the project The Sinking World, I just wanted to try out something new as a diver. I wanted a new diving challenge, so I went wreck diving and as photography is my other passion, I took my underwater camera with me. At that point, I did not have the slightest idea that I would one day be making elaborate retouched photo montages to be exhibited. The plan was to dive to a wreck, photograph it, explore and try something new and have a good time, but finally something about the photos of the wreck captivated me so much that I could not stop thinking about them. I was completely fascinated by that mystical underwater world, this peculiar emptiness and somehow tragic stillness.” Franke used a montage of the underwater photographs from his shipwreck explorations together with elaborate studio photographs, thus creating new, sunken, forgotten worlds. The resting giants at the bottom of the sea do not only form fascinating and unique backgrounds for Andreas Franke’s sceneries, they also form the best exhibition sites imaginable. Sealed behind plexiglass, the photographs were put into stainless steel frames with

magnets, and then taken underwater to be attached to the shipwreck itself. Great care and planning was taken not to disturb the ecological balance of the marine life, and allow for easy removal without damaging the ship. The underwater exhibitions in the artificial reef of the sunken ship displayed an enchanted reality, a beautiful and memorable trip for visiting divers. The photographs themselves were not left uncared for during their aquatic captivity; the sea added an amazing patina to them. Together with algae and microorganisms, the salt water adorned the pictures from the world above. It is the individual signature of the ocean that embellishes the photographs, a bizarre touch of impermanence transforming them into rare beauties. Andreas Franke has created three projects in The Sinking World series. For each of his projects, Franke exhaustively researched the history of each shipwreck. Based on his research, he envisions the life that was once there.


24 THE SINKING WORLD


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The first was the Vandenberg Project, featuring a gallery of surreal photographs of the shipwreck, the USS General Hoyt S. Vandenberg 24.27 N, 81.44 W. This series of artworks combined the shipwreck and residents that were once there, creating a forgotten world of the sunken giant. A boxing match takes place at the bottom of the sea; a girl in a fairy-like white dress holding a butterfly net is running on the ghostly deck; two young boys play with a teddy bear and a tricycle … 130 feet below the Florida coast. Franke’s second set of The Sinking World was the Stavronikita Project. The SS Stavronikita lies at the bottom of the ocean at 13.8 N, 59.38 W, right off the Caribbean island of Barbados. Here, Franke set the stage firmly in the Rococo era, an age of decadence with all its intoxicating extravagance, its vanity and disgraceful self indulgence. Three young ladies court gossip during a lavish picnic; a woman in a blue dress obliviously indulges in a piece of cake, surrounded by an obscene amount of pastries and confectionaries. Juxtaposing these images with algae, sponges and shells growing on the Stavronikita, Franke succeeded in bringing us one of the most flashing and flamboyant, and truly site-specific exhibitions of recent times. The Mohawk Project 26 33 .075N 82 43 .481W, saw Franke transform the USS Mohawk, an historic WWII warship and artificial reef, into an underwater art gallery off Sanibel Island, Florida. After much research into the history of the vessel, Franke set about recreating the life of sailors once aboard the Mohawk – their daily lives and dreams of home – and superimpose images of models in period clothing he shot in his studio in Vienna onto original photography. For divers, the artwork came into stunning view, as the destination was in the midst of its peak dive season. In the clear waters, divers enjoyed 50-70 feet of visibility.


26 THE SINKING WORLD

After finishing up his most recent exhibition the Mohawk Project in Florida, we spoke to Andreas Franke about his inspiring work. You just completed your most recent project, the USS Mohawk. Could you tell us how you planned this extraordinary exhibition under the sea? First I heard about a World War 2 ship they planned to sink at the golf-coast in Florida. The ship was a part of a Navy Museum in Key West but they couldn’t afford to restore it, so they decided to sink it to become an artificial reef rather than scrap it. While I was in Key West, I had the chance to view the ship. I was excited as it is pretty rare to get the opportunity to see the ship before it transforms to a wreck. So my new object of desire was found. Then some months after it became a wreck I went there and explored it with my underwater camera. I never saw a wreck which so quickly became a habitat for so many fishes. They were all over it ... Also, the area the shipwreck found its home is a memorial reef. So for me it was clear that I had to consider that. Back at my studio in Vienna I searched my underwater shots and made a selection. Then I called together the production team for the casting, styling and hair & make-up and not to forget the talents for the studio shots. You used to work as a commercial photographer. How did you make the transition from commercial photography to fine art? And how did diving come into the picture? I still work as a commercial photographer. Actually, this fact offers me the opportunity to work on such projects. Technically, not least financially, and hence combining work and passion. I am a diver since approx. 20 years and was always looking for a chance to bring photography and diving together. Your projects are very involved. One half requires you to be submerged amongst shipwrecks, while the other half requires you to be in a studio with models. Where do you enjoy being the most and why? To explore the wreck under water and the process of creating a concept is maybe most exciting. But I also love to see how the ideas come to life.


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Your creations remind me of the Greatest Movie Never Made. Where do you get inspiration from? Thanks a lot, that’s very kind to say, I am flattered. Actually the inspiration comes while diving the wreck. Being underwater, different scenes appear in my mind. Is there a particular dive site you would LOVE to photograph and work your magic to? The more history the wreck has the more interesting it becomes for me. Certainly it also makes sense that the shipwreck is at a diving hot spot so that many divers get the chance to see it. What I also take into consideration is warm water, high visibility and that it’s not too deep. And I also prefer artificial sunken ships (they are not burdened). I like the idea that the purpose of sinking ships is to give and maintain life. Your exhibitions work on many levels; they merge history, cutting-edge technology and narrative with good oldfashioned adventure. What, in your opinion, is the most important message you would like your audience to take home with them? I want divers to enjoy the experience of an underwater art gallery and I hope I could capture the character of the wreck. What is your upcoming project? As mentioned before, I am actually planning my next exhibition, but it is too early to talk about it. Imagine viewing Andreas Franke’s artwork on a wreck with clear visibility and exotic marine life around you. If you are lucky, you might have whale sharks swim past while viewing these extraordinary one-of-a-kind artworks. This is sure to be a once in a lifetime experience. It is hard not to wonder which wreck will be Franke’s next stage?

THE ARTIST Andreas Franke has been in the photography business for more than twenty years. For Luerzer‘s Archive he is among the “200 Best Photographers Worldwide”. He worked for great brands like Ben & Jerry’s, Coca-Cola, Ford, GE!General Electric, Gillette, Heineken, Nike, Visa or Wrigley’s. His still lifes and his surreal effects are famous. In his pictures every little detail is planned precisely. There is no space left for fortuity. Andreas Franke is a traveller. He travels through the world and between the worlds. His job frequently leads him to several countries on several continents. So does his passion for scuba diving. In his pictures Franke crosses the borderlines between fantasy and real life. Check out Andrea Franke’s short film at http://youtu.be/MPThXfxLDWs www.thesinkingworld.com


28 SUNKEN CIVILIZATION

A colossal statue of red granite (5.4 m) representing the god Hapi, which decorated the temple of Heracleion. The god of the flooding of the Nile, symbol of abundance and fertility, has never before been discovered at such a large scale, which points to his importance for the Canopic region.

ŠFranck Goddio/Hilti Foundation, photo: Christoph Gerigk


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Sunken Civilization with Franck Goddio WORDS and INTERVIEW BY Nick Robertson IMAGES Christoph Gerigk

W

e’ve long marvelled at great archaeological discoveries; imagery of khaki-clad scientists labouring over dusty pits, patiently brushing away layers of sand and time. But what happens when treasures of our past are lost to the sea? Founder and president of the Institut Européen d’Archéologie SousMarine IEASM, Franck Goddio, is a pioneer of modern maritime archaeology. His unique systems approach to archaeological underwater excavations, in close partnership to local authorities, have led to extraordinary findings of unmatched historical value. Leaving behind a successful career in finance, Franck Goddio decided to follow his passion for underwater archaeology, establishing the IEASM in the early 1980’s. He has since led excavations that have brought to life seven junks from the 11th to 16th centuries, two Spanish galleons, two trading vessels from the British East India Company and, perhaps one of the most historically important projects in recent times, the sunken civilizations of Alexandria, Thonis-Heracleion and Canopus in Egypt. In partnership with the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities, Franck Goddio has been mapping and investigating a vast area the size of Paris in the Bay of Aboukir, since 1992. Operating in a strictly non-commercial manner, Franck Goodio has merged his love for diving, history and cutting-edge technology to help uncover treasures lost between legend and reality.

Alexandria, Egypt, was among the largest and most magnificent cities in antiquity; its architecture and culture overshadowing even Rome. Parts of the city’s Royal Quarters, with its temples, palaces, royal gardens and harbour were situated in the eastern harbour, called the Portus Magnus. Due to a combination of natural phenomena, including a series of earthquakes and tidal waves, the Portus Magnus and parts of the city’s ancient coastline sank beneath the sea. For more than 1200 years, temples, buildings, palaces, statues, ceramics, coins, jewellery and every day objects lay untouched on the seabed, covered by thick layers of sand and sediment. In 1992, Franck Goddio began underwater explorations, using sophisticated electronic detection instruments, making it possible, for the first time ever, to see a complete panorama of the famous Portus Magnus. Further explorations went to uncover perhaps even greater treasures, namely, the lost city of Thonis-Heracleion. Prior to its discovery in 2000 by Franck Goddio’s IEASM, the name of this grand city was almost razed from the memory of mankind. Objects recovered from the excavations illustrate the city’s beauty and glory; the magnificence of their grand temples and the abundance of historic evidence demonstrating the immense wealth of the city. With a busy international port, more than seven hundred ancient anchors and over sixty wrecks dating from the 6th to the 2nd century BC have been uncovered by the research. Work is on-going. Enamoured by his dedication and professionalism, we are honoured to share the invaluable work of Franck Goddio, who graciously took time out of his busy schedule to answer a few questions for us.

©Franck Goddio/Hilti Foundation, photo: Christoph Gerigk

An archaeologist measures the feet of a colossal red granite statue at the site of Heracleion discovered in Aboukir Bay.


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What are some of the biggest challenges about working underwater? A poor water quality with a visibility of sometimes under 50 cm can constitute a significant handicap. Also the depth of an archaeological site can be challenging. Some sites are too deep for archaeological divers to reach, so the excavation has to be performed with the help of Remote Operated Vehicles (ROVs), submersibles with articulate robotic arms. The use of such ROV’s is challenging a project from a financial and time aspect. We performed the excavation of the Royal Captain (a ship from the British East India Company) in a depth of 350 meters.

I imagine many of the pieces uncovered must be very fragile, having spent so long under water. Do you bring all your discoveries to the surface, and if so, is there any special treatment you must provide? No, we only bring a small fraction of historically important pieces to the surface, for further studies on them. Once an object reaches the surface, it is immediately cleaned in seawater, the date of discovery

Franck Goddio and divers of his team are inspecting the statue of a pharaoh. The colossal statue is of red granite and measures over 5 metres. It was found close to the big temple of sunken Thonis-Heracleion and reassembled on the site. ŠFranck Goddio/Hilti Foundation, photo: Christoph Gerigk

is entered on the label, and it is placed into a desalination tank. The tank is filled with 50% seawater and 50% fresh water, in order to avoid deterioration due to violent osmosis. After a couple of days it is placed in fresh water, which is continuously renewed. The salinity of the bath is constantly measured in order to determine when the object can be dried without damage. On land, a more complex desalination process is executed, using distilled water. Organic materials are kept in a damp environment on board, and are treated on land. After the desalination process, the object is described, measured and inventoried. Pottery is cleaned using microburins and scalpels to remove deposits and shells. Once the underwater sediments have been cleared, the object is carefully studied in reference to shape, texture and decoration in order to determine its date and provenance. Organic material requires swift and delicate treatment as soon as it has been recovered. After desalination, the material is dried out slowly and excess water is gradually replaced by a resin, so that the volume of the material is maintained. Metals like bronze, silver, iron and lead corrode underwater. They are bathed in a regulated and precise system of chemical or electrochemical treatments. Conservation takes place


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chemically and ultrasonically. The revived objects can then, be chemically stabilized and covered with a protective layer.

Could you describe the technology used to aid your missions? How has that changed over the years? Underwater Archaeology is a rather new scientific field, developed only since the 1950s. That is mainly due to the lack of suitable technology until then which is needed to survey vast areas at sea and to allow the precisest possible location of archaeological material. I entered into a partnership with the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) back in the 1980ies. Together, we developed means of extremely high performing nuclear magnetic resonance detection that allow us to measure sea-floor relief and to capture the ghosts of potential ancient remnants. We were the first to use this kind of technology for underwater archaeological research. In addition to the magnetometer we are nowadays using non-intrusive cutting edge technology such as multi-beam bathymetry, side-scan sonar, sub-bottom profiler and satellite positioning system.

You have several projects happening around the world. Could you tell us a little about your approach to starting a mission? We have developed a special system approach according to which every archaeological campaign is performed. The work begins in archives with the exploration and analysis of documents in order to determine probable locations of archaeological vestiges. With the help of non-intrusive cutting edge technology (see previous question on technology) we map the site. If the data gives some positive clues we perform the actual archaeological work, involving specific databases, archaeological inventory, drawings, mapping, photographing, filming and photogrammetric analysis. Afterwards, conservation, restoration and the cataloguing of findings by specialists is taking place. Analysis of findings are performed by experts who also participate in the publication of scientific results. We also try to present findings to the public through international exhibitions and media work.


32 SUNKEN CIVILIZATION

The stele of Thonis-Heracleion (1.90m) had been ordered by Pharaoh Nectanebo I (378-362 BC) and is almost identical to the stele of Naukratis in the Egyptian Museum of Cairo. The place where it was supposed to be erected is explicitly mentioned: Thonis-Heracleion. ŠFranck Goddio/Hilti Foundation, photo: Christoph Gerigk


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What gets you most excited when starting a new mission? Finding things that people who lived in ancient times left behind is an extraordinary experience. It can teach us a great deal about how they lived, how they prayed, fought and navigated the seas. It’s simply fascinating, it becomes a passion.

These artifacts have remained underwater, in many cases, for hundreds of years. Have you encountered anything you weren’t expecting? E.g. Marine animals, colonies and coral etc. One fascinating part of archaeological excavations is the discovery of unexpected archaeological material. It’s just overwhelming sometimes. As far as marine animals, colonies and coral are concerned we take good care not to disturb them. We also work in cooperation with the national authorities in whose territorial waters the exploration is taking place and ask for their advice.

You have been involved in some remarkable discoveries from shipwrecks to sunken cities. What is your most memorable discovery? That is a very difficult question. My objective, in general, is to document history, to know more about sunken civilizations, to better understand the undersides of history. Our discoveries allow a more acute perception of the history of peoples and that’s what I found the most fascinating aspect of our work. One memorable project, for example, was the recreation of a complete panorama of the famous Portus Magnus (eastern port) of Alexandria. The topography we obtained during our research is very different from what had been

previously imagined from ancient texts. We now know how the eastern port of Alexandria with its Royal Quarters looked during the Ptolemaic and Roman Periods.

What advice can you give to anyone interested in taking up Maritime Archaeology? I would say Maritime Archaeology is for people passionate about history and the sea, and interested in revealing new aspects of our past. Archaeology in general is so much more than just the excitement of finding objects.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

If you would like to uncover more of Franck Goddio’s underwater archaeology work, visit www.franckgoddio.org See more underwater footage of the Heracleion excavations visit http://youtu.be/jQez7ojgQDk Images - Christoph Gerigk

©Franck Goddio/Hilti Foundation, photo: Christoph Gerigk

Among the most important monuments that were discovered at the temple area of Thonis-Heracleion is this monolithic chapel (naos) dating to the Ptolemaic period. It served as a key for the identification of the city.


34 PHOTOGRAPHING DIVERS

Photographing Divers WORDS and IMAGES Bob Halstead

Wide Angle To shoot divers, a wide-angle lens is required. Divers are relatively big and you need to get as close to them as possible for clear shots except in exceptional visibility. An absolute maximum focal length would be 28mm – I prefer fisheye at 10 mm. I repeat – GET CLOSE.

Candid shots

THE BASICS The Photographer You will never take great underwater photographs unless your buoyancy, breathing and manoeuvring skills are perfected. You must be able to dive without using your hands, at least for the part where you are actually shooting. Try a few dives carrying a lead weight in front of you with both hands and see how you go. For fun I used to give a fellow diver my camera to carry underwater – they usually plummeted into the sand. Cameras need to be a little bit negative, to avoid floating away.

It is very difficult to get a good shot of a diver in a candid moment. Mostly the position will be clumsy, the face blank, the gear a mess and the actions inappropriate. So I am going to assume that you have a “model” that you have arranged to shoot on a dive. It could just be your dive buddy. Discussing the following will help you get an image that you, and the model, will be proud of. Even so, it is not easy! Start by checking your model’s gear and tidying it up. Make sure the gear fits and cut straps so they don’t dangle. Colour is great but should be coordinated. Lycra suits can be purchased in glorious colours even if standard wet suits are black.

Diver position Being suspended in three-dimensional space, divers are able to assume any position they like, but when modelling, please don’t!


PHOTOGRAPHING DIVERS 35

You must be able to dive without using your hands, at least for the part where you are actually shooting. Try a few dives carrying a lead weight in front of you with both hands and see how you go.

The natural position for a diver is streamlined, back slightly arched with legs separated in a kicking motion, and fins pointing away. Arms should be tucked in and never out in front of the diver towards the camera, where they will look huge and be overexposed.

Eyes have it The general rule here is that the model should never look directly at the camera unless the model is the subject of the photo. Usually there is another subject – a turtle, or wreck perhaps – and the model should look at the subject, but with the face mask pointing toward a camera strobe to ensure the face is illuminated. Position of both model and photographer should be adjusted to make this appear natural, not with eyes screwed sideways.

Bubbles Air bubbles from the model can spoil or enhance the photo – but should never block out the model’s face. It is the job of the photographer to wait until the model has reached the desired part of the breathing cycle. Models should just breathe normally. Bubbles from the photographer when shooting upward can be a problem – usually solved by slight forward motion while shooting.

Hair Long flowing hair can look spectacular, blond or brunette. What always looks ordinary is a hood. Coldwater habitats require a hood so that is just unfortunate – but where a hood can be abandoned, then please do. Of course if the model is a half-bald old croc like myself, then please get another model.

Mouthpiece A regulator mouthpiece twisting in the model’s mouth looks awful. Select a small lightweight second stage regulator that can fit neatly, and position its hose from the first stage so it does not twist. I have supplied my regular model Kirtley Leigh with the Oceanic Omega second stage and find it ideal.

Lighting You will usually need a strobe – or preferably two – to provide fill-in light that will illuminate the subject and model’s face, and balance the background light. The strobes should be positioned on the same horizontal plane as the camera (not above), and slightly behind. This provides twin cones of light that illuminate evenly, eliminate harsh shadows and reduce backscatter.


36 PHOTOGRAPHING DIVERS

THE ART Interacting with marine life. Learn to work with marine animals – do not chase them or grab hold of them. Never swim directly toward an animal – let it come to you – or swim parallel and close the gap. Try to avoid eye contact at least initially. Try to predict what an animal will do and end up in the same place together. Be smooth and graceful and breathe quietly.

Communication Discussions underwater are obviously impossible, so topside briefings are vital. If you have an idea for a shot discuss it with your model first. Then when you have found your subject, the model needs to position close to the subject. When the strobe starts flashing the model will know she/he is doing it right, keep working. If the strobe stops – change your position slightly making sure you can still see the camera lens – but only look at the photographer when he/she grunts at you! It could be that you have a great position and the photographer is manoeuvring, so looking will spoil everything. I suggest photographers practice some underwater grunting techniques that your model recognises. That is the time to look and the photographer can use hand signals to show what is required. These may take a while to learn. I once used a signal swinging my arm behind me to direct Kirtley Leigh to swim up behind a Tawny Shark lying on the bottom. She thought it was a Tiger Shark and that I wanted her to hide behind me …


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38 PHOTOGRAPHING DIVERS

The String Quartet Some consider the string quartet to be the most perfect form of music. The four musicians weave music in precise harmony, imperceptibly communicating and responding to each other. Here are the four elements of our underwater photographic quartet.

The Subject Find a good subject and predict its response.

The Model Interact with the subject in a close, gentle, meaningful and responsible way.

The Environment Use the environment you find yourself in to enhance the image, eg. select the relative position subject and model, position of the sun, whether to shoot up or level and include or eliminate the background

The Photographer The photographer needs to be dynamic, not stuck in one place but continually manoeuvring to achieve the best image. Finally.

The PAIN It takes effort to produce a great image. Shots may need to be repeated, meaning more swimming than usual. Both model and photographer need to be fit and have good air consumption. Long sessions may be required – and the water may be cold. No Pains, no Gains!

THE AUTHOR & PHOTOGRAPHER Bob Halstead started diving, and shooting underwater photos, in 1968. A pioneer of Dive Tourism in PNG, he was inducted into the International Scuba Diving Hall of Fame in 2008. Bob has published eight books and innumerable magazine articles illustrated with his prizewinning underwater photography. www.halsteaddiving.com


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40 ARCTIC GIANTS


ARCTIC GIANTS 41

Greenland

Arctic Giants

WORDS and IMAGES Tobias Friedrich

M

ost of the dive sites are completely unknown and it gives a very good feeling to be an explorer of new places. A good time to be there is late summer, when the icebergs are still drifting down from the North Pole and the whales arrive from the south. Water temperatures in Greenland usually range from -1 to 3 degree Celsius, so cold water equipment with a good drysuit is essential to dive there, but extra ordinary dive skills are not required. You basically want to be trained in cold water diving and feel safe to use your stuff. The photo opportunities above water are quite big as well, so it’s recommended to plan some time for land-based activities as well as to bring some tele-lenses with you.

Photographing Icebergs Every cold water diver’s dream is probably to dive next to an iceberg. But this very special experience is not easy to save onto your sensor of the camera. In summer, where the visibility in Greenland is about 8-12 Meters you want to be close to the iceberg so that it doesn’t get blurred out from far away. This would require a quite small iceberg so that you are able to have as much as possible in the frame. Remember that over 90% of the iceberg is below the water, so don’t overestimate your target. Because of the lack of very good visibility, a fisheye lens would be the one to choose, so that you can get closer. Another problem is the dark blue water, which can irritate your camera because of the lack of light and let the TTL push the strobes too high. This would let the white ice reflect too much light back from them. Better to work with a manual strobe setup, which works well with, for example, Ikelite DS-125 strobes at half power. Shooting from below to a slightly upper position is recommended as it shows the lighter surface and not the very dark bottom. Having a diver in the background or foreground is always a very good idea to be able to show the size dimensions of the structures. Otherwise the viewer may find it irritating in terms of scale.


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Half-half shots of an iceberg are a very good idea as this is the aspect of an iceberg, to also show what is below the surface. Despite the fact that it’s in theory a very good subject, there are only a few good split shots of icebergs to be found. The difficulty here is to first find an iceberg, which is small enough to capture the dimensions above water, together with a proper part. Second, the limited visibility of the arctic waters won’t let you show the full dimensions and forces you to stay close to the ice. Third point is the melting freshwater from the iceberg, especially in late summer, which gives about 0.5 to one meter of really murky, greenish water, which floats at the surface, exactly where you need good visibility for the split shot. Conclusion of these points is to find an iceberg which has the best compromise of all these points. Inside the fjords are the smaller icebergs, but visibility drops fast. At the coast line, the visibility is usually better, but the icebergs are really big, which will lead to another issue: the bigger the iceberg, the bigger the risk that ice is breaking off under or above water, which can fall down onto the divers or the iceberg turns over as an result of it. When you have an organized trip going on, the dive guides usually know where the risk is low and where not. When it comes to do the actual split shot, try to focus and expose on the top of the iceberg. An underexposure is better than overexposure because it’s easier to push the dark parts than to pull the lights. A higher f-stop will help you to get both the over - and under - water part in focus.

Whales above and under water Many different species of whales visit East Greenland around late summer. At the coastline, mostly Humpback Whales can be seen, but also Minke Whales, Sperm Whales and Fin Whales have been spotted, as well as Orca. The smaller whales like the Minkes and Orcas are difficult to be seen as they are very shy. Most spotted whales are Humpbacks, which swim up and down the coastline and relax inside the fjords. For above water shots, a good tele-lens is recommended. 300mm on a full frame sensor works as well as a 70-200mm zoom lens for both full frame and crop sensors. A zoom is


ARCTIC GIANTS 43

always the more flexible option, but the prime lens definitely allows the better images. To focus on only one point in the AF field is the better option than leaving the focus to the automatic AF field search, which can result in sharpness on the background or foreground, but not on the whale. It’s always nice to catch the fluke of the whale when the animal is diving. Burst mode of the camera is a good option as well, because the focus will be fixed and the best image can be chosen later. What also works well is to show the whale while it’s breathing out, showing the fountain. With a proper background, i.e. snowy mountains, glaciers or an iceberg, the image gets valued up as well. It’s a different story under water. In these cold waters of Greenland it’s not easy to get a whale that is interested in divers or snorkelers. The whales are quite busy traveling or feeding, so there is not really time to be curious about new things. Inside the fjords there are sometimes Humpback Whales resting and socializing, but the visibility inside can drop down to five meters, which will not allow a good picture, even if you would make it ten meters close to the whale. So the best chances are off the coastline where the whales are cruising. Usually once a whale is spotted, it will dive a few minutes later. Then the boat drives slowly to the last know position and waits for a new encounter. Sometimes the whales are curious during the first contact and swim close by. This would be the best chance to see the whale under water, so it’s certainly recommended to be ready at all times. Regarding the equipment: it helps to have no strobes, just the housing with a large dome port. You can attach a small weight to the dome if it’s too buoyant. Most important is to slip into the water with as little noise and splash as possible. Don’t approach the whale, let it come to you. A good camera setup is time automatic mode with slightly underexposed setting like -1/3 aperture. Recommended is a fisheye lens, even if the chance to have the whale full frame in the picture is low, you may get an AMAZING close up of a whale inspecting you.


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your angle of photography in a way to get, for example, a nudibranch in front of a clean background instead of taking a picture just from the top. It’s a little work to get the right position in the kelp, but at least there is nothing to damage there as the kelp tolerates a lot. There are some nice spots of white and yellow corals in a depth of 25 meters or lower. A fisheye together with a wide-angle macro dome (or fisheye dome) works very well to get a close-up of the coral as well as the background, i.e. a diver. If you don’t have a fisheye dome, a regular dome, as small as possible, will do it as well for the beginning. It’s essential especially in this place that you can get better images if you have a good eye in finding macro subjects.

Aurora borealis The Northern Lights are one of the reasons for visitors to come near the polar circle. These mystical solar winds have their own special charisma, which make them so attractive. In the summer months it’s quite rare to see the lights, but when it comes closer to winter, the Aurora borealis gets more likely. The Northern Lights can be bright in the sky, illuminating the whole sight and in the next moment they are gone. So be ready with your camera and tripod when there is a clear day, when you are able to see the stars. A wide-angle lens would be the best choice to cover a large part of the sky. It’s a good idea to have the f-stop as low as possible and the time not longer than eight seconds. That prevents the stars to “stream”. Keep the ISO also as low as possible. To get a sharp picture, try to setup the camera at daylight and remember the focus setup on the lens. You can use a small tape to mark the right position onto it. What you also can do is to have a little bit of light in your picture, which illuminates

Macro and other subjects Don’t forget to bring your macro lens to a trip to Greenland, despite the fact that most of the subjects are for wideangle, there is also a good reason to shot small life. When it’s not icebergs or whales, the underwater landscape in Greenland mostly consists of large kelp forest. The kelp doesn’t grow high like in California, but gets up to three or four meters and rests relatively flat on the rocks. It’s definitely worth some shots, but not very photogenic. Interesting is what lies below. When you push the kelp to the side you can find a lot of small things that can attract a photographer like nudibranches, skeleton shrimp, sea stars and small growing corals. Try to change


ARCTIC GIANTS 45

the foreground and where you can focus on. But this may require a larger f-stop to have the sky in focus as well and the lights can’t be to strong, otherwise they will burn out the image in that part. Once you and your camera is ready, set up at a nice point. A good thing is to trigger the shutter with a remote control of your DSRL to prevent shaking and to easily have a look at the sky. Once the Aurora borealis is visible, just press the shutter. Take a few pictures after each other and enjoy the outcome.

Join the author You can join Tobias Friedrich’s photo trip to East Greenland. Expeditions are limited to six participants and will include the accommodation, food, a daily boat and diving. Tobias will be ready to answer questions and lead through individual photo topics while on location. The price of the trip will be 2900 Euro / 3950 US-$ / 21.500 NOK which is a good price for real arctic diving. Not included are airfare, alcohol, and accommodation in Iceland on the stopover. The trip can be booked via Northern Explorers: www.northern-explorers.com

THE AUTHOR & PHOTOGRAPHER Tobias Friedrich is a professional underwater photographer living in Germany. His images have been published in over 30 different magazines and online news sites. Several underwater photographic competitions have honoured his work as well. He is always passionate for new challenges and up for new, creative ways in underwater photography. All waters, from zero to 30° Celsius, are attractive for him, as long as there is something to photograph. He is Seacam equipment for his Canon EOS 5D Mark II DSLR. He is leading expeditions and workshops around the world, where everybody can join. More of his work can be found under: www.BELOW- SURFACE.com


46 THE DARKNESS BECKONS

The Darkness Beckons WORDS and IMAGES Nick Terry

Sydney, NSW


THE DARKNESS BECKONS 47

Y

ou may be new to diving. Have you thought of diving at night? What’s all that about? Can you see anything at night? Do I need extra equipment? I can’t take any pictures at night! It’s too dark.

Well think about this, we all go out walking in the dark and walk through familiar surroundings. The only difference is that it’s dark! At first it may seem a little scary (what’s out there?) and as your eyes adjust to the darkness you settle down and start to recognise your surroundings. It’s a place that you have been many times before, you recognise that tree, table etc. So is it the same as during the day? Well almost, the animals and birds you would expect to hear and see during the day are now all gone. But new sights and sounds come out from the darkness. Now how can this relate to the diving world? Visiting a favourite dive site, that you may have dived many times before during the day, now becomes a whole new experience. As an underwater photographer you will see aquatic life at night that you may not see during the day. You will observe behaviours quite different than the “day shift”. If you only take underwater photographs during the day, you are missing out on another world. Once you start taking underwater photos at night you will never look back. In fact you may find that you prefer night photography to day photography. As a photographer, especially an underwater photographer, we see things in a different light (excuse the pun). No matter what camera system you use, you’ll need some form of underwater light. And, since your hands will likely be full of camera gear, fumbling around with a normal handheld dive light is a sloppy solution. Lights mounted to your mask might work well when using a point-and-shoot system, but won’t do you much good when you press your eye to the viewfinder of an DSLR. Typically, you’ll need

some way for your camera system to illuminate the subject while your eye is trained to the viewfinder. Certain strobes have very powerful built-in modeling lights that provide sufficient illumination for night diving. As the quartz bulbs are either within or adjacent to the strobe reflector, so long as the strobe is aimed at the subject (as it should be), you’ll have plenty of light for composition and focus. An integrated model light on a strobe can also serve as a focus-assist light when working under ledges or in low ambient light during the day. Note that not all model lights are equal in terms of adequacy as a stand-alone dive light. Actually, night photography is very simple once you get your light aimed correctly. Typically, you will be able to get close to your subjects so there will be excellent colour and resolution and most of the subjects will be tucked in close to the reef, providing backgrounds that reflect enough light back to the sensor to ensure accurate exposure. However, you will need to approach subjects of the night reef in a slightly different way. Many nocturnal fish will freeze when caught in the beam of a dive light, making it very easy


48 THE DARKNESS BECKONS


THE DARKNESS BECKONS 49

to focus, shoot and bracket. But other night-feeding corals, invertebrates and anemones are quite light-sensitive and will bolt when caught in the beam of the light for more than a moment. For these subjects, a light of low intensity or even a red-filtered light is best. I use a Solar Photo 1200, which gives me the best of both worlds. I use the white light to check out the reef or surrounds, but when I see something interesting I change the white light to red. Macro and small-creature photography is usually the way to go for shooting after dark. Wide-angle is a problem in anything less than stunning visibility, as any bits of particulate matter show up as white spots against a black background. Most of my night images have been taken with either a 60mm or 105mm macro lens. The close-up kit I use also consists of a set of extension tubes as these are well-suited to night photography. Your world at night is restricted to the beam of your dive light, or focus light, so make sure you have more than one. Too many times I’ve gone in the water with only the model light on my strobe as a dive light, but I know that if the battery dies or the strobe floods, I’d be out there without a light at all. Clip a spare light to your BCD, no matter what you are using for a primary light. A small flashing beacon attached to the tank valve is another good idea in case your photographic pursuits take you too far from the boat and you surface beyond your ability to swim back.


50 THE DARKNESS BECKONS

Also be aware that some creatures found at night are hazardous. A number of species that are active after the sun sets are armed with pretty serious defense mechanisms. Sea urchin spines are a common hazard to night divers. Where I usually dive around the shores of Sydney I have come across Pyjama Squid and Blue Ring Octopus to name just a couple. I have been stung by Numb Rays as I settle on the sand to capture that shot, to the delight of my dive buddies. I now know what to look for on the sand. That hour glass shape, yep that’s a Numb Ray. Of course, the best way to experience this sort of diving would be to join me for some night photography dives, or if you are not yet into photography, it’s the closest thing to being a space astronaut for a short time, weightless and surrounded by glowing stars.

THE AUTHOR & PHOTOGRAPHER Drawn to diving and the sea from an early age. Nick Terry can still remember watching TV episodes of Jacques Cousteau, sat next to his father. He was spell bound and knew that one day he’ll do that! It was not until later in life Nick found my passion again for the underwater world. Following an Open Water course, Nick progressed through the PADI ranks and filed up to Instructor. It was here that he then became interested in Deep Technical diving. Nick now holds instructor qualifications in Trimix and Rebreather training. A keen terrestrial photographer, Nick Terry can now show others his underwater experiences as well. Please check out some of my night diving experiences at the following flickr page. www.flickr.com/photos/16692936@N07/


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52 WAY OF LIFE

Way of Life with Jason Isley

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Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

INTERVIEW BY Candy Robertson IMAGES Jason Isley

ason Isley is the Co-founder and managing director of Scubazoo. He has taken some time to tell us how he combines his passion of scuba diving and his professional life together. Scubazoo are South East Asia’s leading underwater filming and photography company. Based in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia, on the island of Borneo, we are dedicated to producing high quality programming, and providing filming services such as location management and equipment hire for our clients.

Scubazoo’s team has a wealth of underwater imaging experience – our scope of work has ranged over a broad spectrum of different projects, including filming and location management for productions filmed in Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Tonga, South Africa, US, Canada, Thailand, Mozambique and more for broadcast on channels such as BBC, National Geographic, Discovery, Animal Planet, CNN, and ITV. Scubazoo’s publications department has built up a large and diverse library of beautiful and memorable photographic images. Aside from our own coffee table books, reef, ‘Sipadan/Mabul/Kapalai - Sabah’s Underwater Treasure’ and ‘Maldives - the underwater kingdom’ our images have appeared in magazine articles, books, posters, brochures and advertising campaigns all over the world.


WAY OF LIFE 53

Ten months later I was on a plane to Sabah about to help create Scubazoo and live on a tiny island I had never heard of before called Sipadan, as they say the rest is history!

What was the very first project that you did with Scubazoo? For the first few years I was based on either Sipadan or Layang Layang island filming guests and selling VHS tapes to them, we didn’t have computers for editing so all the films were shot using incamera editing and played to the guests with music from a personal CD player. It was basic but it was also a great training ground as an underwater cameraman because you were forced to learn the behaviour of the fish and never press record unless you were absolutely sure of the shot. You have set up your studio in Borneo. What’s special about diving there? Do you have any secret dive spots that you would like to share with us? The top part of Borneo, Sabah, is within the Coral Triangle and hosts probably one of the best dive destinations in the world - Sipadan. Unfortunately Sipadan is no secret but my favourite dive site is still Barracuda Point at the northern tip of Sipadan, I haven’t dived anywhere else on the planet that boasts so much marine life in a single dive and it’s all so friendly which makes photographing them a piece of cake! The interesting and probably more secretive location would be the channel leading from Semporna to Sipadan and neighbouring islands, many hundreds of divers travel down the channel each week not knowing what wonders lie below. I did a dive there for the first time in 2012 and spent eighty minutes in one small area photographing seahorses, flamboyant cuttlefish, frogfish, picturesque dragonets, lembeh seadragon and pygmy cuttlefish mating.

How did you start scuba diving and what inspired you to take scuba diving, photography and filming as your career? In early 1996 I was backpacking in Australia, I had been in Darwin for two months and when I arrived in Cairns the first thing I arranged was my PADI open water course, I completed the advanced course immediately afterwards and was totally hooked on the underwater world. My funds however were very low as I was a useless backpacker, therefore I needed work and grabbed the first thing that came along which happened to be a ‘hostess’ on a dive live-aboard, it wasn’t all bad as I had to share the cabin with the female hostesses! It was during my first voyage that I met my current business partner who was already working as an underwater videographer and I instantly knew I wanted his job. I had a good understanding of photography from playing with my Dad’s old SLR camera when I was a teenager and so the idea of moving into underwater videography wasn’t too daunting, all I needed to do was get qualified as a divemaster.

The first TV broadcast job I worked on was filming UK presenter Nick Baker diving in Sipadan, he had only just completed his open water course in the UK and was therefore an awful diver, my dive buddy literally pushed him around Barracuda Point, dropped him behind a turtle or a school of jacks and got out of the shot before I pressed record. I did a few more small broadcast jobs, a 24 hour documentary in the Maldives and a documentary about Dampier Archipelago before our big break came in 2001 and we were hired to provide 4 underwater cameramen for 7 weeks for the UK version of Survivor.

Scuba diving is fun and dangerous at the same time. What is the most daring moment in your scuba diving history? Being face to face with a 4.5m Salt Water Crocodile on scuba would probably appear to be the most daring moment, I also questioned my sanity when slipping into the dark waters of Loreto at midnight hoping to be surrounded by 2m long Humboldt Squid, however I have to admit my luckiest escapes underwater were all caused by my own stupidity - diving silly depths on single tanks of air was all too common when I lived on Sipadan.


54 WAY OF LIFE

You have worked on so many underwater projects. Can you tell us your most memorable experience underwater? One of the most amazing encounters I had was in Tonga, myself and cameraman Roger Munns were there for 3 weeks filming humpbacks for the BBC, Roger was the main cameraman and I was his safety diver/photographer/behind the scene cameraman. We were there to document the ‘heat run’, when all the males follow and fight over a single female, however we had had a slow day and Roger decided to get some footage of a mother and calf. As we slowly approached they dived but stopped below us at about 20m where the female just hung there with the calf protected under her pec fin, we sat on the surface waiting to see what would happen and eventually they came back to the surface for air before slowly descending back to 20m. Roger dived (all free diving) down to get some footage of them together and then returned to the surface, the female obviously realised we were no threat and slowly lifted her pec fin so the calf could swim to the surface alone. It was only a few weeks old but already 4m in length and had the energy and excitement of a playful puppy, it wanted to play! It would swim towards us and even gave Roger a few friendly bumps, looking into its eyes you could see it was having fun just like any young mammal would at that age. For 30 minutes it chased us around and eventually the mother rose back to the surface to collect her calf playtime was over.


WAY OF LIFE 55

I really like the concept and artwork that you’ve created for the miniature people. Can you tell us more about this project? The miniature series started a couple of years ago, I was completely bored with macro photography, most people are which is why lots of gadgets like snoots and diopters are used – to spice up the macro. I was looking for something completely different, something that would create a response. I came across the work of Christopher Boffoli and Slinkachu who had both used miniatures in still life sets and suddenly thought of all the macro creatures you could set scenes with, scorpionfish, sea horses, jawfish, etc. I was passing through Singapore and searched online for some hobby/railway model shops, then jumped in a taxi and bought the first miniature people. I did a few test shots in the marine park opposite Kota Kinabalu and the response from friends was great, I knew the possibilities were huge so I then went about creating the theme and storyline. Basically the earth has flooded and humans are forced to live underwater, they just happen to be able to breath underwater and are tiny in size, bit like ‘The Borrowers’ meets ‘20,000 Leagues Under the Sea’. The humans invade with the soldiers and then the marine life fight back, eventually they all live in harmony and you have the leisure and worker images. The last shots are the conservation based images, once I realised the images were reaching a huge market of non-divers I created some scenes where I can help educate the general public about the pollution happening in our oceans. I’m now planning a small book but will need many more images first.

Every cameraman and photographer has their favourite subject. What’s yours? Can you give us some tips on capturing that subject? I don’t have a particular favourite subject, I have a huge fascination and respect for sharks, but what I do love to capture is behaviour in all creatures, even land animals. Lately I have been trying to create more artistic images but for many years I concentrated on behaviour shots - these would require lots of patience and knowledge about the subject. Unlike most recreational divers I don’t follow the guide and I’m not restricted to 45 minute dives, many underwater photographers get caught up in trying to capture images of everything seen on a particular dive however I will concentrate on a single subject. Studying books, speaking to marine biologists and checking out other images all helps to capture a unique moment, also checking out the latest technical options. I experimented with video lights when I was trying to capture an image of a frogfish feeding but the lights would scare the small fish away so I had to stick to strobes, I would sit in front of the frogfish for an entire dive waiting for it to feed. When we were shooting for the Maldives book I found a jawfish with eggs and knew they would hatch over the next few days, the male spits the eggs out when there is a current and usually at sunrise, the next three mornings I was in the water at 5.30, on the fourth morning the tank hadn’t been left out for me and when I eventually made it down to then frogfish the eggs were gone - sometimes luck isn’t on your side.


56 WAY OF LIFE

For those of us who are interested in underwater videography and want to take it further. What advice can you give us?

What’s next for Jason Isley? What adventure is waiting for you?

Improve your diving first, being comfortable and experienced underwater is the biggest asset, if you are constantly worrying about your buoyancy and air consumption then your filming will suffer. Working at a resort based studio is a great way of getting hands on experience with the camera and increasing your underwater time, once you have the experience its time to knock on a few doors however expect tough competition as there are now many many more underwater cameramen than there use to be just ten years ago.

I’m currently trying to finish a coffee table book on Sabah’s underwater world but also have lots of new miniatures in my office waiting to venture underwater. I also have a few trips lined up for later this year including a return to Tonga, I just hope we get lucky with another calf encounter.

What is your favourite dive site in Australia? Navy Pier in Exmouth instantly comes to mind, it has everything for both macro and wide angle photography, probably the best jetty dive I have done in the world. But I love Neptune Island and the great whites, it’s my favourite place for great white diving and i have done both South Africa and Guadalupe, The Rodney Fox boat has the bottom cage which gives such a great perspective to the images.

FEATURED DIVER In 1995, Jason Isley left his life working for a structural engineering company in the UK to travel Southeast Asia and soon discovered scuba diving in Cairns, Australia. Having completed his PADI Divemaster he then trained as an underwater cameraman and towards the end of 1996 left Australia to join Simon Christopher in Sabah, Malaysia and help create Scubazoo. Since then Jason has filmed and photographed extensively all over the world however in 2008 Jason decided to lay down the video camera and focus on his passion for underwater photography full time. He is now the driving force behind Scubazoo’s Publications division and was pivotal in the production of Scubazoo’s first coffee table book Sipadan-Mabul-Kapalai, Sabah’s Underwater Treasure. Together with Dorling Kindersley, Scubazoo then published reef which has been translated into 10 languages and gone on to sell over 150,000 copies worldwide. Jason then managed scubazoo’s 3rd coffee table book Maldives - the underwater kingdom which was launched in 2011 and is currently working on Sensational Seas of Sabah to be launched later in 2013. Jason’s photographs and articles have been published in magazines and books around the world and his images have won several international awards. When not in the water Jason is Scubazoo’s Managing Director and after work will be found either on the football field or in the garden tending his prized orchids. www.scubazoo.com


DISCOVER BEYOND Visit www.oceanicaus.com.au to find your nearest Ocean Pro stockist.


58 SECURING THE FUTURE

South Australia

Securing the Future Marine Parks in South Australia Image ©Bill Doyle

WORDS The Wilderness Society South Australia

be tough. They were about to find out just how tough it would be.

PARKS AND SANCTUARIES EIGHT YEARS IN THE MAKING … hen The Wilderness Society South Australia began its campaign for marine parks in the State’s coastal waters in 2005, they knew they were in for a long and challenging campaign.

W

The health of South Australia’s coastal waters was in decline. Success in the campaign would bring the possibility, even the likelihood, of healthy and sustainable ecosystems; failure would see the once pristine waters, teeming with more unique species than the Great Barrier Reef, destined to become as barren as many other once healthy waters around the world now are. Failure was unthinkable to the first campaigners as they announced their intentions with actions along the metropolitan beaches. But the challenge was enormous. The concept of marine parks and their critical role for the future of the coastal marine habitat was little understood across the community. Few people actually saw beneath the waves; most believed that all was well. Recreational fishers in the Gulf knew that catching the iconic King George whiting was nowhere near as easy as it had been for their fathers. Jetty fishers could shiver for hours and go home with little to show for it, yet there was considerable opposition to the protection of marine habitats. Claims that there were sustainable fish stocks seemed to be supported by government statistics, despite declining catches and extended close seasons. And coastal towns, many already suffering from the general rural decline, feared marine parks would be the final nail in their coffin, driving away their tourist trade. A successful campaign would need a solid scientific foundation. It would need legislation, regulations and funding; it would have to build bi-partisan support in Parliament. It would need explanations that were credible and that people would find acceptable; explanations that could show beyond reasonable doubt that the alternative to protecting marine habitats was unthinkable. It would need the media to understand the issues and judge them fairly. Above all, a successful campaign would have to communicate clearly and widely, and mobilise community support. The Wilderness Society knew it would

Before the campaign could go anywhere legislation had to be drafted and passed. The campaign initially focussed on legislation and in 2007 the Marine Parks Act was passed with support from all parties in Parliament. In one key characteristic the Marine Parks Act differed from its terrestrial equivalent, the National Parks Act - Marine Parks were to have outer boundaries within which recreational activity including fishing would be allowed. The Act then legislated for the establishment of Sanctuary Zones within the outer boundaries in which no fishing or mining would be allowed. The Sanctuary Zones were the key to a sustainable marine environment – without them, Marine Parks would be just parks on paper. In 2009 the outer boundaries of 19 Marine Parks were proclaimed around South Australia’s coast. 44% of the State’s waters were within the outer boundaries of the parks, some 2.6 million hectares. Now The Wilderness Society could focus its attention on the real issue – building and winning the case to protect the most iconic and importantly, the critical breeding habitats, and secure them in Sanctuary Zones. Vested interests drove a massive campaign against Sanctuary Zones, sometimes supported by local councils. The science case was put together, the areas mapped, the detail established. The Wilderness Society campaign had built a sound foundation and credibility, but as always, feelings ran high. As the campaign progressed, facts often became submerged beneath a tide of misinformation and emotionally driven misunderstanding.


SECURING THE FUTURE 59

SancZone Action, Image ©Matt Turner

A FUTURE … Excuse us for being just a tad parochial, but in South Australia’s coastal waters you will find a greater range of unique species than on the Great Barrier Reef! Waters in which the gentle giants of southern right whales share their environment with fragile leafy sea dragons, the Australian sea lion, giant cuttlefish, blue groper and “Little Patty”, one of the world’s tiniest sea stars. Not to mention the many plants and animals that are found nowhere else on earth other than in these southern Australian waters. Spectacular and vitally important areas such as the Nuyts Reef, the Isles of St Francis, Pearson Island, areas around Kangaroo Island and the Coorong Coast have been included in the sanctuary zones.

As this stage The Wilderness Society scored some important wins related to the marine campaign. Campaigning led to almost a million hectares of the Nullarbor, including the iconic Bunda Cliffs being protected under the Wilderness Protection Act – the highest level of protection in the country. By August 2011 the numerous islands of the Investigator and Nuyts Archipelago groups were similarly protected. In 2012 the proposal to base a Dutch super trawler in Port Lincoln met with a quick response by The Wilderness Society and other environmental groups and it was banned. Finally, in November 2012, after one of the toughest ever campaigns, Sanctuary Zones covering over 350,000 hectares were gazetted and the beginning of a healthy future for the State’s coastal waters was secured. Well, almost! With the threat of a Budget needing across the board funding cuts to Government Departments, resource for the promotion and management of the Parks and Sanctuary Zones became the final hurdle to be faced – and to be achieved.

And in an acknowledgement of the community that supported the campaign from its outset, the Premier of South Australia, Jay Weatherill, announced that the Neptune Islands Marine Park would


60 SECURING THE FUTURE

be named in honour of Ron and Valerie Taylor, in recognition of their achievements as underwater photographers and for their lifelong conservation advocacy.

BECOMING A MARINE CHAMPION

… BUT THREATS REMAIN

By visiting, photographing and sharing with others the underwater wonder of South Australia’s marine environment, you can help to ensure that our children and grandchildren will have a chance to share in it as well.

The Marine Parks and Sanctuary Zones are in South Australian state waters. Beyond this, the waters out to 200km are in the Commonwealth jurisdiction. Recently, the Commonwealth granted oil exploration licenses off the coast of Kangaroo Island near the iconic and environmentally critical KI Canyons. BP has also put $16 million into a specific research project, seeking approval to drill for oil in the Great Australian Bight.

And by becoming a Marine Champion for The Wilderness Society, you can join the ranks of those who will respond whenever new threats emerge. It’s not a request for money, just a plea for you, as members of the marine community to sign up and say “We’ve been allowed to share this marine world with those that live there, and we’ll take up the fight if they are threatened”.

Not only do these initiatives have significant immediate and direct impact on species and the marine environment, but a possible tragedy such as the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico would forever cast a shadow over South Australia’s marine environment. Desalination plants are being established and port developments located in sensitive areas could threaten the giant cuttlefish breeding grounds and other unique areas.

HOW TO JOIN

Just email your address to sa@wilderness.org.au and say “I want to be a Marine Champion”. We will stay in touch with you from time to time, will love to hear from you and see photographs – and when the inevitable threat emerges and your marine friends need you, we will be in touch. www.wilderness.org.au

Pearson Island, Image ©Eric Bills


WHY BUY LOCAL? By supporting your local dive store, you are doing more good than you could possibly imagine. Every time you purchase your dive gear at you local dive shop, you are: • Building a community of divers and friends in your area. • Giving dive communities access to local dive clubs, events and festivals. • Supporting local jobs, helping divers to live their passion. • Gaining local knowledge from divers with a wealth of experience. • Growing & sharing a beautiful sport with others in your community. • Preserving local marine environments.

Protect our local dive communities.

Why Buy Local campaign is proudly supported by


inland

50%

VIC

Ev

0 0 0 5,

1

That’s

8 billion

bottles and cans every year

bottles and cans are littered or thrown into landfill in Australia1

400 years

is a long time to wait for the plastic bottles you throw away today to break down

The energy required to make one plastic bottle could recycle ten plastic bottles2

=

100 marine species

2/3 of

seabirds

in Australia are known to be affected by plastic pollution in our oceans3

are affected by plastic pollution in our oceans

This includes endangered species such as the Loggerhead Turtle, the Blue Whale and the Tristan Albatross

Cash for Containers Cash for Containers is a system which relies upon a refund on bottles and cans. It is the most proven recycling scheme existing in over 40 places around the world

10c

$183 million savings That’s how much local councils around Australia could save from % a national 98.5 Cash for Containers scheme4

Our obsession with plastic is choking to death some of the most spectacular animals on the planet. We have to act and we have to act fast.

94%

93%

8

sir david Attenborough, uK broadcaster

Cash for Containers = more recycling Places with a Cash for Containers:5 (bottles and cans)

98.5%

how Australia compares: Germany

98.5%

94%

93%

88%

94%

93%

88%

85%

Germany

Norway

Finland

Germany Germany

Norway Norway

Finland Finland

California, USA

88%

34.5 85% %

83%

50%

44%

34.5%

83%

44%

23.5%

50%

California, USA

34.5%

Saskatchawen (Canada)

Norway

Australia6

6 Saskatchawen (Canada) Australia Saskatchawen (Canada)

South Australia

SouthAustralia Australia South VIC

VIC

NSW

NSW

WA

South Australia has by far the highest rate of recycling in Australia of bottles and cans, thanks Saskatchawen (Canada) to its 83% 35-year-old Cash50%10c for Containers scheme 23.5%

82% of Australians want Cash for Containers to run South Australia 7 nationally

4

VIC

N

WA

references 1. This is calculated from figures available in ‘Packaging Impacts Regulation Impacts Statement June 2012’ and ‘compilation of contestable data for 2011-12 financial year on the consumption and recycling of aluminum, glass, LPB, PET and HDPE beverage containers’ Industry Edge, March 2013 2. EPA US, Fact Sheet: Recycling the Hard Stuff www.epa.gov/osw/nonhaz/municipal/pubs/ghg/f02023.pdf 3. ‘Injury and fatality to vertebrate marine life caused by ingestion of, or entanglement in, harmful marine debris’ www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/marine-debris.html 4. The impacts (cost/benefits) of the introduction of a container deposit/refund system (CDS) on kerbside recycling and councils www.lgsa.org.au/sites/lgsa.org.au/files/imce-uploads/90/LGSA%20CDS%20Impact%20Study%20100812a.pdf 5. Tomra Systems Slideshow 2012 www.boomerangalliance.org.au/cash-for-containers.html and SA Recycling Activity Report, 44% 23.5% 2010-11 www.zerowaste.sa.gov.au/upload/resource-centre/publications/reuse-recovery-and-recycling/Recycling%20Activity%20Survey%20SA%202010-11.pdf 6. Boomerang Alliance analysis for CRIS www.boomerangalliance.org.au/ images/pdfs/ba%20ris%20response%20final%2030032012.pdf 7. Newspoll 2012, www.boomerangalliance.org.au/cash-for-containers/cash-media/91-newspoll-results-reveal-overwhelming-support-for-deposits-on-bottles-and-cans.html

TAKE ACTION: TELL Our POLITICIANs TO sTANd uP fOr ThE ENvIrONmENT ANd fOr ThE COmmuNITy NSW

Califo

85%

Australia6 California, California, USA USA

Finland

WA

www.stopTrashingAustralia.com

©Greenpeace/Hipsley

93%

te

inu

m ery


NO FISH, NO FUTURE. 63

Action against the Biggest Tuna Fishing Vessel. Activists deploy a banner reading “No Fish No Future” next to the Albatun Tres, the world’s biggest tuna fishing vessel, known as a super super seiner. The ship can take 3000 tonnes of tuna in a single fishing trip which is almost double the annual catch of some Pacific island countries. Greenpeace has been highlighting the overfishing of tuna in the Pacific for the past two months.

No Fish, No Future. WORDS Greenpeace

You can be confident that the Fair Trade coffee you grab on the way to work helps support local coffee producers in countries from Tanzania to Costa Rica. Sadly, right now the same can’t be said for the tinned tuna on your sandwich at lunch. That’s because big, industrial fishing fleets from distant waters plunder the Pacific, harvesting the tuna and the profits. Few benefits flow to the people and local economies of Pacific Island countries, in a region which supplies over sixty per cent of all tuna consumed around the globe.

Image ©Paul Hilton

How Australians are making it happen People power saw a successful ban last year of the super trawler, Abel Tasman, from Australian waters. Likewise, we want to move away from destructive large scale industrial fishing fleets plundering tuna stocks in the Pacific. Massive tuna boats like the Albatun Tres can catch as much tuna in a single trip as some Pacific Island countries catch in a whole year. These expanding foreign fleets are robbing local fishermen of opportunities, employ few Pacific Islanders and pay only modest access fees to island countries. Pacific Island countries usually see just 5-6 per cent of the landed value of the fish. This sorry tale can be rewritten if Pacific governments encourage small and medium scale locally owned artisanal and village based fisheries.

Returning profits to local fisheries Our vision is that these operations will catch tuna using sustainable methods, for example pole and line operations that create minimal bycatch. The fishing will be done by local fishermen from locally built and owned boats. On-shore production and marketing would be controlled by local companies who then distribute tuna to world markets. Pacific Island countries can seize the day and take full advantage of people’s growing desire to buy ethical and sustainable food. In Australia, the US, NZ and the UK, major tinned tuna brands and retailers are shifting to buying only responsibly sourced fish, in the wake of a concerted campaign by Greenpeace. With improved standards and proper labelling and certification, Pacific Islanders will reap a premium price for a resource that is rightfully theirs.

A new report by Greenpeace Australia Pacific offers a road map for Pacific Island governments, a road map to transform their tuna industries. And by protecting precious tuna reserves from overfishing, it’ll create local jobs and maximise the return to local economies.

And sometime soon you’ll be able to grab a Fair Trade coffee and a tuna sandwich packed with Pacific Island goodness, with the benefits flowing directly back to local communities. www.greenpeace.org


64 GLOBAL REEF RECORD

Global Reef Record WORDS and IMAGES Catlin Seaview Survey

T

he Catlin Seaview Survey made one of the great natural wonders of the world – Australia’s Great Barrier Reef – accessible to anyone through internet.

The dynamic 360-degree imagery of the reef that has been seen on Google Street View will go even further, with the launch of the Catlin Global Reef Record (www.globalreefrecord.org), a free online resource that will be an invaluable data to scientific researchers. The Catlin Global Reef Record is a first-of-its-kind global database and online standardised research tool relating to major coral reef ecosystems. The Catlin Global Reef Record will enable scientists around the world to collaborate on understanding changes to coral reefs and related marine environments as a result of overexploitation, pollution and climate change. It is estimated that 500 million people globally depend on coral reefs for food and income and between one third and one half of corals around the world have been lost in the last 50 years. The launch of such a database is prescient in that it falls just before the release of the first working group report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPPC) 5th Assessment Report. This important document will report the scientific consensus on the physical and chemical changes of oceans associated with the rise of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide. Studies all over the

world are finding that oceans are storing the excess heat associated with human caused climate change and are becoming more acidic damaging marine life and changing ecosystems such as coral reefs.

Revealing the Reefs Freely available to the scientific community and public at large, the Catlin Global Reef Record features hundreds of thousands of 360-degree panoramic images along with numerous other additional scientific data sets. The Catlin Seaview Survey team collected the groundbreaking visuals and data for the Catlin Global Reef Record during expeditions of the Great Barrier Reef, coral reefs across the Caribbean and its most recent expedition in Bermuda, which launched on September 18. By hosting standardized scientific data across important coral reef regions worldwide, the Catlin Global Reef Record will set a benchmark in coral reef science that will support and host follow-up monitoring programs. Within the next two years, the Catlin Global Reef Record will also include Catlin Seaview Survey baseline visuals and data from additional major coral reef regions of Southeast Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Middle East, and the Pacific in addition to the surveys already completed in Australia and the Atlantic Region (Bermuda and Caribbean). Over time, the Catlin Global Reef Record will also seek to expand to other reef related datasets, becoming the central resource for data regarding the world’s most biologically diverse yet highly threatened ecosystems.


GLOBAL REEF RECORD 65

Additional Benefits Beyond its ability to address the need for a standardized approach, accessibility to dataand regional resource constraints, the Catlin Global Reef Record will also serve as an important management tool for marine park managers. These park managers can use the database to publicise their marine parks, both to locals and tourists, to promote the profile of the marine park and the reasons for protecting it. The database will also allow park managers to track damage to the reefs caused by explosives, pollution and coastal development – providing an accountability that was previously nonexistent. Because it’s public facing and easily accessible, the Catlin Global Reef Record will serve as a knowledge platform and provide an educational gateway for secondary schools and universities to increase students’ understanding of the biology and ecology of coral reefs, as well as the challenges they face.

Healthy fire coral compared with bleached coral images taken in Bermuda by Jayne Jenkins.

“Our oceans are in an unprecedented state of decline due to pollution, overfishing and climate change, said Prof. Ove HoeghGuldberg, director of the Global Change Institute at The University of Queensland, and Chief Scientist of the Catlin Global Reef Record. “The data archive provided by the Catlin Global Reef Record and its partners will empower countries with information and analysis of the coral reef ecosystems at scales never before imagined so we can better protect these beautiful and important places before they disappear.” A patch of unhealthy reef in Curacao.


66 GLOBAL REEF RECORD

Bermuda: A Sentinel of Climate Change and its Impact in the Atlantic Corals are considered the “canary in the coal mine” when it comes to impacts of climate change and ocean acidification. While Bermuda’s reefs are proving to be resilient to change, conditions in the Atlantic are changing rapidly, which exemplifies the need for the Catlin Global Reef Record to establish important baselines in partnership with the scientists of the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS) and other local scientific partners. The Catlin Seaview Survey kicked off its latest expedition on September 18 and is currently surveying the shallow and deep reefs around Bermuda. Among the scientific findings, the team has found that reefs 40 to 60 feet below the surface are currently undergoing a small amount of coral bleaching – confirming an alert originally announced by NOAA’s Coral Reef Watch (CRW) Satellite Bleaching Alert (SBA) system. The area is under a Level 1 alert, which indicates that high water temperatures have been sustained for more than four weeks, causing algae growing inside the corals to become toxic. Some areas close by are in Level 2 alert, which means mortality is likely. Scientists from the project will be testing how effective the SVII camera and image recognition procedures are at detecting and measuring the amount of bleaching on Bermuda’s reef systems.

ROV and Deep Reef Team

“This could represent a powerful technique for rapidly responding to stress events such as mass coral bleaching and mortality,” said Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg. “Enabling rapid yet highly accurate techniques such as these will almost certainly improve our ability to understand and respond to the threats posed by warming seas.”

ABOUT CATLINE SEAVIEW SURVEY

The Catlin Seaview Survey launched in late 2012 with its groundbreaking scientific study of the Great Barrier Reef. The team took more than 100,000 360-degree panoramic images, at 32 separate locations, along the entire length of the 2,300-km reef, using specially built cameras. The images are being used to create a vital scientific baseline study of the reef that can be used to monitor change, as well as being used to reveal it to the world through Street View in Google Maps - in partnership with Google. More information about the Catlin Seaview Survey can be found at: www.catlinseaviewsurvey.com You can also engage with the Catlin Seaview Survey and its 3 million followers on Google+ at: https://plus.google.com/+CatlinSeaviewSurvey/posts See the Global Reef Record video here: http://youtu.be/vxAoWM0yxSg

The SVII Camera


GLOBAL REEF RECORD 67

Sea Lions: Galapagos

Three Turtles: Heron Island -Great Barrier Reef

SVII on Glovers Reef: Belize


68 ADVENTURE OF CAVE DIVING


ADVENTURE OF CAVE DIVING 69

The Adventure of Cave Diving

North Florida, USA

WORDS and IMAGES Jill Heinerth

T

he earliest visitors to Florida knew it was a special place. Over 12,000 years ago, Paleo-Indians, perhaps following a mastodon loping through the savannah, were drawn to bountiful water holes. In those days, glaciers to the north had not yet melted and the Florida peninsula was much larger and drier than it is today. Surface water was scarce

and the native people survived by finding the nourishing waters that welled up from the ground or were captured in basins of rock. Like an oasis in the desert, springs were sanctuaries, attracting humans and animals to share their sustaining bounty. Today, these watery jewels attract thousands of visitors and new residents to the Sunshine State. What makes Florida’s springs so unique among the world’s aquatic wonders is not what you see; it’s what you don’t. Instead of running above ground in rivers and lakes, much of


70 ADVENTURE OF CAVE DIVING

Florida’s water flows underground through a dark and uncharted geologic wilderness. Lost rivers rise unexpectedly in one place, then disappear back underground in another; sinkholes and spring-fed lakes lead to labyrinths of diving wonderment. Every drop of freshwater flowing from Florida’s springs originates underground in a vast reservoir know as the Floridan Aquifer. This aquifer system underlies an area of about 100,000 square miles in southern Alabama, southeastern Georgia, southern South Carolina, and Florida, and provides over 3 billion gallons of water daily in withdrawals. Below ground, water flows through voids in the sponge-like limestone. Drifting down gentle slopes in the landscape, the water can flow slowly. Where steeper gradients occur, the underground rivers may flow with rapid erosive force, creating enormous water-filled voids and tunnels. These large

passages have lured a unique breed of explorers and adventurers who are able to swim through gin-clear water to reveal places never before seen by mankind. With virtually every corner of the globe known, mapped, and in one way or another, harnessed for human use, the subterranean wilderness in north Florida is still a place of great mystery. Highly trained cave explorers in North Florida have the unique privilege to swim through the veins of Mother Earth. On their visits into the branches of the aquifer, they learn about water’s secretive journey underground. The center of this cave diver’s Mecca is a diving and recreation park called Ginnie Springs. More people have cave dived at this park than anywhere else in the world. Nestled on a run in the Santa Fe River, Devil’s Ear, Devil’s Eye and the Ginnie Ballroom, provide perhaps three of the most popular dives on the planet. The water flowing


ADVENTURE OF CAVE DIVING 71

from these cave entrances are some of the clearest water a diver will ever see. A bottling plant in the area is a testament to the quality of water in this rural part of Florida. When most people picture Florida, they envision strip malls, Disney rides and white sand beaches, but North Florida offers a far different kind of experience. Cave Country, as the area is affectionately termed, has more cows that people, few fast food joints, and an abundance of rivers, forests and outdoor recreation. Within an hour’s driving radius of Ginnie Springs are dozens of other dive sites, clear rivers and recreational trails. State Parks such as Wes Skiles’ Peacock Springs State Park, Manatee Springs State Park and Madison Blue Springs State Park are popular sites for cave diving, while Little River and other sites on the Suwannee River are shared with local swimmers, paddlers and sun worshippers. What is Cave Diving? Cave diving is a type of technical diving in which specialized equipment is used, enabling the exploration of natural overhead environments, which are at least partially filled with water. Some cave divers claim their roots in the sport of dry caving, but more often, they come from the ranks of recreational divers, looking to extend their experience into new, more challenging environments. Divers take up the sport for a variety of reasons. It is regarded as the pinnacle of technical diving and tests the skills and awareness of even the best divers. Underwater caves are stunning environments. They are often filled with crystal clear water and unique formations, unlike anything seen above ground. As great sources of mystery, they are alluring, challenging and dangerous. Underwater caves are a passion for some and obsession for others who explore their dark recesses. The Training Progression Cave diver training is comprised of several levels. Depending on the training agency, prerequisites may vary, contingent on whether you are taking training in stages or are progressing all the way through in one integrated program. Even before your first class, there are important physical skills and basic technical knowledge that should be mastered. Prior to training in any overhead environment your buoyancy must be second nature through the entire range of tank pressures. You must be comfortably weighted and trimmed, even when your tanks are near empty. Your equipment handling and self-sufficiency must be evident and your diving experience should satisfy your instructor that you are confident enough to manage emergencies in an environment that prohibits immediate access to the surface. Various agencies require a range from 10 to 100 dives as prerequisite for entry level training, and it is prudent to base your readiness on your experience, skills and comfort.


72 ADVENTURE OF CAVE DIVING

Founded in 1973, the Cave Divers Association of Australia (CDAA) conducts a rigorous training and apprenticeship program for divers who are interested in diving in the overhead environment. The organization has a series of criteria and testing procedures as well as a listing of all the popular cave diving sites divided into three different categories based on their degree of difficulty. Cards are issued to divers to display to landowners to indicate their level of competency. If you are traveling to Florida for training, then you will likely be taught by an instructor from one of the two national cave training organizations, NSS-CDS or NACD. The challenge of cave diving is not for everyone. But if you are intrigued by the beckoning darkness of earth’s deepest recesses, then you will be rewarded with a remarkable world of wonder and exploration. THE AUTHOR & PHOTOGRAPHER A pioneering underwater explorer and filmmaker, Jill Heinerth has dived deeper into caves than any woman in history. Jill’s photography and writing have been featured in prominent publications around the world. She regularly contributes to the development of training materials for international dive organizations, and is the author of several books on cave diving and underwater photography. Recognizing a lifetime devoted to water advocacy, Jill was awarded the Wyland Icon and Sea Hero of the Year awards. Her “We Are Water Project” combines documentary filmmaking, live presentations and social media to spread water literacy on a global scale. www.IntoThePlanet.com Learn about the WE ARE WATER project. Visit www.wearewaterproject.com


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74 SIDEMOUNT CAVE DIVING

Tailem Bend, Image ©John Montesi

Tank Cave, Image ©Bradley Dohnt

Sidemount Cave Diving Mt Gambier South Australia WORDS Tim Muscat IMAGES Bradley Dohnt and others

M

ount Gambier, South Australia, is home to some of Australia’s most spectacular and accessible freshwater caves. Divers from all over the world visit the region to dive these landmark sites, witnessing amazing cave formations in water boasting exceptional clarity. Most sites are situated on private land limiting access only to divers with permits, as granted by the landowner and within the regulations and training criteria as set by the Cave Diving Association of Australia (CDAA). The CDAA has categorized the dive sites as sinkholes (S), caves (C), penetration or advanced cave (P/AC) and caverns (CN). One of the few sites that doesn’t require a permit is Ewens Ponds; a very popular site where divers from open water level can experience fresh water diving in a unique ecosystem with 60m+ visibility all year round. The water temperature in all Mt Gambier dive sites throughout the year remains a cool 13-15 degrees Celsius, requiring warm, well-insulated drysuits or full-length wetsuits for exposure protection.

Mt Gambier, SA

The forty or so caves frequented by divers around Mount Gambier are relatively easy to access, however there are some caves such as the Three Sisters, Iddlebiddy, Dave’s Cave and Baker’s Cave that require a more adventurous spirit. Here tanks must be lowered to a diver who has abseiled down a solution tube, or climbed down into the cave and is waiting in, or near, the water. The entrances to these caves can be quite small and tricky to negotiate; it is much easier for tanks to be lowered individually and donned in the water. Cave diving is vastly different to open water diving when you consider the nature of the overhead environment divers enter and subsequently special equipment and techniques for diving in these hostile sites is required. In order to dive in a safe manner, special training in the use of these techniques and equipment is required. The Cave Divers Association of Australia (CDAA) is the main cave diving training agency in Australia. Equipment configuration and knowledge is a huge part of training to dive in caves. More advanced cave divers choose the sidemount configuration because it offers more benefits than a traditional backmount configuration in overhead environments. Sidemount diving involves attaching tanks to the side of the diver’s body, below their shoulders and along their hips. Sidemount diving provides the diver with two completely individual life support systems. Total loss of gas due to a malfunction in the equipment is not a problem as the tanks are not physically connected to one another. Each tanks has its own regulator, SPG, and inflator hose (one inflator if not using a drysuit).


SIDEMOUNT CAVE DIVING 75

Piccaninnie Ponds, Image ©Alex Wyschnja


76 SIDEMOUNT CAVE DIVING

Hollis SMS50 with stage cylinder. Tank Cave, Mt Gambier

Image ©Bradley Dohnt

The physical separation of the tanks running parallel with the diver’s body, allows more flexibility in regards to tank position. The clearance from a diver’s belly to their back is significantly reduced, allowing access to areas of cave that require a lower profile. Divers are also able to unclip the base of one or both tanks and push it ahead of themselves. This creates a smaller profile allowing them to fit into more restrictive locations of the cave.

Image ©Bradley Dohnt

There are sections in the world-renowned Tank Cave that are only accessible to divers in sidemount configuration, as backmounts will simply not fit. Tank Cave features over 8km or underwater passage and is the pinnacle of advanced cave diving in Mt Gambier due to the cave’s complexity, fragility, unique features and narrow passages. Attaching sidemount tanks while on the surface or under water is very easy once it has been practiced a few times. Unlike backmounted twin tanks, hoses on sidemounts are unlikely to become tangled within your harness when donning them; it is a much faster process than slipping into the webbing of a tight fitting harness. Diving in the sidemount configuration also provides you with greater accessibility to the tank’s valves. When diving in a cave, these valves are protected by your arms and the risk of them rolling off from coming in contact with the roof of the cave is eliminated. Hollis offers 2 types of sidemount harness: The SMS50 and the SMS100. The SMS50 is a pure sidemount harness and is physically very small. The wing is one of the lowest profiles on the market and is my harness of choice because it allows a very streamlined profile when entering restrictive areas of a cave. The SMS50 has its limitations however. 23 pounds of lift means that a diver must take into consideration the type and size of the tanks they use. In saying this, I use the SMS50 with 2 x 12L steel tanks and an 80cf regularly when diving the extensive tunnels of Tank Cave. Wearing thicker undergarments under a dry suit can compensate the lift problem. The SMS100 is a multi-function harness that can accommodate a single tank, twin backmount tanks, or sidemount tanks. The harness is adjustable and provides 52 pounds of lift. It is physically larger in size when compared to the SMS50 and is a harness that can be used as a beginner open water diver, right up to multi-stage sidemount cave diving. Sidemount diving involves extensive configuration of equipment, attachment points, hose routing and regulator position. Comprehensive understanding of how the sidemount system operates is required and should not be attempted without consulting a sidemount instructor and/or completing a sidemount course.

Gearing up to dive Tank Cave, Mt Gambier


SIDEMOUNT CAVE DIVING 77

THE AUTHOR & PHOTOGRAPHER Tim Muscat is an enthusiastic cave diver and instructor. He has been diving since 2008 and within 5 years logged his 1000th dive. The majority of his diving has been done on weekends in the temperate waters of Port Phillip Bay, Victoria and in the limestone caves of Mt Gambier, South Australia. Cave exploration is Tim’s passion. In 2013, at 24 years of age, he became the youngest person to dive to Toad Hall in Cocklebiddy Cave, Western Australia. The cave is world renowned for its difficulty due to the amount of equipment required and its physically challenging layout. As a sidemount instructor, and sidemount as his preferred configuration for cave diving, no passage, crack or tunnel is too small or uninteresting. The exploration side of diving is what initially got Tim into diving and he is always looking for new caves, connections and uncharted underwater passages. Currently interning to become an instructor with the Cave Divers Association of Australia (CDAA), Tim hopes that within 5 years he will be teaching divers at the advanced cave level. Tim is also a PADI MSDT and hopes to be teaching deep technical diving in the near future as well. Images - Bradley Dohnt, Alex Wyschnja, Stuart Hutchison and John Montesi CDAA 40th Anniversary In September 2013, the CDAA (Cave Divers Association of Australia) will reach its 40th anniversary, a significant milestone in its history. This year there will be celebrations hosted in Mt Gambier over the weekend of 9th and 10th November, 2013. Find out more about cave diving in Mt Gambier visit www.cavedivers.com.au Kilsby Hole, Image ŠAlex Wyschnja


78 THE FUTURE OF DIVING


THE FUTURE OF DIVING 79

The Future of Diving has Arrived Recreational Rebreather 101. WORDS Tony Davis

T

he release of the Hollis Explorer Recreational Rebreather is the most anticipated new product release in the Australian Dive Industry in a decade. Finally the recreational diver is able to enjoy the benefits of diving silent, but without the complexity other rebreathers feature.

Why would you want to dive a Recreational Rebreather? What advantages will it give me? These are the first questions many will ask now a truly Recreational Rebreather is available in Australia. A Rebreather is basically a gas extender. It recirculates the gas you breathe, through a closed loop instead of exhaling all the wasted gas out into the water. This recirculated gas is analysed by the Rebreather’s on-board computer, and as required, more gas is slowly added to keep it at the optimum level. Rebreathing the gas is super efficient. It allows the diver to carry a far smaller cylinder, yet still extend their dive time well in excess of a standard open circuit dive. A smaller cylinder means less weight and bulk is needed to be carried on each dive. The Explorer uses Nitrox – an Oxygen enriched gas – which also increases dive time. Add to this the fact that the chemical reaction that scrubs out the Carbon Dioxide from the breathing gas creates both heat and moisture, and you have a Rebreather that allows longer dive time, during which you are breathing warm, moist gas, not chilled, super dry gas like a conventional Scuba unit, and dive enjoyment is as good as it gets. The Hollis Explorer is the world’s only true Recreational Rebreather. The unit is neither a fully Closed Circuit Rebreather nor a pure SemiClosed system, but an intelligent hybrid that utilises the best of both worlds.


80 THE FUTURE OF DIVING

It is compact, lightweight and extremely easy to use. From inception, the Explorer has been designed specifically so every Recreational Diver can confidently dive a Rebreather and enjoy the easy-to-use diver interface. Only the most important information is displayed on the full colour OLED handset, allowing the diver the opportunity to dive with confidence, knowing the Explorer’s monitoring systems are keeping track of every piece of information, and will automatically maintain the system and alert the diver if required. Multiple monitoring systems include audible, visual and tactile. The primary handset displays as little or as much information as each diver wants, with back up heads-up Display visual and vibrating alarm tactile systems incorporated in the package. The Explorer comes ready to dive straight out of the box – no added extras are needed, and importantly, there are no hidden, unexpected additional costs. You receive the Explorer Rebreather, Cylinder and BC system as a complete package. You even have the choice of BC system – the Explorer is available with a custom made jacket style BC or a backplate / wing / harness configuration. All you need after purchase is the appropriate training and you’re away and diving.

standard, two independent CO2 systems: Thermal Monitoring of the CO2 scrubber, and a patented CO2 Sensing Cell to provide the diver with the most accurate monitoring of CO2 available-and added peace of mind during the dive that the gas they are breathing is as good as it gets. The Explorer also incorporates optional Plug and Play pre-packed CO2 absorbent cartridges, or you can use more standard re-packable cartridges. This is a huge benefit if you travel to remote destinations – you can use either cartridge style, ensuring the maximum opportunity to dive uninterrupted. The Explorer also features a unique safety Go, No Go system that does not allow the diver to dive unless a cartridge is installed in the unit. Combine these safety features with the huge array of standard features, and you have the most technologically advanced, safest and most importantly, easy to use Rebreather available.

A true Recreational Rebreather should never utilise pure Oxygen. The use of pure Oxygen requires specialist training and is beyond the scope of Recreational Diving. The Explorer is unique in using a single gas, Nitrox, and is electronically controlled to achieve an optimal balance of PPO2 and dive time. Nitrox is now readily available in most dive destinations, and the ability to use 32% - 40% Nitrox means the Explorer diver should be able to travel to even the most remote dive destination, confident gas will be available. The hybrid design of the Explorer incorporates three Oxygen sensors, a solenoid-controlled gas injection system and unique CO2 tracking systems to ensure the Explorer is the easiest and safest to use Rebreather available. The tracking of CO2 in a rebreather has been, until now, only available in the “Extreme Tech” Rebreathers, out of the realm of the Recreational Diver. The Explorer changes all this, incorporating, as

From start up, an intuitive and easy guided setup takes the diver through pre-dive checks that take only minutes before the unit is ready to dive. Complexity is within the unit – the diver simply checks and confirms what the unit asks via a simple menu system on the handset, and then it’s time to go diving.


THE FUTURE OF DIVING 81

During the dive, the Explorer maintains the optimum breathing gas based on depth and workload, and the diver simply enjoys the experience of rebreather diving. The Counterlungs are importantly also mounted under the hard shell in the unit, not mounted “over the shoulder” as in many other rebreathers. This allows the diver to be as comfortable as possible, with minimal clutter in the diver’s chest area and a Scuba-like feel. Diving virtually silent, you will hear so much more of what happens under water; interaction with the wildlife is unlike anything you have ever experienced.

Training to use the Explorer is about as easy as it gets. Both PADI & TDI offer courses that teach you everything you need to know to safely dive the Explorer. A combination of eLearning, Classroom and In-Water sessions over just a few days and you’re all set. When choosing where to invest your hard-earned money on a Recreational Rebreather, here are some points you may want to consider: • Does the unit come complete ready to dive out of the box? • Does the unit monitor CO2?

Open circuit bubbles are very noisy, and scare most marine life, so Rebreather diving is the perfect way to get up close and personal with everything from small shrimp to the largest pelagics. Fish will no longer be scared away, but inquisitive as to what is happening.

• Does the unit use a single cylinder of Nitrox or pure Oxygen?

And if you happen to be a photographer or videographer, prepare yourself for amazing opportunities to take winning shots of life under water.

• Does the unit offer a choice of BC styles?

You will breathe warm, moist gas during your dive of up to two hours duration, enjoy maximum dive time due to the Explorer’s system maintaining the optimum gas mix, and at all times be confident the Explorer is monitoring all the on-board systems for you. Your heads up display gives you a Green to Go and if you need to action anything, a colour change to blue, meaning look at the handset & action what it tells you. Bottom time is extended using Nitrox in your standard Scuba rig; combine this in the Explorer and it is extended even more. You will finish the dive warmer and more refreshed, with less residual time, allowing you maximum opportunity to do what you are there to do – dive! Post-dive • A simple rinse of the unit and components, • Recharge the CO2 scrubber • A new fill of Nitrox • Ready to hit the water again.

• Does the unit have a simple, full colour display? • Does the unit have options on canister style? • Does the unit have uncluttered rear mounted Counterlungs?

So if diving silent appeals, if maximizing your bottom time and diving opportunities on a holiday is important, if the safety of diving the world’s best Recreational Rebreather appeals, then don’t wait. Rebreather diving is now available for everyone to enjoy – I’m sure you will love it too. THE AUTHOR Tony Davis has been diving for over 35 years, and has worked full time in the Australian Diving Industry for the last 25 years. After owning & managing two import wholesale companies Tony now works with AUP as their Product Development Manager, designing & sourcing equipment from all corners of the globe. Tony has spent 10 years guiding divers in the icy waters of Antarctica, occasionally coming face to face with Leopard Seals, has been an active cave Diver since 1984, exploring the underwater cave systems of Australia, Florida & Mexico. Tony first dived a Rebreather 11 years ago, amazed at the concept of diving silent, and Rebreather Diving is now his diving style of preference. He holds certifications on 4 different Rebreathers, and the new Hollis Explorer is currently his unit of choice.


82 SIDE EXHAUST

Turning Tech Diving on its Side WORDS Tony Davis

T

he new Hollis 500SE (Side Exhaust) regulator has recently been released in Australia, and finally there is a side exhaust reg designed with Tech Diver’s requirements in mind across the country.

Following the phenomenal success of the Oceanic Omega 2 – the world’s best selling regulator ever, the Hollis 500SE sets the standard for reliability and light weight, without sacrificing performance in any way. What are the advantages of a side exhaust reg? The unique profile of the 500SE second stage directs the diver’s exhaust bubbles back and away from your face, maintaining a clearer field of vision when diving. The ultra sleek, light weight second stage also significantly reduces any possibility of jaw fatigue found on heavier, more conventional second stages. Combine this with the orthodontic mouthpiece, and the 500SE is practically weightless in your mouth. The biggest advantage, in my opinion, also provides a fantastic extra safety feature on the 500SE. Being a side exhaust second stage, there is no right or left, no right way up or upside down. To the end user, this equates to a far safer dive if you ever have a gas


SIDE EXHAUST 83

DIVER’S FIELD TEST

In the field, the 500SE performs flawlessly. Quiet, extremely easy to breathe, and incredibly light in your mouth. I tried the reg on singles, twins and a sidemount rig, and it worked a treat in all configurations. No matter what position in the water I put myself, performance was always great. If you would like to get a hold of what I feel is a great piece of dive gear for all types of diving, from rec to tech, have a close look at the Hollis 500SE. I’m sure you will be impressed.

emergency and have to share air or deploy an alternate second stage. In a gas emergency situation, divers are generally a little stressed, and the ability to deploy a working second stage to a buddy who may have been without gas for some time, without worrying if the reg is the right way up, and if it might flood the diver’s mask if donated upside down, is piece of mind for all divers. Many conventional second stages also don’t work too well upside down, and can be either extremely difficult to breathe, or deliver a rather wet breath to an already stressed diver. The 500SE, on the other hand, offers the diver the safety of no matter how the second stage is deployed, it’s always the right way up, always ready to work perfectly, time and time again. Combine this with no left or right hose requirement, and divers can choose to route hoses from either the left or right, for the best possible streamlining and ease of use. For twin tank users, there is also the advantage of having all hoses from your right cylinder on your right side, and all hoses from your left cylinder on your left side. On a deep trimix dive, or again in a possible stressful situation, this is a cognitive second nature thing – left equals left, right equals right. The 500SE second stage utilises a servo-controlled valve to provide precision airflow and unparalleled performance for both air and trimix divers in a side exhaust configuration. To achieve this, Hollis have

perfected the original “lever-servo valve” they designed 35 years ago. The 500SE’s pneumatically balanced servo valve is actually a two-stage valve. Just a small sip through the mouthpiece opens the servo mechanism or control valve lever. Air flow from the servo valve creates a vacuum which immediately opens the main valve diaphragm, allowing air to flow through the regulator to the mouthpiece. Instead of one small port to provide air flow from the first stage, the 500SE features porting around the entire main valve. With less restriction from the first stage, this allows maximum performance. Combine this unique second stage with an all new, ultra slim profile first stage and you have a great package indeed. The first stage looks so small and sleek. All extra brass has been removed, resulting in an extremely light first stage that still performs under even the most adverse conditions. The first stage is an environmentally sealed, balanced diaphragm type, which is also over balanced, meaning regardless of depth or tank pressure, the second stage gets all the gas it needs to feed to the diver. Hose routing from the first stage is also a breeze for single tank, twins and even sidemount. No matter what your configuration, the HP and LP ports are aligned to route your hoses the best way possible.


84 THAT WETSUIT LOOKS COOL

That Wetsuit Looks Cool Trade secrets revealed. Taking a closer look at that magical material - neoprene. WORDS and IMAGES Edward Sawers

...actually neoprene hasn’t changed that much since it first became popular for use in wetsuits in the late 1950’s.

The printing production line work on strategically placed logos while heat grill moves along curing the wet ink.

T

he biggest mistake you can make when buying a wetsuit is to base your purchase decision on your favourite brand or colour. There are a few important considerations that should be made when purchasing a wetsuit: the fit, thickness (mm) and stitching, most of which your local dive store will be able to help you with. But when it comes to neoprenes and linings, it’s easy to get confused with every wetsuit brand claiming they’ve searched the planet and that their wetsuits have the most advanced neoprene known to man.

In my role designing and marketing wetsuits, I’m constantly trying to come up with new names for marketing neoprenes that sound technically advanced, when actually neoprene hasn’t changed that much since it first became popular for use in wetsuits in the late 1950’s. It’s only really in the last 10 years or so that neoprene manufacturers, at the request of diving and surfing companies, started developing different varieties of neoprenes with different characteristics. So, in my ‘Jerry Maguire moment’ I’ve decided to shed some light on neoprenes and blow the whistle on the marketing speak that companies use to sell. Hopefully, in doing so, I can help you choose the right suit for you. There are 2 main types of neoprene foams, SBR (Styrene-Butadiene Rubber) and CR (Chloroprene Rubber). SBR neoprene foam is primarily used in cheaper wetsuits, more often found in mass-market chain stores, and for other products such as cushioning shoe soles. SBR is a more cost effective replacement for CR neoprene and has lower stretch and less resistance to UV. CR neoprene foam is a high quality neoprene used in more premium dive and surf wetsuits. CR

neoprene comes in a variety of expanded closed cell foams that have different characteristics and functions. The most commonly used types of CR neoprene foam in wetsuits are: L foam

Regular expanded foam. With a soft crushed hand feel, good stretch and compression resistance.

Suitable for surfing and diving suits

K foam

Heavy density expanded foam. Has a medium crushed hand feel, less stretch, higher strength and compression resistance than L and S foams.

Suitable for diving and neoprene drysuits.

S foam

20% lighter expanded foam than regular L foam. Offers very soft hand crush feel with high stretch characteristics. However, has low strength and compression resistance.

Suitable for surfing and triathlon wetsuits

Sounds pretty simple, yeah? It starts to get confusing because the 3 main varieties of CR foams have different names from different neoprene manufacturers. i.e., one neoprene manufacturer might call “S foam” by another letter like “A foam” or “MRL foam”. Then to add to the confusion, wetsuit brands and marketers like myself, search through the entire thesaurus to make up a great sounding name to convince you that our neoprene is the best. None of the


THAT WETSUIT LOOKS COOL 85

above CR foams are better than the other CR foam, it’s all dependent on what you are using it for. Too often I hear people saying “high stretch is the best neoprene”, when it’s simply not the case, and in fact they are probably looking at the lining when they say that - not the neoprene foam! The stretch of neoprene foam is more often limited by the type of linings the wetsuit has, be it single or double lined, rather than the foam itself. Most scuba diving suits are double lined meaning they have an inner and outer nylon lining laminated to the neoprene foam. Choosing the outer lining of a suit is also as important as choosing the right type of foam. Again, there are primarily three types of nylons used for outer linings. Within each group there are slight variances in styles, knits and weaves, but they all pretty much fall into three main categories and do the same job. These are:

Wetsuit offcuts stacked to the roof waiting to be recycled.

Super stretch nylon

Neospan, Ultraspan, Ecoflex, Everflex, Hyflex, Ultrastretch, Bioflex, Oceanspan

Lighter Nylon elastic fabric with softer finer hand feel. Offers extreme flexibility and movement. Less abrasion resistance.

Standard nylon

Softflex, Fine Nylon, Flex 24A, Duraflex, Duraliner

Traditional Nylon fabric with a soft hand feel. Has good flexibility and movement qualities. Good abrasion resistance.

Toughened Nylon

Supratex, Powertex, Supatex, Small Diamond, Kryptex, Ptex,

Heavier durable Nylon with a textured hand feel. Less stretch and flexibility. Excellent abrasion and chemical resistance. Used in high wear areas such as knees & shoulder, boots and some drysuits.

Inner linings is where I’ve seen some of the more outrageous claims from some of the world’s top surf and dive brands using all sorts of creative terms. I’ve seen all types of linings come and go, and come back again. In my opinion, inner linings do very little under water to help keep you warm, they are more about feeling good when you try them on in the shop. If fact, open cell and glideskin (no nylon inner lining) are probably the warmest and provide the best seal, but are very easily damaged and difficult to get into. A wetsuit’s thickness, seal (water tightness, be it 2mm or 7mm neoprene) and fit is what will keep you warm and comfortable. So when you’re looking at buying your next wetsuit go back to basics. Make sure the suit fits you perfectly skintight without too much restriction. Try as many on as you can before you inevitably pass out from heat exhaustion.

• Are you harsh on your suit? If so, buy something with a hardwearing outer lining. • Are you constantly diving at depth? Look for a heavy density K style foam that has a firmer crushed feel in the hand. • Do you prefer comfort and only dive recreationally in shallow depth? Then choose an L foam with high stretch lining. DO NOT buy a super stretch S foam (surf suit) thinking one wetsuit will do it all because your new 3mm surf suit will quickly become a 1mm suit when you dive in it a few times at 15 meters depth. You don’t want to have to get out of the water early because you’re freezing and can’t feel your limbs anymore. All neoprenes have different qualities depending on your use. Don’t be fooled by the jargon on the swing tag.

THE AUTHOR AND PHOTOGRAPHER Edward Sawers came back to Australia from six months ski touring around Canada five years ago, with a whole in his wallet when he spotted a job advertised for Marketing and Design at Oceanic Diving Australia. Having never dived before, he was a water nut, owned an old Oceanic snorkel and thought that would at least give him a head start. Thrown into the deep end (pun intended), he was sent off to get his Open Water Certificate in the first week. After creating hundreds of marketing campaigns, he continues to work for Oceanic, now Australian Underwater Products today. He is passionate about growing our sport and sharing the joy with others experiencing our magnificence ocean for the first time. Edward is also our Editor-in-chief and Head Coffee Brewer of Submerged Nation Magazine.


86 HMAS ADELAIDE

HMAS Adelaide

the NSW Central Coast’s own “Heart of the Ocean” WORDS Lyndi Kim Leggett

IMAGES Ian James and Peter Davis

Terrigal, NSW

I

n my 20 years of diving all over the world, I speak from experience when saying that wreck diving is an absolute rush. From gearing up, listening with great enthusiasm to the dive brief or giving an enthusiastic brief (if I am the guide), to throwing myself and my gear aboard the boat that will take us out to sea, and then our descent line, it is all a rush.

Most diver’s wreck dives begin with a flight and a cab from the airport before they even get their dive bag sorted so, living now on the New South Wales Central Coast, it’s not lost on me the gift it is that I live within a stone’s throw from the new home of the HMAS Adelaide. Image ©Ian James

The HMAS Adelaide was sunk with a hole in its hull on an historic day in April 2011 after a pod of dolphins finally let the explosives blokes do their work. The dolphins had kept us 18 000-odd locals waiting on the beach to watch the fireworks for two hours before the fuses were finally lit, as they played beneath the ship as if on purpose to tease us. Then finally the frigate bomber found its new home in 30 to 40 metres of sea bed off the very popular Avoca Beach, inspiring the Central Coast dive shops to kick-start their marketing campaigns that have and will continue to draw divers to our shores to explore this remarkable and rare site. Frigate scuttlings are rare. It was a lucky day when they decided to sink her on my doorstep. The HMAS Adelaide was instrumental in 1990 to 1991 in the Gulf War, in the peace keeping operations in East Timor from ‘99 to ’06, and it was also deployed to the Arabian Gulf between ’01 and


HMAS ADELAIDE 87

Image ©Ian James

‘04. In ’97 it received the honour of a personal congratulation by Queen Elizabeth II for its work with the Australian Defence Force conducting a dramatic rescue in the Southern Ocean when its Sea King helicopter was launched to retrieve round-the-world yachtsmen Theirry Dubois and Tony Bullimore. Researching the retired Australian Navy wreck prior to diving it is an absolute must to heighten the excitement. Reading about the frigate gives your mind’s eye the opportunity to envisage life aboard the vessel in its heyday, also to study its deck plans before descending down the bow or stern lines and consider that the wreck you are about to enter was once the home away from home for 200+ crew members. But let me assure you, even the most studious diver will be unprepared for the glory of the moment when you enter the ship for yourself, for real. I love the 15-metre ‘wow!’ that you get every time you take to the depths and see the HMAS Adelaide come into view. She is not eerie as some wrecks are, instead she feels welcoming to divers and the local sea life, as her once pristine decks are now covered with plants

and corals. Rust has begun eating into some of the once definitive edges. Her impressive 4100 tonnes, seen from the descent via the stern or bow, appears mostly undamaged and mighty, resting herself quietly on the sea floor. You know there are 138.1 metres of metal to scout or enter, depending on your experience - and your guts. Novice divers will find an initial exploration of the upper deck, bridge and masts excitement enough – there’s plenty to see on one cylinder of air. Her depth at these parts is an easy 30 metres, excluding no diver with the drive to see her. However a diver with Nitrox or, better still, a re-breather, can take their time and do some exploring of the vast aircraft hangers at the frigate’s deeper stern, also its lower decks and the ammunition stall. We’ve only just begun to access this vast and mighty ship. The element of discovery is one of its biggest attractions as divers seek new sections to enter into, such as the heart of the ship – its engine room. The HMAS Adelaide is one big ship languishing over plenty of sea floor. Visitors simply must sit in the captain’s chair, chat on the phone, check out the console and chart tables from the bridge and enjoy the amenities in the crew’s cafeteria. Get a photo taken of the crew’s bunk beds or just float on down the huge hole where the missile launcher used to be. It’s VAST!!! Before the Adelaide was sunk, she was prepared for SCUBA divers with holes cut into it on all the decks to make for a gloriously comfortable dive with plenty of exits or entries for those experienced


88 HMAS ADELAIDE

divers who love to penetrate deep into the ship. Diving has its risks, as we all know, but the Adelaide has been stripped of most major obstacles (except the toilets on lower decks) and with plenty of tailor-made openings, the accessibility in and out really does minimize the stress for those concerned. So at 30+ metres, there’s enough to keep us entertained and little worry about finding your way out. HMAS Adelaide is thriving in its new career as a SCUBA playground and artificial reef. Beautiful sea life has taken up residence on board over and among its metal shell, adding yet another element of intrigue for you, my diving compatriates. Keeping an eye on divers at 20 metres whilst circling the tops of the communication towers are huge 30-40cm bat fish, and just below there are plenty of bream under the communication masts – I’m talking hundreds of fish circling inside the comms tower. Wobbegongs have been spotted snoozing on the top deck and schools of yellow tails patrol the flight decks. Come in close and you will find vibrant nudibranchs tucked away in metal seams and the sub-tropical corals are already flourishing. Ensure your torch batteries are well charged as you will see so many colours in the majestic plants and corals on board. Pink sponges have sprouted, as have the elegant purple Jewel Anemone which dance and sway with the surge – but you will have to look carefully for these little gems. On my most recent dive I ascended with a friendly crab hanging onto my right arm – unbeknown to me of course – my buddy pointed him out. Considering how recently the ship was sunk, there is an incredible variety of plant and sea life settled there. It’s a treat, no doubt. Divers who have not yet dived the HMAS Adelaide are, in a word, CRAZY. It’s a gift – easy to get to just an hour north of Sydney and our school just up the road with everything you need to ensure a superb day diving. The visibility is by far better in winter than in summer, so don your drysuit and join us exploring this modern day diving icon fresh from the Australian Maritime archives. It is certainly worth the $18 fee we pay to Central Coast Tourism for a day of diving the Adelaide – a small thank you from us divers for providing such an awesome wreck for us to explore.

THE AUTHOR & PHOTOGRAPHER Lyndi Kim Leggett Dive Imports Australia, Dive Instructor Born in Zimbabwe when it was still known as Rhodesia, and have lived on 4 continents and dived all over the world. I started diving after a 9 month long expedition/ overland from north to south Africa – trip of a life time. It was whilst overlanding I realised I had to follow more of my dreams and got back to London saved up the money and started diving with a BSAC Open Water qualification. That changed to PADI as all my friends did PADI so I switched over. I love diving it’s it became the focus of every holiday for many years. I worked in corporate world where I ran a training company in the UK & USA teaching accelerated learning skills to kids from age 5 up to Senior executives of the biggest of blue chips. Now my kids are my main focus and as both of them are in school & preschool I have time to follow an old and favourite dream – I got back into diving. Soon to be qualified as Open Water Instructor – with the help and support of Dive Imports Australia, I am doing what truly ticks so many boxes for me. Images - Ian James Owner of Dive Imports Australia Image ©Ian James

Images - Peter Davis To see more of his work visit: www.facebook.com/5thdayimages

Image ©Peter Davis


Shining brighter and longer than the rest.

LEAGUE 100 Light weight and comfortable shape make Princeton Tec’s brand new handheld waterproof dive light, the League 100, the ideal backup light in the water. This light even feels good enough to become your favorite on dry land. This unobtrusive light hides out of the way until it is turned on. The sculpted shape makes it feel like an extension of your hand and it provides impressive output for its size. SPECS POWER

210 Lumens

LAMP

1 Maxbright LED

BURN TIME

10 Hours

BATTERIES

4 AA Alkaline

WEIGHT

203g

BEAM DISTANCE DISTANCE (m) 0

45

75

* Specification subject to change. For Stockist call 1300 30 55 30 or visit www.oceanicaus.com.au

League 100 video from the Lab.


90 LORD HOWE ISLAND

With a solid commitment to sustainability, this nature lover’s paradise has a limit of 400 visitors to the island at any given time...

Lord Howe Island WORDS and IMAGES Lord Howe Island

Lord Howe Island, NSW

L

ord Howe Island is a marine paradise located off the coast of NSW with a flying time of less than two hours from Sydney or Brisbane. With a solid commitment to sustainability, this nature lover’s paradise has a limit of 400 visitors to the island at any given time, making it a truly exclusive getaway and an ideal location for a diving holiday.


LORD HOWE ISLAND 91

As one of only four UNESCO World Heritage listed islands, its crystal clear waters are teeming with colourful marine life including sea turtles, 500 species of fish – 13 of which are endemic, 60 tropical, 90 species of coral, making it a diver’s underwater Mecca. Lord Howe Island’s waters are a crossroad of five major ocean currents including the East Australian Ocean current which runs down to the Tasman, meaning the waters are home to tropical and subtropical marine life. The island has over 60 world class dive sites and locations suited for first time divers right up to the highly skilled; all located only a short boat ride (10-20mins) from shore. The world’s tallest sea stack, Ball’s Pyramid, located 26km south off the coast of Lord Howe Island, is the perfect dive site for divers with advanced certification. Here divers will be able to get up close and personal with large schools of Amberjack, Kingfish, Violet Sweep, Silver Drummer, Rainbow Runners, Trevally and on occasion, Marlin, Dolphins and Wahoo. Ball’s Pyramid is also rumoured to be one of the only destinations where divers can see Ballina Angelfish on recreational scuba in 25 metres, deep water Angel are generally only found in water in excess of 100 metres. Lord Howe Island’s waters are also home to rare and endemic species including Spanish Dancers, Double-headed Wrasse and McCullochs Anemone fish. There are also Galapagos whalers – harmless sharks which grow to approximately two metres, along with different varieties of Turtles and Moray Eels.


92 LORD HOWE ISLAND

In addition to the plethora of colourful and rare marine life living beneath the surface, Lord Howe Island’s dive sites are also a maze of caves, tunnels, swim-throughs, overhangs and gutters – making diving Lord Howe Island a truly unique and memorable experience. In between dives, snorkelling is also a great way to discover the kaleidoscope of marine life that lie beneath the surface. Ned’s Beach provides snorkellers with sensational colourful scenes of corals, fish and other reef life, and for the little more adventurous, Sylph’s Hole is home to Green Turtles and large black Stingrays. All snorkelling equipment is stored in a hut at Ned’s Beach and payment is managed by an ‘honesty box’ which is a testament to times past. The season runs from September to June and courses available include PADI open water, Advanced, Rescue, Divemaster, Night, Deep, Navigation, Naturalist, Search & Recovery, Underwater photography and Discover Scuba Dives (for the uncertified). Flights to and from Lord Howe Island depart from Sydney and Brisbane on QantasLink, passengers are limited to 14kgs of luggage. For further information about Lord Howe Island visit www.lordhoweisland.info


KEY BISCAYNE 93

Ledge Point, WA

Key Biscayne WORDS Amanda Bachelor

IMAGES Ewan Rowell

O

n Friday the 1st September in 1983, the Key Biscayne, a jack-up oilrig was being towed just off Lancelin by two supply vessels Lady Sonia and Atlas Van Diemen when it ran into rough seas.

Although attempts were made to hold the Key Biscayne secure and away from the shore, as the weather conditions deteriorated concern for the safety of the crew and the rig became more and more urgent. The crew was evacuated during a dangerous operation by RAAF and local helicopters. The rig was then abandoned about 10 miles off the coast of Ledge Point. By the next morning the rig had disappeared and was later found lying on the sea floor a few miles from where it had been abandoned. The Key Biscayne now sits upside down with its legs lying outstretched on a sandy seabed in 42 metres of water, the highest point being 26 metres. Being such a large wreck, it’s difficult to cover the whole site in single dives. This only adds to the fun of diving the Key Biscayne, as you always find something new. It’s a challenging but rewarding dive. The rig is home to a variety of marine life, and the size and intricate structure of the rig offers experienced divers an unforgettable adventure.

Each year the Key Biscayne wreck becomes more colorful and lively as growth takes hold. Schools of fish can be found in every small compartment and opening, crayfish are everywhere, as well as Dhufish and snapper. Large Samson Fish are also often seen circling the wreck. There are excellent photographic opportunities with lots of colourful soft corals covering the wreck. Grey Nurse sharks are a common sight at the Key Biscayne, as well as Wobbegong sharks that tend to be found lying on top of the wreck or on the sandy ocean floor. You can swim through the jack-up legs and that is where a lot of marine life is seen. These areas tend to be where the majority of the Grey Nurse sharks hang out and some of biggest Port Jackson sharks we’ve ever seen! Obviously with it being such a deep dive, the affects of Nitrogen Narcosis and risks of Decompression Sickness have to be taken into account. Consequently, this dive is suitable for divers with Advanced certification or higher, having had experience in deep diving or divers with Deep Diver certification or Technical training. THE AUTHOR & PHOTOGRAPGER Amanda Bachelor Dolphin Scuba Diving, Dive Instructor Since learning to dive in 2004, Amanda has been hooked. Working in the industry since 2005, now a PADI Master Instructor with Dolphin Scuba Diving in Perth. Amanda has seen some amazing places around the world and loves sharing her experiences with her students. The thing she loves most about her job is mentoring people through to Instructor and seeing her passion and enthusiasm for the sport passed on. Images - Ewan Rowell


94 UNDERWATER EDEN

Image ©Gary Brennand

Underwater Eden Image ©Gary Brennand

WORDS Bruce Ellis

T

here are not many places in the world where the fish line up to have their photos taken, octopuses come out to investigate the camera, no animal appears afraid of the diver and the diversity of life is huge. However, Exmouth Navy Pier is just such a place.

Regularly appearing in lists of the top 10 dive sites in the world, the Exmouth Navy Pier in Western Australia is a working naval facility where fishing is banned, security is high and diving limited to the very lucky few.

Exmouth, WA

IMAGES Gary Brennand and Bruce Ellis

You meet at the dive shop, are briefed, your Government issued photographic identification is checked, and off you go to the pier. After being individually checked-in at the gate post, and being warned about taking photos of the Base, you enter and drive onto the pier. Diving takes place at slack tide which, thankfully, usually allows for two long dives with about a 30 minute surface interval. After gearing up, you climb down the ladder and a giant stride drops you into 14 m of the world’s best aquarium. Due to the strong tides, visibility is often less than 10 m, but the scenery more than makes up for it. A juvenile Batfish watches our descent. Every nook and cranny has a resident, photogenic, creature. This is nice as the pier itself is rather ugly standard pier – lots of human stuff littered about a


UNDERWATER EDEN 95

rocky and occasionally coral bottom. Still, it’s this very material which forms the habitat that attracts the rich sea life to this environment. There are the resident stars. ‘BFG’ is a potato cod over a metre long, who likes to look into your face mask often without warning – from 30cm away. During the winter when the water temperature drops to about 26°, there can be grey nurse sharks. Wobbegongs abound, as do the more skittish white tip sharks. There are schools of bream, and crowds of trevally. Sometimes you need to push the glass fish out of the way to see the bigger fish. Hovering everywhere are lionfish, Moray eels poke their curious heads out of crevices, while colourful angel fish go about their business and puffers proceed self importantly. Small striped catfish stir up the bottom like an avalanche. The front ones dive toward the sand with their feelers out in quest for food as row after row flows over them to do the same. A miniature sandstorm marks their passage. Unique to the area is the sail finned Ningaloo catfish, a medium sized black fish that is constantly on the move or hiding and thus

disproves the rule of easy photography at the Pier. Diving as I did with a camera and video light, it didn’t take too long for one of the pier’s more curious inhabitants to come over to take a look at us. We had seen several octopuses in their crevasses, eyes over the top of an encircling protective tentacle – looking not unlike Count Dracula hiding behind his cloak. But this one octopus gave us a display of protective colouration as he came to visit. Michelle, our dive guide, saw me taking multiple shots of the octopus in motion and posed, regulator out, beside the approaching cephalopod. Immediately he went from looking like a coral sand bottom to being reddish and smooth. As soon as Michelle withdrew, he resumed his lumpy white and brown exterior – between one shot and the next. It was quite a show. Still, where there is large stuff to photograph, there may be micro and, again, the pier abounds with photographic opportunities to use a macro lens – or, in my case, a macro wet lens. I have photos of three different types of flatworm and six different nudibranches, and that’s on top of the sponges, starfish, small blennies, several different types of shrimp, sea urchins and other photographic subjects. Our ascent to the surface gave many more chances for the photographer or just blown away nature watcher, as massive schools of Big-eye Trevally and lesser schools of Bream and Batfish, populate the upper parts of the pier, all haunted by the Potato Cod! All too soon it was time to return to the surface and dry off. Our reminder of why this pier was built was on the horizon, a Collins Class Submarine, which was waiting patiently for us to leave, so it could refuel. This was the dive of dreams, and one to be repeated when, and if, possible. THE AUTHOR & PHOTOGRAPGER Bruce Ellis, chiropractor, went on a Venturer Scout Jamboree in 2006. On his return he started taking Venturers from the Venture diving. This evolved into becoming a PADI MSDT in 2010, working with Scout Scuba. When not diving with Scouts, his usual dive buddy is his wife, Marsha, who is a magnificent spotter of good things to photograph. This dive was for their 33rd Wedding Anniversary. Images - Gary Brennand started diving in 1983 and worked his way through to Course Director while doing IT management work. In 2005, he moved to Cairns to instruct and work on the boats as a Professional Underwater Photographer. Gary moved back to Perth in 2011 and is now working for Dolphin Dive Fremantle.


96 SCAPA FLOW

Scapa Flow WORDS and IMAGES Diana Fernie Orkney Islands, Scotland, UK

many of the battleships were salvaged in the 1920’s, now eight ships remain. These islands are littered with the remnants of the wars and with the history of the preceding centuries of invasion and colonization. There is a lot to see.

A

t the other end of the earth, a long long way from the Land Downunder, lies an island archipelago hidden in the mists of northernmost Scotland. These islands have been fought over for centuries and are renowned for the significant part they played in the history of the World Wars, in particular the Great War of 1914-18, when young Winston Churchill was the First Lord of the Admiralty, demonstrating his ingenuity for war planning and strategy, and later in the Second World War when these waters were critical to controlling the North Atlantic. It’s a historic and beautiful place with many sights to see. Welcome to Orkney Islands! For us, the divers, the wrecks of Scapa Flow are the prime attraction. In 1919, after defeat was sure and there was no way home, the German Command gave the order for the German fleet to be scuttled inside the Flow. Some seventy ships were sunk and, while

Our Scapa diving experience began with shore diving. Scapa Flow diving requires advanced skills and the staffs at the local dive operator are required to make sure that divers are competent and experienced. In our group of four, two were reasonably inexperienced divers who had never used a dry suit. They had to do a Dry Suit Specialty course. One other in the group had not used one for several years and he was required do a try-out dive which I was only too happy to join. This attention to basic skills was highly appreciated and a testament to the professional approach. There are plenty of wrecks on the shore dives - we dived 3 during our 1-hour dive. The macro is awesome - the usual suspects: nudibranchs, shrimps, pipe fish, sea hares, but they were all different to anything I had seen before - but then I had never dived in the northern hemisphere before. Unfortunately I didn’t take my macro lens... The boat diving is not


SCAPA FLOW 97

easy. I would only recommend it to experienced, confident divers with plenty of dry suit experience. The water is very green, verging on black during the descent. Visibility is around 10 metres. We dived the SMS Dresden and SMS Brummer. These wrecks are substantially intact but extensive blasting carried out during the salvagers has opened up SMS Brummer near the engine and boiler rooms. Many of her structural parts are still easily identifiable. On SMS Dresden the deck has turned over on itself - we were able to swim in and out of this part of the wreck. Many of her original features are still in place. There is not much life on the wrecks; some growth, and a grey seal (there is a seal colony nearby) checked us out from a distance. Dive times were around 30 minutes, depending on decompression data. The staff at the local dive operator looked after us extremely well - in fact two of us were guided by an instructor and and a divemaster intern. One may think that this is overkill for guiding experienced instructors as we are but for the staff, safety is paramount. Scapa Flow can be dived on a daily basis or by live-aboard. The dive boats are old fishing trawlers and are not built for luxury. The twin bunk rooms are small but adequate. The day-boat diving is conducted from the same boat. Some of the passengers on board chose to stay onshore instead of the bunk rooms, staying in a hostel or B&B in Stromness. There are several vessels that accommodate divers. It should be noted that they do not necessarily have dive guides and only a couple are known to give dive briefs (The Radiant Queen and The Valkyrie). The diving deck is huge and spacious. Air and nitrox (32% = ÂŁ5 for double dive) are available on board. Rebreathers are popular. Giant stride exits are conducted from the side of the boat, which is about a metre high. At the end of the dive the ship will pick you up in the water; witnessing this enormous vessel bearing down on you is quite scary! As it comes alongside, the wash is quite powerful and a speedy lunge for the mermaid lines is necessary. Once all the divers are secure, divers exit the water one by one on an elevator.


98 SCAPA FLOW

The water is not warm and neither is the fresh air, but delicious hot Scottish vegetable soup is served to warm those frozen cockles! There is a two hour surface interval between dives. Not all the divers can fit in the hospitality cabin - but those hardened northern hemisphere divers don’t seem to mind chattering outside in the wind and cold. Stromness, where the dive operator and the boats are moored, is a quaint town with narrow cobbled streets and lots of traffic. Here you can get accommodation by way of a hostel or B&B. These are reasonably priced and basic but spotlessly clean. Good food is available at various hostels and pubs in the town. Real fish and chips in a bag from the land of its origin is recommended. The dive season starts in April and finishes in September. At either end of the season expect temperatures of around 4 or 5 degrees. Mid-summer, temperatures can reach as high as 9. Don’t be fooled by the term ‘summer’. Everything is relative and this is northern Scotland. Warm and waterproof clothes are always necessary. It would be a shame to travel all that way to the Orkney Islands and not hire a car to tour around. You will need at least two days to witness the raw beauty of Northern Scotland. This was home to ancient pre - Bronze Age civilizations, dated long before the Inca Mayans. There is something about this country that makes you truly understand why expatriate Britons try to replicate some of the traditions in their new found lands. Part of the Scapa experience is the beautiful 6 hour drive from Edinburgh. The lush green pastures of the Scottish countryside, the old

traditional farm buildings, castles and ruins scattered along the way and the sea views are breath-taking. My advice is to spend a night along the way in a B&B so that you have time to divert when something pleasing attracts your attention: the landscapes, wild otters, maybe a castle or two... Would I go back? For the shore diving, yes. Not particularly for the boat diving. For me, the macro life on the shore dives was much more interesting. However, techie, rust loving, history aficionados will love it - just be confident of your experience and skills.

THE AUTHOR & PHOTOGRAPHER Diana Fernie was born in England and left for Indonesia when she was 6 months old. This start in life sparked a globetrotting passion and over the years she has lived and worked in Europe, Russia, Asia, the Middle East and South America. Now settled in Adelaide, South Australia, that passion is still strong and is now focused on diving and photographing some of the world’s exotic locations, both domestic and overseas. Diana’s enthusiasm for diving began when she was eight years old, using a hookah mounted on a float that her father designed while they lived in the Sultanate of Oman. In 1997 she finally qualified as a diver and rapidly progressed through the ranks to PADI Course Director having some fun with technical and cave diving along the way. www.oceanincolour.com.au Check out www.scapascuba.co.uk for prices and further information.


YOUR SHOT 99

Your Shot

NATURE

proundly sponsored by

Congratulations to Bill Kuiper winning the Your Shot Nature category. Bill has won a pair of Aeris Accel Fins and colour kit. Bill has presented a very unique perspective of the Hermit Crab. We love the vibrant colour and the professional finish of this photo. This photo has truly captured the essence and the details of the subject.

Winner Bill Kuiper Hermit Crab. Taken at Shellharbour Bass Point in an area called The Gutter.

2nd Place Andrew Starick Peter the local Port Jackson smiles.

3rd Place Roxanne Streatfeild Flaming beautiful at Torpedo Alley, Komodo.


100 YOUR SHOT

Your Shot

PEOPLE

Congratulations to Malachi Walker winning the Your Shot Nature category. Malachi has won a pair of Aeris Accel Fins and colour kit. Malachi’s photo has evoked the spirit of diving. This photo has captured the feeling only a diver knows before entering the water - the moment of anticipation.

proundly sponsored by

Winner Malachi Walker A local dive site off Point Moore, Geraldton, Western Australia.

2nd Place Ian Sheffield-Parker

3rd Place Luke Ellis

My 74 year old mum diving off the Barrier Reef just off the coast from Cairns.

Go Dive Hobart Open Water Course - About to commence Caesar practice!


YOUR SHOT 101

Your Shot

PLACE

Congratulations to Ryan Hasson winning the Your Shot Nature category. Ryan has won a pair of Aeris Accel Fins and colour kit. Ryan has taken a very distinctive approach on the topic. He has answered the brief creatively and presented in a high quality manner.

Winner Ryan Hasson This is my pipe!

2nd Place Achim Wetz A nice boxfish, shot on the Lodestone Reef near Townsville.

3rd Place Anna Toma Under the waves.

proundly sponsored by


102 GEAR GUIDE 2014

N A T I O N

2014 Gear Guide


GEAR GUIDE 2014 103

Contents. 104

Buoyancy Compensators BCDs

110

Regulators Regulators Occys

118

126

Technical Diving Sidemount Harnesses / Backplates Air Cells Manifolds / Valves Rigging Kits

124

Rebreathers

126

Instruments

110

Dive Computers Gauges

137

Software Fins Masks Snorkels

143

Exposure Protection

104

Drysuit / Undergarments Wetsuits Hoods, Gloves and Boots Lavacore

150

Lighting

153

DPV

153

Apparel

154

Knives

156

Safety

158

Care & Maintenance

160

Accessories

162

Bag/Luggage

137

124 While every effort was made to ensure that the information contained in this 2014 Gear Guide was accurate at the time of printing, MSRP prices, designs, features, component parts and colours are all subject to change.


104 BUOYANCY COMPENSATORS

BCDs The benefits it offers whilst travelling, the ease of setup, and the benefits whilst diving are unrivalled for travel BCDs. AERIS JETPACK

The one size fits all JETPACK combines the comfort of a BC harness with the performance of an adventure-style backpack. BC and backpack clip together for carry-on travel, protecting gear and saving on baggage fees. The backpack detaches for diving, leaving a full-featured BC with 30 lbs lift capacity, weight integration and a custom fit. BC • 30lbs lift • 14 lbs dumpable weight / optional cylinder band trim weight = 10lbs non dump-able • one size fits all = custom fit for everyone: adjustable harness, cummerbund and lumbar • Adjustable position weight pockets • rugged (not your typical travel materials) construction • 1000 Denier Cordura construction • 420 denier nylon bladder material • Quick dry 800 denier double-coated nylon Bag • 42 litre semidry • Water-resistant zippers for all compartments • Hide away backpack straps • Laptop sleeve with easy zippered access • Full-zip opening main compartment provides easy access. • Two external zip pockets for smartphone, wallet, and passport • Quick dry 800 denier double-coated nylon construction • External compression straps for cinching or expanding • Padded back panel MSRP $729.95

“The Aeris Jetpack is a new travel wing BCD just recently released. I’ve seen many different travel BCDs come and go, but this one is quite different. My recent dive trip demonstrated just how functional this piece of equipment is. The benefits it offers whilst travelling, the ease of setup, and the benefits whilst diving are unrivalled for travel BCDs. With the ability to transform this BCD into a backpack, it makes a traditional dive bag unnecessary. Also, the BCD comes with a detachable dry storage area for commuting. The idea is that you can fit your dive gear in the “wet area” of the BCD, and have a place for your dry items, like towels and clothes. This works quite well for most of your dive equipment, even your wetsuit, although you may have to transport your fins separately from the Jetpack. There are special Aeris fins that will fit into the Jetpack, but if you’re partial to your current fins, or appreciate a pair of split fins, they may be too large to fit into the unit. That being said, I’ve seen people strap their fins on the sides of the Jetpack, too. Problem solved. The BCD is quite easy to set up, and comes in one size only, as it is fully adjustable to fit anyone. The waist strap

cumberbund is removable for travel, and has quick release dive pockets that slide on. You attach your shoulder straps to the weight pocket compartments on your waist to make the BCD fit properly. The shoulder straps can be adjusted both at the top and the bottom, making the BCD a comfortable fit for you. As a wing BCD, you’ll notice on the surface that it will have a tendency to push you onto your chest, like any wing will do. Underwater, since it is all rear inflation, you can turn and pivot much easier than in a traditional BCD. The inflator hose is a standard inflator, and the BCD is easy to deflate with the hose exhaust, top exhaust and bottom rear exhaust. It is very good for tropical destinations, and if you were to be diving in colder water, you may need to wear a separate weight belt to compensate for the added weight you’ll need for thicker, more buoyant wetsuits. Also, all the adjustable straps on the BCD can be coiled and kept tight to make you more streamlined and uncluttered on a dive. All in all, it is a fantastic travel BCD. It is versatile, functional, and comfortable - great for most recreational divers. If you’re a diver who mainly dives on holidays in different places, this is ideal.” Allen Haggerty Pro Dive Cairns PADI Open Water Scuba Instructor


BUOYANCY COMPENSATORS 105

BCDs All Oceanic, Aeris and Hollis Hardware, comprising Regulators, Octopus Regulators (Octo’s), Buoyancy Compensators (BC’s), Wings, and Analogue Gauges, when purchased and registered from an Authorised Australian Dealer, can have their warranty upgraded to a Limited Lifetime Warranty (LLW). This LLW will cover against any defects in materials, workmanship and performance to product specifications for the life of the product. Digital Instrumentation is provided with a 5 year Limited Warranty. Conditions apply.

Exterior abrasion points of select BCs are covered in our “Fadeless” Cordura® tough stuff that will hold up to years of extreme diving and keep that “new look” longer. Most external panels benefit from the toughness of Cordura®, a highperformance, super-durable fabric that is perfect for the demands divers place on their equipment. It’s resistant to abrasions, tears, and scuffs--all the qualities you expect from a high performance fabric.

The Patented QLR Quick Lock & Release System is standard on many of the BCs. Your equipment should enhance, not hinder the joy and exhilaration of diving. Nowhere is this more important than with BC’s, where comfort and freedom of movement must be balanced against function and durability. Responding to this challenge led our design engineers to create BioFlex® - a unique “living fabric” that stretches, flexes and conforms to the body. BioFlex® is an extraordinary fabric, which stretches, fully inflated up to 30% over conventional nylon or polyurethane BC materials. The idea being that if a material could stretch while remaining airtight, you could make smaller air cells, creating less bulk and drag underwater while achieving high volumes of lift when required. BioFlex® eliminates chest squeeze, conforms to the diver’s body and provides a slim, body hugging profile.

HYBRID BLADDER

The innovative design of the hybrid bladder allows the freedom of movement and other benefits you have come to expect from a rear-inflation BC. The unique wrap-around design of the air cell provides you more lift than most BC’s; as well as an improved, upright orientation when the BC is inflated on the surface. B F

BIOFLEX® TECHNOLOGY

Your equipment should enhance, not hinder the joy and exhilaration of diving. Nowhere is this more important than with BC’s, where comfort and freedom of movement must be balanced against function and durability. Responding to this challenge led Oceanic design engineers to create BioFlex a unique “living fabric” that stretches, flexes and conforms to the body. BioFlex is an extraordinary fabric, which, when fully inflated, stretches up to 30% over conventional nylon or polyurethane BC materials. The idea is that if a material could stretch while remaining airtight, you could make smaller air cells, creating less bulk and drag underwater while achieving high volumes of lift when required. BioFlex eliminates chest squeeze, conforms to the diver’s body and provides a slim, body hugging profile.

PATENTED QUICK LOCK RELEASE WEIGHT INTEGRATION SYSTEM Patented QLR Quick Lock & Release System ensures your weights stay in position throughout the dive and do not shift around affecting buoyancy or position in the water. The weight pouches are simple to load and easy to release. Best of all, our patented “positive-lock” system helps to ensure that they’ll stay put.

D RINGS

Welded and slightly bent for easy, one-handed attachment. Use these D-rings to attach accessories such as torches, cameras or even your octopus regulator.

INTEGRATED RETRACTOR SYSTEM

Your weights stay in position throughout the dive and do not shift around affecting buoyancy or position in the water. The weight pouches are simple to load and easy to release. Best of all, our patented “positive-lock” system helps to ensure that they’ll stay put.

Built-in retractor attachment point perfect for streamlining gauges, lights and other essentials.

KNIFE MOUNTING GROMMETS

A pair of stainless steel grommets keep our BC knives out of the way but just where you want it.

CUSTOM FIT HARNESS

Patented Custom Fit Harness, with its multiposition shoulder straps and cummerbund, delivers individual comfort for people of all shapes and sizes.

FADELESS 1000 DENIER CORDURA® CONSTRUCTION

Exterior abrasion points are covered in our new “Fadeless” 1000-denier Cordura - tough stuff that will hold up to years of extreme diving and keep that new look longer.

RELIANT INTEGRATED INFLATOR

Ergonomically designed to be functional and easy to use in any dive position, the Reliant Integrated Inflator provides a full range of airway exhaust and inflation control. Simply press a button to produce precise flow for trimming or maximum flow for major changes in buoyancy. A large exhaust valve creates a flow rate higher than the inflation rate of the power inflator, improving diver control during ascents.

DEPTH COMPENSATING CUMMERBUND

Patented depth compensating cummerbund is manufactured from a unique woven elastic material that eliminates the need to readjust as your suit compresses at depth. Cummerbund offers up to 8” of adjustment to fit a wide range of sizes. For additional personal adjustment, the cummerbund may be easily changed with another size.

OPTIONAL INFLATOR/OCCY UPGRADE

The inflator/occy combines the reliability, performance and durability of the Second Air OCTOPUS and RELIANT INFLATOR into one very low profile, streamlined package. The regulator/inflator combination is as small as many BC inflators alone, with breathing performance superior to many stand-alone octopus regulators.


106 BUOYANCY COMPENSATORS

BCDs

OCEANIC PROBE HLC

Tech in all the right places. For divers who prefer a traditional jacket style design but desire many of the features of a tech oriented back mount BC, the Probe HLC is the ultimate solution. • Heavy-duty tech oriented features in a jacket style BC. • High lift capacity (up to 60lbs. - size XL) and minimum drag when deflated with patented BioFlex® bladder. • New QLR3 Integrated Weight System accommodates up to 20 lbs. plus dual 5 lbs. rear weight pouches for improved in-water positioning. • Pre-bent welded stainless steel d-rings. • Integrated instrument retractor mount grommet inside each zippered pocket (retractor not included) and Spinner Knife mounting grommets. Optional Air XS 2 Alternate Inflator and Spinner Knife are available accessories. • 2 oversized zippered main pockets. • Reflective accents. B F

MSRP $799.95

OCEANIC EXCURSION 2

Geared for adventure. You glide through the water like a manta ray, air bladder tucked neatly behind you. Up front, there’s nothing but contoured harness straps and a couple of integrated weight pockets. You’re uncluttered, unencumbered and looking good. Built tough for use in both recreational and technical diving, the Excursion 2 is extremely comfortable and stable, the ultimate BC for the serious adventurer. • Patented BioFlex® rear inflation bladder provides up to 58 lbs. lift (50 lbs. S, M and L) with minimum drag when deflated. • Streamlined harness with Reinforced contoured shoulders, padded back pack with lumbar support and adjustable position sternum strap. • QLR3 Integrated Weight System and trim pockets. • Generous zippered utility pockets. • Integrated instrument retractor mount (retractor not included) and Knife mounting grommets on either the left or right. • Patented adjustable depth compensating cummerbund. • 20% weight reduction. (9 lbs. size Large) B F

MSRP $799.95

“The Hera BCD is the most comfortable and practical BCD for using not only recreationally but while I’m teaching as well. The large lift capacity means I don’t have to be worried about buoyancy while I’m looking after students, and the angled pockets are easy to access during dives. The BCD isn’t bulky at all, I have freedom and comfort while I dive and teach alike. I would recommend that all female divers should be in a Hera. I haven’t found anything else that even comes close to measuring up in either comfort or practicality.” Sharon Fitzpatrick

PADI Staff Instructor TDI Advanced Nitrox Decomposition Instructor

OCEANIC HERA

HOLLIS HD 200

• Patented hybrid bladder combines the benefits of both rear inflation and jacket style BCs. • Patented Custom Fit Harness with multi-position shoulder strap that delivers individual comfort for women of all sizes. The Oceanic Hera BC is contoured over the hip for added comfort. • QLR Integrated Weight System accommodates up to 20 lbs. plus dual 5 lbs. rear weight pouches for improved in-water positioning. • Weight pockets are loaded positioned at a slight downward angle to aid self-loading. • Reinforced shoulders, padded back pack and an adjustable position sternum strap ensure comfort and stability.

• 35 lbs bladder S & M sizes / 45 lbs bladder L & XL sizes • 1000 denier CorduraTM w/ PU lamination outer shell & 15mm urethane internal bladder • Contoured, lightweight backpack w/back pad, lumbar support, and a rolled neoprene comfort neck • 10lb (4.5kg) interchangeable quick release weight pockets with new pinch and pull buckle • 5 lb (2.27kg) non-dumpable rear weight pockets • System weight: 9.4lbs (4.3kg) • 2” Nylon waist strap with quick release buckle and 2” SS d-ring

The Oceanic HERA BC is built from the ground up for you - designed specifically around the female form with ample adjustments to make it your own, without sacrificing features and functionality. This may just be the most comfortable, best fitting BC you’ve ever worn.

MSRP $799.95

Comfort, function and durability. The Hollis HD200 is everything the advanced sport diver could ask for. Fitted with a combination of Tech/ Rec features and updates that provide ultimate comfort and function. Heavy duty construction and innovative design make this BC the best in class.

MSRP $799.95


BUOYANCY COMPENSATORS 107

BCDs

OCEANIC FLEX

Flexible comfort. The Flex BC is Made with BioFlex® - a patented “living fabric” that stretches, flexes and conforms to your body. Bioflex can stretch while remaining airtight allowing us to use smaller air cells. This means less bulk and drag with more lift. • Oceanic Flex Jacket Style BCD with patented BioFlex Bladder • 1,000-Denier Nylon Fadeless Body • Bioflex Material- a Living Fabric” that Stretches • High Lift Capacity and Minimum Drag • Oversized Zippered (YKK #10) Pockets • Padded Soft Pad Over-Compact Backpack • Pull Dumps on Right Shoulder and Rear • Oceanic Power Inflator w/LP Hose • QLR3 Integrated Weight System, Capacity: 20 lbs (9 kg) • Trim Capacity: Dual 5 lbs (2.3 kg) • Adjustable Depth-Compensating Cummerbund • Retractor and Knife Mounts • Dual Adjust Sternum Strap with Safety Whistle • 7 Sizes from X-Small to 2X-Large B • F

OCEANIC BIOLITE

The newest lightweight BC at just 5.5 pounds! The new Biolite BC looks to establish itself as a complete solution with the introduction of a new color design and streamlined, integrated weight system. This is the ultimate travel BC with a perfect balance of features and benefits that makes diving a pure joy. The Biolite keeps things simple with a clean, straightforward design that focuses on comfort and convenience. If your travel plans call for lightweight luggage, then the Biolite BC is definitely for you. • Total BC weight is only 5.5 lbs. • Includes right shoulder carabiner adjustable positioning system. • Includes dual 7 lbs. front weight pocket “Quick Drop” weight release system. • Low profile back pack, makes it easy to fold in half for traveling purposes. • Low profile bladder design and made with Patented Bioflex material. • Self Adjusting sternum strap.Generous soft pad. • Dual 5 lbs. tank band “Non Drop Weight Pocket”. B F

MSRP $769.95

MSRP $599.95

HOLLIS RIDE

OCEANIC OCEAN PRO

Technically the worlds best travel BC. Its lightweight at just over 5lbs but packed with technical features. It includes a simple yet strong nylon harness, that is one size fits all and easily adjustable. The wing is a rugged one-piece 1000 denier cordura and comes in two sizes: 23lbs and 37lbs. Standard are the stainless steel 2” d-rings on the shoulders and hips, padded crotch strap, backpad and lower storage pouch. It also has the ability to dive singles or twins (depending on wing size). • Lift capacity 23 lbs & 37 lbs and one size fits most. • 1000 denier CorduraTM w/ 15 mil PU lamination - one piece. • Contoured, lightweight backpack w/back pad, lumbar support & storage pouch. Quick adjust shoulder and waist strap. • 2 shoulder stainless steel bent D-rings, 2 lower hip D-rings. • Right shoulder inflation with elbow and lower left pull dump. • 10lb (4.5kg) interchangeable quick release weight pockets - optional. 5 lb (2.27kg) non-dumpable rear weight pockets optional. System weight: 5.5 lbs.

Keep it simple. An economical jacket for the diver who wants to keep it simple, the Oceanic OceanPro BC and Oceanic OceanPro QLR BC features the same quality workmanship, comfort and fit that you expect from all Oceanic BCs at a great price. • OceanPro BC is designed to withstand the daily rigors of rental and training departments around the world. • Durable 420 denier fadeless nylon construction. • QLR Integrated Weight System accommodates up to 20 lbs. and may be purchased with the BC or added later. • Integrated backpack with carrying handle. • Easy to adjust quick release shoulder adjustments. • The Oceanic OceanPro BC has strategically placed plastic d-ring attachment points. • Integrated safety whistle MSRP $569.95

MSRP $529.95


108 BUOYANCY COMPENSATORS

Features & Functions

Features & Functions

EXCURSION 2

HD 200

PROBE HLC

HERA

FLEX

JETPACK

REAR INFLATION

REAR INFLATION

HYBRID

HYBRID

HYBRID

REAR INFLATION

BIOFLEX®

1000 denier CorduraTM w/PU lamination

BIOFLEX® / 420 DENIER CORDURA®

FADELESS 500 DENIER NYLON

BIOFLEX®

1000 denier CorduraTM w/PU lamination

Type Air Cell Material Shoulder Panel Material

1000 DENIER CORDURA®

1000 DENIER CORDURA®

1000 DENIER CORDURA®

1000 DENIER CORDURA®

1000 DENIER CORDURA®

1000 DENIER CORDURA®

Pocket Panel Material

1000 DENIER CORDURA

1000 DENIER CORDURA

1000 DENIER CORDURA

1000 DENIER CORDURA

1000 DENIER CORDURA

N/A

YES

NO

YES

NO

YES

NO

®

Reflective Piping Main Pockets / Closure

®

®

®

®

ZIPPER

ZIPPER

ZIPPER

ZIPPER

ZIPPER

N/A

Max Dumpable Integrated Weight

20 LBS. / 9 KG. QLR

20 LBS. / 9 KG. QLR

20 LBS. / 9 KG. QLR

20 LBS. / 9 KG. QLR

20 LBS. / 9 KG. QLR

14 LBS. / 6 KG.

Max Non-Dumpable Rear Weight Pockets

10 LBS. / 4.5 KG.

10 LBS. / 4.5 KG.

10 LBS. / 4.5 KG.

10 LBS. / 4.5 KG.

10 LBS. / 4.5 KG.

10 LBS. / 4.5 KG.

Padded Backpack

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Lumbar Support

YES

YES

YES

NO

YES

YES

Carrying Handle

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Tank Positioning Strap

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

NO

Molded Tank Cradle / Anti-Slip Pad

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

NO

Stainless Steel D-Rings

12

8

6

6

N/A

N/A

Plastic D-Rings

6

6

4

N/A

4

N/A

Sternum Strap

ADJUSTABLE POSITION/ INTERGRATED WHISTLE

ADJUSTABLE POSITION

ADJUSTABLE POSITION/ INTERGRATED WHISTLE

ADJUSTABLE POSITION

ADJUSTABLE POSITION/ INTERGRATED WHISTLE

ADJUSTABLE POSITION

Depth Compensating Cummerbund

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

NO

Right Shoulder Pull-Ball Exhaust

NO

YES

YES

YES

YES

NO

Front Operated Rear Pull-Ball Exhaust

YES

NO

NO

YES

YES

NO

Integrated Retractor Mount

YES

NO

YES

YES

YES

NO

BC Knife Mount

YES

YES

YES x2

YES

YES

NO

Crotch Strap

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

NO

NO

NO

NO

Air XS 2 Alternate Inflator

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

9.0 LBS / 4.1 KG

9.4 LBS / 4.3 KG

9 LBS / 4.1 KG

8.9 LBS / 4 KG

8.5 LBS / 3.85 KG

6.25 LBS / 2.85 KG

19 LBS / 8.6 KG

32 LBS / 14.5 KG

SM

50 LBS / 22.6 KG

35 LBS / 15.8 KG

34 LBS / 15.4 KG

26 LBS / 11.8 KG

32 LBS / 14.5 KG

MD

50 LBS / 22.6 KG

35 LBS / 15.8 KG

37 LBS / 16.8 KG

34 LBS / 15.4 KG

32 LBS / 14.5 KG

LG

50 LBS / 22.6 KG

45 LBS / 20.4 KG

50 LBS / 22.6 KG

40 LBS / 18.1 KG

38 LBS / 17.3 KG

XL

58 LBS / 26.3 KG

45 LBS / 20.4 KG

XXL

58 LBS / 26.3 KG

Dry Weight (size: Large)

Lift Capacity (per CE test protocol) XS

One size fits all

60 LBS / 27.2 KG

38 LBS / 17.3 KG

63 LBS / 28.6 KG 30 LBS / 13.7 KG


BIOLITE

RIDE

OCEAN PRO

REAR INFLATION

REAR INFLATION

JACKET

BIOFLEX®

1000 denier CorduraTM w/PU lamination

FADELESS 500 DENIER NYLON

1000 DENIER CORDURA®

NYLON WEBBING

1000 DENIER CORDURA®

1000 DENIER CORDURA

N/A

1000 DENIER CORDURA®

NO

NO

NO

ZIPPER

N/A

2 / VELCRO®

14 LBS / 6.3 KG

N/A

20 LBS / 9 KG QLR

10 LBS / 4.5 KG

N/A

(Optional) 10 LBS / 4.5 KG

YES

YES

YES

NO

NO

NO

®

NO

NO

YES

YES

N/A

YES

YES

NO

YES

ALUMINIUM CARIBBEAN

5

N/A

7

N/A

8

ADJUSTABLE POSITION/ INTERGRATED WHISTLE

N/A

FIXED

YES

NO

NO

NO

N/A

NO

YES

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

YES

NO

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

5.5 LBS / 2.5 KG

6.5 LBS / 2.9 KG

7.1 LBS / 3.2 KG

32 LBS / 14.5 KG

OSFA 23 LBS / 10.4 KG

23 LBS / 10.4 KG

32 LBS / 14.5 KG

OSFA 37 LBS / 16.8 KG

31 LBS / 14.1 KG

32 LBS / 14.5 KG

Repair

Maintenance

Anti-Fog

Travel

Cleaner

Your gear has a new dive buddy.

18 LBS / 8.2 KG

38 LBS / 17.2 KG

38 LBS / 17.2 KG

38 LBS / 17.2 KG

44 LBS / 20 KG

www.mcnett.com/m-essentials M EssentialsTM is a trademark of McNett Corporation. All rights reserved. ©2013


110 REGULATORS

Regulators

“Hollis has put the wow factor in the new 500SE DC7 regulator with its great look and even better performance, the breathing on this unit is very comfortable and light. I have been able to try out a very large range of regulators but I have now found what I was looking for. As a twin set up, it performs perfectly. The design allows perfect hose routing for single and twins alike. The first stage is so compact that sidemount divers will also enjoy the 500SE DC7. The exhaust on the side minimises bubbles in front of the mask, Brilliant! I will recommend this regulator to anyone who wants the best out of diving. Thanks Hollis and to all you divers out there. ENJOY.”

The exhaust on the side minimises bubbles in front of the mask, Brilliant!

Ronald Lelieveld All About Scuba

PADI MSDT TDI Instructor

HOLLIS 500SE DC7

The new 500SE utilises a servo controlled valve to provide precision airflow and unparalleled performance for both air and trimix divers in a side exhaust configuration. To achieve this, we have perfected the original “lever-servo valve” we designed 35 years ago. Overbalanced diaphragm first stage also provides ideal hose routing for both backmount and sidemount users and optimum performance regardless of depth. 500SE Second Stage • Pneumatically balanced servo valve system • Patented Orthodontic Mouthpiece for comfort and reduced jaw fatigue • Standard with 30” maxflex hose • Easily disassembled without the use of tools and underwater if necessary • Left or right positioning - no upside down • Boltsnap tie point DC7 First Stage • High performance over-balanced first stage provides progressively greater intermediate pressure as depth and gas density increases for superior gas delivery under the most extreme conditions • Fixed hose routing ideal for both backmount and sidemount configuration • Environmental sealing prevents internal corrosion, contaminants, and icing of the first stage • Designed to withstand the rigorous CE standard for coldwater performance • Nitrox compatible to 40% • 2 High Pressure and 4 Low Pressure ports • DIN/300 bar • MSRP $749.95


REGULATORS 111

DVT is a revolutionary regulator technology designed to automatically eliminate moisture and contaminants from entering your first stage, even if the dust cap is accidentally left off. A simple twist of the adjustment knob enables complete control. Set the inhalation requirement to near zero when you need ultimate performance, or tune it for greater resistance as conditions or preferences change.

Regulators

DVT eliminates corrosion of critical internal components, bacteria, hose deterioration, and damaged gauges and computers.

Most downstream demand valve regulators are calibrated during manufacturing to a single, ‘middle of the road’ operation. Whether finning up current at 20 metres or merely snorkeling out to the dive site, this factory adjustment may not be optimum for the wide variety of demands we place on our equipment.

The pneumatically balanced second stage reduces breathing resistance to near zero with a balanced valve seat designed to respond to the slightest inhalation. A pneumatically balanced second stage actually has (or can have) the same initial crack opening effort as a mechanically balanced, but the spring force of a pneumatically balanced second stage is lighter so it’s spring rate is also lower.

COMING SOON

All Oceanic, Aeris and Hollis Hardware, comprising Regulators, Octopus Regulators (Octo’s), Buoyancy Compensators (BC’s), Wings, and Analogue Gauges, when purchased and registered from an Authorised Australian Dealer, can have their warranty upgraded to a Limited Lifetime Warranty (LLW). This LLW will will cover against any defects in materials, workmanship and performance to product specifications for the life of the product. Digital Instrumentation is provided with a 5 year Limited Warranty. For Oceanic Regulators and Octo’s, this Warranty also covers free annual service parts for life. Conditions apply.

OCEANIC OMEGA 3 Finally, the next generation of the Omega regulator, the 3.0 inherits the impressive functional benefits of its predecessor with a great new look.

DRY VALVE TECHNOLOGY D.V.T

DIVER ADJUSTABLE INHALATION

PNEUMATICALLY BALANCED SECOND STAGE

ADJUSTABLE VENTURI SYSTEM

Ever wonder why they call it a “dust cap” and not a water cap? DVT eliminates the possibility of moisture entering the first stage with a simple, yet ingenious design. No hassle, no worries. What about performance? DVT doesn’t impact first stage performance even at 40 metres with just 100 bar in your tank. The result? An end to flooded regulators! DVT is designed to automatically eliminate moisture intrusion and contaminants from entering your breathing system.

A pneumatically balanced second stage actually has (or can have) the same initial crack opening effort as a mechanically balanced second stage, but the spring force of a pneumatically balanced second stage is lighter so it’s spring rate is also lower. Therefore the force required to open the valve farther as flow increases is less than that required for a mechanically balanced second stage with a higher rate spring. So the total effort to breathe the pneumatically balanced second stage is indeed less. The spring force must be just enough to overcome the difference between downstream air pressure and upstream balance chamber pressure. The downstream air travels through a hole in the poppet into the balance chamber and applies an “upstream” force just slightly less than the downstream force.

STAINLESS INLINE SWIVEL

This unique feature of the swivel provides ultimate comfort and flexibility. How you choose to mount your regulator, whether that’s over or under your shoulder, or even upside-down, the swivel system performs as well as it looks.

NITROX COMPATIBLE

This feature enables the regulator to be suitable for use with nitrox breathing gas mixtures containing up to 40% oxygen without the need for special preparation, cleaning or components.

ORTHODONTIC MOUTHPIECE

Our patented Orthodontic Mouthpiece further reduces jaw fatigue, and is specifically designed to accommodate the natural overbite of the human jaw.

Most downstream demand valve regulators are calibrated during manufacturing to a single, ‘middle of the road’ operation. Whether finning up current or merely snorkelling out to the dive site, this factory adjustment may not be optimum for the wide variety of demands we place on our equipment. A simple twist of the adjustment knob enables complete control...set the inhalation requirement to near zero when you need ultimate performance, or tune it for greater resistance as conditions or preferences change. The A.V.S. deflector diverts the airflow from the valve directly to the mouthpiece, producing smooth venturi-assisted inhalation. With the addition of a user Adjustable Venturi System (A.V.S.), in the form of a simple yet ingenious switch, full adjustment control rests in the hands of the diver.

SURGE DEFLECTOR

Our surge deflector reduces freeflow caused by surge or oncoming current.

PATENTED DYNAMIC ADJUSTMENT

A common objection to adjustable second stages is that divers can’t imagine themselves twisting and turning a knob as they descend and ascend through the depths. If inhalation resistance is set near zero at depth, your ascent would require you to manually increase resistance as ambient water pressure is reduced to prevent free-flow. Taking another stride beyond common second stage engineering, Oceanic designed a patented DYNAMIC ADJUSTMENT feature with a mechanically balanced valve that maintains a preferred breathing resistance throughout the dive. Set it once and it automatically adjusts to make breathing as easy at 30 metres as it is at 5 metres - with no additional manual adjustment.

SERVO VALVE

Servo valve assisted inhalation is among the easiest breathing second stages in the sport today. Inhalation ports surround the main valve, providing greater surface area resistance to air flow and astonishingly high flow rates. Essentially this means that breathing effort of a Servo valve second stages is near zero.


112 REGULATORS

Regulators

2

“Through my career in the dive industry spanning 40 years, I’ve used and serviced just about every brand of regulator on the market. I have to say that my Oceanic EOS would have to be the most reliable /easy breathing and value for money regulator that I’ve come across. The swivel on the EOS eliminates jaw fatigue and is so comfortable as there is no pulling on the reg hose as you turn your head.” Greg Riddell

PADI Master Scuba Diver Trainer

3

1

4

1

OCEANIC EOS FDX10

Comprised of precision-machined components and extensive research and design, the EOS regulator has achieved an incredible feat… life-like breathing. Oceanic’s gifted team of design engineers has included effortless breathing, inhalation effort adjustments, and comfortable second stage swivels and orthodontic mouthpieces into a regulator that you can hold in the palm of your hand. This is far more than just another regulator in the eyes of the Oceanic team, this is a dream come true.

3

MSRP $619.95 4

2

OCEANIC DELTA 4.2 FDX10

Even with the best laid dive plans, there are times you encounter conditions beyond your control. The Delta 4.2 is one hot new regulator ready to take on all challenges with a new stylish look and FDX-10 First Stage featuring DVT (Dry Valve Technology). • Diver adjustable inhalation effort • Patented Orthodontic Mouthpiece with high-density bite tabs • Patented Dynamic Adjustment automatically maintains inhalation effort throughout the dive • Adjustable Venturi Switch (A.V.S.) for simple Dive/Pre-Dive Adjustment • Inline ball swivel for reduced jaw fatigue and comfort • Paired with the FDX-10 Over-Balanced Diaphragm First Stage • MSRP $719.95

Set it and forget it. The last thing you need to worry about on a dive is your breathing system. The GT3 puts you in total control with patented Dynamic Adjustment feature. Whether you’re snorkelling to your dive site or working against a current on a deep wreck, you can quickly adjust the GT3 to behave precisely the way you want, and then let it do the work as it automatically readjusts with changes in depth. • Dry Valve Technology • Patented Dynamic Adjustment • Diver Adjustable Inhalation • Orthodontic Mouthpiece • Nitrox Compatible

• Dry Valve Technology • Nitrox Compatible • Pneumatically Balanced • Patented Dynamic Adjustment • Diver Adjustable Inhalation • Adjustable Venturi System • Orthodontic Mouthpiece • Swivel System MSRP $799.95

OCEANIC GT3 CDX5

AERIS ION LT

The pneumatically balanced demand valve along with a highly responsive design allows the ION regulator to provide a high volume of airflow with even the slightest inhalation effort, making it seem nearly effortless to breathe at any depth. All in a second stage barely wider than the mouthpiece and connected by a swivel to make it comfortable in the mouth. The ION means business as it comes equipped for any type of dive conditions, cold or warm. • Adjustable venturi switch for dive/pre-dive adjustment • Maxflex hose for increased comfort and reduced jaw fatigue • Nitrox compatible to 40% • Rugged, lightweight 5.4 ounce second stage with extremely small 2.3” wide outer ring • AT600 First Stage • High performance over-balanced diaphragm first stage with an optional environmental seal. • 4 LP ports, 1 HP ports for streamlined hose placement MSRP $599.95


REGULATORS 113

Regulators 5

8 6

7

9

5

HOLLIS 212 DC1

Breathe with confidence knowing you have the peak of 30 years of regulator design experience in the 212 Regulator. Paired with the DC1 Swivel 1st stage that is designed to be the best in world performance. • Pneumatically balanced second stage. • Patented Dynamic Adjustment once set automatically maintains inhalation effort throughout the dive • Venturi Switch for simple Dive/Pre-Dive modes • High performance over-balanced first stage provides progressively greater intermediate pressure as depth and gas density increases • Swivel turret allows for ideal low pressure hose routing • Environmental sealing prevents internal corrosion, contaminants, and icing of the first stage • Orthodontic Mouthpiece for comfort and reduced jaw fatigue • Nitrox compatible to 40% • Yoke or DIN/300 bar

7

MSRP $1659.00 8

With the bulletproof design of the Hollis HP5 first stage the H-O2 Tech Regulator is certified for up to 100% oxygen service thanks to highly specialised component materials and manufacturing processes.

MSRP $429.95

OCEANIC ALPHA 9 SP5

Professional performance, entry-level price. If you believe that you shouldn’t have to sacrifice performance for price, the Alpha 9 is for you. The Alpha 9 is the topperforming regulator in its class, and one of the most affordably priced regulators you can buy. • The best price-to-performance ratio in its class • Designed to perform to the U.S. Navy’s Class A standards at 198 feet • Inexpensive to maintain • Paired with our SP-5 Sport Piston First Stage with optional DVT (Dry Valve Technology) • Available with MaxFlex Hose which is a lightweight, flexible, Braided hose designed to outperform and outlive traditional rubber hoses.

HOLLIS 210 H-02 TECH REG

• Cleaned and assembled in a clean room environment with specially designed materials, halocarbon based lubricants and colour-coded for easy identification • Comes standard with 300 BAR DIN connection and 40” in. /101 cm regulator hose • Coupled with its outstanding reliability makes this the only choice for technical divers • Designed to withstand the rigorous CE standard for coldwater performance

Hollis’s SMS regulator kit is designed to take the guess work when setting up your sidemount regulator configuration. This kit includes: • 2 x 6” HP Hoses • 2 x 212 adjustable Regulators • 2 x DC1 overbalanced first stages with 5th port and swivel turret • 2 x Brass SPG 2” • 1 x 40” LP hose • 1 x 84” LP hose • 2 x Fixed Reg Elbows

MSRP $549.95 6

HOLLIS SIDEMOUNT REGULATOR KIT

MSRP $399.95 9

OCEANIC ALPHA 9 COLOUR KIT

Coloured Alpha 9 front cover, mouth piece and zip tie. MSRP $24.95


114 REGULATORS

Features & Functions SECOND STAGE

Features & Functions

EOS

DELTA 4.2

500 SE

GT 3

SERVO

DEMAND

ION LT

212

ALPHA 9

210

DEMAND

DEMAND

DEMAND

DEMAND

KNOB/PRE-DIVE SWITCH

N/A

N/A N/A

Valve Type

DEMAND

DEMAND

Adjustment

KNOB/PRE-DIVE SWITCH

KNOB/PRE-DIVE SWITCH

N/A

KNOB

KNOB/PRE-DIVE SWITCH

PNEUMATIC

MECHANICAL

PNEUMATIC

MECHANICAL

PNEUMATIC

PNEUMATIC

N/A

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

ORTHODONTIC W/TABS

ORTHODONTIC W/ TABS

ORTHODONTIC W/ TABS

ORTHODONTIC

ORTHODONTIC W/ TABS

ORTHODONTIC W/ TABS

ORTHODONTIC

ORTHODONTIC W/ TABS

Balancing System Integrated Purge Button Mouthpiece

STANDARD TO 40%

STANDARD TO 40%

STANDARD TO 40%

STANDARD TO 40%

STANDARD TO 40%

STANDARD TO 40%

STANDARD TO 40%

STANDARD TO 100%

Ambidextrous

Nitrox Compatibility

NO

NO

YES

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

Integrated Swivel

YES

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

6.4 OUNCES

6.8 OUNCES

7.0 OUNCES

5.8 OUNCES

5.4 OUNCES

6.7 OUNCES

6 OUNCES

6.0 OUNCES 2.78 INCHES

Weight (without hose) Dimensions (front profile)

2.65 INCHES

2.67 INCHES

5.0 INCHES

2.67 INCHES

2.3 INCHES

2.65 INCHES

2.9 INCHES

Minimum Cracking Effort

DIVER ADJUSTABLE

DIVER ADJUSTABLE

1.1 CIW

DIVER ADJUSTABLE

DIVER ADJUSTABLE

DIVER ADJUSTABLE

1.1 CIW

1.5

Factory Set Inhalation Effort

0.0 - 2.5 CIW

0.0 - 2.5 CIW

0.0 - 2.5 CIW

0.0 - 2.5 CIW

0.0 - 2.5 CIW

0.0 - 2.5 CIW

1.2 - 1.4 CIW

1.5 - 2.0 CIW

Work of Breathing

0.86 Joules

0.90 Joules

0.88 Joules

0.98 Joules

0.88 Joules

0.86 Joules

1.7 Joules

1.23 Joules

First Stage

FDX-10 DVT

FDX-10 DVT

DC-7

CDX-5 DVT

AT600

DC-1

SP5

H-02

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Limited Lifetime / Free Parts Replacement Program

FIRST STAGE

Features & Functions

FDX10

CDX5

BALANCED DIAPHRAGM

BALANCED DIAPHRAGM

BALANCED DIAPHRAGM

BALANCED DIAPHRAGM

BALANCED DIAPHRAGM

UNBALANCED PISTON

UNBALANCED PISTON

FORGED MARINE BRASS

MARINE BRASS

MARINE BRASS

FORGED MARINE BRASS

MARINE BRASS

MARINE BRASS

MARINE BRASS

Low Pressure Ports

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

High Pressure Ports

2

2

2

1

2

1

1

Valve Type Primary Material

DVT (Dry Valve Technology) Nitrox Compatibility DIN Fitting Swivel Turret

DC7

AT600

DC1

SP5

H-02

YES

YES

NO

NO

NO

YES

NO

STANDARD TO 40%

STANDARD TO 40%

STANDARD TO 40%

STANDARD TO 40%

STANDARD TO 40%

STANDARD TO 40%

STANDARD TO 100%

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

STANDARD 300 BAR

OPTIONAL

STANDARD

OPTIONAL

STANDARD 300 BAR

NO

NO

NO

NO

YES

NO

NO

Sealed Valve Design

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

NO

NO

Environmental Protection

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

NO

NO

0.79 KG

0.82 KG

0.38 KG

0.82 KG

0.99 KG

0.74 KG

1.14 KG

138-142 PSI

138-142 PSI

138-142 PSI

138 - 142 PSI

138-142 PSI

140-145 PSI

140-145 PSI

Pressure Drop

9 PSI

20.1 PSI

10 PSI

9 PSI

20 PSI

13 PSI

13 PSI

Limited Lifetime / Free Parts Replacement Program

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Weight Factory Set Intermediate Pressure Range


r e t a l y a p d n a w o n e Div at simple! h t y l l a e r ’s it

What is Certegy Ezi-Pay Express? Certegy EZI-PAY Express allows you to take your purchases home today, while making convenient fortnightly debited payments from your nominated bank account or credit card. It generally takes less than 10 minutes for the entire process. There is “NO INTEREST EVER!*” charged to you as this service is paid for you by your Authorised Oceanic Scuba Centre.

Why should I buy my own equipment? When you own your own Scuba equipment, you at once become more familiar with the positioning and the working of that gear, and you can adjust straps, Occy Reg and Computer positioning etc. Once you buy accessories such as Retainer Clips and Retractors, they can stay permanently attached to your gear. It really does make a lot of sense.

How Ezi-Pay Express works for you? Certegy EZI-PAY Express is commonly referred to as a lay-buy program, rather than a finance system, with the difference being you get to take your gear home from day one. If required, pay a deposit, and then complete the application form. That’s it…you’re now ready to dive!

What can I buy? Your Scuba Package comprising of Regulator, Occy, Buoyancy Compensator and Dive Computer is possibly your starting point, but you can also include your Wetsuit, Boots, Mask, Snorkel and Fins and in fact you can even include your Open Water or Advanced Dive Course.

How much can I borrow? Approved applicants can borrow up to $4,000 with No Deposit Required. Amounts up to $6,000 can be borrowed with a 20% deposit required.

What do I do next? Consult with your Oceanic Scuba Centre to determine the gear that suits you best. Your Oceanic Scuba Centre will have an application form for you to complete and most importantly have your diving gear ready to go!

Talk to a Oceanic Scuba Centre today about customising your new scuba package!

Available at

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116 REGULATORS

Occys 1

The Octopus or Alternate Air Source is a necessary evil. They’re rarely used, but invaluable if you need one. Oceanic introduces the perfect combination of magnetic attraction and accessibility with the Octo exhibits improved convenience through an extraordinarily easy-to-attach Magnetic keeper. No more clips. No more Velcro. no more fumbling.

2

4

3

5

6

7


REGULATORS 117

1

OCEANIC ALPHA 9 OCCY

Professional performance, entry-level price. If you believe that you shouldn’t have to sacrifice performance for price, the Alpha 9 is for you. The Alpha 9 is the topperforming regulator in its class, and one of the most affordably priced regulators you can buy.

4 OCEANIC OCTO SWIV The perfect combination of magnetic attraction and accessibility with the Octo Swiv with Magnetic Keeper. This innovative octo exhibits improved convenience through an extraordinarily easy-to-attach magnetic keeper. • Magnetic Octo Keeper takes the hassle out of locating and attaching on BC • Side exhaust creates the ultimate octo design with no upside down • Inline swivel allows left or right hand side mounting allowing for quick and flexible access • May be mounted over or under your shoulder • Lies streamlined and flat, reducing drag and tangles on other equipment • High visibility yellow hose and front cover

• The best price-to-performance ratio in its class • Designed to perform to the U.S. Navy’s Class A standards at 60.35 meters • Inexpensive to maintain • Available with MaxFlex Hose which is a lightweight, flexible, Braided hose designed to outperform and outlive traditional rubber hoses. • MSRP $179.95 2

MSRP $199.95

OCEANIC AIR XS2

One is better than two. Combine your alternate air source and BC inflator into one low profile, streamlined package.

5 HOLLIS 321 OCCY This octopus is designed on the same platform as the high performance 221 2nd stage.

• Purchase installed with a new BC or easily add to any BC in minutes • Compact, integrated design eliminates the bulk of a traditional octopus and hose • No need to search in an emergency for an octo that is rarely used- the Air XS 2 is always right where you need it • Ergonomic design for ease of use • Integrated pull-ball (COMPLETE UNIT ONLY) allows activation of the cable exhaust valve while using the Air XS 2

• The Hollis 321 Octopus is a Pneumatically balanced second stage • Patented Orthodontic Mouthpiece with High-Density Bite Tabs • Ergonomic A.V.S. (Adjustable Venturi System) Dive/Pre-Dive Switch • High visibility yellow front cover • The Hollis 321 Octopus reg comes standard with a 36in / 91cm yellow hose MSRP $179.95

• MSRP $279.95 Upgrade with BCD - $229.95 3

6 OCEANIC SECOND AIR Keep a low profile. A super streamlined alternate air source that sits flat to reduce drag and prevent tangles.

AERIS AIR LINK

Streamline by eliminating another hose from your system. The Air Link combines the performance and reliability of an octopus and a power inflator into a lowprofile, streamlined package. The breathing performance is superior to that of many conventional octopus regulators. The Air Link may be purchased separately, or preinstalled on your AERIS Buoyancy Compensator.

• Flat design reduces drag and bulk • Tough housing and rubber front cover will provide years of trouble-free diving • Large high visibility purge button is easily identified in an emergency • High visibility yellow hose • Now available with MaxFlex Hose which is a lightweight, flexible, braided hose designed to outperform and outlive traditional rubber hoses.

• Easily add to any AERIS BC in minutes, or purchase installed with a new BC for additional savings • Compact, integrated design eliminates the bulk of a traditional octopus and hose • No need to search in an emergency for an octo that is rarely used- the Air Link is always right where you need it • Ergonomic design for ease of use • Integrated pull-ball allows venting of BC while the Air Link is in use

MSRP $139.95 7 AERIS A2 OCCY Built to withstand dive store rental departments. The A2 Octo is rugged yet lightweight and streamlined. • Conventional second stage without diver adjustment • Dependable Downstream Demand Valve • ABS/Polycarbonate Composite • Compact and Lightweight • Diameter 2.9” (7.4 cm), Weight 6 oz (170 g) • MaxFlex Hose and Nitrox Compatible to 40%

MSRP $279.95 Upgrade with BCD - $229.95

MSRP $149.95

Features & Functions

OCCYs

Features & Functions

ALPHA 9

AIR XS2

AIRLINK

OCTO SWIV

Valve Type

DEMAND

DEMAND

DEMAND

Adjustment

N/A

N/A

N/A

Balancing System

N/A

N/A

Integrated Purge Button

YES

Mouthpiece Nitrox Compatibility

321 OCCY

SECOND AIR

A2 OCCY

DEMAND

DEMAND

DEMAND

DEMAND

N/A

PRE DIVE SWITCH

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

PNEUMATIC

N/A

N/A

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

ORTHODONTIC

ORTHODONTIC

ORTHODONTIC

ORTHODONTIC

ORTHODONTIC

STANDARD

ORTHODONTIC

STANDARD TO 40%

STANDARD TO 40%

STANDARD TO 40%

STANDARD TO 40%

STANDARD TO 40%

STANDARD TO 40%

STANDARD TO 40%

Ambidextrous

NO

NO

NO

YES

NO

NO

NO

Integrated Swivel

NO

NO

NO

YES

NO

NO

NO

Weight (without hose)

6 OUNCES

7.9 OUNCES

7.9 OUNCES

5.8 OUNCES

5.7 OUNCES

5.1 OUNCES

6 OUNCES

Dimensions (front profile)

2.9 INCHES

3.9 INCHES

3.9 INCHES

3 INCHES

2.65 INCHES

3.4 INCHES

2.9 INCHES

Minimum Cracking Effort

1.1 CIW

1.5 CIW

1.5 CIW

1.5 CIW

1.5 CIW

1.5 CIW

1.1 CIW

Factory Set Inhalation Effort

1.2 - 1.4 CIW

1.6 - 2.2 CIW

1.6 - 2.2 CIW

1.5 - 2.0 CIW

1.5 - 2.0 CIW

1.5 - 2.0 CIW

1.2 - 1.5 CIW

Work of Breathing

1.47 Joules

2.86 Joules

2.86 Joules

2.17 Joules

1.1 Joules

2.76 Joules

1.23 Joules

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Limited Lifetime / Free Parts Replacement Program


118 TECHNICAL DIVING

Sidemount Its multi purpose design provides the perfect combination for a diver who wants one harness that does the lot.

“The SMS100 is a unique and versatile harness. I use it with a single tank to teach open water diving and also for technical sidemount cave diving. Its multi purpose design provides the perfect combination for a diver who wants one harness that does the lot. It’s comfortable, gives me nice trim in the water and looks really cool! Tim Muscat

PADI Master Scuba Diver Trainer CDAA Advanced Cave Diver

HOLLIS SMS 100

Our SMS100 Sidemount system was designed not just with the sidemount cave divers in mind, but any diver. Whether you are a beginner, advanced or technical diver, this kit was designed for you. Suitable for sidemounting twin or single cylinders, but also for use with rebreathers or rear mounted singles. This “go anywhere” system can be used in any environment from open water to the overhead environment. Ready to dive out of the box. • 360 Degree wing - 52 lbs Lift • Bulletproof Construction • Single or Dual wing options available • Centrally and uppermost located elbow to avoid overhead interference • Upper/Lower cam band slots for rear mounted single tank • 1000 denier CorduraTM with PU lamination outer shell & 15mil urethane internal bladder • Streamlined design for reduced drag and passing through confined spaces • Lower left pull relief valve on SMS100 wing + Lower right on SMS100D wing • Includes elastic bungee system (removable) The Advantage • Full visibility over your system • Reduces additional gear: Doubles bands / Hardware / Manifold Benefit when traveling • Aids in transporting gear to and from the beach or boat - one tank at a time • Streamlines profile which in turn reduces drag increasing your bottom time SMS 100 Single - MSRP $929.95 SMS 100 Dual - MSRP $1099.95 See a demostration of the SMS 100 by Ross Anderson here: http://youtu.be/l5cssfkseoo

SMS 100 DUAL

SMS 100 SINGLE


TECHNICAL DIVING 119

Sidemount HOLLIS SMS 50

Hollis “SMS” sidemount systems have been designed not just with cave divers in mind, but any sidemount diver. The new SMS50 is no exception. Built for sidemount only, this kit can be used in any environment from open water to overhead. Includes an adjustable, one size fits most harness based on a minimalist design; ideal for travelling sidemounters. First of its kind harness, wing and plate in one and ready to dive out of the box. • Inner located elbow to avoid overhead interference • Built-in trim pockets - 3lbs upper shoulders & 3lbs (Pair) located on inner panel • Neoprene covered shoulder straps • Ready out of the box! (2) Tank bungees, (2) SS Cam bands, (4) SS Bolt snaps & line included with kit • also includes a Sternum strap & Crotch strap • Air Cell - 23 lbs Lift • Rugged 1000 Denier Cordura • Sidemount Only harness • One size fits most • System weight 5lbs.

SMS 50

SMS 50 SPORT

The Advantage • Full visibility over your system - tanks, valves, regulators all within eyesight and adjustable at depth • Reduces additional gear: Doubles bands / Hardware / Manifold Benefit when traveling • Aids in transporting gear to and from the beach or boat - one tank at a time • Streamlines profile which in turn reduces drag increasing your bottom time SMS 50, SMS 50 Sport - MSRP $749.95

Harnesses HOLLIS ELITE 2

Tech/Rec is at its best with the Elite 2 Harness. The Elite 2 Harness System offers you all the features of a technical harness with the added comfort that recreational divers look for. • Adjustable shoulder straps w/ quick release buckles provide easier donning and doffing of equipment • Adjustable and removable shoulder pads w/ 3 adjustable stainless steel bent D-rings on each side • 316 “marine grade” stainless steel used for all hardware waist buckle • Adjustable sternum strap included allows for custom fit • Backplate sold separately • System weight (harness only): 1.7lbs (.77kg) MSRP $229.95

HOLLIS HTS 2 HOLLIS SOLO

Designed to meet all the needs of demanding technical divers, the Solo Harness System is clean, simple, and foolproof! • Streamlined design enhances comfort with less drag • Continuous one piece harness system limits failure potential • Stainless steel D-rings and cam buckle included • Removable shoulder pads accept stainless steel D-rings • Backplate sold separately • System weight (harness only): 1lb (0.45kg) MSRP $159.95

Harness Tech System 2- Easily switched from a single tank soft pack to a dual tank backplate system, the modular capabilities of the HTS may be personalised to your needs. • Streamlined modular harness system • Comfort back pad with lumbar support • Stainless steel D-rings and cam buckle included • Adjustable sternum strap w/ 2 mounting positions • New version with added carry handle • Adjustable padded shoulder straps with over-sized quick release buckles • Optional 10 lbs (4.5) interchangeable quick-release weight pockets with stainless steel D-rings • Adjustable cummerbund (removable) • 2in (5.1cm) webbing crotch strap with vehicle hook ring (removable) • No-slip cam bands with plastic buckles. MSRP $399.95


120 TECHNICAL DIVING

Backplates 1

1 BACKPLATE PAD • Provides the ultimate comfort when using a backplate configuration • Complete with 6 bookscrews for easy fitting • Marker buoy stash pocket between the plate and pad. MSRP $89.95

2

2 STAINLESS STEEL

BACKPLATE

Stainless Plate - 5.5lbs (2.5kg) / 316 Stainless / Hand Deburred and Electropolished MSRP $189.95 3 ALUMINIUM

BACKPLATE

Aluminum Plate – 2lbs (0.9kg) / Black Anodised 5052 Aluminum / Travellers Choice MSRP $159.95

3

5 SINGLE TANK ADAPTER The perfect accessory for switching your tech harness between double and single configurations. A convenient time saver that eliminates the need to re-thread cam bands time after time. • 316 Stainless Steel • Laser etched logo • Stainless Hardware Included • Cam bands sold separately

5

MSRP $84.95 6 TWIN BANDS KIT Hollis tank bands are constructed of polished 316 stainless steel and are simply the toughest, corrosion resistant bands available for twin configuration. • Available in 7.25” • 7.25” suits 10.5 to 12 litre cylinders • 2.5” band width • 316 stainless Structural plates • 316 stainless bolts, nut and washers • Rounded band edges eliminates damage to cylinders

4 STABILISER PLATES The stainless stabiliser plates firmly secure the HTS 2 soft backplate system to your twin tank set-up. The MSRP $219.95 soft backplate and the wing are locked between the double tanks and the stabiliser plates, eliminating 7 CAM BAND W S/S BUCKLE the need for a standard Hollis backplate. Quick adjust cam band with stainless steel or delrin • 304 Stainless Steel buckle locks tight securing your cylinder in position. • Pre-curved to fit the spacing of double tanks Specifically designed for use with single tank • Hand-rounded finish eliminates sharp edges adaptor and single tank backplate configurations. • Sold as a pair • 316 stainless locking ring • 2” webbing width MSRP $22.95 • Number coded threading guide 4 • Velcro secure closure

6

7

MSRP $44.95

Rigging Kits

SMS 100 MAINS RIGGING KIT

Includes 2 x cam bands with Stainless Steel buckle and 4 x Marine grade Stainless bolt snaps MSRP $189.95

SMS 100 DECO RIGGING KIT

• SS hose clamp with Nylon sleeve • (2) 4.5 SS Bolt Snaps • Elastic Line • Tank Bungee MSRP $129.95

DELUXE STAGE KIT

Deluxe Stage bottle kit designed for AL80’s. Includes all required hardware to securely rig your stage or deco bottles for technical diving. • Available in small or large MSRP $79.95

SMS BUNGEE KIT

A replacement bungee for the Hollis SMS Sidemount system. Includes an elastic bungee, Stainless Bolt snap and Quick link. • Comes in pair MSRP $99.95


TECHNICAL DIVING 121

Air Cells HOLLIS LX WING SERIES

Quality and performance are the two most integral features of our products, which is why we have reintroduced the proven S series and C series wings with key improvements. New materials include a 1680D Cordura for the exterior bladder and 420 nylon for the internal bladder. The LX design also includes a 360 degree internal retraction system. This has been added to match the design of the wing, allowing for a streamlined rig at all times. We have also added a new oval corrugated hose, redesigned OPV and stainless grommets to replace the mesh on the bottom of the wing. • Models include the S25 LX, S38 LX, C45 LX and C60 LX • Welded flange and one piece retainer for servicing without the need for tools • Outer shell constructed of HD Laminated 1680D Cordura • 420 nylon internal bladder • Centrally located elbow to avoid tank valve/regulator interference • Lower left pull relief valve • Cam band slots • Lifetime Warranty

S25 LX

S38 LX

Range from MSRP $429.95 - $549.95

C45 LX

C45 LX DUAL

C60 LX

Manifolds & Valves 1

1 TANK VALVES • Left & Right available • 200 & 300 Bar options • Nitrox Compatible to 40% • Shock Resistant rubber knobs • Durable chrome plated Brass • Compatible with DIN & Yoke

4

MSRP $109.95 2

2 ISOLATION CROSS BAR The Hollis Isolation crossbar when coupled with two tank valves offers easily accessible isolation and balanced centre-to-centre spacing with the Hollis tank bands. • Available in long & short options • Nitrox Compatible to 40% • Double O-Ring Seals • Shock Resistant rubber knob • Durable chrome plated Brass MSRP $109.95

3

3 200/300 BAR Hollis Manifolds combine two modular tank valves using an isolator crossbar allowing divers to carry a much larger gas supply. • 200 & 300 Bar options available • Available in long & short options • Nitrox Compatible to 40% • Double O-Ring Seals • Shock Resistant rubber knobs • Durable chrome plated Brass • Suits Yoke or DIN Fitting MSRP $299.95

4 INLINE CCR VALVE This Rebreather valve is a perfect match for your Oxygen or Diluent bottle. Compatable on many current rebreathers including the Prism 2 and is available in both 200 & 300 BAR configurations. • 100% 02 Compatable • Viton O-Rings • Shock Resistant rubber knob • Durable chrome plated Brass • DIN Fitting - 200 & 300 BAR MSRP $179.95 5 VALVE PLUGS • Left & Right available • Double O-ring seal • Nitrox Compatible to 40% • Durable chrome plated Brass MSRP $9.95 5


122 TECHNICAL DIVING

Features & Functions SIDEMOUNT / HARNESSES

Features & Functions Material

SMS 50 1000 DENIER CORDURA®

SMS 50 SPORT 1000 DENIER CORDURA®

SMS 100 1000 DENIER CORDURATM

HTS 2 1000 DENIER CORDURATM

W/PU LAMINATION OUTER SHELL W/PU LAMINATION OUTER SHELL

ELITE 2 NYLON WEBBING / 1000 DENIER CORDURA™

SOLO NYLON WEBBING

Lift Capacity

23 LB / 10.4 KG

23 LB / 10.4 KG

52 LB / 23.5 KG

N/A

N/A

N/A

Internal Bladder

15mm urethane

15mm urethane

15mm urethane

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

OPTIONAL 20lb / 9kg

OPTIONAL 20lb / 9kg

OPTIONAL 20lb / 9kg

TRIM POCKET

TRIM POCKET

N/A

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

Padded Backpack

YES

YES

YES

YES

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

Stainless Steel D-Rings

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Crotch Strap

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Cam Band Slots

NO

NO

YES

YES

YES

YES

BOTH

BOTH

BOTH

BOTH

BOTH

BOTH

ONE SIZE FITS ALL

ONE SIZE FITS ALL

SM-MD,LG-XL,XXL

SM, MD, LG, XL

XS-SM, MD-LG, XL-XXL

ONE SIZE FITS ALL

Max Dumpable Integrated Weight Max Non-Dumpable Rear Weight Pockets

Single Tank/Doubles Tank/Both Sizes

AIR CELLS

Festures & Functions

S25 LX

S38 LX

C45 LX

C45 LX Dual

C60 LX

External Shell

1680 denier Cordura™ w/ PU lamination outer shell

1680 denier Cordura™ w/ PU lamination outer shell

1680 denier Cordura™ w/ PU lamination outer shell

1680 denier Cordura™ w/ PU lamination outer shell

1680 denier Cordura™ w/ PU lamination outer shell

Lift Capacity

25lbs / 11.5kg

38lbs / 17kg

45lbs / 20kg

45lbs / 20kg

60lbs / 27kg

Internal Bladder

15mm urethane

15mm urethane

15mm urethane

15mm urethane

15mm urethane

Rear Pull-Ball Exhaust

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

High-Flow Power Inflator Assembly

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Stainless Eyelets

6

6

6

6

Cam Band Slots

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Single Tank/Doubles Tank/Both

BOTH

BOTH

BOTH

BOTH

DOUBLE

One size fits all

One size fits all

One size fits all

One size fits all

One size fits all

Sizes

6


is available for iPad App

www.submergednation.com


124 REBREATHERS

Rebreathers We believe that Hollis have really come up with a winner for recreational rebreather diving.

“Being an enthusiastic rebreather diver for many years on the Prism Topaz and more recently the Hollis Prism 2, I was quick to order two Hollis Explorers, one for myself and another for Ann, my business partner and wife. We had both closely checked out the prototype units during our annual DEMA visits and more recently at OZTEK. We believe that Hollis have really come up with a winner for recreational rebreather diving. The extended bottom time, minimal bubbles, ease of assembly, absence of reliance upon pure O2 (unit uses readily available Nitrox) and automated pre-dive checks, all add to make diving the unit a great experience. Ann is a keen photographer and sees the Hollis Explorer will vastly improve her photo opportunities. I find it easy to dive and certainly very simple to setup. I am looking forward to passing my knowledge on to recreational divers who I expect will flock to what I consider will become the normal way of diving.” Brian Mecklem Aussie Reef Dive PADI Master Scuba Diver Trainer Instructor PADI Tec 40 CCR TDI Instructor TDI CCR Instructor

HOLLIS EXPLORER SPORT

Details • Nitrox Electronically Controlled Hybrid - uses readily available Nitrox in 32-40% • Simple user interface is easy to learn and easy to dive • Automated Pre-dive Setup assures the Explorer is prepared for the dive • Automated Breathing Loop control gives minimal bubbling and hydrostatically controlled bouyancy • Bail-out mouthpiece gives a quick one handed operation from closed circuit to open circuit • Simple Green or Red primary display

Specs • Scrubber thermal monitoring and optional CO2 sensing assures good gas in the breathing loop • PPO2 intelligently controlled for a proper balance of PP02 and bottom time • Automated dive data logging • Back mounted counterlungs with streamlined cover to offer good protection • Modular component design makes it easy to setup and clean • Choice of BC: either traditional Jacket or Back inflate style

MSRP $6,499.00 CO2 Sensor Upgrade - $549.95

The Hollis Explorer is a true recreational Rebreather. The unit is neither a fully closed circuit Rebreather nor a pure semi-closed system, but an intelligent hybrid that utilises the best of both worlds. Its compact, lightweight and extremely easy to use. The Explorer is unique in using a single gas; Nitrox, and is electronically controlled to achieve an optimal balance of PPO2 and dive time. Plug and Play absorbent cartridges, easy guided setup with go or no go, CO2 tracking, and 2 hour design duration make this a dream for any recreational diver. The Explorer diver will benefit from breathing warm gas, have lots of bottom time, and since it does not produce any invasive bubbles, see more sea life than ever before.

Jill Heinerth, Kevin Gurr and Nick Hollis share their first Hollis Explorer Sport rebreather dive with us: http://youtu.be/MAOqDZ9r8-I


REBREATHERS 125

Rebreathers

HOLLIS PRISM 2 HOW IT WORKS

The Prism 2 gains gas efficiency by circulating breathing gas in a breathing loop, unlike an open circuit SCUBA system that dumps the exhaled gas with each breathe. The Prism 2 maintains safe oxygen levels, removes CO2 from the breathing loop, and delivers warm breathing gas to the diver. The Prism 2 accomplishes this through the following breathing loop cycle: 1. The Oxygen and Diluent (air, trimix or heliox) tanks provide the source gas. 2. Exhaled gas enters the breathing loop, and a one-way valve inside the Dive Shutoff Valve (DSV) directs the breathe to the righ side counterlung. 3. The right side counterlung is the location of the manual oxygen addition valve and system over pressure relief valve. 4. The exhales gas then enters the scrubber cannister where the carbon dioxide is removed. 5. Gas leaving the scrubber passes the three (3) O2 sensors which analyse the breathing mix, and the Prism 2 electronics add oxygen as required. 6. The breathing gas passes through the left side counterlung where the manual diluent addition valve is located, and maintained gas volume is available for breathing. 7. Gas leaving the left counterlung travels again through a one-way valve in the Dive Shutoff Valve (DSV). 8. The gas is inhaled by the diver, and the next exhalation begins the cycle again.

The Prism2 is a fully closed circuit Rebreather, ideal for exploring open ocean, cave, or wrecks. This unit can be electronically or manually controlled which means you choose how you want the loop PPo2 maintained. includes shoulder mounted counter lungs and rear mounted radial scrubber which provide easy breathing with low resistive effort and low hydrostatic loading. The standard kit includes an electronic secondary control and primary LED displays with a backplate/wing assembly that provides a complete kit ready to dive out of the box. Unit can also be purchased with or without tanks/valves. • Electronic CCR (Closed Circuit Rebreather) • Sealed electronics • Radial scrubber design provides lower resistive breathing effort and more efficient scrubber use • Primary HUD (Heads Up Display) is a battery driven sequential LED for continuous hands-free monitoring • Over the shoulder counterlungs for decreased work of breathing • O2 supply lines and solenoid are external from the breathing loop - removing the risk of O2 spikes due to O2 connection leaks. O2 is safely vented into the surrounding water column. • Pre-dive user selectable PO2 setpoints • Standard Diluent and O2 bottle size: 19 cuft (2.7 liters). Accommodates 13 cuft (1.9 liters), 19 cuft (2.7 liters), and 30 cuft (4.4 liters). • Electronics and the battery are housed on their own outside of the breathing loop • 40 hour battery life (in 70F water temp) with standard 9V alkaline battery • Purge drains at the base of each counterlung • Waterproof magnetic slide on/off switch used for reliability • 3 redundant O2 sensors for reliable O2 management • Sealed electronics MSRP $9999.00 See the Prism 2 in action at the Blue Grotto : http://youtu.be/sRUzSkNKl1Y


126 INSTRUMENTS

Dive Computers

The OCi represents the next step forward in recreational wireless air-integrated dive computers from Oceanic. OCEANIC OCi

Introducing the OCi. For the diver that wants it all. The OCi represents the next step forward in recreational wireless air-integrated dive computers from Oceanic. Oceanic has combined the technology of their advanced OC1, the styling of their best selling OCS and some new features into one incredibly capable dive computer. Not only is the OCi powered by the Dual Algorithm technology but it can handle up to 4 gases, calculate nitrogen during a freedive (in the new tech free mode), enable you to select between salt or fresh water and it even automatically adjusts your altitude. The customisable alarms and digital compass are just icing on the cake. Oh, and let’s not forget that it functions pretty well as a watch too. • Powered by Oceanic’s Exclusive Dual Algorithm™ - Your choice between Pelagic DSAT (Spencer/Powell data basis) or Pelagic Z+ (Buhlmann ZHL-16C data basis) • Wireless Air Integrated Technology • Advanced Digital Compass with North, Reference, Auto Home, and Declination Adjustment (see NOAA’s NGDC geomagnetic chart) • Free and Tech Free dive modes

• Multiple Transmitter Capability & switch between 4 independent transmitters, with up to 4 nitrox mixes to 21-100% O2 • Advanced watch functions including alternate time zone, stopwatch, lap timer, daily alarm, and countdown timer • Depth to 495 FT (180 M) • Deep Stop with Countdown Timer • Gauge Mode with Run-Timer • User Upgradeable Firmware • 5+ Colour Combinations • Data Retention • Firmware Update Ready

Complete - MSRP $1,399.95 Watch only - MSRP $999.95


INSTRUMENTS 127

Dive Computers

DUAL ALGORITHM

Choose the one dive computer that’s liberal, conservative or middle-of-the-road. Oceanic’s new range of computers let you choose the decompression algorithm that best suits your diving needs without compromising safety. Liberal Recreational Diving - The Pelagic DSAT Algorithm safely maximizes dive time for repetitive, multi-level recreational diving. This algorithm relies on the human Doppler studies used to develop PADI’s Recreational Dive Planner (RDP), and has been the basis of Oceanic’s and other manufacturer’s computer algorithms for many years. Liberal Repetitive Deep and Decompression Diving - The Pelagic Z+ uses the Buhlmann ZHL-16C database, which was conducted to meet the more rigorous demands of repetitive, coldwater decompression diving at altitude. The Pelagic Z+ mode maximizes dive times at depth without penalties.

ON-UNIT LOG BOOK

This feature includes on-unit data storage capacity for up to 24 dives. Date and time stamp makes locating and viewing a specific dive quick and easy.

HISTORY MODE

Displays accumulative information for up to 9999 dives, 9999 dive hours and the maximum depth achieved. History information is maintained indefinitely, even if the battery is replaced.

OCEANLOG® DOWNLOAD & SETTINGS UPLOAD INTERFACE

Advanced Digital Compass with North, Reference, Auto Home, and Declination Adjustment offers the ultimate in on unit navigation.

OceanLog Interface is an exquisitely detailed digital dive log. OceanLog allows you to easily transfer dive data from your Dive Computer to your Computer via a plug-in USB cable. Following download, your dive data is automatically formatted for easy viewing, sorting, analysis, and printing. Enter location, dive buddy and your notes and you’ve instantly created your own digital logbook.

DEEP STOP

WIRELESS AIR INTEGRATION

DIGITAL COMPASS

Both the DSAT and Pelagic Z+ Algorithms allow (user ON/OFF option) credit for deep stops for No-Decompression dives in keeping with the data of Morroni et al (2004) and Bennett et al (2007). No penalty is given if the diver skips the deep stop, but it is strongly recommended that a shallow safety stop be made with or without the deep stop in keeping with the experiments of Pilmanis (1975). It is important to note that neither algorithm provides deep stops for decompression dives since there is ample experimental data [Blatteau et al (2005), Gerth et al (2007), and Gutvik et al (2007)] that indicate that this practice often produces an increase in the risk of DCS.

A transmitter threaded into the first stage high pressure port continuously sends cylinder pressure data to the computer. Frequencies are individually coded to allow multiple divers to swim side by side without interference from other units.

ADVANCED FREE DIVE MODE

This mode allows the diver to calculate and track Nitrogen Tissue Loading, allowing you to switch between SCUBA dives and Free dives on the same dive day.

NO DECO SAFETY STOP PROMPT

Our patented Air Time Remaining feature calculates your current depth, breathing rate, cylinder pressure, ascent time, and decompression status to tell you exactly how much time you can remain underwater.

An audible and visual alarm to remind you as you approach your programmed no decompression safety stop depth and an automatic timer counts down to zero. As in any other dive mode, you still have access to other pieces of information, and there is no penalty should you choose to disregard the safety stop.

TURN-AROUND PRESSURE ALARM

ALPHANUMERIC DISPLAY

PATENTED AIR TIME REMAINING ALGORITHM

A unique patent-pending feature that allows you to pre-program an audible reminder when you reach 70 to 205 bar in 5 bar increments. This helps ensure that you return to your exit point with plenty of air.

AUDIBLE ALARM

Our computers feature a variety of system and user customised audible alarms, alerting you to situations that pose a potential danger, or simply serve as a convenient reminder.

AUDIBLE ALARM ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Once triggered, the alarm will sound continuously for 10 seconds. The alarm’s job is to get your attention so that you look at the computer. Once it does that, simply press the button and it will stop.

AIR OR NITROX

Our Computers act simply as ‘Air’ computers until you tell it otherwise, and you will always have the option to dive Nitrox whether that is this weekend or 2 years down the track.

ADJUSTABLE OCEANGLO® BACKLIGHTING

Backlighting may be adjusted before the dive or “onthe-fly” underwater for brightness as well as full-time or on demand use.

An alphanumeric “Message Box” is incorporated into the display to provide text and numeric readouts in simple, unambiguous terms. Imagine beginning an ascent, and as the ascent speed increases, hearing a warning beep as the message box alerts with the words “TOO FAST”.

AUTOMATIC ALTITUDE COMPENSATION

Your computer will automatically compensate for altitude dives up to 14,000 feet, giving adjusted no-decompression times and depths. It can also automatically recalibrate the depth displays for freshwater instead of seawater above 2,000 feet.

DIVER REPLACEABLE BATTERIES

All Oceanic computers and transmitters feature diver replaceable batteries. This can be a real trip-saver on board a liveaboard boat!

PERSONAL CONSERVATIVE FACTOR ADJUSTMENT

When the Conservative Factor is set On, the nodecompression limit times are reduced to values equivalent to those that would be available at the next higher 3000 foot (915 metre) altitude.

GAUGE MODE

Divers using advanced breathing gas may utilise Oceanic computers as an advanced air integrated digital depth gauge and bottom timer with detailed PC Interface.


128 INSTRUMENTS Our Sophisticated Personal Dive Computers feature Wireless Air Integration technology. A transmitter threaded into the first stage high-pressure port continuously sends cylinder pressure data to the dive computer. Frequencies are individually coded to allow multiple divers to swim side by side without interference with other units. Because the transmitter and display module are independent and separately powered units, the dive computer may also be easily used as a stand alone, non-air integrated dive computer.

COMING SOON

Dive Computers

COMING SOON

Our patented Air Time Remaining feature calculates your current depth, breathing rate, cylinder pressure, ascent time, and decompression status to tell you exactly how much time you can remain underwater.

AERIS A300 CS Aeris’s full dot matrix colour OLED computer. With 3-Axis digital compass and direct contact USB and bluetooth. Modes include NORM, TECH, GAUG, FREE and COMPASS.

HOLLIS TX 1 TX1 is a mixed gas dive computer capable of open circuit air/nitrox/trimix and wireless HP monitoring. The TX1 utilizes a Bühlmann ZHL16C algorithm with user adjustable gradient factors, allowing the diver to uniquely control their decompression calculations. With up to 6 gases and 6 independent transmitters, there are unlimited options for the use of this gauge for both recreational and technical diving.

Because the Dual Algorithm allows you to adjust the algorithm basis and its conservatism, you can adjust to closely match just about any other dive computer on the market, allowing you and any buddy to always dive in sync. Diving the same profile increases safety for both divers, and eliminates the need for one person to conduct a much longer or deeper stop when buddying with someone wearing a more liberal dive computer. You can’t control which dive computer your buddy wears, but you can control your ability to dive the same profile.

All Oceanic, Aeris and Hollis digital instrumentation when purchased and registered from an Authorised Australian Dealer, can have their warranty upgraded to a 5 year period. This warranty will cover against any defects in materials, craftmanship and performance to product specifications for 5 years. Conditions apply.

OCEANIC OC1

OCEANIC VT 4.1

Complete - MSRP $1,799.95 Watch only - MSRP $1,399.95 OC1 Titanium Band - MSRP $299.95

• Complete - MSRP $1,349.95 Receiver only - MSRP $949.95

The Oceanic OC1 is an advanced all-in-one dive computer featuring Oceanic’s exclusive Dual Algorithm, wireless air-integration, digital compass, and so much more. All in a strong, lightweight titanium housing. • Powered by Oceanic’s Exclusive Dual Algorithm® • Wireless Air Integrated Technology • Forged Titanium Body with 660 ft / 200 m depth rating • Advanced Digital Compass with North, Reference, Auto Home, and Declination Adjustment • Switch between 3 independent transmitters, with up to 3 Nitrox mixes to 100% O2 • Advanced watch functions including alternate time zone, stopwatch, lap timer, daily alarm, and countdown timer • Gauge Mode with Run-Timer • User Upgradeable Firmware •

The Oceanic VT4.1 takes yet another step forward in continuing a reputation of ruggedness and reliability while making advancements in PDC usability. Out-of-the-box ready for your dive today and ready to follow you onto more advanced dives in the future. With Oceanic’s wireless transmitter, the diver can also monitor gas pressure from up to three independent cylinders – ideal for both technical diving applications and recreational diving. • Powered by Oceanic’s Exclusive Dual Algorithm® • Switch between up to 4 independent wireless transmitters, tracking multiple Nitrox mixes • 3-Axis Digital Compass with Full Tilt Compensation • Improved user-interface with Step Back allows for easy settings preview and for settings to be changed while viewing the menus • Customise your dive mode display with multiple data options • Confirm common pre-dive settings – defined by the user • Access custom shortcut; your choice of display, setting or function


INSTRUMENTS 129

Dive Computers

AERIS A300 AI

AERIS goals in the development of the A300 AI where advanced features for today’s technically-savvy diver, yet come out-of-thebox-simple for new or less frequent divers, dual algorithm with deep stop, uncluttered operational displays with large, easy-to-read digits, expanded green, yellow and red bar graphs provide critical data at-a-glance”, intuitive user interface with dot-matrix menu and Step Back”, universal icons, innovative Extras” shortcut, preview, custom dive mode display, designed, manufactured and tested IN THE USA. AERIS has met these goals with the new A300 AI Air Integrated Computer Console with Digital Compass! • Powered by Dual Algorithm® • 3-Axis Digital Compass with Full Tilt Compensation • Up to 4 Nitrox mixes - each with individual PO2 set points • Customize your dive mode display with multiple data options • Confirm common pre-dive settings - defined by the user • Firmware Update Ready • • • • With USB - MSRP $999.95 With USB and QD - MSRP $1099.95

OCEANIC ATOM 3.1

The ATOM 3.1 is equally at home when worn with wetsuit or a threepiece suit. Don’t be deceived by its easy to read display and intuitive user interface -- this small format powerhouse delivers all the bells and whistles you would expect from Oceanic. • Powered by Oceanic’s Exclusive Dual Algorithm® • 4 Operating Modes: WATCH (Alternate Time, Chrono, Daily Alarm, Countdown Timer), NORM (Air and Nitrox), GAUGE (with run timer) and FREE (tracks calculations to allow switching between NORM and Free) • Switch between 3 independent transmitters, with up to 3 Nitrox mixes to 100% O2 • Safety stop - auto (with adjustable stop time and depth) + manual (run timer) • Single button access to “Last Dive” display and Data Retention allows between dive battery replacement

• Complete - MSRP $1,249.95 Watch only - MSRP $799.95

OCEANIC PRO PLUS 3

No More Squinting. Dive computers are supposed to deliver crucial data quickly and without confusion. We agree. That’s why the new Pro Plus 3 combines a huge display area, the largest most legible digits on the market and an intuitive user interface with major feature enhancements. See it for yourself. • Largest, easiest-to-read display available - anywhere. • Patented Air Time Remaining algorithm provides extremely accurate time based on current depth and your personal air consumption • Powered by Dual Algorithm® • Custom alarms • Quick disconnect • SmartGlo® Backlighting • Fresh water and salt water calibrations • 3 gases - Nitrox to 100% • Deep stop • Adjustable safety stop settings • Log saves detailed dive data for last 50 dives • Data Retention - maintains calculations indefinitely when the battery is changed

OCEANIC VEO 3.0

The Oceanic VEO 3.0 Dive Computer continues Oceanic’s tradition of designing rugged, feature-rich personal dive computers that are intuitively easy to use and reasonably priced. Featuring Oceanic’s exclusive Dual Algorithm, 2-Nitrox Mix Compatibility, Audible Alarms, 3-Button Interface with settings “Step Back”, and so much more. All in a strong, lightweight “hockey-puck” module for your wrist or console. • Powered by Oceanic’s Exclusive Dual Algorithm® • 3 Operating Modes: NORM (Air and Nitrox), GAUGE (with run timer) and FREE (tracks calculations to allow switching between NORM and Free). Switch between up to 2 Nitrox mixes to 100% O2 with no restriction (Gas 1 may be up to 100%, and may be less or greater than Gas 2) • Stop times < 3 minutes - displays minutes & seconds • Deep Stop with Countdown Timer – Maybe turned on or off. 2 minute countdown at half your max depth, for dives greater than 80 ft / 25m

Wrist - MSRP $529.95 Combo- MSRP $649.95 Navcon- MSRP $699.95 Standard - MSRP $849.95 Deluxe - MSRP $1,049.95


130 INSTRUMENTS

Dive Computers

OCEANIC VEO 2.0

Brimming with all the tech and performance features serious divers seek and Oceanic’s trademark ease-of-use, the Veo 2.0 could not only be your first PDC, but the last you’ll ever need. The Veo 2.0 is a relatively basic computer, but comes with features including a a full menu of audible and visual alarms for everything from nitrox settings to depth, time and deco status. The Veo 2.0 features large, easy-to-read digits and well-designed bar graphs to make monitoring your ascent rate and nitrogen loading easy. • Powered by Oceanic’s Exclusive Dual Algorithm® • 3 Operating Modes: NORM (Air and Nitrox), GAUGE (with run timer) and FREE (tracks calculations to allow switching between NORM and Free) • 2 Operating Buttons allow “Step Forward” and “Fast Scroll” Interface for streamlined access and setting of personal options • Air or single Nitrox mix to 50% O2 • Firmware Auto-Update

Wrist - MSRP $449.95 Combo- MSRP $559.95 Navcon- MSRP $599.95

GEO 2.0

Quality, Function and Style. The GEO 2.0 has an upgraded look with a stainless steel accent ring and new color combination – and now includes Dual Algorithm, Deep Stop option and a redesigned user interface with “Step Back” – which allows forward and backward navigation through menus and settings. • Powered by Oceanic’s Exclusive Dual Algorithm® • 4 Operating Modes: WATCH (Alternate Time, Chrono, Daily Alarm, Countdown Timer), NORM (Air and Nitrox), GAUGE (with run timer) and FREE (tracks calculations to allow switching between NORM and Free) • Switch between up to 2 Nitrox mixes to 100% O2 with no restriction • Stop times <3 minutes - displays minutes & seconds • Single button access to “Last Dive” display • Firmware Auto-Update

MSRP $529.95

OCEANIC VEO 1.0

The Oceanic Veo 1.0 is a solid basic computer designed for air or single gas nitrox mixes up to 50 percent. It displays only essential information during the dive in easy-to-read digits; uses effective bar graphs to present nitrogen loading and ascent rate; and offers useful features like an automatic safety stop countdown timer that ticks off three minutes when you ascend to 5 metres. It also features memory reset for rental and training applications. • Powered by Dual Algorithm® • Air or Single Nitrox Mix to 50% O2 • Safety Stop Countdown Timer • Water and/or manual activation • Single button access to “Last Dive” display • 12 dive on-unit log book • Memory Reset for rental and training applications • Diver-Replaceable Battery with 8-second “Hot Swap” • • Wrist - MSRP $379.95 Combo- MSRP $549.95 Navcon- MSRP $589.95

HOLLIS DG 02

Digital Bottom Timer and Nitrox Computer. DG 02 can be used in two modes; Digital Bottom Timer or Nitrox Dive Computer with Hollis Z+ Algorithm. • Digital Bottom Timer or Nitrox Computer • 400 fsw (120 msw) max operating depth • User replaceable battery • On/Off Audible Alarms with Flashing LED • Backlight for use in low visibility • 2 operation modes Digital Bottom Timer or Nitrox Dive Computer • Hollis Z+ Algorithm based on Buhlmann ZHL-16c • Includes Deep Stops and standard Safety Stop feature • 400 fsw /120 msw max operating depth as bottom timer • User replaceable battery • On/Off Audible Alarms • Backlight for use in low visibility • Manual or wet activation • Computer Downloadable and altitude adjusting • • MSRP $385.95


INSTRUMENTS 131

Freedive Computers

AERIS F.11

Whether you’re a world-class freediving champion or are simply tired of your dive computer’s afterthought freediving mode, the new AERIS F11 was designed by freedivers specifically for freedivers. • Freedive Mode Main displays Depth and Elapsed Dive Time with access to either a pre-set countdown timer or lap timer • Depth to 150 meters / 500 FT • Option for automatic backlight upon descent • 6 depth alarms plus a repeating depth interval alarm • Programmable audible alarm option from 1-8 beeps which can then be repeated up to 3 times • Flashing LED light for visual identification of alarm set points • User defined surface recovery timer, repeating elapsed dive time alarm, repeating depth interval alarm and 3 max depth alarms - with flashing LED and auto-backlight illumination • :01 step profile scroll – EDT and Depth • Log and History Mode including total EDT and number of dives ever or daily, Max depth with its EDT, Longest EDT with its Max Depth, Average Max Depth, EDT, and total number of dives – either total history or by day • Digital watch functions including alternate time zone, chronograph, daily alarm, and countdown timer • Optional PC Downloadable with .25/sec second sampling rate • User settable depth activation for shallow water training • User updateable firmware - with optional USB cable • Salt / Fresh Water setting • Repeatable countdown timer for interval training • Stainless Steel keeper and case back • Increased battery life CR2450 • Auto Dive Mode Wet Activation, set On/Off MSRP $699.95

“The AERIS F.10 was designed by freedivers for freedivers. It has many freediving specific features including a wide variety of convenient alarms. It’s ideally suited for all types of breath-hold diving, spearfishing or freediving, recreational to competitive. I’ve personally been diving with this computer for the past 14 months and find the repetitive depth alarm to be of specific value as it can track each atmosphere. The F.10 also features a surface interval alarm which is very beneficial during my interval training for competitive freediving. It has a unique safety feature of an on-going stopwatch so whilst in-water my running time does not get erased if the computer becomes submerged- unlike with any other freediving computer. Right now, this is simply the best freediving computer on the market - period.” Martin Stepanek

Multiple World Record Holder F.I.I. Founder

AERIS F.10

The AERIS F.10 was designed by freedivers for freedivers. Martin Stepanek, of Freediving Instructors International, who worked with us to develop the original, was also instrumental in defining and testing these new features as well. • Freedive Mode Main displays Depth and Elapsed Dive Time with access to either a pre-set countdown timer or lap timer • User defined surface recovery timer, repeating elapsed dive time alarm, repeating depth interval alarm and 3 max depth alarms - with flashing LED and auto-backlight illumination • 99 dive log with Max Depth, EDT, Surface Interval • History Mode including total EDT and number of dives, Max depth ever with its EDT, Longest EDT ever with its Max Depth, Average Max Depth, EDT, and number of dives per day • Digital watch functions including alternate time zone, chronograph, daily alarm, and countdown timer • User settable depth activation for shallow water training MSRP $499.95


132 INSTRUMENTS

Functions & Features

Features & Functions Model Type

OC1

OCI

VT 4.1

ATOM 3.0

A300 AI

PRO PLUS 3

Wireless, Air Integrated

Wireless, Air Integrated

Wireless, Air Integrated

Wrist Watch

Air Integrated

Air Integrated

Air, Nitrox, Gauge, Free Dive, and Digital Compass

Air, Nitrox, Gauge, Free Dive, and Digital Compass

Air, Nitrox, Gauge, Free Dive, and Digital Compass

Air, Nitrox, Gauge and Free Dive

Air, Nitrox, Gauge

Air, Nitrox, Gauge

4

4

3

4

3

2

Wristwatch

Wristwatch

Wrist/Retractor

Wristwatch

Console with Quick Release

Console

Water or Push Button

Water or Push Button

Water or Push Button

Water or Push Button

Water or Push Button

Water or Push Button

Time, Alternate Time, Countdown Timer, Stop Watch, Daily Alarm

Time, Alternate Time, Countdown Timer, Stop Watch, Daily Alarm

N/A

Time, Alternate Time, Countdown Timer, Stop Watch, Daily Alarm

N/A

N/A

Algorithm Basis

Modified Haldanean / DSAT Database & Pelagic Z+

Modified Haldanean / DSAT Database & Pelagic Z+

Modified Haldanean / DSAT Database

Modified Haldanean / DSAT Database & Pelagic Z+

Modified Haldanean / DSAT Database & Pelagic Z+

Modified Haldanean / DSAT Database & Pelagic Z+

Deep Stop

Countdown timer at 1/2 max depth for dives >25m

Countdown timer at 1/2 max depth for dives >25m

Countdown timer at 1/2 max depth for dives >25m

Countdown timer at 1/2 max depth for dives >25m

Countdown timer at 1/2 max depth for dives >25m

Countdown timer at 1/2 max depth for dives >25m

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Altitude Algorithm Basis

NOAA

NOAA

NOAA

NOAA

NOAA

NOAA

O2 Limit Basis

NOAA

NOAA

NOAA

NOAA

NOAA

NOAA

12 (5 to 480 minutes)

12 (5 to 480 minutes)

12 (5 to 480 minutes)

12 (5 to 480 minutes)

12 (5 to 480 minutes)

12 (5 to 480 minutes)

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

10-60 ft/3-18 m

10-60 ft/3-18 m

10-60 ft/3-18 m

10-60 ft/3-18 m

10-60 ft/3-18 m

10-60 ft/3-18 m

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES – UP TO 3 TRANSMITTERS

YES – UP TO 4 TRANSMITTERS

YES – UP TO 3 TRANSMITTERS

NO

YES

YES

Gas Switch / Buddy Pressure Check

YES

YES

YES

Gas Switch

Gas Switch

Gas Switch

Audible Alarm

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Calendar / Clock

DATE/TIME

DATE/TIME

DATE/TIME

DATE/TIME

DATE/TIME

DATE/TIME

Operating Depth (Max)

330 ft/100 m

330 ft/100 m

330 ft/100 m

330 ft/100 m

330 ft/100 m

330 ft/100 m

Operating Depth (Free/ Gauge)

660 ft/200 m

495 ft/180 m

399 ft/120 m

330 ft/100 m

399 ft/120 m

330 ft/100 m

Time to Fly Countdown

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Desat Countdown

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

300/240 SOTU/DOTU

300/240 SOTU/DOTU

300/240 SOTU/DOTU

300/240 SOTU/DOTU

300/240 SOTU/DOTU

300/240 SOTU/DOTU

Modes of Operation Operating Buttons Mounting Options

Activation Digital Watch Functions

Conservative Factor Adjustment

Tissue Compartments Automatic Altitude Adjustment Decompression Capability Automatic Safety Stop Prompt Cylinder Pressure and Air Time Remaining

Ascent Rate Maximum

High O2 Alarm/Warning High PO2 Alarm / Warning

9 mpm (<18 m) 18 mpm (>18 m)

.2 less than user setting

.2 less than user setting

.2 less than user setting

.2 less than user setting

.2 less than user setting

1.6 default or user setting

On-Unit Log Capacity

24 DIVES

24 DIVES

24 DIVES

24 DIVES

24 DIVES

24 DIVES

PC Interface

INCLUDED

INCLUDED

INCLUDED

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

PC Settings Upload

INCLUDED

INCLUDED

INCLUDED

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

Download Memory Capacity

1MB**

1MB**

512K**

512K**

512K**

512K**

Pre-Dive Planning Sequence

PUSH BUTTON

PUSH BUTTON

PUSH BUTTON

PUSH BUTTON

PUSH BUTTON

PUSH BUTTON

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Alpha-Numeric Message Box On-Unit Simulator

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

Temperature Display

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Tissue Loading Bar Graph

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Variable Ascent Rate

BAR GRAPH

BAR GRAPH

MESSAGE BOX

BAR GRAPH

MESSAGE BOX

BAR GRAPH

No Decompression Time Remaining Display

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Air Time Remaining Display

YES

YES

YES

NO

YES

YES

Backlight

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Diver Replaceable Batteries

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

CR2450 / CR2

CR2450 / CR2

CR2450 / CR2

CR2430

CR2450

CR2

Battery Type


INSTRUMENTS 133

Functions & Features

Features & Functions Model Type Modes of Operation Operating Buttons

VEO 3.0

VEO 2.0

Module

Module

Air, Nitrox, Gauge and Free Dive

Air, Nitrox, Gauge and Free Dive

VEO 1.0

GEO 2.0

DG 02

F.10

F.11

Module

Wrist Watch

Wrist

Wrist Watch

Wrist Watch

Air and Nitrox

Air, Nitrox, Gauge and Free Dive

Bottom Timer, Air, Nitrox

Free Dive

Free Dive

2

2

1

4

1

4

4

2 or 3 Gauge Console, Wrist, Hose Mount, Retractor, Module

2 or 3 Gauge Console, Wrist, Hose Mount, Retractor, Module

2 or 3 Gauge Console, Wrist, Hose Mount, Retractor, Module

Wristwatch

2 or 3 Gauge Console, Wrist

Wristwatch

Wristwatch

Water or Push Button

Water or Push Button

Water or Push Button

Water or Push Button

Water or Push Button

Water or Push Button

Water or Push Button

N/A

N/A

N/A

Time, Alternate Time, Countdown Timer, Stop Watch, Daily Alarm

N/A

Time, Alternate Time, Countdown Timer, Stop Watch, Daily Alarm

Time, Alternate Time, Countdown Timer, Stop Watch, Daily Alarm

Algorithm Basis

Modified Haldanean / DSAT Database & Pelagic Z+

Modified Haldanean / DSAT Database & Pelagic Z+

Modified Haldanean / DSAT Database & Pelagic Z+

Modified Haldanean / DSAT Database & Pelagic Z+

Pelagic Z+

N/A

N/A

Deep Stop

Countdown timer at 1/2 max depth for dives >25m

Countdown timer at 1/2 max depth for dives >25m

Countdown timer at 1/2 max depth for dives >25m

Countdown timer at 1/2 max depth for dives >25m

Countdown timer at 1/2 max depth for dives >25m

N/A

N/A

YES

YES

NO

YES

N/A

NO

NO

Altitude Algorithm Basis

NOAA

NOAA

NOAA

NOAA

NOAA

N/A

N/A

O2 Limit Basis

NOAA

NOAA

NOAA

NOAA

NOAA

N/A

N/A

12 (5 to 480 minutes)

12 (5 to 480 minutes)

12 (5 to 480 minutes)

12 (5 to 480 minutes)

12 (5 to 480 minutes)

N/A

N/A

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

10-60 ft/3-18 m

10-60 ft/3-18 m

10-60 ft/3-18 m

10-60 ft/3-18 m

10-60 ft/3-18 m

N/A

N/A

Automatic Safety Stop Prompt

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

N/A

N/A

Cylinder Pressure and Air Time Remaining

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

Gas Switch

NO

NO

Gas Switch

NO

NO

NO

YES

YES

NO

YES

NO

YES

YES

Calendar / Clock

DATE/TIME

DATE/TIME

TIME

DATE/TIME

DATE/TIME

DATE/TIME

DATE/TIME

Operating Depth (Max)

330 ft/100 m

330 ft/100 m

330 ft/100 m

330 ft/100 m

399 ft/120 m

330 ft/100 m

500 ft/150 m

Operating Depth (Free/ Gauge)

399 ft/120 m

399 ft/120 m

N/A

330 ft/100 m

N/A

330 ft/100 m

500 ft/150 m

Time to Fly Countdown

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

NO

NO

Desat Countdown

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

NO

NO

300/240 SOTU/DOTU

300/240 SOTU/DOTU

300/240 SOTU/DOTU

300/240 SOTU/DOTU

300/240 SOTU/DOTU

NO

NO

.2 less than user setting

2 less than user setting

.2 less than user setting

.2 less than user setting

.2 less than user setting

NO

NO

Mounting Options

Activation Digital Watch Functions

Conservative Factor Adjustment

Tissue Compartments Automatic Altitude Adjustment Decompression Capability

Gas Switch / Buddy Pressure Check Audible Alarm Ascent Rate Maximum

High O2 Alarm/Warning High PO2 Alarm / Warning

9 mpm (<18 m) 18 mpm (>18 m)

On-Unit Log Capacity

24 DIVES

24 DIVES

12 DIVES

24 DIVES

24 DIVES

99 DIVES

99 DIVES

PC Interface

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

NO

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

PC Settings Upload

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

NO

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

OPTIONAL

Download Memory Capacity

512K**

512K**

N/A

512K**

512K**

512K**

512K**

Pre-Dive Planning Sequence

PUSH BUTTON

PUSH BUTTON

PUSH BUTTON

PUSH BUTTON

N/A

N/A

N/A

YES

YES

YES

YES

NO

NO

NO

Alpha-Numeric Message Box On-Unit Simulator

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

Temperature Display

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Tissue Loading Bar Graph

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

NO

NO

Variable Ascent Rate

BAR GRAPH

BAR GRAPH

BAR GRAPH

BAR GRAPH

BAR GRAPH

NO

NO

No Decompression Time Remaining Display

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

NO

NO

Air Time Remaining Display

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

N/A

N/A

Backlight

YES

YES

NO

YES

YES

YES

YES

Diver Replaceable Batteries

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

CR2450

CR2450

CR2450

CR2430

CR2450

CR2430

CR2450

Battery Type


134 INSTRUMENTS

Functions & Features CONTINUED

Features & Functions pg2 Battery Life*

OC1

OCi

VT 4.1

ATOM 3.0

A300 AI

PRO PLUS 3

300 DIVE HOURS

300 DIVE HOURS

300 DIVE HOURS

300 DIVE HOURS

300 DIVE HOURS

300 DIVE HOURS

Data Retention

Data Retention

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set “Turn” Pressure Alarm

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set “End” Pressure Alarm

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set FO2 (%) Gas 1

AIR, 21-100%

AIR, 21-100%

AIR, 21-50%

AIR, 21-50%

AIR, 21-50%

AIR, 21-100%

Set FO2 (%) Gas 2

OFF, 21-100%

OFF, 21-100%

OFF, 21-100%

OFF, 21-100%

OFF, 21-100%

OFF, 21-100%

Set FO2 (%) Gas 3

Battery Hot Swap

OFF, 21-100%

OFF, 21-100%

OFF, 21-100%

OFF, 21-100%

OFF, 21-100%

OFF, 21-100%

Set Audible Alarm On/Off

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Max Depth Alarm

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Elapsed Dive Time Alarm

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Maximum Nitrogen Tissue Loading Bar Graph Alarm

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Conservative Factor

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Dive Time Remaining Alarm

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Units Of Measurement

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Time Format (12/24 Hour)

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Time of Day

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Date

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Maximum PO2 Alarm

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set FO2 50% Default

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

DURATION

DURATION

DURATION

DURATION

DURATION

DURATION

Set Safety Stop Time and Depth

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Sampling Rate (Download)

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Backlight

Set Digital Gauge Mode On/Off

MODE SELECTION

MODE SELECTION

MODE SELECTION

MODE SELECTION

MODE SELECTION

MODE SELECTION

Set Water Activation On/Off

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Free Dive Countdown Timer

YES

YES

YES

YES

N/A

N/A

Set Free Dive 30 sec. Elapsed Dive Time Alarm

YES

YES

YES

YES

N/A

N/A

Set Free Dive Max Depth Alarm 1

YES

YES

YES

YES

N/A

N/A

Set Free Dive Max Depth Alarm 2

YES

YES

YES

YES

N/A

N/A

Set Free Dive Max Depth Alarm 3

YES

YES

YES

YES

N/A

N/A


INSTRUMENTS 135

Functions & Features

Features & Functions pg2 Battery Life* Battery Hot Swap

VEO 3.0

VEO 2.0

VEO 1.0

GEO 2.0

DG 02

300 DIVE HOURS

300 DIVE HOURS

300 DIVE HOURS

300 DIVE HOURS

Data Retention

Data Retention

YES

Data Retention

300 DIVE HOURS

F.10

F.11

300 DIVE HOURS

300 DIVE HOURS

N/A

N/A

Set “Turn” Pressure Alarm

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

N/A

N/A

Set “End” Pressure Alarm

NO

NO

NO

NO

NO

N/A

N/A

Set FO2 (%) Gas 1

AIR, 21-50%

AIR, 21-50%

AIR, 21-50%

AIR, 21-50%

AIR, 21-50%

N/A

N/A

Set FO2 (%) Gas 2

OFF, 21-100%

N/A

N/A

OFF, 21-100%

N/A

N/A

N/A

Set FO2 (%) Gas 3

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Set Audible Alarm On/Off

YES

YES

NO

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Max Depth Alarm

YES

YES

NO

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Elapsed Dive Time Alarm

YES

YES

NO

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Maximum Nitrogen Tissue Loading Bar Graph Alarm

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

N/A

N/A

Set Conservative Factor

YES

YES

NO

YES

YES

N/A

N/A

Set Dive Time Remaining Alarm

YES

YES

NO

YES

YES

N/A

N/A

Set Units Of Measurement

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Time Format (12/24 Hour)

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Time of Day

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Date

YES

YES

NO

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Maximum PO2 Alarm

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

N/A

N/A

Set FO2 50% D efault

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

N/A

N/A

Set Backlight

DURATION

DURATION

N/A

DURATION

NO

DURATION

DURATION

Set Safety Stop Time and Depth

YES

YES

3m-3min

YES

YES

N/A

N/A

Set Sampling Rate (Download)

YES

YES

N/A

YES

NO

NO

NO

Set Digital Gauge Mode On/Off

YES

YES

N/A

YES

N/A

N/A

N/A

Set Water Activation On/Off

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Set Free Dive Countdown Timer

YES

YES

N/A

YES

N/A

YES

YES

Set Free Dive 30 sec. Elapsed Dive Time Alarm

YES

YES

N/A

YES

N/A

YES

YES

Set Free Dive Max Depth Alarm 1

YES

YES

N/A

YES

N/A

YES

YES

Set Free Dive Max Depth Alarm 2

YES

YES

N/A

YES

N/A

YES

YES

Set Free Dive Max Depth Alarm 3

YES

YES

N/A

YES

N/A

YES

YES

*Battery Life: estimates are based on full-capacity batteries, and continuous usage as described. 7 days per week / 2 dives per day / 1 hour dive time / 2 hour surface interval / 18 hour interval from last dive to the first of the next day. **Oceanic Personal Dive Computers have user selectable Sampling Rates that determine when data is sampled and stored for subsequent download to associated PC interface programs. More frequent sampling provides more data per dive yet results in storage of fewer dives for download. Use with Air or Nitrox, with or without air integration, dive profiles, Free Diving activities, and other variables may also affect the number of dives that can be stored. When memory capacity is exceeded, oldest dives are replaced with most recent dive.

Sampling Rate Options

256K Memory Capacity

512K Memory Capacity

1M Memory Capacity

60 seconds

50-60 Hours

100-110 Hours

200-210 Hours

30 seconds

25-30 Hours

50-55 Hours

100-110 Hours

15 seconds

12-15 Hours

25-30 Hours

50-60 Hours

2 seconds

1.5-2 Hours

4-5 Hours

8-10 Hours

1 second (Free Dive Mode only)

N/A

1.5-2 Hours


136 INSTRUMENTS

Gauges

2

3 1

4

OCEANGLO® GAUGE FACE

5

OceanGlo® luminescent gauge face absorbs light and glows approximately 7 times longer than conventional glow-in-the dark materials.

MAXIMUM DEPTH INDICATOR

User resettable automatic maximum depth indicator allows you to track your maximum depth with needle point accuracy. View your maximum depth during your dive or post dive for logging purposes.

ROTATING BEZEL

The rotating bezel allows the diver to easily navigate whilst underwater.

TEMPERATURE GAUGE

The temperature gauge feature allows the diver to quickly check surrounding temperatures above and underwater.

1 OCEANIC MAX DEPTH The Max Depth Navcon gauge is still one of the most dependable instruments around for divers who are just starting out or don’t feel they need the advanced features of a Personal Dive Computer just yet. Not to worry, as Oceanic’s modular gauge design allows you to easily swap out the depth gauge module with a PDC as your needs change and your experience grows. • Non-linear depth scale is easier to read in shallow depths and makes it much easier to maintain safety stop depths • OceanGlo® luminescent gauge face absorbs light and glows approximately 7 times faster and longer than other materials • 60m maximum depth reading • Maximum depth indicator Module - MSRP $99.95 Wrist - MSRP $129.95 Combo - MSRP $239.95 Navcon - MSRP $299.95 2 OCEANIC SLIMLINE PRESSURE Modular Flexibility. The SlimLine is an accurate and reliable submersible pressure gauge rated to 345 bar. Available as a stand-alone gauge or in any Oceanic instrument console. Available in Metric. • Nitrox compatible to 50% O2 • OceanGlo® luminescent gauge face absorbs light and glows approximately 7 times faster and longer than other materials • Shock resistant bourdon tube mechanism • Integrated temperature gauge • One-way safety valve • 35 bar fluorescent caution zone • Double Kevlar braid high pressure hose with triple chrome plated marine brass fittings Complete - MSRP $159.95 Module - MSRP $99.95 Module Pre 05 - MSRP $99.95

3 HOLLIS BRASS SPG GAUGE Solid and compact brass SPG. This rugged and easy to read gauge works great as a primary or even backup pressure gauge for the beginner to the most advanced technical diver. • Luminescent Faceplate • Standard with Air Spool and Viton O-rings • Oxygen Clean • Chrome-plated brass housing with Bourdon tube • Scratch resistant Tempered Glass • 2in./50.8mm size MSRP $119.95 4 OCEANIC SIDESCAN COMPASS Find your way. For reliable underwater navigation, the SideScan Compass is hard to beat. Large, easy-to-read bearing indicators on our extremely bright OceanGlo® luminescent floating card make quick work of navigation, especially in limited visibility. • Proprietary design ensures quick response and smooth movement • Top or side reading • OceanGlo® luminescent floating card absorbs light and glows approximately 7 times faster and longer than other materials • High visibility lubber line • Large ratcheting bezel • Direct and reciprocal index points Wrist - MSRP $89.95 Clip-on - MSRP $89.95 Module - MSRP $69.95 Module Pre 05 - MSRP $69.95 5 OCEANIC PONY BOTTLE GAUGE Try this on for size. The miniature Pony Bottle Gauge is a fully functional submersible pressure gauge rated to 345 bar. Ideal for back-up air supplies or decompression tanks, the Pony Bottle Gauge is the perfect accessory for use with wireless PDC’s, allowing you to quickly pressure check your cylinder without linking your receiver unit. Available in Imperial Measurement (shown) or Metric. • Threads directly into any standard first stage high pressure port • Nitrox compatible to 50% O2 • Large numbers and green, yellow and red indicators for easy monitoring • One-way safety valve • Readings to 345 bar MSRP $79.95


SOFTWARE 137 “The Accel is a lively fin. It’s also small and light, making it the perfect openheel fin for travelling divers. The Accel’s blade is made from one solid piece of Monprene, a synthetic rubberlike material. According to engineers, this is the key to the fin’s performance-toweight ratio. In spite of its small stature, it turned out to be among the speediest fins in this go-round, and it accelerates quickly without straining leg muscles or ankles. It loves all kick-ing styles and, no surprise due to its size, it is also highly maneuver-able and very easy to control... The Accel is an impressive performer, good for both local diving and travel. It’s also priced right, making it this year’s Best Buy for this category.”

Fins

The Accel is a lively fin. It’s also small and light, making it the perfect open-heel fin for travelling divers.

ScubaLab Best Buy 2013

AERIS ACCEL FIN

Power over frills. Compact and responsive, its clean lines and efficient shape make it an excellent all-around fin. Shorter than most top-line full-foot fins (less than 53cm) and very lightweight, the Accel gives divers of open-heel fins the best of both worlds: the comfort and adjustability of an openheel fin, with the weight, size and performance of a full-foot fin. While also good for local diving, you won’t find a better open-heel travel fin. • Angled blade ensures the best angle of attack for each kicking stroke. • Side rails and centre channel direct thrust behind the diver for maximum propulsion. • Vents at the base of the blade improve water flow down the length of the blade for greater efficiency. • High-stretch heel strap is fully adjustable and easy to slip on and off. • Foot pocket posts also accept standard quick-release buckle fin strap assemblies. • Streamlined foot pocket design accommodates a wide range of boot styles. • Textured sole provides traction on boat decks and slick surfaces. • Compact blade is easy to pack and great for maneuvering in tight spaces. MSRP $119.95 Colour Kit - MSRP $29.95


138 SOFTWARE Patented Nature’s Wing® use a suction force which propels the diver forward through the water like lift pulls an airplane upward. The Vortex Fins create this force as water flows smoothly around the blades, which rotate to a reduced angle of attack.

Fins

QUADFLEX - Advanced Composite Materials Control the shape of the blade during the kick cycle and you control water movement – thus maximising the efficiency and propulsion of the fin. Our QuadFlex construction features two composite and two natural rubber compounds working together to provide varying levels of rigidity to precisely control the shape of the blade as it travels through the water.

As the water funnels inward toward the centre opening, it accelerates like water at the narrowing of a river or water spraying out the nozzle of a hose. In all controlled testing split blade fins have proved to be faster, more efficient and less tiring than conventional “paddle” bladed fins. Hundreds of tests have been done in controlled conditions, and the results are truly amazing.

The engineered semi-rigid battens, flex channels and side rails direct water flow off the tips of the fin without allowing water to “spill” from the sides of the blade for uncompromising power and efficiency.

OCEANIC V16

Speed, comfort, and maneuverability; you can have it all with the Vortex V-16. The V-16 combines the patented design concepts divers have come to expect from Oceanic with a new mix of materials that enhance performance and style. Compared to conventional fins, the V-16 is up to 30% faster and more efficient, with less effort, stress and strain resulting in greater comfort and control. • Includes Spring Heel Strap for comfort and easy on and off • Patented Nature’s Wing® Propeller Fin Technology with four material compounds for ultimate performance and light weight • Semi-rigid battens and natural rubber flex channels precisely control the shape of the blade during the fin stroke to optimise power and reduce drag • Oversized side rails add rigidity and control movement of the blades for increased lift, power and efficiency • Ergonomically designed foot pocket accommodates virtually all foot sizes and boot styles • Available in XS, S, Regular and XL MSRP $299.95

OCEANIC V12

The V-12 Fin is an engineering revolution - designed from the ground up to deliver what others only promise - enhanced speed and efficiency with virtually no effort for the diver, regardless of size, strength or kicking style. Independent testing has shown that greater efficiency, resulting in reduced air consumption is achieved when using the V-12 than any other fin on the market. • Patented Nature’s Wing propeller fin technology • Duroprene and natural rubber materials for ideal flex and memory • Oversized side rails add rigidity to the oversized blades for increased lift and efficiency • Ergonomically designed foot pocket accommodates virtually all foot sizes and boot styles • Angled blade for preferred angle of attack • Easy on/off thumb loop • Easy adjust quick-release buckles • Available in XS, S, Regular and XL MSRP $279.95

HOLLIS F1 YELLOW TIP

Power without compromise. The Hollis fin blends graceful movement, power, and bulletproof construction. Meet the new standard in diving. Now shipping with a yellow tip for high visibility. • High grade, heavy duty rubber construction • Angled strap mounts for comfort and a better transition of power • Spring heel straps w/ easy-grip heel tab • Multiple strap mounting positions for a fine tuned fit • Vented blade to reduce stress while accelerating water over the blade • Generous foot pocket • Available in Regular and XL MSRP $279.95


SOFTWARE 139

1

Fins 2 3

5

6 4 7

1

HOLLIS F1

Power without compromise. The Hollis fin blends graceful movement, power, and bulletproof construction. Meet the new standard in diving.

4

• High grade, heavy duty rubber construction • Angled strap mounts for comfort and a better transition of power • Spring heel straps w/ easy-grip heel tab • Multiple strap mounting positions for a fine tuned fit • Vented blade to reduce stress while accelerating water over the blade • Generous foot pocket in sizes Regular, XL, XXL

HOLLIS F2

Increase your power to weight ratio with our new F2 fins. If you are a traveling diver, looking to reduce weight or just favor a lightweight fin, look no further. The patented F2 is designed to add blade surface on both the downstroke and upstroke to increase your efficiency with any type of kick. The F2 is injection molded using monoprene and uses a shorter blade design which packs easy and improves agility in tight areas. Standard with adjustable stainless steel spring straps.

MSRP $119.95 5

3

6

The Vortex V-8’s high performance and superior maneuverability is achieved by combining patented Nature’s Wing® Propeller Fin Technology with state-of-the-art materials. The V-8 is designed to provide greater thrust while reducing muscle fatigue. The dual blade design allows the diver to make a much more efficient flutter kick, thus reducing the amount of effort needed to propel the diver through the water.

MSRP $199.95

The Vortex V6 is for the warm-water diver, snorkeller, or free-diver that wants maximum power generation, response, and acceleration out of every single turn. The V-6 is extremely lightweight, yet delivers greater speed and efficiency than most open heel fins.

MSRP $99.95

OCEANIC V8

• Patented Nature’s Wing® Propeller Fin Technology • Advanced composite materials for ideal flex and memory • Side rails add rigidity to blades for increased lift power and efficiency • Angled blade for preferred angle of attack • Easy on/off fin strap with thumb loop and quick-release buckles • Available in SM, ML, L, XL and XXL

OCEANIC V6

• Provides more speed and power than larger open-heel paddle fins with significantly less effort • Small size and light weight is ideal for travel • Comfortable rubber foot pocket in a wide range of sizes XS, S, M, L and XL

• High grade, heavy duty monoprene construction • Angled strap mounts for comfort and a better transition of power • Spring heel straps w/ easy-grip heel tab • Multiple strap mounting positions for a fine tuned fit • Vented blade to reduce stress while accelerating water over the blade • Generous foot pocket in sizes S, Regular and XL MSRP $179.95

So fast and responsive they’re scary. Precision blend of hydrodynamics and materials technology for ultimate comfort, efficiency and performance. The engineered channels and side rails direct water flow off the tips of the fin without allowing water to “spill” from the sides of the blade for uncompromising power and efficiency. • Flexible Power Thrust Channel directs water off the tip of the blade for improved power and efficiency • Power Vents reduce stress while accelerating water over the blade • Oversized blade produces increased thrust and propulsion • Extremely lightweight for increased performance and ease of travel • Available in XS, S, Regular and XL

MSRP $229.95 2

OCEANIC VIPER

OCEANIC VIPER CLOSED HEEL

The Viper full foot blade’s flexible power Thrust Channel directs water off the tip of the blade for improved power and efficiency. The engineered channels and side rails direct water flow off the tips of the fin without allowing water to “spill” from the sides of the blade for uncompromising power and efficiency. • Small size and light weight is ideal for travel • Comfortable rubber foot pocket in a wide range of sizes XS, S, M, L and XL MSRP $69.95

7

AERIS MAKO

The Mako Fin is a precision blend of ergonomics, hydrodynamics and materials technology created for ultimate comfort, efficiency and performance. • Adjustable quick release heel strap. • Blade features power vents for enhanced performance. • Extra wide foot pocket for comfort and versatility. • Available in XS, SM, REG or XL MSRP $89.95


140 SOFTWARE

Masks “Recently my old favourite dive mask had finally given up on me. Beyond repair, forced to get a new one, I decided to go for the new Hollis M3 Mask. I was a bit sceptical because I’ve had the same mask for over 10 years but after two days of diving the M3 in Tasmania this week, I can honestly say that I love this mask and am so glad I’ve upgraded.”

2

Rubens Monaco

PADI Instructor Trainer TDI Instructor Trainer

1

3

Optical Lenses Ion mask provide the option to fit optical lenses. The optical lenses are available from -1.5 to -8.0 and +1.0 to +4.0 diopter in .5 increments.

1

HOLLIS M3

Visibility is the most important aspect of any dive. The new M3 mask provides that with distortion free vision and superior fit. This low profile design uses a rigid frame and two lenses with an extra clear glass which is valued for its attractive appearance and optical qualities. The low iron content produces a higher light transmittance and a reduced green tint inherent in other glasses. This makes the lens distortion free and helps improve colour and visibility in low light conditions underwater.

4

3

2

HOLLIS M1

Maskwear that keeps you focused. Sleek 100% liquid silicone skirt attached directly to the tempered glass lens. Available in 4 colours to match any style. • Low volume frameless mask with molded silicone colour accents • Extremely low volume design • Swiveling, easy adjusting buckles • Ultra Clear Glass • Neoprene Comfort Strap included

• 100% pure silicon skirt • Saint-Gobain Diamant - Crystal Clear Lenses • Wide vision and low volume • 4 way buckle design for superior comfort and storage if needed MSRP $129.95 Optical lenses available - MSRP $39.95 each

OCEANIC ACCENT

MSRP $109.95 4

OCEANIC SHADOW/MINI

Maskwear that keeps you focused. Sleek 100% liquid silicone skirt attached directly to the tempered glass lens. No mask frame means the Shadow Series offers an incredible field of vision and packs flat. Available in 2 sizes for a perfect fit.

Visibility is the most important aspect of any dive. The M1 Mask raises the bar for optical quality and distortion free vision. This lens is an extra clear glass which is valued for its attractive appearance and optical qualities. The low iron content produces a higher light transmittance and a reduced green tint inherent in other glasses. This makes the lens distortion free and helps improve colour and visibility in low light conditions underwater.

• No-frame design reduces weight and provides one of the largest fields-of-view • Extremely low volume design • Swiveling, easy adjusting buckles • Ideal for hunters and photographers • Perfect back-up mask as it folds and fits easily in your BC pocket

• Frameless 100% pure silicone skirt • Saint-Gobain Diamant - Cyrstal Clear lens • Wide vision and low volume

MSRP $109.95

MSRP $129.95


SOFTWARE 141 5

Masks 6

7

COMING SOON

Optical Lenses Ion mask provide the option to fit optical lenses. The optical lenses are available from -1.5 to -8.0 and +1.0 to +4.0 diopter in .5 increments.

8

OCEANIC OCEAN VU Featuring SureFit™ Overmolded Skirt and UltraClear™ Tempered Glass. Lateral ribs for stability and new buckle system.

5

OCEANIC TYPHOON

Wide tear-drop design. Sleek 100% liquid silicone skirt attached directly to the tempered glass lens. Available in 4 colours to match any style. • High grade 100% Liquid silicone skirt that contours to face shape • Wide tear-drop design • Tempered dual glass lenses provide a large field of vision • Soft touch Leather finish frame • Ideal match to the Leather Typhoon snorkel MSRP $99.95

6

OCEANIC ICE/MINI

Maskwear that keeps you focused. Sleek 100% liquid silicone skirt attached directly to the tempered glass lens. No mask frame means the Ice Series offers an incredible field of vision and packs flat. Available in 2 sizes for a perfect fit. • No-frame design reduces weight and provides one of the largest fields-of-view • Extremely low volume design • Swiveling, easy adjusting buckles • Ideal for hunters and photographers • Perfect back-up mask as it folds and fits easily in your BC pocket MSRP $109.95

7

OCEANIC TITAN

The Titan mask is a dual lens tear drop design sporting the unique push button buckle system that allows quick and easy strap alteration. The flexible in-built silicone buckle attachment gives unsurpassed freedom of movement and unlike rigid designs, the Titan mask moves and flexes during your dive and assists in reducing damage in the case of accidental collision. • Dual Lens • Easy Adjust Buckle • Tempered Glass Lens • Silicone Comfort Strap MSRP $99.95

8 OCEANIC ION Change your point of view. A low profile mask for the pro, the semi-pro, and all lovers of the sport who want to see the underwater world more clearly. • Accepts optical lenses. • Sturdy lightweight frame • Low volume design for wide field-of-view and easy clearing • May be easily fitted with optical lenses from -1.5 to -8.0 and +1.0 to +4.0 diopters in .5 increments • 100% liquid silicone for comfort and long-life • Tempered glass lens for safety • Easy adjusting buckles for convenience MSRP $99.95 Optical lenses available - MSRP $24.95 each


142 SOFTWARE

Snorkels

Patented Dry Snorkel Technology This technology utilises silicone valve to create a seal when the snorkel is submerged to effectively eliminate water entering the snorkel barrel. All while achieving superior air flow performance on the surface.

1

1

2

OCEANIC ULTRADRY

The Name says it all. Designed to be exactly what its name suggests, the ULTRA DRY snorkel incorporates Oceanic’s patented Dry Snorkel Technology into an ultra-low profile product that is ergonomically designed for comfort and function. This technology creates a seal to virtually eliminate water entering the snorkel barrel, while achieving superior air flow performance on the surface. • Patented Dry Snorkel Technology virtually eliminates water entry without sacrificing performance • Oversized purge valve for easy clearing • Quick-release swiveling snorkel keeper • Drop away smooth bore flex mouthpiece • Replaceable 100% liquid silicone mouthpiece and purge valve

3

3

AERIS TAWALI

The Tawali features a dry top deflector to prevent water entry and a drop away flex mouthpiece. • Dry top deflector prevents water entry • Drop Away flex mouthpiece • Oversized purge valve for easy clearing • Replaceable 100% liquid silicione mouthpiece MSRP $29.95

MSRP $79.95

2

COMING SOON

OCEANIC TYPHOON

The Typhoon snorkel will blow you away! With a new design which incorporates a fold-away column, silicone corrugated tubing and mouthpiece, and a dry top deflector. This snorkel is ideal for all occasions. • Incorporates a fold away column with silicone corrugated tubing • Purge Valve for easy clearing • Dry Top Deflector • Replaceable Mouthpiece MSRP $69.95 Leather finish

OCEANIC ULTRADRY LX

• Patented Dry Technology - stays dry even at depth • Super ergo design reduces drag and resistance whilst diving • Dual one way exhaust valves • Replaceable 100% Liquid Silicone Mouthpiece & Purge Valve


Wearforce® was originally designed for use in applications where serious protection and wear resistance was first priority. This included Buoyancy Control Devices and even protective and thermal apparel for Motocross and Extreme sports.

EXPOSURE PROTECTION 143

Drysuits / Undergarment

Test results have shown that Wearforce® fabric was found to be three times more durable then ballistic nylon fabric while maintaining a simultaneous 4 way stretch of up to 150%. In an underwater enviroment when staying dry is key, you can count on your BioDryTM with Wearforce®.

COMING SOON

HOLLIS BIODRY FX100 DRYSUIT

Forget the drysuits you have known and discover how comfortable drysuit diving can really be. Constructed with patented WearForce® material, the Hollis BioDry FX100 Drysuit is like no other suit on the market. Strength and stretch with a complete range of motion allows for a more streamlined fit. Say goodbye to bunching and rigid material. Never before has a drysuit been more comfortable.

HOLLIS DX 300 DRYDUIT

The Hollis DX300 was designed by technical divers, for technical divers. It provides absolute seam integrity, maneuverability and purpose. Three years in development, the DX300 is the result of a combination of innovative ideas and proven technology from consumers, store owners, manufacturers and technicians who understand this demand. • Double Diamond weave trilaminate has a total mass of 500gm/sqm yet it feels so much lighter to wear • Our patented BIAS cut combined with a telescopic torso increases freedom of movement, but allows for a closer fit reducing air migration • The wide flat seam construction minimizes the risk of leaks in high risk areas • Fitted with the new innovative T-ZIP, low profile and far more flexible • Fitted with SiTech Neck Tite system with silicone seal • Fitted with SiTech Quick Change Solution Oval wrist system with silicone seals as standard (comes with spare seals) • Two large Velcro bellows pockets with an internal D ring • Double thickness kneepads • 5mm neoprene socks • Adjustable suspenders included • The suit is supplied with a Hollis Zippered Hood and Hollis Drysuit Carry Bag

• The Hollis BioDry FX100 Drysuit is a front entry design for self donning • Bioflex improved with WearForce® material: a non-woven nylon material Laminated to a heavy-duty, stretchable polyurethane • Light weight • Low maintenance • Resistant to most chemicals • Elastic gators • Drysuit bag included • Washable with soap and water • Does not absorb water • WearForce material is very low profile and reduces drag in the water • Seams sewn and double taped for extreme protection against leaks • The Hollis BioDry FX100 Drysuit comes with latex seals • Low Profile Si-Tech Inflator and Dump Valves • Made to fit and P-Valve option available. MSRP $2299.95

HOLLIS AUG 100 UNDERGARMENT

The AUG 100 is a flexible, comfortable, and feature-rich undergarment ideally suited for moderately cold dives. • Outer Rip-Stop nylon shell allows for easy glide drysuit entry and acts as a windbreaker • Inner layer technical fleece provides substantial warmth and comfort • Nylon shell allows for easy glide drysuit entry and acts as a windbreaker • Neoprene ankle and wrist to prevent bunching while donning a drysuit and to create a wetness barrier from a possible wrist seal leak • Machine washable for ease of cleaning • Lined side pockets to keep hands warm on cold surface intervals • Neoprene stretch panel in crotch to allow for more freedom of leg movement • Soft and close-cut neck for comfort and to avoid neck seal interference • Vents on arms to prevent air restrictions while trying to vent a drysuit • Zippered left chest pocket MSRP $199.95


144 EXPOSURE PROTECTION

Wetsuits Whether I am teaching an open water course in the pool or a Deep Instructor Specialty Course, it all performs beautifully.

“When teaching in demanding conditions you have to use the best and it doesn’t get any better that the FDX10 EOS, the Probe BCD is one of the most comfortable BCD’s I have ever worn and the Pioneer wetsuit is by far the most comfortable and durable one on the market. Whether I am teaching an open water course in the pool or a Deep Instructor Specialty Course, it all performs beautifully.” Michael Wheatley

PADI Course Director PADI Tech/Wreck Instructor Trainer”

OCEANIC PIONEER SERIES

For the new Pioneer suit from Oceanic only the best materials were used. An example of this is the new, extremely elastic HyFlex Neoprene that offers unparalleled comfort. An integrated, 2mm thick, highly flexible neoprene shirt offers extra insulation. One of the further highlighs of the Pioneer diving suit is the double collar that prevents water seeping in almost completely, even with extreme movement. The seams are finished with a special liquid sealing process to provide durability and eliminate waterflow. The anatomical cut with minimal panelling guarantees hard wearing and is highly watertight. The Pioneer diving suit fits like a second skin. These features make the Pioneer Diving Suit a versatile, premium wetsuit that provides unequaled comfort and maximum freedom of movement. The classical, yet modern look in black with accents in white and blue, evokes the Spirit of Pioneers of Dive. The Pioneer Diving Suit combines decades of experience from enthusiastic divers, talented designers to the world’s best neoprene developers, faithfully after the motto: “Future Innovations are Based on the Past.” • Available in 5/7 and 7/10mm for male and female • Highly elastic HyFlex neoprene • Anatomical 3-D cut • Reduced stitching • Covered back zipper • Double Seal Neck • Flip Seals in arms and legs • Stitching elastically vulcanised • Optional hood Pioneer 5/7 - MSRP $499.95 Pioneer 7/10 - MSRP $549.95


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Wetsuits WHY DO I NEED A WETSUIT?

Water conducts heat away from the body about twenty times faster than air does. Any water cooler than body temperature has the potential to chill a diver, or even induce hypothermia. A wetsuits also protects you from the sun and accidental scratches while underwater.

HOW DOES A WETSUIT WORK?

A wetsuit is a neoprene insulation suit made for warmth and protection in watersports. It functions by trapping a thin layer of water between your body and the suit. This layer of water is warmed by your body heat, keeping you warm while in the water.

HOW SHOULD YOUR WETSUIT FIT?

Fit is a very important aspect to consider when buying a wetsuit. A snug proper fit is critical to suit performance. It needs to fit tightly to your body in order to keep a thin layer of water between your body and your suit. There is no substitute for actually trying on a suit to determine fit and comfort. Not all diving needs are the same, as not all suits are the same. There are many types of neoprenes all having varied behaviours and functions.

High density neoprene with excellent depth compression resistance for extended warmth and resilience, dive after dive.

THINGS TO CONSIDER WHEN CHOOSING A WETSUIT • Water temperature • Air temperature • Depth of your dive • Length of your dive • Type of diving • Your sensitivity reacting to cold • Thickness of the suit • Fitting

These are the factors that should influence your decision when it comes to deciding what suit is right for you. Not the colours or the brand name. Talk to an expert and try it on yourself.

Neoflex 03 HD Uncompromising flexibility for the ultimate in fit and comfort. Neoflex neoprene allows a closer fit than ever before without compromising freedom of movement. With excellent unidirectional flexibility the result is a formfitting suit that moves with you for unparalleled comfort.

HIGH DENSITY NEOPRENE

LIQUID SEAMS

NEOFLEX 03 HD

CHIMNEY SEALS

High density neoprene with excellent depth compression resistance for extended warmth and resilience, dive after dive.

Uncompromising flexibility for the ultimate in fit and comfort. Neoflex neoprene allows a closer fit than ever before without compromising freedom of movement. With excellent unidirectional flexibility the result is a form-fitting suit that moves with you for unparalleled comfort.

AIR ESCAPE VENT

A uniquely designed vent system on our hoods allows air trapped in your suit to escape while preventing water from entering.

FLEXY VEST

Built in super stretch neoprene vest adds an extra barrier against any water penetration generates amazing warmth and comfort.

ANKLE ZIP

Ankle zips allow for easing donning and doffing of suits without creating extra stress on the suit.

FLEXY GRIP

Custom rubber print permits allows full movement of stretch while adding good wear resistance.

SUPA TEX

Superior abrasive resistant lined neoprene use in high wear panels around knees, elbows and buttocks.

Applied to the outer seams, the technologically advanced Liquid seam sealing creates a 100% barrier against any pinholes that allows water to enter while enabling full stretch of the suit. Acting like a gusset, precision cut smooth skin Chimney seals prevent any water from flushing up the ankles and wrists.

X-ZIP SUPPORT

X-Zip strengthens the base of the back zip along with a pull tab system creates easy and safe back zip pulling system.

REINFORCED

Nylon lamination is reinforced to neoprene during the materials construction phase.

3D CONTOURED CUT

Computer generated patterns along with advanced paneling techniques are precisely cut to mold, conform and move in tune with individual body shapes.

DOUBLE NECK SEAL

Designed to interlock perfectly with your Oceanic hood as well as forming a barrier against flushing water.


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Wetsuits

HOLLIS SD7 SEMIDRY WITH HOOD

The Hollis SD7 Semi-dry adds to the impressive products Hollis continues to release – this suit in no exception! Constructed from a 7mm compression resistant neoprene, combined with Supatex and high Stretch panels make this one of the most advanced Semi-dry’s on the market. The new generation waterproof TZip™, full internal Dam seals, coupled hood, reduce any water penetration to an absolute minimum making it your perfect winter or tech suit. • 7mm Compression resistant neoprene • Supatex - Abrassion resistant high wear areas • High flex / stretch neoprene panels • New Generation TZip™ • 2 x Tec Utility pockets with inbuilt D-ring and drain holes • Glued and double Blind stitched on inside and out. • Neck, wrist and ankle internal Dams • Adjustable neck collar • Ankle and Wrist zips • Rubber knee / shin pads • Coupled Dry Hood with Air Escape™ as standard MSRP $749.95 Hood only - MSRP $49.95

OCEANIC REBEL SERIES

The Oceanic Rebel series suits are built for extreme durability, perfect for those divers that are hard on their suits. The Rebel suits share the same pattern as the acclaimed Oceanic Pioneer series but has been stripped down then rebuilt from the ground up for added strength and durability. Adding a hard wearing L-foam neoprene and Supatex panels - this suit will handle almost anything you can throw at it! • L-foam neoprene. • Glued and blind stitch. • Smooth skin wrist and neck seal. • Anatomical 3-D cut. • Ankle zip with Bat Wing. • Supatex (tough fabric outer) knee, shoulder, bottom, elbow panels. • Smooth skin internal spine pad. • Double neck seal design – to couple with hood. • Re-enforced pull tab at the zipper base. • Available in 3, 5 and 7mm, for male and female. Rebel 7 - MSRP $349.95 Rebel 5 - MSRP $319.95 Rebel 3 - MSRP $289.95


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1 HOLLIS DRYSUIT HOOD HIGH

STRETCH 5MM

• Face and neck skin seals to prevent water flow • Vented to prevent trapped air • Reflective patch for easy diver identification • Trimable face seal for customised fit • Rear Zipper for easy on/off • Available in S, M, L & XL MSRP $69.95

Hoods/Gloves/Boots

2 OCEANIC PIONEER HOOD

5MM

• 5mm Neoprene Hood with large smoothskin area designed to minmise flushing under your suit • Wear with a 5mm or 3mm wetsuit • Combine with 5mm Full Suit or 5mm Shorty for the ultimate in wetsuit warmth • Available in: S, M, L & XL

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MSRP $49.95

3 OCEANIC ULTRA HOODED

VEST 5/3MM

• 5/3mm neoprene vest • 3mm skin-in face seal • Attached hood eliminates cold-water leakage into the suit • One-way vents eliminate trapped air • 5mm hood • Available in: XS, S, M, L, XL, XXL & XXXL

4 OCEANIC HYFLEX HOOD 3MM • 3mm high stretch hood with large smooth skin face seal • Ideal for warmer waters • Self venting prevents trapped air in top of hood • Available in S, M, L, XL

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MSRP $44.95

MSRP $89.95

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5 OCEANIC PIONEER GLOVE • 2.5mm HyFlex super stretch neoprene • Armilla seal™ wrist technology • Anatomical 3D cut • Tactile design and grip - great for photographers • Glued and blind stitched seams • Micro liquid seam sealing • Available in XS, S, M, L, XL, XXLL

6 HOLLIS KEVLAR GLOVE 4MM • Kevlar finger tips and palm • Titanium lined 4mm neoprene • Pre-formed and cut for comfort • Velcro closure wrist to limit heat loss due to water flow • Available in: XS, S, M, L & XL • MSRP $59.95

MSRP $64.95

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7 OCEANIC FUSION GLOVE • 3mm hyflex glove offers super comfort, stretch and flexibility • Tactile palm & fingers offer superior grip and feel • Ideal for those who demand utmost comfort for warmer waters • Available in XS/S, M/L, Xl/XXL

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MSRP $39.95

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HOLLIS DRYSUIT OVERBOOT

• Tough super grip rubberized sole • Lace top for a comfortable semi-custom fit • Rubberized toe and heel • Fin strap catch on heel • Drain holes on sides for quick drying • Padded sides and tongue for extra comfort • Available in sizes: 5 - 15 MSRP $99.95

9 OCEANIC NEO CLASSIC BOOT • Abrasion resistant heel and toe caps • Non-Slip safety sole and heel lug • Batwing zipper panels reduce water flow • Oversized rustproof YKK zipper for easy handling & product longevity • 5mm super-stretch neoprene • Available in sizes: 5 - 13 • MSRP $89.95 10 OCEANIC MISSION BOOT • Angle heel design matches contour of the foot & leg whilst diving to provide superior comfort and finning efficiency. • Heavy duty angled YKK zipper • Abrasion resistant heel and toe caps • Reinforced inner sole with non-slip outer tread • 5mm neoprene • Available in sizes: 5 - 13 MSRP $59.95

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Lavacore Lavacore uses technically advanced fabrics that have been engineered exclusively for watersports requiring the ultimate in thermal control and comfort. The unique construction closely matches the stretch of a traditional Lycra garment whilst providing insulation comparative to that of a 2mm Neoprene. However Lavacore remains neutrally buoyant and in complete harmony and it will insulate your bodies inner core.

LAVACORE FULL SUIT

Wear as a stand alone full body exposure suit in warmer waters, or as an under suit to a standard neoprene wetsuit for added warmth in the cooler months. • Available in Male: SM, MD, ML, LG, XL, XXL and XXXL. • Available in Female: 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18. MSRP $219.95

LAVACORE LONG SLEEVED

The ultimate multi-sport thermal garment when superior protection against wind chill and surface splash is required. • Available in Male: SM, MD, ML, LG, XL, XXL and XXXL. • Available in Female: 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18. MSRP $109.95

LAVACORE SHORT SLEEVED

An all round multi-sport thermal garment offering protection against wind chill and surface splash coupled with the ultimate flexibility of movement required in extreme sports. • Available in Male: SM, MD, ML, LG, XL, XXL and XXXL. • Available in Female: 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18. MSRP $99.95

LAVACORE HOODED VEST

LAVACORE HOODED LONG SLEEVED

• Available in Male: SM, MD, LG, XL, XXL and XXXL. • Available in Female: 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18.

• Available in Male: SM, MD, ML, LG, XL, XXL and XXXL. • Available in Female: 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18.

MSRP $109.95

MSRP $129.95

Specifically designed to add an additional warming layer on the torso, offer head protection and increase comfort when worn under a traditional neoprene wetsuit.

Specifically designed to add an additional warming layer on the entire upper body, offer head protection and increase comfort when worn under a traditional neoprene wetsuit.


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Lavacore 1

1 LAVACORE HOOD Designed for protection against wind and thermal loss in warmer water, or equally as effective worn under a dive hood for extra warmth.

4 LAVACORE VEST However you want to wear it; under a wetsuit, under a cag jacket, stand alone, or match up with Lavcore shorts, this extremely versatile vest covers your crucial organs from the elements.

• Available in sizes SM, MD and LG.

• Available in Male: SM, MD, ML, LG, XL, XXL and XXXL. • Available in Female: 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18.

MSRP $34.95 2 LAVACORE PANTS The perfect lower body thermal protection for watersports such as kayaking, jetskiing and swim training where lowerbody comfort and flexibility are essential. Couple with anyof the Lavacore upper body garments. • Available in unisex sizes XS, SM, MD, ML, LG, XL, XXL and XXXL. MSRP $109.95

MSRP $89.95 5 LAVACORE SOCKS The perfect thermal accessory used stand alone inside a snorkelling fin, or underneath a specific exposure boot for added warmth, comfort and breathability. • Available in sizes XS-SM, MD-LG and LG-XL. MSRP $34.95

3 LAVACORE SHORTS Ideal worn alone or as an under suit where comfort and warmth are essential in the lower body. Couple with any of the Lavacore upper body garments for a true multi-purpose thermal protection system.

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• Available in unisex sizes XS, SM, MD, ML, LG, XL, XXL and XXXL. MSRP $89.95

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Close to the skin, this soft internal fleece combined with high 4-way stretch produces the ultimate comfort / warmth / weight ratio, a true leader amongst manmade fabrics within the water sports industry. Wet or dry, hot or cold, Polytherm helps control your core temperature longer and when wet maintains neutral buoyancy, crucial to divers and any high activity watersports enthusiast. Due to water weight being eliminated the garment becomes an ultra performance piece of equipment- essential to your bodies needs of maintaining a safe and secure temperature. Whether worn as a stand alone garment, under your wetsuit or even clothing, Polytherm is guaranteed to keep you well insulated, flexible, lightweight and free from windchill.

TRILAMINATE

Combining the outer shell and the inter PU layer, the fleece of integrated Polytherm ensures a very high heat and insulation rating. The PU film layer gives this combination added water resistance and high protection from windchill. Used in areas where extreme heat retention is required.

OUTER

lycra layer is a 180 g/sqm knitted nylon wrap knit Tricot with water repellant treatment to ensure fast water run off and anti wind chill properties.

INTER

layer is an impermeable breathable Microporous high stretch PU film which is wind proof and breathable allowing perspiration to be drawn away in hot conditions.

INNER

Fleece layer is a 240g/sqm 4 way stretch polyester fleece with elastane. It has Anti Pill treatment, as well as Anti Microbial treatment to reduce odour and eliminate bacteria.

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150 LIGHTING

Lighting

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90 DEGREE CAP

Suits Hollis LED 25 and LED 15 Canister Lights.

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HOLLIS LED 25 CANISTER LIGHT

The LED25 canister system offers the power of HID with the reliability, durability and efficiency of LED technology. This system offers a concentrated beam that is preferred for exploration diving. Powered with a Lithium-ion Polymer rechargeable battery, the LED25 burns at 1250+ lumens of brightness for 8 hours. This single LED offers the advantage of a long 20,000 hour life and the 8 degree beam width is much tighter than multi-LED arrays. Sidemounters - Optional 90 degree version is also now available for applications where rear mounting your canister is necessary.

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HOLLIS LED 15 CANISTER LIGHT

The LED15 canister system offers the power of HID with the reliability, durability and efficiency of LED technology. This system offers a concentrated beam that is preferred for exploration diving. Powered with a Lithium-ion Polymer rechargeable battery, the LED15 burns at 1000+ lumens of brightness for 6 hours. This single LED offers the advantage of a long 20,000 hour life and the 8 degree beam width is much tighter than multi-LED arrays. Sidemounters - Optional 90 degree version is also now available for applications where rear mounting your canister is necessary. • 1000+ Lumen light output @5600K • 5A/h 11.1v Lithium-ion Battery with 6 hour burn time • Dry Weight = 4 lbs, Bouyancy = - 2 lbs • Delrin canister body with aluminum head • Canister Length: 5.5 inches and Diameter: 2.75 inches • Light Head Length: 3.5 inches and Diameter: 1.75 inches • Max Operating depth 500ft./152m. MSRP $849.95 With 90 degree cap - MSRP $849.95 Charger - MSRP $169.95

Meet the latest “dominator” of the Hollis range of handheld lighting systems the LED 6. An impressive array of features includes a Rear tie-point for bolt snap, Double O-ring seals, Custom Aluminium reflector and Lanyard included. Sit back and watch as 360 Lumens of LED power illuminate any low light situation you’re ever faced with. • Single 6W Backup Light • Concentrated 8 degree beam • Output 360 Lumens • Burntime - 7 hours total • Bulb life 50,000 hours • T6061-T6 Anodized Aluminium • 3 C alkaline batteries • Depth rated to 650ft/200metres

• 25w LED with 1250+ Lumen light output @5600K • 10A/h 11.1v Lithium-ion Battery with 8 hour burn time • Dry Weight = 5 lbs, Bouyancy = - 2.5 lbs • Delrin canister body with aluminum head • Canister Length: 7.25 inches and Diameter: 2.75 inches • Light Head Length: 3.5 inches and Diameter: 1.75 inches • Max Operating depth 500ft./152m. MSRP $1299.95 With 90 degree cap - MSRP $1299.95 Charger - MSRP $169.95

HOLLIS LED 6

MSRP $129.95 4

HOLLIS LED 3X ADJUSTABLE

One of the newest and most versatile lights in the new Hollis range is the new LED 3 with Adjustable beam angle. A state of the art PMMA reflector ensure hours of efficiency whilst maintaining optimal output. Designed with Double O-ring seal for optimal sealing and comes standard with lanyard. • Single 3W “backup” Light • Adjustable 8 - 32 degree beam • Output 210 Lumen • Burntime - 6 hours total • Bulb life 50,000 hours • T6061-T6 Anodized Aluminium • 3 “AAA” alkaline batteries • Depth rated to 650ft/200metres MSRP $109.95

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LIGHTING 151

Lighting

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HOLLIS LED 3

Hollis’s goal was to revolutionise primary and backup lighting systems; doing so required extended burn times and efficiency while increasing output, but without the high price tag. Meet the new LED3 light one of the key lights in the range that is now envy of professional and recreational divers worldwide.

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• Single 3W “backup” Light • Concentrated 8 degree beam • Output 230 Lumen • Burntime - 6 hours total • Bulb life 50,000 hours • T6061-T6 Anodized Aluminium • 3 “AA” alkaline batteries • Depth rated to 650ft/200metres MSRP $99.95 6

HOLLIS LED MINI 3

The Mini 3 Mini light system offers the reliability, durability and efficiency of the Hollis LED technology in a small compact package. It packs as much punch as many of its larger counterparts, whilst still fitting snuggly into the palm of your hand. Stows away practically unnoticed the LED 3 Mini has quickly become the most popular back-up torch to hit the market in years. • Single 3W backup Light • Concentrated 8 degree beam • Output 210 Lumen • Burntime - 4 hours total • Bulb life 50,000 hours • T6061-T6 Anodized Aluminium • 3 AAA alkaline batteries MSRP $89.95

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PRINCETON TEC LED PACK

The LED Pack is just that - an all LED light kit including the Shockwave LED, Impact XL and Eco Flare. The pack also includes our coiled lanyard for easy attachment of the Shockwave LED and a mini retractor for the Impact XL. No matter where your adventure is, or where it takes you, this all purpose kit will provide endless hours of illumination and reliability. Includes the following Princeton Tec Torches: • Shockwave LED • Impact XL • Eco Flare MSRP $349.95

OCEANIC ARC 250

Never leave the surface without it. The ARC 250 LED Light is a sleek yet powerful primary light for any dive. This light features easy on-off operation, consistent colour and dependable design...all in a beautifully constructed body. The tempered optic glass and mil-spec hard anodised aluminium build material allow the ARC 250 to reach depths of 650ft/200mm with a burn time of 5-8 hours. The ARC 250 cycles between ON (|) and OFF (0) by moving the tail cap switch. • Output: 250 lumens • Power: 5W • Beam Angle: 8°- 31° Adjustable • Burn Time: 5 - 8 hours • Switch Type: Magnetic • Material: Mil-Spec Hard Anodized 6061-T6 Aluminium • Depth Rating: 650ft/200m • Weight: 9.81 ounces / 0.305 kg (including batteries) MSRP $129.95

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OCEANIC ARC 220

The ARC 220 LED Light is a sleek yet powerful light for use on any type dive. Take it as your primary or secondary and you won’t be disappointed. This light features easy on-off operation, consistent colour and dependable design...all in a beautifully constructed body. • Output: 220 lumens • Power: 3W • Beam Angle: Concentrated 8° • Burn Time: 5 - 8 hours • Switch Type: Magnetic push button tail • Material: Mil-Spec Hard Anodized 6061-T6 Aluminium • Depth Rating: 650ft/200m • Weight: 5.63 ounces /0.175kg (including batteries) • MSRP $109.95


152 LIGHTING

Lighting PRINCETON TEC SHOCKWAVE LED

The Princeton Tec SHOCKWAVE LED has been expanded from 170 to 400 lumens power giving a maximum beam distance of 155m. Features 3 Maxbright LEDs, 2 light levels & LED heat regulation. Triple three watt Maxbright LEDs combined with Princeton Tec’s proprietary optics offer unprecedented brightness and beam smoothness. 9 watts of pure brute power is offered with two modes of illumination, high for super bright and low for extended battery life of up to 20 hours. The light output is calibrated for both close range tasks and spotting at a distance. The Shockwave LED is engineered to be impact resistant and waterproof to 100 metres. • Power: 400 Lumens • Lamp: 3 maxbright LED’s • Burn Time: 20 Hours • Beam Distance: 155m • Batteries: 8 C Alkaline • Weight: 1075g MSRP $259.95

PRINCETON TEC MINIWAVE LED

The little brother to the Shockwave LED, the Miniwave LED has been beefed up from 150 lumens to 337 lumens power giving a maximum beam distance of 145m. Also featuring 3-Maxbright LEDs with 10,000 hours of burn time and a smooth powerful white light, the Miniwave has 10 hours of burntime, is half the weight of the Shockwave and features a perfect streamlined fit for a variety of diving options. 2 modes of illumination give the option of high for super bright & low for extended battery life. • Power: 337 Lumens • Lamp: 3 Maxbright LED’s • Burn Time: 10 Hours • Beam Distance: 145m • Batteries: 4 C Alkaline • Weight: 650g MSRP $229.95

PRINCETON TEC TORRENT LED

Power meets versatility in the Torrent LED. It’s small enough to be a backup light, but with a 280 Lumen Maxbright LED, it’s more than powerful enough to be a main source. Dive lights aren’t just for night diving, and the Torrent LED is our favorite dive light for looking into caves/crevices, restoring lost colors at depth, and daytime wreck diving. For those who need a great backup, an efficient main source, or just all around great dive light, the Torrent LED is all of the above. A simple switching mechanism and a 100-meter waterproof rating ensure that the Torrent LED will be shining bright whenever and wherever you need it to go. • Power: 280 Lumens • Lamp: Maxbright LED • Burn Time: 30 Hours • Beam Distance: 75m • Batteries: 8 AA Alkaline • Weight: 365g MSRP $129.95

PRINCETON TEC LEAGUE 100

Light weight and comfortable shape make Princeton Tec’s brand new handheld waterproof dive light, the League 100, the ideal backup light in the water. This light even feels good enough to become your favourite on dry land. This unobtrusive light hides out of the way until it is turned on. The sculpted shape makes it feel like an extension of your hand and it provides impressive output for its size. • Power: 210 Lumens • Lamp: 1 maxbright LED • Burn Time: 10 Hours • Batteries:4 AA Alkaline • Weight: 203g MSRP $84.95

PRINCETON TEC IMPACT XL

Princeton Tec took the traditional look and feel of handheld halogen lights and added in our Maxbright LED to make the Impact XL. With a rubber overmold and rugged construction, the Impact XL is durable enough for any conditions. And with a burn time of up to 50 hours, this compact light is sure to be there when you need it. • Power: 65 Lumens • Lamp: Maxbright LED • Burn Time: 50 Hours • Beam Distance: 75m • Batteries: 4 AA Alkaline • Weight: 179g MSRP $74.95


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DPV HOLLIS H-160

Hollis has raised the bar in manufacturing with the H-160. This new innovative DPV sets the standard for tow behind vehicles. With 45lbs of thrust and a depth rating of 656ft / 200m the H-160 is the DPV of choice. With removable trim weights you have the perfect trim for salt or fresh water diving. The H-160 is operable with one hand and has a trigger switch that allows divers to vary between power settings of 50%, 75% or 100%. Select the power setting and use the thumb lock to set the underwater cruise control. All of these features make the H-160 the DPV of choice for cave, wreck, technical, and recreational diving. Features • 6061 T6 aluminium construction, hard anodized, with a marine finish • 9 point adjustable propeller pitch • 3 power settings: 50%, 75% and 100% with shift on the fly capability • Redundant seals in all compartments • Redundant electronic and mechanical clutch • Graduated start for smooth and controlled speeds • Smart electronics to protect the motor and battery • Magnetic Reed switch • Integrated 3x3W High Intensity LED Bulbs with optimized reflector design (optional) Specs • 1 hour burn time at 100% power with full charge (burn time of 2 hours at 50% power use) • Depth rating: 656ft (200m) • Ni-Mh Battery Pack • H-160 - provides 45lbs of thrust • Perfect balance in the water for easy handling • User accessible battery pack (no tools required) • Selectable input (110/220V) automatic charger • 5 hour recharge • Height 28.75in (73.03cm) , diameter of body 8.5in (21.59cm), and diameter at prop shroud 14.25in (36.2cm) • Weight: 48lbs (22 kg) MSRP $POA APPAREL

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1 OCEANIC CAP • Adjustable strap • One size fits all • Available in Sand and Grey MSRP $7.95 2 OCEANIC T-SHIRT • Cotton T-Shirt. • Unisex regular fit. • Available in Sizes: S, M, L, XL, XXL and XXXL MSRP $29.95

3 HOLLIS T-SHIRT • Cotton T-Shirt. • Unisex regular fit. • Available in Sizes: S, M, L, XL, XXL and XXXL MSRP $29.95 4 HOLLIS FLEECE JACKET • Thick fleece zippered jacket • Black outer with charcoal shepherd fleece lining • Available in Sizes: S, M, L, XL, XXL MSRP $89.95


154 KNIVES

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AQUATEC T-REX

• One Piece blade eliminates the risk of breaking from the handle • Ergonomic grip makes the knife easy to use • Finger guard and thumb ridge protects your fingers from accidents • Line cutter designed to allow you to cut entangling lines only by feel • Blade length 9cm, overall length 20cm • Available in lightweight Titanium or 304 Stainless Steel Titanium - MSRP $169.95 Stainless Steel - MSRP $99.95

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OCEANIC HUNTSMAN

The Huntsman Dive Knife has the most effective dive locking mechanism ever made and with the comfort neoprene sheath is the top choice of luxury dive knives ever released by Oceanic. • Neoprene sheath for comfort and automatic compensation for wet suit or dry suit compression • User adjustable with quick disconnect buckles • Solid Titanium Blade with Hammer End • Tear-Drop blade design • Serrated top edge for sawing and cutting • Line cutter • Quick disassemble blade for easy cleaning • Ergonomic Sure Hand Grip with Lanyard Hole • Blade length 125mm, Overall length 255mm • Available in lightweight Titanium. MSRP $149.95

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OCEAN PRO COBRA

• Tanto blade design with line cutter. • Moulded non slip “sure grip” handle. • Low profile rubberised sheath. • Available in lightweight Titanium or 420 Stainless Steel. Titanium - MSRP $129.95 Stainless Steel - MSRP $59.95

4 AQUATEC RAPTOR • The Raptor Knife’s revolutionary styling along with it’s compact and light-weight design allows for easy installation on any BCD • Built-in line cutter easily cuts through monofilament lines • Three different mounting options included: Backplate, Hose, Belt Clip • Easy in / easy out secure lock sheath • 304 Stainless Steel Blade • Blade length 7.9cm, Overall length 17cm MSRP $79.95 5 HOLLIS TITANIUM LINECUTTER • Light weight titanium line cutter with serrated blade • Moulded design for ultimate comfort • Velcro closure • Vertical or horizontal mounting options onto your harness MSRP $99.95 6 OCEANIC ATRAX The Atrax family of knives have been designed to accomodate a wide range of uses for the Diver. A High quality range of knives with all essential features covered. • Quick Lock and Release Durable Plastic Sheath • Tough Adjustable Rubber Straps • Solid High Grade 304 Stainless Steel • Line Cutter • Full Rubber Hand-Grip with Lanyard Hole • Solid Hammer end that unscrews to release entire blade for easy cleaning • Avaialble in Point, Blunt or Dagger Blade Options • Blade length 125mm, Overall length 255mm MSRP $79.95


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7 OCEANIC RANGER A compact and convenient BC knife featuring the quick lock / release system on the sheath for ease of operation and safety. • 304 Stainless Steel • 7cm length blade • Lightweight and Durable • Includes a hose mounting bracket to attach onto your LP or HP hoses • Available in point and blunt MSRP $39.95 8 OCEAN PRO ABALONE TOOL • Heavy duty Stainless Steel with contoured vinyl grip & adjustable nylon lanyard • 14” x 1.5” Stainless Steel is cut at the optimum angles ensuring ease of use whilst minimising damage to animals and the environment MSRP $49.95 9 OCEAN PRO MULTI-TOOL • The ideal addition to your dive kit bag. • Ultra compact design. • Included all the tools commonly used. • Anodised alloy and 420 Stainless Steel. • Brass O-ring pick.

11 HOLLIS TRAUMA SHEARS WITH SHEATH Hollis Trauma Shears are an extremely effective and effecient way of cutting your lines. Neatly secured in a tough nylon sheath, the Hollis Trauma shears can be tucked away and streamlined when not in use. MSRP $29.95 12 OCEAN PRO MANTIS • 304 grade Stainless steel • Moulded durable plastic handle • 14cm blade with hammer end • Polymer sheath with lock-ring MSRP $24.95 13 OCEAN PRO TRAUMA SHEARS An essential piece of safety equipment, Trauma Shears are designed to quickly and effeciently cut through lines in an emergency situation. Neatly secured in a tough nylon sheath, with snap hook attachment the Trauma shears can be tucked away and streamlined when not in use. MSRP $15.95

MSRP $29.95 10 OCEAN PRO KOMODO • 304 grade Stainless steel • Ergonomic grip handle • 14cm blade with hammer end • Serrated blade with line cutter MSRP $29.95

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156 SAFETY

Safety

HOLLIS SEEKER REELS

• Advanced materials and construction • Handle sized appropriately for both warm/cold water • 6061-T6 hard anodized aluminium • Glass filled nylon spool • Marine grade stainless components • Nylon braided line • Includes: Reel, Line and SS Boltsnap • Available in 200, 400 and 800 ft Range from MSRP $179.95 - $199.95

HOLLIS MARKER BUOY WITH SLING POUCH

• Available in ANSI Safety Orange or Emergency Yellow • Comes with quick deploy pouch • Hybrid Inflation design - Oral / Power Inflate or via regulator • Ideal for CCR divers who don’t have easy access to a 2nd stage for inflation • Anti spill self sealing duck bill closure ensures tube stays inflated • Mini HLI dump valve allows gas to vent during ascent or to depressurise bag at surface • Reflective tape for night diving • Approx 12 kg of lift

HOLLIS LIFT BAGS

• Available in either 125 & 60 lb Lift Capacity • Nylon used to resist tears and mildew • High-vis bright orange • Over pressure relief valve with pull dump at the base • Stainless D-ring for line attachment • Handle at the top of the lift bag for easy handling 60 lb. - MSRP $79.95 125 lb. - MSRP $99.95

MSRP $119.95

OCEAN PRO DECO BUOY WITH POUCH

• Unique one way Duck Bill valve • Over Pressure Relief valve • High Visibility Dual Orange and Yellow colouring for maximum visibility on the water and from the air • Lead weighted opening • Includes velcro closure seal pouch and BC clip • Dimensions: 18cm x 122cm MSRP $79.95

OCEAN PRO FINGER REELS

• The finger reel is ideal for divers of all levels as jump reels or for use with marker buoys and lift bags • Includes a double-end stainless steel bolt snap for convenient stowing • Available in 15m, 30m, 45m MSRP $25.95

OCEAN PRO WRECK REELS

• A traditional handled reel for the cave or wreck diver who is venturing in overhead, silt prone or virgin environments • Friction brakes are fitted to avoid run-on (bird nesting), and a large knob assembly is designed for easy use with or without gloves • A locking nut and stainless steel eye snap offers safe, secure stowing when not in use • Available in 45m and 82m 45m - MSRP $79.95 82m - MSRP $89.95


SAFETY 157

Safety 1

1 HOLLIS MARKER BUOY CLOSED CELL COMPACT • Self Sealing base to maintain floatation on surface • Stainless D-ring for line attachment • Over pressure relief valve allows the marker buoy to be used as a lift bag offering 40lbs of lift • Can be filled manually or with a low pressure inflator hose • High viz orange or emergency yellow for maximum visibilty when required • Measures 125cm in length

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MSRP $79.95 2 OCEAN PRO PSD ORAL INFLATE • Dimensions (cm): 15 x 183 • Dual colouring for maximum visibility on the water and from the air • Maximum 3 breath inflation • Screw lock inflation valve prevents air escaping once inflated • Includes Velcro closure seal and BC clip

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MSRP $59.95 3 OCEAN PRO LINE ARROW • Use to provide a tactile reference on a dive line to point to the exit of the overhead environment. • Available singularly or in packs of 12 MSRP $1.95 4

4 OCEANIC PSD ECONOMY • Dimensions: 15cm x 127cm • Neon orange colouring for maximum visibility on the water • Strategic weight positioning to prevent air escape on the surface • Tough PVC material for product longevity • Reinforced webbing loop for underwater deployment 5

MSRP $32.95 5 OCEAN PRO SIGNAL TUBE • A high visibility signaling device at an economical price. • 2m total length. MSRP $8.95

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6 OCEAN PRO DIVE FLAG • The compulsory item for every Australian diver • Constructed from tough, durable PVC • Rugged, easy to mount and remains visible in all conditions • Available in small (25cm x 35cm) and large (41cm x 52cm) Small - MSRP $8.95 Large - MSRP $14.95 7 OCEAN PRO DIVE FLOAT WITH FLAG • High visibility orange with detachable dive flag for safety • Inflatable internal bladder for replacement if necessary • High visibility float line included Float with Flag - MSRP $49.95

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158 CARE & MAINTENANCE

Care & Maintenance 2

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1 AQUASEAL • Permanent, high strength repairs and sealing for wetsuits, drysuits and all watersport products • The industry standard for durability • Available in 0.75oz.

5 SEA DROPS 9 MIRAZYME • The world’s most popular dive mask anti-fog. • A unique all natural anti-microbial formula that • A liquid formula that also provides gentle cleaning. penetrates into the pores of fabric, rubber, and even • Also perfect for eye glasses, binoculars and telescopes hard surfaces to eliminate odor. etc. • An endless amount of uses including clothing, • Available in 1.25oz. wetsuits, boots, gloves, bags and more. • Available in 2oz, 8oz and 3.8 Litres. MSRP $17.95 MSRP $9.95 From MSRP $11.95 6 SEA BUFF 2 AQUASEAL UV-CURE • Dive Mask pre-cleaner prepares the surface for the first 10 UV TECH • Make instantaneous field repairs to minor tears and application of Sea Gold or Sea Drops. • Protects all types of gear from sun damage and color pinholes in waders, wetsuits, rainwear and other • Essential for periodic heavy cleaning for dive masks. fading. outdoor gear. • Also ideal as a slate cleaner. • Preserves and rejuvenates hundreds of materials • Aquaseal UV cures in seconds when exposed to the • Available in 1.25oz. including wet and dry suit materials, Latex, PVC and sun. Hypalon. • Solvent free formula works in both overcast or full light MSRP $9.95 • Available in 4oz, 12 oz and 16oz. conditions. MSRP $16.95 3 SEAL CEMENT • Fast neoprene cement for instant repairs on wetsuits, drysuits, boots and gloves. • Quick cure time. • Available in 2oz in black. MSRP $14.95 4 SEA GOLD • The number 1 rated dive mask anti-fog by Rodale’s SCUBA DIVING Magazine. • Clear gel formula. • Safe for all types of glass and plastic lenses and will not harm silicone or rubber support frames. • Available in 1.25oz. MSRP $11.95

7 WETSUIT/DRYSUIT

SHAMPOO

• Specialised cleaning formula for neoprene, latex, trilaminates and numerous other fabrics. • Removes organic residue, chlorine and salt deposits preventing premature aging and oxidation. • Available in 8oz and 3.8 Litres. From MSRP $12.95 8 BC LIFE • The best complete cleaning and maintenance system for all BC’s. • Leaves BC shell, interior lining, hoses and valves free of salt crystals, chlorine and residue. MSRP $12.95

From MSRP $12.95 11 IRON MEND • Iron-on repair fabric, provides strong, flexible, permanent repairs for neoprene. • Line with BarritexTM for extra abrasion resistance. • Iron Mend may be used to repair neoprene dry suits, wet suits, waders, neoprene gloves and boots, orthopedic supports, and lycra body suits. • Includes: 10”x6” Knee-Pad Patch, Reusable Heat Shielding and Detailed Instructions. MSRP $22.95


CARE & MAINTENANCE 159

Care & Maintenance

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12 SEAL SAVER 15 MAX WAX 18 ANKLE WEIGHTS • Protects and conditions drysuit seals, gaskets, O-rings • Max Wax is a silicone-based zipper lubricant in a solid • Reduces leg and fin bouyancy and minimises back and rubber stick form. stress for a safer, more comfortable dive • Designed to preserve and maintain latex and neoprene • Max Wax provides maximum lubrication and protection • Easy draining Delrin™ buckles securely fasten weights seals while inhibiting deterioration and also providing for wet suits, dry suits, gear bags, luggage, sleeping and can be easily released with one hand a high gloss finish bags, convertible tops and more • Regular (1.5kg per pair) and Long (1.8kg per pair) • Available in 1.25oz • Maintains, protects and prolongs zipper life MSRP $79.95 MSRP $9.95 MSRP $9.95 19 CAMO FORM 16 SILICONE GREASE 13 ZIP CARE • Quickly turn your knife or reflective accessories into • Liquid zipper cleaner and lubricant offering the • Silicone grease lubricates and conditions rubber camo mode ultimate care for plastic, nylon or metal zippers products such as O-rings and other regulator and valve • Adheres to itself with no sticky residue when removed • A unique push-pull brush cleans between teeth whilst system components • Stays solidly in place and won’t sag once wet. removing dirt, salt and sand • Ideal for breathing apparatus, B.C.D.s, hoses, cylinder • Available in 2oz MSRP $34.95 O-rings, cameras and more • Available in 0.25 oz MSRP $9.95 20 VALUE PACK MSRP $7.95 Every diver will appreciate this Diver’s Value Pack 14 ZIP TECH for protecting, repairing and preserving valuable dive 17 SILICONE SPRAY/PUMP • Heavy duty formula for multi-dive lubrication of all equipment. Each Value Pack includes our most popular water tight and air tight zippers “Essentials for Adventure”: • Highest quality formula lubricates and protects • The industry standard silicone-free protectant against • 1 oz. Aquaseal® Urethane Repair Adhesive and sensitive rubber products and protects against rust, rust, corrosion, chlorine and salt in Sealant salt, oxidation and corrosion all temperatures • 1.25 oz. Sea Gold™ Anti-Fog Gel for Masks • Conditions neoprene, rubber, leather and more • Available in 0.5 travel pack • 1.25 oz. Sea Buff™ Mask Pre-Cleaner • Available in 11.5oz. • 2 oz. Zip Care™ Zipper Cleaner & Lubricant MSRP $12.95 MSRP $17.95 • 8 oz. B.C. Life™ BCDs Cleaner & Conditioner • 8oz. Wet Suit & Dry Suit Shampoo • 8 oz. MiraZyme™ Odor Eliminator • Packed in a handy carry bag MSRP $74.95


160 ACCESSORIES

Accessories

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1 WEBBING WEIGHTBELT • Ultratough nylon construction • Stainles steel lock and buckle MSRP $19.95

5 RETRACTOR WITH RING • Keeps gear neatly tucked way • Hardened snap clip & stainless split ring • Extends to 70cm MSRP $32.95

2 COMFO WEIGHTBELT • Soft padded weightbelt offering superior comfort • Individual reinforced weight pockets • Stainless Steel buckle • Comes with plastic accessory D-rings • Available in 4, 5, 6 and 7 pocket MSRP $49.95 3 JON LINE WITH ZINC HOOK • Designed to tether in strong currents & deco stops • Heavy duty shock line with wire interior • Stainless steel hook & snaps MSRP $39.95 4 MAGNETIC OCCY HOLDER • Unique magnetic design holds occy hose securely in place • Stainless split ring attachment point MSRP $29.95

6 COILED LANYARD • 25mm webbing • Quick release buckle and snap lock attachment clip • Stretches to 1m unlockedd MSRP $24.95 7 DELUXE UNDERWATER NOTEBOOK • Pencil with stretch lanyard • Refillable pages • Size: 12.5 cm x 20 cm • Plastic D-ring attachment point MSRP $39.95 Refills - MSRP $14.95 8 UTILITY POCKET • Suits all Oceanic BC’s • Zipper closure • Stainless drainage holes MSRP $39.95


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9 DIVE SAVER KIT • A convenient waterproof container housing common spares for emergency in-field service, that can save your dive • Contains: O-ring, mouthpiece, cable tie, fin buckle, fin strap, snorkel keeper and mask strap MSRP $24.95 10 QUICK RELEASE SLATE • Handy quick release writing slate • Includes lead pencil • Available in Small and Large Sizes Small - MSRP $9.95 Large - MSRP $17.95 11 WRIST SLATE 3 PIECE • A curved design that fits comfortably around the wrist with velco strap and two bungees for easy attachment • Multiple 3 in 1 layers • Pencil included MSRP $22.95 12 DOUBLE LEVEL SLATE • Double level writing slate • Stretch lanyard pencil holder • High quality clip that holds the slate secure to your BC’s D-Ring MSRP $29.95

13 NECKLACE • Keep alternate air source close to the mouth for instant availability • Favoured by technical divers • 100% Silicone 14 From MSRP $15.95

TANK PRESSURE GAUGE

• Convenient checking of tank pressure to 300 Bar • Available in Din or Yoke MSRP $169.95 15 NEOPRENE MASK TAMER X2 • The comfort mask strap provides ultimate comfort and style in place of a conventional silicone strap • With or without Velcro straps • Durable 3mm Neoprene MSRP $9.95 16 TANK 0-RING HOLDER WITH BRASS PICK • Aluminium tank with key ring so you will always have spare O’Rings on hand • Available with or without O’Ring Pick MSRP $9.95


162 BAGS / LUGGAGE

Bags / Luggage 1

1 OCEANIC WHEELED DUFFLE • Ultra light design with plenty of features • Ergonomic retractable handle • Smooth action skate wheels • Compact single compartment design with clamshell front access • Reinforced handle and stress points for ultimate durability • Dimensions (cm) : 74 x 40 x 29 MSRP $279.95 2 OCEANIC CARGO MESH DUFFLE • PVC coated mesh construction is lightweight, and allows easy gear rinsing and drying • Features carrying handle and removable shoulder strap • Internal semi-dry pocket for keys, wallet and credit card • Dimensions (cm): 66 x 33 x 33 • Weight (empty): 1.1 kg MSRP $69.95 2

3 OCEANIC DELUXE REGULATOR BAG • Unique round shape allows the regulator to be stored in a gently rolled position, the best way to store a diving regulator to prevent stress on the hoses • Full zip for easy access • Includes carry handle, removable shoulder strap and luggage tag • Dimensions (cm) : 30 x 30 x 11 MSRP $49.95

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4 OCEANIC REGULATOR BAG • Full zip for easy access • Convenient carry handle • Dimensions (cm): 34 x 34 x 10 MSRP $24.95

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5 OCEAN PRO WATERPROOF POUCH • Triple folded interlock sealed bag. • Velcro lock closure. • Available in small 13x18cm and medium 18x25cm. From MSRP $5.95 6 OCEAN PRO MASK ACCESSORIES BAG • Padded nylon bag to protect mask • Includes small accessory pocket for anti-fog storage.

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MSRP $14.95 7 OCEAN PRO TRANSPORTER BAG • Strong heat-sealed 95L PVC bag. • Completely waterproof allowing gear to be rinsed and washed inside the bag itself. • Release cap at one end to drain water. • Dimensions: (cm): 84 x 35 x 40.

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MSRP $109.95 8 OCEAN PRO DRY BAG • Roll-down, quick-lock closure system. • Durable strength PVC dry-bag. • Available in 12, 30 and 60 litre. 7

From MSRP $24.95

8


Oceanic Scuba Centres (OSC) are authorised retail partners and service providers of Oceanic. At an OSC, you will find all the latest Oceanic products and special promotions. OSC technicians are fully certified to service and repair your Oceanic dive equipment. NEW SOUTH WALES

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Submerged Nation issue02  

Live to explore. All things underwater. 164 pages of featured articles with beautiful photographs and a 50-page scuba gear guide 2014.

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