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Swift When we run the above program using playground, we get the following result: fatal error: unexpectedly found nil while unwrapping an Optional value 0 swift 0x0000000103410b68 llvm::sys::PrintStackTrace(__sFILE*) + 40 1

swift

0x0000000103411054 SignalHandler(int) + 452

2

libsystem_platform.dylib 0x00007fff9176af1a _sigtramp + 26

3

libsystem_platform.dylib 0x000000000000000b _sigtramp + 1854492939

4

libsystem_platform.dylib 0x00000001074a0214 _sigtramp + 1976783636

5 swift 0x0000000102a85c39 llvm::JIT::runFunction(llvm::Function*, std::__1::vector > const&) + 329 6 swift 0x0000000102d320b3 llvm::ExecutionEngine::runFunctionAsMain(llvm::Function*, std::__1::vector<std::__1::basic_string, std::__1::allocator >, std::__1::allocator<std::__1::basic_string, std::__1::allocator > > > const&, char const* const*) + 1523 7 swift 0x000000010296e6ba swift::RunImmediately(swift::CompilerInstance&, std::__1::vector<std::__1::basic_string, std::__1::allocator >, std::__1::allocator<std::__1::basic_string, std::__1::allocator > > > const&, swift::IRGenOptions&, swift::SILOptions const&) + 1066 8 swift char const*, void*) + 5275

0x000000010275764b frontend_main(llvm::ArrayRef,

9

0x0000000102754a6d main + 1677

swift

10 libdyld.dylib

0x00007fff8bb9e5c9 start + 1

11 libdyld.dylib

0x000000000000000c start + 1950751300

Stack dump: 0. Program arguments: /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/ usr/bin/swift -frontend -interpret - -target x86_64-apple-darwin14.0.0 -targetcpu core2 -sdk /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Platforms/MacOSX.platform/Developer/ SDKs/MacOSX10.10.sdk -module-name main /bin/sh: line 47: 15672 Done

cat

<<'SWIFT'

import Foundation </std::__1::basic_string</std::__1::basic_string</std::__1::basic_string</std:: __1::basic_string The above program declares 'election poll' as class name and contains 'candidate' as membership function. The subclass is declared as 'poll booth' and 'name' as its membership function which is initialized as 'MP'. The call to the super class is initialized by creating an instance 'cand' with optional '!'. Since the values are not declared in its base class, 'nil' value is stored thereby returning a fatal error by the force unwrapping procedure. 164

Swift is a powerful and instinctive programming language for macOS, iOS, watchOS and tvOS....  

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