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DEA Grad Lab Design Guidelines DEA 6500 - Problem-seeking through Programming GRADUATE TEAM B Anna Gannett Jenny Kim Manisha Rayaprolu Sukruti Gupta Sung Tsan Yeh

1 Image source: (all images) Cham, Jorge. www.phdcomics.com


Existing Space

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Context Interdisciplinary design research. Includes MA, MS, and PhD students from a variety of cultural and educational backgrounds Current office is situated on 4th floor, MVR (Room No. 4110) The growing student body and diversification of work done in grad lab requires reprogramming of the space, to remain relevant in changing times.

Image source: DEA Official website http://dea.human.cornell.edu/academics

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Current Space and Usage

24’9”

A C

A

22’2”

D

Empty under-table storage at each study workstation

F

B

Past year’s forgotten projects

D E

Stacks of books piled on top of study desks (desk storage does not have shelving for books)

Eating, relaxing, and group-work

B

Computer and book study Food preparation

Cluttered shelves containing textbooks, cutlery, personal storage, other miscellaneous pieces. Coffee table and fridge are also messy.

Storage Printing and project completion Photographs source: Authors

E Personalization in pinned-up magazine clippings and pieces of artwork (territoriality)

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User Types

THE NATIVE

THE REGULAR VISITOR

THE TOURIST

More than 5 days a week, over 3 hours a day.

More than 2-3 days a week, for about 15-30 minutes at a time.

Breezes through every few weeks, rarely spends time.

Grad Lab is the most preferred study spot.

Grad Lab is one of multiple preferred study spots.

Grad Lab is not the preferred study spot.

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User Insight Pros

Feels like home

Natural lighting

Good Ventilation

Social

Cons

Aged trash Rotten food in fridge

Windows are hard to open/close

Insufficient personal space and storage

Distracting environment

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Concept

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Design Guidelines: Informed by Theory, Backed by Research ●

Articulates space through design guidelines that make space1

Frameworks for collaboration are incorporated into a new framework 2

Proposes solutions based upon research methods of inquiry 3

C-9: A qualitative checklist of achievable parameters

1.Doorley & Witthoft, 2016 2. Shah & Leeder, 2016 3. Ziesel, 2006

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Quality Parameters at the social level: Community/Social level variables have an impact on individual level outcomes. These 9 quality parameters do not exist in isolation.

Concept Diagrams

Collaboration Communication Creativity Cleanliness Capacity Capability

Comfort Convenience Connectivity

Social Level

Creativity

Individual Level

Cleanliness Capacity

Quality Parameters at the individual level: In Grad Lab, graduate students operate within varying contexts and zones.

Individual Level

Capability Comfort Convenience

Grad Lab

Connectivity Communication Social Level Collaboration

4. Angeles, Guilkey & Mroz, 2005

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C9 Concept: Quality Parameters (Social) COLLABORATION

COMMUNICATION

Modes of Collaboration/Communication Image source: http://blog.socialcast.com/e2sday-better-together-tuckmans-stages-of-grou p-development/

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C9 Concept: Concept Quality Parameters (Individual)

CREATIVITY

COMFORT

CLEANLINESS

CONVENIENCE

CAPACITY

CONNECTIVITY

CAPABILITY

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Recommendations

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Zoning Loud Zone

Grad Lab can have the following major zones:

Acoustic Separation

Support Spaces

Study - Individual study tables Meeting

Meeting - Sitting together in groups Support spaces - Services for common use Circulation - Clear, obstruction-free space between zones

Study

Circulation

Quiet zone

Entry

Physical Connection 13


Prioritization Method for Design Guidelines

Highest priority items that are to be implemented first, and are critical for the project’s success.

M

Must

S

Should

Items that are important, but don’t need immediate attention.

C

Could

If the budget allows, then these items might be implemented to further improve the project.

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Zone 1: Study Organizing the space according to potentially the most significant function Grad Lab supports.

Potential issues of noise and lack of space will be mitigated by organizational changes and zoning.

This specific guideline addresses issues identified by users of distraction.

Image source: www.cryomats.org

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Study M

Dual screen monitors Standing desks

Creativity

Use functional accessories to segregate the study zone 5

Cleanliness

Task lighting

Capacity

S

Counter-height tables and stools for for laptop-only work 6

C

All desks with standing facility for healthier task performance 5

Capability

Comfort

Convenience

Connectivity

Communication Collaboration 5. Finch, Tomiyama & Ward, 2017 6. O’Shea, Grimley & Live, 2013

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Creativity

Cleanliness

Capacity

Capability Counter Table Heights

Comfort

Image source: https://www.hayneedle.com/bar-stool-buying-guide.cfm

Convenience

Connectivity

Communication Collaboration Counter Table Distances

Standing Desk Posture

Image source: https://www.hayneedle.com/bar-stool-buying-guide.cfm

Image source: https://www.hayneedle.com/bar-stool-buying-guide.cfm

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Zone 2: Meeting Creates a more organized space for collaboration that fulfills multiple needs.

Any potential issues with cleanliness and space shortage would be dealt with through organizational changes and additional storage.

These guidelines address issues identified by users of having a lack of social space that can be academic or informal.

Image source: https://www.behance.net/yamakunz

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Meeting: Social M

Multifunctional spaces that can facilitate social gathering and eating Comfortable sofa (seating)

Creativity

Table that can be matched with sofa to facilitate comfortable eating (proper height) 7

Cleanliness

Capacity

S

Artwork or display Capability

Comfort

Convenience

Connectivity

Communication Collaboration

7. Derived from focus group

Artwork

Social meeting space

Image source: thingsiliketoday.com

Image source: retaildesignblog.net

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Meeting: Academic M S

C

Workstations for 4-6 people for collaborative work Movable whiteboard and markers 7 Provide separate space for group meeting so that the individual work is not disrupted 10 Tackable surface for display of work, pin-up discussion or presentation Projector with movable screen

Creativity

Cleanliness

Capacity

Capability

Comfort

Convenience

Connectivity

Communication Collaboration 7. Derived from focus group 10. Derived from survey questionnaire

Collaborative Work Areas Image source:/sce.parsons.edu, pinterest.com

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Zone 3: Support Spaces These spaces will complement the academic and nonacademic activities occurring in Grad Lab, making them more feasible.

Potential issues with maintenance will be mitigated through organizational changes.

The redesign of support spaces will support the academic functions of the space, and make more efficient use of precious space.

Image source: https://www.officepantry.co.uk/case-study-fully-managed-office-kitchen-service/

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Storage: Communal M

Use of vertical space for increasing bookshelf storage capacity

S

Use of bookshelves to provide privacy between individual study areas 7

C

Indexed guide to provide organizational structure of literature resources available to all students

Creativity

Cleanliness

Capacity

Capability

Comfort 56 in

Convenience

Connectivity

40 in

80 in

Communication Bookshelves as partitions Image source: pinterest.com

Collaboration Bookshelves as partitions and vertical space usage Image source: Authors

7. Derived from focus group

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Storage: Personal M

S

Provide 40 personal lockers: 7 a. Placement in the hallway outside of the grad lab to maximize use of available space 8 b. Interior shelving to provide back to front storage flexibility Coat hooks for outerwear

Creativity

Cleanliness

Capacity

Keypad entry to allow for student turnover Shelving will allow area for wet winter shoes and boots

Capability

Comfort

Convenience

Connectivity

Communication Collaboration 7. Derived from focus group 8. Derived from interview with Dr. Wells

Lockers with keypad entry Image source: Authors

Coat rack and boot shelf example Image source: pinterest.com

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Pantry M S

C

Posted rules for use of fridge space 7 Provide designated communal non-perishable food storage space 9 Install sink within room for preparation, cleaning, and drinking water Provide clear preparation area for handling food Install paper towel dispenser for maintaining cleanliness 7 Provide a water filtration system with boiling (for tea, instant coffee, ramen) and cold water tap options 7

Creativity

Cleanliness

Capacity

Capability

Comfort

Convenience

Connectivity

Communication

Faucet Image source:edgarswater.co.uk

7. Derived from focus group 9. Derived from observation

Organized Pantry Image source: Authors

Collaboration

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Overall Guidelines These guidelines apply to Grad Lab as a whole, helping to connect or separate the various zones.

Through transition stages, redefining the spaces could be an issue for existing users, but this will be mitigated through education and over time.

The following guidelines are important for bringing together all of the pieces of Grad Lab into a cohesive unit with its own identity.

Image source: pinterest.com

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Furniture, Fixtures and Equipment M

S

Upgrade to separate printing station with computer 10 Remove or repurpose under-table storage 7 Flexible space layout to intuitively imply co-working/hotelling studio-style space 9 Optimize tabletop size and provide variety Easy-to-clean, comfortable upholstery 9

Creativity

Cleanliness

Capacity

Capability

C

Bright, cheerful aesthetics

10 Comfort

Convenience

Connectivity

Communication Repurposed Under-table Drawers

Coffee table Image source: pinterest.com

Image source: huntsoffice.co.uk

7. Derived from focus group 9. Derived from observation 10. Derived from survey questionnaire

Intuitive co-working space Image source: creativeboom.com

Printing station Image source: news.uga.edu

Collaboration

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Furniture, Fixtures and Equipment Recommended

Existing

Dual-screen desktops

2

2

Single-screen desktops

2

4

Work tables (multiple sized for group work)

3

Dual-screen desktops

4

Single-screen desktops Work tables 4’ long x 2'6" wide Work tables 4’ long x 2' wide

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Under-table Storage Drawers

8

Green Humanscale chairs

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Work tables 3’ long x 2' wide (for individual work) Under-table Storage Drawers Ergonomic Chairs

12 8 24

Black chair

1

Uniform and well-marked Waste Bins

3

Core chair

2

Small Refrigerator

1

Waste Bins

3

Microwave oven

1

Small Refrigerator

1

Pantry storage shelves

1

Microwave Oven

1

Small Table

1

Sink and faucet arrangement

1

Shelves 1' wide

7’ x 4 = 28' running

Printer

1

Storage Cabinet

1

Sofa

1

Coffee Table

1

Whiteboard + Tackable surface

1

Small pinboard

1

Coat rack

1

Bookshelves as partitions (1’ wide)

56’’ running

Printing Station

1

Stationery Storage Cabinet

1

Sofa

1

Whiteboard + Tackable surfaces

4

Common Pinboard 5’ wide x 7’ long

1

Coat and boot storage

1

Personal Lockers

40

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Ambient Environment: Ventilation Locate temperature control inside room 7 Creativity

Window weight <11 lbs for ease of opening and closing 9

Cleanliness

Window grid should be 40-60â&#x20AC;? for easy operation 9

Capacity

S

Horizontal distance between window and user < 10â&#x20AC;?

9

Capability

Comfort

Convenience

Connectivity

Communication Collaboration 7. Derived from focus group 9. Derived from observation

Temperature Control

Window system

Image source: store.google.com

Image source: window-openers.com

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Ambient Environment: Lighting Maximize use of natural light 11 Creativity

M

Install blinds for light level control 7

Cleanliness

Ambient lighting from artificial sources ~500 lux/m2 12

Capacity

Capability

Comfort

Convenience

Connectivity

Communication

7. Derived from focus group 11. Sleegers et al, 2013 12. NOAO, 2015

Window blinds

Optimal Lighting Level

Image source: blindstogo.com

Image source: bcwh.com

Collaboration

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Ambient Environment: Noise The exchange of noise should be minimized between different zones Creativity

M Items (keyboards and chairs) should make minimal noise in the individual study area 7

Cleanliness

Capacity

Capability

Comfort

Convenience

Connectivity Acoustic Space Dividers

Acoustic barriers

Silent keyboard

Image source: urban-office.com

Image source: maxpixel.freegreatpicture.com/Discs-Noise-Barrier-Glass

Image source: cdn.trendhunterstatic.com

Communication Collaboration

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Ancillary Recommendations

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Organizational Changes Waste Management Daily trash disposal system, grad students to be more proactive in waste management

Quiet Study Reserve Put an office on reserve system basis for masters students

Grad Lab Extension Extend the concept of Grad Lab to other space pockets, designed and branded for graduate students.

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Cornell Green Office Certification Program Grad Lab had Level 1 certification (now expired). To do more, we have to achieve more in the following categories:

Community Engagement Engage users to be proactive in achieving the certification requirements, but also the community in general. Energy Use windows wisely, change computer settings to save energy, shut down computers when not in use, turn off lights, UNPLUG electronics for nights, weekends and holidays

Green Events BYO Bowl/cup/plate/utensils to events, compose the event, use water/juice pitchers, green the food Recycling Recycle plastic bags, crisp bags, batteries/CDs in special locations around campus Transportation Use the bus, zimride, purchase carbon offsets Waste Reduce printing, print double-sided as a default, reuse paper for notes, use post consumer recycled paper, provide mugs, cutlery and soap to reduce disposable items that are thrown away

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Conceptual layout Eating, relaxing, and group-work Computer and book study Food preparation Storage Printing and project completion

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References Angeles, G., Guilkey, D. K., & Mroz, T. A. (2005). The impact of community-level variables on individual-level outcomes: Theoretical results and applications. Sociological Methods & Research, 34(1), 76-121. doi:10.1177/0049124104273069 Chang, T., Hsu, J., & Yu, P. (2011). A comparison of single- and dual-screen environment in programming language: Cognitive loads and learning effects. Educational Technology and Society, 14(2), 188-200. De Korte, E. M., Spiekman, M., Hoes-van Oeffelen, L., van der Zande, B., Vissenberg, G., Huiskes, G., & Kuijt-Evers, L. F. M. (2015). Personal environmental control: Effects of pre-set conditions for heating and lighting on personal settings, task performance and comfort experience. Building and Environment, 86, 166-176. doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2015.01.002 Doorley, S., & Witthoft, S. (2011). Make space: How to set the stage for creative collaboration (1. Aufl.;1; ed.). Hoboken: Wiley. Finch, L., Tomiyama, A., & Ward, A. (2017). Taking a stand: The effects of standing desks on task performance and engagement. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(8), 939. doi:10.3390/ijerph14080939. National Optical Astronomy LightLevels_outdoor+indoor.pdf.

Observatory.

(2015).

Retrieved

from

https://www.noao.edu/education/QLTkit/ACTIVITY_Documents/Safety/

O'Shea, L., Grimley, C., & Love, M. (2013). Interior design reference and specification book : Everything interior designers need to know every day. Osceola: Rockport Publishers. Shah, C., & Leeder, C. (2016). Exploring collaborative work among graduate students through the C5 model of collaboration: A diary study. Journal of Information Science, 42(5), 609-629. doi:10.1177/0165551515603322 Sleegers, P., Moolenaar, N., Galetzka, M., Pruyn, A., Sarroukh, B., & Van der Zande, B. (2013). Lighting affects studentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; concentration positively: Zeisel, J. (2006). Inquiry by design: environment/behavior/neuroscience in architecture, interiors, landscape, and planning. (Rev. ed.). New York: W.W. Norton & Company.

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Questions ?

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Thank you !

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Profile for Sung-tsan Yeh

Programming - DEA Grad Lab Design Guidelines  

1. Provide design recommendations for the Department of Design and Environment Analysis, Cornell University to improve user satisfaction. 2...

Programming - DEA Grad Lab Design Guidelines  

1. Provide design recommendations for the Department of Design and Environment Analysis, Cornell University to improve user satisfaction. 2...

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