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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Community District 16 Broadway Junction, Brownsville, Ocean Hill

2012 Over 90 indicators exploring 9 theme areas for each of Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

From the Director

Gretchen Maneval, Center for the Study of Brooklyn

Brooklyn is a vibrant and diverse borough, with over 2,550,000 people calling it home. The 4th largest city in the United States if it were not part of New York City, Brooklyn’s population is greater than Boston, Indianapolis and San Francisco combined. Brooklynites come from more than 130 countries, speak nearly 90 languages, and represent over 180 ethnicities. Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts include over 70 neighborhoods, and still more communities within those neighborhoods.

Center for The Study of Brooklyn Staff Director Gretchen Maneval

It’s imperative that such a densely populated and dynamic city has ready access to timely, accurate and neighborhood-level data. Brooklynbased community groups and institutions, local government and businesses, and researchers and media deserve to be equipped with such data in order to make the most informed public policy, programming and funding decisions possible. As the only research center devoted exclusively to the study of public affairs in the borough, the Center for the Study of Brooklyn at Brooklyn College provides access to and produces critically relevant data and research about Brooklyn, and facilitates strategic planning initiatives and community needs assessments, for and with our community partners.

Senior Research Associate Lorna Mason

Each of the Center’s 19 new Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports- one for each of the borough’s 18 Community Districts, and one for all of Brooklyninclude over 90 indicators that explore 9 different theme areas. The data are presented in clear and concise visuals and text. Accompanying Data Tables provide even greater detail, as do the Data Notes. More in-depth analysis of each of the 9 theme areas will also be included in the Center’s forthcoming Brooklyn Trends Report, to be released in 2012.

Research Associate Christina Pisano

As we can see from the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, in recent years, much of the borough has been booming. Many indicators for Brooklyn as a whole show that we’re doing relatively well compared with ten and twenty years ago. However, in order to have the most accurate understanding of Brooklyn’s trends and needs, it’s essential that we look beyond the borough-wide numbers and consider what the data at the Community District level reveal. At this smaller scale, differences among indicators for various Community Districts emerge, such as those for educational attainment, employment and income, and housing affordability. Environmental, health and public safety conditions vary as well. Opportunities to participate in arts and culture, and to engage civically, also differ between neighborhoods. In other words, disparities among Brooklyn’s many communities exist, and there is change to be made. As the Center for the Study of Brooklyn launches our new Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, we put them into your hands to continue the incredible work you are already doing here in Brooklyn- making positive change in your neighborhoods by engaging your elected officials, improving the services you and your families receive, and increasing resources for your communities. We are here to help in any way we canplease be in touch if you have questions, comments or would like more data to advance your important work. It’s high time that Brooklyn’s collective voice is heard, and it’s our hope that the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports will provide this voice with clarity and power!

F rom the Brooklyn Community Foundation M G ,P arilyn

elber

resident

Information is power. Information empowers. As the community foundation for Brooklyn, in addition to funding the best programs and ideas serving our borough, we are seeding projects that generate essential information to educate our 2.5 million residents about key issues and challenges in Brooklyn’s neighborhoods. The Center for the Study of Brooklyn is our information and research partner in this pursuit, gathering critical data, examining it closely, and sharing it with our residents, our businesses, our non-profit leaders, and our public sector officials to use as a tool for informed decision-making. The Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports create a profile of the civic health of the borough and its 18 Community Districts; it is an incredibly valuable new resource for Brooklynites to measure quality of life in the place they call home. As we analyze the indicators of civic health in Brooklyn, we can begin to identify trends, both encouraging and alarming, that are shaping our borough’s growth and development. This will not only inform the Foundation’s grantmaking, but empower our donors and our residents to take on local challenges and create positive change from the ground up. We encourage you to utilize these Reports to their fullest, to help you to Do Good Right Here.

Research Associate Edward Morlock

Advisory Board Willard Archie Brooklyn College Alumnus Joan Bartolomeo Brooklyn Economic Development Corporation Adam Friedman Pratt Center for Community Development Marilyn Gelber Brooklyn Community Foundation Kimberly George Greater Brooklyn Health Coalition Carl Hum Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce Christobal Jacques Brooklyn District Public Health Office, NYC Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene Stuart P. Leffler Con Edison Jerrold Mirotznik Brooklyn College Mohammad Razvi Council of Peoples Organization


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Special Thanks Board of Directors and Staff Brooklyn Community Foundation Eric Cadora Justice Mapping Center Karen Gould Brooklyn College Ingrid Gould Ellen Furman Center for Real Estate & Urban Policy Carl Hum Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce Melissa Lee Coalition for the Improvement of Bedford-Stuyvesant Marty Markowitz and Staff Office of the Brooklyn Borough President Jarrett Murphy and Staff City Limits Philip Noyes Brooklyn District Public Health Office, NYC Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene Ellen Salpeter and Staff Heart of Brooklyn William Tramontano Brooklyn College Ella Weiss and Staff Brooklyn Arts Council

In This Report Demographics ......................................................................1 Youth & Education...............................................................3 Economy.............................................................................. 4 Housing...............................................................................5 E nvironment .................................................................7 Health...........................................................................9 Public Safety ....................................................................11 Arts & Culture..................................................................12 Civic Engagement...............................................................13 Notes and Data...................................................................14

Cover Photo Sources Brooklyn College Marc Fader, City Limits Joe Beone, Flickr Brooklyn College Essie Lash, Heart of Brooklyn Marc Fader, City Limits CAMBA Adam Lerner, Flickr Jay Woodworth, Flickr Brooklyn College Brooklyn College

About Brooklyn's Neighborhoods: The Center for the Study of Brooklyn acknowledges that the number of Brooklyn neighborhoods, their names and boundaries vary from source to source. We've used the NYC Department of City Planning's New York: A City of Neighborhoods Citywide Index Map from 2011 as the source for the neighborhoods listed on the covers of our Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports.


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Demographics Community District 16 Age

Gender 56.6%

65 and Older Source: Timothy Krause, Flickr

9.0% 11.8%

Brooklyn 58.0% 63.3%

18-64 21.7% 15.8%

6-17

Population

0-5

CD 16 52.7% Brooklyn CD 16 47.3% 56.6% 52.7% 43.4% Brooklyn 47.3% 43.4%

CD 16

11.3% 9.1%

116,197

114,262

Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey

Number of Residents

Male

CD 16 (2000) CD 16 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09): 2,551,964

Female

Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey

Male

Female

Race/Ethnicity 76.2% 74.8%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

CD 16 (2000) CD 16 (2007/09) 36.8%

32.7%

CD 16’s population has grown by 1.7% since 2000.

19.8%

22.0%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

19.5%

9.4% 0.7% 0.9%

0.6% 0.7% Asian

Black

Latino

White

2.6% 1.5% 1.5% Other

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

1


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Top 5 Ethnicities CD 16 (2000) African American (41.2%)

CD 16 (2007/09) African American (44.3%)

Brooklyn (2007/09) African American (15.3%)

Puerto Rican (6.9%)

Puerto Rican (9.4%)

Religious Responses (7.4%)

Jamaican (5.2%)

Jamaican (5.3%)

Puerto Rican (6.0%)

American (3.1%)

Dominican (5.0%)

Italian (5.8%)

Dominican (2.6%)

African (4.1%)

Chinese (4.7%)

Language 18.1%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Top 5 Places of Birth

13.2%

CD 16 (2000) New York State (59.0%)

CD 16 (2007/09) New York State (60.6%)

Brooklyn (2007/09) New York State (50.6%)

Jamaica (4.4%)

Jamaica (4.5%)

China (3.8%)

South Carolina (4.3%)

Trinidad and Tobago (3.5%)

Jamaica (2.7%)

Puerto Rico (3.9%)

Guyana (3.4%)

Haiti (2.3%)

Trinidad and Tobago (2.8%)

Puerto Rico (3.3%)

Puerto Rico (2.3%)

CD 16 (2000) CD 16 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

6.9% 5.2%

5.5% 3.9%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Residents Who Don't Speak Households Where No Person English Well or at All 14 years or Older Speaks English Very Well

Top 5 Languages Spoken at Home CD 16 (2000)

CD 16 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

English (77.0%)

English (53.9%)

Spanish (18.4%)

Spanish (18.1%)

Spanish (16.9%)

French (1.1%)

French/Haitian Creole (1.8%)

Chinese (5.6%)

French/Haitian Creole (1.0%)

Kru (0.8%)

Russian (5.4%)

Kru (0.6%)

French (0.7%)

Yiddish (3.7%)

English (77.3%)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Foreign Born

Foreign Born Citizenship Status

36.8%

100%

27.0% 23.0% CD 16 (2000) CD 16 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

90% The percent foreign 80% born in CD 16 70% has increased by 4.0 60% percentage points 50% since 2000.

50.6%

55.8%

55.2% CD 16 Citizen CD 16 Not A Citizen

49.4%

44.2%

40%

44.8%

Brooklyn Citizen Brooklyn Not A Citizen

30%

Source: Marc Fader, City Limits

20% 10%

Foreign Born

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

0%

CD 14 (2000)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Youth & Education Community District 16

Public and Private School Enrollment 1.3% 37.4% 41.3% 0.0%

2.4

Infant/Toddler Group Day Care (Seats per 100 Children Under Age 3)

Preschool Group Day Care (Seats per 100 Children Age 3-4)

Universal Pre-K (Seats per 100 Children Age 4)

CD 14 (2009)

Brooklyn Private Brooklyn Public

Brooklyn (2009)

CD 14 (2000)

Brooklyn Not Enrolled

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2009 American Community Survey. Due to data constraints, K-12 data represented in this graph do not include unenrolled students (i.e. those students not in school). Grades K-5 Grades 6-8

19.7%

CD 16 (2000) CD 16 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

21.1%

CD 16 Private CD 16 Public

Preschool

2.3

20.5%

100% 98.7% 90% 97.9% 97.8% 94.0% 24.9% 10.3% 80% 79.5% 78.3% 75.5% 98.7% 97.9% 97.8% 94.0% 24.9% 70% 62.6% 79.5% 78.3% 75.5% 60% 62.6% 48.4% 31.6% 50% 31.6% 40% 30% CD 16 Brooklyn CD 16 20% Brooklyn CD 16 Brooklyn CD 16 CD 16 Brooklyn CD 16 (2009) CD 16 (2009) Brooklyn CD 16 Brooklyn Brooklyn CD 16 (2009) CD 16 (2009) Brooklyn (2009) (2009) (2009) CD 16 (2009) (2000) (2000) (2009) (2009) 10% (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2000) (2009) (2009) Preschool Preschool Grades K-5 6-8 6-8 Grades 9-12 Grades K-5 Grades Grades Grades 9-12 0% CD 14 (2009)

18.4

CD 16 Private CD Not Enrolled CD1616 Public

2.1%

43.5%

Brooklyn (2009)

23.0

6.0%

CD 14 (2009)

Brooklyn (2011)

20.5%

21.7%

Brooklyn (2009)

CD 16 (2011)

2.2% 24.5%

CD 14 (2000)

CD 16 (2000)

50.6

33.8

48.4%

37.4%

CD 14 (2009)

Capacity of Public Early Childhood Programs and Eligible Children Enrolled

10.3%

1.3%

43.5%

CD 16 Not Enrolled

2.1%

6.0% 21.7%

24.5%

Brooklyn (2009)

41.3%

Source: New York City Department of Education

2.2%

Disconnected Youth

12.7% 17.8% 21.3% 21.1% 19.7% 12.7% 11.5% 12.7% 12.7%

8.1% Disconnected Youth

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

DisconnectedYouth Youth Disconnected Disconnected Youth

Grades 9-12

Graduation, Drop Out, and Average College Readiness and Enrollment Rates

CD 13 12(2000) (2000) CD CD 12 16 (2007/09) (2000) CD CD 13 (2007/09) CD 16 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn Brooklyn(2007/09) (2007/09)

Disconnected youth are those ages 16-24 not in school and not working.

CD 16

Data Sources: NYC Department of Education; NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Brooklyn

56.4% 58.8%

48.2%

Educational Attainment Age 25 and Older

34.5%

30.0%

CD 16 (2000) 40.7%

12.7%

9.0%

13.3%

CD 16 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

% in Subsidized % in Head Start Group Day Care (Age 3-4 Living in Poverty) (Age 5 and Under Below 200% Poverty)

Data Sources: NYC Administration for Children’s Services; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

10.0% 12.3%

17.8% 9.8%

Graduation Rate Dropout Rate Students High School (2010/11) (2010/11) College Ready Seniors Enrolled (2010/11) in College (2010/11) Data Source: NYC Department of Education; College Ready is determined by many factors, including a minimum score of 75 on the English Regents and 80 on the MathA Regents Exams; Data are for public high schools in each Community District, whether or not the students live in the District.

CD 16 (2007/09) 29.5%

29.0%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

22.3% 8.3%

12.3%

Less than a High School Bachelor's Degree or Degree or GED Higher Equivalent

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

3


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Investment Income

Economy

9.4%

9.4%

5.9%5.9%

Community District 16 49.6%

CD 16 (2000)

$25,124

40.5%

CD 16 (2007/09)

$26,335

2.0%2.0%

Poverty

Brooklyn (2007/09)

% Age 15 and Up with

% AgeInvestment 15 and UpIncome with Investment Income

46.4%

35.3%

30.7% 21.2%

$43,755 Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Living in Poverty

All monetary figures in this report are adjusted for inflation to reflect 2010 dollars.

Jobs 56.3%

61.1%

50.4%

CD 16 (2000) CD 16 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) 22.1% 12.9%

8.0%

Age 16 and Up in the % of the Labor Force Labor Force Who Are Unemployed Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey; Labor Force is the percent of residents 16+ who are employed or unemployed.

www.studybrooklyn.org

CD 16 (2000) CD 16 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Children (Under Age 18) Living in Poverty

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

The percent of people living in poverty in CD 16 has decreased by 5.2 percentage points since 2000; the percent of children living in poverty has also decreased by 3.2 percentage points.

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Investment income includes money earned from an estate or trust, interest, dividends, and/or rental income. Median Invesment Income for Individuals

Median Household Income

CD CD16 16(2000) (2000) CD16 16(2007/09) (2007/09) CD Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

$1,439 $7,014

$2,033

CD 16 (2000) CD 16 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Top 5 Occupations and Median Wages of CD 16 Residents CD 16 (2000)

CD 16 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 10.8% ($23,554)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 8.7% ($21,270)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 5.2% ($23,139)

Security Guard 4.5% ($23,554)

Security Guard 5.4% ($25,413)

Administrative Assistant 3.3% ($33,545)

Administrative Assistant 4.0% ($31,274)

Janitor 3.6% ($20,258)

Elementary/Middle School Teacher 2.6% ($50,825)

Cashier 3.4% ($15,048)

Child Care Worker 3.5% ($23,196)

Janitor 2.6% ($26,429)

Office Clerk 3.2% ($30,096)

Office Clerk 2.9% ($28,462)

Retail Salesperson 2.4% ($20,330)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Source: Wikiwiki718, Wikimedia Commons

4


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Housing

s

Community District 16 Index of Housing Price Appreciation (2-4 Family Buildings)

136.6

Source: Wikiwiki718, Wikimedia Commons

Total Households

The median sales price per unit in 2-4 family buildings in CD 16 has increased 9.7%, from $125,381 in 2000 to $137,500 in 2010.

110.2

100.0

CD 16 Brooklyn

39,602

37,921

CD 16 (2000) CD 16 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09): 889,957

2000

2008

2009

2010

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy; This index measures the change in the price of buildings that have sold multiple times during the given time periods. This controls for price fluctuations that are due to housing quality.

Number of Households Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Foreclosures

Owners and Renters 17.5% 20.0%

82.5% 80.0%

CD 14 (2000)

60.3

Brooklyn Owners

69.7%

22.9

Brooklyn Renters

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

Brooklyn (2010)

30.3%

CD 16 Renters

19.7

54.5%

CD 16 (2010)

60.3

CD 16 Owners 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

Housing Burden of Owners CD 16 (2000)

25.2 25.2

CD CD12 16(2000) (2000) CD 12 CD 16(2010) (2010)

Brooklyn Brooklyn(2010) (2010)

25.2 22.9 Foreclosure Rate per 1,000 1-4 4.5 Family Properties Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Foreclosure Rate per 1,000

44.0% 30.6% 54.5%

24.3%

CD 16 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09

CD 16 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

44.0% 30.6%

24.3% Owners Paying Owners Paying 30% or More of 50% or More of Income on Income on Housing Housing Owners Paying Owners Paying 30% or More Data 2007/09 American Community Survey of Source: 50% or More of Income on Income on Housing Housing

5


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Median Gross Rent

$1,002 $654

$722

Affordable and Rent-Regulated Rental Housing 40.4%

CD 16 (2000) CD 16 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Housing Violations

43.6%

42.2%

117.2 30.8% 26.3% 18.3%

CD 16 (2005)

95.1

CD 16 (2000) 64.1

CD 16 (2009)

CD 16 (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

Brooklyn (2009)

Median Gross Rent Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Serious Housing Code Violations per 1,000 Rental Units

Public and Subsidized Rent-Regulated Units Rental Units

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Since 2000, there has been a 10.4% increase in Median Gross Rent in CD 16.

Housing Burden of Renters CD 16 (2007/09)

54.8% 52.3% 54.8% 53.3%52.3% 52.3%33.1%

28.7%

Brooklyn (2007/09) CD16 13(2007/09) (2007/09) CD Brooklyn(2007/09) (2007/09) Brooklyn

33.1% 28.7% 24.2% 28.7% Renters Paying Renters Paying 30% or More of 50% or More of Income on Rent Income on Rent Renters Paying Renters Paying Renters Paying 30% or More of Renters 50% orPaying More of or2007/09 More of 50% or More of Data 30% Source: American Community Income on Rent Income onSurvey Rent Income on Rent Income on Rent Source: Jim Henderson, Wikimedia Commons

www.studybrooklyn.org

6


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Environment Community District 16

Bike Lanes and Street Miles Ratio 1 mile 1 mile CD 16 (2010) CD 16 (2010) 26.5 miles 26.5 miles 1 mile

1 mile miles Brooklyn Brooklyn (2010)(2010) 13.7 13.7 miles

Source: H.L.I.T., Flickr

Access to Parks 97.2%

CD 16Bike BikeLanes Lanes CD 16

63.8%

CD 16Streets Streets CD 16

63.8%

Brooklyn Bike Lanes Brooklyn Streets

There are 2.4 miles0 of bike lanes in CD 16, 20 compared to 63.6 miles of streets.

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

CD 16 (2000) CD 16 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

7.1% 6.5%

7.1% 6.5%

24.4% 25.7%

9.9%

Walks or Rides Takes Public Drives Takes Bike Public Transportation

Walks or Rides Bike

24.4% 25.7%

Drives

Transportation

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Community Gardens

Brooklyn (2009)

Residential Housing Units Within 1/4 Mile of a Park

60.0%

27.4%

CD 16 (2009)

60.0%

27.4%

9.9%

CD CD Br

66.1%

66.1%

Data Sources: NYC Department Brooklynof Transportation; NYC Department of City (2010) Planning

86.0%

In 2011, there were 32 requests for new trees in CD 16, and 3,754 in all of Brooklyn.

There are 24 community gardens in CD 16.

www.studybrooklyn.org

Transportation to Work

Data Sources: GrowNYC and www.OASISnyc.net (2011)

7


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Garbage and Recycling Collection

Environmental Complaints 26.8

95 Tons

78 Tons

2,660 Tons

CD 16 (2001) CD 16 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

Tons= Garbage and Recycling Collected Per Day for Disposal

Asthma 16.5%

CD 16: % Garbage 91.4%

92.2%

85.6%

CD 16: % Recycling Brooklyn: % Garbage Brooklyn: % Recycling

8.6%

7.8%

14.4%

CD 16 (2005)

CD 16 (2011)

Brooklyn (2011)

Data Source: NYC Department of Sanitation, via My Neighborhood Statistics CD 14 (2005)

13.2%

8.0 0.9

3.0

Air Complaints per 10,000 People

11.3%

6.6 1.1 Noise Complaints per 10,000 People

Data Source: NYC Department of Environmental Protection, via My Neighborhood Statistics

Sites of Environmental Concern

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002/04) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Adults with Asthma Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Elevated Blood Lead Levels In 2011, an average of 1.3 pounds of garbage and recycling were collected per person each day in CD 16.

19.7

3.4

www.studybrooklyn.org

4.8

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2001) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

Rate of Elevated Blood Lead Levels per 1,000 Youth Age 0-17 Tested Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Data Sources: Environmental Protection Agency; NYC Department of Education via New York Lawyers for the Public Interest

8


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Bedford Stuyvesant/Crown Heights United Hospital Fund Neighborhood

Health

Community District 16 Fruits and Vegetables

Self-Reported Health Status 35.4%

34.3% 32.8%

35.4%

21.4%

25.7% 34.3% 32.8% 24.3% 23.7%

23.8% 23.4%

21.4%

Fair or Poor

23.8% 23.4%

Good

There are 11 United Hospital Fund Neighborhoods in Brooklyn, which are aggregated up from zip codes by the NYC DOHMH. All data from the NYC DOHMH are presented by United Hospital Fund Neighborhood or for the entire borough.

25.7% 24.3% 23.7%

16.5%

18.9% 18.2% 18.1%

Fair or Poor

Good

4.0%

72.9%

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Cigarette Smoking and Binge Drinking 22.0%

69.6%

CD 16 (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002/03) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2008/09) Brooklyn (2008/09)

22.0%

Bed Stuy/Crown H UHF (2002/04) Bed Stuy/Crown H UHF (2007/09) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights Brooklyn (2007/09 UHF (2002/04)

20.4% 16.5% 20.4% 16.5%

10.9% 10.9%

Medicaid Recipients

Data Source: 2009 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

9.4%

Excellent

Physical Activity

31.8%

Uninsured

7.0%

No Servings per Day 1-4 Servings per Day 5 or More Servings per Day

Very Good

13.0%

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

63.9%

13.8% 13.9%

19.2%

Excellent

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002/04) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

18.9% 18.2% 18.1%

Very Good

Health Insurance 43.4%

76.7% 76.6% 77.6%

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002/04) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

12.7%

12.7%

12.3%

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

12.3%

Adults Who Exercised in Past 30 Days

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Cigarette Smoking

Binge Drinking

DataCigarette Source: NYC Department of Health Mental Hygiene Smoking Bingeand Drinking

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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Mortality

Obesity and Diabetes

11.4 11.1

122.6

CD 16 (2002)

12.7

29.1% 29.1%

CD 16 (2007)

11.3

HIV/AIDS Diagnoses and Deaths

Brooklyn (2007)

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002/04) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

25.0%

6.9

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2002) Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

70.0 40.0

5.2

12.1% 11.6%

Mortality Rate per 1,000 Population

Infant Mortality Rate per 8 1,000 Live Births

CD 16 (2002)

CD 16 (1998/00)

CD 16 (2007)

CD 16 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007)

Brooklyn (2007/09) 5

10.2%

HIV Diagnoses per 100,000 Population

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

7

Obesity

6

Diabetes

39.5 39.5

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF UHF(2002) (2002) Bed Heights BedStuy/Crown Stuy/Crown Heights UHF UHF(2009) (2009) Brooklyn Brooklyn (2009) (2009)

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene 4

5.2

19.7 19.7

3 2

Disabilities

Rate per irths

4.2%

Mental Health

1

4.7%

CD 16 (2009) 0

Mortality Rate per 1,000 Brooklyn (2009) Population

2.7%

2.4%

1,131

HIV Death Rate per 1,000 People

769

Bed Stuy/Crown Heights UHF (2003/04) Brooklyn (2003/04)

1.6%

Cognitive Visual Disability Hearing Disability Disability (Age 5+)

www.studybrooklyn.org

Living with HIV Death Rate perHIV/AIDS 1,000 People Living with HIV/AIDS

Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 Live Births

2.2%

Data Source: 2009 American Community Survey

16.0 16.0

Mental Health-related Hospitalization Rate per 100,000 Adults Data Source: NYS Department of Health

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Although HIV/AIDS diagnoses and deaths have declined in the Bedford Stuyvesant/Crown Heights United Hospital Fund Neighborhood since 2002, 96.8% of new diagnoses and 97.7% of deaths are of persons of color. 10


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Public Safety Community District 16 Crime and Stop & Frisk

Prison Admissions

229.9

6.63

CD 16 (2001) CD 16 (2010)

1.98

Brooklyn (2010)

Source: Jim Henderson, Wikimedia Commons

81.3

Domestic Violence

Prison Admission Rate per 1,000 Adult Population

32.1 CD 16 (2011) 10.6

CD 16 (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

Brooklyn (2011)

Domestic Violence-Related Police Responses per 1,000 Population

Data Source: NYPD via My Neighborhood Statistics

12.0 9.8

5.1

Violent Crime

10.7 7.5

7.8

Property Crime

22.7 17.3

12.9

Felony Crime

n/a Stop & Frisk (2009)

Rates per 1,000 Population

Data Source: Justice Mapping Center (JMC) analysis of NYS DOCCS data. DOCCS not responsible for JMC findings. Please note that Community District-level data represent only those records with mappable addresses. Therefore, prison admission rates may be under-represented.

Data Sources: Crime Rates: NYPD; Stop & Frisk: NYPD, Center for Constitutional Rights, via New York Times. Felony Crimes include Violent Crimes plus Property Crimes.

Projected Prison Expenditures per Capita $700

Hate Crimes

CD 16 (2009)

0.4 CD 16 (2011)

$206

Brooklyn (2009)

Brooklyn (2011) 0.0 Hate Crimes per 10,000 Population Data Source: NYPD via My Neighborhood Statistics

www.studybrooklyn.org

In 2009, a total of 290 adults from CD 16 were admitted to prison at a projected cost of $30,613,440 over the term of their sentences.

Projected Expenditure on Incarceration per Adult Age 18-59 Data Source: Justice Mapping Center (JMC) analysis of NYS DOCCS data. DOCCS not responsible for JMC findings. Please note that Community District-level data represent only those records with mappable addresses. Therefore, projected prison expenditures may be under-represented.

11


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Arts & Culture

Registered Citywide Events

Community District 16 Arts & Culture Organizations

Arts & Culture Funding $3.43

CD 16 (2010) Brooklyn (2010) Data Source: NYC Office of Citywide Event Coordination and Management (2010)

$0.00 Arts & Culture Funding per Person

Cultural Activities Rating

Data Sources: NYS Council on the Arts and NYC Department of Cultural Affairs

14.8% Data Source: Brooklyn Arts Council (2011)

There are 5 arts & culture organizations in CD 16. Arts & Culture Employment 4.8% CD 16 (2000) 2.5% 1.4%

CD 16 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

% Workers in Arts & Culture Industry Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

In 2010, no funding was granted to the 5 arts organizations in CD 16 by the New York State Council on the Arts and the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs.

CD 16 (2008) 2.5%

Brooklyn (2008)

Has Excellent Cultural Activities in Their Neighborhood Data Source: NYC Mayor’s Office of Operations

Top 5 Occupations in the Arts & Culture Industry of CD 16 Residents CD 16 (2000)

CD 16 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

Office Clerk (16.7%)

Janitor (18.9%)

Shipping Clerk (11.2%)

Designer (11.7%)

Designer (13.7%) Artist (7.6%)

Production Clerk (9.5%)

Grounds Maintainer (11.3%)

Editor (6.3%)

Data Entry Keyer (9.5%)

Data Entry Keyer (9.2%)

Manager (5.6%)

Courier/Messenger (9.1%)

Library Assistant (9.0%)

Producer/Director (5.2%)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey Source: Community Mural Action Program 2011, Groundswell Community Mural Project

12


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Civic Engagement Community District 16

Campaign Donations for NYC Elections CD 16

79.8%

Brooklyn

68.0% 56.9%

63.8%

57.2% 60.5%

Source: Annie Green Springs, Flickr

Zip Codes Overlaying CD 16

Voting

% of All Brooklyn Donations (2009) 11212

0.6% ($38,729)

11233

Brooklyn:$6,982,933

1.3% ($92,354)

Data Source: NYC Campaign Finance Board

311 Requests

Citizens Age 18 All Age 18 and and Above Above Registered to Registered to Vote (2011) Vote (2011)

19.4 12.8

CD 16 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

311 Requests-forService per 100 Population Data Source: NYC Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications

Registered Voters Who Voted in 2008 Presidential Election

Data Sources: New York State Board of Elections; Center for Urban Research

Employment by Non-Profit or Local Government 21.5%

Census Mail Response 49.1%

53.6%

18.2%

58.0% 12.6% CD 16 (2000) CD 16 (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

Average Census Mail Response Rate Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau

www.studybrooklyn.org

Voter registration percentages may be inflated (to over 100% in some cases) as voters are not removed from rolls until they have not voted in two major elections.

7.2% 8.1%

CD 16 (2007/09)

9.0%

Employed by a Non-Profit

CD 16 (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Employed by Local Government

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

13


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Notes

Data Sources Abbreviated data sources are listed under each graph or map in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports. Complete data source citations are included in the endnotes of the Data Tables that accompany each of the 19 Reports, as well as in the Data Notes document. The Center for the Study of Brooklyn has used in these Reports the most recent data available from all data sources as of December 2011. In the case of U.S. Census Bureau data (the source most often used in these Reports), the 2007/09 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates, Integrated Public Use Microdata are used instead of one year data as they allow for greater validity, particularly for neighborhood-level data. For each of the Reports for Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts, the Center uses data going back as far as 2000 (if available) to illuminate trends. For the All Brooklyn Report, data as far back as 1990 are used (if available), and geographic comparisons with New York City, New York State and the Nation are also made (if data were available).

Data Tables Data Tables that supplement each of the 19 Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports are available on the Center’s website (www.studybrooklyn.org). These Data Tables include exact counts, rates and/or percentages for each indicator in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, as well as endnotes with detailed data source citations.

Your Ideas Are Welcome!

This is the first time the Center for the Study of Brooklyn is producing the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, and we welcome your feedback on the content and design. We are grateful to everyone who has helped make these Reports possible, and look forward to hearing your good ideas! Please also contact us immediately if you find any errors in the data, visuals, text, sources, etc. so that we can make the relevant changes right away. Released: March 12, 2012 www.studybrooklyn.org

Data Notes A Data Notes document is available on the Center’s website (www.studybrooklyn.org) that includes comprehensive definitions of each indicator used in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, the methodology for calculating that indicator (where applicable), and a ranking of the Brooklyn Community Districts with the highest and lowest counts, rates and/or percentages for the most recent year(s) for which those indicators were available. This document also includes detailed data source citations. 14


Community District 16 Brooklyn Neighborhood Report