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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Community District 5 City Line, Cypress Hills, East New York, Highland Park, New Lots, Spring Creek, Starrett City

2012 Over 90 indicators exploring 9 theme areas for each of Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

From the Director

Gretchen Maneval, Center for the Study of Brooklyn

Brooklyn is a vibrant and diverse borough, with over 2,550,000 people calling it home. The 4th largest city in the United States if it were not part of New York City, Brooklyn’s population is greater than Boston, Indianapolis and San Francisco combined. Brooklynites come from more than 130 countries, speak nearly 90 languages, and represent over 180 ethnicities. Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts include over 70 neighborhoods, and still more communities within those neighborhoods.

Center for The Study of Brooklyn Staff Director Gretchen Maneval

It’s imperative that such a densely populated and dynamic city has ready access to timely, accurate and neighborhood-level data. Brooklynbased community groups and institutions, local government and businesses, and researchers and media deserve to be equipped with such data in order to make the most informed public policy, programming and funding decisions possible. As the only research center devoted exclusively to the study of public affairs in the borough, the Center for the Study of Brooklyn at Brooklyn College provides access to and produces critically relevant data and research about Brooklyn, and facilitates strategic planning initiatives and community needs assessments, for and with our community partners.

Senior Research Associate Lorna Mason

Each of the Center’s 19 new Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports- one for each of the borough’s 18 Community Districts, and one for all of Brooklyninclude over 90 indicators that explore 9 different theme areas. The data are presented in clear and concise visuals and text. Accompanying Data Tables provide even greater detail, as do the Data Notes. More in-depth analysis of each of the 9 theme areas will also be included in the Center’s forthcoming Brooklyn Trends Report, to be released in 2012.

Research Associate Christina Pisano

As we can see from the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, in recent years, much of the borough has been booming. Many indicators for Brooklyn as a whole show that we’re doing relatively well compared with ten and twenty years ago. However, in order to have the most accurate understanding of Brooklyn’s trends and needs, it’s essential that we look beyond the borough-wide numbers and consider what the data at the Community District level reveal. At this smaller scale, differences among indicators for various Community Districts emerge, such as those for educational attainment, employment and income, and housing affordability. Environmental, health and public safety conditions vary as well. Opportunities to participate in arts and culture, and to engage civically, also differ between neighborhoods. In other words, disparities among Brooklyn’s many communities exist, and there is change to be made. As the Center for the Study of Brooklyn launches our new Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, we put them into your hands to continue the incredible work you are already doing here in Brooklyn- making positive change in your neighborhoods by engaging your elected officials, improving the services you and your families receive, and increasing resources for your communities. We are here to help in any way we canplease be in touch if you have questions, comments or would like more data to advance your important work. It’s high time that Brooklyn’s collective voice is heard, and it’s our hope that the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports will provide this voice with clarity and power!

F rom the Brooklyn Community Foundation M G ,P arilyn

elber

resident

Information is power. Information empowers. As the community foundation for Brooklyn, in addition to funding the best programs and ideas serving our borough, we are seeding projects that generate essential information to educate our 2.5 million residents about key issues and challenges in Brooklyn’s neighborhoods. The Center for the Study of Brooklyn is our information and research partner in this pursuit, gathering critical data, examining it closely, and sharing it with our residents, our businesses, our non-profit leaders, and our public sector officials to use as a tool for informed decision-making. The Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports create a profile of the civic health of the borough and its 18 Community Districts; it is an incredibly valuable new resource for Brooklynites to measure quality of life in the place they call home. As we analyze the indicators of civic health in Brooklyn, we can begin to identify trends, both encouraging and alarming, that are shaping our borough’s growth and development. This will not only inform the Foundation’s grantmaking, but empower our donors and our residents to take on local challenges and create positive change from the ground up. We encourage you to utilize these Reports to their fullest, to help you to Do Good Right Here.

Research Associate Edward Morlock

Advisory Board Willard Archie Brooklyn College Alumnus Joan Bartolomeo Brooklyn Economic Development Corporation Adam Friedman Pratt Center for Community Development Marilyn Gelber Brooklyn Community Foundation Kimberly George Greater Brooklyn Health Coalition Carl Hum Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce Christobal Jacques Brooklyn District Public Health Office, NYC Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene Stuart P. Leffler Con Edison Jerrold Mirotznik Brooklyn College Mohammad Razvi Council of Peoples Organization

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Special Thanks Board of Directors and Staff Brooklyn Community Foundation Eric Cadora Justice Mapping Center Karen Gould Brooklyn College Ingrid Gould Ellen Furman Center for Real Estate & Urban Policy Carl Hum Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce Melissa Lee Coalition for the Improvement of Bedford-Stuyvesant Marty Markowitz and Staff Office of the Brooklyn Borough President Jarrett Murphy and Staff City Limits Philip Noyes Brooklyn District Public Health Office, NYC Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene Ellen Salpeter and Staff Heart of Brooklyn William Tramontano Brooklyn College

In This Report Demographics ......................................................................1 Youth & Education...............................................................3 Economy.............................................................................. 4 Housing...............................................................................5 E nvironment .................................................................7 Health...........................................................................9 Public Safety ....................................................................11 Arts & Culture..................................................................12 Civic Engagement...............................................................13 Notes and Data...................................................................14

Ella Weiss and Staff Brooklyn Arts Council

Cover Photo Sources Brooklyn College Marc Fader, City Limits Joe Beone, Flickr Brooklyn College Essie Lash, Heart of Brooklyn Marc Fader, City Limits CAMBA Adam Lerner, Flickr Jay Woodworth, Flickr Brooklyn College Brooklyn College

About Brooklyn's Neighborhoods: The Center for the Study of Brooklyn acknowledges that the number of Brooklyn neighborhoods, their names and boundaries vary from source to source. We've used the NYC Department of City Planning's New York: A City of Neighborhoods Citywide Index Map from 2011 as the source for the neighborhoods listed on the covers of our Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports.

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Demographics Community District 5 Age

Gender 53.9% 52.7%

65 and Older

CD 5

9.6% 11.8%

Brooklyn

6-17

Population

0-5

10.6% 9.1%

Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey

159,212

143,427

Brooklyn

18.8% 15.8%

Male

CD 5 (2000)

Female

Data Source: 2007/09 American Male FemaleCommunity Survey

CD 5 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09): 2,551,964

Brooklyn CD 5

61.1% 63.3%

18-64

Source: Timothy Krause, Flickr

46.1% 47.3% 53.9% 52.7% 46.1% 47.3%

CD 5

Race/Ethnicity 45.9%

Number of Residents

49.1% CD 5 (2000)

39.5% 39.0%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

36.8%

CD 5 (2007/09)

32.7%

CD 5’s population has grown by 11.0% since 2000.

Brooklyn (2007/09)

19.5% 9.4% 5.6% 5.4%

3.6% 4.6% Asian

Black

Latino

White

5.3%

2.0% 1.5% Other

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

1

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Top 5 Ethnicities CD 5 (2000) African American (24.5%)

CD 5 (2007/09) African American (28.8%)

Brooklyn (2007/09) African American (15.3%)

Puerto Rican (10.6%)

Puerto Rican (12.7%)

Religious Responses (7.4%)

Dominican (8.8%)

Dominican (12.3%)

Puerto Rican (6.0%)

Guyanese (3.4%)

Guyanese (4.5%)

Italian (5.8%)

Jamaican (3.1%)

Jamaican (3.9%)

Chinese (4.7%)

Language 18.1%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Top 5 Places of Birth

13.2%

CD 5 (2000) New York State (50.9%)

CD 5 (2007/09) New York State (54.2%)

Brooklyn (2007/09) New York State (50.6%)

Dominican Republic (7.9%)

Dominican Republic (7.3%)

China (3.8%)

Puerto Rico (6.8%)

Guyana (4.9%)

Jamaica (2.7%)

Guyana (5.0%)

Puerto Rico (4.3%)

Haiti (2.3%)

Jamaica (3.1%)

Jamaica (3.2%)

Puerto Rico (2.3%)

11.4%

14.0% 12.2%

9.9%

CD 5 (2000) CD 5 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Residents Who Don't Speak Households Where No Person English Well or at All 14 years or Older Speaks English Very Well

Top 5 Languages Spoken at Home CD 5 (2000)

CD 5 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

English (53.7%)

English (57.7%)

English (53.9%)

Spanish (36.5%)

Spanish (33.3%)

Spanish (16.9%)

Russian (2.3%)

Bengali (2.0%)

Chinese (5.6%)

Bengali (1.3%)

Russian (1.4%)

Russian (5.4%)

French/Haitian Creole (1.2%)

French/Haitian Creole (1.3%)

Yiddish (3.7%)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Foreign Born 33.5%

34.5%

Foreign Born Citizenship Status 100%

36.8%

90%

CD 5 (2000) CD 5 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

The percent foreign 80% 70% born in CD 5 has grown by 1 60% 50% percentage point since 2000. 40%

51.2%

60.4%

55.2% CD 5 Citizen CD 5 Not A Citizen Brooklyn Citizen

48.8%

39.6%

44.8%

Brooklyn Not A Citizen

30% 20% 10% 0%

Foreign Born

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

CD 14 (2000)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Source: Janine and Jim Eden, Flickr

2

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Youth & Education Community District 5

Public and Private School Enrollment

1.5

CD 14 (2009)

Grades Grades 6-8 6-8

Grades 9-12 Grades 9-12

CD CD55Private Not Enrolled CD CD55Public Private CD 5 Public

Preschool Group Day Care (Seats per 100 Children Age 3-4)

Universal Pre-K (Seats per 100 Children Age 4)

Brooklyn Public

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2009 American Community Survey. Due to data constraints, K-12 data represented in this graph do not include unenrolled students Preschool Grades K-5 Grades 6-8 Grades 9-12 (i.e. those students not in school).

Graduation, Drop Out, and Average College Readiness and Enrollment Rates Brooklyn

58.8% 48.6%

9.0%

Disconnected Youth Disconnected Youth

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Disconnected youth are those ages 16-24 not in school and not working.

Educational Attainment Age 25 and Older

33.9%

CD 5 (2000)

40.3% CD 5 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

% in Subsidized % in Head Start Group Day Care (Age 3-4 Living in Poverty) (Age 5 and Under Below 200% Poverty)

Data Sources: NYC Administration for Children’s Services; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

48.2%

30.0%

17.6%

CD 5

Data Sources: NYC Department of Education; NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; 2007/09 American Community Survey

25.9%

CD CD55(2000) (2000) CD55(2007/09) (2007/09) CD Brooklyn(2007/09) (2007/09) Brooklyn

Brooklyn Private

2.4

Infant/Toddler Group Day Care (Seats per 100 Children Under Age 3)

16.8% 16.8% 15.5% 15.5% 12.7% 12.7%

Brooklyn Not Enrolled

Brooklyn (2009)

K-5 Grades Grades K-5

CD 14 (2000)

Preschool Preschool

CD 14 (2009)

CD CD55 (2009) (2000)

20.5%

Brooklyn (2009)

23.0

35.9%

CD 14 (2009)

CD 5 (2000)

Brooklyn (2011) 23.4

53.5% 35.9%

20.5%

100% 90% 80% 98.9% 97.3% 4.6% 93.6% 93.5% 24.9% 98.9% 70% 97.3% 93.6% 93.5% 79.5% 78.3% 24.9% 75.5% 60%75.5% 79.5% 78.3% 50% 53.5% 40% 31.6% 31.6% 30% 20% 10% Brooklyn CD 5 CD Brooklyn CD 5 CDBrooklyn 5 5 Brooklyn CD 5 Brooklyn 5 Brooklyn 5 BrooklynCD 5CD 5 CDCD Brooklyn 0%(2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009)(2009) (2009) (2009) (2009)(2000) (2000) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

CD 5 (2011)

10.5%

1.1%

6.5%

43.5%

CD 14 (2009)

48.7

10.5%

41.9%

21.7%

24.5%

Brooklyn (2009)

Capacity of Public Early Childhood Programs and Eligible Children Enrolled

53.6%

4.6%

43.5%

CD 5 Not Enrolled

1.1%

6.5%

2.7%21.7%

24.5% 6.4%

CD 14 (2000)

41.9%

53.6%

50.6

2.7%

6.4%

Source: New York City Department of Education

Disconnected Youth

14.7%

12.3%

17.8% 7.0%

Graduation Rate Dropout Rate Students High School (2010/11) (2010/11) College Ready Seniors Enrolled (2010/11) in College (2010/11) Data Source: NYC Department of Education; College Ready is determined by many factors, including a minimum score of 75 on the English Regents and 80 on the MathA Regents Exams; Data are for public high schools in each Community District, whether or not the students live in the District.

CD 5 (2007/09) 26.7%

29.0%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

22.3% 10.3%

13.8%

Less than a High School Bachelor's Degree or Degree or GED Higher Equivalent

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

3

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Investment Income

Economy

9.4% 7.2%

Community District 5

CD 5 (2000) CD 5 (2007/09) 3.1%

Median Household Income

Poverty 39.1% 38.3%

CD 5 (2000)

$32,714

30.5%

CD 5 (2007/09)

$33,657

30.7%

28.1% 21.2%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

CD 5 (2000) CD 5 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

$43,755 Living in Poverty

All monetary figures in this report are adjusted for inflation to reflect 2010 dollars.

Jobs 56.9%

Children (Under Age 18) Living in Poverty

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

The percent of people living in poverty in CD 5 has decreased by 2.1 percentage points since 2000; the percent of children living in poverty has also decreased by 0.8 percentage point.

% Age 15 and Up with Investment Income Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Investment income includes money earned from an estate or trust, interest, dividends, and/or rental income. Median Invesment Income for Individuals

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Brooklyn (2007/09)

$2,355 $5,591

$2,033

CD 5 (2000) CD 5 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

61.1%

50.2%

CD 5 (2000) CD 5 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

16.2% 9.3%

8.0%

Age 16 and Up in the % of the Labor Force Labor Force Who Are Unemployed Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey; Labor Force is the percent of residents 16+ who are employed or unemployed.

www.studybrooklyn.org

Top 5 Occupations and Median Wages of CD 5 Residents CD 5 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 6.8% ($24,862)

CD 5 (2000)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 7.9% ($20,404)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 5.2% ($23,139)

Administrative Assistant 4.4% ($37,948)

Janitor 5.5% ($24,297)

Administrative Assistant 3.3% ($33,545)

Security Guard 3.0% ($24,862)

Truck Driver 3.7% ($23,139)

Elementary/Middle School Teacher 2.6% ($50,825)

Truck Driver 2.7% ($32,714)

Construction Laborer 3.5% ($25,322)

Janitor 2.6% ($26,429)

Janitor 2.6% ($29,442)

Security Guard 3.3% ($18,392)

Retail Salesperson 2.4% ($20,330)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Source: Matthew Jording, Flickr

4

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Housing

s

Community District 5 Index of Housing Price Appreciation (2-4 Family Buildings)

Source: Paul Lowry, Flickr

136.6

Total Households

CD 5

49,835

45,986

CD 5 (2000)

Brooklyn

CD 5 (2007/09)

2000

Brooklyn (2007/09): 889,957

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

2009

Housing Burden of Owners

56.4

30.3%

69.7%

Brooklyn (2010) CD 5 (2000)

CD 5 Owners

CD 5 (2010)

CD 5 Renters

Brooklyn (2010) 26.1 26.1

CD 14 (2000)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

57.4%

CD 5 (2010)

56.4

Brooklyn Renters

CD 5 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/0

CD 5 (2000)

Brooklyn Owners 76.9% 75.4%

2010

Foreclosures

Owners and Renters

100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

2008

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy; This index measures the change in the price of buildings that have sold multiple times during the given time periods. This controls for price fluctuations that are due to housing quality.

Number of Households

23.1% 24.6%

The median sales price per unit in 2-4 family buildings in CD 5 has increased 30.1%, from $118,782 in 2000 to $154,500 in 2010.

123.4

100.0

25.2 25.2

Foreclosure Rate per 1,000 1-4 Family Properties Data Source: Furman for Real Estate and Urban Policy Foreclosure RateCenter per 1,000

44.0% 57.4%

36.5% 24.3%

44.0%

CD 5 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

36.5% 24.3%

Owners Paying Owners Paying 30% or More of 50% or More of Income on Income on Housing Housing Owners Paying Owners Paying 30% 50% or More of American Community Survey or More of Data Source: 2007/09 Income on Income on Housing Housing

1-4 Family Properties

5

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Median Gross Rent $966

$1,002

$805

Affordable and Rent-Regulated Rental Housing CD 5 (2000) CD 5 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

66.4%

Housing Violations CD 5 (2005) 43.6%

39.1%

108.3

CD 5 (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

77.2 64.1

CD 5 (2000) CD 5 (2010)

18.3%

17.6%

Brooklyn (2010)

20.4%

Median Gross Rent Serious Housing Code Violations per 1,000 Rental Units

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Public and Subsidized Rent-Regulated Units Rental Units

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Since 2000, there has been a 20.0% increase in Median Gross Rent in CD 5.

Housing Burden of Renters 57.2% 57.2%

CD 5 (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) CD 5 (2007/09)

52.3% 52.3%

33.3% 33.3%

Brooklyn (2007/09) 28.7% 28.7%

Renters Paying Renters Paying 30% or More of 50% or More of Renters Renters Income onPaying Rent Income onPaying Rent 30% or More of 50% or More of Income on Rent Income on Rent

Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey Source: JGNY, Flickr

www.studybrooklyn.org

6

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Environment Community District 5

Bike Lanes and Street Miles Ratio CD 5 (2010) CD 5 (2010) Brooklyn (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

1 mile 1 mile

73.9 miles 73.9 miles

1 mile 1 mile 13.7 miles 13.7 miles

Transportation to Work

CD 5 Bike Lanes CD 5 Bike Lanes CD 5 Streets CD 5 Streets

62.6% 62.6%

Brooklyn Bike Lanes

53.5%

Brooklyn Streets

CD 60.0%

60.0% 53.5%

37.7%

37.7%

Data Sources: NYC Department of Transportation; NYC Department of City Brooklyn Planning (2010)

CD CD 5 (2000) CD 5 (2007/09) Br Brooklyn (2007/09)

28.7%

25.7%

28.7%

25.7%

Source: Janine and Jim Eden, Flickr

There are 2.10 miles of bike lanes in CD 5, 20 compared to 155.1 miles of streets.

Access to Parks 86.1%

86.0%

9.9% 9.9% 6.9% 6.6% 6.9% 6.6% Walks or Rides Public TakesDrives WalksTakes or Rides Public Bike Transportation Bike Transportation

Drives

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Community Gardens

CD 5 (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

Residential Housing Units Within 1/4 Mile of a Park Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

www.studybrooklyn.org

In 2011, there were 134 requests for new trees in CD 5, and 3,754 in all of Brooklyn.

There are 48 community gardens in CD 5.

Data Sources: GrowNYC and www.OASISnyc.net (2011)

7

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Garbage and Recycling Collection

Environmental Complaints 26.8

191 Tons

174 Tons

2,660 Tons

Tons= Garbage and Recycling Collected Per Day for Disposal

CD 5 (2001) CD 5 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

14.7%

CD 5: % Garbage 87.7%

90.7%

85.6%

CD 5: % Recycling

Brooklyn: % Garbage

2.5

Brooklyn: % Recycling 12.3%

9.3%

14.4%

CD 5 (2005)

CD 5 (2011)

Brooklyn (2011)

Data Source: NYC Department of Sanitation, via My Neighborhood Statistics

Asthma

5.3

8.0

Air Complaints per 10,000 People

11.8%

6.9 7.5

11.3%

Noise Complaints per 10,000 People

Data Source: NYC Department of Environmental Protection, via My Neighborhood Statistics

14 (2005)

East New York UHF (2002/04) East New York UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Adults with Asthma Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Sites of Environmental Concern

Elevated Blood Lead Levels 17.1

In 2011, an average of 2.2 pounds of garbage and recycling were collected per person each day in CD 5.

East New York UHF (2001) East New York UHF (2009) 2.9

4.8

Brooklyn (2009)

Rate of Elevated Blood Lead Levels per 1,000 Youth Age 0-17 Tested

www.studybrooklyn.org

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Data Sources: Environmental Protection Agency; NYC Department of Education via New York Lawyers for the Public Interest

8

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

H ealth C D

East New York United Hospital Fund Neighborhood

ommunity

istrict

5 Fruits and Vegetables

Self-Reported Health Status 33.9%

35.5%

29.9% 25.4%

East New York UHF (2002/04) East New York UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

32.8% 25.7% 35.5% 24.2% 33.9%

23.4%

29.9%

17.4%

25.4%

32.8%

18.7%

18.1% 15.0%

23.4%

24.2%

25.7%

17.4% Fair or Poor

Good

Very Good

18.7%

18.1%

Fair or Poor

21.7% 17.8%

East New York UHF (2002) East New York UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

13.0%

6.9% 5.2% 9.4%

No Servings per Day 1-4 Servings per Day 5 or More Servings per Day

Excellent

Good

East New York UHF (2002/04) East New York UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

15.0%

There are 11 United Hospital Fund Neighborhoods in Brooklyn, which are aggregated up from zip codes by the NYC DOHMH. All data from the NYC DOHMH are presented by United Hospital Fund Neighborhood or for the entire borough.

77.0% 77.6% 71.4%

Very Good

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Excellent

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Physical Activity

Cigarette Smoking and Binge Drinking 21.1%

Health Insurance

63.1% 62.5%

69.6%

43.7% 31.8%

21.1%

East New York UHF (2002/03) East New York UHF (2008/09) Brooklyn (2008/09)

17.6%

17.6%

16.5%

16.5%

12.0%

12.0%

11.0%

11.0%

12.3%

12.3%

CD 5 (2009) 14.6% 13.9%

Uninsured

Brooklyn (2009)

Medicaid Recipients

Data Source: 2009 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

Cigarette Smoking

Adults Who Exercised in Past 30 Days

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Cigarette Smoking

East New York UHF (2002/04) East New York East New York UHF (2007/09) UHF (2002/04) Brooklyn (2007/09)

East New York UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007

Binge Drinking

Binge Drinking

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

9

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Mortality

Obesity and Diabetes CD 5 (2002)

9.5

9.0 8.8

Brooklyn (2007)

86.3

East New York UHF (2002/04) East New York UHF (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

31.2% 31.2%

CD 5 (2007)

7.6

6.9

HIV/AIDS Diagnoses and Deaths

25.0%

69.7 40.0

East New York UHF (2002) East New York UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

5.2

15.5%

14.5%

HIV Diagnoses per 100,000 Population

10.2%

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

8

5.2

Mortality Rate per 1,000 Population

Infant Mortality Rate per 7 1,000 Live Births

CD 5 (2002)

CD 5 (1998/00)

CD 5 (2007)

CD 5 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

40.6

6

Obesity

5

Diabetes

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

4 Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

19.6

3 2

Disabilities

0

CD 5 (2009)

Mortality Rate per 1,000 Population

Brooklyn (2009)

3.5% 2.8%

2.4%

HIV Death Rate per 1,000 People Living with HIV/AIDS

1,039

Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 Live Births

Data Source: 2009 American Community Survey

East New York UHF (2003/04) Brooklyn (2003/04)

Mental Health-related Hospitalization Rate per 100,000 Adults

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

769

2.1% 2.2%

Cognitive Visual Disability Hearing Disability Disability (Age 5+)

www.studybrooklyn.org

Mental Health

1

4.7%

y Rate per Births

16.0

East New York UHF (2002) East New York UHF (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

Although HIV/AIDS diagnoses and deaths have declined in the East New York United Hospital Fund Neighborhood since 2002, 96.7% of new diagnoses and 100% of deaths are of persons of color.

Data Source: NYS Department of Health

10

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Public Safety Community District 5

Crime and Stop & Frisk

Prison Admissions 198.9

3.92

CD 5 (2001) CD 5 (2010)

1.98

Brooklyn (2010) Source: Josh and Erica Olson Silverstein, Flickr

CD 5 (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

81.3

Domestic Violence 32.1

16.2

CD 5 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

31.2 10.1

5.1

Violent Crime

4.2

15.0 9.5

7.8

Property Crime

19.6

12.9

Felony Crime

n/a Stop & Frisk (2009)

Rates per 1,000 Population

Domestic Violence-Related Police Responses per 1,000 Population Data Source: NYPD via My Neighborhood Statistics

Data Sources: Crime Rates: NYPD; Stop & Frisk: NYPD, Center for Constitutional Rights, via New York Times. Felony Crimes include Violent Crimes plus Property Crimes.

Prison Admission Rate per 1,000 Adult Population Data Source: Justice Mapping Center (JMC) analysis of NYS DOCCS data. DOCCS not responsible for JMC findings. Please note that Community District-level data represent only those records with mappable addresses. Therefore, prison admission rates may be under-represented.

Projected Prison Expenditures per Capita $376

Hate Crimes 0.4

$206

0.4

CD 5 (2009) Brooklyn (2009)

CD 5 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

Hate Crimes per 10,000 Population Data Source: NYPD via My Neighborhood Statistics

www.studybrooklyn.org

Projected Expenditure on Incarceration per Adult Age 18-59 Data Source: Justice Mapping Center (JMC) analysis of NYS DOCCS data. DOCCS not responsible for JMC findings. Please note that Community District-level data represent only those records with mappable addresses. Therefore, projected prison expenditures may be under-represented.

In 2009, a total of 409 adults from CD 5 were admitted to prison at a projected cost of $39,299,520 over the term of their sentences.

11

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Arts & Culture

Registered Citywide Events

Community District 5

Arts & Culture Organizations

Arts & Culture Funding $3.43

CD 5 (2010) Brooklyn (2010) Data Source: NYC Office of Citywide Event Coordination and Management (2010)

$0.16 Arts & Culture Funding per Person

Cultural Activities Rating

Data Sources: NYS Council on the Arts and NYC Department of Cultural Affairs

In 2010, a total of $25,850 was granted to 2 arts organizations in CD 5 by the New York State Council on the Arts and the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs.

Data Source: Brooklyn Arts Council (2011)

There are 3 arts & culture organizations in CD 5. Arts & Culture Employment 4.8% 4.8%

1.3% 1.3%

% Workers in Arts& &Culture Culture % Workers in Arts Industry Industry

CD 5 (2000)

CD 5 (2000)

Library Technician (9.1%)

CD 5 (2007/09)

CD 5 (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2008)

Has Excellent Cultural Activities in Their Neighborhood Data Source: NYC Mayor’s Office of Operations

CD 5 (2007/09) Janitor (21.4%)

Brooklyn (2007/09) Designer (13.7%)

Cashier (7.2%)

Cashier (12.8%)

Artist (7.6%)

Bill Collector (6.1%)

Librarian (10.5%)

Editor (6.3%)

Teacher (5.6%)

Security Guard (6.5%)

Manager (5.6%)

Motion Picture Projectionist (5.6%)

Customer Service Rep (5.6%)

Producer/ Director (5.2%)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

CD 5 (2008) 5.0%

Top 5 Occupations in the Arts & Culture Industry of CD 5 Residents

CD 5 (2000)

1.8% 1.8%

14.8%

“Truth Be Sold”, Sources: Groundswell Community Mural Project and Cypress Hills Community Development Corporation

12

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Civic Engagement Community District 5

Voting 93.4% 79.8%

CD 5 77.0%

Brooklyn 63.8%

56.3%

60.5%

“Department of Transportation Traffic Sign Project”, Sources: Groundswell Community Mural Project, PS7X and Trust for Public Land

21.0

19.4 CD 5 (2011) Brooklyn (2011)

311 Requests-forService per 100 Population Data Source: NYC Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications

Registered Voters Who Voted in 2008 Presidential Election

Data Sources: New York State Board of Elections; Center for Urban Research

0.2% ($12,515)

11208

% of All Brooklyn Donations (2009)

Brooklyn:$6,982,933

0.5% ($34,434)

11207

0.9% ($59,437)

Voter registration percentages may be inflated (to over 100% in some cases) as voters are not removed from rolls until they have not voted in two major elections.

Employment by Non-Profit or Local Government 18.5%

Census Mail Response 46.8%

53.1%

15.8% 12.6%

58.0%

Average Census Mail Response Rate Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau

www.studybrooklyn.org

11239

Data Source: NYC Campaign Finance Board

Citizens Age 18 All Age 18 and and Above Above Registered to Registered to Vote (2011) Vote (2011)

311 Requests

Zip Codes Overlaying CD 5

Campaign Donations for NYC Elections

CD 5 (2000) CD 5 (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

CD 5 (2000)

9.0%

CD 5 (2007/09)

7.2%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

4.9%

Employed by a Non-Profit

Employed by Local Government

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

13

Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Notes

Data Sources Abbreviated data sources are listed under each graph or map in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports. Complete data source citations are included in the endnotes of the Data Tables that accompany each of the 19 Reports, as well as in the Data Notes document. The Center for the Study of Brooklyn has used in these Reports the most recent data available from all data sources as of December 2011. In the case of U.S. Census Bureau data (the source most often used in these Reports), the 2007/09 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates, Integrated Public Use Microdata are used instead of one year data as they allow for greater validity, particularly for neighborhood-level data. For each of the Reports for Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts, the Center uses data going back as far as 2000 (if available) to illuminate trends. For the All Brooklyn Report, data as far back as 1990 are used (if available), and geographic comparisons with New York City, New York State and the Nation are also made (if data were available).

Data Tables Data Tables that supplement each of the 19 Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports are available on the Center’s website (www.studybrooklyn.org). These Data Tables include exact counts, rates and/or percentages for each indicator in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, as well as endnotes with detailed data source citations.

Your Ideas Are Welcome!

This is the first time the Center for the Study of Brooklyn is producing the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, and we welcome your feedback on the content and design. We are grateful to everyone who has helped make these Reports possible, and look forward to hearing your good ideas! Please also contact us immediately if you find any errors in the data, visuals, text, sources, etc. so that we can make the relevant changes right away. Released: March 12, 2012 www.studybrooklyn.org

Data Notes A Data Notes document is available on the Center’s website (www.studybrooklyn.org) that includes comprehensive definitions of each indicator used in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, the methodology for calculating that indicator (where applicable), and a ranking of the Brooklyn Community Districts with the highest and lowest counts, rates and/or percentages for the most recent year(s) for which those indicators were available. This document also includes detailed data source citations. 14


Community District 5 Brooklyn Neighborhood Report