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Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

All Brooklyn Over 90 indicators exploring 9 theme areas for Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts

2012


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

From the Director

Gretchen Maneval, Center for the Study of Brooklyn Brooklyn is a vibrant and diverse borough, with over 2,550,000 people calling it home. The 4th largest city in the United States if it were not part of New York City, Brooklyn’s population is greater than Boston, Indianapolis and San Francisco combined. Brooklynites come from more than 130 countries, speak nearly 90 languages, and represent over 180 ethnicities. Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts include over 70 neighborhoods, and still more communities within those neighborhoods.

Center for The Study of Brooklyn Staff Director Gretchen Maneval

It’s imperative that such a densely populated and dynamic city has ready access to timely, accurate and neighborhood-level data. Brooklynbased community groups and institutions, local government and businesses, and researchers and media deserve to be equipped with such data in order to make the most informed public policy, programming and funding decisions possible. As the only research center devoted exclusively to the study of public affairs in the borough, the Center for the Study of Brooklyn at Brooklyn College provides access to and produces critically relevant data and research about Brooklyn, and facilitates strategic planning initiatives and community needs assessments, for and with our community partners.

Senior Research Associate Lorna Mason

Each of the Center’s 19 new Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports- one for each of the borough’s 18 Community Districts, and one for all of Brooklyninclude over 90 indicators that explore 9 different theme areas. The data are presented in clear and concise visuals and text. Accompanying Data Tables provide even greater detail, as do the Data Notes. More in-depth analysis of each of the 9 theme areas will also be included in the Center’s forthcoming Brooklyn Trends Report, to be released in 2012.

Research Associate Christina Pisano

As we can see from the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, in recent years, much of the borough has been booming. Many indicators for Brooklyn as a whole show that we’re doing relatively well compared with ten and twenty years ago. However, in order to have the most accurate understanding of Brooklyn’s trends and needs, it’s essential that we look beyond the borough-wide numbers and consider what the data at the Community District level reveal. At this smaller scale, differences among indicators for various Community Districts emerge, such as those for educational attainment, employment and income, and housing affordability. Environmental, health and public safety conditions vary as well. Opportunities to participate in arts and culture, and to engage civically, also differ between neighborhoods. In other words, disparities among Brooklyn’s many communities exist, and there is change to be made. As the Center for the Study of Brooklyn launches our new Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, we put them into your hands to continue the incredible work you are already doing here in Brooklyn- making positive change in your neighborhoods by engaging your elected officials, improving the services you and your families receive, and increasing resources for your communities. We are here to help in any way we canplease be in touch if you have questions, comments or would like more data to advance your important work. It’s high time that Brooklyn’s collective voice is heard, and it’s our hope that the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports will provide this voice with clarity and power!

F rom the Brooklyn Community Foundation M G ,P arilyn

elber

resident

Information is power. Information empowers. As the community foundation for Brooklyn, in addition to funding the best programs and ideas serving our borough, we are seeding projects that generate essential information to educate our 2.5 million residents about key issues and challenges in Brooklyn’s neighborhoods. The Center for the Study of Brooklyn is our information and research partner in this pursuit, gathering critical data, examining it closely, and sharing it with our residents, our businesses, our non-profit leaders, and our public sector officials to use as a tool for informed decision-making. The Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports create a profile of the civic health of the borough and its 18 Community Districts; it is an incredibly valuable new resource for Brooklynites to measure quality of life in the place they call home. As we analyze the indicators of civic health in Brooklyn, we can begin to identify trends, both encouraging and alarming, that are shaping our borough’s growth and development. This will not only inform the Foundation’s grantmaking, but empower our donors and our residents to take on local challenges and create positive change from the ground up. We encourage you to utilize these Reports to their fullest, to help you to Do Good Right Here.

Research Associate Edward Morlock

Advisory Board Willard Archie Brooklyn College Alumnus Joan Bartolomeo Brooklyn Economic Development Corporation Adam Friedman Pratt Center for Community Development Marilyn Gelber Brooklyn Community Foundation Kimberly George Greater Brooklyn Health Coalition Carl Hum Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce Christobal Jacques Brooklyn District Public Health Office, NYC Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene Stuart P. Leffler Con Edison Jerrold Mirotznik Brooklyn College Mohammad Razvi Council of Peoples Organization


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Special Thanks Board of Directors and Staff Brooklyn Community Foundation Eric Cadora Justice Mapping Center Karen Gould Brooklyn College Ingrid Gould Ellen Furman Center for Real Estate & Urban Policy Carl Hum Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce Melissa Lee Coalition for the Improvement of Bedford-Stuyvesant Marty Markowitz and Staff Office of the Brooklyn Borough President Jarrett Murphy and Staff City Limits Philip Noyes Brooklyn District Public Health Office, NYC Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene Ellen Salpeter and Staff Heart of Brooklyn William Tramontano Brooklyn College Ella Weiss and Staff Brooklyn Arts Council

In This Report Demographics ......................................................................1 Youth & Education...............................................................3 Economy.............................................................................. 4 Housing...............................................................................5 E nvironment .................................................................7 Health...........................................................................9 Public Safety ....................................................................11 Arts & Culture..................................................................12 Civic Engagement...............................................................13 Notes and Data...................................................................14

Cover Photo Sources Brooklyn College Marc Fader, City Limits Joe Beone, Flickr Brooklyn College Essie Lash, Heart of Brooklyn Marc Fader, City Limits CAMBA Adam Lerner, Flickr Jay Woodworth, Flickr Brooklyn College Brooklyn College

About Brooklyn's Neighborhoods: The Center for the Study of Brooklyn acknowledges that the number of Brooklyn neighborhoods, their names and boundaries vary from source to source. We've used the NYC Department of City Planning's New York: A City of Neighborhoods Citywide Index Map from 2011 as the source for the neighborhoods listed on the covers of our Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports.


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Demographics Age

Gender 11.8% 12.1% 13.3% 12.7%

65 and Older

63.3% 65.2% 63.8% 62.8%

18-64

Source: click wrrr, Flickr

Population

15.8% 14.5% 15.5% 16.2%

2,551,964

2,452,377

2,288,227

6-17

Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Brooklyn NYC

9.1% 8.1% 7.4% 8.2%

0-5

Brooklyn Brooklyn NYC NYC NY State NY State National National

NY State

Male Male

National

Female Female

Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey

Data Source: 2007/09 American Community Survey

Number of Residents

Race/Ethnicity

Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2000)

Brooklyn’s population has increased by 11.5% since 1990.

Brooklyn (2007/09) New York City (2007/09) New York State (2007/09) National (2007/09)

Brooklyn’s population is greater than Boston, Indianapolis and San Francisco’s combined. Asian

Black

Latino

White

Other

Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

1


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Top 5 Ethnicities Brooklyn (2000)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

NYC (2007/09)

NY State (2007/09)

African American (17.6%)

Brooklyn (1990)

African American (13.8%)

African American (15.3%)

African American (11.9%)

Italian (12.0%)

National (2007/09) German (11.6%)

Italian (10.5%)

Italian (7.0%)

Religious Responses (7.4%)

Puerto Rican (7.7%)

Irish (9.0%)

African American (9.7%)

Puerto Rican (7.8%)

Puerto Rican (6.0%)

Puerto Rican (6.0%)

Italian (7.1%)

African American (8.3%)

Irish (7.5%)

Religious Responses (4.4%)

Religious Responses (4.9%)

Italian (5.8%)

Dominican (6.6%)

German (6.9%)

Mexican (7.3%)

Irish (3.7%)

Chinese (4.2%)

Chinese (4.7%)

Chinese (4.9%)

Puerto Rican (4.5%)

English (6.1%)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Top 5 Places of Birth Brooklyn (1990)

Brooklyn (2000)

NYC (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

New York State (54.5%)

New York State (49.3%)

Puerto Rico (4.7%) Jamaica (2.3%)

NY State (2007/09)

National (2007/09)

New York State (50.6%)

New York State (49.4%)

New York State (64.2%)

California (8.5%)

Puerto Rico (3.4%)

China (3.8%)

Dominican Republic (4.3%)

Dominican Republic (2.1%)

New York State (6.6%)

China (3.0%)

Jamaica (2.7%)

China (3.1%)

Puerto Rico (1.6%)

Texas (6.0%)

Russia (2.1%)

Jamaica (2.9%)

Haiti (2.3%)

Puerto Rico (2.9%)

China (1.5%)

Pennsylvania (4.5%)

Haiti (2.1%)

Haiti (2.5%)

Puerto Rico (2.3%)

Mexico (2.1%)

Pennsylvania (1.5%)

Illinois (4.3%)

National (2007/09)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Top 5 Languages Spoken at Home Brooklyn (1990)

Brooklyn (2000)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

NYC (2007/09)

NY State (2007/09)

English (60.4%)

English (53.4%)

English (53.9%)

English (52.3%)

English (71.1%)

English (80.2%)

Spanish (17.7%)

Spanish (17.7%)

Spanish (16.9%)

Spanish (24.0%)

Spanish (14.0%)

Spanish (12.3%)

Italian (3.7%)

Russian (6.0%)

Chinese (5.6%)

Chinese (4.9%)

Chinese (2.4%)

Chinese (0.9%)

Yiddish (3.3%)

Chinese (4.7%) 100% Yiddish (3.0%)

Russian (5.4%)

Russian (2.5%)

Russian (1.3%)

Filipino/Tagalog (0.5%)

Yiddish (3.7%)

Italian (1.4%)

Italian (1.2%)

French (0.5%)

Chinese (2.9%)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey 90%

Foreign Born

80%

Language

Foreign Born Citizenship Status

70% Brooklyn (1990) 60% Brooklyn (2000) 50%

Citizen 41.6 47.4%

Brooklyn (2007/09) 41.6 47.4% 55.2% 40% NYC (2007/09) 30% NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09)20%

51.4% 52.0%

58.4 52.6%

10%58.4 52.6% 44.8% 0%

55.2%

44.8%

48.6% 48.0%

51.4% 52.0%

42.9%

42.9%

48.6% 48.0%

Brooklyn Not A Citizen 57.1%

57.1%

NYC/NYS/Nat'l Citizen NYC/NYS/Nat'l Not A Citizen

18.1%

Not A Citizen

Brooklyn Citizen

12.2%

13.2%

15.8%

15.6% Brooklyn (1990)

12.9%

12.3%

Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09)

9.4%

8.3% 7.0% 4.7%

NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09)

4.8%

National (2007/09)

CD 14 (2000) Residents Who Don't Speak English Well Households Where No Person 14 years or at All or Older Speaks English Very Well

Foreign Born

Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

2


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Youth & Education Public and Private School Enrollment 24.5%

21.0%

15.3%

11.1%

20.7%

21.7%

15.0%

10.9%

18.5%

20.5%

17.7%

13.2%

53.2%

Source: vige, Flickr 21.9%

21.0%

24.5% 42.5%

75.5%

79.0%

84.7%

88.9%

79.3%

78.3%

85.0%

89.1%

81.5%

Capacity of Public Early Childhood 24.9% Programs and Eligible Children Nat'l Bklyn NYC NYS Nat'l Bklyn NYC NYS Nat'l Bklyn Enrolled (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2000) Grades K-5

Grades 6-8

79.5%

43.5%

82.3%

24.4%

33.1%

44.7%

86.8%

24.9%

31.6%

(2009)

23.0

2.4 Infant/Toddler Group Day Care (Seats per 100 Children Under Age 3)

Preschool Group Day Care (Seats per 100 Children Age 3-4)

Universal Pre-K (Seats per 100 Children Age 4)

Data Sources: NYC Department of Education; NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; 2007/09 American Community Survey

11.1%

27.6%

28.9%

27.2%

(2009)

21.7%

20.7%

15.0%

10.9%

(2009)

21.9%

79.0%

75.5%

84.7%

88.9%

24.9%

100% 90% 80% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

70% 79.3% 78.3%

85.0%

% in Subsidized % in Head Start Group Day Care (Age 3-4 Living in (Age 5 and Under Poverty) Below 200% Poverty) Data Sources: NYC Administration for Children’s Services; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

13.2%

9.7%

Brooklyn (1990)

Bro

Bro

Bklyn (2009)

NYC (2009)

NYS (2009)

Nat'l (2009)

Bklyn (2009)

Grades K-5

Brooklyn Not Enrolled Public

89.1%

81.5%

79.5%

82.3%

86.8%

Bro

NYC (2007/09)

90.3%

NY State (2007/09)NY

National (2007/09)NY Bklyn

Nat'l (2009)

Bklyn

NYC

NYS

NYC Nat'l(2009) Bklyn (2009) Bklyn (2000)NYS (2009) (2009) (2009) (2009) (2000) (2009) Grades 6-8

Preschool

Nat'l NYC (2009) (2009)

NYC/NYS/Nat'l Private

Brooklyn Public

NYC/NYS/Nat'l Public

Nat'l (2009)

Disconnected Youth

Grades 9-12

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2009 American Community Survey. Due to data constraints, K-12 data represented in this graph do not include unenrolled students (i.e. those students not in school).

Graduation, Drop Out, and Average College Readiness and Enrollment Rates

Nat

Disconnected Youth NYS (2009)

NYC/NYS/Nat'l Private Not EnrolledNot Enrolled

Brooklyn Private

Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Disconnected youth are those ages 16-24 not in school and not working.

Educational Attainment Age 25 and Older

73.4% 58.8% 61.0% Brooklyn NYC

Brooklyn (2011) 9.0% 8.9%

17.7%

Brooklyn (2000)

32.1%

NYC (2011)

20.5%

53.2%

48.2% 50.4% 30.0%

18.5%

Brooklyn (2007/09)

26.4%

Brooklyn (2011)

15.3%

90.3%

Grades 9-12 Preschool

50.6

45.2%

Bklyn NYC NYS Nat'l Bklyn(2009) NYC (2009) NYS (2009)Bklyn (2009) (2000)

Disconnected Youth

9.7%

12.3% 12.1%

17.8%

21.5%

NY State

Less than a High School DegreeLess or than aBachelor's Degree or Higher High School Degree or n/a Equivalent GED Equivalent Less aa High School Degree Degreeoror Bachelor's DegreeororHigher Higher Lessthan thanGED School Bachelor's Degree aBachelor's High School Degree or Bachelor's Degree or Higher GED Equivalent Less than a High School DegreeLess or thanGED Degree or Higher Equivalent Graduation Rate Dropout Rate Students College High School Seniors Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2000) GED Equivalent (1990) GED Equivalent (2010/11) (2010/11) Ready (2010/11) Enrolled in College Brooklyn (1990) (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) (2000) (2010/11) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (1990) (2000) (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09) Data Source: NYC Department of Education; NYS Department of Education; College Ready is NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National determined by many factors, including a minimum score of 75 on the English Regents and 80 on Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 the MathA Regents Exams. In all cases data are for public high schools in Brooklyn, NYC or NY American Community Survey State.

n/a

n/a

Bach

Br NY Na

3


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Economy Median Household Income

$42,444

$43,755

$41,219

$43,755

$50,825 $55,908 $50,825

Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2000)

Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09)

$2,430 $2,026 $2,026

Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (1990)

Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2007/09)

Brooklyn (1990)

$2,457 $2,355 $2,033

NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09)

Age 15 and Up with Investment Income

NYC (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2000) Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) American Community Survey NYC (2007/09) NYC (2007/09)

NY State

NY State (2007/09)

National

National (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2000)

NYC (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

NY State

National

NY State (2007/09)

Investment income includes money earned an estate or trust, interest, dividends, and/or rental income.

National (2007/09) from

$55,908 $51,658

Living in Poverty

Children (Under Age 18) Living Living in Poverty Children (Under Age 18) Living in Poverty in Poverty

$51,658

Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

All monetary figures in this report are adjusted for inflation to reflect 2010 dollars.

The percent of people living in poverty in Brooklyn has decreased by 0.9 percentage points since 1990; the percent of children living in poverty has decreased by 2.6 percentage points.

Median Invesment Income for Individuals

$41,219

Poverty

Median Invesment Income for Individuals

$42,444

Median Invesment Income for Individuals

Investment Income

$2,457 $2,355 $2,033 $2,430 $2,026 $2,026

$2,547 $2,355 $2,033 $2,430 $2,026 $2,026

Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Jobs Brooklyn (1990)

Top 5 Occupations and Median Wages

Brooklyn (1990)

Brooklyn (2000)

Brooklyn (2000)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09)

NY State (2007/09)Administrative Assistant National (2007/09)

NYC (2007/09)

NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09) % of the Labor Force Who Are Unemployed

Age 16 and Up in the Labor Force

or Force

% of the Labor Force Who Are

% of the Labor Force Who Are Unemployed

Data Sources:Unemployed U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey; Labor Force is the percent of residents 16+ who are employed or unemployed.

www.studybrooklyn.org

Brooklyn (2007/09)

NYC (2007/09)

NY State (2007/09)

National (2007/09)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 5.2% ($23,139)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 3.7% ($24,191)

Administrative Assistant 3.2% ($32,258)

Administrative Assistant 2.8% ($28,398)

Administrative Assistant 3.3% ($33,545)

Administrative Assistant 3.1% ($36,813)

Elem/Middle School Teacher 2.8% ($52,858)

Elem/Middle School Teacher 2.5% ($43,554)

Elem/Middle School Teacher 2.6% ($50,825)

Janitor 2.6% ($26,429)

Nurse/Home Health Aide 2.5% ($23,455)

Retail Salesperson 2.4% ($17,220)

Retail Salesperson 2.2% ($19,628)

Janitor 2.6% ($26,429)

Retail Salesperson 2.4% ($20,258)

Retail Salesperson 2.4% ($18,232)

Cashier 2.3% ($9,887)

Office Clerk 2.2% ($28,788)

Retail Salesperson 2.4% ($20,330)

Elem/Middle School Teacher 2.2% ($53,875)

Cashier 2.2% ($9,758)

Truck Driver 2.2% ($33,657)

3.8% ($36,639) National (2007/09) Elem/Middle School Teacher 2.8% ($45,799)

NYC (2007/09)

ge 16 and Up in the Labor Force

Brooklyn (2000)

Brooklyn (2007/09) Nurse/Home Health Aide NYC (2007/09) 4.9% ($24,862) NY State (2007/09)

Brooklyn (1990)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

4


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Housing

s

Index of Housing Price Appreciation (2-4 Family Buildings) 196.8 Source: Yvonne Bowens, Flickr

136.6

194.3

135.0

100.0

Total Households

78.3

72.0

74.2

69.7

100.0

Brooklyn

The median sales price per unit in 2-4 family buildings in Brooklyn has increased 53.1%, from $155,077 in 2000 to $237,500 in 2010.

Brooklyn (1990)

889,957

878,924

825,832

NYC 1990

Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09)

1995

2000

2005

2010

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy; This index measures the change in the price of buildings that have sold multiple times during the given time periods. This controls for price fluctuations that are due to housing quality.

Number of Households Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Owners and Renters 26.1% 27.2% 30.3%

Brooklyn

25.2

66.5%

Owners Renters

100%

90% 73.9% 72.8% 69.7%

Brooklyn

21.8

33.5% 55.4%

80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

Housing Burden of Owners

Foreclosures

66.5% 44.6%

33.5%

NYC/NYS/Nat'l Owners NYC/NYS/Nat'l Renters

11.0 8.1

NYC (20 Brooklyn (1993)

NY State

Brooklyn (2000)

Nationa

Brooklyn (2010) NYC (2010) Owners Paying 30% or More of Income on Housing

CD 14 (2000)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

Foreclosure Rate per 1,000 1-4 Family Properties Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Brooklyn (1990) NYC (2007/09) National (2007/09)

Owners Paying 30% or More of Owners Paying 50% or M Owners Paying 30% More ofOwners Owners Paying ofIncome Income on Housing Housing Owners Paying 30%30% or More of Paying 50% or More of or Paying 30% or More of Owners Payingon50% or M Owners Paying or or More ofOwners Owners Paying 50% or 50% More of More Income onHousing Housing Income on Housing Income on Housing Income on50% Housing Income on Income on Housing Income on Income onHousing Housing Owners Paying or More of Income on Housing

Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (1990) NYC (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) National (2007/09) National (2007/09) NY State

Brooklyn (1990) NYC (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) (1990) Brooklyn (2007/09) National NY State (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09)

Brooklyn ( NY State ( Brooklyn NY State (

Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; 2007/09 American Community Survey

5


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Median Gross Rent $1,002 $868

$803 $868

$1,002

Affordable and Rent-Regulated Rental Housing Brooklyn (1990)

$1,047 $1,047 $952 $952

$803

Brooklyn (1990)

45.2% 43.6%

Brooklyn (2000)

$810

$810

Brooklyn (2000)

Housing Violations

49.8%

66.4 64.1

Brooklyn (2007/09)

54.6

Brooklyn (2007/09)

(2007/09) NYCNYC (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2005)

NY State (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09) National (2007/09)

15.7%

18.3% 18.4%

Brooklyn (2000)

Brooklyn (2009)

Brooklyn (2010)

NYC (2009)

NYC (2010)

Median Gross Median GrossRent Rent Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Serious Housing Code Violations per 1,000 Rental Units

Public and Subsidized Rent-Regulated Units Rental Units Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

Since 1990, there has been a 24.8% increase in Median Gross Rent in Brooklyn.

Housing Burden of Renters Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09)

NYC (2007/09)

NYC (2007/09)

NY State (2007/09)

NY State (2007/09)

National (2007/09) National (2007/09) Renters Paying 30% or More of Renters Paying 50% or More of Income on Rent Income on Rent

Renters Paying 30% or More of Renters Paying 50% or More of Income on Rent Income on Rent Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Source: Marc Fader, City Limits

www.studybrooklyn.org

6


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Environment Bike Lanes and Street Miles Ratio 1 mile 13.7 miles

Brooklyn (2010) NYC (2010)

1 mile

Transportation to Work

Brooklyn Bike Lanes Brooklyn Streets

19.0 miles

NYC Bike Lanes NYC Streets

Source: David Berkowitz, Flickr

Data Sources: NYC Department of Transportation; NYC Department of City Planning

Walks or Rides Bike Takes Public Transp Walks or RidesWalks Bike or Rides Takes Public Drives WalksBike or Rides Bike Transportation Takes Public Transportation Takes Public Transportation Drives Brooklyn (1990) (2000) Walks or Rides Bike Takes Takes PublicBrooklyn Transportation Drives NYBrooklyn Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2000) (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) State (2007/09) Walks or Rides Bike Public Transportation Drives NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09) Walks or Rides Bike Takes Public Transportation Drives NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National ( NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09) Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09) Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2010)

There are 134.5 miles of bike lanes in Brooklyn, compared to 1,844.1 miles of streets. 0 20

Access to Parks 86.0%

87.7%

Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

Community Gardens

Brooklyn (2009) NYC (2009)

Residential Housing Units Within 1/4 Mile of a Park Data Source: Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy

www.studybrooklyn.org

In 2011, there were 3,754 requests for new trees in Brooklyn, and 9,857 in all of New York City.

There are 204 community gardens in Brooklyn, which is 42% of the total 483 Community Gardens in New York City.

Data Sources: GrowNYC and www.OASISnyc.net (2011)

7


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement Environmental Complaints

Garbage and Recycling Collection

37.6 2,660 2,914 2,914 Tons Tons 2,660 Tons Tons

83.2%

85.6%

16.8% 14.4% 16.8% 14.4% Brooklyn Brooklyn Brooklyn (2005)Brooklyn (2011) (2005) (2011)

8,565 8,565 Tons Tons

84.6%

15.4% 15.4% NYC NYC (2011) (2011)

Tons= Garbage and Recycling Collected Per Day for Disposal

Asthma

26.8

Brooklyn: % Garbage Brooklyn: % Garbage Brooklyn: % Recycling Brooklyn: % Recycling NYC: % Garbage

6.2

8.0

10.3

Brooklyn (2001) Brooklyn (2011) NYC (2011)

11.6% 11.3%

14.2% 13.4%

12.6%

Brooklyn (2002/04) Brooklyn (2007/09)

7.7

NYC (2007/09)

NYC: % Recycling

National Data(2007/09) Source: NYC Department of Sanitation, via My Neighborhood Statistics

NY State (2007/09)

Air Complaints per 10,000 People

National (2007/09)

Noise Complaints per 10,000 People

Data Source: NYC Department of Environmental Protection, via My Neighborhood Statistics

Sites of Environmental Concern

Adults with Asthma Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CD 14 (2005)

Elevated Blood Lead Levels In 2011, an average of 2.1 pounds of garbage and recycling were collected per person each day in Brooklyn.

18.1

Brooklyn (2001) Brooklyn (2009) 4.8

4.0

NYC (2009)

Rate of Elevated Blood Lead Levels per 1,000 Youth Age 0-17 Tested

www.studybrooklyn.org

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Data Sources: Environmental Protection Agency; NYC Department of Education via New York Lawyers for the Public Interest

8


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Brooklyn United Hospital Fund Neighborhoods

Health Self-Reported Health Status

Fruits and Vegetables

Brooklyn (2002/04) Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09)

Fair or Poor

Brooklyn (2002/04) Very Good Brooklyn (2007/09)

Good Brooklyn (2002/04)

NYC (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

NY State (2007/09)

NYC (2007/09)

National (2007/09)

Excellent

n/a n/a

NY State (2007/09)

Data Sources: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National (2007/09)

Fair or Poor There are

Good Very Good 11 United Hospital Fund Neighborhoods in Brooklyn, which are aggregated up from zip codes by the NYC DOHMH. All data from the NYC Good Very Good Excellent DOHMH are presented for the entire borough or New York City in this All Brooklyn report.

Excellent

n/a n/a

Physical Activity

66.5%

69.6%

NYC (2009)

Brooklyn (2009)

NY State (2009)

NYC (2009)

National (2009)

NY State (2009)

Data Sources: NYC Department of Health and Mental National (2009) Hygiene; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention n/a n/a

Cigarette Smoking and Binge Drinking

No Servings per Day 1-4 Servings per Day 5 or More Servings per Day n/a n/a n/a n/a 19.0% 18.7% No Servings per Day 1-4 Servings per Day 5 or More Servings per 17.9% Day 16.5% 16.2%

72.7%

Broo NYC

NY St

12.0% 12.3%

Natio

Brooklyn (2008/09) NYC (2008/09)

Brooklyn (2009) NYC (2009)

Adults Who Exercised in Past 30 Days

19.0%

NY State (2009) National (2009)

www.studybrooklyn.org

Broo 15.4% 15.7% 14.2%

Health Insurance

19.0%

Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene 16.5%

16.5% 18.7% 17.9%

18.7% 17.9%

Brooklyn (2002/04)

16.2%

Cigarette Smoking 15.4% 15.7% 14.2%

16.2%

12.3% 12.0%15.7% 15.4%

Medicaid Recipients

Data Source: 2009 American Community Survey

Brooklyn (2002)

Brooklyn (2002/03)

Uninsured

n/a n/a (2002) 1-4 ServingsBrooklyn per Day 5 or More Servings per Brooklyn (2009) Day

No Servings per Day

12.0% 12.3%

14.2%

Drinking BrooklynBinge (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2002/04)

NYC (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

NY State (2007/09)

NYC (2007/09)

National (2007/09)

NYDepartment State (2007/09)of NYC

Data Sources: Health and Mental Hygiene; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National (2007/09)

9


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement HIV/AIDS Diagnoses and Deaths

Brooklyn (2002) Brooklyn (2007) NYC (2007)

Mortality

Obesity and Diabetes

NY State (2007)

56.9

National (2007) 7.8

7.1

6.9

7.6 6.7

56.9

7.2

6.8 5.4

5.2

40.0 Brooklyn (2002/04)

5.5

56.9

56.9 45.8

40.0

40.045.8

45.8

Brooklyn (2007/09)

NYC (2007/09)

17.4

17.4

NY State (2007/09) NY State (2007/09)

Bro Bro

NYC

Brooklyn (2002/04)

Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC (2007/09)

45.8

40.0

17.4

17.4 Nati

National National(2007/09) (2007/09)

Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 Live Births Brooklyn (1998/2000)

6.9

7.1

7.6

Brooklyn (1998/2000) Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC (2007/09)

6

National (2007)

4

8.0

7.2

3

5.4

6.8

5.5

3

5.4

Diabetes

4

Obesity

Diabetes

6.8

5.5 Data Sources: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; Centers 2

for Disease Control and Prevention 0

1

Mortality Rate per 1,000 Population

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

5

Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 Live Births

NYC (2009)

16.0

16.0

Mental Health

NYC (2003/04)

www.studybrooklyn.org

14.5

14.5

813

Brooklyn (2003/2004)

Brooklyn (2002) Brooklyn (2009) Brooklyn (2009) NYC (2009)

Mortality Rate per 1,000 Infant Mortality Rate per

769

Data Source: 2009 American Community Survey

Brooklyn (2002)

36.4

Mortality Rate per 1,000 Infant Mortality Rate per Population 1,000 Live Births

Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 Live Births 1,000 Live Births Population

Cognitive Disability (Age 5+) Visual Disability Hearing Disability Cognitive Disability (Age 5+) Visual Disability Hearing Disability Brooklyn (2009) NYC (2009) NY State (2009) National (2009) Brooklyn (2009) NYC (2009) NY State (2009) National (2009)

36.4

1

2

0

6

Obesity

5.2

Mortality Rate per 1,000 Population

7

NYC (2007/09) 8 NY State (2007) National7(2007)

NY State (2007)

5.2

Disabilities

8

Brooklyn9(2007/09)

Data Sources: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene; NYS 8.0 Department of Health; 5 7.6 7.8 Centers9.8 for Disease Control and Prevention 7.1 6.9 7.2 7.8

HIV Diagnoses per 100,000 Popula HIV Diagnoses per 100,000 Population HIV Diagnoses per 100,000 Population Brooklyn (2002) Br HIV Diagnoses per 100,000 Population NYC (2009) Na Brooklyn (2002) Brooklyn (2009) Brooklyn (2002) Brooklyn (2009) NYC (2009) National (2009) NYC National (2009) (2009) Data Sources: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene;

9

Brooklyn (1994) Mortality Rate per 1,000 Population Brooklyn (2002) Brooklyn (1994) Brooklyn (2007) Brooklyn (2002) NYC (2007) Brooklyn (2007) NY State (2007) NYC (2007) National (2007) NY State (2007) 9.8 National (2007)

Mental Health-related Hospitalization Rate per 100,000 Adults Data Source: NYS Department of Health

HIV DeathRate Rateper per 1,000 1,000 People HIV Death People Livingwith withHIV/AIDS HIV/AIDS Living Data Source: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Although HIV/AIDS diagnoses and deaths have declined in Brooklyn since 2002, 89.5% of new diagnoses and 93.7% of deaths are of persons of color. 10


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Public Safety Crime and Stop & Frisk 81.3

Brooklyn (1990) Brooklyn (2001)

69.6

69.2

Brooklyn (2010)

In 2009, a total of 2,948 adults from Brooklyn were admitted to prison at a projected cost of $305,937,840 over the term of their sentences.

NYC (2010) 45.4

Source: Violette79, Flickr

Domestic Violence 32.1

23.9

29.7 Brooklyn (2011) NYC (2011)

Domestic Violence-Related Police Responses per 1,000 Population Data Source: NYPD via My Neighborhood Statistics

20.3 8.0

4.6

Violent Crime

NYC (2011)

Data Source: NYPD via My Neighborhood Statistics

www.studybrooklyn.org

12.9

Property Crime Felony Crime Rates per 1,000 Population

12.7 n/a n/a Stop & Frisk (2009)

Prison Admissions 1.98

$192 $190

Brooklyn (2011)

Hate Crimes per 10,000 Population

8.0

Projected Prison Expenditures per Capita

0.4 0.3

7.8

Data Sources: Crime Rates: NYPD; Stop & Frisk: NYPD, Center for Constitutional Rights, via New York Times. Felony Crimes include Violent Crimes plus Property Crimes.

$206

Hate Crimes

12.2 5.1

2.00

2.10

Brooklyn (2009)

Brooklyn (2009)

NYC (2009)

NYC (2009)

NY State (2009)

NY State (2009)

Projected Expenditure on Incarceration per Adult Age 18-59 Data Source: Justice Mapping Center (JMC) analysis of NYS DOCCS data. DOCCS not responsible for JMC findings. Please note that NYC-level data represent only those records with mappable addresses. Therefore, projected prison expenditures may be under-represented.

Prison Admission Rate per 1,000 Adult Population Data Source: Justice Mapping Center (JMC) analysis of NYS DOCCS data. DOCCS not responsible for JMC findings. Please note that NYC-level data represent only those records with mappable addresses. Therefore, prison admission rates may be under-represented.

11


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Arts & Culture Arts & Culture Organizations

Registered Citywide Events Arts & Culture Funding $6.26

$3.43

Brooklyn (2010) NYC (2010)

Arts & Culture Funding per Person

Data Source: NYC Office of Citywide Event Coordination and Management (2010)

Data Sources: NYS Council on the Arts and NYC Department of Cultural Affairs

Data Source: Brooklyn Arts Council (2011)

There are 716 arts & culture organizations in Brooklyn. Arts & Culture Employment 4.8% 4.8%

4.7% 4.7%

3.4% 3.4%

3.1% 3.1% 1.7% 1.7%

% Workers in Arts & Culture Industry % Workers in Arts & Culture Industry

Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2007/09) Brooklyn (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) NYC (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09) National (2007/09)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

www.studybrooklyn.org

In 2010, a total of $8,777,478 was granted to 282 arts organizations in Brooklyn by the New York State Council on the Arts and the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs.

Cultural Activities Rating 14.8%

15.9% Brooklyn (2008) NYC (2008)

Has Excellent Cultural Activities in Their Neighborhood Data Source: NYC Mayor’s Office of Operations

Top 5 Occupations in the Arts & Culture Industry Brooklyn (2000)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

NYC (2007/09)

Designer (9.6%)

Designer (13.7%)

Designer (11.6%)

NY State (2007/09) Designer (10.2%)

National (2007/09) Designer (9.5%) Manager (6.0%)

Editor (8.1%)

Artist (7.6%)

Editor (5.9%)

Manager (5.8%)

Artist (7.0%)

Editor (6.3%)

Manager (5.4%)

Artist (5.0%)

Artist (4.9%)

Writer (5.0%)

Manager (5.6%)

Artist (5.2%)

Editor (4.9%)

Musician (4.2%)

Manager (4.1%)

Producer/Director (5.2%)

Musician (5.1%)

Writer (4.6%)

Writer (3.3%)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey

12


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Civic Engagement Voting

Campaign Donations for NYC Elections Total Campaign Donations for 2009 NYC Elections

$6,982,933

From NYC (excluding Brooklyn)

85.7%

$134,164,997

From NY State (excluding NYC)

5.5%

$8,583,921

From Other U.S. States (excluding NY State)

4.3%

$6,762,698

Voter registration percentages may be inflated (to over 100% in some cases) as voters are not removed from rolls until they have not voted in two major elections.

Citizens Age 18 and All Age 18 and Registered Voters Above Registered Above Registered Who Voted in 2008 to Vote (2011) to Vote (2011) Presidential Election

311 Requests

Brooklyn

27.5 Brooklyn (2004)

NYC

NY State

Data Sources: New York State Board of Elections; Center for Urban Research

Employment by Non-Profit or Local Government 15.1%

Brooklyn (2011) 5.2

13.2%

NYC (2011)

311 Requests-for-Service per 100 Population Data Source: NYC Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications

Census Mail Response

9.2%

8.7% 9.0% 9.0%

74.0% 74.0% 69.0% 69.0% 63.0% 63.0% 58.0% 58.0% 54.0% 54.0%

Brooklyn (2010) Brooklyn (2010)

8.7% 9.0% 9.0%

Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau

9.2%

Bro NY

Nat 10.6% Brooklyn (1990)

10.8%

7.6% 10.6% Employed by a Non-Profit

9.6% 7.6%

Bro

NYC

10.8%

7.6%

7.6%

12.6%

13.2% 9.6% NY State (2010) NY State (2010) 9.2% 12.6% 8.7% 9.0% 9.0%

National (2010) National (2010)

Bro 7.6%

13.2%

10.6%

9.6%

15.1%

Brooklyn (2000) Brooklyn (2000) 15.1%

Average Census Response Average Census MailMail Response RateRate

12.6% 10.8%

(2010) NYCNYC (2010)

www.studybrooklyn.org

$156,494,549

4.5%

Data Source: NYC Campaign Finance Board

Source: Vincent Desjardins, Flickr

19.4

100.0%

From Brooklyn

7.6%

Brooklyn (2000) Employed by Local Government Brooklyn (2007/09)

Brooklyn (1990)

NYC (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2000)

NY State (2007/09)

Brooklyn (2007/09)

National (2007/09)

NYC (2007/09)

Data Sources: U.S. Census 1990; U.S. Census 2000; 2007/09 American Community Survey NY State (2007/09) National (2007/09)

13


Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports 2012

Demographics ■ Youth & Education ■ Economy ■ Housing ■ Environment ■ Health ■ Public Safety ■ Arts & Culture ■ Civic Engagement

Notes

Data Sources Abbreviated data sources are listed under each graph or map in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports. Complete data source citations are included in the endnotes of the Data Tables that accompany each of the 19 Reports, as well as in the Data Notes document. The Center for the Study of Brooklyn has used in these Reports the most recent data available from all data sources as of December 2011. In the case of U.S. Census Bureau data (the source most often used in these Reports), the 2007/09 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates, Integrated Public Use Microdata are used instead of one year data as they allow for greater validity, particularly for neighborhood-level data. For each of the Reports for Brooklyn’s 18 Community Districts, the Center uses data going back as far as 2000 (if available) to illuminate trends. For the All Brooklyn Report, data as far back as 1990 are used (if available), and geographic comparisons with New York City, New York State and the Nation are also made (if data were available).

Data Tables Data Tables that supplement each of the 19 Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports are available on the Center’s website (www.studybrooklyn.org). These Data Tables include exact counts, rates and/or percentages for each indicator in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, as well as endnotes with detailed data source citations.

Your Ideas Are Welcome!

This is the first time the Center for the Study of Brooklyn is producing the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, and we welcome your feedback on the content and design. We are grateful to everyone who has helped make these Reports possible, and look forward to hearing your good ideas! Please also contact us immediately if you find any errors in the data, visuals, text, sources, etc. so that we can make the relevant changes right away. Released: March 12, 2012 www.studybrooklyn.org

Data Notes A Data Notes document is available on the Center’s website (www.studybrooklyn.org) that includes comprehensive definitions of each indicator used in the Brooklyn Neighborhood Reports, the methodology for calculating that indicator (where applicable), and a ranking of the Brooklyn Community Districts with the highest and lowest counts, rates and/or percentages for the most recent year(s) for which those indicators were available. This document also includes detailed data source citations. 14


All Brooklyn - Brooklyn Neighborhood Report