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Design Ecologies Essays on the Nature of Design

Princeton Architectural Press

2011年2月24日星期四


1. Weeding the city of unsustainable cooling Cameron Tokinwise

2011年2月24日星期四


Throughout the history of modern design and modern design education, there have been demands for designers to be more systematic. What might be different this time around is actually implementing such revoluntionary programs.

Demands for designers to be systematic

2011年2月24日星期四

modern design history


What does a systematic design look like? Out come of such systematic design look like? NATURE

?

? A New Break ? ?

2011年2月24日星期四

Systematic Design A New System

?

?

system builder


Once the author believed need a massive change, but ways of being worthy of sustainment persist in the existing mess.

Project of radically reforming the cities in which we live

NOT one great once-and-for-all change toward a wholly new city

NOT a new designing

2011年2月24日星期四

A great many changes over time

more designing, lots more


New York Cool PREVIOUS:

• • •

High Summer heat

High density before cooling system developed

Humidity Little night time reduction in temperature

2011年2月24日星期四

OUTCOME:

• •

Unevenly punctured facade

• •

More energy than larger AC

Like nonindigenous species,weeds

Multiple inefficiencies


“Kick The Box” The replacement of objects rather than entire cityscapes

What ecosystem sustain window-box air conditioners and where are the leverage points that the designer might exploit in this species eradication task?

2011年2月24日星期四


“New Ways Of Feeling Natural” Nature

AC represented to US

psychological physiological

• • • •

historical

2011年2月24日星期四

expectation of coolness air speed lower humidity individual control blarblarblar..


“Managing building service system” Building-design solutions are preferable based on natural ventilation,mechanical system,or both

Building-scale solutions are preferable business to business profit from the increasingly efficient delivery of a fixed level of “coolth” rather than increasing quantities of electricity

2011年2月24日星期四


“Network Lock-in” Allies: energy companies

promotion of local skilled labor

reduction of greenhouse gas architectural heritage organizations government and nongovernmental agencies affordable housing

2011年2月24日星期四


“2 Consequences” 1. The Ac is not a Tech to encompassing whole,but a agglomeration of network that need,in each case to be negotiated.

2. Not a problem to be solved but a constellation of colliding desires to reconfigured and redirected;many changes,not just massive changes

2011年2月24日星期四


II. Public Farm 1 P.F.1 Amale Andraos &Dan Wood of WORKac

2011年2月24日星期四


“Urban Farm”

In Contrast

Industrial Farming

A perfect starting point for a new kind of sustainable city

Ruralization Experiment self-sustaining self-regulating multi-dimensional productive garden

2011年2月24日星期四

P.F.1

within walking distance

P.F.1 Coffee

tasty organic grown summer-fresh fruit&vegetables


“Section” a design that allow a farm to coexist with activities, spaces&experiences beneath

a working farm +a party space

2011年2月24日星期四

CONCEPT: megastructure, blurred distinctions between architecture,urbani sm&infractructure Rethink infrastructure and ecological system as potentially integral to architecture


“Structure” MATERIAL:cardboard tube,used on construction sites for pouring concrete Daisy pattern,central picking hole or column

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“Program”

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“Planting”

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“Details”

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“Water&Power”

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“Chicken”

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“Collaboration&Post Life”

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III.BIG NATURE Jane Amidon

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LA Projects on environmental remediation

What is postremediation motivations for LA?

????? 1980

2011年2月24日星期四

1980s


“fixing”

“making”

Public Reaction: fusion of Economic/Social/Environment vitalization Previous: passively protect Now: actively building and enhance nature around our daily existence

EG.Detroit’s urban programme;Chicago’s Green Alley Programme(storm water filtration)

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“Operative Ecology as a Problem and a Solution” 1. Utility&Ideology 2. Remediation 3. Soften:3 strategies “Inhabiting” “Transforming” “Re-calibrating”

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“Big Nature:Productive & Seductive” Preservation

Remediation

Entrepreneurial Big Nature The go-to landscape

2011年2月24日星期四

blur from an objective terrain to a subjective state

Environmentally productive & Socially Seductive


“Big Nature:Productive & Seductive” fix environmental contamination

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Common traits of Projects:

• • • •

2011年2月24日星期四

“interconnected” “multitasking” “consensual” “hurdles”

redefine our expectation of public space


“Conclusion” 6 LAYERS OF NATURE:

• • • • •

wilderness(nature alone); agriculture(nature+humanity); culture(nature+art+religion+leisure); nature of industry(nature+mechanization); postindustrial nature(reclamation);

What is 6th? Green Cities= social motivation

2011年2月24日星期四


“Conclusion” Our Landscape need to arouse desire in public:

• • •

desire to participate desire to cultivate desire to advocate

Richard Weller,critic Landscape Architect : “....next landscape as a kind of ecomodernism,free of romanticism and aesthetic.....”

ECOMODERNISM : not just about protection or remediation; BUT AN entrepreneurial redefinition of our relationship to nature 2011年2月24日星期四


design ecological