KAMUEKU KAKIZAKI PORTFOLIO December 2012 Application for M.Arch at the Princeton School of Architecture
THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AND BUILT ENVIRONMENT SPATIALLY COEXIST. APPARENT IN MY HOMETOWN ANCHORAGE ALASKA, POWERFUL NATURAL FORCES INTERSECT AND OVERTAKE BUILT OBJECTS. WITH AN UPBRINGING IN ALASKA, I LEFT MY HOMETOWN TO PURSUE ARCHITECTURE IN SEATTLE, LIVERPOOL AND NEW YORK CITY. HOW DO WE DESIGN ARCHITECTURE WITHIN UNCONTROLLABLE ELEMENTS OF NATURE? FOR ME, THE COLLISION OF DESIGN INTENT AND NATURAL FORCES IS AN INEVITABLE OPPORTUNITY. THIS IS A COLLECTION OF THOSE PROJECTS.
Old Seward Highway, Alaska iPhone Photograph, December 2009
INDEX [ Aperture ] [ Interdependence ] Part 1 Part 2 [Other Projects) Race to the Top SPA Bhopal Phase 1 Nolli Map v2.0 [ Digitization ] Part 1 Part 2
[ Prospective Projects ]
BIO [ Born ] [ Raised ] [ Undergraduate Study] [ Professional Work ]
[ APERTURE ]
[ APERTURE ] LIVERPOOL PHOTOGRAPHIC CENTER Liverpool, UK University of Liverpool Arch 400 Autumn 2010 Prof. Douglas McCorkell, ARB +Julia Chance Time: 8 Weeks A Nikon FM2 was dissected to understand the nature of analog photography. While mechanics and optics vary from camera to camera, the aperture that exposes the film to light is fundamentally key to cameras. The basic pin-hole camera was developed mechanically to capture the image onto a film. Today, the core principle of aperture still applies to digital camera.
Aperture and its variety in light.
In cameras, the aperture is the delicate gateway between the outside and the film. This led to an investigation to bring the concept of aperture to a spatial level. While space is typically a static entity, the environment of light and weather are dynamic. Creating a gateway, or an aperture, within the space encourages a fluid and dynamic experience to a space that is otherwise static. That is, by integrating the outside world as part of the spatial experience, we are able to give life to space. Architecture then responds dynamically to the outside worldâ€™s light and weather
Section of Nikon FM2
ARCHITECTURE THEN RESPONDS DYNAMICALLY TO THE OUTSIDE WORLDâ€™S LIGHT AND WEATHER.
Transverse Section 1
Transverse Section 2
A Translucent Roof Natural light filters through a louver roof structure to encourage a relationship between the sheltered and natural environment. â€œInteriorâ€? quality of light changes dynamically with that of the outside world.
Interior View Under Louvered Roof
Massing Urban Development
The site is within Liverpoolâ€™s densely historic city center developed during the turn of the century. The adjacent building, the Albion House, designed by Sir Normal Shaw in 1903, served as the Head Office for the White Star Liner which created the largest ship in the world at the time in 1912, the Titanic. The city center of Liverpool is one of Englandâ€™s few surviving pre-war cities, as much of the country was bombed during WWII. The film Sherlock Holms that takes place in London was filmed in Liverpool for this reason. The pedestrian-heavy surrounding site has pockets of open space such as Derby Square. As an extension of pedestrian activity, the Liverpool Photographic Center became a transparent entity that opens to Strand Street and Derby Lane. The five meter grade difference between the two streets becomes a stepped plaza and programmatic functions are subdivided into four masses. Ultimately, a public, micro-urban fabric is laid out within the historic city, and becomes a sensitive response to the urban forces surrounding the site.
View of Stepped Plaza from Derby Lane
Liverpool Nolli Map
Liverpool Photographic Center and Adjacent Site
Roof Level Structure Axo
First Floor Plan Axo
Ground Floor Plan Axo
EXECUTION OF THE LIVERPOOL PHOTOGRAPHIC CENTER LED TO AN ARCHITECTURAL EXPRESSION OF THE PRINCIPLE MECHANIC OF PHOTOGRAPHY: A DELICATE CIRCULAR OPENING EXPOSING WHAT IS OTHERWISE A DARK SPACE TO THE NATURAL FORCES.
Honesty in the architecture becomes a contrast to its surrounding Victorian orthogonal urban fabric driven by the property line and Neo-Classical ornamentation. The contrast in transparency also encourages public space within a densely urban fabric, and connects major pedestrian circulation arteries of Derby Lane and Strand Street. Finally, the adjacent Albion House is delicately punctured to create a connection between two works of architecture a century apart.
[ INTERDEPENDENCE ] PLAYING GAMES STUDIO FOR FIVE ARTISTS
[ INTERDEPENDENCE PART 1 ] PLAYING GAMES University of Washington Arch 302 Spring 2011 Prof. Jennifer Dee + Charlie Anderson
[ INTERDEPENDENCE PART 2 ] STUDIO FOR FIVE CRAFTSMEN University of Washington Arch 302 Spring 2010 Prof. Jennifer Dee + Charlie Anderson Duration: 6 Weeks Interdependence The nature of building materials come down to tectonic framing and load bearing walls. Playing and investigating an interdependence between the two, we pushed to express the two material in genuine characteristics. Play Between Tectonic and Load Bearing Physical Models were investigated to create a relationship between the two types of materials. This materialized in pushing “Air” down into the earth, and raising “Earth” as suspended by the “Air”. As such, both systems need each other for its own existence.
TECTONIC Wood Frame Steel Frame Columns
STEREOMETRIC Brick Concrete Rammed Earth
Load Bearing `
Tectonic-Stereometric Interdependence Conceptual Model
Tectonic-Stereometric Interdependence Architectural Development
Tectonic Stereometric Interdependence 1’-0”=1/2” plaster model
Tectonic Stereometric Connections 1’-0”=1/2” model
Parti Diagram Earth is lifted up to create 5 Studio Rooms and a communal Library.
Section Axo The tectonic structure that spans transverse holds up the load bearing walls areas. I-beams were sized accordingly to structural needs.
Transverse Section Perspective Hand Drawing
View from Dravus Street
Vicinity The site is located in a residential area of Fremont, Seattle. There are some other craft studio spaces on Dravus Street.
Circulation Diagram Studio spaces and Library are connected to the street level and the Open Studio lies below.
Interior View of Upper Floor Bridges connects studios to Dravus Street
Open To Below
Open To Below
Dry Studio Space
Wet Studio Space
Service Entry Ramp
Main Entry Service
Lower Ground Floor Plan
Upper Ground Floor Plan
Perspective of West Facade Rammed-Earth and metal framing make up with West Facade that looks into greenery of the existing trees. Light screens filter out the afternoon light
[ OTHER PROJECTS ] COMPETITION PROFESSIONAL URBAN ANALYSIS
[ COMPETITION ] RACE TO THE TOP Abu Dhabi, UAE Evolo Student Design Competition February 2012 Time: 1 Weekend Individual Work
Race to the Top: Energy and Civilization ‘Race to the Top’ proposes merging mega-high structures with economic and energy incentives. If we are able to create sufficient energy out of these mega-high structures, there is more the reason to build higher and higher. The solution is combining the ambitious skyscraper model and a super-tall updraft tower. Higher = Power The race towards higher and higher structures seems inevitable. From the Great Pyramids, the Gothic Cathedrals, the Eiffel Tower, history has painted civilization as a competitive society to out beat the previous highest structure. Recently developing cites such as Dubai, Beijing, Shanghai, and Mumbai have embraced flashy skyscrapers as a representation of economic prowess, echoing the rapid architectural development of New York City in the 20th century. With a global society and multinational professionals, accomplishing an iconic skyscraper’ is possible anywhere in the world with sufficient resources. Unfortunately global warming and environmental concerns has refuted the energy-dependent nature of curtain wall skyscrapers. In Dubai, the towers have air conditioner warehouses attached like backpacks to offset the energy demands to cool a vertical greenhouse. Yet the energy incentive to create higher and higher structures becomes economically and environmentally feasible if we simultaneously create energy as an updraft tower. Rising hot air as the future’s energy source The simple concept to capture natural hot air rising through a massive chimney is beyond a prototype. In 1982, an updraft tower with turbines was proven to produce sufficient energy in Spain. Because of the nature of thermal dynamics, it is most efficient that these towers be in hot desert climates. Currently, EnviroMission has contracts with Southern California Public Power Authority to build these towers with turbines in Arizona, along with another project in China. The Arizona project, with a cost of $750 million, is 2625 ft. tall and could product 200 KW per day (equivalent to supplying energy demands for 150,000 American homes). Because of its low maintenance, unlike photo-voltaic and nuclear, the upfront cost is high but is likely able to be repaid in 11 years. The 2625 ft. tower is comparable to the tallest skyscraper in the world; the Burj Kalifa in Dubai at 2723 ft. The Burj Kalifa has a temperature difference of 15 F degrees from the base to the top of the tower.
1 - Salisbury Cathedral 1258, England, 442 ft height 2 - Rockefeller Center, New York, 1932, 850 ft. height 3 - Shanghai 2011 4 - Race to the Top, 3000 ft height 5 - Race to the Top Turbine Shaft 3
PARKING GARAGE RACE TO THE TOP TOWER
NeoMetabolism Due to unpredictable market demands and exponentially advancing technologies, a need for architectural adaptability is crucial for the unknown tomorrow. For example, 825 units were empty out of the 900 apartment units at the Burj Kalifa during the financial crisis in 2008. If units were a plug and use system, such as in the Nakagin Capsule Tower in Tokyo, such material and architectural waste would be minimized by a) reusing the space for a different function such as photo-voltaic or vertical farming and b) the existing units could be transported to another location of higher demand. Additionally, advances in technology calls for building replacements. In an ecological system, evolutions occurs one species at a time. Similarly, if mega-structures could advance one element at a time, the time and financial investment to tear down buildings would be lessened. The Metabolism Movement arose in post-war Japan characterized by ‘large scale, flexible, and expandable structures that evoke the process of organic growth’ (Wikipedia). In todays’ ever changing economic, spatial and environmental demands, a call for an adaptable building typology becomes a rational architectural solution. More power to higher structures Energy efficiency increases as the high the tower due to more change in temperature. A city’s identity of economic hegemony also increases with higher buildings. What next city will be known to have the ‘highest structure’ in the world after the Burj Kalifa? And what will it be known for aside being the tallest?
[ PROFESSIONAL ] SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE PHASE 1 Bhopal, India Chelsea West Architects New York, NY New Delhi, India 2012 Status - Under Construction NY Architectural Team Vishva Priya, AIA, Principal William DeMoaes, Project Manager Jessica Hartman, Project Architect / Designer Setion Branko, Project Architect / Designer Kamueku Kakizaki, Project Architect / Designer Info I joined a group of enthusiastic designers that recently won the commission for a new School of Planning and Architecture (SPA) campus in Bhopal, India. SPA is regarded as the most prestigious architecture institutions in India, which the Principal Vishva Priya graduated from the New Delhi campus in the 70s. Massing for 13 buildings and 250,000 square feet were laid out with envelope and fenestration strategically placed to work with the harsh sunlight of the region. Sectional integration in the studio rooms encourage a collaborative environment and large double height windows bring in northern light. Everything falls onto a 950mm grid, including the concrete joints, exterior kota stone cladding, mullions, and balusters. As a space for architectural education, great emphasis was made to enlighten prospective students through a sense of modularity, scale, and sectional integration. Role I worked in collaboration through DD, CD, and Tender Documents. My responsibilities included extensive coordination on the facade envelope, including fenestrations, naturally ventilated shaft walls, exterior finish and producing construction documents. I also produced all final visualization materials. All visualization and construction document drawings here were produced by myself.
CHELSEA WEST ARCHITECTS
St. Ann’s St
[ URBAN ANALYSIS ] ST. ANNE’S SQUARE
St. Ann’s St
Manchester, England University of Liverpool Arch 400 Autumn 2010
St. Ann’s Place
Prof. Douglas McCorkell, ARB +Julia Chance Time: 1 Week
St. Ann’s Passage
St. Ann’s Churchyard
St. Ann’s Chur
St. Ann’s St
St. Ann’s Alley
St. Ann’s Alley
St. Ann’s Passage
Kings Street West
Looking at a worm eye view layered with public, private, and commercially public illustrates a paradox between the originalBar design intent and its subsequent development. Urban analysis today becomes a further development of the Nolli Map that illustrated public and private spaces.
St. Ann’s Pla
St. Ann’s Churchyard
Somewhere between 1907 and today there was a dramatic shift in St. Anne’s Square being a civic entity Retaildistrict. The plazas remain open to a highly commercial Otherstores and banks line up all of to the public but retail the major ground floors of the surrounding buildings. Modernity has introduced a commercial (semi-public) realm between theBank public and private spaces.
Kings Street West
Public, Private, Commercially Public In 1709, the small rural town of Manchester built of timber framed houses and fields came together to erect a Neo-Classical church consecrated in 1712 as St. Ann’s Church. Along with the Industrial Revolution, Private the town’s growth revolved around this church with a push for a more fashionable urban life like that in London. Within 50 years of the church’s consecration, Retail the neighboring St. Anne’s Square became the center civic square of Clothing Manchester. Today, while other regions of the have developed substantially, the city still regards St. Ann’s Square as the historic center of the Retail urban fabric.
Cross Street Foyer
St. Mary’s Gate
St. Ann’s Square
Royal E xchang
Old Bank Street
Half Moon Street
e Unde rpass
DIGITIZATION PART 1 + PART 2
[ DIGITIZATION PART 1 ] WEDGESHED University of Washington Arch 402 Prof. Rob Corser Time : 8 Weeks Collaboration with David Albers Amanda Bruot Kristopher Chan Marcus Crider Siva Edupuganti Lauren Johnson Alex Karanja Christopher Mount Fikreab Mulugeta Min Park Hunter Ruthrauff Glenn Stellmacher April Tang Aaron Yamazaki High-Tech Tools with Low-Tech Materials Bridging CNC milling with off-the-shelf (and affordable) building materials, this studio aimed to prototype a new system that pushes the boundary on conventional building materials. After a couple iterations, the studio as a group prototyped a building system that uses 4’ x 8’ plywood cut strategically and specifically and would assemble to create a “Wedge”. The” Wedge” can multiply to create tube with turning flexibility. This enables an infinite combination of “Wedge” arrangements and has additive potential. Coordination and fabrication were done in eight weeks, including collaboration with local organization Twisp Works that would use the final structure.
Role This was a collaborative projects and my responsibilities included construction, visualization, star patterning, and creating an information panel, much of which are illustrated in this portfolio.
Wedge is an extraction of the Torus geometry
Wedge Panels Precise angles and groove locations for each panel was calculated using parametric modeling. CNC milling of plywood enabled flexibility and precision in shape, while hand-cut 2x4 provided structural support. Joints were glued and nailed together
Joining ten panels creates one wedge. Panel to panel connections are bolted rather than permanent joints, so that the unit can be broken down and reassembled.
06.21.2011 48°21N 120°7W Twisp, Washington Sky Chart during summer solstice. Mylar cut on laser cutter were attached to the inside panels.
4’ x 8’ Plywood CNC Cuts
[ DIGITIZATION PART 2 ] PLYWOOD BRICKS
(1) 4’-0” x 8’-0” 0 Triangles
University of Washington Arch 402 Prof. Rob Corser Time : 1 Week Collaboration with Lauren Johnson Material Efficiency + Sensitivity to Human Scale Brick sizes vary, but were fundamentally developed from the ability for the laborer to carry it in one hand. In brick construction, there is a relationship between the individual brick and the humanistic scale. And although bricks are individually identical, they come together to create an infinite iterations of facades and load bearing walls. Today’s building system can learn from brick’s characteristic of repetition, modularity, and scale of the human body. This project aimed to prototype an unconventional building system with available conventional materials. A key push in re-defining a new building system is in material efficiency. Plywood at the conventional size of 4 feet by 8 feet initiated a series of modular studies that responded both to the material size and desirable final outcome. After countless iterations and modular studies, one prototype was selected as a balance between material efficiency and sensitivity to the humanistic scale.
(7) 3’-10” x 10.5” (4) 1’-11” x 10.5” 3 Triangles 2 Extra
(14 ) 1’-11” x 10.5” (8) 11.5”” x 10.5” 7 Triangles 1 Extra
(10) 2’-6” x 10.5” (6) 1’-4” x 10.5” 5 Triangles 1 Extra
Role This was a collaborative project and ideas bounced off each other. My responsibilities included modeling using Rhino’s PanellingTools and parametric computing using Grasshopper as well as visualization. (19) 2’-6” x 7.75” (10) 1’-4” x 7.75” 9 Triangles 2 Extra
(14) 2’-6” x 7 3/4” (10) 1’-4” x 7 3/4” 7 Triangles
(24) 1’-11” x 6 1/4” (10) 23/24” x 3 1/8” 12 Triangles
Creating five rows requires 14 sheets of plywood. The slits vary according to which “brick” it is within the undulating surface. The undulating surface, once defined, parametrically outputs the location and angle of the slits. Thus, the final outcome is necessary in the beginning to compute the differences in each “brick”
A Structural Lattice A primitive material and joint system can, with the intelligent use of fabrication technology, create complex structural material. The characteristics of parametric modeling and fabrication of this prototype led towards a repetitive pattern structure with small alterations. In this example the overall formula of the CNC cuts is constant while the small slits are slightly different. When these micro differences are brought together, the macro design intent is visualized as one movement.
THANK YOU FOR YOUR CONSIDERATION.
Published on Aug 4, 2016