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Transport Brochure

studiodare ARCHITECTS


“London Underground, with around 3 million daily users, demands design proposals that help it maintain its status as a world class city�

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Transport Brochure Connecting peolple and places The pervasiveness of transport systems often render them invisible. This is particularly true of sub-surface railway systems, which tend to be noticed only when they fail to function. Being ‘Civils led’, transport design is often seen, and accepted, as utilitarian and functional rather than a building type which provides a positive contribution to the urban realm. We believe transport systems such as the London Underground, which has 3 million daily users, demand design proposals that provide a comfortable environment for passengers and reflect London’s ambition to maintain its status as a world class city.

Studiodare therefore aims to provide transport solutions that integrate the practical with the beautiful to produce fully coordinated designs that exceed the requirements of clients, commuters and the public. We also believe that good transport architecture needs to engage its wider surroundings. As such, in our transport buildings, we draw on our experience in masterplanning and other building sectors.

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“This is an exceptional project, and one in which Studiodare is extremely proud to be involved”

BATTERSEA

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NINE ELMS


Northern line extension Extending the line to Battersea Working as part of an integrated and coordinated design team led by Halcrow, with an informed and visionary client in the form of TfL, Studiodare has helped take the Northern Line Extension (NLE) through a Transport and Works Act Order application (April 2013) and a Public Inquiry review (Dec 2012).

The complete scope of work included a listed building consent application for four new cross platform passages at Kennington Station; 3.2km of twin bore tunnel; two new sub-surface stations, two ventilation and intervention shafts; overrun tunnels at Battersea; and numerous option studies

for all aspects of the design. The Northern Line Extension provides a vital public transport link for the area and the infrastructure necessary for the planned developments in the Vauxhall Nine Elms Battersea Opportunity Area: 195 hectares of

former industrial land between Lambeth Bridge and Chelsea Bridge. This is an exceptional project, and one in which Studiodare is extremely proud to be involved.

Main image: proposed route of Northern Line Extension

KENNINGTON

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Image 1: Battersea. Entrance from street Image 2: Battersea. Entrance view at night


“A simple glazed pavilion introduces natural light deep into the basement level ticket hall below.” NLE: Transport & Works Act, 2012-2014 Battersea Station A terminus station at Battersea provides the infrastructure necessary to support the redevelopment of the Battersea Power Station site, and crucially, the wider Vauxhall Nine Elms and Battersea Opportunity Area. A simple glazed pavilion, positioned to sit centrally within the Battersea Power Station masterplan, provides the point of entry to the station and, as a lightwell, introduces natural light to a basement level ticket hall below. The pavilion is framed by a simple portal structure which houses the supply and extract ducts required to ventilate the station box below. The portal form is used to signify ‘entrance’ and highlight the location of the station within the streetscape. Image 1

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“A blue envelope defines the volume of the station box and helps achieve what should be a spectacular architectural space.�

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Internally, the volume of the station box is exploited to great dramatic effect. As envisioned, a blue glazed wall wraps the interior of the box, extending approximately 12m from soffit to platform level. This blue envelope defines the volume of the station box and helps achieve what should be a spectacular architectural space. Image 3

Image 1: Battersea. Large blue ceramic walls define the station concourse Image 2: Battersea. View to platform between blue walls Image 3: Battersea. Basement level concourse

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Image 1: Nine Elms. Double height station ticket hall with roof light


“A large rooflight at the top of the escalators symbolically drawing passengers towards the exit.” NLE: Transport & Works Act, 2012-2014 Nine Elms Station Nine Elms Station is located midway along the proposed route. The station entrance is strategically positioned on Wandsworth Road to provide ease of transport interchange and to support further regeneration in the area. The station is entered through a generous double-height ticket hall with a single bank of escalators leading from ticket hall to platform level – some 22m below. All internal planning has been carefully arranged to provide a clear, simple and unambiguous route for passengers. As at Battersea, the intention is to introduce natural light where possible. The illustrative design shows large rooflight at the top of the escalators symbolically drawing passengers towards the exit. Here too the volume of the station box has been exploited to great dramatic effect – again wrapped in a taut blue membrane. The designs show both stations supported by massive exposed concrete columns and beams. This tough palette has been chosen for durability and strength, but also as a permanent expression of the immense loads of underground construction. Image 1

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Image 1: Nine Elms. Large roof lights bring natural light down to platform level


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“The station is supported by massive exposed concrete columns and beams, acting as a permanent expression of the immense loads of underground construction.�

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Image 1: Nine Elms. The volume of the station box is exploited to create a dramatic roof lights

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“The design of each shaft resolves a series of complex mechanical, ventilation and fire engineering requirements.� NLE: Transport & Works Act, 2012-2014 Midline intervention shafts Part way along the northbound and southbound tunnels of the proposed route, two new permanent below ground shafts are provided for intervention and ventilation. The shafts, which also require street-

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level headhouses, are located at Kennington Green and Kennington Park. The design of each shaft resolves a series of complex mechanical, ventilation and fire engineering requirements. Above ground, the size

of each shaft is kept to a minimum and placed to integrate with new landscaped proposals.

Kennington Green. Subsurface shaft and basement level transfer with ground head house in distance.


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Image 1: Kennington Station. New cross passage at platform level Image 2: Tile detail of existing platform


NLE: Transport & Works Act, 2012-2014 Kennington Station As a result of the Northern line extension there will be increased passenger interchange at Kennington Station. The station is a Grade II listed station, already providing the southern interchange between Bank and Charing Cross branches of the Northern Line. Studiodare’s brief was to locate and design four new platform level cross passages to ease congestion; this formed an application for listed building consent, submitted in June 2013. Originally opened with two platforms as part of the City and South London Railway in 1890, two more platforms were added to the station in 1926 when lines were connected to form what is now the Charing Cross Branch of the line. As such, our work also included careful examination of heritage assets including listed tilework and passage openings.

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Image 1: Axonometric of Battersea showing route from surface to platform

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NLE: RIBA Stage C, 2010-2011 Battersea Station Image 1

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Image 1:Axonometric of Nine Elms showing circulation and lightwells

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NLE: RIBA Stage C, 2010-2011 Nine Elms Station Image 1

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Image 1: Battersea Station. View of ticket hall from top of escalators Image 2: Battersea Station: a large ticket hall sat below the Battersea development


NLE: Feasibility Study 2008-2009 Selecting the route In 2008, as part of a multi-disciplinary design team led by Parsons Brinckerhoff, Studiodare Architects provided the lead architect role for the Northern Line Extension feasibility study.

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The study was commissioned by Treasury Holdings Limited, then owners of the Battersea Power Station site, to explore the feasibility of extending the Northern Line from Kennington, providing a new station

to service the proposed redevelopment of the power station site. Working closely with the client, and LUL, the study involved numerous option studies for stations and headhouses on four alternative routes.

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Image 1: Vauxhall Station. Overview of proposed interchange in context Image 2: Vauxhall Station. Configuration of proposed interchange Image 3: Detail of step-plate junction of Kennington Loop


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NLE: Feasibility Study 2008-2009 Interchange at Vauxhall During the Feasibility Stage, as part of a route option selection process, a connection between the Northern line extension and Victoria Line at Vauxhall was investigated. Studiodare designed a number of options that provided two new platforms for the Northern line extension; upgraded

the layout of the existing Vauxhall station to cope with increased passenger numbers; and created an interchange between the two lines. Ultimately, after public consultation, the interchange with Vauxhall Station was deemed to be unviable. Image 3

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Image 1: Claylands Road. Concept study showing possible headhouse massing Image 2: Claylands Road. Illustrative elevation of headhouse

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Crossrail: Custom House, 2009 Invited tender bid When complete, Custom House will be the only surface level Crossrail station in central London. Located in Canning Town, the station will serve both local commuters and international visitors of ExCel. In 2009,

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Studiodare Architects provided architectural design input to a Capita Symonds led invited tender bid. Our primary role was to provide a design for a new Crossrail station,

ensuring full compliance with relevant standards. We also provided detailed construction methodology, using prefabricated materials, that would retain the operation of the adjacent existing DLR station. Using

our masterplanning experience, we ensured that the design sufficiently connected with LB Newham’s aspiration for the regeneration of the wider local area.

Image 1: Croosrail route map Image 2: Custom House. Diagrammatic layout of Crossrail proposal next to existing DLR Image 3: Site location aerial view


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Thanks Architecture is too complex a problem to be resolved by any one individual. It is a team effort that relies on the commitment of a wide range of designers.

The list includes former employees, clients, consultants, collaborators and those who, through constant debate and discussion, have helped shape our thinking.

Studiodare is indebted to all those who have contributed to, supported and informed those projects we have had the privilege of working on.

Special thanks to the following consultants who we collaborated with on the design of the transport work shown:

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Buro Happold Capita Corderoy CH2M Hill (Halcrow) Parsons Brinckerhoff SDG Transport for London Treasury Holdings Ltd


Studiodare Architects is a London based office specialising in transport and infrastructure projects. In addition to their role as lead architect on the Northern Line Extension the practice has also provided design management and assurance to London Underground on Cooling the Tube, as well as acting as architectural consultant on various transport bids. Prior to establishing Studiodare, the directors worked on a range of transport projects. Significantly, Ian Logan was lead architect for Aukett on Crossrail, while Freddy McBride spent four years as a design manager at Crossrail. In addition both directors spent eight years on the design and construction of Southwark Station (JLE) and the Network Rail interchange at Waterloo East. This included securing planning permission for a 12 storey over site development as well as completing designs for the external works and urban realm around the station. Research produced by other members of the design team has also contributed to the practice’s ability to deliver transport projects. This ranges from studies on transport systems and the urban realm to developing script for parametric software used in the dynamic modelling of building facades and interior environments.

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studiodare ARCHITECTS

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Tanner Place 54-58 Tanner Street London SE1 3PH t: +44 (0) 20 7403 5074 w: www.studiodare.com e: studio@studiodare.com


Transport Brochure