MANHATTAN REGIONAL AIRPORT MHK
HEATH SWINDLER SPRING 2012
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY How can an architectural corridor manifest a dwelling place? The corridor being the idea of a gateway or a place of movement rather than being. A dwelling place is space humans spend time rather than merely transition through. How do you make an airport a place of desirable dwelling rather than a hallway? The projects goal is to restore the human aspect of the airport experience rather than treating people as mere ticket holders. Air travel is becoming the primary mode of travel over large distances. Global air traffic is expected to double by the year 2030. MHK is currently a growing airport with over 44,000 enplanements in 2010 and a predicted 111,000 annually by 2030 (Plan. Advis. Committee). The MHK 2030 terminal needs to be prepared to support this large growth in traffic and cope with further traffic increases in the years following. The new master plan will enable the airport to support more traffic and also better prepare the facilities for future growth. The two primary components of the program are the gateway (airport) component and the dwelling (mixed-use) component. The mixed-use space will be the new component intended to move this transportation hub towards a dwelling place (place of extended stay) rather than a mere transition point. A successful project will find a way to integrate these two ideas into one place; not thinking of these things as separate functions but parts of a single whole. Manhattan Regional Airport Terminal will need to more than double in size to accommodate future growth. The city of Manhattan is predicted to grow 40% in the next 20 years; partially due to its selection of the future site for the Department of Homeland Security’s National Bio and Agro-Defense Facility – NBAF (MKS Futures). The terminal will not only need to accommodate for more passengers, but for bigger and multiple planes. The current building cannot support more than one plane boarding at a time. It also makes economic sense for the airport to expand its services. For every job created at the airport, it creates a job within the local economy. Currently only 18% of people living around MHK use it rather than KCI. The airport needs more flight options to make it a more viable option for travelers.
“ARCHITECTURE IS A SOCIAL ACT AND THE MATERIAL THEATER OF HUMAN ACTIVITY. “
Making a sustainable building is also of high priority and a strategy to help business. If the terminal costs less to operate then it will be more affordable for SPIRO KOSTOF airlines to do business in Manhattan and in turn bring lower ticket costs and more traffic. The terminal is lacking in space for baggage claim, TSA security, public waiting, airline office, departure lounge, and circulation (HNTB M. Plan). All these expansions are needed now which means great improvement will be needed by 2030. Parking is also a considerable issue for future expansion. Today’s auto circulation is awkward requiring all short term passengers to pass in front of the terminal twice before leaving. The existing 367 parking stalls are often near full capacity and projected needs require 672 stalls by 2030 (Plan. Advis. Committee). Considering the addition of the hotel and retail components, my goal is to provide over 1,000 spaces. MHK’s mixed-use component will bring a life to the airport that doesn’t currently exist. A hotel, retail, coffee, and restaurants will provide place for people to spend time, rest, and socialize. The environment will be very human with a strong connection to the natural landscape and local art distributed around the building.
The design needs a strong relationship to the place. This gateway will be the first and last experience many people have of the flint hills area. Considering the context, my primary formal intent is to have the building reflect this idea of rolling hills. The lifting, folding and forming of the landscape to create the building will provide strong visual connections between the architecture and the landscape. The experience of an airport is often highly centered around security. Passengers plan their time based on the expected queuing time. This will become more of an issue as the airport grows if not planned for. The new design will respond to this issue by minimizing this security barrier as much as possible. Based on some assumptions that TSAâ€™s efforts to speed up security being successful by 2030, the new terminal will be almost completely accessible outside of security by providing more security check points to serve passengers. As appose to one large checkpoint in which lines build up often. The resulting program brings a more complex and comprehensive master plan. MHK 2030 is a gift to the area, making the region more accessible, connected, and inviting to travelers and local residents. The place will be a new front door to the region which reflects the vibrant economic growth of the area and provides destination for locals to meet and linger. The human experience will be one of pleasure rather than anxiety.
PROGRAM Entry Foyer Information Center Public Waiting/Meeting Space Public Business Lounge Baggage-Claim (500 linear feet) Inbound Baggage Oversized Bags/Circulation Outbound Baggage Baggage Screening Administration Offices TSA Security Office TSA Security Checkpoint Checkpoint Exit Lane Checkpoint Queuing Interrogation Room Car Rental Offices Car Rental Customer Queuing Car Rental Counter Space Airline Offices Ground Service Equip. Storage Ticket Counter (30ft counter per airline) Ticket Queuing Departure Lobby Arrivals Entry Jetways (2-3) Public Restrooms Janitors Closet/Storage Public Circulation Space ATM Space and Queuing Sterile Concessions/Vending Public Concessions/Vending Wheelchair Storage Local Law Enforcement Receiving Mechanical (plum.mech.elec.comm) Parking (1000+ stalls) Bus Stops Auto Drop-Off
1,000 300 10,000 100 4,100 2,200 215 3,300 1,600 2,500 350 2,100 300 1,100 100 500 300 230 2,000 2,000 900 2,400 4,500 300 1,800 1,000 12,000 100 800 1,150 65 80 330 3,600
Total (Basic Terminal Needs)
Gallery Space Food and Beverage Interior Garden Lounge/Relaxation Space Coffee Shop Retail Store (electronics) Hotel (80 rooms) Electric Vehicle Charging Station FBO Building
1,000 2,500 2,500 1,000 500 1,500 (40,000)
Total Interior SF:
MHK TRANSPORTATION MODES
MANHATTAN REGIONAL AIRPORT Site: 1,045,440 SF Zoning: AO - Airport Overlay F.A.R: NA Setbacks: NA Located 3.5 miles southwest of Manhattan, the Manhattan Regional Airport offers general aviation and commercial services for the Flint Hills region. It also helps meet the needs of Ft. Riley and serves as a gateway to the area. The site is removed from the city without a surplus of development around it. A large amount of the surrounding land is zoned for agriculture. The placement of the site has the potential to be a connector for the region and help to unify surrounding communities. Ogden, Junction City, Manhattan, and Ft. Riley are within a bus routes distance of each other and the airport will reach all of them to promote the Flint Hills population to fly MHK.