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Digital Design - Module 01 Semester 1, 2019 Yanmin Yu

(ID: 988374) Alison Fairley Studio 20


Week One

Reading: Zeara Polo, A. 2010. Between Ideas and Matters.

According to Zeara-Polo, the diagram does not play a representational role in the design process but provides an organisational and can have a performative quality depending on how it is deployed. Explain how Diagram is different from Signs and Symbols?

Zeara-Polo defines the diagram as a tool for describing and establishing connections and demonstrating spatial expression, and this tool is closely related to space. However, signs and symbols do not provide an explanation for the material and rational relationship between content and form. They can only be used as symbols and subjective expressions to achieve a symbolic effect. He believes that diagram realizes the expression of emotion and logic through the new organizational structure, which helps to understand the rational relationship of the real space.

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Week One

Precedent Analysis

Plan - In this view of the pavilion, it is clear to see the relationship of each parts of it, which is divided into three main areas by the walls. Althrough the structure of the upper roof appears to complex, it is actually limited to three areas and serves the rest area below.

Elevation - By analyzing for elevation plans, we can see that the three walls are not in contact with the gorund, but are fixed on the edges of the seat. And only the upper structure is twisted, instead the others are on the same horizontal level. Perspective - The perspective view shows the 3D vison of the whole pavilion, which is designed into an organic form and obviously inspired by curved strip. Š Luc Boegly, Sergio Grazia. Photograph. JUNE 18, 2016. Accessed March 13, 2019. http://archeyes.com/barkow-leibinger-architekten/

I used this image to analyze the relationship between the different structures in the pavilion, as well as thier proportions, and to have a deeper uderstanding of the way the structure is connected and the twists of the superstructure. This image also shows how the roofs could create shadows for the sitting area and how people sitting in this pavillion look like. In addition, the relationship between the pavilion and the surrounding area is also interesting, which is in the middle of an lawn, it can be a icon of this area.

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Week Two

Reading: Hertzberger H. 2005. The in-between and The Habitable Space Between Things, from Lessons for Students in Architecture.

Herzberger discusses how design should not be extreme in its functionality. Use your precedent study to explain how the pavilion allows for an appropriation of use.

Barkow Leibinger’s serpentine Summer House provides users an organic and artistic space to seat and walk through, which maintains the function of space and freedom of setting elements. It is inspired by curved paper, and separated into three different area which toward different axis. These three closely connected and relatively independent spaces allow different groups of people to rest and communicate in semiprivate space. In addition, the whole pavilion was made of timber which provides possibility to create such a lightweight and smooth shape, which allows the sunlight enter this pavilion from top to bottom. The curved timber boards on the top were twisted in different angle to make the whole design more changeful and assuming.

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Week Two Isometric

Southeast Isometric View of the Summer House The reason why I choose the southeast view of the isometic drawing is that it forms the best shape compared to another three views. I rendered the pavilion by using rhino. I tried to do it in photoshop and add material (plywood) while rendering, but they both got some problems that were hard for me to solve. So I finally chose this version. In addition, it can be seen that the three parts of the pavilion towards different direction and they were relatively independant. The large-area shadows formed by the roof structure provide a cover for the seats below, but because of the different angle of the sun, the light in different areas will also have different degree of illumination, which also provides more options for those who want to stay here to rest. Personally, I think that more people will choose to sit on the side of the shadow at noon, and in the early morning and evening, they wound like to walk around the pavilion. I do not think there will have someone standing in the pavilion, because it does not provide space to walk and standing inside.

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Week Two

Diagrams

Density of People

Circulation Diagram

Threshold Diagram

In this circulation diagram, I focused to show the density of popu;ation around this pavilion, which people would gather and stay in these three areas with seats, and they have very low mobility. Besides, people at a distance will have greater mobility, they will walk around the pavilion to observe it, and they will not stay for a long time.

For the threshold disagram, the movement of people around the pavilion is restricted by seats and walls which divided the whole space into three areas. Most people will choose to sit on the outside seat, few of them will sit facing the wall. The walls also limit the interoperability of three areas, which people can only move from the outside to another, instread from the inside.

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Appendix

Process

Step 1: Search for detailing Photographs.

Step 3: Extrude each parts of the pavillion.

To learn more about the detailed structures and how each parts of the pavilion conneted together.

Firstly, extrude the frames of the seats, and the actual thinckness of timber boards are around 10cm (find from real photographs).

I tried to build the top roof of the pavillion by rebuild the extrusion directly, but I failed to do so, which is hard to fit four elevations accurately.

These three timber walls are the easiest part to build in rhino, but the real function of the pavilion is separated the whole space into three different areas. (I am not sure why there is an opening between two of the walls, which allows people to get in but have nothing inside).

I found out that it is a little bit hard to tracing the line of these parts smoothly (or have same width), which can be fixed by ‘rebuild’ the lines.

Step2: Tracing the line of each parts.

I noticed that compared two top plan provided on LMS, this one is easier to distinguish which line represents which part. And also, I used the second command of curved line (interpreted curve), which is more accurate while tracing.

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Appendix Process

Step 4: Sweep1 and OffsetCrf I started to think about the 3D modelling way to build the top roofs, which I mainly used Sweep1 and Offset to twist theedges of the roof by refering to four elevation plan. (p.s. It is important to scale the plans into 1:1 first so that we can make the pavilion correctly.

I drew a polyline with 1300mm length and sweeped the curve into a surface.

I did gumball move by refering to the south elevation first and hide other three elevation plans, but I found out that the scale on the plan is a little bit different with what I tracing from the top plan.

When I finished twisting the line in each elevation, the peoblem is that only the south elevation plan is not accurate, so I ignored it and started to do Sweep1. In addition, it is important to set different parts into different layers.

I actually tried different distances when doing OffsetCrf and found out that 45mm could be the best choice to fit other parts of the parvillion.

When I considered why the designer of this summer house twist the top roofs, personally I think the rest (roofs & walls) are all in the vertical direction, but thinking about the real function of this pavilion, it create kinds of rest and communication area in an opening sapce, which means the shadows created by the roof design is what they needed.

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Appendix

Process

Step 5: Adjust the crash and Make2D

The horizontal crashes fixed finally.

The crashes are shown in this inmage which includes horizontal and vertical crashes. (p.s. the actual pavilion also has some vertical crashes).

For the adjustion of the curved roofs (mainly the top layer, the way I tried to fix the crashes is using the ‘rebuild’ comand and changing the point count to smooth the curve.

i used ‘Set view’, “Isometric’ to change the direction of the view, and found out that ‘SE’ could be the best one for diagram.

‘Make 2D’ in Isometric view and use ‘ViewCaptureToFile’ command.

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Appendix Process

Some attempts of Diagraming.

Tried Rendering.

Changed material into plywood.

Tracing the Edges.

Tried Photoshop.

Profile for student286

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