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Strootman Landscape Architects Contemporary survey 02

Piraeusplein 37 1019 NM Amsterdam / NL www.strootman.net bureau@strootman.net T. +31(0)20-419.41.69 F. +31(0)20-419.06.17


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Strootman Landscape Architects

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Maghtab National Park Athenian Osmosis Zendersche Esch New country estate Steenbergen Goeree-Overflakkee Dorst Keldonk public lighting Sibeliuspark Oss New village green for Ugchelen New Town Dantumadeel St. Antoniusplein Eerde Cultural Square Hoofddorp Bekkerslocatie Amsterdam Tolhuis Garden


Strootman Landscape Architects Strootman Landscape Architects is a design office set up in 2002. The office is a mix of landscape architects & urbanists working on projects on the outer edges of the discipline. We explore crossover zones where landscape architecture meets urbanism, cultural history, ecology, art and architecture. This exploration takes us from regional plans to garden design, from rural areas to the city, and from research to realisation. We regularly collaborate with other disciplines such as ecology, architecture, transport planning, hydrology, & sociology. In our office we work on a mix of projects of divergent scales, both in rural and urban areas. We make plans for whole regions but also for parks, country estates, housing areas and squares.

Research & design

The Sublime

Spatial Heritage

Landscape Urbanism

Our work is characterized by a mix of analytical depth and

Increasing the drama of a landscape and intensifying the

The Dutch landscape has been formed by a long process

Cities around the world are expanding, the boundary with

visionary perspective. We work rationally and academically

emotions of the user is a central aspect in our work. In

of human intervention. Landscape Architecture in the

landscape is blurring and the difference between urban

in analysis and concept stages, then artistically and playfully

that sense we are romantics. Romance in our work is not

Netherlands is a part of this process, which means that

and rural environments has all but disappeared. Landscape

in the development of it. Our work is conceptual but always

a formal question, but has more to do with an intensity

we work on additions and adjustments to the landscape

is able to comprehend and order this new condition

with a view to being constructed; at the end of the day all

of life, related to the sublime. As landscape architects, we

and rarely in a ‘greenfield’ situation; every action in the

because the two have begun to resemble each other: the

that counts is what is to be built. We combine thought with

disagree with philosophers such as Kant and Burke, who

landscape is thus a transformative action.

city now changes, transforms and evolves as a landscape.

material craftsmanship; we strive for certain earthy quality,

claim that man-made landscapes cannot evoke the feeling

We approach design contextually, both in space and in

In integrated area developments we use landscape to order

warmth and playfulness.

of the sublime. Increasing the drama of a landscape, and

time. We set up a ‘dialogue’ between our proposals and the

and give form to various programmes and to play the role

We love people. Children form a continuing source of

arousing sublime experiences, can be achieved be creating

surroundings, to harmonize, or in some cases to contrast

of ‘integrator’ between other disciplines. These strategies

inspiration for us.

spatial contrasts such as in our design for the Drentsche Aa,

with it, but never ignore it. We position spatial heritage

have been used in the design of the Wieringerrandmeer, the

where we combine small and large-scale spaces. In addition,

within a future perspective because design is by definition

proposal for Bloemendalerpolder, and the urban plan for

it can be achieved by the overwhelming effect of planting

always a forward-looking activity.

the SaksenWeimar barracks.

masses, such as in Japanese garden design. We like to give the everday an extra dimension by stimulating the fantasy of the user. Our designs are therefore not minimalist or abstract geometries or high-tech, but are earthy, sensual and monolithic.




12 97


Maghtab National Park Competition Entry

Magħtab is Malta’s newest landscape; an imposing landform

Establishing woodland on Magħtab will be carried out

The pattern’s open structure has been developed to facilitate

Client: Minister for Rural Affairs and the Environment,

in a sensitive coastal setting visible from strategic points

using a spectacular lace-like patterning which will be visible

minimal coverage of the landform to achieve maximum

Malta

around Malta. The splendid isolation of the former landfill

from the sea, from landmarks across Malta and from the

effect. The patterning also provides for a simple technical

Team: Strootman Landschapsarchitecten

forms the ideal condition for the development of a new

air. This expression draws on the rich traditions of arts and

solution for establishing plants on a slope. With local

In association with Hans Geuzebroek (Grontmij) & Fer-

natural area. In keeping with the artificiality of the site, the

crafts on the islands. The patterning is a synthesis of both

available materials a new soil will be constructed using a

nando Derks

design expresses the positivism of human intervention in

ancient and modern Maltese culture; shapes and forms

mix of crushed demolition waste, composted green waste,

Status: Competition entry, thrid prize

the transformation of an industrial landscape. The design

with universal meaning expressed in a particular Maltese

(clean) sewage sludge and local stones.

plays with notions of nature and culture, expressive and

way. The most famous of these are the tree-of-life frescos

reticent form.

from the Neolithic tombs and the twirls and crosses of 19th

In the first stage only maquis will be placed on the landfill.

century Maltese bobbin lace.

The maquis will be placed in a 5 metre wide honeycomb

The Magħtab landform is to be ringed by a wide, raised

pattern on the hill. In the second stage trees will be planted

walk edged in stone and planted with almond trees. The

The Magħtab landform will be established with habitats

in overlying fresco pattern. The bags with soil for the trees

‘walk’ marks the threshold between the Magħtab landform

of maquis interspersed with extensive areas of Aleppo

are larger than those for the maquis. Once the landfill gas

and the outside. From a distance the stone wall frames the

pine and Holm oak woodland. This woodland revives

production is reduced the roots of these trees will enter

landform like the ramparts of a walled city. The wall-walk

the qualities of the ancient landscapes of Malta; climax

the waste layer in their search for nutrients, water and

follows the contours of the landform at heights between

vegetation of sclerophyll forest which once covered

additional anchorage.

2 and 10 metres above the surrounding landscape. The

the islands. Within a few decades Malta will have re-

walk connects all areas of the future park: the landforms

established one of the largest continuous sclerophyllous

of Magħtab, Ta’Zwerja and Għallis, the entrances, the

woodland areas in the region.

recreation areas and the paths and landscapes around the park. It has the scale of a boulevard and the character of a country lane but it is limited to non-motorized traffic. Here one can walk and cycle, sit in the shade or picnic.

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Situation

The Maghtab at present

Concept: Mythical landscape figure

Tarxien Tomb fresco 99


1 composting facility and waste service 2 indigenous plant nursery 3 greenhouse 4 administration and educational building 5 solar panels 6 snack-bar Connections 7 raised almond walk 8 wall path 9 summit walk 10 summit board walk 11 the grove 12 main entrance 13 coast road entrance 14 parking 15 panoramic viewpoint Ecology 16 maqui 17 aleppo pine woodland 18 holm oak woodland 19 coastal garrigue 20 Euphorbia garrigue 21 Rosmarinus garrigue 22 Erica garrigue 23 Thymus garrigue Water 24 rainwater infiltration fields 25 retention run-off pond 26 underground rain

water storage pipes

Plan

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nic

pic

pi

cn

ic

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cn

pi

picnic

picnic Cultural Landcsape 1. Aromatic Garrigue Landscape 2. Maqui and woodland protected landscape 3. Energy landscape 4. Raised almond walk 5. Soil composting facility Landscape production strategy 6. Indigenous plant nursery

Proposed schedule

Landscape production strategy

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Coastal road with raised almond promenade

Maghtab Forest

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Ghallis garrigue

Promenade

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13 104


Athenian Osmosis Competition entry

Concept

Athenian Osmosis

Greece has no tradition of really large parks. Existing

Team: Strootman Landschapsarchitecten

The plan begins with a definition of the park edge. The

The original premise is to transfer blocks of Athens to

parks in Athens such as Pedion or Areos and the National

Architectenbureau K2,

peripheral development of the former airport is not suitable

the former airport site. Athens is highly condensed, as

Gardens are merely tens of hectares. Above all, Athens

Mathieu Derckx uban planning & landscape

to function as a park boarder. A new boarder is needed

is any vital city. But with very little open public space, it

growth was so quick and unplanned that there are also

Terra Firma

in order to create a representative face for the park. This

lacks breathing room. This transposition will carve out

very few of these smaller parks. Athens is therefore behind,

new development will serve as a catalyst in the further

much-needed parks and plazas within the fabric of Athens

but the transformation of the old airport offers an unique

development beyond the site. As opposed to a fence, the

city center. Overgrown or difficult to reach programs, for

opportunity to catch up.

frame is the connection between city, park and sea.

example government services could be moved to the former

The area west facing the coast is not part of the site. An

airport site where they would be given their own place and

Fundamental to the plan is the introduction of a

extension of the park west of the proposed tunnel is

identity. These more mature functions would provide a

natural landscape into the city. This takes the form of a

fundamental as well logical. Likewise the connection of the

solid base for the other urban developments in the area and

Mediterranean forest. The distinctly Greek park combines

park to the marina links the park to the sea.

provide a link to the more established Athens. In this way

the beauty of an untamed expanse of local flora and fauna

the city center gets something “new” and the periphery gets

with oasis of cultivated green. In this way, the design

something “old/established” to the mutual benefit of both.

achieves both a natural setting and a socially loaded urban

Within the boundaries, the major portion of the park will be given over to a “natural” setting with groves of trees

park. The most important step in furnishing the park is the

and plantings of local shrubs and grasses: a Mediterranean

Ecological Osmosis

forest. While carefully planned, the area will maintain

Like Barcelona, Nice and Naples, Athens is set between the

an informal air, which will invite rambling and solitude.

sea and the mountains. However, in Athens the scarcity of

Cultural Osmosis

Maintenance is low.

land and rapid development have excluded the significant

The airport was an international cultural entity, regardless

presence of this nature within the city. Whereas other

of its residual negative impacts. In order to maintain the site

The former runways will be preserved as a boulevard,

Mediterranean cities have made the climate their calling

as a place of culture, program must be introduced which

providing a major visual axis through the park. Here

card, Athens suffers from it.

relates to a broad context. The runways are preserved as

re-naturalization process.

the park opens to an expansive view, while enclosing a

a platform for the cultivated core of the park. The ready

botanical oasis. This is the cultivated portion of the park,

accessibility of the site is maintained, with the runway area

both in terms of green and program. Maintenance is

functioning in effect as a terminal or “cultural destination.

intensive.

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breathing Athens concept

congested city

programmatic transposition

site

frame definition

embedding coastal forest

airport

frame and parkways

frame and parkways

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concept

107


frame sea side library 3 floors 15.000 m2

venue building 3 floors 15.000 m2

mixed programme A residential 50% offices 30% retail 15% cultural 5% 5 floors

frame city side

Urban Grid

mixed programme B residential 50% offices 30% retail 15% cultural 5% hospital 5 floors 3 floors 15.000 m2

The urban renewal begins with an extension of the existing grid system, with a consideration to preserve the views of the sea. On the east side, the aim of new urban pavilion

residential 5 floors 175.000 m2

gouvernment offices 10 floors 100.000 m2

restaurant 3 floors 800 m2

landmark

via the proposed metro line, this area will be mixed use

residential 4 floors 50.000 m2

conference centre 1- 6 floors 4.000 m2

and urban in its density and diversity in a varying block system 4-8 stories high. On the northern edge of this area, a wedge of government buildings is placed along the park.

health care hotel 6 floors 6600 m2 research & education 6 floors 60.000 m2 TOTALS: special program residential gov. offices mixed programme A conference centre mixed programme B residential mixed programme C research & edu residential 70% mixed programme C offices 30% 5 floors 45.000 m2

total

90.000 75.000 100.000 200.000 4.000 215.000 50.000 60.000 46.000

development is to generate a new heart. Easily accessible

The Saarinen terminal building will be the center of a hotel, conference and business center. The northern boarder of the park has a more open, organic

m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2

structure, in keeping with the surroundings. Here, a scattering of buildings make full use of their adjacency to the park. The program is mostly residential.

940.000 m2

Along the western perimeter, university and nautical and ecological research buildings line the park. The south

urban grid programming

part between the park and the golf course contains upper income housing and a hospital. section frame sea side

section frame city side 108


Mediterranean forest

parkway

Mediterranean Forest

Parkways

Forest development is a combination of natural processes

A parkway along the former runways defines the cultivated

and human intervention. The aim is to achieve a natural

part of the site. It is artificial park in a natural environment.

Mediterranean forest as quickly as possible by participating

Each parkway is composed of a road with a parking

in ecological processes and at the same time stimulating

strip, a programmatic zone and a boulevard. Between the

them. The process from wasteland into forest is designed as

boulevards lies a strip of botanical forest. This zone is highly

an ongoing event with low maintenance.

cultivated with facilities, lighting, irrigation and artistic input. Each parkway is accessible from either of the main roads, but does not create a throughway. It is also connected to the tram and metro system.

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14 110


Zendersche Esch Landscape park

Introduction

Infrastructure:

Park

developments such as urban expansions, and it’s given a

The Zendersche Esch lies between Borne and Almelo. It

A new ring road has been planned along the periphery

The design for the Zendersche Esch landscape park

greater recreative meaning for residents from the towns and

is the last adjoining piece of rural area which links the

of the current business park of Borne. It provides an

implements a network of public spaces in the area, whereby

cities in the vicinity. We have developed a concept in which

natural and ecologically valuable areas to the northeast

opportunity to finish off the periphery of Borne in a

visitors can stroll, cycle and stay in the area, while the

space is created for the landscape park and the existing

and southwest of the Network city Twente with each other.

beautiful manner. The new road will be given a profile of

farmers can carry on with their farming. The position of

functions. We achieve a maximum effect with minimum

Borne and Hengelo have grown together and this is also

spacious verges, a bicycle path and footpath parallel to the

this network of public spaces is imbued on soil differences

means by ‘spanning’ the landscape park across the entire

happening with Hengelo and Enschede. The Municipality of

roadway, and a lot of trees. The illustration is an impression

and cultural history: The old arable land in the form of

area (see illustration). Instead of developing 100% of a

Borne therefore wants to develop the Zendersche Esch into

of the layout of the periphery of the village of Borne,

large open fields, will continue to be the most important

relatively small area, the choice was made to span a network

a landscape park. The landscape park Zendersche Esch has

which will be possible when the new ring road has been

open space in the landscape park. Along the periphery of

of plants, public spaces and paths across the entire area.

been given a figurehead project status, which means that the

constructed along Borne’s business park.

the old arable land, new trees and shrubs will accentuate

Hence a maximum effect is achieved with as few means as

the arable fringes. The new structure of plants will ensure

possible.

cities which form part of the Network city Twente (Almelo, Borne, Hengelo, Enschede, Oldenzaal), want to jointly

Art

that rather closed spaces will come about along the stream

support this and want to present themselves as such to the

Every year a sculpture exhibition is organized in the

valleys and that in the central part of the area, larger open

Garden

outside world. This status is based on the conviction that

centre of Borne. In future this exhibition can be extended

spaces will come about. Along footpaths there will be

Along the wreath the construction of a series of publicly

the quality of the Network city Twente is determined by its

to the landscape park. Preferably linked to Kransweg,

hedges, which will guide the paths spatially and enhance the

accessible gardens is stimulated, which forms an attraction

close proximity to the attractive landscape of Twente.

the sculptures could be placed in the publicly accessible

green atmosphere. The network of public space comprises

in itself and also accommodates a number of amenities.

gardens near the farms and/or at the galleries, which will be

broadened verges or small fields for extensive use. A

The gardens are always situated along Kransweg, and not

established in the landscape park by that time.

considerable number of footpaths will be constructed in

along the old arable land or in the stream valley, and is

Cultural history The planning area for the Zendersche Esch landscape park

the area, whereby an extensive network of paths comes

therefore in the ‘public space’; for the rest, the location

has a rich culture-historical past, which was the source of

Water

about. On the plots of the farms which form part of the

has not been determined. These are pointed out on the

inspiration for the design of the park structure. The public

The stream valleys also define the periphery of the

original wreath of the garland-village, recreative initiatives

zoning map. Here it involves approximately seven small

spaces of the landscape park (marked in yellow on the

Zendersche Esch landscape park. There will be extra plants

can be developed and a series of public gardens can be

gardens (each measuring 1,000-2,000 m2) which have a

illustration) are situated along the old arable land which

along the periphery which marks the valley; the stream

constructed. The landscape park will be bordered with a

special atmosphere. They are enclosed by a high hedge or

is mainly linked by Postweg or Kransweg, positioned

valley itself will remain open. Locally a crescent of alders

skeeler rink which roughly marks the boundaries of the

decorative fencing and can be closed off. On the inside of

between historical farms along the old arable land

will be planted at right angles to the valley, to spatially

park and simultaneously offers a varied skeeler route which

the fencing there are various types of flowers, nice trees

complex. Kransweg will become the park road with semi-

provide the valley with more variation. The water system

measures about 12 kilometres in length.

and trimmed hedges. The intimate gardens are a contrast

public functions. The wreath-farms which will lose their

will be made natural and resilient by providing space

agricultural function in the long term, provide space for

for natural processes such as meandering and erosion/

Regional design

their sophisticated layout and management. As opposed to

new recreative and touristic initiatives. In this way, amongst

sedimentation, by reconstructing the brooks in their

The purpose of the implementation plan is the guaranteeing

the public spaces in the park, every time there is a specific

other things, public gardens will be realised on Kransweg,

original stream valley again and by means of a natural

of a qualitatively high-grade and sustainable layout of the

schedule corresponding to the garden: like a teahouse; a

on the plots of the former farms.

embankment growth with corresponding management and

entire area around the Zendersche Esch, in which especially

playground; an extensive information board; a sculpture

maintenance.

the functions of agriculture, recreation & tourism, ecology

garden; a place which can be rented for festive occasions; or

and cultural history play a central role, whereby the area

a meditation spot.

to the surrounding, more rugged landscape because of

becomes more resistant against undesirable spatial

111


To clearly portray the outline of the plan it has been arranged in three layers. Functional: the public space and the scheduled wreath - the networks (black is the pedestrian path, red is the bicycle path) - attractions in the wreath (pink) - public spaces around the old arable land (yellow) - skeeler rink (purple) - bridges (red)

Spatial: the plants and shrubs Wooded banks, crescents, copses of trees, avenues, plants and shrubs, hedges and woods

Subgrade The abiotic and historical units of stream vallies, old arable land and fields.

The basis for the plan is the present situation which is reflected in an aerial photograph.

112


Plan

A network of public space, vegetation & paths

Albe rger weg

Prin sen we g

Landgoed Weleveld Strootdijk

Ho at tra ds of

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Zeilk erwe g

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IJsbaan

Klooster Riesakk

Lidwinaweg

ers

De

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Esweg

Wood search area eg nw ma

Public space search area

de G il at

st nze

a str

Ha

t raa

Me

e st er T hie nw eg

Hondeborg er n

ink sw eg

/A 35

Bornerbroeksestraat

B

250

500 meter

eg ste lok

g we

Proposed public space

Zoekgebied Bos

Cultivation mound

Voorstel openbare ruimte

Stream valley

Erfbeplanting

Plants and shrubs

Bebouwing

Built-up area

Nieuwe of bestaande attractie

New or existing attraction

Openbare tuin

Public garden

Beek

Stream

Verhard pad of weg

Paved path or roadway

Onverharde pad of weg

Unpaved path or roadway

'Kransweg' Fietspad

Wood search area

'Kransweg'

Public space search area

Bicycle path

Wood search area

Spoor

Proposed public space

Railway track

Proposed public space

Houtwal

Cultivation mound

Wooded bank

Plants and shrubs

Elzensingel

Stream valley

Alder crescent

Built-up area

Meidoornstruweel

Plants and shrubs

Hawthorn thicket

New or existing attraction

Laan

Built-up area

Avenue

Stream

Boomgroep

New or existing attraction

Copse of trees

Public garden

Bestaande brug

Public garden

Existing bridge

Paved path or roadway

Nieuwe brug

Stream

New bridge

Unpaved path or roadway

Skeelerbaan

Paved path or roadway

Skeeler rink

'Kransweg'

TracĂŠstudie rondweg

Unpaved path or roadway

Ring road route

Bicycle path

Oonksweg

Be

0

g we

n

nd Sa

A1

r ts

'Kransweg' Bicycle path

Railway track Wooded bank Alder crescent

113


plan Vegetation structure 1920

2009

Existing wood Wood search area Planting of old arable land Hawthorn thicket Alder crescent Avenue Plants and shrubs Copse of trees Stream

114


Carmelitessen convent

Public garden impression

115


Nu

Present

Future

Present

Future

116


15 117


New country estate Steenbergen Introduction

Forest design

Country estate

Park

In the vast clay polders of West Brabant a new country

To the outer world the new country estate manifests itself as

Despite the fact that there will be five owners, the design

Within the borders of the new country estate a new park

estate containing five country houses is being constructed.

a woodland mass, that seeks out the scale of the polder. In

manifests itself as a single recognisable element. On the

landscape will be constructed, in which we seek out the

To be able to cope with the enormity of the emptiness of the

the woodland border recessed windows allow people on the

western side there are two large country estate plots where

tension between culture and nature, so characteristic for

landscape around it, the new country estate presents itself

outside to catch a glimpse of the special inner world, and

the country houses are situated at the top end of a window.

country estates. Indigenous types of woods contrast with

outwardly as large and as strong as possible, to thus create

for people on the inside occasionally to provide a view of

The residences are partly standing in the water, like a staple

exotic species, and natural lines contrast with a staged stroll

an inner world of intimacy and security. Between the outer

the grand landscape of the environment.

between land and water. On the north-eastern side three

across the small new dyke and the alienating islands. Just

world and the inner world windows will be created.

The inner world consists of farmlands containing two raised

smaller plots are linked to a single window and a water

at the right moment windows provide a surprising glimpse

islands, one planted with Cedar trees, the other with red

feature. They have a joint access road.

from the inside or the outside.

pathway. The islands are visible from the surroundings

Nature

Water

through the windows. The inner area is bordered by a small

Shelter is provided in the bare polder through the planting

Right around the small new dyke a new watercourse will be

dyke where Walnut trees will be planted. The windows vary

a forest which consists of indigenous types of woods. New

made. With the soil that becomes available, the small dyke

in breadth and in length, and comprise water features and

water features with gentle embankments will be constructed

will be created. The new circular watercourse connects all

flowery, wet grasslands.

in the windows, and flowery grasslands will be developed.

the water features in the windows, and takes care of a good

Beech trees. They are accessible from the sides via a small

through-flow.

118


24

91

52

221

52

116

91

119

60

95

Âą9 pla

Steenbergen estate situation

Plan area & walnut tree count Âą 920 119


1

2

3

Sketch design

1- country estate as a mass and dimension in the landscape 2- sheltered inner world with soft edges 3- windows in the frame with a view of the landscape 4- contents of windows with water and grass 5- positioning of housing in the windows 6- walnut tree dyke 7- islands as eye-catchers

4 5

6

7 120


water window clustered housing plots driveway

footpath

wood

pasture

walnut dyke

agricultvure

water window with housing plot

red beech tree island

water window with housing plot Libanon Ceder wood island pasture footpath wood

Final Design

wet grassland window

water window

wet grassland window

water window

121


2,0

Section of the walnut dyke

Farmland

Impression of a window

Walnut dyke

bouwland

Ditch

walnotendijk

Impression of a window

Forest edge

sloot

bosrand

122


Impression of a ‘window’ 123


16 124


Goeree-Overflakkee Vision for Port Canals

Intro

Village

Water

Port canals are unique elements in the landscape of Goeree-

Goeree Overflakkee has important villages almost all

The economy of the island revolved around the port canals,

Overflakkee. For centuries they have been the lifelines of

based on the same basis typology: church ring - high street

both agriculture and the fishery depended on these ‘blue

the island; the highways of the past. They are components

- harbour - sluice pool - port canal - open water. In these

arteries’. The water and the quays were a hive of activity;

of an unique ensemble in each village: a church crescent,

villages the port canal is crucial: they connect the centre

transhipment, ferry services, shipyards, cool stores, sorting

high street, harbour, sluice pool and of course the canal

of the village to open water. Reconstruction of one of the

sheds, cargo liners, fisherman ships etc. That activity has

itself. This composition forms both the framework and the

components has effect on the whole composition. An

been either replaced by recreation vessels or the croaking of

identity of the village centres. Nowadays they are somewhat

optimal functioning port canal is very important for the

frogs; some canals are no longer navigable. For the canals to

neglected; some of the canals have been cut off from open

future of a village.

function properly navigability is a must.

Cultural history

Estates

Here the well-known Belvedere motto: conservation

Each port canal is part of a family of the remaining canals;

Commissioned by the ISGO

through development fits like a glove. In the plan we

some canals have gained their character from heavy use or

In association with NOVIO consult van Spaendonck

propose that the port canals have always been dynamic

by their location. The port canal of Dirksland is the longest

elements. They are ingenious water machines which

canal (5.2 kilometre) and lies in the middle or nowhere.

are constantly on the move fighting nature (silting) and

Here it is both necessary and possible to establish some

neighbouring villages (shipping rights). We state that a port

country estates. The estates can provide much needed

canal can change again as long as it conforms to a number

identity and amenity for the area.

water, others have only a recreational function. We have developed a plan to revitalize the port canals.

of conditions such as the conservation of the robust port character. In addition new port canals must be considered during the design of large-scale expansions.

125


126


Section port canels Goedereede

Section port canels Dirksland

Situation of the four port canels

Section port canels Middelharnis

ZP: 00 WP:

Section port canels Ooltgensplaat

127


Goedereede

128


Present situation

Open and roughened landscape within the dykes

Mooring dock for the `silent boat` and a reconditioning of the habour and square

129


Dirksland

130


Country estates south of Dirksland Sas bring livelyness along the port canels

A new harbour front with a broadened basin a narrow raod 131


Middelharnis

132


Nieuwe jachthaven ter plekke van oude spuikom in Middelharnis (Oost-variant)

Nieuw plein bij de Wilhelminabrug/Spuikwartier

133


Ooltgensplaat

134


A spacious quayside

The desired lively quayside

135


17 136


Dorst Forest design

Intro

Park

Forest design

Client:

The Dorst forest lies between Breda, Oosterhout, Rijen and

One of the proposals for the forest is an elongated open

The centre of the forest will become quieter, more natural

National Forestry Commission

Dorst and covers almost 1000 hectares. In anticipation of

space which links two parts of the forest with each other.

and more inaccessible. By closing roads and letting paths

Team:

encroaching the urban sprawl, the forestry commission

A low wide mound in the void is planted with wild bulbs

grow over, a large continuous forest will evolve, where

Strootman Landschapsarchitecten

wants to use the coming decade to improve the experiential

and herbs. The mound becomes a flowering catwalk, which

people can deviate from the paths and move around freely.

Folly Design:

quality of the amenity. This will include a number of special

can be used for all kinds of activities: fashion shows, theatre

All existing fences are to be removed from the forest and

Robbrecht & Daem, Pjotr M端ller en Jeroen Doorenweerd.

interventions in the forest, more consistency between

events, tent displays etc.

replaced by one new fence, which forms the perimeter of

existing recreational amenities and proposals for new

the informal forest area and at the same time will contain

recreational amenities.

the large grazers. In contrast, the edge of this central area

Art

will become more varied, maintained and more accessible.

infrastructure

A number of special spots are planned for the wetter parts

The areas which make up this zone will be given stronger,

Traffic in the central part of the forest will be limited by

of the forest. One is the hanging field, a spot are where

more pronounced identities: an arboretum for the 21st

reducing speed limits, naturalizing the road verges and

former criminals were hung. This spot is isolated by a canal

century, a large dune area, a small-scale landscape, a swamp

extending the zones of grazing herds. In future cattle are

and planted with dark and light flowering plants. A steel

forest and a forest park.

free to walk across the roads. Grids mark the entrance to

column with a rope painted on it is proposed.

these zones for the motorist. Visitors arrive at the edges of the forest, where entries are made. A new parking layout will contribute to a more informal forest feel. Paths for cyclists and pedestrians are concentrated on the edges of the forest. Visitors to the new forest are free to make their own paths.

137


Situation

Zoning

138


new dunes natural, silent forest forest playground restaurant (existing) small scale landscape folly: stable barbecue facilities folly gallows field swamp forest ‘catwalk’ with flowers new bridge entry sign folly: dove tower car park folly a mazed arboretum for the 21st century fence around the grazing area playing field natural swimming pool existing and new loam pits (pools) watchtower ATB path hanging terrace car park

Plan 139


Impression of the ‘catwalk’

Section of the ‘catwalk’

140


Gallows field: black monolith with gallow print

Dovecote folly (Robbrecht & Daem)

Bat cave folly (Pjotr M端ller)

141


Impression of the picnic and barbecue area

142


Open space in the forest

Forest canal

143


Recreational use of open spaces 144


18 145


Keldonk public lighting Street light design

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146


Street lighting design 147


148


Street lighting

149


150


19 151


Sibeliuspark Oss

In the Municipality of Oss, a short distance from the city

Park

Residential areas

Infrastructure

centre, there is a park which is not used very well and is

A stretched-out green parking strip, linking up with

A new building strip will front the park. Similar to the

Oss has the character of a tree-lined park: a system of broad

threatened by new developments from every angle. This

neighbouring facilities, will ensure that there are better

traditional examples in the Vondel park, the buildings will

avenues that gives the city structure. Sibelius Park is located

rather characterless park needs a facelift. The challenge is to

conditions in the park. The park is considerably improved

co-finance the new park. All kinds of routes and green

along one of these avenues and is prominent when the city

liven it up in a city which has an abundance of green space.

because of the optimization of neighbouring facilities and a

connections ensure that the district and the park are

is approached from the south. The avenue-crescent of Saal

It has the potential of becoming the central park of Oss.

better routing. Bold gestures create consistency: plants and

optimally linked.

van Zwanenbergsingel is a framework for the future park.

Commissioned by the Municipality of Oss

shrubs ensure that the park is visually attractive in every

In future, motorists will drive through the park and not

season. Masses of single species create spectacular effects.

alongside it which is currently the case.

152


Plan

Parking strip

153


Impression recreational use

Impressieof the park within a park

154


Zoning map

New edge of built-up area as an urban design frame

A park within the park

Large, structuring elements

Vehicle accessibility new buildings

Plants: special accentuations

Scheme of functions

Paths 155


20 156


New village green for Ugchelen Design Proposal

Ten large blocks with well-designed houses are positioned

Park

Residential landscape

Village

around a rectangular field. A block of Japanese cherry

Just as the houses in the Vondelpark in Amsterdam are

Ten large blocks (approx. 1.000m2) have been added to the

Restraint is the motive for materiality of the entrance of

trees is planted around the edge of the field. This aloof but

inextricably linked to the park, so are the houses at the

forest edge at the entry of Ugchelen. Detached dwellings

Ugchelen: dark brickwork, dark (not shiny) tiles, simple

attractive enclave is to be the new entrance to Ugchelen a

entry of Ugchelen composed around the field. In the sketch

built on these blocks must satisfy a number of strict urban

gardens, ample grass, and hedges as boundaries. The blocks

village on the outskirts of Apeldoorn, and is appropriate to

design the west side of the rectangular space is planted

development guidelines for planting, construction volume,

are accessed via a gravel drive, which is appropriate in

the leafy ambience of the village. The entry is a celebration

with new forest to reinforce the spatial form. Sheep or cows

materials, colour, proportions, roof slope, cam altitude etc.

this rural setting. Occupants park on site. The totality of

for two weeks per year while the cherry trees flower.

graze the field. The cherry trees around the pasture ensure

A hedge defines the blocks. The occupants are obliged to

elements produces an appropriate entrance to Ugchelen.

that the triangles on the sides of the Ugchelsegrensweg are

plant one large tree in the front yard in order to accentuate

linked with each other to form a rectangular space.

the forest edge condition. Occupants must also plant some

Commissioned by the city of Apeldoorn.

large trees in the backyard, which form a backdrop to the houses, as seen from the entrance road.

157


Preferential model

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191

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193

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158


Model

159


Impression of the new village green surrounded by new housing

Impression of the new small neighbourhood

160


21 161


New Town Dantumadeel Design proposal

A yacht-basin, a large building volume, 200 waterfront lots,

Housing landscape

Water

long avenues and a golf course are the ingredients for a new

The existing landscape forms the basis for the design of

Lakes and ponds are to be dug in and around the centre

town in a polder in Friesland. The openness of the polder

the new town. This landscape will be reinvigorated by the

of the new town. Every water body will have an island on

and the marginally present alder hedges form the basis for

planting of a new network of alder hedges combined with

which a villa is to be built. Some water bodies are only

the structure of the town. The idea to build a new town

new cycle - and footpaths. Avenues and hedges ensure

reachable by boat; others to be filled with waterlilies. The

here is not an isolated initiative but is linked to a number of

that the original view lines remain. Wide (water) blocks

surroundings of the new village will play a major role in

other problems in the area, which need to be solved.

guarantee relaxed living areas.

regional water conservation.

Commissioned by the Innovation network Green Space,

Town

Regional design

Agro-cluster and the municipality of Dantumadeel.

In the centre of the new town approximately 100

The new town is justification for a reconstruction of the

In cooperation with Laagland Advies.

apartments are to be built around a new yacht-basin. In the

landscape. Kilometres of new alder hedges are to be planted,

neighbouring area approximately 200 lots between 2000

combined with paths for walkers and cyclists. The new

and 5000 m2 (sometimes even larger) are to be released.

landscape will mark the transition from the Friesian forests

Significantly, the villas will be a supplement to the present

to the open meadowlands.

housing stock in the area. They will facilitate housing careers and the release of cheaper houses back on to the

Infrastructure

market. The new inhabitants will increase the population

A bridge in a town looks different to a bridge in the

basis for services and education in the region.

countryside. This means that the bridge across ‘De Zwemmer’ needs to be adapted to the context of the new town. To do this we have designed a new bridge, which replaces the existing bridge. The surroundings of the bridge have also been redesigned to improve the look of the entry to the village.

162


Voorweg

Doniaweg

Zandhorst

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Joh. Dirkslaan

Dammelaan

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Water Crescent Avenue Avenue Built-up area new Built-up area existing Built-up area town centre Roadway/path Golf course Stables Ecological main structure

Design 163


Trees and shrubs

Trees and shrubs

Present situation

Future situation

Built areas

Built areas

164


Present situation

Future situation

Straks

Trees and shrubs

Trees and shrubs

Present situation

Future situation

Present recreational network

Proposed recreational network 165


Present situation

Future situation

Existing watercourse between Prikkebosk and Johannes Dirkslaan

Artist’s impression: same watercourse with path and avenue

166


Present situation

Future situation

Existing north-south road (Dammelaan)

Artist’s impression: new north-south road (Dammelaan)

167


Present situation

Future situation

Existing bridge over De Zwemmer

Artist’s impression: new bridge over De Zwemmer

168


22 169


St. Antoniusplein Eerde Pavement Design

Eerde centre is being refurbished. The St. Antoniusplein

Village

Street & Square

Infrastructure

has been redesigned to accommodate parking and activities

A village is not a suburb. We use simple, durable materials

Both church tower and fields can be seen from the square.

In contrast to popular methods of traffic separation in

such as sideshows and demonstrations. The space has been

and modest detailing to reinforce the rural character of the

The edges are fragmented by buildings of disparate age

new developments, all traffic in the centre of Eerde will be

unified by a wreath of trees on the edge of the square. Both

village. Traditional sand verges and oak tree avenues will

and irregular alignment. A wreath of plane trees along the

merged. Both prams and buses share the same pavement.

the square and the high street have been refurbished with

be reinstated along the main streets. Cars park in the sand

edges of the square unifies the space. The square is paved

This is the true village – all traffic types are equal, take care

quality materials and careful details.

verges.

in the same clay pavers as the streets and is framed with a

with each other and thus engender social cohesion.

decorative strip of material. A long seat of robust material Commissioned by Municipality Veghel.

finishes the simple composition.

170


Paving pattern study

Area

Frame

171


Impressions of the frame and parking area

172


Pattern frame

173


23 174


Cultural Square Hoofddorp Sketch Design

Intro

Street and square

The culture square is set to become a enclosed square, by

The square and the neighbouring public spaces are designed

Invited competition of the municipality of Hoofdorp,

comparison: it is half the size as the dam in Amsterdam and

for pedestrians; cars are guests in the space. The floor of the

in association with the Architekten Cie (Frits van Dongen).

slightly larger than the beestenmarkt in Delft. The lively and

square is a stone patchwork that passes in under the wide

varied frontages on the space are central to the proposal.

arcades which surround the square. The design language

The square itself has a simple and elegant form, with a

of the square links all the buildings together. The square is

ground plane of natural stone which gives the square the

kept as empty as possible so that it can be used for a many

allure it deserves.

different activities. The skate-pipe is sunk into the square. Design elements on the square are kept to a minimum:

Cultural history

seating, light poles and a row of plane trees.

Reference to the cultural history in a young city such as Hoofddorp can seem overdone. The design for the square

Infrastructure

references in a subtle manner the history of the city

To exploit the spatial impact of the open square to the max,

structure: the layout of the Haarlemmermeer polder. The

the skate-pipe has been sunk into the square. The Half-pipe

square is built up of planes which match the proportion

sits down in the first level of the underground car park.

(2:3) and orientation of the original field patterns of the

Skaters and drivers can look each other in the eye. The entry

polder. Each plane is distinguished by small colour nuances.

of the half-pipe is combined with the entry of the car park. In this way several relationships are created between above - and below. the stone pavers are sawn and flamed for skate surfaces; non skate areas are made up of hewn stone.

175


176


24 177


Bekkerslocatie Amsterdam Kop hoofdstuk sub

Intro

Neighbourhood

Existing buildings in the Bekkerslocatie in Amsterdam-

Hedges, lawn, trees and buildings define the scene.

Commissioned by Stadsdeel Amsterdam-Noord, Housing as-

Noord are to be replaced by two hundred new houses and a

Housing blocks are surrounded by collective and private

sociation Het Oosten en Rochdale.

school. The new buildings will be incorporated in a car-free

gardens which in turned are enclosed by hedges. Inside

In collaboration with ANA Architecten.

park with spacious collective gardens. All houses share the

the hedges the ground is higher and convex in form. The

same footprint, but differ in height, materiality and floor

houses have the same ideal orientation as in the rest of

plan. The buildings have been strategically placed to create

the area. All houses share the same footprint, but differ in

interesting voids and sightlines to the surroundings. The

height, materiality and floor plan.

public and collective spaces will have a park-like feel with simple materials such as lawn, hedges, trees and gravel.

Street & Square Park

The school and the housing sit in the car-free park. Parking

The site has been designed as a car-free park with collective

is possible around the edges of the park but vehicles

gardens in which the buildings stand. The basic ingredients

can access the park in emergency situations. The school

of the plan are lawns, trees and pearl gravel. The site has

playground is an integral component of the public spaces.

surprisingly beautiful trees, which are incorporated in

Paths and small squares merge with each other. Unifying

the new plan. Surfaces change gradually in width from

materials ensure regularity and visual calm.

paths to small squares. Long sinuous hedges define large playgrounds and collective gardens around the new buildings. Inside the hedges the ground is higher and convex in form.

178


179


180


25 181


Tolhuis garden Amsterdam The Tolhuis garden is a temporary garden project for the

The Tolhuis garden has its own spatial and organizational

A new multi-purpose palisade around the garden will

Client: City of Amsterdam

city of Amsterdam. It is situated on the north banks of the IJ

structure. Within the existing structure new spaces are

ensure intimacy in the garden and can be used for other

Team: Strootman Landschapsarchitecten

lake and is planned as a revitalization of an existing garden

created where new activities can develop. To do this the

purposes. It is made up of scaffolding and textile, and is

In association with Transevents & Remake Architects

area which is now inaccessible and run-down.

garden is to be transformed into ‘ islands ‘ of planting, grass

designed to be modular and flexible. The construction

Status: Competition entry

and paving. Each island has its own specific design and use:

varies in height so that from different positions it is possible

Our concept for the Tolhuis garden is for a garden within

terrace and bathing Islands are situated beside the main

to see in and out of the garden. The construction gives

a park. The garden will be accessible via buildings around

pavilion, in the middle of the garden there are islands of

boundary and form to the garden, and is a good basis for

the garden. This strategy amplifies the hidden qualities of

planting and lawn for informal use, and next to the villas

the establishment of planted borders. The palisade can

the space and the relationship between the buildings and

there are islands for play and sculpture. A jetty along the

also be used to project onto from both the outside and

the garden. It also enables the use of planting and elements

water enables boats to moor and access the garden. On the

the inside. With projection, the ambience of the garden

which are more vulnerable than those used in other public

jetty a platform can become built to sit in the evening sun

can change from moment to moment. During events the

spaces.

or see a show on the screen on the building façade opposite.

palisade can be used for temporary access points to the garden.

The planting scheme for the Tolhuis garden is intended as a true town garden: luxuriant growth, composition, light and colour. The leafy canopy of the existing trees is the point of departure for the plan. The tree crowns let diffuse light through to annuals and perennials below. Because it is a temporary project there will be many bulbs and annuals used to produce an exuberant effect in a short period.

182


Situation: 1 Amsterdam central station ,2 Tollhuis garden

Plan 183


Amsterdam Central Station

Access to and from het IJ waterway and Amsterdam city centre and station

184


Garden in the park

Proposed programme 185


View from the water

186


Night view from the water

187


Garden in the park

Distinct atmospheres

188


Urban garden in the park

189


Flexible modulated system for fence, and grandstand for the floating cinema

Entrances to the garden

190


Floating cinema

191


192


Strootman shortlist