BIKEWAYS Bikeways come in many configurations, from conventional bike lanes created with nothing more than paint to protected bike lanes with planters or other barriers. NACTO’s Urban Bikeway Design Guide and FHWA’s new Separated Bikeway Planning and Design Guide provide detailed information about design considerations for a range of bicycle facility types, and PeopleForBikes Quick Builds guide outlines ways to quickly implement lowercost projects that increase ridership and improve safety.
DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS Bicycle facility design across the United States is evolving rapidly; many communities are using demonstration and pilot or interim design projects to experiment with new facility types. NACTO’s Urban Bikeway Design Guide provides detailed information about design considerations for bicycle facilities including: • • • • • • • •
Shared Use Lanes (sharrows) Neighborhood Greenways Conventional bike lanes Buffered bike lanes Contra-flow bike lanes Left-side bike lanes Protected bike lanes Shared use paths / trails
COMMON MATERIALS CATEGORIES 1
»» Striping: Apply required striping based on facility type (examples include solid white lines to separate the motor vehicle lane from a conventional bike lane, or striping in a bike lane buffer). »» Pavement Markings: Requirements vary by facility type. Examples include the bicycle lane word and/or symbol and arrow markings, which define the bike lane and communicate preferential use for people biking. »» Colored treatments: Can be used to further define the bicycle lane, or emphasize visibility of the bicycle facility at conflict points. (not shown.)
In the pages that follow we provide design guidance and project examples for these bikeway types highlighted in bold.
BARRIER ELEMENTS: Physical barriers (such as flexible delineators, carboard cyclinders, or planters) can be used to create a protected bike lane. Protected bike lanes come in a number of configurations but always use a vertical element to differentiate cycling space from driving space. LANDSCAPING ELEMENTS: Consider planters as barrier element. (See above.)
Top: A neighborhood greenway demonstration project in Rogers, AR used high-visibilty sharrows to mark the route (Street Plans). Bottom: Protected bike lane demonstration project by East Bay Bike Coalition, Berkeley, CA (East Bay Bike Coalition).
SIGNS: The MUTCD provides guidance on required signs, which may include “bike lane” or “bike route” signs (not shown). PROJECT APPLICATIONS · 101
The only materials and design guidance for Tactical Urbanist demonstration, pilot, and interim design projects. Funded by the James L. Knigh...