The Magazine of Military Housing, Lodging & Lifestyles
communities JULY/AUGUST 2012
GREEN SPECIAL ISSUE Repurposing appliances for nonprofits Page 24
Getting the most from your landscape Page 34
Green practices promote happier, healthier lives in military communities
Striving for net-zero at West Point Page 38
CONTENTS GREEN SPECIAL ISSUE
Platinum Is the New Army Green Fort Campbell’s zero-energy homes pave the way for future military building. By Dan Vastyans
Go Green, Save Green Reducing stormwater runoff is made easy and affordable with a bioretention area. By Jennifer Lennox
Fit for Fitness Both fitness and fun can be found at Fort Huachuca’s new community playground. By Jack Klobucar
A Renewable Investment The fate of renewable energy on military bases is in the hands of private sector investors. By Robert E. Tritt
Turning White Goods Green Discarded appliances find new use with nonprofits in one Alaskan community. By Betsey Woolley
2 Defense Communities
Give the Dogs Their Day Green waste removal products and dog parks help make communities more four-legged friendly. By Nora VandenBerghe
The Push to Conserve A Navy public-private venture housing initiative seeks to cut energy costs and increase awareness. By Bill Pearson and Brian Collins
Lay of the Land Your lawn looks great, but are you getting the landscape return you deserve? By Pete Moscufo, RLA, ASLA
Striving for Zero A recent historic renovation project at West Point brings energy efficiency and learning. By David R. Cloutier and Richard Wagner
The Magazine of Military Housing, Lodging & Lifestyles
July/August 2012 u Volume 23, Number 4 u www.phma.com
communities A Publication of the Professional Housing Management Association Publisher Editor Managing Editor Production Assoc. Art Director
avy Housing Turns N Up the HEAT
Debra J. Stratton Birgitt Seymour Lia Dangelico Christine Umbrell Janelle Welch
An easy-to-use online tool simplifies the housing application process for sailors. By Mike Bowlin
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The First Lady recognizes the Our Family for Families First Foundation for aiding military families. By Maria A. Montalvo
Piping Up Innovative technology provides pipe system rehabilitation without the inconvenience. By Amanda Strouse
Five Tips for Living Fully The key to living a full life is good perspective. By Mark Towers
DEPARTMENTS 4 P resident’s Message
PHMA President Del Eulberg celebrates how we care for our nation’s heroes.
6 A New Way Home
Moving to a new duty station is made simple with a state-of-the-art Air Force housing website. By Alicia George
48 M ilitary Marketplace
The go-to source for products and services designed for the military housing and lodging industry.
50 P HMA Corporate Sustaining Members
56 A dvertising Index
ABOUT THE COVER Two
new zero-energy homes at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, help to create a strong, sustainable family and community. Read the full story “Platinum Is the New Army Green” on page 8.
Please send your articles for Defense Communities to Birgitt Seymour at firstname.lastname@example.org. NEXT EDITORIAL DEADLINE: November/December: September 3
Editorial Office 544 Windspirit Circle, Prescott, AZ 86303 928/771-9826 phmadefensecommunities@ earthlink.net PHMA Office 154 Fort Evans Road, NE, Leesburg, VA 20176 703/771-1888; fax 703/771-0299 email@example.com www.phma.com Executive Director Jon R. Moore Defense Communities (ISSN #1088-9000 USPS #004-502) is published bimonthly by Stratton Publishing & Marketing Inc., 5285 Shawnee Road, Suite 510, Alexandria, VA 22312-2334, for the Professional Housing Management Association, 154 Fort Evans Road, NE, Leesburg, VA 20176. PHMA members receive this publication at the annual subscription rate of $30. Nonmembers’ annual subscription rate is $100. Send sub scription requests to Defense Communities at PHMA. Periodi cals postage paid at Leesburg, VA, and additional mailing offices. Defense Communities, ©2012, Professional Housing Management Association. All rights reserved. All contents of this publication are protected by copyright; however, they may be reproduced in whole or in part with prior approval of the publisher. Prior to photocopying items for educational classroom, internal, or personal use, or to request rights to republish an article, please request reprint permission from Editor, Defense Communities, phmadefensecommunities@ earthlink.net. Unless otherwise stated, articles and editorials express the views of their authors and not necessarily those of PHMA, the editors, or the publisher. Announcements and adver tisements in this publication for products and services do not imply the endorsement of PHMA or any of its members or staff. Postmaster: Send subscription/address changes to: Defense Communities, 154 Fort Evans Road, NE, Leesburg, VA 20176 or e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Defense Communities magazine is designed to keep those who operate and manage the whole spectrum of military housing and facilities maintenance informed on the industry’s latest technology, products, and services. It provides a forum for members to share lessons learned, news and events, and training opportunities and updates.
July | August 2012 3
GREEN SPECIAL ISSUE
Sergeant First Class Sean Aguilar, US Army, and his wife, Chastity, cook breakfast for their children, Coby and Chelsea.
Platinum is the New Army Green Slated for LEED Platinum certification, two zeroenergy homes at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, serve as a test project for future military building By Dan Vastyan 8 Defense Communities
o, the U.S. military hasn’t abandoned its oh-so-familiar drab olive green. These days however, the words silver, gold, and platinum have forcefully worked their way into Army vocabulary and color scheme. It’s all about “saving green”—funds that are now sensibly invested in projects and technology that use energy frugally. Government buyers are guided by ever-more-stringent mandates to invest responsibly. A large military housing project at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, is a valuable example of tax dollar stewardship. After two years in design and construction, two zero-energy homes are occupied by Army families. LEED Platinum is being pursued for the homes in the military housing development
that now serves as part of a test project for future military building. “The zero-energy homes are being compared to two adjacent baseline homes, all equipped with identical monitoring systems,” explained Patrick Tahaney, Campbell Crossing Development Manager. “Over the next four seasons we’ll be gathering data from these homes, information we’ll use when we enter Phase 2 of the project.” Partnered with the DoD, Actus Lend Lease—a community development organization specializing in large, complex housing projects—is using these two homes as a prototype for future military housing neighborhoods. “Together we hope to build a model for zero energy to be used broadly by the construction industry, and for DoD housing projects,” continued Tahaney. Rather than being completely self-sustaining, the homes are net-zero. Through the use of photovoltaic solar arrays, each house produces as much energy as it consumes over an annual period.
Ground-source efficiency Geothermal and low-impact have become synonymous, and the two homes in Campbell Crossing’s Woodlands development are no exception. Each house is equipped with a ClimateMaster Tranquility 27 water-to-air geothermal heat pump. Due to the area’s unstable limestone bedrock, a considerable amount of research and consideration went into designing the geoexchange field. “With southern Kentucky and northern Tennessee’s propensity for sink holes and cave-ins, we generally don’t do many vertical loop installations,” said Daryl Pater, owner of Mainstream Heating and Cooling, in Clarksville, Tennessee. “We drilled seven test wells ranging from 200 to 300 feet at Campbell’s Crossing. We wanted to assess both stability of the earth and conductivity values.” The tests were done by Jackson & Sons Geothermal. Miller Drilling Company in Lawrenceburg, Tennessee, drilled the final wells before installation. The tests began two years before ground was broken for the green homes. The seven test wells successfully muted all concerns about ground stability and temperature. The last two wells were piped and filled with bentonite grout to run conductivity tests. The results, combined with an estimated heat load, showed that 375-foot, 6-inch bore holes would serve each home optimally. One of the grouted test wells was close enough to the construction site of the homes that it was used as part of the exchange field. “We drilled an additional 100 feet well near the 300 footer,” explained Pater. “System fluid runs from the home, through the deep well, then through the shallow well, and back to the heat pump. We just drilled the shorter well so we weren’t wasting the test well.” For the second home, one 375-foot well was drilled. Mainstream Heating and Cooling specializes in green HVAC. From pond loops to direct exchange systems, the company tackles a variety of different projects involving geothermal equipment. “We do a good volume of geothermal work, but in this area, the demand just isn’t high
Chastity Aguilar and her two children, Chelsea and Coby, spend some time at the playground. In the background, solar panels atop one of the zero-energy homes allude to the sustainable systems within.
enough to make it our sole activity,” said Pater. “For all our water-sourced projects, we prefer ClimateMaster. We think they make the best product.”
The new Army green A 12-panel, 7.4-kW photovoltaic solar array rests on the South-facing roof of each home. During the day, the panels produce enough energy to power the geothermal unit and appliances. With coordination from the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), all solar power generated goes directly to the grid. This allows the homes to be TVA Green Power Providers. A separate, three-panel solar array provides domestic hot water to the home. The high-performance thermal envelope of the buildings consists of 2×6 stud walls, filled with open-cell spray foam insulation, half-inch particle board, and one-inch rigid Styrofoam board. The rigid insulation board was installed from the roofline to three feet below the first floor slab. The outside was then Typar house-wrapped, and covered in vinyl siding. “This project is the first known zero-energy duplex in the country,” said Jeff Morrow, senior project engineer for Actus Lend Lease. “It presented a lot of unique challenges to design and build a zero-energy home to match our regular homes in terms of appearance and function. These homes have the same lot size and floor plan as our typical four-bedroom, 2.5 bath home.” “We had to modify the roof framing to increase the amount of rear south-facing roof for the solar panels,” explained Morrow. “The roofing materials changed from shingle to standing seam metal panels. By mounting the solar panels to the standing seams of the metal roof, the number of roof penetrations dropped from 300 to four. From the street, it blends right in with the rest of the neighJuly | August 2012 9
GREEN SPECIAL ISSUE borhood. The systems on the roof, the materials behind the walls and in the ground are what make the difference.”
A change on the front lines “These houses are the Army’s first zero-energy homes; they represent the Army’s and Actus Lend Lease’s commitment to sustainability, energy efficiency, and good stewardship of our natural resources,” said COL Perry Clark, Garrison Commander. “The Army can no longer be casual about energy consumption. We’re in the middle of a shift from a culture of mission-focused consumption to one that includes sustainability as a means to increase our defense capability.” The annual energy savings per home is expected to be more than $1,000 a year. If these savings were projected for each of the 4,457 homes at Campbell Crossing, longterm benefits would include an annual savings of up to $4.6 million. Actus Lend Lease screened the housing list at Fort Campbell to find four families with normal, consistent energy consumption habits. Two of these families moved into the zero-energy homes, and two more families moved into nearby standard homes outfitted with extensive ener-
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gy monitoring equipment. To determine the true efficiency of the zero-energy homes, the power consumption of the households is being monitored and compared. In addition, a 27 percent cut in total water consumption and an estimated 7,300 gallons of hot water are also expected to be saved annually by each zero-energy home. All of the bathrooms in the homes are centralized to allow for shorter piping runs, reducing the heat loss in the hot water piping. The master and upstairs bathrooms are positioned back to back, with the downstairs powder room located directly underneath. “Actus Lend Lease is committed to providing soldiers and their families with quality homes that are not only comfortable, but are environmentally sustainable. This innovative initiative once again demonstrates our commitment to do just that,” said Marc Sierra, Actus Lend Lease Managing Director. “As we monitor the success of the zero-energy homes at Campbell Crossing we’ll continue to work closely with the DoD to identify future opportunities for homes like these.” n Dan Vastyan is an Account Manager at Common Grounds Uncommon Communications, LLC. Reach him at cground2@ ptd.net. CORPORATE SPOTLIGHT
Clark Realty Capital is a fully integrated national real estate company offering a broad base of services including capital markets, development, construction, property management, and investment management. Our development expertise spans award-winning residential, office, retail, and mixed-use projects with a total development value of over $6.5 billion. The Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines are leveraging Clark Realty Capital’s ingenuity and assured performance at 12 military installations throughout the United States. Upon completion of our current military portfolio, Clark will have built or renovated over 34,000 homes with a development value in excess of $4.9 billion. Clark Realty Capital is an affiliate of the Clark Construction Group, the nation’s oldest and largest privately-held general building contractor in the nation. For more information, visit www.clarkrealtycapital.com.
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GREEN SPECIAL ISSUE
Go Green, Save Green Reduce stormwater runoff—and save money— by incorporating a bioretention area By Jennifer Lennox
n impound lot and the surrounding aging warehouses are transformed into a 71-acre park using ecologically friendly materials and a handful of employees. An unused portion of a parking lot is cordoned off and converted to a “green island” to reduce the flow and velocity of stormwater. A depression behind a housing development is installed with a “bioswale” to reduce and slow runoff during storms. All of these are examples of a new design and ecological trend to build bioretention areas using natural resources— plants, rocks, soil, and mulch—to reduce stormwater runoff and also make the area more beautiful.
Bio WHAT? Bioretention areas, bioswales, and rain gardens might sound intimidating and high-tech, but they’re not. “All of those terms really mean you’re using natural 12 Defense Communities
materials such as plants, soil, and rocks to help retain and clean the water running off your roofs, gutters, and parking lots,” said Blane Pshigoda, The Davey Tree Expert Company’s Division Manager of Government Projects. Furthermore, Pshigoda said, the installation of these areas can be environmentally friendly because they use natural resources to reduce storm water runoff. “They’re really the next step in making your property more ecologically friendly,” he said. Adding a bioretention area not only has environmental benefits, but it may also have a financial benefit. Some state and municipal governments also believe in the viability and positive capabilities of these features, and are willing to give tax credits to organizations to implement them.
Catching the extra rain Whether you’re talking about bioswales or rain gar-
dens, you’re essentially talking about stormwater runoff management, said Shawn Fitzgerald, Davey’s commercial landscape expert. “Both of these have the goals of reducing erosion and pollution and slowing water down,” Fitzgerald said. “They’re just different techniques based on what’s available.” Once they’re established, rain gardens can require less maintenance than turf grass. “Rain gardens can capture runoff from impervious areas such as roofs and driveways,” said Fitzgerald. “They also allow runoff to seep slowly into the ground and recharge the aquifer.” The plants, mulch, and soil in a rain garden combine the natural, physical, biological, and chemical processes to remove pollutants from runoff. The deep, dense roots of native plants help increase the filtration. Bioswales are very similar to rain gardens; they simply also incorporate rocks and gravel into the mix. “Research
has shown that water moves 10 times faster over hard surfaces than in a meadow,” said Fitzgerald. “So bioswales can be great in areas where stormwater tends to rush quickly through, such as over hard surfaces or depressions in the ground,” he said. “They’re very effective and work like mini-stop signs. They stop the water, allowing the ground and plants to absorb the water multiple times before it reaches the storm drain.” If the site happens to be in an arid part of the country, rain gardens can still be used to collect and absorb water slowly into the ground. “In many areas of the southwest, they barely have any water all year round,” said Fitzgerald. “But then they have torrential rains for a few days or weeks that completely erode the landscapes when they hit.” In these areas, rain gardens can be used to slow the erosion and water damage from the storms as the plant material acts as a natural barrier and absorbs some of the force.
10 Steps to Green Your Property Follow these straightforward and practical tips to achieve a more beautiful and sustainable landscape. 1 Proper Plant Selection—Using native plants and others that are ideal for your landscape conditions will save money and help the environment as they grow and thrive locally. They will also require less supplemental irrigation, pesticide treatment, and fertilizer than non-native plants. 2 Lawn Space—Consider converting high-maintenance turf areas that are nonessential to curb appeal to low-maintenance landscapes. Planting perennials, installing mulch, or establishing no-mow regions will save money and resources, including water and fertilizers. 3 Perennial Color Displays— Perennial plantings can offer the same visual impact as annual flower plantings with less cost and maintenance. The investment in perennial plantings often pays off in just a few seasons, and the flowers return every year—bigger and brighter. Perennials can also act as a personal nursery as you can divide them to beautify other areas throughout your property.
4 Proper Mulching—Using effective amounts of mulch can retain soil moisture and reduce irrigation amounts. Gravel as mulch lowers soil temperature, inhibits weeds, and requires less frequent replenishment. 5 Energy-Efficient Landscaping— Use of evergreen trees on the western and northwestern exposures of your property will cut down on exposure to winter’s penetrating winds. Deciduous trees on southern and eastern exposures buffer summer’s intense sunlight but allow winter rays to warm your home. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, a well-planned landscape can reduce cooling costs by up to 50 percent and heating expenses by up to 40 percent. 6 Soil Testing—Have soil pH tested so the most appropriate plants and turf are selected for your landscape. Soil rich in organic matter retains more moisture and nutrients and reduces compaction. Encourage soil organic matter buildup by using organic mulches, recycled leaves, and clippings. 7 Check the Irrigation System— Auditing your irrigation system is
the first step in making sure you get the best return on the investment. An effective irrigation system can substantially reduce water use, and usage of drip irrigation in lieu of spray heads cuts down on the amount of water lost to runoff and evaporation. 8 Water Conservation—Low-flow water devices have been shown to save water and money. Rain gardens can slow the runoff of rainwater, help eliminate overload on stormwater systems, and reduce erosion. 9 Green Maintenance Practices— Where possible, revert to “old-school” methods of maintenance. For example, pruning shrubs instead of mechanical shearing is better for air quality and the plants themselves, and it allows the pruner to create a more natural shape. Also, recycling grass clippings, leaves, shearing, and other lawn debris will trim the expense for transporting materials to an off-site location. 10 Contact an Expert—Learn more about ways to make your property more environmentally friendly by contacting an expert such as Davey Tree.
July | August 2012 13
GREEN SPECIAL ISSUE Location, location, location Key to the project’s success, of course, is placing the bioretention area in a spot of maximum effectiveness. “Pick your spot carefully,” said Fitzgerald. “Because we’re talking mostly about stormwater runoff, pick a high-traffic area that will really feel the benefits of the project.” In particular, Fitzgerald suggested locating bioretention areas in parking lots (perhaps at a church or school area) that have a lot of car or bus traffic. “These are areas that already have a lot of ‘rainbow runoff’ from chemicals left by cars,” he said. “Putting a bioswale or rain garden in these areas will give you the biggest bang for your buck.”
Installing for success When it comes to actually installing the bioretention area, be sure
What is a bioretention area? It’s a categorical term that describes both rain gardens and bioswales.
What is a rain garden? A rain garden is a garden that catches
stormwater runoff from any impervious surface. It slows the water to recharge the groundwater and allows the water-tolerant plants to absorb water and pollution.
What is a bioswale? A bioswale slows runoff by sending the water through native plantings and gravel and rock barriers to increase infiltration. to call on the professionals. “To do this project right, you need to first evaluate the area, test the soils, and then do a simulated runoff test,” said Fitzgerald. “You don’t want to just plop down some plants and call the
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project done.” To ensure the project is completed correctly, Fitzgerald suggested choosing a licensed, certified contractor who has had experience with bioretention areas. “Go with an expert,” he advised. Even after the project is finished, Fitzgerald preached that frequent monitoring is key to its long-term success. “This is not a ‘one-and-done’ sort of project,” he continued. “You have to check in on it occasionally to make sure that everything is still functioning properly.”
Finish the job Once the job nears completion, Fitzgerald recommends taking time to celebrate the moment. “This is a big deal, and installing one of these areas means that you are taking the time to really care for your environment,” he said. “Plan a ceremony, get children involved, and invite reporters,” he encouraged. “Tell your community about the project. Who knows— maybe you will inspire others to take on a similar project.” n Jennifer Lennox is a Project Manager, Corporate Communications, at The Davey Tree Expert Company. Reach her at Jennifer.Lennox@davey.com. Blane Pshigoda can be reached at Blane. Pshigoda@davey.com.
Advertising Index Company, Contact
Balfour Beatty Communities, Kathy Grim
Coit Worldwide, Shawn Aghababian
Davey Commercial Grounds, George Gaumer
800/447-1667 x 225
GSA www.gsa.gov 5 Home Depot, Lyn Alvarado
HPFI (High Point Furniture Industries), Mike Wissman
Kenyon, Suzanne Owens
Landscape Structures, Megan Andrada
Microfridge Inc., Benjamin Otte
MilitaryByOwner Advertising, Dave Gran
Picerne Military Housing, Bill Mulvey
S & Y Trading Company, Yohanan Berlinerblaw
Safeplay Systems, Eric Torrey
Salsbury Industries, Ricardo Alva
The Mohawk Group,
The Refinishing Touch, Mario Insenga
Trinity Furniture, Jorge Lagueruela
University Loft Company, James Jannetides
Valley Forge Fabrics, Jason Gans
Wells Fargo Home Mortgage, Customer Service
Yardi, Spencer Stewart
56â€‚ Defense Communities